Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 17, 1842, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 17, 1842 Page 2
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iNKVV YOKh IIKKAE ?? * ?.i k. VV, iliiodiy, (BfUfl 17, 1*4 ^ T? Ol'l St'lKlltIM l? I Hi llllltMN Vll Thoae of our aubacribera who hate not wmii Herald since th? carrier id that section was I will please gite their name* and reai l> i v to Mr I? < win, who it appointed carrier on that rout "ho?l?t h not b? convenient, by leating their addr> > ?' >i..s " * corner of Fulton and Naaaau atreet? the< may rel >,j being punctually served hereafter HATHA HKHALII, HIGHLY IMPORTANT FROM> Faiuuili It< |><>rl of Jolin 4^, Atlaaaaa. Ornntt K\|>lo?l?>n >>f tlar Wlilya. As soon to-day as the famous report ol John i{ Adams, in reply to I'eto No. d, is received, it *t >11 be issued from this ofiice in an EXTRA HERALD. Also all the particulars of the grand explosion of .. u: \v?_u W1C >*I11K j'tmj Ui ?? a^nii6iw?. For the latest news look at the Herald Bulletin. . Sixteen Days L>ater from Ruropr. The North American steamship Britannia is now due with sixteen days later intelligence from all parts of Europe. To-inorrow morning w e may look for her news with some degree of certainty. We shall deal it out in two cent parcels itnmtdiately after its receipt. The Ursnd Crista and Explosion at Washington. About these days we may exi>ect a general explosion of the whigs?not only at Washington, but throughout the country. There are indications that if they cannot carry their points at the Capitol, they will secede, back out, resign, or run away trom Congress, and leave the country without a government at all. In the Ohio legislature, the revolutionary movement has iust been made by the whigs, because they found that they could not curry into eflect their views in dividing the state into districts. This is a new game in politics, and imposes a new duty on the President. Political excitement is rising higher everyday Health ok the Pkoi'i.e?Great Medical Movement.?Some of the jnckassical school ot small papers, 1 find, make a shocking attack upon Bennett of the neraia, on account 01 tne esuiousriuieni ot a great College of Medicine and Pharmacy, at 97 Nassau street, Mr. Richardson agent, which they say I have started to as.-tst human health and put down quackery. This is the funniest thing 1 have yet heard of. Probably it is true?who knows? Webb once solemnly asserted that I caused the full of Mirsissippi stocks in London?and the suspension of the banks was produced by the influence of the Herald. Nothing new, extraordinary, or wonderful takes place in rhe world that has not been attributed to my mysterious influence. All the changes in religion, poetry, trade or medieine?in fact every thing?is charged to Bennett of the Ilerald. With respect to this particular College, some very naively add that Doctor Mott is entirely guided by my direction?and that tlje new Medical School goes up or down just as I feel. If this be so, what will become of our good-natured friend Doctor Sherman and his lozenges ? Where will Doctor Brandreth and his eternal pills lind a shelter ? Who knows the fate ot Dr. Moflat! or Doctor Pease ! or Doctor Com9tock 1 or all the " medicine men" in the country ? The famous New College at 97 Nassau street with their pills and bottles, will icontinently revolutionize the world. Oh! Ah! Bah! We suppose sick people will take good medicine where they can find it, and if Richardson's Medical College can supply ihem, they will buy them whatever Bennett of the Herald may say. The Park Meeting.?The developments mad at the rprnnt Tvler-Calhmin meet!n? in the PurU lino produced a very remarkable sensation in all political circles. So astonished are the cliques, that not a word has been suid in any of the papers, show nig the singular tendency of a large portion of the democracy towards Tyler and Calhoun. Noah's old clo' r/?yiit are quite chop-falllen and silent. The >ld jackass himself hardly even brays.' The Van Buren men are astonished and paralysed?and the wliigs stand up in wonder. In the meantime, great preparations are making for the grand mass meeting in the Park next Monday, and we should not be surprised if it nunth, red ten to twenty thousand. It is a movement ol the "young democracy," not the "old democracy," which Noah talks of, who are generally nothing but old hacks, old fools, and old rogues. Naval Court Martiai.?Trial of Capt. Wili ks. ?The Naval Court Martial opens again to-day, and t he case of Capt. Wilkes is set down for trial. This will probably be the most important trial during the sitting of the Court. Mr. Stevenson, our reporter for this express service, will attend, and givensa daily account of its proceedings. Sharon Si rings?Singular Effects op Mineral Water.?The medicinal properties of Sharon Springs, near the Mohawk, have been very much lauded oflate. Doctor Bedford, the prodigy of the New Medical School, has passed upon them?and the Rev. Doctor Powers has given Wis pious certificate ot their uses, liut the greatest piece of evidence to their peculiar virtues can be discovered in the case of Col. Webb and Ins left leg, so celebrated by Tom Mar.-hall. Webb and his celeurated left leg have been linking an excursion together as far as Sharon Springs, ?drinking the waters?inhaling the breezes?eating the mutton, and partaking of the spirit of the place. Occ asionally he and his leg have been sending the overflowings of his mind for publication in th" " Wall street Courier," and they certainly present one ot the most curious jumbles of bitterness, ill-temper, bad manners, and bad grammar, that we ever read l! Webb and his leg are good-natured, .. il.u o flo ecocpan/vp nriupa irnm ?lt*? unlnli n?? waters Webb, writing from Aharon Springs, culls Captain Tyler a " fool"?"tyrant"?"jackass," Ire. It auch are the effectsof these springs, who will visit Sharon ' A visit to Saratoga, or to Lebanon, or to Rockaway, or to any other place, generally makea men amiable and good-tempered, and women lovely and agreeable. Sharon Springs cover every bright thing with a crust of sulphur, disagr-eable, dark, ill-tempered, ungrammatical, and ungeatlemanly. We shan't go to Sharon?that's flat. LiriaARr lvrai.uaE.vcs.?The Harpers recently announced, on the republication of " I'elhani," that they would shortly publish Bulwer's Last of the Baron-., a new novel. Immediately on seeing tins, the mammoth sheets, announced that they would republish the work in a day or two. Now more than a week has elapsed, and they have not republished the work And two and three weeks more will pass over before they republish it. And we Aould not tie at all surprned it we were to pub'ish ourselves as soon as any of them?say about the 4Ut or lftth of September With a dearth in other things, the periodicals are going aUead Gudcy's Book circulates todO,Oi)0; Graham's Magazine 37,500 ; Ladies' Companion 10,5U0, Democratic Review 2,800?and so on with ? the other* in the same ratio. Loao a mi sen This distinguished individual will reach Phi! idelphu to-day, where he will romam nil Monday to see his old friends and old haunts He then eotnesto New York, to the Astor House, where he will remain three or four days, and then embark lor Lngland Two of his luitt have already arrived We should advise his Lord rinp to hold hialrne ut the Astor House ; because tf he holds it in the Governor's room he will be run down by tha mob ; as every loafer in the city will be crowding there, to see and shake hands with a liva Lord It, I . Kl.l?littt *1 I III. *?ll?lr. ' lt< ,ai*re i? i ai Albany jrnlMdljr, pruieea* t , i.< the |?urys?a* Hi regulating the Congremional I?-t?. un i-f the a<-w ratio of representation, ,, iti- - I* , dinni t v -it m, laiii down in th?? Apportionment Hill U tirlif rr thai before the Legislature adjourned ' r Mar a ajirr In agreement between the ni<'Ulb? ra that no other bwnro whatever, than this ul? lit ot Utiogovt tk* Congreaaional Dintncl* s-li. uld r ail* inV,J to at thi?' *ira aes*i..n ; anil most >ini r*lv <io er enjoin lit- l^niaUturr to stick to the original contract m ibi? resja-t t Whatever doubts may In- eateri?.ncit \ M ine ol the locofocos as to th? cant 'ut.onalitv ot the Single District Ap|*>rth 'lineal ?-|'ia? i| by (J ngre-s, let not those doubts prevent them troni lairly and honestly) dividing the State into < mgreseioaal D stru t* under that law ? Congress mat hate raeeeiUJ ita just powers in direct tax the State* to divide by single district* ; hut that tanot the <pieation now to be considered. < <>ngrese ha* done thia ; and for the present. at least, we muat abide by that act We must have members to represent the xate in ike next Congress, and there* lore we call on the Legislature to go to work at nee, no itieir <tutv i'K?" uoncsi men, unci men an. journ. Il m ?uiii (and we it 11*1 without any foundation lor lhrit*lrnirnl)lh?l strenuous rllorts will be in ule by die friends?1 lite New York and Lri* Kail Koad Company to cam*1 the mcmbuts ol the Legislature at this extra ?e--ion, to \iolate iheir mutual agreement, and to legislate in heliali ol that Rail Hoad. We hope not?we |>rav not II Congress had done it* duty, and passed the A|?ortionment Hill in good faith, at an early period ol the session, aa it could easily hnve done, all this wretched humbug about extra sessions, could have been dis|>ensed with. Hut they did not do their duty, and we must in ike the best of the case as it stands. We have seen a beautiful specimen of the trieks of legislators at an extra session, in the esse of the last Congressional ( session, and the more recent session ol the Pennsylvania legislature; the latter of which cost jaxir im- 1 peverished Pennsylvania, (which can't pay the in- ( terest on its State debt) about a quarter of a million; i that legislature passed a district bill, the Governor | vetoed it,and the whole business of that extravagant extra session was, to use a classic hut expreh-ive ( phrase, knocked into a cocked hut in less than no I time. The thousands upon thousands which the \ last extru session of Congress cost the country, and | the lunatic tricks played oil there and then, are loo , well known and too deeply seared into the hearts of i the people to need recapitulation now. ! Let the members ol the New York Legislature, J then, take warning by the folly and wickedness of others, and avoid being guilty of a similar infamous ' line of conduct. This State is already deeper in debt than it ever ought to have been?let not its ex- ( penses be materially increased, either by the folly i or rascality of any of the Legislators on the coming * occasion. We believe?we feel morally certain? ' that the great mass of the people of this Estate are t decidedly adverse to having any other business but ' the " districting" attended to this extra session. c n ........ . r vncf* open in** aoor to aamii a discussion about 'x the Erie Railroad, or any other extraneous subject, t and a tide of matters will rush in with an impetuosi- c ty that shall sweep before it the efforts alike of the honest and dishonest to stay its course. Bands of ? needy, miserable oHice-seekers?hordes of hungry, " rascally log-rollers, rapacious as a Pyrenean brigand ' ? lazy lobby members from all sections of the State , ?corrupt pilfering politicians?and every description t of loungers andloafers?will doubtless bs found hang- 8 ing around the portals of the Capitol, and the bars ot a the gin shops in Albany, ready to.rush into any cor- c rupt arrangement by which the hard-working o people may bo extensively plundered. Therefore, ? we warn the members of the Legislature against n them and their measures once and for all. Avoid p them as you would the plague 1 If not, a system of o corruption will soon be at work in Albany that will destroy every prospect that the laicofocos now have c of the fall campaign, and scatter them to the laur t winds of heaven, besides inflicting irretrievable in- J juries on the State at large. h There is another point to be taken into considera* 1 tion. It has been said that the locofocos mean to ! follow the example of the Legislature of Ohio, and J so arrange the districts as to give two thirds of the t members of Congress to the locofocos; and that the s Select Committee of the Legislature, now assent- j; bled in Albany, has legislated for the whole body, j und the whole of the session in advance, and soar- v ranged this imjKtrtant mutter. We hope not. ft would be following a wicked example, and setting [j a scandalous example lor others to follow. And we pj trust for once, at least, that the locofocos will act c< like honest men, and district the ?tate fairly; and jj| thus evince a proper self-respect, and gain the rich ^ reward of the people's approbation, irrespective of si party. Because the wkigs in Congress have passed a district Dili winch yon do not like, would !>? no justification why you should act like scoundrels, js and deprive them of a fair ratio of representation. 01 Lastly?let not the time of the session be conaumed in Governor-making. The Convention isclose S| at hand; get through your legitimate work, and su then go to the Convention 'and make a Governor. Bouqk and Bradish are both good men ; men of character, talent, and industry. Either would iltake vj a first rate Governor, and we presume the contest tl will be between them. So let it be ; although it is n< said that Mr. Collier, the 'late Comptroller, will b? ^ taken up by the Whigs. They had better stick to ei Bradish. m The above advice we present, gratis, to each 'c member of the Legislature, and enjoin turn, as he j.J wishes a quiet hfe and length of days, to follow it. Above all, let us have no long-winded, trashy docu- {? menta at the close of the session, in the shape of l' "Addresses to the people," setting forth the senti- t) mcnts of the members. The people put no faith in w your sentiments?they judge you by your acts; and ? if you do not toe the mark, they'll kick you out ' tnnftremonie, and serve you right too. I, Fashionabi.e Movements?Watering Pieces.? > We understand that crowds of fashionables are leaving Saratoga and the watering places up lhe river, r?? route for Ilockaway and the sea shore. If the weathershould now elearup, and continue warm dry and pleasant for a fortnight, there will be a general congregation of fashionable travel towards the sea shore and the immediate neighborhood of New York. Rockaway and New Brighton will have a late but a splendid season. At Saratoga there was twelve gentlemen to one lady, thereby indicating the latter days ars approaching. News from Rio Janeiro.?The last intelligence from Rio is of a highly satisfactory character. In Rio Grande the lni|>erialists had fought a battle with the rebels in which the latter wasdefeated with a loss of some men, baggage anil eight hundred horses. They retreated and were pursued into the interior by the government forces. ft was expected that the province of Minas would soon be |>nri>icated, as n large force left Rio de JaI neiroon the 25th of June for that section. | The province of 8u Paulo was lullv restored to peace. General Barns de Caxias of the Im|*rial Army fought a decisive battle with the insurgent? on the 2<tth of Tune, and captured the city of Sorocabt. All the northern provinces were quiet at the last accounts. , Arrivals ? Mr. Mildraay, Mr. Steppins. and Mr. Bruce, the gentlemen of Lord Ashburton's luite, arrived here yesterday en route to Saratoga, Niagara Falls and the Lakes. They will return in ten days, and then embark for Lngland with Lord Ashburton. We advise them to go to Nauvoo, and see Prophet Joe Smith. Ahead'?Adams and Co. beat the mail yesterday full two hours We thank them for Boston papers. Also Hamden and Co , and the officers of the Cleopatra. I Qcf- Com Dallas hae left Pensaeola for ih? north I' O S T S C R I I'T. FIVE O'CLOCK, A IW The Uoveritor'a Mintaft. This is, indeed, a very funny document. It min gles up religion and politics, and the State prisoi and tlie Croton water works, the mission tollollam anil the abuse of the habeas corpus by our ill; Judges, geology, llie bowels of the earth, the m at; with Ureal Britain, canal lolls, emigration, Eotan; Bay, internal improvements, and the Rhode Islam root beer riots, in tlie most remarkable manner The Message is lull ol bad reasoning, and won* grammar Read it, and judge for yourselves. GOVERNOR'S MESSAGE. FtUotr-Citizen* of0ir SeiuiH uiul A turn) I y? I transmit a law of Congress .which reduces tin Mouse of Representatives lo two hundred andtwen ty three members, and the number ot representa lives from this State to thirty lour. Regret for I hi reduction of the ratio of representation will be re lieved by the more perfect expression of the populai voice which win oe ooiainea l>y elections in um form single districts. I tender you congratulations on the general preva lence of health, and the abundant harvests of tin year. The edifice of the Genesee Wesleyan Seminary, at Lima, a flourishing institution, which has been favored with aid from the Treasury, has been destroyed by fire,i.but private liberality, encouraged by forbearance on the part of the State, promises a speedy renewal of the usefulness of the Institution The administration of justice ha9 become more efficient; but I hope the importance of preventing abuses of the writ of habeas corpus and of the privilege of bail may not be overlooked, as well as the manifest necessity for more effectually securing the attendance of grand and i*tit jurors in courts having jurisdiction in criminal cases. The discipline in the State prisons now blends kindness anil religious instruction with regular but not oppressive labor, and its producing results propitious to morality and consoling to virtuous sympathy; but I deeply regret the fuilure of all my efforts to induce the Legislature to prevent the growth of crime by reform in the construction of houses of detention and correction, and in the government of *uch institutions. An agent has been appointed t? explore the mineral districts and inquire into the expediency ol substituting labor in mines tor the present mode of em ploying convicts. A recent election in the city of New York was ittended by a turbulent outbreak, in which officers engaged in canvassing votes were compelled to leave the boxes, and the outrage was followed by an alack upon a Christian cnurch and the dwelling of its ministers. The interruption of the canvass readied in the suspension of the functions of the common council during nearly two months. Theprinci>le of universal sullrage was nevertheless vindicated >v.the tranquility with whichthe pt ople awaited and jneyed decisions on the questions in issav by the udicial tribunals. A spacious aqueduct has been constructed, by ivlitch the Croton river, having been raised to the leighth of one hundred and sixty feet above tide, s diverted from its natural channel in Westchester ounty.conveyed nearly forty miies over formidable nequalities of surface, and across the Harlem liver. ..... uitn.uuii'cu iiiiu. b|w luua rrsrrvoirH.irorii which lie waters are dispersed throughout the city of NVw fork. Ehis new and successful achievement in he inarch of internal improvement, provides the netropolis with an element indispenseblr to health, omfort nnd security, exceeding 111 volume the supily of the city of London, and fully anticipates the vants of the vast population which must eventually >e concentrated in our commercial capital. The ost of the work exceeds twelve millions ef dollars, ind I deem it a subject of just pride, that the credit if a mere municipality lias proved adequate to an nterprisc which IB any other have could have been ittemptee only by the strong arm of an imperial or lespotic government. The structures, not less onluring than usxful, will remain a perpetual monu* nent, not only of the forecast and pnblic -spirit of he municipal council, hut also of the advanced tate of science in our country. The remainder of the journals of the Ilevolutionry Legislature and Convention, containing the orresi)?ndence ofthoso bodies with Congress, with therStates, with citizens'in arms and in the public ouncils, and with friends of liberty in America and Europe, has been printed and will vindicate the meriories of our ancestors from contemporaneous susicions of disloyalty to their country, and eahtncfe ur already high veneration by making us more folp acquainted with their trials and virtues. Aided by the liberal interposition of the President it the United States and the efficient assistance of h? American Ministers in London and Paris, our igeflt has obtained access to the public achieves in hose capitals: and the documents which he is ttanicribing, together with those he has procured inliuland, will furnish complete transatlantic annals of he colony of New York from its foundation udtil ts independence. We were before indebted to the Jovernment of <Sreat Britain for very munificent 'Oiitribiition^ fn our lihrnrv I m-L lion to mark our appreciation of the high national lourtesies we have received from European State*, >> transmitting to fhent copies of the forthcoming reports on the natural history of our commonvealth. 1 have grent pleasure in informing you that the uhlicntion of those re|?ortfl is in such rapid progress tat portions will he submitted at the present se.s1011. A suite of the specimens which have been ollected has bean partially arranged in the Geologial Museum, and the seven other collections intoned lor the seminaries of learning wilj soon he rray lor their destination. The enterprise thus conimmated, originated in a merely economical desire i explore our mountains in search of coal. All iat has been gained in that view, is, a certain aowledge that this important mineral does not ext within our borders, and that its ami le supply can ily he introduced by improving and expending the lannels of our trade with other communities. Hut e absence of coal is bountifully compensated by line springs, and rich accumulations of lime, gypim, marble and hydraulic cement in the Silurian rotations; by marl and neat in the quaternary reons; by plumbago ; and also by deposites of iron, ad, zinc, and copper in the granite districts, in the cinity of almost inexhaustible forests furnishing te fuel indispensable for the reduotion of these minds. Our lyceinns, moreover, will he enriched ith specimens of all the animals and plants, and very soil, rock, mineral and fossil as yet diseoveri within our territory. The field within which ledicinal science, agricultural chemistry, ininerafy, and economical geology have hitherto pursutheirbeneficent investigations, is thus broadly enirged ; and such are the regularity of our rock strai and their exposure, and such the variety and iteration of organic remains, that the survey, although s results are as yet but partially disclosed, is rearded in the European schools os affording aoonibution ot great value to the cause of science, ith a data for a more philosophical classification f jacts anil ini|H)rtant guidance in reading the tin rring and ini|>erlsliahle records in which h.ilure has written her own annals on the globe we inhabit. I call your attention to some cases in which the iw of Virginia, retaliating on peaceful citizens of ?ew York injuries supposed to have been conimit?d liy hdr hxecutivc and Legislative mithorities, as been put in oj>erntion Although our commerce mot greatly enih.imi-?'J by these untrniernal proerdings.yet unoffending citi/en* ought not in such as- sto he left to inenr inconvenience. orsufler loas. therefore renew rny requr-t far authority to instruct Item to te.-t the validity of the law of Virginia in he legal tribunal*. The terms in which the Supreme Court of the Tnited State- aligned reasons tor their lodgment, n a recent cane between Maryland and IVnnsvl>ania, would invalidate every State law concerning ugitives from juAlice, which should tail to facilitate ha capture, even without legal proc< , of persons lainted ae slave.-, whether they had ever beep -ul?ectad to servitude or not; hut the authority of the leci-iott canuotjhe evtended to c ,- * pr utirvg facta naterially varying from tho- which m irked the use thua adjudicated. It ia, tli> ret. re, heheved hat the privileges of habeas corpus, and the rtghf >f trial by jury, aa yet remain unnn|atit> 1 in tbia State ; and we are not obliged to reinu . wluvt tu ustly regarded a- an important advance towarda hat complete political ami legal e.pmbty which, jeing conlorrnuble to divine law- and amentia! o the best interest- of mankind, will iltunat-lv ' 'onetitute the perfectioc ol our republic m institu ions. Rhode Island lias been ma,| - a theatre of resitance o public authority, growing out of unw i - del,iv? in 'stabli*hing equality of suffrage a |M>rson assuming he character of chief magi-trate that Male trananitted to me a resolution t iased by a**emidages vhich claimed to b>? a Legislature, announcing to Executive and Legislative authorities of'thi* Mate he organisation of a new government in that C'<mnonwealth, under a constitution a;>>iruve<J by a ?orion of the people in an eleetiod held and?onductcd without previous legislative aulhoritv Almost ?i nnltancouslv.the governor, in conformity with i o?iititutional Ihw;s of the I nited St iirs, gsvine notice hiat the individual who had thu*a- nine, executive iinctions had taken refuge in the cityrd Yew York, ind required me to arrest Inni as .. fugitive, charged vith the crime of treason, committed in an attempt o subvert the government of Rhod-- Island by miliary force. I complied with the requirement, by i*iiingprocess; but the oflendcr w a* not found withn ourjurisdictton. I also adopted proper measure* o prevent the arms and nulitarv -tores m out irselal near the seaboerd, from being used in the atempt to deeolatetwith civil war the ho*?m of a siser State. The people of Rhode Island nobly "u#ained their government, without the a^dthey had e r.ght to expect from the federal rtrculirr: and measures have miicr been adopted by their Legislature, designed to allay public discontent and satisfy just claims for an enlargement of suflrage. The long delayed negotiations between the United States and Great Britain are supposed to be on the eve of completion by a treaty in which our northern boundary w ill be readjusted so as to ?et cure to this State an accession of territory on the J shyre ol Lake Champlain important to its defence against lutare aggression, and controversies which have endangered the peace ol the two nations will I' be |>eriiiiinenilv setteu on principles consistent w itli y the national honor. j I have forborne to demand fugitives from ju lice who have lied to the I'.ritish Provinces, and also to surrender criminals from those Provinces, who had * taken refuge in this .State, front the time when the Supreme Court of the I'nited States virtually decided that ihe powers necessary for those purposes were exclusively national, and therefore belonged to the Federal Government. The Governor-* ?eneral of British North America, however, sun-eedered fugitives upon my informal request, until instruc. tions very recently received from the Royal Govern mew, iiH\f ouugeu nun 10 discontinue such cointe? sies. The evi} resulting (rem the facility with which . offenders against the laws of either vohntry inav ser cure impunity lor their crimes, are so great, that 1 . have thoughtproper to invoke the constitutional interposition ol the < ?en.?ral (joverntnent, in the hope that the mib|ect might find a place among the inat ters in negotion between the two nations. 1 have also considered kit due to the cause of humanity, to address theChief Magistrate of the Union | in behnli of unfortunate citizens of this State suffering the penalties of exile and stnprisoninant in an | islued of the Pacific ocean, for political offences t committed under the inflnence of natural but misguided sympathies for the inhabitants of the Brit ish Provinces on our borders. Immigration was, during the last year, checked l?y alarms of wur, but an increased tide is now netting into the country. Our thoroughfares are enlivened with families; nnd even small communities from the British Islands and continental Europe, with theirproperty; their teachers and their pastors, are seeking homes, among us, a participation in our social and political enioynients. Viewing this as an important and rapidly increasing element of national strength and greatness, and regarding all prejudices against any portion of the common family of mankind on account of the accidents cf birth, laws. I uiguage or religion, as unwise arid deeply injurious. I ' renew my recommendation heretofore made for removing the disabilities by which resident aliens :re embarrassed in acquiring, holding and transmitting

real estate. 1 regret to inform vou that the tolls received on all the canals during the present political year, compared with the amount collected during a similar l>ortioi of the last year, exhibiting a diminution of one hundred and seventy-seven thousand six hundred and ninety-seven dollars; that the amount of duties received from auction srles taless by seven thousand one hundred and forty-one dollars, than the sum received during the correspondent portion of the preceding year; and the revenue front iluMc* on the manufacture of salt, exhibits a similar diminution of eight thpusind eight hundred anil ninetythree dollars. The aggregate decrease of lb* (avenue front these several sources thus far, is one hundred and ninety-three thousand seven hundred .-.ttd thirty-one dollars. The diminution tn the canal revenue has been mainly experienced in the tolls on merchandise pa sing from tide water into the interior. It is probable, however that the descending business in transporting to market the large agricultural surplus, furnished by the abundant harvest?, wili go towards supplying the deficiency I submit a communication from the superintendent, showing that the manufacture of salt, seriously embarrassed by the present ruinous revenue system of the United States, co-operating with the commercial pressure, must probably be altogether relinquished before the expiration of the year, nnd 1 not only invoke your direct action, but solic it your in- '' fluence with Congress to avert n disaster which M would increase the embarrassments of the treasury x and be deeply injurious to a large and important ' portion of the community. Our salines have hitli- ' erto constitnted an easential element of our tiseal * strength, and have always been regarded as among l' the most valuable and permanent possessions ofihc r State. The possible sacrifice, therefore, by the ge- 8 neral government of so important an interest canaot c bat excite anxiety and alarm. c An agent was appointed to receive the portion of n the proceeds of the sal^s of the public lands, wbi -h, " by a law of Congress, was payable to this State on w the first of July last, and proceeded to Washington v for that purpose, but was informed at the treasury 8J that the apportionment had not been completed,an J ' the money has not yet been received. The real iin- 1" |K?rtance of this revenue is not at all affected bv the r) amount which it yields at this time, since the na- I" tional domain remains undiminished except by ri sales. Whether the rtreain of revenue he tempera- w rily obstructed, as at present, or flow ouward with a p strong and increasing current, as at more prosperous c i'ruvfuo, iib uiuiiiuic uciiciiib uiu.n ur nuuaiaim..iiy r the same. _ > * This State having long and uniformly expressed v opinions in favor of protecting national industry, by r an adequate tariff, it must he an occasion of general JJ regret that the President persevertngly opposes and d defeats the pawage of laws designed to accomplish ' the object. And our regret is mingled with surprise, P when we consider that it is at least doubtful whe- 0 ther there is any legal authority for the imposts now P levied. The President, moreover, unequivocally in- t( dicates n determination to defeat any tariff law that ban he passed, except it be accompanied by a rclin- {J quiahment of the right to protect agricultural i nd " manufacturing industry otherwise than incidentally, ll and also by a diversion from the States of the reve- J? lines arising front the public domain. The right to JJ adjust the pecuniary burdens inpowd by the govern- " mentupon its citizens would seem, of all others, to 8 beionfi properly to the Legislature. It can not f< r a 8 moment he supposed that rhe founders of the'Constltuticn intended that the Executive should dictate 8 to the National Congress, laws regulating revenue 11 and finance. r' The fourth of July last completed a quarter of a J? century since the system of internal improvements ' was undertaken by this State. Within that period, P artificial navigation has been opened throughout distances equal to eight (hundred and three miles; nnd the use of animal power in transportation has given place to the steam engine, on routes seven ? hundred and fifty-seven miles in length. Navigation has been established from the tide water to a Lake Champlain, Lake Ontario Cayuga Lake, rJ Crooked Lake and Lt?ke Krie, and to the Mohawk 8' and the (>swego, to the Seneca and the Genesee, t the St. Lawrence, the Delaware nnd the Susque- I1 hannah rivers. Not only fthas our frontier trade, " which sought distant markets, been incalculably in- eJ creased, and concentrated at the city of New York 11 ?hut the shores of Lake Iktron, Lake Michigan a' and Lake Superior, and the banks of the Ohio, the m Miami and the Wabash hatte been reached by our P' vessels, and the once inconsiderable traffic of that ' vast central region which stretches front the summit of the Alleghantes to the hanks of the Missis-ipni, has grown into an immense trade and become w largely tributary to the same fortunate metropolis, hi Meanwhile our canals and railroads have been eon- 01 nected with similar systems, a thousand miles in *1 length, in the Eastern States, nnd with still more extended artificial channels in the communities beyond our southern borders Our revenues have S been increased from #419.900 in 1917. to #1.952.000 b in 1841?our School and Literature Funds have tl !?een doubled?the reltiote districts of the Slate di have become the homes ol an intelligent and in- T ditstnous population?four flourishing cities and up- ai wards an hundred incorporated villages have been r? caljed into existence?our commercial emporium b has trebled in population and added one hundred e and seventy millions to its wealth?the revenues, commerce and physical strength of the whole Com- VJ innnwealth have augmented in almost an equal h |iro|H>rtion?and the States are bound together with n bands stronger than those of merely political com- tl pact, and the danger of dismemberment is happily tl averted. Of the svstem which has. though yet in- n complete, producer! these wonderful results, N>-w r< York was the projector: and she may point to it as C' a column,designed and shipcd by herself, to strength- n en and |>erpetnate the national structure. a: But this high career of prosperous and well direct pi ed enterprii* lias beenbronght to a sudden and hu- ti militting rloar For the first time in thequarter of tr a century which has elapsed since the ground was ci broken tor the Krir canal, a < coventor of the State tr ol New York, in meeting the Legislature, o finds himself unable to announce the continued g progress ot improvement. The officers charged tl with the care of the public works have arrested all tc proceedings in the enlargement of the Erie canal ci and the construction of the auxiliary works. The n New York ami Erie railroad, with the exception of tl forty mx miles Irnm the eastern termination, iies in si unfinished fragments throughout the long line of tl southern counties.! stretching tor four hundred miles si from the \\';i|kill to Lake Erie The (ienesee 1? Valley canal,excepting the portion between Dans- Ci vtlle and Rochester, also lies in a hopeless abandonment The Black rtvareansl, which waa more than p, us o-lbirds completed during the last year.Uias been c |ett wholly unavailable. As if there were not w enough, two railroads, towards the construction of r( which tne State had contributed half a million of p, dollars, and publio spirited aiti/ens large sums in p, addition, have l>een brought to a forced aale, and s, sacrificed at an almo*< total loat to the treasury, c, without yielding aay indemnity totlir stockholde rs, p and without even a< curing a guaranty that the peopie should be petmitted to enjo|i ihe uae of the nn- M prnvementa. At the name time the jealousies alike c unju t and unwise, which have no long delayed (lie ,j coii-iruetion of the New York and trie railroad, (j ere foa e-ed w ith expectations authorised by official P| ann?i nc 'iiieni of a similar sacrifice of that w ork a* soon as the sale ran be compelled by law,?a sacrifice which must result in a lose to tne treasure of p, three million* of dollar*, and to beneficent contribu- sj, toraot ne-'t" -'s millions, in addition and a tin,a ln oxeillnow of all the long cherished and highly e\t'.ird hopes depending on the accomplishment ol (hall enterprise. The painful emotions excited by the concition to which the public works are thus reduced, might be somewhat relieved, if there were any well grounded hope that their prosecution would lie resumed w i thin any reasonable period. But the provisions of the law sua)tending tlu.-.v work-, as well as the contemporaneous expositions of the grounds on which it was enacted, withevery rational view which can be taken ot its tendency, forbid any such expectation. The |K>lu*y of the act plainly is that the debt o! the Slate shall in no event be increased lor the prosecution ol improvements; nay further, that the whole ol the existing debts shall he extinguished before any additional sum be borrowed, awl the accruing revenues instead of being appropriated, us heretofore, to the prosecution ot the works, be henceforth applied exclusively to the establishment of fund for the extinguishment of the existing debts, although with smidl exceptions those debts Hre redeemable only at distant periods. It is but too ajiparent that these provisions render any further progress in our public works wholly impracticable. The present generation,! it tins law continue, must abandon all hopes of seeing the system resumed, and it will only remain for them to pay the whole cost of works in a great degree useless, he- l cause left unfinished, and hastening rapidly to ilila- ' I>iuaiiuu <ilid rum. * The objects which the Legislature had in view, in 1 directing the suspension of the public works, were ^ declared lobe to j>ay the debts of the State and pre- j serve its credit. The means of |>aying the debts are t derived from revenues and taxes. But the State, <i so far from diminishing, has increased its indebted- t ness, by becoming liable to contractors for heavy damages which might have been avoided by prose- f cuting the works, while by discontinuing the neces- J sary enlargement of the Lrie canal, the increase of j, revenues hitherso constant, and so confidently re- v lied u|>on for the reimbursement of the debts, is e checked, and must ultimately cease, simultaneous- o ly with the commencement" of this policy, a new mod-of stating the public accounts was adopted.? 1 Itebts due from the State to itself, and debts for the 8 payment of which funds had been invested and set j apart, were added to the aggregate of debts for 8 which no provision had been mude; the conditional n guaranty of the credit of the New York and Erie tl Company was converted into a fixed debt, t ay withholding the aid necessary to complete their a road and render it productive: and other similar h fuarautiesin iegaid to which there had been no de- ? ault, nor indications of default, by the principals irst IihI?|c, were made to swell the aggregate in- 8 lebtednrs* with which it was represented that the p rcasury ws- o|>pre>*ted. The principle that our iro- n >rovi-nients were to be inade exclusively on the ere- e lit ot iheir revenues, and without burthening the ti >eoo)e was abandoned bv levying a tax exceeding c ux hundred thousand dollars, bearing alike on the n li?tnets the least as wellftis on those the most bene. s ited by the construction ol the works. Nor has the -J '\pectation of restoring the stocks of the Stale to ? lieirfonner high valuation been adequately realized d ?and certainly not louny extent commensurate with a he sacrifices which have been made. The fi-cal v iffici rs of the State arc not now able to negotiate oaivf'vcn at seven |>er cnl, except occasionally lor mull amounts. Under these circumstances the in lUirv aris-s whetlierthe |>olicy thus attempted ought o lie continued. An imperative sense of duty coin>els me again to decrare my conviction that it is = adicallv wrong,and that erroneous views have bee* aken of the causes of o?r embarrassment. Previously to the present session of Congress, trhen as yet only one State liacl omitted to pay the _ nterest on its debt, and that, too, not without a preextthat betrayed a desire to avert the consequenesofsogreat an error, 1 called the attention of a eneral failure bv tt|e indebted States, and invoked n lie constitution effort when that government njal i tfectunl[y make to avert such a catastrophe. Aferwards, when the Legislature of this State assi m- Vl led at the beginning of the present year, the tame bi pprehensions were communicated to them, witli a a, lew of the deep interest which we had at stake in lie maintenance of the credit of our sister Stales I1 urged that their failure would produce eflects dis- til strous to the national industry and enterprise, and p tiat it would necessarily result in diminishing the svenues from our canals and all other sources. I * uhmitted, also, that although we had ample resour w es and reoenues, our credit mast unavoidably re- m eive some injury from our intimate political con- w ection with insolvent States, and that if it should . ecomc materally impaired, serious embarrassment t'1 fould be experienced in prosecuting the public si forks. Adverting to erroneous opinions then imewhat prevalent, I showed that the revenus from w le canals, steadily increasing at ths rate of fifteen er cent every two years, notwithstanding tempera- K / fluctuations, together with the revenues from the nblic domain, constituted ample resources for horiwing all the money necssary to complete the forks, and for paying the interest on trie then xisting debts, unu those which it would be ne- ? essary to contrai l, and tor extinguishing theprinci- ' al as fast as it would become due. I deinsnstisted d that the danger to which the credit of the State 8' ras ex|K)s-d, arose, not from any cause merely lo- M al or temporary, nor at nil from the extent of our or nfinL-hed works, uor from lhe amount of our in- ar ehtedness, nor front the firmness with which we ul a ? J ----? -i <" Miuai luuicnrniB uuung Illfllll't'e revinu* years, l>ut f rom tlir failure of the confidence _ f foreign capitalists, and even of the American l'' eople themsrlve*, in tlie financial wisdom and in sgritv of the government* of other state*. w I submitted a" ii course pro|?T in th?- emergent v, lK liat care should l?e taken to footer our own credit y stating justly, and without exaggeration, the ac- !* mil indebtedness of the State; l?y husbanding our vt evenue; by preventing our conditional guaranties roin becoming fixed debts; by scrupulously per- he jrming our engagements with contractors; by pro- th curing the unfinished work* firmly, and even w ith M acrifices if necessary; alwuys adhering, however, 8' o the fundamental condition thai no more money hould be borrowed in any one year (ban a sum, the *' aterest of which could l>e paid with the current venues, to be ascertained from the actual receipt* 0f f the preceding year; and by constituting a sinking jo rnd with the money* annually received front i be K1 roceeds of the national domain, together with a at nfficient portion of the surplus revenues, which in hould be inviolably pledged, and steadily applied > the constant diminution and final extinguishment VI f the principal of our debt. And to these suggestions, relating to the direct lrl| ction of the Legislature, I added others, earnestly ;commending that the influence of this Stale lould be exerted to secure the adoption of national teasures which the exigency rendered necessary rominent among those measures were tariff laws, te restoration of the currency, and some mode of aabling the indebted States to render their pop* 1 ons of the proceeds of the public lands lmmediat ly wl mailable for the payment of their pressing engage- th< ients. And I also urged that the false and fatal th< inciple of repudiating public debts, which as yet us not been ojienly promulgated, should be met by ' us State with such an expression uf disapprobation en id rebuke, as would convince the world that conte w' hat might of trial or disaster, so far as our action ca id influence could be effectual, the faith of not hit uly this,but of all the States ol the American Union, th, lould be preserved for ever inviolable. The |iolicy thus recommended did not prevail, .p' ad the evils then apprehended are f ully realized ? 1,1 tate alter Slate, some with unavailing struggles, tai ut others without any, have neglected to |>erlorm Jul icir fiscal engagements, and thus a dark stain is itlusing itself over the escutcheon of our country 'he credit even of the Union is virtually destroyed nd our own is imiiaired, notwithstanding our great >Bn?rr>DO unS ?W- ..IV. 1.1-1 ... ..... ..IV VU.K UIMIS riiuim TI mull II.I vr ?ri een made to induce a discrimination between that dci redit and the broken faith of other State*. Under these circumstances, I must adhere to the 1"' iews before submitted, and invite their reconsiders- i*1 on ; and to avoid any misapprehension, I reeoin- T? lent! that the Legislature rescind the lawdirecting Gf le discontinuance of the public works ; render to in te New York and Erie Railroad Company the aid pli ecessary to enable them to recover theircredit Mnd 'in some their operations: and direct the fiscal of!iera of tne State, instead of reserving surplus rcvc- ?n ues from the canals for the i?ymentof debts due ^ t distant (wriods, to apply such revenues, with the A| roceeds from the national domain, to the prosecu- ^1 on oi the public works, upon the plan before sub- ftn lilted, until the works shall be completed and be , ome productive; and provide other and additional of mporary means, if necessary, for that im|K>rtant of hject. And I further recommended that the Leislature urge upon Congress, and especially U|>on le President, the necessity of tariff laws adequate OOI revive our industry and commerce and restore the ? rfdit of the (reneral fiovernment; of a sound t ur- Vci ncy upon a specie basis and of uniform value tin iroughout the Union ; and above all, of such mea- noi ires as shall secure to the several States not only 7? ieir distributive shares of the public Innds, but inH ich further constitutional aid based upon those th' ind?, as will enable them promptly to recover our redit. It cannot be denied that the time w hich has cl ips- Rti J and the policy which has been pursued, have in- ,tn reused the difficulties to be overcome, and vet 'ith proper effort the ground we have lost may he ! n. covered. We are oppressed, not so much by op- q using forces as by our own irresolution, and a small aw art ion of that energy which was put forth when our litt irstcrn ol improvement was undertaken, would se- cor lire its re-establishment anil successful tiiumpli? ^ wasnot then thought unbecoming for the States ) invoke the co-operation of the Union and of the { States in aid of our efforts, and surely it iep innot be deemed discourteous now to urge upon ver ieni the adoption of measures which will enable ger ieni to perform their awn obligations, the neglect I" which has involved, however unjustly, the whole ninfrv in a common eaJamity. Whatever niav be the decision of the Legislature ? 1 these momentous questions, it is at all events de- moi nble to mitigate, aa far as may be the misfortune which the community is involved, and above all C l?? abstain from any measure which would aggravate mating evils. I do therefore most earnestly protect against any further sacrifices of works already completed, or in progress of construction, as being alike wanting in magnanimity and wisdom ; ana while I ask for the New-York und Erie railroad no preference over the works of which the State is directly engaged, or over those of similar character in other localities, yet in view of the imminent jeopardy in which thai great enterprise is now placed, 1 recommend that the proceedings lor its sale be discontinued ; and whatever else may be omitted, I again urge that adequate measures be adopted to secure the immediate resumption and speedy completion of that work, which, under better auspices, would add dignity and lustre to the character of ihe republic. 1 also earnestly recommend that instructions he given to the Canal Commsssioners, requiring them to complete and put in operation without Further delay, at least the nearly finished portions of tlie enlarged Erie Canal. The people, howeder, look net lor temporary or partial relief, but forthe re-e?tabli?bment of the s\ stem ot internal improvement lijon board ai)d impregnable foundations? Our fellow citizens urge us to resume the public works, jy pleading the distress which their suspension has alrealy produced. They point us lalior unemployed, and nasses impoverished ; 10 agriculture unrew arded and burlened : to trade dimiuishod and discouraged ; to credit saralyzed ; to land and property depreciated and passing rom hands harJened with the labor of production, into ithers that wait to gather the ripened I ruitH <>l in lustry, to lisappoint expectations built on the public faith, which no Ismuges can reach or compensate; to dilapidated structures vith increasing expenditures; to diminish revenues and irotracted taxation; to increasing and hopeless embarrassment and decaying enterprise; and to a long andchcerleaa lecline from a career in which so much has been won for he interests and honor of the State. But we need no ?urh n.inf..i ihysical improvement, comprehending the north as well ? the south, the east and the west, owning every neevsary channel, and disclosing every resource w hich nature ias bestowed, is emphatically the polioy of the State. And ce are required to return to tho course we have left, by wry consideration of duty to ourselves, to posterity, to ur country, and to mankind. In closing this, mv Last general communication to the .egislature, it woufd evince singular insensibility not to nticipate my retirement from the trust which I have revived trom my fellow citizens. Kur from indulging a be ief that errors have not occurred in conducting the civil dministration of a Stale embracing such great and vari us interests, I am nevertheless, solaced by the reflection, hat no motive has ever influenced me inconsistent with he highest regard for the interests and honor of the State, nd with the equality justly due to all its citizens. It may ie, that in seeking to perfect the diffusion of know ledge, r in desiring to raise lrom degradation or w retchedness rssfauorcd classes, unjustly depressed by the operation f unequal laws or adventitious circumstances ; or, in iming to carry into remote and sequestered regions, the hysical and commercial advantages already afforded to lore fortunate and prosperous districts, 1 have urged too amestly what seemed to me the claims of humanity, jusice and equity : yet, remembering the generous appro iation which those efforts have met, I shall carry with to into retirement, a profound sense of obligation, and a pirit of enduring gratitude. 1 shall never cease to in\ oke i behalf of tho p<-ople of this State, a continuance of the lvaluable privileges,civil and religious, which they now njov, and to implore that Oreat and Beneficent Being who irects and regulates the destinies of Nations, to promote nd watch over this Commonwealth, in its continual adanccment throughout all succeeding ages. WILLIAM II. SEWARD. .'/Mimy, Jlunust 16/A, 1841. BY THE SOUTHERN MAIL. Washington. [Correspondence of the Herald.] Washington, Monday evening, fo Decision of the Majority?Dissensions among the Whigs. The whigs held another caucus this evening, but o course ol action was agreed upon. There was a >ng and very warm discussion,but no result was arri ed at. The prevailing opinion now is, that no tariff ill will he passed. The democrats are ready and nxious to go for such a bill as shall furnish adeiiate revenue forthc government, but nothing which ley can propose will he permitted to pass. The resident also, is solicitous to co-o[>erate with Conress in such measures as are necessary alike for the ants of the treasury, and the protection of the lanufacturing and mechanic interests. Upon the Itigs, therefore, will the responsibility rest, if noling is done, and a fearful responsibility it is. We tail see whether they dare to incur it. The most serious dissensions are pervading the big ranks, aud a fatal disruption of the party would era to be impending. Baltimore. [Curitrspoudence of the Herald.) HaCtimork, August 16, 194J. r. Editor :? I noticed sometime sincethat a most daring an<l outrn our assault had I urn made upon the person of Mr. Joi n arskall,exchange broker of this city, when walking out le evening with his lady. I have the pleasure now of inouncing that the perpetrators of that ofl'eiire have 1km n ert uken by the hand of justice, and aro to he tried at e City Court 011 Saturday next. The names of the paris are not worth mentioning at present. Henry Worthington, well known as a police officer, as lound dead in his bed yesterday morning. He is supised to have been taken with an apoplectic tit. A colored man named Theodore Jackson was found rribly beaten on the Point yesterday, from the effects of hich he died. The perpetrators have not been discomi* It is pleasing once more to observe that the Museum has en opened. Last evening w as the first for some weeks v.?j iiiu mi mm 1-Mnninnmont.? r.Wrnin, the celebrated necromancer, is under an enuremcnt. The charming little Fanny Fit/ had a very good house her farew ell benefit at the Holliday, last evening. She as cheered most enthusiastically. Al>out 360 head beef cuttle were, ottered yesterday, all which were sold at prices ranging from $2 to $2.37 J per 0 lbs. on the hoot, equal to J t a $4,75 net, as per quality, our, Howard street, City Mills and Susauthanna lange $6 for good standard brands. Not much has been dogin grain. Murvland red wheats range from 50 to 05 nts; corn, 65 a 67; rye, 60 a 63; ami oats, -40 a -23. Noing doing in provisions. Whiskey is on the decline, d rates in hhds. at 23 cents, and in bbls. 24. The w eather yesterday was rather hot, and this momg is foggy, with a prospect of rain. Yours, RODERICK. Philadelphia. [Correspondence of the 1 braid.] I'hii.apfi.rnu, Aug. lti Considerable interest is manifested here nmeng the l day ligs, who hold office under John Tyler,as to the resslt ot s recent election in Indiana. If the^legislature just elected sre should put out the present Whig I'. S. Senator, and pply his place with Gen. Howard, or some other demo it; it is reduced to a certainty that the President, united th the democrats in the Senate,will hold a majority,and a make such removals and appointments as may please nself, and the democrats with a certainty of having m confirmed. Hence you will perceive the cause of prehension on the part of the Clay whig office holders lot without some foundation. It is rendered quite cern that Jonathan Roberts, collector of the port, will be rued out at once, and w ith him the w hole brood of pipe rem who hold office under him, w hen they can continue -ir abuse ol th*President if they like at their own exuse. The head of our I'ost (>ffice, judging from the untin assof some ol his suiiordinatea, is by no means as ure at he or they w ouhl liae him to tie. Exciting times -coming. Indiana, Chapman says, has gone for the mocrats certain. \u old sailor,about 63 yeais of age. made a complaint tore Alderman (insoom yesterday , against John March, plain of the schooner ( araline, charging him w itli the >st brutal treatmi nt on the -j-jd of July last, while on a y age from Porta Rico to this j-ort. Among other facts the most revolting character sworn to by the senman, ippcai nd that the mate and the captain placed a mustard ister to his back, pinioned him to the deck until it had iwn t* a blister, and then hoisted him to the yard arm, a rope |aroend his body first having *thp|?cd him, il in that state capo-ed his r.w flesh to the heat of the ailing sun From these abuses he was taken sick, and is routined to his bed until alb-r his arrival at this port I the crew corroborated the sufferer's statim. nt, and the deiman held the captain to bail lor a further hearing it morning at ft o'clock. Yhout 00 clock last evening, a building on the east side Dock street, between ftecond ami Front, the lower part which was occupied as a cabinet wan-room by Mr. slstieke, and the upper part by Mr. Hedges, a* a Yenin blind manufactory or?? - ? ?* , , ! t-m ui in* *n arf, nnn hough mitt effort ma* made by the firemen, they uM not lave it from drutruction. rhe good work goo* brat cly on, and if the nmr perarranee ji continued in ferreting nut olfen.ter*, outrage* tilartothnie w hich recently di*grar< ,1 our city, will t he likely to lie noon repeated Kieharif M-mly, a ling rowdy, w a* re*tenlay arrestnt on the cbrrge ol be[ engaged in the ]at< riots, and aftei ;i hearing before ' Mayor, wa* committed fot a further examination, in ault of 1000 hail. He ?l*o charged with being conwed in the firing of ttmith's Ilall 'eiterday two men, named Stewart I.nv and Michael dmond, wera taken before the Mayor on a charge of ohicting the Cuatom Houie officer*, while ditrharging brig Star. Law waa committed to anim-r at the itnd State* Court, in default of fKiO and lledmoml held tail in *050, to an?wer at the *ame Court. "he uteamboat " Robert Morrin" had hi i rudder cerri?l ay laat night by running againrt a canal boot The le ateamrr' John Smith"" ? alto injured by coming in itact with the iteamrr "Philadelphia " rery little waa done la (fork* ti> day. K7-OIN AND BITTERS, AND BRANDS AND SAR rilla Syrup are the" tonica" ifered by the nottrum ider*, hut the public ace awaking to IIWUfllM d?H of auch perniciou* preparation*. The fact that hahita hegroaaeat intemperance, and even that horrihle m . ydelirium trcmeu*, haa been produced by ihem. i* >ugh to iweep aw%^*o*e poiaoried conip-nind* Tin rtnic Mixture" of the College o( Mi liciiu ,e,l Pharmacy io apiritoua atimulant, but a acientific compound ol the it potent reetoratire* Sold In *1 bottle* w S RICHARDSON, AirenL ?fhc? 97 Naaaau *treet, N. Y