Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 18, 1842, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 18, 1842 Page 1
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TH Vol. VIII.?No. i *1 ? Wlwlt Ho. 307*. "oculists. DOCTO R J.FRAN C IS' CELEBRATED EYE WATER. NO. It BAHC. Y 8TBKKT. within two doora of the Astor Hr. ^ Mil prtputUoiu in a perfect cure for ail inflammatory ? aa? of tlir eye. weakness of s'ght, O?;. ? ~ never fail in rci ring nebulas of the lougeat alluding, without any surgical ?^?^.KllTIFR;ATKfl. I certify that Jacob Valentine, a youth of about fifteen years of age, was brought to tny bouse last fall, apparently blind, lie called on me to-day, aud States that be been the imtieut ol Dr. J. Francis. whose treatment has hr-n the me .ua, under Uoid, ofiesloring bis sight. JAMES MIL.NpK, Rector of St. George a Church, Br. km in st. This is to certify that two of my children were ulfli. ;ed with dtst-ru'-d eyes for a length of time, one of thein was almost blind with nebulas, coreiiu* the sight. Every lemcdy Was resorted Id Without .111 v good effect, aud despaired of tlu'in ever being recovered, lliey are uow |ierfectly restored to sight by Dr. J. Francis* celebrated |?re|Mralioii. DANIEL S. JONES, <99 PeVl street. 1 was almost blind for twelve veira, anil in five weeks, under the skilful treatinrut of Dr. J. Frauds, my sight is uow per fectly good and strong. MAllTrlA BROWN, 177 Forsyth street. I certify to the above being ?tJrue statement-^ ^ IfA'AUr DLil&Ultl, Pasto of the Stanton street Church. I wsj nearly blind for tw? ity years with a cataract ill each ? eye and from the use of Dr. Francis' wonderful preparation for that disease, tny eyes are now perfectly recovered. HESTER JOHNSTON, 41 Eldr.dgt street. We, the undersigned, having wituetsed the astonishing etficacy ol Dr. Francis' preparations lor disease* of the eye, unhesitatingly recommend them to the notice of the [uldic, as valuahl; remedies. Duncan Dunhar, Pastor of McDongal st. Church. S. H. Cone, Pastor of the Filsl Btptist Chuicli. John Peck, A|{ent of the Home Mission Society. Jacob Brouner, Pastor of the North Bat list Church. Joseph Andreade, Roman Catholic Priest of St. Peter's Cnurch. Numerous certificates can be seen at the office. Prepared and otB only oy Dr. J. Frauds, 10 Barclay street. New York. Artificial Eyes inserted, which cannot be distinguished from the natural, without givinir the slightest pain. Dr. J. Francis respectfully informs his friends and the nub'ic, that in consequence of the increase of Ins business, Dr. ulenny, Member of the Royal College of Burgeons, London, and of the New York Medical Society, has joined him, and every confidence can be placed in,his professional skill as an Oculist. Office hours from 9 A. M-, until 6 P. M. j v 10 3in*c diseases of the eye. It. K. DIOS8Y, OPHTHALMIC SURGEON, No. 207 BROADWAY. Entrance in Fulton Street, opposite St. Paul's Ctntreh ATTENDS TO DISEASES OF THE EYE, AND ALL THE NECESSARY OPERATIONS THEREON. OFFICK HOURS FROM 9 TO 6 O'CLOCK. Having completed his studies of J years with pit. ELLIOIT, Oculist, and been subsequently engaged as his assistant, R. K Dionsy is enabled to undertake the treatment of all diseases affecting the organs of vision. Terms moderate and graduated to the nature sua extent of the diseas-. Permission is given to refer to his late instructor, and also to some of the most eminent Professors of the Medical Faculty iu New York. N.B. The poor treated gratuitously iu4 lin"r diseXsed eyes AND INFLAMMATION OF THE EYE-LIDS. ANY disease or weakness of the eye, or iiillammation of the eye-lids, can be quickly and safely removed, bythe use of the ROMAN EYE BALSAM. Mr*. Davis, No. 77 Essex treet, has been cured of iutlanima only one jar of the Eye Balsam. Miss Fits Gerald, No. 2 Market street, had for two or three years been so much afflicted with weak and intlammed eyes, that at times she could scarcely see to read. Her eyes have been completely restored by tins Balm, after all other means had failed. Hundreds have by its healing virtues, been restored to light, where almost total blindness, caused by excessive inflammations, had existed for years. The " Roman Eye Balsam" has been a long time used in private practice by the most eminent oculists in this aud ferei?-u countries, and its astonishing efficacy in removing all disease, and inflammation from the eye, has established for it a reputation far beyond the reach of any other preparation. IN DIMNESS OF SIGHT, caused try fixed attention to minute ohjects, or by a long exposure to a strong light, and in the weakness orparttal loss of sight from sickness or old age, it is a sure restorer, and should be used by all wlio find their tight failing without any ap[>areiit disease, rut up in small jars with full directions for use. Price VK cents. Prepared and sold, wholesale and retail, by DAVID SANDS it CO., No. 77 East Broadway, comer Market st, N. Y. Bold also by A B It D Bauds, 79 and 100 Fulton street, and by A B Sands and Co.,-273 Broadway, comer Chamber street, jy 14 1m r TAIL 0 RING." REMOVAL. PHILLIPS' CASH TAILORING ESTABLISH ME NT, U removed from 145 B oai'.war to No. 7 Astor House. ECONOMY IN GENTLEMEN'S DRESS. Garments of a moat .legant and Fashionable kind rt a saving of 60 per cent for cash. rPIIE advertiser d< ms it unnecessary to resort to the back1 neyed system of giving a list of nominal prices, presuming that the length of time he has been established, together willi the extensive |?trooage bestowed on mm, will provs a sum eient voucher for his capabilities. Posses-hug the advantage ol being connected with an extensive cloth establishment in Europe he confidently assets that be can furnish clothes which, ou ioiiiparuon, will be found lower tlgin any other house making up the best descriptions of gentlemen's dress. myI3m 8. PHILLIPS, 7 Astor House, Broadway f.nOK- OTTT He who steals my purse steals trash, Bu> he who filthes fiom me of my good name Hobs me of that which not enriches him, But makes me poor indeed.?[ Sliakspeare. MARSHALL, A T HIS ONLY TROY SHIRT DEPOT, No. 90 Chatham il itres't, makes the above quotation, because others endeavor to filch from him his good n*me, fame, and reputation. We have more than once mule public the many irn|?osit otis practised on dealers, strangers and others, in pursuit of our highlyreputed Troy Shirts, Bosoms, and Collars. But now that imJtusitions are on the increase, therefore, we shall keep these acts before the public, which will expose imposters, and may cut off their wicked designs. Make no mistakes therefore. " Marshall's only Troy Shirt Depot" is p:iiuted on ottr awning and window. Be particular, however, to see the name " Marshall's" on our window and about our store. No. 90, our only Troy Shirt Depot, is situated about 16 doors from the corner of Pearl and Cdialham streets, and on the right hand side in Chatham street, in p using to the City Hall. Seethe name IT7- Marshall's ami you arc correct. CATALOGUE OK PRICES. Strong made Cotton Shirts, with linen bosoms, collars and wrist bauds, warranted, at |>er dozen, $7?7 Ml?8?8 50?9?10? 10 50?11?13?12 50-15?16-16 50-17?18?20?21?22 50?21?25 >6 50?27?28. All Linen Shirts, per doz. $20?20 50-25-27 50? 50?32 50?36?38. Plain Cotton Sliirti, per dox. $5 Mi-6?7?7 50 ?8?9. Colored Shirts, pe, upa. $5?5 50?6-7?8?9?10-11. Collars juat received?In addition to oar former large stock of collars of every description, 1000 dozen, all Linen collars, at 50 cents per dozen, 62i?75c?87c?$1?1 25?1 50?1 75?2?2 25 ?1 50?2 75?3?3 25?3 50 and 100, including our new atyle. Marshall's Byron Collars, which have been so highly approved of. These goods, with onr plain and ruffle bosoms, can be found at many of the principle ready ma ! linen stores throughout the city .aiiilRt the manufacturers, [tT^Mars-rall's IC/"" ouly Troy Shiit Depot, No. 90 Chatham aireet. New York. We caution dealers and others acainst the tnany mistakes that hare been made of late, in eonsequencc of seeing ticketed prices in ad|ne of the windows. Recollect, no marked or ticketed prices are to be seen in on-window. But remember this the cut of ourslorr, with the prices attached, will be circulated for the benefit ol all. These circulars only- maybe seen in our window : and, furthermore, we advise again, see the name and number, Ma stall's, No. 90." No patrouage asked of those who beat down. jvl5 lm?e T0~THE LADIES. T7ASHIONABLE MILLINERY GOODS.-The proprier trev, Miss 8 KINO, daughter of the celebrated Carl King, offm for sale a moat select and choice issortrneiit of Millinery Goods, for the spring trade, never as yet presented to the public, both as regards the quality and cheapness of the articles The assortment consists of the follow ing The Celebrated SILK HAT, CALLED CAPOTTE D'ORLEANS, as worn by La Dtichme D?Orh-aua, of France, SHEp SILK, ENTIRELY NEW AND ORIGINAL STYLE And Lawn Hats do do?An entire new style o Hats called ?? MOIHNE CAPOTTE3, ELS3LER COTTAGE. Pariaiaaand English FANCY STRAWS, of the finest te* ?fie ^ipnrmu respectfully solicits the ladies to favor her with a call, ami eaamiue her elegant and raried stock of Millinery for themselves, before they purchase elsewhsre, as it will be a treat saving to tliern in price and a great advantage as regards the variety and duality of the goods. MISS S. KINO, Magazine de Modes, jy22 lm*r Broadway. important~To the public. A LL who wish to foonomi^e cm obtain Clothing of the best + \ OhalUjr remarkably Cheap, at 306 ('anal street, one door west of Hu<Uon. Also, a large assortment of Cloths, Cassimeres, Vestines, and Summer Goods, from which Clothing of all kinds are made to order in the best maimer at very reduced prices, 306 Canal str-et. jel9 3m*r shirts: QHIHTfl mode to order, after the most approved French LJ fashions. Gentlemen s Garments of all descriptions made to order at the shortest notice. Gentlemen's Famishing Store ?T and (9 Maiden lane, comer of William street. al lin'r WILLIAM I'OLLIV'S. A CARD TO THE LADIES. uaris dressmaking establishment-no. r T7M Eist Broadway, one door from Mtik.t .trert,?MRS W. H. JEFKERS, late Mias b. Purser of 203 Broadway', rea|>ectfally informs her former customers and the Ladies generally, that she has re-eammeneed the Drnvmakinir business at the above-named establishment, where she will devote her attention to their service, and confidently assare* those ladies who may faror her with theirpnironage, that I)re-.a< s, Cloaks, Habits, ke.,'entrusted to hrr skill, shall lie deliver ed so perfect in style, fit. aad finish of workmanship, ss not to be earelled .at an/of the'uiost approved establishments Broadway,and fir much more moderate prices. MRS*. W. II. JEFFERS, 77lj East Broau N. B?Masters, Misses and Childrena' tln-ises made to order at the shortest notice. a2 lm*e straw goods. Ml BENNETT, J9 John ?r,d 111 Id William ?trert?, imt . potcr-ntl niaiiufaeiurer of lu',111 ntnl K klish Sftaw cowl", respectfully informs his customers and 'lie public in general that he has on hands splendid ami etten.ive assortment of ladies fashionable straw gno'Ls, which he offers for sale at very redn ed pries, via.: French snd English Duiisubles, Italian Rutlands, Fancy Seliell and Imperial (a Very fashionable and beautiful article) fine Tuscans, Albert Straws, ke. ke. ... Also, an entirely aew article, the White .Siberian Hair Bonuet, which for ihe .uminer wear surpasses all the atyles as yul introduced, being eitr.' nely light, dursble, white and beautify and will clean as wGI as a tuscan. a.l Im'r /COLLECTIONS on all parts of the United State., made on ^ the most favorable tegs,., &LVC8TER ? W(ll, ?| Mi) ( and 1W| Breads ay. E NE NE\ THE REVOLUTION IN OHIO.! Ohio LrgUlal ur?, Se.matc, Aug. 12.?The .Senate met |>ersiiant to 4 adjournment, and the loll being called, Mtssrs. Barnett, Carpenter, Crowell, ford, Fooe, Henderson, Perkins, Boot, Sill, Stanton, Van Vorhes, Wade, and vV'addle, were found absent. i On motion of Mr. Babti.ev, The Sergeant at-Arms was despatched with the ' warrant of the Speaker, for the absentees, und ' which was returned to the Speaker, who rose, and a amid the breathless silence of the Senate, said? t GrntUmen of the Senate:? Krom circumstances, with which you are all familiar, * this body is left without a constitutional quorum. The g tiower ot this laxly to perform its legislative functions is f at an end. Without commenting u|>on the revolutionary act, mat lias plareil us in this iituatiou, mi- question may well be asked, what can we doCan we adjourn without a day I The Constitution of Ohio provides thut neither House, shall, without the consent oi the other, adjourn lor S more than two days. How are we to procure the consent \ of the other branch, to adjourn without day I It cannot he done. We cannot interchange communications. We cannot send or receive tm-ssages; for we are withuut a ti quorum. The Constitution also protilus thai," in case of disagreement between the two Hou-es, with respect to the s time of adjournment, the Governor shall have power to [ adjourn the General Assembly, ac. ' But there is, and can be, no disagreement brtw eon the two houses with respect 11 to the time of adjournment, for we can have no oilicial communication with each other. The Governor cannot, then, interfere and adjourn this General Assembly. The Constitution further provides, thut, "two-thirds of V each house shall constitute a quorum to to business ; but u smaller number may adjourn from day to day, und compel the attendance ol alisi nt members."' V On its appearing this morning, that a quorum was not y preseut, a motion w as made and carried, that the absent ' mcmbeis be sent for. A writ was accordingly issued by " tlie Mpeakc, to the Sergeant-at-arms of thia body, direct- a ing him to bring the tiodies of the absent Senators into the Senate chamber. The return of the Surgeunt-at-arms to this writ is as follows : C " 1 have read this warrant to the within named Joseph 1 Burnett. Jus. S. Carpenter, John Crowell, Seabury Kurd, Jas. Henderson. Joseph M. Root, Benjamin Stanton, Abra- ti ham Van Vorhes, Benjamin K. Wade, und Alexander ? Waddle, and commanded their immediate attendance in s the Senate chamber, and which they allrsluse to obey, by declaring they w ere ao longer Senators. a " Gritlith Koos and K. S. Sill cauno he found. ^ " Under existing circiimstanres, 1 cannot, in my opinion, compel the attendance of the members upon whom I have served this warrant, without an application to the c Governor to call out the aid of the military force." [Signed] GEORGE KNUIT, & Sergeant-at-arms of the Senate of Ohio. From this it is evi lent that the attendance of these t tSenators in litis Chamber cannot be obtained by peaceable means. Besides, 1 would refer to a proceeding that was a witnessed by the mud of you this morning, and c which could not but have caused every Senator's ] regret who witnessed it. The General Assembly of this State, sitting in Chillicothe, selected this place 8 as a proper one for the Legislature to hold its meetings at. It was done under the impression that the ( ivgiciauvv lutiLiiuiio ui 11it ucucidi ^v?3Ciiu?iy cuuia be here conducted in peace, and without interruption. Whether this has been accomplished, is a matter of doubt. An officer of this General Assembly, in the discharge of an order properly directed to him, has been insulted by a mob in the capital of Ohio, while some of the citizens of this place gave apparent countenance to the disorderly proceeding. It the legitimate functions of either brunch canuol be carried on in this place, without being disturbed by mobs; or if the legitimate orders of either branch directed to the proper officer, cannot be executed without the officer being insulted and assailed by a mob, it is then high time to inquire whether another place should not be selected for the seat of Government. This will have to be determined by a future Legislature. There is, then, no alternative left, but for each member to adjourn himself without form or ceremony, if he see projicr to do so. This is the only way in which it appears to me f that we can be separated as a body unaer existing v circumstances. v HorsK of Representatives, August 12?There I1 net being anuorum present, the roll was culled,when 11 it appeared that all the whig members were ubsent 1 exrrpt Mr. Perkins. Mr. McNui.ty moved that the sergeant at-arms be J: despatched after the absentees,which was agreed to. f After being absent a short time, the sergeant atarms made his return that he had notified Messrs. ! IMis-', Chenowilh, Converse, Cooke, Fuller ?'>rogo- 1 ry, kelley of Cuyahoga, Lawrence, I'owell, Scott, s Smith of Montgomery, Taylor, Updegratl* and 1 Wheeler, that their attendance was required in the * Hmm JP ? n 1 * ui- f w n.vj>iiDuivamcD UI Iiir- v^curirti jrxsstriuuiy , of the State of Ohio, and that the said members re- c fused to attend. j Mr. McNultv moved that the Speaker i?up his ' warrant to coni|iel the attendance of the absentees, which was agreed to, and a warrant was thereupon c issued by the Speaker. The sergeant-at-arms, utter ? being absent about half an hour, made his return on the warraS, that he hud served the same by reading v it to the absentees who refused to comply with the J1 authority, and declared that they would not be com- a lulled to attend in the House of Representatives, *' ahorf of actual violence. a Mr. Hyinoto.n said, that under one of the most 1 e high-handed acts of treuson, that ever disgraced v the annals of the country, he was at a loss to de- n termine what course to adopt, but inasmuch as lie '' had no desire to see the city of Colutnbus (lowing c with blood, he would not as" a representative of the ' |ieople, move to adopt the use of violence to com|>e! a the attendance of the absentees, but as a member of ^ the House, he called for the reading of the journal 11 of the proceedings ol the House on yesterday. Y The lournal was then read by the Clerk. The '[ S|*:aker (Mr. Spaldugd then addressed the members of the House as follows:? Gentlemen of the. Haute of Reprttenlalicet : The enemies of freedom have triumphed. Law and order are at an cud in Ohio, and henceforth, unless a speedy corrective be applied, anarchy and violence must bear rule in our beloved republic. By the mad infatuation of the ambitious leaders of the federal party in our State, thirty-two representatives have been induced to withdraw from this Hall, and thus, by paralysing the legislative arm, destroy tne fimctions of civil government. This rash acton the part of the seceding members, has tl not only interrupted our deliberations on the important j subject of Congressional apportionment, which were well nigh their termination, but it has destroyed ail the whole- a some legislation of the session. Bills that have passed * both houses cannot now he signed i?y the respective Spea. hers, and consequently the act for the appraisemunt of r< per?ona! property, belore sale ou execution, fails to he- gj come a law. The bill for the relief of contrac tors and laborers on the public w orks, which hal passed the House, w falls to the floor in the Senate. The bill to enable the spe- 0 cie paying hanks of Ohio to continue in business at'er the expiration of their charters, meets with a similar fate. Ci These matters involve serious and weighty considers- f( tions, gentlemen, hut they are nothing, and less than no- jr thing, in comparison with the shock given to our free institutions. by the fatal example of yesterday. It is, and !l ever has been admitted, that the rule that requires " the ( minority to yield to the will of the majority," forms the very corner stone of our republican form of government. w This important block in our political edifice has been W rudely thrown out of place, and think you the whole of o the fair fabric will not tremble at its lost ? Why will not men reflect upon the consequences of 0 their rashness 7 f,.- o i .1--. .u- r . ... .. ~ ? iuu mc luTiinit! no pes 01 inesc aI?- ., orgnuiinrs should be reali/.ed, and that a majority of Federal memberi should be returned to the next General ? Assembly, la it reasonable to suppose that the demorra- n cy of the State will be represented by a 1< as nunber than tl one third of either branch, and if so, may they not with propriety follow the example act them by their hot-headed a opponents of yesterday ' If they may, and to this propo- ,,, sition every sense of justice yields a ready assent, there ' is an end to the exercise of legislative action in Ohio V* The great chieftain himself, Thomas Kwing, would fail of an election to the United Slates Senate, with a strong rr and decided majority of his friends, on Joint ballot, in the ai General Assembly. ft The recusant members, after a night's reflection upoa tl their pillows, have this morning twin invited to return to w their duty, ami aid us in transacting the business of the f people. They have refused to attend. n( The Speaker's warrant has been resorted to for the pur- r pose of compalling their attendance, in accordance w ith the letter of the constitution, but they have liecome desperate, anil treat the sovereign authority of the |>eople of > < Ohio with utter contempt. el In this strange condition of affairs, we find ourselves w suddenly and forcibly resolved into that elementary state v< in which the laws of nature prevail, and provide that each *1 individual shall pursue the dictates of his own will, so that he does no injury to his neighbor. I know of no safer course to be adopted, gentlemen,than that of immediate separation, without form or ceremony. Let us repair with all convenient speed to our constituents, inform them of the wounds inflicted upon the constitution, and if there ho any " b dm m ' >;'i id," Hi t oiling A etttcacy will he applied and appreciated at the polls on t fj< second Tuesday in October. ? :?We now part?puhu"S forev r. When 1 1 spersed, let us try to remember each other, u l the ma. ny happy hours we have here spent In -ociul tiWcrcoiirse; but, it memory provetri.nrhero'iH in this respect, let us never lorget our rnnn/ru, tur rmnatilu inn ond ^sr Inwt ^ For the kindness an-! firmness with which you have w uniformly sustained me In discharging the arduous duties ? of the chair, I shall cherish you all in my loudest recol. T lection, until memory shall be "swallowed up in death." (r Fa a aw ell ! Mr. BytNoroif said, in order lo give the refractory ? members time to reflect, and return to their duty a as representatives, lie would move that the House take a recess till 4 o'clock, P. M. The House then is Cook a recess. C( II 1 W YC V YORK. THURSDAY J \Yn?liliii;t on. [Corre?pouileuce of the Herald.] Washington, Tuesday, 3 P. M. Jut of Sight of Land?Frobablt Shipwreck? Ilcporls?Public Gardener?Mr. Adaiua. Here we nre?still ulloat on tlie sea of doubt and incertainty, out of sight of land, and without comiass or rudder. Never was ship so tumbled and ossed about?never were oflicers and crew in such i condition?the former without power or authority, he latter in a stale of mutiny, without order, discipline, or care. Whether tlie ship is to founder and ;o down, or reach a |>ort dismasted and damaged in lgging and hulk, remains to be seen. The veto and the revenue question continue to ,bsorb all attention. The ordinary business of lelslation excites no interest whatever. The galleries vere crowded this morning to hear the rei>orts from he several parties represented in the veto commitee. JMr. Adams read his, in which his nine whig asocial*'. concurred. il ornuiied uluuit hull an hour. (is violent and declamatory?vituperative and deuneiatory, beyond all precedent or example. Mr. (iilmoke followed 111 an able and argumentsive paper, meeting in advance ull of argument t'hich Mr. Adams presented. Then came Mr. C. J. 1m; kb sou., with a report in t'hich Mr. lloosevelt united with him. This is a vey ingenious and very conclusive document. Mr. idains is met with his own weapons of sarcasm, nd beaten on his own ground. They were all ordered to be printed, and their onsideration postponed until to-morrow. This tsposed of, Mr. Wise moved to take up the vetoed aritl" bill, now lying on the table, which was neatived. A yea !H>?noes KM. The report of the committee of conference on the rmy organization hill was taken up, and after some lebute agreed to. The House is now engaged on the report of the ommittee of conference on the army appropriation all. In the Senate the business has been uninteresting o the last degree. The contingent appropriation bill was taken up ind passed. There was a small squabble about relucing the salary of the excellent and eflicient pubic gardener, upon which a wag in the reporters' allery wrote the following:? Impromptu )n the motion of Mr. .'Ircher to reduce the Salary oj James Mahr, the Public Gardener, because he hail once inter rupteil a Tippecanoe Meeting. O, cut not down the salary Ot him who cultivates ouch tree And shrub and flower that ever grows ' In summer's heat and winter's snows." Poor Jimmy Mahr, from Emerald Use, Makes all the beauteous flow'rets smile? Makes straight the tree of crooked birth, Whose apex stoops to kiss the earth. What though the Archer bends his bow, To lay the Public Hardener low? What though u stone he whilom threw, To hit the flag of Tip'canoe 1 What though his mouth is open'd wide, In all his bold Hibernian pride, To cry for Jackson or for Van 1 Still Jim is an honest man. Nothing has yet been agreed upon, and ull iscon* iKioll Tile niiimrin tn rlne u tlml vill not be abandoned, and if any tiling is done, it vill be to perfect a tariff bill not to exceed twenty er cent. It is said that Mr. Clay has written to lis partisan* here to go for a suspension oldistribuion for three years, but this is doubtful. The treaties are to be taken up in the Senate tortorrow; they are printed confidentially, and ready or Senators. The factious spirit which animates a portion of he majority of the llouse of Representatives, was ncauttously manifested by Mr. Adams a lew days ince. In declaring that there was "civil war" beween the legislative and executive branches of the [overnment. he avowed his determination to wage his war to the l ist extremity, rather than the l'resilent should be permitted 10 exercise a |>ower exiresslv conferred upon him by the constitution; and le exhorted his followers to take a stand against the xecutive,and maintain it,no matter what consequenes should flow therefrom. A majority of the whigs eem to concur in his views?thev are willing to sufer the great interests of the |?eople to be prostrated while they contend with the President on a mere unctilio. They declare this on the floor, and they reencouraged Dy alarge portion of the whig press. l more reprehensible, a more atrocious principle of ction, was never avowed in a legislative body. Ir. Adams and his coadjutors all aver, as with one oice, that there is no law lor the collection of venue?that the Executive is without the gal authority to levy duties on imports, and onsequently that there are no means to carry on ic government. With a full conviction that this is dually the case, these gentlemen declare their etermination to do nothing to remove the dillicules, because they would iucur personal dishonor by lelding to the President. In other words, they relse to take any steps to relieve the country, because le President will not give up to then;. We shall ;e what the people have to say on this matter by nd by. Newark, Ohio. [Correspondence of the Herald.] Newark, Ohio, Aug. 12, 18J2. lesignationofthe IVhii? SenatortandRepresentatives to the Ohio Legislature, State Convention, Sfc. Yesterday morning (Thursday) it was found that ic whig members had resigned their seats in our ,egiplature, and that the two Houses were without constitutional quorum. The democratic majority 1 each House is but two, whereas the constitution quires two-thirds to make a quorum. The ostenble reason for this course on the part of the whigs ill doubt,the assertion of an effort on the part f the majority to gerrymander the State so as to seure an undue number of democratic representatives > Congress The conduct of the whigs in thus breakig up the Legislature has created great excitement mong the people, and will cause the next election ) go on wun unwonted zeai una vigor. The great Whig Young Men's State Convention rill come off in thiscity on the 21th of August, and ill he addressed by Governor Corwin, and by ther distinguished men. I have just learned that the number of members f the General Assembly, who resigned, were 12, 3 representatives, and 14 Senators. There were 5 whig representatives, and 17 whig Senators, and f course 7 whig represenatives and 3 Senators did ot follow the example set by their political bretren. The bill to provide for the appraisement of |*ersonI property taken on execution, which required such roperty to fetch two-thirds of its appraised value at ties by constables, Arc., although it had passed both louses, was not enrolled, examined by the comlit tee on enrolment, nor signed by the Shakers, nd of course has not received the usual and necesiry attestations of its correctness. It is believed tat the people of this State, under the existing law, ill have to go on and elect 19 representatives to ongress instead of 21, as no apportionment ran tiw be expected before the (tctober election. The dlowing are the words of the law:? " Sr.c.'Jd.?That on the second Tuesday of Oct. in the ;ar le?U, nnd at every period of two i ears thereafter, the cctors of ench Congressional district, thnt now is, or hich shall hereafter lie laid oil", and established, shall >te for a suitable person or persons to represent this ate in the Congress of the V. 8.," lie. L'Occidkxtk. Albany, [Correspondence of the Herald.] Aj.haxy, Aug. 1<>, 1H42. In h'xnirtion?Ahnt llouM? Military? legislature ?Pcl.itirt, tv Dear Sir :? Yes'-rday was quite sultry. The theiinnmeter ood at 93 iti (heshade. Having some leisure, time, e took the arm of a friend, and slowly wended our ay toTivoli balls about three miles from the city, 'his place is much resorted to by our citizens to ee themselves from the hustle, anxi< lies and eares f city life, and by the ambitious student to while way a pleasant hourin the refreshing breeze which ns the thoughtful hrow. The scenery at this place truly charming?and indeed would challenge >mparison with many places in our country belter >RK I CORNING, AUGUST 18, 16 known. Some purls are really enchanting, having the appearance of a fairy lanu. We had a tine opportunist o view the distunt landsbape Irotn our situation on the mountain top. The bright sun shone forth in all his majesty?the sky clear as crystalscarce a cloud was to be seen excepting here and there struggling in their upper abyss?as tar as the eye could discern in the western horizon were some d irk crimson colored clouds intermingling with blue and purple, then breaking oil", leaving long streaks ol white and saphtre curling together like the rippled waves of the beautiful ocean. Flowerets bloomed on hill and dale?fields of corn bent gracefully to the breeze, and new mown hay sent tortli *' most delitrhi 1 iiI odour"?nature's songsters made the forests vocal with melody, and our mother earth i seemed joyously to smile in anticipation of a bounteous harvest to the husbandman. To any lover or enthusiast in nature's school, the whole scene was one full of romance and beauty.

One day last week we visited the Alms House? situate about a mile from ths city. It is neatly fitted up, and the arrangements throughout are orderly.? 'Hie superintendent is a Mr. Stephen Ableman, trom whom we received many kind attentions. We saw singular scenes at this place ; a vivid description of the whole affair you shall have in our next. TVday one of our inilitury companies, the Van J Kensseluer Guards went on an excursion to Jlud- ( son, accompanied by Kngine (Company No. 11.? They puradi d through ilie different streets, and made a handsome display?we saw them off in the I steamer, which was decorated with all kinds of de- ' vices, nags, Arc. "Guy beauty" shone con.-picu i ous in the crowd, and as they passed the city, they fired a salute?the boom oi the guns reverberated through the mountains and valleys of the noble Hudson. , l'retty nearly all our wise legislators arrived to- | day. As the extra session lasts but ten days, many have brought their tedder with them. ITp this way i there is nothing exciting, excepting in the political ] field. As you are aware, the convention at Syracuse soon takes place for the nomination of candid- j ates for Governor ; and the general opinion is, that should llouck get the nomination, lie will, without doubt, be elected. Among the old and steudy yeomanry of the democratic r.uias, whose minds are matured in political uction, Capt. Tyler's name is a "host," this last act, the veto, has brought him many friesds from among the democracy, who will stand by him through thick and thin. Matty Van lfureu is not mentioned but with contempt. He is loo much of a political gambler?his days are numbered?and may consider himself among the list of fallen statesmen.? Flagg, tfani Young, J>ix, and Neddy Croswell are busy as bees, concocting plans for the ensuing cam luiigu. Tile State llurber i& not idle either, but drumming ui> new recruits) to compete with tliein. It will be a not contest. There will be a strong pull, a long pull, and a pull altogether? and as the Irishman said, whoever heals will prove victorious. ] We shall advise you daily ot what ever occurs in , this city?a second Golgotha for roguery and cor- t ruption. i Yours, Stkntok. ? < Savy General Court Martini on board of the U, S. mHI|> North Carolina. ( Wi-Dxksdav, Aug. 17, 1841. | It being understood that the trial of Lieut. Charles . Wilkes, Commander of the late Exploring Expedition, j was to commence this day, the quarter deck was tilled ut , en early hour, by numerous spectators, as well as the host < of witnesses sub]>ocnaed to attend thu Court Martial, all seemingly anxious to learn the full history of an expedition which has been of vast expense to the country, und the benefits of which yet remain to be discovered. Lieut. Wilkes came on board in company with his counsel, Peter Hamilton, Esq., and appcated to be jaded I and worn down by overexertion and ill-health. 1 At the opening of the Court Lieut. Wilkes produced cer. ' tain letters which had pawed between the secretary of ' the Navy and b'mseli, relative to a demand from the Judge Advocate , to he. should produce certain papers, consisting of journal*, iugs, general orders, ice., on the present trial, w hich papers, Sir. sre now in Washington, ' having been sent there by orders from thu Navy Depart- 1 raent. The letterofthe Secretary o! the Navy direct him to obtain permission ol the Court to proceed to Washington tor the purposed! selecting and furnishing the in 1 tormation required by the Judge Advocate. The accused commenced reading a paper, in w hich he solmnly protested against this course of procedure at a direct infringement of his right*, as well as of the lights and power of the Court, an t hoped the Court w ould not permit the Executive influence that w as thus sought to be brought against him, to interlere with its rights and duties. It was en attempt made to compel the accused to pro. duce evidence to lie used against bin,sell on the trial, contrary to all the ruh-R ol law and evidence. He then went on to show from Mr. M'Comb, on Court Martial*,and other autliuritirs, that after the organization ol a Court Martial, and tin! accused had been cited to appear before it fortrial, the po.ier appointing the Court could not interfere between lti functions and the mecuted. The accused went on to state, that ho had ever been ready for trial since the lirst moment charges had been preferred against him, and protested against this interference in sending 1 him away on an arduous lahor which would require at b ast four weeks to pcriorm, while he w as laboring under ill health, anil thus deprive him of his right to a speed) 1 trial. This document which was a very able production, was partly read by Lieut. Wilkes, who becoming somewhat exhausted by the reading, requested the Court tc ' permit his counsel Peter Hamilton, fcisq., to finish its read- I ing, which was granted. J At the conclusion of the reading of the paper, the Tresi- ' ilent remarked, that the accused wus not yet officially before the Court, but only by re|?ort, that although it was understood that Lieut. Wilkes' case would probably come ' on to-day, he was not yet before them officially. 1 Mr. Hamilton replied that the accused w as before the ' Court by direction of the Secretary of the Navy. After some desultory conversation between the Judge Advocate, the Court, and the counsel for the accused, Lieut. W'ilkes stated that he had s 'Ut on to Washington a ' confidential agent to endeavor to procure the papers and ' documents called for by the Judge Advocate, and he expected he would return this evening. The Judge Advocate said that if Lieut. Wilkes would produce such papers as were in his possession, required by thb prosecution, he * would agree at once to proceed to trial. r Lieut. Wii.kf.s agreed to produce his own journal and r that of Mr. Couthouy, subject to the decision of the Court. 1 Mr. Hamilton moved the Court to enter on its minutes, that leave is granted to Lieut Wilkes to go to Washing, ton, (agreeably totheorilars contained in the letter of the 1 Secretary of the Navy to Lieut. W.) The Court was then cleared, and in about hall'an hour ' the doors were again thrown open, when the Judge Ad- ' vocate announced that the Court would now proeeeu with the trial of Lieut. Wilkes. Lieut. WiLRf.s asked permission of the Court to allow ' Mr. Hamilton to act as his counsel, which was granted. r The JuJge Advocatethen read the precept conv ening the Court, and the accused having no objection- to any of its members, they were sworn by the Judge Advocate, and ' that officer was then qualified by the President. The Judge Advocate slated that he should waive the ' fourth specification of the second charge, brought by Dr. * (Juillou against the accused, as there was a fatal defect in ' the averments. He then proceeded to read the Charges ' and Specifications preferred by the Secretary of the Navy, upon information of Assixtaut-Surgeon Charles F. B. Guilloti, of the United States Navy, agninst a Lieutenant Charles Wilkes of said Nai y, of which the Ibl- ' lowing is a synopsis :? " Charue 1. Oppression. Specification i. a In this, that the said Lieutenant Charles Wilkes did, on the llth day of December, 1838, refuse to said Assistant Surgeon Charles F. B On i I Ion, to farward to the sorreta- n ry of the navy a respectful document, dated December 9th, and transmitted to saiil Lieutenant Charles Wilkes en ilay of date aforesaid, being a rejtort of his (said Lieutenant ? Chat les Wilkes") con iuct towards the said aaaistnnt-sur* j. goon Charles K. B Gnillou ; and that he did furthermore : refuse again on the tith day of October, 1840, to forward " tin aid report'and that he slid furthermore actually with- n hold the aforesaid report till July, 181-2, a period of two ' years and six months, or longer, without sending it to the v department to which it was addressed. n SraoirictTioiv a. * In 'this, that the said Lieutenant Charles Wilkes did v treat with negligent contempt a respectful report, dated May -.131, 1810, from the said assistant-surgeon Charles K. B Guillou, of the conduct of Lieutenant Cadwalladvr ii Ringgold ; and he did furthermore arbitrarily and nnne- r cessarily withhold from the honourable secretary ol the h navy till July, 1842, or longer, the charges preferred un- h der date of May 32nd, 1840, by said assistant-surgeon d Charles F. B. Ouillou against Lieutenant Cadwailader Ringgold, and addressed to the honourable secretary ot tha navy. Spr.cirtcATio* 3. In this, that the said Lieutenant Charles Wilkes did, on " the 12?h day of March, 1810, violate the rights of the,*aiH 1 assistant-surgeon Charles K. B. Ouillou, by illegally u ith- s holding from him the promotion due to his rank, at the hi same time ordering assistant surgeon John L. Fox, the ni said assistant-surgeon Charles F. B Gnillou's juaior, to '1' act as surgeon of the Vinrennes, and occupy the apart- ct ments assigned in tti I officer, while the said Lieutenant si CharlcsWilki , ><e said assistant-surgeon Charles di F. B. Guillou, - -is'ant-sii goon. i-t II > ri it I. hi Charr s that Lie'i'.i-nant ifrxi'sly insulted assist, fo ant ,-urgeon Guillou, In ?o < ' ion .o i Irti'c whsm Its t" d velt at llonolula, Sandwich fslan is, on the O-tnlier, *> I UO, in reply to a remark that l)r. Oillon made that Wilkes tl ha I induct 1 him to believe that he would recei. e the nav ei of Surgeon, by saying in a loud and angry tone I deny | tl the fact! I deny the fact, sir, positWelv, I never said any tn such thing," at'he aamc tim -rising from his chair and h shaking lii< linger and hand at Mr. Ouillou in an insulting ! manner, exclaiming in a threatening tone "Leave the N presence, sir! Leave the presence !",That on Mr. Ouillou making a respectful observation, he interrupted him hy a ft repeated order to "f^uit the presence, sir Quit the pre- I. sence. fio on board ship immediately and consider your- C self suspended."aThat w hen Mr. Gnillou loft the house l.t. Wilkes called out from the npper piazza, at the same time threatening him with his linger, "Go on board, sir '. and tl IERA 142. don't leave the ship." Thut by the order* given in this conversation assistant surgeon (Juillou was routined on board the l'eacock. That on the 14th of October he camMr. fiillon to be arrested and kept him under arrest until the 1st of October, 1H4|, relnsing to order him to the 1 States for trial, or to give him a Uial in the scjuadron, a court martial being in session on I oard the I'eacock at the time he was placed under arrest and coniincnientSreiiricAi ion 5. Charges Lieiitcnan' Wilkes, with having by a public communication dutcd July 16, 183d, promised assistant tuigoon liuillou and others fcj per day in addition to their regular pay ? bile rugged in scientific duties, that Mr. (iiiluu v. us engaged in such duties until October bib, 1440, alien l,u minuet Wilkes refused to check uguinst his uc. count $1,618, on pretence that he had not perlorined the duties, thus placing him in 'be position of one who had nviTtlruu ii his wrrsiiuit with irn v #?rn tn?ii t Specification tJ. Charge* Lieutenant Wilkes with refusing to take any cognizance of, or have any othcial intercourse with Assistant Surgeon Uillou, alter the w rick of the Peacock, in July 1S40, by which he lost ull his clothing anil personal property, thereby depriving him of the protection due to iut commission, while reduced to a destitute condition. ClIAIII.E 'J. Cruelty. Specification 1. States that on the loth August, 1839, Lieutenant R. E. Johnson landed on the Island of Clermont Founerre, and remained there near an hour in distress, from injury to their boat, and left the island w ithout being molested by the natives. It charges, that on the next day Lieutenant Wilkes shot und wounded an ihhalntant of the island w ith a gna, and caused hit crew to shoot others; that he then made a forcible landing on the island, and remained there less than half an hour, und performed no experiments ot sufficient important e to justify the hostilities. Specification i. Charges, that on the 12th duy ol July, 1840, Lieutenant ' Wilkes heitig in Sandalwood hay .near the Islaudol Venna Lebrc, one ul the Fijii group, did arm and equip an ekjie. iition consisting ol tli.- selooncr Flying Fish, and six outs, and proceeded to u hay or harbor in the Island ol ' Veniin L' hre, and on the 13ili July ma1,1 an armed und < forcible landing, driving away the inhabitants by leer; in t did cause or sanction to be hurne I down two town" belonging to said inhabitants, and destroy d by tire an I cutting instruments niuny hread-fiuit trees, cocoa-nut trees, and other li nit trees," and in large pint the stock ol yams and hogs belonging to the inhabitants afore, aid such stock and the produce of the li nit ti c> s being the pro* i sions on which the natives depend for support. Specification X Charges that on the 27th luly, 1*40, Lieut. Wilkes 1 aided w ith an armed party on the island ol Malolo, one oltlo 1 1 Fijii's, that he caused several of'the natives to he killed, and burned the tow ns of Moalib, unit Avrow, and injured or destroyed the fruit trees, Stc., and that on the same dayhe caused to be killed or wounded ovet twenty persons in canoes, not being known to bo inhabitants of said Island, SIT. iniMTins t. Was waived by tin? J udge Advocate. Specification ft. Charges that on the l.ith December, 1SIU, Lieut. WilkeR orilured Lieut. W. I.. Hudson to lalat command ol an ex. pcdition against the Islmid of Upolo, one of the Navigator's group, and that Lieut. Hudson proceeded there, Hint an the 20th February, 1841, did shoot round and grape diot into the town of Salnafuta, landed n i>arty, and burn-d the houses, church, and srhoolhouse, and injuring the fruit trees, Stc. That on the same day he landed at Fusi ind Salalesi, burned down the houses, &C. It is further barged that Lieut. Wilkes afterward (auctionedthis conlu?t. specification 6. Charges that on Dec. 1ft, 1840, l.ieut. Wilkes ordered Lieut. Hudson on an expedition against Drummond's island, one of the Kingswill group, and that on the !>th of \pril, 1841, Lieut.Hudson caused several natives of Drummond's Island to be shot, effected a landing and burned .lie houses, "Spirit House,"' fruit tiees, canoes,Ik.'..,on raid Island, at the town of Ctiroa, and that Lieut. Wilkes lid sanction said outrages. cllarlie 3. Disobedience of orders. Specification 1. After reciting that "Hie Secretary of the Naxy did issue written orders to Lieut. Charles Wilkes, bearing dute I Ith August, 1838 expressly forbidding, said Lieutenant Wilkes, using force or violence against uncivilized na lives ol lands, that should be visited by him, except in cares of absolute defence," goes on to charge Lieut. Wilkes iviththe attack on the Island of Clermont Tonnerc, beug the same as the first specification of the second barge. Specification t'. Is a repetition of the 2d spi i ilication ot the second 'harge, being an account ol the attack on the island of i'enna Lebre. Specification 3. Charges the attack on the Island of Molulo, the surnc as n specification third, charge second. ' Specification 4. Charges that after the inhabitants of Malolo had sub- ' milled, and large deputations craw led upon their elbows and knees towards the feet of Lieutenant Wilkes, groan- j inglorth repentant submission, grappling up earth and throwing on their head and shouldi is, lie oiceri J them to | drive dow n their hogs to the 1 01 poise, und run y water to lill her tanks, and required them to yield tip their arms and othei )>i opeily to him, the compliance villi said orders " leav ing them w itli their wives and children excised to the murderous hate ol the unthropophagian appetites 0 1 their cunnihal enemies." Specification 8. Charges the attack on lhe Island of I'poltt the same as j in the tilth specification of charge second. Specification 6. Charges the attack on Drummond's Island, and is a repetition of the sixth specibcation of the second charge. ( Charge 4. , Illegally punishing, or causing to be punished, men in t he si|ua<lioii under his command. Specification 1. Charges that Lieut. Wilkes did, of his own authority, ? m board the U. S. ship Vincennes, punish with illegal t, ninhhmcnt, with the eat o'ninr tails, tw enty-five men, j vhose names, the time of punishment, and amount of t ashes received by each, are given. Specification '4. Charges Lieut. Wilkes with ironing and confining for ( ivo day s on bread and water two maiines, alter the expi- s ation of their term ol service, and punishing them with a t lo/.en lashes with the cat. Specification 3. j, Charges him with extending the sentence of a Court (Initial on a seaman named Sweeny , causing him to he j owed in a boat, stem tori-most, round the squadron, and hen setting him on shore at Honolulu. Cm roe 8. Violation of the law ol March 4d, 1837, entitled "At t Vet to provide lor the enlistment ol Boys lor the Naval , crvice, and to extend the term of the enlistment of Seanen," hv illegally detaching mnnlrom the Naval service j if the United States while on Imnrd a public vessel on locign service. , spec ification. , Charges that Lieut. Wilkes ailmitted, received and j er- , nittcd to he employ ed on board the I nited States ship Viu- , 1 nnes, in violation of Section 1st, ot the law ol March he 3d, 1813, thirty Kanakamen, not natives or citizens of he United States. That Lieut. Wilkes sent to the rtiore, with their bags | aid hamaiocks, in the harbor of Honolulu, from the Unit"I States ships Vincennes and Peacock, twenty.four nen. FrOM t he Vl*f FNNFS. Francis Linthicum, (Capt. Coxswain,)?James Wolf, Qr. tiun'r.)?Samuel Holt, (f apt. Hold,) Samuel Kee- t tun tSea.,)?William HclFc-rmar, ('dipt. Top,) Jaire Pew nsend, |(Sea ,)- - lohn King, <?~< aman,) ? St. . n , (night, (H. Cook,)?Robeit Ktirman, (O. Hea.,)?Chivies olston, (II Stew'd,)?Hubert Brown, (B. Mate,)-- ohu Hack, (B. Mate,)- Samuel Ka?tman,(Qr. Mr.) : and From tiif. Peacock. (Jeorge Hnsted?Charles Clitlord- John Dimilt?Alcv nder Barron?( onway Dougherty?Samuel Brown? , (felson Norton?Allan ivirby?John II. Cole?Helndrick Imitk, | And caused Purser K. K. Wnblron of ?aid shin, lo dro]> a he names of said men from the pay-roll of said ship, for j. nd after the term commencing November 1st, 1940. Charge ti- , Scaiidaloiis conduct tending to the destruction of good i totals. -j iini. IHI nidi I. In thii, that the laid Lieutenant Charlei Wilkei in his e|K)rt, number tld, tu the Secretary of the Nary, datid t iHrch the llth, lH-tO, did utter a deliberate ami wilful v tliehood, in the follow ing wordi, to wit: " or. the morn;ig of thi! 19th of January we saw Ian I to the southward ? nil eastward with many indication! of boing in iti vicini- n y, such a* penguins, seal, and the iliaeoioration of the ? l ater, but the impenetrable barrier of ice prevented our oarer approach to it-"?the said Lieut, Charles Wilkes p irclf knowing that laud to the southward and eaitwar I a ,-as not aeon on laid morning, an asserted by him. SrKtiricATioit fl. < bargee that Lieut. Charles Wilkei in a " general order" [ i June, 1 i39, at Valparaiso, did utter a wiltul and'ilelibc- (] ate ialiehood in relation to an application lie pretended to f, avo received from all theofficera of the squadron in bealf of two young ofticen who had been ei-guged in a r uel. ? Char OK 7. 9candalous conduct unbecoming an officer. SricriricATiojr. f In thi", thnt the raid Lieut, Charles Wilkes did, noon < fter leaving the harlior of f'allao, on the 13th day of July, I s.'W, mount the blue broad pennant on lajard tbe United ' tate? ship Vincennel, find keep the laid pennant flying on oardthe vessel under hit immediate command, after the 4 uinner of cnj>t.iiria cemmanding squadrons, and did re. aire hi- inbordiiiatei so to style lum; that in an official mmuni -ation to his officer*, da'ed Aug. M, 1H30. and I ' gned "Charles Wilkef, commanding Exploring Hxpe- I ' it ionhe ?ty lei himself " Captain Wilkes:" and that in , ydney, New South Wales, dlit.-.g the months of l)er emir, IH39, and > larch, 1*1 he lr. - netith wore a coat w ith < ur buttons 0.1 e . !. cull", fm : ! 1-.. ,i.j 'down ?'i-~h p. ' ! M, fo-ir lull ten ur-.d'-r e.u_h p >. I\?-f ,i(l ,nl ?b I ti 1 also at the same time or '.-n-, iw<'j lie's i 1 ml lie usually wore on board t e. bt-? p V'in- ! ' -nnes. it round Jackot With tour b-itton--over rcb poek<t up, and tw o epaulet straps, In ing the nnilorm of a ( up- r, iin in tha Navy of the United States, tints arrogating to im?? If a til' -, honor, and decorations tierond tho?e al. >wed to an offit er ol hit grade, by the ri g'ulatiom of the / raw. Additional charges and specification* ot charge" pre- ? trred by ihc Secretary of the Navy, ujion information of i ^ lent. II. K. riiikney, of the Unite I States Navy , againit |al harles Wilkes, a Lieutenant in said Navy. cii CHianR I. II' Scanilaloui conduct unbecoming an officer and a gen- i leman ?a?a? I LD. Price Two Centa. HraciricATioa i. Chargee that on the 24th of August, l*t9, ho iddretted Lieut. It. K. Piukney, of the H; ing I- ish, Uuuugh u tilimpet, the following angry and unjuat report:?" Vou have not obeyed my orders, sir! you hate not obeyed my ordeis! liod damn it, sir, I ordered you o/i'ut sumluw 11, il is now three quarters ol an hour alter sunset! cJon'i uo it again; don't do it again,air!" Such conduct being calculated to bring Pinkney into contempt with his ow n crew. Sriaini ATioa 2Charges that Lieiitenunt \tiikis, m the cabin of the I.'. K. ship Viiieenues, on the Jhlli of August, Jf-J!?, did charge Passed Midshipmun Knox, Acting Master oi the 1 S. schooner kiting kish, ttuh the following insulting messuge to said Lt. Piukney, in answer to a respectiul written communication against the manner ol the repi ned set forth in the 1st ol those specifications, to wit: 'Tell Mr. Piukney that whenever he disobeys my orders, I shall reprimand him in w hat manner and place I please ; and that I do not think enough ol his letter to answer it in writing.'' kri t iricsTion J. ( barges, that on the 40 ol September, i.-W, said Lt. ItK. Piukney, iu command of the k l) ir.g ki-li, w as obliged by Lieutenant Wilkes' thrice rep. ,v. .i, u, p, i, i,, klying kish to in a dangeious iHoin,.,, ue.di ; he bow ol thol* ? -i.:.. v .i.... i ... w, .? o.,.|' ? uiviiiiK", ?uai ? .iu - : u>m tin- k r< castle of said ship, uiblresn il tin- soul Pinkicy * ,ni|n.); at (be Mine tlnn- passionately on the deck. iu the tollow ing wools:? What do you mean? w hat do > on mean, sir/" And w hi n mud Piuknoy i j 1 ic-?!, I have hove to in obedience to j our order*, sir," the said Wilk. s ; iooi " ded to vociti rate, stamping passionately on the di el in.I damn it, sir, 1 did not order you to heave to under my bow." SriA ll'll ATlol* 4. I Inn gos that 11. Wilkes gave hisveihul cotu.i nt to l.t. rinkney at Apia, in 1*>39, to rate a man as boat 'w ain a mate on hoanl the Kly ing Ki.ih, and Mierwui * denying that he hud given such authority, and di.'allowing the rule. SPECIIICATIO!* &. < harget that Lieutenant Willos refused to pay the it necessary repairs en the Kly ing Kish, a lie!- si el . ht < l. njuredhy a cruise to the A: etie < in Co cite >: 2. Neglect of duty. Ki'KCH'ii < rn In this, that the said l.n no , t \V i!u il m . et < < ( I ward to the Holt, thi Son.i > i.e N >ij . . nun iicutioii fioinsvid Lieut, rinkney, .'ated 1 :i s- s 'mber, *ttP, w hich communication wn. *! i to . vv.ll,. . i i nnsmission, lielvveeli the I tit h ami :0th ot Snptcmboi ,-Hit, in cuiilormity with the iuh - and reguldtion ' "i '.vpioring Squadron ; and that he 11.1 retain t! r >m I con nuuicatiun tor the peiiod of at out tlnrti on months. ClIAUi.E 2. Oppression. Specific atkiv 1. The same as the specification in charge secondsrectricat ion 2. The same as specification five, charge firs' Specis ii al ion it. Charges Lieut. Wilkes w ith suspending l.ieut rinkney from duty Irom the lHth Anril to the ilth f)etnh<>r i-io when he v an arrested, and a poitionol the time causing lum to he confined, until Surgeon I'lilmer obtained a u taxation ol lug punishment by representing big bud health Charge 4. Cruelty and oppression. SrtciricATiow. < barges t hat tour "private murineg." bad xpired on board the Vincenncs.amMhat Lieut. Wilkes re used to give them their discharge, caused them to be put u double irons, and sent on shore at llonoliuln to lie run. ined in a tort infested with vermin, that tint were kept it solitary confinement, and deprived of hall their ration. Chat after sixteen days confinement they went again irought on hoard the Vincennes, and on their respect fitly declining to do duty, they were confined in "the rig" in double irons, and alter wards (logged twice, with t dozen lashes, and they were thus compelled for the pielervat.onof their lives to do duty In the si|uadtou against ;heir free will. At the conclusion of the reading of the charges by the ludge Advocate, Mr. Hamilton, on the part of Lieutenant Wilkes, read a well written and pow erful aigument, ou ipplication to qtiash certain of the charges anil specilira ions, of which we are unable to give even a briel sj nop. lis, ou ing to the crowded stute ol our columns. At the conclusion of the uigumvnt, the court room was gain cleared, and remained closed lor nearly two hours. On the opening of the doors, the Judge Advocate hulounced that the court sustained the protest us lar as reuted to the seccnd charge, hut overruled the objections o the third and fifth cliai ges. The accused then pleaded lot guilty to the several chaiges ami specifications. r Mr. Hamilton inquired if the couit had rl? eided it would frant no leave to Lieut. Wilkes to go on to Washington. The President said the court had decided that Louietaut Wilkes must go to 'rial, with the understanding that he pioFccul. r dispensed with the production ol ceitnin loctimenu, &c., and should be furnished with others in jossessionof Lieutenant Wi.kes. Assistant Surgeon (J. K. (Jillov was then called b> the ludge Advocate, and sw orn.?On application of Mr. llsm)ton, counsel for Lieutenant Wilkes, the Court diicctcd ill the remaining witnesses in the case to retire during die examination of this witness. Q,?Uv Judok Advocate.? Was you present during the reading of ilie churges and spec ilic at ions against Lieutenant Wilkes? , A.?I was, sir. y?State what you know in relatiou?to the first specification ol the first charge. A.?On the 11th of December, 1H39, after being detached Irum the Torfioise. I went on shore to the ol -ei \ atory at Port McQuaine, to see Lieutenant Wilkis. I did see him, and asked him whether he had forwarded lo tb" Secretary of the Navv, or placed among tbepnpera sent by the Hoyal (Jcorge, which was to start 'hst day, a report ad port addressed to the Secretary of the Navy , under date if December 1Mb, ami which I had sent in to Lieuteaant iVilkrs through Lieutenant Kiriggold, before being de ached from the i'or|>oise. He told me he had not sent that taper, and didn't intend to; he reserved to himself the mrilegc ol judging what pnpers were to be scut. Inn onveisatiou on the lith of October, is-tn, at Honolulu, he aid me, at his own room, where he w as residing, that he uid retained Several tiancrs addressed tnilm 9?-r..i--rv nf he Navy, tn reply to a ipecific question in relation to he paper of December 9th, he told mr that he reftut d to nswei the question. In July, I forget the date, I applied o the Secretot y ot the Navy at Washington, for |o i mision to examine the pa|wrs sent by me. am' others k .rii.g m my particular case that might he on 'k. jjj to! the lie artment. I asked to see the report of December 9th. u I on Id not find it. The chuks examined the handles of iapers in my presence for me, and they did not give them o me. The Judge Advocate asked Lieutenant Wilkes it he ha I n his possession the report of Assistant Surgeon Ouillou, if December 9th, 1N19. Lieutenant Wilkes replied, that lie original u as not in his possession, but had been sent o the Navy Drpaitim nt. Question by the Ji doi Alvucatk.?State what you enow in relation tothe second specification. A.- Sometime during the Inst of May, 1S10, I sent in hruiigh Lieut. Hudson, commanding tin Peacock, to ivhich vessel I w as attached, a report to l.ietit Wilkes of he conduct of Lieut. Ringgold, and sent w ith the icport ii Lieut. Wilkes, u set of charges at.. - . ideationigainst Lieut. Ringgold. In ni) letter to Lii W ?cs. I requested? IVIr. Hamilton objected to stuting tl, - c... h < etter. Mr. Oitn.LH'stated it was the n p>. 11 to L/eui V hicli he spek' . The J (oil Aovoi a i i ii" ' J i i ' WiIk. ( 1. . he report. Li cit. Wii.kss replied that it had hem nt on ; > WashllgtOll. H'ilnrtt rtsi'mrJ.?When I w in Washing'...n in July, "11, and acting tinder | ci mi n of the S < > < tat i of the *?avjr,#t date.I in my an 'W'u in tela ( . to tin -t p< .fic'.'ion, 1 a?ked to see tin m- paper , tl. . le. l.s . xi.miue.1 he files, and did not give me the j o, i - tl . in to ne. The Jroos Advoc ati stated the third ..p.. I he witness answ ered a* follow s ; I was kept on daty as Assistant Surgeon on beard the 'eacock, on und after the 12th of March, 1S40; a few days ifter the 12th of March, I think tho 13th, 1 saw orde-, ,m Iressed to John L. Fox, Assistant Surgeon. The order to Assistant Surgeon Fox to act as Surgeon in board the Vinrennes until further orders from Lieut. iVilkes, and dated Sydney, 12th of March, IMP, w as read. 1'his document was published on the trial of f)i. (lUilloti. fVitnem Rttnmtd.?After this, Dr. Fsx did act as Sur on on hoard of the Vincinaes, during the time, lietw een he date of his order; I Jo not know I'tom personal oh'< rstien that he acted as Surgeon only from general report a the squadron. He received the orders and did art as lurgeon; I continued to perform th? duties of Assistant urgeon on hoard the Peacock, after this order w as issued, The Court tlinn adjourned till thi* (Thursday) morning H o'clock. Sll.K BANNKRS, lie. _I ANNINOTON k CO., 293 Broadway, nev Read street, ' Respectfully inform the Order of 1. O. of (>. F? an.l their itnd* generally, lhatthev are now preiwrrd to execute order* ar Flag* and Banner* iti the moat superior style for be.anty, urahility, and economy, having Hi)ka made for the < ?n" o oc asion that will make the largest banners without di*lhit?ruiif it rith a aeam. Specimen* and Designs can he aeen at their Establishment, 93 Broadway, or aent to ant part of tlie Union. For atyle, design and execution ol work? of the kind, * rerr to the (Jetty'a Banner, No. II, I, O. of I), h . .? .1." to ireenwich, No. 40, Harmony, 14, t oaetiant, 11, Per?e>< .sure, 7, alao Military Compauiea aud Stindsy School B.nnets, out hetocietiea St. Nicholas, New F.tHtland, St Oeoigc, . t AnIrewa. Hi Da?id, he kc. _ , Window Shades in great variety, fram $1 each to the richo ind beat, painted hy 'he moat eminent artist*. "? do ,1 (II al> r thi >'" ' " ' " " ,' icvi r to rhunrc rolor, with inn.y recent "?1^ htirch window* a .id oth'-r public and private bundii - ?, tt? \ n ??'?!? racket *hiiw, for** witidow*. ?* ?c. Imitation* Of Stained lila-.,, l ?!.? on muslin for Church vi.ii'ow*,*! ry close imitation of tV n d i*.,at a v. r * vneiiw. ortlieclaasnh rnredaud .1 in bnll . .. f If ' !f Iflfi I III T1 ' - ,VT5.k.i \f ( , y l< ! '??' * l* ' 'a' 11 a ' '' l" It N W V \ " . \ . I - ' # : i i. - ? ? ' 11 ' .? !' - ' . n() D?f <-f<?t lm*< *"' 1 r i .1 ??%* nt of 6v- 11* i ,.rrr, > (In # t) ?r \l afou., ol" the Comp my, payable on the ft t, ,1.4 y iif ember w?*t. All Ma I. II "fllf r Of til' U ' . 1? JOB. K BLOOMFIKU* * n i ail \ \fiiKI?H*"Elft.s ill HtTTITol ' II N a I .- I Y 0 ; / hrr hiving mule atnn^ftnfitM with fit* K .i I *' " hanof r ll' . ' I ?Vf \s 'I. ! i'l |?: . |i;ire?i Jo .1 ' * I 11 f ?,?>. | a. t If lum- 4 from 1830 to tin* present period either n? nt?ml r-? or iund, and a|*o the weekly number* <?f tl??- | m v f-y t" flit* teat arriv <1; terms of ?ub*criptien $2 .'>0 p? i iniiuin, forward 1 if mutt or delivered in an .1"' * ' 1 , , , , Oflre of the Chamber*' KdiuHnrgh Journal ami the family immenUry of tin Holy B'hlf?Nnaaiwaf ,nv, aulo odJt r THOS JONM. ? i