NEW YORK HERA.LP. ' ?w Vurk, Monday, deplrmbrr S, IH4'4. Thf Insult to the President of the I alUd Mtates by the Merchant Princes?The First Uun. Never, within our recollection, has any circumstance created so great a sensatiou, as the gross outrage committed by the $10 " Merchant Princes, at - > __ rr.1 i ... i__ ?i flw. .Iinnrr 21V ino AJIIor Itousr, on i nurwjuy i?imf ?? ? -- ? cu to Lord Ashhurton, in the insulting manner v> ith which they received the toast offered in honor of the station of the Chief Magistrate of this great Repub* lie. From one end ol the city to the other it has been the universal theme for the last three days; and we thauk God for the honor of human nature that we have not heard one human being speak of that outrage, that did not unhesitatingly condemn the authors of it. And in uddition to this, it was universally desired that there should be an early public meeting called of the citizens generally, without distinction of psrty, in order toexpress their indignation at such conduct; and to ahow to the world at large that n great m ijority ol the people of this city, and those too, of the most influential and respectable character, were determined to take the first opportunity towipe tins monstrous stigma from the skirts mass of the v people of this city. In accordance with this, we perceive that a primary meeting was held on Saturday night, at the house of Major Hopkins, the great head quarters in times past of true democracy, whence emanated some of the purest and brightest lights of the great Republican party. What was done at this spontaneous assemblage, and what is to be done hereafter may be gleaned from the following resolutions, forming as they do, an irresistible aj/peul to the American character.? R?*oWe I, That the intolerable utid unparalleled insult which was so outrageously oft red to ourccuntry ami form <f government, at the dinner givon to Lord Ashhurtou, th- B nisti plenipotentiary, at the Astor House, on the 1st instant, wli?n tne national toast of "The President of the Unite I States" was injected with silent contempt, aggravate.1 hv gross sets of contumely, while that of "The Q teen of England" was received with enthusiastic cheers, and every demonstration of profound respect, appeals to the nri li- nnd natriotism of everv American Uenuhlienn without dininetion of party, to rescue otir city an<l the country at large from the scorching stigma and degradation whicn ha< thu? he.-n indicted upon us, by the internal enemies of republicanism and unnatural sycophants of monarchy, in the eyes of the world. It- solved, That "we therefore call and organise a public procession of citizens for this purpese, to terminate in a public meeting in the Park, expressive of the sentiments an i teetings demanded by the occasion. Resolved, That this meeting now adjourn, to ve-assemMe at Hermitage Hall, at the corner of Allen and Houston streets, on Monday evening next, the ?>th instant, at seven o'clock, to" the purpose of agreeing upon the necessary prepara'tons and arrangements for carrying this determina ion into full and emphatic effect. The above are the resolutions; and we learn also, that in pursuance of this subject, the citizens of every ward are respectfully invited by the chairman and secretary, to attend at the above time and place. And in addition tc this, we ulso add our request (which we deem almost unnecessary, however,) that the citizens generally will deem it due to themselves aud the honor of the city to attend on this occasion, and make such a demonstration as this extraordinary occasion demands. Though this be the first ball set in motion on the sahject, we may all rest assured, it will not be the last. And in order to start tair, and that there may be a right understanding on this subject, we will make a brief statement ol the whole matter, giving the facts as thev occurred, in reply to the miserable attempts at apology made by some or the Wall street advocates of the conduct of these self-styled " merchant princes,"?creatures who would not and have not hesitated heretofore to become the apologists of a foreign royal government, when American citizens who had shed their blood for their country, were massacred in cold blood, within the walls of a foreign prison. The only M ay in which tjirse contemptible j>er cons have attempted to excuse themselves (or their conduct on thut occasion, has been thus. Tbey say that the insult was unpremeditated'; and that it was intended by the committee that both the two first toasts, the Queen and the President, should be drank in silence ; and that the proposal to cheer the Queen, after insulting the President, did not emanate from any ol them. This is false. And we see in this miserable equivoque, that they are now so ashamed of their own outrageous conduct, that they seek to shield themselves front the withering blast of public opinion by a gross falsehood. The facts are thpse, when that toast?" The President of the United States," was given by Mr. Peter A. Jay, he made no attempt to arouse the feelings of the company in favor of it, hut sat still, showing a studied, marked, contemptuous silence ; the toast was repeated with a peculiarly insulting emphasis by Mr. J. Depeyster Ogjen, the first vice president, who also refused to call forth any response, hut shotved by his manner, that he wished the company not to respond toil. The second vice president pro- | nounced the toast in a respectful tonp of voice, and then sat down without a sign. Lord John Hay, and the officers of the Warspite rose to their feet, so did Mayor Morris, and one or two other of the guests; and it is our impression that Lord Ashburton rose also, but seeing none of the officers of the meeting, or the committee rise, they all sat down, looking very much astonished. Mr Martin, the well-known, important of illustrated English works, (himself an Englishman) rose to his feel at the centre of the lelt wing table, and remained standing till the music struck up, "looking for the cue," as he himself says, " to be given by the vice-presidents." At last he sat down in amazement, asking the person next to him, what in the name of wonder it all meant. Now, mark the difference, and then say, if the insult was unintentional or otherwise. When the i toast of the " Queen of Great Britain" wns given: Mr. Ogden, the first vice-president and chairman of the committee of arrangements, together with seve- i ral of that same committee, were the very first to spring to their feet, and give the " hip, hip, hurrah," and call out for three cheers, and one mem ber cr.ed out " One more !" Let u- hear, therefore, no moo of :nn.l.n> ^?.in more of tlie insult twins unintentional! Faugh! The above are the solemn facta of the case. We can safely leave them to be passed upon by the " sober second thought" of the intelligent and patriotic people of this great city and country. RarMtoAns.?The Norwich and Worcester line of communication with Boston is most sadly mismanaged j accidents frequently occur through gross carelessness. Nor is the comfort of the passengers ( looked after; after a birth is paid for, there is no surety ol obtaining it. Tf the company must carry negToes. why do they not have a car for them, and not compel ladies to sit for hours in a close car. cheek by iowl wi h a fragrant colored gentleman. ; On Saturday night there were no lights at Norwich when the passengrrs passed into the steamboat , Singularly enough, however, "ii'v on,' man fell into . the water, and he, alter much difficulty, was saved I | from drowning Probably the lights were omitted c in order that the passengers might appear to be all of one color. , Tke Bennett Lkcti Mb.?We have ?ivf n portions i of two of these nfla ire, very much against o*r will,but ' from a Bense of duty, in order to let the community see what disgraceful tirades they are. Have the a?vthonties no power to interfere in this matter, and prevent a repetition of the disgusting statements of Friday night?and made, too, in a holy place ol worship. What, in the name of wonder, are we coming too, it such things are to be tolerated 1 DtaoRACErcL.?The noise, and noting, and bias phemy, and obscene language, perpetrated on thcorner of Ann and Nassau streets last night, as in deeo it is every Sunday night We reqnest the au thonties to remove those w&tchmen who so shame fully neglect thetr duty. T?* Weatkek.?For once we had a delightful day yesterday, with fine breezes and little heat The Vermont election commence* tomorrow I I.'oki* Ashbi rton'j Departure?The Saixti. Hv an unintentional mi^nuih wr ?cic mouv ^ yesterday, that the first salute firad on the above occ.iMon was 13 guns?it was 19 guns. However, we will now state more fully the details of the interchange of N'ational compliments and courtesy on this occasion, as a guide to the " Merchant Princes" of this port on future occasions. lust at 12o'clock. Lord Ashburton came oil from the battery. When opi>osite the larboard gangway of the North Carolina, she tired a'salute of 19 guns, an Ambassador's salute, with the British ensign flying at Iter fore. The yards were manned and the men gave three cheers. When Lord Ashburton reached the Warspite he was saluted with 19 guns, and th? yards manned and cheered, which was returned by one cheer Irom the North Carolina. Commodore Perry, who was on board the North Carolina, then pulled on board the Warspite with the Commander of the North Carolina (Capt. Gregory being absent in Washington,) in his gig, and.on his r> turn was saluttid with 13 2uns_ n Boat CaDlatn's sa lute, from the frigate, which Lieut. Armstrong returned with a like number from the North Carolina. At a quarter before two, having hoisted in the boats, and the anchor, the Warspite run up the stars and stripes to her main, lired 21 guns, a royal salute, manned her rigging and gave three cheers, all of which was reciprocated by the North Carolina in the same manner, with the British ensign at her fore. The frigate was then towed down the bay by the Hercules and Bergen, and moved off about half past two o'clock. She was struck by the squall off Sandy Hook, but kept her course. Dr. Wainwright went on board the frigate in one of the North Carolina's boats, and went down with her, to return with the pilot. There was a very large party oi ladies on board the North Carolina, who w i re dancing and waltzing with all their might, and cheering as loudly as their delicate little lungs would allow them. One imjiortant fact deserves to be dwelt upon.? No soul raised a voice to cheer Lord Ashburton, the Representative of the greatest sovereign of Europe, our Father Land. Lord Ashburton, the peace maker, the man who (together with Mr. Webster) has done so much for the universal benefit of both ? i:. J ? I v <uNiim. Fuman (icimju proposed n, nut inei no response, and he left the shores of this country for ever, in the presence of one thousand spectators, ia silence. Again,?besides a curious crowd of eight hundred, there was not a soul accompanied him to the boat, saving his own immediate mite and a lieutenant of die Warspite. At the stairs, as he embarked, no human being was present to bid God speed him on his passage ; save two members of the King faini ly, whose presence kept every one else away. And why was all this marked contempt shown to such a man on such an occasion. The fact is, that ' the conduct of the Kings and Merchant princes on the committee at the late dinner, had so disgusted every honest and patriotic heart, that they were determined, however much they esteemed Lord Ashburton and thanked him for his labors, that they would show in this way their sense of the insult offered the chief magistrate of their glorious country. This comes from getting into the hands of a miserable rlii/ur. Let us learn wisdom by the past; and take the necessary measures to resent, or rather prevent, such an outrage hereafter. NEWYOHK LEGISLATURE.?THE APPORTIONMENT. i ?The House finally disposed of the bill from the Se nate to divide the State into Congressional Districts. As it came to the House it will be recollected, it divided no county except the city nnd county of New York. It went back to the Senate in the shape given below. It differs considerably with the Senate bill, especially in the arrangement of the northern counties, and in the division of Erie?the only county, however, divided by the House, if we ex cept Hamilton,which is not an organised county. 1. Suffolk and Queens. 2. Richmond and Kings. 3. Wards 1,2, 3,5 and 8, in the city of New York. 4. " 4,6,7 and 13 " 3. " 11, 14, 13 and the 3d elec. dist. ef 17, do. 6. " 9, 16, 12, and the residue of the 17th do. 7. Westchester and Rockland. 9. Putnam and Dutchess. 9. Orange and Sullivan. 10. Ulster and Delaware 11. Columbia and Qreeue. 12. Rensselaer. 13. Albany. 14. Washington and tssex. 15. Warren, Franklin, Clinton, and north half of Hamilton. 16. Saratoga, Schenectady, Fulton, and south half of Hamilton. 17. St. Lawrence and Lew^. 18. Jelferson. 19. Oneida. 20. Herkimer and Montgomery. 21. Otsego and Schoharie. 22. Chenango, llroome and Tioga. 23. Madison ami Oswego. 24. Onondaga. 25. Cayuga and Cortland. 26. Tompkins and Chemung. ' 27. Seneca and Wayne. . 28. Monroe. 29. Ontario and Livingston. 3(1. Yates and Steuben. 31. Allegany and Cattaraugui. v 3-.'. Niagara and Orleans, and towns ef Tonawanda, Black r Rock and Buffalo, in Erie county. c 33. Genesee, Wyoming and towns ofChictawnga, Lancaster, Alden, Newstrcad, Clarence and Amherst in ^ the county of Erie. 34. Chautaiique and towns of Brandt, Collins, Concord, Evans, Eden, Boston, Colden, Hamburg, Aurora, 11 Wales, Holland and Sardinia in the county ol Erie. d In the Senate, the bfll on its return, was imme- jj diately relerred, and the Senate received the report s; of their committee. It was adverse to the amend- h ments of the House, without exception, and was 1' concurred in by the Senate. So the bill went back ' to the House next day with the message that the p Senate non-concur in the amendments. J In the House on Saturday the question was " ihen taken on the proposition to insist, and the J House determined to insist, us follows:?Ayes75? \ Nays 84. So therefore we are likely not to have any ^ districting at all for the next Congressional election. j The lion. Daniel Webster left town yester- ^ day qj: a visit to his lady, who is residing with her relations at West Chester. He returns to the Astor o House to-day. n From Havana.?By the brig Francis Amy, Capt. ^ Park, arrived last night from Havana, we received ^ lull tiles of the " Diano de llabana" and the " Fnro K| Industrial de la Habana," to the 23d August, inclu- L sive. They contain no news. S. Sweeter, Esq., U. S. Consul, at Guayaquil, enme passenger by the t| above. ti <?i La Gomkr.?The French steam trigate Gomer, h arrived in Hampton Roads last Wednesday, from v New York. Death of Commander Voorheei. h lT. S. Smr Prbulk, > v , S.MTRNA, July 29th, 1812. $ ]| r>KAR SfR? a You will oblige the officers of this ship by coui- 1: uunicating, through the medium of your press, to " he numerous friends of the late Commander Voor- ^ ices, of the I* S. Navy, the following notice of his ? leath:? h Died, at Smyrna, on the 27th July, of bilious fe- J er, Commander Kalph Voorhees, commanding I J. . *. ship Preble, after an illness of seven days. His . >ody was followed to the grave on the following . lav, by the officers of all the foreign ships of war . in port, together with a large detachment of seatnen oid marines from the ship he commanded. During ihc procession, minute guns were fired from the J! Danish trigate ThetiR, the Austrian brig of war Veto'", and the Preble. lbs remains were deposited in the English Ceme ,rr/? w"h all the honors due to his rank. As it is fofbidden, by regulations from the Department, to publish the movements of ships or squad- M reoneat'tn' n?M U '? *?d,.Bny th,n* additional, but a 2TllKjS"h l? ?r officers. All d< well Notacase ot ,l|n. M on board. c< Lieutenant rnmmand.nM t?: - - ? ? ? Juniusj. Doyie; Laeu- u| tenants, E Lloyd Handy, Jan. Madison Frailey, W. gi llosa Gardner, Win Rouckendorfl' (acting); Sur- I geon, J F >ickles; Purser, Geo. F. Sawyer ; Act- te iiiK Master, L McDougall; Assistant Surgeon, J. v< O. C Barclay; Midshipmen, Thoa ft Phelps, J. Q T \ Crawford, Edwd.C. fttout, Edward Brinley, John I Hadigan, Leonard Paulding ; Boatswain, Michael ti Howie < runner, Wm Arnold; Carpenter, W 1). if fenkins: Sailmaker, David Bruce. a kwpectlully, &c, Art Officii. a ?????? KorfiRn Correspondence. The unequivocal signs of the times, and the threatening as|>ect of affairs in Europe, will cause the following, from two ol our excellent correspondents in England, to be read with great interest :? London, Aug. 18, 1842. i ne ifjuiu v luurnei ? me i reaiy?Mexico a mi i exa$?/hike of Or lea at?Quee n Victoria?Her runt em Mattel Visit to Seutlund?fVest Jneiiu Steamers ? Iheatrica/s, $~c., fyc. Mr. Bennett? 1>ear Sir:? The somewhat extraordinary phenomena of a great abundance of money and a great abundance ot distress, being reconcileable in a country at one and the same period, is exhibited in England at this time. Money is a perfect drug?the rate of interest per annum having fallen to 24 per cent, whilst trade is paralyzed?operatives are starving, and the manufacturing classes in a state of insurrection. Indeed, every man must see that the million here are resolved to have cheap bread. The landed aristocracy will have to give way, or consent to one of two things, either to a bloody revolution, or a total destruction of the tory party by a coalition oetween Sir Robert Peel and Lord John R ussel, to save the country by a repeal of the corn laws. Indeed, the large concessions which Sir Robert has made during the late session of Parliament, takm in connection with his speech in reply to Lord PalmeratMi few nights since, (both specimens of consummate parliamentary ability,) prove incontestibly that the two alternatives?cheap bread or dear-bought blood? ha u iuulif <a nrl hnitiunplt/ nrpfpru flip InrillPr and that he is prepared, if need be, to throw the Duke of Buckingham, and the fox-hunting and pheasantshooting aristocracy overboatd. The redundancy ot money makes no change in the value of American securities, which continue to fall, if possible, " to a lower depth profound." The failure of Pennsylvania to pay her dividends on the 1st, has given the roup <lf grace to American faith,'and given a peculiar infamy to the public repute for correct honesty among the Slates For it is remarked, ii such conduct as this comes from the Quaker State ol Pennsylvania, which boasts the renown of being the key-stone of the arch ol the Union, what are we to expect from the Western States, that are just emerging from the worm into the butterlly. A man would have as many customers now for an American stock in London, as a Billingsgate woman would have for soles, bv the cnuolative which I shall not repeat. The injury the defaulting states have done the country exceeds all faculty ot computation. The arrangement between Lord Ashburton and Mr. Webster, is received with much gratification throughout England ; for, although you Aniericuns have worsted us in our pockets, we do not desire the still farther expense of a bootless and unnecessary war. The remarks of Sir Robert Peel on American relations cannot fail to be read with sincere gratification on your side. Santa Anna, the Mexican autocrat, has been acting with energy, secrecy and despatch, in collecting formidable naval means to act against Texas Two steamers have been built, armed to the teeth with Paixhan guns, with the usual complement of Congreve rockets and live shells. The Guadaloupe sailed three weeks since from Liverpool, clearing for the Havana; and th?'other, called the Montezuma, is ready for sea at Black wall. Both are first class vessels, commanded by officers of Her Britannic Majesty's navy, and manned by British seamen. In the absence of the Texian Charge d'A Hairs, General Hamilton lodged information, we understand, with the Collector and Commissioners of Her Majesty's Customs against the latter. She was detained last week, and the case referred to the Chancellor of the Exchequer to determine whether there existed just ground for seizure under an alleged violation of the foreign enlistment act of George the 4th. As the former, the Gaudaloupe, actually mounted her armament before leaving Liverpool, he has anplied for her seizure to be sent back to Kngland tor abdication, if found in the Gulf ofMexico, before delivered up to the Mexican Government, as she fraudulently wears the English flag. An aniniated correspondence has taken place between himself and Lord Aberdeen, the result of which is not known. We may look out for a vigorous campaign in Texas next winter, and in the Gulf: and, with John Bull's assistance, heavy knocks on both sides. The remains of the late Duke of Orleans were interred on Thursday last at the Chapel Royal at Dreux, the funeral ceremony having been previously conducted with great pomp at the church of Notre Dame, at Paris. The Dublin Morning- Reg-istcr states that the Pope has sent a splendid gold cross and medal to VIr. O'Connell. 1 he subject ot (lie late Duke of \ ork s debts again ame before the Rolls' Court on Saturday. A subscription has been opened in Sheffield, imited to one guinea each, for a marble bust of he noet Montgomery, to be placed in the Cutler's fall. _ I The civilians of Indi^ are "about presenting Sir ' ilobert Sale with a sword worth 200 guineas, with :he word " .Tellalnbad," engraved on it. An awful fire took place again last week in the ill-fated town of Crediton, by which 35houses were completely gutted, and the "amount of damage was very considerable. The principal portion of the premises were insured. The members of the Anti-Corn Law conference had their last " task" on Tuesday, and af ter agreeing to an address, to be circulated throughout die 1'nited Kingdom, the conference was declared distolved. TTie ceremony of the consecration of the Bishops, a ho have been appointed to the Colonies under the tew act of Parliament, is to be celebrated on the !lth instant in the choir of Westminster Abbey fhe ceremony will be* a very imposing one, over vhich the Archbishop of Canterbury will preside, fhe sermon is to be preached by the Dean of fipon. Van Atnburgh had one of his fingers bitten off on fuesdaylast, at Falmouth, by the lion, lie could tot perform the following day. Let him beware of lis head. Rumor states that the Queen is again in the fair vay of adding to the population, and to the impediuents already existing to the King of Hanover's i hance of ever reaching the throne of England. " Beeswing," the celebrated mare, has started for 3 public races, out of which number she has won I 0, including 24 gold cups, 9 royal plates and other i mportant prizes, and only suffered defeat 13 times I Adelaide Ketnble made her dtb\U at Liverpool, on I Tonday night, in Norma, and the house wus crowd- i d. Th? leaning musical novelties at Covent Gar- < len and Drury Lane, next season, are said to be < s'tniramide at the former, in which Mrs. A. Shaw t iid Adelaide Kemble take the leading parts, and < Ling Arthur at the latter, for which the celebrated I English singer Henry Phillips, is engaged. Two celebrated dameuum, once stars of the first nagnitude, at the Italian Opera, are now in Lonlon, Duvernay and Fanny Ellsler; Duvernay now s remarkable for en bon jtoint, as she used to be for tenderness and agility, has taken her farewell of he stage. The renowned Fanny's destination is rienna. The necrology of the past fortnight includes l^ord ! osstnore, who is succeeded in his title by the Hon. ienry K. Westerns, M P.; Lord Berwick, Lady .ouisa D'Espin issv, sister to the Earl of Essex, at 'aris. At sea. Lieutenant Colonel Proctor, private ?cretary to Sir George Arthur, the new Governor I Bombay, and .Mr. Banim, the celebrated Irish ovelist, author of Tales of the O'Hara family, (fee. The Queen and Prince Albert propose to visit cottar .1 at the beginning of next month, by sea, in le Rov.<l George yacht Her Maiesty will probaly make an excursion to the Highlands during her ay in Scotland,paying visits to the Earl of Kinnoul, ord Mansfield, Lord Rre.idalbane and Lord Wilnghby d'Eresby. It i< said 'hat her Majesty will d side, while in tlie neighborhood of Edinburgh, at li le Palace of Dalkeith. The Thames steamer,wnh f, ic West India mails, arrived at Falmouth on the J h. Sir H. McLeod, Governor of Trinidad, came ' time passenger in her. The Teviot, with the Ha- 1 ana and Mexican niuils; arrived on thj 12th. It is t< lid that the matters in dispute between the Gov- ^ rninent and the West India Mail Steam Company, live been arranged, but it is .-till believed that these " easels must shortly fall into the handsol Govern- a lent, as it is impossible for the Company to carry h rem on much longer at the ruinous e.\|>ense tliey re now at. The Acadia arrived at Liverpool on the 2th inst?another quick passage ; and the favorable n ews winch she confirms of th?- adjustment of the ? loiindarv Question, has given great satisfaction.? lh a proof of the rapidity of steain navigation, ^ cross the Atlantic, it may be stated that tne Co- y linbia sailed from Liverpool on the eve of the 19th Jj uly, and arrived at Hoston on the morning of the st. The Acadia left Boston on the afternoon of the -t, and reached the Mercev on the forenoon of the ^ 8th inst , bringing replies to letters dated Liverpool, f uly 19th. The interval between the sending of the , iters and the receiving of die replies, was ? lew v ours m( re man iwcmy-iour aays 1 his is, I heeve. the most rapid conveyance of letters between !' ie Old and New World ever known y Ixindov, August |k, JK12. v talc of llir Country?Dittreu?Parliament? 'Hit- n atriralt?Finance?Fanny FlstJer, \r, Ir. Editor:? h The newspapers will furnish you with abundant v 'tails of the Alarming K iots,' that now till their ilumns and occupy every mind. The people are y >, and every one is watching their movements with ( eat curiosity, not unmixed with anxiety and fear too, in my way as looker-on, have directed my at- f ntion to these unusual disturbances, and will give , nu in a few words my conclusions on the matter. . u- ...i. _ . : _ .u.. ' lie BUUjrt'K In HII lllipiirilftril ?Mir HI IIIm tVMiiu;, ??? ? 1 fear th* best theories. and the most skilful applicaon of them, will be found inefficient and unavail>sj remedies. The difficulty is, excess of population nd deficiency of food Anti-Corn Law cries out? way with all imposts on the tree entry of food, r I Sir R obert Peel has tried a reduction of duties, and what is ihe immediate consequence 1 Provisions become cheaper, but down go w ages, and up comes misery, the same as before. If all duties were taken off, the same results would arise. There is only one remedy, and that is, to get rid of the surplus population Aye?but how ? there is the rub. If the Government sends them off asrnugranis, the void would be tilled up in an increasing ratio by more rapid marriages. And who can orevent them ? it is the only luxury left the poor in tliis country, because it is the only one that no circumstances can take away. Von will see at oner, that the difficulties are reu l ones j the overburdened population demand reiiel, and more compensation lor their labor?indeed, any at all would satisfy litem. Think nt .>:$ a week lor a inan and lus family, and that irregular and uncertain.
At last, tli-se poor wretches have arisen in their might; they aland at present like a half-maddened bull, contemplating what mischief to doready to destroy, and almost willing to be destroyed. Jt is impossible to predict the result. 1 am inclined to think they will yield to the temperate and judicious means employed to reduce them to subordination. Yet it is only postponing the evil day. The jipople will sooner or later employ their own dreadIn! remedies, and what a fearful work of desolation will ensue. France has undergone the terrible process of revolution. And though such horrid excesses as broke out there in 'H9, can never happen here, still, how much there is to be dreaded. The workies of England seem bent on a jolly good row, and they will have it one of these days. Parliament has been broken up; and her nice little Majesty did it in the usual way, by going there in a glass coach, with a crown on Iter head, and telling them, in proper language, to get about their business. She is not, as you stated, in " a delicate fix." " I lhank thee for that word," as Shylock says?it beats Shakspeare's allusion to the Bame subject all hollow, and would make her Majesty laugh, I'm sure. Does she read the Ilerald, I wonder 1 She is behind the nineteentn century, n she does n't. Don't you think so! Her Majesty is handsomer than she was, and that almost proves she is a subscriber; and 1 begin to think that Prince Albert is not so much to be pitied. What a lucky young man, and not bad looking. The opera is broken up, but not broken dawn quite. I? ubini, the great tenor, has retired, because he's got tired,. I suppose lie made a swan-like death, " biding in music." Ilis voice is not all it was?its sweet and brilliant clearness is a little rufHed now and then by an incomplete note it canni t quite achieve; but these are rare and momentary, like clouds upon the water?like spots upon the sun ; and when his powers shine out?when he abandons himself to the full scope of his inspirations, how insensible does the intoxicated ear become to shadowy blemishes?how completely the mind and heart is carried away and subdued by the spirit-stirring notes of this wondrous Man of Song! What an organ, and what method! What taste and what feeling! Hap py he, or she, who has lived in his time! My first impressions of the Pallet as now done here, are confirmed by what I have seen since. In my life I have never beheld a more indecent exhibition?that would not be tolerated in unv oitv on thp continent much *-s it is the fashion here to (Wry the morals of that |>ortion of the world. Their better taste would correct and condemn such things and such sights. The '* Satirist," the most ribald organ of the English press, observes, " that women and boys ought to quit the orchestra when Cerito begins.' And certainly, her agility and short petticoats together, have put to flight some, whose ancient notions of propriety were not quite gone. The old lories, however, are thrown into ecstacies, and as they are all Jlfilord-, of course, they make it fashionable and right ?the moment Cerito's leg goes up,upgo their glasses; and when it comes down, down come their applauses. What do they care, if she wants the grace and execution of a first rate artiste?theydid'nt subscribe for that. The Sunday papers of New York would reform this altogether in a month- No one here dares to try it. Let us turn for relief to the Money Market, though 1 fear the Americans will find little relief there at this moment. What a sad MM tion we have fallen into 1 Here are the English, oppressed with an excess of capital, and ready to lend on any pretext, for any interest, to any body ; yet they would rather throw it into the sea than loan it to the "cheating Yankees." There's our latest title, and it fits rather too close?it's enough to make one's dander riz on end to hear our free and Sovereign States denounced as swindlers and .common cheats Hut who can gainsay itl Ifyou can only get up a money article, Bennett, to prove that repudiation is honest and respectable, you will display great ingenuity, and do great service to the Americans in Europet who are obliged to " sutler some" for the manifold sins of financial commission and omission our brethren have been guilty of these late ' years. There are many who believe there is no ! security in us?there are a few, God bless them, who do, but they are afraid to try us. And there are ^ others who would venture, but public opinion won't j let them. No commercial house in London would ( like, I may say, dare risk its reputation by lending , us money?and 1 think the Secretary of the Treasury will find my wurds true. What a humiliating fact, and how unprecedented?that a country with the greatest resources in the world, and offering the largest and most tempting investments for capital, that is su|>erabundant in Europe, should still be unable to borrow a cent in their extremity?should stand knocking and begging for a few thousands, and have it rudely, nay, with insult, denied them. It is nothing to starve, as these poor English rioters, but it is insupportable tolive dishonored, branded as knaves, and repudiators. Take hold of Mississippi by the collar, Bennett, and shake her into renson and honesty?the people of that fine State are so, but infamy on the politician who ever advised such a course, and will not (train every nerve to retrieve the tarnished credit of his dishonored State. Some here think it is all owing to Captain Tyler?they might aa well say, it is all owing to the Queen s takingsuear in her tea?it is nonsensical and unjust to assail the President when he is not to blame. I The U. S. Loan is non ttl inventus ; it has not been , offered, and therefore not been refused?and that is the best way to escape such a result. I believe I ' navr Hunting miw iv ray, which renunus me 01 | stopping. j I observed that the London papers a few days since announced the departure of the celebrated Fanny Ellslertor Germany, her vaterland. Hertri- 1 uniphal career in the United States still continues j lure the theme of public and private remark?and I there is one fact clearly established in my mind I from a great deal I have heard in all directions^ that we have acquired a high reputation, that we never had till now, for refinement of taste and love t>f the arts by the enthusiasm we displayed for this wonderful artist who is so well known and appreciated here. A great many grave doctors of the American Press thought our republican dignity would be ost in the eyes of Europe by a few harmless serenades and high flown compliments to a pretty and iminble woman, and world admired nrtist. what lonsense?Europe, that knows all about it, was both istonished and pleased, and think highlv of our galantry and good taste?and that's something grand, hp' we can't get a loan. Mile. Fanny, after receiving the congratulations of her numerous friends lere, has gone to gladden the dimming sight of her |ood old father, and will not probably return to the itage for some two or three montns. You may hink this letter rather a droll mixture of ingredt nts, and so is the world, and so a letter ought to ?e?gujp it down like a man, then, and stand from tnder for another if you don't like 'em. Adieu. 1 Yours, Lookkr-On. c P. 8. I refer you to the able speeches of Lord a 'almerston and Sir R Peel for the legislative his- r orv of the last session of Parliament li City Intelligence. " Police.?The doings of rogues for the past few s lays, have not yet been discovered, and, therefore, 0 usiness at the police has been almost stagnant. A ti ellow named Henry T. Field, a regular loafer, enured the store of T. S. Miiler and Carlton White, 53 Chatham street, on Saturday evening, on pre- u rnce of purchasing a handkerchief,and while there, E y the aid of several cappers in, who accompanied * im, he contrived to steal a piece of cloth worth ,| bout $30. He was caught with the documents, 0 owevar, and locked up. * Common Council.?Both Boards of Aldermen || neet this afternoon at five o'clock, and the General .1 <essiona commence* its term at eleven this morning, n Fkli. Ovbrhoakp.?Mr. Edwin F. Ackley, who P ,u* been a clerk in the store ot Howard, Heeler, and c icofield, corner of Broadway and Wall street, for " he oast four years, was accidentally drowned on Sa '' unlay evening, nt the Williamsburg ferry, foot e if Peck slip, lie had proceeded to pass over in the 0 srry boat, about 8 o'clock as had been his custom r or sometime past, and as the boat was approaching * he whnrf he walked down and supposing she was ' rithin stewing distance attempted to step on board '' nd fell into the water. Every exertion was made c osave him but without fail. His body waarecovered 0 esterday morning and the Coroner's jury returned a J" erdict that he came tohisdeath bynceidentaldrow- 11 ling, which might have been avoided had the ferry a omnanv placed suitable lights >t the end of the slip, 0 .i.l.. u i A*. i,? a.... i??... o is lliry wrrc UUUlIU wuwuy urc u nun vi nitii irnm nd the city ordinances. We understand rhut there 11 vrs neither a light on board the hoat at herhows.nor it the wharf, at the time of the accident. Had there I' >een, in all probability he man's life would have ' teen saved after he had fallen overboard. Ivcrease or Poert.ATioN ?Two dead infanta were ! ' bund yesterday in dillerent parts of the city, where hey had been deposited, as is sniiposed, by the au* n hors of their existence, to avoid exposure. New fork will soon be the Paris of America. K Stkam Ship MtssotTRt, Captain Newton, arrived * it Thomaston, 30th ult., from New York and other ^ orts. ?? !few OrlMni. [Correepondenee of (he Herald.] New Orijsan*, August 25, 1842. The Bank* and Banker*? Mptcit? Bust net*? Produce ?Exchange ? Mexico ? Birkneu ? The Imdiet? Dintreu, ft\ James Gordon Bennett, Esq.? Dear Sir Since my last, things have gone along very well here, with the exception of the grand expose of the Atachafalaya Railroad and Banking Company, which is very rich, and has been the principal talk and gossip for the last week. We may well exclaim who shall we trust now?how are we to know who is honest and who is not. 1 would advise all of those Bank Directors, Cashiers and Presidents who have not clean hands, to make them so immediately, as each of them will be called upon to show their transactions, whether good or bad, confidence having entirely fled from this community ; even the church is no guarantee for honesty or integrity 1 now. Our broken banks are gradually coining to a close. Last week 'heir paper improved a little, but this week it is going rapidly the other way. The \ Attorney-General will not sequester them imme- i diatelv, but will sue to give them a fair chance to save themselves, it jiossible; but it would be far better for them to discharge all of their clerks, save all possible, and commence liquidations, compelling the debtors to pay up in coin, in which case the bill holder# would lose but little ; but as the law is now ! allowing, as it were, the managers of banks to borrow an enormous sum of money, which they take good care to pass off at par, or nearly so, then the institution fails, and they pay up at the rate of about fifty cents on the dollar I think that this will not be tolerated very long after the meeting of our next legislature. Specie is flowing in upon us from all parts of the world, and we will very soon have a plenty to do a good legitimate business. I apprehend that your banks, though in good situations, will feel the drain made on them for thislplace very sensibly, and that money will not be quite so ptenty there as it has been, while we shall be comparatively easy here Business is improving with us, but most sales are made for cash. Many of the planters are compelled to.send a few bales of cotton to market and order the proceeds invested in rope and bagging to cover the balance of their crop, they not being able to get credit themselves, and their agents here, that are left, have seen the folly of advancing far ahead. Flour has advanced within ten davs, from #4 dull, to #6 per bbl. quick, owing to the light stock on hand, and the extreme lowness of the water in the upper rivers. Whiskey 25 a 30c per gallon, firm ; wheat, new, 70c., old 75c. per bushel; corn, 34 a 36c. ditto ; lard, 5j a 7c. per lb.; pig lead, 280c. per ewt.; sugars, a 4c. per lb., with a good stock ; There is a good number of shi|>s in port, and freights are exceedingly dull, especially to northern ports. Exchange on New York at sight, par ; at sixty days sight, lj a 2 per cent, discouut. We are without any late news from Mexico, more than the rumor that Santa Anna has 7,000 men at Vera Cruz, ready to sail at a moment's warning, for some place?some think that most probably they will pay Galveston a visit, and he might take a notion to visit Uncle Sam's dominions The health of the city continues very fair, only six deaths by the fever last week ; we are blessed with refreshing showers every day, and we do not apprehend an epedimic. Our night's here, now, are most glorious; I do not hesitate to say, that they are fully equal to the finest in Italy, and only need the sohg of the poets and praise of travellers, to make them equally as celebrated; and then our ladies! who lias ever visited this place, and not been perfectly en raptured with the dear creatures ; in general, their dress is simple, rather light, and put on extremely neat: they wear but few jewels, in which they resemble the Mexican ladies of rank ; their figures are the most perfect that I ever saw, and in conversation they are very entertaining and intelligent; they go out but little in the day time, but in the evenings they are sure to be promenading or enjoying the balmy breeze on the balcons. Strangers visiting here very seldom make many acquaintances among the Creoles. Economy is the grand order of the day here now: rents have fallen nearly one-half, and expenses in very way are greatly reduced. Last season good board could not be had for less than $45 per month, and now you can get the best at $25. It often surprises me that many who have heretofore been wealthy, but are now reduced to poverty, by rash speculations, and know not how they are to eel food from one day to the other, for their family, that it never occurs to them to sell their jewellery and other articles of finery that are of no use to them now ; if this was done in many cases, it would realize no small sum, nearly enough to commence a small business with. The New Orleans Sacred Music Society are to give a concert soon, a description of which 1 mav give you. More anon. Yours truly, Lk B. Charleston, S, C, (Correspondence of the Hrrald.] Uharleston, S. C., Aug. 2Uth, 1842. Dull Times?Health?New Buildings?Clean Streets ? Temp cram e?Mutual Insurance?Ladies' Fair, 4*r. Dear Sir? You may have as many correspondents for your widely circulating paper as you care for; hut notwithstanding that, I am determined to be one of the number. " The Queen City of the South" is at this moment in one of her dullest moods, and it only needs a visitation of her " yellow" enemy to jive us all the " horrors." Of this, however, there is no fear for this season. Our friends now absent, and all others interested in the matter, may rest assured that we are and shall continue to be " shockingly healthy," as the Doctors say. Indeed we have at this time fewer causes of sickness than ever before. The city is much more open than it was previous :o the great fire of '38. We do not follow the eximple of our New York brethren, and commence juilding before the ashes are cold of the squares ind blocks consumed. Oh. no. We are wiser; nir squares are left open tor tne good of the commulity, and more especially for the good of cows, ;oats, horses A:c. This has an excellent effect upon he healthiness of the city, inasmuch as it tends to >romote free circulation of air, thus destroying one iregnant cause of sickness. Our streets are cleansed tnd kept in tolerable fjood order by^the unceasing nguance ana waicntuiness 01 our omcers, especialy our worthy Mayor, Oen. 8 , who seems to teep a slepples9 eye on all matters under his jurisliction. But more powerful than all besides, in the vork of removing causes of sickness, is the influ nce of temperance. Here is the secret of half the liflicultv in our southern climate. We have been oc fond of good old wines and brandies. Many an xcellent youth?aye, and men of mature age, too, tave sickened and died, and the "fever" has been harged with their lives, when in reality it had only i secondary hand in the business. But total abstilence is working wonders, and after p. while " yelow fever" will not have half the material to ' use up" that it has had in days gone by. Some 'tough chaps," even among those who call themelves gentlemen, and are so in reality, as well as ome "loafers" have been brought to see the "error < if their ways," and to repent in soda and cold waer. I may, some time or other, furnish you with 1 an o'er true tale" about some of these folks. Our merchants and business men genetklly, have, rithin a few days past, been endeavoring to " get 1 p" nn excitement on the subject of mutual insurance, i everything here is done by means of an excitement, , nd this is the worst feature of oar character. Nofiing can be done calmly and deliberately ; every- I fung and every bodv is forced into a complete state I f effervescence. We run mad, and like madmen, , rhen the paroxysm is off, we are prostrate. In this latter of the mutual insurance, there aeema to r?e lore deliberation and caution than usual, and for I liat reason there may be some hops of success. We i eed an institution of the kind exceedingly. At ( resent we have not insurance capital enough loated in our own city. The Charleston Insurance 1 nd Trust Company is the only one, and that has < he held. There are, however, three agency offices stabliahed in the city, which tend to keep the rates f premium somewnere in the neighbourhood of ( easonabls, though 25 to 50 per cent higher than (he ante riska would be in New York or Boston, and at ' ?ast that much higher than they were previous to s lie "groat fire." That calamity gave tnem an ex- v use to advance rates, under the plea that as it snce centred, so it may again. This is reason enough r rhen men have the whole control in their hands. 1' ut there is about as much real foundation for such n advance, as there is in the prospect that the city f London will again he destroyed by fire. It may * ccurto be sure, but the probabilities are all against n t. i In the way of amusements, we are as had off as " eople can well be. The only recreation we can !' oast is a fmcy, fruit, flower and caka fair, held in h lie hall of the South Carolina Society by the ladies, '' a aid of the funds necessary to support the asylum !l n ir-iuriiirii ririiriKiira-4. unc pari 01 tne enieriainlent consists ol tableau vivantu by little master* and :i liases, rigged out in stage attire, legs and arms ] are, fares chalked, <Src. The whole thing very 11 ood to look at, like the apples of Sodom, but tt 'as tustly remarked by an old gentleman standing tl ehind me, " 1 would not let my daughters so exhi- h it themselves." However, we are all apt to ^et the o end justify the means." Asht.it. h rCanrnpoadrace of the HmU.] Hab&isbciu., Sept-1. ^ Fire?Sheknrm? Tnrif?John Tyltr?Tht Ijadiet? Mormon, Politicians 1 J. ? Iobdon Esq. j ? Our unusually quirt town was thrown in a great excitement last night, about 10 o'clock, by the crv ot c i! " - * * lire, lire, nre : it originated in a rolling mill und anw mill, owned by Mr. Joshua Hunt, of this place, it had became so far advanced beiore the firemru reached it,that all hopes of saving it were abandoned. The firrenien by their untiring efforts saved partly the saw mill and machinery. The lire shone so brilliant that it was seen ten miles distant, persons cauie from every direction thinking the whole town was 011 lire. The loss*is estimated at'from 12 to15,000dollars. The firemen deserve everlasting praise for their diligence. Our borough is rather sickly at present. There is a great deal of fever and ague, bilious fever, and whooping cough, among our lower class who are exposed to the damp mornings and evenings. The people here have nothing else to do now but get sick ? business there is none?the merchants say they might as well close their stores. These are truly hard times in these " diggins"?some of the " iron" men are holding up their heads a little higher since the passage of the Tariff bill?John .Tyler has gained some friends here since he has signed that bill? it is calculated to reinstate him more in the confidence of the people. Our ladies ol this place have all arrived from their summer excursions, they think home is sweeter yet than the watering places; perhaps it is because they are in want of the "one thing needful"! 1 wish you would come on here to see our dashing belles you are a particular favorite here among the fair sex, they say you must be a wonderful man?this is no flattery, Because they do not do that thing. Wo have two of your New Yorkers and one llaltimorian here; they have laid the young men of this place out (except me.) One of the Yorkers is a married man, but the girls like him more for that, as they can talk and use him as they please?there is not much delicacy about our ladies in that respect. Ths other is about seven feet high, and if he is a specimen of your New York gentlemen, you had better keen him caged, as he might ascend some day and never return?I am certain if he would ever fall it would take him a week to reach the ground?he iaa physician. The Ballimorian is a young lawyer, rather good looking, but too much affectation about him, which spoils all. He, perhaps, is excusable, as it is a family complaint with them. We have a party here who denominate themselves " Mormon Politicians," who oaghtall to be out with Joe Snnth, as they are regular disorganize!*, men who make it a point to oppose the regular nominated ticket every fall. They are generally men of little souls, und weak minds. They were never born with any sense, and now they want to expose it by wanting to rule or ruin the party. The Locofocos are quarreling all over the State, which perhaps will give the whigs a chance to have a majority in the Legislature this winter, which by-the-bye will be very important as the districting of the State comes oa this winter. Hariusbt'ko. Newport, R. I. [Correipondence of the Herald.] Newport, R. I , Aug. 26,1842. Th. I/..* /?7./ ... - V? / !-' -k - ..V Jiwuiu ?i> niuy/vrt J.TCK/ 1/f N UTI? r IKIl/ffl UH/I, am/ Maryland J-aditt. James Goedon Bennett? The New York Herald is the great reservoir of news, religion, politics, crime, folly, and fashion. All find for themselves a separate and distinc' interest within its columns. Ladies now give it a place instead of publications devoted solely to their inte rest. Gentlemen now-a-days appear to read none other fat least so it is here at Newport, for so soon as the Herald arrives, young men and maidens,old men and old maids, all appear to have a warm interest in it. " Pa, do get me the Herald," cries ths lovely daughter ot Mr. P , of South Carolina? " My love, see what Bennett has to say," enquites Mrs. M of her husband, who isof Wall street notoriety. " Now, Ellen," cries three beautiful creaturA at once, " run down and get us the Herald," and in Ellen's absence they are playing pusjj pin for ths first perusal. Then here is a score of young bloods from New Orleans, who never touch coffee until after the Herald is read, and t > see some forty or ffty ladies and gentlemen re ading your paper only at table, you would say with Snap, of Boston, that it was a school of entertaining knowledge. Speaking of New Orleans, yoa know you liava a large and growing patronage there: therefore let me give you the doing.* of some of tha Crescent City boys, who are now at Newport, and who are hard to catch, except where a sweet face peers out, and then they full elegantly. First, then, there is voungC , atull, neat dressed, gentlemanly like fellow, good address, and tine flow of words; is here to see Miss H , of Baltimore, who spent the past season south ; also Misto S?? is upon the same mission C and S both are quita intimate, and give the fair creature much attention, but lam inclined to think the Attorney has now the advantage, from the fact that he has a most able advocate in the person of a Mr P , who has somewhat supplanted 8? in another quarter, eay at Saratoga, ard if S would only throw off his reserve and waltze, I would predict for him a crown of glory. The tall, fine dressed young man, with brown whiskers, who is now promenading with middy II , and who is so much admired tor his gallantry and fine speeches, is a good representative of the south, full of humor and wit, and whose name is S ge. He has his eye on Philadelphia. Ah, here comes the majestic J , of Louisiana, all smiles, all complacency, perfectly au fait, O. K. lust the man to please a woman, good at any thing, lias never yet told his love, has rubbed througn without sus|>ending in his business, and is rather partial *o Miss K , of New York, whom I verily believe he would have courted, had not a Miss M , of Baltimore, arrived just in time (as Jones, the auctioneer, says) who is now the all-absorbing creature of his thoughts. J has certainly determined to beseige the citadel of Miss M th's heart, which report says has withstood the shock of others' charm,and now number* a dozen or more of victims. Ilis inquiries have made him enviable of fiiJC (11 jl l n/*f inn unr) fKo i/loo KJ?4 ?" HIV luva VI IICI Having UCViruy ed so many, has revived within him new energies, and if there can be any thing in looks, I would say Misa'M and Miss H , of Baltimore, were making their arrangements to reside south. Maryland and Louisiana, therefore, are the gems now sparkling at Newport, and although many are as deserving here as those I have named, yat their lights are hid under a bushel. Fondly t.iine own, Revsbly. Mormons.?There has been no fight; but about one hundred mormons have left Nauvoo. Forty reached St. Louis a few days since, in the Rosalie Fatal Accident.?A young man, named George Willis, recently from Bristol, England, fell from the New Brunswick train of cars on Saturday evening, and the wheels passed over both ol his arms, which were so much injured as to render amputation necessary. He was taken to the City Hotel, New Brunswick, where be died yesterday about 12 o' clock. Nino's.?'The Ravels appear to night m full force ?two pantomimes being given. La Fete Champetre, as Shakespeare has it, belongs to the " pastoral comical;" Gabriel and Jerome both have humorous characters in it. The magnificent new pantomime, the attraction of which continues una* tated, now runs " smooth as oil," and is received with roars of laughter; indeed, medical men aanrt there have been more eases of convulsions since its iroduction, than were ever known " within the memory of the oldest practitioner." Miss Wells, lie most graceful danseuse now on this side th? >vater, gives La Cachucha. The garden will be *rowded?there is no mistake about it. Chatham Theatre ?Mr. Forrest is announced or a beneht this evening, and presents a very atraciive bill, viz: the celebrated play of Venice Preerved, and the two best acts of the Gladiator, vhich latter piece the dramatic powers of Mr 10test maybe witnessed wiii great effect. Mi?-Joaii?' liine Clifton and J. R. Scott also a|>pear. We learn from^i gentleman just arrived from the louth, that the gale of the 23d inst. was very severe mjfhe Carolina Coast. The steamer Gov. Dudley, n going from Charleston to Smithville N C. used ip all her fuel, and being ballasted with hard pine, mrnt that also, making the boat so crank that they md e.onstant fearof her upsetting. The lower coast >f Nor h Carolina was overflowed by the tide, and II the'eorn destroyed.* Fortunately the gale hauled > N. and W. or many vessels would have gone shore. Two of the bridges on the Wilmington tijroad were undermined, and fell as soon as tho rain of care had passed over. Domestic IanrsTSY.?In the town of Duibury. in his Slate, resides a man named Baker, who has een blessed with eighteen children?17 girls and ne boy! TTis last was a male; the father declared e would have one boy. /