NKW YORK HERALD Sr?v York. Httunli)', July .10, IH44, r- An Evening edition of the Herald will b? published every day, tor the present, on the arriv? of the Southern mail at 3 o'clock, P M. The new from Washington i? beginning to have some interest To ot'r Carriers ?We have complaintsIrom th? Seventh Ward, that the Herald Carrier there doenot s.*rve his subscribers belore eight o'clock, it he or h-iv other Carrier on this journal does not serve tln-ir r> iders before half past six, except down town, he tit iy look out for other employment. fy Thi: Weekly Herald will he published this day at eight o'clock. Rich and racy. A\ E.\ ...a 11 in. \ t-i' will he published nnmedumly on the arrival ot the Great Western, expeoted this day or to morrow. ? Sew i i>kk Lancet for this week, will be jujh.ir.ic.'J tine day, at the llerald office. The Biltlvh ami French Dlplouiutlc Missions to the United States. Tii' French steamer " Gomer," and the British tug ,'e " Warspite," now lying so quietly and calm ly, within shot of each ether, in the beautiful water.ot the Hudson, are the outward evidences of cer t.nu diplom itic and commercial missions, sent fron Lurope t?? America, that are probably of more signal importance, mid leading to more lasting conse <|u oea, than any that have taken place during th< present century. The trig.ite Warspite brought to these shores Lord Anhbllrtoil. sent Hi uiu?oiul i.laninnloiilliini ar range ail existing differences between England ami the I mt.'il States, and to strengthen and to widen thec tnmcrcial intercourse ol the two greatest inuritim nations of tin* world. This mission has been attended with much pomp and great importance, and sonic success thus far. Coupled with the estnblisti -at of numerous lines 01 steamers, encircling the \\ . stern continent, it indicates the importance widen the enlightened statesmen of England attach tope: , friendship, and reciprocal commerce with the w. stern Kepublie. The mission is now in full career a: Washington, and a few weeks or months will develope its results. In tin' midst of this movement of the British Government, their European rivals in art and arms, the French, could not sit idly by and see such efforts going forward, without rousing themselves into actme Accordingly within the last two weeks wt have seen 'he arrival in our waters of one of the mo-1 splendid steamers in the French navy, with eight Commissioners, seat out by their own government, on a diplomatic and commercial mission to this continent, with a view 110 doubt to counteract the efforts of the British, and to lay the foundation ol .in intercourse that will lead to vast results in tlieit naval service? in their foreign trade?and in all future events. Two of these French Commissioner.have been at Washington, and at once we sec the President communicating to Congress the intelligent1 that the French government had alread\ opened a negotiation for certain privileges?one the establishment of a weekly steam line between France und the United States. In other quarters it is generally -aid that the French mission has directions to collect every species of information that niiiv lead tu a reciprocal and enlightened enlarge ment of French and American commerce. Thus it will he seen, from the rival movements of the two gre.jt commercial and maritime nations ol Europe, that the spirit and circumstances of the age have caused each to adopt a new and original policy in naval and commercial affairs. England creates a fleet of fifty or sixty steamers, to be used in time of peace, us packets and merchant vessels, trading to evi ry important port in this hemisphere. France startles into a renewed life at such a movement, and aire uly we hear of the erection of eighty steamers, fit -ah s tin- first being sent to this port on a mission ol the utmost importance to the future interests of the two nations. T.tc.-e ? vents lead the mind to various conclusions. In the time of peace, the French will he the earnc-t, (I'-vot'd, ardent, energetic rivals of the British for the trade and commerce of the United States? in time of war, it ever that unhappy condition of hn 'nun life .-iu-nld agn.n take place in the civilized world,'we may prepare for one of the most magnifi c til, bloody, and destructive scourges that ever cri n-oned any sea. 111 the meantime, while peace la.-ts, these rival movements of France and England t> nd to produce conv-pondins effects favorable to the trade anil commerce of this country. Beltertimes are in store for us all We shall watch and report the progress of each of these missions. Tits Oroasizatiom of a New Party.?The Pa* rni >i- is Motion.?We understand that a large association of independent and intelligent voters, formerly belonging to the rank and file of the whig and hu ifoco parties, intend to effect a new political org inv.ation, comprehending every ward of the city, an I looking forward to the next election, and perchance beyond (hat event. Tiiis new party will asum di tinct practical democratic ground?oppose, to tne c on inet of both ultra factions during the preset!1 - --ton of Congress, and will give a moderate an! a al. icd support to John Tyler when John Ty ler i- right and patriotic. T t icw organizationwill probably call themselves " P u i N." or "PatriotDemocrats," and one of their ,ic til olrcets will be to take care of the interests of the working classes, in opposition to the Wall street on! < i'ee-and speculators. They will probably dist aim .ill idea of going for John Tyler for a re-election Parties are now settling down upon Clay on one -id" and Van Burt-n on the other; but a third party of " Patriots," open and honestly giving a dignified support to such measures ot the present Executive as deserve support, nnd opposing those that deserve opposition, will command a great moral weight and inHuenee in the community. Tni- inovein-nl lias also been projected in conse ?,uenre of the failure of certain spasmodic efforts, heretofore set on foot without energy, patriotism or skiu. iii<* power una patronage ot the general g<>verninent in this city, is at present in the hands of the -orret enemies of the President, or such lukew rtn friends as are worse than enemies. The eonn tiou- and sympathies of the present Collector, Surveyor, and Postmaster of this city, with their r? fil.titti. are principally with the ultra Whigs, or CI;;.1 in n, on the one side?or the ultra locofoeo9, or \ in tVir.-n men, on the other side. Hence, when one j cat up a m?eting to support the Adin m 'r .'uci. another opposes and upset# it. Hence the row r.r.d not# in Washington Hail, the Park, tind > 11o: 11 Hall, daring these attempts. When the Post office movement ends in a regular row, the C i-'om House people laugh in their sleeve?and via vma. The met is the whole patronage of the government in New York is actually employed to use upthe administration that bestows it. This prevent-the great m iss of the people from coining forth as they i ought to do. Hut it i< now said that a grand move- ' ment ts in embryo of the kind we have indicated? I and that the Collector, the Surveyor, the Postmaster, and all theirnnpioyf$ will find themselves in a fu ny predicament in a few weeks. Great sport i9 .lutn .pated?but no bloody noses. It shall be our d i., r-port accurately the " sayings and doings" of in [, w party, up to the next election. N'i .!// ?An Instrumental Concert, in|two parts, will b iv. n at hi delightful establishment this r en" - It will? insist of b rare selection from the 1 -i r t d no orchestra on this continent is .-o ci., ihie of giving lull effect to the genii'*- of the ?ieat ina.-t. rs. Th?* grand saloon will I closed for the purpor of rehearsing the new pantomime, whi ;i r port whispers is by far the ino?t ?idliant affair the i, i\ela have ever.'gotup. Thepr 0f admission to the Concert this evening is only twelve and a hall cents. The Spirit of I ht Ajje?Its Operations In liell|(loii. Politic*, Medicine, Ait, Seriously, the work of reiorm is advancing rabidly in tiif medical world. And indeed, it would be I passing strange if in this latter day of light and inleliectual progress, such a vitally important science i? iii.it winch has for its objects the preservation oi 11 leuhli, and the removal of disease, were not culti- 1 J fated with a zeal and success in keeping with the 11 inquiring and reforming spirit of the age Ii is cu- v rious to mark the developments every where so ap- " parent of this sell-same revolutionary, searching, 11 turning-upside-down, restless, during spirit of the 1 nineteenth century. In whatever field we trace its operations, we see It working with the same ma- ' chinerv, producing tlie same results, elleoting the same remarkable changes, haltering down the rug- ' i tod battlements ol prejudice and ancient error, ma- r ting the way straight for new and better orders ol things. Thus in the religious world, we every day c -ee new sects starting into active, proselytizing life, " bisects torn up by intestine quarrels?universally, c the war of opinion, and all tor the better. Itisa ' dark day for the truth, when religious societies are r sunk in that lethargic stillness which resembles the 1 ace of the church yard?when there is peace be- ' cause there is no moral, no intellectual vitality,? when there is peace, because every eye is dim and 1 every arm nerveless, because force wars not with 1 force, nor man with man, hut the only sense of life r leit is that of the crawling worm that feeds and bat 6 tens there ! And so all these religious and social !i g.utors? Joe Smiths, Kirks, Maflits, Bisho|>s, 1 Briibanes, and Squashites, are tokens of good, und ' 11,in their own way,are bringing nearer the advent of a better day. a The political agitators, from the most respectable turncoat mountebunk, to the veriest loafer amongst 1 'hem, are also serviceable rogues; and in the dirty 11 field of party politics, perform a part analogous to ( thut of the skilful agriculturist when diligently turning over tin, various composts of which he manufactures manures to enrich his cornfields s People may well dread the heel of despotism when tl there are no violent political agitators amongst C them. o The scientific world is also agitated, and great A good is already apparent. In the practice of the healing art, especially, the beneficial results of a j free interchange of opinion, and the plentiful use of ,| arguments of all sorts, are evident. The great \ medical revolution commenced in the city ol a Mew York?the source of all the great so r cial movements in this country?and all eye.- a are now turned hitherwurd in anxious observation ^ of the doings ofthe learned members of the profes- j, sion. And certainly there is abundant scope forcu- ? rious investigation here with respect to the progress \ and prospects of the science. There are in New York upwards of one thousand physicians, and about 0 five hundred quacks. Out of this large body thenare perhaps sixty practitioners who have accumulated handsome fortunes?about one hundred and fifty '' are doing a good business?and the rest live?as they '' can. The mischief is that not one tenth of the doc- J tors get paid?there are two classes of men that pso pie always try to cheat, and they are the parsons and ^ the doctors. Well, the doings of such a large body of medical men?their ingenious schemes to get practice?their pleasant quurrels?their new disco b veries?their blunders?their brilliant achievements > ?their numerous and varied and valuable contributions to medicine and surgery?all these present much food for the philosopher and the student ol human progress. One of the most prominent and interesting features of this medical revolution, is the great attention given to the science sf pharmacy, or the "art and '' mystery of the apothecary." This is undoubtedly M the most important branch of medicine, and has heretofore been too much neglected. The physicians have fought too much about abstract principles tit and modes of practice, and left the study and preparation of the articles of the Materia Medica to mere ' druggists?dealers in blue pill and tartar emetic. But the leading medical men here are now awaking re to a sense of the error of this conduct. The esta- m blishment of the Stuyvesant Institute "School of J* Pharmacy," in connexion with the University of c New York, and under the superintendence of Dr " Mott, Dr. Pattison and Dr. A. B. Sanps At Co , ? 273 Broadway, 7ft Fulton street, and the Stuyvesant ' Institute, is a very important movemen', and will doubtless tend materially to promote tlie laudable objects contemplated by the Nassau street College of Medicine and Pharmacy. We like to see men of the standing oflJr. Morr thus directing their ta * leuts nnd energies to the advancement of pharmaceutical science, andjteaching their students the best :i< mode of preparing epsom salts nnd tieture of squill-. ,v and instructing them how to "transport withsafeti er to any part of the world nnd in its native clay,'" that useful little animal?the Hirudo Mcdirinalit. vi tut/go the leech. There can be no doubt that we P' will hereafter be purged, leeched and blistered ar with greater ease and salety, and that Pre. Mott, ^ Pattison and Sands, will reap both honor and j,t profit ia their new field of operation. Then again, r'te Nassau street College of Pharmacy is in lull and successful operation?carrying on a crusade against \i all sorts of medical imjKv-ition, by reducing the ex orbitant fees of physicians, really benefiting both i< the public and the profession, saving the forme* from charlatanry, and rendering the business of th> h latter safer and eventually more extensive. We <>< trust that both of these new establishments will g" c, on nnd prosper. At all events, all who take medi *1 cina lrom the hands of irresponsible and uneducated J1 men are now without excuse, when such distui m guished physicians as Dr. Mott, Dr. Pattison, Pr ^ Paine, (Professor of Materia Medica) and the mem ie here of the Nassau street College of Pharmacy have undertaken the important duty of reforming the ia science of pharmacy and providing for all classes ol 'J human maladies, the appropriate remedy. _______?___ (J, More Fcn.?Judge Noah has resigned his scRt on ct the bench of Sessions, llo! ho ! ho ! hn ! ha ! ha ! l)l He was never fit to he a judge, and he has at last exhibited somejregard for the ermine. Before the ^ Judge left his seat, he tried to have Mr. Whiting re- jo moved, but failing in that, the Judge removed him- [r^ ifIt?sn 11 *vmnvnl nt" snmp Lirwl Viaa Kn?r? at all events. A history of Judge Noah's judicial Je career?his eminent decisions?his charges to juries b ?his side opinions?his illustrations of pork law, would he one of the most amusing books since the ,( publication of Cervante's Don Quixote. We trust to the good Judge will set about it, and turn a i>enny r, at least?it not his coat. li _______ Imteachmkyt or the M a yob.?It will be seen, by f, reference to our report of the Hoard of Assistant A1 V dermen, that this great " whig measure" has ended ^ in smoke. '? A Nkw Movemevi is Steam.?The steamboat Ban- ^ gor, built in this city, is to be altered into a steam- r( ship and sent from Boston to the Mediterranean, in a 'I few days. She will tuke passengers, give them good h berths, clean linen and excellent soup at reasonable ti n rates. I This is the last movement in steam navigation,ant' > if the Bangor, now a first rate ocean stenn hip,with j thre. masts, succeeds,the Neptune, New 'N rk, Ala- ? bama, and Natchez, will be started over the br<>a<! Atlantic, also with clean linen and good soup, too 0 very important articles on ?i sea voyage. \\ e have always said that the Atlantic and the , Pacific would soon be dotted with steam vessels as ' thickly its abolition meeting- of white people arc with negroes, and we now believe that at least one I half of the steamboats that run through Long Island 1 Sound, up the Hudson, Mis ?>ippi, and Ouio will <x be turned into steamship, w itli gooo berths, clean sheets, and good soup, to go up by explosion or g< , down by foundering, as it best suits old Neptune. This certainly is the age of steam. Naval.?The steam frigate Missouri returned to % Hampton Road? on the 27th instant, troui a short southern cruise. She has not therefore gouc to tha ' Gulf. B Washington. [Ccrre<|>ond<mre of the Herald.] Washington, Thursday, 3 P. M. 'rote tilings of CoiigrrsN~>Prosptct of Ad' joiii'iimtnt. The Senate is slowly unii deliberately proccsdini 11 the Tariff discussion. Here i is the 2dth of July nd hot enough to kill a salamander, and senator re making speeches a day long on a subjec t'hicli lias been exhausted ever since flic di'-.'iissioi n l*<2d A new idea on the tariff would entitle i nnn to the thanks ol tlie whole nation. The rou inp business this day was of very little importance There was a small Hurry on a joint ri solution in roduced by Mr. Preston, purposing to do awav in lirectly with some of the effects of the distributioi aw, but nothing cante of it. The debate on the ta iffbids (air to run through another week at least. In the House the Navy appropriation bill, as i nine from the Senate, was taken up, and the propo ition for a committee of conference agreed to. Th? ommittee appointed consisted of Messrs. Wise,W I. Campbell, and McKay?on the part of the Se late, Messrs. Evans, Bayard, and King. Tlnebil nay be expected to become a law in the course o he present week. On motion to suspend the rules of the House t< .? .? i-.:.? .1,,,. r?? ?:n -a .u. ' 11*-1 a JCDUJUUUU UUll V^Ullgl will UUUUIIl Oil 111* 5th of August, the vote stood 80 to 81. Mondaj text is resolution day, and it is not unlikely tha uch a resolution niay be adopted. Indeed, st aded are the members with the exhausting heat o he season, that an early adjournment may be antiei tated. The intelligencer suggests the 15th of Septembei is the probable period for the termination of thf easion, but although usually well informed as t( he purposes of the majority, the editors must be nistaken on this point. The House is now engaged upon the contingent ppropriution bill, which is to occupy the day. Important to Merchants.?It is necessary to tate that the letter bags of the Acadia will close in liis city, at the Post Office, Harnden's, Adams Jc o.'s, and at Gilpin's, this afternoon, at hall past I 'clock. At Harnden's fifteen minutes later. The madia will leave Boston to morrow. An American in Egitt.?Under this title, Mr. antes E Cooley has written a very agreeable and elightful account of his recent travci^in the East. Ve have possession of an early copy of the work, nd find it one of the most amusing books we have ead in a long time. Mr. Cooley is a shrewd man, nd keen observer of human nature; he has filled lis works with plates illustrat ive of every section ol t. Though going over the same ground, it is quite nlike the work of Stephens, Mrs. Haight, Morris, ladden, or any other traveller, and will be read exensively. We shall give copious extracts from it n Monday, with several of the best illustrations. Hock away .?We understand that the regular ball id not come off at lfockaway last evening?this is te evening set down for that afl'air. The band went own yesterday, and lots are going down to-day. rionoKEN.?Dear, delicious, cool, calm Hoboken! ow exquisite ure thy shades in these warm days! The Coolest Breezes.?This article can alwaye found in the afternoon in great abundance at lowland's Prospect Hall. Burnham's at Bloomingdale.?Take a drive ou ) Barnum's at least twice a week and cool youi uppers. Increase of Catholics.?Three new Catholi< liurches have been open in these parts. The Catho cs are probably increasing faster than any othei tct at present. Common Council. Assistant Alderman Alums in the eliair. Board or Assistant Aldermen, July 29 Several prions were presented and referred. A memorial of shopkeepers in the Third Ward against :dlars, was presented and referred. A communication from Tathain St Brothers relative ti aden pipes for the Croton acqueduct, was received an ferred to a special committee. Reports of Committees?In relation to a change in tb? ode of collecting the city taxes?recommending the apliritmmit of n general collector, who shall give propt" curity, make 'daily depositee of his collections with the hamberlain, and turniah a daily account to the Comp oiler. He is to have two assistants, and keep his ottici pen from nine to five o'clock. In this way, it is cstim*. d, asavingof 000willucuruc to the city. Arcolu on was appended that the counsel of the board prepare etiiion to the Legislature, Ice.?Laid en the tawe to b? rintcd. From the special committee on the Mayor's annual meige, and referring the various subjects to appropriate .immittees.?Adopted. In favor of releasing the Institution of the Blind from le payment of $412 assessments, for opening 321 street id regulatingD'th avenue.?Adopted. Adverse to the petition of John B. Gill for the correcan of tax. He was assessed as having $10,090] ersona) tote but had,in fact, only $1,000. He aid not correct i1 hen the assessments were advertised, and, therefore, not ititled to relief. In favor of adopting the "tinned" leaden pipes ol essri. Naylor and Kwhank for the public buildings, pro. dad the\ be supplied at the price of ordinary leaden pes.?Laid on the table, to be printed. Aasessments in relation to the opening of certain streets. id the appointment of collectors, were approved of and lopted. In favor of laying curl) and gutter stones in 19th street, tween Bloomingdalc road and 3d avenue.?Adopted. Impeachment Committee?Mr. Scole*, from the special immittee, to whom was referred the subject, whether or it articles of impeachment could he biought against the ayor, made a report. It reiterates the complaint as to tin aj or refusing to swear in Mr. Atwill, his subsequentl) rearing in Mr. Osgood?his not submitting to the decim of the Supreme Court, which, the report says is thr w ol the land till reversed?his refusing the use of tin ?si?tant Alderman's room to the ? hig members,although c Ju lge* ofthc Supreme Court had adjourned for tliul ir, *>st?his permitting the whig members to be insulted hen they had met in the tea-room, 8tc., he. The repot >neludes as follows:?"So far from making an effort to ing the Mayor within thr grasp of an impeachment, it i e desire of your committee to avoid its necessity: and hile they cannot but admit that a corrupt and dishones otive might be attributed to him without any great viotion of probabilities?yet they would extend the manth charity even at the risk of being pronounced unduly nient, rather than severely just." A resolution was appended, of whirh the following is i extract, and which, with the exception of n little hard nguage in addition, may be said to contain the whole :? \s it may be doubted (the Committee will not say unreanably) whether those acts (of the Mavor) have not proeded rattier from erroneous viewsof the law of the land id a misapprehension of his olhcial duties, than from s irrupt and more discre titable motive, the Board of Assisnt Aldermen decline proceeding to an impeachment ol esaid Robert II. Morris. * ? ? ? Mr. Watkrmax then rose. He observed that he said, ae time the subject was first agitated, it would oil end in aoke, and it had done so. He thought it would be a grc# ke for the Mayor to obtain leave to stay the proceedings am the Supreme Court, and then go on and do that which and the wholedemocrutlc party in '.hecity at that tiim It that he had no righ to do. He thought the whole subot should be laid upon the table. Mr. Scoles replied. Messrs. Neshitt, C. W. Dodge, rown, and others, made some remark*, when the ayes id nays were called, and the report and resolution adoptI, P to 7, Mr. Ksquirol being absent. A recess w as then ordered, and the members adjourned get supper and smoke a cigar. After the members had returned, a communication wa? ad from the Mayor of Troy inviting the member* to the ospitalitie* of that city on the breaking ground for thi lew York nnd Albany Railroad.?Accepted. Thr committee retained in favor of nsi iiur (nines nmm ir injuries done to the Sixth Word Hotel h\ a mob. Mr. V. Dodge and other* w ished to moke further enquiries, tul the subject w as lor the present laid on the table' Sills -quentlv the motion was re-considered, ami the report re rredto the counsel of the Hoard, (on suggestion of Mr. .twill) to report on the legal points. A communication was resolved trom the committee o' so Hudson River Railroad |>.tying that they would lie a ll in a short time to show that their project was better ran that of the New York and Albany road.?Filed. The communication of Mr. Cow drey, stating what suits ad been commenced on behalf of the Corporation, was iken from the table. Mr. Pettigrew and other locofoco lombers wished to havu It printed, so that members anil lie public might be able io know what it contained. One f the whig members declared l. it the sulject interested lie counsel to the Corporation a. Mr. P., however bought otherwise. The document v. ally read, the . hig mi-mlters refusing topeimitits being j, cd, am eterrrd to the Counsel of the Board. Papertfrom thi Board <j ,Vdr,i..tn adopted?I . ivo fpostpohingthesaleof property for asaessments >ni Jdtb l?t. toiSth Sept., establishing a system of r .latron lor io C'roton acqueduct, plac ing the who! .,der a board f five commissioners to he appointed b) the Common onncil, and to be designatad " the Crotoa Acqueduct lepartment." The salary of the President ' to lie F.Ms Ir. Pettigrew thought i.flO# suttiiieut. Mr. C. J. Dodge Ith ward, said he would prefer seeing it frjr.no. The iher commissioners are not ?e race ive any snl.vii s. In favor of tilling up -ui.k, n lots in -J7ili s-reet, hi-tweei h on 110th as mines; also others in the 16th war I. To p iy Dr. Hashrouek T> paint fi nco of 'AVimngton Parade Oround by con set. Tho motion to pay Lord, Foote, and Wo <\ -no each, lor arguing the mandamus, was laid on thi ihle. T. purchase fuel for next winter, and apj ropriatmj UOOO. To nay f>l4A for powder to troops on the 4th July; alse ) bell ringers, kc Some other business was got through w ith, and the lowd adjourned to Wednesday next. U. ? Circuit Court, Before Judge Betts J''lt 39.?The Grand Jury eaine in, and presented bills I agaiust Geo- W. M'Scllen and James 9. Bennett, for as" , sault, v,c. Their business not being yet completed, and the District Attorney not quite ready, a receai was taken | by them till Tuesday next. 3 The Court announced that the Argument Bankrupt , Calender (relating to contested motions) would only be called during the recess ol tnc Circuit or District Courts. Trial or ?liiiu Lowu.?The prisoner was 3d mate of t the bark Caspian, and is charged with having made an rssault w ith a dangerous weapon on the person of Jacob S. Mayo, one of the seamen. The r easel, it appears, sailed lrom New Orleans for New York on the 30th June. It had been customary to wash dow n decks every evening between 0 and 8 o'clock. On the 38th of June, Mayo, and I another seaman belonging to the starboard watch, went below at 8 o'clock without having done so. A boy went ! alt to the first mate, and told him Out the men had gone | below, saying that they did not intend to wash the deck, is it w as a foolish practice to do ,o every night, and asked . if he might not go below too. The Inst mr.te replied no, and went immediately forward to the forecastle. He s ing out, asking ilany one waa below. Kroin this point there t is much contradiction in evidence, anu from w liat occurred then, and n few hours subsequent!! the Grand Jury have found bills of indictment aguinst th - 1st and 3d mates ? for an assault on Mayo; and, on the '.her hand, bills ugainst Mayo and two other seamen (O* Iridgp and Freudeu) for an attempt to create a revolt. vo testifiej that the liist mate came to the forecastle, n!>d nquired if any | one was there?he replied, " Yes, sir The mate told ililll to come til) Blld wash the deck h Mnvnl unnuiri-.l I it'it whs the custom on board that ship to wash deck 111 the 'veiling, He immediately got out of his berth, however, by which time the tint mate had got down either to the > tower step or to the floor. In going out he put his hand u|ion the mate's shoulder, when the latter told him not to strike him. He replied, I do not mean to strike you, but ' to go on deck and do my duty like u man. Alt most immediately he (Mayo) was grasped by the hair of the head by the second mate. In his own defence he got the first mate lit the throat, and aUo released himself from the other. The second mate (the prisoner) then caught up a club or handspike and jablied it down the stairs, striking witness severely oa the breast and head. Himself and watchmate then went on deck, r wherethey were dreadfully beaten hy the first and second mates, as also was Trundeu> Witness was knocked down repeatedly by a harpoon stall', and so much injured that he I has not been able to do any work since. Another of the seamen (Ooodridge) corroborated this statement, lieing >ne of the miff rers. In askingwh.it he had done, the id mate said he was a down-east , and he would teach nim that he must do hisdu y. The first mate, in giving his testimony, said that the -aptain had given orders that the deck should be wet every night, and it always had been done. When inlormed
ha* the starboard watch had gone below, he went to the orecattle and a kedifthey were not coming up to w ash leeks. Mayo replied no, he was net, and asked what was the use ot washing down the deck every night. Witm ss 1 replied that the captain had so ordered, and it must be lone. He went down into the forecastle, and when at the foot of the stairs Mayo caught him hy the throat and most strangled him. His brother (the 9d mate) came to assistance of witness, when he u as struck by Ooodridge, who gave him a black eve ; that second mate then got the har| poon staff to defend himself. The captain was sick in the cabin at the time, and died four or five days afterwards? Witness told him that the men were in a state of mutiny, and asked him what he should do. The captain told him to defend the ship. On going forward, he found the m< n armed with handspikes, and he did thut which he thought necessary for the safety of the vessel. Other testimony was offered, which only appeared to . render " confusion worse confounded." From the declarations of the seamen, it appears that some kind friend of the officers had poisoned their minds in regard to them, as luey imu iiultra mcy were nun men, ate. Mayo says It was this thought, and a tear or his lil'e, that caused him to catch the first mate by thcthroat. The prisoner was ably defended by 8. Jay Haskctt, Esq. while the District Attorney and Mr. Trice wore opposed to him. In his opening, Mr. Hoffman said the punishment of the offence was a Ane not exceeding $3000,and imprisonment for not mere than three years, at the discretion of the Court. The Jury rendered a verdict of guilty. Court of Common Picas, In Chambers?Before Judge Ulshoefrer. July 19?Highly Important Decision.? The People of the State of New York, on the complaint of Adolphut H, l.issak vs. Jlaron Abrahams.?The plaintiff is a merchant in Maiden lane, the defendant a celebrated pedlar, who had been entrusted, in going South, with a large quantity ji goods by some of our merchants, $3,600 worth of it by daintiff. Abrahams was arrested after his return, under lie State law abolishing imprisonment for debt, aud to punish fraudulent debtors (usually termed the Stillwell ict) on acharge of fraud. Anterior to his arrest, thedeendant had Aled a petition in bankruptcy, and his counel, Mr. Brady, contended that subsequent process could lot be issued by a State Court. This was met in opposiion, by Mr. Joachimsson and Mr. Cook, for plaintifl'.? 'he complaint on which the arrest of Abrahams was ounded, states, that when he came back last time he went into plaintifl's store with his hat over his eyes, so as marly to conceal his face. The plaihtiff asked him what vas the matter. He replied, "oh, 1 have lost all my moley in Philadelphia. I lost my ]>ocket book with a'll my ooney iu it." In answer to where he lost it, he said "he ould not tell. All he knew was that he had lost his jiock t book with all his money in it." He has since become a etitioner in bankruptcy, but his schedule exhibits few or io effects,although he has been seen with a large quantity if money subsequent to such, amounting to more than $3000 in'gold and bunk bills. Judge Ulshokkekr in delivering his o|>inion, said,on heone hand, the charges against the defendant are ef very gross fraud ; and on the other I by no means feel -onfldent that the pendency of the Bankrupt's applies,ion ought not to suspend proceedings under the fraudulent debtor's act. If the defendant is discharged as a bankrupt, I feel rather confident that the proceedings unler the fraudulent debtor's act must terminate. When he 's fully discharged from all his debts on surrendering his nrope'rtv,the creditors will be precluded l'roni any other ' proceedings for the collect on of lit d. demands. It has been held, I believe, that altera \ a ...tary petition in 1 bankruptcy is prosented, it cannot be v uhdrawn, so that (he defendant must proceed under the I mkrupt law, and if he succeeds in obtaining n discharge a must, 1 think, 1 lie relieved from the present proceeding. In the mean lime, and until his Anal discharge, or till the bankrujit's imtition is dis|>osed of, are we to proceed, or should j>rocoedings, till then, be suspended. If the application for discharge from his debts should he denied to defendant, he proceedings of the plaintifl might still be effectual.? >ly impression is that the voluntary application merely night not be deemed in itselfa preclusion of a legul proceding against the petitioners for the collection ol a debt. A Anal certificate of discharge is alouc a bar to suits or proceedings for debts comprehended in she discharge. t inclined to the opinion that after a voluntary application in bankruptcy, or after a compulsory proceeding,final enforcement of the remedies, as relates to other courts, should be postponed until the bankrupt proceedings arc disposed of I do not mean that other suits should not be allowed to be instituted or proceeded with, but that no final action should be allowed that might in their consequences conflict with the bankrupt proceedings, or proluce collision between the courts. In the particular casr before us, the object is by imprisonment to compel the lefendant to surrender his property, 01 to pay the plain ill's demand. He has no rigut to do either after his peti'ion, except under the bankrupt proceedings. If lie isdelied his dual bankrupt discharge, then we may proceed. Vly impression is that the proceedings ought to oe adjourned until the bankrupt proceedings are finally settled, articularly as the defendant has given security tor his ippcaranre. If a debtor voluntarily petitions for the benefit of the 'ankrupt act, it seems to me that the judge before whom uhsequcnt proceedings, under the fraudulent debtors vet, are instituted against the petitioner, may with propriety postpone proceedings so as to prevent any final iction until the bankrupt's application is disposed of. This decision is where proceedings are instituted after the petition in bankruptcy, and when the plaintiff lias a knowledge of surn, and where the proceeding is to compel the defendant to do that which he voluntarily otters to do. If the proceedings were prior to the bankrupts application, the consequences might he different." The hail was held, and tnc case adjourned to the With September. Special Sessions. Before Judge Lynch and Aldermen Leonard and Smith. Ji'ly 29. Garrett Tobin, a raw whooping Irish, long-shore man, was sent up for sixty days, lor beating his wife, whom he threatened as he was leaving ihe Court, to do something worry revengeful w ith, if he ver caugni ner aioue. juiia inompson, a cnocoiate eyeu woolly head, was placed in the bar for stealing a silver watch from Jacob Albrecht; was discharged, there not being eiidence to convict her. James McOHl, a dyer by rade, w as charged w ith stealing a small package of shoe's from the steamboat Karitan, but upon representing his ase as a hard one, that it was his first olfence, and that he had a family living in Trenton, for whom he had resorted to this city to obtain sunport, lie was allowed to travel out of the United States j ito Jersey. Hugh Sylvans, charged hy his wife, who is a cripple, with abusing her, was let fl'on his stating that she was corned, and he merely acted in defence of his mnrringe right. James Taylor, a salt water dog, beat Martin Mclilinn, and the Court allowed lim to go, provided he w ould go to sea. F.llzabeth Bann was put to the bar, and Bridget Brown swore an assault nd asipiam tight came otf between the parties, in which 'liegot the worst of it. The Court let lie- run, and said that if the same difficulty should transpire again, thev eoul 1 send both parties to prison. Ned Riley, with h -liirt, but no coat, was caught carrying off five pails belonging to John Clinmbe s of the corner of Cross and Mulberry st ccts, and was sent up for one month. Robert White, a hoy, Gilbert Potter, Charles 11. Davis, and Ann lohnson, who ranged like steps oi stairs, ami shone like bearskins, wool and all, were charged with stealing two pair of pants and other clothing, from William Sanson.? i Potter an I Johnson were sent up lor si\ months?White i to the House of Refuge, and Davis discharged. Nancy M'Kenna, for stcalirga frock fiom the daughter oi John I Motilon, which was found where she hail pawned it, was forwarded to the care of the keeper ol Blackwell's Island I for two months. Joseph Dawson was charged b> his wife with assaulting her, but upon good promises he was allowed to enter his a,vn recognizance for future good behavior. Joseph O'Brien was arraigned tor the same offence, hut his wife "fated that he wa a good man when he was sober, but havinc got a little toddied, lie struck her, .vhen she went to the " post-master" and entered complaint. She thought better of it now and the Court let I iiim go on promise to behave himself. One of the female harpii s of the points, named Maria Reynolds, was convicted of snatching a gold breast pin from Henry Fisher, but the Court let her run. Si. : si old h u e boon 'ril d t->i highway robbery, as the breast-pin might have been worth hundredsofdoUarsinstead of cants. John Dough rtj kicked tipa row, but was di-elia g? I on giving bail i h> keep the p-we. William ??hoft, a boy, one ol the ap'fren'irt rt Th mas Terry, charg '! V n.. Post, a fell >W pii r i of'a i c 1 is ,izo with ki. jcI ..g nim down an i oummebng him till he w as as soft as a pumpkin. The l ourt reprimanded the big nnprentie fur licking the small one, nnd allowed hmi to depart u 'er the judgment 5 esting over him. A little hoy, aim ' 111 years of age. nam*?John Day, was tried a second t ne for robbing the [ money drawerof E. Waterston, and -ent to the House ol Refuge. George Blythe, known "like a book'' among the ) coves about town, wrs tried for stealing a piece of satfinet from the store of Mr. Morais, was discliarged, but remand! cd on an indictment for grand larceny. Hugh Christy w ith an eye not to be beat by Billy Barlow, pounced upon Robert lhuky~ lite ft hawk ujiou tomtit, without any just cause or provocation, and the Court sent him to n<ia<i fur 60 days. City Intelllgeiu-e. Dcitbvction or tim Rotindv bv Fixe-?a few moment! after the cloning of thi? building in Prince *treet, last evening at half past nine o'clock, it wax discovered to be on fire, and in less than half an hour, owing to the com bumble state of the paintings and other materials in it, the interior was entirely consumed including the splendid panoramas of Jerusalem and Tbebee. In addition to '.his loss by Messrs. fatherwood and Jackson, the owners, the formermet with aa almost invaluable loss in the total destruction of a large portion of his ancient relicts and original painti.igs, obtained and produced while on his visits to Mexico and surrounding country. The walls of the building remain standing, al" though the heat was so severe that they cracked pen in several places. The inside of the building, with the circular wall enclosing tae flames after the roof had fallen in.proscnted the appearance of an immeuse fiery furnace. Mr. Catherwood had left the building but a short time previous to the fire, and had secured the place from damage as was supposed. A story was told among the crowd that the building was struck by lightning, hut a gentleman who was standing on the corner of Trince street, when the flames were discovered informed us that such was not the fact- The presumption is that it caught Irom some spark issuing from the lights inside thr-' had been used in the course of the evening at the exhibition The total loss is estimated at over $20,000, but a very small j>ortion of which is insured. Tin- building, as well as its contents, ue uudcrstand, belonged to Messrs Gather wood and Jackson, who arc the sole sufferers. We trust the liberality of our citizens will came it to rise like a Phe. nix from its ashes. That $1000 Notk.?In the columns of the Herald yesterday morning an owner was desired for a $1000 note in I'ossession of Justice Parker, and strange as it may appear, in these dull times, and scarcity of small change, no owner appeared for the interesting amount. We therefore concluded to make inquiry into its history, and lind that on Thursday evening Justice Parker received private information that a man named Charles Stone, whose Hash alias is " French Jack,"and who has recently kept an exchange office at 33S Broadway, near Anthony street, w as endeavoring to get a $1000 note changed in Church street, aue had offered any body who would change it the sum ol $30. He immediately deputed officers Stokely and James L. Smith to arrest him, knowing his notorious character, and in a short period they found the gentleman, who denied all knowledge of having the hill, or knowing any thing about it. On proceeding to the watch house, however, in company w ith the officers, h requested to see Justice Par. ker, to whom he communicated the fact of his still having possession of the bill. The officers then went with him to his office, when he showed them to the upper pan of the house, and iu an entry way between some boards h> drew the note out with a fork. He confessed that the note did not belong 'o him, that he would go to the Sto' e prison before he would acknowledge from whom he ho 1 received it. lie said that on Thursday evening nb nt tf o'clock a man came into his office and offered th rote to him to get changed. Ha took it and promised -get it change'' on Friday and give him the small nstu> He also says tha he has a claim of $3ft0 upon the note, rving advanced tha' sum to the owner. His paramour, Mary Jane Montgome ry, was also arrested yesterday on suspicion of somt knowledge of this circumstance, and they arc both now in the Tombs. The bill is on the Union Bank of this city. and has been deposited by Mr. Callendar, one of the polic clerks, in a bank for safe keeping until the owner calls foi it. Justioc Parker deserves the approbation of the community in thus risking the opposition of lawyers, to re aim this sum of money to its lawful owner- We shall tecpour eyes on that $1000 note. A New Coi'xterkf.it.?A man named William Williams, who is supposed to he one of the gang of counterfeiters that have recently arrived iu this city, was arrest ed by officer Sweet on a churge of passing a $10 counterfeit note of the Hudson River Bank, letter C, dated Octo her, -21, 1940, at the box ottice of the Chatham Theatre it payment for a ticket. He was charged with the crim> while sitti g in one of the boxes, but denied that he ha< passed the note. Although when he was searched th< even change of the bill, except the price of the ticket was found in his pockets. He was committed for trial. Li'natics.?The lato law relative to lunacy passed a he last session pf the Legislature, so puzzled and confused the mind of a certain legal gentleman at the polio yesterday, that great fears are entertained that he will be come an inmate at the Talace on Blackwell's Island. Tin Police Clerks who have undertaken to unravel the intri cacics of this law have all been more or less afflicted wit) mental alienation. la fact the law is so obtuse and indefinite that any legal mind would assert without hesitation hat it had been framed in a mad house, and then sent U the Legislature for their sanction. Fr.w Die awd Nonr. Resigx.?Of the 100 Mayor's Marshalls who received warrants for the past year, none hav? tendered their resignations under the present call for return of warrants. The new appointments will take plac< in a few weeks, when many of those who have been s moth and rust to the body politic will receive their walking papers. Stand from under all ye whose n ecks are not ready for the guillotine. Thi:m STKrs.?The front steps ot the Egyptian Tomb on Centre street w ill certainly breed the cholera,or something worse in the course of a few-days, unless water itapplied to cleanse them. A Police i.licer in attempting to carry in a prisoner yeetcrdav came near being swamp ed. He was one of the duck-leg species however. Clean them steps. gumrmathk Cm with Ice Water?A gentleman known for his lliehts ot fuurv. while ltanrtinr ill the f'm. tun reservoir a few days since, and expatiating upon the vast benefits to result to the city, broke forth as follows : " lu addition to other improvements, I would construe a large ice-heuso in the vicinity of the reservoir, and it. the winter season have it w ell tilled with ice from th< surface of the water. Then, when warm weather arrive*, order ice to be dumped into the reservoir daily, and thu a supply of ice-water would be furnished to the whol city at but little expense." We opened our eyes to imagine the quantity of ice that would be required to aecom plish the gentleman's philanthropic measure, and concluded that the construction of a direct rail-road from the reservoir to thu North Pole would produce the desired result, if the curs conveying the Ice were kept continually running. Sundays not excepted. Tiie lis eat Boat Race which came otT last Tuesdaj on the Nort River, between the boats Henry Stork. Washington, Experiment, and Jacob Faithful, distano four miles, was won by the Henry Stork, built by C. L. IngPisoll, Esq. Heroic f'oxnccT oe a Yocwo Female.?Yesterday morning the inmates of the house No. 'id (drove street, oc cupied by the family of widow Watkins who is absent ii. F.uropo, we ? alarmed by the noise of persons who ha> entered the ) remises as was supposd with intent to steal The house v.as occupied at the time by two daughters ol Mrs. Watkins, aged 16 and 8 years, a son aged 18 and t young man named John Satterlee. The eldest lemale. hearing the burglars below and presuming that they wen of a desperate class, descended from the second story u in low by the waterspout and succeeded in entering an adjoining yard on the premises of Dr. Treanor, whose famil) were awakened; the tiold and daring rogues put to flight. During her absence they fired a pistol at the door ol th? room where Satterlee was stationed, and also stabbed him in ihe arm. Although thev had collected the silver plat< together the resistance made bv the inmates u-ns snrh as to keep the rogues at hay until additional force was raised to frighten them irom the premises. The daring courage of the young female entitles her to great praise, and if sae is not snapped up by some chivalrous good fellow in short period of time, we doubt that chivalry "existsto any alarming extent in this community," as Recorder Riker used to say of other matters. Jim Eoc.ixotox Pilled.?This full rigged burglar was pulled yesterday by otticers Stokely andJames L. Smith j with a coat upon his back that he had stolen irom the store of Felix Itousse, so Duane street, about six weeks since, when it ? as broken open and clot.iing and cloth valued at between two and three hundred dollars carried away from the premises. roaciSLr. Esisisct.? A loafer named John Williams was caught y eaterday morning charged by Mr. R. Cl? srwater with breaking the lock of his cellar door on the night of the :J6lh inst. and stealing butter and lard to the valde of K'Jft. He was fully committed to . ison. Kxtraordimsrt Cat'sc or Death?Mr. < hristlan Heyer, corner ofTth avenue and 19th street, died uddenly yesterday from congestion of the brain. He bad been troubled wltbdeafnesa of the left ear for a nnmhor of years, and also severe pains of the hoad at intervals. A [lost mortem examination of the body was held by Dr. James ft. Kissant and the Coroner, when it was ascertained that the scalp was very much congested, and the surface of the brain in a siirila'r condition, the whole of which was slightly of teticd. At the base of the skull, occupy.; 0 lateral liortion, and resting upon the left pterygoid processor the sphenoid and petrous portion of the left temporal holies, w as a tumor about the si7e of a hen's egg, pressing upon the vessel r turning the bloed from the brain, and Causing absorption f the above-nan -d processes of hone, ami opening into the meatus an torious of the left side. On removiag tie tumor, and o\ .mining the cavity made hv the absorption, some clots . blood escaped trom beneath it. Dr. Kissnm decided ll at the immediate cause ofhis ueath was congestion oi the 1 rein, produced by the pressure of the iihove tumor interrupting the return of the .hoc1 10 ti.e hea Tbit i? ccrtair.lr a most interesting r..sr' for the in. dis al fit tilly. Hnor Kri rr.ss Rr.jon n.?The notorious shop lifter, Jane Kenton, was pulled and fully committed, yesterday, by office. Dnrando. Several affidavits were registered in the course of the day against her. (H?- AMERICAN MUSEUM?No place in the city affords so much nmusvmcnt at so cheap a rate as this establishment. It has become one of the most pleasing and fashionable places now in the city. A day performance takes place this afternoon at four o'clock, in whicu Winchcll, Diamond, Whitlock and others appear. ???mam BY THE SOUTHEUN MAIL. Baltimore, | fCorirspoudeuce of the Ilerald.] baltissork, Jvlt 29. 1942. Mr. Editor :? We have another intolerably hat morning. The mercury i? at thin present moment (half-past seven o'clock A. M.) up to 83 degree*. Yesterday it atood as high aaM degree* in the middle of the day. To keep under all clrcumitance*. at ail times, i* not an easy matter, but to keep rool such a day as yesterday or such a morning as this is more than every temperament can accomplish. The splendid establishment, "Carrollton Hall," residence of John McTavish. Esq., British Consul, aituate about twelve miles from Baltimore, containing over one thousand acres of superior laud, was offered for sale at the Exchange yesterday. The highest bid was $87 per acre, at which price it would have been knocked oft, had the bidder agreed to pay cash $5 on each acre. This he would not do, and the proparty was consequently not sold. The body of a young man named Richard K. Hamer, was found dead, as the cars were coming in from Havra de (Jrace yesterday altemoon, on the side of the railroad, about twelve miles from this city. His parents and relative* reside here. The foreign news by the British llueen reached us last night. It contains very little intelligence of importance and will have no effect upon our markets. The examination of our public schools ha* been progressing for some days. The ceremonies are very interesting. We have nine of these institutions, all of which are in a highly nourishing condition. It is too warm to be prolix, so I subscribe myself y ours in a state of perspiration. ______ RODERICK. Flslls^elphla, [Corrrspoudriirs of the Hrisld.] Phii.adsi.phia, July 29, 1842. Exciting Steamboat Race on the Delaware?The Aftr York Crack Boat Beaten?Mormon Elder *1damt and Dr. Wait?Crim Con and Elopement?Alexander Craxy? Stocka, 4 c. There was yesterday a spirited race on the Delaware between the Philadelphia ateamboat "Robert Morris," a vessel of great size and power, and the neat, spiteful looking little craft, from New York, called the "Rainbow.'a The point of starting was the wharf on the westerly side of Cape May, and the starting was at nearly the same moment. The distance is not far from one hundred miles, and was accomplished in 5j hours, neither vessel stopping on the way. The "Morris" came in three or four hundred yards ahead, though to offset this beat itisallegel that the "Rainbow" laboi d under some disadvantage of fuel. There is much more feeling manifested here on the matter than you would imagine,and I should not be surprised to hear of some serious consequences as its fruits. The boats had hardly touched the wharf before their respective friends were loud in defending their favorite vessel, and bantcriug nd offers to wager ran high for a future contest. The Morris has for years beeu considered the fastest txiat on the river, and exchanged places with the Ohio, belonging to the same company, it is believed, with iho sole view of measuring power and bottom with her -aucy looking little competitor. The Morris is a beautifel vessel, sitting high above the water, while the Rainbow ties low, and is as sharp as a knife, and apparently glides through the water as easy and as rapidly as a " greased streak of lightning." On Wednesday evening c most marvellous scene occurred at tho Assembly Building, corner of Tenth and Chesuut, which deserves public notice. Elder Adams, the great lion and apostle of Joe Smith's cohorts, delivered a discourse in favor of the Latter Day Saints. At the latter part of his discourse he called out with Stentorian lungs, " where now is the celebrated and learned Dr. West 7 He knew I was coming to Philadelphia. Why does he not appear and vindicate Orthodoxy, if in hia j>ower 7" At this moment a portly figure started up and electrified the audience by stating, " Ladies and gentlemen, the person who has addressed you professes to speak by inapirmtion, but had he possessed what he professes, he would have known that Dr. West is present, and now challenges him 10 prove the truth of his monstrosities before thia enlightened community." The Botanic Doctor Chaunccy, who was convicted in this city some years since for producing abortion, which resulted in death, and who was a few months since parloned from prison, through the instrumentality of a friend in the service of the State, has had his young and beautiful daughter run away with by this same friend, a man with a wife and family., Chnuucey uow finds the man whom he deemed hi?gr,-litest friend, was his worst enemy. This is the way of the world, however. It is full of selfishness and deception?the devil's rampart is everywhere. There is nothing liew in conucction with the arrest and history of Alexancer, in confinement for tkc murder if the broker Lougee, that has come to my knowledgo tolay. The opinion that tho fellow is crazy, gains strength be more the murder is contemplated. He made no attempt to rob, and no other satisfactory motive for tha deed can be conceived of. Thetimv, place, and whole Stock, money, and produce markets are very dull. The Chivalry.?General Scott has written a letter to his political friends, stating that he is in favor of appointing to office those who support his election?also in favor of a protective tariff. The letter is short and sweet?and will be put on file for LS45 or '6. From Jamaica.?We have received a file of Jamaica papers to the 9ih inst A proclamation has ust been issued by Vice Admiral Sir Charles Adain, Jeclaring the port of San Juan de Nicaragua to be blockaded. Grievous exactions on the part of the authorities of Central America, on several of H B. M subjects in that country, ana refusals of redress when applied to. are the reasons assigned for the tbove 'movement. The seasons have been very good. The emancipated negroes cannot be prevailed u|>on to work, and complaints of the papers hercat, are loud. The Kingston Price Current of the 7th, rtates that no recent change in prices worth noting hud taken place. Trade continued heavy, md bankruptcies rife. Chatham Theatre.?The performances at this Theatre this evening are umpsually attractive, being for the benefit of J. H. Kiroy. The pieces selected are, " The Iron Chest," the choice acts of the " Lady of Lyons" and " Othello," and the farce of the "Review." Messrs. Rirby,Scott, Thome, Proctor, unh MmHaitim thnrna HIaW wntl whole strength of the company appear. U. 8. Ship North Carolina, i July 26, 1842. j ft?-THE NAVAL GENERAL COURT MARTIAL, now in session on board this ship, here y order all the witnesses in the cases to be investigated, and the aocused, to be punctual in their attendance, daily, at 10 o'clock? Sunday's excepted. A boat will be in waiting at the Battery bridge, at half past 9 A. M. daily. Ui. II. WINDER, Judge Advocate. ft?- THE SUNDAY MERCURY IS THE MOST popular and most wUiely circulated of all the Sunday papers. It gives it* readers all the interesting news of each week, and a large amount ef original and peculiar reading. To-morrow's number will contain No. 1 of the Rambler. The new Tariff Bill. A'sketchgof that Pic Nic. party at Wcehawken. Han'enburgh the Murderer. A capital story by Tas.rtr .. A Sermon and Letter by Dow, Jr The Croton Autocrats. Things to be seen and all aorta of fun by Ladle. Rich sports. Cricket. Chit Chat. The Times and the Remedy. Foreign News. Dewdrops by Tongs. Sketch of Professor Joshn by Wasp. Theatrical pufing, Sic. he. Office 13 Beekmnn street?Price 3cents a single copy? $1 for eight months. Advertisements received till ten o'clock this evening. ft?- THE SUNDAY STAR, WITH MORE THAN its usual quantity oi originality, fun, wit, and sobriety, makes its regular appearance to morrow. '1 his number will contain a splendid engraving, The Sunday Pair, with a sketch ; An Amusing Tail; The Wife of Seven Husbands ; The North Dastern Boundary ; Trip on the Hudson ; Man Overboard ; A Lecture by Lobbs, the best that has appeared ; Macbeth in Verse ; Guide through Gotham ; Ilints to Horse-dealers ; The College of Pharmacy ; Trinity Church ; Progress of Art ; and a hoat of articles of which this is not a third part. To AnvEaTtsaas.?Thia publication affords the best medium of communication with the public. The price is only two cents, which gives it an advantage in point of circulation over the three cent papers. The terms are lower, theadveitisements are handsomely set up, and are sura to be read by every one. Office 208 Broadway, one door below Fulton street. iRj- i iic. H.II./XD uf iitjiukkuW, JULT 31, will contain the lull particular* ol the trial of Bus dam for tabbing Alvear, an attache to 'he Brazilian Embassy. The djlence, we understand, will be an attempted crim con on the part of the plainritl with the defendant'* wife. Thcparticulars will hi- highly interr*tii;g. The Emperor Twang Te, a Chinese legend f-om the ixalttowar, published for the fiiat time ia A ne--,c?. Th". ?d*Fil?f, No. 119 of the Portraits of the Picple Li-erary fate h by George Washington Pat- h, son oithe Irrmor' 1 ^am Pa . ii E*<i Editorial* on all subjects, political iicu-|-diKal, committal and non-comni-tt ,1. '1 h- > tricels l a*' *nd ' i come-domestic and foreign Oil* a d end*. A'-me latist news, foreign, CongiesMona, ami local (Mine lor snbicriptions and aiivertikcn-.i-.it* 16-31 Na*?au *t. Advertisement* received till 10 o'clock, P. M. (Hj~ SHERMAN'S LOZENGES are still going st a great rate. No wonder they are not only the pleasantest hut best medicine that can be taken. Nothing cure* a hca-'arhe or palpitation so soon as Sherman's Camphor Lo7.H ' and the restorative ones aretheeasist and quickest cure for summer complaint, diarthcea, dysenterry. or loo?cnessof the'iowcIs. 106 Nn*?an stieet,one door above Ann, is the Doctor's only warehouse fer this city ?9 State street, Boston, and 3 Ledger Buildings, Philadelphia, are branch oltice*. Q(f- 1TA1R CUTT1NO?Nothing distinguishes the extri lor of the true gentleman more than the arrangement ofhis hair. It is nev er loun.l in he extreme of fashion, nor arranged with the punctiliom minuteness of a petit ; maitrn; but in that moderate and happy medium which taste and judgment nt all times approve. No on' has done more for the est ablishment ot a pure and cori ect taste in the department < Hair Dressing than Clirelitigh, -306 Brna.lw ny. One of canova's sculptured hea Is it. not easier reCOgnizt I thaa ore of the lining, arranged by the magic touch ofCliroht rb. In both there is the same classic outline, the same beautiful proportion in the division of the hair, the same luxurious softness?in fact, an expression given to the whole countenance, which can only tie Imparted by the hand of a truly great artist. Oentlemen who study personal appearance or the elegancies of fashion should place their hair under hi* charge, and be asaured thevw ill not be disappointed. Entrance to the Grand Gallery of Fashion, Broadway.