Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 24, 1842, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 24, 1842 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. New York, Sanday, April -44, 1N44. Filial NiKUilnHoiu with England. Vt understand thai by the last steamers, intelligence from England was received at Washington, j that will materially, it not conclusively, tend to ar- I range and settle finally all the outstanding dillicul- ' ties with England 1 It seems that the negociation look place in Lou- < don between Lord Aberdeen and Mr Everett?and ih it the British ioreign Minister took he tirst etep.be- : ing induced to do eo, probably inconsequence of the i disastrous news from India. We lurtner learn mat i the Ashburton mission w.m never meant to result in any practical settlement?it w,,s intended more as a 1 4- make believe" thun a reality. Hut recent events t iu Europe and A-ia, and under the inlluence of Sir Robert Peel, who has indicated great friendship for the I'nited S a es, particularly in his recent new tarilV, have compelled the British government to come at once to the point, and settle the preliminaries of a lasing peace. This haa been done with Mr Everet:, and the recent special messengers that come by the steamers have probably been the bearers of the new propositions for tne American governmentIf this intelligence be correct, every thing looks w ell for a long peace. Movkmewts for Mr Clay?It seems that the friendiof Mr Clay coasider the recent allusion to him in the Albany Whig address, as being a distinct nomination for the n?*xt presidency. "Col. Webb ol tlie regulars" thinks so, and so do we. On the strength of this movement all the Whig committees are now called upon to come out for Henry Clay, and to prepare for the fall election under his Hag. This movement will undoubtedly be followed up. The organization ot the Whig party in this Slate is mostly in ibe hands of the friends of Mr. Clay, and,of course,a large portion uf that party will ge in that direction. Henry Clay is, therefore,Jnow nominated by the Whigs of North Carolina, and also by those of New York, in opposition to the present incumbent ol the White House. The line is now drawn distinctly between Clay and Tyler, and we suppose the usuu' results will take place. The Wall street press is identified with the movement and will support it The "New York Express" and the "Commercial Advertiser," that profess only to support the administration, are only waiting a favorable moment to declare openly for Clay. They and others will pro. bably hold ?n till after tne next election, and then go against the administration, hip and llrgh. Wait and seeImportant Abolition Movement?Marks Jr.? The Repeal ok tiie Union avowed.?The great abolition organ called the " Liberator," published in Boston, in alluding to the usual annual abolition convention that meets in New York on the 11th ol next month, distinctly avows that their purpose now lFj'o adopt as their destructive measure a REPEAL OF THE UNION OF THE STATES, and that this astounding project will occupy the deliberations ' of their next anniversarv. They say " the Rubicon 1 must be now passed"?and if they mean to make a 1 repeal of this glorious union, their principal object, they will have passed the Rubicon with a vengeance. What is to be done with such men, avowing such 1 purposes ? Of late the heavens from Richmond round by Buffalo to Boston, have been full of signs 1 ana wonder*?incieore na>e msneu across me tuy and men's minds are affected thereby. 1 Boz 15 Missouri ?The following is a very amus- . jng account of Baz's movements in St. Louis, t where he has been more enthusiastically received i rhan in any place since he left New York. It 19 | very evident that St. Louis resembles New York in internal impulses and characteristics, and will pro- < bably in a few years be the great New York of the i Mississippi. I [From the St. Louis Gazstte.] I Our Gucst.?Mr and Mrs. Dickens received the , visits of a large number of our citizens yesterday, all of whom retired with the most pleasing impres- f sions. [Good.) The native goodness of heart which I shines out ot Mr. Dickens' works, gives an interest i to all he says and does. No one who approaches i him, and no one whoenjoys the pleasure of his i conversation, can fad of being struck by these evidences of good feeling nnd ready and cordial sympathy in all that can awaken the kind and generous <motions of our nature. [Astonishing j As an indication of the strength and fidelity ot his domestic attachments, might be noticed the fact of his carrying wita him a sketch of his children?at home?an interesting tamily group, which, when lie is stationary, is hardly ever out ul his sight [Wonderful] 1 The reception of him having passed, Air. D. visit- I ed several of the public places of our city, and 1 among others the College, where he wbs received very cordially by the learned and Reverend profes sors?and where he produced ihe most pleasing im preasions. A gentleman of the Committee having intimated to him that a word from him to that ellect, might give the lads a holiday, he addressed them brie tly, simply and appropriately, taking care to end with the remark that one of his moBt pleasant recollections of that visit, would arise from the circumstance that it was the means of giving tliern a holt- 1 day, which he requested as a favor, and which was ' immediately granted- [Delightful news to bam Weller.) One little bright-eyed fellow, in the enthusiasm of the moment, jumped up and set the word for " three cheers to Boz '?when some 150 boys made the welkin ring with their loud but hearty applauses In the presence of Boz you forget the author and the hero?for ne man who has received the tribute I he has can be regarded as less than a hero?and you iHiiiiy winy ui inc jjruuiuc rvmuurrv*, gcilCTUaiijr ttllU i overtlowiag good nature of ike man. Mrs. Dickens is spoken of in the most compli- I inentary term", as being worthy of the exalted partnership to which she has been elevated. Early this morning, Mr- Dickens was on his way to the famous " L >oking Ciass l'raine" in Illinois, and is expected back this evening. To-morrow between the boars of 12 and I, he again receives calls at his rooms in the Planters' House, and at night will be preser.t at a soiree in the spacious Ball Kooin of the Hotel, where all who desire to be presented to him may hive the opportunity. Concentrated Wiceedness and Foley-?The " Philadelphia Times" is calling upon the people to refuse gold sovereigns from the banks in exchange for notes, because a sovereign is a foreign coinage? also, to run the returning banks for specie, and ruin them if they can. If the banks in Philadelphia have resumed, they ought to be encouraged in well doing ?not disparaged. Ooiro it.?A committee has been appointed by the town of Nashville to invite Mr. Van Burtn to s;e their city, and other lions in that neighborhood. The pilgtitn intends to get a bit ot the true h ckory pole, to make a snutf-box of, when he gets back to Kinderhook He will then be ready for the next presidency. L3 rt . ^aimu v??n*t to*d\t ? Dont kirget th? splendid concert that will be give* this evening at St. Patrick's Cathedral. It is for the benefit of the sufferers by the late tire?costs only 5u cents, and is worth $5 in piety, charily, music, melody and harmony ____________ Death or PiSHoe Coswell.?The Right Rev. Bishop Conwell died, in Philadelphia, last Thursday evening,?at an advanced age. This venerable and much esteemed prelate of the Catholic Church .had been afflicted by blindness for many years prior to his decease. extstvsiv* Korberies Westward.?Two extensive robberies have recently taken place at the west C. Schuliz had S4.000 in bills stolen from him, in Cincinnati!, on the I7ih inst., and L Conway had $'t,Oot) id specie taken from him in Buffalo on the 20 b. Arrival or the St(iaeh Dee from Halifax, N- S?Last evening ihe steamer Des arrived at this port from Hahlax, N. 8. She sailed on Wednesday last, having made th- posagr in three days There m very little news. The Halifax newspapers were making the saost ol the loss of two children in the woods of Dartmouth, near Halifax. They had been found dsad in the woods in each other's Arms. Washington. (Correspondence of the Herald.) WABiiihcoji, April 22, 3 o'clock, P. M-Jr Proceedings In Congress. The S. sate went into executive session this morn ins; before one o'clock. The only routine butinefsof any public importance was the report by Mr. Man. iuni, of the House, a bill for building a war steamer, without amendment. Mr. King made an attempt to j< i m> iwc privuir caienuar, uui uic mouon 10 go into -.vecutive session prevailedThere ,is a large number of nominations before the Senate, some of which ought to be acted upon imn-diately, and as the session to-day bids fair to be a ong one, there may be a good deal done. Th*re was a small Hare up in the House this morning on the subject of abr lition. Several weeks cilice, the House, on motion of Mr. Adams, adopted a resolution directing that petitions and memorials might be laid on the table, and the Speaker decide under the rule, what were proper to be received and referred. The thing has worked well up to the present time, but it seems that Mr- Goade, of Ohio, a few days since, laid on the table the proc-edingsofa meeting of citizens of Ohio, commending the course of Mr. Giddings and censuring the action of the House in the premises. The speaker, acting in strict conformity with fhe rule, received and referred the paper. This morning, Mr. Botts moved to amend the journal by striking out the record of the memorial. It was moved to lay the motion of Mr. Ho'.tson the table. This was negatived by a vote of 7 J ayes, to 93 noes. Mr Botts then made a few remarks in support of hit motion,in the course of which he denounced Mr. Leavitt, the editor ol the Emancipator, who has a scat as a reporter, and who has abused Mr. Botts and some of 1 lie other southern members, occasion ally, und avowed Ins determination to move ins expulsion from tiie lIouseMr. Goade, of Ohio, replied and explained, when the resolution of Mr- Botts to amend the journal, was adopted?ayes ninety-three, noes sevenly five. The House then went into committee of the whole, and took up the private calendar, upon which the duy will no doubt be spent. The general impression here seems to be, that all our points of dilTerence with Great Britain will be unncably and satisfactorily settled. This is founded not on the idea of the Journal of Commerce, growing out of the amiable deportment ol Lord Ashburton, but on the obvious fact, that there is nothing between the two countries to go to war upon, and that it is the interest oi both to be friends. Havana, [Correspondence of the Herald.] Havana, April 1, 1842. British Steamers in Havana?Trouble in prospect? I And Morpeth?Fanny Elssler. My Deak Bennett : ? Since my last, there has transpired but little here of either novelty or interest.?One or two British steamers have arrived from adjacent ports, but without news and few passengers. This line has fallen into sad confusion, and unless they introduce greater regularity into their hitherto eccentric movements, they will give little satisfaction and encounter much loss The late arrogant behaviour of the agents here has resulted in rather severe treatment on tne part of the government toward the steamers; the whole difficulty arose from an attempted infraction of certain post oflice regulations that prevail al IIIUSI uuivcieau/ . uic captain general rCBISieil 11 irmly at the outset, and it is now clearly seen these efractory English have but one resource, and that s in entire submission, however disagreeable, to tohn Bull's pride. There may be a motive in it all, or these steamers are nothing else than war vessels n disguise; they are manned with eighty to one Hundred seamen, and officered by lieutenants of the English navy; it suffices little for John Bull to pick a juarrtl when its interests dictate it, and if they have made up their minds to have this island, there is no:hing to prevent their trying ; and who can prevent heir succeeding, that remains to be seen but it s hardly to be supposed that we would remain idle spectators of such an attempted appropriation of the ineet bit of properly in the world ; and nature has iiven us the best claims by putting it in our immediate neighborhood. The islanders would a thousand times rather resign in our favor than to the English, whom they detest very heartily ; besides, this productive and rich island would soon be useless in the hands of the English, for they would be soon obliged,for consistency's sake,to abolish slavery as in Jamaica, and so its cultivation by whites is quite impossible?it would soon become as valueless. Lord Morpeth arrived in Havana a few days since, with Mr- Corbin.of Va , and leaves town tornoirow ror a visit to the interior ; he seems to fear, almost, lis being el 'Cted for Uublin, as it would curtail his itay in America ; a primary object to him doubtess; he seems to observe cmsely and reflects much; riiai he thinks he carefully keeps to himself lor the iresent. His future course and speeches at home vill reveal how tar an actual Knowledge of the mold republic baa affected hi* well known political heories. Since my last M'lle. Fanny Elssler has appeared n a new and extraordinary sphere of action- She ras aspired to the minagemenl of the Grand Taeon Theatre, and has directed with as much success as she has pluyed in it, and that to the tune of thousands The manager here grew suddenly apprehensive that he would lose money by goiig on with his contract with M'lle. Elssler?as she did not partake his tears, she offered to take the theatre on ner own account?that he readily surrendered.?She at once addressed the public, aud threw open the doors, having abated the exorbitant prices the manager had hitherto demanded- The theatre has been nightly crowded by enthusiastic thousands, and her heneht night,last Saturday, was an occasion that will never be forgotten in the island ; during the whole of the performances the most pleasing manifestations of popular delight were lavishly indulged in?flowers ana wreaths were every minute thro wn upon the stage, whilst at intervals doves,richly pddened with flying streamerstof ribband, descended laden with poetic homages lo the graceful beneticiare ; but the great event ot the night will probably stand aloae in theatrical annals; u was certainly the most touching and effective scene 1 ever witnessed, and was inimitably well done. At the close of the cracovienne, Fanny was receding up the stage, when.to her amazement, she found herself completely anil suddenly surrounded by a large concourse of citizens, who came pouring on the stage from all Bides: for an instant she was quite lost to the public, who sat in breathless wonder at this novel spectacle: ia another moment the crowd around her drew back, and she stood forth, wearing a beautiful crown of green laurel surmounted in gold ; shouts ot acclamation followed, whilst whole baskets of Mowers were emptied upon the stage at the feet of the smiling Ciueenjol Dance. La belle Fanny,is greatly esteemed by the nobiluy, and beside many generous marks of attention, has received several invitations to the magnificent country seats of her friends. She will visit that ol the Marchines* D'Oacaa in a few days. It is said there is nothing in Europe surpassing the almost regal splendor ol this tine property ; the house contains torty bed chambers besides suites of apartments. M'lle. Elssler will play a few nights in Matanzas belore quitting Cuba, and from lieuce goes to New Orleans- She will probably reach New York by the middle if June, and embark the first of July. She has lately received letters from her only aged parent who has expressed an earnest wish te see her oace again and soon. I'. S.?An English steamer came in last evening: the officer in charge of the mails attempted to land them ; he was immediately arrested, but has been since liberated; there is a good deal of excitement here on this pom', and one o| these days it will have an ugly termination ___ l\tr.*r trom Africa.? We have received, by the Gentleman, advices from the coast of Atrica to the 21 of March. We learn.that in the Utter end ef February, H. B M.'? sch. Pantaloon went ashore at Cape Roxo, and whilst in that predicament, she was attacked by the natives, the wild Falluchs, which ended to somewhat of a fight. Tha crew of the schooner of war succeeded in whipping the Falluchs, killiog a good many of them, and taking about twenty prisoners, all of whom were carried to the River Gam bia in the schooner, which got off shore toon after the tight. None of the crew of the schooner were killed. It is not expected by muiy that the Medians tak?n I hence in the Gentleman will remain long civilized 1 The savage is in them, and all the abolitionist* in 1 thr world cin't get it out of them. Nothing but hard work on a plantation will do. j Yucatan, South America. I Corr??i>oadduce of the Her aid ] Mcrida dc Yucatah, Mtrch 2's, 1312. Interfiling History of the Yucatan Republic for two years in brief?Revolution?War with Mexico? The Treaty?Ceography and Commerce of the Country?KUctim in Merino?Sinta Annajames cjordor berrett, esq. Sir : ? At the request of Mr. I). L. N., 1 embrace this opportunity to address you, and to (tire you a few news en p ixsent Iroin this part of the world, from whenee there has been lately written, and some writing at this time, and no doubt a considerable package of wishy-washy it going by tnis conveyance to your city, but directed, in all probability, to the editor or another Journal, several and variou* nil ws, but in regard to facts the gods only know at the present ; bit time will .test th.-ia in future whether they be such. As the political state of every country is the principal lever which controls her other movements, 1 .-hall commence this communication with that principal point. * Yucatan, formerly oue of the states of the Mexican cinlederation, under the Constitution of 18i4, has from time to time shared in common with the other members of said federation, the vicissitudes of the misrule of the Mexican dpnasty up to 181). In February of said year a revolution broke out at Valladolid, iu the eastern part of this peninsula, headed by the patriotic General Santiago Yinan, the result of wh ch was the re-establisin-nt of the fr di-ral authorities of 18*1, and the resuming of the state rights and the sovereignty by Yucatan, seceeding from the central government at Mexico, and authorising the Governor of the State to assume all the authority of the President of the Mexican llepublic under the constitution of 1824, within the limits of the state. This order of thiugs was suoerceeded by a new ro.organization of the State under her present constitution, adapted (he 31st March, 1811, copy whereof is hereby accompanied as a reference of tha details. By this constitution political sad religious liberty secured to every inhabitant of Yucatan, whether acitiz.-nora so journer, native or foreigner The privileges of the clergy and military are abolished, and one aud the same law rules and governs all clashes of inhabitants. The right of acquiring real estates by foreigners is also secured. In one word, it is the charter of a democratic representative government. By virtue of, aud in accordance to this constitution, luws havo been enacted; aud among them one which regulates the mode and manner, and establishes the basis upon which this State will join again the Mexican Union, provided a federal constitution be framed, by which to re organize that distracted country This basis was the groundwork, and the corner-stone upon whieh the late treaty made with the Mexican commissioner was predicate i; and unless the said treaty id ratified by the powers that bs in Mexico, Yucatan will preserve her present neutral position. The principal feature- o! said treaty are as follow, viz : ? 1st. That every thing done in the interior administration of (he Slate of Yucatan, since her secession from Mexico, shall remain valid and in full force, viz , the constitution and laws. 2d. That Yucatan shall have right to establish pons of entry for foreign trade, adopt her tariff laws, appoint her custom house and other revenue officers, collect her revenues, including duties of import aud tonnage, and dispose of them for her uses. 3d. That no Mexican troens or officers civil or military, be permitted to enter Yucatan; and no men to be levied for the Mexican army or navy, within Yucatan, by force. 4th. Not to contribute to the use of the general government of Mexico, except with her quota in proportion to her meant, and required for real and not fictitious wants of the nation* 5th. Not to submit to any order of things, unless to measures to be freely discussed and determined by a convention, wherein every State shall have an eqaal representation, elected by ihe people. 6th and finally. That Yucatan will remain in ?tatu quo until the premeditated general constitution is enacted; and it it shall cover all the points above cuumerated, and the constitution of the State, and be accepted by the State, than she will join the anticipated union. Now, when this will be done, we cannot say; for a'thou^h the treaty was concluded with the Mexican commissioner on the 28th Dec. 1811, and sent to Mexico, and two commissioners appointed on the part of the government of Y'ucatanto accompany the Mexican commissioner to the capitol, and to effect the ratification of the said treaty, after which to take their seats among the members of the government, privy counsel, at Mexico, to be composed of two members from each department or state. As yet nothing has been done in the case, and the two Yncaian commissioners have not taken their scats, neither is the treaty as yet ratified; to the contrary, rumor, founded upon good authority, says, that Santa Anna has thrown upon the floor of his auliencehall the Yucatan treaty with indignity, and rebuked the. Mexican commissioner for having abused the confidence ofhis government, by having tacitly acknowledged the independence of Yucatan Something of the k ind might nave been suspected, as that commissioner was a native of Yucatan; but he could do nothing better than to admit the proposed treaty by Yucatan,for it was predicated upon una nKanlnlr Imr Ar Iia wflltIrl havo hail (n urn tn Mexico without effecting any thiug, and then perhaps fall into Santa Anna's disgrcce. He had to follow the example of the Cbineae mandarins at the last battle at Anioy with the English, viz., either to conquer, or drown, or (hoot himself) to save his head trom b ing cut off at Pekin, by order of the Cr lestial Kmperor, for having lost the battle. That the treaty cannot and will not be ratified,by Santa Anna is a fact self-evident. The ratifying it places him in an awkward predicament, by opening the door wide to the other States for similar pretensions, whereby not only the moat democratic order of a popular representative government be established on a broader principle than it was under the constitution of 18*21, or even that of the American Union, but a complete nullification system, which would not only give the States the means of controlling the general government, but would thwari every action ofthe executive in eases of any emergency, to which Santa Anna will not willingly submit,as his desire and n. is,tohave the country precipitated into su< disorder and confusion that no regulated government will be able to.extricate it from the c.iaos; thus to save it from tho^precipice,upon]whose border it has been lingering, with imminent danger of falling iuto it since the days or lturbide, declare himself a "dictator." Indeed he is at this time, for nothing else influenced him to dethrone Itu-damente, under whose administration th? nation has been prospering q tally a* well, at it daet now under the present dynasty, if it can be called at all prosperity, unless it be the self elevation and aggrandizement Mat sinee Santa Anna has lost the election of the members to the next convention, upon wbieh he calculited very strongly by means of his controlling influence ; and by which convention he expected to be elected President for ,ife time, alias Dictator: he cares very little Hbout the meeting of the said convention, and is rather seeking some causes and m--ans by which ibe meeting of the same may be paralyzed and he remain, ai he is now, invested with plenary powers to rule and govern the country ad libitum. Again, to refuee to ratify the Yncatan treaty is for Santa Anna also an extremely arduous ease, because in that event Yneatan declare* its absolute and unconditional indepeadence from Mexico, which would be to Santa Anna a death blow, as he would get both f arties in Mexico against himself on the score of his having been the cause, not only of the loss of Texas, but Yucatan also, and would paralyse his views and expectations Hie popularity is pretty near gone in Mexico. and the only thing that in some respects does yet keep his head above sinking, is the threats he is miking (or the subjugation of Texas, a popular theme with some part, particularly the rabble of Mexico, but b-tter informed men think different npnn this subject. In order, however, to in va de Texas, it will be necessary for him to subjugate first Yucatan, to get men and means, particularly seamen for the manning of his old steamer,theCity of Dublin, and the new schooner, Brigg; for Campeachy i? the only plac where he could get men tn that hut nntv in tlim n. .t.t. ~ r - f fain of \ucatan, the Mexican Government cannot get a man or a cent of money from Yucatan, although t ime American paper* have pnbliahed the new* that Yncaian, having concluded a treaty with Mexico, ha* ireturned to the Mexican Union, and ir an integrant part of the presentMevoaa dynaity. Not an, f r notwithstanding the conclusion of the treaty a* above stated, this country is still separated from Mexico, and a complete non-intercourse exists between the two countries This government, in consequence thereof, ha* not as yet published Santa Annas proclamation (Convocatoria) as the other States, or rather departments hs they are still called, a* under the Central Constitution established) did for the election of the m-mbers of the convention (Congreso constituyente) which is to reorganise the Mexican nation, and to Trims a general constitution, nor is it going to do it, until the issue of the ratification of the treaty be known.? If the treaty is ratified (which we are told lies on the table of the Government csuncil, with a view of submitting it to the deliberation of the first Constitution i| Congress, which is to meet nfter the < invention, in virtue of the new constitntion to I fr#??d by the said convention) this state will p-oeeed to the election of her representatives to the said convention? if not, nothing will be Hone, and after waiting a reasonable time, to know the final usur of the now pending treaty, the Congress of this State, either at its regular session in Sept. neat, or by an extra session convened for that purpose,?ehculd subsequent circumstance* connected therewith, or any hostile uiovemats of Mexico towards thii State require it?declare its absolute and unqualified indeprndence from Mexico, This step cannot be avoided by this State, unless it would letract the ground it nas assumed, for which there is sufficient moral worth and firmness in the leading men of the nff iirs of this State, not to be guilty of such imbecility. The presise peried when tbi* is to be effeeied, cannot be well foretold, and the events at Mexico will chirflv regelate the time, aiid precipitate it to this dernier recourse, as this State, although constantly on the n ii ,n/t n,alrini> fh*> mnat urflVe nreoaratiOU lor a ruoat vigorous resistance aguia-t Mexican oppression, is peaceably disposed, and it ia more to ner interest to keep their people uaefu'ly engaged in their corn and cottonfields, and their workahopa, than in the fields of battle. The State haa haa no regular troops, and all military services are performed by the local militiamen in rotation, except in the aea porta, where there is a very .-mall number ef permanent militia In caae of need the State can place 20,000 men in the field, although perhapt not more than one h,If of it armed with warlike weapons, and instructed in military tactics. The state has puiehased up wards 01 700 fire arms for the use of the militia,

besides artillery, and swords and pistols, and Government is doing ell in ita power to arm,:eqnip, and discipline the militia of tho state- Active measures to that effect arc going on ia every teclion of the country. The navy consists of two brigs and two sohooners The brig Wisconsin, lately from your city, has brought some armament and munitions, and other hollow-ware for the use of the navy at Camptuchy, and I dwubt not that when Mexico is ready to invade this country, it will be equally ready to repel it; more so with the assistance of the Texian navy, which is still maiutaiued upon the coast of Yucatan, en obtervacion as regards the movements of Mexico. Texas and Yucatan combined are strong enough at any time to force Mexico to recognize their respective Independence, but it appears, that both countries are consulting their own interest (upon a small scale) in pur.-uing their peaceful pursuits of life, and not to subject the inhabitants to the horror* of war, so long as Mexico lets tbem remain in peace, and does not molest tbem. The plan is, so far, a good one,at by the internal commotions of Mexico, itint|couiitry is not able to send any forces to invade them, and thus ihey are prospering by theimpotency and imbecility of their enemy; whereas, by immediate resolute coercive measures on the part of Texas and Yucatan, Mexico would be for en preservation suae, compeuea to rccoguize their independence, and thus confidence being established by the final issue of the fate of each of those ?ci >.is| >f Mexico,those respective countries would rapidly prosper by the emigration of capitalists, who would at once derelope the natural resources of their soil, and other lucrative enterprises. The Peninsula of Yucatan is situated, as you will find it on the map of the world, between the 19 aud 21^ degrees north latitude and 80 to 87 deg. long. \V. of Greenwich, or thereabouts, and comprises about ?9,C00 square miles, and is principally sin elrvated plain, intersected by a chain of ridges (asiurofthe Cordilleras) in the interior from E. to VV. Merida is the capital. Campeachy.Luguaa, (on the Hand of Carmen) Sisal, and Bacalier are ports of entry tor foreign and domestic commerce. Its imports are dry goads, groceries, liquors, hard china, glass and Li verpool wares Also, w heat dour. Exports?Logwood, hides, coffee, hags, tallow, henequrn (a species of hemp, of which Manilla cordage and bagging are manufactured,) tobacco, segars, sole leather. ; also, "extract of logwood," corn, rice, sugar, lard, soap, starch, honey, wax, dressed dcerfand calf skins, and several other articles are produced in sufficient quantities, not to supply the warns at hoint, but also to export in measured quantities to the markets of Mexico, at present via Havana. The cotton raised in the country (of a superior sea island quality) is principally consumed in the steam cotton factory at Valla.lolid; also for sundry other articles of domestic manufactures of coarser qualities Salt, of which thcie is a great abundauce along the whole coast of Yucatan is also destined for the Mexican market, the sale of which, at present, is very much paralysed. The article of salt, wi'h some others, such ts salt fish, soap, fi-<h oil (made of porpoises) cofTee bags,ropes, paliuito hsts, tcc. were the principal ' causes for the concluding of the treaty with Mexico, and the disposition of rejoiningof Yucatan, the Mexican Union, as a great part of the population of this country is dependent upon the production* and sale of those articles, which can afford for Yucatan a profitable sale ouly in the markets of Mexi eo, at it cannot compete with similar production of other countries, iu the markets of the West Indies or the United States, and the importation thereof into Mexican ports from foreign countries is, by the protecting system of Mexico, prohibited. Yucatan has large bodies of vacant .lands, and some very valuable on account of their fertility, capable ol producing coffee, sugar, indigo, cotton, and all other tropical productions, also ?n account of their valuable timber for naval architecture, and dye stuffs. There are but few navigable rivers, and those only for short distances from the sea coast, but several fine lakes aad bays, such as the Ltguna de Terminus, the Bay of Ascention, and the Bay of Espiritu Santo, in the vicinity of which navigable waters, the lands abound ia logwood, cedar, mahogany, ebony, teakewood, and other woods. All the coast lands, and the islands are susceptible of producing sea island cotton, coffee and sugar. Also Henequen, which is a very profitable artiele for export, oven in its raw stato, and if manufactured into cordage and cables at homo, which rnll'.t ho itnn? at a i>nmnir>li?l> mall expense, perhaps leas than in t&e United State*, inasmuch as labor is very cheap in Yuca tan, it would yield to the enterprising undertaker a very fair profit for the investment oi his capital in the neeessary machinery. The manufactory of the " Extract of the logwood'' is also a very lucrative tra-Je. There is a factory ol this kind at the town of llunuema, about five leagues from this city on the way to Sisa1, which has realised to its owaer a great fortune. There are many means by which capital could be employed advantageoasly in this coun'ry, and no doubt will bo done, so soon as the final issue oi the fate of this country is settled, or better to say to soon as Yucatan is finally emancipated from the Mexican thraldom Commerce at this'present moment is very dnll; there are several reasons for it, hut the most imme.liate and important ones, are the change in the tariff effected since 1S40, by which the high dnties imposed by the .Mexican tariff were abolished and more moderate ones substituted; as this change, was supposed to last but for a short time, for it was generally supposed that Yucatan would, at the first intimation, again return to the Mexican domination, and every thing again reinstated as ab initio, the speculators who wished to improve the oppor tHnity of the axis of tha low tariff system,have overstocked the market with imports of loreiga fabrics,which will be sufficient to supply the country at least for another year 1 he nrxt eaase is, that the Port of liacalar, on tha Eastern Coast, and near the Belize in the British Honduras, has been de: lartd a port of entry for foreign tra;e, by .which channel, it is said, (how true I cannot vouch for^ that there is a great deal of clandestine importations of British fabrics, which ara oppressing the price of goods imported elsewhere, and has pros trated the commerce intthe interior ol this eountry, so far as British goods are concerned In groee ries and wines, also in silks, and iiarman and nik,i linens and all lueh other article* of French and Spaniah growth and manufaturing, a* are imported via. Havana, ihere i* a fair tra'le. For particular* I refer you to the adjoining Merida Price Current cf the 23th intt. Thi Arnica;* Traps?Citilitt or the Bai tiih.-Capt. Frye, of the Tigri*, arrived at Salem (ihe reaiel, it will be recolleoted, which wai aent home on her preceding voyage, in charge of a Bri tiah prize matter and erew) report* baring beea boarded several timet from Engliah era aeri, hat without any of that inaolence and offenaive bearing which ha* hitherto marked their proceeding* Captain Frye wan very politely hailed by the Hri tiah officer, and received an extremely civil intirnation that if he would back hi* main iop?ail, th? officer would come on board. Capt Frye, of courae cheerfully asaented to a reqeeat ao civilly exprca aed, and the officer viaited him, at the name tim? aaaeriing that he had no with to detain the Tigria i moment, and d> airing ( apt Fry* to continue on hii conrae while he (the officer) wa* on boa-d No at. tempt waa made to interfere ia the least with anything on btMrd, nor would tho oifieer eater the ea bin until after rep-ated friendly aolicitatinn*?ac careful wa-t he to avo d giving oce iaion of offence Thi* i* a* it ahnuld he ? Rnttrm Timtt, April 22. Tf.xa* Ho !?A young man paaaed thraugh out Inirn on Werineadav li>( 1 anlitarv and alone armed and equipped, for the seat of war ia Texas HeJwaa mnanted on a fine charger, with knapsack on hia hsek, aword, pi-tole and a gun. He waa ? fine looking youth, of about twenty one. Succeai attend him! ? fieorgiu Trll Nrr.no StcaI-iro.?Two men (George W. Crow der and Nelion Ballard) were, on Wednesday last arraigned before the Superior Court now in Section here, on the charge of negro stealing. They wer? feuad guilty, and aentenc-d to confinement in th> Penitentiary?Srowder for eight, and Mallard lot aix yea re.? Coiumbu* Timet, l.Wi in*t Stcam to PoRrr ?tn.-The new steamer Eipresbuilt in this ci'y, made her first run from Boston U Portland in eight hours and twenty minutes. [Trrnn the Albsoy Argus ] Opening of the Knlnrgrd Canal. At a meeting in Waiervliet, of the contractors on the eastern section of the I-Irie Canal Enlargement, lldward Lamed, Hezekiab "-age. David Hamilton, W. J. Mc Alpine and Win Kggleston we re appointed a committee to invite the canal boarJ, the resident members of the legislature, and such other gentlemen at they might deem advisable, to accom pany them on a trip from the Lower Aqueduct to the eity of Albany, for the ptirpore of viewing the new line of canal and the various structures thereon. A committee of arrangements was appointed at the same time, consisting of General A T. Dunham, W. W. Wright, Mr l)e. ker. General Smith, C C Hubbard, J H Mallory, A'onao Baldwin and General Vatea. to make the necessary preparation for the excursion Accordingly on Wednesday, two boats,the Enlargement," capacious and well fifed up for the occasion, and the''G. W Little," were ia readiness at the Lower Aqueduct, 14 miles from the ciiy And at noon, the respective committees, with their invited guests, including the Acting Commissioner for this section, the Comptroller and other public nllicers, started on the downw ird trio of review? the b >utg bearing the American flag?with music from Cooke's fine brass band, and a salute and hearty cht era from the shore Previous to starting, however, the company found ample time to examine the Lower Mohawk Aqueduct This structure is unequalled in magnitude,and not surpassed in any respect, throughout the line of the enlarged canal It is a noble work, reflecting the highest credit up -n the skill and talent of the Resident Engineer, Mr. McAlpino, upon the contractor, Col. Sage, and upon all who have been engaged in its construction It is massy and imposing in its appearance, and aside from the idea of utility, and as a material link in the greatest work of improvement of the age, a sight of It is worth a ride at least from the city It crosses the Mohawk by twentv six arches, each 37^ feet span, an entire length of 1140feet, and a width of -lOfeet. It was commenced in 1838, and was completed on the 20ih mat , at a tost ef $315,000 In its plan and pioportions, as well as its substantial and finished masonry, it is one ef the proudest triumphs of art. It is the largest aqueduct in AmericaThe other structures on this section are in keeping with this gigantic work There are eighteen new locks, seventeen of them double locks?fourteen of them lOfeet lilt, one 10 feet 8 inches, and two 11 let 3 inches. Th- avrrage cost of each is about ?75,000. The material is generally of the Amsterdam stone. They were commenced in 1836, and were completed on the 20. h inst. They will vie with any work of the kind in America, for capaciousness, and for solidity and beauty of masonry ; and the contractors may pomt with pride to so much of their share in the enlarged canal, as has fallen under our ob.-ervatioii. Notwithstanding their greatly increased size, they are worked with surpri-ing ease and rapidity, the avara^e time of locmngin ana out lor escu Doat oeing only one minute and twenty second*. * Ahove West Troy, the line of the Enlarged Canal diverges from the former canal, taking a higher level, and avoiding the inrouveuience of bringing many locks,as before, into immediate contiguity. Hut the difficulties of a part of the route were truly formidable. At tha Cohoes, in attaining the elevation, the new route p ssing above the factories, the side hill was cut off 126 leet above the bottom of the canal, so that we now look upward on one side to that altitude, while on the other is an embankment from 3d to 60 feet in height This proved te be the most difficult port on of the route, the hill being of hardpan formation, and requiring conii nued blasting, and the embankment requiring, in its unfinished state, the greatest skill and care to prevent it* yielding to thi pressure. Hut decidedly the most perfect masonry on the route, is the lowest side cut. or new combined locks, at West Troy; constructed by Messrs. Earned, Hamilton & Co. We doubt if they are surpassed by any similar work in the world; lest perhaps in tneir extraordinary size and capacious ness of bed, beieg 22 teet lift, than the care, exactness and finish of the superstructure The average size of all the stone used in the construction of these locks, is 36 cubic feet, skillfully wrought out from the Saugertits quatries; and there are substantial walls of masonry at the entrance and outlet. The cost of the side cut was $107,000. The viaduct between Cohoes and Watervliet 220 feet in length, and 12 high and wide, of sufficient capacity to admit the free passage of a load of hay, is a very substantial and well built structure, aud the culvert below the Arsenal, a beautiful piece of work, scarcely equalled on the line They are both a pait of Mr Hubbard's contract, and were constructed under his immediate direction. The works on all this section have been planned bj and carried forward under the immediate direction of Mr. Me Alpine, the resident engineei, of whose eapacity and great efficiency wa can speak in terms scarcely too strong and emphatic. The entire fourteen miles, it is well known, are nearly a continu .us village; and including the Arsenal and its surrounding grounds, edifices and works, now in a state of high improvement, the Cohoes Falls, and the commanding view oi the Mohawk, the Hudson, the Factories, Troy, Waterford, Linsinburgh, West Troy, Watervliet, and the long and straight, a.id we may say also broad, canal level, walled aud beautifully finished, between the Arsenal and Albany, with the Hudson and its fleets on the one hand, and the thronged McAdam road on the other, and passing through rich and highly cultivated grounds and at the doors of cottages and mansions, form altogether an aggregate, combining grandeur of scenery, picturesque views, the channels of a great and growing commerce and the pursuits of active life, rarely equaled, and of the highest interest Throughout this distance, at every turn, and in passing nearly all the bridges, the boats were re oeivcd with cheers by the assembled population, and were answered by responsive cheer*, by the music of the band, and by salute* from a six pounder on board one'of the boats, and (at the Anenal, salute* were riven and returned. Altogether it wa* a gay and enliven^ scene?the more enlivenin a* the earnest of the returning season of active and busy life on the great highway which bear* to its mart the wealth of the soil and the labor of nearly an illimitable inter.or The arrangements on board the boat '* Ealargeraent" were well and appropi iately made, Col Sage acting|as marshal, and Mr J H. Mallory a* assistant; and an abundant c illation was served up, in a handsome manner, on the temperance principle, by John B. Vanderwerken. This section of the enlarged canal has been brought into use, at this time, with incredible ef fort. The contractors, although h-avily in advance to the state, and, under the financial management of the late adru nisi ration, without the expectation of immediate payment, nave brought to the work an amount ef force that has tarried it through, despite the obstacles, physical and pecuniary, they have had toeacounter its importance to the navigating interest was t-ucb as to call for tha comfiletion of the structures and the u?e of the new ocks it possible; and the acting commissioner, the engineers and the contractors, have brought all their energies to the ta-k Its completion results in reducing the nnmber "flocks between the aqueduct and the city from 21 to 18; in facilitating the locking in and out of boats, notwithstanding ths increased lift; in saving five or six hou-s in the passage of each boat fioni Schenectady; in providing ample basins, and so arranged as to avoid ground mm as <1nlo w nv I k* ivvnu urn Af kAnf a imne lk<> MK v....J, .uv vv... ,lr locks; and in avoiding heavy expenditu-e* for repairs, which tbe longer use of the old line of the canal and its strained and tottering single loeks, would have rendered uat??i,i0uble. The boats reached the Albany basin between five and six in the afternoon?pasaing many, several heavily laden, witch had cleared during the day? the company well pleased with the excursion, aud with the opportunity to view these noble works of art and of a well directed publie munificence. A Remarkable Dream !?The Norfolk Herald cantains the following The man who professes to be a believer in dreams and other extraordinry auguries of coming events, is sure to be regarded by nine-tenths of mankind as a simpleton, if not a stark idiot ; yet that the most calamitous events have often been indicated by such premonitions, is an indisputable fact ; and it is equally certain that snch events have in some cases been controlled by a strict aiteutmn to the warnings thns mysteriously given. It is unnecessary for us to specify instances of such warnings, as they most be familiar to most leaders of historical records. But there is one connected with the recent melancholy event of the blowing up of the Medora, i which remaias to be recorded, and which we c'ass among the most remarkable which have fallea withia our notice Three weeks before it occurred, the sad catastrophe was di-tinetly represented r in a dream to the mate of the Jewess (one of the ' line of steamers for which the Medora was intended ) He saw her making trial ol her machinery? i saw her blow np?snw the hapless victims of the i explosion in the water round her, struggling for i life?saw the boat sink, and identified Capt. Suiton (her commander) clad in a white dress. He told hisdream afterwards?and was langbed at ! The Jewess, it will be remembered, left here for Balti more, on Thursday night, (after the explo-ion.) ? and passed in the fiay. the n?*xt morning, the steamer Georgia, en her way down to Norfolk ; and when perceiving the (?.'s flogs half-mast, he exclaimed in a toneot grief?" There ! my dream is out?the Medora is blown up!" The boats pa-sed each other too far asunder to hail, and it ' wa? not known to tho?r> on board the Jawnaa until her arrival at Baltimore, that inch waa indeed the J melancholy faet. Viclubuf. [ of-re?ix>ii..?icf ?f the IImiU.] Vi?i?ib?o, March IT, 1S42. Curiout? Original? Grophio? Singular? Gtologtttu Dttcriplion of ? duel tn the IVetl?Honor on Ou banki of the Mueinippi. Dear Beeeett:? Our legislature having (tied in vain to legislate themselves into some decree ol respectability. at length, in utter despair,adjourned on the 28th ult. : and our friend Beesancou, beiog relieved from hi* public duties, resolved to legislate himself out of hit difficulty with I ompkiaj; for which purport, ha and bit friend r paired to Vicksburg. Being fond of the rportr ot the turf, cock-pit, and others of a similar nature, 1 put a clean shirt in ray pocket and followed them, though I was not to osteutatious as to charter a car for the purpose, which tome of the pariy very magniloquenlly did. It it a strong pro, entity we have, to run after duelt and oiher executions ; to scan the countenance ofa fellow being who stand* upon the brink of eternity; to read the working ef bis features, and gather tome information respecting that bourne te whieh ha is going ; to watch the rising of the curtain wich is about to be lilted for his exit, and strive to eatch a glimpse beyond. But though this he impossible, it is still interesting to know what are the feeling* of one, placed in a position which we must sooner or later occupy. And in this respect we hare in tho South, m States, a great advantage orer you of the North. With yon a duel is a very niggardly a flair. ? None but the seconds and surgeons are permitted to be present.?But here, the whole country may attend if they choose ana mere are seiuum icsd muu lour or live Hundred, in attendance. The papers have already informed you of Beesancou's success; that ia, he succeeded in legislating himself on: ?f the acrupe. Having weighed the matter well in his niiud, the opposite party were given to underatand th?t Dr Hogan was to be his sub-second. New Doctor 11. having fought a duel and hit his maa, fought two or three street fights and threatened a great many more, is undoubtedly a man of honor ; but he ia, as yoa know, the editor of a paper,and uses very ungentle manly language?such as "bank thieves," "bond thieves,'' "swindling cottan epeculatdrs," and other degrading epithets, wbicb he is in the habit of applying with great liberality and not much discrimination; all of which is voted to be "very tolerable and not to be borne," and consequently Dr H. is not to be recognized as a gentleman. As was probably foreseen, tb? Dr was objected to, and Beesancon, delighted to have an opportunity of exhibiting hie firmness and decision of cbaiacter, persisted to the end of the chapter in?"no doctor, no duel " Firmness and decision saved him, as it has many othere in equally ctitical eircum-tances. His second, however, Col. G. S Cook, not being perfectly satisfied with this specimen of legislation ou the part of his principal, determined to have a little fight on his own hook, he, therefore, renews the challenge in his own name, which being accepted, after some delay, occasioned by the illness of Tompkins, the parties met en tbs morning or me lum lasiam, on the Louisiaaa side of the river opposite to Vickie burg. ' Och ! now Pat Foley, honey, why ean't yon be after stayin' at home and ieitin' the juellera alone* 1 know you'll eonae back kilt and murdered by them bloodthirsty di vils. See! there's ene of'em now?1 know he's one, just goin' to the boat, by hie big whiskers; nobody but bloody juellers wear such whiskers as them; and, blessed lather ! look at hitgun, faith its twins!" "Be aisy, now, darlint, that's no jueller, it's the railroad jintlemau. Be aisy, now, and don't maka a judy of yourself; ain't all the world goin' over? don't you see the terry boat is crowded? And there's a big steamboat, that's carrying the whole world! By the powersishe's goin'to push off,and I'll lose my passage " Away sprang Master Foley, regardless of the fears ot hts darling wife, and away I sprang, startled by hi* exclamation,and fearful of being left behind. All the world did Indeed seem to be assembled on board the board, and from the multitude of arms of various kinds one would hsve supposed it was a general duelling party. A sudden demand for toll caused much dismay among the passengers, for in their haste to secure a passage a large proportion had neglectt d to provide the means vf paying, and us no credit could be given, the only resource was to pledge a shot pouch, ponder horn, penknife, peneil, or something of the kind. Master Foley was unprovided witk either cask or any portable article except his "holy word of honor" that the moaey should be "as good a* goold." The man giavely shook his head, and pointed to a board, on which was emblazoned the awfufwords "no trust," to which he added,vocally, "fork up, sir." Master Foley looked distressed; brightening up, be called upon his friend, "Major Hirst, will you be after paying the like of two bita for mel Or v?u, Contain Bibbyl Or you, Major MeCardlel Och! Major Miller, lend me the loan of two bits! Judge Pinokard ". Just then his eye was caught by the whiskered gentleman whom his wife had pointed out as "the blood thirsty jueller. "Och ! faith aaro the raiiroed will give me a lift this morniug." His appeal was successful, and, amid a roar of laughter ttie boat slaved off. "ii win oe,a oio?oy ngni, sir, said a red nosed gentlemsn, at he coolly patted his snuffbox with hit fore finger, '* d d bloody fight; Cook will drop at the first pea; I'll go two to one on it; and I think they will bote mil at the first fire. What any you?twotoone Cook drops first shot-!" "Done, air, fire to ten; and I'll go you an even ten neither it hit the first fire Tompkins is a good shot, 1 believe; bat it it hit first atlair, and sixty yards is a long distance." A good many beta were made by the time we arrired at the opposite side ot the river, where we fenad a narrow strip of lead elevated but afew inches above the water, which is now unusually high, and in many placet overflows the bank! Along this narrow causeway we passed in Indian file for about n mile, where, arriving at a more elevated piece of ground, we turned to ihe left and entered a w ood where we found another vast assemblage of people whe had preceded us to "the dark and bloody ground"?tba scene of many a conflict between the chivalrous spirit* of the touth I bad scarcely time to secure an ad vaatigcou* position on a fallen log, when my attention was arrested by a fine portly gaatleman ef commanding figure and noble countenance, a rifle resting upon his shoulder, advancing from a small party at a considerable distance from the crowd. This was Governor Runnels, the second of Mr. Tompkins. In n load voice he cslleJ fer Mr. Brenner, which was promptly answered by a very genteel looking young man who approached from a different direction, and who was the second of Col. Cook. Gov. Runnels then turning to the spectators and gracefully lilting his Panama bat, and displaying a forehead on whose fair front the tieds seem to have set their seal, addressed tbem in the following words : " Gentlemen, you are not perhaps aware that yon have apnrnoehnil tkia fielH rnntr.irv to th*? firtirleu Af rasnt between the gentlemen interested ; nevertheless your presence will not be objected to on our pert, so long es dee order end ilecorene ate observed by you." Col. Brenner then stepped forward and in a loud voice said, " Gentlemen it was expressly understood between myself end Gov. Runnels that there should be no witnesses to thin fight, except those belonging to the party ; bowever, on condition that you retire to the distance of one hundred yards from tie line, 1 shall interpose no obstaole to your witnessing the scene." Tbe spectators, although with regret, yet obeyed tbe order with alacrity, and arranged themselves at the required di.-tance on either side of the line. The parties now stood facing each other on the field of battle, and Col. Hrento r proceeded to rend the articles of war, as previously agreed npea. Owing to the distance 1 could only hear as fellows: " Agreed, b.-t ween- Runnel?Brenner?meet on? mortal combat?rifles or yagers?single bail? muzzle down wards?left tide ?\\ posed?sixty yarde ?word?Gentlemen?ready? fire?one, two, three, step?if after or before?shot dead?other party"? (and may the lord have mercy on their souls, thought I) The parties epira sd, and in a few minutes 1 beard the words "Gentleman ; to tbn peg'," which being complied with by the principals, I had now an opportunity, for tre first time, of surveying their countenances, by the aid of a Lorgnette, with which I had iortanately provided myself. They stood facing each other, at a distance ef sixty yards, the rifles were held in the pehv thi? articles ef free meat, with the " but" rutin* against the shoulder nnd the muzxle downward*, pointing nearly to tha foot, and ia thi* position waiting for the word. I glanced at each face aliernataly; both were firm, bordering upon rigidity, expraasiag unflinching aternnra* of purpo?e, without the slighteat appearance of agitation or of malignity : nor indeed conld either hare felt hatred toward the other, for there wai no quarrel betwern them ? They ware fighting simply lor a point of honor; forthe *at afaetioa of the world, rather than their own. Malice there wa?none, except conatrnetira malice ; auch as the law contrives to farniah where none can be found, and where it ia necessary for the law's purpose it should exist. They did not stand in this position many i?-conds before the soneraae voice of Gov. Runnel!'* was heard "Gantlamea, art you ready;" to which eath in a firm tone replied " ready." "Fire, one, two, bang " " Whieh

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