Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 5, 1842, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 5, 1842 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. - e%* Y?rh., Friday, AiffWt 5,1M*. G&* Tiik Hcrald cirrieh of the Hixteeiith Ward i* directed to lerve ull hi* lubacribcrt before 7 o'clock iu the wor ling?uUo to be civil. ' uhhk U'i.MH).?A clerk i? wanted intbeothccol the Ht*rai l, lit* must give unexceptionable recommendation! for integrity sobriety and capacity. Apply by letter ?1drisned to the proprietor of the Herald?to be left at th# othce N. \V corner of Nat?au aud Fulton itrwtJ. TO TIIK AMERICA* I'I'BI.IC. Piojtt't for llie Advancoiatnt uf Literature and Science. Having completed our vast establishment in all its parts, we ure now ready to enter upon the magnificent plan we have long contemplated for the adv inivrm rit of American and general literature and . .mJ to do something in our day and gene.1 v way of modest memorial to future timet. I: - u --vi to waste words, preliminary to a gr ad ;ian- Let us come to the point at once. U" pr i; >se to publish original tales, novels, trav. ?, -ketches, poetry, or scientific "papers, written American authors. We propose to print and pubiisii such works, in the shape of Extra LtTERARY Hkualds, just as often and as fast as they can be .-.-ued from our vast printing establishment, to the extent of once, twice, or thrice a week. The form of these publications is to be like that of the Weekly Herald?the price 6^ cents per single sheet, and in proportion for each additional sheet. T: ese works will be published in editions of 10,000, 20,000, or 30,000 copies, so as to give a cheapness that may ensure their extensive circulation and popularity. The terms which we ofi'erto all American authors are the-':?The cost of printing and publishing, at th* lowest c<--h prices, is first to be reimbursed out of t:i<> receipt??the profits, after this deduction, is to I equally between the publisher and the n ii-t, ...: ,-t as these profits are received, weekly ??! ni .,i !i,? The receipts on every new edition are tub'- di\aie?i on the same principle. V w (?r the means, both materiel and personnel, whu-li we possess for carrying this projet into effect. We | -ess, in our own right, u large building, in the most central |>art of New York, in which are organized a most extensive printing establishment? and also a daily and country journal, unsurpassed in point of arrangements, order, and efficiency, in any part of the world. We may enumerate the , following as the materiel of this establishment:? , MiTtllCL OF THf ItlRAlD ElTilLIIHHIIT. ( 1 Six-nory brick an.l granite building, N. W. , corner of Xas*au and Fulton streets, so feet toncj, an I 2"> feet wide $35,000 ( 4 II double cylinder fast presses, throwing off from 3,000 to 8,000 copies per hour 14,000 ' 4 Hoe's patent presses 2,ft00 1 Hydraulic press?equal to a pressure of oOO tons 1,000 ' 1 Steam engine 1,000 2 Steam boilers 1,000 I Othpr presses 3,000 ' Printing material*, See 8,000 t Aggregate material, $64,ft00 All these nut-rials are of the first quality, nil j perfectly new, and all paid for in cash. They are, ] therefor -, in the most complete order for any enter- r prize that we may undertake for advancement 1 ot Vin^rican literature, religion, or science. Th> pcrioiuitl of our establishment is as follows: trrsonski. or the Hkhald Establishment . 1 r, elitor, proprietor, prophet, head man, head > saint, h?*ad savan, or head devil, just a* you please, | (J. O. Bennett.) I H Reporter*, writers, or editors. Jfi Printers, compositors, kc. ' li Pressmen, boys, Sic. 9 Clerlu, l>oys. Sic. ' JO t'orrespondents in all parts of the world. 'JO Newsmen or carriers in the city of New York. i fiO Newsboys of all ages in the city. I 30 Agents throughout the principal towns of America i unJ Europe. SO Newsboys employed by agents. , J8o Persons connected with the establishment. <! All this vast quantity of jiersonrul and materiel, in now cng.iged in the publication of the Daily and Weekly Herald, which has a circulation throughout the world ol nearly THIRTY THOUSAND b COPIES. We also issue several other publica- 1" tions, such as the New-York Lancet, Jcc. This 1 si vast business, now completely organized, is con- H ductfd on the cash principle. This, combined with It energy, taste, tact and experience, is the source of l! i ts success. 31 It will be seen, therefore, from these simple facts, that we possess ample means to start an enterprise that may brinis forward and patronise the first efforts b ol American literature towards a national indepen, 1 dence, while we can retaliate and set limits to the ava3 rice and folly of British authors, who have, underthe guidance of Dickens, formed a mean confederacy C : this continent, and the progress of the age it- n self, similar to that concocted in 1776 against its *' national rights. Cheap literature will multiply rea yn?, ,11111 ii iau v iruucia will repay uoill puuilsiier a and uutlior. We have the means of issuing half a million of literary and scientific sheets per week, at <i ict of 6 1-4 cents each?making #31,250, which, /A under the Dickens system of publication, would w cost or more, and thus deprive the great at miMs of the people of literary food for their souls. Such in brief is the plan we propose. We conceive it to be of more magnitude and importance than any project for the advancement of the age yi yet devised. Tt is a fit accompaniment to the vast advancement in steam power. ^ All persons wishing for further information, or ? wishing to engage in furnishing original manuscripts, th will address letter*, alwayt pott paid, to the under- rs signed. Publishers of newspapers, throughout the M United States and elsewhere, who receive the II*RAi.r>, will please to publish this announcement #ra- ]a tin, at length, as a small requital for the many fa- of Tors we have conferred upon them, in the shape of ?' news and extras. Those who do not comply with tins small request, will he considered rather un- ir friendly and ungrateful, and will be treated nccor- t| iiii"j!y. Newspapers that we do not exchange with c< will dg the s uae, and we sh tll open un exchange *' with tiiein on a liberal and extensive footing. JAMES GORDON BENNETT, ? Pr. i riktoh of the Herald Estahi.isii.mem, r M. W. Counkr of Nassau and Fulton struts. Nitw V KK.fttn August, 1H42. fo Cms* Li ru\ vri i n.?The immortal Harpers have 11 ju.-t published a beautiful edition of iiulwer's v J'elham, 180 pages, for 25 cents. We are preparing to out-do this. We shall soon publish an edition'of " the nine novel in a double-sheet-extra-ifkrau) for { 124 or 14 cents?about half less than the ilarpera. ^ i .fMt fun in literature by and by. tt Touching thk Ofk Lkadkrs.?The Albany Ar- ir gus issues an order, directing that every democratic ri Van Ruren man, who accepts office from Captain Tyler, will be considered doubtf ul in the faith, and a must he watched closely, ** I Hoi's BtrxirT.?Th# following u tlu* material |)dit of a letter, published by Chariea Dickens, 111 r if Loudon Chronicle of July 14, and may be con!()-rt d the opening of his budget on Anierici l, Dcvon?HiKt-Tc?KAcc, Tom uiti, < " lUoiMT'mm, 7th July, 1*12. J Vou ma/ perhaps be aware tkat during my stay in Vnterica 1 lost no opportunity of endeavoring to awaken ihe public nund to a sense of th( unjust and iniquitous state ol the law in that country, in reference to the wholesale piracy of British works. "for my sell, I have resolved that 1 will never from this 'm.e enter into any negotiation with anv person for the transmission, across the Atlantic, of early proofs ot any thing I may write; and that 1 w ill forego all profit derivu. '"le fro hi such a source. i do not venture to urge this line ol proceeding upon you, but 1 would beg to suggest, -ind t* lay great stress upon the necessity of observing one other course of action, to which I cannot too emphatically call your attention. " The persons who exert themselves to mislead the American public on the question: to put down its discusion; and to uppress and distort the truth, in reference toi\ in every possible way; are, (as you may easily suppose) '.liose who have a strong interest in the existing system of piracy and plunder; inasmuch as, so long as it continues, t!iey can gain a very comfortable living out of the brains of other men, while they would find it very difficult to earn bread by the exercise of their own. These are the litors and proprietors of newspapers almost exclusively 'ovoted to the republication of |>opular Knglish works. They are, for the most part,men of very low attainments, ind of more than indifferent reputation, and I have frequently seen them, in the same sheet in which they boast t)f the rantil sale of mnnv fhn,i,*n<t frtiliM rtf nn It* ii tr) i all reprint, coarsely and insolently attacking the author of that very book, and heaping scurrility and slander upon his head. " I would therefore entreat you, in the name of the honorable pursuit with which vou are so intimately connecti-d, never to hold corresj>on<lence with any of these men, and never to negotiate with them for the sale of early proofs of any work over which you have control; but to treat, on *11 occasions, with some respectuble American publishing house, and with such an establishment only. " Our common interest in this subject, and my advocacy of it, single handed, on every occasion that has presentvd itself during my absence trom Europe, form my excuse lor addressing you. And I am faithfully yours, "CHARLES DICKENS.1* This id quite a funny letter. Dickens came here as a sort of literary traveller, agent, or bagman to regulate the American market for the sale of his wares nnd those in his line, as the Birmingham, Manchester, or London agents come over to get orders lor cutlery, corderoys and doulas. He was taken hold of hy a number of highly respectable ._ **?*?very gentlemanly blockheads?and treated :ts if he was a prince royal instead of an improved police reporter, trying to make a good bargain and a decent living. Others, such as those who got up the grand Park Ball, wanted to help the theatre with Box's popularity, and make money by showing him off as they would a wild animal. John Duer, Charles King, Wm. L. 5tone, and other vain, silly j>ompous, absurd men, gave him a magnificent dinner ut the City Hotel, merely to show themselves off, and make a little parade. In the mean time, lioz returns home, thinks the whole a joke?that his toadies are big boobies?and makes the first use , of his pen in pronouncing half the republic "pi- < rates," "plunderers," "cheats," "rogues" and ' " men of very low attainments." ( We like this?it is rich?it is merited?and ifBoz \ will only publish a book on America in the same ,-ein, he deserves a leather medal and a high post in * lip ?rtvvrnm??nt hf P.nnpv TalanH Hut tmtk r. t'lould be told. The people in this country who a "iwned on Dickens are the most contemptible crea- 1 ires in it. They are without mind?without inde- j] >endence?without liberality?without taste?with- d ;>ut real talent. They are principally composed of t those egregious blockhead!1, who, after travelling in j1 Europe, and picking up a few warn out und bad r nbits there, attempt to set up an aristocracy?to t ivear moustaches?to be exclusive in society?and f o monopolize all merit and reputation here. They re impudent pretenders, and are neither European, j \merican, aristocratic, democratic, christian or norm&n. The real sensible, practical people ot this Jj md. read Dickens and think him a very good police |t -porter of the manners and customs of low society p n Emrland. As to TTiekens himsplf hp ia n trnnA C [oal of a bag of wind, and has seen his best and ^ Tightest days. n w Tire New Government Express to Buffalo.? j1 Ye call the attention of the President and the ( 'ostmaster General to the working of the new e )aily Express to Buffalo, recently organised and 1 nanaged by Messrs. Humphreys and Eaton. 8 According to all appearances this project is inended to cover a piece of private enterprise at the s xpense of the government. By an advertisement ' list published, it appears that this express proposes (] 0 carry packages, money, ppecie, and such articles, .1 1 addition to mailable matter?the proceeds of the 1 liter only going into the public treasury. Now, as j, (le agent is paid by the government, and goes free % f expense to himseif over the whole line, he can ?< lake at least $50,000 by this private enterprise? lesuin to be divided among the confederates in |j le scheme. ai For two years or more, Pomeroy Sc Co. of Al- n any, have been endeavoring to establish an ex- t( ress line for packages, and they have done this at tf yearly expense of $8,<X>0 paid to railroads and p< teaniboats. If the government chooses to break j.' p Pomeroy tte Co., and become a common carrier, t( t them do so by some process of law?but there 0 * no reason that Mr. Humphrey or any mail agent, iiould carry on such an enterprise as carrying packaes and unmailable matter, at the expi-nse of the overnment, and pocket the profits himself. This tr Ian of making money is now sought to be esta- a lished between New York and Buffallo, and Mr. iraham the postmaster here, Mr. Lewis Katon, the |* enerai agenr,anu >ir. Humphrey, the special agent, n eem to concur in its practicability nnd propriety. |. We call the particular attention of the Postmaster c, ieneral to these facts. We beliere we are correct ?> i the statement?but if there be any error, we jj lall cheerfully put it right. The principle is wrong lat a government mail agent should conduct a w rivate enterprise at the expense of the public, !> nd we trust the President will order an investiga- j* on into the matter. c| PJ Arrival op an Eminent Engineer from Bra- W i??Among the passengers in the Great Western ^ hich arrived here last week was Mr. P. P. Leme, ^ tachcd to the Imperial Engineer Corps of the Bra" tc lian Empire. He has been sent to this country by 'n le Emperor on a tour of inspection. We under- jjj and that it is his intention to visit every railroad, gi mal, dry dock, steam vessel, navy yard, and ship w ard in the United States. This visit will afford Mr. heme an opportunity of f0 jmparing the great improvements made in this re- w lblic, not vet seventy years of age, with those of a urope now nearly in her grave. We do not fear ie result of the comparison. We trust that he will p( turn to his own country laden with plans, maps ri id charts. In the last five years eminent engineers have been 01 nt across the Atlantic from Russia, France, Rng- fii nd, Austria, Spain, Belgium nnd Brazil. Those Austria and Brazil ure now in this country. The hers have finished their labor and returned home, T e Uu -tans in the splendid steam frigate Kamschat- a' i which they built in this city. The inform;ition, l' i the shap*' of charts, diagrams, and plans, which 0| iey gathered here were of the greatest value, nnd ci ould not h iv been obtained elsewhere. This we tl o not ?iy boa tingly, for it is a fact, that most of ? v e officer*. fi:>t visited Knfrhiiid nnrl ftndiair tliov nuld gel nothing there they came to America and ir upplied themselves with all the knowledge necessay, both of a practical and theoretical nature. ]'rosr*<ts ok a Row.?It is now highly proba- th lr that Congress will close in an elegant row in a ?w day*, leaving the President without revenue? ^ rithout money?without credit. |? The Senate have voted in t.ivor of the distribution hi irifi" bill?it will paw both houses?and then the * Captain will veto, t >n this, both Ikitises will have a (,! rand flare up?nnd adjourn without piling ;mv t| iw. We Hre now almost without a government? ? ten we shall be without a rag of iny thing. No " loney?no credit?no law?no nothing?but lights, J,, ots, and vulgar politicians. n To Smith?Jo Smith,do bring out afresh revelation, H nrl take hold of the government of these United P, tales. ci I'll* Opening of th? Kcw York mid Troy Railroad. Tuov.Rena* latr Co., ) Wednesday, 12 PM.J James G. Re>mtit, Esq.:? 'My last letter was closed at the breaking of ihe t round on this important public work, at the tosvn of Pawling, lJuchess county. After which an able speech wha made by lien. Geo. it. Davis, of Troy, in which he castigated the New Yorkers so severely lor iheir backwardness, in not coining forward in ad of this enterprize, thit soine of thetn bounced ike live eels in a frying pan. Aldenuan Leonard, who represented our Mayor, replied in a short pcech, in which he alludt'J to the losocs of our citi/ens by the great tire, since the coinineiicenit nt ol In- application for ihe construction of this road, and ho to the completion of the Croton Water Works it an enormous expense, as among the reasons why ihev had not been as ready to uid at a former period is in<*v intended to be in future. He said that as \'ew Vork had never failed, nor repudiated any undertakings ever commenced, no matter how great or how costly, the friends of this measure would now find that she had placed her lever to the work, and Atlas like, she would raise it, and never cry fail, for such a word was not in her vocabulai^. lie contended that a pro[>er spirit was awake in our city ti|>on thissubject, and believed,that if it wasneeessary, that ihe cori>oration itself would subscribe one-fifth of the sum necessary to complete the work. Ilis remarks were received with much ai>probation by the substantial farmer* of Dutchess, I'utnam and Columbia, who, notwithstanding this is the season in which they are nearly all engaged in harvest, attended ?ver a thousand strong. After time had elapsed for a nartial introduction of our public functionaries to tne lords of this noble manor,we took up our line of march northward, towards Amina. a distance of about ten miles, where we intenued to remain during the night.? Your humble representative in company with Mr. >ecft;iry bloomtield, (Jol. Hamilton, and Colonels Voting and Carmichael, heavy contractors on the route were fortunate enough to fall into the generous cliarge of Col. H. Kundle, a wealihv and intelligent farmer, who made u? as comfortable as heart could desire until morning, when with that same ^rood feeling that exists along the whole route to the friends of the road, he harnessed a splendid team of horses and conveyed us nearly thirty miles on our journey. This gentleman, like all others of tlie intelligent portion of this immense vallev, is a constant reader of the popular New York llerald, and a firm supporter of the doctrines it inculcates in law, politics, morality, physic, love and religion. As we passed up the extended valley on the line of the railroad, the picturesque scenery, the pure i'lear gurgling streams, the neat and substantial farm h?uses, and the luxuriant aspect of the surrounding country,called forth expressions of astonishment and surprise from almost every tongue, that such a region of country should be shut out from the benefits of this age of internal improvements. Let capitalists in New York make inquiries ?f the gentlemen wha composed the company, for the full extent of the correctness of our remarks. To the right, and within a quarter of a mile of the line of railroad, for a distance of twenty miles, through Dutchess county, we followed the traces of extensive marble quarries, many of which, upon being opened, have produced an excellent quality of ( material for building and manufacture of lime, ! qual to the Thomaston, which costs our city so arg<- an amount per annum. As we left Amina, ,vr perceived vehicles conveying iron ore of a very icli [>ercentage. to the furnaces for smelting, and ( within a few miles of this point w? understood that here are twelve furnaces in operation, the yield of 1 which, under tall the present unfavorable ciroum tances of sending it to market, (it being twentyive miles to the nearest point on the lluuon,) is $500,000 per annum. In addition to this, n a valley near by,an ore was obtained many years ' ince from which an article equal to the best iron ' ver produced was manufactured, and which in the lays of the revolution caused the vicinity to be diss- j inguished by the name of Steel Creek Valley. It is Iso well known that the iron ore obtained in Salisiury, Connecticut, a distance of 8& miles from the oad, and to which the people of that vicinitv in end to construct a branch, is superior to any in the , Tnited States for the manufacture of fire arms, and as been exclusively used by the national Government in the manufacture of muskets at Springfield, fla^sachusetts. The produce of this whole region, (of which J >utchess county alone comprises nearly one-tenth of le whole State in value,) will be |>oured into the | ip of New York when this important work is com- , Icted. Potatoes, milk, cheese, butter, poultry, | nlvesand lambs, are rarely worthy the attention ol le farmers of this district to forward to our market, s the present cost of transportation amounts to . early, it not quite as much as the article is worth 'hen in market. In forwarding the two latter arides of food, they are|frequently brought into debt f y the sale, and the expense attending the transposition of potatoes, is such, that they are rarely if j ver sent to New York. They can be raised in i )utchess county in great abundance,and sold on the ( round at a handsome prafit at 12)j cents a bushel. | Die freight and factorage of butter makes the ex- ( lense amount to about #40 per ton on all that is ( ent to our market, or two cents per pound, while j >n the railroad it could be taken for one-tenth the um. The growth of oats through this region is . nost abundant, but to convey a load to Pougkeepsie ! nd thence to New York, (now the only route for lie producers,) is done only at the additional excuse of the consumers in our city. In the mere em of milk alone our population would receive reat benefits, as instead of being compelled as now > pay the price of six cents per quart for that which i adulterated, it would in all probability, owing to le immense yield on the grazing grounds of 'utchess and Putnam, be reduced to three cents, nd a better quality suppled even at that price. The r msumption ot milk tor our city has been estimated ' [ 30,000 millions of ouarts per annum, and owing ?its price and difficulty of obtaining a pure article, , le supply is supposed to fall short at least 10,000quarts r day- This fact is merely presented as one of the ? ems that would naturally find its way to our mar- c et in great ubundance from the region of country c irougli which the contemplated road will pass, ne of the next most important articles of produce ' lat would be presented in our limits is that of l< essed hay- Tens of thousands of tons of this nple would he forwarded to our citv from the ^ leadowsof Dutchess and Putnam if tne price of 'ansportation would yield a profit. At present not H hundred tons per annum is received from this 1) art of Dutch'-ss county, and the value, as fed c ere to stock, does not exceed three to tour dollars > sr ton. The transportation of plaster, so much 1 ceded (or portions of the lands of Westehester li 'uttnam, Dutchess,and Columbi^flounties, would I ield a large source of revenue to the road, as the >. nst of obtaining it at present is three tim^s the price f the article, which almost exclude# its use, allouuh absolutely necessary lor the renovation of C le lands. |, On Tuesday, on our passage up the line of road. . fe dined at the house of Jackson Wing, nn old 6 ero of 76. who numbers nearly eighty vears, and more hale and hearty than half our New York neks at half tlie age. Longevity is a peculiar ^ of fliia wKnlp mvinn o??l ? -r^ons w tc presented to us whose memory of c /a-!iington and his encampment in Dutchess were v i vivid as transactions of yesterday. The farmers V ironghont Dutchess are among the m?st wealthy in X ic state, and it is not at ail uncommon for a farm Jj i consist of from five hundred to a thousand acres; s i fact a man is considered a small farmer who does jt own and cultivate some hundreds of acre* of tl nd. Large portions of their farms are devoted to y azinz cattle and slu-ep, in the latter product of ? Inch she excels all other counties in the state. 1 The most striking peculiarity that presented itself n the mind of our whole company was the fact that > r the distance of full fifty miles but one niece of . oods was pawd through that was not enclosed in fence, and that did not extend over a hundred irds. ft The line of railroad as now selected by the cominv, p.ispes full three-fourths its distance through a ch and luxuriant plain, bonnded on each side by ' i undulating country, interspersed with the Taco- c ic range of mountains that rear their lofty points p 1 the east for a long distance, and by ranges of lie cultivated rolling hills on the west, presenting, ? we moved forward,perfect Claude Torraine views ' F prospective, pictures pie scenery, not surpassed i any i>ortion of the Union for variety and extent. he only portion of the line of road that presented iy thing like lough work, was for a distance of " >ont three miles on the west bri'.nch of theOoton, v i Westchester county, which, lroni the rocky ^tate f the surface presented toj view, would appear to wse considerable labor in excavation were it not c iitt the level is but a short distance below the up- ^ r crust. There are miles of the road that are .1- . ady in a stnte of trad ition that the labor of preirinjr fortlie rail?will not pny the contractor a liv- li ig profit for his trouble. n As we proceeded northward on Wednesday, we iwd into the State of Massachusetts for an inant, (lie line of which is presented at a place callI Boston Four Corners, made memorable some lirty years since byaduel that wan fought in the vi al nity between l'rice and Armstrong, in which the tter was seriously wounded. At this point the line ( rnilroad approaches within a distance oi a few qt undred yards, but is kept entirely within t^M limits od jurisdiction of our own State. Proceed iiig on- , am we soon entered Columbia county, where the ipear*neo of the country, although productive iran to asHiime a different a>peet from tin passed to irougli in Dutchess. Tlie ground work iiutead ol inline, was of a slaty foundation, the farms w.-re lore cultivated in trie prodnction of wIim?, rye In nd oats, and Iwing ns we were informed, prinei- hi illy leased to tenants, did not present that thrift, pi ratness and comfort that we had seen below, but mon* the productions under the head of "natives," e discovered a monstrous rattlesnake, measurin <actly in length, six feet, and full twelve inches in 91 ircumference in the largest pert, hanging from a w |H)lc alongside the toad, where it Iiail heea su^efld,-(J by its gallant captor, who had secured to liim--ll the he-id and rattles aa a trophy of his prowesa in i'?> (roving Hix-h a monster. o; arriving at a small town called Dover, on Tuesdty, we were invited to visit a romantic gap or fissure in tin* brow of the mountain, on the west <ide of the valley, that has received the sanctified name of the "old Stone Church." After much toil we obtained a view of its exterior, that presented a gap in a solid rock that ajtpearrd to have been split asunder by some convulsion of nature, and through which a pure and limpid stream, sprinkled with golden trout, dashed and leaped from rock to rock a? if in sportive pastime. We ascended to the head of the cavern by means of a rude constructed ladder riml from the very topmost point, as far as the eye rould reach, came thundering in one white foaming, frothing sheet, the stream that passed below. Such .?shower bath thought we, anu such a place to take it too, but time would not permit. (in returning, we ascertained that a few months ince some young rowdy of the vicinity on seeing a young woman wending her way to this romantic spot on a Sunday morning, followed alter, and on entering (he cavity he endeavored to accomplish a hellish puriiose, which from her determination and em-rgy she effectually resisted and returned to the village. On Sunday afternoon she attended meeting in the vicinity, and the next morning exposed his villainy, the result of which was that being tried

and convicted he was sentenced to five years in the State I'rison. So much for the "Stone Church " and its associations. As a striking evidence of the almost excluded character of a portion of the inhabitants all along the line of rail road through Dutchess, we aote the fact that a man of much intellectual appearance informed us in the vicinity of the place where ground whs first broken, that the band of music then play ing una me piece ot artillery firing was the first that had ever broken upon his ear. Th<* music through these part* was a perfect astonisher to many of the " natives," and the cattle along the meadows and hill sides seemed at first to be charmed and attracted with the sound; till would cautiously approach within twenty or thirty yards of the vehicle containing the band, which was on the lead, and then, as if hall frightened and frantic, would bound across the field like maddened buffaloes with heads and tails as erect as lightning rods, to the no small amusement of Dodworth and his associates, particularly the Trombone man, who laughed as hearty and as strong as the sonorous notes of his instrument. We reached the neat little village of Hillsdale, in Columbia county, which is about 108 miles from New York, at 12 o'clock on Wednesday, and the company then separated for dinner, a part partaking at Reed's stage house and the remainder at Foster's Temperance Hall, the latter of which, as a matter of course, was selected by our noble self. At this point the line of road diverges to the west along the immediate vicinity of the Columbia turnpike to near Claverack creek, and thence in a northerly line through the town of Ghent to Vahtj", over Kinderhook Plains, crossing the Hudson and Boston raiiroad, to Greenbnsh ana Bath, and terminating ut the enterprizing city of Troy. After dinner we proceeded onward ourself, in company with J. J. Coddington, our late efficient Postmaster, Charles Henry Hall, Esq., Mr Baldwin, member of Assembly, and Mr. Starkweather, one f our active city merchants. We followed up the valley to the east of the road, towards Chatham Four Corners, which route was originally selected as the line of the road, but presented great obstacles towards its construction, and was finally abandoned on the survey of the line now selected by the company, which from Hillsdale is known as " Bloomfield's Pass," it having been surveyed by the present ictive commissioner and secretary of tnat name, in the year 1H38. We armed at Chatham Four Corners about four o'clock in the afternoon, and was ushered into the aighl of the Boston railroad, on which w? were to be conveyed to Creenbush, through the politeness >1 Colonel Bliss, the agent of the company. A heavy freight train passed at this instant, loaded with western flour and othernroduce, which pointed in hold relief to the New York delegation the urgent iud great necessity of a direct means of communication to our city by laud during all seasons of the fear. We reached Greenbush, opposite Albany, about lusk, and was received by tne Mayor and corporaion of Troy, accompanied by Capt. Pierce's well jiscipiinea ana neatly uniformed company of Troy 2itv Guards, The steamboat Jonas C. Hart was it the wharf, decorated with Hags, and rendy to 'onvey us to theseat of Trojan enterprise, which vaesoon presented to our view amid the ringing of jells, the sound of martial music, and the thunlering of the cannon's roar. On reaching the vharf, the large assemblage hailed us with three ong and hearty cheers, and in procession we narched to the Mansion House, wnere all hands ire now comfortably stowed away, enjoying the rereshing aid of genial sleep. To-morrow morning, Thursday, we proceed to >roak ground, on the estate of Mr. P. Van Rensseear, the patroon of llensselaer county, about a mile his side of Albany, full particulars of which I shall uring with me on Friday. There will be an immense concourse, and the Trojans are determined o show New York a bold example of the spirit hat exists among them. It is worthy of remark, that although the Mayor ind Common Council of Albany were invited to i. me uui j?ui <1 nun ui ?ri>y ill vjreenuusn, 10 re;eive the N*.w York delegation, not a member ap eared. Such h disjiosition must satisfy New York liat she must take care of heroelf even if the members of the Board of Aldermen of her own city reuse to i>articii>ate in this great and important enter rise. She must either give up her western trade to her ival city for five months in the year, or else contract this road, the efforts of Albany to the contray notwithstanding. ' Capital Shaving.?Thurlow Weed ia improving. Ve begin to like the lellow. Tho way he lathers nd shaves Noah is a caution to old beards and long onsciences. Tliurlow almost equals Jim Grant, mr blessed barber, who does business at No. 1,2, or , in Ann street. He says Noah is an "old drivelsr," and " plays second fiddle" in my band. This ist is incorrect. Noah has not wind enough in his lag* to play in oar band. He is only fit to set up nd blow an old horn to an old clothes party?to a atch of office beggars, whom he calls the " demoratic administration party"?gad a'mercy on us. Joah has turned every side and all sides in his day? is last movement is the most miserable of any. Ie will end his life as he began it, crying " old clo'," 1 old clo'," " old clo'." Go ahead Thurlow? only don't be savage on 'aptain Tyler?he is a better man than you take im for. The Cuntsin will he riffht kwIp tin hv nrwl y- _ Bankrupts.?We are collecting slowly the numer of bankrupts in the several States. The followng list, thus far, is correct onnecticut to July 2A 917 ^iicontin to July 1A t63 Uryland to Auguit 1 'J64 Kentucky to July 10 700 Northern District of New York to July 1A -243ft out hem do do 1 22~ These facts lead to curious conclusions. It appears iiat bankruptcy iu Western and Northern New rork is double that in the city and river counties, 'his result hus arisen from the bad systems of comlerce, trade,and banking, which prevail in Western Tew York, from Utica out to Buffalo. There is ardly a town there of any magnitude that has not een furnished with victims?but the greatest suffers have been the farmers and mechanics. Take nv town in the west?take Buffalo, Bntavin, Penn an, or any other, what a miserable, despotic, illoncerted. svstem of tmnkinr and irnHinor haa revailed there! How the farmers and honest lechanics have suffered?how society and iw have been abused and outraged ! We have a great deal to say on these farts on nother day?and we shall open a chapter on the ystems of trade and currency, that will astound the rho!e country. Honorary Degrees.? Harverd University have onferred the degree of L. L. I), on Mr. Kverett, iinerican Minister in London. The Xanvoo (111.) niversity have conferred L. L. D. or T imes Arngton Bennet, and James Gordon IVnneu Liteiture is making great strides in these latter days. Import ok Stock.?About 86,137 emigrant have rived at Quebec tliisseason, worth $500 each, ive. \'aluc of import, J$18,0f>;{,fi00. {XJ* Niblo's.?The new (pantomime has created lite a sensation ; we arc not surprised at it, wheer we consider the beauty Jcf the scenery the ev*rneaa of the transformations?or the rich acting 1'ie Huvels ; the three form ^combination rarely be witnessed. All strangers are sure lo pay this tabliehmmt a visit, und our citiams have long ade it their favorite resort. By the way. W oo.f is composed an admirable overture for the new ece, which meets with deserved applause. r&. The alarm of fire last night, wa? in Broad reet, but it amounted to nothing. One bucket of ater put it out before the engines got there. t BY THE SOUTHERN MAIL. W?UUli||toii, [Corrrsi'Oiidaaee of thr Hrr*lJ.] i Washintton, Tltureddy?3 P. M. Prorcnllu^inf liolli lloUM't?The A\ lilg? and lite l'midnit a Third I'arty. The President pro ttm. laid before the S?uaU this morning u communication troin the Secretar) of the Treasury, covering a statement from the lie gister, made in compliance with a resolution of 30tl ultimo, showing the amount of money appropriated by fonrress since the year 1S86, to satisfy private claims. '1 h?* amount elated by the Treasurer to have beei appropriated, is as follows:? In 183C $IS5,H86 9) "J7 101.J35 41 *S8 -.'68,106 fl] '39 173,459 Ot '-M> 74,703 71 '41 ilS,16d 0J Some memorials, Arc. were presented, but no thing of public importance. Mr. Kerr occupied a considerable portion of the morning hour in explaining a bill to promote the purposes of tilt useful arts. The object ot the bill is to secure to inventors of useful improvements the benefit of iheir ingenuity, both in this country and Europe, dis?riminating in favor of native talent in me rauo oi thirty to live hundred. At one o'clock the tariff bill wan taken up, and the day, and perhaps the week, is to be spent ia motions to amend and short "speeches. Kvery motion to amend will be rejeoted, and the bill will eventually go through as it came from the House. A number of the democratic Senators, were originally disposed to permit the bill to pass without protracted opposition. They intended to express a general hostility to ire principles, and as a veto was anticipated, to permit the details to go without scrutiny ; but it was (oreseen that the whigs might possibly run the same bill through, omitting the distribution feature, after it shall have been returned without the signature of the President, and it was therefore necessary to propose such amendments as were necessary to make it tolerable. They do not expect to carry one of them. Mr. Benton has a hundred, more or less, to offer, and there is a pretty good assortment besides. The House has spent the day, so far, on the bill for the re-organization of the Army. The bill, as it came from the Senate, was published; in the Herald yesterday; but the House will mangle and modify it until its father, Mr. Preston, will hardly recognise his child. The second regiment of dragoons is knocked to pieces already, and as the army soems to be committed t<> the tender mercies of Mr. Cave Johnson, there wiljbe little more than a skeleton left when lie hns finished The debate ceased at three o'clock, and the committee an* now voting on the amendments. Mr. Reynolds of Illinois made a speech this morning, which set the committee in a roar He is a rare old nan, with a vein oi good sense, which seems to have been worked very little, no education, with the quaintest possible diction, and a strange hubit of calling every body on earth his " worthy friend." His voice has a nasal twang that reminds one of the melody of theCameronians. In speaking on the navy bill a few days since, he said? "Mr. Speaker, our navy W9n imperishable honors in fighting our " worthy friends," the British, on the lakes during the last war, and I won't say nothing against the gallant men in it." But there are many men in Congress much less useful than Governor Reynolds, and it may be doubted whether a house composed of such men, would do as much mischief as will be wrought by the present body. It would seem from the tone of certain papers pro fessing to be friendly tp the administration, that f Kl?? irioo r\f fnrmin* a thi rrl norf if fnr flia o?mn/\rf the President, is still cherished in certain quarters. Nothing can he more preposterous, fn the present political condition of tne country and of party organization, no sane man, with a knowledge of affairs, and aware of the relations of the leaders and the rank and file, can entertain the belief that such a thing is practicable or possible. Party organization is too perfect, and party discipline too potent to permit such a hope. The Clay organization embraces six sevenths of the whig party of the Union, and it is idle to expect to detach any considerable number of that nart y in reference to another. As to the democrats,tney are banded together by the ties of principle and interest. The genius and theory of that party secures them against auy permanent or serious divisions. All attempts, therefore, to constitute a third party with a view to the support of the Administration, or to the succession, must necessarily fail.? The collision of the two hostile parlies would be as fatal to all who stand between them as the meeting of two locomotives to a man who should attempt to resist both. This fact must be apparent even to the persons who are most busy in such enterprises. Their object is not to renderan efficient or useful support to the President, but to obtain control of the patronage and offices in their vicinity. The papers which are the organs of these factions, and which profess an exclusive devotion to the President, are started or sustained from selfish considerations alone. They look merely to the Executive bounty, and seek only to promote the personal schemes of the leaders in the movement. No other motive can stimulate them. The result is too obvious to admit of a doubt. It is alwavs fair to reason from what has been, to what will be, under similar circumstances. The object and consequences of this attempt at a third party organization, are best seen and illustrated in the movement of a small knot of broken down politicians in the State of Connecticut. Every body knows that the spectacle presented by the divided counsels here is regarded by the whole country as a sorry one.# In Connecticut, this leeling was and is all-pervading. The Whigs, before the last election there, would not sup|>ort the administration and the Democrats held aloof too. In this juncture, a few men who had been discarded by both parties, set themselves lip as the exclusive friends oi the President?affected to hold the balance of power between the two parties; thrust themselves upon the President as the only disinterested friends he had in the State, and claimed to dictatc in all appointments. Prior to the election they held a State convention, nominated a district ticket, which they imprudently called an administration ticket, and polled out of nearly fifty thousand votes, some five or six hundred And this is the extent of the inlluence of this little faction. They cannot control more than five hundred votes, it it was to save their leaders from the gallows. Ana now these disinterested patriots openly avow their determination to abandon the support of the President, unless he does something for them. All your third parties, in the city of New-York and elsewhere, have theirorigin in the same corrupt motives. Their fidelity is dependent upon the patronage of the government. The? have neither thought of or purpose doing anv thing hut to secure or acquire office. President Tyler will not countenance such movements. lie is too pure, to high-minded, to sanction such niercenary conduct, and too sagacious to Lie deceived by schemes so shallow. There is more to be said on this subject. Baltimore. [Corrnpoiidi'iicr of the Herald.] Bai.ti.mokk. August 4.18-12. Mb. Ebitor? The past twenty four hours have escaped, and left nothing of peculiar interest or moment in their track. Our ci'y is really very quiet. Those who have the mean* have gone to the springs, or to the country to ruralize for a few weeks' whilst others are anxiously awaiting the return of business and the movements of Congress. I notice a still further decline in flour. Howard street now sells at $5.75, with a tendency to fall still lower. City Mills is in pood demand at #8; holders of Surquehanna are asking ?5.75 The receipts of Maryland wheat are light, and prices range from #1.1# to 1-30, for prime, and 70 a *1 50 (or inferior to good lots; a load of Pennsylvania red sold yesterday for ?1 25 : com, 5;i a 55 cents' rye ft) cc'nts; oats are in slow demand at 22 a 2S cents ; whiskey, in barrels, 26 cents and in hhds 25 cents. Western bacon is in good demand; assorted ranges 5J cents. . The growing crop of corn in this htate is repreoented as being very tine, and the harvest of wheat and rye will turn out much better than was anticipated. _ We have it quite cool. The mcrcurv is now OH, with a keen breeze from the north. All the better for sleeping. Kodkuck. l'hllntlrlpliln. [ CoTTMpomlrncp of thf Hrrald.] Philadelphia, August 4,1812. Our city was all quiet last night and so continues. Order scemr. to be |>crfectly restored, and alt now look back in surprise that such outrages should have been committed in the light of day, and the violators be not at once arreted and held to punishment. A number of persons are under arrest, and I suppow will he subject to trial, and perhaps punishment ; but the worst of the mob are believed to be still at large. As the tumult has passed, we oan now look back to the beginning, and examine the flimsy falsehoods that were propagated as a pretext for these outrages. The much talked of banner, which was carried in procession by the colored people ?n Monday last, was take* to the police office yesterday, aod exhibited to the citizens by the Mayor, through one of the windows of the office. It was reported bv the noters that this banner displayed ihe motto'of? I " Liberty or I)eat!i," uver the figure of a negro, and that the painting exhibited ;he conflagration of a , town in St Hoiningo, during t!ie massacre of (lie whites by their slaves Instead of thi? however, : the banner contains nothing more than the figure of - an "emancipated slave" pointing with one hand to the broken rhains at his feet, and with the other to the word "Liberty," in gold letters over his head ? 1 The burning town turns out to be a representation of ' the "rising sun," and a "sinking ship," emblematic of the dawn ?l freedom and the wreck of tyranny. In exhibiting this banner to the citizens assembled 1 outside of tli- office. Mayor Scott expressed surprise that could so mistake or misrepresent its > character: but remarked, that public tumults gene1 rally arose out ef a similar perversion of truth. On 1 ihe reverse side of the banner was the following pal cific inscription: > " The Young Men'* Vigilant Awociation of Philadelphia. How grand in age, Low fair in truth, Are holy FriencUhip, Love and Truth. Initituted July 23,1841." This may have been the pretext for the disgrace' ful and bloody acts which ensued, but the cause lies 1 still deeper, in a turbulent and disorderly spirit. i which needs the strong hand of the law. prompt and [ severe in its execution, to check and subaue. With such turbulent material, the slightest pretext is a cause for an outbreak; and, therefore, justice should be si>eedy in overtaking the guilty, ana terrible in the examples she makes. The blacks who left the city on Monday and Tuesday, and fled into New Jereey for shelter and protection from the mob here, are now fast returning to their homes. They left i.i 9ucU numbers as to fill all the adjacent woods, in which many men, women and children lodged all night. The transactions in the produce markethave been liirht fnr ?pv#?r?l ?- -? 1 :-o? ? -> " 1'iitro uncnangea in any important particular from last weekB sales. In stocks, operations are still very limited. Tint Secretary op the Treasury is so far convalescent as to be able to take moderate exercise. It is his intention to jeave in a few days for Bedford Springs, where he will remain for a short time, and then return to the duties of his department.?Nat. Uudligtncer, Aug. 4. City Intelligence. * Curious Developments?Dkplorablx State of Morai.s?Fi.are ur in the Bowery.?During the last two days s<>me most astounding developments have been elicited by Justice Matsell. in a case examined in the "Star Chamber," whicn goes to show that the state of morals in certain classes of the community is at ns low an ebb as honesty among the financiers of Wall street. The examination in this case was strictly private, and access to "them papers" bc-ing refused, we are obliged to give the case as we heard it, and believe it to be substantially correct in all its particulars. On Wednesday forenoon, two females, young, fashionable and handsome.applied to Justice Matsell for warrants against their husbands, one ot whom is a dry goods merchant in the Bowery, and the other a dealer in hosiery in the same street, for having beaten them in a violent manmr, threatened their lives, and those of other persons, <tec. The warrants were granted,and the merchants, who are fast friends, and near neighbors, were brought up for examination, which resulted, as we understand, in their being severally held to bail in the sum of ?5000 to keep the peace towards their wives for six months, and $2,500 to answer the charge at the Sessions. The following are the events which are said to have led to the assault committed on the ladies by I heir liege lords. On last Monday fortnight, the females, who are likewise fast friends, prevailed on their husbands to permit them to make a visit to Philadelphia, to see sonic friends of the hosiery man's wife who had just arrived from England. Somewhere about the same time, a worthy ex-Assistant Alderman of the Tenth Ward, who is somewhat celebrated for his whiskers, his love of sporting and fishing, and attendance at all the balls of the season, whether fancy or check-ai>ron, and a genteel, good looking tailor of Chatham street, likewise left thfc city, for different destinations, either of which was iar enough fron\ Philadelphia. After an absence of about nine dayp, the ladies returned to the city, well pleased with their visit to tiie city ot " Brotherly Love," and about the same time the ex-Assistant and the handsome tailor also returned home. Things went on smoothly for a few days, when, ulas, the green-eyed monster took possession of the breast ol the hosiery man?he suspected the fidelity ot his wife, and seeing the ex-Assistant engaged in conversation with heT in his store, he crept under the counter, listened to their conversation, and thought he heard enough to justify his suspicions. He questioned his wife on the subject, wliicn led to u nuarrel, and ended in his beating her until she acknowledged that he had cause for complaint. He immediately flew to his friend the dry goods man, and on canvassing the case, they arrived at the conelusion thai tbrir wivebliiut pUyed tlwm fulsc, and had gone to Philadelphia in company w ith the <rxAssustant and the tailor. t>ne of the party thenwent on to Philadelphia, and returned with the intelligence that the women had not been at the i>lace where they Btatcd, in that city. The deceived hurbands then took satisfaction by committing the assault* on their spouses, which led to their arrett. Not satisfied, however, with this slight revenge, they determined to seek out the authors of their wrong. So, on Tuesday night the hosiery man armed himself with a keen edged dagger, and the dry goods man with a club, and sallied forth in quest of their foes. They first visited the residence of the ex-Aldennan, in the Tenth Ward,when they were informed that he had been lucky enough to save his bacon, by taking a trip to Connecticut. After letting a little of their wrath boil over, by telling what they would have done, if they haa caught him, they proceeded to the tailor's residence^ in Hayard etreet, but were again doomed to disappointment, as that worthy had concluded to lodge at his store in Chatham street that night, as he was rather crowded with company from the country. They entered the house, displayed the dagger and flourished the bludgeon, and even invaded the sanctuary of his wife's bed-chamber to find the object of their vengeance. It aj>pean3, however, they finally discovered the tailor's hiding plate and proceeded to his store before daylight, on Wednesday, armed, in addition to the bludgeon and stiletto, with a musket, The tailor's wife had been before them, and apprised him of his danger, but they effected an entrance to his chamber before he had time to dress. me redoubtable heroes then commenced work in earnest, threw the tailor's wife down stain and beat and pummelled the amorous knight of the ."hears, until the cries of the female brought the police to his assistance. The tailor solemnly denies the charge brought against him by the jealous husband, ana says that he can prove by the affidavit of a popular comedian, now in this city, that he was in Boston during the time he is accused of being with the women in Philadelphia. The ex-Assistant Alderman arrived in town yesterday morning and immediately called on Justice Matsefl. in company with an ex-Alderman of the 17th. The result of this conference has not yet transpired. We understand the dry goods man started for Philadelphia, with a friend, on Wednesday evening, to pick up evidence as to the conduct and companions of the ladies while in that city. # The following curious adveitiseinent appears in yesterday's Sun i? my- All person* are forbid harboring or truitlng our wive* Mary J. Morgan and Mary Ann V>nahle?, at no debt* of their contracting will be paid by either of u?. W. J. MORGAN, W. VENABLE9. New York, Augu?t 3d, 1844. M at? What all this will end in, we cannot tell, but presume there will be work for lawyers in abundance. 4 Skkiols Charok.?We understand that P V. Hutted, clothier, of No 1 Chatham Square, y ester Hnv laid an artinn fnr Hntmuroj in i j ; . ?...?nvo ... uk vyi'llllik v|| Pleas, against William Venublea, hosiery dealer, 98J Bowery, for a violent assault and battery, committed by mm in conjunction with Wm. J. Morgan, dry goods dealer, 94 Bowery, Tiut glOOU Note.?Charles Stone, aliai French Jack, was yesterday brought before the Ilecordcr on a writ of liaUat rorfntt, and admitted to bail in the sum of #2000, to answer the chaige of stealing a #1000 note on the Union Bank from John J. Clay* ton, at the Sessions,.Simeon W. Barney, liquor merchant, of 187, West wtreet, becoming his bondsman. Bench Warrant.?A. M. C. Smith yesterday arrested lvers Barton in the Park, on a bench warrant from the Court of fissions, he having been indicted for larceny. Barton acted as bail master for *uch rogues aaBilj Kingston, Ezra Cleavelnnd, and others, a short time back, always describing large quantities of real estate in his affidavits of justification. Provided for.?-Dan M'Bride, who was caught by officer W. H. Stephens on Wednesday nigh', while in the act of robbing a sailor mvmed John W. Woodward, in a den in ^range-street, ana Bill Gore, for robbing a lodger of hi? ve?t and money, in Itawke's lodging house, 278, Front-atre?t. ""liEATit cAtrsF.r> th- Crt.PAnLK Carki-ksb.nk".?The Coroner yesterday held an inquest op the body of a negro bady, aged IGmontlw, and the jury returned a verdict that "Esther Thomi?on otrte to her death by accidental drowning iu a cistern, on the lot of wm. Smith, in 81th ctrcet.thc s*id r.i-tern being wiihont a box, or other proteotion against accident." ' QtJ- CHATHAM THEATRE.?J. It. Scott appears tonight in hie celebrated character of Macbeth, supported by HMd a* Banqn?, Kirbr a? Maeduff, Thome a* Malcolm, Mr*. Blake a* Lady Macbeth, and Mr?. Thorn* a* I the Tint Ringing witch- J. H. Kirby alio appears a* Gil#* in the melodrama of the Miller's Maid.