Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 7, 1842, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 7, 1842 Page 1
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TH Vol. VIII.-?No. itlO - WI?ol? Ma. 3W17. MISCELLANEOUS. ~ ECONOMY. ELEGANCE, AND GOOD LIVING. 1MIE imilf riiifnf d h.u. j?t yre.'t expense.fated up one of the largest aiid motl spTetiind Coffee and Eating Houses in Ni w York in which our hundred persons at least ran ait dowu to an excellent and substantial breakfast, dinner,and tea, [from the choicest sundiesofthe market.*, with a hill of fare not ex Celled ?ither u r?trar<ls quality or number of dishes] by any hotel iu the United States, and varying in prices from six cents to one shilling and eighteenpence per dish. The purest Java and Motka coffee and the very best teas, and served at only three Oenu per cup. And all other .refreshments in pro|>oiiioii. The waiters are uniformly civil and polite, and every visitor may be assured of fee lint; in this establishment quite "at home." In fact, every department of the business is under the superintendence of competent overseers, whose sole care and attention are directed to tlie comfort and conveniences of customers and uu,..u. HENRY GOSLING, Proprietor of the French and American Earing House, Nos 64 and tifi Nassau st, between John at and Maiden Lane. P. S.?Open Sundays for breakfast, dinner and tea. je30 Jmr rp<j GUN DEALERS Gum, Pistols, ' A articles :? 400 Silicic Barrel Fowling Pieces 100 Double liuns, imitation twisted 300 do do real twisted ami patent Breech. 4(M)0 Pairs of Pistols?assorted?lOOdlffereiit varieties. Wiles and Kilte Barrels?Locks and trimmings Game Ba?s?Powder Flasks aud Percussion Cap* SliortinK articles generally. The above articles will be sold at unheard of low piices, by A. W. SPIES v CI). jy 16 lm* r 218 1'earl greet. CHEAP HARDWARE STORE. THE Subscriber is now oi? urns Ins Spring supply of HARDWARE AND CUTLERY, received |* r late arrivals ('Mm Birininglfcm awl Sheffield. Together with a g?nelal assortment of Doinesric ikmhi., wnich he is prepared to ofralrfhc very LOWEST CASlf PRICES. i e attention of Country Merchants, Builders, Cabinet Jkr., is soliciled to an vsainination of his .stock aim . f >he is confident they will find it to their interest r him with a call. _ ALFRED F. LAGRAVE, 210 Greenwirh. corner Barclay. New York. A regular supply of FALL RIVER CUT. NAILS, and Cooler's Glue. Also?a cotnplrte assorttneut of Mechanics' Tools, James' Screws, fcc. m2 3m* CORNS, CORNS. CORNS. G Murray street. MONS. AND MADAME BERHARD, Corn Doctors, from Paris, BEG LEAVE U> inform the inliabitanti of New York, that they will be hipiiv to wait upon all who may desire their ervices. Mnns. anu Mad. Berhard have been practicing mi the United States lint a WW months, and ill short time have received testimonials from some of the most eminent Kantleuien and others, as to the benefit and comfort which they have received since they have h#ren attended by them. They have the honor lo inform the public that by a new and peculiar method tnev extricate Hard and Soft Corns, Bunions, Callosities, 4ic. without cutting. Mom and Made. B, do not attempt lo oiI>r a nostrum requiring secresy or taith to ensure its efficacy; bat contidentiy assure those w ho may suffer from troublesome and painful Corns, that they may have the satisfaction of carrying away tiieir.tormentor, the Corn, in their hands. Molts, and Made. B. have in their possesion upwards of two thousand certificates from those who have et|ierience|^relief at tjurir hands. Mom. and Made. B. have practiced their profession for several years in Germany, France and England, and have acquired (ran skill and much practical experience?a fact attested by numerous ci*i t> -1 ? * . * from the most celebrated English, French and German physicians, as well as from several of the nobility and gentry of those countries, deli\ered to them after four years cure. The operation will not occupy more than ten minutes, and the relief i, so instantaneous that the persons thus treated can immediately put on their shoes and walk without the least incouvenience. Ladiep and geiitknuu will be waited on at their own residence , Tf they desire it. At home in the moruiuz from 8 till 11, and in the afternoon from 2 till G o'clock. Office at Boston, JM Court st- jy8 3m*r CHEAPUPHOLSTRV?W. REED. 388 Broadway, between White and Walker street.?Carpets of every description made and altered to fit the most intricate rooms?Curtains made and altered to the Latest style. Matrasses, sofas, and easy chairs made to unh i to match any description of furniture. The Subscriber not having expenses of a store to pay. is euaoieu ?> mane any 01 lite a Dove article* at such prices to suit tli* times. I'ersons purchasing Carpets and Oil Cloths can have a word of advice, by calling as above. I'aper Hanging. Carets cleaned. Urease spots extracted. ike. i v 6 lm"e.c GUNS AND PISTOLS." EXCLUSIVELY.^ H JOSEPH, U Maiden lane, up stairs, importing agent for the sale ot Knglisli, tfermanand French double and single barrel Fowline and Ducking (tuns, from the lowest to the fin est qualities ; Pistols of every description, for this and other markets, embracing one hundred different kinds, all ol which he i;. now prepared to offer at the manufacturers prices, being appointed agent for the largest houses in that line in Koroj*, which enables him to sell at extremely low prices. A large assorted stock of the above always on hand. City and country merchants are particularly requested to call, previous to making their purchases. ]\ '/7 3m *r Water Commissioner's Office, { Old Alms-House, July 8. lit 12. S NOTICE is hereby given, that the Croton Aqueduct Committer of the Corporation have requested the W ater Commissioners, for the present, to rent the Croton Water, and arlange for miking the necessary" connexions to supply tlie citizens of Sew York with watt r. Th# following are the rates at which the water is at present fuinirhed Annual Charges. Dwellings of two stories _ $10 00 more than two stories 12 00 " on the rear of lots 5 00 " with workshop or store 12 to 20 Priviletftof washing lavements 2 00 " bath (where there are fixtures) 5 0# Warehouse 00 Boarding house 10 to 20 Stable,ylivate per stall 5 00 i Payment [o be m ule in advancc for the *U|ij>ly from August 1 lo May 1, next?subsequently semi-annually. Luxe bo lrdiinc houses, stables, breweries, tanneries, public baths, packing or salting bouses, and all other consumer*, snipping. tic., will In- charged in proportion tu the <|uantiiy of water led, on agreement with the commissioners. Oifi.v hours from 9o'clock A M until 4 I'M, in the old Alms House. Entrance by Centre door. SAMUEL STEVENS, JOHN D. WARD, ZEB'D RING. B. BIRDSALLV i)20 2wr Water Commmioners. HAVANA AND PRINCIPE SEGARS. \/f RADER, 4fi Chatham street, olTeia for sale ivl. 180,000 La Norma Segan. in.uoo Noval I'riucipe. V> (too Woodvilltr. 25.060 Riouda. Entitled to dtbenturt . Besides a full stock of the choicest brands of Havana and Principe Began. jy20 lai eod'c PERSSE & BROOKS, vr/"\ 6! LIBERTY STREET, lietwsen Broadway and is " ' Nassau street, offer for for sale lot Blocks Iiiih black marble. loo Casks re lined basket salt. 3uU Casks Boyd's bleach ink' p?wder. 10 Tons superfine soda ashes. % Cases patvlit leather. V) Bales Chesterfield factory brown hcetiiiKi. 7000 German patent fire brick. 20 ( asks 3 and I F E blue smalts. 'i Bales cotton carpeting thro and four yards wide. J Bales Machine blankets AH of which will be sold at low est market prices, jy 17c PARSELLS & AGATE ]\yf ANUFACTUREKS OK STOCKS, Suspenders, Linen I" Drapei*, kc. have inst received a very light and beautiful fork, eipressly for summer wear. Also, a rich and varied assortment of Sumim r Scarfs, Cravats, Silk, Linen Thrnad, and Kid Gloves, with a larite hssortment ol Suspenders,ready made Linen and Muslin Shirts, Linen Collars, L>re?s Fronts, g'litlemen's under garments, kc., at the old establishment,241 Broadway, between I'ark place and Murray St. jylt lm*c pOll, AKLOAT?2?0 t1 'lis supeaior .|uality Scotch Coal V?/ for sale by GLOVER k McMURRAY. 100 P cor. of Sooth. I It it? UlANO FORTE8?Koc tale, ? lew elegant roaewood holI low corner French grand action piano fortet. with all the lite improvements; warranted, and kept in time for 12 months, at 1*3 Walker street. up (tain. Th?y .ire to !? dispoted of in consequence of tlie owner leaving for Karoi* in the month of August. jyl92w?rc f' KOniiK COLVKH, and THOMAS DbOARD, socces '.J tori to Lewis B. (Jiilfin ic (Jo., would respectfully inform their friends and the public, that they are prepared to fitriiiah timber of every description at as short notice, and on as reasonable terms an any establishment ill the city, at their New gleam Haw Mill, foot of Fourteenth street, Norlli lliier. jyII lm*r MEDICINES. SAND'S S ARSAPA RILL A. I>i offering to the public a new preparation of Harxaparilla, it 1 is with much pleanure the subscribers arc able to state that after devoting years to laborious chemical experiments, they hue succeeded in extracting the essential principlea on winch Ihe active virtues of 8trsa|iarilla depend; by the conitmction of i new, acicntitic, and ingeniona apparatus, invented expresa|y for litis purjKWe?the tncceaaful operation of which in extracting I lie virtues of the rat'It Sars iparilla, render* it rnie of the greatest discoveries of the age; and after again combining this extract with other articles selected from the M itena M? di ca, it it formed into a compound that ha* been prov..d by practic I .11 rience to |n>iscss the important |K>wer of immediately trrrit n. the progrets of disease and restoring the patient to perfect health. All diteaset arising from an impure ttate of the blood, or habit of the tyttem, such at Hcrofuja, obstinate Cutaneous Kmpti'im, Pimples, Chronic Soie Kyes, Hheiunatitm, Ringworm, enlargement and pain of Ihe Bones and Joints, stubborn Ulcers. Hyptlitic tymploi.n, and all disease* aiitiinx from an injudicious nso of mercury, ate speedily cored b> it* use. The patient, therefore, who uses this preparation, hat all leombine il tint can be meftil for the removal of hit complaint. The afflicted are invited to try it at once, ami appropriate to themselves the bene lit* this invaluable medicine can hntow. Prepared and told by A. B 8 idt k I '3 11 ladway, cor. hurtlllit Mold alto by A. ?. Si D. Hands, 79 Fulton *t. cor. 'uohl and by D. Sands, 77 East Broadway, cor. Mirk?t street. I Price f 1. jyl7lm*c RBwAni).-(>iib?8' si'Kt iFi<; mixti Rf.? Ip'JUv J iV. ( u-- f ' rumi rrhcea, (rli t iStrictures malogotn compiaiata 9 I il? otgaa is (generation. OraU ' I discovered for tla- above complviiti, tint is th? most certain. - . I h makes a speedy and permanent ctlre, withoutt he least relmcom 'o im, drii'k, i ii <ture, or change ia applica.ion to im rWr gn n > Ion* ooackiih Mm ' . ei?e the InnMie If the methrine d ?< s u not speak for itself, no oqa Ithall tpeak fei Our object It to notify where It can m kad, Itnd the fropri.-tor challe iijes a angle case of recent (j .nnorl-h.r, to lie ' will n..| effect a r ipid Ijore, Wller a forfeiture of 8VM I Tliis is a due .te that unlortunstely pervades all rinks of to l-iety? higb Im, ii. o ;i l i nntriiooi'ial and single. I hey lire hen present, J with a r- iiieuIf/ w 1 ten they can I them|?lvea MUinat the least exposure in th ** ' , i Further, i!ie disease cannot he contracted if a dose o( the i iistiue ia t <<n ,.n:n In : w n exp.ned. I It it ( ? up in bottles with full (lireclioni accompanying it, at II i bottle- ft 'fittie last* a week, which generally curesla ny aweurtd in two diyt. , I '' Wm. If. Mdmr't, 111 bi^adway, corner of 1>' hi street, opposite Franklin House, New York; j .Jones, I1' n r of Chi stmi' and Seventh tlreels, riuladtlphia; and at j ? Hmtth's CM Wsshinjton street Boston. J)'J lB>* I I E NE NJ Tin- Vtiv York anil Troy llalli-ond?THc City of Troy?It* Muiiiifiwtlire*, Killer* prise, and Bualni'M. Troy, Thursday, August 4th, 1812 James G. Be we it, Esq:? We were joined this morning by u large delega tion Irom our sister city ot Brooklyn, the Muyor of which was represented by Thos. G. Tallmadge, Esq. Assistant Aldermen C. J. Dodge and Westervelt, with Alderman Campbell, also arrived from New York, but not a whig alderman was to be seen as far as the eye could reach. We also found a large delegation from Dutchess) county here in the morning, who had come a distance of SO miles the day previous to b;? present at the opening. Among them was our old friend, Jackson Wing, now nearlv Ml) nnrl Anr vmin* frii-nH mid kiln! host, while mil der the brow of Quaker Ridge, Col. Tweedy. In our previous letters, by some mistake, we omitted to mention that of our Common Council, Assistant Aldermen Brown, Waterman, and Williams, and ex-assistants Murphy and Rawson were in company along the whole route. After breakfast at the Mansion House, now kept by the Messrs. Dorlons in excellent style, coaches were arranged ia front of the hotel to conv?y the delegations to various parts of the city, in order to show them the extensive manufactories within its limits. The first place at which we stopped was Eaton and Gilbert's celebrated Troy Coach and Rail-R oad Car establishment. The buildings cover an area of 235 by 120 feet; and through the polite attention of one of Troy's enterprising merchants, Charles Dauchy, Esq., who accompanied us, we made a full survey of the premises. These gentlemen have recently made an addition of a large building to their former extensive manufactory, for the puroose of constructing railroad cars, several of which were in process of completion, and intended for the Troy and Schenectady Rail Road, which is to be finished in a few days. One of'the cars competed was superior, in point of finish, to any thing of the kind that has ever met our notice. Eighty men are employed in this establishment, even during the present dull times; in brisk seasons several hundred are kept in constant work^ A rotary plaining machine, improved and constructed by the proprietors, attracted much attention from the velocity of its movements and neatness of execution. These gentlenaen have obtained a reputation in the manufacture of post coaches that extends from Canada to the southermost termination of Mexico, where they are used exclusively for the conveyance of passengers. In fact, the ease and comiori, in contrast wiui many oilier venicies ot the same fashion, is such that passengers always give that stage line a preference that has been keen enough to select them for use. On leaving this establishment. and passing towards Burden's Hail, spike, and norse-shoe works, our attentive friend pointed out the manufacturing works of Mr. Benjamin Marshall, on a stream called the Poessen Kill, that passes down the southern point of the acclivity called Mount Ida, within the limits of the Corporation of Troy. This gentleman is one of the most extensive and wealthy manufacturers in the United States, and purchased the mill sites in this vicinity within a few years, from William P. Van Rensselaer, the patroon of this county. The supnly of water not being as extensive as was desiretf, Mr. Marshall resorted to artificial means to supply that which niture had made deficient, and by the consiruction of a thnncl, through solid rock, a distance of two hundred yards, and additional dams, he has succeeded in being able to use the whole sunply of water six different times in succeseiop. In addition to this, by purchasing about four thousand acres of land a few miles above the works, he lias secured a full supply of water, in reservoirs, at all seasons of the year. Besides his own manufactories, tiiat comprise an extensive woollen and plaster tlouring establishment, there are (bursites for water power not occupied, and for which he is desirous of obtaining purchasers. The pussage of the ouilet of the stream to the Hudson has been converted by his enterprise into a canal for the conveyance of produce and manufactured articles, thus bringing all his heavy material within 2lK) yards of the water power. _ We soon reached the stream called Winan's Kill, a short distance below Troy, 011 which are located Burdt/n's justly celebrated works, and the Albany nail factories, Arc. On approaching the former, the hum of machinery, combined with the peculiar sound of movement of his immense waterwheel, plaiuly indicated that we were in the vicinity of no small manufactory. This, wheel, which is fifty feet in diameter, with boxes of nine feet in depth bytwo in width, braced inside by innumerable round bars of iron, running transversely from the axis to various points on its circumference is without exception me king of water wheels in this country. The regularity of its movements is governed by "a man at the wheel," stationed on the ground floor of the main building, whose experienced eye regulates the supply of water bv reducing or increasing it at his pleasure. He looked like an old weather beaten pilot as lie stood changing his helm front starboard to larboard, thus producing a uniform regular motion ..c .l: i * .v. r ui iiii? I'uuui'iuue incur ui iimciuiirrv, nit: power i?i which is capable of raiein* seventy-five tons at the rate of three and a hall' feet to the second. We then passed into the building devoted to the manufacture of Burden's patent horse shoe, and there saw one machine comprised in three separate parts, that was capable of turning out thousands in a day and hundreds in an hour. The bars of iron rolled to the exact size are tak"n from a furnace in a state of fiery heat, passed into a machine that stands nearly adjoining, which cuts the iron at a proper length for the shoe, and drops it on the ground. It is then pieked up with pincers by a boy and handed to a person tending another piece of machinery within reach, that gives the circular formation to it in leaB time than we have been writing these few lines. It then passes into the hands of another workman, whose apparatus bends the "carks," as they are commonly called, and forms the toe piece. Thus ends the o|**ration with the exception of punching the holes for the nails, which is performed after they become cold, at the rate of 121X1 |>er day, with a single machine. In the same building are eleven machines for the manufacture of spikes ol all sizes, several of which are in operation, turning off 1200 pound per day An extensive nail factory is also connected with the works, the whole of which are under the direction of Mr. Burden, and owned by a company of gentlemen of Troy. We were then invited to the residence of Mr. B., delightfully located on the rising ground above, commanding a view of the works and the surrounding scenery of tha Hudson in the distance below. His ladv appeared at the door of his splendid mansion, alio received the delegations in a manner that evinced she was the lady of the manor in all it? meaning. After visiting the beautiful and luxuriant garden nuacneu to me grounds, and despoiling th?gootieberry bushes of a portion ot their large and luscious fruit, at the invitation of Mr. B., the company returned to the city of Troy where a refreshing lunch had been prepared bv tne Trojans in the Common Council Chamber, of which all partook with readiness, as the morning had been warm and the roads dusty. The Opening. At twelve o'clock the line of procession was formed in front of the Court House as follows : ? The Trov City Ouards, with band of music. Mayor of New Vork, represented by Aldarnian Leonard, and Mayor of Troy. May ors of Albany and Drooklyn, ana President of Oreenbu?h. President and Vice President of the New York and Albany Rail Road CompanyAgent of the ltoad. Chief Kngineer and Assistants. Directors of the Company. Corporation of the city of New Vork. Corporation of the nity of Brooklyn. Corporation of the citv of Albany? Invited but not present. Corporation of the city ol Troy. Clergy of the city ol Troy. Members of the Senate. Members of the Assembly. .Judges ol the several Courts and Officers. Presidents and Directors of (he several Rail-Kuad Companies in this State. < ommittee* of Arrangements. invited Ouests and Citizen*. 1 he procession, numbering about two thousand, thus proceeded to the river side, where the steamboats C. Ileartt and .John i^ason were in waitina:, the former to receive the delegations and the latter the citizens of Troy generally. These boats, under the direction of their attentive commanders, Captains Tupper and (tillespic, were elegantly decorated with llags, and as the band ol the corns struck up an elegant air, 'hey lelt the wharf with their Precious cargoes, amid th- r?m of artil| lery on botn sides of the Hudson, and the shout* of the numerous spectators that lined the wharves. We soon arrived o|>positc the point selected by the company to commence thiswork,at its northern extremity, and landed at Bath, about half a mile below. The procession again formed, as before, and pro W Yfl EW YORK. SUNDAY MO ceeded to the spot, which was located in a tine luxurious meadow on the river's side, belonging to Win. I' Vim Rensselaer, the Patroon of the east hide of the Hudson. By the aid ol the military an outer ring was formed, sufficiently large to allow the whole company to hare a view of the ground, and the delegations were thfn invited inside to witness the ceremonies, in company with those citizens of Troy who were present, and who have interested themselves in the construction of the work. Among the officers of the company on the ground we noticed the following gentlemen;? John Delalield, President. Joiiuh Rich, Vice-President. Jonas t . llenrtt, Treasurer. F.rmitire Committer. George It Davi?, Troy. Charles Henry Hall, New York. Alon/oti. Hammond, Brooklyn. Directors. Alpheu* Sherman, N?w York, Peter Cooper, New York. J. A Taber, of Pawlingt, Dutchess County. John M. Kotchan, of Dover, ditto. Hiram Brown, of Amelia, ditto. Joel Mallorv. ofTrov Ilanswlnar Harvey Crosby, of I'utiiam Ceunty. Jos. E. Bloomtield, Agent. Edwin T. Johnson, Chief Engineer. Messrs. Farwell, DonnT, Young and Carmichoel, the gentlemen whose names constitute the linn of the com,>aiiy of contractors, with about twenty others, who have taken ihe whole line of road, were also present, and the shantees of the workmen of tlie former aentlem in who commences on this s*ctionof the fine, were scattered about the vicinity, und a large number of workmen were on the ground ready to proceed to business. A piece ol snirit stirring music from the band, und Mr. Delafield, the President of the Company, stepped forward and addressed the large assemblage in a brief and |*rtineiU speech, in which he alluded to the origin of the system of railroad communication as being almost yet in its infancy, although they had been introduced into almost every civilized nation within th?? past few years. He animadverted strongly on the advantages resulting to the city of Hoston; the construction of their road across our State, ana contrasted the disadvantages that must naturally result to our city, unless the work that had been this day commenced, should be promptly completed. On concluding,he handed-the instruments of excavation, in the shape of four well finished shovels,to Alderman Leonard, representing the Mayor of our city; Thomas (r. Tallmadge, re presenting the Mayor of Brooklyn; Jonas C. lleartt, the Mayor of Troy, and Wni. 1*. Van Rensselaer, the patroon, on whose land we were making the commencement. The Mavor ol Albany was not present, nor the Common Council, although specially invited, and a steamboat sent to convey them to the ground. Neat and |ertinent replies were made by these public functionaries, and followed bv an . I.l_ U_? -1 I - - ' r 1 ' ituic, 11 ui iiiuirr iiw long a s^?t;ec-n ior a not nay, 111 un open field, from Alonzott. Hammond, Eaq., of Brooklyn. He nlluded to the section of country t!iron<fi which this road was intended to pass. the benefits to result to all on its border as well as those at its head and termination, the opposition that had been arrayed against it, the advantages resulting in a social and political (K.-int of view, in a general and extended sense, from a free communication between the citizens of our populous cities uud t lose of the interior, which the latter were now deli irred from along this route of road, from the fact that during the season of navigation their usual avocations prevented such intercourse, which would be t.-adilv possessed when winter's chill had closed their labors, and time was not more dear than money. tsuch an intercourse he very nrojierly contended would eradicate those petty jealousies that now exist, and which in many instances are so far indulged as to create a belief on one side that our country population comprises a large body of boors, while, on the other side, they are prompted to think that the city is a mass ot s!iai |icrs. He contrasted the advantages possessed by the road now in contemplation, with that of the l'.ostoniaus, nlready completed, by showing that our roud was but 145 miles in length,while the latter was over 200; that there were no ascents nor descents over t^iirty feet to the mile,nor curves leas than *2(M(>, while the Roston road was carried over mountainous regions, by inclined planes, whitUi were subject to be covered with snow, and that the curves were in great abundance, and within short conmass. He then alluded to the spirit of rivalry and opposition that existed against this work, and in a single breath P )inted out the utter impracticability and |>erfect u?el-ssnessof the various proposed routes that had heen trumped up by those hostile, in order to defeat the construction of the road through the region contemplated. He alluded very pointedly, and effectively, t j the superiority of a line of railroad coinmunicn tion between Troy, Albany and New York, at all seasons of the year, and pointed, as a practical result, to the almost entire abandonment of the steamboat rout-' between Philadelphia and Baltimore since the construction of the line of railroad between those cities. lie concluded, by staling that the receipts of the Hoston road were already, at the rate of #600, UK),|K'r annum?that on an average 5(H) barrels of llour passed over it per day from the west, and that previous to its construction all the passengers that travelled on that route were sent in two post coaches and that nearly all the produce now forwarded in that direction then reached the City of New York. At this moment some boy bawled out in the crowd " Who threw that *tuaT' when the monster of the Commercial, who bears that cognomen, supposing lie had been called out, immediately intruded himtelf with his hungry looking phiz, and said? " Fellow Citizens: 1 hardly know what to say on this occasion, which in inv opinion, I con-ider one of solemnity, yes of much solemnity." (He here modulated his voice for effect, and all we could catch was "dinner?chaiiij<aigae?bottles?^wdes? shovels?wheelbarrows?most two o'clock?hot? cold?ice?appetite?stuffing?surfeit.") lie then continued, with his voice at full pitch, " Yes, gentlemen, I went downto the city of Albany, having been appointed a committee to hunt up ttieir Common Council, and we found the town nearly depopulated, yes entirely depopulated, nobody there, no carriages, 110 nothing. They appeared to have been frightened off by the modern 1 rwians, who have shown more courage than those of other limes. Yes, gentlemen, we went ashore, but could find no corporation, nor even stationary enough to write a note ii|>on. We returned, gentlenn n, and here we are, and as such i* the|a?pect of the case, and as the day is warm, it is well enough to make a beginning or we shall never get to the end of this business. I understand, aim), that this is a champaigne country, and I think I hear the waiters now clattering the platen and drawing the corks, 00 let us Ret under way anrl fini-h up You Trojans will haw .'very thing your own way in this husincss, and when you get it all finished th Albanians will come rap in hand and ask your aid to tunnel ill!- Hudson. I know the-te people well, I was one ol tliem once myself, although not u native, and when I published the Albany Daily Advertiser, I was the first man, or the first editor, that battled fur the construction of the big ditch. Afterwards Governor Clinton came in and assisted me until it was finished. (Some boy cried out 'O ! what a whopjier.') Yes, gentlemen, nnd I was one among the first that came down in the first canal boat that parsed through this great work ('and so was Klkanah Watson's old horse,' some one whispeied in our ear,) and I therefore consider myself among the first in the prosecution of this noble enterprise ' (A laugh.) Gentlemen, 1 have great faith in the prosecution of this road, as the Troians have commenced it, and it n rare that they undertake any thing that does not succeed?so give us a sp ide and lets conmvnre." ;<The Pre-ident of the company, the Mayor of Trov, and the representatives ol tne Mayors of New York and Brooklyn, with Win. I*. Viin Rensselaer, then stepped forward with a shovel in each right band, and amid the roar of artillery, the air of I fail Columbia by the band, and the sh nits of the spectators, ihe ground wasbroken, and wheelbarrow after wheelbarrow full, toted ofl'by the members of the various delegations and other gentlemen present. Alderman Lee buckled to the first barrow, and turned it to its place of destination in a workmanlike manner. Stone, off' cont, and undertook to din, but soon exploded at that, and waddled down the space with about half a load, puffing and blowing like a surfeited porpoise. The procession returned to the boats in the same

order that they left, and they then proceeded down the river to Albnny,the wharves and piers of which appeared to be really depopulated, as scarcely a soul was to be seen. Our band, on perceiving this, struck up the tune of "Odear, what can the matter be, is nobody coming to s-e, which was so appropos to the incidents of llie occasion that it created much merriment among our passengers. On arriving at Troy,amid the discharge of cannon, we proceeded in procession to the Mansion House, win re dinner was served Up in comfortable style Stone,us usual, was among the first at meat, and getting a ham within cutting distance, he tilled a plate with half a dozen larRe slices, which he proceeded to cover with cayenne, mustard, vinegar, A c., and when fixed to suit his palate, he called one ol the waiters and ordered him Intake the dish into the kitchen, and have its contents nicely broiled. I lie eyes of the whole company near bun were cast hi that direction while this operation was going on, mid those who were unacquainted with his i>owcr? < IRK t RNING, AUGUST 7, 1842 of gluttony,expressed their astonishment by remarks < of, " The devil! look at rttone'n plate !" 44 Does he i intend to eat all that 1" " Well, I've heard lie was i a gormandizer, but my God, 1 didn't think he was i such a atuHer, Jcc.. Arc. During the absence of tin- waiter with the ham, he spoiled the np|>earunce and caused the ilisa|n><'ar.ince ol a large plate of fish, t which we piled up for him, a plate of veal, five pota- < toes, the contenti> of a cucumber dish, a piece of i roast beef, ami ilr-n attempted to sacrifice some I boiled corn, which heme partially cold, he pom- i pously called another waiter, and ordered him to de- ? set n<f infi> the kitchen and obtain MX ears, all nice i and hot, cover them with a napkin, and bring th? m I to him as soon as possible. As the waiter returned | with the corn, some gentlemen ftoin Dutchess, w ho sat near u-i, and who had not been favored with the I article this seaaon, took poweMton of waiter, napkin and corn, and divided the latter item among them- 1 selves, while Stone looked on with all the wishful- ( -.1 ll... ..i ?u.. 1 1- .1? i- > .... ni mc IKUUH, null iosi 11 is meat 111 endeavoring to clutch at his shadow. At tlun instant up came the waiter with tin* broiled ham, which !?? immedi itely placed before Stone, who commenced I making prejwrations to devour it, when Judges In- 11 glis and Ingrahani who sut near him, from some < philanthropic motive or other, passed their plates ' towards" htm, when lie was compelled to disgorge a * small portion of his savory di?h. Fhe dinner proceed* ' ed with moderation. Stone, every now and then # cattj^g his eyes towards the head of the table to as- c certain whether the chain|>agnet that ho had talked ' of and so warmly anticipated while breaking ground, had arrived in the vicinity of Mayor Heartt, who >' iweajded at the dinner. The .dessert was about 11 lieiriii served, and as plate after plate was laid upon the table, his eyes still continued to cast that enquir- a ins, longing glance that is so striking in one of the s canine species, when expecting to be thrown a bone, a 1 lis anticipations were not realized, however, as the a Trojans had wisely concluded that in these days of I temperance and hard times, such an unnecessary appendage as champagne, was uncalled for. Mr. t I leant, the brother ot the Mayor of Troy, having \ called for a bottle of Stone's longing beverage, in c compliment to some friend who was present, observ- i ed the anxious eyes of the valorous Colonel turned i towards his brother at the head of the table, and in t order to relieve either one or the other from the peculiarity of their situation, poured oil ihe wine from j the bottle, within about naif a gill of the dregs-, and t then sent it to Stone by a waiter, with his compli- t ments. The look ol satisfaction with which Stone grasped its neck, and the avidity with which he i attempted to appropriate its contents in rinsing his , gullet, with the expression of disappointment that , followed the last tip of the bottle, caused the whole tiililf*. iinlcpa niMVniM ??t. zens, to shake their sides with shouts of laughter. This was rather too much for Stone's nerves to bear, and as the company gradually rose from the table, ' lie at length 1 intruded himself into the society of a small party of gentlemen at the lower end of th'- op- 1 posit?j table, who were enjoying a little of the grape, and among whom your representative had been specially invited There being any given quan'ity in p the vicinity he immediately made himself more i than officious, until Mayor Heartt, who is an entire cold waterman, entered the room and took his seat j among the company. A partial organization then 1 took place,when the health of the absent Mayors ol I New York and r>rookl>n were given by the Mayor of Troy, (drunk by hint in cold water,) and respond- ; ed to bv Alderman Leonard in behalf of the former, t and Alderman Tallmadge lor the latter. Kx-Alder- I man Rich, the Vice President of the Kailroad 1 r.nmpany, raplied to a toast given complimentary to lite officers, in the course of which he pointed out the argumentative fact, that if the lioston railroad, which cost jjj>:l,()n0,l)l)0, would yield, as was fully evi- t dent, a handsome premium on that investment, s what was to prevent the stockholders of the New York and Albany route from receiving a liberal |x-r cent age when their road would not cost half that t amount, nor half the sum to keep it in constant re- t pair! lie alluded to the manner in which the press i tit New ^ ork had heen hunilmuged by the various i railroad schemes of the day, and the course it had pursued in o|>j>osition to this project, evidently pointins hi the articles published m the Commercial Ad- ! vertiser on that subjecj. I Stone again rose,and desired an explanation from Vice President l! ic!i, as he wished him to particularise what portion of the press had pursued such a course, as he balieved that the whole of the press of New York, witii the exception of what he termed the mushroom part?the penny press?had always sustained this project. Vice President Kich replied, and reiterated what he hud previously said, when Mr. Ileartt, the wmi' gentleman who had quizzed Stone with the empty champagne hottle, remarked that the I Commercial had rarely if ever alluded to the interi'.-ts of Troy in any manner, and therefore there < was not much reason to suspect that it would at < this late day. [Laughter] DuringStone's blathering speech,which would have I been replied to by vour representative had lie not con- 1 sidered his remarks beneath notice, several gentle- t men intimated that Stone had changed positions ve- s ry sudden, as his p i per was one of the wannest advo- e cates for a bridge over the Hudson at Albany, and ' that he had earnestly recommended the contemplat ?d railroad route through Connecticut,in preference t to the present work. Another remarked, that when nearly all the credit press of Wall street was aiding r in inducing the Legislature to construct this bridge, to the detriment of Troy, anil also urging the State y to snuander their money in the New York and Krie Railroad humbug (of which Stone was among the , loudest) the whole cash press of New York city were daily publishing the most able articles ever written in opposition to these very measures. Alio- ' ther hinted that Kirh certainly meant Stone, and ' Stone alone, when lie spoke of being humbugged, as no man connected witli the press in this country ! was so easily wheedled, and he cited Maria Monk, I animal magnetism,Arc., as evidencesof the strength ? of such opinion. Another remarked that Stone was t right in giving the cash or " penny press" a mush- i room character, as like that rich and luxurious ve- ( getable, their contents were fresh, delicious, deli- t c ite and gratifying to the taste,and what was more. I always manufactured overnight for the extended i r ailing market, and served un fresh in the morning I for use. That they diflered materially from such sheeta as the Contmercial and others, that toadstool likf. were days in producing growth, and when matured, were useless, and in many instances proved rank prison to all who partook of them. Charles II Heed, I'.sq., the recently appointed postmaster of Troy, was called up, and inaae one of the neatest oil-hand speeches that it has been our lot to hear for hi iny days. He was happy, argumentative, and eloquent in every point, and in alluding to the feelings of the enterprising citizens of Troy, he likened her to the daughter at the eastern State of Massachusetts, whose heaving bosom yearned tnwardsthe home of her childhood,.but w?-? ready to link her fate with the proud son of iMew \,<l stiare tii? fortunes, (>rovided the band of matrimony was so (irmly fixed that she could add to the com forts of her noble lord, in dreary winter as well as genial summer, the lack ot which at the latter season of the year was not only detrimental to his health, wealth, and happiness, hut ruinous to the prosperity and enterprise o! both parties. That as much a:' the breaking off of' this mnteh was to be regretted on the | tii rt of til** youthful bride, yet she would be compelled to give her hand and heart to Boston's wishes, if her intended southern lord did not come forward like a man, and bind her fast with a link not to be ? broken. Hie had done all that feminine delicacy r would prompt?had extended her hand and s proffered all the estate that she could n sjiare, and if the ce r-m on v could not be readily performed under all the--:? inducements on her part, she would accept of Boston's proposition and throw herself into the arms of herseliool-fellow and play-mate. That niairied she must be to somebody, somebody she would be married to, as dreary winter was fast on the approach, and her comfort, happiness and prosperity depended on a settlement in life before u change had rendered her not worth struggling tor. She was willing to wait another year for York,as she loved him best, but unless he gave some fi evidence of an intention to prepare for the union, at i i i MI i i.. ... i. mil t-ctiij |"-iiwu. ivm* imvc iiii iil.iii, iilt nr lianrl, and her fortune*. We have not attempted to follow the precise lan- r euageofMr. Herd in his brilliant little speech, set ? forth as it was with gems of which our rej>ort is only r* an imitation, but we have presented the main tenor j. of tin* principal i>oint in his remark* that arc so up- v plirable to tnc present state of this important union. 0 lie was followed by .T. Akin, Esq., of Dutchess, ' whose native . lmpience would grace a hall of leeislation:?and in reply to a compliment to New York ' city,Mr. MeMurray,one of our representatives in the *" l? gislature, responded in t tninner that betokened his eloquence and geniua to he ever ready at a repartee or an argument. ... . The dinner chased, nnd on the invitation of Mr. ^ Postmaster Heed, we visited the rendingroom establish'" I bv the young men of Troy, in which are f nearly all the newspaiiera uiul periodicals of the day, [y as well as tandard works and useful publications of a; all descriptions. It is situated on River street, over- ?i looking the Hudson on the West, and is among the numerous evidences that presented itself of the en- ;s ten?rise nnd public spirit of our Tropins. u The railroad between this place and Sehenecta- ? dy, which has been constructed by the Corporation f* IERA i I Troy alone, will be completed in a f*w weeks, iind when tin* contemplated railroad is liimhed we shall have a direct line of communication to I'tica, und in a short period of time, from thence to the for Wm. Faming down one of the principal streets about 'ix o'clock, we perceived the bransh office of one >f the agents of the populw Hrrald, and stepping in >btuinea a number ot copies containing my lir>t tter, which had been brought from New York lince breakfast time of the same day. As an evidence of the public spirit of Troy, itw enterprise ind growth, we merely add that the agent of the Herald informed in that he disposed of -UK) sheets >er day, and double the number of weekly*. We rose at five o'clock on Friday morning, and ook passage in the splendid steamboat Trov lor Mew York, where, with the polite attention of Mr. Itojrers fln>>uriiril ..tituino.l ...un.r.,.l? tnm lite this article. The Dinner on Hoard the Tnov. On mir parage down the river the delegation were >laced at a seperate table at dinner, which wna ierved up in a manner highly creditable to the orti:**rs ot' this magnificent steamer?the fleetest and nost commodious on the Hudson. After the cloth vas removed. Alderman Tallmadge, representing he mayor of Brooklyn, was called upon to preside, iiul Assistant Alderman Atwill, of our city, appointed vice. The first regular toast proposed was the ollowing:? The President of the New York, .>11 hum/ ami Troy Railouil ? May his administration of the attain of the compaly put down all opposition to its enterprise. The President, John Det.afield, Esq., replied, nd concluded by remarking that nil that wasnecesary to accomplish the desire of ilie committee of .rrangements, who had proposed this toast, was for II hands "to pull together"?as the people ol old )utchess had always uone. Jonathan Aikin,u substantial farmer ot Dutchess, hen rose and in a short speech pointed out the ad'antage and benefits of the contemplated road, and 'included by remarking that the farmers ofDutchess, heir wives and children, were, one and all in favor >f internal improvement. (Much laughter.) He hen offered the following toa.-t:? Sew York, the Qiicca Cily of the tYeitern Ihiniiphere? Vs she is now enjo) ing the c.i.iling draught distilled from he rural hills,m;iy she put forth her hnml and receive ulso hu protferod fruit* troin the fertile vallies of CM Dutches*. This called up Alderman Leonard, the then act* ng Mayor of our city, who responded to the comiliment from old Dutchess, and gave the followng The Citizent of Troy?May the success of their underaking equal their enterprise and hospitality. Gen. Sriit w.en, of Troy, was called for, and in a ertinent reply alluded to the credit, character, enerprize, public spirit and hospitality of the Trojans n 110 measured terms of praise. The following was the fifth regular toast:? 77] t Xew York and . 11 ft (I n ij liaitroo <1?A work of the [re itrsl importance, its sprndy completion will be hailed \ ith joy l>y the citizens of New York. Kx-Alderman Ru n, Vice President of the Comtany, i >se and said that he supi?ised that meant lim, and he, therefore, replied to the seniiment on lehalfofthe officers, and gave the following The Citizens of llrooklyn?Alive to their own interest is well as those of the State?itinyi their energetic assis:ance in the construction of the New Vork and Albany Itailroad prove that in enterprise they cannot lie found >eliiiiil any city in the State. This was responded to by Alderman Van Wagner, from Brooklyn, who offered? The farmers of IJulrhtf?'Their houKCi have been ipened with liberal hospitality. May their purses follow uit. Tlte eighth regular toast :? John H. Sr.olti?Late of the Assembly, and chairmau of he Railroad Committee. His report in favor of State aid othe New York and Albany Railroad, proves his fitness ortbr situation he occupied?Many time" may he be rode lpon its rails. Assistant Alderman Scoi.ks, of New York, replied, tlluding to his course while in the Legislature, and itowing that he wag favorable to aid being proferred >y the Htate in such internal improvements us the public welfare appeared to demand. The ninth regular toast:? The l.enislature of New York?Mav its actions In regard lu internal imiirovi mi nts, prove that it is indeed the con eentratcd wisdom of the state. Mr. McMi kray,being loudly railed for, responded on behalf of the member*, nnd pointedly expressed Ilia dissent from the doctrines as avowed by Mr. Scoles, relative to the use of the means of the state lor internal improvements. He alluded to the New Vork and Erie Railroad as a beacon of the dangers if such legislation,that had nearly swamped the ship >f state on the sand banks of destruction, lie said ic was happy to hear it distinctly avowed as it had >een by ex-aldermnn Kich, Vice President of the i ailroad company,that they duluot intend to apply to he state lor aid in this interprise, hut should rest its luccess on the efforts of a power far above and far mperior?that was the people themselves, and in heir hands they were willing to sink or swim. Mr. ylcMnrray concluded by offering the following seniment:? Our Citnalt, our Railroad* anil our R/rert?The dianon is, the brilliants, and the jewels of the state. Assistant Alderman Atwii.l, of \ew York, the uce President ofthe dinner, was called and gave? The cilitn of Troy and .Vnr York?May they lie eonneced with a hand that naught hut eternity shall seperate. Tl,e President called upon E. E. Camp one of the orpt of Herald reporters, who formed one of the company on its route,and who responded as follows: Mr. President?Although my vocation is not of a peaking character, yet at a time like this, no ongne could be quite so unruly .is to disobey orlers from such a source. I therefore regret, that at his stage of proceedings, while all appear to be in he full enjoyment of a feast of raisin and a flow 'f wine, it becomes my duty to mar the pleasure of he company, [All eyes turned towards the speaker,J >y pointing out a piece of negligence on the part of tie Committee of Arrangements at this dinner, Murmurs of what is it ?] that is unaccountable to ne, unless they have been so imprudent in selecting he viands for the table as to taste till memory left its ;eat. [Considerable cxcitement among the compaiy.J We have toasted and complimented corporaions anil individuals, and .-trance as it may appear,a orpoiation that I sincerely believe has a body and a loul, although it is dented that the latter article ex*ts in such monsters, [Laughter] has been most exraordinarily neglected, not even in a passing notice, vhile it deserved most honorable mention? [Expresions of astonishment]?and I therefore, sir, give Oil The W'tynr anil Corporation of .llhany? nvited, hut couldn't rum?(L -nighter.) irnt for, tint wan't to hum?(Shouts.) Inch rr|M>rtrrI Colonel Stun? (Snorting.) Vho tniil they nil looked devilish ({rum (Shaking.) ind desired not to en joy otir fun (Quaking ) )r l>? there when we hegnn?(Roaring.) 'cm wait till the road's dun - (Tickling.> Lnd the Capitol1* moved lownrdsthc western nun (Snickering.) Lnd Troy fit the Overslaugh endeth it* run (Quickening.) rhey'Jl then wi*h they'd cum when we begun?(Burst'?* ) This pointed reference to the refusal of the Mayor inil Corporation of Albany to unite in the ceremolies of breaking ground opposite theircity,although pecially invited nnil specially sent for, created nuch merriment among the company. Assistant Alderman Watkrmaii, of New York, vns then rolled, and recommended that public neetings he called throughout our city,to aid in the rosecution of this work?that the rily be districted nd committees appointed to olit.iin subscriptions o further itscompletioii. He stated that if voprsout of the 10,000 in this city would take but one hare a piece it would fie sufficient to finish the oad, anil we might then with safety calculate in wo years to see it completed. He then gave the allowing :? The New York and .Ithany Railroad? Began in 1841? iny it he completed in |H44. By Assi?tant Alderman Bnnwx, of New York ? The Vork* of Nature and of %1rt?May each continue to vie ith the other in dispensing blessings to mankind. By Mr. r.D' Kiir.TT, reporter of Conrinfnnd Enquirer? tttRPM K. Bi.oomfici I>, the aetive, energetic and perse, 'ring agent of the New York and Albany Railroad, w> we much to his kindness,courtesy and attention- may is shadow never he less. Bv Alderman furnrmcK R Lrr, of New-York ?The m\<e% of Quaker llill (Dutches* County), distinguished >r their Aminhleness, their intelligence, and th ir enterrite. God bless them. By Ex-Alderman E. d. R*wsn?f, of New-York The 'ity of Jllhany? Though lately wedded to the (iitjr of Borih, may she soon return to her first love, the City of lew-York. By N. J. W?Tr.nno?T, Esq., of New-York?7V rr"' I irtnoj I'awlirt/ft , Dutehm County.?The railroadspeed ith which we have di?| ntched them on our late excur- | on, wa think, fully provj* that they should go by 'earn. By F? F. C *Mr, of New-York?" OoiRailmnd"?Not the lew-York and F.rle?may ft* prospects continue to Uoom , ntil the shouts of victory announce completion along its i hoi* extended Held, and may it ever after yield a ten>1?1 crop to its *nt*rptiring projectors. LD. J Price Two Cent*. I Bv ONK or THE ("OMPAfir?The l.uJtrt <nt the line of the I Sew 1'urfc and .'llhuny Ruthoud ? May they always keep on thr truck and find a ready market. Bv Uknikr, ot Brooki.t*?The iteam1>oat Troy, the Captain and the crew, altogether the fine?t we ever knew. Thin elegant boat arrived at New York at about 5 o'clock on Friday afternoon. Yesterday morning a large party of gentlemen attended the breaking of ground on this end ot the line in Westchester county, near New Castle Corners. As we have previously stated, a company of about M gentlemen, ot great experience and capability, have contracted lor the whole route of the road, which has been already commenced at the three |M>inls where ground has been broken, and an instalment ot five |>er cent called for from the stoc kholders on the 5th of September. It will also be remembered that the citizens ot Dutchess,Putnam und Columbia have agreed to construct the road through the former counties on their own hook, which leaves but 78 miles to be finished by other means. All obstacles in the right ofwav have been removed, and all that is now essentially n..?.<u.i ... .. hand from our citizen*. Charleston. [Corre?|N)U(leuce of the llrralil.] Charleston, S. C.. July 27, 1842. Improvement of the Street? and Building*?Taste for Literary pursuits?CogdeU, IHtkinton atui Siimmt, ?Exhibition of Pictures?Editors ami Papers? Carroll, IVhitaker, Veadon, Cor dor a, Stewart, Clapp, Gilmun, Forest, Baker?Mr. Hayuurd and Central Hamilton. James G. Bennett, Esij. : Dear Sir:? A seven years exile, returning to the city of ihe Pinkneys and the Middletons, twould mark with delight the uprising of the beauteous streets and buildings which have succeeded those destroyed in the great conflagration of April, 18:18. The legislature of South Carolina immediately convened after *hat calamity, and issued stock upon her unbroken faith, in order to enable and insite individual industry to set about rebuilding that third of the city which was then destroyed. This spirited conduct was'founded ii|>on ajust knowledge of the past, and an enlightened faith in the future. The State, guided by the same wise policy, has subsequently, from time to time, granted indulgence to the creditors of the " fire loan," and confident hope is entertained that she will not lose by th?* results of this measure. In the conducting and distributing of this "loan," Ex-Governor Bennett gave the aid of experience and much knowledge of individual character ; and of the millions thus allocated under hissuperintendence, we have reason to believe that all was done in that spirit of justice and sense of duty which lias made this gentleman to lie regarded as one of the most valued sons of South Carolina. That same exile thus supposed to be absent for seven years, and again in the city of his affections, would also notice a palpable change in the public taste. We remember with what a loving diligence a Cogdell, a Dickinson, and a Simms, then sought to infill among the young a turn for literary- pursuits, and to give a " home to the art*." though not sue cessliil. they did not abandon the cauae, and now every body reads-?ami every body repairs to the 11 a! I of the apprentice* library, to sec a collection oi pictures and paintings, by nativeand foreign artist*, whose merit is seen in this?that the observer, whilit contemplating them, is lifted above gross desires, and delights to mingle in the company of those whose enjoyments are pure, and whose ends are good. Indeed, sucli is now our love for " learning and the learned," that to be clamed with them, is as ready a way as any other to political distinction, and the profits of ofliee. Thus we nee 1?. It. (Carrol, the editor of the "Chicora," snui? in the arm chair of the " treasurer of the lower divuonthat we see Whitaker, for years living on the pains of various schemesforthe establishment of "critical reviews that the good-nniured Yeadon, of the "Courier," coni|>oses in his coach ; that Cardoza, of the " Patriot," looks bland in the profitable employment of exchanging well written axioms on revenue and government, for Rood bank notes, which swells his pocket book ; that Stewart and Clapp, of the "Mercury." have accoried to them, bv general consent, the lionorable, and we hope profitable post of unfurling the peculiar banner oi the South; that the talented nnd Hev. Mr. Forrest is beset wilh invitations to every literary ami social assemblage ; that the gifted Mr. and Mrs. Oilman, twin stars of light and beuuty, art welcomed every where like the orient has nc comes dancing up the far east, diffusing nnd giving ; that the sermons of the eloquent and Hev. Mr. Baker, of the Cathedral, are attended, not so much because they are sermons, but because that they are correct and ejegant compositions, breathing the spirit of an enlightened Christianity, constructed upon rules of logic, ornamented with the decorations of a pure style, nnd marie interesting by copious historical allusions. Jean not go on?the plan of these letters are circumscribed ; we can give no portraits?our best efforts are but hasty ini|>erfect sketches ; yet, is there here inexhaustible materials of high interest, if properly handled. Instruments of noble masters, capable of yielding the tones of sweetness and the echoes of humanity?but, alas ! they require to be touched by more sltilful hands. Une trait of generosity, as characteristic of the true Carolina planter will close this notice. Mr. i layward had endorsed for S-20,0<>0 for (Jen. Hamilton He was absent at its maturity, and it was paid by the endorser without complaint. Nay, on his return,he went on lus i>a|>er for more?saying, "I really could not refuse him." Thus we seethe pulse of friendship beats warmly in the breant of one of the richest men in America. It exhibits too, the capabilities of (ieneral Hamilton to excite strong attachments, and the manner* to fascinate gold from the coffers of lofty magnets. Hayward, however, is a mnn of large heart as he is of princely fortune, and he could not ofler kindties to a worthier gentleman than this eccentric and restless child of energy and enterprise. I am, dear sir, very res|>ectfully, yours, Poinsett. DOCTO K J. PR A CINS, OCULIST, \TO. 10 BAKC'.* Y MTRKUT, witbin two d.x>r? of the As tor Hf- * Hin pr?|mr*cioiis * perfect run* I'm all tftrianvniitory? of the eye. wimIiiwm of ftiKh'? he., iiffcr Tail in rti riiitf lii-lmh* ?>r tlir lonre?t sMndiriK, wiihont any surgical 01*.ration CERTIFICATES. I certify that Jacob Valentin*, a >outf? atx?tir fifteen years of *ge, was b??>aitfl?t to my house list 1*11, anparently blind, lie c tiled on me to-?| <y, ind sitafn that hr ha* b en the patient of l>r. J. Krsnrii, wnoae tr'-atm-.-ut has been the riciiw. uu?ler Uod. ofiMUyridc hiilivht. JA.MKS M1LNOR, K f tor of Sc. Oeorge'a Culture h, BeekriMii at. This i? to rmify that two of my children were afflicted with diseased eyei for a lenrthof time, one of them wu almost blind with nebulas, coveting the mght. ? very remedy wjh resorted fit witUoin anv rood effect, and des|iairtd of them ever being n covered. TTiey ar?* now |?erfectly restored to sight by Dr. J. Francis' celebrated preparation. OANIKL H. JONES, m Pearl street. I w<s almost Mind for twelve years, ami in five weeks, under the akilful treatment of Dr. J. I* rancia, my aight in now per feet I y good and at mug. MARTHA BROWN, 177 Forsyth atrset. I certify to the above being a true atateinent. r)KORGK BENEDICT, Paato of the Stanton street ('hurait. I w? nearly blind for twa ay yeara with a cataract iu each eye and from the use of Dr. Francia* wonderful preparation for that durase, my eyes ar<- now perfectly recovered. HESTF.R JOHNSTON. 41 EldrnUe street. We, the nnderstgned, having witnessed the astonishing cflficacy ot Dr. I rancia* preparation* lor disease* of the eye, unhesitatingly recommcinl them to the notice of the public, as valuahl remedies. Duncan Dunbar, Paator of McDougal at. Church. S. H. Cone, Paator of the Fifst Baptist Church. Jol n Prck, Agetil of the Home Mission Society. J*c.>b Brouner, Pastor of the North Bit tist Church. Joseph Andreade, Hoinau Catholic Priest of St. Peter*# Cnmch. Nuuier<%is certificates can be seen at the office. Prepared and Bold only hy pr. J Francis, 10 Buclay atreet, New Vork. Artificial fcyes inserted, which cannot Iw? distinguished from lb** natural, without giving the aliKhtest pain. ... Dr. J. Francis respectfully inf??rm* his friend* and the rju?> '? tlsat in consequence of the increase oflna bufiuesa, l)r. yl4'Pn/j MemN r of the Roy ^College of Snrgeon*. London, ?"?' ^ the K.-w York Medical Society, haa joined Mm. ""'fli'.T . dence C*li lie |iUreU in lux jirofin.i'Hial .kill aa ,n 11 Office h ion from <t A. M.. uni.l P. IV'_" "n. L I IkENESSEB BY THE DA CIITE 'TJP Lj CEHS ire taken at the rooma. ?>mer *"'! Jo,,'n treel, in a fnperior ?tyle. with all * , I , ' ; without anjrreiswii to the weathrr, the r. -nit in. ""in'trnctiotia in the above he??dfn1 art given, rnd arP"atua fnnii-lied *51'.h^'pMMmi n?ed in the bn?ini'?a mav he obtaineifai the ahore nla<-; al?o. every detention if miimture ca?l. Ien.e., i-l?"t */ S|"C""''1" lnly ^ """ * .V? JET tinny time during th?- day. _ r?lkTV DO I. LA K9 KKWA RD.?Hohb.Tr of the Port C? i p I,,.,. _\umbrr? of tin N'.w York lie raid, addreaaed to the underaitrned. ?nd ol othi r New York piyeri directed to Jnd<e Mnrrii, riaving b?*en frequently stolen tr^in the m?il, *'?< ** i)ei?artment having avowedita inability to detect the olf"no.. nr*?. Bt tha offence, ?rew?r.l of rift) Dollar# ?ilM.ei>ii.l fur ?neh information aa ill lead t i tha detection and rwn ?tiin. lit of the r.>?trna*t. r hy who.e taf A|'?citf or cron^ '",1*" ,,m .o directed arc prevented MOHHIS Buttrrnnta, Ot?ego county, N. Y i -j'^'V )?'2; )^g?.l w_*jrc rMSTRKSfClN IllELANl) ?An a<C?Mrued meetm* tor 1 > raiting Siib.i ri.vion. fo allefUte ttie Wi't.f*. at I " -' n* <i<tinir in the South and Writ of Ireland, will lis held ?l Wa hiiuton Hot. I, comer of R.nlr ??rr? t and Broadway, < n iSuiSr"""* "" """"''TilOMAS O. CONNER

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