Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 8, 1842, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 8, 1842 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. New York, Monday, May 8, 1844. Rknut The Hcralo Orricc i* remove! to the *pastout and central building at the corner of Fulton in Nttuu streets, ? hure ell atvsrtissmonu anil tulncnptiom arc ri-csivsd. Alio, order* received for printing of svsry description. {"./* An Aoair wantal for ProvidsnM. K I., to circulate the Daily and Weekly Herald. None need apply unlsnt one ? ho cuii conform with our turnn ol pivmsut id advance, at no credit will hereafter tx glvou. OtJ-Philos" ie received Ttt? TkMPKUaNCE Sl'KKCIlBS of -Ml!. Marhiiaix.? The several eloquent Temperance Sprrchi'i, delivered by .Mr iliirshalJ, in this city, will be published at thia office in h pamphlet to morrow. They are the most eloquent speeches ever delivered on any moral subject since the time of St. Paul. We mean to print 500,000, ?r 1,000,1)00 of copies, and send them all over flie United States, to be distributed among the drunken political ..clubs that are now forming throughout the country. The world must be reformed some how or other. It is time to begin. Cvstom Horss Rrport.?Old Poins has fired off his big gun against the New York Custom House, and a very curious thing it is. How much of it is tobe believed, no one can tell. He is very severe on all the collectors, from Swartwout down to him of the present day. He reduces Swartwout'* defalcation from $1,260,000 to about $000,000?the other small balance of $600,000 being unaccounted for by Swartwout's cashiers. We have a copy of the report, and shall refer to it again. ruurirritui?rnc new sijuattu i-nnosopny. Without intending it, we have thrown a complete bomb ahell into the camp of the great Squash Philosophy Society, for the association of the harmonies of humanity, by which creation is to stand ruled. The article which we laat published on the interesting system of finance th.it was about to be developed by the new Squash philosophers, as booh as ever they get well under way, has, it seems, roused up a regular rebellion in the camp; and the high priest or apostle of Fourierism in this city conies out, over hi; own hand and seal, with the following interesting document:? To the Editor ok the Hekai.d:? Sir :?Your paper of Saturday contained an article, signed " F.", and entitled Fourierism," wliich contained some erroneous and foolish remarks on Association. The gentleman who wrote the article, and with whom I am personally acquainted, knows scarcely anything of the system of Association discovered by Fourier; and his idea of issuing one dollar shares, and using them as a circulating medium, is entirely false, and a fancy of his own. When individuals have some arbitrary views, or some little scheme of their own to put forth, they should do it under their own name. Your very ob't serv't, A. B. Here's a pretty kettle offish; here's a beautiful practical illustration of the doctrine of the associated Harmonies of Humanity to begin with. Here are two of the new squash philosophers quarrelling at the very outset of their great c?rcerin regulating creation, and re-vnmping all the worn out souls of the old system of society. "False," "foolish," "ignorance," nre very appropriate terms for one of these fqua.-hilee to apply to another, because it proves as clear as a mathematical demonstration, that every thing will be sure to go on harmoniously hereafter in the new colony that is to be located on Coney Island, or elsewhere. We say " elsewhere," because we yesterday received the following fire and brimstone epistle from Governor Gil Davis, of that ilk, by which it appears that he is totally averse to having any deposit of these philosophers upon any of his great sand or other banks of that fertile region. Hear what he issues as a special edict:? l)evll to Pay In Coney- Island. Gonkv Island, May 2d, 1&12. To James Gordon Bennett, Exo., Editor and Proprietor of the Herald. ^ir,? A c ommunication appealed in your paper of Friday last < isting an immoral reflection on this State. I have been instructed by the Governor to say that the above report was without the least shadow of truth, and it has so excited the inhabitants that a council was held at the Government House on Saturdav. and bv a unanimous vote declared it false and libellous. As the paragraph appeared in your paper, the Governor does not hesitate a moment in believing that a prompt and positive contradiction will be given to it m vour paper immediately. The < lovernnr ... umII'm lh, ..p? wtllinir the communication w is given bv either the State of Utrecht or Gravesend us a malicious fabrication: seeing that the Island is now prospering rapidly, and its inhabitants becoming rich, while poverty ana dissension are their reigning traits. We never h id anything to do with the Rhode Island war. We c tn assure the world that no foreign religion, or lingo, is admitted or permitted in the State, and the entire population is orthodox to the letter, and temperate to the death. We allow neither atheism, deism, puseyism.mormonistn, abolitionism or teetotalism ; but we eat and drink in moderation, Every thing was tnnde for man to use and nothing for him to abuse. We practice the same habits, manners, customs, and diversions which the founders of our good constitution did. i. e. eat all kinds of nutritious and wholesome food in moderation, and are careful to take a little good wine with our dinners ; none of your raw clams, parched corn, and molasses and water. Tit Governor ins strictly forbidden this new sectarianism. called Kourierisni, from his Slate, under sesere penalty. By order of his Excellency. Jacob Crab, Sec'y. Now we tru>t that all Fourierites, and disciples of the new Spiash Philosophy 011 hearing and reading this remarkable edict will obey and tremble. In th" mean time let them look out for a new location, and tell us who is to black the boots, wash the dishes, clothes, and do all the dirty jobs. A:c.; and above all,who is to be the Cashier of the new cstablimient, what's his salary, and what security is he to give that he doesn't follow the footsteps of funis nnd Torn Lloyd. (XJ- Colonel Stone of, the " Commercial," takes the whole of Mir report of Mr. Marshall's tenip?l.mee >p ecli in the Tabernacle, and credits it to amorning paper." W? thought the Herald was too immoral a paper forthat " whited sepulchre" to copy from. I uespatch.?\rstcruay wc received urinns pap-re of the 13?h and Mobile papers of the 14th ultimo. The U. 3. slap Macedonian, Captain Wilkinson, from Vera Cruz, via Tatrtpico for Pensacola, was tpoWcn off 3 W, Paas (New Orleans) about 26th ultimo. Itncknmaxiks ?There appears to be a good many incendiaries scattered over the country. They are dome considerable uusrhiat in Boston and Washington, and tears arc entertained that unless soon stopped, one or both of these cities will be burnt dawn. _ Tiie tow-boat with Mr. Dorsey, bearer of despatches for Mexico, returned to New Orleans, disabled, and Mr. D. procured another bout, and lctt on the evening of the 26th April. Fanny ?Tim celebrated dinseuse ha? not taken passage for Philadelphia. She was to] leave Havana, about the 26th 'lit., for Mexico, in one of the British Royal Mail Steamen, to astonish Pant a Anna, before he raptured Texas. Cn.vNcit for rut On-xa-hv-k ? Lieut. Clarke, of the Royal Navy, alias Sam Spril.seil, P. P. offers to run his yacht Mary Ann against any other yacht of the -ini' siz" for one thouannd sovereigns aside ?the r.ico to be contested either at Halifax, cr Boston Here is a fair chance fot On-ka-liy-?, or torn; other clipper. Rrea* in ihk Canat..?The Rochester Democrat of the 5th instant savs there in i break in the Cniwl at the first lock ea t of Pittdord. md tint it will nke a day and a half or two day- t > repair it. Another Monster H r..i. i\ U -r .n ?It is said that another great hotel is to be erected in Boston, qtial, in size and accommodations, to uny public house in New England. The site spoken of is in tlie vicinity of the East Boston Kerry mm " I'lioUrtal TdMipi'raiien .Mr?(|nj( tut night at llir Tabsrnncl*.?Exhibition of lMutrs of I lie IIiiuimk Mtoumch. by Or, Volt,?Hon. >Ir. MarihaU'i Sptttli on lh? Wine Drinking lntrm|>?raitce. Another tremendous meeting look place last night at the Tabernacle to listen to the eloquence of the Hon. Torn Marshall on the subject of the genteel drunkutds. the moderate drinkers, and the inveterate love of wine drinking by what are called the higher and genteel classes of society. There was a very singular and very remarkable change injthe character of the audience last night, when compared with that on the previous Temperance meeting at the Tabernacle on Wednesday night last. On the latter occasion the predominance of the wealthy classes was very great?the audience then were uncommonly richly and fashionably dressed, and had what is termed a high aristocratic tone Last night the audience were evidently much poorer, much more accustomed to work and to think intensely?much less fashionably dressed, asd evidently forming a much more valuable portion ot the community. The arrangements last night were very poor ?whosver had the iniinagcmeni ol them?there were more let into the place than could be seated conveniently, so as to ace the plates of the human stomach, as exhibited by I >r. Nott? there were no chairs provided for the ladies?the place, as usual, was most iusutferably warm?no pains taken to ventilate it, and it was so miserably lighted, that at the rsporter's table one could hardly see to form a letter. In addition to all this, there was a rude man at the door, who wanted to hold a wrangle with the reporters, before he would let them pass ; anil who said he had no ordert to allow the gentlemen of the press to enter, but only to let clergymen. We speak all this in sorrow, not in auger, and hope it will all he rectified before the greHt meetings of the religious anniversaries next week ; and that the representatives of the press will he treated with that proper respect due to them from those who are sustained by the exertions, daily and nightly, of the gentlemen connected with the public press of this city. Among the audience, we saw Col. Stone and Major Noah?we didn't see Col. Webb " of the regular army," come to listen to the effects of moderate wine drinking. The meeting was opened by a prayer from 1 >r. Xott, and Mr. Freylinghnysen then announced that Dr. N'ott would proceed to exhibit plates of the effects of alcohol 011 the human stomach, and deliver some remarks thereon. I?r. Norrthen rose and made a few sensible remarks. He said that he was like a war-worn soldier in the presence of the eloquent gentlemen who had been invited to address the meeting, and could do little more than shoulder his crutch and show how fields were won. The Dr. concluded his remarks by thus speaking of what wine might be drank and what might not. " Good wine," said the Doctor?good rosy wine, ?uch as might have been drank in Palestine, and quaffed in the pleasant vineyards of the East,might be drank in moderation?but not that ' ntoeka' igainst which Solomon has given such nn em. phatic warning?n warning to which nature tespondsin accents loud nnd long?of that there can be no tempcrale use." I>r. N. then exhibited the diagrams of Dr. Sewell's illustration of the destructive eflert of alcohol on the human stomach. These illustrations exhibited the awful successive changes in the structure of this vital organ during the downward progress of the drunkard; and excited the deepest interest throughout the meeting. The Hon. Mr. Marsh u.i. then stepped in front of the platform and was greeted by loud, prolonged, ind most enthusiastic applause; and after itssuhsilenee he spoke us follows:? 1 ha.l exported, Ladies and Gentlemen, thnt my .colleague and friend, Mr. Briggsof MassarhMsUs would have i een here to have precede t me in addressing you, but 1 have been informed since I have arrived that tie has lieen attacked to-day by severe indisposition, of such a nature ?s disables him from aborting you the very agreeabletrent if his presence and address to-night. 1 have myself?and 1 name the fact that the audience may excuse the lowness of my voice, at least when I commence my remarks?1 hava"myself labored all day under a very severe cold, contracted last night by very imprudently leaving the 'vented atmosphere of the church in whicli we assembled .vitliout my cloak, and from the night air, which wanesccdingly cold, striking into mv chest. 1 have suffered nurh from a severe pain in my head and chest, and it has been with grant difficulty thnt I nm myself enabled to attend. .Nothing indeei hut the very deep interest which 1 take in the cuuse in which I ain engaged, and nothing but a disposition to the very best of my ability to return that kindness which I have received from the citirens of New Vurk since I visited it, could have induced me to appear before you on the prasent occasion. Judging from the immense concourse gathered hereon Wednesday evening, and seeing that the meeting to night had hewn so advertised in all the papers, I had the anity to presume that it w as expected ny ninny thnt I s ouId present myself, and from the fact of mv being n tranger, and the somevs bat singular connection which 1 iui made to sustaiu towards this great question, in the public papers, which are in every Tody's hands, I was led :o think there might be some curiosity to hear ine?a otiosity which 1 was very willing to gratify, especially in elntion to a people who have treated me with so much ,indness and so much attention. [Applause.] Youhave heard to-night and have hud exhibited palpnhly to your enses, from the learned gentleman who preceded me, the physiological facts in connexion with this use of alcohol i> man. 1 mean not to go into this subject at any length, for 1 am no physician. They have however ascertaine t ind proved that alcohol, vv honever it is used, no matter in what fluid or ? itli what fluid it is used?w hethcr it be in he form of wine, or cider?hard cider that is (laughter) ?or beer, or ale, or porter, or whiskey, or branrlv, or rum?in all the forme of fluid which the device oringouuity of man have discovered, its ojieration is the same. There is no organ with w hich nature lias armed the human frame ofsullicirnt pow er to digest and appropriate this fluid U aliment to the animal system. 1'. enters into the stomach, alcohol?it circulates through the system, alcohol?unchanged and unoperated upon by any organ with which it comes in contact, or to whose influence it is subjected in its passage through the circulation. Its influence upon the delirule coats of the stomach?the must delicate organ of the w hole human body?have been exhibited to your view. Its influences upon the nervous system are among the most remarkable phenomena which it exhibits. Its influence there ispecuiiar to itself, lis every bo.ly knows. Nothing else, that I know at least, exerts such mi influence. No other poison with w hose nature I am at all acquainted?no other fluid ~ertainly that 1 ever swallowed, produced the smne effects upon my nervous system as alcohol docs in any of its firms'. '[Loud laughter and applause.] It not only inflames the stomach in the manner illustrated so well to ugni. un earing irom mr nrsi stage* 01 irritation to thr last stage of gangrenous inflammation?prostrating nil thr i on cr? an I mtrrlv destroy ing oil th?* function* which nature intended that organ?so a ondnrfu 1 in its contrivanco, and *o important in in relation* to thr whole Animal economy to pcrlnrm. It not only doe* thil?if it retted ontent with tin*, it would onlv arhirt e w hat a variety of other destructive substances found in nature, but alien o the human constitution, ran effect. But it i* upon the litter and tubtler instruments of the human mind, w ith which that w onderful creation, we rail the human understanding, so far at w c are acquainted with it, operates ? it is upon the sensorium, u|?on the brain anil the nervous system that alcohol works it* deadliest ruin , and it i* there that it achieves the overthrow of the intellectual and the moral man ! What this rounusion of mind with he material frame is.it t? not for me to inquire. It has per- j plexe load baffleJ all philosophy. How it is that the mind which 1 possess, and which I presume e\ ery one I who hears me now believes to be spiritual and 1 immortal, which a creed not fruiriful apprehends to be on emanation from Divinity itself, infused into man from the ?erv nostril* of hit Creator, as communicatej to us in the lev'elation of the Infinite (rod?how it is that this immortal principle doos operate and communicate w ith external nature through the medium of the brain and nerve* w hich ' permeate and penetrate every part of the human body, and bv w hich alone sensations and idea* are conveyed to thr I understanding, I mean not to inquire, and if I did, 1 fear me | the inquiry would be fruitless. But wrknow that such is .he fact. Destroy the nerves, and sensation rrwis. Destroy one ?<t of nerv es, and one clo*aof sensation* rease ? I lestroy another set of nerves, and the power of the mind | over the muscle - the emotions of the will, of volition, have no response in the rrineurrent nrtton of the physical frame. We know therefore that the nervous fluid, whatever it may he?'ha' the brain i? the seat of sensation and the great organ of tli? mind, and that the nerves are so m iny metsentrrrastretching out from that w ondrous structure to every part of the body , bringing back to the throne of intellect ill that thin they learn of the mighty nature w ith w hich we are surrounded. That this alcohol petuU-? UL-jo live messengers so Os to deprive them of heir peculiar powers to distort the information which 'hev receive, an! rendet tljem instead of being the heah.i of truth from the universe to the enthroned monarch within?'Ibo soul of mun?they become the lying herald* liaise prescription* an 1 false impressions. [Applause.] It i* then ujoti the finer instruments ot the intellect? .na'.ei ml th-nigh thi) be, jet by nirnns of which the Vlmight* ha* enabled the human understanding to i-ilJrommuniration with human ns.'nrr, and draw ihjnformn'ion w hich it seek* from the (Sternal world?it s upon these instrument* that the subtle foe m all tha' is iivi'te in our nature, exert* its gteatrit powe-v, and eahihits all it* potency of destruction. And oh ! what n great work of tuir. is that O.-ntlomeninen sav It stimulate*. And so it dot s, nnl a mo?t unhenithy stimnlnu* it is to the animal fibre ' l.tt these animal spirits alone, or supply them only with their natural ibnit nt. or the stimulants which nature has provided,oi tbvl ha* furnished u* h 1th?nn all-sufficient maga/ine to serve for all the purposes of life, and enable us fitllv to r-plenish anv w a*te which mar occur, by the drmsn Is of business or tin pursuit* of life. Why, the stimulous which alcohol afford* in like that which au incendiary would supply to the meansof deft-fcee, provided by agnail country iu it* magazines?ample magazine* of'|?wder sulfi'ient to serve von throughout a long and dangerous w ar. if you only call upon it in a prudent manner and make demand* proportioned to the danger w hich presset. But the mad incendiary may rush into the magazine w itli o blazing torch and iu one moment may blow up in one Huful couilagratiott all'the means of defence of a great nation-yoa might call that a stimulus?[Here the lion, gentlemen's voice rose to its highest pitch, and with startling energy lie added]?and it would rtttinhlt tht stimulus which alcohol fumithtt to tht animal tfirilt' [Hero the applause w as absolutely deafening lor some seconds. No language could convey au adequate idea of the enthusiasm with which the speaker uttered these few sentence*?hi* whole frame shook with emotion, and the feelings of the audience seemed spell-bound. Mr. Marshall then turned to the Secretary, and. in a whisper, requested his watch, w hich the lion, gentleman held in his hand, and turning to the audience suid?] I don't like to speak against time ; but my ow n strength and the patience of the audience are both indication* to me that I should not talk too wide. The subject is indeed iu itself perfectly inexhaustible, connected as it is with all the relations which man hears to his brother, his country and his Ood. My friend at my elbow suggests (continued the Hon. Gentleman w ith a quizzical sort of a smile) that I had a particular subject chalked out for me Ho night, and that is?Kasiii isiili Wink Dkiikiio. (Laughter uud great applause.) Unacquainted as 1 am with the population of New York, and a strnnger to almost all the bright faces 1 see around me, it may be going too far to say, but I would be led to infer from the prompting given me, that there must be a vast number of fashionable wine-drinkers present. [Renewed laughter and loud cheers.] I hope?1 hope?indued 1 know from every indication that has been furnished to me l>otli tonight?[Herethere w as a slight interruption from the entrance ol the distin gnished " No. 33," the members of which took their seats in front of one of the galleries amid loud applause.? Mr. M. proceeded?)I know from the demonstrations given to me here on Wednesday night, that the nudicncoto whom 1 addressed myself then, that to whom 1 address myself now, appreciate siitticirntly the delicacy ol my situation and the embarrassing circumstances into which I have voluntarily thrown myself. That I, appearing for the first time in the great city of New York, an.) addressing a New York audience on occasion of my very first visit to that proud city, should hiNir under a reeling or emoarrassniciu is peneeiiy naiurni, so mum to that you must be aware of it, und with due consideration'will make allowance for mu on that acore. It has been my fortune, or my misfortune, never to havebeen in this city till last Wednesday. The whole scene burst on rne with entire novelty and a degree of splendor utmost equal to that which met the vision of Adamwhcn after his creation he first opened his eyes on the glorious universe ! [Tremendous applause.) Sly sensations were entirely novel, for the scene was like no'hing that I had ever seen before. Nothing within therearhof my experience furnished me w ith any meaner instrument of comparison by which I could 'measure the sensations I experienced as I approached the point below. To-have the best view I came by water, and took the boat from Atnboy on Wednesday. And aan you?or can vott no', albeit accustomed to the scenery through which I pas.e.1 from that place to Castle Garden, imagine how a stranger must have felt on beholding all the miraculous evidences of the progress of your city which burst upon my view from the time I embarked I But in the " far West," beyond the .Iptilachian (1) mountains.the dark and rolling ocean, in all his solemn and silent grandeur, had never been presented to my eye, except the glimpse 1 caught as we rounded Staten Island, and then again beyond the Narrows, their he lay! the ocean on oue side, and the ocean's queen?thcrity of New York upon the other ! [Terrific applause.] For a moment I forgot that I was a Washingiouian ! [I.nughter.) Notw ithstanding the amount of cold water that rolled before me, for a single moment I forgot the object of my mission. [Renewed laughter.) Hut the intellect soon returned, and oh ! upon the very subject upon which I have been called here to say something, there w as abundant food for meditation In the grand scenery which was then spread out before me. I looked upon the ritv of New York, as I approached it as a city in which I had some interest. I looked upon NewYork as a city containing thnt vast bond of meii of commerce, of men of capital, of men of enterprise, laboring for the necessities, the comforts, and the independence of that far country from whence 1 come. 1 looked upon it ns a means of support to that country. This emporium of commerce?this centre of trade?[applause]?this great centre of fashion, with all these towns surrounding it, and connected with it, and branching oil'from it, dwindling into villages beside it?for there can be no comparison between them?and composing, as I consider they do, a part ^ind parcel of the city of New York, with it's vast and increasing population, approximating to something like half a million of souls?larger than that of some of the proudest of the sovereign and independent States in the Union?1 looked upon this vast city?this centre of trade?this centre of fashion?as exorcising, and as destined to exorcise, an influence both now and for ever, in an eminent degree?not only on the fashions?but on the ideas and the manners of that vast western country. [Applause.] It is so now. You, such of you espocially'as lias e not been out west, can scarcely know or have on idea of the immense influence which New York exercises even in the smallest and most trivial matters. Whv. nwextern fellow docs not consider himself dressed at all, unless lie lias every thing from New York, even to a New York hat. [Applause and laughter.] If two bucks out there meet in the street of a village or town, and should happen to get up a dispute about the block of Iheirhat, and if oncshould siy, " Wliy, I got mine in Philadelphia," the other will immediately retort, " Pooh! pooh' man, I got mine from New York." and that is a settler. [CJreut laughter and applause.] Why, the cut and fashion of a garment must come from your city; it is the best in their opinion; far superior to that of any other city, and in the west everything must come from New York. How vastly important then is the influence which New York exercises, and how important to us temperance men what impression should he given to this citv. Nothing out there is fashionnhlr, or will make lmprersi'on, without it comes from New York, and how lastly important is it then not only to New York, but to that vast country, what this centre of commerce should do, not only in fashions, hut in manners. It becomes important,]tlien, whut are the fashions in New York. If they are such as are hostile to the interests of that Western Territory, it is doubly interesting, and involving u in-ich greater amount of responsibility ; if evis fashions calculated to injure that country do exist in New York, and do extend their influence so far and in so large a degree, should w e not endeavor to cut up the evil roots which ere planted hero in New York?[applause.] It is not wortii our w bile to top otl"branches here and boughs there, and twigs here mid there, we should come here. Here is the trunk?here is the root of all the mighty mischief?we must apply our energies to it, and if we can but succeed in digging it tip by the roots and throwing dow n that trunk, those brandies and tw igs will w ither and die themselves without our troubling ourselves to rut them off? [loud applause.] Let it but be esteemed nnd known as a part of goo.l manners in New York?as a principle of good breeding in this city?that it is tingentlenianly, ungenteel, and im|<olite to press any person who comes to y our house or your table to partake of that, w hich if h?" does take it, to that|extent, w ill produce or inflirt injury or disease upon him?for even the smallest quantity will to that extent produce injury upon his constitution and nature; and is it not provoking that such a law should exist? but let it be but understood that'it is ungenteel and impolite in New York.to offer wine to your guests; and I will bet that it will be immediately voted the height of vulgarity all over the United States. (Tremendous applause and laughter.) Allow ing now that your example on the population of this distant country has this effect, that it makes and produces this imprcssuro, does it not point out to you the great, the tremendous resjHinsibility w Inch rests \i]x>n you, not only to that country hut to the Clod which ma le and provides for us all. Let it be understood. 1 say, let it be quoted, that so it is done here, and go to the smallest village in Kentucky, and let him be the richest man in the eommunitv, let him have made his money by buying here and selling there, nnd having realise I sulticient to enable him to live in comfort and independence; let him hatc retired to spend his days on his property ; and let liirn offer his bottle of w ine at dinner or after dinner, to a visiter at his table, and he will immediately say to him, "have you ever been to New York; rionl youfknow that it is exceedingly vulgar thereto offer wine to any one who calls ii|>on you, or comes to dine with you r I.et the reason be, if you like, that there are as you know, nvas' number if greenhorns who vieit that city, and the merchants have got to he afraid that if they offer wine or liquor to them, it will be supposed they want to upset their equilibrium, and n suspicion might be raised that they did it to enable them to get the best of a bargain with him. [Laughter.] Let this be understood or not, no matter w list the reason is (or let there be no reason at all) or no matter whut the principle or motive is. You set the fashion for thfee months, [laughter] that a broad skirt or a narrow skirt?a long skirt or short one be worn, [laaghter] it is worn simply because it is the fashion in New York, [laughter] and if you can set the In-hion of s broad or narrow, long or short skirt to a coat; nnd if worn because y on act the fashion, si]r,.ly you ran set the fa. whion in this. Would it not be more delightful, more pleasing and important, that i ou should set this fashion. Herein lies the morality, and tnc philosophy land the truth of this question; you rsu set this rule as you can set any other rule, and now for the application.* The only re*. maining question it ought voti to set this rule?' It is merely a question of fashion. You set the fashion of the length or breadth of a skirl, and i? it not more important that you thou Id set this fashion? I said just now and 1 sv ni l mention it again?though not hut that I think von understand it perfectly ? ell?that there ii a certain phvsirtil peculiarity about alcohol, that no other liquid or substance whatever possesses. If sou have an appetite for food, when you have eaten. ?)>?t appetite is satisfied, and doe* not erase for more. Alcohol, on the contrary, docs not satisfy the appetite for it! If you take one glass, it produces an irritation which craven for more, whether it he from the excitement of the nervous system, or whatever it may tie, matters not. The fart is indisputable that it does so! If sou represent the system as a thermometer, and suppose the fluid in it naturally to stand nt n certain point?you then apply something w hich causes the fluid to raise above this, and then remove the cause that has raised it. the fluid ss ill fall helots the point that it naturally stood. This is the effect this stimulant has upon the human system, and not only thnt, but if you want to produce that effect * second time, you must take more than you did the first time.? Every man who lint experienced this knots s it to be the case. An I did you ever knoss on intemperate man who had not once hern a temperate man ' Did ever anv man take two glasses who had never taken one ? [Great laughter.] Was there ever a drunkard know n ssho had never touched the " Critter" at all? [Great laughter.] No Sir ! This is the philosophy of the question. Ought you to change this question. I knoss hut little of the farts of this fashion, for I never was in the habit of drinking wine in my life. Hut ffthi? fashion does exist, and to inch an extent, should sou uot change it ? It is temperance against drunkenness, and should sou not put soui Influence on the si Je of temperance ? Are not justice and conscience, and mercy to others to be considered 1 1 do not know svhat the fashions are here; at ins rate I have not drank anv svinr here, hut having tieen somehow or somehow in* the earlier part of tny life, as a certain publication" wi'hin these last few days has s s | tel. I don't know how I suppose it was by accident ; hut having boon in the earlier part of my life thrown into good five let sr. I kuow what was the practice then, and 1 know it'one w isliesl to lie considered a polite man he must, ex necessitate, from the necessity ofthi case, if he w ished to tie considered a good fellow or a person of property, he must offer |his liquor to his friends, and liis f[lends must drink it too. or It was considered an insult. No gentleman who w ished to be considered such, or rich, or dignified, or social even, must not only have his cellar | hut hi* sideboard well stocked and stored with south ki lc Madeira a id such other lienors; and if he invited h1frienda to dinner, he must at lomt furnish them with the means of getting drunk, if they choae to do to. I: it reasonable this should he the cair, or is there ant tec entity for it? Could it lie predicated that thf name result could be attained with any thing elite? Now here are tome w ho are in the hahit' of drinking ttaeii wine, w ho lay they dont drink it heeauae they are ;mrtiI'ularlt fond of it, iutd will not sjgu the pledge Iwchu*< 'hev tay they can do without it. and ran put it away und do uithont whenever they please! That it not the thing 1 speak of, nor what 1 am attacking. |t is the system which introduce* and presses upon you wiue to drink, and which, if you don't drink, you are considered a clown or a Washington; a thing which until lately was not considered much better or rather worse; foe a " Woshingtonian" then was anothi rterm for ' He/ormed Drunkard." [Peal* of laughter.] Now .could yon predicate this result of any thing else ? Take tohacco fur instance. A gentleman is very fond ol tobacco, good old Virginia tobacco, and very good it is too [laughter]?he likes it notwithstanding it corrupts Ins breath, anddirtioa his mouth, and spoils his teeth, and destroys the neatness of tho ladies arrangement* of their household, and spoils their carpets by spitting on tlicm. Now , no gentleman nee I take this as personal or apnli ing to himself, for 1 use this tohacco my self, and therefore the strictures upply with equal force to myself. I use thistobacco.it enters into my system, nature lieconics accustomed to it ; nature is very accommodating; for any

nasty vile habit we make ourselves accustomed to she kindly allows us. 1 got to like it extremely, and think it a very good thing, and because like it and think it a good thing, I take out my tonacco box, and present the tobacco to a friend who culls to sec me, suving now, my dear fellow, come take sonic tobacco. I have destroyed the functions of my stomach, and having triumphed over nu.'ure who has hern so kind und accommodating to me, I have dirted my mouth, and soiled and spoiled my clotlios, and it is nothing but fair that you should do the same. Or sup[iosp that 1 ahould b? unwell; that naturu should require a dose of medicine; ?av 1 required a mess of "rhubarb and aloes" or a lot of" pills;" therefere it would he necessary for me, in order to show my hospitality to a gentleman who came to see me, to pull out my tiox of pills, and say come uow, my good fellow, do take one; 1 am obliged to take them, and why should not you? ( an you predicate that you could produce this fashion with any thing else. Is it because a man, or n set of uieii like any thing, therefore it must berome fashionable. There is a story told of Col. David Crocket, though I think it dates back considerably oldrr, and it is this. It happened at the President's table, when a fashion was brought up which I consider a very good fashion?it was the fashion of bringiug bow Is of tepid water to tho guests after dinner, to rinse their huiids?well, there was n Western) member at the table, one of those who hail been accustomed to wash hit face once a day and probably that once in n running stream, [laughter] anil who probably thought he had such a rleunly method of eating, that it was not necessary lor him to wash his hands after dinner; for those were the times when Uioy used to eat with knives and forks, and not as they do now with a great tour-pronged fork in one hand, and the fingers of the other. [Great luughter] Well, after dinner the servant, as is the custom, brought round the howls of tepid water, and brought one to this person. He had never been in the habit of using this, and had never been w here it had been use 1 before, and he did not w ish to appear so vulgar or ill bred as to enquire what it was for ; he looked at the servant, hut does not like to ask any question ; anil as he did not know What else to Ho with it. he takes the Wowl from the servant, and after eying it over "down he chucks it," [Here Mr. Marshall suited the action to the word, and imitated the action of a man drinking the tepid wuter with a sort of desperate resolution; and the story and action combined elicited roars of laughter, w hich w ere repeated again and again.] Well, the servant tw igged his man in a moment, and thought he would see how far lie could carry the joke, and he walks out and returns with another howl of tepid water, which he presented to the astonished member, [roars of laughter] who looked blank enough at this, and after staring round, and not wishing to be considered ungenteel, he takes the second glow, and :.s he did not know where else to put it, why he sent if after the other. [Honrs of laughter.] This was the second bow l, and the serv ant, who thought he would see how far he could carry the joke, starts otr and brings in a third howl. [Laughter.] However, by this time nature had asserted her own rights, and gave notice he had had as much as w as convenient. [Laughter.] He took the third bowl, however, but plucked the servant hy the lappcl of of his coa1, and said. "I say, my dear fellow, that man over there has not had any. do take it to him." [The audionce were thrown into convulsions of laughter hy the reritalof this tale, in the humorous manner in which Mr. Marshall is so capable of relating it, and both ladies and gentlemen bad to employ their handkerchiefs to wipe away the tears that rolled down their cheeks from the vio- ; lenee of their cachinations.] But, my friends, warm wa or is not one-half, nor any thing like tut had as alcohol ?in fact i*, it in some cast* very beneficial,land is productive of restoration of health?hut sup|tose some fashionable individual was to get into the habit of liking a bowl of warm water, and was to accustom himself so much to it that it became necessary for him to take a glassof tepid water every day alter dinner, and suppose that he was to invite a number of his friends to dine with him. and after dinner he w as to have a t Ijow I of tepid w ater brought in for himself and each of 1 his guests, and was to insist upon their drinking it because he himself had become so accustomed to it.aml there- t fore they must drink it too. Suppose further, that this should happen to he a gentleman hoili rich and noble. 1 one w ho w as considered a standard of excellence, ;n example for every one to copy, and imitate. One ! looked up to by those who being poorer and low- 1 'T in the scale of society, looked to him as n model for their imitation ; one whom those who acquired ' property, and raised themselves find Rot a little higher in < society and looked up to. and considered if the) w ished to < be thought fashionable, if they wished to become of im- ' portancc in the fashionable world; in short if they desired 1 'o be considered gentlemen, and nalxvbs, they must follow his example. Do sou suppose that if these should be his guests, and be should offer this bow l of tepid water to them, that it would therefore become fashionable, and 'hat they w ould adopt it. No, 1 am sure both you and they would consider it the uncivilist thing iii nature, anil as impolite. There is no foundation for such a custom in nature whatever, and it would not become fashionable. Now the time lias come when w e have experienced a change of the same kind in relation to a state of manners that cannot be looked on as less ridiculous than this?ridiculons! aye, far worse than ridiculous. And when the inind of the future philosopher, in his inquiries, shall took hack into the past periods of the history of man . where he finds a period in which the rich, the great, the learned, with all the power, and influence, and talents given them by Heaven to be used.for the best of purposes ; who in their (lay and generation were held up as glasses in which others were to dress and airav themselves ; possessed of wealth, as trustees appointed by Heaven, that they should so employ that wealth, power, and station for the benefit of the human rare ; when they shall find that, by the indulgence of a pernicious custom like wine drinking, and by manners therewith connected, they had widened and deepened a practice that had brought more di st ruction and vice upon past ages than had flow ed froni all the wars and pestilence combined?when the) shall look bark upon this state of things and its consequent miseries and ruin?a wiserage shall visit the thunders of indignant posterity u|>oii the memory of those w ho are alone answ erable by their example for the crimes, misc. lies, and misfortunes of others of their cotemporaries will-in they have led to destruction. [Tremendous cheering.] That this thing will be altered all of a sudden I don't believe. But it is not for the reason that has been assigned 'hat I do not believe it will lie (lone away with all if a sudden. Gentlemen say, when you ask them to Join you and take the pledge," Why should Ijoinvou. I'm no "drunkard, 1 don't care any thing at>oiit w ine, 1 take a glass now and then, but I'm sober, respectable und temperate, and I can quit it just whenever I think proper; there is no use in my joining the Temperance Society ; let the {drunkard, the depraved, the miserable wretch who lias lost bis station, his character. his reputation, ruined his fortune, beggared his children, buried his w ife?let him do it?he is the man to join it?not me." Ah, but we tell him, we want the force of his example. Oh. no, that he can"i atford to give us. And the only reason he assigns is. that he don't care any thing about w ine at all and can quit it when he pleases, and yet wont do it, because he dislike'to give up a privilege. Now it's a strange sort of a thing to me, that the reason whv a man wont give up drinking wine is because he donNt care any thing about drinking wine. (Hoars of laughter.) And 1 can't help thinking in my mind, tnat those very gentlemen, who say so earnestly they dont care any thing alxjiit it, have a feetle sort of liking for thr critter itself. (Hoars of laughter) And when the temperate drinker says he don't do it, because he don't care lor it, it s-rikes me that lie's got his toes plumb up to the very line where lie's I'Ull VXIU1 .<> "" mwilljwiaii: Ullinr,. (WIUI1 cheers an.I roar* or laughter) But still the system w ill fall, (clxers) and these Washingtonian hoys have ma.lc a great change in it already. (Cheers) I will tell you a story, (Loud cheers) which w ill show that the time has ennte at least ? hen it is no longer considered vulgar or ungcnterl to he know n as a Washingtonian, that has taken the pledge. (Tremendouscheers) And it was at one time thought to be very ungenteel, at least, to have signed the pledge. A short time since 1 met a gentleman?a real gentleman?and there's always something in the real gentleman that impressej itself on his person as on lus mind, an.) all over, hy which he can be known easily; (Cheers) and by these marks I knew hiin to ben real gentleman. He and 1 met accidentally in trdv ellii.g at a tavern, lie seemed to bare a great desire to converse with and form an acquaintance with me. And after the dinner was over, he told the landlord to bring in a bottle of wine. Well, I felt just then, not quite so good a Washingtonian as 1 thought 1 was. [Laughter and cheers ] Some of the old habits seemed reining hack. [Cheers.] A little of the old feeling seemed rrtiw I ing over me that if I said I was a Washingtonian, he'd think after alltlintl wnsn vulgar sort of a fellow w ho had never been used to the drinking wine and did'nt know what real gentlemanly good society was. (Cheers and laughter.] However I sat still and viid nothing- (Cheers) and I thought te myself, let it come - if the worst comes to the w orst I've got mi certificate in my pocket [Hoars of laughter nnd loud cheering.JWoll.thew ine came in and the gentleman, w ith that peculiar elegance, grace, finish, and delicacy of touch and dexterity w ith which s our real gentleman knows how to draw aeorkoutof abottleof wine, [roars of laughter]?lirtw Ihf rork. [Cheers.] "Come, dr.'" said he, " wine with you." [Cheers.] Why sir. said 1,the fact is, they go' nie down herein one of thesetempe. ranee societies, and if 1 was to drink with you, they'd onl) make a fuss, nnd so you'll excuse me, if you please. [Tremendous cheers.) And the blood mounted to his tiair ; [cheers] he blushed just exactly as a gentleman ought to blush. [Iloars of laughter and enthusiastic cheering.' Vnd, now, the time has been when to have done that. I should have been thought a low vulgar fallow , who didn't know what goo I wine was. [Laughter.] .So we're go' hut fnr nt Unit! [Tremendous cheering.) Vice is com . died so far to pav tribute to virtue that if it finds virtue there, it Idtl'hes to the eves to think that it hn' tare 1 to offer a temptation to it. rTremendous cheering, vhioh lasted tome iqintites.) We nave proved, then.thr his custom of wine drinking is not only useless?but ?ors??It is absolutely Injurious whenever, and whetever t i? employed, [cheers] Now, as to the means to be em dove tto ?topit. They say. it vou have resolved no* tr Irink any more, why sign the pledge 1 If you hare r.' solved In your mind, what's the use of aph-dge 1 I Ion' know what science and philosophy would answer here, ..it I think that ther'd bo brought to a bill halt. But I k-ion u hat truth nnd expo-hire say. I know thai the re. olutions in a man's own breast are of no use; but thnt his pie Ige given to his fellow man by him. has a pow er \ or liisjeelings and his actions that nothing else know n among tneu can have .[TrenienJous cheers.] Now I insist tl on it thai thih fashion o! moJotale ? ine drinking i? the fruit- it ul au 1 frightful parent of all the misery ot conflruioj P troiikeuiieas. (Cheers.) 1 was raised n tee-tol?ler by a tt ni' at excellent mother, who a at a lee-lotaler. I learnH to h drink,not because 1 loved it.for 1 hated the taste of liquor: ft not hecauae nature craved for it ; hut I was tempted bv ? fa*hiouahle ladle* end gentlerneu w ith w hum I mixed, a ami in order, iu the excess of my wisdom and indepeu- a deuce, to show that 1 w ain't under tbo influence of a tana- fi ticil, presbyterian, tee-total mother; I took the liquor & tin-1 poured it dow n mv throat, although I hated it, just h to ihow that i w as as fine and as elegant a gentleman as P any of 'ein. And I know tha- a large part of the youth * of this country, who might he the hope of the t? nation, are being dragged down to the grave in help- c les.ncss and guilt by this fashion, and who but for r< this might be the prop of their country and the orna- r, ment of their rucr. (Cheers.) I say. this pledge e lias u charm that no'hing else on earth can he found [' to have. [Cheer*.] How or why, I know not. 1 have i> said there are indications going on in regard to this o great moral revolution which -show* that a power *1 higher than man has had to do with it- And the greatest it work* that have taken place in the history of this earth q has marked the influence of the same |>ovv or by the insig- h nificunee of its agents. And it may he that this is ahov e it man, that so simple a thing us this pledge is marked out to h root out and remedy all these evils. I know there is a 5 clihrm in it, which no other oath taken by yourself can bring. If asktsl why or how , in my case, [might answer as the lick man in the Scripture, who w as relieved from ' his blindness, did. When He who went about doing u good?-He who spoke a* never man spake?when He j who threw up and opened wide, and lifted on high , u the precious doctrine of the immortality of man?and p w ho brought light and immortality to life by his gospel?when by the touch of His Almighty finger the scales were torn from the eyes of the blind, oud sight w as restored, the persecuting priests anil Sadducees, who sought occasion against this Jesus of Nazareth, went to 1 the parents to see if theru w as any pretext in the cure by w hich they couldchnrgo this high and holy one acclaiming 10 be equal to the Uod of the Jew s, the parents repliod, - He is of age?ask him." When they asked the n son w hen it was done, and how it w as done, all he rnuld reply was, " I only know that I was blind?he laid hit " Anger on my eyas, and now I see I" So I can only say, f thai whereas once I was blind?I put mv finger to that pledge?the cloud departod, [hcrehe ruised his head up in ^ a peculiar maum rj nnd my eye is ns bright now as w hen a I w as 15 years of age. [Tremendous cheering, which fairly shook the building.] I hare alluded to much to my own case, that under other circumstuncet perhaps I P might 1)0 liable to a charge of egotism ; but it has not been (. left for me to do it. [Laughter.] But if it had been?if , there had be*n no reference tome from any quurter, I " should have been a very cow ard, a tlnsiard in my soul, if 1 ] ha I shrunk from making the acknow ledgment I have made, if thai wrkntiw ledirment bromrht the hlessir.es to others u liieh its practice tins to me. [Tremendous cheers.1 But it lias (tern done by others, [daughter and rheers.1 r And there lingers still?lingers did I say?aye clings round the hearth something of that pride?that anxiety or which b all men must have more or 1( ss?.ostand well with my fel- >< low m< n ; not to he made out worse in my past history than 1 really was. [Chcers.l And I shall be excused e for whiting' not to he made out as occupying the p low and degraded situation which it was said I did by a certain paper, (cheers) and 1 did wish that Mr. Briggs would have been here to have told a story in con- < necion w ith this. [Cries of " go on; tell the story yourself," and cheers.) Now mark me if you please. [Here ' he pulled out a piece of paper and read from it the an- b nouncement that Mr. Marshall the reformed drunkard had ( a I Iresse I the audience at the Tabernacle, and that the curiosity was so great to see him that the place was crowded.] Now is not this a very comfortable unnuncia- ( tion to an Honorable tMember of Congress on his first c entree into the proud c it) of New York, that curiosity wa (J so great to see this reformed drunkard, that that was suf- p licirnt to satisfy them. [Cheers and laughter.) The i j there wm a rcrtatn other newspaper in this . cit), (the Courier and F.nrpiirer) who announced my coming in a still more odious manner. I shall not trouble you with reuding the article 11 but I give you the verv w ords when it said that this rcr- ? tain man (Mr. Marshall) "during all the speeches he had made on the floor of Congress had been in a stale of hea-t- t; ly intoxication and adisgraccto the country." Now these t are harsh terms! These arc harsh terms. Bill thank f?od (draw ing himself proudly to liisfull height an.dstrik- i ing his breast) they have not wounded me as deeply as the fe son who prined them intruded they should. [Tremendous ]' cheering.] ( do not say this to hide any of my real feelings l'> from the person who aimed that shaft which was rankling li in my breast and drawing the life blood from my breast: r: I do hot say this to induce that person to believe that he u had not wounded my feelings. But I say and feci this because those who know me. for w hose regard I care, have I( known me long enough and w ell enough to know that I i rare not what any such newspapers may say of me. (Enthusiastic cheers, which lasted several seconds.) And when I raise my head or lifl my voire in the grea'.Council " Chamber of the nation, whether I am one in the garb of pi a beast, and a disgrace to the country or not : they who p| have observed mr from my youth up, and tried and proved ci me with all my faults, habits, and faculties, know full well. (Tremendous cheering.) And knowing me thus, sn 1 in sight of every failing nnd weakness I possess, and every facultr and nil thore habits, thev have dared to ' lm?t me w ith the highest of all possible trusts on this !' Dinh . the rights and liberticsof a great people. [Vocife- ]r rous cheering.] But I will parry anything of this kind it by a 'ingle remark. I represent the 10th Congres ol ional District of Kentucky, [Cheers.] and Ashland ]> s in that district! [Here the cheering was terrific.] [,. Earth doesn't bear a nobler yeomanrv than those who r. icm mc to mose nam. [tjneerB.j l or worm, tatrnt, j:, pirit, energy, enterprise, goodness of heart, intellectual J capacities, nobleness of soul, and sterling independence of character, I defy this republic within all its broad bounds t< 10 find a set of men with qualities reaching over those that IT sent me there. [Most tremendous cheering.] And it was not the first time they have trusted me by many. [Cheers.] ]] They had tried and trusted me often [cheers] find over i gain. [Cheers.] And when they hear and see these i things published of me in this paper?and Kentucky full well knows me and nil my habits and feelings, and the ef- ' feet of these things ; they must look with some surpri-e, ^ and imagine that a vast change has come over the charnc- ? terof their representative,if he could present himself in that it intellectual arena, to contend with the talent and thedigni- d ty and grntlemanh bea. ing that characterizes the members |j of the Congress of the United States, and present himsell (] in collision with the intellect and the spirit and the learning / and skill and spirit of such men as are to be found in that Congre -s, without talcing some pains to have his hotly and his int< llect in a little better trim than he is represented to hns e had in that paper. [Loud cheers ami cries of "It was false?nobody minus it."] But let it pass. [Cheers.] Let d it pass. I draw from it an additional moral; let the voung, tl the proud, the talented,beware how he stains even the hem c id bis garment, (and mine was stained deeper than tits t, hem 1 admit) when he sees to what enormous lengths e those who are so disposed by envy, hatred or malice will go to blacken their good name?[Cheers.] But perhaps it is only ajust penalty which I ought to pay for the follies I have been guilt) of. Time was when it would have " wounded me to the quick?not on account of myself,hut on ! account of others very dear and very near to me. Thank 0 (io.l, it can wound rar'iio longer,[cheers.] And that sacred > pledge of the Washingtonians is tnc blessed shield that preserves mo harmless from these poisoned arrows of maligni- ,] ty, [Cheers.] I had relations in Kentucky, and there was . clinging around my heart all those tenderoat, dearest 1 feelings, that are connected with the relations of brother Jj and of son. [Cheers.] These arrows poi?o?ed and ' barbed?aimed, ns they were at me alone, [for 1 cannot be- 'I licvcthcman demon enough to has e intended them for a others] these arrows met my heart scatheless,but past from o tnc and glancing, lodged iti the breast of those dear con- ? nections where they quivered and rankled to the core. t It's a terrible thing for a son aix hundred miles from his . mother, to see all ttiose paragraphs, and to know that hey will all go to that mother. That sho is looking out anxiously for every thing that will say aught of that son's e career at a distance?that the sound' of the w heels of the R mail stage are listened for w ith feverish eagerness, that she a ina\ hear something noble, something glorious, w hich that n darling ion has achieved, and that such oil and that such balm as this account which I have given shall he all 'hat p is poured into her fond heart to .reward her for nil her care and holy love. (Here several of the ladies wept bit- ' torly, and the men gave the inoct indignant shouts against f the condnct of the "Courier.") Then ettn the drunkard's hear* ran feel?that can feel nothing else?the ago- I' ny that nothing known on earth ran equal, [t hei rs of tl siistainmeut and tears from the lc.dirs, and some ot the gen- v tlemen shed tears also.] But that's gone bv. [Cheers.l n Thai pledge is my shield. [Cheer*.] And this is a natu f ral shield which can convert c\rn calumny into defence. [Cheers.] Do yon ell sign the pledge. |t wiU have the <nme eflect on you. It will shield you from every thing. r And I dare any" man to try it. [Laughter and cheers] Trv 11 it to-night, and then see to-morrow If there is any such P 'hing here in New Vork. I don't know anv thing about p it. as ' grog-time o-day," [Cheers and laughter,] and i: then when that comes round and you feel like going to take r and are tempted, you'll think that there's all these fellow s a looking out. and tljat if yon do it, there'll be Surh a blow, ? and such a fuss raised, as no man on earth can stand. [Cheer*.] And so you'll wish not only to avoid the evil, " but to avoid even the appearance of e\il. [Cheers.] Put ' your tn?nd and seal to the thing, and friends and enemies will applaud you. [Cheers.] It it a perfect talisman v ngainst all harm. 1 tol 1 a story the other night of the n rtli rt it had ou me. or 1 would repeat it. [Cheers, and g cries of" goon?give u?tbe story.'"] No, hut I'll just say this much, that from the moment that 1 put my hand to _ that pledge I was relieved from any such feeling, so that 'i I notonh never drank again, hut 1 never wanted to drink. [Cheers.J 1 can't see then w hy every body don't sign the pledge. [Cheer*.] The) ought to doit. [Cheers!] I'll tell vou * story aliout its effects?whether true or not 1 My o not,hut the st< ry istold.AWashingtonian a short time since v met a moderate wine drinker,an 1 he w ns ra'her disposed to taunt the Waaliingtoniau w itli carrying things to exrexs t and soon. He said he cared nothing about wine, and p could lenvc it off on v time, and therefore wouldn't take the pledge. The other used tobacco. Now. said ho, that * tobacco is just as had as w ine. No. said the other, it don't ], make a man drunk. But say* he. I'll tell you what I'll do, if you'll agree to give up wineaiidsignthepledgc.nl J throw away my tohaceo. Ami he put his hand to his J] mouth, and was about to sign and senl the bargain h\ throwing away the tobacco, when, do vou believe, the wine drinker made oil and cleared ou't. [Cheers and k laughter.] But sec what it does. He's willing to quit a , comparative cvil that he has loved dearly from hi* south to pre* out another from doing that, the'consequences of It w hich he has to much reason to dread. [Cheers.] There is x another branch,among many, that 1 ought to has e touched upon, an I that 1 will touch upon before | lean New York. I' for 1 shall havethe honor and pleasure to speak again in this eitv, [Cheers.] a social branch connected w ith the sweetest relations of life. I; is difficult, however, exceedingly, to *as- what a man will has e to siieak tin in this great eity of New \ork ; lor our friends here, tin Hej orters, [Here he looked dow n at the reporters' table ,, before him.J w ith their uncommon nimble fingers take , down even thing a man has to say. and before he can wake up next morning, it is printed and put into the hands of every hodx [Cheers at this allusion to the "Herald," and the reports of hi# late speeches md thus the\ make all the conntry know what a man r. has ".nil ; that's what I rail taking a man's speech 11 right clean out of his mou'h, [Roat* of laughter.] givin . him hardly a fair shnkr. [Cheers and laughter] And th n his month is stopped lor n second speech on almost ever 'hing he had to sas . [Laughter] Kor when he's got hoi of a few Jiright ideas, and a lew good thing* strung to ti gether for a speech, and which he conclude* h" can rinp 'lie changes on ffor a few times at least, he finds that it'> published next morning before he's asvake, anil i '* read hy every body, and th"n he's e.im|>ellcd not to touch anx 1 */ ilug he toochsJ upon before, became every body'* read . iand Ituov.g all abiut it by mean* of ill" rejiorters. rremnediMi* cheer.ug] But there'* one subject, and lat ii the importance of the ladle* taking it io and a* a tody. [Cheer*] One woman can do more than irty men. [Cheer*] I mm heard a great nud good man ly that there were fewer ronspireciei uniong women for common object?that such things were more rare than Imost any occurrence on earth. Bu' that it ever we did nd it, they were *ure to lie in the right, and they were lso dead sure to conquer. [Great rheciing.] It' ia not i-cause any of the ladie* are likely to suffer in their own prions from this -in. [Cheers.] Thanh. Heaven, this ice il uuhuown mining them. [Cheer*.] Wiser and bet r than man upon this subject,?they, amid the vice and rime, and sdflering, and despair, by which this evil *urmndsthem, neither tlie vice, nor the crime, nor the sulTe. ing, or de*pair of others, or their own toud hearts, has ver tempted them to My to this accursed source for relief, beers.] It never gamed an influence over them as it as over our se\. [Cheer*.] But I shall speak again, and n the exceeding importance of this point?that they bould take it in hand as a liody ; [cheer*] and if they do, will fall to the ground. (Loud cheer*.] And nut u uarter of a century ?ay e not 10 years, will pass by ?it the islies take it in hand and discourage mid discountenance altogether before everv trace of it will have left our *n<l. [Tremendoni cheering] in the midst of which Mr. itarihall sat ilou n,completely exhausted. Fire Company No. 33 then :-ang the old song to hf astonishment of many of the regular Tabernacle oing people and the amusement of the bnlance, luring which many signed the pledge, and the neeting then adiourne'l, highly delighted. British Steam Shlpt. New York, 2nd, May, 1842 *o nta Editor or thb Herald:? Sir :? The steamships "Great Western," from this ort and the " Britannia " from Boston, sailed withi a day or two of each other for Liverpool; the briner on the 28th ultimo with seventy-five pusseners, and the latter on the first instant with ten pase tigers only. As an equal confidence is placed by the travelli.ig ublic, in these noble stcamera, it ufli>rds a convining proof, that the|proprieiors of "the Cimard line" ave erred somewhat in judgment, in making loiton their port of destination, in preference to s'ew York. The latter city, being the great commercial enipoium of the United States, unsurpassed us a seuport, y any other in the world, being at all periods of the ear easy of uecess, and more central to the southrn and western sections of the country; offers suerior facilities for all maritime relations. If the conveyance of Passengers is a primary oh?ct vs ith the "Cunard Line," the inn rots of the ropiietore would undoubtedly be much enhanced, >y t.iking this subject under deliberate considernion. New York is the "head quarters" for foreigners rom all parts of the Globe, as well as of our own itizens from distant parts of the Union?and while lie blessings of peace exi-t between the two counties, it is the more direct, and cheapest, and the tost expeditious route from Europe, to Uppei and ,ower Canada. Passengers bound to Europe, even v. hen expediion is an object, (particularly in the full and winter ?nsons) are frequently deterred from availing thenielvesofthe medium of "the Cunard Steamers" rom the irksomeues* and additional expense, at*ndunt upon a previous journey toBoston. Boston is a beautiful and a clas-ical city, rich in cr moral and her intellectual worth, renowned for er genius and her entcrnrize, the birth place of ilistrious statesmen, and honored in the paces of hisiry, but she lies rather out of the latitude of a di rt line of communication between (irent Britain nd New York. The steamships of the "Cunard Line" should melt at Halifax, as heretofore, and proceed front tcnce direct to this port. If it is deemed expedient, a line of coinniuniraon could be established, between Halifax and the art of Boston, through the medium of a branch earner, in a similar manner to the Unicorn, which onveysthe British mails and passengers for Canda, tip the River St. Lawrence. It will be admitted that a large proportion of the mils are destined for this city and the South; and idependent of th;' enormous postage tax which the iland transportation of commercial correspondence ivolvesupon the mercantile community, a portion I" the interest and utility and expedition is destroyed y the necessnry delay occasioned in assorting the tters by the steamships in Boston ; and it not unequently happens that we have all the British potical news published in N'ew York twenty-four ours before we receive our correspondence, which, > a commercial community, is generally of much lore importance. Indeed, several instances have occurred, when the iritish steamers have arrived in Boston a short time revions to the departure of the mail trains on Sattiriiv ; and although we arc in possession of all the | otttical news the lollowttig morning in New York. >e have to nwait the delivery of our letter- until tie on the following Monday afternoon or Tuesday turning?thus a portion of the time of three or four ays is lost to the merchant, between the period of uiding the British mails and their reception. !n i? mean time, our packet ships depart for Europe, if not purposely detained,) without enabling us to spiv* Hiese remarks are predicated upon tlt suppo i,011 that the " Cutiura Steamers" depend upon a- d erive a large portion of their mails and passengers hiough New York. If, therefore, she is enabled to ontribute in a greater degree to those priinnrv incrests, for which the " t'unard Line" is astern ibly stnblished, it is natural to expect a reciprocal adantagc. As tne case now stands, Boston and the Eaft, and a some instances, Albany and other adjacent cities ibtain their correspondence long before wc receive ur letters in New York ; and for this serious depriation, we have to pay a heavy ftostage. To illustrate this, 1 will suppose, that an increased cimind arising from some sudden cause, has creaed a material rise in one or other of the products of ur country, in the British or continental markets, "he Boston merchant front obtaining his corresponence so much earlier than ourselves, is enabled to vail himself of the information, while we have >nly the alternative of paying the postage on letters ome twenty-four or forty-eight hours after the in elligence they convey, has been anticipated by our Snstern friends. The items of poMaec may nppcnr"trivial obslractdly, hut it is large in the aggregate. A single letter , ent to a London correspondent by the Canard steant hips front ".hence," requiring tin answer involves in expenditure of ninety-five cents. From the foregoing observations, I think it will >e admitted, that New York should have been ih ort of destination for the "Cuiinrd line" of stennihips. ( emending interests will necessarily create a diference of opinion, and it might be argued, that if I e " Canard steamers" should arrive at this f ort.it rotild he (letrimcrital to our lines of packets, and bridge the revenue derived by the general post ofiee department. In the first instance, 1 tim of opinion, that it would reike bttt little dillerenee, further than the trnnsporElliott of the letter hntrs?as travellers who yield a reference by crossing the Atlantic by a sai.intf aeket. would avail themselves of that medium, o!huuglt a dozen steam ships might be riding at anhor in their immediate vicinity. It is the prevalent supposition, thnt the British leant ships do not pay their expenses. They are, levertheless, a noble enterprizr, nnd n great public onvenienee. Although they might at times, conflict with indt tdual interests, their riirival here, (even if their lumber w.is nundrupled) would ado to the general onunerceanci prosperity of the city. The smallest cr>*ft that drop* its anchor in our ort, contributes something to the " circulating tnelium." H*sry Johji Sn.vFPi. M:m Ahhv Kolsom on a New Tack.?( ne of the > Hirers who arreted Abby Folsom in loston Inst t'eek, as a disturber of the public peace, testified hat site not only encouraged the crowd to set the ower of the police at nought, but actually kissed evenl of the young men 1 This brought Abby upon er feet, and she thus addressed the .fudge : " Yes, did kiss the young souls, who may yet become eirs of salvation. Yes, nnd this day 1 have kissed nro of your officer*?yes, 1 gave each of them a iss of charity." Certainly, Abby. Kiss them again you like and they don't object. And if they won't t you either kiss or talk in Hoston, conic on to few York and you shall do both as oftou as you lease. __________ Bnnkrnpt List. SOUTHERN DISTRICT OK NEW YORK, cvi fiinnsn, Amonia, Dutolie?? Cn..(rt>mpul*iry, on complaint of Hawkins tk Williaiuton, New York, to t>e (leclare.1 l.nnkrupt Juuc 7 smuel Mtorkle, mason, NY. " 7 .lonio Strail, NY. " 7 It is said thai the wheat erop of Michigan, the oining season, tf no drought l akes place, will exeed that of the last year by 25per e<Mtt. I.very aing at present indicates a surplus of 3,Ok1,000bushIs, Hgainst 2,200.000 bushels last year, nnd yet the roakers talk of bad times. Thefe is a clergyman, nam'd Porter, in Ifo.xurv, Mass., who is 97 years of age, and lias been a ettled minister over .TO years. Two loads of clieesi'inaiiufaeturi'd in t leveland, a e been shipped front thence to Hoston.

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