Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 12, 1842, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 12, 1842 Page 2
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SKU A OHK HERALD." Vcis Vorh, Krtilny. August li. IM4. To thi I6tii W?rp Carrikh.?Complaints have been made against the Herald carrier in the Kith war 1, sth as enue. We ar?i informed that he drinks so much that whrn collecting his subscriptions, he abuses all those who will not pay liim whatever he demands. He insults the ladies of the houses where he leaves the Heralds, it he dots not immediately reform we shall dismiss him. 1'he uu(I Fete to the llepreaentntlve* France and Fiiglmul. We have before stated, that it has been proponed to give a grand fitt to Lord Ashburton on bin arrival in this city, in honor of llie completion ol the new treaty between England and tins country. Tins movement is one of considerable magnitude, and even momentous importance in several points of view. It is w orthy the serious consideration ol all who take the least interest in the preservation of the peace.coinmercial friendship, and terms of amity now existing oeiween me mree greatest nations in Christ-ii,'oni France, England, and tho United States 1'!i < > ' bn'ion of thisfitt at this time will be a c" n.-idenco, wlulst we have three vetv i i4t m le by sil- in our beautiful harbor. hi..,'ilie-i three great powers?the Gomer, i A r.-pue tud the North Carolina. The one brought out Lord Ashburton, who ever since his arru 1! has been tn?-t intently engaged in settling the relative affairs of two great nations, which have been in a miserably unsettled state ever since the close of' the Revolutionary war, and in securing to the two countries a lasting peace,and an amicable adjustment of all those difficulties and grievances which brought about the last war, and which the millions of blood and treasure, sacrificed in that disastrous war, failed to effect. At the same time we have the French Government sending one of her best steam ships, the Gomer, with commissioners, to open with this country a most valuable and comprehensive commercial intercourse that shall be productive of incalculably useful results to both nations, politically, socially and commercially. There were eight of these Commissioner* sent to our shores by the Government of France ; and they have now been actively employed for some weeks in collecting a vast amount of important information that will be useful to both countries, and taking the preparatory step to a last in? und immensely valuable commercial intercourse and negotiation between the two countries. In connection with this matter the President has made a communication to Congress, stating the objects and desires ol the French Government, and the beneficial results that might flow from the contemplated measures. And the probability is that by a quiet unostentatious system of mutual legislation the two countri- s will be placed upon a better footing in relation to their commercial intercourse, and feelings of friendship, than by all the tedious and expensive treaties that ever could be concooted. All these events, it will be seen,are of remarkable importance at this moment. And there can be no better time, place, or opportunity, than in New York?immediately after the arrival of Lord Ashburton here?to get up a most magnificent felt, dinner, or ball?(say at Castle Garden) in honor of their occurrence ; and also for the purpose ot drawing the nii.ds at the people of this City, and State, and of the whole country, to the innumerable ad vantages resulting to us from the consummation of this treaty and these movements, securing as they do a lasting peace and an extended commerce between these three great nations. Such a file?such a movement, for such high and ennobling purposes, would be one worthy of the people of this city and country. It would most properly and most effectually obliterate the disgraceful toadyism paid by parvenutt, small paragraphists and bankrupts, to literary bagmen, itinerant novelists, and wandering penny-a-liners. It would be for a great national occasion?and should be a great national festival, given in a style worthy of the metropolisof the nation?New York On such an oc uoaiuo, ui cur pmnn; unKcnua an inn Dnuau anu French officers and authorities now amongst us, should he present to grace it. In addition to all, this Congress will probably adjourn in a few days, in wnieh event the President himself, nnd some of the leading members of both great jrolitieal parties, could be present to celebrate an event in which all have done their part to bring the same ton successful and happy termination. In view ofthis,therefore,we call upon our public authorities?we call upon all distinguished and worthy persons in private life, (partieularly those who made Idols of themselves during the Boz lever in this city) to come out now. upon this truly national occasion, and do something in order to wipe away the folly of their former doings, and to make their fellow-citizens res|H'Ct them for the rest of their lives. Should they be so silly as to hang back now, after having almost deified a literary bagman, we certainly shall be compelled to publish all the tricks connected with the Boz ball and Boz dinner atrairs, and give the names of those who then made fools of themselves at lull length, without benefit of clergy. Akrivai. Extraordinary.?The celebrated General John Cooke Bennett, arrived in this'city yesterday. lie is preparing to publish a hook, which is to he a full and complete history of the Mormons, public and private?the secrets of their religion, their mode of life at Nauvoo?the celebrated prophet Joe Smith's secret system of wives?their mode warfare?tactics?civil and religious government ?with various other curious and perfectly original matters. It will be one of the richest brorhurct that ever emanated from the press of any country. Rock a way.?There is now a fine opening nt Rockawav for those who wish to visit the sea shore, during the remainder of the summer. The Pavillion. Rock Hall, and the Boarding Houses, have I ? - ~c .1 ? ??? ?t ... J? ?? - r uuiiuiy- in cir-gaiia inmi.", I'UI UllTC IS pi?-niy OI room for more. At the Pavillion, kept by Mr Cranston. the most pleasant apartments can be had. The bathing, and exercise on the sea shore are superb. Tiie most noted man of the place is honest Patrick, the celebrated Triton or Water-God, who lives half his time in the glorious surf, and almost sleeps on the top of the white wave for a pillow. Take a trip to Rockaway beach, if you want gaivty,comfort, and splendid seabathing. Persecution fok (.Vinion's Sake.?The ancient days of i>ersecution tor an avowal of an honest opinion, appears to have been revived, and no doubt the world is rolling backwards. Last evening the memorable number of 7*? democratic city watchmen, who have been discharged by the whigs, to m ike room for their friends, inarched by our office, with a band ot music playing the tune of "we're all s goimr, and stopped short in front of the door, and ga\? "three cheera for Bennett of the Herald,'' which were followed by three more, with full stentorian voice. I lie whin broonisare sweeping every thing clean, and the new watchmen it is hoped will work like new brooms, for a while at least. The Fall CAxrAtut < ?r*MD ?The democrats held tliei? ward meetings la-t night to elect delegates to choose others to nominate a Governor and Lieutenant Governor at Sy r..- - - on the 7th of - -ptemher next They wre Generally w !i attended, p irtirularly the noisv, excitable, split up sixth. The spirit of feeling, as evinced, was altogether in favor of the renomination of Wm. C. Bouck, for I < Governor, and resolutions were passed in several of the^wards, instructing their delegates to sup oft him for that office at the State convention. The candidate for Lieutenant Governor appears to fe left entirely op*m. The whigs held their meetings last week, and the campaign may now lie said to I a fairly opened, .^o let's have a fair field, and a Inir fight?Bouck ??. Bradish. Saflivo of the Gueat Western.?-Thissteamer, known now as the Fashion of the Ocean, started yesterday at two o'clock foi Liverpool. About 70 passengers went in her, and a full cargo of goods. She will beat Cunard's steamer easy Thk K?f?rrf?N yi run IN Nxw VOKK.? The reception of the last veto of President Tyler in t us city, ha* been of the most curious character imaginable. The behavior of the whiga generally on its reception, was most boisterous and savage. Such . \ regions as these were very common amongst many of the leading whig politicians:?" L)?n him, be ought to be shot!" " The miserable scoundrel should be sent to a lunatic asylum!" " Such a wretched miscreant should not be allowed to live to do any more mischief; and the man who should -s.issinate him ought to be considered the truest patriot in the country." These, and similar outrageous expressions, were common in the mouth of the whig*. fin the other hand, the locotocos were equally boisterous and savage in their rejoicings; they drank and swore, and lired otl cannons, and made " night hideous" with their shouting. But the most amusing exhibition was that displayed by the partisan presses of this city. The " Courier" was, as a matter of course, quite rabid and vulgarly abusive. So was the " Ame ncan; uie commercial was out nine uciicr. l'.ut more than all, it was amusing to see the'* Expros," which is enjoying a Government post office contract worth !$20,ix)0a v?*ar, turn round and abuse the I'resident like a pickpocket. Here arc some of ue choice extracts from the Express:? The President of the United States has again in'erposeri t lie strong arm of l\ecutivc authority again at the I.egiilatire branch of the Government. The PretiAent, Executive fbet at or. he hat embodied in his own person. Never elected by the People to till the place he holds, lie has taken ujhui himself an autliurity unparalleled in the his- 1 torjr of our own Government, and beyond all precedent in the history of the Government of the crowned heads of 1 the old world. For the first time, we have a President vetoing n Revenue Bill, and that, too, under circumstances I so peculiar and so aggravated, that the mass of men will believe the President is nol in his right mind I ] g|Mr. Tyler has the permanent hatred of the wholede- ? nioeratio party lor abandoning that party under the adnunistrat on of General Jackson, and lie has lost the confidence of the whig* by separating himself from those ' who cheerfully and voluntarily gave him next to the ' highest oftice in the gift of the People. President Tyler, 5 in the language of the Declaration of Independence, ' " has refused his assent to laws the most necessary and t wholesome for the public good." He has arraigned him- 1 self agaiust the Representatives of the People. He has t taken upon himself powers not designed by the spirit of <' the Constitution.* * * * * * ? f But denunciation and lamentation are alike idle. Men t may mar, but they cannot destroy. The President may d wrong the people to wreak his vengeance upon his cne- a mies in Congress. Could he not have wreaked his ven. geance upon his enemies in the two Houses of Congress t without hurling his poisonous arrows in the bosom of the t Republic? t On the oilier hand, equally amusing tire the ex- [ preasions of the locofoco editors, particularly our d friend Slant, Hang Co. It is universally conceded t?, ?n * .i . .i '. i?.? ily an i?.u iicb uiiii mis Ilirssugr is uif musi coill^iirir, ? comprehensive, .and at the same time the neat- ' est document that evercatne from the president.? And it is so thoroughly democratic that it takes the 0 wind completely out of Mr. Van Buren's sails. Con- ? seijuently, this enlightened snvan, Slam, says? 1 While we rejoice tint Mr. Tyler has interposed his veto ^ against it, wo aro heartily sorry that his objections were not more general and more in consonance with enlighten- t( cd public opinion. . t< That is, he likes the measure itself in the abstract, but he does not like the style of the message. J Capital critic ! When the fact is, that it is more c 1 comprehensive, better worded, neater, and more "J I elegant than anything that ever emanated from Mr. a Van Buren's pen, or anything that he could write ?; | were he to do nothing else for the next ten consecu- n ' five years. a This veto message will cause a terrible blow up t) and explosion of the whig party. The separation of ti the Tariff principle in the measure from the Distri- p bution principle will cause a complete separation of u the eastern whigs front the western whigs on the "! merits of the act itself. And the strong democratic ir manly principles laid down in this veto, takes the " ground completely from under the feet of Mr. Van cj Buren. w Thus, all parties are thrown by it into the utmost confusion. And there they will remain for some H , a i :i .i -i i.i l _ it nine lueumc. win! u mere miuuiu ue an exira ses- y{ sion the confusion and discord would be increased w tenfold. In short, no one can see clearly theulti- ^ mate effects of this measure lmt those who have a ei ^ood substantial squint, that enables them tn Innli jjj ill ways at once. One thing is certain. The veto m will be the death blow to all politicians and financiers; and the working men, the industrious me- ej chanic, and the honest, enterprising, steady, cash m tradesmen, will all come out right eventually. Medical Intelligence. The new movements in medicine in this city, to m which we have on several recent occasions directed public attention, are still progressing prosperously. (|? The " Stuyvesant Institute School of Pharmacy," |' and the " Nassau street College of Medicine and Pharmacy," arp succeeding well. Dr. Mott and let Dr Pattison are now on more friendly terms than ^ formerly, and anticipate a golden harvest in their new scheme for the advancement of phamaceuti- ^ eal science. Well, certainly the laborer should ct have his reward, and we hope that these distinguished physicians, and the members of the College of Li Pharmacy, will reap an adequate and just rentuneration from their labortfin thisiinportantjdepartment Li of medical science. Several new and efficacious remedies are, it is said, already introduced by this ?< establishment. The College are about to issue the al first number of a periodical, to be styled the " Fami- re ly Physician," to be circulated gratuitously. This in lournal will expose the impositions which have been practiced in the medical world, and will also con- wj tain valuable medical advice, conveyed in a plain n<' anil practical manner. There can be little doubt co that this publication, and the lectures at the Stuyve- po sant School of Pharmacy, will effect much good, and eventually do more than all the legislative en- ?o actments in the world, to preserve the community , - . j ... 'mi front nn|>osition. Ignorance is the mother of impos- cj, rure, and Knowledge alone can exterminate the ?n i rc evil progeny. The Mormons.?We have accounts from Nanvoo, stating that Joe Smith is as pure as virgin snow, ur The whole Mormon people have held a meeting, ^ and certified to Joe's virtue and purity. We cer- su tainly never thought the worse of him, because a" General Cook Rennett wanted to make him out a true Solomon, or a David at least. Roth these hn dc antii/wa were prophets, priests, kings, and particular di favorites before the TiOrd in Gilgal, including their tic long strings of wives and concubines. Why should * not Joe J th The IT. S. Steam Frigate Missouri.?We are gratified to learn that the splendid pair of engines on ^ board this noble ship, are now in the highest possi- rtr ble state of efficiency, and that nil the fears entertained by some of their not proving efficient, have been put entirely at rest. The foot valves have been altered by making four ** where thpre were originally but two, so that she ar now works perfectly easy and quietly, and that, too, ,h with 27i pounds vacuum. It is to be recollected that these engines are a bold and novel departure from any other marine engine qt afloat. On her passage from Norfolk to this port, her u coals were of the worst possible description ; full gi one half put into the furnace had to be raked out hj wruin aud thrown overboard. Yet she must go |] ahead, for she makes 11 revolutions with only f? in- ''j ch s steam. I'nder sail, she made 8J knots by the {,, wind without stenm. She is under orders tor the Eastern ports, namely, | ( I Newpofl Bo '> n. I'oriland.'nstine, Eastpori, S'c. t'u Success attend l,er' She is called the "New Worker,' in contradistinction to the Mississippi, m which ioC?1M 11?<- m Quaker."' ' 1 w Rl \- Co., 100 Rroad- 'J way, are the agents for the sale of the celebrated i? gum elastic, or India rubber goods, manufactured by G. Goodyear. I hese goorls are considered su- P( perior to the French or English qualities, .,nd are af particularly elegant, light and durable. They exiat I in all forms?and for all purposes, and are good in K any climate. The braces and garters are particu- ^ larly so. Tliey nre even more elastic, and much I n more lasting than the consciences nf modern po- I fr litieians and financiers Who wants them more I >{ so 1 k laval General Court Martial on board of thv I'. 8. ihlp iVoith Coi'oliua. Tin uptr, Aug. II, 184-J. Xaial 01 Ln i t. K. ('.{PncMir, CoiiTmr.D. The ( ourt met pursuant 10 adjournment, and the Court ordered that the reading of the miautcs of j esterdav'? pioreadings be dispensed v ith as unnecessary. Lieut. WiLKr* then'made a request to the Court that h( might lie allow cd to make ait explanation respecting some portion of the rejiort el' yesterday's proceedings in the of this morning. To this the Court objected, that they had nothing to cl , with any opinion which might be expressed in the paper* or by an) person who might form and express an opinion as fo what had occurred. Lieut. Wilis* stated it was in regard to his having disregarded three orders Iroru the Secretary of the Navy to deliver up journals, Sir. The Phi-iosx r said it did not appear on the minutes of the proceedings, and what appeared in the papers coulJ not be noticed by the Court. Lieut. Wilki i then stated that so far as he was personail) concerned "he cared little about w hat the new spaper* said, ht iras lkick?kinn*d to Jar a* they wtir com rrn ril. The subject wa? then set at rest, and Lieut. Wilkes. a? we understand, was to state what he desired in writing. The Ji'doe Advocate then stated that Lieut. Periy desired to correct part of his testimony. Lieut. IV.rhv was recalled, and said, I wish to state that after leaving the cabin on Tuesday afternoon, and reconsidering mj testimoHs, a douht arose in my mind whether it was a patent or deck log that we had used in the sur*8} (of the Island of UpoloUl intended to apply to the l ourt for permission to quafffy my te-Unions yesterday, but did not, as I was told I was to be called before the i ourt again; ot the fact that we used a log I am perfectly positive, and at the time I g ive my testimony 1 was under the impression it w as a patent log, but alter the most anxious reflection I cannot decide whether it was u patent or leek log; I had been greatly in the habit of using a patent log on board the Peacock, and hail to plot the work of the schooner in which she used u patent log. [The accused here presented a remonstrance to the I'ourt against Lieut. Wilkes, the prosecuting witness being assisted by an Attorney to conduct the prosecution, and the Court "stated that they could not allow it, as the Judge Advocate was appointed by Government to conduct the prosec ution.| Likl't. Wilkes said in reply that he had not had any issistance from counsel in conducting the prosecution. In reply to questions from the accused, the witness said: ? During" the first survey of the Islund of U|>olo, the wind was from the soutii and east, and during the last, Irom the lorth and west, and part of the time calm, and the south ii<le of the island was consequently exposed during the list survey, und sheltered during the last. I surveyed he harlior of Knlealiti under the orders of the accused, and >y myself. I never measured the charts, and to the eye he only difference appeared to be in the sketching. 1 onsidered them as corresponding. The boats during the irst survey were not sent inside tlv reef B3 soon as pracicable, because we did not consider it necessary the first lay, the weather being fin* for the schooner to be engaged, mil the coast appearing straight, without any hiuihor. ['hey could not he sent when it was necessary' because he weather prevented it. The first survey 1 was about hrce hours making a survey of Kalealiti, the last time I hink we began at sunrise, and I think nearly finished it hat afternoon, and took one or two lines of sounding the icxt day. It is my impression that we los' some time that lay by rain. Lieut. Wilkes made an attempt to examine this witless as to the evidence given by Lieut. Sinclair, as report iii in mi' iiehalu, inns acKiiowieiignig the correctness 01 lie reports which the re|>orter unjerstooj him to impugn it the commencement of the proceedings. Passed Midshipman M\v called and sworn.?The letters in which the first specification of the first charge is ;rounded, were shown to witness, who said he did not mow that Lieut. I'inkney had written them, or caused hem to he forwarded to Lieut. Wilkes. The seoond specification charges the accused with exibiting the letters and charges to junior otticers under his ommaml. The witness said he never exhibited any letsrs to me. On a copy of the charges being exhibited ) witness, he said 1 have seen these charges before. The Jitdoe Adtocati: was here sworn, in order to put n end to an objection raised by Lieut. Wilkes, the proseuting witness, that it might not be a true copy, und he ertitied that t-.c original charges forwarded to the departicnt by Lieut. Pinkney against Lieut. Wilkes, had been estroy eil in consequence of having been so much blotted nd interlined by himself, that tlicy were not fit to be sent gain to the Department, but that the copy before the ourt had been made from a copy kept by Lieut, rinkey, and were to all intents and purposes a copy thereof, ml, he believed, a literal and verbatim copy. This the prosecuting witness desired might appear upon le minutes, to which the Judge Advocate replied it eerlinly would. Witxess ?1 believe I have seen a copy of these chargs before?the one referred to by the Judge Advocate as aving been destroyed. When I was at the observatory I Oahu 1 received a paper from Lieut. Allien to deliver to Ir. Howison, with a request that he would deliver them ito Mr. Wilkes' own hands : Mr. Howison did not come p before my usual hour for leaving the observatory, and therefore, on leaving, carried the papers with me. 1 acdentally met in the street with acting Surgeon Palmer, ho observed the paper in the breast of my coat ; he ask1 me what it was ? I replied, a paper belonging to Lieut, inkney. He asked me if I had read it 1 I replied no.? e observed that Lieut. Pinkney did not design to conceal irom me. i men nan me paper in my hand, and sanl, do )u authorize me to read it 7 lie said, certainly ; that he as sure it would be agreeable to Pinkney. I would obrvethat at this time 1 knew Dr. Palmer to be the confi nt and advisor ol' Lieut. Pinkney ,nnd considered he was n|>o\vered to authorise me to read it. I glanced brief!} or the charges, aud if thufo was aloiturin the envolopv the what ges, I do not recollect it. Shortly after 1 et Lieut. Pinknev.and told himll had read those charges, id he oppressed Himself perfectly satisfied at my having inc so. and I left the charges with him. I again receivI the charges from him, but forget at what time; the next orning I gave them to Mr. Hotvison. Examined by Lieut Wilkes. The otttcers'engaged at the observatory plotting charts, ere Licuta. Aldan, Perry, Case, Budd, Walker, and some hers. I don't recollect distinctly whom. Lieut. Emous was another. I think those were nearly ell the ieuts. that were there. It was at the observatory Lieut, lden gave me these charges, and gave me a message to diver them into the hands of Mr. llowison, and for Mr. owison to deliver them into the hands of Lieut. Wilkes mself. 1 think the charges were directed to the Hon.the tcretary of the Navy, aud the paper was unsealed. A tter from the witness to Lieut. Wilkes, containing the bstaucc of the abova testimony, was put in by Lieut ilkes and read. Witness.?In an interview which 1 had with Lieut, ilkes,when he had sent for me, he wanted mcto divulge e name of the friend who had authorized me to read the larges. I declined doing so, and addressed a letter to m giving my reasons for so declining. The first specification of the second charge alleges that eut. Pinkney suffered arms, iic. on board the Flying ' sh to become ruined by neglect. The witness said, 1 1 isw nothing of it; 1 never have seen any neglect in 1 eut. Pinkney. The second'specification relates to neglect in placing a 1 ?tch, whereby five men deserted at Sydney. The wit- 1 ss said, I know that these men deserted and carried ofl | >oat, and it was whilst Lieut. Sinclair, then master, was sponsible for the watch. ' The third specification relates to the alleged negligence surveying the Island of Survey. The witness was not 1 en attached to the schooner. The third charge is for altering and repairing the schr. 1 ithout authority. The witness said?Lieutenant Pinky made necessary repairs whilst at the Bay of Islands. ' e went into the Bay of Islands in a very unseaworthy 1 ndition, and these repairs put upon her were highly im- 1 rtant for her safety. Q?By Lieut. Wii.kf.i?What were those repairs! A.?Caulking, for she leaked like a sieve. While down uth, making and repairing gall's, the jaws of which had en carried away, raising and clceting the saddle of the sin tioom, shifting and fitting the rigging, making new eets ?nd cabbies, making a room for the better security d safety of the sails, and other minor alterations and 1 pairs. < tf.?By Ji'doe Advocate?Was there a lore topmast fit 1 i, and how was it made! A-?There was one made, or rather a signal polo, as 1 i i ii-rstooc .it the time , that is ail I know about it- i in answer to a question from Lieutenant Wilkes, the itnesssaid?Part of thetimrthat 1 was at Sydney, I w as perintending at the storehouse on shore during the day, j 1 keeping .in account of the stores and provisions going to the ship, and was excused from the night watch by eutcnant Pinkney 'a permission. I believe the schooner 1 id a complete outht at Sydney, in all respects. An orr from Lieutenant Wilkes dated 1st April, 1H10, forbidng Lieutenant Pinkney from making rrpairs or altera- ( ms in the Flying Fish, without his (Lieut. Wilkes') ritten order, was shown to the witness, who said he had 1 ivcr seen it to his recollection. This order is dated ree weeks after the date laid in the specification, as e offence having been committed in defiance of that orr The witness knew nothing about the fourth or fifth nrges, relating to the accused'! journal, which hi ii *t accused of not keeping regularly, anj destroy ing. The sixth charge is for cruelly and illegally punisltlng ' Mack cook on the schooner, named .Ino. A. Weaver, bceen the 'Jflth Dec., 18(19, and 17th April, 1840. In reply to a question from the prosecuting witness, 1 king whether the witness ever knew of the man in testion being punished by being tied up to the rigging id flogged, then exposed to the weather, then flogged, en e\|K>sed again, and then flogged again, the witness id?He never was so punished. He said in reply to other questions? The mats Weaver, was a negr o cook?I charged him as itererof the mess, with having stolen mess stores, litor.Stc. He was insolent and mutiuous in his language me?1 complained of it to hi. Pink iey immediately? osaid he had not the means to punish hint; he had no latswain's mate on board, and he said it was such a diss eeahle duty that he would not order one of the men to rform it. I told him that it w as a very urgent case,and he nerved that if I chose to do it myself, that I might do so. ha 1 ths nun Weaver s-ized up totheHggingby thecrt w, s frock taken . .T (we had nocats on hoard) and 1 whip;d him with a colt with one dozen lashes?I um positivesure that it was not any more than one dozen. That is ie only time I ever whipped a man since I have been in e service. I did not leave him seized up for one instant, inflicted the punishment personally. it was a vert pain1 duty, and I was glad to get through with it. He was rt punished a second time on that day to my recollection, enow that Lt. Pinckney afterwards rated a boatswain's ate, and he was punished by him on another occasion, as have been told. The rope with which 1 (logged h m as about 1J or IS thread stuff?an ordinary si/cd colt.? think we never had the thermometer lower during the hole Southern cruise than .'i or il degrees. If it had en a while man I would not have whipped him ? (lattghr.) Kxamined by the Ac c is it o?It is my impression that Or. ilmer took the paper out of my hnad. The charges ;ainst Lt. Wilkes were not seen by any other person hilc they remained in my possession. While L'. Pitik\ was a suspended ofliieron board the Peacock, at thrice Islands, he told me I should be a witness in his case, id he u Ished me to understand his nasition. The accused Mired me to write the letter to Lt.Wilkes,which has been >ad, and to conceal nothing from him but the name of the lend who authorised me to read the charges. The sensed was exceedingly attentive to his command, and deirous to keep the schooner in order, and she was always ept in vert jnice order. He never was cruel to the crew M ih'1 K)ymg Kithi on the contrary, ho was matt alientive an.l kind to them Whlbt on the Southern cruise he gave ii|> hU cabin in common to the crew to live, eat and sleep in, their upai ttnents hem* in avery leaky state. Lxamined by Li. Wil?k?.?The cabin waa about fci feet !iy 9; it was tbe length of two hunki; twoimall cramped -tub; rooms abaft tbe cabin, and one forw ard on thenar, loard side. The Crew consisted 1 think, in all of eight or nine, nut including the officers. Passed Midshipman IUkrison called; but he was " non est inventus,' having lefl the ship sick. Pa?sed Midshipman Coliocohi.?hi? called and sworn.? I know nothing about those letters being either w ritten or shown by Lieutenant Pinkney, or about the charges either. In relation to the neglect in survey ing, lie sai l : -While the squadron were lying in theharliorof Pangopango, I was ordered by Captain Hudson to Join the Living Fish, and assist in the survey of the island ot I'pulo. 1 teceived the order about 11) o'clock at night, and at an early hour next morning I repaired on board the Flying Fish; when the pilot came on laiard we got under weigh, and I think next Jay we arrived oil'the eastern extremity of the Island ol I |?lo, w here we commenced operations, but which we were soon obliged to dMcontinue on account ot bad w eather. This state ot weather continued for several days and then cleared up, and we run into a harbor,which u e afterwards named Flying Fish; surveyed and sounded that liarlior out: I think the native name was Falealiti;

we sailed from there after that was done; we had a good deal of bad weather afterwards, but how much I can't say. One day in particular, I recollect being in a boat with Mr. Perry, in order to get ill close to the shore, and sketch the outline ol it, but we were compelled to put back again to the schooner on account of a heavy sea that was running i m i r <ii in< umc. a ii n u*TH ui-iori1 w i* arrivfu ui .ijiiu, Mi . Perry was taken ill, and I went out in the boat alone, sketching the shore and taking soundings where necessary. One afternoon, 1 think between i and 3 o'clock, signal was made o i board the schooner to come alongside; 1 did so. and lound on board Captain Hudson, and set eral other officers of the squadron, and between 30 and 40 men belongiug to the Vincennes and Peacock. When my I'Oat was hoisted in we made sail and stood for oneof the neighboring islands, (I have forgot the name of it.) the object of the expedition being as I understood it, hostile, to take a chief. On returning from that expedition, Captain Hudson, the rest of the officers and men. left, and stood in lor the harbor of Apia. The schooner resumed the survey, and the following morning Mr. Sinclair and myself went in a l>oat tip to Apia, inside the reef, sketching the shore, and occasionally sounding. Questioned by Lt.*.?I can't say how many days it w as after we left I'angopango before we anchored at l'alealiti. Lt. Perry was taken sick two or three days bolore we arrived at Apia, I think. 1 did not think it at the time ofsufticient importance to impress it on my mind. 1 don't know who conducted the survey after Lt. Perry was taken sick. I can't say whether a deck board was kept on lioaril the schooner. It was en the N. W. side that Lieut. Perry was taken sick, or three or four days before we arrived nt Apia. The witness knew nothing of the 3d, 4tb, 5th, or 6th charges. Questioned by Acccied.?I believe that every thing was done in the survey that could be done under the then existing circumstances. By Wilkes.?There were observations taken?azimuths. I assisted in taking some. I saw the work plotted and plotting. It was plotted from the data that we got bv surveying from these observations that we got. Lt. Hudson recalled; the instructions relating to surveying were shown to him; he was asked ii he could say whether they had been promulgated prior to the 19th Oct., *19, to which he replied that he could not tell. I think I got these instructions in the low Archipelago, and if so, that was previous to the time mentioned and they wero promulgated. We left Callao on the Pith July, 1839, and reached the Archipelago in September. The accused was 1st Lieut, of my ship, (the Peacock,) prior to the l#th October, 1839. He joined my ship in the month of February . I think he was 1st Lieut, at the time those instructions were received by-Jine. It was not my place to furnish him with a copy, except through the general order book. I n il u,.i,.).:i ?r ?i? i?i- < aua w,u uauiv u? luinaiuuig vuc UiUCl UUUK. JI11U U1C ward room and steerage for the officers to acquaint themselves with what might be there, and it is probable I sent this. By the Accused.?I presume the accused was on board the Vessel-when that order was promulged. He was 1st Lieut. I presume so from the fact of having received the orders while Lt. Pinkney was 1st Lieut, of tne ship. I am wrong. Mr. Pinknev was not on board the shin at that time, lie joined the ship in Orange harbor, and left it in Valparaiso or Callao. That was previous to our going to the Lower Archipelago, and he consequently could not have been on board when the order was promulged. The Peacock was not engaged in any survey while the accused was attached to her. 1 think 1 did not receive the instructions in Orange harbor, which we left on the itith Of February, 1839. I don't know whether tue boats acted under these instructions at Rio Negro, lt was the order that all officers should make themselves acquainted with the surveying instructions. By the Accvsf.d.?I think that order was promulged at ltio Negro, in the month of January, 1839 ; but I may be wrong ; that would apply to the boat work. The accused was on separate service in the Relief at that time. By Lt. Wilkes.?The accused joined the Teacock at Orange harbor, in February, 1339. The Court then adjourned till IB o'clock to-morrow morning. Board of Supervisors. AroosT 11.?Tne Board met, pursuant to adjournment, Aid. Balis in the chair. The Committees to whom various bills had been referred yesterday, were not ready to report. A resolution was offered and "adopted, adding the Comptroller and Counsel of the Board to such, with power to adjust and pay them. A resolution was offered relative to officers employed at the Court of Sessions, (not allowing more than eight,) Sic. Laid on the table. The subject of salary to the Secretaiy of the Board of Education, was referred. The Board then adjourned. City Intelligence. The Bowf.ry Crim.Com.?One of the gayLotharios who went to Philadelphia to challenge a recognition, has returned with his flourishing whiskers shaved close to his skin, whether to avoid being recognized while there, or for what other pur]>ose this deponeut saith not. The ladies have taken rooms snug and private. Mrs. Vcaables visited her late husband's premises on Wednesday, and was about to move off all her^oods and chattels, not even ex/- ...lino.),...!., or,,I S.SJ..S ?...? -'-I' 1-1-1? """ ""'"-"i "?? "..poil-iiwunuill 1"?i"s anything but her own clothing, which was delivered up by her husband, who paid the cartman's charges to tote it off. Nothing else new. ScrARATio* or Mai* amp Wiee?A German named George Wenger, of 160 Secoud street, applied at the upper police yesterday,'for a warrant for one Michael dimmer, a blacksmith, who resides at 164 in the same street, for obtaining a silver watch from him under false pretences. It appeared that Wenger and his wife lived like cat and dog, and both being tired of such unity, concluded to separate, dimmer, who is represented as aiding such movement Irom some cause best known to himself, was called upon or suggested that he could make them twain as quick as a flash, and keep them so till doomsday, ifthey nleased. He undertook the performance of this lcat of legal dexterity, on conditions that Wenger would give him his silver watch, which being complied with, the following contract or deed of separation was drawn up in German by himself, and another person named Jacob Groh, and signed by the parties. The following is a translation :? " I, the husband George Wenger, she the wife Elizabeth, agree to separate for good, and leave one another, and wish nothing Irom each other, nor want to see or ipeak to each other no more. her] ELIZABETH * WENORR, GEORGE WENGER. Witnesses? Michael Zimmer, Jacob Groh. This not proving satisfactory to Wenger, he commenced i suit for the loss of his watch, anil charged Zimmer with obtaini lg it under false pretences, he w as committed t* answer the allegations. Case or Frosch.?This person, charged with seven complaints of perjury , is yet in the Tombs, the amount of bail demandej for him being $15,000. Johx Smith Aoain.?John Anderson, brother of Cornelius V., grocer, corner of Mulberrv and Bayard, visited the Tombs yesterday, and recognised John Smith, the swindler, a* the person who called in at the grocery a few lays since, selected six pounds of liest tea, worth a dollar a pound, and desired it to he sent to the house of Dr. Eng. land, corner of Mulberry and Prince. The tea was forwarded by young Anderson, but before reaching his place of destination he was met by the polite Mr. Smith, who informed him, that I)r. England also wanted seven pounds of coffee, with his tea; if he would return to the store and procure it, he would convey the tea home and meet him ii llin tlin lu ?i> .m.-..-.i i- s.lll. i...1iv.i being suspicious that all was not right, watched him until he managed to make his escape, when upon repairing to the place directed to deliver the tea, he found that it was all a hoax, and that the rogue had out witted him. John is safe in the Tombs. Blackhawk Pitllfd.?Officers Prince John Davis and Sparks pulled George Holer, alias Riarkhawk, just out of the State prison, and one of his associates named Charley K' ss, yesterday, on suspicion ofburglary. Thcj were both locked up for the present. That Tka.?The owner of three chests of tea can procure it by application toolliccr Stephens at the lower police office. Nick Snatch on a Chamfarsc Frolic.?A genius who says he is not n Jemmy Twitrhcr, but thai his name is plain Nick Snatch, was stopped on Wednesday night at the corner of Broadway ami Wall street,by oneofthe city watch, with three bottles of champagne in his possession, and a pitcher full besides. Ho lays he got " i hem articles'" from where he lives in Frankfort street, but his appearance tu ing rather suspicious, ho was laid up to dry for a short period. A Omasc.?As officer Stevens w as passing up Bayard str- et yesterday morning he spied a rogue named James Lennox, who stands charged with burglars , in entering the clothing store of Green & Concklin, 4 Bowery, on Tuesday morning last, in company with another man and two boys, nn>l stealing a quantity of clothing. His partner was with him and Stevens gave ehn-e, when the rogues separated, and after running through Bavnrd into Orange, thence to Mulberry into Cross, back into the first named street, be succeeded in overhauling Lenox, who was safely locked up. The two small boys, Hugh Bogan and Wm. Stewart, who were used by these burglars to enter houses through the windows,were captured a fow days since and lodged in prison. Jr.nhv Williams in thk Tombs.?This woman, who kvps a notorious house in Manhattan place, appeared in the Tombs yesterday, in the capacity of complainant against a young fellow named Stonhe Mott, who she sat s with another, crawlsd intoone of her windowson Wednesday night, raispd the devil inside the house, snatched the ke> sod her wine and treasures from her hand, ami also a five barreled revolving pistol, nnd then decamped, having her minus these articles of use and defence, lie was fully committed, ami she hacked out. ANOTiiin Man Dbownko lis THK Ponp.- The Coroner was again called vesterday, for the filth or sixth time, to hold an inquest on the body of a man found drowned in the pond on the corners of West nnd Washington streets and pier No. I, North River. It was ascertained that his name was Phibserin to??r>h Parrere, alias Thomas Vigcry anstiveof Terceira. and that he had ti'ciilrntalU fallen into thia man trap w hile in a state of partial intoxication. He had the night previous informed one of the witnesses who attended the inquest, that he had a son who waa a captain of a packet slup sailing out of Philadelphia. The jury presented the pond aaa public nuisance, and should have presented the owners and Street Commissioners as parties to it. This is the sixth man that ha s been drowned in it. New Clo' Thief.?One John Wilson while stumping down Chatham street yesterday, was induced by the devil oi some other 'supernatural cause, to steal a brown cloth dress coat, worth $10, from the store door of J. A. kL. Tl??'i 00 '-'hatham-Htreet, and started oil'as fast as leg* would let him, but uufortunatelv was nabbed and sent to quod. Suicide.?On|Wcdnosduy evening, as Mr. John C. Derr, Superintendent of Lands and Places, w as passing through \\ u-hiiigton Square, he found a man lying on one of the benches, who to appearance had been taking some narcotic poison. On w aking him the man replied that he had taken laudannm, because he w anted to," which was the only answer he would give to questions put to him,? He was convey ed to the Hospital, where it was ascertained that his name was (Jeorge Hunt, and on searching his pockets a hall ounce vial that hail contained laudanum was found, w hich he had purchased all James Crumbles1 apothecary store, corner of Bowery and fourth street He lingered during the night and died from the effects or the poison yesterday morning. Drowsed?A Spaniard named Joseph, who has long been a lounger about the Kultou Market, was missed on Wednesday afternoon, and his body found yesterday in one of the slips opposite the market. He was of intemperate habits, and no doubt fell over while under its influence. The KltctioiiH. Lou isiana.?Here the whigs have 2 members of congress; locofocos 1; legislature whig. Mouton's majority at last is 1590. North Carolina.?The whigs have doubtless carried the governor, whilst the louofocos have carried both branches of the legislature. Alabama.?It is conceded by the whigs that the locofocoshave carried this State. Indiana.?So far as heard from, the locos have 27 members of the legislature, and the whigs 22. It is thought that the legislature will be democratic. Illinois.?Very few returns have come in. So far the locos are ahead. Kknttcky.?This State will, of course, be whig. But a new<iuestion has sprung up, called the " relief question." The " relief'men appear to have a majority. They are for a stop law, as in Pennsylvania, and repudiation. From Honduras and Along Shore.?Y/e have the Balize Honduras Advertiser to the 2d ultimo. We take from it the following items:? The intelligence from Guatamala is of considerable importance. Venancio Lopez has resigned the Presidency, and is succeeded by Rivera Paz. Morazan is still advancing his fortunes, and it will not be matter of surprise, if in an exceedingly short space of time he is at the head of the Nicaragua and Honduras Governments, and to such preponderating power Salvador and Guatamala must ultimately succumb. It is to be perceived from the Declaration of Blockade, that it has unfortunately been found necessary to have 'recourse to extreme measures, in j order to bring the States of Salvador and Nicaragua to a senise of justice respecting the claims made on them in behalf of certain British subjects who had suffered injury in Central America. The claims against Central America haying been put in a train for settlement,the Vice-Admiral nas sailed with most of his snuadron from Bermuda and Halifax. The R||>rfra ntio Irnnp rlnwn tVia nnnat tn KlAnlrorlo ftan i Jufcn, where she wili, we believe, be joined by the Ringdove, Com. Hir. VV. Daniel. The Pilot, Com. Houston, remains at her present anchorage till relieved. Aloxleo and Tcxna, We find in the New Orleans pa|>ers, a few days later news from Mexico and Texas. The schooners Freeland and Edwide, from Campeachy, bring papers to the 17th ult. A full account is given of the capture of the schooner Yucataco, by the Mexicans, which we published some days since in a letter from Vera Cruz. It seems that the Mexicans loafed about Campeachy, under the guise of smugglers, and so escaped from suspicion of any hostile intent, and suddenly sent several well manned boats to the scantily manned Yucatan schooner, which they carried ny storm, and afterwards towed her to sea. The editor of the Siglo thinks the occurrence a very fortunate one for Yucatan, inasmuch as it will cause her people not to sleep on their posts, but to be vigilant in guarding against the wiles of their Mexican enemies. The government had lately received a large supply of powder and lead from the United States, and the jeople were lying on their arms. It was believed that Santa Anna intended tho invasion of the Peninsula, but it was not believed the President would come in person, and the editor expresses his belief that Donna Garcia, the Presidentess, may influence her better half not even to risk any of his men on so hazardousan expedition. The editor of the Siglo thinks the Texiaj squadron which was expected soon to leave itw Orleans, would give a good account of the pexican prize, and flatters himself that no long time will elapse ere the Yucataco will reappear off their port bearing the ensign of freedom. Tkxas.?Among |the bills passed by Congress are a bill to regulate the collection of duties, and to receive snecie or its eauivalent in Exoheaiipr bills - h bill authorizing the President to sell or mortgage 400,000 acres of the Cherokee lands. The navy is to be maintained, and two additional vessels are to be fitted out. The Civilian says, 8100,000 is expected at New Orleans in thirty days, in furtherance of these objects. Com. Moore, Gen. Johnson, and Lieut. Commanding Seeger, of the man-of-war brig San Antonio came passengers in the Merchant. The latter returns immediately to Galveston where his vessel is lving. and then sails on a cruise down the Gulf. It is thought that Com. Moore will have the entire squadron at sea in a very short time. Notwithstanding the veto ol the "War Bill" by General Houston, commissions have been granted and small parties are still to annoy the Mexicans on the frontiers. Texas papers as late as July 27, have been received. The only important item of news they contain is the determination of the Presiden' of Texas, not to attempt any invasion of Mexico ; assigning as a reason?and a verv good one it is?the want of money. The navy of Texas is, however, to continue to annoy the Mexicans?blockading their ports as closely as may be. and capturing their vessels whenever they meet them. Some companies of Textan troops are to be sent to the Mexican frontier, to watch and harrass the enemy, as opportunity may ofler. George S. Carson, bearer of despatches to Gen. Thompson, the American Minister in Mexico, has arrived at New Orleans on his way to Vera Cruz. Late from Nassau.?The Mobile Herald says? "We are indebted to Captain Sawyer,of the schooner ILicer, for Nassau, N. P., papers to the 9th July. The Colonial Treasury,like that of our Government, is empty?and the means resorted to, to fill it, is by issuing Government Script?paper money! The Koyal Gazette attributesthedimculties underwhich the Colony now labors, to ' imprudent acts of a majority of the Legislature, for a few years past.' In the fatter part of June, the weather had been so intensely hot,that it had been ten degrees beyond summer heat." The Emma Yacht.?This pretty craft made her first appearance in our harbor on the 8th. She saluted the Warspite English Frigate, and the French man-of-war steamer La Gomer, and hoisting at the same time their respective national flags at her mast head. On passing the North Carolina flag ship, she lowered her ensign as a mark of respect, or in other words, her ladyship made her best curtsey to our gallant Commodore. After performing some graceful evolutions through the fleet, she started for the offing to try her properties in a sea way, where she has been eruizing some days, and append to perform very satisfactory, as in her trial of sailing with some of our New-York Pilot-boats, j which can't he beat on a wind, she was nearly a match for them. This argues well for the Emma, a? it is her first essay, and she labored under many disadvantages, such as not knowing her best points of sailing, together with her sails nnd rigging not being properly stretched, tec., and perhaps Miss Emma had not her jib well bowed up. Success to her. Tiie Latest.?We received yesterday morning Boston papers five hours in advance of the mail, by the kindness of Harnden te Co., Adams te Co , ami the officers of the steamer Cleopatra. Harnden gave us papers at 1 o'clork. which he received from Boston, via Springfield and Hartford. Notice to tile Pulille, (&- Being called out of the eitv, 1 had r.ot a chance to commence a suit against Mr. Barnuni, of the American Museum, for a libel; but will in the mean time, take tlii* opportunity to state that 1 never WTote a line to Mr. Barnuni in my life, or ordered any person to do so f >r me The "letter he caused to be published in the Herald, was calculated to do me much injury, for which he will have ere long to suffer the penalty of the law. The public's obedient and Very humble servant, Cr. H. Hit.r,, Comedian. 1'niteo htatf.s Hotei., ) Saratoga Strings, Aug. 9, 1842. > BY THE SOUTHERN MAIL, WHklngton. ICorrwpoiulenee of the Herald.] Washington, Wednesday, 3 P. M. The Yet o?Mr, A dams' Declaration of War .The Treat ten?Lord Aihburton. The veto absorbs all interest in both wings of the Capitol. In the Senate, there has been nothing of much public interest done. After some private business, upon which there was a good deal of dull speaking, the bill regulating the compensation of persons hi the Navy was taken up and is now under discussion. Mr. Adams led oft'the debate on tlic veto, and violent and uncompromising he was to the last degree. He said the signature of the President to the tariff bill would hiive led to a perfect reconciliation between the Executive andLegisktive branches of the Government?every thing that had taken place would have been forgotten and iorgiven, and this reconcilement would have been the harbinger of joyous and prosperous times to the l?eople. But the bill had not been signed, and now, he said, the Executive and the Legislative branches of the irmiprnmonl \l-htv in n wt ilo if civil wur. There waa no remedy hut that remedy which the ]>eople must take into their own hands ? \ War, Mr. Adams said, waa now declared, and neither the President nor Congress could retrace their steps without disgrace. The issue ia given and accepted, said Mr. Adams, and there is nothing but the contest, and I pray to Heaven that it may not be decided by an appeal to the God of battle. Here there was a slight manifestation of derision, but it was soon suppressed. Mr. Adams went on with characteristic vehemence, declaring that he believed that the government was to be overthrown, and the blame must ' rest with the Executive?reiterating the idea that nothing could take place between Congress and the President, without disgrace on one side or the other, lie concluded by moving that the vet* message be referred to a select committee ol thirteen, and upon this Mr. Morgan moved the previous question. Up on this a squabble arose about |>ointsof order, all of which were overruled by the House, and Mr. Adams's motion prevailed by a vote of 108 to 84. 1 Mr. Cooper of Pennsylvania then moved to lay the bill on the table, and that motion is now before J the House, and another dispute is in progress. I The whigs held a caucus last night, but came to 9 no conclusion as to the action of Congress upon a I revenue bill. It seems to be doubtful whether they I will be able to agree upon anything. I t -.j - r 1 r * uuiu rtouuuiiuu iravco HUB fliy 111 tl lew UdySIOT Xew York, where he is to embark in the Warspite for England. He carries with him, from the seat of Government, the esteem and respect of all who have met him officially or in the social circle. His mission has been eminently successful; while he has been jealously alive to the interests and honor of his country, he has been most courteous and liberal in his intercourse with the agents of this government. The points so long in dispute between the two countries nave all been arranged?the treaties signed, and to-morrow they will be sent to the Senate for ratification. In the room of the committee on naval affairs, there is one of the most important inventions of the age. The government, as well as the commercial marine, have offered to them a combination of steam hydrostatic power, and battery, most admirably presented to view. The model exhibits a floating steam dock, to raise the largest line of battle ship from her anchorage, and carry her over any known bar on our seaboard. Such, for instance, as at the debouche of the Mississippi, Mobile, Occrokoke, A:c. Aic. The vessel raised is taken up entirely, or so much as will allow her to go clear of a bar, and when passed, gently lowered to her element ; this without the slightest strain, with great ease and despatch. What will not the mind of man bring forth"? And yetf how simple is this mighty power. The hydrostatic power is daily seen in N. York and Philadelphia, applied on inclined railways for drawing vessels up for repairs. In this invention, the hydrostatic is applied to raise the largest ships perpendicular out of the water, and while so raised, to be carrie_d across bars, or to be repaired, if injured. For raising stranded vessels, a beautiful effect is shown. She is raised bodily,so that if bilged,the water escapes,damaged goods are recovered, and the vessel repaired, and set afloat for her port of destination. Several officers of the navy, and navy contractors have expressed their high admiration of the inventor's combination. Several such vessels sufficiently large to raise the largest vessel in our navy, or commercial service, should be built by the government, which would put an end to the constant demand upon the Treasury for immense sums for removing bars and flats. "The inventor. Mr. Kniaht. deserves success. Baltimore. [Correipondence of the Hi-rald.] Baltimore, August U, 134-2. Mr. Editor : There is nothing of a local character this morning that possessed much interest. Fanny " Fitz" had her benefit last night, but owing to the weather being inclement the house was thin. She will appear to-night again on the | occasion of the benefit of Mr. Thomas Wood, and to-morrow night at the benefit of Mr. Buckstone. A highly respectable and opulent gentleman named James F. Cooper, president of Baltimore,was thrown from his horse yesterday in the street, and so seriously injured that his life is despaired of. It is a fact, singular but true, that a very beautiful mocking bird, owned by Oapt. Archer Ropes, of the Maryland Cadets, though previous to his departure for Boston, was celebrated for its daily music, has not been heard to sing since the Captain's absence. It has possibly become melancholy, fearing that its very worthy master might lose his heart. His return, which we anticipate in a few days, will, I have no doubt, cause the disconsolate songster to again tune its pipes to harmony, or, if you please, melody. Flour still tends to decline in price. I quote Howard street, good standard brands, at $6, and the demand not active. The receipt price is $4 37}. About -2000 City Mills flour sold yesterday at $5, and over 800 bbls. Susquehanna at $4 87} for fresh ground of old wheat, and at $3 for new. There is no prime Maryland wheats in market; inferior good sells for 60 a 93 cts. Some prime Pennsylvania reds were sold yesterday at $1 03 a $1.03 ; Corn 33 a A3 cts; Rye 85 ; OatsSO cents. Mess Pork $8 a $8.50; nothing doing in barrel meats ; Whiskey -24 cents in hhds, and -23 ia barrels, with a slow demand. We had frequent showers yesterday. This morning it is clear. Yonrs, RODERICK. Philadelphia. [Correspondence of the Herald.] i Philadelphia, August 11, 1842. The " Gladiator,*'in which is coming over the wife and family of Maywood, is due at New York to-day. Miss Mary May wood, who is to take the management of the Chestnut street house, is coming over in this vessel, but not Augusta. The latter will not visit this country for some months?ptobably not until late in the fall, and it may be not before spring. The venerable Miss Jenny j Armstrong, whose face is so familiar to many here, accompsnies Mr. May wood's family on their return. Until after the arrival of the Gladiator, nothing will he public. ly and positively known of the engagements and doing* in H and altout " otd Dniry"?rumors and on dits to the contra- ^ ry notwithstanding. II Burton and Rilcuings have for two or three nights been |H playing to good houses at the Arch street Theatre. To , nignt they are to he assisted by Mrs. J. O. Porter, .ate II Mary Duff?when there will probable be n more equitable I division of the sexes in attendance. For the last two nights |H the audience has been seven-eighths males Of the Wal- 'I nut I know nothing, but hear that extensive preparations for a display at opening, are on foot. 1 The case "of Nicholson, which has been some two or |H three vears before the Court, Is again to be argued the list f H Saturday in this month. The charge ngnin?t the ,1. lend [I ant i? lurgery? having altered hi'employers l>o?ks and by various peculations amassed a fortune. Of this charge, H after a long delay, he was convicted nearly a year ago. II A part of which timesince he remained in prison, until, .1 I believe. ho WHtUwkltgwliaOOBMquence cl his health II He is now out an (heavy bail. II In the first stage of the cause Judge Barton declined to ' take part in the healing upon the trial, on tha ground that < he had bean of counsel lor the prosecution previously jH while Attorney General. The case was then tried by H Judges Conrad and Doran. After his conviction motions H lu i new trial,.<ud lor si r, si ?,|'ju lgment, the the first of which was dismissed by the concurrent opinion Of the two judges; upon the latter they w ei 0 divided. Judge Doran losing in favor ol the motion, and Judge ;l Conrad over-ruling it. In this stage of the matter the counsel for Nicholson moved his discharge, and the conn- H sel for the commonwealth subsequently moved and argna 1 H before In '<re Barton that he should pii tieip. te in tl e it s M and carrv out the judgment of the Coatt pending the Tl . diet or the jut jr. UpM this motion, Judge B.irtnu yesterday decided to hear the case with the other judges, on IH the motion originally mode for mi arrest of judgment -m.i H the last Saturday of "this month was fixed upon for hear- II tng the argument by one counsel on each side. Whst II iwill nest be brought forward cannot no .v beforetolJ. II How tortuous is the course of the law 1 Notice is given by tlx purser of our Navy Ye. 1, to th" mechanics and others employed at thu Navy Yard, anil thoRe who have recently been discharged therefrom, having claims against the United States, that payment will be made to them an Monday morning, 14th inst. This will bo most gratifying intelligence, for some of those credit rs of the government have suffered not a little from the unjust drlav of their dues. Joseph Schope and his wife wore yesterday committed to prison in default ot hail, chargeff w ith attempting in pass a note, altered from a f'l note, of the Bank ot Delaware. In consequence of full returns of the election ot the regimental and battalion officers of the fi3d regiment not bnv ing been made to the Secretary of the t ommon wealth, the recent election of Gen. Fatterson as Msjor General, is null, and will have to be gone over. In stocks nothing of consequence was done to-dayState Fives show a farther rise of one dollar per share,