Newspaper of The New York Herald, 28 Ağustos 1842, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated 28 Ağustos 1842 Page 2
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HMff ? N i-AV YORK HERALD Vr?rk. Man Iny Aui(U?t l*4A. HlijH LV~ 1MP0R1A.N1 FROM CHINA. Thf DtlnlU of the A'ewi Hint ?lnl ??i Kcncli Kiiglaiiil In Time for tbc BrH*nnl?, Trie btnjie Olof Wyk, Capt. Meacotn, reached this port Ule last night from Canton, which place she ! it o:i the 9ih of April, unJ remained in the Chinese Waters a few days afterwards. The news is very interesting. It will be remembered that the news by the overland mail, which was brought by the Uritanuia, was up to the date of April 12th, but the new.- she brought ol the state of affairs in China, we-.i mere outline, which reached London /.i u!> . i,'1 tone, in time to be forwarded to Liverpool it few hours before the Britannia sailed. But , , ,?rs or details h id reae!i?il Livernnont nn to the li'i i?r" Y'igast. C onaeiuontly the news wc give beJo.v iro n ml iilet of to- Canton pipers will be read wi'ii gre it interest. fite liten dates received ut Maooafrom the Uuite i States wit ;n lite Olof Wyk. left was to the 2oih of November, and from Engl.uid to the lilt of December. Tit following is the list of the English fleet nitlic Chinese waters on the 14th of April:? ii. m to tiik northward, vtchi san, Cuimiah: aid Nis :! i ?Cornwallis, 72. hearing the 11 ig of Sir W Parker. K ('I? , cominander in chi-l?Cai>t Riehirda; (Monde, 4t2, C:>|?r tin r B Hirrhier, c B ; Pilicati, is, command*! Nijii -r; llvaoinih, is, commander ?. (toldsrnitii; Mod-ste, is, eomm 11 i -r tv nson ; Cntumbin-', i s. < i iiinitni-r lorsheal; Clio, lf?, commander id Troubri ige ; A!<-*, 1.), lieutenant Maitl mil ; Litdv u-ritncR suiv'ying v.\ne|, commmid't K C >liiii on; Troopalup in,nfer, Mr. cnni'inn-ii** II. Kultol ; 11 C S Nemesis, heui *n Hit W. 11 II if ; II .; s <}, i**en, Mr commanding W. Wirden; 11.cs. Pile;*t inn, lie' teiiani \l .-'Cleverly; 11 C.S. Sesostris, com n inder Ornisby, I N Ac Vm iv?Druid, ll, ci|?t ?in II Smith, C.H.; I' 1 id 's, 13, commander Tindul (absent) ; Chameleon. 10, lieutenant Hunter; Starling, 6, comniutider H Iveilett. Sqi:adr->n ai hie mooni or Carton River.? Blentieim, 72, captain Sit Thomas Herbert, KC B , vMiior v-omuian img vmcer; neram, on, captain .'. Via-, CB ; Nimrod, H, conim tnder Glassr; Cruiser, Ik. coimntuder J. Peirse; Koyalist, 10, lieutenant Caelwood ; Young Hebe, -I, lieutenant Wood. The following is the list ot American ships in the Chinese waters at tho same date: Lent i, Eodicot; Akbtr, Duimresq; Panama, ; Henry Pratt, Rogers; Cayuga, liissell; Cor>nadao, S a I I-r ; 1 uiihe, Steele; Horatio, Hiwli ii; Levant, Foulke; Robert Fulton, M'Mich tel. Tif United States ship Con-tellntion, Conirnodot-.'K-'jrne., wis at Macao. The United States 'hip Bn-uOj left Macau far Manilla on the 30th of March. Ft i.r. paitncoi.ars of the i.ast Remaukab:.e Fifwr .?r Nino" >o ?I: a.y '<trs that S.r Hugh Cough h ii b vn for so:n it tie t i po'se :-ion of intelligence tit.,I th- Cmriese were concentrating forces in the neighborhood, in or !er to make a simultaneous attic, o.t ft British f..rces at Ntngi>oo, Chinhae and Tiitgiute, (Cnusau,) and every tiling to give them a warm reception wis therefore prepared. Th morning of the 10th March was chosen by the Chinese, and it is supposed that some 12 to 1-1,000 men entered the City of Xingpu by getting over the walla at different points, nor were any efforts made on the part of Sir Hugh to drive them back, until the greater number had collected in a square or open m irkel place, wiience they were driven back inline dintciy by the British troops. The Chinese seen: not to have anticipated that the Eugli.-li should have !>een so well prepared tor them, arid verv soon fled in ttie greatest disorder, leaving the town behind Ihem, but not till after a great number had bit the dust ; the guns drawn by ponies trained for that purpose,being brought to bear upon the flying masses. About 2ftJ of their dead were on the next morning found in the streets. On the same night Chinhae was likewise attacked, but the guards at the gates iiaving been doubled, under the i rder of Colonel Schoedde, they were repulsed with great loss. No attack oil Chusan hid taken place, although there is no doubt it was intended, for the Chinese hud collected a great number of men on the small island of Taysain near Chusan, which the steamer Nemesis went to reconnoitre. The boat she sent on shore, when pulling up a creek was fired on, when the Xetn-sis seat h-r crew 01 shore, kilting many of the enemy, anil destroyed about thirty junks, no doubt intended tor the conveyance of the troops to Tingiiac. it is most gratyine that no loss whatever was'sufiered on our side, although the number of killed nnl wouuded among the Cninesc must have been Immediately after the flight of the Chinese from Ning,?o, the 49th Regiment was sent in pursuit and had not on the 12th (tha latest dale from Xing|hj) returned. Not far from Xingpo the Chinese h.,d also thrown tip a small battery from which they fired at the shipping, but it was soon silenced by the tire of If. M S. Modeste. I: nas been observed as a singular circumstance that four or five dollars were found in the pockets of every one of the Chinese soldier., found dead, and it is supposed they must have been given them to stimulate their valor in the coming fight, and it is indeed likely that without such a bonus they had refused to go out at all, as they did on a former occasion at the Bogue, where they demanded two dollars per man, and where to snti-fy them, the old Admirtl was obliged to pawn his furniture nnd even wardrobe. From the loss the Chinese have sustained in this recent fight, we suppose it will be some time ere their officers can again collect a sufficient number of men brave enough to venture on other trials, and the tmperor will be much disappointed in again making the experience that he has not wherewithal to carry his frequent threats of total extermination into effect. We have, alter writing the above account, received Sir Henry Pottinger's Circular, giving mos, interesting details of these occurrences, which will be found below. Further Partlculnrt of the Fight at \liigpo. iFrom the Canton f'rrsa of April 14th.] We had last week the pleasure of publishing Sir ripnry roiiuigfr b cirriiiar, Hiving an hulouiu ui mc gallant repulse I>v H M forces of a large body of Chinese. By the Mysore, transport, since arrived, we have had accounts of new deeds of arms, and several of our friends have kindly allowed us the l*rusal of their letters, we shall now lay before our readers a brief account of the occurrences of the 15th and subsequent days. It appears that after the un successful attack on Xiugpo, the Chinese attempted to annoy the rtritish girnson, bv obstructing the supply of provisions, and intelligence having at same time been received that a body of 3 or KXK) men wer?- encatn **d at the town of Teee kee, about It* miles to the westward of Ning ?o. -*ir Hugh Gougit determined to attack thetn A force consisting of detachments of the 18th, 2fith and 49th Regiments, and a naval brigade, in all about 1100 strong, was taken on beard and in tow ot the Nemesis anil l'hlcgethon steamers, on the 15th of March, and on arriving near Tsee-kee the Chinese were seen posted in a tolerably strong position immediately to the west of the town, the walls ol which were scaled at I once without meeting with any resistance. When, however, the British troops went out to attack the encampments, the Chinese fought well, keeping up for some tims a fire from gingalls and m itchlocks The marines and sailors were directed to att irk them on the hill which formed the right of the r position, while the 49th took the c-iitrc, a the !8 h and 20th the left of th"ir camp Here it s-ems the inucn -borter distance (and no doubt impatience io eng ige) whirrithe mirines and 19th had to travel**, brought on the fight rather prematurely, thev getting into action much sooner than the 13tli and 2fith, who had a long distance to go over steep hills; the 13th were unable to get at the Chinese till theyhad begun to run, and they then tumbled a few over. Accord tag to all accounts the Chinese have shewn more courage on this than any other previous occasion, snd their loss asiwell as numbers arc very variously estimated in different letters we have seen; the former at from four to nine eundrcd killed, the latter at from 14 to 15,01)0 although most o! the letters mention the enemy to have been about fit**) strong. On the side of the British the loss of the naval brigade was 3 killed and 14 wounded, including a marine ofBcer, Mr. Humbly ; ot the 43th. there were 6 or 3 wounded, among them Cap! Reynolds slightly an 1 Lieut. Montgomene and Lane severely; the latter was "o severely hurt in the arm that it was obliged to be taken off in the field. On that night the British troops slept in the neighborhood of Tseekee, and on : the following morning burnt the camp and several intndarin and government houses in the city and -uburbs. Intelligence of another camp existing at ihotit fi mil-a di - ance, the troopa were marched there, but found ii utterly deserted. _Ou me following morning tlie troops returned to Niiigpo and Chinhae from tins success! ul expedition. It seems lh ii the Hying Chinese have been rallied by some mandarins and reinforced by new troops, and that they were again gathering near a large city of ttie nunie ol Shouhing to the north of Yuyaou, and that Sir 1-lugh Gougli intended to rout them thence within a few days alter the date of our intelligence. Hminors were also rife of an intended attack on Xingpo, by a very large force, say 30,000 men, on about the 25th, so that our gallant men will have enough on their hands for some time to come. It w;as said to he Sir Hugh Cough's intention immediately to move on Hang-chow-foo, the capital of the province of Chekeang; to execute which movement the position of N'ingpo ^ ill no doubt nave to he abandoned. The Sesostris steamer had been despatched to Aiuoy to bring up 300 men of the Royal Irish. Most of the letters we have seen agree in representing our loss at Tseekee at three killed and forty wounded, and that ol the Chinese uncertain, as above stated Circular. To IIeu Biur.vxmc M.viK-rv's Srnjwrrs in China. Her Britannic Majesty's plenipotentiary in China his great pleasure in announcing to her Majesty's subjects die complete repulse of two bodies ol Chinese troops which attacked the British positions at N'ingpo and Chinhae at daylight on the morning ol the 10th of last month During the whole of February, almost daily intelligence reached the head quarters of her -Majesty's forces,'showing dial the Chinese high authorities I ,.~<,wwi.u.r-..l'i,.na I,.it tli.-v xx; r, from tune to time deferred on such frivolous pretences, that it appears their excellencies the naval and military commanders-in-chief had gone over to Chusan torn ike arrangements at that place preparatory to a forward movement of a portion at least of her Majesty's combined forces. in this state matters remained until the date and hour abovementioned, when a cou-iclerable body of Chinese, estimated at from 10 to 12,000 men, artvanced upon the south and west gates of Nitigno, got over the walls and penetrated to the market place in the centre of the city, where they were met by our troops and instantly driven buck with great loss; in fact, it would seem that the moment the Chinese troops found themselves so warmly received, their sole object was to get out of the city as last as possible, and in their retreat to the south gate, the field guns drawn by popies, came up and opened on a dense mass with grape and cannister, at n distance less than a hundred yards. Above 250 dead bodies were found inside the walls, and when the accounts catnc away, her Majesty's 49th regiment had not returned front the pursuit of the discomfited and flying enemy. Whilst these operations were progressing on shore, a number of fireboats (ampans) lushed together with chains, were floated down the river, unci were towed into the mud by the boats of the Sesostris .-iPain-r. In the meantime u gun was brought down a lane in the eastern suburb (icross the river,) and as the inhabitants had been previously warned that any such attempt would bring chastisement upon them, her majesty's ship Modeste opened her guns, and did great execution in that quarter. The art tea on Chinitae was much more feeble. The oneun advanced to the north gate, where they vere driven off bv the guard, and followed by one company n terv.irds reinforced by three others) of tier m ij-'sty's 55th regiment, who killed oilmen and two mandarins in the put suit. Simultaneously with the attack on the city of Cliinhae, fire sitnpans chained together were set adrift to burn the shipping at that anchorage, but uvv an weni on snore anovc me snips 01 war ana merch tnt vessels and did no sort of harm. Shortly before these repulses occurred, the Nemesis steamer was sent from Chusan to reconnoitre th- i-land of Taisjm, where it was understood Chinese troops were collecting with the purpose of attaching her majesty's forces at Tinghae. The steamer sent her boats into a creek u here they were tired on, and in consequence commander Colhnson and Lieut. Hall landed the steamer's ship's company, when the Chinese fled with the loss of about thirty killed and a number wounded. The steamer'sooats then set tire to a number of pinks which had also fired on her, and returned to Chinhue. Their excellencies the naval and military commanders-in-chiet had >one toNin,'po, and proposed to follow tip the repulses tlie enemy had experienced, by active measures Itutlbrds tier majesty's plenipotentiary the highest satisfaction to clo-e the circular by stating that in these attempts of the enemy, her majesty's combined lurre bad not lost a man. The latest intelligence from the head quarters of ibe Chiuese army south of the Hangchow river speak of the troops being in utmost a state of insubordination, and in want of supplies, Arc. The emperor had otdered, that the provinces which are the scat of the war. should bear the expenses of it, and as the inhabitants seein resolved to make no further sacrifices, there uppears every probability of the army dissolving itself, and becoming totally disorganized. Hod save the Queen. Hknry l'orrtxoKR, Her Majesty's Plenipotentiary. Dated at Macao on the 1st day of April, 18-12. of thk 'iavdkh ok the american IT a i'ron IN thk cftlna wateks. To the Editor of the Canton Press. Sir?I have to request that you will publish for the information of whom it iiiav concern, the accompanying copy of n letter from Commodore L. Kearney. Voitr obedient servant, W. Delano, Junr. Vice Consul of the United State? of America. Macao, 1st April, 1842. Cory. U. S. S. CoMSTKl-lutlon, ) Macao Roads, 31st March, 1812. J Sir?The Hongkong Gazette of the 24th inst. contains a shipping report in which is the name of an American vessel engaged in carrying opium?therefore, i beg you will cause to be made known with equal publicity,and also to the Chinese authorities,by the translation of the same, that the Government of the United States does not sanction "the smuggling of opium" on the coast under the American flag, in violation of the laws of China. Difficulties arising therefrom in respect to the seizure of any vesBel hy trc Chinese, the claimants certninly will not, under my instructions, find suitport, or any interposition on nty part after the publication of this notice. I am, very respectfully, Your obeaient servant, (.signed,) I.. Kjiarnk v, Commanding I'. S. l-Iast India Sjuadron. To the United States Consul or the Vice Consul at Canton. Another Imperial Kdlct. Translation. The High Imperial Commissioner Yiilking, "awe spreading Central,w and Teissun and Wan,?his coadjutors, hereby make clear proclamation. It a|>jtears that amongst the " black barbarians," there are many natives of the land, who having heen taken captive by the English rebels, are, by change of dress so altered in appearance, that they cannot be recognised. Heing forced by those rebels to do them menial service, they are grievously oppressed, and have the pros|tect of being placed, in the day of battle, loremost to stand the whole brunt of the conflict, on the other hand the fear that, if they retreat, tficy win meet death at the hands of their oppressor. Unable to speak out, and without opportunity either of ml vancement, or retirement from among them, these are indeed to be commisse rated. Among the '* red b trbarians," too, there nrc some who have been brought by those rebels from other lands, with no will to follow them and with no share in their plunder. Why should these continue in their employ? Therefore is this clear Proclamation issued. If, in the dnv of battle, either "red" or " black barbarian- will?should they he onshore, cn-tavvny their srins, and kneeling, oiler submission?or, should they be afloat, refuse to fire, they shall in all oa-esb- spared alive Asy who shall seize and deliver up a great "barbarian Eye" or Chief shall be rewarded with a high dignity. Any who shall make prisoners ol the common "demons/' (privates or sailors,) shall be richly rewarded with money, and it any shall dt liver up a foreign vessel, they shall receive for their reward whatever goods the vessel shall contain. A special Edict. 2l<t, year of Taoukwaiig, 12th moon, llfch day. (30th, January, 11*12.) On r.rr ?The American merchants will now demtnd sati-faction for the gross outrage committed bv the Chinese authorities on the boat of the Mortison, and th*- uiunlrr of one of the crew, and if nepf-MTv, both the Con.tellation and IJoston will v i lic ,r.. the h >nor of the United Slates flag hy exa ting from the Chinese a most hpavy r-tribution tor their most treacherous violation of international law ' \n I)ir?Col. de .'aneiznv. French commercial am nt, anil Mr ChaUaye, tfte'Vice Consul, have had aprolonge,] ami went eon I ere nee with Yinshan huiJ Kekunc, the' 'ovrrnor of Canton,-not at theirofficml residences, hut at the cwuiiti v house of Tinuua, the sou of th< late horn; merchant of the sane' name. The Tariff ?This hill, as amended, will pass the House, provided there i* a <|Uorumleft to pass it. (Xf- The Reading Railroad Undue across the iSehuylkill, and the one close toil, have heen loirnt down, and three fellows have heen arrested on mispi.'ion of setting fire to them. frj The Park Theatre opens to-morrow night. Brown and Burton are engaged for a month. I The Barry Cue. | The proceedings entered by John A. Barry to ob' tain i<oase.-?u>n of his youngest child, being now (on ap,>eal) beiore the Chancellor and the Court of Errors?and many questions having been asked in relation to the parties, and the points of difference between them, a brief statement of facts, as presented in evidence and by affidavit, may not be . deemed uninteresting. First, then, ns to the gentlemen in the cast:? Mr. Barry is a native of Shelburne, N. S., and must uow he nearly, if not quite, 48 years of age, though, in appearance, he could readily pass for ten years less than that. He is a tall, commanding looking man, with dark hair, and full black whisker-?even Grecian features, and is what maybe termed handsome. He generally pleads Ins own cause, and exhibits much ability us a speaker, as well as a lull knowledge of the various laws governing Ins case. About 2b years ago, he was married at Halifax to Elizabeth Black (daughter of the Rev. Wm. Black, bishop of the Methodist church at Xova Scoiiu), by whom he had several children. He established himself in the dry goods business at the head of Marchinzton's wharf, and took a leading part in the affairs of the city. His lady died a few years since, leaving a son and four daughters, who are spoken of as an exceedingly fine family A reverse of business being exi>erienced at Halifax, Mr. Barry left there in the fa'l of 1833. and cume to New York ostensibly with a view of determining where he should settle, he being undecided whether to do so in the I'niled States or in England. Aftertravclling for about six months, fie concluded to locate himself in this city. Thomas If. Mercein, father of the present Mrs. Barry, was born and brought up in New York lie was for three or four years comptroller of the city, also a member of the Assembly, and has been for the last twenty years president of the Equitable In Minmce Company, (>ut which situation he has been induced recently to resign. lie resid-s now in 19th street, but had lived in Luiglit street for some years. His lady is still living, and he has three daughters besides .Mrs. Hurry, who have been well and happily married, viz. one to Mr. llyser, one to Mr. Swain (merchants of this city), and the other to Mr. Randolph oi New Jersey. Now a few words as to the character of the one who has probably felt more deeply and experienced more heartfelt anxiety, than any other individual connected with the proceedings, we mean the daughter of Mr. Mercein, (the present Mrs. Harry) and mother ol the child in question. On this point we shall give the testimony of several respectable witnesses. on a hearing before Judge Inglis. Dr. James H . Man ley, sworn?lknow Mrs Harry, and have known Iter since she was a child, now twenty years. Have frequently visited her lather's house and she has visited mv house and been on terms of intimacy with my family. Her character is good,such asawoman's should be. 1 have neverseen her out of temper. Her moral character is as good as that of any person who walks the world She is qualified well to take cure of children. She has had a good deal of charge of her lather's family, which is one of the best regulated that 1 ever knew. I have visited the house since the child was thereit is well taken care of, is a favorite, and well beloved. Francis Hall (one ol the proprietors of the Commercial Advertiser) sworn?I have known Mrs. Harry from 15 to 18 years. Her mind is superior, cultivated, and she isamiable and moral. Thecliild upivurs to be well taken care of. Mrs.^araii Hall sworn?I have known Mrs.Pnrry for 17 or lHyehrs?Have visited her father's house, and belong to the same church with her. Have associated with her in Sunday schools us teacher, also in Missionary and other benevolent institutions ? Mrs. Harry was secretary. Her temper is pleasant and agreeable. Have seen Iter in trying circumstances, calculated to try the temjier, but never saw her shew any but good feeling. t?he has a peculiar qualification for teaching; she taught her own sisters. She is a communicant?Her intellect is verv eood. The child is well taken care of. It appears to be happy, and the family happy in it, as it each one owned it. Mrs Ann Ebuettssworn.?Am aunt to Mrs. Barry, and have known her all her lifetime. Her character and temper are good, and she is well calculated to take care of a child. The child is taken good care of, its mother being a most devoted nurse. Rev. Dr. Bani.s, sworn.?Have known Mrs. Harry 15 or 1(> years, at her house and in meetings, She is a woman of strong and well improved mind. Her , moral qualifications and temper are good, and the ( family is a good one torn child to be in. A.|L?avis,sworn?Am pastor ot the Vestry-street Methodist Church. Mrs. Harry is a communicant. 1 have also seen her frequently in the house. She is amiable, pious and intelligent. Dr. Reese, sworn ? Am a physician, and attend the family of Mr. Mercein. I have knawn Mrs Harry for some years, and have thought highly of her in all respects. The child is comfortable. The mother and the family devote themselves to it. So much for the parties. Now for the introduction and the marriage, which we shall give in Mrs. Barry's own words, as presented in her affidavit, in answer to the first writ which had been issued, wc believe in IH39. " I, Eliza Ann Barry, named in the annexed Habeas Corpus, and the w ife of .lohn A. Harry, being duly sworn, do depose and say, that my grandfather, the late Andrew Mercein, and Robert Harry, the fatherof John A. Harry, were early friends ; Robert Harry, wiili other loyali-ls, left the city, as 1 always understood, after the i>eace ot 1783, and settled in Nova Scotia. Of late years several members of Robert Harry's family have visited New York, and were received more wj relatives than strangers by AndrewMercein and liis family. lTnder these auspices six years since, John A. Barry came to New York, accompanied by a vounger brother and sister; he was a widower of allowed talents?professed to have relinquished business at Halifax, (where he had lived twenty years.) alter the death of his wife, about which time lie had met severe losses, which had reduced him from afiluence to merely competence, which was well known to us all. That he had resolved to leave Scotia and would settle either in England or the United States, and was on a tour to determine. He finally concluded to settle in New York?talked ot putting his four daughiers (who were at his father's in Liverpool,Nov.i Scotia.) at a celebrated boarding school here, and left tor England in the soring ot 1834, to airmge some plan for nis son, who had been several vears in Scotland finishing his education. He returned in the fall? became engaged to me. 1 was led to conclude from his manner before me and my family, and the high character given him by his brother and sister. who scented so to look up to him, that he was all that could he desired. The rngugvment was sanctioned by my father, and his consent for our marriage given, to take place in the spring of '35,provided at such time the arrangements Mr. Harry declared he had yet to make respecting the final closing of his business. &:c.,_ would involve no longer than a year's residence in Nova Scotia, alter which he w as to settle for gootl in New York. Mr. Barrv returned to Nova Scotia?corresponded during the winter? came in the spring, and we were married in April, Ugft " Thus Elixa Ann Mercein became united to John A. Harry, and, consequently, the step-mother of his five children, who appear to have been much attached to her, and w ere (with the exception of the son) at the tttnc of the marriage, at Liverpool, N S., whither Mr. Harry carried nis voting bride, end they resided there together tor a year, when he sold his property and returned with bis whole family to New York, having w ith hint about $1200 or 91400 in cash. Besides this, the maternal grandfather of his first wile's children had died, leaving them property valued at $13,000. Mrs. Harry returned to the scenes of her childhood, but not as a joyous wife, for with all her husband's high qualifications she appears, (judging from her own statement) to have realised the idea of Byron in his unhappy oues:? " They tiim?w?>?-ick?lick? The itrrumi of their ynuu^ iffertion> hive nil to w?te, Or w?ti-retl hut the <h ierl. To produce plum* who?e fruit i? eorrow, miwry nn?l i!e?p 'ir." We are sorry to say this, as Harry, generally speaking, is a high-spirited, fine fellow, but there must be some cause, and a strong one, too, to have weaned from him the apparently ouce warm affections of such a woman as Eli/a Ann Mcrcein. Although strong effort is made in the affidavits to add charges against him of a different description, the great cause of trouble seems to have ncen, that lie was determined to be " master in his own house," but. then such a master as was calculated to drive from it every thing like heart felt 1.1.... ?...i-n..-.;? tir- . ? II < M<icut(> anu aiicwun. v? c present one or IWO more extracts from the wile's affidavit:? " Tiie first serious altercation that occurred at Liverpool, was in consequence of my remonstrating with hint on his hardiness to his daughters Celiu and Simh: of course I did not do it in their pre?cnce. I called this sert'mis, becnusc he continued very angry; would not sit down to the table all the next day; and it cost me much entreaty and submission err 1 could appease his wrath. I found him a man of high passions, irrascible temper,and of a domineering spirit." The following extract ulso shows a determined husband and an obedient wife: "My physician prescribed either cream of tartar or brimstone forme, when indisposed in January or February. When Mr. Parry returned to my rooin he brought a cup of sulphur and moluases ready mixed. I snid I preferred taking tartar? that 1 could not take that?never could while a child, when the other children took it. He said it was all nonsense; that the doctor said either would do; and now it was bought I must take it I told him I coulrl not? my stomach would immediately reject it. He de. clared I should ; and I was roused, and said I would not. lie said he would be master in his own house, and left me threatening. This waain the afternoon; % before bed time, Calia, bus daughter, came and said her father wanted to know if I had taken the medicine ; for if 1 had not, lie was not coining ii|> stairs. Hurt at his so shaking of me to our child, I simply answered,' Tell your pa you told me,' and she went to bed. 1 staid till about* 2 o'clock, when fearing he would get cold lying on the sola, (lor it wus bitter weather,) 1 went down stairs, after making several ineffectual attempts to take it ; lor 1 had become, as the piirase is, set against it In vain 1 entreated and explained, and at last asked him il he would be satisfied if I took it, and he saw that I could not retain if; to which he said,' JVo, I tluntlJ i wallow it atal keep it there." lie returned with scorn my fears that he would take cold, as my obstinacy alone lie said, prevented him from being in his own comfortable room; so 1 left him, telling him I would go in a spare room, which 1 did. anu begging linn to go up stairs. I jiaieed two bitter hours. I hud loved linn devotedly? I had made an idol of him ; and though day by day 1 saw him robbed of some charm with which my fancy had invested Ititn, 'twould have been my happiness still to have closed my eyes and coutinued to dream on The awakening was too bitter. 1 at last, resolute in despair, and urging to myself that he could not well retract, as ne was the head and master, again went to him, sileutly stood before him, took the medicine, swallowed and re-swallowed it, till the determined retention of it succeeded, and I sunk laint on the sofa. 1 had been for some weeks considered by au able physician and Mr. Barry in great danger of losing my life. 1 had swallowed a large peach stone, wfiicn caused internal obstruction, and unless nature aided me, human aid was unavailing. Some days I could be up, anil again was in dreadful anguish and conlined to my bed : this was the reason of the physician's attendance, and of the medicine beine are scribed." At bed time he brought her more sulphur, and told her she should take it twice a day as long as he thought necessary. " I told him 1 should take no more, and turned over on my pillow. He left the room. 1 thought about it, concluded I was right, and remained alone." When she went down to breakfast next morning, -Jie found that Mr. Barry hud already taken his, and gone to the woods to cut tiring. He returned with aload, but did not come in to see her; his dinner was kept warm against his return a second time, lie refused to go where his wife was, but eat it in the kitchen. fShesays?" I went to him, attempted to say something about his duv's work, Arc.; he repulsed nie roughly. I glanced at the servant, and asked him in a low tone to come up stairs ; that we could not talk before Dolly, lie said there was no use in talk; he would never go up stairs till I behaved myself. I said 1 meant to, and lie followed me. 1 then wept very much ; told him how much 1 suffered from his anger; how wretchedly sick, in my situation, the thick mixture made me ; that he knew 1 had but one chance for lile?a few weeks would soon decide, and begged him to get some sulphur and mix it with milk, so that it would not cause such distressing nausea, and 1 would take it so long as he said so. His anger at this request was awful; he reproached me with equivocation, said that 1 had deceived hiv, that the very children and servant said 1 was wrong; and was going out, when I yielded, made him the required promise, and front that time did as lie bade me. Mr. Barry afterwards told me that if I had not yielded he would never have lived with me?that he was determined to leave nie, and that I might have remained or gone home, just as it Huited my pleasure. From that time until again sale in iny fathers house, I never disobeyed his orders." Many similar scenes, as to command and submission, arc shewn after the arrival of the family in New York ; u serious one aboul a fortnight after her first child was born, which was on the 29thOct. 1836?also one on the occasion of their girl (Dolly, who had come with them) going to leave ?on account of the work being too hard. Mr. Barry accused his wife of ill-treating'her. "My answer was: ' I had not reproved her. 1 was satisfied as far as she went. What she did pleased me.' In the course of it he told me to hold inv tongue, called ine insolent, and asked me how I dared to answer him. 1 was at least free-born, and this stilled my trembling. 1 calmly told him 1 had aright to defend myself; that insolence was from an inferior to a superior, but that I was an equal. This was the word too much. He appeared absolutely demoniacal. When'he could speak he did, and exclaiming ' there could no more be two equals in a house, than two Gods Almighty in the universe, and I should find it so'?left me." This was when they kept house in Morton street. For some days afterwards she could only see him at the breakfast table, when he would talk pleasantly to his daughters, but slight his wife, and make lus [laughters net between them in passing and receiving his cup. She says, " after a week I thought I would purchase peace on any terms. Mr. Barry came in, and weni to a room on the same floor with mine. 1 waited till 1 heard him lay down and then 1 went to him. I wept, I hung over him, I took all the blame, and all in vain. His only answers were, 'leave, me. I s ly leave the room; you are my equal, you know and as I resisted and pleaded, he started up, seized his clothes, and declared if I did not go out of the room, he would go out of the house. 1 returned to mv own room, and prayer was my refuge from madness. Another week passed on. Once only did he answer me." But wc find we nre making a very long story of what we at first intended should be a very short one. Suffice it to say that the wife complains of harsh language and conduct heing exercised towards her on related occasions, one? or twice when Mr. Barry's son, Hoosa (a fine voung man of twenty two who had returned front Kurope, and was living with them in Morton street, and one or two others of Mr. B's reiauons were present. xncre arc aiso general charges us to intemperance,but only one instance of such has been adduced: about ten o'clock one evening when he returned to his home, threw himself ona sola, and had evidently taken too much wine, he did not appear to know Mrs. B. when talking to her, calling her by another name, not Eliza nor "Lize," us was his usual custom, and so spoke and acted as evidently to have caused a touch of jeajonsy to his wife, she finally humoring him in the idea that he was talking to some other woman, and assisted him to his room. On the whole, however, the charges in this respect do not apiiear to have much weight, andi seem rather as fillings up, than otherwise, in the general scene. Her first suspicion as to intemperance was in the early part of 1837. In respect to business matters, it appears that Mr. Barry, with the assistance of Mr Mercein (who advanced, from time to lime, $$3500 in cash and endorsed to a still larger extent) bought out the stock and stand of Messrs. Woram?St Haughwout, crockery-ware dealers in the ui?|>er part of Broadway, and commenced business in tliat line. This was in the fall ofl83ti. The undertaking, however, proved to he an unprofitable one, and, in September 1837, ke was compelled to make an assignment to Mr. Scharef and Mr. Mercein for the benefit of all his creditors, and the stock and stand were resold to the parlies frotn whom they had been bought. In the latter part of 1837, Mary M. Barry, the cnild who has been the subject of so much litigation, was born. During the winter of 18:18, Mrs. Barry proposed to her husband that she and her children should go to her fathers, in Laiglit street, and that he should take his first wife's children back to the house of their grand-father, at Liverpool, N. S. lie was willing to accede to such an arrangement, except so far ns related to Mercein, their boy, who ne declared should go with him wherever he went, and she might take tier " brat" to her father's, lie was determined not to stav in New i'ork, and believed he should go to Canada. 8he had no idea, however, of giving up either of hpr children, if she could help it, and laid open the whole of her troublep, as she states, to her parents. Iter father applied to C. W. Sandford, Esq , a counsellor of tins city, to ascertain if sufficient ground did not exist in the treatment his daughter had received, to procure a legal separation, and the answer was favorable. When Mr. Barry found that his wife was determined to leave him, she says he changed his ground, implored her, by the most earnest supplication that she would not abandon him to certain destruction, prevailed on her to try him again, which she consented to do, provided, he did not ask her to go from New York. " But our (>ecuniarv embarrassments." she savs "became so nress ing that Mr. Barry and his four daughter* went to Nova Scotia, and I, with my two children, to my lather's house, with hie free consent in April, 1838, and with slight prospect and with scarcely an expressed expectation of any future re-union." After an absence of three weeks he returned unexpectedly, and unannounced, entered his wife's bedroom. He was trenfed politely by her family.? During the night he informed her of his intention to settle nguin at Liverpool, N. S., wished her to go with him, and to ask her father to assist him in starting business there. She at first tried to parry the request, dreading the loss of herbov.bulin vain, she must come to a direct answer?She says, "Then thinking on all iny dreariness and suffering at Morton street, though alleviated by the kindness of mv family, and realising the dreadful home to which a disappointed man would rake me, T exclaimed, I would rather part at once.". He went out about It) o'clock, telling her to think of his proposition. At I orbo'clock he came back, and said he had sent his trunks to a boarding house ?he said he was going to leave her forever, and should take the boy with him to Liverpool. He paced the room, but she hung on his arm entreating Kirn not to go away, but he shook her off on her refusal to leave for Liverpool, Hiid went out. She wrote to him on Mornlay, but did not get an answer till Thursday. He m>oko, in turn, of sufferings and wrongs; told her that he had returned in accordance with the plan*laid down in Morton street previana to hisdepnrtnre?that he had admonished her tenderly against driving from herself a husband, from her babe a father?that since leaving heron Saturday he had been near sinking altogether and becoming entirely prostrated, but the feeling had passed away; and. as she bad chosen it they now part for ever. He was willing that a divorce should be obtained, if posable, and would facilitate her attampta at * such, if fairly conducted. As regarded the children. he was witling that she should keep the girl, and he take the boy. He says: " lu coming to the decision 1 have, 1 feel, and indeed know that 1 can, if I please, stand on my legal rights, and while 1 violate none of yours, he only acting on my own, in requiring both of ih" children, hi tenderness to fou, however, us well aa compassion tor the ckild, voluntarily surrender all claim to my dear, my sweet babe, though 1 have nty doubts it I be doing in this what is strictly my duty toward it. If you run, you are at liberty to enter into the feelings which for the aake of my future peace, induces me to make such a sacrifice as this." He requested she would return him all his letters, her wedding ring, a writing desk he had given her, and his miniature. She was willing to give up nil but the miniature, which she said she wanted to keep for her little Mary; but, by the advice of her friends, that, too, was restored. As to the father, (Mr. Mercein,) he complains bitterly of the course which has been pursued in relation to his family, and the great expense (already about $1,300) caused to him in the various suits which have been entered?also of their being suddenly dragged, by Mr. Harry, for the puqiose of annoyance, to Saratoga and Albany, to answer before the Chancellor and the Supreme Court, the numerous writs of Habeas corpus, Arc., which have been got out. lie has given to his daughter and her child a home as was asked of him, but she is her own imistress,4and at liberty to go wheresoever she iiUnaoo w 11 limit KlndNnno nr tnnUafnfinrt fW?m est? An agreement, drawn up by Mr. Barry's own hand, was signed, sealed, and executed on the 7th .lune, 1838, by which it was stipulated that Mrs. Barry was to retail possession ol the two children till the 1st of May following, at which time Mr Barry was to have the boy, should be demand him, and Mrs. Barry the girl, should she decide to live separate?and that Mr. B. would renounce all claim to his infant daughter. This was signed by himself, Mrs. Barry, and Mr. Mercein: ana the boy, under the provisions of that agreement, most unwillingly, and with deep grief on the part of the mother, delivered to him when required, she supposing that she would he allowed quiet possession of the youngest child, the one now sought to be recovered by Mr. Barry. lie, at a subsequent period, however, succeeded alsi in getting the girl, entering, with a friend, ft he house of Mr. Marcein. on a Sunday morning, while rthe family was at church, going to his wife's room, tearing it, notwithstanding a desperate struggle on her part, from her arms, und going off with it. On being pursued afterwards, he V7as compelled to take the child through the scuttle of the house in which he was, get over the roofs of some adjoining buildings, and escape through another house, after which he took the babe into the interior of Xew Jersey, but it was eventually recovered by the mother, who still retains its possession. When the case was carried befori the Supreme Court, Judge Brown declared that the wife had not'presented a particle of evidence iinpeachingthe character of Mr. Barry, or showing hi* unfitness for the care and custody ofthe chijd. The law wisely gives such to the father unless it can be shown that he would be an improper person with which to entrust it. Mr. Barry will probably remove the child to a foreign country, but that is 110 reason why he should not possess it. " On looking into the affidavits," said Judge B., " we find that Mrs. Barry entertains suspicions against her husband, and complains of unkind treatment. Her suspicions are wholly unsupported by proof: and if we rend her complaints, in connection witn the rebutting evidence from other sources, we cannot but see that she was as much in fault as her husband, in the angry controversies which sometimes sprung up between them." The covenant of the 7th.Tune, iu?i T..J u j??i i < T. looo, juugc u. uttmicu iu ut nic?ai? nr oiujjh/ a covenant between husband and wife, who are not competent to contract with each other " A decision was given in iiis favor, and the question is now carried up to the higher Court siini ly on the merits of that agreement. By its terms Mrs. Barry felt herself bound to deliver to her husband her boy (her first-born), even while her heart was breaking ?and the question is, shall he also be compelled faithfully to preserve the solemn covenant ne had entered into. Barry acknowledges that he covets possession of the child in order, by the means also to secure the company of the mother, wisely thinking she will be drawn towards her children, even if she will not follow him. Our own opinion is that they had better kiss and make up^that the gentleman should cultivate the kind virtues rather than the austere and " indomitable" ones?let her, through his conduct, again be enabled to feel that she " loves him devotedly," and while they recline on one pillow to rest, again "close their eyes in peace and dream on in happiness." legislature of New York. Friday, August 27.?The resolution from the Senate, which in effect postpones the sale of the New York and Erie Railroad by the Comptroller, until the first Tuesday of May next, was taken up and passed, yeas 90, noes 22. The House then went into committee of the whole on the Senate bill, to divide the State into Congressional districts, us amended by the committee of eight. The first and second subdivisions erecting Suffolk and Queens, and Kings and Richmond intoseparnte districts, were passed over without objection. The following divisions of this city, as proposed by the committee, were then taken up The 1st, 2d, 3d, 5th and 8th wards to constitute the 3d district; the 4th, 6th, 7th and 13th. the 4th ; the 14th, 15th. 10th and 11th, and the 3d election district in the 17th, the fifth; the 9th, 16th, 12th and 17th, (except the 3d election district) the 6th district. Mr. Townsend was in favor of the Senate bill.? Messrs. McMutray, Wicr, Grout, and others, considered this division as calculated to give as entire satisfaction as any other. Grout in order to test the sense of the House in relation ts any division of N. York whatever, nroposed that it should consist of one district ann be entitled to four members. O'Sullivan considered this amendment as involving the question of a compliance .with the mandate of Congress in regard to single districts. Hoffman, Davezac, and others, followed on the same side. When the question was taken on Grout's proposition, it was rejected. 26 to 48. Other amendments were proposed and lost, and the division of the city, as proposed by the committee, were agreed to by a vote of 85 to 26. The following districts were then passed over without objection :? Westch?ster and Rockland?Putnam and Dutchess?Orange and Sullivan?Ulster and l>elaware? Columbia and Greene?Rensselaer?Albany. Washington and Essex coming next. After which the House adjourned. The Senate met and adjourned immediately after. Louisville. (Correspondence of the Herald.) Locisvnj.E, Aug. 19, 1912. SuiriiU? Theatricals?fight?Hie Rivtr?Lard Oil, 4?r. On Tuesday evening, shortly after dark, Mr. Francis Arthur, formerly of Hahimore, terminated his existence by blowing out hia brains with a pittol. He had been book keeper lor Nefl", Wanton and Co., for a number of years, also in the Mime house for their successors, llird and Patterson, and for M'Grew and Stewart, who succeeded them, up to the time of the latter closing business, which has been about six weeks since On the evening of the fatal catastrophe, he sat Conversing with an old acquaintance at the front door, a few moments before the perpetration of the awful deed. He left his companion and proceeded towards the counting room, as the lattersupjiosed to gel a drink ot water, when the loud report of a pistol told the consummation of the fatal deed: his companion immediately rushed to the counting room, and found Mr. Arthur stretched at length on the floor, one hand by his side with the pistol lying on his arm, the other across his body. The hall had entered near the right eye, tearing ofl'the whole right side of the head, and scattering the brain in that portion of the head, in every direction ; a large mass fell some distance behind ; instantaneous death must have followed. Mr. Arthur was past the meridian of life. He was an excellent accountant, nnd faithful in the discharge of his duty; but unfortunately was habituated to the use of artificial stimuli, which operating upon hia nervous system, produced the unhappy catastrophe. He had previously made several futile attempts to take his life ; at one time he was prevented by the entrance of his employer, who seeing the pistol lying on the table naked him what ho was doing with it : he replied, that he " had been trying to get it ofl." Mr. S then took up the pistol, and after fixing the priming, discharged it.? Mr. Arthur was very angry with him for doing go. Other stories of a like character are told ol his endeavors to jsit an end to his existence. Care had been taken to conrenj the arms of the house from him. Alas! their caution was of no avail. Dinncford and Logan have dissolved?the former retains the management of the National theatre at Cincinnati, the latter intends to rusticate near Covington. The quiet of our streets was disturbed yesterday afternoon by two billigcruiit young gentlemen, one ot whom snapped n pistol at (he other, after they bad been parted from their "set to"at fisticuffs; no serious injury was done to either party, save a pair of blai k eyes which one of them received in the fight. as a remembrance of their laie contest. Fne river haM lor a few days back been rising slowly. < hir wharf presents a gloomy business aspect. Hour is selling at Cincinnati$2,f?| pcrbbl., hers for tjfH to #3.50. At St. Louis sales have been made as low as #2.75. Lard oil is fast superceding sperm, and the candles of the same material are coming in general use, in reference, both to the tallow and sperm. There nre two manufactories for making lard oil, and the star candles, as they are called in Cincinnati, and one in Lexington, in this State; there is nlao a project on foot for the establishment of one or more manufactories of a like purport in ihiacity. 'Jo it, ye cripples! hard times and worse a coming. Youra, <Scc. Hawk-iy*. ??m?mmmmmmrnrnrnmmmmmm?m 11 m ^ City laUUIgciiM, AmcMFi*o Escapc rir Monro* Edwards.?Circumstances have transited within the last lew days that led to a belie! that James L. Winfree and Samuel A. Suydam were concerned in uiding and abetting in the recent preparations of EJwardato escape from the City Prison. They were accordingly arrested by ollicer Peter B. Walker, and after a full I investigation of the circumstances yesterday, Suydam was admitted to bail in the sum of ?2,500 which was entered by William Harrington, and Winfree in the sum of ?1000, which was entered by J. L. Mason, Esq., his counsel. The instruments ol which we gave an inventory some time since, were conveyed into the prison by Napoleon Wool' *- -llw.-r .. -h j k? ik. f i m i i*? ui iu^v aiiuj ?? i 1111 vv ( ao 10 *11 iv^tu, %mj miv uuwgunuu of Saydain There is something strange in this bailing of Winfree that we cannot exactly understand, but shall take occasion to enquire into it moat particularly. Tiib French Commissioners were invited to view the various public piers and slips af our harbor yesterday, in company with the Mayor and Common Council, on board the steamboat Jacob Bell. A number of the officers of the steamship Gomer were present, as well as a few invited gueats. We looked about,expectinglosee Ex-Alderman Shaler, the only gentleman in any way even "distantly connected" with the Common Council, whe speaks the French language fluently, but he was not present. 'Tis quite time that those who have charge of tha city pro|?erty should bestir themselves on the subject of securing to this port the advantage of the contemplated line of French steamers, as Boston lias even offered one of their best public piers, rent free, besides holding out many othar inducements to prompt the Commissioners to give that city a preference. If that port is selected, it will be the fault of our Common Couneil alone. So, gentlemen, wake up. ' A Senator Libelled.?The Hon. Samuel M'Roberts. a United States Senator, from the State of II- t linois, now i^ this city, at the Howard House, appeared at the lower police office yesterday, and entered a complaint against Signor Orazio de Allellis Santangelo, for publishing a pamphlet of sixteen pages, headed " A Circular to the World," and addressed "To Samuel M'Roberts," in which he alledges that he is wickedly and maliciously libelled. i ne foundation 01 me oinicuity appears 10 nave commenced in a loan o( $553 obtained by Santangelo from M'Roberts, upon certificates issued under the treaty with Mexico, and which are signed by T. S. Smith. The value of certificates pledged appear to have been about $2000. The Combat between Sulliv an and Bell, for $6C0 comes off on Monday. The betting is 100 to 90 on Sullivan, who is considered the favorite. The Champion's belt, manufactured of fine silver, which cost the sum of $80, and which is to be presented to the victor in this mill, can be seen at The Arena, 29 Park Row. Brownki.i. Guards.?This new corps of citisen volunteers parads for the first time on Tuesday morning on the east side of St. John's Square. They intend to turn out 150 muskets at least; and for soldierlike appearance, it is said their equal has not been seen since the days of war's alarms. They visit Harlem on a target excursion in the afternoon, and the 6harpeBt shooters in this city will be among those who contend for the various elegant prizes. Tried but Couldn't Come.?A black fellow, named Wm. Evans, was found snugly stowed be* hind the street door of A. C. Hull, 17 Broadway, on Friday night, where it is supposed he had placed himself to steal as soon as an opportunity would offer. He was committed. Brought Back.?Bill Porter, alias Jack Randolph, who escaped from the city prison some time since, unH u'hn urna rpppnflv nrrpoin PhilnHplnkia tvaa brought back, to hia old lodgings on Friday night by officer Peter B. Walker. Who was the man that let this rogue loose! Who knows! Sudden Death.?A young man, named Adam Huyler, a ship carpenter by trade, who has resided at 73 Walnut street, was found dead on Friday evening. The Coroner held an inquest on the body, and the jury returned a verdict of death from cogjestion of the brain. Rum and Rowdyism-?Five men who profess to be gentlemen, but who lost that character on Friday night, entered the Porter House of Mr. Grafft. 62 Broad street, and after calling for rum and eatables refused to pay, raised the devd, kicked uparow, and broke things. Their names are John Henry Morratt, Charles Foley, John Foley, Hennr McDavid. and Edward Cross, and they deserve to be published as a caution to others, who may be prompted to do likewise on a spree. Always pay for your liquor, and never kick up a row ina porterhouse. Stole A Door Key to Steal Something Else ? William Waters, to make a raise and not to commit a burglary in the eye of Judge Lynch, stole the door key of Arch'd McKinney, of l&l Anthony St., but was, unfortunately for the gentleman, caught in the act and sent to prison to answer the charge. Got Asi.ekp and got Robbed.?One William Wilson, of Paterpon, N. J., undertook to take a snooze on the pavement in one of our by-streets on Friday night, and Walter Moore and William Hill took the liberty to take the gentleman'b pocket book with all the contents, in Jersey notes and Philadelphia shinplastcrs. They were both caught yesterday and sent to quod to answer all charges against thenv A Public Informer.?It will be remembered that a few days since one of the accidental constables of the Sixtn Ward, named Martin Waters, knocked down and beat a defenceless woman in such a manner that her life was then despaired of A man named Jacob Baldwin, who saw the transaction, and who keeps a porter house in the ward, was called upon as a witness, and gave his testimony before the police. Since then, byway of revenge, this Waters, with another man went to his premises and called for two glasses of liquor, which they drank and paid for, and yesterday Baldwin waa arraigned before the Mayor forselling liquor without a license, and fined $50. This was revenge truly. Ten Days Later from Brazil?Somewhat Important.?We have in our possession, the Jornaldo Gonimercio, published at Rio de Janerio, to the 10th ult., being ten days later than received by us a few days since. The insurgents at Tamandua hod been defeated by three hundred Imperial troops. ?>rders had been issued by the Government to put After the rebels in Menas Garaes destroyed (he bridge at Parahybuna,tliey entrenched themselves in a valley near by,where the Imper alists attacked,and completely routed thein. They Hed precipitately, leaving behind them, arms, money and provisions. All the.nortliern provinces were quiet at the last accounts. It uppears by this intelligence, that the Empire of Brazil is far from being in a settled state, although to the ,latest date the Imperialists had obtained all the advantages. Lath from Montevideo.?Dreaiutl SwrwRKCK. By our advices from Montevideo to the 17th of June, we learn that a French shipfrom Bayonne had been lost at CarMlhos on the 16th, and two hundred lives were lort. # To hk sold out at last.?The Secretary of State of Pennsylvania advertises in the United States Gazette, for proposals for the purchase ol the commonwealth of nil the railroads and canals belonging to the State. liach individual or company is required, specifically, to state the particular line of canal or railroad which they desire to purchase, and the amount of their respective bids therefor. Proposals will be received till the last day of November. They are to be directed to the Secretary of the commonwealth, nnd endorsed " proposals for the purchase of the public works." State stock will be taken in payment, at the par value. Mail kok England.?The steamer Columbia, tu^tinu irnm Boston, arrived at Halifax, on the 18th inst , in >11 bourn, and cleared the name day for Liverpool. The Britannia, for Halifax and Liverpool, will leave Ronton next Thursday for the aame port. Her letter Iihrs will clone in thin city on Wednesday. News.?Adams Sc Co., Harnden Co., and Pomeroy & Co. will (tlease accept onrthankn for late pipers. An exprem of the latter, recently ran from Alhnnyto Rochester, a distance of 236 milen, in 11 hours and 26 minutes. Ifo* The freat book trade sale commences tomorrow. . Vn?v Wrli,.?Mr. Tappan, ol < >hin, nays that ha voted for the treaty.

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