Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 21, 1842, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 21, 1842 Page 2
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are to be admitted to viewih ni lor mr.-c succet ;ve day* Phe funeral ceremony was to take plac >>n the 3d, and on the following day the tr inslatio.' ol the bo lv to Dreux. The church of N'otte Dutne as besieged from morning to n;gnt with crowds aux. 'tis to g un admission The Parts papers generally approve of the am . er given by Sir R. Peei to Mr. Divett, on the Pot ndie question. Tne Mo.uieur, of Monday, publishes a royal finance, dismissing ihe sub-prefect of Ploennsl, nd appointing a successor. The Moniteur amis ut ttie motive of this ordinance is n<>i the conduct i iraued by this functionary during the elections, >ut tor having written a letter contrary to alt the rut ot administrative service, which he jieriiiitted to be read pnblicly Vn attempt to get up a potent tin*parti under the guidance of Messrs Pufinre and 1'assy has fan d, .19 only 21 deputies attended a meeting convene I by the chilis. Tne struggle in the Chamber ofD-ou ties w ill therefore be i mimed to the supporte: of the pf - H Cabinet and the extreme gauche, ai tl it not difficult to foresee that it must end in the discomfiture of the laiter. The Duke de Nemours w ill he the Kegent. i' \ >.iu or (In Royal Highness the Di kf or Oni.civs? Vkrivai.of the Body at Notrk Da i :? At the moment the body entered the church, h sainte <il t weiily-oue guns was tired,and the great ;ll of Voire Dame was rung. Tne urn which contained the heart of his royal hign less w ia carried into the choir of the cath? ,ral bv General Marbot. '1 heir royal highnesses the priu?es then placed themselves in a row opposite die cat ,i dque. The vespers were recited by the bi.-i >p, tin I chaunted by the clergy of the metropolis. This ceremony lasted one hour. Tn princes entered the cathedral ufter the ch r ;v. The cotfin, carried hv twenty-four decorated boTicers appointed to that duty .and who formed , irt ot the procession for that puri>ose, was placed on tiie catafalque and covered with the large black pall The cathedral was entirely clothed in black, nd re-echoed with the voices of the choristers reci.ng the verses of the "De profundi*." Tiie funeral decorations of the church were in gniticent, and becoming the object for which tl ey were designed. The orders given for them holy respected the sacred character of the edifice; an excellent taste guided nil the works ol religions ti ad funeral embellishments which were called for by die occasion. The general effect was the most gr.i id, and at the same in* the most solemn, that could iie conceived. The catafalque is placed on an elevated stage, which is approached by twenty-five steps,,: id which are supported by fourteen caryatides in sil er of the most exquisite workmanship A cam py thirty-seven metres in height, made of velvet tr. tarn"! with ermine, descends majestically over .lie cenotaph, which it envelop.-* in its ample folds, r ve hun Ire ) wax-lignts bum aro and. Fifty banners are ansp.'n 1 -d from the roof, each bearing the initials of th- prince, and the names of the different plums where hie roval highness distinguished hirnsel'? namely, Medeah, MtUanah, the Iron Gates, M iscara. At the conclusion of the ceremony, the prin rs were conducted to their carriage with the sh ne ceremony, when they immediately returned to N uilly "Dying three days the mortal remains of the prince will lie m state, and receive the homage and'he te ir- of the population of Paris, and then the ries of religi ?n will be performed overlthe inanimate rem nns, in the midst of the great authorities of illslat -, and with all the pomp of the church ; ntier w.iich thev will be transported to their last resting place at Dreux. Nearly all the corn in the environs of Paris is got in. Tne ears are large and full of grain,so that ihe farmers consider the harvest to be very abundant. Tue straw, however, is short, and will necessaiily be dear.?G'Mi^nuni. German y. The letter* from Stnttg irdt announce the attendance of the diplomatic representatives of England, Frmce, and America, with the other subordin oe atnbaassadors of neighboring states, who are all 'tied to as watching, with great vigilance, the cor nderation of the subject of duties in the Diet. The presence of ihe English ambassador is stated to be particularly directed 10 tne que 11011 or maiiuraciu es while the American minister promises mutual advantages, should the duty on tobacco and rice lie lowered The French ambassador his made no proposition respecting a treaty of commerce, and it was supposed he had received orders to wait the 1. Bui' of the elections. A letter Irotn Frankfort on-the Odor, dated the 21-t nit. st ites that the fair of St. .Maguint, which had just concluded, was well supplied with goods, but almost exclusively I'mm the States forming the G.-rmtn Union, which met with a ready sale, hut at rather reduced prices. It is stated' from Al'ona, that the Jews of the Duchy ofHolstien have been admitted to the rights of burgesses. A h-tter from Cologne, July 10, in the German Journal of Frankfort, slates that the only topic of conversation in that citv was a duel which had taken place between anotticeraud a Catholic prie t. The former was wounded in the head. Spain. The Madrid Gaiette of the 2l)ih ult. annnunr -s I the receipt of despatches from the Governor ol Cuba to th" 11th ult Everything was tranquil. Mr. Crawford, the newly appointed British consul, h id arrived. Mr. Aston, the British minister, was about to leave Madrid for La Granja. Espirtero and M. Arguliesappear determined to get rid of the presence of Don Francisco de Puola and his family, and that prince is forthwith to set out for St. Sebas'ian. The Regent is desirous of taking advantage of the death of the Duke of Orleans to procure the return of the diplomatic intercourse which, until M. S.ilvandy's unfortunate mission, subsisted between the courts of Paris and Madrid. For this purpose he has made all the advance possible, but it does not appearlikely that the court of France will easily accede to the desires of Espartero. It is said that a formil request to exchange ambassadors has be n refused at Paris, and it is certain that no Span: h amhassidor is at present in the French capita I M Marliani, in consequence of some observations mid'' by M Gonzales (bring the debate on tUe commerci d treaty with England, s?nt a hostile in '> sag-\ which was accepted by M Gonzales, who appointed General Seoane to be his second. It was arranged to the satisfaction of both parties by the good offices of General Seoane. The discussion on the proposed treaty of commerce between Great Britain and Spain had gi\en rise to an angry correspondence between Mr. Aston, the British envoy, and the late President of the C ouneil, M Gonzales. Th" heat was intense at Madrid?34 degrees of ^ Reaumur. The Her ildo states that some difficulties I; id arisen between the courts of Spain and Portugal, in consequence of the arrest of M. Saenez, a senator of the province of Orense. A note couched in strong terms on th'- subject had been presented to Count Almadovar by the Portuguese minister. This is the cause assigned for the movement of Spanish troops towards the Portuguese frontier. The Barcelona tournals of the 17ch tilt, announce the arrival of General Zurbano on the 13th at Girona. The same day he ordered three Carlists to be shot in that town, and four more on the following dav. Th" British frigate Belvidrra, ot 46guns, anchored in the port of B ireelon i on the 14th It appears that pome Spanish vessels of war are to join the Engli-lt frir ite in a cruise on the southern coast of Spain Private letters from Madrid of the 23d ult. ft ite that -he government was occupied in preparing >veril hills forme i nprovernent ?f the public servi , to be 1 lid before the Cortes u the ensuing session. Port ngsl, Tii"ii?e?r accounts from Lisbon are tothcibih jit. Vobu iue-s had been transacted in the Cha ;iber The customs tariff was not settled in con quence of new proposals for reduction on articles of British manufacture on the fart of the Portuguese commissioners It was proposed by Lord Howard de W.ilden to submit the nuh|ect to a committee of Btitish merchants in Lisbon. Ft" commercial and slave trade treaties bad bt en received from England duly ratified. The ratifir i- ' tion? h i I been exchanged, and the treaties were law in both countries. At a council of state a <1 cree w is issued proclaiming the slave trade piracy it having been notified that on this decree being v promulzited a bill will be brought into the Briti h I mmm -n., i" " muim l.UKmi'lHIin I'OrtUgtl 111 II alliance lor the of the slave trune. The reconstruction ot the mini'try hid not t been complete J. but on the very point of conelusion. Tne Dike of Pilin-lla hud declined ,r>cepungthe portfolio of foreign ntl urs. The . ernm-nt was most indignant against the Duke far his conduct throughout this atluir, charging hi n roundly with decei?tion, and the general opinion was tnut lie had acted so as to forfeit the confidence of every party. There wis little doubt that the portfolios of justice would be given to Senor Homo, and that of marine to Biron Eeiria, both good ,vpotntments. That of foreign affairs was not deci 1ed on. The Spanish government, enraged at the signi g of the commercial treaty between England ; -I Portugal,had demanded in angry tone the remov il of ?h? depots of British manufactured goods from the frontier, an l a movement of Spanish troops in that direction was spoken of; hut this, it was sipposed, originated merely in momentary irritation, and would speedily blow by. Abjrsninta. The Augsburg Gazette of the 29th ult , publish ? the following intelligence from tne north of Abyssinia The Egyptians had invaded that country in March last near Madana, and having advanced to WoehHI, they sabred 100 Abyssinian soldiers. a id ent 2 ft prisoners us slaves to Sennar. It was > id that the Egyptians subsequently advanced to Gand ir. i Two Frenchmen, Messrs. Ferrer and Galliner, w ho are distinguished geographers, had arrived at G mdar Mr Me 11, the English traveller, had arrived at \do? in ihe month of April. The English n ts-i hi wit ch left Ad*n last year, had arrived ai Slij.va. The GeruiHu naturalist Sheuqier remained at Adowa. M. Dihbadie, the French traveller, i.ad in id conaidirab.e progress in the composition i fa dictionary of the Abyetuiun larguage. The Knit, Private letters from Bey roil of the ljt ult ..nnounce that there had not been an . fresh difci'rf ,nces at Lebanon. The Druaea, who li.nl been carried oft thence still remained in lue prisons at 11 -yrout. The Emir Abdallah, oi'Guz.r, bad qua ed the British frigate on hoard which he nought prut ction lie hud received a formal promise from the Turkish authorities that he would not be further molested, on condition that he should not return to his district lor some time. The French corn tie Cornalinc hadarrived at Bevrout. Intelligence from Alexandria of the6th stales that Said Pasha, the son of Mehemit Ali, a youth ol 22 years ol age, had been appointed udinind-in-chiH ot the Egyptian tleet. The Viceroy had Buffered a serious loss hy the death of Selim Bey, one ol ' lie most distinguished olficers in lite Egyptian army, anu general-in-chiet of the artillery, who utea it u coupile so'.itl, in the 33d year of hid uge. The plague continued to rage ut Alexandria. Athens letters of the 10th state that the Grt ek iniiiisters, finding the treasury nearly empty, were about to apply to the French government for a new loan. They had, moreover, adopted extreme rnca sure9 of severity against such persons as were in trrear of their government taxes. It was said that in Messina alone 3,000 individuals had been arrest d. The ministry, who were entirely devoted to French interests, were becoming every day ntore unpopular. According to the Augsburg Gazette of the 15th.the Porte has sent 5,000 men to garrison Adrianople...ud is considerably adding to the fortifications of Fa joniea. It adds, " are these measure* connected u th any thing relative to the negociations now pending between Greece and Turkey! The Grand Vizier is not to be trusted." The Augsburg Gazette states, from Constantinople, June 29, that the British Ambassador had had a conference with the Reis Kflendi on the affairs of Greece and Syria. It is supposed that the Divan will agree to the proposals o( England to invest the eldest son of Emir Beschirwith the sovereignty of Lebanon. The Greek question was evaded by the Reis Kflendi. The Porte has addressed a circular letter to the diplomatic corps, intimating that in future no journal,either inthe Frerch or Greek languages,shall be allowed to appear without a special license, even though such journ tls should be under the protection of a sovereign power. We learn, by the Augsburg Gazette of the If h, that the Ottoman Commissary at Bucharest, w lio had insisted on opening the the hatti-scheriffin lie General Assembly of the States, had at last con e <ihcj 10 renin me document into me minus 01 t'rn ce Ghika, with the usual ceremonies. Shekib Effendi had afterwards a conference with Colonel Duhamel, from winch he returned in high displeasure. He has sentto Constantinople for new instructions. Private letters from Constantinople of the 13'.h nit. announce that the Schah of Persia is making preparat ons for a war against Turkey, and that a Persian army is to march against England, and unotlier against Erzerum. Troops had already marched from Teheran to Amedanon their way to Bagdad. It. apoears that the cause of quarrel is a disputed boundary line, and that the Schah had forwarded an ilium ttuiii|lo the Porte, signify ing his intention to take possession of the territory in dispute, it it w rnot ceded to him by the 5th of October. In tlie meantime the Turkish Pasha of Erzerum (the ecutiguous frontier) was preparing for defence. A body ot 300 regular troops were collected, and the militia were being armed. The Scliah's demand had created considerable uneasiness at Constantinople, the treasury being quite empty, and but few troops disposable. The Augsburg Gazette publishes a letter dated Constantinople,13th ult., stating that in couseqitenee of a collision which took place between the Turkish and Persian troops in the neighborhood of B; gdad. the Ottoman Porte had given orders to march all the disposable troops in Syria to that quarter? Disturbances had arisen at Ntssa and Sophia, and it van judged necessary to send reinforcements to those townp. Sanni Pacha returns to Egypt. According to the last accounts Syria was tranquil. India and China. "China news to me 12th ot April, and Singapore journals to the 5th of May, have been received. "it was said that Vang, an imperial commissioner was en route to offer -lOnXW.iNX) dollars ns compensa tion to the British for the expense of the war, and the surrendered opium; alsv the cession of Ho ig lvongusthe price of peaoe. "The Chinese hid already commenced removing the ruins and rubbish preparatory to rebuilding the Bugue forts. "Some fighting had taken place at Ningpo,in which 1,100 IIritinh routed 6000 Chinese, with the loss of from 6 to 700 slain. We had three killed 40 wounded "The Agra Ukbar, ot June 4, says that it was reported tliHt an artnv of observation would he assembled at Allahabad in the ensuiug cold season. "Among the items of intelligence which have reached us from Scinde, and which may be depended on as authentic, are an announcement that a large armv, said to be 25,000 strong, is advancing from Mushed to Herat, and that very suspicious conferences are being held at Hydrabad, between the Ameers and others, requiring the most vigilant attention of Major Outrarn. " The Seiks are said to be in force on the Muree territory, without their object being understood. " We have news frcm Jallalabad to the 29th of May. Akoar Khan had demanded 10,000 rupees for General Elphtnstone's remains The Delhi Gazette of the 14th of May mentions that they had been interred, on the 30th April, within the walls of Jallalabad. Akbar Khan claims that Dost Mohumed be sent back, and that we evacuate the country, leaving an agent at Cabul in exchange for the English captives. * The army, it was thought, would not leave the place until they moved to Cabul, there to meet General Nott from Candahar. " The Khyber Pass was being re-occupied by the Afreedes, and the whole road to Cabul stockaded and defended by all the obstructions the cnenty could oppose "Captain Mackenzie has returned to Jallalabad on the 9th of May from Lughman.with terms for the release of the prisoners. "General Sales victory nverfAkbnr Khan had struck such terror into the minds of the people that it was thought our troops might have moved on to the capital without resistance, had not the force been deficient in every requisite for so large an army. "A letter from Sanger of the 26th of May announces the Booddelahs to have fled into the territory ofScindia. "Every thing remains in statu quo. Half the Caneahar force had moved out to re-enforce Kelat Ghilzie, and make a demonstration on Gouznee. " General England crossed the Koiue Kathul on the 2d May, witn the loss of only four men wounded. " Instructions had been given on the 14th of May from the Adjutant General's office to withdraw the troops serving west of the Indus within the British provinces." Market*. Losnns Mosr.r Markft, Aug. 3.?The prices of most of the English Stocks are ra'lier better than when they left off last night. Consols have been sold at 91$ for Money, and ?re now mark- d 91J ? !M j, and 014, buyers, for the account; Three per t ents Reduced, 84} ; "fhree and a Half perCents Reduced,H'l; Nema Thro? and a II <If C< nts loot; p,nk Stork, 170, 170}, India Stork, 340 3M, Indi* Bonds, 33 34; Exchequer Bills, G1 I, ,V3 ;>|; New, 40S3 ;>rm. Nothing has been done in Foreign Securities; prices, however remain nominally- as yesterdayMexican Bonds are quoted 3ft] 35}, at which some time bargains have been made. The bonds noticed to-day are Portuguese Five Cents,33} Spanish Five per Cents, 31}, and the Three per Cents,30}; all sperulaticns for time. Livaarooi. Com* Fxcwiivor, August 1.?Since TilesJay, the 37th ultimo, there is a further considerable arrival of loreign Wheat and of Canada Flour, and only limited supplies from other quarters. The weather is very line, and several fields of Oats iu this vicinity have been cut down. There has been nearly a pause in the Wheat trade, from want of demand, and latterly the few retail soles effected were at irregular prices, generally 4d to fid under the previous rates. Barrel Flour has gone off slowly, and not much decline in prices. There ha? been hardly an inquiry for flats, and in prices then is nominally little alteration. lorccd ?a)e? of prime Oatmeal, the only description sal-a1 lc, have been made at a considerable reduction. Barle- , peans, Peas, und Indian Corn have been offered rates, but have not met any attention There have been no sales in bond reported, d o-day a fair quantiij of w heat has been disposed of at prices lrom fid to 9d under the quotation) of this day sen' night. Canada and United States Floor aro each fully 1 shildTfhmrnir *maU l0U of s"Perfine Irish brought a ?*n/rt.?u0mln!' ,h?T offare,! at a nvluction of Id to 2d without find in? huv#ra. nntm.Mii ha* hail a rcry limited sale, and only fresh <iualitV want" ed ; and i.'ii the top price. Barley U Id and MUM and t>a? are each la cheaper.? In hond *ome Western Canal Floor h?? hcen ?old at C0<, hut nothing e'se. t.ivr.arooi. Cotton M?aarT, Aug. 3?To day'* demand fir cotton ha* ten unusually hrisk for a Tuesdaj , ond the ??!> ? are called 1000 hag*, including MM American on (peculation and UftO for eaport. The market i* not *o freely ?uppliod, and price* have rather a tendency to a t. ranee, in aome inrtnnce* Jd par lb. on last Friday'* prl' 'tvedneaday, Augu*t 3.?The demand for cotton too!ay ha* been briak, and the ?alc? amount to 10,000hag*, inelu. ding >300 American on apeculation. Price* have a tendency upwardi, and in many inatancea an advance of }d per lb. has been obtained for the common and middling qualities of American, although the market is tolerably well supplied. Hun# or rue Cotton Mibiit, July 30.?The demand to-day haa been moderate, and the market upon the whole quiet, the sale# only amounting to 3500 bag# ? t'.h out an} change in price*. August 1.? 1 here haa been a briak demand from tin trade, aa well aa (.peculator*, and the maiket extreun ly firm, although upon the whole well aupplied ; the sales have amounted todOOobag#, of which speculators have takeu dOOO bag# American, and ex|>ort* 200 bag#. August i.?Again there haa been a good demand for Cotton, and a tight market, the quantity on sale being to much reduced that holder* have aucceeded in obtaining an advance of Id per lb upon the middle classes of American ; the .ale# have been *000 bugs, of which 3000 American on speculation, and 600 ex)ioi t. August 3.?There hat been a briak and very general demand for Cotton to-day, and a firm and rather dearer in nket than yesterday ; tiie sales amount to upwardsol 10.000 bags, of which speculator* are re|>orted to have tuhen 2000 American, and exporters 600 bags. The following table# exhibit an acouut of the import ol Cotton into Great Britain during the first seven month- ?f 1-U1 and 1S42 ; showing also the stocks, delivery for export and home consumption, Sic. ibii. .-i?i miun. ir.mu. r.(n/r>r. r*.ma. . ?< Stock 111 J.III. 304990 22509 10170 31010 9854? 40l'i5o lini>. to lit Au*. 763111 54975 30148 27339 lOWSU 97 73 1068101 77475 36318 49.49 2075.0 14 41.73 Exjairted, 18800 1600 600 ? 29500 3uMH) 101O301 751175 35718 49119 178030 13117073 Stock 1st Aug. 517700 37400 24300 31600 1088OO 719300 Taken forcont'n, 501601 38475 11418 17549 69230 638.73 Do per wt ck, 16536 1269 376 579 2282 21012 Tub total import in 1811 wa. 902192 90637 34631 40054 274981 1312198 And the weekly _ consunii tion, 17530 1299 412 596 2871 2'.7il 1842, Sl'k lit Jan, 1812, 279090 441(10 26760 30910 157050 538260 Impllo 1st Aug., 817280 19553 5601 7892 153133 102'197 I09C32I> 91038 32111 38802 310153 1571757 E*|iorted, 44100 2500 2200 43600 92100 1052220 91538 30214 38802 266553 14771157 St'k 1st Auk. 1812, 482200 53000 17300 23100 177800 75370 Taken for Coua'li. 570020 38t 18 12944 15102 88753 72.4157 Do. pr week, 18792 1270 127 503 2926 23923 From the above it will appear that the import ol Cotton into Great Britain this year exceeds laat by 59,974 bogs, and the ejtport is also in excess 41,900 bags ; the stock 111 the ports is much the same as last j ear, although in American sorts taken separately there is a decrease of 65 000 bags. The quantity taken for consumption, notwithstanding the complaints from the manufacturing districts, has increased 2891 hags per week, or for the seven months 87,393 bags ! It must be admitted, however, that spinners of late have been increasing their stocks materially, a id, no doubt, hold more Cotton than they did last year; so that the real increase in the consumption |can hardly be so groat as appears by the above statement. Livrarnoi. MiiiKi.Ti. August 3.?The promising prospecta lor the harvests, already commenced, together wilh the very heavy arrivals in the kingdom of wheat, from the Continent, has caused quite a panic in the Cora Market, and prims have undergone a decline of fully is to 4s 6d per 70 lbs., during the last four weeks, and at this redacttion now remains almost nominal. The decline in Flour during the samu period being 4s to 5s per bbl, on free, and 4s to is 6d per brl. on liond* <1 and to effect sales to any extent a further reduction would have to be submitted to. The datius, in consuqucnce, remain at 8s per quarter, on Wheat, and 4e 9jd per brl on Flour, anil are not now likely to go lower yet awhile. Canada Flour brings 49s to 30s per brl, duty paid. The transactions in Tobacco have been extremely limited, the trade being unwilling to operate until the details of the new Tobacco Kcgnlutions Bill, at present under discussion in 1'arliamunt, are better known. The sales the last month do not exceed 376 hhds. chiefly Kentucky stemmed at former prices. The new arrivals of this description, that have been sampled, turn out in fair condition, and appear of saleable quality The stock In warehouse is 0175 hhds. against 6546 hhds. same time last year. The market for Turpentine has been unsteady, and holders have not been able to support prices in the faeeof the heavy stock on hand. Upon the reduced duty coming into operotion the price fell iu proportion, and good quality brought 7s 4d to 7s 6d per cwt: latterly, however, 7s to 7s 4d is the highest that has bren obtained for old, and and 7s 101 for fine new, which was realizing 84 per cwt. the week previous. The import into the kingdom is about 10,000 barrels less than at the corresponding period last year, but the stoppage of the distilleries, awaiting the reduction in the duty on the raw material, caused such accumulation of stock that it is unusually heavy, and tends to keep the market dull. 960 barrells American Tar have been sold at 10s 6d per bbl. Quercitron Bark may be quoted 6s up to 7s per cwt., which is a slight improvement, as there is a reduction in the duty under the New Tariff, from 8d to 3d per cwt. Ashes continue very difficult of sale, and buyers have obtained an advantage in almost each succeding sale, until'4os 6.1 to 46s per cwt. is the highest quotation that we can give for Canada I'ots, and 46 61 to 47s for Pearls, it ith a tendency further to decline ; 200 bbls. of New York Pot Ashes were taken in bond at 46s (id to 47s per cwt. Nothing of moment has been done as yet with any of thu recent import of American Salted Provision!, the prices offered by the Trade being much below cost. The pi ice of Lard is declining t at n public sale to-day, 32s C! per cwt in bond being the highest bid, the parrel was taken in ; as the season advances it will come more in favor with the Chandlers. Rice has been in good request by cleaners and improved 6.1 perewt. Nothing of moment to notice in Spices. For Saltpetre the demand is limited, and prices have declined Is per cwt. Nitrate of Soda also 2s per cwt., lower, but in more request at the reduction. Baltic He,up in limited request and lower, and Jute has declined ?1 per ton. Oils?Onllipoli has declined ?3 per ton and now quote' at ?55 to ?56 per ton. Palm also ?l per ton lower ; some transactions in new Pale Seal have taken place at ?35 It's per ton, and Newfoundland Cod has been sold at ?30 1M to ?31 per ton which are both lower. In Seed Oils little doing, and 33s per cwt the quotation for Linseed, and 10s to 50s per cwt. for Pale Rape. Tallow generally is neglected, but prices are supported nnd as the season advances more inquiry is looked for from the Chandlers. Common Bai-Iron continues at ?5 5s per ton ; hut at Oothenburgli the price has given way a little, and ?10 5s per ton free on board, was the quotation on the 29th ult. Til WtiTMI and the. Cnors?Harvest operations have been more or less interrupted by showers; still a tolerable amount of work has been done, much corn having been cut round about London, and some quantity carried. Hitherto, however, very little new grain has made its appearance at any of the country markets, farmers having been too busy in the fields to afford much time for thrashing. The accounts we receive from those districts where the reaping of wheat has been pretty generally commenced, bear out our previous opinion as regards the probable result of the harvest?vir., that, notwithstanding the extraordinary fine weather experienced for many weeks past, and the immense benefit accruing therefrom, the original cause?n deficiency of plant universally complained of early in the year?will prevent the yield being lurge -. and' we have no hesitation in repeating a re mark made a fortnight ago, "that we still doubted whether, under the most suspicious circumstances, the produce of wheat, taking the entire kingdom, would amount to an usual average.? .Mark lane Express. State of Teade.?Manchester, Tuesday.?Business is improving at Maachestcr. The market, on Tuesday, exhibited every appearance of steady and continued improvement. Yarn,of all descriptions, and more especially of the numbers and qualities suitable for Russia and the East Indies was in good demand; and for the sorts most in request an advance of ( to jd was pretty generally obtained. There was also a veiy fair inquiry for goods of all de criptions: and an advnnrp of nhont lid npr nipep was oh. tained on printing cloth*. On the whole, perhaps, the improvement, both in demand and prices, wa? more striking than on either of the two preceding Tuesday 's markets; and it was attended by a decided increase of firmness and confidence amongst the spinners and manufacturers. Rochoalic, Monday We have had another dull market to-day, somewhat similar to those of the three previous weeks. The demand for flannels has been very limited; and the buyers, who have attended the market, have purchased very sparingly, at^xtremely low prices. The wool market has been very heavy, and the manufacturers seem to purchase for immediate use only.? Though there is no change in the price of wool, yet the dealers are very eager to sell at the old priecs. Lfkdi, Saturday.?Alter the most severeand prolonged distress which this country has known in modern times, it gives us heartfelt satisfaction to see a few rays of light break in upon the gloom. The exhaustion of the resources of all classes will make any revival oftradeboth slow and precarious; and we see no reasonable ground for expecting durable prosperity, until our manufacturers are put upon an equal footing as to the chief necessaries of life with their foreign rivals, whose goods are now competing with tbem in the principal mardtets of the world.? But it is certain that the tearful stagnation of the last three or four months has been in some degree owing to the suspense about the tariff, and to the consequent lookiag-up of som considerable el., m* of foreign commodities in bond till the reduced duties came into operation. That event having taken place, sales ol goods are resumed, and the seaports begin to display greater activity. The veryfavourable weather also not o ily cheers the spirits, but atfords substantial ground for hoping that food may become cheaper and mere abundant, in which case manufactures and trade cannot fail to receive a stimulus. Havrk, July 31.?Cottoe?Immediately after our circular had gone to press, there was a good attendance of dealers from the interior, and during the first two days ol this week the demand was very animated, upwards of 4,000 bales having changed hands, as well for consumption as for transit, though but a trifling portion was taken for l he latter purpose. Since then, however, much less activity has been displayed, and the market has become quite languid,

the daily transactions not having exceeded 700 bales, with a slight decline in some instances on ordinary and inferior United States descriptions, which are those most in request ; but upon the whole, the variation has not been sufficiently apparent to establish any real change in prices, so hat we make no alteration at present in our quotations. The state of the weather continues most favorable, and the accounts from all parts as to the prospects for the appronching harvest, are in every respect encouraging, which, coupled with the generally improved tone of the intelligence from our manufacturing districts, and the rather less gloonr y character of the news from the other side of the ehannel, where it is to he hoped the distress has reached its acme, induce the belief that an amendment in business will at no very remote period begin to manifest itself. Sst-rs raoM -IS ro SI Jci-v?3,478 hales N O, dutyp aid, IM.M a 100 ; 1,308 do Mobile, do, f49a 80.10; 3,170do Upland, do, fM a 90 -, ?do 9ea Island, do, ? ; 100 do Brazil, do.lHialOO; 3IOdo do damaged, do; (30 a (10 ; 190d<> Peruvian, dam tlo, no a 70 ; ? Cayenne, do, ?. Asiiks.--No inquiry whatever has been manifested this sveok, and American Potash has declined to f?t per .'>0 hil, duty (ffl 2.1) [paid, at which [trice it could now be readily obtained. Tearhish has however undergone no change, ami remains at f47 AO- Tho Oneida, from New York, had on ltoar.1 303 bbis Pots, snd f>0 bbls Pearls, most of which had been sold previous to arrival. Rick Nothing has been dona in this article, and wn thercfere quote Carolina as before, at fJft a 57 SO, per .'0 kil, duty (f 1 37J) paid. No arrivals have come in, and our stock remains very smalli VPmai caovit Very little demand has taken place since last report, hut prices have esperienoed a slight Mvance, a lot of 5 tons French ard American fishery having realized |[ (toper J kil, luty paid. A supply of 145 bundle* was received by the Oneida, and a parcel arrived in one of our whalers. Htoek : 3 tons, against 510 tons last year -\KW YORK HERALD." tew York, Sunday, August 41, IMS. Tl?e Foreign News. Again, tor mure than the hundredth time, within I he last five years, we had the satisfaction, yesterday morning, of beating all our cotemporaries in regard to the highly important foreign news, received first by the packet ship Mediator, direct to this port, and -.econdly by the Britannia, at Boston. We received the news by the former, through the activity ot our newsboat squadron, in time to publish it in the whole of our daily edition. The news by the Britannia reached us by special express about half past three o'clock yesterday morning and therefore appeared in only a part of our edition, on account of our immense circulation compelling us to go to press ...win nfler inidnnrht. WverriiM.*.*; wp i.miih.1 nu.ni/ thousands extra containing the pith of the ne??b by die Britannia. The news is highly important in many respe< ts We find, from all the statements in the various papers that trade is reviving all over England; and that notwithstanding the various drawbacks the manufacturers have to contend with, that the mills are beginning to move with astonishing velocity. The quantity of cotton sold in Liverpool, for the days preceding the departure of the Britannia isone proof of this; and the quantity of manufactured goods and of yarns bought in Manchester, and other places, during the same period appears to lie an additional proof. The news from France is highly interesting ; and gives promisa of a quiet and satisfactory settlement of the Regency Question in the person of the Duke de Nemours. Of the matters that transpired in British Parliament, the debate in relation to Texas will be regarded with great interest. I he China and India news is also of great importance ; and we should not be surprised if, by ihis time, all the difficulties in those quarters are satisf actorily adjusted. Take it all in all, the news is the mosteatisfactory that has reached us for many inoniha ; and if, as we expect, the ratification of the treaty with Great Britain reaches us to-day or to-morrow, there will be every prospect of a return to peace, plenty and prosperity. Truly, Providence watches over his children, nnd deals out to them mercy and goodness, even when they least deserve it. [Correspondence of the Herald.] London, Aug. 3, 1842. Parliament is getting rapidly through the business of the session, prior to the recess. The royal asscnl has been given within the last few days to a vast number of bills, public and private. There have not been many bearing upon Colonial matters. The principal, however, are the New South Wales and Van Dieman's Land bill, the South Australia bill, ths suppression of the slave trade bill, and the Fisheries, British Islands bill, the customs act amend inent bill. The Colonial passengers bill was also read a third time and passed on the 26th ult. The Newfoundland Government bill was introduced on the 23d July, but postponed to the 30th, when a long discussion ensued upon the motion of Mr. O'Connell to postpone the bill for three months, to enable communication to be had with the parties. I refer you to the debate, which you will find fully reported in the Times, particularly to ihe able speech of the Secretary to the Colonies. The bribery at elections bill is proceeding slowly throcgh the house in consequence of the opposition made to many of the stringent clauses. The committee appointed to inquire into the compromise at elections to av< id the pains and penalties of bribery, have issued th-ir report, which contains some astounding facts tending to prove the lavish expenditure of money for bribery at the last election by both parties. Mr. Unithiiplf flip nlmirman nf fhi?a rnmmitfpp lirniu'lir f orward on the 28th ult. some resolutions calling lor legislative proceedings to punish the offenders, and moving that the writs of the guiity boroughs be suspended until legislative proceedings to protect the purity of elections had taken place. The resolutions were,however,all negatived, and the long suspended writs have since been granted. Goodwood Races, which is one of our most celebrated sporiing meetings, were held last week, and went off with their usual eclat. The value of t he stakes ran lor amounted to about ?16,000. The Drawing-room stakes were won by the Duke of Bedford's Envoy ; the Goodwood Cup by Mr. John stone's Charles XII. The operation of the Income Tax, as its provisions come into force, is becoming more and more obnoxious. It is not at all improbable that the Wot India Mail Steam Company will be given up, as the directors and shareholders are unable to continue it longer at the serious loss they are incurring. The Company have, it is said, solicited Government to be allowed to run only one packet per month for the same sum as they now receive, or else to have an additional sum of ?160,000 j>er annum, making, in allt ?400,000 for running two vessels per month It is not likely that she Government will agree to either of these propositions, and the most reasonable conjecture is, that they will make use of the Halil ?x line, and from thence lay on branch steamers for the collection and distribution ot the inter-coloninl mails. The North American line has been most speedy and punctual, while the West India line Ins been tried and found waning. Appointments, dec.?The Vice-President of the Board of Trade has appointed Mr. Stafford Northesk, of Balliol College, Oxford, his Private Secretarv. On Thursday last, the Rev. Archibald C. Tnit, Fellow and Tutor of Balliol College, Oxford, was appointed head master of Rugby School, in the place of the late Dr. Arnold. The appointment is understood to be worth ?1000 per annum. There were twelve candidates from Oxford and seven from Cambridge. There is a vacancy in the lucrative office of High Bailiff of Southwark, the emoluments of which exceed ?2000 per annum, by the death of J. Holmes, Es^. Among the candidates for the office are Alderman Brown,Alderman tfir W. Heygate, Mr. Dan. W. Harvey, Mr. I'rilchard, Mr. Payne, coroner, and four or five others. ? * a l_ J TV. 1 I It 18 rumorcu mat rtrcimeacuii innt-iiutuii i* 10 be the Bishop of Meath. He is brother-in-law to the Duke of Wellington Mr. Sergeant Adams has been re-elected Chairman of the Middlesex Magistrates for the ensuing year. New writs have been issued for Nottingham, Southampton, and Belfast. Mr. Sturge, the Quaker, opposes Mr. Walter at Nottingham. At Southampton, the Conservative candidates are Mr. Ho|>e and Mr. Mildmay. The Liberals bring forward Mr. George Thompson and Hon. Mr. St. John, son of Lord Bolingbroke. A petition has been presented from the inhabitants of Sudbury, praying to be heard in the Lords against the Disfranchisement Bill. Mr. Roebuck has obtained leave to plead as counsel for the bilh The Queen has been pleased to approve of MrJoshua Gonsed, as Consul at Hull for U. S. of America, and Mr. William Wetter, as American Consul at Cowes. The Court and Fashion.?The Princess Sophia continues to labor under the affliction of almost total blindness, at her apartments at Kensington Palace. SirChnrlesMetcalf, the Ex-Governor of Jamaica, last week underwent the operation of having a tumor removed from his cheek, from which he had suffered for many years past. Sir B. Brodie, Dr. Chumbers, and Mr. Martin, attended, when the tumor was skilfully removed by Sir Benjamin. Sir Charles is going on quite favorably. The Queen Dowager intends proceeding shortly on a tour of visits ot several weeks to the nobility in the Provinces. The Court goes out of mourning to-morrow, for the Duke of Orleans. The Queen and Prince Albeit intend, however, to wear mourning lor a full month. Her Majesty, it is said, means to honor, in an especial manner, the next birthday of Prince Albert, which takes place on the 2drh inst., when the Prince enters his 2-lth year. A large purty will be entertained to dinner at the Castle; and her Majesty,will, it is understood, afterwsrds'iave tin evening party, for which cards of invitation will be issued tot he principal nobility and gentry in the neighborhood of Windsor Castle. The Duchess of Kent and suite proceed in a few davs to Wesibaben Baths, via Brussells. The Queen and Prince Albert left town for Windsor, l>v the Great Western Railway, on the 23d ult. Her Majesty is expected to arrive at Buckingham Palace this day week, for the purpose of proroguing Parliament, and will return to Windsor immediately after the ceremony. TukaiiUcaus.?Covent Garden Theatre .under the munuK'-nvnt ot Mr. Charles Kemnie, win open <>n the 4th of September. There will he only three performances a week. It is expected that Miss Adelaide Ketnble will retire from the stage at Christinas, in consequence of her recent marriage Mr. Jules Renedict is to he the musical director of Covent Garden Theatre for the ensuing season, with Hughes as leader, and Karnes assecond leader ot the orchestra. Mnereudy will re-commence his thentrical campaign at Drurv lame, positively on the 1st of October. Vaiixhall Gardens were re opened last week, i after a somewhat lengthened close, with the usual programme of entertainments?Ducrow's horse*, a concert, both vocal and instrumental, the burning of Hamburg, fireworks, Jtc. The following Musical Festivals will take place in September:? Norwich, under the direction of Profe*?or Taylor Newcastle, under the direction of Sir George Smart ; and Worcenttr, under the direction of Mr. Sarum. The Reading Festival will take place in October. The Newcastle election committee have unseated Mr. Harris, the liberal member, and declared tuat Mr. Colquhoun ought to have been returned. This decision sustains the objection to Mr. Harris, as having been disqualified by bribery committed by his agents, at a previous election. The Ipswich election committee have uUo unseated the Farl of i 'esart, and John Gladstone,the conservative menib rs for Ipswich, for bribery committed by tfieir agents. ( General Nrcws.?The trial of Bean,for the last attack on her Majesty's life, is to take place at the criminal court, on the 25th inst. The typhus fever is at present making fearf ul ravages at Paris. ^Troops for India amd China.?The Fast In.lia company nave not yet concluded ttie despatch ot troops to India, as several large ships are being tckenup for the conveyance of troops to Bombay, (,'alcutta, and Ilong Kong. Enlisting, especially lor the artillery, is still actively going on in the metropolis. The recruits, alter being attested, are sent off to the company's dei-xtt, at Chatham, commanded by Colonel Henry. There are no fewer, at present, than four hundred and fifty-four officers of infantry, in Her Majesty's service, and one cavalry officer, in Condon, employed in the recruiting service in the United Kingdom. The civilians of India are about presenting Sir Robert Sale witti a sword worth two hundred guineas, with the word " Jellalabad," engraved on it. Sir Charles Napier, now commanding the Poena division of the Indian army, is to proceed to Alfghanistan in October. There is a desire to permit General Pollock to reap the harvest for which he has so well toiled ; but Lord Ellenborough has determined, I understand, to place in that part of our dominions, a large European force, and a tried general in the rougher sort of warfare, than that to which Indian Generals are enOtod. Large meetings on the subject of the distress of the country, have been held at Liverpool, Leeds, Coventry, Manchester, Paisley, and other places The Caledonia, Capt. Scott, arrived home on the 29th, in ten days, and by her full files of Canadian and Lower Province papers were received, and New York journals to the 16 th June. The West India mail steamer Tweed arrived at Falmouth the day previous?as usual, a lortm ;ht uvci uuc. ? lie junmua [wjicis diiiiuiiiiwr me at* couchement of the Countess of Elgin of a daughter. Another of the W. I. Steamers was due on the 80th ult., but will hardly arrive before another week, so uncertain and irregular are their movements. The whole kingdom was visited with a very severe thunder storm on the 26th, which did considerable damage, by the lightning striking sevt ral churches, and other elevated public buildings. The heavy rain which also accompanied, laid and damaged much of the standing corn. The annual meeting of the members of the Wesleyan Methodist denomination, termed the Conference, was held in London, on the 27th. Preachers from all parts of the country attended, and a very favorable statement of the progress and prospects of the Society was presented. Its institutions are in a very flourishing condition, and there has been a very large accession to the numbers of this body during the past year. Among the deaths in high life, which have recently occurred, are Sir Thos. D. Hesaetn, Ilart ; Sir W. Woods, Knight Garter, Principal King at Arms; Dr. Brown, Dean of Ferns; James Holmes, Esq., High Bailiff of Southwark; the Prince Dolgrouai, (son of the Russian general of that name,) who was killed in a duel. Foreign Intelligence.?France.?The King of the French opened the Chambers with ashort8|>eet h, confined principally to the loss they had sustain* d, and to the necessity for appointing a regent. Jlis Majesty was accompanied bv his sons, the Duke de Nemours, the Prince de Joinville, the Duke de Auinale and the Duke de Monthensieur. It is said tl.at the Due de Nemours will be constituted Regent, n id that the widowed Duchess of Orleans will have the guardianship of her children. Such an arrangement, it is supposed, will be satisfactory to all purties, and be the most effectual means of providing for the safety of the Government. The Due de Nemours is generally spoken of as a strong minded man, rather taciturn than otherwise?not very popular with the army, but honest and upright, and tru>ted by those who know him. It was not anticipated that the dynastic opposition would allow the session to terminate, without an attempt to upset the Minister. The funeral procession of the I Hike of Orleans from Neuilly to Paris, took place on the 30th ult., and the funeral itself on the 1st inst. Portugal.?The Portuguese army, it is said in a letter from LhAcn. is to be immediately increased by 4,295 men. A decree had appeared for the immediate and effectual enforcement of a tax of t"n per cent on every description of property. '1 iie treaties of commerce with England, and fcr the b.ippression of the slave trade, had been agreed upon and ratified. "The First Gitn."?Mr. Richard Coe, one of the Appraisers of the Custom Ilouse in Philadelphia, it is reported, received yesterday morning an officiul notice from the Treasury department that* his sep. vices were no longer required as an appraiser. This notice is given "by order of the President of t'.ie United States," and is signed by McClintock Young lor the Secrptarv of the Treasury. The reason for this dismissal, if any is required to be given, we have not heard reported?probably the usual one of incorapatability of opinions upon public matters. The Foreign News.?Ilarnden & Co. beat ;I1 others in getting the foreign news into this city y sterday morning. They did the business handsomely. Through them we received our foreign files to to the 4th inst., at half-past three o'clock, which enabled us to publish the news in a large portion of our edition. It came by the way of Hudson.down the river, in the fine and favt steamer Columbia, Captain Newbury. We must not here forget to mention, however, that Adams Sc Co. and the officers of the Cleopatra, were very kind. They sent to us foreign papers received by their usual routes, the former at 6 o'clock, and the latter about seven. And it ought to be stated also that Charles Willmer, and Willmcr & Smith, enterprising newspaper agents in Liverpool, forwarded us London papers of the 4th inst. which they received by express in time for the steamer which left Liverpool on that day. Naval.?Commodore Lavallette has assumed the command of the Navy Yard at Pensacola. Commodore Barron is in very ill health. United States brig Apprentice, Lieut. Moores, arrived at Boston, Thursday, from a cruise to New York and intermediate ports. A Pleasure Trip.?Take the steamboat Rock iana, ^api. acnencK, at me 1001 01 tiomnson street, at half past eight in the morning and three in the afternoon, and and in a few hours you are safely landed at Keyport, about 30 miles from tli* city, where the Mansion House, kept by Mr. Jacques, will supply you with all the luxuries of the sea shore, and all the comforts of our most fashionable watering places. Tiie bathing, fishing and fowling in the vicinity is excellent, and a more comfortable place of resort for a few days can scarcely be found in the precincts of our city. City Intelligence. All Hands Presahe.?Henry A. Harott, whoia now in the Tombs 011 a charge of swindling, and who advertised for clerks, agents, lie., at 176 William street, and alto pretended to keep a passage office in South St.,will be brought before Recorder Tallmadgc on a writ of habeas corpus on Monday morning at 10 o'clock, in order to escape that justice his acts deserve, if possible. I,et every man w ho ha* been fleeced by him aasemble there at that hour and present his grievances to the Recorder, who will never permit him to run at large without good aecurity. Moar. or the Habka*?The number of writs issued by Judge Lynch to release persons who have listed in the United States service, within the past few months, is so, instead of 81 as published in the Herald of Saturday. Full particulars in a few days. Accidental death.?A child named James Murphy, aged about four years, was killed on Thursday evening bv the accidental fall of a piece of scantling which he had placed across a hogshead, in company with another boy to ride see-saw. Chsroc of Rtre?A German, named Joseph Kenli. was arretted yesterday, by Officer Cockfair, aided by lata Deputy Keeper Ruckle, on a charge of committing a rape on the person of a little girl named Henrietta Oancey, on the IJth of January last. Shethen resided with her brother, and the deed was committed at his store, No. (MJ, Frankfort-street. He will be examined on Monday. Birglsst?Francis Fulton was caught on Monday evening, by a private watchman, in the act of carrying off n firkin ol butter that he had stolen from the store of Hub soy and (Justin, of 189, Washington-street, by hrenking the padlock from the door. He was fully committed. Yon should sot i.f.t, kc.?Samuel Robinson, of Lone Island, vii nieely fleeced of $100 by one Miss Miry Thompson, and Christopher Hill, of the Waverlcy House, of a purse and its contents In small change, by one Miss Lucy Ann Momas, on Thursday night. They will loam wit fcy their experience. BY THE SOUTHERN MAIL. Wuhlngton. [Correipondence of the Henld.] Washington, Friday?3 1'. M. " Confusion worn Confounded' -Ko Tarltr. The Treaty?Mr. Van Burcn?Uen. Scott. Language cannot describe the confusion and consternation that still pervade the ranks of both parties here. Propositions of every sort to adjust the Tariff question have been made ; but so far, nothing has been done, and it is doubtful whether anything can be done. The Democrats North and South are prepared to vote for a bill fixing the duties at a mean between the laws existing in 1832 and 1812? that is,the compromise act,with live-tenths of the re duclion. This, the Tariff men conceive, will not afford adequate protection, and will r.ot go lor it. The House is now in debate in committee of the whole on Mr. Barnard's Bills to legalise ihe existing revenue laws Substitutes have been offered but nothing has yet been done even on this. Mr. Cushing has made a most able and conclusive sneech in renlv to an inflammatory one bv Mr. Adams, hut the House is in such a state that no appeal can be of any avail. The Senate went into executive session on the treaty at half-past eleven. The morning burinesu was of no public importance. Mr. Pkkston moved to take up the resolution fixing upon Monday as the day of adjournment, but alter some conversation,he withdrew the motion. It the House came to any decision to-day, the Senate will act upon the resolution to morrow. The rumour was last evening that Mr. Culhoun had taken ground against the treaty, but a Senator whose personal and political relations with Mr. C. are not of a friendly nature, came into the House while the Senate was in secret session, and stated that Mr. C. had just delivered the most able, patriotic and majestic speech in defence, of the treaty that was ever uttered on the floor of Congress. The rebuke which he administered to the opponents of the treaty is said to have been most withering. The vote is expected to be taken this afternoon. No doubt is entertained of its ratification. It was proposed in the House to publish at the public ext>ense, a large number of the several reports made by members of the veto committee, but the proposition was rejected by a large majority. The Whigs did not like the idea of circulating the reports of Mr. Gilmer, und Messrs. Ingersoll and lfoosevelt, however anxious to get that of Mr. Adams before the people ; so they ordered, on their own private account, a large number of Mr. Adams' alone. This was sensible, certainly. The whole object would have been defeated by the adoption of the course proposed in the House. It has been rumored that the wise and modest General Scott has been about the capitol, making himself very busy against the ratification of the treaty. We certainly feel no inclination to prevent the General from having opportunities for displaying himself in the field, if the only sphere in which he is calculated to shine could be secured for him, without too large a sacrifice of blood and treasure ; but really we cannot see the propriety of getting ourselves and pur friends killed off for the sake of pampering this illustrious gentleman's vanity, which seems almost well enough fattened already to feed for a tolerable time yet upon itself. Let the General amuse his leisure rather, in finishing the translation of the French book on tactics, for part of which in the shape of an original work he has been so well paid already ; and by the time he has completed it, perhaps some just occasion for a fright may arise, to divert him from meddling with affairs out of his line. .A lady, who shall be nameless, Ibut of very general intelligence, and acquaintance with the most distinguished public men in the country, through an extensive correspondence, was lately in this city? and in a free conversation with several politicians as to the chances of the nextPresidency,remarked-' that the strength of Mr. Van Buren was greatly overrated?his only strength was that of position, in having onrc hecnthe Democratic Candidate." and then she asked the company, "Do any of you know a young man, of twenty-five years of age or younger, who is ardently und'deeply devoted to his re-election 1" The reply from the company was, that "they did not know a single case." She then said "that it is such men who carry elections." The remarks were fulj|of philosophy and good sense, and the truth of it will be fully developed whenever the contest conies on. Baltimore. [Correspondence of the Herald.] Baltimore, August 'JO, 1342. Mr. Editor? I have nothing peculiarly strange t? note this morning. True, there have been some pithy incidents, but to narrate them at home is bad enough without troubling you with them. it is with feelings of regret that I announce, your friend oewuuui uic uuiii, una uccu euuipciicu IU ihelter himself under the protective wings of the Slain insolvent law. What the future arrangements lor the establishment are to be I cannot say. It is yet open and kept in equally good taste and style as before. City Mills, Howard Street, and Susquehanna Flour all continue to sell for $0 per barrel. There has been a liberal demand for the article. The inspections of the week amount to 17,460 barrels, and 505 hall bhls. ; besides 14 bbls. Rye Flour and 105 bbls and SO J bbls. Corn Meal. The range of Marylanu Wheats may be quo'eit at 50 n 95 cts. ; Rye, SO a 53 cts ; Corn, 55 a 50, as to quality ; O its, 23 a 25 cts.; Beef Cattle, from $2 to 2 37J per nunrired pounds on the hoof?good supply ; Hogs, $5 a $5 25 cts? scarce ; sales iof Laguyra Colfee at 9 cts. a 8] and ; N. England Rum, 23 cts.: Whiskey, in hhds. 23 cts., or in bbls., 24 cts. It is generally understood that the Tobacco c, a of Maryland will fall far short of former years. Unfavorwile weather,especially about the time of planting, is among the chief reasons?indeed, it may prove a total failure. Bills on England I quote at 5J a 6 per cent, premium. The Brokers are purchasing Virginia money in the way of understood loans, at It a 2 per cent, discount. Rates on New York and Philadelphia are about par. RODERICK. Philadelphia. [Correspondence of the Herald.] Philadelphia, Aug. 20. The " Corporal's Guard," or, rather, the friends of 1're sident Tyler, have now reached such numbers as to command respect from both the other contending partes in the city. The wliigs are beginning to appreciate the fatt that they must lose the patronage of the city government if these men leave them in a Iwdy and go over to the democratic candidates, and success, it is thought, will be rendered very doubtful if even the Tyler men run their own candidates without an alliance with either. The consequences of losing the city are seen to be most disasin.i.,1/. Mr rim. <nr il.ia ialiia hoa.l ntiarters. Helios more and warmer friends in Philadelphia than in any other city that I know of. Take from him the patronage of the Custom House, and that derived from the spoils ol otlice in the city, and his force will be bereft of tha great mainspring of action. The city is in greater danger of being lost to the whigs the ensuing Kail than lor many year*. We have two distinguished arrivals in town, Lord Ashburton. the great dipomist, and O. Washington Dixon, the extraordinary" Pedestrian." The first was supped at the United States yesterday, and the latter received three cheers from the Pit of the Arch street Theatre, as he took his seat in one of the front boxes. The steamboat Rainbow started yesterday morning for the Capes, with a large number of passengers, but when about half way down the river she broke a portion of her engine connected with the air purap, and was compelled to return to the city for repairs. The steamboat John Jsy. with passengers for Baltimore, being in sight at the time of the accident, undertook to convey as munj of the Rainbow's passengers as were willing to go to their place of destination, and abou* two-thirds accordingly went on board. This is the fourth time this seasou that the machinery of the Rainbow has been broken, in precisely the same place. The fire yesterday afternoon at the time of writing my letter, was caused by the burning of a stable, with all its contents of hay and grain, on Wood, near Broad streets, believed to have been the work of an incendiary. During the alarm, a fireman fell from heat and exhaustion, near the corner of Broad and Arch streets, and was not resuscitated for a considerable lime, and then only through the intervention of a physician. Klour has fallen here to $5 and ; wheat, S5 to 00 for Southern; and 05 to $1 for Pennsylvania. A'iss May wood has come. Augusta will he here in good time. Mrs. Thayer, an excellent actress, by the w tiy, in her line, has been engaged at the Walnut. Jack Scott has good houses at the Arch. The business in stocks was light, and the transactions presented nothing new. Troy. [Correspondence of the Herald.] Troy, August 17, 1842 State of Society in Troy?Gouiping, Slander atul Dteeit. Friend Bennett :? 1 have been a looker on in this place for several days, and I will give you a rude aketrh of the city and it* inhabitants. 1 do not know of any city where there is more to admire and yet so much to condemn, nn can ha found in Troy. A stranger upon entering Troy cannot hut admire the general appearance of the place. The buildings are generally good, and the streets are clean. The enterprise of its citi7cns is seen upon all si-'es. They have several railroads, and a fine bridge; and last, though not least, they have the best boat on the river. The steamboat Troy 1 would recommend to all, who w ish to spend a comfortable day upon the Hudson. There are no amusement*

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