Newspaper of The New York Herald, September 10, 1842, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated September 10, 1842 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. Sinw York, Silt unlay, Nr|ilcmb?r lt(, IM'4. To the ttutliiee* and Trading Public. The decay of political excitement, anil the revival of a ound business in every circle of the community, are so mar lead, that it begins to render some now arrangements on our part necessary, in order to meet the natural in crease of advertisers and readers. F.rst of readers au l subscribers?All persons, familie,, stores, or shops that are supplied with the Herald by Newsboys, can lie more regularly served by our city carriers. If such persons and others will leave their names end numbers at this office, they will he supplied more regularly in this way. From the facility given us by our fust and beautiful machinery, and a complete internal orgiiiiir.a'.iun, i o can surpass, In this respect, any paper in the ci'.y. Subscribers pay the carriers weakly or monthly. Second, as to Advertisers?All advertisers and persons in traJe will please to hand in their advertisements to tho office, north-west corner of Fulton and Nassau streets, as early in each evening as possible. The great crowd ol al% rtuing now in our columus render this necessary. We have also to forbid every person from giving adver tisemeats intended for the Herald to any person who re pi '. its himself as an agent. Among others, a little black whiskered fellow, by the name of R. Leonore, has been goi ig about collecting advertisements for the Herald, an 1 charging exorbitant ratei, entirely unauthorised by us, Every advertiser should come to the office in person, or send a trust-worthy agent. This is the best way. We havo thought it useful to the public to give them notice, because, in consequence of our great circulation, being thirty thousand (which is greater than that of any two papers in the city), the Herald is becoming the principal advertising vehicle for all the wants, wishes, and operations in society. JAMES GORDON BENNETT, PaoriiiEToas, Herald Establishment, Xorth ll'est Corner of Fulton and Nassau struts. The Aahburton Dinner, nnd the Hon. Dstnlei Wehstsr, Another most extraordinary incident, and one cotemporaneous with the movements at the Ashburton Dinner, is the recent arrival of the Hon. Daniel Webster in this city, and his departure for the East. That distinguished man's arrival and sojourn here 100a piace wunoui any noise, wunoui any paraue, without any dinner, or loud huzzas, and almost without any person calling: on him to give him weloome?some of the papers even not noticing his i arrival. t This is one of the most extraordinary features < connected with this very singular affair. Who is i Lord Ashburton that he has been so well received 1 I Who is Daniel Webster that he has been treated i with such contempt by these " merchant princes 1" I Lord Ashburton came out here to settle tkose i matters which have been constant sources of bitter- i ness between the two countries for the last twenty I years ; and which two bloody and disastrous wars, and half a century of negotiation, have been unable f to settle. In former attempts all the efforts of Mr. g ("lay, John Quincy Adams, and Albert Gallatin, and others, were failures. Lord Ashburton arrived c ?went to Washington?found Daniel Webster Se- t; cretary of State, and in less than a month the whole t: matter was satisfactorily arranged. Discarding all 8 the tricks of diplomacy?the long-winded harangues ), ~r t ..l a..: * j *i c a! a in .)nun e^uincy ^vuams, ine iromy painuiism 01 c Henry Clay, and the roundabout rounded periods of e former negotiators,?they sat down calmly, and went to work like men of sense, determined to set- t tie everything upon the principles of equity and ( decency. s They do so, and immediately afterwards Lord ( Aahburton comes here, and is feasted and toasted , and lauded 'o the skies, as one party to the Treaty. | Mr. Webster arrives here just as he is leaving our | shores, and there is apparently none so poor to do | honor the truly great Secretary of State, the other and principal party to flit Treaty. N w, although dishonor be shown to the office of | the Chief Magistrate of the Union?although Colonel , Ho head and Commodore Perrv, representing the ] Army and Navy at that dinner, could sit patiently . undue ,mesce in the extraordinary disrespect offered (] to their Commander-in-Chief,?although the mer- \ iant princes might profess an " utter loathing" for q ,e President, surely the same feelings could not ? h i\r <\tu<ed the contempt and disrespect shown to c his Secretary of State. l) Hut of this more hereafter. The names of these '.'"iitlemen remind us of another extraordinary fea- h ture in this strange affair. Col. Bankhead sat at that r, dinner as the representative thereof the Army of tl ol the United States, and when his Commander-inChief was toasted, how could he, decorated with the uniform of that army, wearing the epaulettes on ^ his shoulders, and bedizoned with buttons to match, ' .. .Ill . _ .L r r rr- 1 rr* D - -mi in me presence 01 loreign oincers, ana oin- ^ chili, .i.ni hear that toast treated with contempt1? On th** other hand, how could Commodore Perry,?who on that occasion nlso appeared in full unitorin, and represented the Navy of the United States, ?how could he quietly submit to see the Comman der-in-Chief of that Navy so grossly insulted ; and , this too in the presence of Lord John Hay and the | officers of the Warspite ? What must the latter gentlemen have thought of such conduct. The re- a preventatives ol the Army and Navy combining with the " merchant princes" to insult their Commander a the pre - nee of distinguished foreigners. Must ' int rh<' Litter have thought of the words of the pa. ^ tiiot \ lnuntl Biake (who was known to detest >' C"r.?: well) on a similar occasion, when told he ' '.oi to pay re.-pect to Cromwell or his orders? v t .ike's only reply was? " Whatever he is besides, * i h at lea-t the head of the Government ; and it is ^ not our busine-v to tie troubled with State affairs or poLi s hut to keep foreigners from fooling us !" ^ What become* of the victories and the blood- a shed. tin! ;h conquests of the two ware, in order t| ib; tin re-(' r' In-fore the nations of the world, if t| our army and navy are to uct no now ! Where is a t'( * ?j; it "I patriotism that animated the gallant u 1. e tunj at the village of Lexington?the love of country that waeahown at Concord, or the hatred of iti-o nc and oppression, and godlike independence and bravery that were eihibited at Bunker'a Hill 1 It Thia? a?-n always noted with independence, though I* tneifflju.i ere weri-?null Where waa the spirit of 01 LWatur and I'auibrivige, and Hull and Stewart, and B Rogere, and Iniii. end the lamented Oliver Perry. * (all represented by the brother of the latter,) on that unfortunate occasion I What a spectacle was it lor tn those men, Lord lo in Hay aad his officers, and gi Lord Ashburton ' What a spectacle for the coun- ci try, to aee such a series of blunders and indignities a committed? aurh a total blindness to every thing like self respect shown by these merchant princes, and particularly by the officers of the army and na- * vy of the United Statea ! It will not Jo for these gentleman to ait atill and 1 treat with silence and apparent contempt the rever oerauom* 01 iwngnation wnicn aatiy ana hourly t come sweeping in Irom all parts of the country If t they tr-at- ,1 tli*- toaM ?o, they cannot treat the peo- I pit ao. They muat come out and fire the reaaona wny they acted thus Col Rank head andCotnmo- ( dore Perry cannot plead ignorance, as some of the committee have They, at leaat, claim to be gen- j tit-men, to understand etiquette, and the respect due to position and to office And they know that the 1 first duties of a goodotficer, are respect to his superior, and a contempt for violent pohucai partisans. ' 80 much for the dinner and the toaat. Now to return to Mr. Webster He reaches the city?goes < out to Westchester to see his wife? ?inm. - .l. ? ?u me a Antur House?and leaven for Bo?on without the least in irk of re<n*ct being shown him is not this ' -iio-t il?r spectacle tbnt could potsubly be e*iui?Ueil in this country under any circumstances t ; Hut it tenuis trcin the sauic spirit which froutficd 1 < | ilic whole proceeding at that feast It wai a studied I plan !< throw contempt on the people of this country ,11.1 ...tn iii.-.nu.iwiin i aim wr deeply rrgTei mat trie officer* of our Army and Navy who were present, dishonored their country's tlag,?disgraced the stare and stripes ot the Republic by sustaining the conduct of the "merchant princess" in their toadying to one of the monied aristocracy ol Europe, probably ior the sole purpose ol facilitating some miserable speculation in stocks, or loans. The whole tiling is most disgraceful from begin ning to end. The Court Mart lata?N aval and Military? Lieut. Wilkes. On another day we intend to publish an article sent us relative to the Naval Court, recently held on Lieut. Wilkes, and other officers of the Exploring Expedition. It comes from the friends of Wilkes, and is perhaps somewhat too partial to his cause.? But it is only fair, according to our principles of action, to let him be heard. If Satan himself asked an opportunity of us to stHte his case in our columns, however much disliked and feared the sublime rascal, wo would have the courage to be just and impartial even to the old serpent. On the extraordinary case of Mr. Wilkes, and the recent and sitting extraordinary courts martial, we have reflected a good deal, and have come to en tertain mixed opinions, and almost every shade of feeling?sorrowful, ludicrous, sad, funny, and philosophical We have had the greatest difficulty to come to any satisfactory conclusion. Lieutenant Wilkes and his associates have exhibited some weaknesses; but it may be justly doubted whether any circumnavigator, alter a four years' cruice round the world, ever returned home with lewer really tangible causes of complaint. The charges and si^cifications on which these trials have been founded, are generally small and |?etty in the extreme If the Secretary ol the Navy had ordered a Court of Kmjuiry on the Ions of the Psacock, or of the Seagull, he would have indicated a higher order of mind than these trials reflect upon him. A box of shells?the firing of a gun?giving away a bowie knife?the temper of Mr Wilkes? whether it was morning or afternoon of a certain day that land was discovered?and a whole host of other small mrrilllU ll8Vr 111 111 II p^rCUI ?T I lUpn'HSlOIl "II Secretary Upshur than the loan of the Peacock, worth #200,000. This makes us fielieve that Mr. Upshur is a man of no great calibrt, and wants that comprehensiveness of mind and sou! to throw aaide the chaff of the expedition, and to pitch upon the strong points. Tiiereal point in all these investigations is,whether, under the circumstances of the ex|>edition, it was not a miracle that, oa such a long cruise, so few matters of real difficulty occurred. Mr. Wilkes is sensitive and quick-tempered ; but did Columbus, irCook, or Vancouver,Ross, or any other, come out j is easily 1 This temper should be somewhat overlooked in his arduous and responsible duties. He i manifested great sensitiveness to our report of the ' irial; but that we would excuse in him, as it is evi- 1 lent he was wrongly influenced on thut point by the impertinent and impudent remarks which Hamilton, I us counsel, applied occasionally to the Herald. We can afford, in the ample vigor of our heart and ,?..l I. .1?1 ? II ~ui, in ucai i'ul jupucc iu it 11?even io w lines, in ] spile of his silly counsel; and we do not hesitate to ( ay, that Secretary Upshur is more deserving of a < ourt martial, for the folly ol allowing such trials to ( ike place,than all the oflicersof the exploring expedi- ] ion. No doubt Wilkes has made mistakes in some i mall matters, but has he not overshadowed these by ( Is other manly qualities, energies, and conduct as ( ommander of the expedition 1 Is not the whole ) xposition a disgrace to the navy 1 f In pursuance of this petty business, we perceive ; hat another Naval Court Martial is going on, trying ( Commodore Ballard for some such thing as opening mother man's letter?or untying the garters ol some t iretty woman. We do not mean to report any 1 nore of these contemptible trials, ordered under the ' letticoat-penny-system of Secretary Upshur. Another set of sublime blockheads, in order to have their names put in print, have, in imitation ol the Secretary, been holding a Court Martial at the American Hotel?and some very worthy men, who mow better the price of greens, or how to cut a pair 1 >1 breeches, have been emulating the character o Jon Quixotte, and deliberating on the etiquette, the j ' pomp and circumstance" of glorious war, inrlu- t ling the solemn opinion of Major General Scott [J Vhy did they not ask the opinion of Brigadier ' ieneral James Gordon Bennett, of the Nauvoo Le. ion, and L. L. D. of the Nauvoo University I We t ould have given them a better decision in the case t ran ever General Scott did. We request Captain John Tyler, one of the most onest and independent men ever at the head of this epublic, to ponder on this our honest opinions of hese Courts Martial. v Pomeroy's Western Express?Ingratitude ? {; Ve are oery much surprised to find that Pomerov's t express should have given us last evening false infor- * nation respecting the whig nominations-who should J iave withheld the returns of the Vermont election, s vhich they gave to others papers. We have said j nore in their favor, and aided more their cause, , han any other paper, and now to be treated with J inch contemptible meanness and ingratitude, de- | nands an ample explanation. Recollect, Pomeroy 1 ir Co., that we never giV^ up any point till we have . lad satisfaction, either in this world or the next, f ind we submit to no slight from angel, man, or f levil. . Another Mammoth Steamer.?Mr. William 1 Irown, the builder of the Kamschatka, will lay the eel of another new steamer in a few days. She { * to be built somewhat after the mods! of the swilt q >oy, will be 310 feet long and 28 feet wide, and * rill be fitted up with LiglithalPs half beam engine, i t is expected that she will out sail any boat afloat. fi he is to be finished on the 1st of next May. c We have no doubt that hundreds in this city t avr determined upon seeing the wonderful Mermaid c t the American Museum, but have postponed it till ^ ley can find leisure. This day and evening aflords a ic last opportunity of seeing this curious creature, '' s her ladyship departs for Boston on Monday. This ,] i also the last day of Mr. Harrington, Miss c 'aylor and Master Diamond and Whitlock. " r Arrival of the Enoland.?The packet ship Eng- ^ ind, Captain Waite, arrived yesterday from Liver- " jol, with thirly-two cabin passengers. She sailed J n the 8th ult. and was fifteen days west of the anks of Newfoundland with calms and head finds. __ p Italian Opera.?It seems that all the musical j! dent of the country, is included in De Begnis'pro- n ramme. Oood. Let every one now step up to the c i put i it ft omce ana seiup. we must nave an opera, o nd that's Hat. ____________ |i A Full City.?Scores of persons are turned off v '.most every day from the Astor House, Howard's 'v fotel, Ate ?there's no room for them. New York v chuck full of strangers?probably 30,000 at least. a Colman's Bkai riFt:l Flack?Strangers wanting ti o wr a collection of curiosities in art and litera- jj ure, would do well to look into Colman's, fashiona- j( >le side of Broadway, near Fulton street. w Xaw Brighton Bali..?The ball at New Brighton d let evening was pretty fair, in spite of the weather. A description hereafter. This, however, is only the ? beginning of the fall season, which, if the weather ol s fair, will be dslightfnl in the extreme. To-day ai ra*t crowds, and so to-morrow, will be going down !r o spend the day on Staten Island. Honours ?If you are at leisure, will you step ^ >ver to HoooKrn to-day, and take a cool breeze R ind a claaa of ice cream f Yea, let'a *o. zy There were thirty cawea of yellow fever and [j 'even death*, in fourdaya in New Orlean*. ' >m?< knk Boohs.?About 2000 volumee in all have , ?ecn aeized in boaton,aad.tbeir owner* bound over. 1 Latest from Mexico.?An arrival at New Orleans, on the :<Oth ult , brought (our day* later front Tarnpico. Oreat |>re|>aratiouii were being made for -ending an overwhelming torce into Texan. They are increasing the navy, and daily augmenting th.* large military force already under arms. All classeiof citizens are made to beat a part, either as actors or contributors in the affair. Contributions are levied, taxes imposed, and men drafted?in short, every step is being taken to supply both men and money for a vigorous and formidable campaign against the rebellious Texans. From Texas ?The Picayune has received a late number of the Houstoman, from which the following intelligence is gleaned. The Texans were anticipating a formal recognition by Great Britain of the independence of Texas by the former power. The declaration that the blockade of Mexican ports would be respected, and the tone of the British Minister's reply, affora sufficient grounds for this supposition. The volunteers left in command of Captain Allen at Carlos' Kancho, were recently disbanded et Egypt on l(ie Colorado. Most of these men, finding their O- I ihao uu icvjuucu, llioicau Ul JClUIlllUg tile United States dissatisfied and in a destitute condition, have dispersed throughout the country and engaged in farming. Regarding the Santa Fe prisoners, the Houstonian, of the 15th, says the remainder of them had not arrived at Galveston. The Austin mail is again discontinued ; the contractor finding it impossible even to defray his extienses at the present rate of compensation in Exchequer bills. Tne eastern mail failed too, last week, and is probably discontinued also. The Mexicans will continue to harrass the frontier_settlements until a favorable opportunity for invasion is presented. Their movements, however, will be closely watched, and reinforcements sent there whenever necessity requires their presence.? Col. Cook, at the head of about 1000 citizen volunteers, is already on his march to the frontier. New cotton is coming*-in daily; we expect to export 200,000 bales the coming winter. Exchequer money is advancing?it is now quoted at w ecu is. P. Edmunds, Esqr., late Consul for New Orleans, is appointed Collector for the port of Galveston. The Sabine Advocato says:?We are informed that the freebooter, Jim Strickland,was shot through the head a few davs ago, by a company of gentlemen trom Trinity River, who were in pursuit of several negroes decoyed ofr by Jim, his brother Henry, and another individual, belonging to the Strickland gang, one of whom they killed. The company have gone in pursuit of said Henry, who has the negroes hid out. The bill for the relief of the Santa Fe prisoners, passed by the late Congress of Texas, was lost before it received the signature of the President? consequently has not become a law. It authorized the President to sell 100,000 acres of public lands, and api'ly the proceeds of the sale tor the relief of the Texan prisoners detained in Mexico. Vermont Election.?The Bennington State Banner furnishes a few scattering returns. In the towns heard from there is a small Whig gain as compared to the election of 1841. Whig Representatives elected Bennington, Woodtord, (gain)Arlington, Castleton. Locos?Pownal, (gain) Shaltsbury, Glastenbury. Last year there was no choice of Governor by the people. This year there are three candidates for Governor?Paine, Whig; Smilie, opposition, and Williams, abolition. For Lieutenant Governor there are two candidates, Ranney, Whig, and Barber_ nnnofiifmn Thp lottpr ia nlar* ounnArta/l !?*? . >-! -7 vvv V.J ...v abolitionists. The last Senate stood, 20 "Whigs to 10 Locos; House 139 Whigs to 89 Locos, and one abolitionist. City Intelligence. Important Ariiest.?Yesterday, as officer Bowser wa9 passing through Wall street, he espied the celebrated James Smith alias Honeywell, the robber of the City Bank, and who was indicted in this city sn the 20th of June, 1838, for picking the pocket of Philemon Canfield, on the Hartford steamboat, of noney and promissory notes valued at about #1000, ind then escaped on bail; and concluding that his >ail, as well as the public, would be interested in lis arrest, landed him in the Tombs where he was iilly committed. He is just out of one of the eastern tate prisons where he has served a three years term >f service. Correction ?In an article yesterday relative to he sale of some goods by auction by W. H. McNrnney, of 29 Fulton street, we understand that the (. -iiiirm iii ? nu mane uie cuiupinini inn oo cents on i card of knives which were offered for sale, and 011 Iheir being knocked off to him he was told that they were 50 cents each, and that the whole card amounted to He threw a 50 cent piece on the counter and left the store, refusing to return, although the money was offered to him. The knives were ot good quality, pearl handle, and worth nearly the hmiouih at which they were bid off. A Minister Arrested and Tried.?The Itev. Mr. Meyers, pastor of the Dutch Reformed Church in Forsyth street, who was concerned in the fight that tame off there on Sunday last, has been arrested uxl fined $25 and costs. All the other persons that lave been arrested were fined $10 and costs of suit Itf- Noah talks of John Quincy Adams being aken up for next President by the Whigs. Noah is he greatest old a.-? that we know of. Court of Common Pleu. He fore Judge Ingraham. Skit. 9.? Ihmul If Clark vs. John Hsltinger.? Assault ami Battery.?This case was brought up last veek and suffered to go by default, thejury award ng damages to plaintiff in the sum of $50. The deendants counsel, however, subsequently moved hat it might lie restored to the calendar, which vas granted, and now the issue. From the evilence offered it aiqieared that the plaintiff is a blind nuker, and the defendant keeps a paper hanging lore at itowery. The former raw some of his ilinds in Mr. Hettinger's store, and claimed them. I'hese blinds Mr 11. had bought of a person formerV connectetl with plaintiff, nnd refused to give hem up. It is said that Clark then accused him of laving in his possession stolen goods, Acc., and < hreatened to prosecute. Hettinger seized plaintiff >y the throat, thrust hiin out of the store, and vioently kicked hint in the groin. The jury, after a ihort absence returned a verdict in tavor oi plaintiff 'or $100, thus doubling the former verdict. For plaintiff", Mr. H. P. Hastings and Mr. 1). Svans. For defendant, Messrs. Western and De iVitt. ThomatJ. Smith r?. Htmrk Ac Wo;**.?This was in action for libel. The defendants are publishers if a morning paper. A paragraph api>eared in it ininiring when two men named Shier and Heard, vho had been indictad on a charge of setting fire to he National Theatre, were to tie tried. The inlictments had not been pursued, and Heard was ;oing down to get some friend* to write a letter to lefendaata, when be met the former prompter of the heatre, who had a desk at Mr. Smith'* office, and hey repaired to the office together. After some onversation, Smith offered to bring an action gainst defendants for libel, and did so [though leerd says without his wi*h or knowledge] nil Held them to bail tor #1000, They elided to the subject in their paper, and spoke t the conduct of Smith in severe terms He hen brought the present action on hi* own uc- t ount. They referred to the subject in a similar nanner again, and he again sued them. This was epeated for several days so that several actions ( lave accrued. The Jury found tor plaintitl' in the , um of #250. , For plaintiff, Mr Brady. For defendents, Mr. J. i Iolmes, and Mr. T. Warner Before Judge Ulahoefler. Charlt* Oloff vs. Mo hurl Hurry?The plainiff was a seaman on board the ship Catherine, lying between New York and Charleston The ( efendant is master of the vessel. While lying at ( li.irb ?ton. inJuly last, the plaintiff was ordered to o aloft ana hoist a Hag, being pe.rliculnr to throw it ver the " lift," to prevent its getting foul, instead ( f which he sat on the cross-trees, threw the flag nder. instrad of over the lift, and, in efforts to jirk t back, tore it nearly two-thirds across. The Hag rns new, and the officers became incensed. The t laintiff was called down from aloft, and some 1 /ords took place between him and th" captain, rhen the latter caught tip a light pine flag pole, 1 bout 1?inches in diameter, and struck plaintiff J ver the head, hurting him so severely that he had , o keep his berth for one or two days, and breaking i ic staff. The present action is for assault and i attery, the damages laid at #1,000. The Jury uind a verdict for plaintiff in the sum of #50, rhich carries costs. ?i.n..-- --.i u i:~. efendant, Mr. J. E. Beers. Stealing Negroes ? The Missouri Sentinel says, 1 the Abolitionist* are still plundering the citizens I Lewis county, in this State Eight or ten days go, several negroes were decoyed oft by them, and ansftrred, as is believed, to Michigan. There is, is said, a secret combination, extending from the ast bank of the Mississippi, through the Illinois to lichigan, by means of which slaves are transported 1 landestinely, to any place whither they desire to o." i Niijuix or Millkrues ?The organ of Millenstn I in ma that there are at this moment "seven hun- 1 rAo,rgymen engaged in preaching the principles ' ii tinier, and t!i?- number or persona who profess to I elieve that Christ will mAe hia second advent I , text year, i< estimated to be not leas than one mil- I t tan. |, BY THE SOUTHERN MAIL. Baltimore. rCorrtanondrrir* of t he Her&ld.l Baltimore, Sept. 9, 1S12 Mr- Editor? Nothing has been Raid here publicly in reference to the disturbance at the anlored camp meeting, of which I made mention yeaterday. The reality 1 learn ia bad enough, but not so bad as previous reports represented it. No life as yet has (>aid the forfeit, though one of the party was so terribly beaten and mangled that his life was despaired ot, nor is he yet out of danger. Whatever may have oeen the provocation, (and 1 doubt not but King Alcohol, together with a want of moral philosophy, and a sell respect, were at the bottom of it) yet under no circumstances can I tolerate the idea of a colored man raising his hand to his superior, the white man. No, the idea is uncongenial to southern blood, and cannot be brooked. A most powerful burden locomotive has recently been completed at the extensive manufacturing establishment of Mr. Ross Winans in this city, in obedience to an order from the Russian Government, to be used in that country for the purpose of transportation. Iatn told that an order was issued by the same authorities to have a locomotive constructed simultaneously with this one in England, and that the object was to put to test the power and ' Qualities of the two machines. It was tried yesterday in presence of numerous spectators, and worked even beyond their fondest anticipations. It is rea'ly i magnificent piece of workmanship, and does distinguished credit to Mr. Winans as a machinist and ouiiuer 01 locomotives. ine cost ot it is $11,500. It is to be ship|>ed immediately to Russia as a representative of the American locomotives against those of Great Britain. The committee who visited Lancaster, Pa., on the 4th July last, for the purpose of presenting a flag to the Fenciblssof that city, have gotten up a magnificent silver pitcher, to be presented to Mrs. Rosin.i Hubley, of the Swan Hotel, for her politeness and generosity extended towards them on that occasion. It is a very chaste affair, the workmanship

by Mr. A. Warner, ofBaltimore. An agent of the Madisonian, the Court Journal, was in this city a few days since, and levied upon almost every officer, both in the Custom house and Postoffice, the tax of subscribing to that sheet. I am told that they come up to a man?that they had long been waiting an opportunity to see the agent, and that nothing afloroed them greater pleasure than to subscribe. The ultimate terms being either so to do, or run the chance of being politely invited to give plac;, in an official capacity, to one who would. John Jones knows what side of his bread wants buttering. As the election is nearly approaching, I shall give a short sketch of the candidates for Sheriff (13 of them) with a few criticisms, but have not time at present. Yours, Roderick. Philadel plila. [Correipomlence of the Herald.] Philadelphia, Sept. 9,1842. Theatres, their opening and engagements?IVhig Nominations?Conviction of a Rioter?Firemen's Fight, fyc. 8fC. t/-c. TheChesnut street company of theatricals are to meet in the green room of that establishment on Monday next. What the opening piece is to be I have not heard, and presume it has not yet been determined linnn. Hut if anu tliirnr lurluinini, #/, tl,? legitimate drama should be chosen, or could be made to accommodate with the general arrangements of the house. I have heard the wish expressed that something in which Mr. Maywood and his daughter could both appear should be selected, that the public might have an opportunity ot greeting them as old and worthy friends. I am sure that Mr. M could not gratify the public more than by appearing before them in one of his popular Scotch charactets, in which he has so often in times past, made Old Drury ring with applause. The Arch street theatre opens to-morrow nignt, with the stock company, Mr. Iiield stage manager On Monday J. 11. Scott will commence an engagement, to be succeeded by Burton and Madam Stephan Petit-, MissCushman, I learn, came into the city yesterday, and will probably take immediately in hand the arrangement of the company for the Walnut. The circus on Chesnut street, late Burtons's theatre, it is expected will be ready to open by or before the first ot October. The Whig Delegates of the city met in the Court Room ?f the Common Pleas last evening,and made the following nominations for Senate and Assembly : ?For Senate, William A. Crabb?For Assembly, Edward Joy Morris, George Sharewood, Beniamin M. Hinchman, John Rush, Charles B. Trego, Thos. C. Rockhill, and William E. Whitman. The Con vention afterwards adjourned to meet again on Tuesday eveningnext. Peacnessold yesterday in our market at $2 fit) to J?'3 per basket, ofabout half a bushel each. Apples aru also correspondingly higli?the supply of both being far short of the demand. Joseph Carr, a young man of respectable appearance and connections, was yesterday put upon his trial for participating in the late negro riots, in the lower part ol onr city. He was defended by Peter Craus, .lunr., Ksq.. but the evidence was so clear and conclusive of his guilt, that no professional effort could avail him. The trial lasted all the morning, and resulted in a verdict of guilty. The Court intimated an intention to difer sentencing the persons convicted of this riot, until all the cases arising out of the same transaction, shall have been tried' At a fire yesterday at Fourth and Master streets, there was another brutal and disgraceful collision between the firemen. One or two hose carriages were taken from the respective companies to which they belonged, and taken to the house of the ussailing company There was an affray among some blacks last night, in the lower section of the city, in which one or more was seriously stabbed. An indignatiou meeting is to be held this afternoon, in the State House, relative to the insult given the President and the country, at the late Ashburton dinner. From present appearances the gathering will not be very large. Nothing of moment in Stocks today. Reading still rising. OCJ- There was a town meeting in Philadelphia yesterday, to take steps to resent the insult to the President at the Ashburton dinner. Nibi-os.?Mr. Gibbins.?To-night is set apart for the benefit of this gentleman, and we have no doubt, the garden will be full; he deserves no less a mark of respect from the visitors to this establishment, towards whom his courtesy is proverbial. His bill is a great one, combining an unusual variety of entertainments. Chatham Thkatrk.?This theatre was well filled last evening, notwithstanding the unfavorable state ot the weather. To-night Jim Crow Rice takes a benefit, and we_antici|>ate a crowded house. Therefore we say to those who may wish good seats, sc- cure them during the day. I.MP()RTANT ANNOUNCEMENT! The Cellrgc of lHedlrlne and Pharmacy, F.etahhthrH for the Supprettion of Quackery, fry- BEG TO INFORM ALL PERSONS DESIROUS >1 obtaining modical advice, that on remitting the sum of one dollar, with a statement of their case, they will he applied with one dollar's worth ot appropriate medicine, nd a letter ol advice containing full directions as to diet, regimen, kc. All letters must be post paid. Address W. S. RICHARDSON. Agent. Principal Office of the College of Medicine and Tharmacy, 97 Nassau street, N. Y. N. B.?Tha Coasi'i.tin<i Pmvsicisw is daily in attendance t the private consulting rooms of the College. Hours from 10 till 3 o'clock. Ot?- WHAT IS THERE THAT ADDS MORE TO the personal appearance and comfort of mankind, than a good head of hair I In youth it is indispensable to " good loons, ana in age ? i? certainty necessary for comfort; and it is surely aa proper to lupply the loss of any of Na. lure's gifts. aa those that faahion and custom hare forced upon ua. But will you for lost hair subatitute a wig? No ! Wearing a wig impairs the health, hreeda humors, and produces numberless evils?all of which can be avoided by the use of " Oldridge's Balm of Columbia," lrom 71 Maiden Lane, which fully reatorea the hair, whether it is lost by sickness or by age. Never buy without the name of Comstock fc Co. on the wrapper?all others are counterfeit. COLT'9 SUB-MARINE BATTERY MAY DO very well for blowing up ships, but Sherman's Lozenges for coughs, colds, head-erhes, palpitation, lowneas of spirits, consumption, sea sickness, and worms, arn of far greater worth, for they cure and aave our citizen* from untimely <le?th, a much nobler virtue. Dr. Sherman'* warehouae i? at 104 Naaaau-atreet. Agent*, 8 State-atrect, Boston, and * Ledger-buildings, Philadelphia. (If/- LAUGHABLE, BUT NO JOKE.?A Lady sent to 71 Maiden Lane for a bottle of th? celebrated Nerve and Bote Linimi nt, to apply te an ancle that wa* hurt end badly inflamed. By ?ome atnpidity the servant procured Dalley'i Pain Entractor, which the lady u?ed ra- 1 ther than to lend it back, without knowing that it tva* in- I tended for inch ca*??. ! The lady railed there thia day, June Wth, laying that ( the salve oi Dalley had cured her entirely, and ahe pur- i -baaed more, to have alway* on hand in case of any accident. I It will take ont all burn without pain, and merciful a nen rhould keep it by them, and aave the tormenta of ft heir familiea. The unfeeling are not eapectad to do it.? ? Kxpt in I u To Mtmlble Citizens. OfJ- WE KNOW FROM WHAT WE SEE AND 1 feel, that the animal body, i? in it* organs and func tions, subject to derangement, inducing pain and tending to its destruction. In this disordered state, we observe nature providing for the re-establishment of order, by exciting some uintinr ?r ,l. or by soma other operation, which ^scapes our imperfect ; senses and researches. In some casus she brings on a crisis by the Itowels, at others by sweating, lie. kc. Now experience has taught us that there are certain substances, by which, applied to the living body, internally or externally, we can at will produce the same 1 evacuations, and thus do in a short time, what nature could do but slowly, and do effectually what she might not have strength to accomplish. When then wu have seen a disease cured by a certain natusil evacuation, should that disease occur again, we may count upon cu- ; ring it by the use of such substances, as we know bring I about the same evacuation, which we had before observed to cure a similar disease. It is in consequence of the power which the BRANDRETH PILLS exert upon the whole system, that makes them so univer- | allv hsnafiriiil It ia Kuonaa thav imnart tn th?hivl? I power to expel disease without leaving any evil effect. Asa general Family Medicine BRANDRETH'S PILLS are.il is believed by the Proprietor,superior to every other offered to the public. And when the manner of preparing the ingredients of which they are composed shall be publicly known, the public will be of the same opinion ? Some three mouths ago Dr. Brandreth entered a caveat with a general statement of the manner in which he prepares his extracts from the roots of various plants, and in about six weeks afterwards out comes a Nr.* Extract of Sarsafarilla, and a machine is spoken of. Now it is rather singular that this method should not have been discovered until after Doctor Brandreth's statement had been filed in the Patent Office. No machine was ever used until Dr. B. Brandreth invented the one he uses. When the patent shall haue been fully secured in England, and on the Continent of Europe, then the pub lie will have the manner of preparing the ingredients of the Brandreth Pills fully explained, and a model of the machine used in the processs exhibited. But this he will add?that there is more of the active principle of Sarsaparilla in one twenty-five cent box of his pills, than in two dollar bottles of any fluid extract of Sarsaparilla on earth, unless the Sarsaparilla is prepared in the same manner that Dr. Brandreth prepares his Sarsaparilla and the other ingredients forming a component of the RllAMnnvTiea pn i e THE BRANDRETH PILLS are aold at 24 cents per box, at 241 Broadway, 274 Bowery, 194 Hudson at., and 174 Second st. The public will do well to be cartful where they purchase in the Bower)-. Remember 274 Bowery. Entered according to act of Congress. The Genuine Extract of Harsaparllla, Prepared by THE COLLEGE OK MEDICINE AND PHARMACY Ok the Citv of New York. {ft?- THERE IS NO ARTICLE IN THE MATERIA Medica, of which so many spurious and inert preparations, have been offered, as Sarsaparilla. Indeed, many members of the medical profession go the length of denying in loto, the etlicacy of this invaluable drug, and they have been led to this disbelief of its virtues, by the wretehed fixtures which have been and are at present palmed oa the public, as genuine extracts ot the article. The College desire no stronger and more intelligible proof of the worthlessness of these mixtures, than that evidence which is afforded by the very advertisements of their manufacturers. The frequent extravagant puffs which are thrust before the public, bear on their front the impress of the most impudent quackery. Powers are ascribed to Sarsaparilla which it does not really possess, and certificates of alleged cures, represented to have been effected by its use, are paraded at length, whilst every educated physician, well knows that no such results could by any possibility have followed from tbc use even of the most carefully prepared extracts of Sarsaparilla. It is underthese circumstances, and in accordance with their extended plan of suppressing all descriptions of medical imposture, that the "College of Medicine and Pharmacy'' otter to the notice of the public, The Okhuixe Extract op S areata ril. la. This article has been prepared at great expense, according to the new process of the Parisian pharmaceutists, and i> confidently denominated the only really valuable preparation of Sarsaparilla.now ottered for sale in this country. Together with the active principle of the Smilax officivalit? the best speciesof the root?the College have incor- , porated that peculiar modification of sugar, which has been termed glycyrrhizin. In the "Extracts" of the nostrum-venders and certain druggists, the common extract of liquorice is the chief ingredient, and can readily be de- , tec ted. But it is proper to state that in most cases this extract of liquorice is adulterated, and contains copper derived from the pans in which the decoction of the root is evaporated. Tne College wish thus particularly to guard the public against the pernicious tendency of "mixtures, containing laige quantities of this poisoned liquorice. The " Rxtract," prepered by the College, contains also an appropriate quantity of the peculiar crvstallizable principle, obtained from that valuable vegetable bitter. Gentian. Ito oalledfrom Ocntius, King of lifyria, who first discovered its great virtues.) A small portion of the active constitu- I ents ol the Laurus Sassafras, another vegetable, whose | efficacy as an alterativeand purifier of the blood is well known, has likewise been added. These several articles have been incorporated, and their peculiar principles I compounded in a highly concentrated form, and the re- | suit has been the production of a vegetable alterative and tonic, unequalled for power and efficacy. The College merely add the following extract from the I edition just published of Brande's " Practical Dictionary , of the Materia Medica " This article has been prescribed in chronic'rheumatism?in obstinate cutaneous eruptions?in indolent ulcers?in glandular attentions?in diseases of the bones, | attended by dull aching pains, tumors and nodes?wasting of the flesh?and it has proved a valuable remedy, and hat sometimes effected a cure where other alteratiees have been long administered in vain, and when the diseased state of j the system has hern of many years duration. In the after treatment ot syphilis, and in cases where mercury has inju- ' riously affected the system, it possesses powers not hitherto 1 observed in any other article of the Materia Medica." I Bold in siniiLic Bottles, at "ft cents each. ( " Ik Casks of half-a-ooxek Bottles, $3 AO. " " " one dot.ek " 6 00. 1 Cases forwarded to all parts ef the Union. i N..B.?J1 very liberal discount to wholesale purchasers- , By order of the College, W. S. RICHARDSON, Agent. 1 Principal office of the College, 07 Nassau St., N. Y Otjf- THE NEW WORLD OK TO-DAY?" EXPIATION."?This powerful and pathetic story from the pen of ITofeseor Wilson, author of " Light* and Shadow* of Scottish Life," it calculated to excite the deepest interest in all sensitive minds. It is a wonderful production?a poem, written with a Dante-like fire and energy?a painting, lull of Rembrandt touches, quelling and controlling, but at the same time elevating and softening the heart. Let no one fail to read it. The above, with other reading of the most interesting kind, will repay the reader for the expenditure of 8j cent*. Office 30 Ann street. For sale by the newsmen and boys. &/- THE SUNDAY MERCURY OF TO-MORROW will contain all the news of the week, condensed and made readable. Married Men, a sketch for the ladies j the Ladies of Wyoming, a parody, and Oft in the stilly night, a parody by Tongs ; Fanny Kemble in the field again ; some account of the doings of the Mormons ; a Revolution; Mike Walsh ; Reporting ; sketch of Charles Edwards Lester, by Wasp; Unfinished Business; what has been done by the Exploring Expedition ; Dow, junr., has chosen the following as the subject of his discourse ;? " Fret not thy gizzard." A humorous and punning poem, by Spoons ; all sorts of things, by Ladle; a full and impartial criticism of the new come4^-"Ssirh"?v'il is the Apportionment bill; queer itrttertising ; Editorials on ^ksorts of subjects, and the latest local and general new^V Office, 13 Brekman-street. Price 3 cents a single con^$l for eight months. The paper sent to any part of t^world. = Advertisements must lp**ent in before ten o'clock this evening. (XJ- THE KREMLIN D1NINO SALOONS, NO. Ill Broadway, conw of Thames street, opened on a strictiy European plan^'At this uniauc establishment, breakfast. dinner* andsnAacnn be procured at seasonable hour*. The daily bill oitte i* made up from every delicacy the 1 market* afford, and at moderate charge i. I Particular regard ha* been paid to tne lelection of wine* ( for theae aaloona. Private partiee can be aerved in the private room*. ' N. B.- A variety of roups ready at 11 o'clock A. M. i {ft/- PATTERSON, PUTNAM CO., NEW YORK, ' September 6th, 1843. Gent* :?1 have been afflictod for ' the Uit two or three year* with a iovere cough, paina in 1 the cheat and a "ore throat, which caused a great deal of , ?hort hacking, lymptom* of consumption, during my . paroxysm* of coughing, I railed con*iderable ulcerated and bloody matter ; 1 used medicine* of all kinds, without t. effect, and waa at length induced to make use of your f Extract of Iloarhound Candy, with the moat beneficial remit". A* 1 am not a resident of your city, for the gratifi- a cation of theae who may wish to make any inquiries c respecting my ca*e, 1 refer them to Mr*. Craft*, 19 Chri*. ,, tie-*trcet,who will furnish them with a full account of my ca*o. I give this certificate for the benefit of tho*e suffering . Your'*, with great respect, MRS. COOK. y To Meaar*. J. Pr.*?r. It Sox, 45 Division-street. y Agents :-Rushton and Aapinnall, 110 Broadway, and 2t 10 Astor House ; Owen, .1 Sixth Avenue ; Clark, corner 2' Hudson and Orove streets; Sands, corner Chambers- ' street and Broadway. Agents in Brooklyn:?Hay*, 139 Kulton-street; Mr*. Stites, 163 Fulton-street , Hamlly, 15 High-street; Crocker, comer Atlantic and Henry. Or?- m*s- CARROLL'S MEDICATED VAPOR Bath q 95 Conrtlandt street, are a safe, certain, and speedy cure for coughs, colds, sore throat, *wellhigof the glands, ' rheumatism, sliffue-s of the joints, ague and fever, and for ?,,,j urmi'j, tney are unequalled, open iiomfiA.M. till !) P. M. Sulphur Baths require* one hours notice. k CQ^TUAT TOAST, GIVEN TO THE PERSIDEN I, r. has kicked up quite a row, aril is admitted on all hand* to ft he a disgraceful attair. Thia In no wine appertain! to Lord Asnburton, or Lord Joha h?t, who, w ith his olfi- al -era, patronised the famous Segnr depot, known aa the ii Spanish House, No. 2*6 Broadway. s Lord Hay is an inveterate smoker, another Sir Walter at laleigh, and he showed his good sense in ordering a full npply lor his return voyage. All genuine lovers of a nn food segar will And this a good plant" to obtain the real a rticle, suitable for piesents to theii friends, or lor private ise. ci . 09' CHATHAM THEATRE.?Mr. Rice innouncca hi* name for a benefit, thia evening, and pretent* a moat attractive bill, couaiiting of hi* laughable farce of Hrre'a a Go the local extravaganza of Life in New York the farce of the Mummv. and the tilth act of the which Rice deliver* an extempore sermon oilmen sad manner*. Herald Bulletin of New*. The Herald Bulletin of New* U kept at the north-west corner of Fulton and Nassau street*. On the arrival of the morning mail*, at eight o'clock, A. M.?and also of the evening mails, at four o'clock, P. M., the latest intelligence trom all part* of the world, may be found on the Herald Bulletin Board, at this corner. Let everr wayfarer stop and read. Advertisements of all kinds taken at the ott.ce. Herald General Printing OlBca. The General Printing Office, capable of doing all so.-ts jl printing, such as books, pamphlets, bills, card* of all lescriDtious, is now open at the Herald Buildings, entravCe from Sassau street?Joseph Elliott, Printer. m MONEY MARKET. Friday, Sept. 0?? P. M. The sales at the Stock Board this morning have been, as usual, moderate, hut prices in some cases show a downward tendency. Illinois 6's fell $ percent; Delav Ire & Hudson J; Ohio 6's rose i; New York State 6's 1; Harlem | per cent. The Maryland Court of Frederick County, has dstar ??? iu levy a tax under the new income tex l?w. In Washington county no assessment wai made under the lew. The following ie a compart ire return of the aggregate cash assets and liabilitiei of the Bank* ot New Or leant on the -27th ult., at compared with the return of July 30. Banna or Ntw Oilusi. _ , ? July 30. sluguit 27. _ , I funk I. Jittttt. I.iab .dasrfs. l.iab. Bank of Louisiana. <01.997 382,892 314.862 150,453 Ctnal k Banking Co., 78,299 308.913 132.267 330,527 Ctri'l R B k Bk'u Co., 13,967 101,333 11,386 94,044 Oitilens' Bank, 301,870 1,163,492 230.886 1441,800 City Bank, 422,893 664,434 423,237 330,042 Commercial Baak, 243,736 427,307 287,697 406,362 Coutnlidalrd Ataocia'u, 298.027 391,603 289 968 316,097 Louiiian* Slate Bank. 698,030 777,(99 695,706 747,447 MechV k Traders'Bk, 273,117 249.105 239,816 230,348 Union Bank, 947,341 994,512 731,536 929.216 3.683,323 3,641,317 3.613,383 3,323,341 Thie gives a great increase in the business of the Bank of Louisiana, the only specie paying bank, the specie of which on hand had increased 33 \ percent, nothwithstand* ing its increased liabilities, showing incontestibly that honesty is no detriment to its real interest. The Bank of Penn Township, one of the suspended banks of Philadelphia, commenced the redemption of its demand notes in specie and specie funds, on Wednesday. The movements in Southern exchange are very limited, and prices do not materially vary. There is very little oi me demand, usual at this season, from people going south, and for the purchase of produce. The banks themselves, which utter the depreciated paper, and have informer years speculated in their own paper at the expense of the poor dupes that take it, have this year not the means to pursue that course to the same extent. On specie paying points the rates are at their minimum; on others there will probably be a greater depreciation when tho crops come forward. The rates to-day are as follows Cuaaaifr Rates or Bare Notes and Domestic Bills. Hank Nates. Exchange. Safety Fund Ha 1 Security Banks- 1 New England - Boston par U. 9. Bank 50 a60 IVnsylvania >*al6 Philadelphia- >|*r ik New Jersey %a 1>? Maryland- >?a 2 Baltimore par a Virginia- .. I a Richmond Ufa 1H North Carolina.- ? a 3 North Carolina- - 3 a 2 V Georgia la 2H Savannah l^alK Augusta l>?a 1* South Carolina.- 2>$a Charleston I Ha IX Florida ? a70 Apalachicola- - -.? a? Alabama 30 a31 Mobile 27 a2R Louisiana 6 a75 New Orleans- 1 a? Kentucky 2>?a 3 Louisville. 2 a T< nnessee 8 alO Nashville 5 a 0 i?i ississippi . ?eu awi Natchez a? Missouri 6 a 8 9t. Louis 2^? 3 Ohio 6 a R Cincinnati, 2jia 3 Indiana . i *6 3H* < Illinois a? ?? 60 *63 Michigan-...... 12 *15 Detroit 2J<a 5 Those rates for bills are, with the exception of Mobile, more moderate and uniform than at any time for a long period of years. They are more uniform than at any time under the administration of a Nasional Bank, notwithstanding that such an institution has been, and is, by some persons, considered indispensable to a uniformity of rates. That illusion is, however, fast passing from the public mind. A fall or rise in exchange is either real or artificial. It it real when excess of purchases at any one point have exhausted the produce o( its industry as a means of payment, and it becomes neeessary to have resort to its stock of specie to discharge the balance. In that case tire exchange rises sufficiently to cover the cost of transport" irg the specie, which moves forward until the debt is nal.l ? - , mcu iuu iiacK generally Deiow par. Exchanges are artificial when excess of purchases having caused a demand for specie at any point, the banks there located, instead ol paying the specie, suspend their payments. The irresistible law of trade then requires their bills to be sold to brokrrsor others who have specie, in order that it may be remitted. The bills thus sold iar- ' mediately depreciate, according to the quantity of tlem that the bank has put afloat, and the extent of the demand or specie for shipment. This rate of depreciation, which is absurdly called the rate of exchange, may reach any price. At Mobile it has been as low as 40 per cent discount. The whole difficulty arises, first, from buying too much, and secondly, from the defalcation of the banks. Vow, a National Bank, to remedy this matter effectually, must either prevent the over purchases, or those purchases being made, it must pay the balance itsol f. It has been alleged that the National Bank, by controling the local banks through its branches, checks their proneness to over action, and thereby to induce over purchases. The operations of the bank may be illustrated by the action of a well known house in Wall street prior :o 1830. Merchants from all sections of the country in those years came to New York, and bought goods to an imount, regulated less by the actual sales that they could make, than by the extent of the credit that they obtained from their local banks. These merchants bought of the I'earl street houses goods for which they gave heir long dated bills, payable at their own banks. These notes were discounted by the house in question for cub, if no longer Lhan 00 days to run, er for their note at 60 days, if four naonthstorun. These notes to the extent of $400,000 per month, were remitted, say to Richmond, Va., for collection; as they matured at the Branch Bank there, they all -ol.! ?l? VIII- -r.l.- l 1 ?' ~ ?.? a la mid uikia u? luc iucai i limits, coniieqtieiuiy throwing a large balance againit them into the handi of the branch. Thia balance drawn in specie, constantly kept them in check, and in the power of the branch bank. The branch then remitted to the branch here, which beramc the governing power, and waa itaalf subject to no sontrol but that arising from the foreign demand for ape. :ie. The local banka being kei* in contiol by the branch were obliged to be cautious in their loana to dealert; they ,>eing restricted in credits,bought leas, and in consequence, be I'earl street house* imported less, which again diminshed the foreign demand for coin. Thia was appa-ently a healthy operation, but the regulator itself a as subject to no control but its own will and pleasure, ind the foreign exchange. The high tariff of 1828 first itopped that demand by prohibiting imports. The United States Bank being thus relieved of all control, doubled its liscounta In two years, or raised them from 31 to !<o ?,uuu,uju. i nn in tne same degree relaxed ita con. :rol over all the local banki, which increaicd their cans $126,000,000 in the aame time. Thii raiaeil prices o such a degree a* to nullify the high dutiei, and incrcaie mporti, reproducing a demand for coin, and leading to lie revulaion of 1836. At that period credit! were obtained ibroad from London houiei, which poitponed the specie lemand until 1837, when iti accumulation waa ao great aa o break down everything. After that, State atocka b?-ame the medium of foreign credit, which becoming djslonored, have now left the country without foreign erelit in any shape. Now, however, a new prohibition tariff las been created, and were the baaka now in the aame portion ai formerly, would bring about the same effect, lilt the banking system has now been crushed. The ixpaasive pow or has been so crippled that it is beyond the tower of the taritf again to put it in action; and the disastrous effects of a prohibitive tariff will weigh upon ommerce with its full force, destroying trida and deriving the government of ita revenue. Sale* at the Stock Richange, p00 Illinois 6'*, 1870, I8K IflBostfcProv, 83* 10 N York 7's, 1849, 101K 100 Long Iilsnd, MX 00 Ohio 6's. I860 , 73* 200 Hsrlrm RR, 3d IMS 100 N Vorh 4's, 1870 , 82V 123 do c 14* WI0 do 7's, 1842, 181* 100 Ho hW '? ?4 Del Ir Hudson, 84* 400 do _ 4* 11 do t3d. &3* 40 Ho slO 3* U do ?30d. 84 100 do sj 14H 10 Ohio Si Trust, 63 Ml New Jersey, 10 Mohawk Hit, 38* 14* do sl?msM Second Board. 13 Harlem KR, sj 16 40 ? , do '? J? ,0 do 16 40 Mohawk. ?"> '? State of Trawle. We cannot notice any improvement in the general mareta. Commercial affairs seem to be *""}^, ?7hrXnur i. The operatien of the new tariff will tend to check our n eign intercourse. ? , . isAes?The demand ia quite inactive. P " J' * t *6 76, which ia a decline, though held at $6 87 a $6 W4 i some roar*. ? . . , Weeswox-Bales of Southern yellow have been made at imethi'ig over Wc, cash. Co?/?Hales of 046 tons coarse New Pastiest 6 i< BUIF ion iuiuiipm r*rw vnwic, lunirivc, jio wo, 1 mo*, id cummon Liverpool $fl, 4 raoi. Cotton?Anticipations of hotter prices in Rngland have umoii an increased demand both for export and for hama