Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 23, 1842, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated July 23, 1842 Page 1
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r- ? th: Vol. vni.?no. 4oi wtoi* wi ARRIVAL OF" THE Steamship Acadia. SIXTEEN DAYS LATER FROM EUROPE. Another attempt on the life of the Queen? Reprieve of Franc In, the traitor?Important from India and China?Defeat of the Chinese at Nlngpo and Chlnghae?Division In the Cabinet? Sickness of Sir Robert Peel?Important Treaty between Urent Britain and Texan?Speech of the Hon. Kdward Bverett?Split in the Tory Camp ?State of the Country?Market.. The British Royal Mail Steamship Acadia, arrived at Boston on Thursday morning, about 5nhnules past 12 o'clock. She left Liverpool on the 5th, and brings both London and Liverpool papers to the morning of that day. The moon shone so brightly and beautifully when the Acadia came up, that every object in the harbor could be discerned nearly as distinctly as in the day-time. During the first ten days the Acadia experienced very rough weather, with strong head winds. Sho passed one large iceberg At a public meeting at Manchester, an address had been presented to Hon. Edward Everett, ambassador from the United States. The accounts from all parts of the country respecting the prospects of the harvest, are of the most cheering character. The state of trade is about the same. The markets have a downward tendency in consequence of the promising state of the crops, the easy rates of money, and the general stagnation of business. The old rumor that the Queen of England is again in a delicate fix, is repeated. The reports of Russian successes in Circassia are not confirmed. The difficulties in the Turkish provinces of Bosnia and Servia appear to be quieted. Sir Robert Peel is said to be dangerously ill. We subjoin all the leading news in our correspondent's letter. [Correipondenc? of the Herald.] London, July 5, 1842. The proceedings in Parliament have possessed no very especial interest, business having been devoted to the income tax end the new tariff questions,both of which are now parsed. It is expected that the business of the session will be brought Xo a close about the 2tthof this month. The long-expected ordinance for an increase on the importation of linen and linen-threads has at length been published by the French Government A new ministry has been formed in Spain. In Portugal the electors have gone against the Government. A London paper, ?the Britith Quern, states that during the last few weeks the Premier's health has uctuiiic maiciiauj liiifau cu, ciuu nidi 1119 lIlUL3|?OBltion is making alarming strides. Oppenheimer ft Co. of Hamburg have failed. Considerable inconvenience has arisen amongst the trading community by the government having isBued their proclamation for cutting and defacing light gold, as the greater part of the sovereigns in circulation and all the half sovereigns have lost weight by friction. The indisposition of the people to render themselves liable to the loss, occasioned for some time a scarcity of silver; but the currency is gradually recovering itself. The minister explained that the act was adopted at the present period from a consideration of the state of the exchanges, and that it would have led to abuses had notice been given of the intention. The fine mail steamer Columbia, which arrived on the evening of the 28th, made the run home in nine days and a half from Halifax to Liverpool, being the shor'est passage yet accomplished across the AUantic;the Great Western arrived at Bristol on the morning of the 29th ult., after a pasRage of twelve and a half days from New York. Lady Ba^ot with her three daughters and suite proceed on by the present steamer, to join the Governor General Str Charles Bagot. His Excellency will meet his family on their arrival at Halifax, and proceed over land to the government house at Kingston. Captain Henry Bagot, R. N., son of the Bishop of Oxford, has embarked lor Canada, having been api>ointea private secretary to Sir Charles. The packet shin George Washington, Cnpt. Burrows, wnich sailed from New York on the 8th, arrived at Liverpool on the morning of the 29th?Mr. Charles Dickens, (Boz,) and his iady were passengers by her._ The British Queen steamer, Copt. Kean, from New York, arrived atCowes on the 23d: sent her mails and passanjrrs to Southampton, and departud olmnaf imnio/liatoltr fnr A nfurom Tl.? vu nl...v.. IV! i4HV??Vlj?. 1 UC lTlCUlIUly West India steamer, arrived at Southampton the same morning?she left Nassau on the 2d of June, and Bermuda on (lie 6th, and landed her mails at Falmouth on the 22d. Rumors are rife in London of dissensions among the Conservative party, and that there ia even a serious difference of opinion in the cabinet, arising out of the poor law bill, and certain of Sir Robert's propositions in the House of Commons. A serious breach is reported to exist between the right honorable baronet at the head of the government, and the noble lord who presides over the colonial department. This has been more than suspected for some time ; and recent circumstances seem to illustrate and strengthen the fact of its existence. The manner in which Lsrd Stanley was put down by Sir Robert Peel in the House of Commons, in trie act of rising to speak on un important question, w-ith hig papers arranged, and his notes prepared for a st%j^eech, made a strong impression on the House. The Premier was of course submitted to; but the effect upon | the Colonial Secretary was manifest. The indignity was too marked to be forgotten or forgiven. Yours, W. A.VOTHKR AtTKMrT TO A.SKAS8INATK THE QrKKN. ?The convict Francis, who fired at the Queen, has been reprieved. There doej not exist a doubt thatlthe pistol was loaded with a destructive substance. He still asserts that he had not intended to inpire her Majesty, but did it with a view to get provided with a home for life similar to that of Oxford. He will be transported for life to a penal settlement. The announcement ml his reprieve had scarcely been made known when the public were alarmed by a report that another and exactly similar attempt had been make upon her Majesty's life. The details are almost too farcical for notice. It appears that as the royal cortege was returning on Sunday from the Chapel Royal, in St. James's, to Buckingham Palace, a deformed youth presented and snapped an old rusty pistol at the carriage in which her majesty was seated. He was seized by another youth, who wrested the weapon from his hand, but the policeman in attendance refused to take him in charge, believing it to be a hoax, on which he was permitted to escape. He was apprehended in the course of the day, when it was discovered that he had recently and repeatedly been heard to sav that he admired ths conduct of Francis, and regretted mat iic nau inn succeeaen in Hie attempt ; that Francis was a brave fellow, and that he wished he had been in Francis's place, for he would do for tha Queen: that he had a prime air-gun and pistol, and he would use them in the same cause. The pistol had an old fltnt, lock with screw and rifle barrel.? Upon detaching the barrel, which was done with some difficulty, from the screw having become exceedingly rusty,owing to its long disuse, there were found in it a portion of very coarse powder, a piece of tobacco pipe, and some paper wadding Ilia motive is tupi?osed to be the same as that of Franci*. Tntt Wkathk* avdthr CHors-?From all parts of Lngtand, Ireland,and Scotland we hear of copious falls of rain, accompanied with thunder and lightning, after a long continuance of warm weather. The cro(?s are paid to he forward and premising, a nil through them, in some places, rapidly improving.and giving fair reason to ex|*;ct, if not an abundant ha* veat, at least an average one of corn, potatoes, nun hay. Rrittsu Tariff.?The bill incorporating the tariff has pam?d its third reading in the House ol Common*, and a* it will probably not be delayed in n* passage through tne House of Lords, it wfll soon take its place among the statute laws of the land, along wjth the Income Tax Act. E NE" WS (irrat tlillaln anil Texan. 1 he ratifications of the long-|*ading treaties be- ' tweeu < Britain and Texan were exchanged at two o'clock on Tuesday the 28t i, by the Earl ot Abeideen, plenipotentiary of Great Britain, and the Hon. Ashbel Smith, plenipotentiary of the Liepublic of Texas. Theae treaties are three in number:?a treaty of amity, navigation, and commerce? a treaty undertaking mediation by Great Britain between the Republics ol Mexico and Texas?and a treaty granting reciprocal right of search for the suppression ot the African slave trade. They were negotiated in 1810, and concluded in November ot that year by Viscount l'almeraton and General James Hamilton. The powers to ratify the two first have been a considerable time in England, bui their completion has b<x-u delayed until the ratifications of the treaty granting the right of search conld be i-iiflultaiieoin-ly exchanged. Art. 1. The Republic of Texas agrees that if, by means of the mediation of her Brit.mnic Majesty,an unlimited truce shall be established between Mcxi- I co and Texas within thirty days after this present | convention shall have been communicated to the , Mexican government by her Britannic Muiestv's ! \Ti-\w-., 'il i. . I I, i,, ot v niAtilkj iV/.,., I the day on which that communication shall have beens* made, Me xico shall have concluded a treaty of peace with Texas, then aud in such case the Republic of Texas will take uj>ou itself a portion, amounting to one million pound* sterling, of the capital of the foreign debt contracted by the Republic of Mexico before the let of February. 1S15. Art. 2.?The manner in which the capital of one million pounds sterling of foreign debt, mentioned in the preceding article, shall be transferred from the republic of Mexico to the republic of Texas, shall be settled hereafter by special agreement between the republic of Texas and the republic of Mexico, under the mediation of her Uriiunuic Majesty. Hoi'sx or Commons, Thursday, June 30.?Tkeatiks with Texas.?Sir R. I'rel laid certain papers on the table by command of her Majesty, and said? These urefthe papers in respect of which a question was lately put to me by the hon. and learned gentleman opposite. They are the treaties which were concluded by her Majesty's late government with the Republic of Texas, and which we, acting on the almost uniform usage observed in public, have felt it our duty, as there was no question of hu exceeding ot powers by the agents authorised by the British government, to ratify. Mr. O uonmsll wished to know from the right hon. baronet whether,since the intimation had been given to this country that Texas intended to blockade the western coast of America, embracing an extent of 700 or Sot) miles, he had received any information as to the capability of Texas to make thatblockado effectual J Sir R. Pent, said that the last account which he saw from Mexico stated that there was then no bona fide blockude. lie hoped that TexaH would withhold from the blockade. That was his hope; but he could give no assurance on the subject, lie would repeat that the last account which he saw stated that up to that time there had been no effectual blockade instituted by the Republic of Texas. Bank of England.?In the Gazette of Tuesday we have the return of the quarterly average of the weekly liabilities and assets of the Bank of England, for the three months from the 29ih of March to the 18th ult. Compared with the three months from the 1st of March to the 21st of May, the circulation is now 17.796.00tV. against 17,536,000/. being an increase of 259,000/. The deposits are now 8,011,000/ against 8,045,000/, being a decrease of 34,00C , and making the total o| the liabilities 25,806,000/. The securities nre 21,181,000/. against 21. 366.000?, being a decrease of 166,000/.; the bullion is 7,320.000? against 7,032,000, being an increase of 288,000? and making tbe total of the assets 28,501,000. The surplus or rest is now ?2,605,000 against ?2.817,000, being a decrease, during the mouth, of ?122,000. DESTITtTE FoREIGNEUS ANn FuREIGN consuls.? At the Mansion House, London, on Monday, the Lord Mayor found it necessary to allude in terms of strong reprehension to the conduct of some of the consuls acting in London for foreign governments, with respect to destitute foreigners, a .-ub,ect to which he trusted the notice of the British government or of parliament would be directed before the termination of the present session. He called thp attention of the Austrian cohsul a short time ago to the deplorable condition of an unfortunate sailor, who had been born in one of tne Italian States fcho was subject to that government, and who had been abandoned to starvation or the casual charity of those who walked the streets. To that miserable individual's claim the consul turned a deaf eur, because it happened that the claimant had worked on board an English vessel, no assistance was given. Soon after his lordship had expressed himself on the subject of the conduct of some of the consuls resident in London, an American sailor was brought before hint. This seaman had broken windows in order to obtain a lodging, and upon being questioned by the Lord Mayor, told a melancholy tale about his sufferings ana privations, and said that all he wanted was a passage home, The Lord Mayor said, he felt it to be incumbent on him to state, that the American consul was u marked and most humane exception to the clasw of persons of whom he had spoken. That gentleman nad uniformly come f orward to the aid and relief of poor Americans when applied to, and the following report which has been just received with reference to the sailor at the bar, proved how desirous he was to exercise his functions for the benefit even of individuals whose conduct was culpable. The following wasthe report:?John Whitcoin applied at the consulate the 8th of May, 1838, and was spnt to the boardmg-house where he remained until the 18th ol the same month, when, being well clothed, he was ordered on board the ship Ontario, hound to NewYork, by which vessel his passage was paid by the consul. He, however, alw-oonded from the vessel. and was not again heard from until the 21st of July, of the same year, when he again applied for relief, and wan refused. On the 23d ct July, he was brought to the consulate by an officer from the Thames police office with a reqnest from the magistrate that he might he takan care of, and, being in a miserable condition, he was again taken in hand and sent to the boarding-house until the 27th of July, when he was again rlothed and his passage a second time |>aid to New-York. On the 12ih of last March, he again applied for relief, having deserted his ship at East Cape, and was for a short time refused ; but being in a state of starvation, and without clothing to cover him, he was laken in hand on the 24th of March and sent to the boarding house, where he was attended by the surgeon of the consulate, well clothed, and every care taken ol hiin. He remained till the 19th of April, when he again absconded from the hoarding-house, taking the clothing with which he had been furnished He has not since applied at the consulate, but was seen within a day or two of his leaving the house in the most miserable stale, having, no doubt, sold the clothing with which he absconded." Hi-> lordship, after having read the report, said that the public would form their own opinion of the contrast between the conduct of the American consul and that of the gentlemnn to whose humanity it useless to appeal, and sentenced the American seantan to hard labor in bridewell for two calendar months. PllESF.ITATtO* OF an AlU'RESR TO the Hon. El>ward Evkret*t?The following address was pre sented, at a public meeting held at Manchester, to the Hon. Edward Everett, ambassador to this country frotn the United States Government, who was in that town attending upon the Hritish Association for the Advancement of Science. " We, the undersigned merchants, manufacturers, traders, and others, inhabitants of Manchester and its vicinity, feel gratified and honored by your temporary visit to our town, and gladly avail ourselves of the opportunity of expressing the friendly sentiments we entertain towards the great eountryfvhose people and government you represent. " We are sensible of the strong ties by which the United idtatesand our own country arc already connected. We feci that we nre the same people, and of the same brunch of the great human family, with those who have converted the pathless wastes of your vast continent into a land where civilization has reared her standard, and where man is purstiiiiK with unfaltering steps nil that is great and noble, and worthy of his highest nmbitiou. " We feel that much of what is cheering in the future progress of tho world may depend >000 the career of two nations so intimately allied, and that a heavy responsibility is imposed upon earh conn try in working out its part of the all-wise designs ot Divine i rovidenee, in the advancement of the high est common interests ofour race. " W? believe that he is the best friend of both countries who endeavors to promote an equitable and enduring alliance between them ; rind that nothing can serve more powerfully to insure this than the extension of reciprocal commercial intercourse, ' and the creation of a closer mutual dependence, operating to the greater mutual advantages of all parties. " We deeply re?r?t that there should exist the slightest harrier to the most perfect commercial freedom between the enterprising population of these islands and our brethren of the American continent. W TO ;w YORK. SATURDAY J We trust that the delusive idea of protecting "fie branch of industry, hv inflicting injuries upon other ] branches, is fast naming away ; and that ere long, | the abundant products ol your country, aqd the va- I rious manufactures of otirs, will be freely inter- , changed; that commercial transactions will become as uncontrolled by fiscal restrictions as are the waves, which, whdst tliey separate, ye.t serve to ' unite the parent with the daughter country. We j irei convinced, ilia dooinot monopoly is sealed i in our land, that even the blindness ol party is be- j coming enliglitend, mid that all the wise and good i will soon be brought to regret that a single nour should have been allowed to puss without the udop- . tionof the sound principles of free trade. "We would hope?nay, we cannot doubt?that . iu your native lurid, of whoso free institutions you arc justly proud, commerce will not long be permit- | ted to languish in letters; and that all who would j give her perfect freedom, in your country and in ! ours, will not onlv hold out to each other the hand i of friendship, and co-operate to advance the great ! principles we espouse, hut to have to greet eaeh other on the s|>eedy realization of the objects they so ardently desire. " We are most axious that perpetual peaec should exist betw een the two countries?peace founded on mutual respect aiul mutual benefits; and that wherever the Hug of our respective countries may he I unfurled, it may be hailed as the herald ol amity, of j civilization, ami of religion. "To your excellency, {individually, we desire to 1 convey our most earnest wish that your sojourn | amongst us may be gratifying to yourself, and tend, : in an eminent degree, to promote the most kindly t feelings between the great people, whose interests j you have the distinguished honor to represent, and the inhabitants of these realms, a vast majority of whom, we feel assured, most cordially unite w ith us in the sentiments we now express, f rom n full persuasion that the consummation of their views will secure solid and lasting benefit and blessings to ourselves, to you, and to the world." Mr. Evicrktt, having received the address, amidst tho most cordial and friendly greetings and cheers ii i> 111 uic meeting, repuru u> me imiowiTig enect:? Mr. Greg and Gentlemen?I feel very mueli tl.ittered l>y th < unex[R'cted honor of the address, which you have had the goodness to present me, on behalf of the merchants, manufacturers, tradt rs,nnd others, inhal>itunts|otYManchester ami,its vicinity. I heg you to receive my grateful acknowledgments for your kind welcome, with which 1 shall lo-e no time in acquainting my government. Permit me to offer you my sincere thanks for the friendly sentiments you liavc been pleased to express towards the people and government of the United States, and to assure you that those sentiments are cordially reciprocated by those whom I have the honor?however unworthily?to represent. The relation between our two countries is indeed, sir, as you have described it, of a most intimate character; more so probably than hits ever existed between two great states. I am gratified to believe that this relation has contributed, in no small degree, to the prosperity of both ; and that such may continue to he the case, must be the desire of every patriotic citizen of either country. (Cheers.) On those topics of the address, which are matters of controversy, both in England and the United States, the delicacy of my official position precludes me from any comment. Our two governments (led by si milar considerations in reference to the state of their finances) are now encaged in revising the laws of trude. 1 shall cordially rejoice in the utmost possible extension of commercial intercourse, which the wisdom and experience of the two governments shall deem compatible witii the welfare of their constituents. (Loud cheers.) In your wishes for the perpetuation of peace between England and the United States. 1 most heartily concur. Its interruption I rhouid deem most disastrous to both ; I will add, to the whole civilised world (Renewed cheers.) Nothing that I can do, consistently with inv duly to my country, shall be spared to avert such a catustrojihe ; of which, 1 am happy to say, I iiave no apprehensions. It is my ardent desire flint our two kindred countries may run a long and glorious career of mutual and emulous exertion to promote the arts of civilized life. I deeply regret, Mr. Greg and gentlemen, that my visit to Man cuenier is necessarily so snort: wiiut I Have seen ot it hut increases my desire to see more. In re.q>octfully taking my leave of you, 1 beg you to accept my best wishes for your individual weltare, and for the prosperity of tins great, enterprising, and intelligent population. ((>reat cheering ) The interview shortly afterwards terminated ; all present, we believe, being much gratified with the manner in which Mr. Everett responded to the address. Honors to the American A.mhassabor.?At the annual dinner of the members of the British Association, held in Manchester, on Saturday, after the usual routine of toasts, Lord Francis Egcrton, the ch lirtnan, said that among the distinguished foreigners present there was one whom, although he came from a far country, from another hemisphere, and as the representative of a foreign State, still he (the chairman) would not class " a foreigner"?(applause) nor would he nor any of his countrymen he so considered in this island. They spoke 11 common language, they had a common origin, and the same Anglo Saxon blood flowed in the veins of both.? (Loud atid continued cheering ) It was only necessary to go from the factory exhibitions of Manchester lo the quays and docks of Liverpool, for any man to be convinced that no mission could be ai once more honorable or more important (ban that of cultivating and cementing, if he may, friendly relations between two such countries as the United Slates of America and Engl ind, which was, liw believed, the main part of the mission of ihe distinguished individual near him to this country. (Hear, from Mr. Everett ) The high reputation of his honourable friend had preceded him here ; and lie (the chairman) was sure that England would consider she could not have had a higher compliment paid to her by the United ritatas tli in in sending Mr. Everett as her representative. (Applause.) The health of his Excellency was then drunk by the company standing, and with marked enthusiasm. His Excellency the American Minister then rose, and was received with loud cheers. He said thai he should be more or less than man if he did not feel considerable embarrassment at the manner in which the toast had been received. He was, however, relieved L v the conviction that it was meant to reach lar hevond himself?across the Atlantic?and that it was meant for the |>eople whom he had the honor to represent. (Cheers) He accepted all their kindness in the spirit of frankness in which it was given. Whilst he experienced such a welcome as the present, he felt indeed that he was not a stranger amongst thetn. luit that in crossing tli wide ocean that separated his country from theirs, he had come into the land of his fathers to receive the kindness anil the charities of hospitality at the hands of their successors (Cheers.) His excellency then ad- j vrru-u mine reunions neiwepn colonies and motlirr countries whether founded unon conquest or emigration. Egypt, Greece, and Koine, had each had colonies, but tnerp never had been, and there never could be, such relatione between them as now existed between the Unitid States of America nnd this country. (Applause) Those relations were to he found in the mysterious bond of u common Ian- * juage, a common origin, and a perfect conviction that they were destined to execisc an all-powerful influence on whatever they were destined, and to fulfil the highest ends in the order of Providence for the welfare and happiness of both When America whs prosperous, the hand-loom weavers felt it in England ; und when manufactures and commerce in England languished, the pulses of America beat teebly and slow With respect to the now staple commodity *f America, it was doubtless known that the cultivation of cotton in the United .States was but of recent origin. So recently as 17M, the first parcel that nrrived at Liverpool was seized as contraband, and supposed to he the production of the West Indies. Now, by the improvements made in the culture and treatment of the cotton in America, tnore especially in the process by which the seen was separated from the fibre, and by the improvement affected by Arkwriglit anil his successors in the spinning of it, the supply from America would l>e as boundless from the former ran* as the d? m ind in England from the latter; and the importance of that trade and manufacture could hardly he overstated, whpn it was admitted that its resources carried England through the crisis of the French revolution. (Cheers.) KepuhlicansHsthey (ihe Americans) were, there wasa much greater nltinity between America and < Trent Britain,politically speaking, than between nny of the European monarehies, or between any two nations on the face of the enrih * (Cheers.) With the Americans as with the British, liberty was enshrined in the constitution ; and if the pillars of their monarchy were laid deep in the minds and the affections of tne people, by which they were brought to support the throne, the foundations of American liberties rested upon trial by pirv, luihtnt rorvnt, freedom of speech, the liberty of the press, nml self government, tempered by submission to lawful authority. (Cheers.) lfis Excellency concluded by expressing the happiness ho should feel in being instrumental in ceinentina the best understanding between England and the United States, and resumed his seat amid the cheers of the Assembly. The remaining toast* of the evening were all sml- I ably introduced and responded to. RK I HORNING, JULY 23, 18' Act'lIir'NTTO niE MaRQI'IS AN!> marchidnk<<<1 ov Watbkronii.?On Saturday, the 25th ult, the marquis war- driving his bride in the grounds of Curraghmore, when one of the horses ofhis phueton, stung by a hornet, ran away, with his yokefellow, and the riders were thrown out The marquis- wa.- unhurt; but the lady suffered a slight contusion of the brain, and a severe contusion on her left side. The most exaggerated reports reached Dublin; where, as well as in the immediate u-'ighboihood, the most lively interest was excited; the recent nuptials of the pair,the marquis's kindness?he had just forgiven his tenants a whole year's rent?and the engaging demeanor of the bride, were circumstances w Inch gave more than usual interest to the accident. From Ute latest accounts, it appears that the marchioness is recovering, by slow degrees. Important to thk Corn Tr'adb ?Since the printing the bill lor the new tariff of duties on the 17th ult.. an important relaxation hue been introduced by the committer of allowing corn in the bonding warehouses an allowance lor natural waste. viz :? Twelve months and upwards?wheat, barley and rye,per cent; oais. 6 per cent. Except on Spanish wh -at, barley and oats, and on wheat and liarley kiln-dried abroad, which are to have only half the above mentioned allowances: aud none istobe .? i ;i,. .I-;..,i .. . If warehoused one and les-than three month*? wheat, hurley and rye, U per cent ; oats, 2fc (>cr cent. Three nnd l*.*s than six months?wheat, barley and rve, 2 percent.; oats3i percent. Six and less than twelve months?wheat, barley and rye, 2? per cent.; oats, per cent. Donatio* from New York ?The Glasgow Courier announces that the handsome sum of JLSlUfa. has been received from \#w York, through Hugh Anchincloss, Ek| , being the amount of a snbscription in tliat city in behalf of the suffering poor of certain towns in Scotland. The money which wai remitted, under charge, to the Hon. Sir James Campbell, Lord Provost, and Alexander Thomson, Esq., American Consul in this city, has heen paid over to the chief magistrates of the respective towns, in accordance with the instructions received from New York:? Paisley and neighborhood X' KKl o Dundee 60 0 Oreenock 26 0 Kilmarnock (thobalance) 29 fl The British _ Parliament is at present occupied with n discussion on the appalling nnd increasing distress throughout the country, Mr. Wallace having, on Frida_y, moved, as an amendment to llie order of the day forgoing into a committee of supply, a series of resolutions to the effect that Parliament should not be prorogued without an inquiry being instituted as to the extent of the distress and the best meuus calculated to afford relief. The suspension of paymcRt by three highly rc8|H-etabIe firms on the Continent hits heen announced in terms of general regret The first of these is the very old established firm of Nevin. Kerr, Black and Co., of Constantinople. The second is that of Wilson, llurvev fc Co.,-a mercantile house of high standing at Ft. Petersburg:and the third that of Oppenheimer ?fc Co., of Hamburg?a failure which it is supposed will he felt iiiihis country, its the firm were considerable purchasers of Manchester goods. The We?t Inoia Mah. Boats?The United Service Gazette announces that the losses of the company some time past have not fallen far short of ?1,000 per diem, that the contractors have solicited the Admiralty to relieve them front their responsibilities, that it is likely the Admiralty will purchase the boutsj and in the course of the next two months, the entire service will be placed under the direction of the Board. The Commercial Steam Navigation Company dissolved itself on Friday, at its meeting at the London Tavern. To relieve the Company of its liabilities, the whole of its propi rty i.-< to be disposed of. It appears that the sum of ill 12,000 has been ottered for their vessels, which left the sum of ?28,000 to be raised. A gentleman employed by government has, it is said, in ascending the river Juba, in Atrica, fallen in with a considerable tract of country, inhabited liy a curious race of pigmies, not exceeding four icri in uvigni, wiih very curious views oi religion and government, und exactly resembling the type of Herodotus. A protest has been drawn up ug-unst the income tax, and signed by Lords Radnor, Zetland, Kinnairet ana Hossie, Mounteagle (of Randon,) Duncannon, Somerhill, Gosford, Campbell, Cloncnrrv, Clarendon, and Ben man. Another has been signed by Lord Stanhope. The new bishopries are ebotif to be formed by the committee appointed for that purpose, \iz. one in \'<-w Brunswick, which, with a population of 156,000, will have an endowment of ?1.200 per annum; and another in South Australia, with JCI.000 per annum. Tlii*Judges of the Court of Common Picas have decided that time bargains for shares in a railway company are not within the meaning of the stockjobbing act (7th Geo. II, c. H.) as the certificates cannot be regarded as public securities. A grand entertainment was given on the 20th at Goldsmith's Hall, to Kir Robert Peel and the rest of her Majesty's ministers, ut which the right honorable Baronet indulged in a sjieech alike distinguished for its strength and its length. More than five thousand operatives were out of employ in the mining districts of Truro, and about an equal number of women and children whose services had been connected with mining operations. The dii-tress among them was unparalleled. The third dividend declared under the bankruptcy of Garry and Curtis, the Baltic merchants, is two pence in me |iounu. i nis, wun tne iwo jirevious ones declared, returns to the creditors eleven pence in the pound. The Earl of Home has been chosen Presides! of the British Association for the ensuing year. The period of the next meeting is fixed for August, 1843. at Cork, (fronts amounting to ?3,338 were made lor various scientific purposes. The Irish Executive have suspended Mr. Lawrence, ('. Smyth, and ('apt. IV Rnvvnes, the magistrates at Emus, until the decision of the legal tribunal, before which suchcuses must be tried, shall be made known. Friday night's Gazette contains the proclamation announcing the issue of the copper coinage of The proclamation declares that they will not be a legal tender for any sum above the value ul sixpence. The King of Prussia has become a subscriber to the British and Foreign Bible Society, llis Majesty sent a donation of ?100, and has announced bis intention of payiug an annual subscription of ?25 to the society. The Carlisle Patriot and the Westmoreland Cazette both mcation the shock of an earthquake aleltinthe neighborhood of their publication on the 21st ult. Her Majesty the Queen Dowager has taken Rothsay Castle, at High Cliff, near Christchurch, II wits, the seat of Lord Stuart de Hothsay, for three months. Cotton Wool,?Upwards of ?50,000 were paid, .is duty, at this port, on cotton wool from the ship, for the month ending May 31, exclusive of the duly paid on cotton in bond Six sail of line-of-battie ships had bernputin commission by the British government, in addition to those already in service, and it was supposed they were destined for China. Great progress has been making in the gigantic undertaking of erecting a lighthouse on the (foodwin Sands. The caisson is already placed perfectly air anu water tight at low water mark. According to h return laid before Parliament, the quantity of en'm intde in < treat Britain the last year amounts to 1MB,666,742 pounds, and of that 17,-ltfO,000have been *ent to foreign |>arts. The house of 8. Opprnltcim Co., a Hamburg firm, connected with the Manchester trade, and formerly of very high standing, Luis juel slopped payinent. 1 pwnrda of thirty p ?nn^, of a fi-liing party, were drowned near B; ugnr, \Vnles, on the 2fith, under ofciimsfineep which rendered the calamity in the highest degree afflictive. The troubles in Ireland still continue, without any profjiert of remedial just ire or satisfaction. Rven the rm>?]iret of an abundant harvest does not appear to nllav the murmurs of discontent. It in rumored that the Xavv Board is to be revived ?but instead of a comptroller it is t? have a chairman, for which office Rear Admiral Koss is named. It is expected that tie- Queen and Prince Albert will visit the Karl of Warwick, at _'m? magnificent haroruul residence, at ihe close ol the season in town. It is reported that Lady Caroline Townley, sister to the Karl of Sefton. has recently become a convert to the doctrines of the church of Rome, and made her first communion. The King and Queen of the Belgians arrived, on a visit to her Majesty, on the 20th ult. IERA 12. It in understood that government has determined to allow the grinding of foreign corn in bond tor the lnannfucturo of biecitit to be sent abroad for government uses. Never at any time ?inca bobbin Up machinery was tirst exported by John I'utte, in IHlfi. were lace machines taken out of the kingdom iu greater quantities than during the lust month. Twenty houses and a quantity of valuable property ware burnt and damaged at Ro the rite some time since. The average price of brown or Muscovado augir, computed from the returns made in the week ending thelistii day of June, 18-12, U 37s. (j^d. pur liuu died weight. Several shocks of an earthquake have r&cuntl] been felt at Morocco, and in the south of Spain unc Portugal. Meetings of tire shop-keepers of Manchester, Wolverhampton, Leicester, and other large towns, havs been held to consider the prevailing distress The extensive firm of Messrs. I lav ik Oeilvie, merchants and banker* of Lerwice, have stiapend'^o payment. The literary Or. Maunn lias been discharged ai an insolvent, lie ascribes hi? embarrassment to en dor.-ing hills for friends. The Court of Hanover has rejected the propose tion of the Ilritish government for the modification ot tin.* state duties. The South Lancashire Rank closed its doors fot business on Friday, voluntarily. Its capital has beer preserv ed as entire. The exlonsive firm of Messrs. Hay A" Ogilvie. merchants and hankers, Arc. in Lerwick, has been obliged to suspend payment. The Queen lias been plessed to epnrove of Col. I Richard Wright us Consul General of London for j the republic ot the Equator. i His Excellency Edward Ev rett, the American I Minister, attends the installation of the Duke of i Northumberland as chancellor, at Cambridge. A new issue, of gokd roin made its appearance on Saturday week, having, it is said, heeu issued from the Mint late on Thursday. The Bank of England has lent .?-100,000 on rniltoad mortgages. Mr. Alderman Hooper and Mr Piieher arc the newly-elected Sheriffs of London and Middlesex The total income of Denmark in the veur 1H37, was ?1,571,133, and the expenditure ?1,561,920. DeathsLieutenant General Huron Mnrular, ene of the moat distinguished oflicere under N'npoleorq died a few days ago. In the course of his campaigns he was wounded nineteen times, and had twenty-six horses shot under him. The death of the Earl of Leicester (Thomas Willi un Coke) of Holkhain, Norfolk, took place ou Thursday morning at (unseat, Longford-hull, in the county of Derby. The death of the Right Hon. Sir William Alexander took place at his mansion, in Groevenor square, on Wednesday afternoon, in his eightyeighth year. Sir Joseph Littledale, a retired judge, expired on Sunday lust, at his residence in Bedford square, London, in his75ih year. The Countess Dowager of Galloway died on Thursday, at her residence, Rutland-gate, Hydepark, inherCytli year. Lord James Townsend died on Tuesday last at iii.tK.r. I V...L.I.;,.. -i... - u Henry Darling, Esq. iu the 67th year of his age. 1>e.\tiis.?Old Coke of Norfolk, Pismondi the historian, Justice Litlledale, uud Sir Wiu. Alex ander, are dead. The Rev. Edward St Lawrence, Archdeacon of K?>hs, win of the late Lord Richop of Cork, expired suddenly in his 53d year. Fred. Yates,the actor, died in Iiondon, June 21et Theatricals. The present year has been fatal to those of the most active and successful managers of the minor theatres, Ducrow, of Astley's ; Pavidge, of the Surrey, and Yates, of the Adelphi. The widow of Ducrow ^av birth to a son a few duyn ago, nt hei house in the York road. Laporte may also be added to tlie list. Sir Edward L. Lhilwer has recently completed r new drama, which Mr Macrendv haeaccepted.and it will be one of the earliest novelties at Drury Lain next season. There was a tremendous row nt the Italian Opera 011 Saturday night the25th, in consequence <1 the absence of Persiuni. It lasted two hours uud the performance was not permitted to proceed. Tickets oi admission for another night were distributed. Mr. Macready, the lessee of Drury Lane Theatre, on Thursday in the Court of Common Pleas, obtained a verdict again.11 Mr. ex-Alderinau Ilarmer, proprietor of the Weekly Dispatch, damages ?5 for a libellous attack on him tliut had appeared in thai coarse and scurrilous print. A new asuirunt to the mantle of Power, the Irish comedian, has appealed at the Haymarkct in the person of Mr. Stephen John Leonard, an attorney riv nrofession. who is well known in the smith rd Ir< land I'or liia comic powers. Mr. George VandenhofVof the Theatre ii.oyal Cnvent Garttpn, London, (eldest ron of the tragedian who was so popular in America,) is aliout to nay the States a professional visit. He is, we be lieve, the youngest actor of reputation on the stage, having been in tlmt profession little inare than two years and a halt, lie made his first appearance at Covent Garden theatre in 1838, (never having played elsewhere before) and was at once successful His forte is in the highest range of juvenile tragedy and comedy, nrilarnlet, Faulconbrictge, Mercutio, Benedick. vVc.; but he also plays the heavier characters of Macbeth, Virginiua, Iugo, Jacques, &c.. with great success. * Heiry Rfssatx.?This distinguished vocalist lisreaped a rich harvest in England. At Sheffield, with Min Adelaide Kimble, ne met with imnienei applause. Vapxhau. Gaumhs?This once popular place <.| entertaintneut, opens to-dHy und? r .Mr Rnnn's mat. agemcnt. One of the main features of attraction a a scenic represents lion of the CoufLgration of thi city of Hamburgh, which will occupy the entire space <if the balloon ground, and the action intn> ouced in it will be sustained hv mors than tlirt < hundred people. Cook, the equestrian, has been agnin unfortunat On Monday^ week, his cirrus. at Glasgow, was d stroyed hv tire; and though his stud w ere saved, considerablu portion of his valuable wardrobe wa destroyed, lie isiwitly covered by insurance. The Prussian King Khs ordered ilia tragedies < Shtikspejrc to be represented shortly at iTie rovi. theatre, with the simple scenery of Quven Eliza beth's time. Howard and Matthews, the H irlequin and Clown are engaged to produce a coiuic pantomime n Paris Pnahlona for July. (Frrm the London and H .rui Loltr,' .Mwaiiur nf K i Inun.) With the warm weather ?ome new hnrege* have -i[ poured, termed httrege* The; are rtjualli light and pratty, of verv toft texture, aprigged w i'.h fine org or covered w ith Arable patter no; next to glace nlki Ihcv are flu* material* mimt iti .i.-mamt In I'nrlK u hi ' I h'unin to be uuite confined thin iea?on to evening drr?s.? Kmbroidcrod muslins, |I?dmn.i muslins, organdy*, lam pointod muslins and jaconet* are no longer visible by dnj liKht; silks anil worsted material* in a th?>n-n??J different t) lea are tlia only article in demand. Walking dresset. are generally mane high, to wear with the 'ranspari n' mantelet or pelerine; the skirts are of prodigiou* width, and the length as inrom eulent aa during winter. Hhort sleeves are rasliionaldi' fertile home; in long oner, those a la Diaue de Poiteersnnd the Aiaadis are'much worn ? The poiutad corsage* are almost enclusivelv reserved for dreu toilette*; the rounded |*iinl is worn eunegtige, ?nd the celnture with long ends. Dinner dresses are of foulards, satins, princesses, pekins, pou deaoi, He. A novelty la trimmings i? n new at) In in flounce made uuite plain at the top, but f illing la llntes at the e lge,they form elegant trimmings without loading tlio <lre??; thej are very pretty in striped pekin*: very full and narrow ruchOiChlcorues nri much in favor for redingote* an peignoirs. Scarfs of irnb dde- mnsliu are trimmed with Valenciennes la.. i', ho.aled tij a i tuliotine, thro, -jl, which n riband Is passe J, corresponding with th< color of th. dro?s. Mantelet are ma in of glace silk trimmed wit I. bouillons, w ith armholws, and forming very large roun atthubark. The round noleriues continue 'o be murii worn, ( emails of ahot silk arnalso trimmed w itb ruches of the same color, and black ones with gimp. Ther. is at present little to say alevn bonnets, fancy straws and a new kind of paille de ri7, which cleans well, are the principal novelties. Crape bo an eta and tulle bonillonee are very elogantand suitable for th" moil rant. ( ipo;i* coulisses are alwavs fashionable; they are freqnontlv entirely covered with tulle, whiohgi\us them a vcv light appearance. Capote* composed of fold* of crepe should always he of the color of the dn-ss. Cotironnea Josephine or Ceres, bunches of lilies of the valley, are used for cajiotes ?f gatr/c; double poppies, daisies, camellia', aloes, wild roses, lor Leghorns. France. The Pari* paper* are devoted almost exclusively to the elertions. i f*<ime of the opposition paper* continue to nnimadvert on the late ordinance respecting th new duties laid on foreign threads and linens. L D. Prlr? Two Cents, Hank of Fbawck.?The Moniteui publishes the quarterly return of the operations of the Hank of Franc.-, ending tin* 2?Vh of June, iron, which it appears that the discounts, advances, dec, made m that interval, amounted to 212,450,(XX) , the ,-um t of t be account - current with individual: to 2. W2,if2J?.7nnf ,and ihetrc.icury account* m 234,516,7001 T- .'limik received in specie lO-t, 172,50"! in bills l72,2W,00w", and iatiiicd in specie and in billw4?St,7 lM,500f. A royal ordinance has V>e*n issued, sanctioning certain changes introduced into the customs' birifl i established iu the French West Indies by the crdi, nance of the 8th December, Uy this law se' verttl articles heretofore admitted into tho-;e colonies at a duty ol five per cent per luo kilogrammes are prohibited these are *mt H, which arc ubund1 [ untlv produced in tliem. Tin dutv on Tenerille and Madeira wines is reduced from Kkx) tranc* per her. | tolitre to CO. The new ordinance nlnir. , j cmmis trom Hi- operation of the law <,t lsp<<, which ! decreed that foreign goods, proceediutj from French entrepots, could not be imported for cum imptton j ' into the French West Indies, utiles- thc\ h.d been naturalized by the payment, in France, of i: , , nii t demanded by the general tariff. > ' The Commerce inform* us tlmt a convent.on has 1 b"i?n enleredTinto between the French and Neapo' i:' i ( overnmenta for the transport of letter* and travellers from .Naples to Maraailles, and front Mur, ' seilles to Naples, by steam packets. The ratification of this tteaty is daily expected. Letters between . ! those two citius. and conaee|uently between the two I conn tiles, which now take eight days, will in future 1 I take three days lec?. j The market on Saturday was rather better for the new accoant Five per cents, were done ut 1IM ! 15c for the end of the month and the three j?-r eta. at 79f fiSc. The market closed n.s follows Three p->r cents ,for cash. 791 10c. : for Hccnunt, 79f (6c Five per cents . for e . li, 1191 10c. ; for nr count, lift". -15c Rank of France Fhares, V'JSOf. Neapolit in, l(15f 6t)c Spanish 22 5-8. | The judgment wliirh lies recnilv excit'd so mm h interest in the mercantile world oil scroant of the French Post Oflice. which attempted to suppress tb# practice < f forwarding expresses by couriers on 1 horseback, and for which the courier of the Morning Hernia was a short time since condemned by 1 the court of Boulogne topsy a fine of 160 francs anil j costs, h is been reversed by the court of St. Onter, i to which superior court an appeal was made. The | 1 itt-r court has aci|uittad the courier Vivier without costs. Pierre Joseph Damonf, who acted as a guide end I interpreter to Marshal Bourmont in the expedition against Algiers, died iu Paris on Wednesday, in the 88th year of his age. Dumont had been a rinve in ; <fries during SI veers, when he was rertored to liberty by Lord Lxntouth in 1819 He was, at his own ' request, attached to Marshal Bourmont's army in , 1830 Hedueed in hie old days to the greatest mt sery.he was obliged to have recourse to public charity, mid terminated his long and agitated career in the hospital Necker. After four months nnreniitted labor, the first tube in the Arte.-idn well at tlrenelle has been extracted, having been got down to the dapth of nearly 33(1 yards, when it hnd become collapsed hy the pressure ; of the water. The French claim to have gained some new su#, censes in Algeria, hut those successes, like thosa , achieved hu niif mm ir"?? J ' . , ..... .... .< >i<^>ps iu r luiiua, uu 1101 lit( wavfl "stay" successful. Telegraphic despatches continue to commuuicnta j successes in the provinces adjobun# Algiers- Iho j last ia dated June 26. pain* Our advice* from Madrid nrc to the 27th of June. Pom'' insurrectionary movement* ai Figueirn*, (Cai t iloniu) :*.t?H Barcelona had heensuppreseed. (.'titers ; were apprehended at Pt Sebastian und Tolcsa. > The tribunal of Bilboa iiad passed judgment on several individuals concerned in the insurrection of last Octobi r; twenty are sentenced to death, and twelve to the galleys Among the former are the of Bilboa. it judge of one of the osurts, the colonel of the militia, M. Benavtde*. u deputy, arid M. Bastereche, a banker Among the latter are (n<-ml Iriarte, and M. Gahuno, ex-Minister of Ptute. Luckily, however, all these persons ate t-afe ' in foreign countries. Twenty-five other individuals were acquitted. A new ministry had been formed as follows :? H odil. Minister of War and President ot the Council; Aitnadova, Foreign Affairs; Zumalacatregui, Ju-tice; Bunion Calairavu, Finance; C?paz, Nlarine; Torres Poland, Interior. No collision had as yet taken place in the cortca between the new ministry and the coalition, and it was even belie v? d that the latter would r< rrtatti lor the present on the defensive. The editor of the Correo Nucionnl had been sentenced, for libel, to imprisonment during four years in a forfn-ss, una to the privation of his office and decorations. The contractors for the first issue of the loan of 160.000,000 had acquiesced in the demand of the Minister ol f inance, nnd consented to reduce the discount to 12}>er cent. The army of the north has been dissolved. The troo|?of which it was composed are to pass mder the command of the captains general of the 10th division (Navarre,) and the 11th (the Basque provinces.) b?n the 25th, four bargains were made in the three per cents., without the coupon, due in the latter end ol June, at 21 jj 7-6 at 60 days. There was one purchase in the four per rente., with the three coupons, for 195 32, at 60 days; and 19 in the five per rents, at 31J for cosh, 31/1 1, at 60 days The titlesof tlie foreign converted debt sold, with the 11 coupons, for 23j, at 58 days. Port urbI, We have advices from Lisbon to the 27th of June. Neither the slave trade nor the commere. < treaty were signed. Tlie Duke of Palrnella will immediately join the Administration as Foreign Fecriiiity and President of the Council, and 8euhorCan , u will he replaced in tlie Marine I>.,i,irtn. ut by a i statesman ol more undisputed sdmint-tr.itive capacity. The result of the election*, v. as an immense majority for the government. Ju all the p: vinoial districts they were successful, and defeated criiy in . Lisbon. fJermnnjThe Augtburg Gazette states that on the ?:h of June, disturbances of a serious nature br< ke out hi th- city of l'f*tl!, in Hungary, < ruici! h> the discontent of the jounuymen tenors, p. :| < ciii g some differences with the marten of th- eci|- ration in the umtter ot u savings bank. Si.U' < u hundred of these* men refused to wok, and marched in a body out of the town. fJt-nu- cavalry were sent agaii-sLtheni, and forty were brought in aa prisoners'. Hluediuti-ly au ulteuipi at rescue was ntede by the journeymen and the populace, lite town, botfe which contains the prison, w ns attacked?its windows de in oliiJiW. and th* iighte in the streets ' destroyed. The matter ry wne obliged to act, and many were wounded on Doth Tbi next day 3000 s'ioi niaker." his ' ateueb u> y u the t .dors, and mncli apprehension was et.t itoiutd tor th* traiKpitliiiv ol the town. The lints continued on the 11th, and w re only ! appeased f'V the niHgistrate con* nitrig to the role n- of the prisoners, excepting three however.? VimfdiiMT to the Lei|isie Gazetta, thirty persons liuve hecti m liutsd or wounded in this a tiki > A letter from Trieste, June 3. in the Augsburg 1 I (!ar.ette, says?*'A quarantine of twenty-one davi ) for passengers, and twenty-eight for nterchandu*, has port been established here.'* The declared value of woollen ami wor-ted <*1i ports to Germany, exclusive of varus, wa.e ?561.710 ; in 1821, ?421,992 in 1H31, and ?^3.87" in 1811 Hamburg, Kmuni-nuia or HaxAtho.?The iVnate ot Hutuj burg have prepared a voluminous [.Ian, to b< snb| mitledto the Hurghcr.-hnft. for rspairtn," tlie in urv I done bv the It.I foe. Thev Inul a rom rnittte shall be upi>oint?:r], en tainting of five of thnr own l>r>(|v and fourteen of the Jlurghcrabaft, to revise h scheme air -ndy arranged by 'he Sen ife, .1.1 follow* A state loan 1* to be mired, not tv <1ing 32,000,0110 marcs banco, ci/iinl to 10.(*>",<"H) mark* currency The houeer burned down are estimated at -(2,000,000 umrks currency; but the re1 main-" ire vain d .,1 2.000.000tinrk* current y Tlio I loan ij to be raised altroaJ The interest on it is to f pruvi : CJ I- I (A . 'U? "t -I ?'> r *'> - nr--I;; II !v,lue 'if nil the hooter w town, which w ll raise 1.WUO.OOQ murk* banco: the ground (170,000 | marks) it to be abolished/o o'.nerr. lie the impost I on houses would be too heavy; i-ud to make up for ; r110 deficiency in fh ordinary revenue, the income ' i >'d property tax of IttUi wiJi l?e renewed at a double J rate ; income under W(k> murks will be exempt, from ' p*) io l,00i) will cay three marks, above 1,1**1 will ' p i v four m rke : <nd the import duty $ per eentum, and e*i" rt duty 1-H per cent, are to ho paid in ban* 1 co instead ot currency, four nmrkH banco equalling I five enmricy Ofth'e 1U0.000 demf-d to road rnaki i"K. fit), **) will be converted to State purposes. The ;'init for rebuilding the town contemplate* a ure it improvement in the disposal oI the streets; un<l tlte oonHitgr.ttinn ha* Pointed cut defwts in th'1 style r>r i building?as wooden pipe* and gutters. The com* mittee will prepare reports on these subjects, and on ? eetvrnl for architectnml, fire, and witatory regulations.

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