Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 18, 1842, Page 2

May 18, 1842 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 2
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NEW VORk HERALD. \< st k.ntt, , >!?> IMSI'J, IUmxvi The Hmuld OrricK is removed to the spacious and central building at the corner of Fulton and .Nassau streets, where all advertisement* and subscriptions are received. Also, orders received lor printing of every description. (Sj^ lias. T. M uiniu'i Speeches on Temperance, in pamphlet form, a hsautilul octavo edition, containing IS paaoB, for saie at this office?Price ol single copies bj Cents, and I Cents per copy to newsmen. To Lei?PoassMlun Intuit liittn ly, A beautiful store, No. 9j Nassau street in the Herald Buildings, next door to the Herald Oiiit < -i scsllent for a , look store, druggist's, or light fancy goods Kent VtOO ; per annum. Also?The building So .'I Ann, recently occupied by the Neu Vork Herald i capital placeforu daily, weekly, Or monthlv ie . nal "O kind ol printing. Apply to the Herald ?Ms I livening, or i:\tm Kslltlsin of tlie llerislst. During the prog re-s ?>l the revolution in Rhode j Island, we bliah puhli.-h an Extra or K?kni.\u Em- i TioN ' tth- Iii:i: u.i> every day. It will contain the late.-1 intelligence troin the seat of revolution, war, farce, or lolly, just as you please. Also, the latest intelligence from Boston, and " all along shore." 1 ins edition will he sent hy the utteinoon mails all c>ri IIH i uunuy. 'lh* Great Ithoilr "Iwlnnil Mtclln^ In the Pmk, We Rive in another column a report of the proceedings which took place in the Park last evening, in reference to the u flairs of Rhode Island. It was a highly respectable and numerous meeting, principally locofocos, and counting about live or six thousand persons, including women, children, lap-dogs, and kittens, running at large in the l'ark. The tone and sentiments of the speeches and resolutions were very Rood on the genere.1 question ; but there was too much faiijtiroiiailf in reference to advising President Tyler, who know., his duty in the little crisis of it liode Isluud just tut well as any of the orators. In going for a new Constitution in Rhode Island, bund on tlir/niiuiplt or univt i mil su/~ JiVfff, John Tyler ijn- far in the tdvance as tlie Park meeting : .1 ml we believe that every sound American republican throughout the country is ' equally so. Hut there are too many attempts made 1 by the locotoeo orators for ulterior purposes, to 1 " head olfCapt;. in Tyler," while they n fleet to np- 1 prove his general policy and principles. Again?whether Mr. King or .Mr. I torr is the legal Governor of Rhode Island, whether the old charter er the new constitution is the real thing, ought to be decided by due process of law?or by a peaceable appeal to the ballot boxes. There is 110 use of any e\ uteincn nv hubbub?any fuss about this matter. The principle of universal suffrage is unquestionable, and must be submitted to sooner or later. II the politicians want to cut each other's throat.-, it would be charity to let them have their 1 frolic?if would lid the world of a great many knaves of the statap of Tom Lloyd, who are now only in the bud. But the great mass of the people 1 have too much good s.- use and sound moral principle. not to see through the tricks which the politi- 1 cians art- attempting to play in this Rhode Inland ' revolution. The whole a tin if can be settled by the people of tuat State, without " cold wit tula" front this city?or odd lend from Washington, Rhode Island is of full age, and can take care of herself. I ill port a 1 News from Kentucky and file < West? 'if liry flay?Lord .Morpeth?.tinel In | Vnti liurcn, ?Sie. . We give in our paper to-day, a mass of curious and impotent intelligence, sent us by our valuable t Western correspond' nt.-. containing sketches of , ccnc* in Kentucky, that are rich in politics, pliilo- j sophy, morels, religion and science. There are | two despatches?one from Lexington, near Ashland, and the other from Louisville. We particularly call the attention of our three , hundr d thousand daily readers?of all parties and creeds?of ail; hades of opinions?of every species of antipathy and sympathy, to the characters of the men, and ib ir doings therein recorded. What v example these curious laets furnish to the violent partisans of diti rent creeds in politics and religion ! Here we find Lord Morpeth, the representative of the British aristocracy, moving about like a repub- | lican, and visiting llenry Clay, at Ashland, who is ( at the head of a large class of republicans, hostile to aristocracy and hereditary privileges of every sort. , Here we find Henry < lay preparing to receive a per- | sonal and friendly u-it from Martin Van Huron, , who stands as tic representative of the democracy, \ the staple of who-. newspapers is violent and head- , lout abuse ol thi< same Henry Clay?whilethose in favor of Henry Clav are equally violent and abusive of .Martin Van Huron. At the very same time, when the Whigs and locofocos of Xew York 1 or Rhode Island, are ready to cut each other's 1 throats, and blow out each other's brains, the leaders and master spirits of the same factions are re- ' posing in the peaceful shade* of Ashland?drinking from the same bottle of claret?helping themselves ' from the saute b of fragrint bant, and conversing I together in a friendly, social and philosophical temper. For nnv thing that we know to the contrary. Clay may he saying?" Van, 1 shall beat you at the , next election?niv Wing troops are the greatest fools in creation?I'll be elected." " No you won't. Clay," Van Furen tnav reply, " niv locofocos are a devilish -i?ht greater fools than'vour troops are and mote numerous loo?hence I'll win the purse " 1 And thus do the -ensible leaders <>f the two par- 1 tie*, while away the lovely spring alternoon in Ashland, with a e'l iss of cool claret before them--the birds singing over their heads?the heavens bright ' und blue above?and theii respective partisans ' throllffhont the coilntrv. alniMiii!. ti .'htuw .mil ilis. ' gracing th<"!iiwlw>? like so manv fiend* in ilie con- ' tiici that is about taking place. ( lav and Van i<ur> ii arc decidedlv ili only two 1 sensible men of either faction. Add Lord Morpeth ' to them and tlimake a cipital trio, ready to 1 humbug en h hi- third part of human nature and fiunian folly < 'li ' Saint I'.itil what a bald head thou haat! \ivv- riuiM Kt hope.?Tins week we shall rereive plentv of news from abroad. The Aendia, which was to have left Liverpool on the fill mat . will ri ,teh I? -ton by Thursday, mid the Uritish Queen for Antwerp and Southampton sx ill arrive here next Sunday or Monday, if not before. To. Mas - it o.i.'s SetM 'iies ox ') k at era\< i\? < I'he-e uifi?i brilliant - leeehe.-, as n ported in the V. \ Herald, are travelling over the whole country.? i Almost eve v paper received from the Last, the > South, the \\ > <t. and the North, contains extract* f nud passages. I he " ('earl. ston Mercury," after a batch of brilliant gems from the Herald's reporu, adds the following: t TiMrmoir. The a ddresses ot tin- Hon. Thos. Mar. 11 ihnll in New-\ .>rk are among th. richest sperimens of or- I igorx xx . - i in many a .lax . and xshutevrt the tadder's taste in drinks may be if he ho my at all in speech- ' ?. he ? ill thank us for the v'ra :? xx e .jive him to- toy , Th?y hare u rI?x? in them th a1 I glits tip one's inmost oul ei the reading. Mr. Marshall has pm.lnet I ..most extra ?r ii.e>-v <en?a,:on in Nexx-York, on t xvr can xvell areount for u alter perusing thee* spe.vhes His elo : lent an.l tonrhin-.: refei his home, his ronititu. its. his relatives, and c?|>' eillx hi- mother, nnd inreplx to h charge that during all the speeches lie hix.l male on the floor of Congress, he halheen in a state of beastly intoxication, is r pud to any thingof the kind we ever r'ea t. ami xs ill draw tears from many an rye. M tr?hn!! h i- - c.ned more funic, repul ition, character, and moraN,Murine lue ten days' visit to this metropolis than he could have in ten yeara among the brawler* nnd duellists in Congress. Heai rtvrt, (\>\ri - i nt Rrnden's, 73 Canal street If you d> i't i ... there, let roc tell you, young lady, t'*. ?t yon d-. not know what you .osc. I.r iden and Rraden's 1 elv , r pare some ol the ni'.-t ddieiou . i i..ry x York, Tic ? delicacies n - mi , mi ; r th . 4,f the Braden*. I the matt beautiful poetlMiI mm and shapes, ("as-1 tie-, giants, ladi.-o vi: ''..die*. h..r??j?, ,Vc. \*c. I t s? * ? r>u L-bi" i--Yesterday mornig the Jurv in the case ol William L stone, came no Court, and were discharged, heing unable to icree on a verdict. According to the most authentic formation, the following is a list o| the jury, with .heir several votes:? Guilty. Xot Guilty. latin Bay ard, Uiwer, 141 West 30th st., ? Aye John Berrian, Hardware, 601 Broadway, ? Aye Vm. EvL-rdell, Engraver, 136 William at., ? Aye 'lau? llainet, Grocer, 303 9th Avenue, ? Ays John Henrietta, , 107 Columbia street, Ayti ? lohn Hays, Taylor, 373 Hudson street, ? Aye i iseph P. Morris, Coach I'ainter, 16Crosby st.? Aye Vbisha Smith, , 436 Washington St., ? Aye .benezer B. White,Chairmaker, 333 Penrl st.? Ave .Viliiam Frost, , ?, ? Aye 'eter T. Chamberlin, Grocer, 106 Stanton st. ? Aye uph. C Burdett, Ship t'handl'r, 41 West st, Aye ? 3 10 i his result lias very naturally created much surriee. When we were tried, for what Judge Kent tunself intimated might be a jeu (Vttprit on Judge Xoah, we were brought in guilty?hut when Colone' -hone is tried for imputing "corruption and conspiracy" to the Judges of the Oyer und Terminer, ihc Jury is divided, ten in favor?only two aguiiist Hill. How is thin! This singular diversity in jury decisions arises partly from the peculiar character of the law of libel?a law which is very loose nnd very ill-drlincd. In |H;t7, we were lined $500 for merely the insertion of a man's name by mistake (John I laggerty), when no malice nor design could he imputed, for it was corrected next day without solicitation. Such are the anomalies of the law of libel. At present the law is without form, or principle. Its decisions are entirely under the impulse of prejudices, acting on any jury for the time heing. Political prejudices have mixed up with the case of Stone, and to that cause may he ascribed the anomalous result. Vi't we do not regret this result. We have no wish to see Win. L. Stone punished for the publication of an article, incorrect in itself, but which he was willing to correct and rectify. He was led cm ay bv bad advisers?who had their own purposes to serve. He, and all the others involved with him in these libel suits, have got themselves into their present difficulty, from entertaining a spirit of too intense malice and hate towards lint Herald, and its remarkable success in the legitimate business ol a newspaper. Even this mean nnd ignoble spirit was not abandoned on the trial?but Ketchum, the counsel of Stone, must needs consider it otf of his duties to repeat and revamp all lite stale and exploded falsehoods, which were originally coinedfhv the late " Evening Star," and which contributed to consign that print to merited oblivion. We had expected better things ol Kctclmm, who sets up for a saint, a believer, a Christian nnd a moralist?all of the highest order and purest quality?hut wo supjiose Providence permitted such asjiectacle to take place for some wise purpose or other, Vot visible to mortal ken. Whether these trials will yet proceed we know not?we care not. lint if they do proceed, with lite same temper and spirit in which they originat I'd, wefprediet flint neither judge, jury, counsel, clients, nor witnesses jjwill gain much laurels hereutter?hut rather the whole will involve themselves in an inextrioublc labyrinth of regret, and reproach and ridicule. The whole imbroglio originates in the meanness and malice of those cli'/urs in Wall street, that wanted to destroy the Herald and immolate us, bemuse we were more successful in business. It is lie natural and legitimate result of that bitter sjiirit f persecution that began in 18:?7 against us in Wull irect, because we dared to give a higher degree of levation, morals, liberality, and universality to the lew.spaper press than had hitherto been attempted n this country. This conspiracy, however, has .liled in every point, and at every turn, .ludges, uries, editors, financiers, counsel, and all who have nixed in the fray, have only lost ground, and made heniselves obnoxious or ridiculous to the whole ountrv around. It is time to begin a reform. There - no us in persecuting us any longer. We know >ur rights?our power?our position?our age?and ve defy their whole forces to get the windward of s. We are sustained by honesty?good intentions -a pure character?an unsullied reputation?con cioiij. rectitude of the highest order ; and a spirit, >ased on good purposes, that never quniled before lie face of mortal man. Colonel Stone and all his confrtrct may, therefore, is well return to the principles o( good sense. We lave no had feelings to indulge?110 revenge to graify?no hostility to exercise towards them. We vant peace and mutual esteem ; but if they want to lontinue the war, be it so? And damned tie he who first cries " Hold?enough." Tits Common Cot-ncu .?A Mandami s?We learn hat the Supreme Court have agreed to hcararguocnW next Tuesday in the ease of a mandamus nought before them to settle the legality of the lection in the Sixth Ward. This is a |ieaceable ind proper mode of settling the difficulty in theeor'oration. Let us nil abide the decision of the Supreme Court. T111: Afiv Auranokmknt of thk Soi thrrn Haii..?This arrangement is capital for the niornng papers, and that is the principal point to be oh. rved TiicmI ileal*, The Seguiii Iruopc seems to liave been knocked iphv the late engagement at the Park. What'sthe natter? What's become of them 1 The Chatham is going ahead like a steamer. Nothing seems to afleet the extraordinary cnteririse of the manager. I lis recent engagement of orie-r w ill !w nne >! In i tienl unit mnsl i is singular. Forrest at the Park would hardly draw he expenses. At the Chatham the rush is tremenIimis?and both money and tame are the agreeable -nils. What's tin oause of this ' Can philosoiers elucidate! I las ilu> millenium anything to do .vith it! The i>i.n mutt to he given this evening at the Apollo Saloon, will present ^i splendid entertainHm. The combination h very strong- comprehending Mi sdaines Sphor-Zahn, Otto (of Roses,) ind Sevnmnr, and Mr. Norton. Several heautitul Pieces m ill lie executed. Somebody who calls Imnselt Proles or Harrison iM s a lecture and exhibition on " Popular and liramatic < >ratory" to-night at the Lyceum. Single ckets. 2ft cents cheap as dirt Who lie is we lon'l know. Tiic Brabant.- were at Washington ui the last lates giving splendid concerts. They are received villi trrent attention and kindness by the flttt of the apital. S-i i vat Smr Cai kih.via.?This steamship left Bos>n on Monitav afternoon at two o'clock,for Halifax aid 1 ,iver)Hiol. she take-, out thirty-live passengers or Liverpool and eleven lor Halifax. She also takes ibout ten thousand letters and seven hags of newsnpcrs. ni w I,ini or I'ii kris The lineol packets be: .via n If.i ion ,i.N I [.oiidmi. which we mentioned a Month agp , will ^ail respectively as follows:?from ! -ton. May 25th, .fitly 10th, \ugust 25th, October I t'h. NoN.-ailier2.Vh. From London. August lrtth. S pi niher25th, November Kith. Iteeember 25th, ehrnarv loth Boston seems determined to do something lor herself. N nv u..? I h" I . S. trig ne I'aitrd States, tailed "in Rio Janeiro, previous |0 March 27. for Valparaiso. Vki 1 Sieainrr Telegrujili, lu nee at Ikulon n Monday ^he is intended for the eastern route. ? 'n I >i i. 11 is -a I that the pr. - at (iriiml Jurv m Philadelphia will indict all the ' great financiers" there i eight thev not to begin on 1 lose a J Lcus d Ins r,int'rrrr* ' If they do'nt, they are recreant > their duty. <-reat Meeting in the Park Yesterday, relative to the OldiculUee iu Rhode leland. ' >ne oi the largest meetings that we ever rememh-i to have seen in this city took place in the J'ark | yesterday,relative tollie difficulties in IMiode Island. Th number could certainly not have been less than I t ii thousand; by some it was computed at twelve thousand. It was the most quiet, orderly, dignified, mid respectable assemblage of men that perhai?<hiis been seen in Xew York for the last ten years, and that is saying a great deal. There were all classes and nil ages present, and perhaps not more than a dozen loafers and rowdies scattered through the enlire meeting?and they seemed on this occasion to display more than their ordinary share of good sense and good behavior. The proceedings of the meeting were opened by Aaron Vanderpoel, Ksq., who rose and said:? I have been requested by the Committee of Arraugementi, to make the first movement towards organizing this meeting, by nominating your President. But preliminary to the discharge of that dutv. I bee leave, not to make u speech, but a remurk or two, expressive of my sense of the occasion which has convened ua. The controversy which has called us together is one of almost unparalleled interest. It involves the great question v> liether the doctrine of the sovereignty of n majority of the people is, in this, our happy America, a practical principle,or whether it is a mere bauble, suspended on the outside of our theory of government, to tickle the people and reconcile them'to disabilities and abuses to which fraud and ambition would ever subject them. Is it a living, active doctrine, or is it imjiotent and dead t Is the controlling principle of the Americau Revolution, of the right of the people to govern themselves, already forgotten by the democratic sons of those noble sires, who dared to proclaim it to the world, or is it so iudellibly engraved on their hearts, that they are willing to do what is necessary to pre serve it in all its prestinc freshness and vigor. The occasion suggests another inquiry of vast interest to the friends of State sovereignty, it is, whether the people of the res|>cctive sovereign States, in delegating certain specified powers to uuothrr government, mainly' for the purpose of re gulatiug commerce with foreign nations and guarding them more effectually against foreign invasion; whether this specific delegntiou of |iower to this more remote and external agency, has so far deprived them of the paramount and inalienable right to alter or modify their own more domestic organic law, that they cannot peaceably change it without incurring invasion'and bloodshed from that very agency, which tfiev created for other and nobler purposes. Strange as it may seem, in the sixty-sixth v ear of our independence these questions break upon us 1 am sure they will he met by a vast majority of the people with the spirit of men, who, know the rights which the (.rod of Nature gave, and the American Revolution proclaimed. I now beg leave to nominate for President of this meeting, a gentleman whose consistent career has been illustrated by eighteen years faithful service in the democracy of this city in the councils of the iiRtion, and has, more lately, represented his country at the court of the most powerlnl nation of Europe. I nominate the Hon. ''tii'BciiiLi. ('. (-amdrillf-M) lor President of this meetMr. rAMaxKLLitsa then rose and said, Kcllow Citizens 1 cannot take the chair without reverting to the circumstance that this is no ordinary occasion. We have, it is true, sometimes seen, in the course of our history, the Federal tiovernment appealed to, to execute the la'ws of the > nileu states ; mil mis in uie lirm time in the history o! tliis proud republic, that we have seen any portion ol' the people appealing to the executive to introduce the military power against another portion of the same people for peaceably asserting their own rights, and before they hail violated any law of the country. Anil what is of a still more futnl aspect, this is the lirst time in the history of our country that wo have seen the Executive sanctioning that appeal." This is a most dangerous movement?and a most dangerous doctrine for the Federal Government to put forth, (cheers.) It is virtually saying that we here in this city are in a state of insurrection, as well ns that Rhode Island is in a state of insurrection -, because no o:her city, and no other state of the Union has made any movement in relation to this appeal made to the Federal Executive, reiptesting its interference. Why, look at our present condition in this city. Here are two parties claiming the Corporation of this eity. And here we have more people m this city, by two "to one, than there are in the whole state of Rhode Island. Now, suppose one of these parlies were to send on to the Federal Government, requesting him to send some of the hired soldiers from Governor's Island to act against the other party. A bour> Voice from the Crowd?"If he did, we'd soon take d d good cure of them. Mr. Camhhvlixo.?This is the first time that a peaceable collision between two parties has been called an insurrection ; and it is their duty to repel this intrusion a; it yvoiild he our duty to repel such intrusion.? But these are all questions, gentlemen, for you to decide ; I am but your chairman. But 'still I consider it of so much importance, that I deemed it proper lo give you myviews|ou taking this seat. At the same time I feci certain that the people of Rhode Island have too much good sense not to do what is right in the end. And we must bear in mind that this limitation ofthe right of sullaage is the last relict of monarchy left in this happy Union. (Loud and terrible cheering.) Here there were loud calls for " Forrest," "Ned Forrest," "(live us Forrest!" Here Mr. Pijkdy rend the list of Vice-Presidents, miiong whom were Walter Bowne, John J. Morgan, Campbell P. White, L). Bryson, Rufus Prime, Stephen Allen, John M. Brad hurst, F. R. Lee, Edwin Forrest, Levi 1). Slatnni, Colonel Alexander Hamilton, fcc..&c. There apjieared to be some trouble about the resolutions. Mr. Tilden, who drew them, inserted some severe cuts at the President, hut Colonel Hamilton preva.led on having litem struck out. It was curious to see the Chairman of the Tyjer party, and a leading whig, and Mr. Van Buren'a right hand awn, in this city all present ?all in favor of extending the elective franchise? all vieing with each other to lead the meeting?lite whig to muke political capital for his party?the locofoco to enable him to advance Mr. Van Buren's interets, and Colonel Hamilton, the Tyler man, to make capital probably, that might enable him on some future occasion to call forth public opinion in favor of any liberal measures of the national administration. Hut none of them believing that there would be a light. Major Hopkins then read the list of Secretaries. I lere Mr. Vanderpoel read the following resolutious. which were carried unanimously i? Resolved, That we have viewed with astonishment and the deepest sorrow, the denial of the Federal Executive of these fundamental principles which are expressly asserted in most of our Slate Constitutions, sanctionod by our highest judicial tribunals, and on which all our governments are founded. Resolved, That we most solemnly and earnestly protest against the menaced intervention of the Federal Executive by military torre in the political controversy in Rhode Island; we protest against it as a practical denial of the great truths on which all our governments rest ; and as utterly subversi -e of the popular sovereignty; as 1.>vors of peace and as friends of order, we protest against it ns tending inevitably to convert a contest hitherto peaceful into a bloody feud. Resolved, That, even if the domestic dissension in Rhode Island were clearly of a character to justifv the interference of the Federal tiovcrnnient, we should still deplore the in fat u at ed haste of the Executive to apply to the case ideas of government wholly foreign to our political system. an.l to give a practical triumph to the party which is confessedly wrong as to the essential merits of the controversy, and which is believed by a large portion of the community to be wrong, even as to legal forms : that it should interpose in such a case, not with "the impartiality of judges," and "the allertion of friends, to heal by its mediation." but the spirit of a partisan, and w ith a rash menace of military force, which, by increasing the arrogance of oue party, and inflaming the sense of wrong of the other, is eminently calculated to exasperate these unhappy dissensions to open violence. Resolved, That the policy which it was the desire of Connecticut to preserve, as indicated by the action of her legislature, \v a? highly creditable to that State, and contrusted most favorably with the rash and impolitic course which has been tnken by the Federal Executive, and that the spirit in which the Connecticut movement w as met by theoigans ol the Charter (Jovrrnmeiit in Rhode Island evinced a distrust ol the justice of their cause, ami a determination to admit of no counsels from abroad save those which came in the shape of lead an I steel from the Federal standing army. Resol 1, That in a republican government the arm of pow er is comparatively impotent unless backed by popular sentiment, and that the Federal Executive has fearfully Inst sight ol this important truth in the policy which he has pursued in the Rhode Island controversy. Resolved, That we respectfully hut most solemnly call upon the Executive of the t'nited States to pause, to bew are how h" treats tlie great popular movement in Rhode Island as an instance of insubordination to just authority ; and we most emphatically declare, that we cannot and w ill not s. eour follow- ritl/ens of Rhode Island shot down n\ me soldiers 01 tin' < tenerai < eminent. lor e.-king in a manner which all our institution) recugni/e, rights which we ourselves enjoy. Resolved, That this meeting deem it desirable that the sentiments of the great mnss of the people of tliis city should he known to the President of the United States and others in authority; that the people of the rest of the Union should be awakened to a like sensibility relative tofany interference by the armed pow er of the Central Government to crush the people, and overthrow the rights of a sovereign State, and that full knowledge should be acquired and disseminate 1 In the present fear* t ill rnsi-, ol the v iew ?, w ishes and ; -ncrr lings of the eontending parlies in Rhode Island, and that a corresponding committee of twelve p -rsons he therefore appointed bath President of this meeting for ami on behalf of the city of New York. ki i Mimsi V.?q,, then rose and said, in tubstanee,?lie hail neier before addressed a meeting on so vitally important a subject, or one so fearfully momentous' as this is. It is a <jtie?tk>n which strik'.s nt the foundation of nil our social institutions. The principles w hich are at stake here, are as dear to us as is the light to our eyes?as the ruddy drops which w arm our hearts. All that is dear to ns in our oolitical system is merged in this control cr?v, nnd which tnreatens to coutuIsothe whole Union. That question is agnin to he contested, and for the last time on this continent, "is man capable of self government I Is the voice of the people impoti nt or omnipotent?Whether I ' the great principle of the rights of man he a factor a mere j fiction. Ami the fate of this great question re?-s with j ion. ah depends on the wisdom of your deliberations, I and the rnergv and patriotism of your actions. (Cheers.) | You know anil feel, and your appearance to-lay assures is that vou feci well the fearful solemnity of this matter, In your hearts. It is glorious to stand la-tore such a mighty ia'?s of unconquerable democrats, (tremendous cheering.) You require no exhortation from me to lead yon to the oint w here honor calls?to lead you to the field uheiethi ;r,-ai battle is to he fought for man's political enfranchiselii-iit. dlere he wcntbrl-llv into the th ice tol l histor; ->f the Rhode Island charter, he. ilown to the recent events a that State.) lie continued :?" Were the people ol Rhode Island wrong ' (Cries of" no.*") If they were, so i re our revolutionary fathers who first laid down this doctrine and tcalad it with their blood The people of j hi? country have dome the name in thulr Constitution ud ' till of Rights The people of Connecticut have declared is follows That all i-oliucal power u inherent in the people, and all tree governments are founded on their audio illy, and instituted loi their benefit; and that tliev nave at all tunes an undeniable and indefeasible right to titer their form ol government in such manner as they nay think expedient." In the declaration of rights in Tennessee, the people of that State say :?" '1 hut all ! power is inherent in the people, and all free governments | ue founded on their authority, and instituted for their j peace, safety, and happiness ; for the advancement ol i those ends, they have, at all times, an inalienable and in- ' defeasible right to alter, reform or ulmlish the government in such manner as the) may think proper. That government being instituted for the common benefit, the itoctrine of non-resistance against arbitrary power and oppression is absurd, slavish, mut destructive to the good ..nil happinuss of mankind." And Chief Justice Wilson, ol the Supreme Court, says Of the right of the majo- J rity of the whole people to change their government at will, there is no doubt." It is this " one great principle, the vital principle," " which diffuses animation and vigor through all the others." He says, " the principle 1 mean is this, that the supreme or sovereign jiower of society reaides in the citizens at large; and tliat, therefore, they i aluuvs retain tha right of abolishing, altering, or amenu, ing their < onstitiilioii, ut whatever time, ami in whatever | manner, they shall deem expedient." " In our governI ment, the supreme, absolute, uncontrollable jiowit re. I maim in the people. As our Constitutions are superior to I our Legislatures, so the people are superior toourCon' stitutiona." " The consequence Is, that the people may ! change the Constitution whenever and however they I please. This is a right of which uo positive in. 1 nitutions can deprive them." (When he cams to lhe words that the people are superior to the constitution, one or two men in the centre of the meeting cried out lustily, "So vvc are.") Chief Justice lay snys :? ' At the Revolution the sovereignty devolved mi the'people ami they arc truly the sovereigns ol th? country."! "Tha citize'nsof Americaare equal as fellowcitizens, and as joint tonunts in the sovetguty." Mr. :lavvlo, a distinguished commentator on tho Constitution of the United States, in speaking of Ilia mode ol amending a constitution, remarks:?-"The people letain, the people cannot porhnps divest themselves of the jowar to make such alterations." "The laws of one legislature may he repealed hy another legislature, and tho lower to repeal them cannot be withheld hy the power i ha: enacted them. So the people may on the same principle, at any time, alter or nbolish the constitution they have tinned." " If u particular mode of effecting such altcralions have heen agreed upon, it is most convenient to adhere to it; but it is most exclusively binding." Then in the case of Michigan two conventions were held; one according to the enactment of the Legislature, and the i thcr on the principle that it was the right of the people

< f Michigan to hold a convention ami form a constitution lor their own goveramant, without reference to any aet ion of the Legislature. And by an act of Congress, "pass. <din 1*94, bearing on this subject, this view is sanctioned provided such convention represented a majority of the jieople. And here is what is said in reference to it :? And whereas, no authority or power is designated in .aid act of Congress, by which such convention of delegates ' ball be called of convened, but in the 3d section of aid act, the right of the pewple of Michigan to elect said delegates, without any previoui action ol their constituted authorities, is clearly recognized and manifest : and. \ hereas, as this convention originated w ith, and speaks the voi -e of a great majority of the people of Michigan. Add whereas, it is provided and enacted in the said act, that as soon as the assent therein required shall be given, the President of the t'nited States shall announce the ami; by proclamation; und thereupon, and without any litrther proceedings on the part of Congress, the admissio'u el said State into the Union us one of the United States of Am.Tica.on an equal footing with the original States, in all respects whatcvcr.sliall be considered as complete. "Now, mark the response of Old Hickory in thisatfair when applied to in the inatter.(Loud cheers at the words"01d Hickory.") "This latter couvention was not held or elected by virtue of any art of Territorial or State Legislature ; it came from the people themselves.and was chosen by them in pursuance of resolutions adopted in primary assemblies, held in the respective counties. The art of Congress, however, does not prescribe by what authority the convention shall be ordered, or the time when, or the mantier in which it shall lie chosen. Hnd these latter proceedings come to me during the rcress of Congress, I lion Id, therefore, have felt it my duty, on being satisfied i bat they emanated from a convention of the delegates icneu, in point 01 met, oy tlie peopled the state, lor the purpose required, to have issued my proclamation thereon, ns provided by law." And the delegates of this latter convention hore spoken of, were chosen in their primary assemblies. in precisely the same manner that they fiavc done in Kliode Island. This convention was recognized bv Gen. Jackson, called, ns it was, not in pursuance of any act of the Legislature as the first convention was, hut regardless of it. It was the peoples' will, and that by General Jackson and by Congress was considered sufficient authority. (Cheers.) Tlte people of Rhode Island have pursued precisely the same course that the people of Michigan did, and yet we are told that they have not proceeded legally. What do gentlemen mean when they use this language I There is no other way. Nothing in the charter which runs, " Wc, Charles, by the grace of God, Sic." (Roars of laughter.) Why, it's rather strange that these gentlemen should go to the President of the United States for assistance. Why not go to the source whence tiie charter emanated?the successor of Charles ? (Shouts of laughter.) The question now comes up, will the Kxcci-.'ive arbitrate by the sword in this business f I trust uot. (Here a loafer in the crowd cried out, "D?n him, he'll do any thing.") I confess I have too good an opinion of John Tyler for that, strange and mysterious us his givings out liar e been of late. He's a States" Rights man, and so much of none that lie cannot consistently send the troops of the I nitial States to a free State to put down the will of the people. But, should he do so, it will then he time for us to buckle on our armor. Till then it will be improper for us to interfere. And not until that contingency arrives will the people of this State he justified in going there with u demonstration of physical force. Will John Tyler hen, do this! (A voice?"V'os.") He cannot, unless he repudiates nil the principles of his life and throws himself into the arms of consolidation and h ack cockadc federaliim. Mr. Tyler is too well aware that the government is kept together by moral influence alone, lie well knows thut this is not a government of physical power, as are i he aristocracies and monarchies of the old world, kept up by the bayonets of ,hired soldiers. It is a government of moral power, of public opinion; mutual concessions, and compromises are the bands that hold the confederacy together. Will he destroy those bands bv a resort to force in this matter 1 If he does, the act will bring swift destruction ujion himself, tear asunder this federal Union, and scatter to the four winds of Heaien the shattered fragments. Let one blow lie struck?let one musket he tired by a hired soldier, and my life for it, the whole democracy of the Union w ill rush to join the democratic people of Rhode Island, and standing shoulder to shoulder with them, will give hack blow for blow in the defence of lilicrty and popular rights. (Here three tremendous chi-ers were given.) Kverv mountain would send forth a patriot Tell?every vafe a Cincinnatus? every pass a Lconidas; (Cheer*) and the tignal for the onset would lie " Liberty and Rhode Island ." and the rallying cry, " Rhode Island and liberty (Terrific cheering.) Here there were more loud calls for " Forrest," " Forrest." " Forrest," " Ned Forrest!" 41 Speech from Nedbe Jesus !" The Clinimian then rose nnd stated, that the following letter had been received from Mr. Forrest, which be begged is read to the audience:? Nr* York, May 17, 1K4"J. Sib ?I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your latter inviting mc to addreaa, in the Tark this evening, the meeting which is to take into consideration the course of the Executive of the United States relative to the Rhode Island controversy. I regret very much that 1 shall not bo enabled to comply with the request, as mr engagement at the theatre to-night will prevent mc. Under other circumstance", nothing would afford me more pleasure, than to seize the opportunity thus offered to express how deeplv I sympathize with the "Constitutional parts" In 111,.. 1.. Ul-,?.'l I In ?l?V nil ? ? ihcirjust and equitable demands. In the second and third scctionsof the Ratification ofthe Constitution of the Vnited States by the Convention of the State of Rhode Island and rrovidenrc Plantations, are the following declarations : "That all power is naturally vested in. and consequently derived from, the people," and "that the powers of Government may he re-assumed by the people whenever it shall become necessary to their happiness." And yet. lor all this, a large majority of the people of Rhode Island are called, forsooth, " rebels," trfiitors," and "insurgents," and threatened with an armed force, because they dare, pacifically, to assert their equal, natural, and inalienable rights. I trust the meeting this evening will be numerously attended, without regard to political party, and while the people there assembled frown indignantly u|K?n any unconstitutional interference on the part of the chief riiagistrate of the Cniou, such a manifestation may he made, that shall fill with encouragement and hope the friends of equal and exact Justice In the State of Rhode Island. Vours, with the higlmt respect, EDWIN FORREST. Clement (in ion, Esq., Secretary. Mr. K. V. R- WaiuMT, of ifolioken. s|ioke in substance, as follows;?"Fellow Citizens - The occasion of your convocation to-day, involves the consideration of an act of the Charter Party'of Rhode Island, and ofthe executive of thi> I'nion, which we lielieve to lie on infraction of the rights of the sovereign people, and therefore enter our solemn protest against that act ofthe Executive of the I nion. Thepower?the landholders of the Stateof Rhode Island have enjoyed in that state and held uninterruptedly since the revolution, l.et me direct your attention to certnin beautiful features of this beautiful charter of the British king, through which Governor King has the |Ki\ver to exercise oppression. The people of Rhode Island wish to have their liberty and to exercise their right as sovereigns, for such they arc. We are nil free and equal and acknowledge no superior on earth. We pay obedience to trod above alone. The people iii their utruggle for their rights w ill not falter. Who of the people faltered in the Revolution ' Who would falter now Who would hesitate to strike a blow in favor of liberty ' Can any traitor he found to exist to those principles in Rhode Island I Mr. Wright here read ihr preamble and part of the Charter granted by Charles II, to the Rhode Islander*. and whieh in It* conclusion -By', it grants those to whom the Charter is directed, equal privileges with his anhjects in (treat Britain. (Laughter.) Anil shall we raise the veil a little one momeat. iiinl present to your \ iew the abject c jndition of the tree anil natural subjects of (Jreot Britain. There are thousands starving for want of bread. That is a happy eountry w here one half the population is starving w hile he other half are riding and living on pleasure and luxury >n the blood of the others. Transport yourself to Rhode Island nnd what is your condition)?you must lay aside the rerogntii es of every freeman?that if he is taxed he must represented. If you go there ns a rich man and a landholder under the Governor and Charter of the Rhode Isll.utd Plantations, you might be considered by the nristo rn v party as in a happy situation. On the other side :i icli man without land, or a working man who worklard for his living, ami who never fails to do your fightig for you, if occasion requires it, if >ou are one of them tnd if yon should be knocked down, you have to be sun . our remedy in acivil action; but v our writ must first be ndoraed, and endorsed by whom I by a Unitholder or a ' re ho'drr ns they are termini. It has been before stated ind never denied "that all power lies in the people." The -onstitntion must surrender the jwiwer granted it by tin oe, reign people whenever demanded. *ln nha* ;vrht does the Governor standi The Charter "g^nt d by King Charles had no provision providing *9SE9E9BSSS9BE99KR9SfiSSSSSBP tor the giving of a written constitution to the people, or piovislon showing how the Chatter should ' e altered or modified Well, the people were not satisfied with the ' harter A m^onty of the landholders, icpienrntel in convention. framed a written onstilultou, which waa adopted hy a majority of the people, ami the legislature and officers were elected hy a majority of those to whoni that constitution gave the franchise. Theu Governor Dorr is the Governor of the stale of Rhode Island, and Mr. King haa no power or authority whatever as Governor, Now. when Mr. King has ruled a* long as he dared, and longer than the people w ished him, he calls upon President Tyler for protection. But will you permit President Tyler to send soldiers?a pail of that standing army which nearly frightened the people out of their wits a little w liile ago?to put down your lei low citizensT Yes, Mr. King, who intends to take c are ?l No. I, sends from Rhode lalund for these troops. Did I'resideut Ty Isr do right in acceding to his request ' 1 pronounce it to lie unconstitutional. John Tyler has no more business to send the troops of the Federal Government to Rhode Island on Mr. King's requisition, than he would have il I was to say I was tjovernorof New Jersey, nnd should request troops to be sent to aid me in putting down the other party whom I should sav were in a state uf insurrection. Mr. King, without giving the people credit lor peaceable intentions, writes oft to President Tyler lor protection, uud Mr. Ly ler, without making any enquiry, but merely on the authority of Mr. King sends the troops. The remedy in this state of affairs is in your hands! They have placed the responsibility on y our shoulders to sec that liberty is sustained. You", the sovereign people, arc called upon to express your senseofthe deep ami abiding injury which has been done to the citizens of Rhode Island. hvery other State in the Union has u republican form of government but jmor little Rhode Island. She is not only trodden down by the landholders, but is to be overridden by the soldiers ofthe United States, since Mr. King and his allies have tailed In I'nirhta.i the lipoids with their naner hnllei n... I hope that day is not far distant when we shall meet here to return thanks to God for the triumph of the constitutional party iu our Sister Bute. Tha Pnaident then introduced Mr. Arnold of Rhode Island, a member of the people's assembly. He spoke us lollows:?Mr. President,1 Gentlemen.?It is with a great degree of pleasure that I stand before you on this momentous occasion. Gentlemen, 1 am oi' that number who profess to be friuuds of equal rights. And for advocating those principles, and for undertaking to carry out these glorious principles of our happy I'nton, I have been incarcerated within the gloomy walls ot a criminal's cell. Gentlemen, the damp walls of a prison have not damped thai ardor, that all.inspiring ardor, for libertywhich glows within my breast. Gentlemen,! am a freeman of the Statoof Rhode Island?a landholder is so denominated in that state, but gentlemen,I|havc gone for the largest liberty (Cheers) for an extension ol the suffrage?(cheers) and for this, gentlemen, 1 have been deprived of my liberty, and am now under $4000 bonds to keep the pc'ace. (Laughter.) More than 40 vears have passed over my head, and 1 have never been called to appear at the bar of my country before ; and, gentlemen, I am liable now , if the Algerine law should be carried out in the State of Rhode Island, tube taken to prison, to be tried, and if convicted, to sutler imprisonment for the term of mv natural life?(" Never," irom the crowd). 1 am satisfied, however, bv the view before me, that you cannot sutler me to be so imprisoned.? (A voice from the crowd n-e-v-a-r-e?which immediately raised a laugh.) Mr. A. continued?Gentlemen, the constitution of Rhode Island, under which I was elected a representative for the Fifth Ward of the city of Pros ideucc? that constitution w as adopted by a large majority of the citizens of the Stale of Rhode Island. But. gentlemen, the doctrine has been set up at this late day In the age of the world, that the sovereignty does not la-long to the people at large. Gentlemen, the object of the sultrage party is to establish the cause of law , and to define the pou era of the Legislature, and to see the people represented. The legislative body in Rhode Island, under the churter, could pass a law WK*>V tuv II ui?r lu Oini uium. iiu uvuer Clime ill our happy country?no other State in our happy Unionsuffers what Rhode Island does, (ientlemen. in every other State in thecouutry the sacred rights of the people > are established and safe from legislative uetion, and except in Rhode Island, in the people rests the legitimate power to alter at pleasure. Gentlemen, it has been justly observed that there is no clause in the charter which points out the manner in whir h an alteration should lie effected, or to frame a w ritten constitution for the State. Then gentlemen the people in their primary capacity have that right, they exercised it in the election of delegates, and they formed a constitution, and ''.i .vos submitted to the people and approved hy them. And, gentlemen, for aeling under this constitution, adopted bv the voiceol'the people, I was charged with treason. Gentlemen, do yon call that h-eatmi ? (A voice, No !) No man who has a freeman's heart and respects constitutional lawwill say that is treaton ! (Cheers.) It is the voice of a sovereign State. That voice was expressed through the ballot box. The Constitution has been adopted, and shall the jM-ople of Rhode Island's Constitution be maintained ^ (A voice, "It; shall.") Then gentlemen, people of New York, people of a sister State, prove to the Kxeeusive of the United States, who would hy force put down the people, that he will not be allowed to do so. The horrible doctrine that supposes the Government standing army can keep dow n the people, that doctrine is too late to he maintained and revived at this time of day. I beg gentlemen to express my gratitude, iny sincere thanks to \ on for this expression in favor of the cause of m\ adop'.e I people and my adopted State. Three cheers were here given for Rhode Island l.ouil cries of Rarizac 1 Daviz.ae Davi/ac ! ! were raised upon .Mr. Arnold retiring, and at lu t Major Davizno rame forward amidst enthusiastic cheering, and said, "Fellow Democrats, were it not the sight ol those eagles?were it not the sight of that star spangled banner that waves triumphantly over the temple of the New York Democracy, I should believe all that has come to pass recently was a dream ! (Cheers.) ? What, the arms of the United States sent to) quell an insurrection I Where? In a neighboring State. That State the hirtli place of Green!?the hero of the war of the Revolution !?the companion of Washington! The birth place of IVrry, the conqueror of the noblest battle which our naval records tell off! Who have they revolted against ? Have they set at defiance the law s of Congress I Have they refused to pay the taxes decreed I Have they refused to take up arms in defeuce ofeitr country, so dear lo in nil ! No, brother democrats ! They have revolted against the latest vestige ?against the Inst remains?against the last stain?against the last taint of pollution ol royal sovereignty in America(Cheers.1 Tlirv lltrt NVSIM against this horrible charter, inflicted on them by that monster, Charles the Second. (Groat cheering.) Fellow riti/eus?Wc are not foolish in this Union, lu defence of our dear country we stand ready at any moment to take up arms, and resist to the death the British, should they dare to land on the shores of our country. We are ready and prepared to re-enact in a third war for fretxlom (cheers') the wonders of Saratoga ! (cheers) the prodigies of York ! (cheers) and the grand actions of New Orleans ! (Tremendous cheering.) But to take arms against brother Americans?to let loose the hounds of war?to send mercenary soldiers to war on those hone of our lione, llesh of our flesh, who are !trugcli.ig for liberty. Shades?venerable shades of Washington and Franklin forbid it! Never, never shall American soldiers and mercenaries be permitted to slaughter citizens seeking their rights against a seared?heartless aristocracy. Fellow citizens?I dread not the issue. Let Rhode Island alone. See that there is lmt fair play. Sec that she has fair share of tho ground, a fair share'of the sun, a air share ofthe wind, and my word for it they will lick every tory in the land. [Great laughter and cheering, and a voice in''the crowd sung out. "Go itDavizac."] Yes.tello w citizens,and let not that valiant,<hst daring that noble State he insulted hr saying that it is small! That it doe* not number more than IC0.000 inhabitants. The most glorious nations in the world have bee i at one time the inhabitant* of a single, solitary city ! Recollect that 150,000 men who inhabit the mountains' of Caucasus ha\y> hid defiance to the power of Russia with its million* of mcrocnaries, and shall 800 men destroyer put down TJ.000 adult men in Rhode Island I They cannot! There will not he wanting lenders for them, or if ther are wanting it will make the shade of Greene rise from "his tomb and lead their battalions to this glorious, and will he successful warfare? Your words arc characteristic of American patriotism. It can't be forgotten by many here that to a meeting as large as this in this place, 1 predicted that John Tyler would veto the Bank Bill, and he did veto it. I now "predict that John Tyler will open his eyes- that he w ill no longer be hood-winked by Webster and his slaves, and he will do ?" ukumumj <r.. xniiminj , ? nit II Home cowardly ipiriti would forever desert. Tremendous end enthusiastic cheering?followed by nine cheers for Rhode Island and the meeting adjourned. R Arm.?Major Payne of the 17. S. Anny, at Savannah, accomplished the whole distance between Providence, R.I. and that' city in hours, by the inland route. City Intelligence. The Asoi.itiosists oct wirsnrn.?The writ of Habeas corpus, sued out by Horace Dresser, against Mrs. Fi ances Brodie, wife of William H. B rod ie of Florida, whoso female slave was recently the subject of some police litigation, has been discharged by Judge l lshoelfer, on the ground that that Court had no jurisdiction over the parties named in the writ. Thus ends the ridiculous attempt of the abolitionists to deprive the wife of a southern gentleman of her lawful property while on a visit to this city. May all such attempt* end as abortive. Koa a car ? I. sac tsr ami Bio a nr.- -On the !Hh of May a widow lady, named Husan Sleeper, who resides at ?H_f)liver street, engaged the ser\ ices of a u oman named I trace Sawyer, wife ofliaac Sawyer, porter, to perform some wort about her premises, w hen she stole a gold alrh, gold cha'n, ami money, and other jcweUet > '; value of *110*4. Notice having been given to .In i-olice officer Joseph, constable of the Fourth w ard, succeeded in ariesting the thief, when it was discovered that Sawyer had stoleu the articles from his w ife after she hnd stolen them from Mrs. Sleeper, and also that he had another wile who made her appearance in the Police office, and claimed hiin as her husband. The first wife savs she w as married to him in IS.1I, by the Rev. Mr. I-evens, a Catholic Priest, and tjiat her maiden name was Bridget tiibson. The sc. cond savs she was married in January last, by the Re\. Mr. Chase, of the Mariner's Church, nnd that her Maiden name w as t.race FrieL She denies that she knew he had a wife at the time she married him. and they were IhiiIi committed for further examination. His lirst wife, Brid. get, was requested to appear ns a w itness against him on the charge of bigamy. Johjc Bell Jffinrn.?a man named John Bel!, alias Williamson, who had lieen hired hv Jefferson Brow n of Tompkins county, who has charge of the canal boat Oirane. at pier No. 4, F.ast river, to ns?i*t in work alxvit the vessel, contrived to steal the Mim of *100, the property ofMr. Brown. He was arrested on Monday evening and committed. None of the money w as found in his posaeaaion. Tin. HvilRoad Ac i idi.st.?The lioy who was so seriously injured on Monday evening by cine of the Harlem rail road enrs, (an account of which was published j cserdas in the Herald,) died vrstcrdnv morning aliout 7 o'clock. St rrnsi n !m cstic :m..?TheCoronor was called upon on Monday aP.ernoon, tojimes igate the cauce of the loath of a female infant, found in the sink of the house No. '."43 Thompson street, on the same morning? It was ascertained to be the issue ol a servant girl nmed Ann McCain. residing on said premise*. The hild appeared to be of full age, nnd the jury rendered s verdict that thev were unable to ascertain whether it had ecu placed where it was found by its mother or some >ther |iersou. The mother of the infant was, therefore, lot arrested on the charge of infanticide. P 0 ST SCRIPT. Wuhlii(4on. [('-Ofmpuudxuc* of tltr lit raid.] Washington', Monday 3 1'. M. Proceeding, in botli Hoi.xt. Among the petitions presented iu the Senate tlus morning, was one from citizens of New York, bv Mr. Toilmadge, praying for an increase of tlie duties on imports. Mr. Tuppnn introduced a bill to provide for the publication of an account of the discoveries made by die exploring expedition, under Lieut. Wilkes. This is u funny nliatr, sure enough. The exploring expedition lias been a tissue of blunders and absurdities, from the day Mr. Poinaett promised to get Wilkes placed at its head, up to the hour when Lieut. Hudson lost the Peacock at the mouth of Columbia river. There has been a continued fluster and parade about discoveries of new continents, new animals and new plants, but it has been humbug, anJ nothing else. Lieut. Wilkes has been engaged hi exploring umong his officers, to ascertain how much insolence and superciliousness they would submit to, and they have amused themselves by preferring charges against him, of which there is now a stock in^the Navy Department more than a yard high. What there is to publish, nobody but Mr. Tappan lias any idea. Wilkes' nomination is now before the .Senate, but with the charge against him, lie will ba overalawed, and if he saves bis present commission he may think himself u lucky limn, to say nothing of promotion orglorv growing out of the exploring expedition. Mr. Benton introduced a bill for the armed occupation ot that portion of Last Florida where Indiao hostilities have hitherto been prosecuted. The bill wasreaa twice, and referred to lite Commute? on Military Affairs. A private laud claim then came up, upon which there was a debate ol sonic length? which the Senate went to the order'of the day I he first business in the House this morning was 'he consideration of a resolution offered by Mr !>iivi9ol Kentucky, for the appointment of n select committee ia inquire into the o.?ns?, manner and circumstance of the removal of Mr. Sylvester, a clerk in the Pension Office. There was an eflort made to get rid of the resolution, hut it waatinallv adopted by a considerable inaoriiv It i* difficult to conceive the object proposed l.v the mover. The removal was unjust and impolitic, possibly, but what has the house to do with it Mr. Sylvester is said to have been an excellent Clerk, and' perfectly unexceptionable in his private character, but Mr Spencer chose to turn him out, for political reasons, probably?the other House hat no jurisdiction ot authority in the premises. Suppose the committee send for persons or paiiers the head of the WatDepartment is under no obligation to pay attention to the demand. The course of the IIou<e is unusual and extraordinary, and cannot produce good of any sort. This matter disposed of, Mr. Levy, the delegate rout Florida, ntadc a speech in opposition to the course of* policy recommended in the message of the President respecting Indian hostilities on the Peninsula. Mr. Levy bt.vted on the authority of letters, which were read in the House, that there were hands of Indian? rov ing about the Cape, atill unsubdued, and that the safety of the inhabitants would not permit the cessation of hostilities. The debate on this subject was continued for a long time, and i9 not yet concluded. Washington. [Correspondence of the Herald.] Washington, Monday Km ng. Passage of the Aiinrofirlatlon Kill?' iivnl Dejection. The two houses of Congress have ai ; agreed upon the several amendments to the appropriation bill. The $28,000for the New York Custom House furniture is to he paid, provided the Select Committee find every thing right about the contract. The Senate this afternoon rejected John Cox, who had been nominated as a Lieutenant in the Navy. Several years since he was sentenced by a Court Martial to he placed'at the foot of his date, upon which lie threw up his commission in a pet. Recently he made interest with the dcnartirienf nnd obtained hi* nomination to his original place on the list, Great efforts werd made to procure hi* confirmation, but the Senate threw him out. The Clay men htc threatening vengeance in case Mr. Roberts, the Philade'phia Collector, is removed. The Puteii Justice decided that every man had a right to bite his own nose off, and why should the ultra Whigs be deprived of the privilege 1 The President will not be thwarted in his i urposes of reform by the contumacy of Mr. Roberts, or Mr. Anybody else; and if the Clay men expect to intimidate him, or deter him from doing what he considers to be his duty, by menaces or abuse, they will find themselves mistaken. Baltimore. [('orrespoudrms of tlie Herald.] Baltimorc, May 17,1841. Mr. Editor? To talk about anything but the encampment is unfashionable. Almost every movable piece of humanity tha could raise the wind visited "Camp Baltimore" yesterday. The road was crowded with carriages from morning until night. Tito day proved to be delightful, so that the tents were pitched in a very short time, and every prcpar. ation made requisite to tho occasion The encampment is really a very splendid s| ectaele; worthy a visit from your city. The number of companici from a distance is not so great as had been anticipated, but it is very respectable. Governor Porter and suite arrived in th'o cars from York lust evening. He will review the troops to-morrow. Accompanying him were two military companies, the Lancaster J-'encibles, (the company, by the way, that w ill contend strongly fortheprhe tlag.) and the York Riflemen. The Governor and unite were escorted to Barnum's. where thev put up for the night ; tha military companion proceeded to the encampment. Thita are really greattimes. Several slight accidents occurred yesterday to boys, w he, if they kuew their uerks were to be broken, woiild still follow "the drum and life. Mr. Chandler, of Philadelphia is to lerturo in our city lo-nigbt, and Brnham gives another concert. Flour con linuesto rate at f5,74; wheat $1,30 a $1.44; rattle $4 a $6 50; eighty-three head driven north. Provision market .lull and without change of prieor; w hiskev 19 a 19$ cents, Virginia bank notes 6J discount . Wheeling 14 do; Railroad orders ?7 cts in the dollar;City 6per cont stoclr tha ?ame. We have a tine pleasant morning. Yours, RODERICK Philadelphia^ (( orreapondcnce of the Herald.] PhiLADri vhia, May 17, lga-y /tumoral A/>j>ointinsiit of Colim >r?Conctrl?Bank ruptcy Ltctiiun, $ (. A rumor is current here, and believed by some, that tho President has selected or ia about to namr Jaines Madiuu ^ Porter.the brother of the Governor ofthis State, as t olier tor of the Port, in the place of Jonnthnn Huberts, lathe absence of any thing positive on the subject. I rather in dine to believe the rumor unfoundeJ. And vet, such a jep is not wholly iropiobable. It has been generally un |V.I Ik. ?r Vlr ' ? v. ini? i vcu ii)r some ti ne at Washington, w siting an appointment. Br the movement it may be supposed, too, that Presidan1 Tyler would strengthen himscll to the amount of (KYPorter's popularity in the State?that at the next election for President and V. President, their'names might be unitcJon the same ticket. These considerations would render his nomination not improbable, though I still think it has not nor will not take place. John Tyler hat begun a game here in our Custom House, that reou I res more firmnesr. than he has yet shown to carry nim safely through. The tame fearless determination which tieueral Jackson showed when combatting the factions rejections of the nomination of (Jwinii to nlsndolfice in Mississippi, w ill carry him triumphantly through ; but he must not falter in the straighten ward course. So far as the removal of Jonathan Roberts is eoncerned, w ho has not one capacity for the office, and never should have been appointed. 'J'h? President has nothing to fear Irom public sentiment in Philadelphia. It is three-fourths on the side ot removal, toge ther w ilh the ot(jertionahle subordinate* who hold place under him. At the concert of Signer de Ribas Inst night. Signorde Begnis met w ith a most corilial reception, and wns rapturously encored. 1 never remember an occasion when this accomplished performer seemed to win more largflv upon his auditory. Mrs. Watson, too, was w ell received, and w armly applauded. It is proper to remark, however, that the noise and mistering conduct of some of the in strumental performers in the m<le-ro?>m w ns not of that decorous ehaiacter that sueh an audience merited. In the matter of James L. Mifflin, a decreed bankrupt, who was yesterday arrested by the sheriff, on a < a. in issued out of the District Court, and for who w discharge an application was immediately made, was this morning discharged from arrest by Judge Randall, on the ground 'hat, at the time of his arrest, he wason his way to the offire of the commissioner to whom his petition had been re(erred, on businc? connected ? ith his petition See. ludge Randall has alao decided that the allegation of fraud cannot come up for consideration, until the filing of a petition for final discharge. There was very little done 11 stocks to-day, and very little change In prices. State Fives were downward, though no sales were made. The Naval General Court Mitrtinl, befor which Lieutenant George Adam* wu recently tried m Baltimore, on charge* preferred on the information of Commander Samuel Mercer, lound hint guilty thereof, and sentenced linn to lie dismissed the Xu vy The President, not considering the charge nt " drunkenness on duty" sufficiently proved, approving the fining of the Court on the olhcr charges, hut dcemingtthc sentence too severe lor the offence*

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