Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 17, 1842, Page 1

July 17, 1842 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 1
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I TH I v?l. VIII.?No. 105 - Whoit No. 3040 " I'll drown more aailori thun tha morn,aid hall.'' Shakxpeare. " Diil ?en?t pcriuadn I'ly .an* not to hear The Mriminil's long*, whirl) no lb? uien did plea?c. That they u < ir all jwrtuailcil tliiuutrU the ear J o I|UU the (hip, mill l*ni' "ll" ll": ",'UH Da 1 " Thou rmiicmbciest, Since once I act upon a promontory, Ami heard a Afrramiion a Dolphin'* hack I 'tteringanch dulcet ami hmwiloai hrenth, I hat the rmlu sea grow ci\il at her long." Shukxpeai e, " llowcrar uatiiraUkta muy doubt of the reality of Mer^ nun or Vtrmaid 1. it \? e niuy believe particular writer*, ^^ li'TC teems teatiniony fnougll to uslahlibh it. Chambers. Our renders will recollect that u few weeks miicc, Hv published a letter from a correspondent in Mont^Htoinery, AlabnHi.t. gi\ing a description of a nicr^Hnnid, which he had wren there in possession of 1111 II geiilletuan, who hud brought ii from the ^HfV|cc Islands. A yontlg aitist at (lie south has had 1 peep at this strange Hiiitmil, and has seal its a per loci drawing "1 it, troni wlnrli we hare had the above engraving executed for the gratification of our readers. The artist assure* us that the drawing is perfectly correct, with the exce|>tion of the hair, which lie lias taken the liberty to make a little longer than the original would warrant. The Mermaid has long lieen considered by many as a fabulous animal; hut some naturalists have declared that there is too much evidence of the existence of these animals to warrant thcin in pronouncing the mermaid to be a mere creature of fancy. We discover in the ourang ouiang the connecting link between the human and animal race. The llying squirrel or bat is the link between birds and quadrupeds, the platipus, lias the body of a seal and the wabbttd feet and bill of the duck; the flying fish connects the bird and scaly inhabitant of the deep, and why may wc not suppose that there is also u connecting link between llrli and the human species ! Had not fossil remains of the great Mastodon been discovered, few would be found ul the present day who would believe that such an animal had ever existed. We have seen litany sea captains and sailors, whose honesty could not be questioned, who would take their bible oath that they have seen among the rocks of barren islands, animals with a body and head resembling a woman, and uic io\v?rr e&ircinuy ueumig mv scaics, ims ana tail of n fish. Doubtless there arc twenty snob men now in this port. When the animal of which the above is n picture, shall arrive here, we hope our citizens and ilu* prolessors of natural history especially, will have an opportunity of testing this question in such a manner as to put the subject forever hereafter to rest. We learn that the gentleman who owns this animal is about taking it to London as a present to the British Lyceum of Natural History. With regard to the real or fabulous existence of this animal, we find that in the year 1187, as Laray informs us, such a monster was fished up on the coast of Suffolk, and kept by the governor for six months. It bore so near a conformity with man, that nothing seemed wanting to it hut speech. One day it took the opportunity of making its escape, plunging into the sea, was never more heard of. In the year 1130. after a huge tempest, which broke down the dikes in Holland, and made way for the sea into the meadows, &c., some girls of the | town of Edam, in West Friesland, going m u boat to milk their cows, perceived a mermaid embairaised in the mud, with very little water They took it into their boat, and brought it with them to Edam. It fed like one of litem, hut could never he brought to otter at speech. Some time afterwards it was brought to 1 lierletn, where ft lived for some years, though still showing an inclination to the water. Another creature of the name 8|>rcies was caught in the Baltic, in 1531, and sent to Sigtsmond, king of Poland, with whom it lived three days, and was seen by all the court. Another verv young one was taken near Iforea da (.'intra, as related by I Himien (iocs. The king of Portugal and the grand master of the order of St. James, are said to have had a suit at law to determine which party these monsters belonged to. In the year 1560, near the island orManar, on the western coast of Ceylon, some fishermen brought U|t at one draught of a net, seven mermen and mermaids: of which several Jesuits, and among the rest, F. Hen. Hcnriqucs and Dimas Boaquer, physicians to the viceroy of Goa, were witnesses. The physician, who examined them with a great deal of care, and made dissection thereof, asserts, that all the parts, both external and internal, were found perfectly comfonnable to those of men. We have also another account of a merman seen near the great rock called the Diamond, on the coast of Martinico. The persons who saw it gave a precise description of it before a notary. They Httirmed that they saw it wipe its hand over its face, and even heard ii blow its nose. In Font oppidan's Natural History of Norway, also, we have accounts of mermaids ; but not more remarkable, or any way better attested than the above. More modern instances are the following:?In 1613 a mermaid was taken in the harbor of Cherbourg, alter a violent storm, and was earriedby the mayor of that place as a present to the French court; but, dying before it reached Versailles, it was afterwards shown publicly in the streets of Paris. In the year 1758, a mermaid was exhibited at the fairof St. Oermaine's in France. It was about two feet long, very active, snorting about in the vessel of water in which it was kept, with great agility and seeming delight. It was fed with bread and small iipii. lis position, wnen ai ri'Hi, wuh always erect. It was a female, with ugly negro features. The skin was harsh, the ears very large, and the back parts and tail were covered with scales. M. t!auticr, a celebrated French artist, made un exact drawing of it. Another mermaid, which was exhibited in London in 1775, was said to have been taken in the gulf of Stanchio, tn the Archipelago, or -L'gean Sk-a, by a merchantman, trading to Natolia, in August, 1774. It was, therefore, an Asiaatic mermaid. The description is as follows:?Its face is like that of a young female?its oyes a line light blue?its nose small and handsome?its mouth small?its lips thin, and the edges of tliem round like that of the codlish ?its teeth are small, regular and white?its chin well shaped, and its neck lull- Its cars are like those ot the eel, but placed likethoseof the human sjK'ci'-s, and behind them arc the sills for respiration, which appear like curls. Some are said to have hair upon their bead ; but this has only rolls instead of hair, which, at a distance, might be taken lor short curls. Rut its chief ornament i- a beauiitul membrane or liu rising from the temples, and gradually diminishing till it endspyranudicHlly, forming a fore-top like a iadv's head-dress It has no tin on the back, but a bone like thai of the hntnati species. It" breasts are toir and full; the arms and bands are well proportioned, but without nails on the lingers; the belly in round and swelling, but there is no navel. From the waist downward, the body is in all rc-eecis like the codfish : it lias three sets of fins, one above another, below the waist, which enable it to swim erect on the sea. In the year 1701, a mermaid, as it was called, was shown at Xo. 7, New Broad Court, Bow street, Covent < hirden ; and said to hnve been taken in the North seas by Captnin Fortier. This nymph of the sea, ? woman Ironi the head down to the lower part of the wsisl, anil a lisli from thence downwards, was three leel long, liuviog ears, gills, breasts, fins, shoulders, arms, hands, lingers, nnd a contiguous scale covering the fish part. The next publication of credit in which we find n notice relative to the mermaid, is ]>r. Ohishnlm'a Kasay on the Malignant Fever oi lhe Went Indies, published in 1H01. The i>r. speaks of it as follows: " I probably hazard the implication of credulity by die following note : In the year I7H7, happening to be at Governor Van Hattenburit's plantation, in fserbice, the conversation turned on a *ingnlar animal whtrh had been repeatedly seen in Rerbice river, ami some smaller river*, such, particularly, asMay hay^ony and Abarv on the same coast. So many circumstances relative to this animal, were detailed by Mr. Van Ihittenbnrgh, as removed much of the disinclination to belief I f it. This animal is the famous mermaid, hitherto considered as a mere crenture of the imagination. It is railed hy the Indians tiiese t'lurmna, or mother of the ivatcra. The drscYintion given ol it hy 'lie Governor is as follows: ?The upper portion resembles the human figure, the head smaller in proportion, sometimes hare, hut oftener covered with a cordons ipmntily of long black hair. The shoulders are broad, and the breasts large nnd well formed. The lower poiinm resembles the mil portion of a li?h. is ol immense dimension, the t:iil forked, and not unlike ihat of the dolphin, ;ts it is usually represented The color of the -kin is either black or tawney. Tie animal i field E NE THE M] jk1 ? ..i. L_ ^j_- fr :-~; . s ^-. > . -__- V 'jg v^- - Sh^.r'ip in veneration and dread by the Indiana, who imagine that the killing it would be attended with the most calamitous consequences. It is liom thiscircnnistaiiee that none ot these animals have been shot, ;iii<| consequently, not examined but at it distance. 'J hey have been generally observed ill a sitting jmslure in the water, none of the lower extremity being discovered until they are disturbed ; when, by plunging, the tail appears, and agitates the water to a considerable distance round. They have been always seen employed in smoothing their hair, or stroking their faces and breasts with their hands, or something resembling hands. In this posture, and thus employed, they have been frequently taken for Indian women bathing. Mr. Van Kattenburgh's account was much corroborated by that of same gentlemen settled in Mahaycony and Abury. Captain Stcdman, in his Narrative of the Expedition against the Revolted Vermes of Surinam, from 1772 to 1777, (vol. ii. p. 176.) maintains, t rnt the animal called a mermaid, is really anit truly a vivinarous fish, the female of which is iurnjshed with breasts ; that the appearance of hair u a deception proceeding from a fin running down the back, of a curious construction ; that the hands are fleshy; tins, \'c. But it is to be observed, thnt he drew his information from old negroes unit Indians, whose remarks we may suppose, wrr noi very aecuruc, c .pocniiv as iim-v w r<\ while looking at the animal, under tin- influence of dread. The render may compare this with Lord Monboddo's curiou* relations, and believe as much as he chooses of it: as what I have said comer from very resectable authority, I thought it meriting attention." At Sandside, in the parish of I'eav, in the county of Caithness, there wan seen, on ilie 12th ol January, 18(1!'. an animal supposed to l>? the mermaid. The head and the chest being ail that was visible, exactly resembled those of a full grown young woman. The breasts were |>crfectly formed; the arms longer than in the human body, and the ryes somewhat smaller. When the waves dashed the hair, which was of a sea-green shade, over the face, the hands were immediately employed to replace it. The skin was ofu pink color. Though ol*erved by several persons within the distance oi twenty yards, for about an hour and a half, it discovered no symptoms of alarm. It was seen by four or live individuals, of unquestionable veracity, at the same time. Something of the same kind was observed in the same neighborhood, about seven or eight years before, by a gentleman then residing near the spot. A young inan, named John M'Isaac, nfCorphine, in Kintyre.iu Scotland, made oath on examination, at Canipeltown, before the sheriff-substitute of Kintyre, that lie saw on the afternoon of the 13th ol October, 1811, on a black rock on the sea coast, an animal, of the particulars of which lie givesn long and curious detail, answering a description commonly given to the mermaid. He states, thai the up|icr half of it was white, and of the shape of a human body; the other half, towards the tail, of u brindled or reddish-gray color, apparently covered with scales; but the extremity of the tail itself wa> of a greenish-red shining color; thai the head wai covered with long hair; at times it would put bnck the hair on both sides ot his head; it would alsr spread its tail like a fan; and, while so extended, I lie tail continued in tremulous motion, and whei <lrawu together again, it remained motionless, arm appeared ti> the disponent to be about twelve 01 fourteen incites broad: that tin- linir was long ant light brown; that th<* animal whs between four and live feet long; that it bad a head, hair, nmis anc b xly, down to tlie middle like u human being; tin the arms were abort in proportion to the body which appeared to be about the thickness of that ol u young lad. and tapering gradually to the point of th*. tail; that when stroking its head, as above men lioned.the fingers were kept elo. together, so tint he rannot ray whether they were webbed or not that lie saw i f for near two hours, the roek on wliici it lay being dry; that after th- sen had so tar retirer as to leave the roek dry to the height of five feet above the water, it tumbled clumsily into the sea a minute after lie observed the amm.if above water and then he saw every fealiile of its lae?, having al th apjanranee ol a human being, with very hollow eyes. The rheeks were of the same color with tin rest of the face; the neck seemed short; and ii waa constantly with both bands stroking and wusli ing its breast, which war half iiniu-rsed 111 tin water; lie, therefore, cannct -ay whether its bosotr was formed like a woman's or not. lb' saw nr other fins or feel upon it but as described. I continued aliove water lorn few minutes, and tliei disappeared. I b* was informed that Bonn; boys in t neighboring farm saw n limilur en-atttfe in the sea close to the shore, on the, same day .The ministe oj Campbeltown, and tfie chamberlain of Mull, at test bis examination, and declare they know n< reason why his veracity should b-questioned. Mr. Toupin.of Exmonth, published the followinf account of his having seen a mrrmnid, in the locu London newspapers: " The day, (August 11 th If 12.) being very fine, I joined a party of ladies am gentlemen in a nailing r \etir ion When we hat got about a mile to the south-east of Kxtiintitli Bnt our attention was nuddenlv arrested bv a very sin gulur noise, by no nivalis impUusanl to die ear, bu of wbieli it is impossible to give a correct idea b; mere description. It was not, however, uiiaptl; compared by one ofourludie- to be the wild melc dies of the .Kohau harp, rpinbined with a noise a, milar to that matlc bv a stream d water fallin gently on the leaves of a tree. In the mean tim we observed something about one hundred van! from us to windward. We all imagined it to b some human being, though at the s.ruia time w were at p loss to peeount tor thin, at such a dintanc from the shore, and no other bout near. Weliailei tint received no reply, Hn,| W(. made towards thi Pffi ntHW tl? <>* i?"3?"n?i?* ; wnet), to tile ?rr>? astonishment o| us nil, it rinded our purwiil h plunging under water. lu a few minutea it r<v? again, nearly in the h one plnrr ; .,n-l hy that tiin i we had got ulliciontly near for one <.| the boat mo to throw into the water a pi. ro nlhui|r<| tj-h whir ho liioI in his Inrkrr. This seem. il to alarm ill nnimnl, though it <>nn r-mv p it lt.au its foais, ji we presently nh?rr\rd it t? I >y hol.t t.( die li?l I which it ate with apparent relish. Several ethr W YO new york. sunday a :r maid. .? 1 1 1 | -.- - r -- x'..' |>:i'ct\s w r* thrown out, l>y whirh the creature was i!i Juci'.i to keep n short distance from our hoat, ami a Word s i us the oppoit'imty of ohs itins; it with at tcntion, a.id fount?, to our us'onishrm'ni, that it was no other than mermaid. As (Ik1 s\i was calm. and m u great d"git <- transparent, every I it <>l the animal's body I: ill''in turn vt.-ible. I liv head, from lln crown to ill chin, i'orm rather a long oval, and the lace seems to resembl" that ol tIk* seal, though, at ill" saiii" !i111 , U is tar mi re agreeable, |(ORO'KsinK a pee n liar soft in wlii renders the whole *et el feature* very iuteroU i g. The Ujiperiinil back part of the ii u'i upi*" ire ! o be furnished with something like iiiir, and I ii lore part of the body with sotn tiling like dov.' i belweeu a very light fawn and a vrv pde pink color, which at a distance had the iranre of llesh, and may have given rise to the ilea that the body of the mermaid i*. externally, like that of ,the human being. This creature has two arms, each of which: terminates in'o a hand with four lingers, connected to each other by means of a very thin elastic membrane. The animal used its arms with great agility, and it" motion! in general were very g ueeful. From the waist it gradually ta|iered so as to forma (nil, which had the nmienrance of being covered with strong hroud polished scales, which occasionally retlert-d the ntys of the sun in nvery bountiful niunner; ad, from the hack and tipjtcr part of the neck down to the loins, the body also appeared covered with short round broad feather*, ot the color ot the down on the fore part ot the body. The whole length of the animal,!ruin the crown of the head to the extremity of the tail, wu* supposed to he about live feet, or live feet and a half. In about ten minutes from the time we approached, the animal gave two or three plunges, in quick succession, if it were at play. After this, it gave a sudden spring, and sw-tni away from its very rapidly, and in a tew sei contls we lost sight of it." Mcrrrtontn, Illinois. [Corrwpomtoncc of the Herald.] Mkrkoosia, June Ft, Ik 12. Hmi"rutint to ll'inois?J'rotiiiec?liuilrouil? Mr. I 'u u Bnrcn, ?)"t. MB. James G. HENxErr:? PEAK Silt:? I Cere I nm in this famous and important city, tar more famed abroad than at home. The Suckers have been most industriously engaged for the past tw > years lit the production of large quantities of produce of every kind and description. The immense amount shipped Irom this state in the lust year, and yet going out, i! worth a fair price in the southern or nothern markets, would bring its entirely ontof debt, (at least ill" trading community.) Call by and see our tine soil, and if yon do not sav we can beat any State west of the mountains for productions in the course of a few short years, we give it up. The present predicament of our Stale prevents in a great measure the emigration, which would have otherwise settled amongst us, but we go it wtrong in the way of produce. According to our present jiopulatron, we want about half a million of itaiir 111 ili ut it 11 it c Vrvrlrnrc: itwl trrwifl mfp/enu f r\ titiL-o [ sucker* of ihfiii. There is lots of the richest and I most fertile soil yet unsettled, and now offered at ( three dollars per acre, (in >f itv Hank paper,) now at -to to M cents. Travelling in the west is reduced J to one quarter of the old prices. The Northern Cro-s Kaitroad from this point to S|>riiigfivld is finished, (and the only one completed of the many commenced in the State.) The ears . run three times per week through to Springfield. J loaded both ways with freight and passengers, and I no douhl will do well. 'I'll'- amount of produce yi t I to go out is very large. I.ait whsoii there was upwards of 2nd,Otto hti helsol wheal -diipped down this ' river for the northern market. This season, Illinois j w ill produce upward* of four millions of bushels of wheat alone, besides corn, barley, oafs, rye, pota. toes, iVe Ye., all of which crops never looked liner. I All we want is a good niaiket lor onr surplus, and in a few years our Stale will ask no favors. You are not aware of the importance of our 1111, rivalled city, or wc would have seen it mentioned , in your celebrated and popular I feral I; I can searcc, Iv look over its columns ere ifsgone. The little magician is ex|H'cted here on lii.s way to Chicago, in a t (lay or two. lie lias had a very pleasant and agreeable time in the west; hut he can't shine in the pre' sidential election. 1 understand Mr. V. H. has been invited to the Capital of the State. 1 We are 120 miles nhove St. Louis, high and dry, lots of sand mnsquetoes, iSrc. to ' i .ig for us baelie, lors. No doubt you have heard of the Illinois riv<;r 'i bring celebrated forslowness, it is as handso.: e in iVi scenery, as it t? wnw hi in course, mn noi ?> very slow when up. There is now I welve ho.ils in ,j th'" Irnde, nrriving mid departing daily wilh freight and pns?f tigers. The boats feel the pressure nt the !* times very s'-n-ihly, there being mo very many of , them. Tne travelling is eon-uderablr, nrill not like former (lavs Among (lie number we -.ee many a . delightful fur one?those if.ir it nil bcnuliful ol all creation ? tin- solace ol itiihappy man it c.iu m'm our ! hearts to la-at to conver- witli them, and behold ~ tin ir claiming faces -bright cvimip.I sweet smiles. May heaven bless them. Yours. b " r tirrcti ir Li'.iitkiiki. - On the 8th iust. a rrnall hoy e was ki I lad hy lightning, in the street, in Lexington, K>. ?' Two other* with him were kn?><kcil dow n by the nana I, almck. Tim lltgef'nH a Herald of Freedom states that s on the ste.nitig of tlie 8th, the wife of Mr. Jonathan it Groih, residing on tliu I onocoobosgtie creek, near th< v Turnpike bridge, in that ceunty, was kiileil by lightning. On the appentoncn of a henvv cloud, she and a 'mall boy her son, went to the spring tor water, which was some ,)!? Innre front the house, and on their return, being overtaken ,n by the gust, took shelter under n largo tree, which svai n immediately streek l?y lightning, nwd the unfortunate wo e piss killed instantly. Iler little son tvw also knocked r (loan .and rousidei ablv stunned, and on his recovers l, found his mother wrapped in a flame of Hi e, com nnne at .y txl of courae hy the electric fluid. RK K 40RNING, JULY 17, 1842 Mr. Wfbilcr't Reply to Bocniii grn. Dkruinirtt or Statk, ) WttiimoTON, July H, 1W1J. J hiu :?On I lie iOtli of hint month, a communication was roe ivi'il at tliw Department liom Mr. d? Bocmiegro, Secretary of Stan- .111 I Foreign Relations of the Government of Mexico, liu . ing liccu forwaiilc 1 through the apt lie) of Mr. Vi lux(|iii x,lc Leon, ut Now York, vino informed the Deportment liy a lc.tor accompanying thot of Mr. Jrllj < uicgra, that ho ha 1 been appointed charge d'alfiiirs of the Mexican Republic to this Government, although he had not vet presented his credentials. Mr. do Borancgra't ,. n|.l,....?H,.ll,., o ?_? . .. .... - ? ... ..... uwmwi ui smn?vi um? ? b1uh Sta'cs, ui bears date tin- lull of \l iy. A copy, together with .'i copy of the roniiiinti.-iiion IVum Mr. Vclusipics <1 boon Iran-mi'ting it,aid nf llm answer to Mr. Ynln*<|ues <lc I.eon from tins Department, you will receive hcrew itli. t'jimi the receipt ol this ili'sjiHirh, you will iinnie lintcly u l leesi a not.- lu Mr. Boen.u gi.i.iu u hieh > ou w ill n\ That tin1 r? I it V of Si,ilo ol |ln' Unite I Stat"* lu recoil 1.1 li'lU'i uli]i e-se.t to hint hi Mr. do Bneanegi u, unilrr ,l.iln ul tin1 I.Mil M i) , aii'l transmitted to the Department of SI.i r at IV.vIiIik'oii through tlio agency el Mr. Vi l:ni|Ui <ilo I.oou, ul Now Yuik, who informs tliotJoi itenmeiit of tin t nited States that ho 11as been up|iointt.l charge d'a'Fors nl'ih Mexican Republic, although ho has o ut nri'<onto 1 his lottor of i > islonoo. I'll" (Jo. crime "it of la United State* r.ros, w ilh regret, the 11 l.>|ition, on this n .nion, ofa form of communication ijiii r 1111II ui (1 in ilijilori itio intercourse, ami for w liieh mi mwiiit) is Know n. An envoy extraordinary nml mini' or plcnipotcn'la v of tin' United Stat s, fully nocroilito.l to tIn* < lov *i.i' t of Mexico, was at that momont in It capital, in tin* "tual li charge of his functions, ami ma.lv to receive -ol It li ilfof his (iovornmont, any communication which it ii .:11 lm the pleasure ol iho I'i rsi-lcnt of (ho .Mexican ro; iilinr to make to it; ami it is not improper to horn nil, tin' ii has been matter of regret with the (fovi" imoiit of tho 1 nit.'i! States that while, lining unimatoil wi'h '. sincere !.' no ..I oil times to i ul'ivnle the met ami* ca'ile relations with Mcxic i, it has not failed to maintain no ir that (?.)vi:nnion! a m ?io:i of tin highest rank know n 0 it< usages, Mexico, or a long time, has li.nl no repruitu'.ivo near the tins ortiment of the United Stati s. tint the in inoorof thrommuiiiciition from Mr.de Bo. e i iegro, how uver uovel and extraordinary, is loss imjior. to itt i.in it* rontenti and i hnractcr, which surprise tho II or titu nt of the United state* l)y n loud complaint of ho violation of i'.? neutral duties. Mr. do Bo niegi a, j . |h' iking, a< he - iys, In tli vxprwss order of the President uf i he Mexican It politic, deeNrc that the nmieaMi; reinli nix li 'tw eon the t wo countries might havebeun lamentably distilrh ' <i.i e the year Is|i, wlien the revolutiou ol T. \|s h* o\e not, li el ii it Me\t".i given s many ei idenli s nf its f.u li -a i.iee, i" l ma le So many and so great sa ri. i . for the sake ot p'-n -e, in order that the world might ... with pain nod am l/enn iil, tw o nations which r ir ile tiie to rstnlilivh the policy and interests of it. - Vn'i'ienii eontiuent, ilivi led nttd ravaged by the ovlis of i ir. 'I'liis I loguage iiiiplii s tliat Mich has been the conduct of 'In Unite I state towur's \1e\ieo thnt war must have en ne t te love Iti" pri" cut time, bad no' Mexico made ... ,1 s ie 'tie's to avoid su h a li'.nlt ii e barge which ill" II ivi'i a lint oi th t'nitel States utterly ilclii and repels. I is whuil', igiioi nit ol axy saeriliei s ma Ii by M. si'o i i o ' r to preserie ponee, or of any oeeinimi en I ingon if g i v ernnu nt to mu'iili v't nueominon tinluwi'1 Mi ' ' ie, lli Jo imentot tli" Unite I re ea i. . . t' t, .fop mi til II It'lie history of the o -iiir. nr."s t? t a In wo (hivernnient>, 'lie .tuleol liiog-1 :t? this ei. nit ant esi ling !i tin en tln-m. In-1 'gnrdeil. tin'Ii tli"nue a id lie other w ill l"monstiate that it is the i I i ; 111. I in'" I S; i' liii li has lu-eii marked in in jt. itl tii.iniici. by m 11, ration nil I foibeainnce. Injuiie. ami wrongi Irn 1 xiistnmcl liv eili/.cti* of the i.l .1 Si.ili ", mil i i Mi'lc I liy imlit i lnnf Mexican*, but by la i 1 ii;?ri.if-; ol the Government; lor w hich injuries 1,1 wrong", numerous a* tliey are, iiiiiI uutixigenii* n* is tin- i llm ui'tri ill" <nmn <?f tin-in, an,I acknowledged a* thes an; Iij Mexico herself, rednsshns lieon sought only by mil I iiii I iieunnlile mi-nii*', and no inili-mnily auk ml hut mich n< tin- strictest juntii'a- imperatively demanded. A desire not to disturb the |n"it'?i and harmony oftbe two countries iiik led llii- Govern i-nt ol Ilia United States to In- rnnti- il wiili tin; luwevt mean -rti ol' remuneration. Mexico her elf imi?t admit that, in ull these transactions, thn i-omlni't of III United States toward* liri has lieell signnli/ed, not by tin- innirtimi of injttriin, Imthy tin' manifestation of ii friendly feeling ami a conciliatory "pipit. Tin' Government of thr United State* will not lie unjust in it* sentiment* towards Mexicoy it w ill not iin|ititr to iti gov ernmcnt any desire to disturb tin- peace; it acquit" it of any design to spread the ravage* nnil horror* ol war over the two ronutriin; ami it leave" it to Moxiro hersell to avow her own motives for her pacific policy, if she have any otliei motive* than Uto(e ol expediency and justice; providixl, however, that such avowal of her motive* carry with it no imputation or reflection upon thn good faith and honor ol the United State*. The revolution in Texas, and the event connected w ith it and springing out of it, are Mr. do Ilocun.grn's principal topic ; and it i* in relation to these that his complaint i* founded. His Government, lie say a, flatter* itself that the

Government of theUnited States ha* not promoted the instirrectirn in Texas, favored the usurpation of its territory, or supplied the reliel* with vessel*, ammunition, and money. II Mr. tie Bocanegnr intend* thi? as a (rank u 'mission of the honest and cautious neutrality of the Government of the United State* in the contest between Mexico and Texa*, he does that Government justice, and no more than justice; hut if the language he intended to intimate an opjioiite and a reproachful meaning, that meauina is only the more ortemive for being insinuated rather than distinctly avowed. Mr. de Bocancgrn would seam :o repre sent, that from l*-3ft to the present time, citi/ensot the United Stntcs, if not their Goveniment, have been aiding rebel* in Texas in arm* against the lawful autiiority of Mexico. Thi* i* not a little extraordinary. Mexico may have chosen to consider, and may still choose to consider, Texas a* having been at nil times since ISM, ami as *tiil continuing, ? rebellious province ; but the world hns been obliged to take a very dirtcrent vie w of the matter. Krom the time of the battle of San Jacinto, in April, 1919, to the present moment, Texas has exhibited the same external signs of national independences* Mexico hcrsell, and with (|iiitp as much stability of Government. Practically free and independent, acknow lodged at a political sovereignty by the principal Powers of the world, no hostile foot findini( rest within her territory for six or seven years, and Mi'xico herself retraining for all that period from any further attempt to re-establish her on n authority ovcrtliat territory, it cannot but ba surprising to find Mr. de Hocancgra complaining that for that whole period citizens of the United Slates, or i ? Government, have been favoring the rebels of Texas, and supplying them with vessels, ammunition, and money ; ax if the war for the reduction of the province ofTexas had been constantly prosecuted by Mexico, and her success prevented hy these influence's from ntiroad. The general facts appertaining to the settlement of Texas, and the revolution in its government, cannot but be well known to Mr- de Bocanegra. By the treaty of the 14 I I-'ebruary, 1810,between the United States ami Spain, the Sabine w as adept cdf** the lino of boundary between the two pewer*. L'p to that period no inconsidi rablo colonization had been effected in Texas ; but the territory be. tween the Sabine and the Rio Grande being confirmed to Spain by the treaty, applications were made to that powte for grants of land, and such grants, or permission of set. tlenient, were in fact made hy thn Spanish authorities in favor of citizen* of the United States proposing to emigrate lo Texas, in numerous families, before the Declaration of Indepen lenee by Mexico- And theso early grant* wore confirmed, as ia well known, hy successi'e acts of the Mexican Government after its separation from Spain. I ,i January, 18*13, a national colonization law waspassi-H, holding out strong inducements to all prrsous who should incline to undertakethe settlement of uncultivated lands ; and although the Mexican law prohibited for a time citizens of foreign countries from settling as colonists in territories immediately adjoining such foreign countries, vet even this restriction was afterwards repealed or suspended. So that, in fact, Mexico from the commencement of her political existence hold out the most liberal inducements to emigrants into her territories, with full knowledge that these inducements were likely to art, and expecting they would net, with the greatest effect upon the citizens of tin- United States; especially of the Southern States, whoso agricultural pursuits naturally rendered the rich lauds of Texas so w ell suited to their accustomed occupations, objects of desire to tbem. The early colonists of tin-United States, introduced by Moses an 1 Stephen Atts tin under those inducements and invitations, were person* of most respectable character, and their undertaking was attended with very severe hardships, occasioned, in 110 small degree, by the successive change* in the Government of Mexico. They nex ertheless persevered and accomplished a settlement. And. under the encouragements and allurements thus held out hy Mexico, other ein'igrauts followed, and ninuv thousand colonists from the United States and cUrwhrrc had settled in Texas within ten years from the tho date of Mexican independence. Having some reason to Complain, a* they thought, of the government over til oat, ant especially of the aggressions ol the Mexican military stationed in Texas, they sought ieliof hy apply ihk to the supremo government lor the separation of Texas from Uoahuila unit Torn local government (or Tesas itself. Not having mtOCeoded in this ohjeot, in tho process of time, in the progress of events, they new lit to attempt an entire m-partition from Mexico, to net up a government of their own, and to establish apolitical sovereignty. War ensued, nnd Iho hatlle of Han Jacinto, fought on the 'lint of April, 1H3U, achieved their independence. The war ivaa from Ihnt time at an end ; anil in March following, the independence of Texas war formally acknowledge,! by the government of the United Htates. In the event, leading to the actual result of these hostilities, the United States had no agency and took no part, lis I overiimenl had, fiom the lust, abstained Irom giving aid or succor to either party. It know its neutral obligations, and liiirly endeavored to fulfil them all. It acknowledged the independence of Texas only when that independence was an apparent and an ascertained tart ; ami its example in this particular has been followed hy several of the most considerable Powers of T'urope. It lias been sometimes stated, a? If for the pur|>ose of giving more reason to the complaints ot Mexico, that, of the military force which acted sgainit Mexico with elli dicucy and success in a large |airtion consisted c.f roluii'cvrs then fresh from the United Htates. Bat this is a great error. It is well ascertained that of those who bore arms in the Texian ranks in the battle of fait Jacinto, three-foniths at leas! were colonists, invifeil tn'o Texas by the grants and the coloni/ntibii law ? ol Mexico, and cnlb ,I to the field hy the exigencies of the time In fr<>m then faims an.l oilier objects of private pursuit. Mr. do Bncnnegra's complaint is twofold : tnat Citumsot the i mil .i Mirr'i iinvr ?? ? ?>. ... Texas with ammunition, arms, vessels, money, nmt re. i emit: have pnhllrly raisr.l forces in their itii-r, nnl fi!i to 1 o'lt vessels in their ports, loaded tin m with munitions of war, arei mvrche I to commit hostilities against n friendI ly nation, under the eye re! with the knowle Ig of the ntlhlie, nothoritjes. In all this Mr. <le BoC.anegra appear* to forget tint while the Unite I States Hre ?l pence w|r|i Mexico they are also at peace with Texts ; that Iroth (ERA !. I stand on ilit* autno footing of lrieiidlar nations; that unciI8T7 the United States have regarded Texaa as nn iudr, pendent sovereignty, u>. inurh as Mexico, and thul trade a: ! i omimirre \\ itli citizens ol a tiovrrniueiil ut u ar w itli ; Mexleo ran nut, on that account, be regarded as an inter course liv si lin-li assistance nndaue.ror are given to .Mexi- ; can minus. The a hole current of >1 r. de bncuuegia's i<m.ithx i uu*i in the same direction a> if the indejieiidenre ' of Texas hitl not lieen acknowledged. It hus het n nr. ; knots lodged ; it w as ackllow ledge '. ill I'"I7, agailltl the remonstrance ami protest ol Mexico; ami most of the tots ol any importance <>f whit h Mr. de Iiocuni gra compi.litis flotv nee.-.nils from that recognition. He speak nfTexa ns till la-it g " an integral part of the territory cl'thi Mexican I'epiit lie lint lie cannot hut understand that tlie I 'nitial static do not so regard it. The real comI 1 ilnt 01 tlexn o tl inline is in (uhstouee neither mom luir I .< ill 1.1 II e aptrut against the reeognitiou ul T?'\i:.|| illde|H'lldeUee, II in.i) l.i' thought i illii i J itr li> repnnt tluit complaint, an I n il i|ii'f i-j'is! In t'ntilinn it to tin1 I "iti .1 Mutes, tn tin* exemption ul KngliUid, I'l.iliCe ami lb Igiuni, mil'ig tlie Unite I . tin-. Inn jn:; tx-ru tin- lit <1 In ack nuw ledge tin- illil"| i-ii'V ire ot Mr . iCn liri i If, or<* lo lie blamed or setting nn example lor the recognition of that ot Texan, lint il in Mill trim that Mr. ilr Boranegra's S|xrilicution of liin groun In ul cor.i|i!ainl nn.l remonstrance, in mainly con tin 'il to ' iirh limiMii'iioiii .mil occurrences a* me die nat'ir il consequence ot the political relations existing between Texan mill the United State.. Acknon ledgiug Texas to lie an in dependent nation, tho government of (lie l'niie.1 States of course allow s nml encourages law fill trade ami .immerce between the (w o connlrlei". If nrticlen contrn1 ainl of w ar be louni! mingled with thin commerce, w hile Mexico and Texan are In liigorrnt St at en, Mexico has the i gld o interrupt the transit ul nneli article* lo her cneni) . Thin il the cuinmon l ight of all belligerents, and belongs 1.1 Mt xlcu in the name extent as to other nations. But Mi. i!.* H'icunegin in quite well aw are that it in not the prai tice of nation, to ini lei take to prohibit their ow n subjects, In prev ions laws, I roin tralicing in articles contriihiind of war. Such trade in carried oti ot theri*k of those engaged in i*. nuderthe liabilities and penalties prescribed by the law nl nations, or by particular treaties. If it bo true, therefore, that cili/.ensot the l.'nited States have been engaged in u commerce by which Texas, un enenn of Mexico, has been rnpplie 1 w ith arms and iiiunitiom ot war, Hie government of the United States, nevertheless, was not hound to prevent it, *ild not prevent it vv itltout u manifest departure from ' . principles of neutrality, and is in no war unsworn lib tin* consequence*. The trraty of the Alii of A pi i I, | . between the. Unitinl States mid Mexico, itself -hows iiio.i clearly, how little foundation there is lor the complaint of trading w ith Texas, if Texas is to be regarded u* n public ruemv of Mexico. The sixteenth at tide declares " Il slinll ilk ;\vifcc he lawful for the nforrCiti/fiih, respectively, to sail with their v eiitc In and innrUundi r lieforr mentioned, and to trade \\ ith the same liberty an.I security I id in t hi* place#, ports, and havens til there who inni iiomi' v of hoth or cither party, without any opposition or diMurhance whatsoever, not only directly lioin the placrN ol tin* tMiciii) Ih fore mentioned to limitial placer, Imt ah'o ft oil! Olie plitce belonging to an oi'.ny to aiudher pluce belonging to tut runny, \\ briber tli? > l?r limit i thojurisdiction ul tin* sumo government or ttu In- several/' Tin 18th article enumerate* thoae commoditic* which drill be regarded uk contraband of war, Imt neither that noi .uiy otnt r impose ; on either nation any duty-of pn veiithiK hy previous regulation, commerce in nneli article*. Such commerce is left to its onliuury late, nccordinff to the law of nalions. It i:< only, thcreloic, l>\ iiiki?fin??, as Mr. tie llnmijegru does jn*M, that Texas is .Mill a part ot Mexico, that lie ran maintain any Complaint. Let il lie reiMMitnl therefore. that if the thiol's ai'aiiiKt \iliirh In-remonstrates In* wrong, they have their source in tinoriginal wrong of the acknowledgment ol Texinn imli |>rtidenee. But thut acknowledgment is nut likely to lit' retracted. Tlin ' ran tieno doubt at all that for the last sit > oars thr tinilo in articles contraband of war betw een the United Htnios .ml Mexico, ha* been greater I bun between the I'nilt 1 Slates ami Texas. It is probably greater at the |ire?> ' uiin nt. Wbj has not Texas a right to complain of this ' for no reason, certainly, hut because the permission tn 11 a !e, or the aetutil trailing by the eiti/eiis of a Governtni at in urtii les coiitrubuiul of war, is not a breach of neutrality. Mr. ile Docnncgm professes himself tinnble In comprc11 iiit bow those |ieisoiisof whom he eiiiiipluiiis huve been able to evaile the jiiinishinent ib-eivcl against them by the law s of the United Stntes : I w. lie foes not appear io have a clear idea of the pimcipies or piovisions ol those law*. The duties of neutral nations in time of war arc prescribed by the law of nations, w Inch is imperative and binding n|ion oil Governments; mid nations not unfrequently establish municipal regulations for the better government of the conduct of their subjects or citizens. This lias been done by the United States, in order to maintain w ith greater certaintj a strict and impartial neutrality, pending wai hclw een oilier countries. Ami w believer a violation of neutral duties, us they exist by the law of nations, or miiv hietirli of its own iuws, has been brought to the notice of the Government, attention has always been raid to it. At an early period of the Texian revolution strict order? wore Riven lit the President of the United Klutcts to all officers on tlic south and southwestern frontier to lake cure that th?>?e law s should la* observed and the. attention ol the Government of the United States had not twin called to any specific violation ol them since the manifestation on the |>art of Mexico of an intention to renew liostilitrs w ith Texas, and all officers of the Government remain charged with the strict and faithful execution of these laws. On a recent occasion complaint was made hy the representatives of Texas that an armament w as fitted out in the United Sis'.vs for the sei vice ol Mexico against Texas. Two vessels of war, it was alleged, built or purchased in the United States for the ue of the Government of Mexico, and well understood as intended to be employed against Texas, were equipped and ready to sail from the w aters of New York. The rnso was earefully enquired into, official examination was made, and legal counsel invoked. It appeared to be a case of great doubt, but Mexico wn. allowed the benefit of that doubt, and the vessels left the United States with the whole or a part of their armi nt actually on tumid. The same administi utiou of evenhanded justice, the same impartial execution of the laws towards all parties, w ill continue to he observed. II force* have been raised in the United States, or ves sels fitted out in their ixirts for Texian service contrary to law, no instance of which has as yet come to the knowle Ige ot the government, prompt attention will he paid to the tint case, und to all cases winch maybe mado known to it. As to mh auces, loan?, or donations of money 01 goods, made by individuals to the government of Texas, or iUcitizens,"Mr. do Bocancgra hardly needs to he informed that there i? nothing unlawful in this, so king us Texas is at pcaee with the United States, ami that tlieso are things which no government nndurtaket to restrain.? Other citizens are equally nt liberty, should they be so inclined, to show their good will towards Mexico by the same means. Still lew can the government oftheUnited States be railed upon 10 interfere with tha opinions uttered in the public assemblages of a free people, accustomed to thu independent expression of their sentiments, rtsuiting in no violation of the laws of their country, or of its duties as a neutral State. Towards the United States, Mexico anil Texas stand in the same relation, as independent States at war. Of the character of that war mankind will form their own opinions, and in the United States at least ihe utterance of those opinions cannot lie suppressed. The 'econil part of M. de Bocuuegra'* complaint is thus stated?' No Sooner does the Mexican government, in the exercise of its rights, which it cannot end does not desire to renounce, prepare menus to recover a possession usurped from it, than the whole population of the V. States, especially in the southern States, is in commotion; and, in the most public mann.tr, a large [xirtion of tliein is directed upon Texas." And how does Mr. de Bocancgra suppose that the government of the United States can prevent, or islionnd to undertake to prevent, the people from thus going to Texas' This is emigration; the same emigration, though not under 11 e satne circumstances, which Mexico invited to Texas I o the revolution. These persons, so fur as is known ? government of the United States, repair to Texas, i c itizens of the United States, but as censing to he " !i i iti/eiis. and as changing at the same time their allegiance and their domletl. Should they return after having entered into the service of a foreign State, still claiming to he citizens of the United,States, it will lie for the anthoiities of tVe United States government to determine how fir they liaie violated the municipal laws ol thi country, and what penalties tin y have incurred- The government of the Unitod States does not maintain, mid never has maintained, the doctrine of the perpetuity ol natural alleirialiee. An.I tnrrlv Mexico maintains i.n Mich doctrine j la-canse her actually existing governnirnt like thai of the United State*, in founded in the principle tint men ma) throw oil' the obligation ot that allegiancs to which tliey ate horn. The government of the United State*, from iU origin, lui" maintained legal provision* lor the naturalization ot Mich subjects of lonign State* a* may choose to conn hither ami make their homo in the country, and, renoun. . Cing tlicir former allegiance, and complying witli certain atated requisitions, to t ike upon themselves the character of cithu-iis of this government. Mexico herself has law* granting equal facilities to the naturalization of foreigners. On the other hand, the United States hare not passed any law restraining thcirown citizens, native or naturalbed, from leaving the country and forming politic al relations elsewhere. .Nor do other Governments, in modern times, attempt any such thing. It is true that there are Government* which assert tin- principle Of perpetual allegiance ; yet, oven in case* whore this is not rather a matFit ef theory than practice, the duties of this supposed COIll inIInig allegiance are left In he demanded of the snhjee t hinis w Hon within the reach of the |*iwit of his lormer (invel neHt, and n* esigeneies muy arise, and are not attempted to he enforced by the imposition of previous restraint preventing im n from leaving their country. I pon this subject of the emigration of individual* from neutral to belligerent Slates, in regard to which Mr. dc It irmirgia appears mi indignant, we must lie allowed to 1*11111; ?i? Siiiu ihw UAH r, 10 n?ui|inir nrr wnn hiTo-if, and re*|??Ctfitlly invite her to judge the outlier by her own principle* and her own eondnod. In hcrgrpat struggle against Spain far her own independence, del shr not open her arms wide to receive all w ho would come ?c her from tn\> perl of the world I And did not mtiltitwdol (lock to her new raised standard of liberty from the I uited Sti'ei, i mn Kiu* land, I'eland I'rnur. , ami Italy, man) "I whom distingni lied themselves in her ?er"ice, tioth by sea and land 7 She does not appear to have supposed thel the Governments or these per-ons, thus rowing to unitf (heir fate with hers, were, by allow ing the emigration rvon pending ti eivil war, furnishing jnstcanse ol otlence to Spain, ft . en in her military operntions against Texas, Mexleo employed inanv foreign emigrants; and it may lie thought remarkable that in tho?e very operations, not long Indole the Imttb ot Han .Jacinto, a native oiti/on of the United States held high command in Iter set i i. c, and l>?i formed feats of no mean significance in Texas. Ol that ***** ? f f LD. Prlft Two Ctnlt, toli-ration, tin rcfere, ? she call" it, and which ?he now *o warmly denounce*. Mexico, iu that hour of emergency, i-aihracod the hem tit* eagerly, and to the lull extent other pow vi. May w e not ask, tlo'ii, how she can reconcile her pteaent complaint* w ith herow u practice, t>* well a* liow she account* for to long "?d uuhitiken a itjenci ti|on a subjectou n hich her n moiulranee i* now to loud I Spain chose to regard Mexico only in the light ol a rebellion* province for near twenty year* after she hail iivcrled lo t own independence. l>oea Mexico now admit that, fur all that period, notwithstanding her practical emancipation from Spanish pow cr, it w us uitlwwlul for tlm subject* and citi/i iis of other Oovernmnita to curry on with Iter the ordinary liuslne * of commerce, or to accept her tempting oM'crc to i migrant* ? Certainly such is not her o; inton. Might it not 1m- a*kcd, then, even if the t'uitwl Statea had not uln ady anil long ago aeknow lodged the independence ol Texas, how ion;' tlioy aitolild he ex peeled to w ait oi i iiit h i viii|>ii->iiiii im mi , in- in |i <-i now i'mm ing eniy in I Hi |?im Hin1 intention ul lln- n -iilijni;?tioii ot lli it lei Glory }>y Mexico I How loiiff, li t it le n?kr I in the judgment id Mexico li.-iwll, is the fuel ol actual mill )i?-tiiJ i-nc : to In- held ol no avail against on avowed pin pose of future ri roui|urst Mr. ilc Bocaiiegtu is plpa?od to eay, that il ? nr actually existixl betw een the two countries, proceeding* niorc hostili-on tin- port ol tin- United States couM not liuve taken place ;tlion hat i* taken place, nor the nnm gents of Ti xas obtained more i Ifcrlunl co-operation than they hare ub. taineJ. Tina opinion, however hazardous to the discernment Mid just otinieteof things of thoae who avow it, is yet abstract anil theoretical, and fo far harmless. The efficiency of American hostility to Mexico hue never been tried; the Government hai no ilcsiieto try it. It would not distm h the peace tor the sake of showing how erroneously Mr. Bocamgru has reasoned; while, 011 th? other liuad, it trusts that u just hope may bo eiitertuined that Mexico w ill not inconsiderately und needlessly hat- " ten into an experiment by w hicli the truth or lallacy of his sentiment* may he hi ought to un actual ascertainineiit. Mr. de Botanegra declares, in conclusion, that his government finds itself under the necessity of protesting solemnly against the aggression* w Inch the citizens of the United States are reiterating upou the Mexican trrritory; and of declaring in a positnc iiianne-r, that it will consider us a violation of the treutv of amity the toleration of that course ol conduct, w hich lie alleges, inflicts on the Mexi| can Itepublic the injuries and inconveniences of war. The President exceedingly regrets Iwth the sentiment and the manner of this declaration. But il can admit but of one imswer. The Mexican Government appeals to require that which could not lie granted, in whuteverlanguage or whatever tone requested. The Government of the United States is a gov eluun-ut of law . The Chid K.xeeutive Magisti ate, as well as funetionariea in every other department, is restrained and guided by the Constitution and tin- law lit the laud. Nrithi r the olistltuliosi nor the low ot tin- laud, nor piinciples know n in the usages of modern States, authorizes him to interdtct lawful trade between tliu United Stales and Texas; or to prevent, or attempt to prevent, individuals from leaving the U ited States for Tex us, 01 any other foreign country. II fiicIt individuals enter into tlio service of Texas, or any other foreign 8tate, the Government of the United States no longer holds over them the shield of its protection. 'I liny must i tainl 01 fall in their new ly-assumrd character, ami according to tin- fortunes w liicli may betide it. But the Government of the I'nited States cannot ha culled upon to prevent tliiir emigration; und it uinst be added, that the Constitution, public treaties, and the laws, oblige the President to regard Texas as an inde pennant state, onu its territory ?s no j>arl of the territory ol'Mexico. Kvery provision ot law, every principal of neutral obligation, will lie sedulously rnfoiced in relation to Mexico, uk in lelutiou to other Power*, anil to the tame extent mid willi the same integrity of pur|Hi*e. All thie 1 it-long* to the constitutional power nml duty ofthu Government, mill it w ill all he fulfilled. But the continuaoco of amity with Mexico can not tie purchased at any higher rate. If the peace of the two coiintrie* i* to lie disturbed, the responsibility will devolve on Mexico. She must he an werable lor consequences. The United States, let it lie again repeated, desire jwiace. It would he with infinite pain that they ihoulil find themsolve* in hostile relationa with any of the new government* on this continent. But their government is regulated, limited, fall of the spirit of liberty, but surrounded, nevertheless, with just restraints : and greatly and fervently os it desires peace with all States, and especially w ith it* more immediate neighbor*, vet no fear of n different state of things can be allowed to interrupt it* course of equal and cxart justice to all nations, nor t? jostle it out of flu- constitutional orbit iu which it revolve* DANIEL WEBSTER. To WaDDV ThOMMOK, Esg. fcc. Mr. Webster to Mr. Tnosirsox. Detartmext or State, f Wasiiixcjtur, July 1.1, IM'l. i Si1"After writing to > ou on the 8tli instant, I received through the name channel ? the former, Mr. do Bocane. gin's second letter, nnd at the mine time your despatch of thoti'h June, anil your private letter of the dint. This last letter of Mr. dc Bocanegra was written, as you will see, beftire it whs possible lor him to expert an an?wer to bin first, which answer ih now forwarded, and shows the groundless nature of the complaints of Mexico. The letter itself is highly exceptionable and ollirnsive. It imputes violations of honor and good faith to the Government of the United States not only in the molt upjuit, hut in the meat indecorous monntr You have not spoken of it in terms too strong in y our circular to the member* of the diplomatic corps. On the receipt of this, you will write a note to Mr. de Bocanegro, in which y ou will say That the Secretary of State of the United States, on the !>th of July, raceivtaf his letter of the 31 st of May ; thnt the President of the United States considers the language and tone of that latter derogatory to the character of the United States, and highly offensive, as it imputes to their (lorernment a direct breach of faith : and that he directs that no other answer he given to it than the declaration that the conduct Of jtho Government of the United States, in regard to the war between Mexico and Texas, having been alwaya hitherto governed by n strict and i mpnrfial regard to it* nuutrul obligations, w ill not he changed or altered in any respect or in any degree. If for this tho Government of Mexico shall see fit to change the relations at present existing between the. tv.o countries, the responsibility remains with herself. 1 urn, sir, y our obedient servant, DANIEL WEBSTER. ThWimiv TiinMrso.x, E?i|. Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary of tho United States, Mexico. Ciiorai. IIvmx.?A fine charistic trait of the Ocnnpns wns manifested this morning. Just at sunriae a fleet of canal boats arrived, loaded with several hundreds of tierman immigrants. As they got into the city, near the packet lioat lauding, the whole, struck up one of their national aathrms?the voices of hoary age, vigorous manhood,and lander infancy lioating with those of women in the glorious harmony. Theetloct ill the calm stillness of a dew y morning, tin- spires and domes of a silent city just touched with the golden beams of a July sun, was almost sublime. ?litijf. ,/o'irn. KlSr rV H. O?We learn that the extensive grist mills owned by K. I.. J. ITlde, on Kishing Creek. in Vork district, S. C., were destroyed by lire on the night of 111* Tlth nit. The loss 11 stated to be at least f>16,0C0. Tin: Staiik Cask?The case of I'eck and wife vs. N'ral, lor an injury ins'ained by overturning the defendant's lugecoach, while racing into Marietta last summer, was la-ought to a clove yesterday. The jury returned a vrriQet for the plaintiff lor fi/iOOU damages. There is another case by a son of the plaintiff against the same defendant, far a severe injury resulting from the same upset.?Cincinnati (iazeltc. Svuac itv or a Doo On Tuesday lasl, a voting man about eighteen Tears of age. residing near Tapley's Brook, in Delivers, left his father's house ill the mm niug, with his dog. gun, kc. for the purpose of shouting. About noon the (log entered the house, and app< aied in a stale of extraordinary agitation, making many motions which Were afterward umlervlood to lieinv Millions to follow bun, hut w hich at the time oeeasioneil some apprehensions that he was aUout to sutler an att?? k of fhe hydrophobia, f inding that no attention was paid to hi< wishes,he finally left the house, and was not seen i.fleiward for several ' hours, w hen he again entered and recommenced his at' tempts to Induce the family to follow him. A person then in the house, but who was not their at (be dog'* previous visit, observing his strange conduct, snd lent mug that it was similar to what had been exhibit Cd N-f lie, concluded that there w as nifticient " method in his madness'' to constitute hiin a safe companion, and aeICoriliiigly followed him oat to see w hut would rome of it. At first, in his eagerneas, the dag ran out of sight of the man who followed him, but la-ing recalled by a whistle, kept himself afterward only n short distance in advance. I'll,. mr?n followed "thmiieli broke Anil lltroMirl, l.risr '' Imt wan rather (taunted when the dog plunged into the recectea of a awnmp. Determined to aee it otit, how evar, ho wont in nftor him, nnd then; diarovitred the young m?n lying upon the ground inaennihle, and w ith hi* farodrrndIully ahettered hy the iliwharyn of hi* gnn. He wa* taken home immediately, the dog following in triumph, nnd although, n* we learn, still inaeriaihle yaaterday morning, wns not con?ii|ered in a liopeleM eondjtion.? No'ewi < ?!TtllrTwo Pn 11 ai.a. Thia : If'nmnn A mother- nl? > rheiMies and correct* 11* , n Dialer?the conmlt* and rounrrla in; n atvret heart- the l ro?|iiet* and Nn'|HHi ill , a wife die coniiortt and con fldi a ill II* ; without her, w hat would he omrof ill 1 l A .id thia: It'nmnn A mother, ahe acolda and apanla tia , t titter he tellaof and pinchea u> . a wile ?hc frown*, poutt, , fret* and tormanta tie ; without her, w hat would there he i to trouble n* f 1 HATS! If ATS! HATS !! BROWN li * '0'> O .* Pr'ff ft n Kt<n* . who)**?|e nr.d r*f fail, 17* ri?.?fHar? Squar*. runrr of .\!olt tlrert, vrlwr* fWiinr. U r . T,(y --r ^iTh'nnl fo vIah lite l.t id. T'.? ?iv? rl? lr.i*nm in* #>rffrr in .^'Uiriou ' In flif ir I' ??!f tio|.if.v; H sluMt n*j?pc?l II tt. .1 'irvf ip, I*. fhn miUfron of In , v# (r, wliirii ?n cI<?m)\ iftrmbfr* P. I of nil furt ilu in wt oogflv nnil Im Amifui, ||| *t ihn U imt rtwlv i rrrrltfil. Prir? fSrtf dHlgr* W?- dfririlv , tbrrr fn rh* on* i. mi ?j?*li *>wit i,i, wUich imMi * lit. Un f?riif*h a tery nporinr II I Or thi |T" ? fl'.ir i ?f. fn |?r? annflMi' fhrif ll it' to tfw ptMtf iht prf>|TM-ior* iltini* lit y lime rrf|?? d lit** * It! malum n| beuwty, 'In/ability, ch?'*j'm it .trtd comfort* mi im# I

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