Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 20, 1842, Page 2

August 20, 1842 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. New Vork. HatariUy, August SO, |t*4V. (Itj- The Wklkia Hkkai.d will h published tin? morning at 8 o'clock, at this office, corner of Fulton and Nassau streets. I'rice 6^ cents ftO- The Sunday Hsrai.d will be issued to-morrow . morning as usual. It will contain the latest news from all parts of the world, up to the hour of going to press The New York Lancet?No. 8 oi the second volume of this popular work, wrill be issued this inormng from the Herald office. Single copies t>4 cents. The present is a very valuable number. Late \r\vi froiu KurojJfs No Britannia h! Boston as late as five o clock on Thursday afternoon. She was then out fourteen days and a few hours. We look upon this as a long passage, when we take into consideration the short trip of the Western, Columbia, and South America. This morning's mail will most likely bring her intelligence, and we shall issue an Extra Herald containing it. at an earlv hour Astounding Financial 1H-vclapmenta? Mornli of Wall itrect?AhcIi and Management of tlie American Trust Company. Every day?every hour, every second of time only adds to the accumulating facts that develoi e the morals and management of the credit system of Wall street, and of that class of society who claim to be the only respectable people tit the land. This is a most astonishing arrogant world we live in. During the last few days, a very neatly printed pimphlet, containing a list ot all the assets and debtors of the American Trust Company, a branch of which was managed in this city by the Hon . John Duer, has been circulated in some of the Clubs, and round about the bank parlors ol Wall street, to the astonishment, amazement, and up-both-hands wonder of every man who could read without s|>ectaeles. We give to-day some of the choicests extracts from this brochure, which will be found in he money article, and we call the attention of the whole community, rich and poor?fashionable and unfashionable?modest and impudent, to the singular developments it makes in finance,credit, fashion and respectability. In the names and sums recorded in this document, will be found the secret, mysterious power which binds the financial and f ashionable clique* to gether, and makes them go, right or wrong, against any man or interest that interferes with their avarice and ambition. These are the men who set up to be the exclusive materials of moral, fashionable, and respectable society, and who deny to all others the right to have a thought, a word, a feeling, or an impulse, but what agrees with their notions. These also are some of the men who attempted by a base conspiracy of the Wall street press, to put down our establishment, nnd to break up our independence, under the cry of " immorality," and all sorts of falsehoods, attacks, indictments, suits, &e. Arc. Mr. Davis, the architect of the ruins of New Brighton, who figures in this brochure, had the impudence or simplicity, we hardly know which,Jto tell me only a fewj months since, that I had recently become moral and resectable. John Duer, who also figures there, is the same creature who loomed so largely in the Boz dinner, and raised such a cry of joy over the condescensions of u London paper reporter, while he had but a few weeks before abused the whole press of England, because the capitalists there, would not lend more money to the company he managed. Governor Seward, K. 1.1. Biatchiord, J Wutson Webb (not including his celebrated left leg.) Joe Hoxie the celebrated coonskin vocalist, and a host of others, are all tound in this respectable list of fashionable financiers and leaders of the btitii mondr. Good God ' what a development is here presented ! The whole property of a company nearly annihilated and squandered by bands of financiers,for the mere purpose of exhibiting arrogance and extravagance in every department of hvman life ! These are the people who look down upon honesty, industry miirl talent, if it will not minister to their passions. as things to be hated, despised and put down by any maenness in their power. Pnch is the exhibit of this company. Where is such rottenness to end 1 Where are the developments of the North American Trust Company 1 We must have every piece of mismanagement out, before society can begin a pure, honorable, and successful reform. Who er what explodes next 1 The Mormons.?We have received further intelligence from Nauvoo, and we must say that the Mormons are rising again in our estimation. These papers contain a variety of statements and affidavits, contradicting point blank the allegations made by General Cook Bennett against Jo Smith. They deny that Jo Smith is criminal?they deny that there is any secret D inite band?and they make some hard statements against Cook Bennett. Altogether the war gets interesting, but whether Roderigo kills Cassio, orCassio, Roderigo, we cant tell. Wc understand also that General Cook Bennett has returned from Connecticut, and is preparing to , publish a philosophical history of the Mormons, with a varie:y of engravings, representing their pious ways. In opposition to Bennett, we find that Mr. Richards, one of the Twelve Apostles, is here to upset Bennett's movements, by publishing a correct account of the Mormons, with a map of the Holy City, and a portrait ol the I'rophet. A great fight is expected, particularly if the Angel of the Lord should remain neutral. Conspiracy auainst IIenry Ci.ay.?We already perceive some of the whig papers discussing the question whether the whig defeats at the recent western elections, have not been caused by the unpopularity of Mr. Clay. This is the old game to he id ofl gallant old Harry. Immediately after the next elections in Ohio, New York and Pennsylvania, we will see the cry of " unavailability" again raided against Clay by the whigs. Mr. Webster will soon leave the cabinet, and assume his old position in the whig ranks?and we have no doubt but General Scott will again be brought out. Hero of Chippewa, get ready?you'll be wanted soon. " Tux Yorso Democracy."?The recent movement of the "young democracy" in the Park, has astounded all the old rogues and old reprobates in theconntry. All the Washington papers are struck dumb, except John .Tones of the Madisonian, and he seems to be always talking, without saying any thing If John Jones would come to New Yorktake a lew lessons in the philosophy ot politics, he might then return to Washington and do some good?that is, write when he has ideas. If John follows the light of old reprobates, old clo' men and old focls, he will soon find himself going up Salt river. Removal or Jcdoe Lynch?We understand that nearly every member ot the Common Council, whig and locofocs, is in tavor of the immediate removal of Judge Lynch. On his recent acts, every . newspaper in the city speaks the same tone? "mockery of justice," "Lynch, law," "straw bail." None but that " old reprobate" Noah, supports him. Governor Seward, bustle, bustle. Advu r. Gratis.?The two very clever industrious young printers, who are trying to make a respectable living, by publishing a paper, should not permit a little vagabond of an English Jew, by the nam* of Lee, to sully their columns by attacks on lemales and children This Lee, we believe, was a valrt in Paris?came out to New York, and became a waiter in a hotel?led that respectable calling, cultivated a muttarht, and calls himself a reporter. His tastes can never rise beyond the level of brushing ooats, or wiping plates. Naval News ?The 1 ?*. irigate Columbia, from New York, for Rio de Janeiro, was spoken on the .'ki instant. And the steam frigBte Mississippi, on the "Quaker," hence for Vera Crn?. on the fith in?t., twenty miles N.'W of Carrysford Light Boat, Xedlcal Lltiraluro?Tlse Wew Lwieel. This very popular medical journal still continues ita eminently successful career. The number issued n- iiiorniiig is more than usually interesting to the ,! ncral reader, lis contents ire mtvtly original? a roof that die work is accomplishing one of the prtnipul objects of its publication, the establishment of a Kition.il medical literature, independent ot tliqutt old parties. Among the valuable articles presented i n the present number is one ot a series of admirable apers by Ur. S. Forry, of New York, on " the van)us races of Man." This able article was also ublished in the last number of the Dtmocratic Ma'itsiuc, and has been transferred to the J.uiu-et by ite permission of the accomplished author. It is by ?r the most satisfactory and erudite answer to the interesting query?" IXi the various races of Man onstitute a single species!" which has been published. Then we have one of l>r. J. A. Swett's valua>le lectures on Diseases of the Chest?Reviews of New Medical Works?an article on Medical Education, by the Editor?an original article by Dr. Mii>dlkton Goldsmith, of the Crosby Street College? mother by Professor Williams, of Deerfield, Ma*, ?another by Dr. Jei ferso.n, of South Alabama? ind a fourth from tlte pen of one of the most ac-oinplished femule writers in this country. Ttie 1.itter paper is on "Spectacles?more light?better ught," and is most instructive and amusing. A miserable cliijM in this city are attempting to lestroy,if possible, the circulation of the Lancet; but, is is usual, are conferring real benefit on the work; which is, we may add, extending its circulation 'liroughout the States and the Cunadas, in a most unprecedented manner, and it is meeting the most favorable notice ol the medical and newspaper >ress. Emigration.?We were not a little surprised the other morning to receive a call from two or three cry respectable Indies, accompanied by a young nan, who had just arrived from Europe ; they stated that they were desirous of obtaining informaion in relation to reaching Cincinnati. They asigned as an excuse for tronbling us, that they had beard of the New-York Herald establishment while in Eurojie, and of its celebrity and facilities for procuring information of all kinds ; and that they bought there was no place so proper for them to ipply at. And this is only one instance out of many where foreigners on arriving in this city find them-elves under the necessity of applying to us lor in. formation of this and other kinds. During the last few days, many hundreds of emigrants have arrived in this city from Europe, bringing with them a great deal of money, and goods and property of all kinds. Up to this time, 60,000 have iriived in New-York this season. In Boston and New Orleans over 40,000 have arrived in the same tune : New-York. Boston, and Now-Orlcans hcinir the only places in the United States where emigrants arrive in large quantities. At New Orleans i great number of Mormons arrive, who are sent out by special agents appointed at Liverpool to direct , the Bteiw of the faithful to Nauvoo. At our Quarantine a a singular scene has been 1 presented within the last few weeks, day after 1 day. These sixty thousand people have been arriving with their goods and chattels, and money, and have probably brought with them two ' or three millions of dollars in all. Many of them j have gone up the river, immediately on their arri- I val here, and then on to the far west, and all who ! have done so have invariably done well. The .reatest difficulty these people have had to contend with isthe attempt made by several sham packet agents in this city to cheat them out of all their mo- ! ney if they can, and if not, at least to cheat them | out of tlie price of the passage money to the west.? i But, wc are happy to lea^n that, under a law of the l United ritates, the collector has organized an admirable system, by which he obtains all the information necessary for emigrants, and also a plan for fa- I cilitating their passage out west. Many of the transient vessels that have arrived in J this port, have violated a law of the United .States, ) by bringiug more passengers than are allowed by law to their tonnage. But as in every instance they have been promptly prosecuted, they now bring no more than the regular number. We regret to see that a great number of valuable emigrants are returning to Europe, because they do not lind employment immediately on their arrival in the city. This isa great error; for there is plen ty of food, plenty of land, plenty of every thing and to spare in the western country. Let them all go out west as soon as they arrive here, and not stay in the city. The foreigner on his first arrival here, doubtless feels solitary ; he has no associations, he pines for home, and he feels wretched. But this oon wears off if he goes out west. He must expect ome hard rubs at first, but that's all. His after life | will be all the brighter for it. Delightful Drives and Walks, Birnham's.?This charming and fashionable re- ' ort is now in the zenith of attractions. Cool air line shady walks, beautiful bouquets, quiet, health ind happiness, maybe found out here. Nowlan's.?This lovely spot near Harlem is now more beautiful than ever. All who want to get an 1 appetite, and enjoy life should drive out here daily ' and partake of one of Nowlan's glorious dinners. Striker's Bay.?This is another delightful retreat during the dog days. Here you have a glorious view of the North river, the best of fare, and flowers and amusements in abundance. IIoboken.?This favorite resort this year excels .ill former years. The grounds are improved, order is preserved, loafers are kept within bounds, and every thing contrived to make the visitor happy. New Brighton.?Whoever wants to spend a day or two in real comfort should go down to this place nd stop at the Pavilion. It is a demi paradise. New York Legisi-ati rk.?The only business of ! importance done in this body on Thursday was another movement towards taking up the subject of the | Krie Railroad. It did not succeed. The House , subsequently refused to accept the report of the Speiml Committee on the subject of Districting the 1 8tate. So that we shall have some fun yet before the matter is settled; and perhaps there will be no law at all passed that will recoive the sanction of the Governor Glentworth in the Jug.?We understand that mir old acquaintance. Master J. B. Glentworth, is rusticating in Freehold, Monmouth, N. J. He has been furnished with snug apartments iu the jail on ... i~. ur. .......u ?j .1 :i in aciiuu iui ucui. *r nuuiu auvioc int" jailer to shave off his whiskers, and keep him cool in these warm days. The people of Freehold arc a very sensible people. Ix).ng Island Rail Road.?We understand that this Company, in order to satisfy the Jamaica iwople, intend to run an extra train from that town to Brooklyn during the prese nt travelling season. This will obviate all the complaints of our corresl>ondfnt, and render it unnecessary to publish his article. The Elections.?The only State about which there is any doubt, is Indiana. And from the very latest advices, it now seems that the whigs have 76 and the locos 74 in joint ballot. We must however wait till we g.-t the official returns from the whole J*tate. Orj- Ix?rd Axhburton has not arrived in this city yet. He is positively expected here by Monday ?r Tuesday at the farthest. Niht.ii a. I his evening those talented artistes, Mrs I itzwillistn and Mr. Ruckstone, again appear m the admirable piece called "Snapping Turtles," in which all the characters are supported by themselves and "Foreign Airs and Native Graces."? The latter has had both on this continent and in Europe a most extraordinary run, and, perhaps, next to her I'egfy in "the Country Girl," is the one in which Mrs. F. is seen to most advantage. This is the last evening but one our rilizenscan witness their clever | representations. I Three Days'Laterjfrom England. The tine packet ship Mediator, Captain Chahplin, arrived last night from LondiB in twenty-live days, whence she sailed on the 22d ot July.' The English money and other markets are very teady, and prices without change. The Paris lunds tluctuate terribly. The Queen is in fine health. There has been a large meeting of merchants at Manchester to remonstrate with the government on the distress of the country. Nothing new in Parliament. The news from Paris is interesting. Cerito hud u brilliant benefit, July 21st. The Queen?The Court, tec.?London, July 21. The Queen and the Princess of Suxe Coburg (Jotlia took an airing yesterday afternoon in an o|?cn cartage and four, his Royal Highness Prince Albert ind the Hereditary Prince of Saxe Coburg Gotha riding out on horseback at the same time. The Hon. Colonel Crey and Colonel Bouverie, the lOquerrics in Waiting, attended her Majesty on horseback, and Lady Caroline Cocks and the Hon. Mi-s Devereux, the Maids of Honor in Waiting, followed in another open carriage. The Roy d dinner party at Buckingham Palace vesterday evening included her Royal Highness the Duchess of Kent, their Serene Highnesses the Hetediiarv Plince and Princess of Saxe Coburg Gotha, th?? link*. ;inrt lliwtiausnf Burrleueh l.anv t!har. lotte Dundas, Earl Delawarr, and Sir Robert Peel. Parliament.? It is now confidently stated that Parliament will be prorogued the second week in August.?Standard. Cricket.?A very excellent and interesting match tt cricket, which attracted during the day a host of fashionable visiters to witness the play, took place on Thursday last, upon the lawn in front of the ca valry barracks at Spital, nenr Windsor, between the officers (assisted by some of the privates.) of the 2d Life Guards and the 15th Regiment of Foot,both i egiments being in garrison at Windsor. The game was won by the 15th, by two runs, with a couple of wickets still remaining to be levelled. Lord Charles Weiicsley. who in the second innings batted excellently, and scored 23 runs, went in early in the play, and carried his bat out at the conclusion of the match The batting and fielding generally were first rate throughout on both sides. The wickets were i>itched at II o'clock, and the match was over shortly before 7. The band of the Life Guards was stai ioned close to the lawn, and perf ormed vatious selections of music during the day. West India Steamers.?A report prevails that there is an intention on the part of the West India Steam-packet Company to appjy to Government for leave to run one packet only in each month, and retain the terms originally settled of ?240,000 per annnm; or, if they continue to run two packets monthly, to increase the remuneration to ?400,000 per annum. So grand an experiment in steam navigation is certainly entitled to every indulgence, looking at the prospective benefits anticipated, but the signal failure of all the early arrangements has spread universal discontent among the merchants, traders, and others, connected either with the West ladies or the adjoining continents, and if the old cost of the sailing-packets on that line did not exceed, as is stated, ?70,000, the managers of this undertaking will have great difficulty in setting themselves right both with the public and the Government, and in proving that they give an adequate return for so large an additional outlay.?London Timet, July 22. Chartists' Cami* Meeting.?On Sunday last the hartists held a camp meeting on Blackstone Edge, it 2 o'clock in the afternoon. The streets of Rochlale were extensively |>osted with placards, calling iponthe inhabitants of the surrounding districts to ittend, to hear Mr. Bairetow, of Leicester, and titer speakers, from Yorkshire, Todmorden, and Rochdale, expound the benefits which the working lasses-would derive from the adoption of the |>eo le's chart'r, which was the only remedy against lass legislation. The day was extremely favorable, una several carts, laden with persons of both -exes, were wending their way towards the place i>f meeting as early as 9 o'clock on the Sunday niorninir The meetine was n.inmincerl to he Item near the White House, which is the inn at the top "f Blackstone Edge, very near the division of the i wo counties. People assembling very early, the inn was speedily drunk dry, and every cask and 'arrel emptied before noon; so that the landlord had o send a cart and horse to some neighboring inn !or a fresh supply. The meeting was commenced it the appointed time by singing, and continued luring the greater part of the afternoon. The -peakers, not very nice in their choice of words, ittrled defiance at their oppressor*, and said they 'referred dying in the cause of freedom to perishig by the aristocratic starvation laws. The num ers present are differently estimated ; some supose there were 10,000, others 20,000 persons. The text meeting is advertised to take place next Sunl.ty. on Cronktryshaw, a short distance from the limits of the borough of Rochdale.?Manchester Guardian. France, There is little new in our accounts from Paris. The King was to receive at the Tulieries, to-morrow. the condolence of the National Guard of Paris. The Regency question is much discussed in the Paris papers of yesterday, and, incidentally, the ?r ,t.? v..... ?r .....i il?' prosi>ect8 of the Ministers. The King was still resolved to ojien the session in jierson. The funds were rather depressed before the hour of business on the Bourse. At Tortoni's the 3 per cents were done at 77f. 50c.; 5 |**r cents closed on the Bourse at 117f. 4<kr3 per cents at77f. 55c. Fatal Di ki..?The Journal des Debates states that i wo officers of the 17th Light Infantry, commanded Ity the Duke d'Aumale, fought a duel with swords in the Bois de Boulogne, at 6 o'clock on Sunday morning, when one of them was mortally wounded. Sime gensdarmes on duty, seeing the officers proceeding silently to a remote part of the wood, followed them, but having lost sight of them, they were too late to prevent tne calamitous consequence. They found the two seconds endeavouring to assist iheif unfortunate comrade. The Moniteur of Tuesday, publishes a Royal ordinance, proroguing until the 15th of August next the provisionsof the ordinance issued on the 26th June ult. relative to the duties laid on linen and hempen cloth or thread imported by the custom-houseson the frontier situated between Armentiers and Malinaison m ar Lnngwy, inclusively. Upon this, the Journal des Debates observes that the ordinance must not be received as a proof that anv difficulty hud arisen in the negotiations between Trance and Belgium for a treaty of commerce. "On the contrary," adds the Debates, "every thing, as we announced yesterday, is arranged, but the intervention ot the Belgian Chambers is indispensable for the conclusion of thetreaty. The Belgian Government cannot, like ours, proceed by ordinance in this matter. A further delay, therefore, has been granted, in order that the Belgian Chambers may be extraordinarily convoked in order to sanction the treaty signed by the Belgian Minister." The following particulars of the treaty are given !>v La Pimm "In the first place the Belgian I lovernment have engaged to raise their tariff to the level of that announced by the ordinance of the 2f?tli nil. So it will be as difficult for British linen cloth and thread to pass through Antwerp orOstend as to enter by Havre or Dunkirk. Secondly, the two countries reciprocally undertake to prevent the transit of linen cloth ana thread of foreign manu facture. This clause presents an additional security. Should the British merchants have establish ea aepois 01 nn?*n ciom ana inretu in iveigium wim the intention ol introducing them into France alter the conclusion of the treaty between France and Belgium, this speculation will be spoiled by the clause just mevtioned. We now come to the ad vantage conferred in this treaty on the French wine-growers. The custom duties in Belgium are at present 2t. the hectolitre on wines in casks, and 12f. on wines in bottle. These duties are reduced, the first to 50c the second to2f ; and the excise duty, which isS3f the hectolitre, is reduced to 8f. 25c. This reduction will amount on a hogshead of Bordeaux wine to lOOf, which is a sensible amelioration, and it is to lie ho|>ed will not cease there. Independent of .these advantages the Belgian government has consented to reduce the custom duties on French silk by 20 per cent " Our private letters state that the King, Queen, and Royal fumily were a9 well in health asconld be expected. The "Journal des Debate" announces, that on Mondav last, at 9 o'clock, the King, Queen, and Royal family assisted at the mass celebrated in the clia|>elle ardente. The Duchess ol Orleans came to pray in the cha|>cl several times during the day. The King and Queen paid her R oyal Highness a visit, which lasted two hours. The ex-Queen of Spain arrived Irom Malmaison in the afternoon, to nay u visit to their Majesties. A considerable number of persons continue to inscribe their names at Nenilly. tCormpondenc* of the Herald.] Paris, July 19th, 1HI2. The choice of a Regent is, 1 atn assured, already made. The Duke of Nemours will be proposed for, end will be elected to that office; but the immediate guardianship ol the inlant Count of Paris ami his brother the Duke de Chartres will be confided to their excellent remaining parent. Only a month since, I am assured, a plan lor a regency was drawn up and submitted to the King, but, of course, without the most remote anticipation that it would be ever requisite. The object which my informant ascribes |to that precaution was to induce the Duchess of Orleans, whom it pro posed to name Regent, to become a ( atholic._ The rumors of an a|?proaching change of Ministry have nearly died away. If the King really contemplated such a measure (which is not believed), the ad event of which Inpeak will have altered his determination, " Who," it is asked, " could carry a Regency Bill wtpooed by the Opposition entire, but M. Guiidf1!" Count Mole, irmay be said; and |>os ibly if in office, that eminent statesman nught lie couijietent to that task; but he is not in office, and will not surely be raised to power to the exclusion of M. Guizot, in the new circumstances in which the country is placed. You will see by tne operations on the Bourse today that this subject is callable of producing various changes in the prices of tlie tunds. The 3 per cents, opened te day at 78, but fell soon to77f, 65c. (lower than they were on Saturday), owing to the uneasiness suggested bvtlte Regency (juestion. The " Journaldes Debats" ol this day announces the arrival of their Majesties, the King and Queen of the Belgians, at the Palace of Neuilly on Sunday afternoon. The King, Queen, Duchess of Orleans, i he Princes, and Princesses met them at the door, where they were received in the midst of tears. The Royal family alone assisted at tilts melancholy interview. Their Majesties then conducted their Royal daughter into the cliaj*!lr urdrtite, where the Duke of Orleans's cotlin was laid out in state, and where thev remained some time. Their Majesties ind Royal Highnesses then withdrew to their apartments, where thev remained during the evening.. The reunion of the Royal tamily wanted only the presence of the Prince ae Joinvifle to be complete. It appears to be the fate of the young sailor to receive at sea the news of his family's affliction. It was ut Brest that he received the news of the death ?il tne late uucness ot wurtemourg, 01 regreiame memory. His presence was much wanted on the present melancholy occasion. The King requires the assistance of all his sons to aid him in bearing the burden which he has supported during twelve years with so much courage, and which Providence lias rendered so painful at present. The health of

tlie Duchess of Orleans is as good as the intensity of lier grief permits. Her Royal Highness reeeived her ladies and several officers of the Prince's house liold. Their Majesties did not receive. The Royal family heard mass in the palace chapel. A telegraphic despatch, received from Toulon, announces the suiling of a steamboat to apprise the Prince de Joinville of the death of the Prince Royal. It is expected that the news will reach the Prince at Palermo, where his Royal Highness was about to assirU at the flit of Saint Rosalie. The Courrkr Franaiis observes, that "the premature demise of the Duke of Orleans has caused a crisis which the oldest monarchies have with difficulty resisted. This crisis will not be the affair of one day; it interests the future arfwell as the present. The death of the Prince who would have worn the crown alter Louis Philippe enfeebles the present government by the fears which it inspires for the succession. Statesmen are wanted in France, and the country can only be saved by the virtue of her institutions, and by the firmness of public opinion. To the present moment the country has not neglected her interests. The first fear of danger passed, every man looked the danger in the face. Every one recollected that Europe was observing us, and they wished to show a courageous front, proportioned to the calamity which had befallen us. Public credit is firm, monctanr transactions, which were for a moment suspended, have resumed their course. The language used by the public journals in expressing their grief put an end to the discouragement. A similar unanimity of public opinion, such as was exhibited in 1830,has been manifested in favor of the Monarchy." The King and Queen of the Belgians arrived at Xeuilly last evening at half past six o'clock. Their Majesties alighted at the Petit Chateau, and were received at tne door by the King, Queen, Duchess of Orleans, and the rest of the Royal Family. Holland. Tire Hague, July 16.?The melancholy intelligence of the death of his Royal Highness the Duke o! Orleans, has made a profound impression in this place. It is the subject of every conversation and every body feels most sensibly for the misfortunes of France and its ltoyal family. Our Court is greatly affected by this melancholy event. July 17s?(General Nepven, His Majesty's Aid-de-Camp, set out today for Paris, to convey to His Majesty the King of the French and the Royal family the expression of His Majesty's sincere condolence on the melancholy death of his Royal Highness, the late Duke of (*rleans. Spain. Our private corresi>ondence front Madrid of the 12th July announces, that the periodical ores* of that i-ily had been nearly reduced in silence by the combination of operative printers. Only three journals appealed on that day, the Gaceta, Corresponsal.and Diaria, and it was feared thpy would cuase on the following day, as the difference between the masters and operaties was far from being arranged. In the Congress of Deputies, on the 12th instant, the subject of the treaty of commerce proposed by the British Government was again brought forward by Senor Gonzales, who complained that privateconferences had been mede the subject of a personal attack upon him. rienor Sanchez Silva observed,that Senor Gonzales was not in accord with the British Minister. The Chamber then passed to the order of the day. The three per cents were done at Madrid on the 12lh idat, with the coupons attached, at 21 j cash, and 211 i at 60 days. The five per cents, with 11 coupons attached, at 29} cash, and 30 30} at sixty days. Rnsata and Clrcas?la. According to the Augsburg Gazette of the 15th inst., it would seem that the Circassians had gained an important advantage|over the Russians. It states that a division of the army of Circassta, under the command of Gen. GitAiins, had been attacked in a forest by the Lesghians and cut to pieces. The Russian loss is estimated at one thousand five hundred men, and twenty five officers. The artillery, which was in the rear, was preserved from falling into the hands of the enemy. Markets. Loxdo* Mosrr Miikct.?The itock marketshave re mlined in a quiet state all day ; very little business has been transacted, and values hare not undergone any material alteration. Consols for money closed 90j to J; do account, 90] to J, Bank Stock, 165} to IDS}; India Stock, 219 to 249; Exchequer Bills, 2d issue. 44s to 46s. premium; ditto, 2}d. issue, 46s. to 49s. premium; 3 per Cents Reduced, 91; 3} per Cents Reduced, 100] to J; New 3J per Cents, 99J; and Long Annuities, 12} to 9-16 In the joreign funds the dealings were of a very confined nature." Spanish Actives closed 20j to 21; ditto, New, JO} to J; Fortugueie Five j>er Cent*, 33 f to;j, ditto 3 per t'entu, 19}to90; Mexican .6 perCenU, 36j to ); ditto Deferred, 19} to 20; Danish. SI to 83; Belgian, 1014 to 102}; Brazilian, 63 to 66; Dutch -2} tier Cents, SI to}; ditto, S per Cents, 101 to }; and Colombian, 31 to }. Later from Vera Crux. The bark Anahuoc, Captain Thompson, arrived last night with papers from Vera Crtiz to the 17th July. She brought several of the Santa Fe prisoners,who have sent us the tollowing :? " The undersigned officers attached to the late Texan Santa Fe Expedition, for themselves and on behnll of their comrades, adopt this method of testifying their gratitude towardsGen. Waddy Thomp son, U. S. Minister at Mexico, for the strong interest he manifested in our wretched condition in the prisons of Mexico, for many acts of personal kindness while therein, for the successful influence which he exerted in our liberation, and for his more than manly benevolence after we were discharged from Mexican bondage, without subsistance or the means of procuring it. " We are also indebted to the Americans. En{flish, Zacatecas and Germans resident at Cnihuania. Pnsso del Norte, and at Mexico for many kindnesses while at those different places, the remembrance of which can only cease to exist with the lust pulsation of our hearts. Th? F. S. Consul, L. P. Hargous, Esq., for Vera Cruz,also demands and hasonr gratitude for the disinterested manner in which he facilitated our departure from the hostile shores of Mexico. New York, August, 18-42. Signed, IRA MUNSON, JOHN W HANN, T. H. BROWN From llavano. There has been an arrival at New Orleans from Havana with a few days later news, but nothing of great interest. [Corrrtpotidcncf of the Herald.) Havana, August 11, 1842. Much excitement had been produced here by a decision ofSenor Larrsu, the "Intendente," refusing to allow the claim of Don Felix ('meet, which had been granted to him by the former Intendente; lienor hurra it says in his decree?"Neither the laws, nor adjudicated cases,nor the promises of my predecessors, nor the decisions of the 'Junta Superior Pirectiva' have any influence with me. I believe I possess the necessary powers not to recognize any superior in the Island when any thing relating to the 'real hauenda' is called in Question. The people are very indignant and say tliut he is more despotic than the Sultan, and that we are worse off than the Turks. flcj-iiord Joiiv ILay and his countryman Counsellor Watson, accompanied by Recorder Tallniadge, have gone on a fishing excursion to Long Island.?Jolly fellows all three. Horokkn Ferity.?This is greatly improved. The boats are very superior, with every comfort for ladies, and strong and safe. They run with regularity, sj>eed and punctual dispatch. A trip across the North river on this ferry and back daily, even without landing, would soon restore an invalid to health. tioino A heap.?Harnden's line came in from Hartford nnd Springfield yesterday twelve hours ahead of the mailt j BY THE SOUTHERN MAIL. Washington. [Corrc?|>oiideuce of the Hrr*ld ] Washington, Thursday evening, Defeat of the Tariff Projet. The Senate continued in Executive session to a late hour this afternoon debating the treaty. The question is to be taken to-morrow. No doubts are entertained of its ratification. In the House, Mr. Fillmore, from the Committee of Ways and Means, reported the resolution offered by Mr. McKennon yesterday, declaring it to j be exj>edient to pass the vetoed Tariff Bill, after striking out distribution, and making tea and coffee free. Ihe resolution, he said, was offered to test the question whether a revenue bill could be iwiseed. To make a new bill would require time. As the t organ of the Committee of Ways and Means, he offered this proposition first, before attempting the ) introduction of a new measure. He would not vote himself. In conclusion, Mr. Fillmore moved the previous question on the adoption ofhisreso- 1 lution. Mr. Botts, one of the committee, objected to the resolution, and moved that it should be laid on the table. The vote stood?yeas 75, nays 103. So the motion to lav on the table was rejected. Mr. Fillmore moved a call of the House. The motion prevailed, and 214 were found to be present. The question was then taken on the resolution, and it whs rejected?ayes 86, noes 114. t The western and southern whigs voting generally against the resolution, and most the democrats, ' with the exception of some twenty-five from New ] York and Pennsylvania. The result still remains in doubt. Theprevailing impression is that nothing will he done, and that Congress will adjourn on Monday, but this seems hurdly probable. If the Senate determine that there shall be a tantl' bill passed, they will bring the I 1 louse to terms as usual, and without much difficulty. City Intelligence. Topr.\s RernKivED?Through the untiring exertions of Mrs. Anu 8. Stephens, of this city, Governor Seward, ii|?on reviewing the recent examination, held before the 1 commissioners appointed for that purpose, haa consented to commute the punishment of Toppan, the murderer of his wife, to imprisonment for life in the State Prison, in- | stead of death by the gallows. , Moar. or thf. Habeas.?In addition to the numerous writs of Habeas Corpus, issued by Judge Lynch, on be- 1 half of the rogues and thieves that infest our city, we find ' that he has received fees for no less than eighty-one cases, ] in discharging soldiers from the United States army, who , have enlisted as aliens, or otherwise, within the past few I months. The whole amount of cases does not exceed 115, I of which 81 falls to his lion's share. This makes a Judge- ' ship very acceptable?the pickings here alone being about j $1,000, for issuing the writs of habeas corpus. The interest a certain person named Wood, has in this business, and ] his mode of practice, will be noticed another day. A Singular Verdict.?An inquest was held yesterday on the body of Dennis Wallen, who has recently boarded at 396 Wafer street, and who was seen to fall down in the | street and expire, alter drinking some cold water from a ( bucket, and the jury returned a verdict of " Death from j drinking cold water and intemperance." Ross aisd ins Clerks.?Several other complaints were , entered against Ross, the swindler, yesterday. His clerk, , John Murphy, alias Thomas Goddard, who was held as a witness, was also committed as an accomplice in one of his schemes of fraud. Why is not Peter Ryerson and the rest of his associates committed to prison as witnesses 1 The Arsor Case.?Officer Clark yesterday arrested ' a man named John Eckart, who is implicated with Joseph O. Kaltenmark, in the charge of setting fire to the houses No. 201 and 203 Delancy street, on W ednesrtay night. Mr. ; Charles Gerlicker testifies that Eckart confessed to him i that himselfand Kaltenniark intended to obtain an insurance on their property for $400, and then set it on fire in , the same manner as it was discovered on the night of the , alarm. They were both fully committed. Fraud rron Fraud?That polished rogue, Henry A. , llarrots, who has long been playing a game of rascality ' by advertising in the public prints, " A lucrative situation for a clerk, on condition that he would advance hi? employer $40," has at length been lodged in the city prison, ' where he was transferred yesterday Irom Eldridge street. Many a one has he duped, and it is to be hoped that the law will now dupe him. < A U. 8. Sailor Dead.?James Thompson, recently dls- ( charged from the U. S. ship Brandy wine, at Norfolk, and who arrived in this city a few days since, died yesterday i in a very sudden manner from inflammation of the bowels, ( and the coroner held an inquest on his body. He was only 26 years of age, and was a native of the Isle of Wight. Body Recovered.?The body of Joseph Sampson, son ' of Capt. O. Sampson, of the British barque Lotus, who was drowned on the 4th inst. in endeavoring to get on board ' the bark, was recovered yesterday in the East River, and 1 i nterred. I Touched and Tooe.?Mr. C. J. Kovits, of Detroit, Michigan, was induced to enter the premises of Eliza Smith, 46 Robinson street, on Thursday night, in search of something, and while there she or someDody else relieved lus pocket of $64 in money. Officer Joseph arrested her and recovered a portion of the proceeds. She is safuly locked up in the Tombs, and will be taken out on habeas by some one of her followers. Drowned?OnThursday evening John Mahany.a young in .in a native of Ireland, was drowned at the foot of Peck slip by being pushed overboard by a boy named Fraucis Short, while they were bathing. A number of boys were swimming in the slip at the time,and jumping and shoving fnrh n(h?r fmm tht> Ktflirinir in thf> u n'pr Th<?pn u na ??#? ill feeling betw eon M ah any and Short, and the latter was not aware that ho conld not swim when he lorced him from the rope attached to the staging. The jury returned the following verdict:?" That the said John Mahany came to his death by being pushed from the dock by Francis Short, at the foot of Peckslip, thereby being drowned, and that the jury believe the death to be accidental, as the thovingofl aforesaid was in play on the part of the said Francis Short, and it known to the jury to be a common practice which is deserving the severest censure." The body was recovered in a few minutes after he was drowned but life was entirely extinct. Fivr. Hi'isoaxt) Fivr. Frsncs Recovered.?A German fimily, whose name sounded something like Kaupt7., and who resided at 119 Washington-street, was robbed of 500 live franc pieces on Thdrsday night, by somebody, and on sending for officers Stephens and McGrath, the treasure was discovered hid amang the rafters in the roof of the bouse. How they were stolen, or how the money came u here it was found, was beyond the knowledge of those concerned in its recovery. St'srr.eTED?A man named Freeman Clifford was found on the premises of Sophia Pitts, of '29 Cherly street, on Thursday evening, where it is supposed he had hid himself do rob the house. A Penitent Thief.?Catherine Shea was caught in the act of stealing $36 19 from Margaret Courtney, wife of James, on Thursday, and delivered up the money with a confession of her guilt. She was committed. Appointment by the President.?W. H. Simmons re-appointed .Register of the Land Office at Important announcement! The College of Medicine and Pharmacy, Etlabliihrd for the Supprtttian of Quackery, CUT- BEG TO INFORM ALL PERSONS DESIROUS of obtaining medical advice, that on remitting the sum of one dollar, with a statement of their case, they will be supplied with one dollar's worth of appropriate medicine, and a letter of advice containing full directions as to diet, regimen, fee. All letters must be post paid. Address W. S. RICHARDSON, Agent. Principal Office of the College of Medicine and Pharmacy, 97 Nassau street, N. Y. ix. u.?i ne lyoxscLTi.xu i hohiiv i* uany in attendance nt the private consulting rooms of the College. Hours Lorn 10 till 3 o'clock. (1(7- TO THE rt'BLlC.?Having had occasion to visit Hartford, I took passage on hoard the steamboat Globe, wfflch was a very pleasant and agreeable one, therefore, I would recommend her to the public as a boat worthv ol patronage. She is new and strong built, and owned by the enterprising Connecticut River Company, and commanded by Captain Roath, a gentleman long and familiarly known as theohllging and attentive captain, formerly of the steamboat Charter Oak, who is assisted by the gentlemanly Mr. Wadsworth, who, together, spare no pains to make every thing pass pleasant and agreeable. Totlse many passengers who trsvel in the favorite stcamhdkt Globe, which is provided with Life Boats, and leaves the loot of Beekman street for New Haven and Hartford, every Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturda^ternoons.^^^ Of?- A PHYSICIAN OK STANDING HAD DOCTORed a family of children some weeks, without being able to restore but one out of seven to health. He had the liberality to send for Kolmstoek's Vermifuge, and cured the rest with it in less than a week. Several children in a highly respectable family in Broadway, had worms to a frightful extent, and were all cured rapidly with this vermifuge. In some of the best families in the nrightiorhood of St. John's Tark, it has been extensively used, from the circumstance of having eradicated a large ciuantity of worms after all other remedies had failed, which was very extensively known in that part of the city. To be found only at 71 Maiden lane. From the Journal of Commerce. ftp- IK ALL PEOPLE KELT THE SAME SENSE of duty expressed by Mr. Reynolds, a conscientious gentleman of the first respectability, living at the coraer of Chrystie and Delanrey afreets,'they might do much good in the world. Mr. R. wis for years a cripple, with limbs very much swollen, and cords contracted, until he could not walk. He has now entirely recovered by the use of a remedy that he does not feel right to keep from the public, though he has no interest whatever in allow ing his name to go forth, excel t the relief of human suffering. He has been cured entirely, and by the use of the Nerve and Bone Liniment, Howes', and the Indian Vegetable Elixir, sold at 71 Maiden lane. It is seldom that a man of hi< standing and property will romeout as he does In favor of an article; and we honor him the more for it, and particularly as there are many worthless articles offered; for such testimony as his enables the afflicted of any sense o ilisorimlngtebstweenth* good and the bad. POSTS C R I P T. FIVE O'CLOCK; ATM. ?& i elevetTdays later FROM EUROPE. HIGHLY 1MPOHTAKT. ARRIVAL OF THE BRITANNIA. Upnry of France?Trouble in Hpaln? Overland Mall?State of Alfklre in AflTllbuiilelan?The Chinese offering termi. The Rntunnia arrived in Boston a? 4 o'clock Friay morning. We received her news at 4 this uorningr She brought eighty-six passengers to Halifax and itteen from there to Boston. The news is of great importance. The overland nail had arrived. The Chinese had offered terms; to pay #40,000,(100 '.nd to give up Hong Kong to tke British. The Duke of Nemours is to be Regent of France. The Christinos at Madiid are still agtive against ie Regent. It is understood that the Cortes will be lissolved and a new one elected about the month of November. The news by the overland mail is subjoined. The Overland Mall. "China news to the 12th ot April, and Singapore ournals to the 6th of May, have been received. "It was said that Yang, an imperial commissioner vas < a route to offer 40,000,000 dollars as compenBaion to the British for the expense of the war, and lie surrendered opium; also the cession of Hong Kong as the price of pence. "The Chinese hail already commenced removing lie ruins and rubbish preparatory to rebuilding the Llogue forts. "Some fighting had taken p|ace at Ninpo,in which 1,100 British routed 6000 Chinese, with the loss of from 5 to 700 slain. We had three killed 40 wounled "The Agra Ukbar, of June 4, says that it was reported that an army of observation would be assembled at Allahabad in the ensuiug cold season. "Among the items of intelligence which have cached us from Scinde, and which may be depend don as authentic, ure aa announcement that a irge army, said to be 25,000 strong, is advancing rom Mushed to Herat, and that very suspicious conferences are being held at Ilydrabad, between the Ymeers and others, requiring the most vigilant atention of Major Outram. " The Seiksare said to be in force on the Mure territory, without their object being undertood. " We have news frcm Jallalabad to the 29th of May. Akoar Khan had demanded 10,000 rupees or (leneral lilphinstone's remains The Delhi .to ?i,? u?s Mo,. .i?- .i?? (wauv. iuv *-*tn vi A?i.cij luciiuuiio iimi inry nan teen interred, on the 30th April, within the walls of lallalabad. Akhar Khan claims that Dost Mohauied be sent back, and that we evacuate the county, leaving an agent at Cabul in exchange for the English captives. "The anny, it was thought, would eot leave the ilace until they moved to Cabul, there to meet ieneral Nottfrom Candahar._ " The Khyber Pass was being re-occupied by the Afreedes, and the whole road to Cabul stockaded ind defended by all the obstructions the enemy Lould oppose. "Captain Mackenzie has returned to Jcllalabad >n the 9th of May front Lughrnan, with terms for he release of the prisoners. " Ceneral Sale's victory over ^Akbar Khan had truck such terror into the minds of the people that it was thought our troops Imight have moved on to the capital without resistance, had not the force teen deficient in every requisite lor so large an trniy. " A letter from Saugcr of the 26tl?of May announces the llooddelahs to have fled into the territory jf Scindia. "iiverv tiling remains in statu quo. Half the I'unrahar force had moved out to re-enforce Kelat Jhil/.ie, and make a demonstration on Gouznee. " General England crossed the Kajue Kathul on lie 2d Mav, with the loss of only four men woundd. " Instructions had been given on the 14th of May rom the Adjutant General's office to withdraw the iroops serving west of the Indus within the British provinces." The East. Private letters from Bevrout of the 1st ult. announce that there hud not been any fresh disturbances at Lebanon. The Druses, who had been car' icd ofl'thence still remained in the prisons at Beyrout. The Emir Abdallah, ofGaz.r, bad quitted the British frigate on board which he sought protection He had received a formal promise from the Turkish authorities that he would not be further molested, on condition that he should not return to Ins district for some time. The French corvetta Cornaline had arrived at Bevrout. Intelligence from Alexandria of the6th states that S iid Pasha, the son of Mehemit Ali, a youth of 22 y urs of age, had been a| p inted adiniral-in-chief of t ie Egvntian fleet. The Viceroy haif sufierarl s rious lose by the death of Selim Bey, one of the most distinguished officers in the Egyptian army, ; nd general-in-chief of the artillery, who died of a r mpde goliel, in the 33d year of his age. The plague continued to rage at Alexandria. Athens letters of the 10th state that the Greek ministers, finding the treasury nearly empty, were about to apply to the French government for a new loan. They had, moreover, adopted extreme meas ires of severity against such persons as were inarrear of their government axes. It was said that in Messina alone 3,000 individuals had been arrested. The ministry, who were entirely devoted to French interests, were becoming every day more unpopular. According to the AugBburg Gazette of the 15th,the Porte has sent 5,000 men to gartison Adrianople.and is considerably adding lo the fortifications of Salonica. It adds, " are these measures connected with hny thing relative to the negociations now |>ending ing between Greece and Turkey 1 The Grand Vizier is not to be trusted." The Augnburf Gazette states, from Constantinople, June 29, that the British Ambassador had had a conference with the Keis Effendi on the afI tirs of Greece and Syria. It is supposed that the Divan will agree to the proposals of England to invest the eldest son of Emir Beschirwith the sovereignty of Lebanon. The Greek question was evaded by the Heis Eflendi. The Porte has addressed a circular letter to tha diplomatic corps, intimating that in future no journal either in the French or Greek languages shall be allowed to appear without a special license, even though such journals should be under the protection of a sovereign power. We lenrn, by the Augzburg Gazette of the 16th, that the Ottoman Commissary at Bucharest, who had insisted on opening the the hatti-scheriff in the General Assembly of the States, had at last conceded to remii t6e document into the eands of Prince Ghika. with the usual ceremonies. Shekib Eflendi |.? J ..f, a/]? a /lnnforonri* witK P-Alrtnal Tliika?v./?1 Iltiu ill III w niuo a vwiuvivmvv . vvn'in i i 'una u i v from which he returned in high displeasure. Ho lias sent to Constantinople for new instructions. Private letters from Constantinople of the 13'h ult. announce that the Schah of Persia is making preparations for a war against Turkey, and that a Persian army is to march against England, and another against Erzerum. Troops had already marched from Teheran to Amedanon their way to Bagdad. It appears that the cause of quarrel is a disputed boundary line, and that the Schah had forwarded an ultiniatnin to the Porte, signifying his intention to take possession of the territory in dispute, if it were not ceded to him by the 5th of October. In the meantime the Turkish Pasha of Erzerum (the contiguous frontier) was preparing for defence. A body of 300 regular troops were colieated, and the militia were being armed. The Angsbnrg Gazette publishes a letter dated Constantinople, 13th ult. stating that in consequence of a collision which took place between the Turkish and Persian troops in the neighborhood of Bagdad, the Ottoman Porte had given orders to march all the disposable troops in Syria to that quarter? Disturbances had arisen at Nissa and Sophia, and it was judged necessary to send reinforcements to those towns. Markets. Loisno* Moskt Markkt, Aug. 3,?The prices of most of I be English Stocks are rather hotter than when they left off last night. Conaola have been fold at 01) for Money, and are now marked 91} a 91 j, and 911, buy era, for the account; Three per Cent* Reduced, 82} ; Three and a Half perCentH Reduced, 101; Nem Three and a Half Centa lOOp. Bank Stock, 170, 1701, India Stock, '.14!! '161; India Honda, 39 34; Exchequer Bills, Old, ft'l 64; New, 60 U prm. Nothing ha* la-en done in Korrign Securities, prlc.ee,however remain nominally as yesterday. Nexican Bond* are quoted 36? 36J, at which some time bargain* have been made. I.nrarooL Cottois MaBkct, Aug. 9 To-day'? demand for cotton ha* been unn*ually hri*k for a Tuesday, and the sale* arc called 8000 bags, including 3000 American on speculation and 260 for export. The market is not so freely supplied, and prices have rather a tendency to advance, in some ins'anc.e* id per lb. on last Friday ' prices. Wednesday, August 3.?The demand tor cotton to-day lias been briak, and the aalca amount to 10.000 hags, including 2600 American on speculation. Price* have a tendency upwards, ami in many instance* an advance of )d >er lb. has been obtained for the common and middling qualities of American, although the market is tolerably well sappljed.

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