Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 14, 1842, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 14, 1842 Page 2
Text content (automatically generated)

nr . - -w? | avc lone all we rotllJ to send.the (iospei to the Hr?th<u. Man Vuiiam-- v? r<>-? and ?aiJ :?Mv dew friends?King David?sai I?blessed in that pec-pel whose God i* tin Lord. Your count-ray is blessed of the. I.ord?it's a verl av happy couuiray --1 have been to Washington the rapilaiolvou'r countrav. I visited the President. He's only man like other gentlemen. (Laughter.) lie havr no >10 nonius hea?(laughter)?he have no throne, "no he sot > i a cheer? great laughter)?he have no suerrt by hi- -i il wear no robe?no soldier at the door?no troop, i >'U i lthe house. When 1 went into the room In r ? -h iked hands w ith me. But no man can ?it bef.'i-v king, <>nd hardly staod before him He must 1h?w .'.vu before him. When our king rides abroad, the poo pie tii.ow themselves in the road before his horse, to show that they deserved, or were real* to be sacrificed. Our king oppiessus and robbed our people of all wealth, and pcarlis and jevvelis, and diamotidis to put in his crow a. J visit in Your Congress?where your laws are made. Vour people are governed by justice and righteousness, nuJ the niercv and faith. Our law is the nod of the kmr. We arc ruled bv violence, and t>\ the sword, and by blood. This ma .1 V great Ji:h" care. The Bible makes great differcnc . Y utr cc.unt> v r?a Biblecountry. In our country is Koran. We ha> e but few Bibles. Your people ran all have Ilibic to i id e and many of them keep its instructions. i am sorry some do nat love and keep them. You send to us 13.11. v an I .Missionaries. The Lord rew ard you. Our people an poor and ignorant. We need more missionam in I-. l ools. and Bibles. I hope you send us more. We hope in God, by his blessing on his holy word, our peo| !> w .11 be able soon to .preach the Gospel, and give tl,. It.hl. ;>> the Mohammedan and to the Heathen. I will one thing in this your country, I'm glad to see more love among t luivtiaus. We are all brethren. Wc have all one Bible and one faith?one Lord?one baptism?one lather?one God and Father of us all. and one Saviour. vVelove all ruing to one Heaven. You must not say 1 i,m of i'r.u! -1 am of ilytlia?I am of Cephas. Is Christ divided 1 The name is nothing. The form is nothing' But faith and iove are all iu all. (Loud applause) God love us when we were his enemies. We must love one auother. May this happy country, Christian, as St-Paul says, keep the unity of spirit in the bond of peace ! (Mar Yuhor.nan bowed with great grace, and sat dow a amid loud an ! general applause.) i lie I'.ev. Mr. Tltvaoa, late missionary to the Sandwich Islands, then addressed the meeting. He contrasted the uv^wiuic v.i>uuiiivm ui lut: uraiucu woua, wuu renpoci iu religious instruction, with the condition of tlm christian country, ile exhorted the t'riends to new exertions and to determined notion. The heathen w ere passing away torn the world, and the uectstity ol immediate action wn pressing. XV hv should the christain world linger in this f;rcatnnd good work 1 Six thousand men hail lately (bleu in the cause of civil power in the East, butonlv one hundred and forty tucu were in the field of christain labor. Would the world be filled with a knowledge of the Lord while the work was carried on so feebly I lie was sorry thai he had so to speak, but it w as a mournful fact, that the missionary cause proceeded slowly. The reporters?not those w lni reported speeches in the papers?but the angelic rejKu ters w ho reported hearts at the throne of Ciod, were there, am! what message were they to bear I MiitYuH.vssn'i speech was in English, and gave great delight to nil. The Itcv. Mr. Annus, of this city, then delivered the concluding address. It w as the best speech of the day. The meeting adjourned with a benediction. Etthihitlon and Kxnmlriat Ion of the Pnplle of the Xi'tv York Institution for the Blind at the Tabernacle. By far the most interesting of the Anniversary meetings which have been crowded into th? past week, has been that of ihe examination of the blind. The Tabernacle yesterday afternoon was densely crowded, to witness and approve the efforts which have been made to alleviate the desolate condition of those who suller from tlie deprivation of that choicest blessing of life?that of sight. The whole of its immense area, including aisles and galleries, were occupied by ladies, with here and there a gentleman in the midst, looking nsifhe had got there by mistake. The centre of the platform near tl; reading desk was occupied by eight of the pupils, who romi>ose a band; the first row of seats behind 4was occupied by an interesting class of female pupils who were all dressed in white, and behind them sat the .males. A phrenologist would have been delighted to have the opportunity of examining the extraordinary developments which distinguished these blind children. Their noble expansive foreheads, and largely developed organs, giving promise of rich intellectual endowments, luaugre the loss of sight. On the platform on each side of the space occupied by the boys, were several distinguished ministers and the directors of the institution, and alio tit tny specimens ol the indus try arul skill of the pupils in the shape of wicker basket.-", band boxes. Are., and in front of the reailing desk was placed a piano forte. Tile proceedings were commenced by a most beautiful and impressive prayer front the ilev. Dr. Cox, in which he implored the divine blessing on tile institution. i)r. >x then staled that the t?uc-l??>rii l><-o?u?;lit the indulgence of the audience for whatever might be amiss, as this whs the first public examination they had appeared in, and they felt very anxious for its euccess. The Hand, composed ol eight young men entirely blind, perforated the Overture to LalJayadere in a highly scientific and masterly manner, and the Teacher of the boys rose to examine them in Astronomy He put many questions to them respecting the meaning of Astronomy, and required them to explain what was meant by the Solar System?what was the velocity of light?the diameter of the sun? its distance from the earth?what was a planet?an ast-roid?a secondary ulaupt?what were eclipses ?how caus-'d?whgn do tliey occur?what was meant by the tides?the spring, neap and ebb?the mcsof the various planets?periods of their revolu tion around the sun. Arc. To all those questions they i 'turn I'd correct and lucid answers, which would have ah ;nied many older pupils with the advantn," of sight, which these are deprived of. A young iinn named Robert Elder then [HTformed variations on the pianoforte, and an albumen boy, with ii :ir perfectly white, was brought out to read, which lie did by feeling with two fingers the raised or embossed letters in a Testament, printed for the use of the blind. After him there were three other boys brought out to read, who astonished the audience by the facility with which they rend. One of litem read that touching passage in the New Testament reflecting Jesus healing the blind mnn, which created a great sensation nmong the audience. After this, an interesting girl named Ann Smith was seated at the piano, winch she played, and sung a so"j composed by Mr-1. Embury, entitled They tell me Syrinx is cumins." to nvisic composed by Mr. Kief, the instructor of the pupils in the institution, and another very goodlooking an 1 pretty girl, about 20 years of age, named France# J. Eroeby, recited the followingpiecc of poetry, which was composed by herself tor the occasion, wi'hin a very few hours of her knowing that the exhibition was to take place : II.v.v lonely and sad is the sightless one's lot, Who dwells in seclusion, neglected, forgot, Vupkii'.t. uncheri'hed, no gentle one near Tj moisten her cheek with sweet sympathy's tear' While fond hearts around her beat lightly aul gay, In silent dejection her hours drag away ; Tho* the blythe notes of gladness oft burst on har ear, T no/ not her grief-stricken bosom to cheer! Or if, when tho curtain of midnight is drawn, An I the fair tints of evening are fa led and gone, A iiio-hftr Vvftri ic nVr hor? <h#? h^ntil hilt tt? U't>fn An J a lb lo iier anguish a pang yet more deep. And must she still linger thus shrouded in gloom ? Not 0:v;rS) of fight her dark path to illume I Oh. .10 tli ?t lone heart, all benighted and droar, The l.ght of in truction hath power to cheer. Bright visions of happiness float o'er her now, A i t the Jeep weeds ofaorrow have tied from her brow ; A smile of contentment now plays on her face? For the page; of science her linger* can trace. V ur e res with transporting emotions ran view Tha calm evening sky in its mantle of blue, bhe, mentallv traces every orb as it Hie* In its course through the boundleas expanse of the skies. Hhe treats, with new vigor, each woo Hand and glen ; W :i?ie oft to tirood over her woes she hath been? Wi ' >arhe 1 by her fingers, the harp, soft and clear, \\ iih musical sweetness now gladdens her ear. Then think not unhappy?tho'sightless?this band? Deplore not their lot 1- X magnificent hand, \V .:.i ble.r.ngs the choicest, our p ithwav hath strewn ! Neglected, unheeded no longer we roam I friends are around ns?ihey soften our woes An I point to the source whence pure happiness flow s : We 'see the delights education has given. And look from this world to a brighter in Heaven Tiie n atal of tliis poem, in the clear, sweet voter of the !> mlit'nI though sightless girl who composed it, sou a ling like the sweet tone of a hell, m the <1 nth-like t (illness that reigned nround, drew tears from th-eyes of every listener. T was indeed A beautiful and interesting sight, when the sun, glancing out from behind a cloud, sent down hi* declining rays Upon that epell-bonnd audience ; to sec them with their features beaming with sympathy, and their eves streatnieg w ith tears?their attitude betraying the most intense anxiety to catch even- wori that tell from her lips. She concluded, and was lei to her seat amid thundering applause, repeated am rep ited again. When the enthusiasm was somewhat uhated. tin male pupils were examined on the subjected geo gra.i.iy, in which they allowed great proficiency then ( T.irlrs R. Coe played the Storm Rondo ot t ie piano in a most masterly manner, whicl followed by an examination in grammar ani pa inr. Then Co- p( tye I n < th piano, and Ant Smith sang Hi I'inrer, from the sv ture of La (lazxt Lain. Her voice, which i< a fin-soprano, fillet th" whole building, and delighted and amazed thos< who c ime to s-e the blind, but had not anticipate! such a treat as they enjoyed. Vfter this the bam plaved a piece troni th- opera ol La ffonnambula and then IJr. Cox addressed a few remarks to the au dience .-fating that the Institution was now finished contained nearly 70 pupils 10of whom were present ''.:-rc were accommodations fi r many more, bu it institution appeared to belittle known, which h* " iU|>|ioitecl w?b lite reason that so few applications had been made for admission. ........ He concluded by reciting the follow in? lines from I'oir, who, lie thought, must have contemplated such a scene as this:? to, earth receives him from the bending skies; Sink dow u > e mountains, and \ e vuUcy 1 me ! With heads declined, ye cedars, homage pay ; Be smooth, ye rocks ! ye rapid floods give way 1 The Hat ior comes ! by ancient hards foretold; llear him, ye deaf', and all ye hliud, behold '. lie from thick blras shall purge the visual ray; And on the sightless e> ehall ;>our the day. "Ids he thu obstructed paths of ground shall clear, And bid new music churm the unfolding car. The dumb shall sing, the laine his crutch forego, And leap exulting like the bounding roe. No sigh, no murmur, the wide world shall hear, From every face he wines olf every tear. In udanuntine chains shall death be bound, And hell's grim tyrant feel the eternal wound. Th * band the.t played llufliter's quick step, and the female pupils were examined by one >! their own number. .Michael llone, another pupil, pluved the overture to La llayadere on the piano, una Mien Crosby examined her fellow pupils in grammar nnd parsing, mid after another song, one girl playing the piano and another singing, the band struck up a lively tune, and the audience departed. The Institution stands 011 the Ninth Avenue, between 33d and 31th street, and ihe managers invite an who lake an inn real in inc nana 10 \isn 11, ana examine its practical operation for themselves. From IIhope Island.?The fruit in Rhode Island is certuinly becoming ripe, or in other words the affairs in that State are near their crisis. 13y the Xurragansett yesterday we received the following, which we place in juxta-position with the last letter written by the President to Gov. King. Read and watch the result. [Krom the Providence Daily Express, Mar 13.] A mass meeting is now being held in the Court House. Parade, numbering from four to six thousand persons. It is ona of the largest meetings ever held in this city, and has come together at a few hours notice, to near a report from Washington. The following resolutions were passed unanimously Resolved, That should nno?her attempt be made to arrest an indii idual under that law, we hereby pledge ourselves, in the most solemn manner, to shield' such person from arrest, and if arrested or kidnapped, to rescue him from the demon who may pretend to hold him in custody, and to immediately visit such retributive justice to the offenders as the enormity of their crimes may demand. Resolved, That we will support, protect and defend Governor Thomas \V. Dorr to the last; that we will noi her surrender him to the malice of his opponents, nor vt ill we ever forget the firmness and wisdom, as well as moderation, which has marked his bearing to us, and to his opponents during all this excited War for Liberty. Letter from the President, To the Governor of the State of Rhode Inland. Washington City, May 7,1842. Sir?Your letter of the 4th instant, transmitting Resolutions of the Legislature of Rhode Island, informing mc that there existed in that State "certain lawless assemblages of u portion of the people," for the purpose of subvening the laws und overthrowing the existing Government, and calling upon the Executive " forthwitli to interpose the power and authority of the United States to suppress Puch insurrectionary and lawless assemblages, and to support the existing government and laws, and protect the State from domestic violence," was handed tne .yester- l day. by Messrs. Randolph and Potter._ t f have to inform your Excellency in reply, that my opinions as to the duties of this Government to protect the State of Rhode Island against domestic s violence, remain unchanged. Yet, from informs- i tion received bv the Executive since your despatches came to hand, I am led to believe that the lawless . assemblages to which reference is made, has already 1 dispersed, and that the danger of domestic violence I is hourly diminishing, if it has not wholly disap- | peered. I have with difficulty brought myself at any time to believe, that violence would be resorted f to, or an exigency arise, which the unuided power of 1 the State could not meet; especially as I have from f the lirst felt persuaded, that your Excellency, as well hs others associated with yourself iu the admin- 1 istration of the government, would exhibit a tent- r per of conciliation as well as of energy and decision. To the insurgents themselves it ought to he ^ obvious, when the excitement of the moment shall have passed away, that changes achieved by regular, and, it' necessary, repeated appeals to the con- ' stituted authorities, in a country so much under n the influence of public opinion, and by recourse to argument and remonstrance, are more likely to , ensure lasting blessings than those accomplished 1 by violence and bloodshed on one day, anil liable 1 to overthrow by similar agents on another. 1 freely t confess that I should experience great reluctance in r employing military power of this Government against any portion of the |>eople ; but, however puinfuj the duty, 1 have to assure your Excellency, ? that if resistance is made to the execution ot the laws of Rhode Island, by su;h force as the civil pour ( shall be unable to overcome, it will be the duty of this Government to enforce the constitutional guarantee?a guarantee given and adopted mutually by all the original States, of which number Rhode Island was one, and which, in the same way, has been given and adopted by each of the States since admitted into the Union. And if an exigency of lawless violence shall actually arise, the Executive Government of the United States, on the application 1 of your Excellency, under the authority of ihe He- i solutions of the Legislature already submitted, will ( stand ready to succor the authorities of the State in their efforts to maintain a due respect for the laws. * I sincerely hope, however, that no such exigency \ may occur, and that every citizen of Rhode Island ? will manliest his love of peace and good order, by '( submitting to the laws, and seeking a redress of grievances by other means than intestine commotions. f I tender to your Excellency assurances of my , distinguished consideration. JOHN TYLER. I At the mass meeting, Mr. Anthony and Dr. Brown 1 made speeches, in'wnich it wa? stated "there were t HOdstann of arms at one place in New York, and 700 ; men ready to come on here and use them. He hoped these New York men would find no occasion \ for their services, when they did, it will be an evil 1 day for Providence." , Mr. Arnold, Jr., was the chairman of the meeting. , Soon after it was organized, a crazy man rushed upon the platform anil gave the chairman a blow in the face, which made the blood gush out. i Havana. [Correspondence of the Mould.] Movementt of Fanny Elttler?Dcjyarturt for Mexico? The Opera. Havana, April 30, 1&12. Fanny Elssler goes hence in a few days to Mexico?this is new " ground" for her " divine" tread ! and she will reap, probably, a rich harvest there. At this place she has made some money, but nothing to compare with last year. People were not tired of the performance, hut they were puyrftg three to four dollars for a single seat, and the manag sunk a round sum by the first contract for eight nights at the principal theatre. The opera corps have returned Irom New Orleans, and open to-morrow night with Belisaria. 33- Gov. Dorii will receive the visits of his friends this dmy, from 2 to 4 P.M., at Tammany Hall. A military and civie procession will be formed in the Park, at half past 3 P. M., to escort him to the boat in which he departs for Rhode Island. From Torasco.?llrigTahoka arrived last evening front Tobasco, reports that Spanish men of war wet* cruising about on the look out for the Texan squadron. Capt. Powers says he pusaed the Texan squadron, consisting of two schooners nnd a ship corvette, on the 19th of April, off Sisal Castle. The same day, tlie Tahoka exchanged signals w ith a Spanish frigate, going to the westward. Ship Eliza and Sttsan run aground on the bar, and will be a total loss. Mayor op PttovinavcK.?Thomas M. Purges* has been unanimously re-elected. N aval.?The frigate Constitution, at present fitting out at the Navy Yard, Norfolk, V a ( will be attached to the Home Squadron. Ihr. Thomas Williamson has been ordered to the U. S. Naval Marine Hnsiuiulat Nntfolk, vice I>r. t JeorgeBlaekI null, ordered to the I*. S. ship Constitution. vrv.?The Newborn, N. C. Spectator says, I that lite Secretary of War has ordered the Major 1 < >eneral ot the Wilmington 111 vision of the Militia of that state to hold hiiusclt m readineaa for a requisition upon him tor a number of troops. : I Rot"nr.f. in S iiouabif.?By the following, which t w e copy from the " llelderhrrg Advocate," it seems t that the troubles upon lha Livingston Manor are of 1 a most serious nature. Such violations of law are i discreditable, and sltould he deprecated bv evrrv i good citizen. The supremacy ol the laws must be i maintained. We trust tbe prorlamation of the Go vemor will have a salntarv rffeet in suppressing 1 these v iolations of law and good order:? 1 " We have heen informed this morning that the Indians in Broome hrr encaged in stopping people who are on their way to attend the Circuit t'ourt. . which si's in Schoharie this week. We fear they liave not seen the < iovernor's proclamation, or (>ert h ips thev art not -uffii iently acquainted with the | I ,?gli*h language to read it ?Alt"i"y Jovnuif. NEW YORK HERALD. New York, Saturday, May 14, UM. Removal?The Herald Oreicn is removed to the spaoiom end central building at the corner of Pillion end Nassau straeU, where all edveitinementf and subscription! vre ruceived. Alia), order* received for printing of ever) description. {!f^ lion. T. Marshall'! Speeches on Temperan?tc, in pamphlet form, a beautiful octavo edition, containing I* page#, tor *elo at thie office?Price ol aingle copifea Oj cent), and t cents per copy to newsmen. To the City Carrier# of the Herald. You are directed to gene the patrons of the Herald every morning, in every part of the city before 7 o'clock, A. M. There is do excuse tor nod-coinpliunce. Our fast i>res6es enable us to su|>ply every reader as early as that hour. If any regular farrier in anv ward, neglects this direction, our ptttrone will please to give us information at our office, northwest-corner I'ulton and Nassau streets, and he shall be promptly removed, und a more punctual lutn put in his place. The Moral and Religious Anniversaries. h........ htm m.. MAC.ik.riiM oa ?M. De Bonneiille'a Lectures begin to-night, at 8 o'clock, in the Society Library Rooms. Tickets fifty cent* each. This science explains the nature and philosophy of all the events of the week. Si'nday, lorn Mat. SwKDANaoRciAi Rtlisios Axo PhiLosnrHT, by the Rev. Mr. Barrett, L. L.D. Discourse at the Lyceum of Natural History, Broadway, 101 o'clock, Sunday, IMh May. (tj- The Weekly Herald will be published this morning at 8 o'clock, at the Herald Buildings, corner of Fulton and Xatwau streets?price 6^ cents. It contains lull and correct reports of all the Moral and Keligious Anniversaries of the week ; an account of the great race between Boston and Fashion, Foreign and Local Intelligence, iVc. ?.Vc. ftj- The New York Lancet.?This popular and I valuable Medical Journal will be ready for delivery at an early hour this morning, at the Herald Office, corner of Fulton and Nassau streets. Single copies 6^ cents. No. 20 contains a number of very interesting articles. The Close of Holy M eek. This precious week?this religious speck of time ?this little notch cut off from eternity and devoted to piety, morals, devotion and holy enterprises, will close with the lecture to be given to-night at the Society Library Booms, by M. De Bonneville, a pupil of Meaner, the great master-spirit and author of the philosophy of all things?otherwise called magnetism, whether it be animal, physical, vegetable, intellectual, mineral, moral or mathematical. The " sayings and doings" of yesterday were exceedingly lovely and loveable?a full report of which will be found in this day's paper. The Rhode Island Revolution. The pretty little revolution which 1ms been attempted in pretty little Rhode Island, begins toasmtne u very great importance among the politicians. There will be no fighting according to all appearinces. Mr. Dorr, the revolutionary Governor, is in own?Mr. Webster the Secretary of State is in town ?and better than all, his Serene Ilighnes, the Devi!, s in town, to sec that the difficulty be increased if tossible. The democrats have called one of their nass meetings to be held in the Park on Tuesday ifternoon, in order to express an opinion on the >resont condition and prospects of Rhode Island? ind it is highly probable that there will be a great exi -nditure of eloquenca and negoeiation during the lext week. We also learn from Washington that the President vill not interfere, unless it be to keep the peace? -that in feeling he is decidedly with the revoluionary party, who arc right in their general principles .nd purposes, but have been too hasty and indiscreet a their attempts to procure u new constitution. [7n charter part'/ must submit to the principles f universal suffrage sooner or later?and it must he riven too according to the form of law. Mr. Webster nost probably differs in opinion with the President >11 some minor points?but John Tyler is the Pre silent de facto and de jure and no mistake. We advise moderation to all, and things will yet :ome right. Swkoenbokuian Philosophy.?It is known that the facts in Geology which modern research has disclosed, have caused in some minds considerable uneasiness; for they have found it difficult to reconcile the Geological with the Scripture account >f the creation. The New Jerusalem (Swedenhorjian) church claim to be in possession of a principle >f Scripture interpretation which they call the icienc of Correspondences, by the application of vhich all the difficulty on this subject disappears, >nd the Bible is seen to harmonize perfectly with Geological facts. Those whose minds have been disturbed on this oint, and who would like to know how the difiiculy is removed by the new rule of interpretation eni>loved by the Swedcnborgians, will have an opporunity now of gratifying their wish hereon. For as .vill he seen by advertisement, Mr. Barrett, the twedenborgian minister, commences next Sabbath Homing, at the Lyceum of Natural History in droadway, n series of discourses from the first :hipter of Genesis, to the interpretation of which he science of Correspondences will be applied. VVe should not be surprised if Dr. Barrett should tnnlyzc the magnetic philosophy of l>r. Richard Ydams Locke, the lineal descendant of John Locke ?also prove the doctrine of Mesmerism, which is discoursed upon this evening at the Society Library Rooms. Hiram Kktchvm's Opening Speech on Stone's Trial.?This speech is published at length in the " Commercial" of last evening. It contains such a mass of foul and outrageous falsehoods against our character and career, that we shall bring an action against this man, and ascertain how far a lawyer is authorised to travel out of the record, and to assail other men's reputation* not necessary to his case, in order to Hustain his own client's cause. We shall give this man a lesson before we have done with him. They talk about the licentiousness of the press?is there not such a thing as licentiousness of the bar! Our Distinguished Visiters.?Governor Dorr and Senator Pearre, of the Suffrage side of little Rhode Island, received numerous calls yesterday morning at their rooms at Howard's Hotel. They intend leaving this afternoon for Rhode Island, to regulate its affairs in a purely republican, root beer manner. It is said they will have a military escort to the steamer. The Steam Engine?Dr. Lardnku's Lectures.? Next week the celebrated I>r. Lnrdner begins a series of curious lectures on the steam engine?to he delivered at Niblo'sSaloon. l>r. Lnrdner is well known for his full knowledge of the steam engine, in all its details, and will no doubt impart a great popularity and clearness to this intricate subject. Failure ok the Niger Expedition.?We learn from Captain Russcl of the I'ncas, at Roslon, that II. B. M. Steamer Niger from Africa, had put into Ascension in March last. Her officers reported that the Niger expedition had totally failed, and that the crews ol tno-U of the vessels were either dead or sick. Sale ok Beautiful Paintings.?Reill A* Areolarim, at 3tM Broadway, corner of Duaue, sells of! this evening at auction, a choice assortment of exquisite paintings. Amateurs and artists would do well to attend?the fitst to buy, the latter to admire. Will Mr. Browne, the portrait-painter, call at this office, and hear of something to his advantage ?? Once. From China.?The Mary Ellen arrived yesterday brought advices to the 30th of January last. They have been anticipated, however. Hie English were i>reparing for an attack on Canton. Fire in New Orceins.?The brick cotton gin c f 1 '<"n ral Thomas, and four hundred hales of cotton, | in\. hci-n destroyed by fir? Union Coups*?Fourth Day.?The day was fine, though windy. The course was well attended.? The first race, one inile heats, was won by Tempest in two h?ats, he beating Prima Donna in the first by his own length, and in the second by a a full length in the clear. Time lm. 50s., Int. Via. Fot'r Mjuk Hack.?Boston and Mariner entered for the |Hirso of #1000. Mariner won the first heat by four length*, Boston stopping short before coming to the winning post. Time 8in. 13s. Second Hkat.?This heat was well contested. Mariner taking tl?e lead, which he kept during the first mile by a length. The second mile changed |M)sittons, and Boston came to the pole about half a length on the lead, which he kept round again, w hen Mariner lapped him. On the first quarter of the fourth mile he closed up, passed him and kept his IKjsition about a length in advance until the last quarter, when old white nose took the track and both cante in, w hipping the full quarter, Boston winning the heat with Mariner at his tail. Time 7m. 15s.

Third Heat.?Boston look the lead and kept it by one length during the first mile, and maintained nearly the same distance during the second and I I rtl rnV?a? loltrf U WAS ura 11 nnntac.lA<J nil tL.. ....... until. Aili ivuitu n fto ncn iwincniru ail llic waj , Mariner's rider spurring all his force, and Boston's whipping the lust quarter, by which means he won the heat by a full length. Time 7m. 5SS. List Race.?The two mile heats, purse #100, was won by Sauiuel Bradhursl's horse Ile&dem, by imported Trustee, beating Dr. Conovsr's colt by Monmouth Eclipse, full clear length in the first heat and the same in the second Tims 3m. 56s., second 3m. 56 js. This race closed the spring races over this couree. Xiblo's Simmer Campaign.?We understand that Xtblo is making extensive improvements and alterations for the summer campaign?he opens about the 1st June with the Ravel Family. Jerome and Antoine with six artiste have arrived from France during this week, and will join Gabriel's company who have becu doing an excellent business in Ilavanna the past winter, and who arrived yesterday from that place, That extraordinary company will now consist of twenty artists all first rale in their respective departments. In consequence of their great talent and numbers, they are at nearly double the expense that they were heretofore, but the public will sustain Niblo in this costly nndertaking for their amusement. Chatham Theatre?It is only necessary to say, that this evening is set apart for the benefit of Mr. Thome, the popular manager of this house, to ensure him u bumper, but he does not, it seems, rest upon his claims alone. He lias provided for the occasion, a quality and variety of entertainment that cannot but meet all tastes. First, there is Sig. Ilervio Xano, who flies around the exterior of the boxes in a most terrific and extraordinary manner. Then comes Rice, the original and unequalled Jim Crow. Xext appears Mr. Kirby, with whom a new engagement has been effected, as Jack Junk in the Beacon?again wc have Hervio Nano, as the lslund Ape in the Shipwreck. Songs by Mrs. Mossop? Jumbo Jum by Mr. Rice make up an interlude, followed by Luke the Laborer, with the full strength of the company. Such a bill is rarely presented, and still more rarely comes forward so deserving a beneficiare for the public favor. It is worthy of note that the manager of the Chatham is the only manager in the city who has paid his license, which was paid into the city treascry to-day #500, which is a larger amount than has been borrowed on 7 per cent bonds. P,ji liir VnfKinrr nf infaenif f rn v.eo/1 i. K<i Pn ? " 1-in.IVi.. .iiui^UVU onuc 1 Ulicc Offices-or Gerrral Sessions yesterday. The sloop Robert M inturn was burnt to the water's edge, at the foot of Duane street, yesterday, having caught from lime on board of her. IT. S. Senator from Conn.?John M. Niles has been elected to the United States Senate from Connecticut. Horrible.?Margaret Mossen, a little girl only three years old, was murdered in Waterloo in cold blood by Edward Coote, assisted by Jane Coote, the child's mother. Letter Bags for Europe.?The steam ship Caledonia will leave Boston next Monday, for Halifax and Liverpool. Her letter bags will close in this city this afternoon at four o'clock. They are at Harnden's, Gilpin's and Adams's, in Wall street. Court of Oyer and Terminer. Before Judge Kentand Aid. Balis and Hatfield. May IS.?Trial ofWm.L. Stone for a Lirel on the Court or Over and Terminer?This case was continued, thr district atomey declaring that the counsel for defendant was trying every "thing but the libel at isaue?they were trying him, trying the Herald, trying the mumbersoftho Corporation, trying Mr. Cowdrey, Counsel of the Board, and trying every body but the "prisoner. He complained at the manner and mode of the counsel ou the other side,? Immediatvly after the Court had assembled, Mr. Ketchum rose, slating that he did so with "much delicacy," and read the editorial article from the Herald relative to the attacks he had made upon it the dav before. He asked for order on the subject. Judge Kent replied that motions had been made ou former occasions for calling editors before the Court, but such had been rejected. Unless it can be shewn that the matter complained of exhibits a wrong report of proceedings, or is calculated to impair the administration of justice, the statute does not permit any interference on the part of the Court. The present case does not come within the rule, and Courts should be careful how they exercise their prerogative in matters of this sort. It is unnecessary to say Mr. Ketchum's motion was disallowed. Alderman Davie* was then brought on the stand to show that Bunting It Co. had sold lead to the Corporation at h) cants per lh. for the use of the water works. Mr. Whiting did not consider this necessary to be shewn. The counsel made extended argument, and the matter ended. Mr. John A. Morrill was then placed upon the stand. He declared that not a shadow of cause existod for the charge that favor had been shown by the judges?no application was made in sny shape or form as to the organization of the Court. He stated that Judge Noah. Judge Kent, the District Attomev, snd "all round" wore r ( vi. n...s.!.. .... 1 . Ill iotui Ui *?u. wviiitw, ?v tuiiiaiug ui? vn?c muic WUgn* able than otherwise. He ashed Mr. Whiting to enter a nolle prosequi, but that officer refuted, although he told hint Judge Noah was willing. After much hesitation, and not till he was positively directed to do so, he produced the following letter on tho subject that he had received from Judge Noah : WaiHieoTo*, Feb. 3, I(M3. Mv Dr. tu Sin Your letter reached me too late last evening to replv by mail of this morning. 1 have no objection to Mr. Waiting's entering a unlit prottyui in Bennett's case.Jfor I have no personal feedings in this matter, and in fact know that the articles in,question were written by Attree, besides, there has been so much agitation in the recent trials, that I am not disposed to add to them by any new features.? Snppo eyou see Judge Lynch; he is a "man of good feelings, and can have no desire to push this matter bevond that redress which Bennett can atlord by his writing a neat article on the subject, denying any intention of treating the Court disrespectfully, and making such an explanation as 1 have often been under the necessity of doing when connected with the Press, and all the affair will end where it ought to end. You can nave no idea how little hnrmonv exists in the whig ranks here, and how little disposed tfiay ere to act as politicians, and bury the hatchet, while the loco Tocos are united to a man, and bent, as usual, on mischief and division. 1 expect to be in New York on Tuesday next, and shall send a duplicate of this to Philadelphia, for fear that you have not reached here. Very truly, yours, M.M.NOAH. J nil x A. Morrill, K.?v, > Counsellor nt Law, New York. ) Mr. Moaart-L state! that Judge Noah addressed the Court, as already known, on the trial, in favor of a nolle prosequi. [This was the case where a fine was imposed n few months since ol *350 for some harmless expressions of n reporter, as to the Judges of the Hessians, but which punishment Col. Stone stated was not sufficiently severe, and wrote the libel now complained of, accusing the majority of the Court, District Attorney, Mr. Hallctt, of the Supreme Court, ami others, of grossly improper conduct.] During the examination of Mr. Morrell, Messrs. Ketrhum and (iraham pushed their matters so far as to rnl I forth severe remarks in justification of his own course, from the District Attorney. He spoke of the motion made by Mr. Ketrhum against the Editor of the Herald for defending himself in liis paper against the one-sided nttnrks of the .lay before, and yet that gentleman (Mr. Ketchiim) thinks he has a right to assail whom lie pleases. W. P. Hali.i tt, F.sq., testified to Alderman Lee having been Chairman of the Committecon Repair*. He was anxious to have the Circuit Court tilted up, and railed |M>n Aid. Lec lor that purpose. Aid. L. remarked that if he were on the bench, nc could tee what was wanted.? Mr. H. then serote to Mr. Vandervoort, asking him to have Aid. Lee notified for that term, lie receiv ed answer that Judge Kent wished to have AM. Benson. Mr. H. then spoke to the Judge and obtained his consent to having lid. Lee and Aid. Pnrdy. [This is the sum and substance of this great ' packing of the Court."] Home other testimony was oftered. and the Court ah jonraed to this forenoon, Ilankrnpt List. ROCTHF.RN DISTRICT OF NEW YORK. Hnminl Itkinson, (late Arm of Smith A Atkinson,) home I carpenter, June 15. David Wood, New York ( ! 1 I* due mostly in Vn? a dmI >ttO June 15. P OSTSCRIP T. " Qr>- For our uswil Southern Correspondence, Q-c. tiythu morning's Mud, see Jourt'i pat^e. Washington. [Corrrspnudancr of (lie Ilt-rald.] W.itHiNOTos, Thursday, 2 P.M. Proceeding* In Congress?Expected Duel. The morning business of the Senate was of no account whatever. Mr. Liun moved to take up (In bill providing for the repayment of the fine of one thousand dollars imposed upon General Jackson bv Judge liall at New Orleans,-in January 1815. The motion pre vailed by a vote of li> to 18. .Mr. Limx spoke briefly in explanation, and he wat followed iu reolv bv Mr. )Wrl?? vtr io?r spoke next in support of the bill. Air. Benton read an extract of a letter from (len. Jackson. Mr. Crittenden made a brief statement of the reasons \vh> he could not vote for the bill, and the debate is still in progress. The liousu, after referring the report of the Secretary of the Treasury on the tariff to the Committee of Ways and Means, went into committee of the whole, and took up the appropriation bill, through which they are going at a snail's pace. The city , is full of rumors of a duel between Messrs. \Viae and Stanley. It was currently reported this morning, that tliey had gone out of the district to settle their difficulties with the pistol.? There is no truth in this story. The Marshal o( the district, with an assistant, has been engaged in look; ing after the belligerents, but he has nothing tangible or positive to go upon, and every body is yet in the dnrk respecting the intentions of Mr. Stanley,? Air. Wise's intentions are easily inferred from his character and past conduct. He will fight if challenged?no doubt of that. It is said that Mr. Stanley went out of the district last evening?whether to practise, or to send a challenge, or for some other purpose, is not known, He whs accompanied by Air. Washington, one of his colleagues from North 'Carolina. The general impression is, that there will be a duel, but the time is doubtful. It is confidently asserted, that the affair will be |H)stponed until the close of the present -saion, but this may be a feint to throw the civil airi, .rities ofl the seent. Rumorsays, that Mr. Stanley's frienrlt are Mr Washington; member from North Carolina, and Col. McCarty, of Virginia. Mr. Wit Dr Mallorv, a member from Virginia, and Col. t win, a member from Mississippi. All this is a matter of rumor and eonjectu:-. as almost every thing relating to the affair must he.? There are eertnin movements in progress v nich look as though the duel is about to come off? ;nd it is not impossible that the next mail will cany you an account of its termination. Colirt Tlav. Siteriok Cocst.?Nos. 7, 16, 12,42 to 45, 47, 4S, 49, 61, to 66, 103.67 to 70. McrtlnK In the Park I Cy- TUESDAY AFTERNOON, MAY I7.-The Governor of the State of Rhode Island, THOMAS W. DORR, has arrived in this city on his return home from his mirsion to the Federal Government. That mission has not resulted in any assurance on the part of the latter that the people 'of Rhode Island will ba allowed to assert the natural and inalienable right of popular sovereignty without encountering the bayonets and cannon of the Federal Standing Army. Athis is the first time that such an interference hor been attempted or menaced in the internal affairs of a sovereign state ; ns it would be an act of flagrant and violent unconstitutionality and tyranny; as it is, in the opinion of thu undersigned, not less the duty of every true and worthy American citizen, to resist such an attempt by every- rightful mode and means, than it would be to resist a similar interference bv the soldiers of the British crown from the Province of New Brunswick; therelore, The undersigned earnestly call upon such of their fellow citizens us are in favor of Constitutional Liberty, the equal rights of the whole people, and the independence of the Sovereignty ot the State' of the Union, to meet in the front of the City Hall, in the Park, on Tuesday afternoon, at six o'clock, to adopt the action called for from the people of the city of New York, on so alarming and extraordinary an occasion. A. Vanderpoel, Elijah H. Purdy, Campbell P. White, Abrtiham Hatfield, John V. Greenfield, Wm. C. Bryant, J. \V. Edmonds, Alexander Stewart, Danl. Stanton, Stephen Allen, Walter Bow ne, Nicholas Schurcman, David Brysou, John I. Morgan, Hezekiuh W. Bound, Gideon Ostrander, Thomas W. Tucker, Frederick R- Lee, Daniel Ward, Levi D. Slamm, John Pettigrew, Joseph Hopkins, Samuel J. Tilden, Auguste Davezac, Nelson J. Waterbury, J. L. O'Sullivan, William McMurray, John H. Bowie, J. Sherman Browuell, Clement Guion. [The names of the other signers will be published in the New Era of Tuesday morning.] smt* James's New Novel for One Shilling. fiy- ANOTHER F.XTRA DOUBLE NEW WORLD willbe published on Monday Morning, at the office, No. 30 Ann street, containing entire James's last novel ' THE JACQUERIE;'' a tale o? ttie 16th century?one of the most interesting, historical stories of the day, giving u graphic account of the famous and bloody insurrection ol the French peasantry against the nobles. Single copies 12J cents; to newsmen and agents $9 per hundred. All orders by mail postpaid w ill be supplied at the regular rates. Gentlemen wishing to send copies to their friends in all parts of the country, will have them neatly put up in wrappers. By the decision of the Postmaster General, this Extra is charged with newspaper IKistuge only. N. B. Copies of Bulwcr's Zanoni can alio be had at the office?price 121 cents. J, WINCHESTER, Publisher. 50- THE SUNDAY MERCURY OF TO-MORROW, May 16, will contain among other matters of interest, articles on the following subjects:?The Past Week, Politics and Sporting, Coif, Stone and Bennett. All sorts ol things, a rich, humorous anil sarcastic melange, by l.adle. City Characters, No. X., Cornelius C. Matthews, by Wasp ?A graphic and most original account of the Great Rare ?A rich Discourse on the Growing Wickedness of the World, by Dow, jr.?An exquisite Poem by Spoons?London Assurance ut the Bjwerj- ond Chatham, a full, fair, and fearless criticism?Charlotte Cmhman'* Theotye?A Lesson for Scolding Wives?Moral Reform, Incest,,81c.? Defaulter*?Raising the Wind?Sunday School*?The lleinrich Musical Festival?A Story by flood?The-News of the Week in a popular form?Sketch of Profossoh Wilson, Editor of Blackwood's Magazine?Bulwer and Boz? Editorials on all Sorts of Subject*. Ac. Ac. Office, 13 Bcekman street; price 3 cents a single copy) $1 for eight monhta sent to any part of the world. ftT- THF, UNCLE SAMfOrhis"beautifully yrintcd sheet is decidedly the best specimen of what a weekly newspaper should be, that comes from Boston. Some papers which we are obliged to open are printed so badly as not fit to touch with a pair of tongs, but this i? neat, rich in matter, and highly interesting, going on the cheap?cash?literature system, all for 3 cents. The sermons of Dlacoh Showbill, after the manuerof Dow. jr., are a pecular feature in this paper. For sale atlcentsper copy; to newsmen a" 1 boysalibcral deduction will be made." J. A. TCTTLE, Agent, New York, n An t stheet. 09- THE AMERICAN MECHANIC, OF TO-DAY, Saturday, May 14th, is a valuable No. Among its utent will be found an engraving and description of a arcing Rule?an Ingenious and useful invention. Science- Mechanics. The Animnl Wheel?with engraving. " .ind your own business '' Artificial Moonlight. Convey lore between Depots?a suggestion. Manufacturing e, a novel idea. Qlass fabrics. Selections, together ? ith comicalities, novelties, news, poetry, items, grave a id gay, Ac. Price 3 cent*, fl jO per year. Office, No. 37 Ann street. JOHN A. TUTTLE, Agent. N. B.?As the Mechanic has a large circulation in the country, as well as city, it affords a valuable medium for advertisers. To the Married and Unmarried. (Jt7- Diss Ousts* RrsnritAre you aware that personal appearance is a great fortune in this world, and that it is most disgusting for a perron to have bad, yellow, or dark skin, or bad hair, w hen they can lie easily remedied, that is, if your skin has ininple-, freckles, or sunburn on it, why ncake of the Italian Chemical Soap will clear if finely of any disfigurement. If your hnir has ceased grow mg, is uiiiiiik uui, or Miming grey, 11 < < ta 11 > i r 1111 is in iu<rootii, thi'n one bottle of Jones'Oil of Coml ("ircnssia i* the mo<t certain and excellent remedy ever invented. We at mi re our readers that we have seen it work wonder* on persons who have been thus troubled. It ii sold at a very reasonable prireby Jones?(we vouch for any thing he sella)?sign of the American Eagle, *3 Chatham street. Buy these excellent articles once. Q&- THE REAL DIAMOND?Matter John Diamond, the original anil celebrated negro dancer, whose fame lias induced several others to assume his name; has just arrived from New Orleans, and will appear in hia original dancca, breakdowns and negro songs, this evening, at the American Museum, Diamond is beyond dispute the most wonderful, active and perfect juha dancer in the world He dances this night only in the city fortlie present, and his old acquaintances will be sure to greet him with a fnll house. He appears at precisely nine o'clock. In conjunction w ith him also appears Mr. R. Myers, thecelebrateded player of Virginia jij^s and breakdown*. Winchell and a host of other attractions nre put forth. This is the lastdny of the Indtans and ftquaw ?. A splendid day performance at three o'elork this afternoon. OGf RTKNOGRAPHV.?We take pleasure in directing public attention to the notice of Mr. Bristow in toslayi paper, who is giving instruction* at 234 Broadwaj. in the interring art of short-hand w riting This is an accomplishment easilv attainc I and of great utility; and jet there are very few* who have devoted the time necessarv toscijnire a knowledge of it. Litrary and scientific lectnfri religious discourses, fcc., are taken with perfect eas? through the instrumentality of this valuble science. Tht present opport initv is, therefore, a most favorable onetr take s ron rse of lessons. ft?- HOWE'S HYOF.IAN HORKHOUND CANDYe? ( rlr treis no mistake in the curative now en of this new remedy, wnirh, bv its own intrinsic value, has silently but urelj won its way to public confidence. It is now usu in the most respectable families in the city and country as an infallible source of relief in all diseases stfee'ing 'hi sir passages, such as catarrh, sore throat, loss of voire whooping rough, and in the early stages of consumption Apply at 43'Broadway, corner ol Howard street. .QQ- CHATHAM THEATRE?The beet bill of the temtt ii olitffl4 m1 -Hue Mtihiiiiinumi tw'ilt1 lot the benefit of the popular and liberal Manager, consisting of he dramas of the Beacon of Death, Luke the Lal>orer, Bibboo, and the farce of Jumbo Jam. J. R. Scott, J. H. Kirby. Thornr, T. D. Rice, Hervio Nano, Hiel-l, Mis* vlestayev, Mrs. Blake, and all the favorites of the Theatre, ippear in parts well adapted to their abilities, and we expect to seethe house crowded to excess. <W- STRANGERS WHO^ARFTATTENDINO THE Amuversarv Meetings of the different Societies which are now being held in this city, ore informed that they may obtain for a very small sum, articles to remove coughs, colds, asthma, palpitation of the heart, sick head ache, worms, fever and ague, dyspepsia, Itc., by calling on our neighbor. Dr. Sherman, 106 Nassau strict, and getting a :?>x of his loieugea, suitable for their complaints. llis Vgenls arc Redding, Boston; Burgess, Philadelphia; Reed, Baltimore; Frank Taylor, Washington City. OQP- ASTHMA AND CONSUMPTION USUALLY coin metres with a slight pain in the side aud difficulty of breathing. Tease it Son's Compeurftl Extract of Horc hound is the l?est remedy that has ever been discovered lor these complaints, either in their early or latter stages It is a remedy that will be considered invaluable by those who have witnessed its effects. It can also be recommend, ed as a \ aluablo medicine to use in the Spring, while the si stem is in a state that requires cleansing; and, being Cathartic in its nature, it does away with the use of more active purgatives, which debilitate the system and reduce the nation! to such state thst he la rendered unfit to tiur. sue !iis business. Tetie'i Candy can be mod at all times with perfect safety, without any of those dangerous effects. Sold wholesale and re'ail at 45*Division st. Agents?Redding, 9 State street, Boston ; Ran Is, 67 State street, Albany ; Ziebcr, Philadelphia ; Robinson, 110 Baltimore street, Baltimore ; Haldvman, Louisville, Kv.; Job-on, Jfl St Charles street, New Orleans: \Vm. Fischer, Washington, D. C. CMy Despatch Post, 46 William Stiilet. Psimihl Orrica Letters deposited before half-past 9, half-past 12, and half past 3 o'clock, will be sent out for delivery at 9, 1, and 4 o'clock. Bsakch Or rices?Letters deposited before 7,11, and t o'clock, will be sent out for delivery at 9,1, and 4 o'clock. ALEX. M. OREIO, Agent. mosey market. Friday, May 13.?0 P. M. The sales at the Stock Board have been small to-dav, and prices generally hare gone down. New York Slate 6's, 1962, i per ceut; Harlem 1 per cent; Mohawk l};Dela ware ic Hudson 1 per cent; Indiana bonds J; Stonington Railroad improved 1 percent; Ohio 6 per cent stocks rose 2J per cent. The supply of bills on England has been quite moderate, and rates have advanced. Sales have been made at 109V and 109j and some drawers asked 109. The operations hare not been large, purchasers refusing in msny Instances to meet the advance. Bills on France rather dull at 6,32^06,30; Amsterdam 39^aJ ; Hamburg 35a35|; Bremen 76a76j. Money is quite abundant in Wall street, the banks not having offered for discount sufheieut of the right kind of paper to employ their receipts. The Comptroller of the City closed his books for subscriptions to the loan at 7 percent interest, a few days since, and 103 is now asked for the stock. It is understood in Wall street that the balance of the State loan for 7 years at 7 per cent has been subscribed for. Messrs. J. Ward tc Co., and Csmman Whitehousc tk. Co. participated heavily in it?the latter house it is said, chiefly on foreign account. As at least $900,000 of the amount is to go to the payment of contractors, it will Ye the means of distributing a large amount of capital throughout the State- $1,500,000 out of the $3,600,000 authorized by the legislature at the last sessiou, will ho taken by the banks in lieu of the short loan expired on the 1st March last, to that only $900,000 remains, which will not be required by the State for some time to come. If the Federal loan should be taken to go abroad, the effect would be highly favorable on the market generally. It is resllv a matter of surprise that the loan of this State has been allowed to remain offering so long?no security tau uc ucuci uuvivcti uj mc ix?ciiuco ?>uui mo puunc work?, and taxation, and the known opposition of the party in power to creating any further indebtedness, v would question if the worlJ presents a better or sounder inrestment?particularly as the appearances of money being abundant for ,wmc time to come, ought to make a 7 per rent stock of such a description command a handsome premium. Treasury notes are in demand at JaJ discount. A sudden improvement took place in the bills of the Bulthlo Bank, a broken safety fund concern, in consequence of a rumor that the Comptroller had received au order to redeem the bills; that bank stands the first on the list ; the Commercial Bnnk comes next. The bills of the Bank of BuBalo have been selling at 8 per cent discoun', they are now selling at 3]a4. The Bank of Attica, a free bank, is discontinued, and all of the notes of said bank now in circulation will be redeemed either at the Bank of Oeneaee, pt Batavia, or at the Albany Exchange Bank in the city of Albany. The Bank it discontinued from choice, and not from necessity. The following was its condition at the date of its last report :? Circulation, 10,117 Secured by bemls and mortages, 10,377 Arkansas stocks, 0,000 $15,377 At Baltimore the Railroad orders arc bought at 63 cents on the dollar- The amount funded is $1,000,000, leaving outstanding $000,000. Virginia bank notes generally are selling in Baltimore at 7$ discount; Wheeling Bank at 13 discount. In looking over our file of German papers, we observe in the " Allgcmcine Zeitung''of May 7ih, the announcement of a new Fire and Marine Insurance Company at Stettin, with a capital of 3,000,000 thalers, to be called the " National Bank." The Zcitung remarks, that it meets with but little favor. The insurance on vessels in the North Sea is too hazardous, and the average loss too great, to promise much profit, and as to the fire insurance, the premiums are so low that the companies in existence can scarcely make a living. For this reason the agency of the Royal Exchange Insurance Company was withdrawn from Hamburg, also the French " Uhion," Rnd the English " Protestor," and " Metellns." In domestic exchanges a visible improvement has been effected on the worse poiuts. The rates are now as follows? Cvaar.jtr Rates ok Bisi Notes esu Domestic Bili t Bank JVofes. Erehangr. Safety Fund H* >>* 9eeurity B inks 1 Sew England ? ? J* Baston * lot 'i U.S. Bank - V.3 Prusylvania \tlO Philadrlph.a paraSdit New Jersey I MsryUud 1 Baltimore Wa Virginia * ifS Richmond . 7W*7S > o .th Carolina. 6 a? North Carolina 3 a 3kJ Ov-crgii 3 aid Savannah ? at Augusta ? a? South Carolina. 3*4* i Charlrston lXi 1\ Florida B0 a7i Apalschicola .15 a? Alabama IB n2i Mobil' 13 8 IS Louisiana 10 a? New Orleans ? a Stj' Kentucky 0 a? Louisville. 4 a 5 T.-nnes?ce . I# al9 Nashville 17 a!8 Mississippi -60 a? Natehe* ?? Missouri 8 a !> St. Louis 0 a? Ohio 8 alO Cincinnati 8 si Indiana 13 a? ? atf Illinois 40 ?30 31 s? Michigan 75 a40 Detroit ? a? The rates on thcupocie paying points are hardening'' down to the specie level. The serere contraction that hst Wen going on the bank currency, during the past year, has not yet reached its climax. The reduction which ..... rwv? >u m> faysi ... ~ ??..... VI lur I. U1U11 may U1 ?een in the following table, w hich represent* the circulation of the bank* in mott of the State* of the Union, with the amount of tpecie they held, according to their return* nearest to January 1S4J anJ 194!. It will be observed, lu the case of Ohio, and Louisiana, and Pennsylvania, ive have given the circulation of all the banks in existence in those States at both period*. During the year five banks have failed in New Orleans, with a capital of $.4,770,400. In Ohio, $2, 177,000 of capital has ceased to exist. lu Pcnntylvania, seven banks, with a capital of fO 600.0(10, havo failed ; likewise in New York and *om? o'her State. Returns from all the bank* in all the States have not been received Cisiilatiox asp Seven: or thf Risks or thk UtsiTro Siatci Jaw. test ?sp Jas. 1612, In 1841. fn 1812. Cir. Specif. Cir. Sprat. Vermont, 1,142,100 81,000 1.103,100 94,00" MassarhusrttA, 8,112.883 2.991,801 9,509,102 7,111.83' N. York, ehaitrrel, 11.231,070 .*,120,022 12.372,708 4,7ft',10: " free, 4,2.18, .18* 1,'171.7111 2,187.228 686.17" Maiae, 1,754.38(1 260.729 1.181,820 187.801 Rhode Island, ? ? I 860,601 360.831 New Jersey, 2,100.874 .101,361 1,177.613 161.277 IVnmylvaiiM, 6.'03,702 1.801.111 3.701,894 1,011,06* Ohio, 7,181,111 1.032,767 P89.257 '30,933 Maryland, 1,718,990 1,211.100 J,180,816 1,219,781 Rsisnnsh. 786.000 541.889 186.130 391.513 North (irol.i.a, 968,082 118.840 '(62,197 36.1,51ft Vinrinis. 7,722,400 2.307.812 7,753,300 2,(02,15.1 South ( srolina. 1.7II.IH3 134,230 1,411.709 (''1.879 Dis'ricl of Columbia, 121.973 272.473 111.058 687,591 Krntlieky, 4,341,:li7 1.301.281 2,4J5,0I? 1,332.70(1 Lriliiwni 7,369,312 r.QT.Vt 4,003.102 2,296.231 Alslwma. 6.130.107 2.068,912 1.3:18,067 1.861,107 Tennessee, 3,(778,904) '(00.010 2,710,925 'KM, 152 Indians 2,835,902 I,' 92,913 2,760,114 1,12',968 Illinois 1.889.996 J 10.220 1,296,149 296,314 Missouri, 317,130 509,597 305,850 228 *14 Total, 61,512.38 29,694,852 65.479,997 26,003.439 These aggregate* pieaent the following result* Cir. Specie. Total 1*41. 81,513.223 29,694.8.17 " )AI7, 65.479,997 26,005.339 Decrease, $16,033,226 3,689.513 Thi* give* us the fnct. that those hank* which hid the leist specie have failed, while those that have maintained themaelve* have increaaed their specie. The following are the aggregate capitals, circulfitlor, and specie,of the hank* of th# United Slatr^hat failed du." ing the year 1841 Capital !t>j 21 '189.998 Specie In vault ' d**' ' J