Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 5, 1842, Page 2

May 5, 1842 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 2
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I NKYV YORK HERALD. Nrw York, Tliur?il??y, May 5, mM. Iti mo\\i..- Till' lit i ti u Ott kt is removed to tin spa* cio 11 a nuil central building at the Comer ot lulton ami Nassau at recta, ? here all advertisements mi J sulmcrij tions iiiv receiveil. tlso, orders receive I for printing of ever} description. {57- A a Anivr w untod for Trot idenee K. I.. I" circulate the Uuilv aud Weeh.lv Herald. None I apply unless one ? ho can couldrm \v iih our terms of payment in odvmice, as no credit will hereafter be given. Ot h Hcmov \i. ?We .hi hurdly under way in our now office?lint h few day* "ill eoiiijileie Use bn?ino?n. Ah icon a.- our machinery shall lie in trim we run nerve overt' eifv HtiliHoribcr before nix or hcvch o'clock in tlie- morning. TheK|>ccd of our new pre* i- cijual to t,:\- thousand |*t hour, ?ntl given iih more than three ut advanceol our old system, which is even thing in a jviji -r iMtaacRsing the viwt huHtiew circulation of the lloruld. I a." a.tant i t: ot Nr.w Okukans.?The following letter femes from an intelligent source in New ('rlemi . and discloses a state of ihiiigs perfectly usfounding. To our finaucial reader* no explanation need lie made:? \i:w ( htu:\\s, April 21, 1X12. I .V I ; ilCIKlN 15l.N\kll , ICs?j., Nk\V Yoltk. Sin? . it will prove interesting to your renders, and perhaps very beneficial to some o! ilieui to Ik apprized ot what is now going on hi our financial world, I submit to you the following tarts, of which you run make such use in your journal us you tuny judge the circumstances rail for. You arc aware that our Legislature recently punned a most extraordinary Hank HiII, the principal leature ol which is that it allows to debtors all extension ot lime, whether the bunks he disused, or in a condition to grant it or not, of two years to parties residing in the rilv, and six yearn to those in the country, on the payment of a small per rentage and the interest, and at the same time fixing the 1st of December next as the period ot resumption of spec ie payments, or. in other wor ls, forcing the hunks to pay, and in the same breath taking from thetu the nower of collecting the means with which to pay. I'he Legislature, however, who were led to adopt this bill by a few designing men (in and out of their body) tor ulterior \ lews, had no conception ol the li'icruttul etieet which was soon to lie produced, and particularly anon the credit and character of the State itself. The whole mystery allair will soon he developed to the aHtonislnul view of the public. \ on are doubtless aware that several of our largest banking establishments, known as " property banks," are founded upon capital borrowed by thi in in Luiope on their own credilaitd that of the State, lor which Slate bonds were i.sitcd, tic interest on which .mil the principal to be paid by such banks on precisely the same footing as the ill-fated Union Hank of Mississippi, sow the tim grand series ol upwards ot twenty millions ol these bonds falls due almost immediately, and the question arises, how are they to be paid! and how will the credit ol the State and ill property banks stand affected'? AnJ llcxcd you have a statement of these bonds:? , hmuai intrrrat to ht moittrd. r..iw,.|iJat. (I Aii'ii dm- Lt Jims, im), $866,005? ..... I'll.to, " l.,t June, I8M, laiau.oooy H-W.IHIM t'nimi Batik of La. " id April, I8H. 2,nin,noo| Ditto, " id April, 1817, 1.750,0:10 ( Ditto, S.I April, IBM, 1.7.U0.0OO f MI.'W" pillo, " S,I April, 1IIM, 1,7511,01)0J Mrcli. St Tr;ul, ri'Bsuk, year uucritaiu, I.IO.iVHi Bank of Louisiana, due 1st July, Itltl, OOO.fliKl) ? Ditto, " 1st Jilt), 11119, 600,Otitis "'."tin < itizriis' Bit, post not s, Aug. 1812,7 . ?... Ditto, " 1811, S LUxi.oik) Dilto, lioii'U, 1st Fab. 18..II, l.OOU.OOO't Ditto, " 1st " 18*1, 1,61X1,0001 Ditto, " 1st " 18544, 1,600,1)00 [ 140,000 Ditto, " Wt " 1877, 1,500,000 Ditto, ') 1st " 11186, 1,600,000J Dilto, triie* n? i!h,vi' n,,( ni voli ilrci, but p,irtl\ |>l?-,luI .I in Kuro)H- for credits, 4.000.1100 Other state Umiis, about, 870,ouO 13,Mo lii ndditicin to these enormous sums, which you will observe they have to pay, they have to remit semi-unnaally to London an interest of 5 anil 5j on the amounts remaining due. Their other liabilities, as yoa will pee by rcferenee to the official statement published in the L i. Courier, about Lie beginning of this mouth, by the Hoard 11 Currency,ate also very large?the Citizens' Hank, for instance, has a deposite account of . #1,5110.00(1, and this bank, in the delusivc expectation of negotiating a further amount of St >te bonds, lately issued 91,100,OtIOof [xist notes, bearing 5 P-2 per c *nt interest; these tall due in Align-! next, and during next year! The state of things we have to look forward to is truly app.iihng, and to hasten the catastrophe, the Hoaru ot Currency has, within ;i day or two, deeid 'd that balances between the hanks are to he settled, after thirty days front ... .a.... . i ii ii :c .i._ III >4i . 11 \>uiil(l If.Ill} N'flll H? II 111" Solons of our Legislature li.id enacted the recent Rank I4.1v. with the .sole view to break down the pio|K-rty bank* and the State credit at one fell swoop, with the approval, too, ot our worthy governor! .'so law could possibly have been enacted to ix-rt'oriii the fearful work more surely or effectually. The originators mid fruitier* of the bill are known to be heavily indebted to these property bank*, and the secret has leaked out; they will pay their engagement.* in a depreciated currency, perhit|>* cents in the dollar! Von will reudily understand that the law in quest ion does not operate in the same manner on the State banks, or those whose capital has been paid in; they can po-*ubly work under it. though they will find it a difficult mutter. The difference between the property of the stock banks is so little understood by the mass of the connnunity that the former ure still supposed by many of the uninformed to be the strongest of our institutions?deluded, doubtless by the magic words, "state bonds." The severe lesson about to be given, -Mr. Lditor, to thousands of unhappy victims of the fallacious system of banking upon borrowed capital, it is ho|>ed will not soon be forgotten or disregarded by the people of this country. The disastrous una alarming nature of the crisis which i* so rapidly approaching, Iris induced nte to take the liberty of communicating to you the (oregoing statement of facta. _ Tueatbk ai..?Nagel and Mrs. Sutton h ive given a third concert in .Mobile, and are most rapturously admired. The one is a violinist?the other i* a vocalist. They mean to travel, concerting it all over the south. Fanny Kllsler comes direct from Havana to Philadelphia. Mn. Tim as' Conckrt.?We call the attentiono! our reader- to the splendid musical entertainment oiler d by Mr. Tinitns at the Tabernacle tins evening. See advertisement. Dkkkat ok thk Wilms is Viii.iiNiA.?According to the last aecoilals, the locofoco.i have carried Virginia by a majority of 21 to '.to in joint ballot. Where the devil isMr.Ciay to ,ret hisvotelor next President 1 Tut-; (iitK.vr Contk.- r.?Fashion goes to th " battle ground to-day, it the weather permits. I tost on i.-i still at (' linden, but will probable be on to-morrow or tiie next day. Fashion t* said to liedoin." well. The number ot persons who will witness this race >. . 11 .1. .1.1. * n ..... ..? I tl... 4,1 ftin iri.-il il til Ilenry and Kclipst*. 'I'll.- in.>mi extended arrangements have 1 inailc* liv ill-- proprietors "I tin* conn**, the Kailroad and i!h- Kerry companies. The advertisements - ttuig forth the arrangements, w ill l>o j???!?li.-tli?*.l in this paper to-morrow . I li" trains commence riming from daylight until eight o clock, tare only one clliHing. Krotti llllt hour to eleven o'clock, the fare will lie increased to 2."i ient# , and from < !. ven until the race cornea off, 60 cents.; returning tare i'> rents. J'. S. flie holt*- TWton reached the ritv U*t evening, and proceeded directly across l,ong inland to the course. Fashion landed at Kort Hamilton, L I.. front a stearner, to avoid a crowd, and ul#o proceeded to the cotiw. Both hor*-* arc now on the battle ground, and in the most desirable condition. Tin: Micriioiiisr*.?The Xe\? York Methodist Annual Conference will commence ite region in about two weeks in the Mulberry atrc t Church, (Wesleyan,) beginning at H o'clock. In consequence of ill health in Kiahop Andrew#' family, urn as Rishop Soule leave# for Kngland on the 13th o May, Bishop Wauglt will preside. nasi.!. d, occasion ally, by Bishop ffedding. Th re is nothing o! *pe ci I interest to enrage the attention of the Confei enee. So I >ve ni itter4, as was til" case both la* year and the year before; we refer t > the Iludsoi and Mason cases. Bishop So'de is appointed delegHtd to the Knglial W'eslevan t inference, un:l will ho doubt suitably repres nt his brethren at h m< . !W--tItreii Richard son, Youngs, Stopford. Crawford, l.indaey, and t few others, vy'dl l>" removed, their two years hav uij expired- Tan lhi.-en. Col. Perry, Wukely and I'oi sal will remain. We hope that Brother Bice wil still retain the Pr-siding Klde rship, which he sua tains with so much dignity, promptness and ju-|icc : \ _jt? :'x ' ' <jn.u t old-U'a: ? Vimlvciatary >l?nlnj. ul the Ttil? iimth ium| ni^ht? Kxtruortliumy Am*iuW?B,-JI?,i>( Woiuiii and (hliilrt-u?Old mid > ouiik-?It It-It and Poor. ('n wlfil .i?liii\i !n*?*ii tip' minivers. ries of variotiskiuds that luTr utMMiilili'il at ilit* '1.1 i11-1 nacle in this city for many years past, nothing could exceed tin- mighty leviathan jam that took place in and around that building last night. The occasion, as is well known, was the anniversary assemblage 0| the mighty l.'-oldwater Army of this country, from the Hay ol Passumaipiody and Hay of Futuly to the Sabine, and Iromthe whole Atlantic seaboard, back to the Rocky Mountains. And a most extraordinary assemblage it certainly was. Kvery part of the house was literally crammed from the back of the orchestra to the hack of the gallery; so was it all round the sides and down the broad aisles; seats upon seats?heads upon heads, shoulder* to shoulders ?hundreds upon hundreds standing ull down the tour broad aisles?tnd round every part of the st ationary platform. Aever was seen such a sight in this or any other city. Probably there were over titr.Kt or even 7AM souls present, and full two-fifths of this mighty audience were young, lovely, and most beautiful women. <Morions, glorious indeed was the sight. Such eyes, such cheeks, such forms, such teeth, such ringlet,, and such a twit rnninUti .1 thousand limes twice told was enough to carry a tolerably frigid imagination hack to the wildest days of delicious romance. It even confounded the honest and honorable Tom Marshall: and at one n-riod of the evening he even shed tears?profuse learn?liut as lie renioveil his handkerchief from hi - face, they appeared to be tears of thrilling delight. The men who were present were of ullages (there were a few eh.idren there of as tender an age as five years) and of all conditions ol life. All ap|>eared in fine health, with clear color, and healthy countenances, a lid eyes bright and intelligent; and very few of them appeared to have ever been intoxicated in the whole course of their lives. A great number of the men were evidently tradesmen nnd merchants, and umlouhtedly were drawn together by far travelled tame of the orator of the night, the Hon. Torn Marshall; who, as will he seen by our report below, ucquitted himself with great eclat. The ladies present were also of nil ages, from the interesting girl just entering her teens to the venerable matron who hud fulfilled the measure of days allotted to the lit" of humanity on the earth, and even many had evidently numbered four score years. And most happy, bright and beautiful did those young ladies look who were assembled on this interesting nnd extraordinary occasion. Dressed as they were, less rich, and less costly than the crowds of beautiful women who regularly attend the Bible uud other unuiversaries; yet the very fact of their neatness of dress caused them to look far more lovely than they would have looked had they been clad in the most gaudy apparel imaginable; on the sterling principle that beauty when unadorned is always adorned the most. And added to all this we think we have seldom seen such a mass of intelligent female faces present on any occasion in utty part of the world. The crowds that went away unable to put their heads within the door, would certainly have u mounted to at least 3000. Another remarkable fact connected with thisgreut in is* of human being.;, was the extraordinary attention and extreme silence with which tlicy listened to the reading of the report and the speech of Mr. Marsh ill. It was frequently so still that one could hare heard a win drop?no coughing?no shutting and moving about?no going in and out, ns is so freqtt ntlv the C'lse on these public meetings; although tit- heat of the plarp was almost suffocating?the perspiration roll" I oil" th heads of male and female in perfect streams?yet ail wasmiiet?all sat stillund all sat half-entranced and wholly delighted to the close of Mr. Marshall's speech. The proceedings of th- evening were commenced by an appropriate pr.ivcrby the Hev. Dr. Cnxe, after which a temperance hymn was sung by the choir. The Secretary then read an abstract of the report which he stated would be printed for the information of the public, if the society could command funds for that purpose. From this it uppcars that the Wusliiiigtouiaris through the I'nion amount to halt a million; of these thirty thousand have joined the society in Kentucky, (applause,) and sixty thousand ! in Ohio. The number throughout the whole west amounts to two hundred thousand, of which every seventh man is a Reformed Drunkard, and one out nl t'niir n rclnrinnil ttnt?U>r 'Plio Ktut?> Vlumu Imu fifty thousand, (reformed drunkards five thousand.) Huston nuiiibera twenty thousand total abstainer*, thirteen thousand of whom belong to the Wnxliingtoni.in Societies. The city of New York htiasixteen thousand members belonging to the Waahingtonian Societies and uuxilariex. The central and western |H>rtions of the state of New York numbers fifty thousand. Philadelphia and neighborhood has twenty thousand, and Pittsburgh ten thousand. The number of reformed drunkards throughout the I'nion is su|>|H)seci to be fifty thousand, and of reformed tipplers and bard drinkers, there are supposed to be one hundred thousand. It also gave an account of the origin of the Temperance movement, by six intemperate men in a public house in the city of Haltimore; said that the , Congressional Tola} Abstinence Society numbered 80 members; mentioned the fact that there was a similar society in the Executive Department, and said that where twelve gallons of spirit were formerlv distilled there was not one at this time. About half past eight the I Ion. T. F. Maumiiai.i., the orator of the occasion, advanced to tlie front of the platform, and was greeted by a prolonged and enthusiastic peals of applause. On its subsidence the Hon. gentleman thus addressed the vast multitude:? I Mr. l'R?:?ii)? Nr axi> Ladiks asp Ovstlkmcis:?I lind prepared my imagination, and find anticipated, to some degree, the nature of my own emotion* at the strangeness? she exceeding strangeness of the scene w ith which lam now surrounded. (Here some one called out, " s|? ak up speak up hut he w as immediately hushed.) Thnt 1 should in the mouth of May be standing in the city of NewYork, in the midst of an assemblage like this?whose numbers, from an\ past experience of my ow n, although that experience has been somen hat of a large one in addressing crowds. I can form no estimate that I should be standing here to address an audience like this, inay justly, I think, he considered as one of the phenomena, sir, attending this great moral revolution. The gentleman who has precede I me, and w lie tins given an outline?a general outline of the facts within the )ear. marking the progress of this cause has stated enough, 1 think, to satisfy any one thnt there is something in the present movement of the human tin lerstanding on ibis subject that pni|M'rlynml justly marks it ils an epoch in the history of men, and classes it with Urns" great an l extraordinary moral and social changes which from tim -to time have swept over the world and lei mankind on their advancement from barbarism and ignorance to the present state of civilization and of power. Is it not 1 have often .take,I the question of myself, tin! the frequency u oh w Inch f do usk it doesn't nt nil diminish in ms miu l the lirst surprise which I felt?is there not kin^ i >?n>ik >ni(ii in iiih movement wiiii wnien we arc surrounde I ' 1 think tln> gentleman rend from liin r. ixirl tlr.it of the i >?t iiiinilvrs enumerated in it, who Iih** titkmi tin* pie Ige, Kentucky, tin1 Staff from which I rutin1, fnt ili-In I JO,000 ! (Applause.) Never mi rli in tli * history of my State?never surely in ant i *|M*i*i.*.i.*i* that I h ivr hti l in thr movement* nl tlm (?)|nil:n mint thrrr, mi.I it in n mind lnclilr to ('.range u>it \ iolrnt movrinmitii?never have I Hi-i ii aui thing liki* tlii" moral, jiolitical, or relii(i.iii?! VV'11j . gent'o nu n, in the citiet of Louisville Mnvsv illr tin I l.ciiugton with the capacities of lire of w lilch cities in tin* * ay ol thr consumption of nlrhohol, it hat lirrn my mitfortiuu* to In* most intimately uci|iinintr.l, (great laughter,) I mrn.i l.ouiavilla and l/miugion, at this present day if a wayfaring man who hat an appetitr," at m* suy thrrr, ' for thr rnfftir"?(laughtej) ? and it mi little of a philosopher?to (lightly aocuminted with thr physiology of hia own structure. at to imagine that a drum is necessary to aid himonlna journey,tun tcurrely fin I one within" anrieiit abode* of dram-drinking! (Ling liter and applause.) Lexington i* iu my own dittrirt I w astxirn and retired within ten miles of it, and lit this time I have the honor to represent on the floor of the on gross of the United States that district of country of which she i? the centre and the pride. (I treat applause.) I am not loud ol the marvellous ; the hnhit of my mind lias not U rn to look for the niarvellou* in any thunir ; perhaps the leading defect in tin structure of that mind is a pronen. .? to s, optic ism. and yet so remarkable are the facts in CO n not .on w it Ii this (uhjeot, and w ith which I myself stand "inei'te I, that I have sometime* thought it not im|icrtinr.it to thr subject,and (tcrhnps not injnrious to the cause,to refer to them. Well,then, gentlemen, within all this broad territory of the I'nion, there doe* not hrimtlie a man who know lessor cared less ulsuit trtnprraiice societiisi, or the | progr.*.* of the Trmprranro cause than your humble serI* vant diil iiinu1 four months ago. I had never been in n I wiipriaucr in.etiug iu mv lite, and I make the acknow' slgemeiit with shame ami contrition. I never had I wen ina I i*m|ieraorc meeting in my life, and if I pichixl up n I cmpcrMuv r>n|?jr or a )*>litical paper with anything a!mu! Trm|H*i in. r In It, I tlirrw It to one side ns mnncki iiyt of f.io itirisni, oat hs altogeih. r tx nrath thr attention ol a gen'Irm >a ot mi vac. ambition nod extraordinary tab in*. ! (I.ond I iiightrr net applause.) I didn't know anything ol the m-nip ranee .cause, and | have u! I cai o l as little as I knew. I non .this sit).|.^t 1 do assure you tha> I ha I no correspondence with home or anv laxly V ? h"m" '"r ,hr ,hr? knew there alxiut nn mow Burnt on this subject, the better I liked ii. (renewed lnngliter.) Then by no means to make nivselfthe hero of a njurv eUous 1 story , tmt to state that which in fart, and simple fact, that it rniii have what bonding, or receive what explanation ' an . body chooses hut that it is the fact 1 gage the honor ol e.M'leuinu. l\ liiugh-k Without knowing an\ thug | aboil! it then, I joined the socictv of" It,'formed Drunk* i is" iu Wnsht .*,' ?" on the ~tfi of January? ni s.<M (I, uighter and lottd applause.) ftomclxxly 1 didnt w ritr him about it?(laughter)?and someliody ?a good many ~ -- j _ _ !>o lift I believe?(laughter)?wrote to the different newt' papers about it, audi haj t)i? felicity iu the course of u viTy few days of teeing myeelf potted in that honorable ? nid, mark me well, 1 apeak not this ironically?in that honorable fraternity of Urn " Reformed," Irom Boitou, ranging on down towards, anil, I lieliove, quite as far as N? w Orleans. But the next mail?the very next until fn-ni home?allow ing it time to have stalled from home after these events had occurred with myself, brought on the news that the most extraordinary stir had taken place, aud just at that rery particular time in the village from whence! came?in the town of Lexington?and all over the district which I represented ill Congress, that there was a Temperance Society formed just alxjut the time that their representative iu Coiigreas hail taken the same st< p, without any sort of communication between them. The president and v ice-president of this society were two gentlemen. that, if I am a judge of the matter?and 1 ought to Is* a tolerably fair mu*?I left most comfortably in a slate ol most eoinfortable inebriety (great laughter) the last night that 1 passed through the city. We must needs celebrate my departure after that rational fashion, un.I we did celebrate it after such u fashion that it w as with very great difficult) indeed that 1 w as enabled to commence iny journey castw aril ! (I'eals of laughter.) I ertainly the condition in which I then left them rendered ! it quite impossible for thcin to unite in any sort of movement, either moral or physical. (Loud and continued laughter.) In the adjoining county I had u brother- w ho require I indeed of me, the other night in Washington, that ' if ever 1 alluded to this subject 1 w nul l he kind enough to i draw a line ol distinction between him and myself, as lie ! never was as bad as I w as (peals of laughter)?aud who j joined a Temperance Society on the 7th of January ? ' al iu'ehl !?the very precise day that his elder brother in Washington took tlie same step without any communica* tinn betw een them ! And the next thing I heard of him was that he was lecturing away very learnedly on (he subject of temperance in (lie neighlsiring counties. How hapia'iifsl it then that these simultaneous movements take place on this subject iu different parts of the world without any commubieation, rorro*|N>ndence, or conspiracy between the parties concerned ? I say, isn'l it strange I Account for it as youfmav, isn't it strange indeed, and doesn't it mark this as n least one of the most extraordinary movements of the huuinii mind, which have ever la-en exhibited ! Oentlemen, it if a mov ement of tie- human mind. It is nut the movement of any particular individual or any particular collection of individuals. It is riot ascribahle, nor can it he ascribed to nny particular exertion or agency whatever. It seems to liarc swept and to lie sweeping over the world, w ith the force of a whirlwind. Whence it com*"?d was about to Mir?we know not?hut perhaps that might he inJnlgitt^ in that vein of scepticism of w hich 1 have spoken, too lur, in this presence and before thin audience. Whence then doei it conic an 1 how has it hapneneti^' Mar it not lie that there surround* the human understanding a moral atmosphere, just ns thete surrounds the human lsidy n natural ntinoNph<tre ! May it not he that tut certain changes are produced anil certain effects impressed tt|ion that natural atmoapliere whieh we hreuthe, which those who breathe it feel and are iufluenci<d by at the mmetime all oyer the earth. ?o may there not he nlro effect* alike universal in this operation, produced lit the medium of that mural atntosphcic ? May it not be that he w lio has fortius! the human understanding may have connected li} some inscrutable tie of sympathy all the minds w hich He has calk-1 into living I Is it fancy rather than philosophy to sup|HiHc thai we may thus be connected by a secret and mysterious lmud of union, w hich wo cannot understand, and which wc cannot explain, but \those influence wc own? And that this cord of universal sympathy thus established by the hand which created its nil, may" lie from tiiiio to time sw ept by that master and creating hand, and re.pond in tones of moral music, whoso Tnnrinuriiigs reecho throughout the whole human race I (Loud unit long Continued applause.) And surely if ever there were a time,and over there were facts which would favor such a supposition, this is the very time, and these are the very lacts. And the agency too?how simple ! And totheeyc of cold philosophy?how utterly inefficient! What an event, according to hitman reason, of adaptation of means to the end ! What utter disproportion between the effect produced and the instrumentality which achieved it! A Temperance pledge! A simple declaration that wc will drink 110 more ! And the temperance pledge offered, and temperance preached, not by wise men and philosophers, but those plucked from the ranks of the very lowest outcasts of society ! IM011 without character?without any of the ordinary means of influence?without learning?without wealth?without social dignity?without eloqtioncc even, except that nil power ful eloquence which deals only in truth ! These are the instruments which that power, whatever it mny be, whieh has set alioutthis revolution, has chosen to effect it ! That it will go on, gentlemen, I do not permit myself to doubt. Us final and complete success could not and would not astonish me more than that whieh bus already hajipencd. I know that the temperance cause has yet vast difficulties to encounter. I know that it lias yet to grapple with the most serious opposition?are, and I fear with the bitterest hostility. It lias to enoounter, not reason?not truth?not argument?hut it has to encounter pecuniary interests,and which is more |H)tcut than all put together?established and inveterate and evil habit, known by the name of "Fashion," and elegance, if you please. It has all this to encounter, and the deathgrapple in which it has to close at last has not come on ! ( was thinking not long since of whut could oppose it? the temperance catise?of what could be said against it. W ho on earth, and how did it happen that nil mankind did not embrace it at once 7 Physicians demonstrate Hint nl cohol ii a poison?they demonstrate* thut the use of this thing inevitably leads to disease and death, and universal experienee eorroborates their opinion. I learned from a work of Cicero'r?I read Cicero when 1 was a l*>y, that it was an excellent plan when preparing to conduct n ease, to make out the best argument possible lor the opposite side. Well, I have done so in this case, and for the life and soul of me 1 could'ut make out more than one solitary argument?if so it can he called?on the opposite side, and it is this:?the appetite for alcohol exists in man, and there exist in nature, formed by the Ureal Creator, substances from which this alcohol can he made. Why then should this appetite exist?w hy should this substance exist, were it not intended that we should gratify that appetite by using the substance which it craves 1 Uentlemen:?1 have stated the argument in favor of alcoholic liquors fairly, and this is the onh light in which it ever occurred to me, that it could be said tliut there w as anything in fas or of the practice of drinkiug. The fust oiqionent whom we have to convince is the preacher who advocates temperate drinking?there are none to be found, not one so base, so degraded,?as to advocate inebriety .? Tins appetitv is said to have been created in num. Has not nature prepared food sufficient for man?from his cradle to the grave?from infancy to old age?has not man, I say . been furnished bv nature without the aid of chemical processor the exercise of man's ingenuity and skill, all and every thing necessary for thesupport of his l>ody and restoration of hll animal spirits? Will you say nature has not produced sufficient to sustain hint without recourse to his ingenuity. Let us consider and examinu that substance which nature has provided for the young human being, while it is unable to provide for itself. Are tlieru tw o things in the w hole universe which are more unlike, between w hich there is more dissimilarity than lietween the niilk which the child extracts from its mother's breast and the alcoholic liquid which is elaborated from the worm of tlio distillery. Is there in tho whole tmiv crsc two tilings as much ulike, imagine it if y ou can, as the source fromwhich the milk flowswhich sustains and nourishes the child,and the accursed source fromw hich the other flows. That milk is not w hiskey we ran prove. Jf we look to nature we shall not find any wrhiskev.nor shall we fiud that there is any natural taste for whiskey. We may deny that the appetite is natural, and say that it is an acquired one. Out let us admit that it is a natural taste, and w hat docs it prove ? Does it prove that it is not injurious, are ruinous to the constitution of man? Admit the fact that the appetite is natural, and still what ruinous consequences stare y ou in the face. Have you the notion that the Creator has been unjust or cruel, or has acted in variance with all established and harmonious rules Which prevail through all his works. That nature has not implanted this taste in the lower order of animals, and therefore is unjust ? That among all his creatures he has left man without guidance, where the instinct of the lower orders is sufficient to prevent them. You cannot make any thing drunk more than once but man. Try this once on any other creature hut man, and yon w ill never make it drunk ngnin. The experiment has been tried, ami I will tell you how. Once upon u time?and it was tried on an animal wry similar, V ery nearly approximating to man?a couple of wicked wags in want of a joke, determined to take Jacko, and see ho v. he would relish the liquor. The next time they went to the tavern they took Jacko, determined that he should have some of the "critter," and join them in their spree. They decoyed him, and partly, f suppose, from the spirit of imitntion. and probably (for who can tell 1) Jacko"thought,thnt being possessed of faculties so superior to any that he possessed, so capable of reasoning and deciding on v. lint w as presented to their notice, w ould not induce liim to do liny thing that would injure liirn, they miinaged to make him swallow a quantity ol the liquor, and sufficient of it to make him drunk, end a very gay, chattering, lively, frolicksome tnonkev he w as, too. But the drink puutscd oil. ami tin next dm lie appeared very dillereii'; the fact u an lie looked horrid, and no doubl felt rery hn.l. He looked very low and rod mid disconiolato. The youngsters, however, were murh tickled w ith the mischief they had done, and so pleased that they determined totrv again. They accordingly took Jacko again and wanteil him to drink the liquor, tint Jncko would not. They tried to force him, lint Jocko fought and hit and scratched nnd (tcrcfttned, and finally cscapied to the ton of the lion ho where ho remained, nor could tliey induce him to return to them in the home. Here we see, thai with all their clforts and endeavors, they Could not induce tHKir Jocko to get drunk a aecond time; the experiment wnv made, hut instinct taught him to shun it, nature, had implanted no appetite for it there. I lxdiove man in alone in this -. n brute once sickened newer trie? it again. If the apjietite has heen pirovidivl and implanttxl by Uod, why has not the iulwtance to satisfy that appetite l een provided ready for consumption T Why has nature hid thin substance ; w In | laced it in the moat imps-netrnMe of Iter arcana and failed to provide for the appe. tile w ith which man hit* la-en fnrni?hed ? It has heen fully proved that every thing has been provided for the satisfying all the appetite* granted to the rest of creation, and why has man been left ' Is nature tinjust 1 Does nature paovidr for every other appetite hut this, and h ave this 1 I do not believe that nature hns given to man, what she has not given to any other creature,lor no its. Nature loss given to man the pniw or of examining the tracttire of our liehig, of proving txh? is injurious and w hat is IxmcAcial. Admitting nature hat permitted this appetite to exist?to cleave to us has shu not given us reason to control it I Has nature been in fault if she has given us reason to detect nnd pmwer to avoklT The very existence of this distinction between man and the other orders of animals, demonstrates the justicu of naturo. ? That she has cnreftilly provided for nil the appetites bestowed upon all other animals, and has left man to his reason to protect and to save him from the consequences of this appetite, i< adding dignity to human nn'ttra. It is a proof of the h-. h estimation in w hich tbw! the Creator holds him, whom he has crixi'cd after his own image and nature, w hom he has armed w ith the power of protecting himself. Natuie, wise nnd just ns she is, his wot evjiosed man to evils from which she has protected animal*. Is instinct mightier and more piow i-rful than reason? Drunkenness |s man's own work. It it ix-. culler to his kind/ It is not found anywhere else throughout the whole universe. A drunken man Is the hardest and most difficult thing in the whole ernuion for (ihilnsophers to classify. Who can say to what genus he belongs' In the w hole course of my exnminntiox ami ample ex|wrionee, and feeling too (I am ^>rryto say it), 1 have Is an unable to dodidc to what hi- belongs. It ain't t. man , he has not the feeling, the intellect, the heart <w the form of a man. He has no longer the erect countenance of n man. That face nnd form, shnpied in the image ?f his t reator, no longer look* npwardi to the skica, M ho wn? made by hi? Creator to do. II* cant walk. It fuddle* hit brain, bleur* bin eyes, deadens his rsnt swells hi* body, aad dwindles his legs. (Great laughter.?? What inin due- it nut work upon hi* heart and mural

constitution. All the rest it dors ouo might over* luuk. If it only made him sick, destroyed his beauty and sent him to u premature grave?if it o'olv dilapidated hfi fortune, rumen his health, and took his lite, wt might forgive it- Man must die, and what only accelerates this a few days or weeks, might lie overlooked. But there ? the divini r part, which, on the authoritv of revelation, w e> breathed into him liv the Creator, tie aloiw, of ull erenlnre*. becomes unheerted, destroys his reaom, his heart. ami morul organization. Nothing also destroys puro'.itel feeling?that feeling which, a lien all hope of life has forsaken him, still clings to him. It 1< alcohol alone that bus the power to do this. Vuii may give arsenic to a man, von may poison him, still at the point of death he tliiuks of wife and child, ot Itia country and friends. Alcohol can aehli ve w hat nothing else can do; it can overthrow, destiny, annihilate the immortal soul. What else ran isipion the heart, and lif the arm against tlio innocent? Vou mnv make a man a robber, a murderer, an enemy of his kind, but let him go to his wife and child, he is still a man. Nothing but alcohol can destroy the chivalry of inuuhoo I?can raise the arm of man against feeble, helpless, innocent woman?nothing hut alcohol ran destroy parental feeling. Vou may have a man sutleriiig from disease, from jaivertj from crime, and tiring him lo the immediate presence of deieh, and bring him the infant bound to him !>v the strong and indissoluble ties of a purcnt, and still lu's feelings w ill be drawn to hin>. Alcohol obliterates every trace of tin* great original w hence lie was taken and form til. Gentlemen, I might dist ant for ever on the evils of alcohol, I might truce its et cry operation, might show the e\ its w hich it brings without the slightest particle of bein til to counterbalance this enormous evil. When 1 think of inti mpernnee, I trust to reason for its overthrow. The time is perhaps not yet come, ami ther.will perchance l? a groat struggle before the grand consummation is achieved. I.et not the cause of temperance?I speak to vou nienibet* w ho have joined the society?to you high (iriestsof the temple-let not the cause of temperance mingle itself tip w ilium other ciuso whatever. (Great cheering.) And uliove all things whatever let it eschew party jiolitics.? (I .olid iiinl enthusiastic cheering.) Let tlieni fight out their ow n battles liy themselves,but don't vou go even into the smoke of tliern. (Cheers.) I'"s too high for law. Attempt to make no statutes on t'ue subject. It began in weakness?leave it unuidud by human legislation or by htimaii enactments. Leave it to that agent which God bus selected to be its sup|s>rt. and which has thus far sustained it through every trial, and which will siistuiii it till iti final triumph. (Cheers.) Let the jioUticiHiia Hi (Hilitician* alone ; leave legislators a* legislulators alone. If they'll go in ami join yoti all very well Let them come ; and when they come, oh, in God's naine open wide your arm* to receive thein. (Cheers.) But don't yon to to them. Let them alone. Let thom fight their political battles anil wrangle and weary the very atmosphere w ith party din ; hut do you keep aloof, keep to yourself. But look u ith compassion on those unfortiinate wretches v. ho are doonusl to be mingled up in those broils ; don't make any laws to bear hard on, or to persecute them ; they're under a law hard enough to bear already. (Hours of laughter and loud cheering.) 1 have already said ?f 'he temperance cause that it's too high for law?and it's loo pure for uny politician to meddle with. (Tremendous cheering.) Like that beautiful and chaste nymph, Diana, whom I once read of in classic love, n ho was pressed hard liy some uncnty from whom tdie dreaded the destruction of her purity and honor,and who then invoked the assistance of her tutelary goddess to shield her from pollution?as we arc tohl in the beautiful fable to wlilrh 1 refer, she w as turned into a crystal fo uituin of pure and gushing w ater?(enthusiastic cheers) ? ind not only so, hut to shield her still further, nnd that she might fiiu*l a more certain refuge, she went under gtJttnd, and flowed under ground ami thus went on, and so escaped from her glorious, beautiful native Greece, flow ing clear under the ocean und rose in another land of beauty ami delight, pure ami tindefiled. (Cheers.) 80 let our temperance cause imitate the example of Arethusii. Let it flow on its glorious coursu through all the tnrliid elements of strife, and passion, and prejudice, ami ignorance and party clamor, and malice, and evils of every kiml that hesct and surround i!?let it flow through all this salt sea of discord as she flowed on, and refused to mingle her pure stream with its dark und lirlny waters. (Loud and enthusiastic cheering, even from the ladies.) Gentlemen, there are many, many other points of view in which this matter may be considered?and one In par. ctilar, which before such an audience as this is, it would certainly not be amiss to glance at. And that is, that 0:10 of the greatest pow ers the. temperance cause will have to struggle with is that stubborn thing called (Cheers.) But us it is within the limits of possibility that I may sneak on this subject again before I leave New Tore"?(here he was interrupted l>y vociferous cheers, waving of handkerchiefs from tnc ladies, intcrmin lenuingled with cries of " bravo." " good," " bravo," " go on, Marshall," " go on.") 1 shall therefore postpone the consideration of that and other matters for the present.? There is one point, however, that it may not he improper to touch ujion. With regard to this subject I have necessarily had to speak much of myself. I have snid more on this subject perhaps than I ought to have said (cries of " no, no"), and certainly more thuu I should have said,had I not heard that 1 was expected to allude somewhat to my own ensc. and from what has licen said in the public prints. I found from them that some little portion of my private history, which I hail hoped would ever been private, was known to you. A good deal lifw boen said that is the truth in this' matter (here he paused, und continued in a solemn tone), andfar more than the truth irnj told about me. And thill, too, is one of the evils of intemperance. (Cheers nud laughter.) Bail a; it is. in ita Brat estate, mid bad enough that ia, (tod know*. A man litis always friend* or enemies enough to ntake it n grrat ileal worie. (Cheer* and laughter.) In my can , I am niodeat enough to admit?my case wn* tind enough '. but it wasn't so hud as was stated. (Cheers.) But oh, if my example could bring back to this cause any one who has now commenced the career of Intemperance?if it could only bring back one human being who has commenced such a career, he is perfectly welcome to the benefit of all my experience. (Terrific cheering.) And oh ! if there be any high toned, courageous, gallant, noble young fellow, that ha* commenced this career, although' society may not consider him yet to lie a di unkard : although even the ladies of his acquaintance may not consider him any thing more thnn a lively. social, gallant, cheerful young fellow ; although he may be considered one who is not undeiv the influence of fanatics or preachers, and only glowing w ith the high toned chivalry of youth that dares and loves to indulge in the largest freedom?if there he such a one here present, oh! (let me warn, and give him some of the benefits of my experience. (Loud cheers.) Why, 1 um no more a fanatic now than 1 ever was. (C-heers* and laughter.) I am as gay a fellow to-day as ever 1 was in my lifu. (Loud cheering and roars of luughtcr.) I um no more gloomy now than ever 1 was. (Cheers.} The temperance cause gloomy ? Why its the gavest, tnc most delighful and cheerful tiling uixm earth, (Cheers.) Temperance gloomy? why, its the fountain of health Anil life! (Cheers.) And from health flow s happiness and all the bleiniiigswe enjoy beneath the sun. Temperance gloomy 7 V.'hv it's the very fountain head, ana cause, and w ell-spring of cheerfulness and jov. (Loud cheering.) Our pledge is perpetual. (Cheers.) Aiuf that's the onlv kind of pledge that's good for anv thing. (Knthusiavtic cheers) And if you don't sign n pledge, let any man w ho'has onlv becu drinking a little?just sufficient to disturb the trniir^ility of his nerve*?cloud his reason?and derange for a time the economy of hi* physical and moral system?1 say just let him quit it altogether for one month, and then just see how he feels at the end of it. (Hoars of luughter and tremendous cheers.) Oh! what a change it makes in the whole of his animal anil mental being?(Cheers)?what a pleasure?what delight lie feels not to have changed the w hole nature of hi* being?but to leave his nerves to the regular and tranquil action of unalloyed health?to leave all his animal pow ers to the calm und'rational enjoyment of his regular meals, and blessed rest and sleep, and the influence of cold water! (Tremendous cheering) No; stop. Dont let him do it himself: but let him go to watch another who does do it. (Cheers.) Let him go to one who has liecn drinking pretty free to-night ?let him go to his licd-room to-morrow morning, before he gets up or just ashe wakes?(Cheers and laughter.) Let him look at his eyes. (Cheers and great laughter.) Let him contemplate the unearthly rolor of his cheeks. (Hoars of laughter and loud cheers) Let him ask him to put out his tongue, dry, and parched, and furred, anil nsk him what kind of a taste there is in his mouth. (Roars of laughter and cheers) Let him then hoist up the curtain from his east window, it lie's lttoky enough to hare a window in the room that looks to the east at all, (Loud cheers and shouts of luughter) nml tell him to look at (rod's glorious sun ns it is mounting in its brightness and beauty to gladden creation, w heeling upwards in its mngnificent career, anil commencing its diurnal round, (Tcrritiir cheers) and ht can't tttr it' (Hoars ot laughter mid cheers) Or, if he can see it. he can't feel it. (< lieers) There is no response in his breast to that grandest nl nil (kid's phcnomisla presented to the senses of man,?the rising sun in its beauty, raryesty, und glory ! (tremendous cheers.) And then, let thut same man abstain Ironi ail drinking of liquors for one month; and then go mid point the same eye to tile same w inilow and the same kind of scene, and he w ill raise his heart in gratitude to that (toil who has been pleased thus to grant him the full en jo\ nieut and deliglitsol that beautiful connection between miniiaiiil matter?between the senses and the soul, that senders him capable of lusting, of feeling, and of fully en joying that gorgeous beauts with which all-lKinnteoiis Ileus en liu* clothed the v. hole liody of creation ! (Most s ociferous cheering!) Why the argument ol Temperance might well be advanced to P.picursis himself. (Cheers.) i ni' lempuuiou* <>i nicunoi wnuiu never ieuu usiray vuiir tnii' Epicurean. Cheers and laughter.) Anil if man will by hi* crooVti) ingenuity in torturing thin poison from nature, and changing hi* appetite, and hi* whole tiling, deal no unjust 1\ by himself, let him do it: and he'll aoon see who i* the wisest: he, or nature! (Cheer*.) Ood made him a man. and helm* unmade hintiielf, nnd rendered himaelf eapntdr of enjoy ing no other pleasure. Then, let him give up alcohol altogether ; if no ha* anv love for hi* mnnhood ?hi* own nature?his posterity?hi* connections at all.?or his ow n specie*? if he has any poetry nt all in his soul?if he w ishe* to enjoy all tliu lieauty and sublimity of nature. And, oh ! " O! how csn*t then renounce the boundless store Of rhsrtii* which Nilurc In her ri Cry yields! Ttie w srtdhuj woodland, the resonudt'ng shore, The ronili of firovcs, and x* nature of fields; AH that ihe xenial ray of mornina ?ild?, And ill Ihsl crlioea to th' song of esen. All that tin no nntaili's sheltering hn'om shields, And .ill the dieail magnificence i f heart it, O! Iiow can*t thou renonitcc, slid in pe to lie foigircn!" At the clone of hits sjieeeh, Mr. Mitt>liall was moat cnthin-iaaticiillv and rapturously upplnmled?the ludiea waved tlieir handkerchiefs?the men waved their hnbf? the organ at nick up " Halleluiah," "Oil! he joyful?" nnd we believe front the bottom of our soul*, that every human luing within those wall* went home delighted and wiser nnd better. fii.criMM Tiifatrk.?The series <1 vaudevilles dial have been produced at this house, are inrri asit,; in interest. They indeed merit the npplnuse nightly hestowed on the enterprising manager. I*V nt ire -tagc is covered with n willow carpel of (lit .noet costly description. Tint draw ing room turniture introduced i* of the richest stiver gilt. Thfrcraeji, decorations, scenery and appointment* are ntirely new. With this material, the fine perform inec of the lovely manageress, supported hv Messrs. -'cott and llield, is hrought out in hold relief, ami forms a most agreeable evemn j'suninscment. mmm m , - - ? ... f mm ? ? City Intrlllcrurc. Siaiat Fvk W*vju-?lu d4(lilioii lo the excitement thg httijbien created ii? our city from disputed elections, Rhode Island constitutions, abolition meetings, Jic., a poitiou of th" workmen engaged in laj ing tlie pipes fa" rite intre. du.tiom of water, hate made a stand lor an advance ol '14 cent? |x r day on their wages. The persons who have recently contracted for this work have reduced their w age* from $1 to "ft rente | er day . and the retuIt hint la-en several mw-de-dow s. rumpusM* and riotv. The police were stationed yeaterday nt teveial |>oil)taol the work in oritur to* keep tliinga quiet, ami several at rests w ere made during the day. Urii tT Tmcr?Lenience Sa|iel tvat caught on Tunday night, hy a private watchman, while htitily engaged in lilohiiig crockery ware from a crate in front of the store of Johu VV Whitney, in kulloii, near Nauatt atreet, ami loe.kt^ up for trial. kiTTiao Oct?Emma Anderson was caught on Tuesday night in the act of Btraling a Hack satin dress ami other articles of clothing, valued at ft]6, the property of Mary Saunder*. uf37 Thomas street, ami sent to the Tombs for meditation. Another DitHovr.iT Washrhsioiian A colored woman, named Mary Chase, while engaged in washing for the family of Clans Sheuperd, on the 18th ult., stole a uutch tallied ut f.KI, ami other articles worth about f 15. On being arrested u |>ortion of the goods stolen were found in her possession, and the was lodged in limbo for trial. ArorLEi Tic Death.?An inquest was held yesterday on the laxly of Hugh Scotl, u native of Ireland, aged 3\! j years, who died smlddenly on Tuesday night from uixijilexy. Koiiiid Dbowxko-?The body of Nicholas Vesper, one ol the hands of the brig Julia, w ho w as drowned on the night of tlie 3d of April, in company with A reck Sutter pmn, uih.iii. i i mi sunn- h'mti, nnn p reurnc* Johnson, t*>at?wniii of the Russian barque Theodore lieurieh, was found in North river jenterday between pier No. 2 and 3, and interred by the coroner. Common Council. Mir 4.?Buako or Alushuk.v.?Alderman Plhdv, Pwtsidrui, in the chair. lleiolution to pay Bernard R. Bui ling tkl dollar* for services as clerk of llourd of Assistants during the sickness of Kdward Patterson, wus relorred to the committee on salaries. The report of S)>eeial Committee from the Board of Assistuuu relative to the Market and Inspection Laws were laid upon the table for action by the new Board. The committee to whom was referred the application of the Manhattan tins Company for a reduction of $431) on the assessment mode on their rapital stock on acrouut of a reduction of the cash value of such stock in the market at the timethe assessment was mode, re|s>rted in favor.? Alderman limes moved to amend, by inserting $-276 s?iu place of the first named sum. which'was lost. Alderman Pi iinY, in a short speech, ]>ointed out what he believed to he the injustice of the law allowing corporations the privilege of claiming a reduction ot their assessments on uccountof a fall in the rash value of their stock, when individuals are not allowed any such privilege, ami concluded to avowing his intention o vote against all such applications. Alderman Bi ssos replied, and admitted that all corporations hud the udvantuge of individuals, and he should lie happy therefore to see them placed on a par only by a change in the law giving them this privilege. The resolution was tinully defeated, after much argument between Aldermen Benson, lunes, Kimball and Purd? . The three latter opposing it in any shape after the defeat of the amendment. \ Merman Leonard offered a resolution to authorize the aqueduct committcu to lay water pipes from Broadway to the Citv llall, and construct a basin in the Park, as a foundation fur a fountain tube constructed at a future day, the expense of which is uot to exceed $1000. Alderman Pollock ottered a resolution appropriating the sum of $100 in pay ment to Stephen Mead, Street Inspector of the Iflth ward, for his services as Health Warden, which was adopted. Aldcrmnn Hatfikld introduced a resolution referring the dispute between the proprietor of the ferries tit the foot of tlrand ond Water streets to the Committee on Ferries, and the counsel of the board for agistment, w hich w as adopted. Alderman Lr.fiNsan called upthe ordinance regulating the Croton w ater works. It was then taken up and christened " The Croton Aqueduct." Three sections were passed, when the Board of Assistants entered, and the members proceeded to Joist Ballot.?The Common Council then met in joint ballot. The resignation of James 11. Kelluni, Clerk of tli* 9th nn.l 1Mb Ward Court, was received and accepted. The resignation of James Kagan, Street Inspector of the 14'h Ward, was presented and accepted, and David Kissner, formerly Keeper of the City Prison, was ap|>ointed in his place. Janus B. Grcenmnn was appointed Clerk of the Dili and ld'li Wards Chart, in place ol James 11. Kollum, resigned. John Cummeiford was appointed Sealer of Weights and Measures, in place of Francis De Forrest, deceased. Jacel) Burdctt, Michael V. Bantu and William Honey were nppointed City Weighers. The name of Garrett Gilbert, of the Ninth Ward, was then proposed for the officii of Police Jualico in the pines ol Holiert Tnvlor, F.sq. Alderman tisios nominated Robert Taylor. The vote being taken the following was the result :? Garrett Gilbert, 1H Rola-rt Taylor, 12 ijurreu ijiiimti whs inert-tore uecinrc-i elected. The Common Council then adjourned, mid the Board of Alderman then adjourned to Monday evening licit. Board or AmiTisr Ai.dkRMEH,' Wednesday, May 4. ?The Prksidkht in the chair. Report* of Commillott.?Recommending the Mayor to mil a meeting of citi7.cn* with the view of affording rwlief to the sufferers hy the lute fire* in the sixth and tenth Wards. Mr. Br.ffr.uicT moved to lay the resolution on the taldr. Motion opposed hy Mr. Siiai.kh und supported by Mr. Mi nriiv. Motion carried. In favour of gravelling the middle of I'M atrcct, from 3d to 8th nv. (from other t-onrd.) Concuiiwl in From the Committee to whom u * referred the subject of taking the llarlein lluil-roud depot fot tut K.upiue House, stating that two Kngitie Houses are already located in Chambers street, and a third ulanit to l>o erected, anj persisting in taking the building occupied by the company. Mr. Brffr.DicT opposed. During his remarks the Sergeuut-ut-Arms of the other Board eante iu announced that body as being ready to meet this in Joint Ballot. The (titair announced that thu message took precedence of all other business. Mr. Bkredict retained the floor, and Mr. Murphy appealed from the decision of the chair. Decision reversed. Mr. BkrkdicT then proceeded with his remarks, after which, on motion of Mr. Dodge, the report was luid on the table. Mr. Dodok then moved that the resignation of J. II. Kellam, as clerk of tho fifth District Court, be taken from the files. Carried, nnd the resignation accepted. Mr. Donor, moved that a recess be taken to meet the other board in joint ballot. Mr. Mi-ariir said he supposed that when the resignation w us brought up, gentlemen intended to follow it by oirer. ing to go.further into tho subject, but we are now called u]K>n to go into another room to finish the business, V.r. Mr. Br.ffEDicT also made a remark against taking a recess. Mr. Siiai.kh pointed to Mr. Witkiuhs, Assistant Alderman of the Ninth, who, although sick, he said, had come here this evening, and was waiting to go into joint ballot, and thought it unfeeling that he should l?e unnecessarily detained. Mr. t'ffUKRwooD miked who was most to Mame. those who were speaking or thore who hail brought the gentleman from his sick lie.l to be present at the joint ballot. A recess was then taken. After its return from Joint Ballot, the Board took up papers from the Board of Aldermen. The following were concurred in. Others referred. Infavorof forming a company for K.ngine No. 16. In favor of suspending Tho*." Lawrence, of K.ngine Co. 30, for three months, and expelling Win. Doll, (he, in addition, not being n citizen) for an assault on one of tho members of K.ngine Co. 34. To repair Cedar street, from (Jrcenwich to West. In favor of transferring certain Butchers' stalls. In favor of leasing the hay scales at the junction of Houston and Second streets fit $100 per annum. | Tore-number Troy street. The Annual estimate of the Comptroller, asking that $308,300 he appropriated for expenses of the enmiug ) ear, was culled up hy Mr Davis. .Mr. V! ini Hwnon hoped it would not la- taken tip precipitately. In the course of a month, he suid, he trustisl measures would he taken whereby n saving of $3011.000 per anuum would 1m- saved to the city. After debate tho document was laid over till Monday. In favor of pa\ ing Stephen Meed for his services as Health Warden of the Sixteenth Ward. In fatorof taking the Harlem Co. Depot us an K.ngiau House. , Mr. Mi iii-hy thought that the stable iu Chamber street, adjoining the United States Court, should he taken insteud. He thought that the public documents should not he jeopardized from fire iu having ii stable placed directly against it, and one used, too, nt all times of night. He made nn amendment that the cngiuct referred to tie accommodated directly west of the post olticu, in Cham hex street. Amendment lost. Mr. Mi: rpht than moved that it he placed directly west of the K.ngine House. Lost. Resolution concurred in. The Board then adjourned to Monday ereninff next. Sr*ct'lation.?The Clevelniid llernld say* thnt 1800 live ajuirrel* were shipped on board the < ienernl Scott, for New York market. Prophet Mim-kk continue* lo preach nt the Apollo to increasing audience*. (>n Sunday he hud the room a* full a* it jould .hold, and the way the copper* were showered into the plate* win u caution. May not thi* prophecy of hi* be a new method of raising the wind. He udiuit* in hi* discourse*, that he may be mistaken in hi* interpretation of the doubtful pa range* of scripture,but tell* his hearer* to get ready for ftar he ntay be right. In one of hi* lecture* heaitid, that all the penmnswho had written expositions, and what not of the Kible, had goeaeed at one hnlf of w hat they hnd put down n? the meaning to be ntlarhcd to certain passage*, and that he had a* good a riirlit to trvrn h* any other perann. Thi* smell* rank, altltongh we nre inclined to give the prophet credit tor sincerity and candor; and a* h? said some other | . r*on had conic to the conclusion, or guessed a* he term* it, that the world had to last If>.r>,0tl0 years, while he say* it is to come to an end next yrar, we will average the time, and say thnt it wont come to an end before 180,000 year*. As we dont intend to live any longer than till we have succeeded by the influence of the Herald in reforming tinswicked world, we shall have plenty of time to do it in. In the mean time, go tnd hear the prophet. LATEST INTELLIGENCE ~ ??THfc SOUTHERN& WESTERN MAILS. Washington. [Corr*?l/Ondruc? of llir Ilrrald.] Wa?iii.\otok, Tuesday, 3 P. M. <'oii?i'c??loiinl HrocecUlnjjs ? The ('adom House Reports. A few private nutters were disposed of in tbe Senate this inorniny, when Mr. Merrick roar ami called the attention of the Senate to the movement ol Mr. Ilenton yesterday, in relation to the St. Louia l'oat office. Mr. M. treated the matter with the greatest delicacy, but intimated thut there ahould be wime mode devised by which the action of Sena tors in relation to documents sent to the body from the depni tnunlH to l?c used in executive session. Mr. Benton replied, and insisted that no document placed on file in u department could he considered confidential, and avowed his determination to use them when and how lie pleased. He w.ia cut oft by the hour of one, when the appropriation hill was taken up. ii|>on which the day is to he occupied. After the presentation of a petition by Mr. Adams from 178 stone-cutters of this city, praying tor an appropriation to finish the public buildings, the House went into committee of the whole on the apportionment bill?the question pending being on the amend- ' meat requiring the Legislature of the several States to divide them into single representative districts. The debute was continued up to the hour of two, when, by the resolution adopted yesterday, all debate ceased, und the House proceeded to vote on the various amendments. The result will he forwarded by the next mail, in time for your paper. The Custom 1 louse report afliiir sceina to he getting more involved every day. In the House the controversy ia a triangular light, but the paruuinunt object of the whig* is to find occasion to implicate the President. Mr. Adams who acts on the general principle of doing as much harm us i>oaaibie to every bouy not immediately connected with himself, cuts und thrusts right and left. He abuses Gov. Poindexter and the President. Mr. Wise and the New York merchants, all in the same breaths. A full and faithful history <Jf the investigation, in all its paits, embracing the fun and frolicutat haagrowu up collaterally, would be more amusing than any novel that wu? ever written. At present no more than a few isolated parts can be given. The following letter, uddressed by Governor Poindexter to the Secretary of the Treasury, on receiving the summons of the committee, would seem to vindicate liiin from the charge of wishing to treat the President with. disre?i>cct. But tlis roller! was in possession of the House before the President knew that such u letter was in existence. W*?misoto*, April'.17, UMi. llos. W. Forward:? Si* :? The Sorgeant-at-Arms of the ltou*e of Representative* has this day served on inr iho 1111111*0111, of which I an close vou a copy. 1 nm at a loss as to the proper course which it becomes me to tube on this occasion, since, in my character of commissioner, I represent the Executive, to whom I have submitted a full report of the proceedings of the Board, and my opinion founded on ths evidence given iu New York before the Commissioner*. I therefore have the honor to request that you will make known this proceeding on the part of the House to the President, and communicate to me his wishes on the subject. If ho has had leisure to peruse thr report and deems it proper to furnish the House of Representatives with that document in a day or two, 1 should consider myself bound by the relations'* hich 1 hear to the Executive, to await hfs action before I appear in obedience to the above mentioned summons. Signed, OEO. POINDKXTER. This letter, by some mischance, did not reach the President, and it is doubtful whether it hoc been communicated to him up to the present hour. The course of the whigs in the House, acting through the committee on imhlic expenditures, lute been most extraordinary throughout. They made a call upon Gov. Poindexter for his report before it was sent to the President, but the Governor refused to give it up. Almost immediately after it waaaent to the Executive, the committee made another call, mid < iov. Pnindexter, after addressing the above letter to the Secretary, appeared before the committee, report ill hand, and the House had possession of it at the curliest moment. Not content with that, they immediately procured the adoption of a resolution calling upon the President fur all the reports and documents relnting to the commission. And this too, when they had been distinctly informed of the fact that the business was not completed. The first report, written by Kelly^ is supposed by the llouse to conflict with that of Gov. Poindexter. This is not the fuct. On the contrary, there is no discrepancy between them. They loiich upon different jajints only, and the principal reason alleged hy Poindexter for refusing to sign Kslley's report is, that it is not written in the English language. The prompt action of the President in sending in the reports of the House on Saturday last, hus thrown certain gentlemen into what the old lady called yrtdicary. Not that they cared for any real reform, not that they wished to benefit the country in the least, did they make such hot haste in thair efforts to get these documents before the people. It was evidently a move founded on a desire to mak* capital for their candidate, at all hazards, and before they knew the contents of the very papers on w hich they havs made such gross attacks on lbs President. The Executive w as in the act of perusing these documents, whit h had been in his hands but s few days, when the Committee, by the process of s (beer* tecum, undertook to anticipate his action, and believing that they had something, they did not know what, by which they might assail him on the floor of Congress, they made the attempt, and as it will turn out, to their own complete discomfiture. If Congress would do their duty, as promptly as the President bus done his, there would be less embarrassment in our public affairs. Hut no?President making appears to be the chief employment of tlieae gentlemen. Men not measures, is tne motto of these patriots. Get Congress reform the abuses pointed out in this report to which they can apply the remedy, nnd the President will meet every responsibility which belongs to liini. Ari-oivTMKvrs by i'ttb PnFsmr.Tr.?J. F. Cox, Henry Nnvlor, Nathan Gufborough, Joshua Pierce, GcwisCaflieny, John Cox nnd Hobcrt White, to he members of the Gevy Court for the county of Washington, in the District of Columbia. Thomas Sewnll, Thomas Donoho, and John W. Minor, to be Inspectors of the Penitentiary in the District of Columbia. Corporation Appointmknts.?It will he seen, hy reference to the proceedings of the Common Council, that < Isrrett (filbert was n|<pointed Police Justice Inst evening, in place cf Robert Taylor, James K. (ireeninan Clerk of tin- Fifth District Court, and David Kissner, Street lna|iertor of the Fourteenth Ward. Nsw Vohk, May 8, 1H42 J. <?. ? Sir, On looking over that epitome of every thing "The Herald," I perceive that the steam ship Hfitsnnia" refused to a-knowledge the signals ot the packet ship " I nited States," although lisving been Ht one |ieriod within a couple of miles of hci. As offering the best solution of the cause, msy I rt-quoHt your nttentionto tin* following conjectures: ?First, there was no trlesco|? on hoard the " Britannia;" second, if there was the officer of the wntch put the wrong end foremost ; third, if neither of them; he the true reason, he must have shut his eye when nhout to look. 1 would rather adopt any of these conclusions, than to suppose for one moment that the omission was wilful j naritmhirhI as on our approach, the steam ship with a rare ntni graceful courtesy, abandoned her course and steered due north in the winds eye ; but the bf$t of motives are open to misconstruction, and there were person* on hoard the United States malicious enough to sugg- ?t, that as the steam ahtp win peaceably ambling along at the rate of eight miles an hour, whilst the "United Statea" was cracking itotl ut u Tract ic u over ten, the authorities of the former vessel were unwilling to see her passed by a "Liner " I can't bring myself to believe tbis insinuation, but it's a talking world, Mr. Bennett. A l'assKNtiKK is Tit a Ua< swt .^mip Umt*i> Sta rw I* Bankhi i'it v.? Judge Story lias made an itn port,-mt decision u|H>n the question as to the effect of attachment laid upon the properly of bankrupt* previously to tin- filing of tlicir |* tition to Iw declared bankrupt. The opinion was long, ami i? spoken of ns very able. The result to which lie mine was, that such at taehinents would not hold the proiwrty, hut woulo in eflert I , dissolved l?v the proceedings in bank ruptey. Tins decision is coi^idered of more im iK-rtanre by legal gentlemen, than any which c likely tit aiise under the bankrupt law, and, in s?ni? of the Stales, it will make a vast difference in tin elli'i t* of. bankrupts. Judge Story remarked, thai ih the decision was of great im|<ortanee, he shouh fiirni-h it to the Law Heporter for publication, an* he hoped the counsel in the case | would! do tht same with their argumenta.

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