NK\\ YORK HERALD. r?v Vurk, .Holiday, August 15,184*4. .\kw- i,)ii Kv;i.an? ?The evening edition ot this da.i Herald will be published at half-ptisl2 o'clock this afternoon, containing all tlie latest news troin Washington concerning the treaty and other important nutters; and tn time to send by the mail to inec; the Boston steamer, which leaves tor i.ngland to-inorrow. Slate ofIhe Country. We are at this particular period, tn the year of our Lord 1S42, perhaps tn a more curious state, in this country, than ever was any nation, kindred or people, beneath the circling sun, since it tirst rose to gladden the hearts and warm the limbs ot Adam anil Eve, and all the other animals, birds, beasts and fishes in paradise. There i- nor the hast thing doing in any i i ' h-i-ines-i whatever, except lying and \ n treet, picking pickets promiscn i !' ov< r the city. Money ia . mop -< I'lte mute i tie i ;tjt : -v, the cheating i tun iii vcry | o ;,?ui : tnplwy hi- inn ii- lniitien.-i > g i lie in tins city on that account; i i n,i in the vaults of our banks und elsewhere. There i.- no demand for money lor real business purpost s. And this is owing to two orthree causes. First the season is dull; occasioned conjointly by the prudence and poverty of persons in the interior ; some can't get trusted, and others won't squander their cash- Then, we have the return of some of the bauks out west to specie payments ; tins for the present checks trade. Then, again, we are in a miserable state of uncertainty about the tariff, occasioned l>v the suicidal obstinacy of the whigs in Congress All these things combined, together with the return of u prudent cautious spirit on the part of the people generally, cause a terrible dulness in trade of every kind. The man who bought four ! coats a year now buys hut one?his wife follows his example in the matter of dress ; the same spirit of i economy iscarried out through his entire household, and the community catch the contagion. This will account for the dulness of trade. I3ut s still we are not without immense sources of gratulu- c tion. The crops?the glorious crops, in every section of the country are most abundant. The north does indeed give up, and the south keeps not back ; I whilst the mighty west keejis pace with both. In the midst ot all the folly and roguery of man, the 1 bounty of Heaven is not withheld. The new crop of cotton is coming in from every i section. The first bale of Georgia cottonlwas de- I livered at Fort i laities on the 30th of Julyifrotn Randolph county, weighing 640 pounds, and brought i ? cents. The first Alabama bale was received nt c Montgomery on the 29th of July, weighed 304 d pounds, ami sold at auction tor 11$ cents. The o first Florida bale, from Jackson 'county, reached I: Apalachicola on the 1st of August, and sold at 7 b cents. The cotton crop will be immense all over t] the country; and so will the crops of wheat, corn, t< rice, tobacco, sugar, and every kind of produce.? There never was an instance of more glonous bar vests since the country was settled. And yet thou- 0 sands arc suffering from the rascality of politicians. s Providence is merciful and bountiful to all his creature in this country, whilst man seems determined '' to scourge and torture, and plinder iiis brother man. " The present Congress lias done nothing but throw the country into confusion ever since it commenced. c' And it the Senate reacts the treaty (not very probable) a tearful retribution awaits them. For they will then have tilled the measure of their iniquity. They have done no one good net?they will do none ?for there is no hope now that they will pass any tariff at all. And their only chance of salvation is o: for the Senate to ratify the treaty. This l ist hope is the bright side ot the picture.? 'l Lord Ashburton and Mr. Webster have done more than ali the armies and statesmen and commanders employed in the two wars. They have laid the ^ foundations ot a lasting peace and extensive com- 11 mercial intercourse, lucrative to both countries, which nothing hut the Devil, or his deputies, the " politicians,can ever unsettle, or even shake for u single instant. a' We h ive. too, another source of satisfaction. Our miserable politically coirupt Congress must soon " ndioum, or it will fall to pieces from its own political rottenness, and then the business of the country " will revive immediately. The signs of the times ^ have alarmed the majority. They see the handwriting on the wall?already the indignation of the people is rising up in big black majestic majorities 1,1 ot five and ten and fifteen thousand from Alabama, and North Carolina, and Illinois ; and in ,1( every Slate in the Union we expect to see the fac- ( tious disreputable doings of this miserable majority t|, rebuked most sternly. The wings have played the fool most egregiousty when the game was in their j. hands, and now the people have taken the game in- ^ to their own hands, and are playing the devil with ,, the whigs. So be it. It will do them good. rt The President has acted throughout like a con- ^ scientic us, honest man , and for this he has been hung m ettigy all ovc the country by the ultra whigs, (< and cursed and abused by them worse than the , most infamous vagabond that infests the nation.? Ami yet such a party ex|**ct to prosper, and have the support of intelligent, industrious and independent men. Impossible?as they will lind before the (it h ^ ot December next, when they will be scattered to ( the four winds of Heaven. But in other, besides commercial and |H>li(ical as- ^ pects. we are in a curious condition. The aspect of nature at this season is the very reverse of her | ordinary appearance. And the moral atmosphere . f- enis to keep pace with the natural. We have had ^ more unnatural murders, horrid crimes, flagrant deftlc .tions, ilfHMW < lopeiiients, robberies of banks, j. crim. cons., breaches of private trust, repudiation by j brokers, violation of social confidence, abuses of tin- ^ mense magnitude by public officers, court mart taia ^ of be and little ollicers, scandalous conduct naval ^ and military, disobedience to superior*, dreudtul delmquctx - ?l duty, and every conceivable shape (| and modification of human turi'itude that could deform the surface ol civilized life. ^ And yet we are prosperous as a people, blessed of Heaven, and happy. And why ? Because the po- ^ liticians and their clique form but a miserable minority ?>f the nation. The majority of the people of j,. this country are honest, hard-working, patient, pious, persevering, talented, tenacious of their rights, and ahle at all timesto maintain them. With n such a people?such a climate, and such a soil, we f have resources within ourselves that enable us to correct every laniily error, rectify the balance of the ',! world, and whip them into decency whenever they deserve it. TlIC TrKATV WITH (iHlfAl ltmr.iv_w. n - ' r were* greatly in hop ? that we should able to forward i ^ hy the Columbia the news of tlu ratification of the 1 treaty hy the Senate. But we suppose that they '' will ratify it to-day or to-morr w, lieyond a doubt. 1 The only additional item connected with it that t we have since heard has been this. There is a large sum of money?say some # .30,000?in the treasury 1 of New Brunswick, denominated the " Dispute^ ' Territory Fund." This fund, levied upon the timber 1 cut on the Disputed Territory for the lust six or 1 ev n years, hy the.uu.'ii rities of New Brunswick, la, by the the terms ot the treaty, to be paid over to the I'nited States for the benefit of Maine and Massachusetts, and is one of the provisions of the settlement. W'c understand, that upon th? question of advising the Commissioners to assent to the treaty, Messr . Evans, F< ..senden, Kan I ill, Allen, and Bronson advised hi favor of it, and Mr. Clifford against it. Messrs. Williams and Lowell were absent, and Messrs. Marshall and Littlelield declined to express any opinion. Of the Maine papers, the Portland Argus supports the treaty strongly. We also understand the Bath Inquirer, (detn.) asbeing in its favor. The "Olobe" 'ill rails at the Treat v. Fashionable Movements.?Lord Ashburton is \i>rrti'ii to arrive in this city to-morrow or the next lay at the lurthei-t, and in about a week, we pre-unie, the Grand Fete will be given to liini and the I'reneh commissioners by the British residents, eon wintiy with tlie American citizens and the corirate until- without reference to country or pirty. it will be a grund alluir, and do honor to a I concerned in it. No penny poetasters will be allowed to spoil it by interfering with the arrange, merits. After his visit here. Lord Asliburton will probably go to Niagara falls and spend a fewdays with Sir Charles and Lady Hagot, by whom he has been invited ; return to this city, ami embark in the Warspite lor " merrie F.ngland." Lord Morpeth is away out on Lake Superior, fishing, shooting, sleeping with the Indians in their wigwams, writing poetry to the pretty squaws, and passing his time very pleusantly. lie will probably meet Lord Ashburton at Sir Charles Bagot's. Mr. Clay, when last heard from, was walking stately and piously up the broad aisle ol one of the heuutiful churches in Lexington, to hear Dr. Campbell preach. Mr V?u Buron i.-. us busy as a bee in a tar barrel < unrig lose, bbages, and cutting out plans fordistiicting tin-State, so that the locotocos w ill have nearly all the members ot Congress. President Tyler will shortly come North to recruit his health, by enjoying the sea breezes of Newport. His son Robert is still with his lady at Fire Island. .Mr. Webster, Secretary o( State, has gone to Piny Point, to enjoy the luxury of salt water bathing. and feasting on soft crabs and oysters, and the charms of the beautiful girls there, lie returns to Washington to-day, to resume his duties at the State Department, receive the treaty ratified from the Senate, communicate the same to Lord Ashburton. and then take leave of him till he sees him at the Jilt in New York. The Secretary of the Treasury is at Bedford Springs, for the recovery of his health. Arthur Tappan has retired from business, and it is umored, is going to settle among the blacks at rimbuctoo. Lord John Hay is enjoying himself on shore here, ind delighting all who have the pleasure of his acluaintancc. llorsley Palmer is still at New Brighton. M. de Bodisco, the Russian minister, we believe mis gone, or is going to Rockaway, with his lady. < lov. Dorr is haymaking with the pretty girls a' Keene, New Hampshire. At Saratoga there are 3000 visiters: innontr them. nany British officers; beauties from nil parts of the j nion, and many of our most distinguished men. At Cape May it is so cold that every bodyisleavng The amusements of the fashionables here are urious. Crab catching is one of them, and is thu9 escribed" A string with the entrails of a fowl r a piece of raw beef at one end, and a refined idv 4 waiting' at the other! Sitting in an open oat, in the glare of a July sun, and hauling up from lie ocean a small fish, with a dozen legs and a shell : o protect its back from the cold weather." i I Theatricals in the United States.?The state f theatricals in this country at the present may be 1 ummcd up in a few lines. I Moth the American theatres in New Orleans, are i urnt to the ground. The Camp street will be re- ] uiIt immediately; the St. Charles not for some | me. i All the theatres south of Philadelphia are either j losed, or are doing a poor business. Braham and his son are on their way to the Vir- t inia Springs. t Mrs. Sutton is still rusticating at Niagara, and Na- ' el at Saratoga. 0 Forrest and Miss Clifton have returned to this city r are on their way to Canada. Buckstone and lady are at Baltimore?doing a ttle. Abbott is writing a bosk. In Philadelphia, Mr. Maywood will open the hesnut in a week or two, with a good company, icluding Peter ilichings and Miss Ayres. Miss Cushman will open rich shortly at the Walut. Burton, Gann, Shaw, Mr. and Mrs. Porter, Waton and Mrs. Thoinan ure at the Arch street. Jones has taken the Tremont; Pelby has the Naonal. They are making no money. Xibloand the Chatham, in this city, are making inre money than all the rest put together. The Park oi>ens on the 27ih, with Browne, Billy r'illiams, anu a strong company. The rest are no where. The friends of noor old George Fisher will regret i hear of his deatli. Texas and Mexico.?There is nothing very im ntant from either of these countries since the rent Western left. We have before stated that le President had vetoedjthe war bill, authorizing [Tensive war against Mexico. The navy is to be ept afloat, and appropriation is made for the purjse. The forces under Colonel Clements, are enlmped Ht Lamar. A number of Mexicans were ported to be on the J?an Gertrudes. General Reis, i command of the Northern division of the Mexian army, recently went post haste to Matamoras, > prevent Ampudia from declaring in favor ol Santa inna as Emperor. The Congress of Texas has passed a Lw granting acres of good land to every woman who will sarry, during the present year, a citizen of that Rculilic, who was such at the time of the declaration f independence. All is confusion and revolution in Mexico, and a loody tight was soon expected to take place. me i uiman s"> ' i n111 " 111 iihu mieiv received a irge supply of powder and lead from the United , tates, and the people were lying on their arms. It i as believed that Santa Anna intended the invalon of the Peninsula, but it was not believed the J, 'resident would come in i>erson, The editor of t ?e Siglio thinks the Texan squadron, which was ' xpected soon to leave New Orleans, would give a * ood account ot the Mexican prize, and flatters him- , ?lf that no long time will elujise ere the Vucataco ill re-appear ofl'their port, bearing the ensign of eedom. The Royal Mail Steamship Forth touched at the lalize on Wednesday, Aug. ;l, from Havana. Capt. C. Elliott, Charge d'Afi'aires from Great Iritain to Texas, arrived at New Orleans, Aug. tli, having come as passenger in the steam ship ortli. A Treaty or 1'kai k.?Tlie ( amanchees, Cochaiways, and two other tribes of Indians, have eonilissioned Gov. Butler, Col. Mcintosh, and Mr. ogan to request the President of Texas to send jtnniisMoners to meet the cliiefs of those tribes on ,ed river to form a treaty of peace. Ri morki) Changes in tiie Cabinet.?The last imor of this nature wi ll we liave heard from Washington, is that Mr. Forward, Secretary of the "reaauty, (at present absent at Bedford Springs for he recovery of his health,) will accept the office of Collector at Philadelphia, in place ot Jonathan Ko>ert?, whose great age and infirmities reiiuire a more piift retreat ihan the bustle of a custom-house.? \nd also, that Mr. Mulilenburg, our late minister ' o Austria, and a firm Democrat of the Jellersonian 1 chool, of Pennsylvania, will he called to the Trea- 1 airy department. It is also rumored that Judge Thompson, of the Supreme Court, whose health is 1 -till very precarious, will resign, and Mr. Spencer, 1 secretary ol War, will til' the vacancy on the su- ' l?reiite bench, and Mr Trothi, of Indiana, lake 1 the Wur Department. t Ni'w Y<u; < i,i .isuaithk.?The Legislature meets to-morrowto divide the State into single Congres- , -ional districts. Very well, we shall give them ome good advice to-morrow. Co.mmknci.vo EsBLtr.?Capt. Crawley, of the lloyal lingineers, has been ordered by the British Governme nt to survey the line of a Canal which shall unite the waters of the St. Lawrence with the Bay of Fundy, . ? Canada.?Every thing upbears to be going on swimmingly in this part of the world The news of the Treaty appears to have made every one happy in Canada ; and the arrival of Lady Uagot and her b-a.utiiul daughters has given a new tone to ociety. (>n last Thursday afternoon Lady Dagot held a Drawing Room at Montreal, which was numerously attended by the beauty and fashion of thisland city. A guard of honor, consisting of a company of the 71st Regiment, under the command of Captain Sir Hew Dalrymple, Hart, was in attendance. This ball was for the puri>ose of receiving such ladies as had not been presented at the Charity Ball, given on the Tharsday betore. This Her Ladyship was enabled to do, in consequence of the prolonged stay of His Excellency the Governor Ceneral in Montreal, contrary to his original intention. The 1 hawing Room was very nu merously attended by both ladies and gentlemen. The 71st Highland Light Infantry band, as well as ihat of the 43d Regiment, played a number of delightful airs during the Levee, and when concluded, "truck'up the national anthem. Shortly after the hour ipi>ointed, the doors of the anterooms were thrown open, and the company admitted into the presence of Her Ladyship and of His Excellency,who was in the room, attended by a numerous Staff, during the ceremony, and who, very affably, spoke to many ol the ladies after they had been presented. Her Ladyship, also, besides the usual ceremony of reception, spoke to the ladies in very cordial and courteous terms Roth ladies and gentlemen were presented by Colonel Antrobus, the Aid-de-Camp in waiting. At Kingston, a few days before, Lady Hagot also held a drawing room. The company, after the ceremony of introduction, passed to the left, and instead of retiring, as isthe case at a Levee, proceeded up the room, where they formed groujw and conversed with their friends, as at any other evening party. The presentations being ended, Lady Hagot made the tour of the room, waited ujton by Colonel Antrobus, and entered into conversation with many of the ladies. His Excellency the Governor General also was general and alfuble in his attentions. The ladies of tne family appeared to have recovered from ihe fatigues of their voyage. In their attire wasseen the absence of all superfluous ornament, and the elegant neatness which isso becoming, especially to young ladies. The dress of Lady Hagot alone was in any way remarkable, and that was for the display of valuable jewels, in the tiara and stomacher, her ladyship wore on that occasion?these were appropriate and becoming to her rank. Refresh ments were abundantly served in the drawing room, tcc. The band of the Grenadier Guards was in attendance and performed diirinc the evening in the lobby at the head of the principal staircase, some of their choicest pieces of music. Lady Hanoi's drawing room, as was His Excellency's levee, wasattendea without distinction ol parties. One general expression of congratulation was heard that the Province had now ut the head ol society, the lady of the Governor General, who, accompanied by a family of daughters, cannot fail in giving a tone to the manners oj her circle, which will shed the most benefi rail influence on the manners and morals of that numerous class who borrow their examples front the great, and are prone to fashion their conduct on the example set by their superiors in station, more especially of those who holii the lirst position in the land. The Superintendent of Education in Canada, West, is now on a tour through the several Municipal Districts of that section of the Province. Ilis object is to meet with the teachers generally, and to confer with them on educational business. We observe from a notice in the Toronto papers, that the Hank of Montreal has, in virtue of the powers conferred by the Act 4 and 5 Victoria,cap. J8, established a branch in the city of Toronto, and appointed William Wilson, Esq., formerly of Monreal, as cashier and agent, by whom the business litherto carried on by the Hank of the People, will ~>e continued by the said Branch Bank. It is further ntimated that the Hank of Montreal assumes all he liabilities of the Hank of the People, and holds tself responsible, as heretofore, for the redemption >f its notes at the office in Toronto, or Montreal, or Quebec, at the current rates of exchange between he Eastern and Western sections of the Province, lenjaniin Thorne, Esq.. has been appointed Presilentof the Branch Hank. The 41 Canada Times" is dead. ,?3U?) have been subscribed to build a new church n the eastern part of the city. In Ottawa county, Papineau is likely to be beaten >y Symenes. Jacob Hewitt, Esquire, has been returned for the :oun:y of Leinster without opposition. | Mr. Murdoch, lately Chief-Secretary to the Go- I ernor-General, left Montreal August 10th, lor New I fork, on his way to England. The ' worm' is making, or has made, great ravages among the wheat. Entire fields nre. lost. This lttle insect causes greater distress and injury than me could suppose a thing so insignificant could efect. Wheat is sown now in much smaller quantiies than formerly, in consequence of the ravages of his insect. The French Canadian has been coma-lied to have recourse to oatmeal as food, not being ible to raise wheat?and he feels the deprivation of irend us a most serious matter. However, so long .s the worm spares oats, and barley, and rye, and ndian corn, Jean Haptiste will not nave a very heay complaint ts make. The Montreal Gazette, of August 10th. says:? 'Yesterday 'forenoon Lieutenant.General Sir R. ackson, Commander of the Forces, accompanied y his Staff, inspected the 43rd Light Infantry and he 71st Highland Light Infantry, onCampde Mars, rhese efficient corps, which do honour to the serice, made a very line appearance. After being milutely inspected by Sir Richard, they marched ound with steadiness and precision wnich could lot fail to excite the approbation of the General Commanding, as it did the admiration of the specators, of wnoin there was a goodly assemblage. Hie 43rd having left the grouud for thcirbarracks. he 71st trsoned their colours, and mounted guard n their usual admirable style. We understand that he Commander of the Forces is at present on a geteral tour of inspection." The Royal Gazette,dated Fredericton,3d August, mhlishfs a notice of the arrival of Captain Crawley, if the Royal Engineers, aypointed to execute a survey of the line of a Canal nro|>?sed to be cut to inite the waters of the Hay of Fundy and the Gulf if Saint Lawrence, and requiring all magistrates and ithers to atlord him sueh information as he may repiire in the prosecution of this inqiortant undertak ... .... Also a similar notice directing all assistance to >e rendered, in the Province of New Brunswick, to VIr. Page,sent out by the Post Master General to inflect and report upon the Post Office Establish in'tits in Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Prince hi ward's Island. The sale of building and villa lots in the St.Mary's Suburbs, Montreal, wnich took place on Monday mil Tuesday last, went oft with great spirit, the buy-rs being principally mechanics, .Yc. The prices ot ots varied from ?12 10s to ?300 each, and the acre inn vi.w 101s iroin x,iso to jli-ai per acre. i ?t i:r^ icres purchased lour months ago for .?6000. 40 were old tor JE9000, leaving 152 remaining unsold ; a rise n property that has seldom heen equalled in this irovince within such a short period ot time. __ A cloth manufactory is about being established at rort Saekville, near Halifax, N.S., under favorable hrcumatances, for which machinery at a cost of nore than ?1000 has just arrived from Boston. 100 mles of wool have been sent to be manufactured nto cloth. A meeting ol Scotchmen and their descendants, ivas held in Halifax, N. S , week before last, in consequence of an advertisement, calling upon them to subscribe to the relief of Mrs. Begg, sister to the poet Bums, who is living in poverty in Scotland. < >u Monday afternoon last, a pilot boat was upset when opposite Point St. Laurent, a little below this narbor, by which three men were drowned. Major General Sir ltichard Armstrong arrived hereon Wednesday last with a view we understand at inspecting the troops. We believe he remains here for a day or two, and nrohaoly there will be it general tie Id day, which will atford much interest to !he inhabitants ot the town.?Lorn/on hu/uim. Monday, the 1st of August, b -big the Anniversary r I Negro Emancipation throughout the British dominions, was celebrated in our town, by a procession of our colored population?who" marched through the orinci|>al streets and afterwards dined together.?lb. Emigration.?The arrival of emigrants this year uto Canada arid this country is without a parallel. From the opening ot navigation on the St. Lawrence iver, which not one year in ten is before the 1st of May, there have arrived at Quebec, up to the 30th if July, 36,127 foreigners. At the different ports in lie T'nited States, tho arrivals in the same time, nust, in the aggregate,amount to considerable more ! ban at Quebec. Allowing, however, the number o be the same, and we find that 72,251 sauls have t ,i Europe in the la.st five month" t*? seek out an isylum here. Great numbers of them have gone west to become good farmers. Tvi.su Mektino.?There is to be a T yler meeting in the Park to-mght, relative to the Veto. ftO- Will the Superintendent of Streets have the holes titled up at 109 Nassau slreet, and on the corner of Fulton and Broadway, and that one near Pier No. 11 Onc?! The Election!. North Carolina.?The Clay banner wan first unfurled to the breeze here, and it has been torn down, and trampled into the dust. The whigs had a majority of 38 in the lust Legislature, on joint ballot, and this year the locofocos will have a majority of 25 to ;3o The whig Governor bad a majority of 800'h now be will barely have 2000. In 28 counties his los- Is 2731 ; and in the total from 43 counties, Morrhead is only 380 ahead of Ilenry. In Stanley's district the whigs lost 1200 votes in three counties, which shows what the people think of his
conduct, in Mangum's and < Irabum's (l\ 18. Senators) district, the locofocos have carried every thing before them. Mr. Graham therefore goes out, and Willie P. Mangum will be instructed. In 54 counties heard from out of 66, the locofocos have 85 members of the legislature, and the whigs 53. Indiana.?Here the locofocos Imvc ihc nomilnr vole, but the Legislature is still in a log. The joint ballot business will be a very close affair; the "floating vote" system of the whigs has done this. Last year the locofocos had a majority of six on joint ballot. The whigs had the Senate last year, and the locos the House. So far as heard from, there is no change in the result for Senators from last year. This year there is an election for LTnited States Senator. There are 19 Senators to be chosen.?The Senators who hold over are?whigs, 17; democrats, 14. Elected this year, so far as heard Irom?democrats, 10; whigs, 6. Thus they, so far, stands thus:? W. /.. Senators, 'j? -JO Three locofoco counties to be heard from. W. I.. House, 41 61 We huve a letter from Indianapolis direct, which gays that the locofocos have a majority of nine on Joint ballot. We doubt it. Illinois.?Whigs are no where for Legislators and ditto for County officers. The locofocos have completely swept the Stats; and Ford, their candidate for Governor,will have from 7000 to 10,000 majority. Asfaras the results have transpired, they run thus:? L. w. Senators, 11 4 House, S9 '12 Sheriff, 18 12 Clay clubs were of no avail in this State against Joe Smith and his pretty Mormon women. Kentucky.?We.have officialfreturns only from 32 counties; which give 25 whigs and 22 locofocos to the House A sad falling off; all caused by Mr. Clay being opposed to the Relief Law. Missouri.?Nothing vprv Hpfiniin Ln? otill enough to show that the Locofocos have carried the State. Five members of Congress are chosen this election. Alabama?As before stated?gone for the loco focos. Their majority has been considerably increased?a gain of 13 so far. In the very strongest counties, such as Monroe, Wilcox,Dallas,Montgomery, Butler and Lowndes, the locofocos have elected part of their ticket. In the next legislature then the locofocos will have a majority so large that they can do what they please. They will carry out their measures of Bank reform?wind up the rotten banks and tax the State. t The next Presidency.?The success of the locofocos in North Carolina brightens Mr. Culhoun's prospects for the presidency. For throughout the canvass, the locofoco stump speakers proclaimed him to be their choice. It is said that the appointment of Mr. Adatns as Chairman of the Committee to report on the Veto Message, is a move on purpose to bring him directly before the people, with a manifesto of his politics' creed, and to see what sort of a look he has tar the presidency. The French Commissioners.?These gentlemen were in Boston for the purpose of inquiring relative to establishing lines ot steam packets between France and this country. The people ol Boston, who know how to use the pursuasive art, are tendering them all the civilities imaginable. The following is an account of one day's excursion. A committee of gentlemen chartered the steamer Express, and in company with the Commissioners anil a few invited guests, made an excursion in the harbor to show its capacities and commerce. Soon after passing Governor's Island there came up a thick fog, followed by a smart thunder shower, during which the gentlemen went below and partook of refreshments. E.H.Derby, Esq. presided, and in a short speech introduced the Commissioners and the object of their visit, closing with an appropriate toast. Mr. Degrand also made a short speech, and the commander of the Gomer, who is chairman of the commission, replied in his own language, thanking the company for tkvir attention ana kind wishes. The steamer passed outside of the outer light,round < ieorges Island, and near the beautiful ships Ohio, Columbus and Independence, now lying at anchor in the stream. On their return, by invitation of Mr. Foster, the agent of th-English steam packet company, the boat stopped at Citnard wharf, and the gentlemen were invited to a jiersonal examination of the accommodations and machinery of the Columbia, the packet which last arrived from Liverpool. At a little after 2o'clock in the afternoon the party relumed to the city, well pleased with the excursion. The Commissioners left Boston on Saturday morning for this city, by the Western Railroad, and will be in town to-day. R ltodk Islanii.?The troubles are not over here yet. There have been half a dozen attempts to fire the city of Providence; and "clam bake" gatherings of the suffrage party are taking place all over the island. Dorr is in Iveene, New Hampshire. A man named Hoskins, from^eene, has been arrested in Providence for trying to excite insurrection there. He was brought before Edward II. Hazard, Esq., and on complaint, a warrant was issued charging him with an attemnt to excite insurrection in the State, and with being the bearer of a communication from Thomas W. Dorr, an open enemy of the State, to certain persons, intended to excite rebellion. He said that he came here from New Hamiishire, anil was the bearer of a letter from Thomas W. Dorr to William Simons, editor of the Herald, and another from Welcome B. Sayles to his brother. He said he had no other business here than the delivery of these letters. His baggage was brought in; he said that the trunk and cout were his, but declined to say whether the carpet bag was or was not his. He declined to answer ...... ............... ...iii i.. u?.1 ?,i. nuy umci vjucuiHPiii-, uiim nc nan ouiiku Trim counsel. Gen. Carpenter was sent for, and appeared lor the prisoner. Mr. Simons sent for the letter which he had received from Dorr, and read it to the magistrate in another room. It is quite a long document. It states his determination to persevere in hisattcmpts to establish his constitution; but that he should rely upon a democratic Congress to aid him. For the coming election to chose delegates to a State Convention, the following official announcement has upprured of those who had a right to vote:? " All those who at e cjualilioil to vote tor general officers by existing laws, anil all native male citizens of the United States (except N'urrng,inset Indians, convicts, paupers, persons under guar.Ianship and noti compos mentis) who are of the age of 'it years and upwards, and who shall have had their permanent residence or home within the State for the period ol three years next preceding their voting, and in the town or city wherein they otter to vote for the period of one i ear next preceding such voting. Those who nre not freeholders must have their names registered with the town or city clerks by the COth ol Aug. ten days previous to the day ol voting. David Parmenter has been admitted to bail in the sum of tifatXh). lie was arrested on charge of acting us moderator at a pretended town meeting. It has heen supposed that he. was arrested under martial law; such was not the case. The clam bake at Medbury grove on the Massaehusetts side of the Narragansett Buy,last Thursday, is s.nd to have brrn a spirit stirring affair. About IKliti men, women, and children, of the suffrage party of Providence and the vicinity were present? "ft bushels of clams were baked, 3 barrels of chowder wen- cook b, and the ladies supplied an abundance of cake, Arc. A Good Jokk.?The Millerites are prophesying that the end of the world is to he in April, 1843, and yet at the same time in this month of August, 1812, they nre taking subscriptions for a newspaper, for one year ji* " vot bad that. . . ^-*4*?? Ohio Legislature.?The Apportionment or the State ? It appears (hat th* locofocos have reported a bill for dividing the State into the following Congressional Disiiicis:? 1. Hamilton county, J. Butler, Preble, Montgomery. V'ern,OI>t. Brown, Highland. . , xdison, Fayette, Uiveue, Clinton, Wurren. ? AiUmi f'ike, Rom, Jackson, Heckmg. O. Scioto Law rence, Gallia, Meigs, Athens. 7. I-ranklia, I'ickuway, Faitfield. a. Licking, I'crrv, Morgan. JYa,h'nRto". Monroe, Belmont. 10. Muskingum, Guernsey. 11. Jelferaon, Harrison, Carroll. . 12. Stark, Tuacarawaa. 13. Trumbull, Columbiana. 14. Ashtabula, Lake, Geauga, Portage 14. Summit, Wavne, Holmei. Id. i uyahoga, Medina, Lorain, Erie. 17. Richland, Huron, Marion. is. Knox, Cothiiocton, Delaware. 19. Miami, Logan,Union, Clark, Champaign. 20. Hardin, Crawford, Hancock, Seneca, Sandutky, Wood, Ottowa. 21. l.ucas, Henry, Williams, Paulding, Putnam, Van Wert, Allen, Mercer, Darke, Shelby. The locofocos believe that this arrangement will ?tvc the whiga but six members in the next delegation to Congress from Ohio. The conceded whig districts are the 4ih,6:li, 10th, 14th, 16th and 19th.? The 1st, 2d and 11th are doubtful. The other 12?a majority?are certain for the locofocos. In the whig districts the majorities are several thousands; but in 6 or 7 of the locofoco districts there are not 500 ma jority. All the locofocos in the Senate will support this bill, except one, and it-will doubtless be carried and pass the House. The Weather?Health,See.?Although we have ,i,? o?.i g?I.I? ... for some weeks,yet every part of the country seems verv healthy. A Charleston paper of Wednesday says, "while the northern cities were last week experiencing an extraordinary degree of heat, the thermometer ranging 89 to 90, at nearly the same time we appear to have rushed suddenly into Autumnal weather, the temperature having been since Monday so low as to render winter clothing comfortable." In Montreal, on the same day, the thermometer fell to 53. A Louisville paper of the same date says ?"We were yesterday visited with a cold northeast storm; and the atmosphere this morning feels more like a morning in March than the 2d of August. The thermometer is down to 57 deg. At New Orleans there is very little sickness; what there is, arises chiefly from colds, and is made evident in slight febrile symptoms and laxity of the system. At Mobile the case seems to be different. The Herald of August 7th, says:? The Sun begins to pour forth his rays now, with a vengeance?making up for lost time, we suppose?and people who can afford to pay from 60 to 65 per cent for travelling funds, are leaving in a hurry. A sickly season is prophesied by many,from the singular and unprecedented cool and wet weather we have experienced for the last six or seven weeks. "Within the memory of the oldest inhabitants" Mobile has never seen or felt such before. In the city of New York yesterday, as a matter of course, we had a thunder storm and two heavy showers; and it was cold enough for an overcoat. From Brazil.?We are sorry to add that the rebellion spoken ol in the papers to the 3d of June, in the province of rff. Paul's, has snread to the mines, and to some parts of Rio. The government has found it necessary to suspend the guarantees of the Constitution, and several individuals have been nr rested. The communication with the adjoiuing provinces being interrupted, business is almost at a -land, and the demand for goods for the present is likely to be confined to this city and neighborhood. We also fear that the receipts of produce will be comparatively light, and may cause prices to advance: indeed,unless the disorders are speedily suppressed, the worst consequences are to be apprehended, and must eventually cause a great falling off in our imports and productions. Fire ?A fire broke out last night in Greenwich, one door from the corner of Laight street, in a grocery and liquor store. It burnt off'the tops of two or three wooden buildings, and did about $1,000 damage. The speedy arrival of Nos. 5 and 14, and the .activity and energy of their men, with those of all the other engines on the ground, prevented a very serious conflagration, as the wind was high at the time. Yai.k Couleoe.? The annual commencement of this time-honored University, takes place next. Thursday. The day before, Professor Silliman deli vers an address before the Society of the Alumni In the afternoon of the 17th, the Theological department go through their exercises. In the evening Prof. Dickson, of Charleston,deli vers an oration before the Phi Beta Kappa Society. Bio Gun.?Captain Stockton has recently tried his big gun at the Philadelphia Navy Yard. It beats the English gun hollow. It is 13 feet long, with a bore of 12 inches, and will carry a ball of 112 lbs. Five shots were fired, the charges severally containing 15, 25, 35, 40 and 45 lbs. of powder. She thundered, and no mistake. The trial was in every respect satisfactory. Rumor.?That the Whigs are about to withdraw Mr. Clay, and substitute John Q. Adams, on account of the results of the recent elections. You don't say so 1 Opium Eaters.?Since the temperance societies have been spreading extensively, the number of opium eaters and laudanum drinkers have most wonderfully increased. They number many hundreds, in this city and Philadelphia, and the quantity of opium and laudanum consumed by females only is incredible. (py- There is a large Anti-Slavery Convention tow holding at Nantucket. Mechanics Wanted.?The Columbia (S. C.) paper says a number of journeymen carpenters would find employment and good wages if they would come to Columbia. The progress of rebuilding the burnt district has been much retarded for want of them. Letter Baos for Europe ? The letter bags of -tcamer Columbia, for Liverpool vin Halifax, will close at the Post Office, at Harnden's, and at Oilpin's, this afternoon, at half past four o'clock ; at Harnden's fifteen minutes later. The letter bags of the Virginia, for Liverpool, will close at ilpin's, this morning, at half past 11 o'clock. Bkatino the Maii..?Yesterday morning we received Boston and Newport pajiers from Mr. Conklin, of the fine steamer New Haven, in advance of the moil. This fast boat belongs to the Independent line. Navai..?The Pnited States frigate Constitution, Captain F. A. Parker, dropped down from the Navy Yard to the anchorage off the Hospital at Norfolk, on the 10th inst. City Intelligence. A Oonstaiii.e in the Tomb*.?Martin Waters, one of the recently declared constable* of the Sixth Ward, waa arrested yesterday by officer Clark, after considerable of a chase, on a complaint entered by several citizens, for inhumanely beating a woman that he had been taking to the police office. She was insensitile when taken to the tombs from the effect* ot hi* treatment, aad remained ?o when we left the prison. The circumstance* were such a* prompted the magistrate to hold him to bail in the sum of $fiOO, which being entered by Samuel I'ray, Street Ins ctor of the ward, he was liberated until this morning at 10 o'clock, when in all probability the woman will be dead. This i* the third time that this man has been arrested for misconduct while in office. Chskiii DitMitsr.il.?Thcrecent Grand Jury ofthc Session* have dismissed all complaints against Joseph Stratton and Mr. Samuelf'ocks, grocer, who were charged with being accessaries after the fact of the deathof the child of Stratton's wife. Mrs. Stratton is in the Lunatic Assv lum on Dlackwell's Island. Oris All** aoatrs.?An nttempt w ill be made to bail this notorious counterfeiter before the Recorder, this afternoon at .1 o'clock. No more " straw" in this buslnesi. Jira Unni.rtaoi, u.ni WrAtsoctr, Bailed This non. i.us dealer and passer of counterfeit money, was a Imitted to bail on Friday by Recorder Tallmadge. Was he aware that a requisition was in the h indsof the public authorities, from the Governor of New Jersey j Mtstfsiols.?The tiody of ? child, that from its uiza must have lived several daj s htiiore death, w as found in a sink in the ri ar of 368} Hudson street, on Saturday. The house had been previously occupied by the notorious Granger family, and belongs to Charles Oakley. The coroner held an inqueat, but could ascertain no clue to its mysterious death, or who was the mother of the child. Who knows ? BY THE SOUTHERN MAIL. Washington. [CorreMxmdmce of tiir Herald.] Washington, Saturday, 3 P. M, Procridliigt of Congrrss?Govfrumt'iit I'u1 ruling*'?Whig Movement. Hie first busine-;. of importance in the Senate this morning, was the bill to amend the acts of July, l*'ki and 1*3#, allowing pensions to certain widows. The first section provides that the marriage of the widow, after the death of her husband, for whose services she claims a pension under the art ot 1*3)S, shall not prejudice her claim to the benefit ot that act, she being a widow at the time of her application. After some slight amendments, the bill was ordered to a third reading, by a vote of 24 to 14. The bill establishing a police for the| city of Washington was passed. The contingent appropriation bill was then taken up, an4 is now under discussion. In the House, Mr. Wise, from the navy committee, reported several bills relating to the navy, all of winch were read and referred to the connnitt of the whole. After the transaction of some private business, the report und resolutions of Mr. Cooper, chairitian of the committee on Indian Affairs, censuring the Secretary of War, for withholding certain information called for by the House. The first resolution asserting the authority of the House to call for information of this kind was carried by a vote 1 ft) to 7, and the resolutions of censure were adopted by large majorities. A struggle for priority of business then foljowed, which is now in progress. The following section of the contingent appropriation bill, which is expected to pass the Senate today, cuts off all the patronage of the collectors and oost masters throughout the United States. The lowest bidder takes everything, and no ingenuity of the officers can evade the law. What will become of the "'Union," with no government patronage to sustain ill How will the office holders pay their subscriptions to start their most efficient,manly, and excellent journal, with a circulation ol several hundreds, unless it he in patronage from their officers ! Some other resource must be had now, for this is cut off for ever. The section is in these words:? " And be it further enacted, That all stationery of every name and nature, for tke use of the two Houses of Congress, and all stationery and job printing, of every name and nature, for the use of the several departments of Government, and for the bureaus and offices in those departments at Washington, including all stationery, blanks, wrapping paper, and twine, furnished the post offices and collectors' offices throughout the United States, shall hereafter be furnished and performed, by contract, by the lowest bidder, as follows: the Secrc'aryof the Senate, the Clerk of the House of Representatives, the head of each department, and such deputy postmasters in the Post Office establishment, and such rolleotors in the customhouse establishment, as the Postmaster General and the Secretary of the Treasury shall respectively designate for that purpose, shall respectively advertise, once a week, for at least four weeks, in one or moro of the principal papers published in the places where such articles are to be furnished or such printing done, for sealed projiosals for furnishing such articles, or the whole of any particular class of articles, or for doing such printing, or the whole of any specified job thereof, to be done at such place, specifying in such advertisement the amount, quantity, and description of cacli kind of articles to be furnished, aad, as near as mny be, the nature, amount, and kind of printing to be done ; and all such proposals shall be kept sealed until the day specified in such advertisement for opaning the same, when they shall be opened, by or under the direction of the officer making such advertisement, ia the presence of at least two persons ; and the person offering to furnish any class ol such articles, or to jierform any specified portion or job of said work, and giving satisfactory security for the performance thereof, under a forfeiture not exceeding twice the contract price in case of imiure, tuuu receive u coiuraci lor uoing lue miiiiu ; nun in case the lowest bidder shall fail to enter into such contract, and give such security within a reasonable time, to be fixed in such advertisement, then the contract shall be given to the next lowest bidder who shall enter into such contract and give such security." The Whigs held a caucus last evening, hut were unable to agree upon any course of action on the tariff". The tendency anu intention to-day is to do nothing, but circumstances may induce a changa before Monday. Albany. [Correspondence of the Herald.} Albany, August 12, 1842. Thc Meeting of the Legislature ?Candidates for Governor?Millerites. On Tuesday next the Legislature meet, and already many of the members are in town. It will be remembered that this session was egreed upon sole, lyfor the purpose of districting the State, but strong and strenuous efforts are being made, especially by the friends of Jhe New York and Erie Railroad, to induce the Legislature to break through this restriction so as to include at least that road in the objects of legislation. The prevailing opinion here, however, is that the Legislature will strictly confine themselves to the object for which the session was called, a course which the sense and voice of the people will fuljy justify and commend. As the election and conventions are near at hand, it is likely that a great share of this extra session will be devoted tofthe business of Governor making; and as a finale, we shall undoubtediv have a gaseous address from the members of each party to "the people." As to the candidate, Wm. C. Bouck,front his great popularity, and peculiar claim he has upon the party, will be almost beyond question the candidate of the democrats. The whigs are divided between the claims of thp able, talented and dignified Lieut. Governor Brad ish, and the lively, gentlemanly, ex-comptroller John A. Collyer. Either of the three would make a good Governor. There is considerable excitement here ju^t now, among the religious portion of our population. The Millerites, who believe that the world is to be destroyed in April, 18-13, have arrived, and pitched their immense tent, from whence day and night issues forth what they call the "midnight cry." The tent, which is of immense size, capable of accomodating some 3,50(1 persons, is thronged, and on the whole, a very nice little excitement is being cooked up. Cavk Ui.ciscak. Thanks.?Our Commodore wishes us to return thanks to Captain Allaire and crev, of the steamer lolas, for picking him up in the Lower Bay yesterday afternoon during the sijuall. Niht/j's.?The new pantomime continues its onward career: the audience, if it be possible, receiving it with greater enthusiasm each evening. It is full of fun, and the scenery is as beautiful as any we ever looked upon. By the way, we wonder Antoine Ravel has not been "bought up" by some speculalive farmer?for the instantaneous process he adopts to produce chickens from the egg, beats the gealleman with his "oven plan" hollow. We observe, with pleasure, Mr. Buckstone and Mrs. Fitzwiiliam appear 011 Wednesday. For this evening, see our advertising columns. IMPORTANT AN'NOl'NCEMKNT ! The College of Medicine and Pharmacy, Eetahlished for the Suppression of Q?arkrry, 017-BEG TO INFORM ALL PERSONS DESIROUS of obtaining medical advice, that on remitting the aum of one dollar, with a statement of their case, they will be supplied with one dollar'! worth of appropriate medicine, BHU * ICHCI w? miMLC ^vuiniiiiug mil < 111 ft/U< Ml N as 10 tlici, regimen, &c. All letters must be pott paid. Address W. S. RICHARDSON, Agent. Principal Office of the College of Medicine and Pharmacy, 07 Nassau street, N. Y. N. B?The Consult 1*0 Physician is daily in attendance at the private consulting rooms of the College. Hours from 10 till 3 o'clock. CJrent Surerst 1 HiT* ABEL PARSONS, OR THE bROTHEH'.-i RF. VKNOR, an original American novel, has gone through two large editions, and the third is published this morning, which can he had at the office, 3D Ann street. For several days past not a copy has been on hand, and thousands have been called for. No novel issued for years has attracted so much attention as .his. Price l'lj cents, for a copyright book ! A popular novel will appear on Wednesday next, in a double New World Extra, at 11J cents. Look out! (Kjf~ TO OUR READERS GENERALLY.?We ask our renders to judge of the following We endorse this diploma with our own recommendation ; we believe it to be the best article made for the purpose. The Royal Scientific Institution has been favored w ith a specimen of Jones'Oil of Coral Circassiu, for the purpose of testing its recommended qualities, ami reports ns follows:?"We have minutely examined and tested Jones'Oil of Coral Circassia, and lind that it consists of compounds decidedly favorable for nourishing, softening, causing grow th, curing dandruff, and giving a dork appearance to the hair, being the qualities most recommended fry Mr Jones, which this Society lind perfectly true, and 111 virtue thereof award Mr. Jones the above testimonial." (Signed) J. S. BAKER, E. R. 9- I., Portman street, Portroan Square, London. It is sold v-tv reasonable, at the sign of the American Eagle, 83 Chatham street, N. Y.; ? State street, Boston; H7 Dock street, Philadelphia. (P7- POSTPONED ON SEVERAL OCCASIONS IN consequence of the weather, the Bombardment of the City of Vera Cm7. by the French Fleet?a large and complicated piece of Fireworks-it takes ail the afternoon to get it ready for exhibition. If fair, it will take place thin evening.