Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 23, 1842, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 23, 1842 Page 2
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iNEW YORK HERALD. New York. SaUrilijr, April 43, mil. Thk Wstju-v 1Ilhai.u will be published at 21 Ann ftreet, at o'clock thi? morning l'rice 6.J cents It will contain all the toreign news brought by the I steamers Ureal Western and Britannia* also t*o maps of the seat of war in India?together with Si r Robert Peel's speech on the subject ot a Property Tax, Jrc. Arc. Titr Lajicet.?No. 17 of tins popular Medical periodical will; be issued from the Herald cilice early this morning. Price *3 per annum. Single copies t>4 cents. Views at Washington. Our information from Washington begins to be interesting and important. We have understood, from authentic sources that several new views begin to be developed among men and parties ther*. in Congress it improbable that anew tariff law w ill be passed, partly for revenue, partly for protect.ou. Great efforts will be made to prevent the repeal of the distribution law, and they inay succeed in the present state of parties. A new apportionment bill will also pass. Of the exchequer plan, or any financial plan, there is less of hope. The resignation of Mr. Clay does not change the action or movement of the parties in Congress. A large portion of the whig party are bitterly hostile to the President?a more moderate portion is willing so support his administration, bat the patty leaders and party spirit prevent their free action. Among the democrats a like state of tendencies exists. The great bulk of the locofoco party are ready to go for Captain Tyler, but their leaders and newspaper organs try all ihey can to keep them back. The next Congressional elections will break up all these party shackles throughout the country. The President and his cabinet are very harmonious, but we are more and more convinced of the probability of the retirement of Mr. Webster, after he shall have terminated the negotiations with Lord Ashburton. Yet the retirement of Mr. Webster from the Cabinet will arise from no dilference ol opinion on public affairs? but principally from private reasons?it will be a friendly resignationJohn C. Spencer will also probably resign his seat. These resignations in the cabinet, when they take place?if they do take place?and we rather think they will take place, will be the signal for a general removal of all the inefficient, useless, unne/?oi^ant artrl urnrtlilpdii nilion f limit fthmif t hp country. There is to be a general curtailment in the nu?ber of otHces and otlice holders?and none will be retained but the most worthy, sober and industrious The two vacant places in the cabinet wili be probably tilled by two moderate republicans, or democrats. Mr. Webster will probably come to New York and settle here, lie could make #20,000 a year at his profession in New York, while as Secretary of State he can only get a beggarly #6,000, and plenty of the most shameful abuse, from the very men that he has given favors to. These views of the state of things at Washington are pretty accurate. We seldom predict without knowing how the stars look. On the whole, the next Congressional election will determine the next presidency, and no mistake. The Common Council?The war grows hotter and hotter, as the sun rises higher and higher. The whigs say that they ure determined to have possession of the Common Council, and the spoils ; that if tiie Mayor will not swear in Crolius, Arc. from the Sixth w ard, they *11 get some one else who will; and that if blood must How, they're ready to shed it. On the other hand the locofoccs awecr that they have a majority?an honest, a moral majority ; that neither Muvor Morris nor anv one else shall swear inCrolius; and (hat if the whigs want a tight, why they can have it and a whipping too at very short otice. In the mean time the several clubs are practsin nightly ! Bust Times.?We shall have quite a busy and exciting time next month in this city. Tom Marshall, and two or three other celebrated orators are to hold forth on temperance at the Tabernacle, in the early part of the month. Boston and Fashion are to run their great race for $40P000on the 16th of May. All the great religious anniversaries come off in the early part of the month. The terrible tight and bloodshed between the whiga and locofocos also comes off the first week in May, with various other incidental riots, and scenes, and commotions, and gatherings, on a comparatively insignificant scale.? Great times in May. Kx. President Van Buren was received in New Orleans on the Uth inst., with a salute of twenty six g'jus, and an immense display of bunting. Boz in the West.?Charles Dickens, with his l.idy arrived at St. Louis, on the steamboat Fulton, from Louisville. He was met at the landing by the Committee appointed for his reception, and attend ed to the Planters' House,where he was to stay during his sojourn, and receive the visits ol his friends, b .'tween the hours of twelve and one each day.? The Committee had arranged for a seiree in compliment to him at the Planters' HouseAfter New York, it seems that St. Louis is the only city that dances lerth to meet the immortal Bo* He returns by the way of Buffalo and Niagara, and embarks for England in June. Fa5kt Ellsler Fousd?We have discovered the whereabout of this danteuxe. We have papersfroin Matanzas, by which we find that as late as the first of the present month,l-'auny was dancing with great telat inthat city. " She was received with great enthusiasm," says the Spanish writer, "amidst prodigious applause, and a shower of wreaths, composed of tropical (lowers to ornament her radiant forehead " Matanzas was slowly recovering its tenses and was considered out of danger at the last accounts. Sylvatnand Madame Stephan were dancing at Sautiago de Cuba. The critics there call Taglioni, lillsler, and Stephan the Irt* graciiu Hold your r.bs. By the New Orleans papers, we hod that Sylvain, Madame Stephan, and the troupr of dancers that accompanied them to Cuba, arrived at New Orleans in lue Alabama on the Uih inst. Fanny Lllsler wai to leave Havana for New Orleans on the 1st of May. SI o will be in New York in June. Ma.Braham.?In a few days the Messrs Brahams, father and 6on, intend to leave town for a tour in the far west, as far a? St. Loais, Misaouri. They proceed through Penn?)lvacia, en route for Pittsburgh. The Messrs Brahams have given several concerts here, with great success. Their last concert on Wednesday last was most brilliantly attended. Some delicious old pieces were brought out, never before heard in New York--one of them " Gallop on Gaily," was most vociferously applauded. Young H.-aham improves at every fresh effort. Putins.?Butler, Lambert, Thayer, Mise Reynolds, are ail playing in Washingion. Young Revn dds, who is a brother to a pretty sister, is playing in the State Department. Dempster Here ?Young Dempster, the vocalist intenda,we se;, to give a concert next Monday. He br.ngs out several new songs, of great beauty and pathos. These concerts are all the go, in these latter days. Sr. Georoe's Dir .?This day will be celebrated by the St. George's Society at the City Hotel. Mr. Braham will be present to sing an eld Knglish sorg, previous to his going to the great wett. Spohtiwo.?On Thursday morning about nine o'clock. Dr. E. P-HMhell andG. W. Burhnjtme, Enq , set out on a tishin* excursion, and in about two hours returned with thirty live splendid trout. 9<t them down m the irue disciples of Iziac'jWaloa Novel Movement in Ocean Steam Navigation?Thai favorite and splendid steamship, (lie British Queen, recommences her trips across the Atlantic next month- According to the advertisement of her agents in this city, the starts from Antwerp, the capital of Belgium, on the 4.h, and touches at Southampton on the 7ih of May, and will arrive here about the ?2J, under the command of Cuptain M. M. Keane, once the commander of the ill-fated President. lie is a skilful, gentlemanly and popular naviuator. The British Queen begins on a new plan in Ik* passenger business and steam navigation. It is this: seventy dollars are charged for passage, exclusive of board; then if passengers wish any thing to eat they are to call for it as they would in a Continental Hotel, and pay for what they have, ntuch or little; on the Continental plan. If a person wishes bran bread and cold water he can have them?if turtle soup and champagne he can have them also. Whatever he wauts the steward will provide at staled rates marked down on the bill of fare. This is a novel arrangement for an ocean steamer, and cannot but be au excellent one. All the French passenger steamers are conducted so, and we think this Continental plan?not the Canal street plan?will succeed admirably. But what efleet will this new route and new plan have upon the Western andCunard steamers 1 Certainly not a very favorable one. All the Continental and many of the E.iglish passengers will most assuredly go in the Queen, touching as she will, first at Southampton and then at Antwerp. All Continental passengers will go in her, because she is conducted in a manner to suit their tastes, and we think that the other Atlantic steamships will sutf r to the tune of five or six hundred passengers a year. And if the Queen succeeds, the Belgi in government will innrf?as^ fh#? lin* an<l ihpn th*r* will h* or*at competition in ocean steam navigation, greater than has yet taken place. This of course will tend to reduce the price of parage, as Cunarj's steamships have already done, and in a few years we shall be able to cross the broad Atlantic for fifty dollars and find ourselves. Success therefore to the Queen. Tmekmometek Kisiro.? We shall have a terrible summer of it?and riots will follow riots. The weather is now very warm?Col. Webb of the regulars is getting more savage at the locofocos every day, and even Horace Greeley, the plain cold water squash, is procuring a deeper dose of galvanism. Defaulters?Our Philadelphia correspondent must be more accurate in his statements regarding individuals. He reported that the Superintendant of the Columbia Railroad had become a defaulter. This was an error?and unjust to the gentleman alluded to, who is correct in all his dealings. There are quite enough of defaulters, without imputing it to those that dont deserve it. Mrs.{Madison.?The venerable widow of president Madison, is now in this city, and is staying at the Astor House. She is in good health and looks remarkably well, and is in fine spirits. She has not been in New York before for nearly thirty yaars ; and wo have certainly had sufficient changes here during that period to make her forget to recognize flip nlapp Practical Philosophy.?In Mississippi, the penitentiary, with all its inmates, is let out to the highest bidder. Is this Fourierism 1 Exemption.?By a law just passed, ?150 worth of household furniture is always exempt from execution. Steam Engine in Petticoats.?The " Richmond Star" applies this classical name to Charlotte Cushman?and if she builds her new theatre, she will prove to be so. A Warning -,o Rioters?Sentence for Assault and Battery.?In the Court of Sessions, yesterday, there were several sentences for assault and battery; and although the parties were what is called "highly respectable," the Recorder tent them all to the city prison. One was the assault of De Kay upon Tillou, in Wall street; the Recorder said this was the more aggravated because ef the public nature of the street, and therefore sent him for five days to the city pri. son. Another was the case of Ludlam S. Chittenden, formerly Mayor of Apalachicola, for assaulting his brotherin law, West. The Recorder said that this was one of those aggravated and unprovoked assaults that so often occur; the Court tried fines, but this did not prevent them; in this case a pretence was set up that words were used toward the prisoner that justified the assault; but this was idle; there was no justification; it was one of those malicious, wanton and unprovoked assaults,that so'often occur, because persons will not control their temper. An example must be made in these cases to deter others from similar conduct; he therefore sentenced the ex-mayor to ten days imprisonment, a fine of twenty-five dollars, and security to keep the peace for one year that should be satisfactory, particularly l;? ;_ i? *_j .v- i> i .unniu iiid imiiuei-iii inn. /ma me uecorner aaid (hat he wished all relations, and all others, to understand that from this tune the Court would deal eren till more severely with every one convicted of an assault. Philosophy oh its Legs.?Dr. Lardner is still delivering lectures on the starry heavens. At the last accounts he was at Baltimore, and was much admired. Nothing is now said about morals. The most pious and godly appear to be his best patrons. This is a*curious world after all. Citizens' Bank of Maine $1, altered to Citizens' Hank ot Nantucket, Massachusetts Downino's Oysters ?This is the season for having the Shrewsbury and Chengagorers (oysters) in tine perfection. No where can they be thus found equal to Downing'*, 5 Broad street. He has the best in the city. Try them. Concentrated Misery.?Paying a note that yon merely endorsed through kindness and good nature. Election in Riiodl Island.?Last Wednesday the Regulars, as hey are styled, or the KingCharles party, held their election, and beat the suffrage party by more than a thousand votes. The regulars polled 7300, whilst the irregulars, on the Monday previous, polled only 3758 This is a fine beat, and the suffrage party must now knock under, beer or no beer. .Soother!* Mail.?The mail from New Orleans arrived for the first time yesterday afternoon under the new arrangement. The dates from that city are to the 13:h instant, inclusive. CrRiovs Lauhch. ?The Union, a new ship, built l.. t win;..? r~. I-L?- ?-r J? i? irj %t W lliiuilic iUI J ('UIIOl'U W uuwucn, was launcned, full rigged, la^t Thursday. As she struck the water she careened over on to her beam ends, in consequence, probably, of too httla ballast- She has since been righted, and will soon be ready for a trip to New Orleans. She is a very fine ship. JV \*m YVi arni h ?Yesterday the weather was oppressively warm. The mercury at Pattinson's f-'*/' went up to jap in the shade. Last evening it was up to 71^. Naval ? Profmor Chauvenet has been detached from the steam frigate Mississippi, and is ordered j to take charge of the school at the U. S. Naval Asy- i lum, Philadelphia. i i Casc or Libci. ? The Lowell Courier contains a 1 report of a case of libel. It was an action brought by Mr. Hutterfield, keeper at a public house at Littleton, against Farnsworth and others, members'nf an anti slavery society, for having passed a rendu- ' lion, cautioning the public to avoid Butterfield's house "?e they would avoid anv known public imposition." The jury gave a verdict for the plaintiffdamages Sl'rf). Court Calendar?This D*jr, IvntNl CotTST?No*. 37, 166, 10, 80, 148, I'M, 161, ttl, 163, 13a, 113, 134, 136, 139. 140, 141, 143, 143. U3. 164, 160. RtTltw of New Books, Af. W'auik o.i Patiiolouv.?J. 4* H. ?. Langlty, 57 Chatham utrttt ?Thi? book is by the author of that curious work Walker on Intermarr'*go." kc , which created such a sensation in this city. The work before us ia founded on the natural system of anatomy and physiology. It is a well written work and points out the natural classification of diseases, and the distinction between morbid and curative symptoms ; and especially exposes the hu=bug of hoinu'pathy. It is a valuable bock. Anthis's Usees (Prose Compositions ?Harpers.?This is one of that valuable series of works which Professor Anthon has given to the public from time tetime ; and it is enough to say that it is superior to any other work of this class. Poems of M'Donald Clarke ?J. IV. BtU, New Era Office.?This is a well printed volume of 300 pages ; and when we consider how completely the unfortunate poet was identified with the history at this city, and how much true poetic genius is mingled with his writings, we must admit that no library can be considered complete without a copy of this work. Contributions to Academic Literature? Rayner, 76 Bowery.?A very badly printed book, but full of valuable matter. Trades and Professions.?Harpers, Brothers.? This is an invaluable work. It gives the history of every trade and profession known under the sun, ani its progressive advancement to the present day. Scott's Wohks, No 8?Post, 88 Bowery.?This begins the Life of Napoleon, by Scott. One of the best booksever published. ExcvcloplDia Americana, No. 15.? Curry fy Co. 155 Broadway ?The most convenient, useful and best printed Cyclopedia in the country. liozs Wohki, ao la.?Curry, Is roadway.? 1 his nearly finishes the Curiosity Shop, which in this way can be bought full of plates for 75 cents. Graham row March.?Pott Curry ?Beautiful?most beautiful is this number. The plate of the lovely girl in the frontispiece is worth the year's subscription. Thiers' Freisch Revolution.?Post, 88 Bowery ?The only History of the French Revolution worth reading, and this is the best edition of it. Ovh Mess,7 and 8.? Wiley 4" Putnam ?Capilal. Equal to Charles O'.Vlaliey. The illustrations are unique. Handy Ai?dv, No. 4?The best printed of all the serial works in the United States. The story, like all Lover's, is admirable; the " picters t ) match," are lull of wit and humor. Cooper's Sea Tales.? Curry, 155 Broadway.? This completes Homeward Bound for 75 cents The best and cheapest edition of these valuable tales yet published. Temyerance Tales.? Curry, 155 Broadway ? Most admirable. Let every moderate drinker read them. Cyclopedia Indianensis.?Piatt & Peters, 36 Park Row.?This is a very, very valuable work; it is by Schoolcraft; and details every thing connected with the Indians of North and South America. Bacon's Works, No. '24.?Post, 88 Bowery.? This beautiful periodical improves in excellence as it draws to a close. Ladv's Book, for Mat.? Postfy Curry.?A very beautiful work; the two plates of Family Devotion are admiruble; no family, no lady, should be without this splendid work. Ladv's Musical Library, 155 Broadway?This work throws all other musical periodicals in the shade; published monthly for $'3 00 a year ; with 15 pieces of popular music in each number. Poland.?Sobolewski, 2 Pine street.?A work that has long been wanted. We have no good works on Poland. This describes Poland, historical, literarv and mnnnmpntal. Ir ia a valnahU nuH v^rv handsome periodical at a cheap price. Origin of the Afghan War. To the Editor or the Herald ? Sir? Ah entire misapprehension exiits among the newspaper editors, both in this country and in England, in relation to the aeurce of the war in Afghanistan. It is generally believed it was caused by the English intermeddling with the quarrels of the aspirants to the throne of Afghanistan and the king of that country. This is but a part of the real cause of the troubles. The fact ia that England was, at the time of the breaking out of the war, in the midst of negotiations with the government of Persia ; and being very desirous of concluding that diplomacy with honor to themselves, they sent a body of troops to Persia to aid in the completion of their amicable negotiations. It happened, however, that a neutral country lay between them and their destination.? According to the usual custom, they asked permission to cross that country, which was refused ; this refusal they thought was of no consequence. The army was commanded to force its way through Afghanistan, and the order was obeyed. The soldiers had scarce reached the middle o( the country when the Persian affairs took a more favorable turn. Find ing that there was no use of proceeding to Persia, they turned about and began to fight the Afghans, now roused by a spirit of resistance and a determination to defend the neutrality of their territory against the encroachments of the British power. The English, finding that they had no justification in the eyes of the world for their unlawful invasion of a neutral country, found a percon named Shah Shoojah, who had been once king of Afghanistan, but who had been dethroned, and Dost Mahommed put in his'place. This was a lucky incident for the British ; they overthrew the latter, and placed the former on the throne. After having accomplished this, they were cut to pieces for their trouble. Were the English or the Afghans in the right I Yours, Abdalla. Fourlerlsm. Mb Berhett. Sir? u/....i.1 ...... <.? .. 1 . *l-. -l _ ?? wuiu jyu uc "u mm'vi its in Piat-, tnai me system of aseuciationl iu?d the social principles discovered by Fourier, and which are now advocated by papers in Paris and London, and in this city, through the medium or the New York Tribune, in which the advocates of the doctrine have purchased a column?have nothing to do with Orahamism, transcendentalism, teeiotalism, mormonisin, squnshism, infidelity, dec. dec. Fourier^ discovered the social principles which he has given to the world, between the years 1798, and 18(>t? and published his first work in 1808; consequently anterior to the doctrines with which you mingle them We do not hold Fourier, as you state, for an Apostle or a derm god. We consider merely that he discovered the laws of a true organizatiou ol society, as Copernicus and Kepler discovered the laws oi a true system of astronomy. These laws bear upon them the impress of truth; a very large number of studious minds, in different parts of tne world have, after a patient examination of them, become convinced of their correctness, and are laboring to test thein by a practical trial. If practical experience proves them false, then we will abandon ihem, and seek lor a belter system. In justice to a man who has devoted nearly forty years of labor to the discovery and elaboration of a syttem, which will remedy, we trust, a great many useless social miseries, do not mix up with his principles a mass of doctrines, which are in themselves entirely conflicting and heterogeneous. Fourier was not, as you accuse him very erroneously ot being, an infidel. He was animated by a strong faith that I'revidence inust hold means in reserve for the happiness and elevation of the human race, which can be discovered and applied, it human reason will but search for and discover them, lie sought for those means, and has given the world some magnificent principles You say also that he was not a practical man- In this you are also wrong ?he was engaged during a larger portiou of his life, in commercial pursuits, and hit prolound criticisms of free competition and the piesent false system ol commerce and industry, which psove him to be a practical man, have gained (he admiration ot the hrst minds of Lurope?of those men who do not accept his views as regards a reorganization ol so cietyThe French press now universally speak of Fourier, as a profound analytical genius? ?8 'fie greatest social critic (hat the world has ever produced; before his death in lKf7,n reviled him, and conceded lo him no merit?in a lew years more it will examine impartially, il itgoesun, the organic or conuructive part of his doctrine, and we hope, MrBennet, not the less from yourselt- B. REMARKS. We stand corrected. The grand squash, orequashical philosophy of the present time, comprehends fourieriMit and all other novel isms of the day ? fourierism is not transcendentalism, nor teetotalisin.nor moiniomsni, nor infidelity,4-c?but Foarieris n is one of aliunde of the new sciences which we call the galvaniaed squash movement. All these ditlcreni dojir nes a id persuasions, mixed up together, o:m the gieat squash client in philosophy?that's all BufTnlo. [Correipondcuce ?t the f!era!d 1 BrrrtLo, April 17, lft42 Business Prospects?Buffalo and Attica Railroad? Temperance movements? Young Men's Association re i tui the A fie I "orA Herald, 4*e. Iambs Gohdon Rknhiltt. Kso : ? Dcvr Sik:?Oar city begins to assume a more lively aspect,and we are ia some degree recovering our lost energies, something after the manner, if I may be allowed the simile, of a fly that has escaped from the liquid element and begins to feel the genial wariuth of the sun, putting forth one leg at a time. Buffalo, like ulmost every other business mart, has not been exempt from the evils of overtrading, and our city has experienced from thia cause as great a depression in business as any other place ; but we are now fast resuming that activity and euterpri&e which has so long characterized us as a people. He who will look at the geographical position which we occupy, canuot but be impressed with the conviction, that ere long, we shall rival many of our seaboard cities. Buffalo has already become the commercial depot of the West, and is so favored by nature that nothing can divert any great amount of trade from the East, West and South, from continuing here. With cur almost unbounded resources and our enterprise, who will say we cannot reslize our anticipations 1 We have now several extensive buildings in the course of completion, which will add greatly to the ornament of our city. The "Great it oicrn iiuici, wnicn id now nearly umsnea, will eclipse anything of its kind west of your city, and does much credit to the public spirit of Albert II. Tracy. Since lake navigation opened, business has been gradually increasing and we now have a number of arrivals of steamboats and lake crafts daily. The tiulblo and Attica Railroad, forma an important link in the great line of communication with the eastern cities, and will doubtless contribute much to the busiuess enterprise cf our city, aud atfurd the " travelling public" an easy and pleasant conveyance to the " Queen city of the Lakes." This road is intended to be completed so that cars cau run on it by ..he 1st of July. The stockholders will undoubtedly realiae a handsome profit from their investments. We anticipate, troin this spirited undertaking, all that might be expected from a contiuuous'Iinejof railroad connecting us with the commercial cities ot the east, and traversingthe agricultural districts of the State, which will determine no doubt a large amount of business to ourcity. The cause of temperance, which has become identified with the movements of the times, is progressing with rapid strides, and more interest appears to be manifested in the triumph of this cause, than heretofore. We have a considerable number

of temperance societies, which are exerting their influence in emancipating the sons of intemperance. The " Pollard Temperance Society" and the " Young Men's Temperance Society" hold weekly meetings, and temperance lectures, temperance speeches and temperance songs, exert a peculiar influence in keeping the old and young in the path of strict sobriety, and planting the feet of the youth upon the temperance rock Te ladies have not been backward in coming to the rescue of the inebriate; they hare organ.zed a temperance soeiety and number some hundred strong. Thus we are becoming a temperate and sober people. We trust that the movement which is going on, will eventuate in eradicating au evil which has once bore ,sway among all classes of the community; and which bus been a prolific source of vice and crime. The Young Men's Associa'ion have held several meetings to determine upon the propriety of admitting the Herald to the files of reading rooms. It appears that the executive committee ordeted the NewjYorkHerald to be sent to the Association. Af ter its having been received and placed on file some of the members who claim to possess a great deal of influence, conceived the idea of having it immediately ejected from the reading room as a nuisance. These guardians of public morals raised their voices both "longand loud" against the Herald, and succeeded in calling a meeting of the Association , but nothing was determined upon. Then an advertisement appeared in one of our papers, officially signed by the President, appointing another meeting in reference to this matter; the result was, they found that the power rested with the executive committee, and it was at their discretion, to receive or reject it, as they thought proper. The executive committee s&id that it it waa the wish of the Association, they would have the paper discontinued. Will the committee succumb 10 a few, who style themselves the dictators of the Young Men's Association I) As to the " corruption" some talk nbont, they snuff the infection of their own polluted aiiuusphere, and with instinctive foresight, they think they discover it in the distance. "Oh! dear me, how very vulgar." Your?, &c. Cato. Board of gapcrvleoM. Aphil 22.?The Recorder in the chair. Among the bills ordered to be paid were several for carriage hire; Mr Cooper's tor refreshment in the tea room; those of various police officers and deputy sheriffs for extra serviee; the Coroner's for quarter ending 1st April, amounting to $lllb 18; Messrs. Chilli for nrintina imnnmino In ttlltl .111 Mr. Vandervoort, for returns of prison statistics, $190; Jonat B. Phillips for eleven days services as District Attorney, $8-*; Thomas Jeffry, as day officer of the 3d ward, $108, $-c. A number of bills were offered and referred. Alderman Lee offered a resolution authorizing the Ward Collectors to collect till the 10th May, with ut charging the extra 14 per cent. This was opposed by the.Comptroller, who said that the arrears of taxes now amount to $*216,000, a larger sum than ever before known. He thought the resolution might affect the securities. Alderman Purdy substituted the following, which was adopted. "Resolved, That the Comptroller be directed to allow the cnllecters of the several wards the; usual ftes for all monies collected till the books are returned to the Chamberlain." On motion of the respective supervisors the salary for assessors of the 5th and 17th wards were placed at $100 per annum; the 7th at $150; and the 14th at $350. That for the 6.h ward assessors has not yet been determined. GrVieral sessions. Before Judges Lynch and Noah A rat i- 22?James R Wiutino, Esq. District Attorney. John McAfse, who was convicted of receiving stolen pig iron, knowing it to be such, was arraigned and sentenced to confinement in the city prison for 30 days and pay a fine of $25. LudluinS Chittenden, found guilty of assaulting his brother in-law, Mr. West, in an aggravated manner, and for which he recovered the sum of $1000 in a civil suit, was sentenced to a fine of $25 and imprisonment in the city prison. James Ferns, an old convict, convicted of an assault and battery on James Nodine, was sentenced to 15 days in the city prison. John Timpson and Thomas Brown, convicted of riot, iii entering the home of Eliza Logue, and behaving in a riotous manner, was sentenced to 10 days In the city prison. Michael Ccugblan, for an assault and battery on Ellen Riley, was fined $1. The Court refused to admit Metford, the broker, to bail, and in all probability he will die of prison fever. The Court then adjourned for the term. Special Sessions. Before Judge Noah and Alderman Woodhull and Benson. April 22 ? Ellen McGuire, the trim built Irish gitl, who was arrested by Barnum of the American Museum a few nights since, on suspicion of picking the pockets of a portion of his audience, was sent to the House of Refuge; Jacob Lewis, a black fellow, who stole a cow liom Thomas Holmes, was sent to the Penitentiary for six months ; Giibert McMillen, charged with stealing some bedding, iSee. from the barque ' Anna Liffey" was acquitted, the evidence not being sufficient to convict him; Elizabeth Moore, black, charged with stealing a quilt from Eliza Weston, Richard Williamson, a boy, with Scaling a pisiol w?rth #2 from Arthur McCaffrey and John Harry: A. McLaughlin and Henry White, charged with assaults and batteries, were all discharged, United Strife* Clrcnlt Court. Before Judge Thompson. April 22 ?Kzekirl By.im et al, vs. Alfred Goltch. This was an action for violating a patent in relation tothe manufacture of Loco > oco Matches. The jury found for defendantLriru* Penning* vs .John Ferguson?Action for infringement of a patent right in the manufacture of spirit gas. Verdict for plaintiff, $300 damages, and 6 cents costs. Fomciui* Commissioheiis iw baisancptcr.? Judge Randall, of the U S. District Court oi this District has appointed Edward Ogden, of New York, Wm. Gray, of Boston, and Wm. Meredith, Jr., of Baltimore, commissioners to take the proof of d?bts and testimony of persons residing within ihrcr fr-neetiv* State* to be n*ed in evidence in cases of bankruptcy pending in the Kastsrn Districi of Pennsylvania ?Philtui L'krnnicle, April 22. Ahr?*t or ths Koxki rv \rie8.?Conslables Hunt and Loring arretted two bovs last night bv the name o| Thomas tiordonand Michael Du.ally, the one fourteen and the other fifteen years of age, for setting the fires on Sunday night in Roxbury and Boston.? Do*ton Mail, Aprti 21. POSTSC RIP T ~ CtJ- For our utua] Southern Corrtiporulrnce, iy this morning's Mail, ire fourth pa%t. City Intelligence . " Otk Allcr" Caught Aon*?The notorious coun whmvi w.is Alien, Known tbro'igli the W. stern states like l ook, was arrested on Thursday night about 12 o'clock, as also two of his associates, named Benjamin D. Adams, who bails from Troy, and Oliver 11 Maxwell, of Utica. On the evening above named Allan and Maxwell entered the Cornucopia Lunch, kept by those two good fellows Luscomb Si, Sanborn, in Park Row, on Thursday night, and after calling lor two cups of coffee, Maxwell tendered in payment a $1 note, purporting to be or the Citizens' Bank of Naniuckat, Mass., artfl Harry Lusoomb gave him the change. As they were leaving the cellar, Harry remarked to George Gilson,' who was standing at the bar, "there goes Ote Allen, the most notorious counterfeiter in this country.'' "And how do you know," says George, " but the note they gavd you is a counterfeit 1' " Let's look,'" says Harry, and sure enough it proved to be altered from one of the broken bank notes of the Citizens Bank of Augusta, Maine. Harry's dander was up?not that he cared for the dollar, but to be tricked iu that way, was not the right thing no how it could, be fixed. In a short time after he sallied out and on enquiry at Ldsall's Knickerbocker Hall, found that Ote Allen and his partner had retired to seperate rooms, as also his other associate named Maxwell. A council | of war was held by Harry, the Doctor, Edsall and all i hands, when it was concluded to send for A. M. C.Smith 1 the officer, who immediately repaired to the scene of | action. Upcn searching the rooms of each, twelve $1 notes of the same description as those passed uj>on Luscomb were found in the possession of Msxwell and "the boodle" as it is technically termed, was found in the bed of Adams, in two parcels of $50 and $25, of the same de- I nomination and description. They were then taken to I the watch house by officer Smith and Captain Fisher, an t locked up. Subsequently it was ascertained that Adams passeo one of the notes on Abner White, at his esting house corner of Broadway and Canal street, and also on Thaddeus Dean, No. 43 Camtl stroet, during Thursday, previous to their entering the Cornucopia. Allen, although the biggest chicken in the coop, will iu all probability escape conviction, as he has so managed lass cards as neither to be caught with any of the noteg in his possession or to be charged with the passing of My under the present affidavits made against the parties Persona who have received any of these notes within the pist few da) a will serve the cause of Justice by enter ing complaint at the lower police, and identifying these rogues who are now in prison. Sextrt Lxwrens ?Tbe practice of certain members of the bar, iu standing sentry within the vestibule of the Tombs, to watch for the miserable offenders against justice, who are hourly ushered within the police office, and thus defeating the ends of the la w, is truly reprehensible. These poor devils need all the funds they can raise to pay the tines imposed upon them, without being i bled by the harpies of the law, under the plea of rendering them legal aid, when not in one care out of fifty i* , auch aid of any service to the prisoner. We sincerely I hope that the practice will be abolished forthwith. If not, they will hear from us again in pointed terms, aa ( such conduct is a disgrace to the profession. I Death from Blur Rent.?An inquest was held, on Thursday evening, on the body of a colored woman, 1 named Margaret Tender, wife of William Tender, of 428 Cherry street, whe died on the evening previous, ' from the effects of toddy, which produced insanity, and ' terminated in tits of epilepsy. Dr. Charles Marsh made * an external examination of the body, and concurred in J the above opinion. ' Isrsst Smothered to Death ?A female infant, the child of i'eter Kernan, who resides in 34th street, between the 31 and 3d Avenues, was smothered to death, on Wednesday night, while lying between her parents. Verdict accordingly. Another unknown Man pound Drowned.?The body of a man was found in the slip at the foot of Murray st, yesterday, who appeared to have been drowned several weeks. lie was about thirty yearsofage?had on a dark dress coat and striped cotton shirt. The body will re: main at the dead house during the day. Stole a Watch and $40?Two seamen named Thomas f Painter and Samuel Elwell, wrre arrested yesterday by those two efficient 4th ward officers, Benj K.Parker and John LTOBS,and committed to prison on a charge of entering the lodging room of William Woolrich, 191 William street, SDd stealing therefrom a silver watch valued at $14, and bank notes amounting to $40. A portion of the property was found in their possession. Octtino otar it ?The wife of John Buchanan, whose throat was cut by her husbrnd a few days aince, while he was laboring under partial insanity, from jealousy and fever, has so far recovered as to be able to make application yesterday for admission to the City Prison to visit the author of her injuries, who is confined therein. Superior Court, Before Judge Oakley. April 22.? The Delaware Bank vs. James Andrews.?The defendant is a young merchant, of good standing and reputation, keeping a dry goods in Greenwich street, brtweeu Fulton and Dey. The present action is to recover $950 of him. the value of a package of money, which, it is asserted, he acquired possession of and feloniously retained. On the I7tn February, 1841, as all the world was Hocking to Washington disinterestedly to witness the inauguration, and congratulate the lamented Harriaon on his success, the Delaware Bank, at Delhi, in this State, entrusted a young man named J. D. Fry, with a package of money directed to the Cashier of the American Exchange Bank, and to be delivered to him in New York. Mr. Fry is a young nan oi 22 or 23 years ofage. Previous to 1840, he had kept school at Franklin, but in that year, supposing ne eculd instruct men rather than youth, he u abjured the birch, syntax, and vulgarfractions, pro ceeded to Delhi, about seventeen mile* on, became a student in a law office, and entered fully and fear- 0 lestly into the areoa of politics, in a short time out- { doing any oae in leading public meetings, singing ? Tippecanoe songs, and in decrying Dutch- ( men and Kinderhook cabbages The rictory i gained, he put in for the speils, obtained a a host of certificates as to his fitness for office, i. t. 8 beiag coouskin to ibe bub, and an active deserving fellow withal, and set out for Washington, where, nododbt, the Secretaryship of State, at least, glit- . tered in its brilliancy, only awaiting his taking de- a served and rightful possession. As he was to pass 0 through New York, the hank handed him the v package of money in question, which he promised s safely to deliver. He arrived at Washington, t writing back, in a short time to a friend, in which tl he asserts that he had seen many strange things fl siace his arrival there, had shaken hands wiih K " Tippecanoe and Tyler too," and Martin Van I3u- J, ren, and that it was O K. [This the counsel supposed to mean " only care 0 for the main chance,' as Mr. F. was keeping on t! the right side with both political parties ] it He witnessed the inauguration, was not alow at presenting his credentiils, fished in the political p pool with great patience and perseverance for so- s veral months, during which tima he had several a " glorious nibbles" and plenty of fellow laborers, ti till ia the month of Angust hf made a haul, bet " found he had je ked a flounder instead of a salmon," n getting a clerkship where there was plenty of hard ? and wholesome work, instejd of the bureau which () had shown so conspicuously, no doubt, in the a art-aim ui ins auiomon curing rue nve or six SI months he was indulging " hope deferred," at tl Washington, he states himself to hare spent all 11 the money he carried with him, borrowed $tiO b through the aid of Senator Tallmadge and Mr. 8 Clark, member of Coiigitar, and owed $30 besides p for his board In the November following the . Delaware Bank discovered that the money which el had been entrnsted to his care never reached its destination, and called upon him to account for it. I( Here, then, is the foundation of this snit, and the tt beginning, in fact, of the painful story. Mr. Fry declares that be came in town on Saturday, too 1< late to deposits the money in the bank?he called upon his friend and fellow townsman, Mr. Andiews, (ihe defendant) told him he had bern en- ?f tru.-ted with a large amount of money, to be hand- ^ cd to the bank,at the same time showing the pack- nl age, which was seen by Mr. A and the clerks? n asked Mr. A to u;o bis influence in procuring for tt him at the hotels room by himself, as he had valu able property in his trunk; whi< h was done. He 'I called, with letters of introduction upon ex-Mayor bl Clark, and had the honor of sitting at his ex ship's Cl table and viewing his pleasant countenance at din- tj ner. He returned to his hotel; was in company hi with Mr. Andrews on Sunday. On Monday ?t morning. Fry says, be understood that the Philadelphia train was to siait at nine o'clock, and being desirous of pushing through without R delay, he went to Andrew's store, told him his *' sitaation, and handed him the package of money, al Andrews promising to cany it to the Hank on its * opening at ten o'clock, and safely deliver it. He b? left the package with defendant for that purpose, th and that is the last he has ever seen of it. Ha also hi states that the clerks wtre present, and must have fr seen him deliver it. Andrews, on the contrary, positively and absolutely denies ever having re- rj ceived the nackago Fry, he says, brought it there, andshowtd it, but took it away again. He ae- j, knowledges tbey were old acquaintance, but denies ci that the package was ever left with him The clerks, on whom Fry relisd for support, also fail 03 him, and one, in particular, poaitivsly said he did ki aut deliver the package to Andrew*, although be * had it with him, as lie stood in a position where. had he don* to, he muat hare ?een him. Thi* witaerjhad received an anonyraoua letter, cautioning him how he gave hi* teatimony, but Fry denier ? faring written it. Iloth of the young m*n produced te-timony o| moat excellent character. Mr O'Con 0 tor wa* lor d? fendant, and altaded to the danger of a handsome young man, having a large sum of mouey in bis pocket, euc> untering, during a Sunday evening promenade, the fascinations ?f the gay but designing courtezans oftentimes to be met rvith in our public etreets. He made a long and elcquent addrei-s, and scouted tbe idea ?f his client ever taking the money. Mr. 8. Sherwood, on the other band, made a powerful appeal to the Jury in behaif of Fry, whose testimony, be said, was unimpeached,and who must either stand perjured and guilty or innocent and worthy of belief, before them. The Court, in its charge, stated that the aelion presented serious consequences to the par ne?. iso aonr 01 escape bad been left open' A felony had been committed, and the guilt rested upon one or the other of these young men. In respeet to Fry, the mouey having been delivered to him, the charge prima facu, rests npon bis shoulders. If the jnry, however, thought his testimony sufficiently storng to shift the responsibility from himself to Andrews they would pass upon it. Jndge Oakley then reviewed the testimony in the esse, spoke of the annenymous letter, and concluded by admonishing the jury to weigh the testimony of the clerks and of Fry, at the same time being extremely careful how they condemned the defendant Whatever might be the circumstances of the case, be had a right at least, to the benefit of any doubt that might exist in bis favor- If they found a verdict for plaintiff, they would do so in the sum of $950, and interest. The jury, yesterday morning, returned a sealed verdict in favor of plaintiff for $10i7 58 [ The defendant, on the verdict being announced, threw down his head and wept He is a likely appearing yoang man, and was doing a good business, but his prospects are probably blasted forever. A criminal action, we nadeastaud, is also pending against him on this account ] For plaintiff, Messrs. S. Sherwood and Merriaew. For defendant, Messrs. Charles O'Connor aod J. W. Benediot. Meteoh.?The Meteor ol Mundoy morning was wen at Rochester. The Evening Post of that city says "Some persons who were "wide awake" when the meteor bhzed over "s about three o'clock on Monday morning, describe it as leavine a long train of fire, which faded away or cooled offlike red hot iron. It proceeded in a northerly direction. Persons living on thej lake shore about seven miles north of Rochester, speak of the appearance in the same way as those resident in the city. So bright was the light, that people waking from their sleep supposed there wa- a large fire in their neighborhood. Such a large and brilliant meteotic visitor ia rarelv seen. Some scientific nh?Tv?r will n*oK?Ki? give us an accurate description. North and South American Coffee House, London. 0(7" W. J. MARK WELL, proprietor of Long's Hotel, New Ootid street, and the London Hotel, Albemarle it, has the honor to acquaint the pations of the North and South American and New England Coffee House, and the public generally, that he has purchased that establishment, which will be conducted by his son. The whole will immediately undergo a revision,in order that the comfort* of its patrons may be increased. The business of that celebrated tavern, the late Coclc, will merge into this hotel; a commodious room will be specially set apart for the soups, ttc. The hotel department will abound ia comfort, and from its immediate contiguity with the New Royal Exchange, it cannot fail to De highly advantageous both tn the merchants and their assistants, as well as to the traveller, whose business requires him to resida in the city. The hotel is spacious, airy, and well arranged, so that the sleeping department is distinct from the numerous .avern rooms. Parties requiring committee or arbitration dinners will always lind a outline worthy of their prtronage. The meachants and travellers from the West India Islands, and from the continents of Europe and America, will fin 1 the position of this hotel important to thsm, as he earliest news frem all parts of the globe will be concentrated there, no expense being spared to procure it irfore any other house. The wines need ao comment as they will be selected rom the store cellars of Long's Hotel. The charges will be on a moderate scale, consistent with the respecability of the hotel. QQ- THE SUNDAY MERCURY.?A rich number o-murrow?the richest yet?nearly all original, A cadtal story by Ladle, the Second Marriage, particularly QterestiDg to the Ladies?City Characters, No.,VII? Van. Page, N A ?The Ring Eights,Caunt and Freeman nd other sporting matteri trom Cell's Life in London? L great Poem by Spoons, the machine poet, and another [umitable discourse by Dow, jr ?Razor's Report of the 'hird Bull of the New York Variety Assembly, terrific nd funny?Copy Book sentiments from 1? jcune Edisur?Fun from the London Satirist?Modern Definitions -The Charter Election .Our Prospects, lie.?Theatrical Criticisms, Waliack and Mra. Glover in the Insolvent Court?Chit Chat,containing all the news of the week nd editorial satirical humours, lie., on all sorts of subsets. The Mercury can be sent to any part of the Union ight months for $1 ; single copies 3 cents each. Subcriberi in the oity can be served at their residences by ending to the ottice. 13 Beekman street. 0(7- CHATHAM THEATRE.?The indefatigable tage manager of this theatre, has dramatised and adapted a the stage, The Actress of Padua, taken from Flagg's clebrated works. It is in four parts, and is produced his evening, with new scenery, costumes, magnificent ibleaux, lie. In addition to which the melo drama of laspardo, the Gondolier, is performed, in which Mr. J. I. Kirby appears. Otto Motty exhibits his wonderful treDgtb,and Wood appears in the drama of the Lion loomed. Of?- THAT MYSTERIOUS LITTLE GIPSY GIRL 1 the American Museum, continues to attract admiring rowds oi visitors day and Bight, who are filled with aaonishment at her woudeifnl revelations. Past,present >ad future appear all alike to her, andthe placeofher labitation is a mystery to the most seientific. To day here ia an uni.*ually rich afternoon performance by Vinchell,the side-breaking drollerist, Miss Rosalie, the harmirg vocalist, Celeste the admired dancer, andthe iipsv Girl; Animal Magnetism, Niagara Fells and other lovelties. Same performances this evening. No Bonier the place is a literal jam day and night when such iltractions are put forth for 25 cents. 0(7- WE SAW IT STATED SOME TIME IN ONE f the western papers, that Dr. Sherman's poor man's daster was used ou the Ohio to draw ii.i-u... t be mud. We believe the editor had beeu moit egre;iou?ly humbugged, but can ?ay trom experience that be aaid poor man's piaster is the best application ever ised for rheumatism, lumbago,cramps or bruises. Call 1106 Nassau street,and ask any one you see leaving the tore, aDd he will tell > ou this u no humbug. Downfall of the British Nation. Q&- WHAT CARE WE, OUR HAIR let RESTORED, iurmh.? In place ol our old grey biistly hair we have beautiful dark silky crop, three cheers for Jones's Oil f Coral Circassia,itis the greatest hair restorative in the vorld. Jones is a blessing to the age, you old Wall treet rascals take the benelit of the act with some of his on jour hair, you'll charm the court; jekiug aside, bis will really and truly make the hair grow, stay it ailing, cure scurf or dandrsff, and make light, red or ;rey hair grow dark ; it is to cheap too, only 3, S, or 8 hillings a bottle, it is sold at the sign of the American '.agle, tti Chatham street. You who have yellow or daiktkin.or pimples,freckles r an; eruption, try the Italian Chemical Soap sold at he same place, it is cspital,clears the skin beautiful, try t once that's alL ft7-CLIREHUGU'8 WIGS AND SCALPS still stand re-emiuent above alt others. Their peculiar light goaamer and ventilating character, their superior material ml workmanship, their being shaped exactly as the naural hair grows?their elasticity, stvle of arrangement, nd finish?all combine to form such heads ol hair as can ot be equalled out of bis establishment. The first ii traduction of the gossamer and ventilating rigs and scalps, without metallic springs and subseuent improvement, have all been nude by Clirehugh, nd though daily attempts are makiug to imitate his yle and workmanship, all have signally failed. Gtnemen will observe the address-J07 BroadWxy, en unce on on Fulton street?where a choice of several undred wigs and toupees, all shapes, sizes, and colour, nd where they can be fitted in a moment at reduced rices to suit the times. GREEN TURTLE!!?A fine lot of Green TureTfrom Key West, just received at Welsh's new eating itabbshment. No. 133 Broadway. Ti'stlk Bore, prepared by Sandy, in kis original, iperior style, served up this day, anJ every day during >e next week. Tean.it Strsks. stewed Terrapins, Betf Steaks, Cutits, and Oysters,of the most exquisite flavor. Ordinary, daily, from U to 4 o'clock. 0(y-WE ARE IN GOOD EARNEST WHEN WE y to our readers that Dr. L. D. Hemming,a Diarrhae andy is one of the best medicines we know of. Persona flirted with the Diarrhae can have inatant relief by le use of this medicine. It is mild in its operation, and orough in its cure. His Worm Candy is also a perfect cure for worm* in liildren, And bis Cathartic Candy is good for a cold, ilioua complaints, fevers, foul stomach, indeed in all lies when physic is necessary. Hisdinner or tonic Candy is a perfect remedy for cosveness, uneasiness, fulness or distress aQcr eating, eartburn, Sic. Sold wholesale and retail at IS* Naaaau reet. 0(7- OYSTERS-SHREWSBURY AND CHINOAORERS.? It ia well known te those who are acquaintI with the nature of our oj iters,that the Shrew sburiea e nearly done with for the season this is according to eommon law effecting oysters, but I havethis day re ivrda lot which will challenge competition with the ?st of their palmy days; 1 do pronounce them better an any that nave been to the city this season; the same aabeen effected hy culture. i nave alio lomeoyatera om the old and well known Chingarorcr bed, ao faaaoua i their time ; they are very fat, but are wanting in that ch racy fl ?vor, which made the original ao diatingniah I it ia occaaioned by tidea, but they will improve. Bedea theae two diatinguiahed Oyatera I have the Bait aat River Oyatera in their prime, out of a'particular ove upthe Sound. THOS. DO WNINO, 6 Broad at N. B. I have in a atatc of preacrvation aome bed a of i at era for the approaching warm seaaon, aa it ia well own that the moat of the bcda will not be in a fitting inditien foruae. it City Drapatcli Pont. 44 William Smear. Fnivrini, Orrice ?Lettera depoaited before half paat half-papt 19, and half paat 3 o'clock, will be aent out (or 'livery at 9,1, and 4 o'clock. Branch Orricca.?Lcttera depoaited before 7, II and i clock, will be aent out for delivery at 9, 1 arid 4 o'clock. ALEX. M. GREIO, Agent.

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