Newspaper of The New York Herald, September 13, 1842, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated September 13, 1842 Page 2
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?? , ^???M NEW YORK HERALD \?u> V?rk v ?l-Illr?lblT 13. |H|'4. To the Bntluita and Trading Pabllc. I The decay of political excitement, an 1 the revival of a j soun 1 business 1.1 every circle of the community, " marital, that il b -gini to re.idar sjm; iw* rronifemonu on our part necesssry, in order to meet the natural in create of advertisers and readers. First of Reader* and Subscribers?All penont, lami net, stores, or shops that are suppliel with the IIi:m?ld t>j Newsboys, can he mora re'ul irly served l>y our city carriart. If such persons an I others will leave their uaaaet and nu nhera at thilo ti e, tbey will tuppliel more regularly in this way. From the facility given us by ou last an I be ni'ifnl nn. u.n >rv, a 11 a co nplete internal orsanitation we can turp.>?, in tlaia retpect, uny paper in the city. Subscribers pay thu carnert weekly or monthly. . Second, at to Alvertitert All advortisert und person , in trade will |> to nan I in their advertisements to thu ortice, uor:h-we?t corner of Fulton and Nassau meets, as early in each evening as pott,hie. The great crowd ot advertiting now in ourcolumnt renders this necesaary. Every advertiser should come to the ottice in perton, or ten I a trust.worthy agent. This it the best way. We have thought it useful to the public to give them notice, because, in consequence of our great circulation, being thirty thouiand (which it greater than that of an\ i wo papers in the city), the Herald is becoming the principal advertising vehicle for all the wants, wishes, and operations in society. JAV1ES GORDON BENNETT, tfortk Weil Comer of Fallon and JVansau streets. The Great Contest.?The elements are in motion from New York to Buffalo, relative to the next election in this State. Conventions have been held by both patties ; candidates have been selected, and clubs are forming all over the State, but particularly in this city. The democrats are making the most of the events that have occurred during the last year; particularly the failure o( the wings to curry out their proposed measures?all except the tariff; and have made a great deal ot capital out of their incapacity to conduct the affairs of government, or to have the lend in Congress. It seems now, on the other hand, that the Whigs mean to try?at least during the Presidential election?the old sing-song game which carried "Ti|>pecanoe and Tyler too" into the Presidential chair. The hard cider system cannot be so effectually carried out, because so many temperance societies have sprung into existence since then ; and, like Sandy Welsh, many of the wliigs have "joined." So that there will be a great conflict between the antagonist principles of the two parties. However, they have got out their song books for a commencement, and we here give a sample o( their best songs:? Clear the Way for Harry Clay. Tint?" Little pigt Ian," !'< What has cause! this agitation, Tatiou, tution, ourfoes betray 7 It is the ball a rolling on, To clear the way for Henry Clay, To clear the way for Henry Clay, For with him we can beat any man, man, Man, of the Van Buren clan, * For with him we can beat any man. Mechanics cry out for protection, 'Taction, 'tectiou, and bless the day That set the ball a rolling on To clear the way for Henry Clay, To clear the way for Henry Clay, For with him, Sic. The merchautssay there'll be no mcney, Money, money, their debts to pay, Until the ball that's rolling on, Has cleared the way for Henry Clay, For with him, Sic. The formers say there'll be no market, Market, market, for catlleor hay, Until the ball that's rolling on Has cleared the way for Henry Clay, . For with him, Sic. From all professions comes the cry, Cry,cry, speed the day, When this good ball that's rolling on, Shall clear the way for Henry Clay, For with him, &c. The great, the small, the short, the tall, Tall, tall, shall heave away, To keep this ball a rolling on, Andclearthe way for Henry Clay, For with him, Stc. Let honest locos stand from under, Under, under, without delay, Join in with us to roll the ball, That clears the way for Henry Clay, For with him, Sic. We see the ladies on us, smiling, Smiling, smiling, in their sweet way, One word irom them would lie enough, For Van or Clay to clear the way? We know they'll givf that word for Clay, For with him,Sic. We've spread our banner to the breeze, Breeze, breeze, and it shall stay Until the ball that's rolling on, Has cleared the way for Henry Clay, kor with him, Sic. Come, all true hearted patriots, rally, (tally, rally, your strength display, Doubt not the ball that's rolling now Shall clear the way for Henry Clay, Shall clear the wav for H -,,rv r.l?? For with hiii, Ac. Harry and Home Protection. Tvnc?Rosin Ike Bow. Come all ye bold lade of old '40, Who rallied 'round Tippecanoe, And give ua you' hearts and your voices, For Harry the noblo and true. Come show the whole world that our spirit Is up again, " sartain and sum And push right ahead for our Harry, Great Harry?the honest and pure. Come forth; one and all, to the battle, Determined the country to save ; And strike for the Farmer of Ashland, For Harry, the great and the brave. A leader is he who ne'er failed us, So now we will give him our best ; Then shout for the friend of Home Labor, The patriot, Hal ot the West. For Protection ho ever has struggled? His coat you will find igUiome-mado ' He goes dead against the snirvation That comes with one-sided free trade. So for home, and home's friend, let's huzza, And never give over the fight. Till the corporal's guard and the Locos, Are put to inglorious (light. We're engaged forthe war, and we'll " go it!" You need'nt believe we'll back out! Forthe flag of bold Harry is flying, An l " lurry an l llome," we will shoat ! 1 Kor Harry'i the name we delight in? O'er mountain and plain lei it llow ; Kor as true a* you live, if we falter, To ruin we surely must go A Settin' In the Chair. Tuna?Sitlin' on a RailWhen ily Van left the chair of etate, And Tyler he slipped in by fate, He swore he'd make us rich and great, By settin' in the chair ; By settin' in the chair, By settin' in the chair, And presiding o'er the land. But soon as he the great seat took, To the State kitchen he sent a book, And told what meats he'd have them cook, While settin' in the chair ; While settin' in the ohair. While settin' in the chair, And presiding o'er the land. Our state cooks moved about quite pat, ano seut long Tithis dish anil that : He crossed his legs and " cut it tat, While settin'in the chair ; Wh.U in (V... nk.i. While settin' in the chair, And ruling o'er the roaat. But our state cook* Vegan to *ee, That the ucople through thu vait country, All wanted food a* well a* he, That loafed within the chair i That loafed within the chair, That loafed within the chair, That loafed within the chair, And ruled the nation'* rcait So finding people growing lank, Tbey cooked a dish called the State Bank, And aent John Ti a slice, quite frank, To taste within the chair ; To ta*te within the chair, To ta?te within the chair, And approve the people's dish. It made Ti's gouty stomach sick, He " threw it up," and sent it hack, Saying, the folk* shan't have a di?h so track," While I in the chair : While i lit in the chair, While 1 lit in the chair, I'll ?ay what they "hall cat. A chief cook rmoil an earthen tray, Made of the heat Kentucky Clay, Crying, " in thi? kitchen 1 won't ?tay, While he aita in the chair , While be aita in the chair, While he liti in the chair, To iay wh it folki thall eat.'' " Ere I yield to hii itomach'i whim, To cook the people'! righu for him, I'll leave the kitchen, aink oriwim, While he *it? in the chair ; While he liti in the chair, While he ?it? in the chair, To apoil the poopie'i fore 1 Now, this bold patriotic cook, Known all our nation's cooking lx>ok , And up to him the people look, To gain their long lost fare ; To gnin our long lust fare, To gain our long loit fare, To gain our long lost fare, We'll place him in the chair 1 tiese songs are not so good as those sung during the hard cider campaign. But even the songs of 1841) will not do without money. We must have money. And we must have it from a distance. We have none to spare here. The United States Bank is dead. The Baltimore Fire and Life Company, and the North American Trust Company, are both gone; there is no money in the Southern banks; and therefore the western banks must help us. Songs will not do without silver. Therefore, gentlemen financiers of the west, send on the specie to New York if you wish Henry Clay to be elected. Grumbling.* op the Old Clo' Party.?The '"Sun," penny paper, has been in spasms for several days, in consequence of its declining circulation, its diminishing advertising, and its general bad health and approaching dissolution. Accordingly, under the advisement of Noah, it begins to vent its spite on the Herald, and to return to its old lies and its natural untruths. The aggregate daily and weekly circulation of the Sun is now reduced to 19,00#?about 10,000 less than that of the Herald. This fact we know just as well as Beach does. It is also principally circulated among poor people?few real men of business. The only windfall that has saved the Sun thus far, is the post office advertising, which at our request and solicitation, (done too from charitable purposes) Col. Graham gave it,to keep its head above water a little while longer, and to see what it could do tor Captain Tyltr. Since that event it has taken Noah, an old hack,roul in politics, into pay, and publishes ing paper, which it modestly sells first tor a penny in the morning, and then for two cents in the afternoon. The only thing that saves the Sun is the post office pap, for which it has become the mere organ of a rhijuc of old clo' politicians, with Noah at their head, who only use the Sun and Beach, as stepping stones to their oldolfices in the Custom House. Almost every day the Little Iiiddle has to till his vacant columns with the post office letters, or silly love stories?besides selling as waste paper, large quantities of both'Union and Sun. The fact is, Beach has burst his boiler by his Ulster and Jacksonville shinplaster operations?his steamboat speculations?his oil spe. culations?and he is now settling dawn an old miserable hack of a politician, with Noah for his foreman, to teach him all his exploded rogueries. To vent their spleen, in fear of this destiny, Noah and Beach attempt to depreciate the Herald, and to underrate our vast and increasing circulation. These chaps may bark as much as they please, but we shall see both out at the elbows and out of existence. Their only support now is a little Treasury pap, for which they are indebted to us, and to which they are perfectly welcome as long as they behave. But they won't behave. Noah has killed six papers in New York, and he will kill the Sun, and close his career. Noah once conducted the " National Advocate," and it died. He conducted the "New York National Advocate," and it died. He conducted the "New v?,l ? or,.i ;< ;? i.?,i i....... ??i.i it would have died also. He conducted the " New York Courier and Enquirer," and it would have died if Webb had not kicked him out of the concern. He conducted the "Evening Star," and it died, besides using up the "New York Times" by a side wind. In fact every paper that Noah has been connected with, has died a natural death, from want of principle, want of talent, want of industry, want of tact, want of genius. He has murdered more newspapers than any man of his age. He is a perfect newspaper-killer, and he will soon be the death of the silly Sun, and its evening edition, called the Union. The Sun is setting?its circulation sinking ?its advertising going?its influence nothing. ? Horace Greeley, the amiable galvanised squash of the nineteenth, the patron of all sorts of humbug, has at length turned a wit and humorist, and in his programme of the procession yesterday, li>erpetrates the following excruciating thing :? The Great Natoleos ot the liberal Newspapers, Squill* and Itch Ointment, (blowing, ol course.) Banner?Portrait* of Jama* Gordon Bennett, LL. D., Joe Smith and ("apt. Tyler, the great masterspirit* of the Nineteenth Century. Motto?' Take a Herald! or a Lancet 1 of an Arti.a 7? No ? Then have some of my Sarsaparilla, or Life-Tills. Honorable secrecy at my College of Tharmacy. Any thing to earn a bawbee, you know.' Le J tun Editeur, in a crib, by turns sucking a bottle and squalling. Motto?" Oreat cry and little wool " Po. We can ?asily account for these itchings, but particularly the fling at the " young editor."? Horace Greeley has been four years in the traces, hut has no young aditor yet, not even a young squash to put in a crib. He has been trying all the virtues of brown bread, cold water, but still no young editor squalls or sucks a bottle. Perhaps if he would take a bottle of that itch ointment, or sarsaparilla, or life pills, he might succeed in getting a young squash at most. As to the motto, we have no objection. According to all accounts, the motto at the breakfast table of the Graham House in Barclay street, where Horace vegetates, is " Little cry and plenty of wOol." Death of Mrs. Tyler.?We deeply regret to hear that this amiable lady, wife of the President of the United States, expired at the White House, on Saturday evening, after a protracted illness. Her remains will leave Washington on Tuesday, for interment at the family mansion in Virginia Upon the annunciation of this melancholy event at the immense meeting in the Park yesterday, it cast a gloom over the whole assembly, which was immediately adjourned, in testimony of respect for their Chief Magistrate. The Ashburton Dinner.?We find the following in the "Montreal Commercial Messenger." It sho?s that even foreigners entertain more respect for the Chief Magistrate of this country than some who claim to be native horn:? " Previous to his departure from New York, Lord Ashburton was feasted by a couple of hundred of the citizens, who vied with each other in their demonstrations of respect to the empire. They had the very bad taste, however, to show a glaring mark of disres|>ect to theirown Chief Magistrate,at the drinking of whose health none rose from their seats, while all cheered when the health of Queen Victoria was proposed. Lord Ashburton and the British officers present, when the Presidential toast was given, rose to cheer, but seeing themselves alone, they immediately resumed their seats. The circumstance could scarcely fail to make the guests very uncomfortable during the evening." Two Days Later from Havana.?Capt. Remingi..n Pkil.J.ui.:. ?- a 1... :? 1VM nlI?iu a. ? uuwicl|'ll in, Ull UUHlia) CUCUJIIg, in the Elizabeth, bringing pajiers to the 29th ult. The market was dull for American produce. Coffee was looking up, but Sugars were plenty, much of the last crop being ye; on hand, and a decline expected Miutary ArrotNTMKvr.?Colonel G?orge Clinton Beekinan, has been appointed Aid-de-Camp to Major General Jatnes Arlington Bennett, of the Nauvoo Legion. Colonel Beekman is grand son to General George Clinton, late Vice President of the United States, and for many years Governor of the State of New \ ork. The Colonel ia one ot the most noble looking officers in the State, and a Clinton, every inch o( him. We hope Ins military prowess and valor will correspond with his other apparent ipialities. The military array of the Mormons is increasing rapidly. Everything is<tuiet at Nauvoo, and Joe Smith is going ahead like a steamboat. A Modern Othello. ?A mulatto, at Liverpool, refuses to support his wife because one of his children was of a lighter color than suited hia jealous fancy. The court where he was arraigned verv p?rlv mulcted him. ;> Col. Hunbary, of H. B. M.VOTth llegiment ' boa vriYedut tluacity. I The Procession Yesterday.?The crowded state I of our columns compels us to be very brief on tin:* (>oint. Suffice it to say that we were agreeably disappointed. It was one ot the most interesting sights we ever witnessed in this or any other city. There were, at least, 4<M)0 persons in the procession, which at one time was two miles long. All was orderly, quiet, respectable and dignified, and all (mstied off in the most harmonious manner. The crowd of spectators was so great?over 10,000 ?that the procession could not form in the Park. It left in detatchments and formed in Chatham Square and street. The National Banner was at the head. Then a band of music; two fine military companies; an omnibus, drawn by ten horses, tnluind, with a tlag ol the names of all ha Presidents. Then a banner, inscribed? oooooo 0000000000900 oodooo O 0 o An Insult to the o o o o PRESIDENT, o O 0 o Is an Insult to thf o o o o NATION. o o o 0003000000000000000000000 Then came the Nation, represented by twenty-six carriages, each drawn by white horses, and each containing four ladies and a little boy ; there was a ll isr on each carriage with the name of the State, ! and each boy held a flag called the "Rejected Toast.' I The ladies were, most of them, very handsome, and young, and were all blood relations, wives, daughters, Arc , of the gentlemen composing the Committee. It was a new feature?a beautiful sight, and no mistake. Each carriage had an escort of two gentlemen on white horses. This arrangement of ladies was to show the harmony, beauty and simplicity of our form of government. After thein came the fire companies, two more military companies, the Spartan Hand, with a beautiful banner, all looking remarkably well. Then several private carriages, led by postmaster Graham in a carnage. Then some hundreds on horseback, and several on foot, although the day was hot. We were agreeably disappointed. The whole thing was admirably arranged. We do not approve qf ladies in processions, but this was most capitally managed and told well. After a long tour through the city, the procession retured to the Park, where 10,000 people were assembled, and hundreds of well dressed ladies. Daniel Jackson, Esq. was appointed Chairman, and several Yice Presidents. Mr. Locke read an address. The following resolutions were then read and passed, amid loud cheering, and 26 cheers for John Tyler, President of the United States:? Resolved, That certain occurrence* at the Treaty Banquit given to Lord Ashhurton, the Special Knvoy and Minister Plenipotentiary of Great Britain, at the Astor House, in the City of New York, on the'id of September, lSlj, were of a character and importance that should arrest the attention of the whole American people, and call forth a universal expression of indignation. Resolved, That when, on that occasion, the American national toast, " Tho President of the United State*," wns received with contemptuous silence, broken only hy derisive laughter, or other expression* ol disreapect, while the British national toast, " The Queen of Great Britain," was drank with exultation and reiterated cheer*, en insult was offered to the Chief Magistrate of our country and government, which we are bound, a* Americans and Republicans, to repel, in justice at once to him, to ourselves, to to our government, and to our country. Resolved, That all who actively participated in the infliction of that insult, are by that act personally disgraced, rendered unworthy of the American name, and deserving of public execration. Resolved, That all who passively participated in the infliction of that insult, by not protesting against it, or otherwise repelling it, are guilty of a gross dereliction of duty as American citizens. Resolved, That it was the duty of every good citizen who was present when that insult was given, cither to protest against it, to the person presiding on the occasion, or to leave the scene of so gross an outrage. Resolved, That in this last dastardly attack upon the President, we see the progres of a systematic attempt on the pattof his malignant opponents, and prosecuted through two successive sessions of Congress, to destroy the Executive department of the government, and to bring it under the control of a faction, fatal to the liberty of the people. Resolved, That we will sustain the Executive depart ment, whosoever may administer it, and will preserve it inviolate, with every other wise provision in our glorious constitution, for the"benefit of future generations. Resolved, That we solemnly deny that proceedings at the Treaty Dinner given to Lord Ashburton, at the Astor House, on the 3d Inst., in the name of the " merchants and citizens of New York," meet with the approbation of our citizens, except so far as they may be deemed justly complimentary to the distinguished representative of the British nation and the American Secretary of State, for so happily contributing their aid to heal the rankling differences iietween two nations of kiudrod origin, language ami population. Resolved, That we solemnly protcat to Great Britain, Franee and all other nations, the insults offered to our President on that occasion, are not approved by the people of the United States, but excite and will continue to call forth their utmost indignation ; that they were the acts of the internal enemies of our form of government and republican freedom ; whose opinions, objects and policy, we verily "believe to be identical with those of the old Federrl party and its political descendants, who snoercd at our country's victories, ridiculed its valor and treacherously hoiited blue lights to conduct the ships of the enemy into our harbors, to lay waste our cities and pillage our citizens. Resolved, That a correct description of the proceedings of the citizens of New York thisuay, in their procession, and this concluding public meeting, be published in the London Times and Paris Constitutionel, as well as in several journnls of this city and Washington. Resolved, That we solemnly protest against the omission of the name of the President of the United States, at that dinner, as the American contracting rarty to the Treaty of Washington ; the President and Senate being the only authorities to national treaties known to the Constitution ; and we consider this omission the more invidious and disgraceful, because it is well known that President Tyler exercised great sagacity, ability and indefatigable enerirv. in the nroirress ami modification of that treaty, frem' its commencemant to its gratifying consummation. At the moment of the termination of the regular proceedings, the melancholy tidings of the death of the lady of President Tyler was announced to the meeting, and was received by the immense mass in perfect silence, and with that becoming respect due the announcement of such an afflicting Providential dispensation, and, therefore, the meeting immediadjourned, which deprived several distinguished orators from addressing the multitude. Commissary General Henry Storms fired a Presidential aalute of twenty-six guns at the Arsenal, at sun-down, with a brass piece taken by Commodore Decatur at Tripoli. A Stravukr in Town.? The influx of strangers here during the last few weeks has been very great; not only from Europe and the most celebrated parts of this country,but we have lately had a distinguished arrival from the Croton Darn. One of the leather factories in Ferry street yesterday finding their water stopped applied to the Commissioners; one of Hie latter made an excavation where the main connects with the house pipe, and in the cock they found an eel three feet long, that had travelled all the way from the Croton Dam. This must be seen to. If we pay for water, don't give us eels into the bargain. What next shall we find in the Croton water or in the cocks connected with it. (jt$- The Prize Fioht between Cris Lilly and Tom McCoy, comes of! this day. Several thousand .U_ 1. 1 -1 1 Kiaitcu u|'VII Mir [rsuil, I1I1II IIHUISttndS will be there to see the " mill." A full report tomorrow. From Canada.?Governor's Message.?The Canadian Parliament met at Kingston, on the 7th inst. Sir Charles Bagot has sent" in his massage, from which we extract the two following extracts, being all that is of the least interest to this country:? " 1 rejoice that 1 ain able to acqnaint you that a treaty between Great Britain and the United States, has been signed on the |>art of Her Majesty, and since ratified by the Federal Senate, by which the important questions affecting this province ; and the United States have been ad|usted. From this happy settlement. the ratification of wnich by Her Malesty I hope soon to be able to announce to you, I augur the most favorable consequences to the province in the maintenance of peace, the restoration of confidence, and the devotion of lire Undivided energies of its inhabitants to the internal advancement, and the developemest of the vast resources of the country. i nese have been among Her Majesty'schief objects in the negociation of thy* treaty ; and I am commanded by the (|ueen to state to you that no wish is nearer to her Majesty's heart than that, under her rule and protection of her Crown, all her faithful subjects in Canada, may rest in unindisturbed peace: may feel themselves to he one people with 1 their fellow subjects in the British islands; and may increase in wealth, prosperity and contentment, founded on the possession and rational enjoyment of a tree and essentially British constitution. 1 . BY THE SOUTHERN MAIL. Baltimore. [Cotreiltomlence of the Herald. J Baltimore, Sept. 12, 1842. Mit. Editor At the uslicring in of thin ever memorable day? glorious in the annals of the American history? there was sent up from the mouths of those war gods belonging to the Junior Artillerists a gladsome welcome, which seemed to make old nature trem ble. This day twenty-eight years ago our fathers were in arms to defend their home from the invasion of a foreign foe, and now, at this very moment, a remnant of them are in Monument Square, preparing to commemorate the victory given by the God of liatUcs and chastened by the soldier s blooo. rings are Hying in every direction, drums are already beating, and the military are preparing for parade. Our city exhibits a more jnspirating and lovely aspect than it has for many months. A large number of strangers have come in, attracted by the anniversary celebration, as also the Democratic State Convention being held for the purpose of maturing plans, Arc. In consulting with a gentleman irom Washington yesterday, one who is well acquainted with cabinet secrets, I learned that in all probability the resignations of Messrs. Forward and Spencer would be forthcoming the present week. Daniel does not purpose giving up his place just at present; he wants a little more time for consideration. The Hon. Thomas Marshall, of Kentucky, made a temperance sj>eech in the Square, on Saturday evening, to an immense concourse of hulies and gentlemen. He was eloquent, truly so. It was one of the most sensible discourses upon the subject that 1 ever listened to. All that sickening stupidity which characterizes so many of the temperance addresses, was left out. lie snoke about an hour, during which time hardly an individual left the ground. He is unquestionably a great man?great above all things in independence of character. A man named Robert Perry, aged about 30, fell front the deck of the steamboat Columbia into the hold, on Saturday night last, and broke his neck. He had acted in the capacity of watchman. The Front street theatre, under the management of Mr. Willard, has opened with one of tne best companies we have had in Baltimore for many years. I am srlstci to that our favorite \1i?n T>?p lh<? py. quisite danseust, is engaged. She has improved much, both in dancing and appearance. Her favorites in Baltimore, as in other cities, are numerous. She is a pet. A variety of balls and amusements are advertised for to-night. We have a complete mixture of gaity and patriotism, together with a most beautiful and favorable day. Yours, Roderick. Philadelphia. [Correipondence of the Herald.] Philadelphia, Sept. 12,1842. Thr Ins nrvl the Outs at the Custom House?Firemen's Riot?Arrival of Emigrants, <$*'' This morning Thomas S. Smith, Esq., President of the Common Council of th? city,and late a member of the Legislature, was duly qualified in office as Collector of the Port, in the place of Jonathan Roberts removed. This is the first gun at Henry Clay from the Executive encampment, and has already done serious havoc in the ranks of the Clay forces. Eight or ten were found'headless last night, and before the ball loses its force I have no doubt three or four times the number will be found in the same decapitated condition. The turned gentlemen will meet with little sympathy, they having without cause so recently taken the places of men equally if not more competent than themselves. It is but returning the poisoned chalice to their own lips Mr. S is an active, intelligent man, and I have no doubt will make an efficient officer. A night inspec tor, with one leg, turned out by Mr iberti for being ? M, i. This shows him to be not witln '-fling at any rate. There was another disgrace riot among the firemen on Saturday night up t< Several persons were severely injured on -ides, and it is said that some were woundeil hots fired from muskets. Fire arms of some kind, it is asserted positively, were nsed by the belligerents One of the members of tbe Independence, named Henry Painter, was injured by being knocked down upon the curbstone. Another member of the same company, named Thomas Kni| e, was arrested by the watchman, but afterwards released on bail. The bark Philada arrived at this port yesterday morning, with 168 passengers! This number is made up of families, old and young, who are on their way almost all of tliem, to the far west- The most of them have brought money enough with them to buy ns much land as they can till, and all of them have hale and hearty constitutions, and a will to work. Their money adds to the nation's wealth; bu. their industry more. .Such emigrants are ever welcome to our shores. The bark, we noticed, was injured in her main mast,whether from the effects of a gale, or otherwise, I could not learn. This is an excessively hot day. At the stock board little was done. New Orleans. [Correspondence of the Herald.] New Orleans, Sept. 4,1842. New Cotton?Banks?Duel?Religion?Mexico? Yellow Fever. Sir :? We have had another dull week, ending our commercial year on 1st September instead ot 1st Oct., as was formerly the custom. Commercial operations since my last, has been of no account. New cotton is arriving every day?2500 bales have been received this season?about 1500 sold at 7 to 9jc Few buyers in market. Flour is dull at $4 25. In the absence of buyers, Exchange is scarce and the rates have improved?on London 4J per cent prem. New York, OOdays, 1 per cent, dis.; sight 1 per ct. prem Banknotes generally have improved. Citizens'flat at 40 to 45 per cent dis. This Bank was sued by the Attorney General tor the Jorteiture of its charter, but when the trial came on, two days since, it was found some informality existed in the proceedings and he has to commence anew. The Commissioners of the Atchafalaya are about commencing suit against the President, Cashier and all the Directors wno have been in office at any time the last four years, for mal-adnnnistration of its affairs. It is said the Secretary of State has written, on the part of the Government, to the teller at Havana, that he tnav return and give evidence in the suit, and he shall not be molested. Some new developments will be made when this trial is had, of the singular manner in fwhich banking business hasbeen conducted in this city. The Consolidated Dank hns come within the requisition of the law, by obtaining specie. She has improved her condition very much in the last three months. Mr. Collins, of the Advertiser, who was shot last Sunday in a duel, is likely to recover. The intended duel last Monday did not take place, the parties having been bound over to keep the peace. I, regret to say the controversy between Bishop Blanc and the wardens of the church of St. Louis yet rages w itli unabated violence. The French papers are fi led with accounts of sessions, resolutions, pastot il letters, and quotations of canon laws, <fcc. A gra id canvocation of the clergy has been had here to advise with the bishop, who insists, in his last pastoral letters, on the appointment of Mr. Ronselin as cur?, but is willing to refer the matter to his Holiness at Rome for his ultimate decision. An election of churchwardens for the ensuing year is to take place to-morrow, and a preat excitement exists aDout u. it is to he ho|?ed the new wardens may meet the views of the bishop, and refer the matter to the Pope for his decision, and thus put an end to this unhappy diflieujty. Late arrivals front Mexico represent that Santa Anna was making formidable preparations to invade Texas by sea. One of his new steamers had arrived from England; he had a large body of troops, and transports ready to convey them. 1 he steamer Merchant arrived from Galveston yesterday, but brings no news The yellow fever is now considered as epidemic here, but it is of a very mild type, nnd yields readily to treatment, and excites no alarm, even among what ure called the unacclimated persons. The new cases are 15 to 20 daily, while tne deaths are but two or three, and we have good reason for expecting to escape the scenes of 1839 and 1841. _ The weather is fine and pleasant, with cool nights, j and is not considered unfavorable to health. Yours, Louisiana. OC^Thk New Jersey Railroad charged last week !?2 50 for the locofoco delegates going to I ronton and back again. This week they charge the wings ,?tl tor the same ride and back. How is this 1 Ar? the locofocra the boys with the money now-a days? Has (he credit system entirely exploded ? Where's "two dollars a day and roast beef?" Sharon Sprinos?f?t'nnino ? Somebody has sent us a certificate of the virtues of Sharon Sprinirs, given by " Dr. Bedford, professor of midwifery and diseases of women and children in the University of New York " Who will give 11s a certificate of Dr. Bedford ? We cannot take his paper without a good endorser. Govkkhor Seward visited the Egyptian Tombs yesterday, and was escorted through the City Prison by Colonel Jones, the keeper, and invited to a scat on the bench of the Court of Sessions, where he remained during the trial of a ' small potatoe" cause. riociETY at St. Lotus -St. Louis is now .almost daily the theatre of robberies and murders. A very large gang of thieves infest that city. Some of them robbed a house, and in doing it entereil two rooms where five stout men were sleeping, and took all their coats 'rom over their heads. The St. Lo-m papets threaten terrible and summary vengeance on the first that are caught; und we should not be surprised to hear of some horrid and bloody Lynch law scenes being shortly enacted in that city. Another Patriot.?We are informed, on the authority of John Anthon, Esq., that Philip Hone, on the Presidential toast being given, rose up on his feet, and was ready to cheer. _ Philip Hone, with some wrong points in politics, is generally right in tact and gentlemanly conduct. Savannah Election.?The democratic ticket in Savannah has been elected by an average majority of 111. Gain since the last election 211. A New Feature.?The "Buffalo Commercial Advertiser," has added a new feature to their paper; and now chronicles the births that take place in that city. Squash Greely is going to follow suit. Change of Name in a Town?We find in the Ohio jiapersthe official legislative act changing the name of Portland to Sandusky. The act takes effect on and after the 1st Oct. inst. General Bennett will confer a special favor on many of lus readers, it he will state his opinions upon the following propositions, to wit:? I.?Will the President remove the present incumbents of the Surveyorship and Naval Olfice of this port 1 If he does remove them, will M. M. Noah te appointed to fill the first vacancy T II.?How many, and who, are the candidates for the above-mentioned offices! III.?How long will Edward Curtis remain Collector of this Port ? IV.?How long has Redwood Fisher professed to believe in William C. Bouck and the " Democratic Platform 1" Zebra. Answer.?Really we don't know. Ask Noah? ask Redwood?ask any one?but don't ask us. Catholic Quarrel at New Orleans.?Bishop Blanc has accepted the proposition of the churchwardens, to refer the difficulties at issue between them (growing out of the appointment of Mr. Bousselm, as cure of the church of St. Louis,) to be settled by the holy see at Rome. Canal between the Atlantic and Pacific.?A Mexican paper states that the commissioners for surveying the route of a canal between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans, through Tehuantepec, had reported favorably to the grand enterprise. The Lead Minks.?The last Galena Gazette says:?We learn from the Inspector of the Mines of the United States, Capt. Win. H. Bell, of the Ordnance Department, that there has been over 300 leases already granted to miners by the Superintendant, and that he has now applications for 200 more, that there has been made te him returns for nearly two millions of pounds of mineral, under the new system since May last The Wiskonsan whig states, that it is in contemplation to sink two shafts in the mines at Mineral Point and Punuque, each 1,500 feet deep, to test the question in relation to the under bodies of mineral supposed to exist in the mineral region MinLo's?The Ravels appear this evening in a 1 liable Vaudeville, and the new piece of Mazuluie. The Gardens were full last night,and the performances went off with great spirit. Gibbins had a good house on Saturday; Ramette and Ribasgave a duett from Norma superbly. Chatham Theatre.?To-night will be performed the Butchers of Ghent, " Victorine," and Life in New York. Certainly an attractive bill at low prices. 0&- There was a perfect crowd of beauty and fashion at the AmericanMuseum yesterday, and last eveniug. There are double attractions this week, Winched the comic delineator and imitator, and Hartington the ventriloquist and magiciun, being both engaged; besides, Mrs. Hood the pretty vocalist, Celeste, the dansucse; the mysterious Ciipsy Girl, Albino Lady, A'c. This favorite resort will always be fully attended, while such attractions are put forth for 25 cents. Performances twice a day. Odd.?In our exchange papers, we lately noticed the following marriages, which we re-publish under appropriate heads:? Goins Ahead.?Mr. John Going, to Mrs. A. Head. All Right.?Mr. Levi All, to Miss Jane Wright. Short and Suxet.?Mr. James Short, to Miss Erneline Sweet. A Qi'eer Tail.?In old times, it is said, there was a comet, that had a tail so long that it reached half way across the sky, and on the end was written in Greek, lobe continued. (XT' PEASE'S CANDY?ITS MARCH IS ONWARD Vi:w York, August 'iS, 1843. Gentlemen?I was last fall atfiicted with a severe cold, inasmuch that I could not rest at nigh', and the phlegm was constantly rising in my throat. I had been troubled : with this cough more than* seven years. I had tried all kinds of remedies all'to no effect. 1 was at length induced to purchase a small quantity of your Compound Hoar, hound Candy, and I am happy to say its effects upon me ware much better than I could haae anticipated, for I was completely relieved, and I have no hesitation in recommending it to the public as an invaluable remedy for coughs,colds and hoarseness. JOHN 8. THOMPSON, 70 Oliver st. To Messrs. J. Pus sr. k Son, 45 Division st. Agents?Zieber, 87 Dock street, Philadelphia; Redding. 8 State street, Boston; Robinson, 110 Baltimore street,Baltimore; Wadsworth, Providence, R. I.; Bull, Hartford, Connecticut. (H7-THE MYSTERIOUS HOLE IN THE BLOODY STOCKINGS-A tragedy in 17 acts,in which the worst and weakest parts ot human nature is displayed. In the first part an old man enters minus of hair, with a few while whiskers scattered over his cheeks?he woo's n rich elderly lady in vain, but an old rascal over 00, though in the winter of his age, has been deep enough to use a bottle of Jones' Oil of Coral Circassia, which not only gave him a beautiful full growth of hair, but also a fine manly pair of whiskers, amidst the cheors of all confidentially and honestly to our reader*, we would say do try this ntirn. Thu manV rrrti fir <*(<> nf tiicrhlv rMTMAtflhlfl ?er sons, prove thia will make the hair grow?stay it falling ! off?make light, red, or grey hair grow dark from the rooti?and cure dandruff. 'Til sold rcaaonahle, by Jonea, sign of American Eagle, M Chatham-street, New lfork, or 8 State-street, Boaton, 87 Dock-atrect, Philadelphia. (n- THOSE WHO WANT TO SEE GRANDEUR and elegance combined with chastenesaofdraign and harmony ol colors, should visit " Clirehugh'a Grand Gallery of Fashion," 20S Broadway. We have frequently had occasion to draw public attention to the splendor of this room, but having seen it only by day light we were not prepared for the effect which is produced Dy the brilliant light of Starr's Chemical Oil. Strangers should not leave the city without seeing this room, it almost realises some of the fairy apartments described in the Arabian Nights Tales.? Clirehugh feels honored ami flattered by all visits,whether on business or not. Go. " What pleasure can ccceed The smoking of the weed 7 r?p rruv (SO- THUS SUNG A GENUINE LOVER OF THE ookah, Meershaum and rich Havana. , . We believe it was good old Grant Thorburn, who also wrote a poem on the merits of Tobacco, beginning All flesh is grass, Thus think and smoke tobacco. Now as Grant takes his daily morning stroll amongst his beautiful dahlias at Glen Cove we are informed!,e smokes the good old Regalia Instead of the pipe, and we ?nec'?WMwill furnish the readers ofthe Herald with an original sonnet, eulogising the far famed Spanish House 266 Broadway and their rich fine flavored Pnncipes, Riondas ranatelas.'and La Normas. Strangers in town will to well to drop in and try them. They arc the real arcle. (K7- ORIOINAL MORISON'S PILLS.-Sincc the decease of .Thomas Moat and .lames Morison, the hygeists, a set of im|>ostors hai e advertised nnd otherwise made public a spurious imitation of the Original Morison's Pills, and to give color to their impositions, made use ol the name of the late James Morison in their advertisements, as if he were now in existence. Know nil men, then, that these attempts at fraud must fall under the fact, that however specious the pretence, none can possibly be genuine unless the words "Morison's Universal Medicines'' are impre'sed upon the government stamp, in blue letters upon a red ground, and also the lac-simile signiture of Mr. Salmon, the hygcist, (sole successor to the late Thomas Moat,) to copy w hich is felony. Notice i) hereby given that Dr. F. F clix (Jouraud, of #< Walker atreet, one door from Broadway, i? appointed the general agent for the United Stated, witn power to appoint sub agent). QtJ- CASTLE QARDEN.?This evening, French and Jleiaer, the proprietor), will give a grand Pyrotechnic di). play, probanly the greateat that ever wa? made in thi? city, and n> they intend to have a beneflt.we hope that all who read thi) notice will go to gratify themaelve), and help them mako tip the loaaea they have siulained in consequence of the many damper) which the weather has thrown upon them thi* season- Sec advertisement. ? iii i - ? IMPORTANT ANNOUNCEMENT! The College of Medicine ami Pharmarjr, Kitahlishrd for Ike Snmprettion of Quackery. Olj-BEli TO INFORM ALL PERSONS DESIROUS of obtaining medical advice, that on remitting the lum of one dollar, with a statement of their cue, they will he supplied with one dollar's worth ol appropriate medicine, and a letter ot advice containing full direction* a* to diet, regimen, kc. All letter* muit he port paid. Addreae W. S. RICHARDSON, Agent. Principal Ottice ol the College of Medicine and Pharmacy, P7 Nassau street, N. V. N. B.?Tho Conmiltiko Phthciau i* daily in attendance at the private consulting rooms of the College. Hours from 10 till 2 o'clock. {^ARRIVAL OK .THE OREAT WESTERN.?Clire. hii<h, Hair Cutter, on the arrival of this Steamer, will receive "The Fashions," as Ihey are to be ailopted in London and Paris this winter, and they will be exhibited at bis Grand Gallery 206'Broadway, up stairs. oxf- TO THE LADIES.?Delay I ot in removing tho tan. trochlea, Ac. by the use ot Mrs. Carroll's Medicated Vapor Baths, 26 Courtlandt street. Thef need no eulocium; try one, and you will agree with hundreds that they are suj>eiiorto everything in use for that purpose, No danger of taking cold. ft?: DALLEV'S MAGICAL PAIN EXTRACTOR SALVE.?The most extraordinary remedy ever invented for all new or old Bums and Scalds arid Sores, and Sore Eyes. It has delighted thousands. It will take out all pmn in ten minutes, and no failure. It will cure the ilea. To be found only at 71 Maiden Lane. fiffr ?A^D^'ESS.?Balm of Columbia, for the Hair, which will stop it if falling out, or restore it on bald places; and on children make it grow rapidly, or on those who have lost the hair from any cause. All \ ermm that infest the heads if children in schi^ol*. n JEev?M or '' Rod by it at once. Kind the namo of ? n "?' on " or novcr fry Remember this always. To be hail at TIJVlaiden Lane. THE 1NDIQNATION PROCESSION YE9TERi^ a ^.re,t a"^r- The " Merchant Princes" now see what they have gamed by their disrespect to the Presi-? !y havo <aken some of Sherman s D.ii^fuui uvf.unccn mey never would have committed such a folly. Whoever takes Sherman's Lozenges cant help being good natured and courteous. Every body knows how soon they cure headache and palpitation of the heart, sea sickness, lawness of spirits and despondency. His warehouse is at 100 Nassau st, one door above Ann, N. Y?Agents, a State street, Boston, and 8 Ledger Buildings, Philadelphia. Q&- CHATHAM THEATRE?The new drama of the Butchers of Ghent was well received last evening by a very numerous audience. It is reiieated this evening in conjunction with the melodrama of Victorine.or the Orphan of Paris, and the burlettaof Life in New York. Herald Bulletin of News, The Herald Bulletin of News is kept at the north-west lorner of Fulton and Nassau streets. On the arrival of the morning mails, at eight o'clock, A. M.?and also of the evenmg mails, at fouro'clock, P. M., the latest intelligence from all parts of the world, may be found on the Herald Bulletin Board, at this corner. Let every waylarer stop >nd read. Advertisements of all kinds taken at the office. IlersUd General Printing Office. The General Printing Office, capable of doing all sorts of printing, such as books, pamphlets, bills, cards of all lescriutions, is now open at the Herald Buildings, entranco "rum Nassau street?Joseph Elliott, Printer. MONEY MARKET. Monday, Sept. IS?6 P. M. TV.? .1 ii,? ???i:?i ii a uc oai&a av uic ?Ai,uougv w 010 CAVTCUJUjjl)' auittll this morning. Harlem rose j; L Island J. Therejis a desperate attcmp* going on to get up a speculation in Harlem.? The road is in very bad condition however. Attempts have been made to borrow money on the bridge over the Harlem river. Judgments are accumulating against the company, and winter is approaching, when the receipts fallotr very much, and above all, the bonds are selling at 30 cents on the dollar. Advices from New Orleans give rumors from that city detrimental to mercantile credit in that quarter. Dates from Yucatan to the 17th ult., via New Orleans, bring the lollowing decree opening the ports for the importation of corn free of duty :? Article 1st?It is permitted to import corn free of duty. Article 2d?With every one hundred loads (cargas) imported, it is allowed to bring ten barrels of Hour free of duty. Article 3d?The privilege granted in the preceding two articles, will extend only to the 81st December next. We yesterday made some remarks on the great change which is going on in the currency of the Union-, and consequently in the manner of doing,business. In this city the receipts of produce from the interior are on tha inci ease, and prices show a corresponding inclination to give way in the article of flour particularly. This great abundano* of produce, and the falling ~pr'cef> l*as been a powerful cause in changing tho old mode of accepting. Very few of the houses now dring business in this city accept drafts uatil the produce is actually in hand. The substantial owners and shippers in the western part of tfte State, do uot draw until they receive an account of sales. The amount of accep ances by city houses against produce to come forward, bears a very small proportion to w hat was formerly the case, and those are mostly by the old houses which have become involved it, and are obligod t" feed their old correspondents. The present cash system saves expense, p.nd is safer and more profitable to all parties.? Where the houses come under acceptance for produce in hand, it is generally for about three fourths of the market price, thus leaving themselves atnjily covered to meet all contingencies. These acceptances constitute the best class of paper for the western banks, but the amount is not large, and is dsscohntcd with caution. They have not yet reached their minimum, notwithstanding that many farmers are disposed to hold over their wheat and then di minish next year's crop. We believe few or none of the dealers calculate upon a higher average than f t 50 per barrel for flour during the ensuing winter in the New York market, and probably throughout the Union it will not average $3.75, and without a foreign demand will go much lower. The etfect of the new tariff of duties will be in a degree, by excluding foreign goods that might come here in exchange for produce, to diminish the foreign market, and by retaining the surplus at home, sink the value of the whole crop to a fearful extent. In ltUO, 600,000 barrels of Hour m-ere seat to V'nelaii.l in oxohanira for iron and cloths, or rather iron and cloths were sent here, a>d the flour taken in payment ami carried back. The withdrawal of that 600,000 barrels from this market, caused the crop of 1841 to average $1.60 per barrel higher, or $6 per barrel instead of $4.60, as in 1840. The whole crop of wheat was, according to the estimates of the department, based on the census of the former year, 90,000,000 bushels, equal to 19,000,000 barrels of flour. Tho value of this was im" proved $1.60 per barrel, making $37,000,000 put into the pockets of the farmers, by sending $3,700,000 worth ou' of the market. If that 600,000 barrels bad been destroyed entirely,there would have been an agricultural gain of $34,300,000. This illustrates the principle on which the old Dutch East India Company were wont to burn up tho surplus stock of spices in order to enhance the value of the remainder. Instead of destroying that flour, howevcri $3,000,000 worth of cloth and iron was got in exchange for it. That method of disposing of the surplus is now checked greatly by the tariff,and the farmers are called upon to pay higher prices lor all the iron they use, and the clothes they wear. The manulacturen have promised the farmers that if the taritf was imposed, they would buy more flour and pork at better prises. Let us sea what chance there is of such an event. Abbott Lawrence, Esq., is proprietor of a lactory at Lowell, which employs 1,390 females, average wares. $3 per week?and 300 males, average wages $4 80 week. They manufacture -.210,000 yanli of cotton cloth per week. The supposition in, that Mr. Abbott Lawrence and all those in his employ, hare had enough to eat herotorore ; that none of them have gone hungry for wont of bread and for want of pork ; and that their powers of consumption of those articles, have been at their maximum. Mr. Lawrence has been very active in procurmr the present tariff, which operates u|>on cotton goods, as seen in the following table of the quantity, value and average cos' per yard of prints not exceeding 36 cents per yard, and white cotton not over 30 cents p*^ yard, imported iorjix years, from ofticial documents * hiroaTi or Cottox Ooods mro thc Uxitt.d States. Print t. H'Mtr. Pricr Ptr Yard.'. Cott. r> yard. Yardg. Colt. yard. n?. cti I Mi, 36,691,043 8,715,926 219 14,243,926 2,351,192 16 W 1836, 11,577,811 9,394,131 21 12,144,921 2,114,328 17 V 1837 , 23.549,575 5,124,786 21 3 5,119,408 931,182 18 1838, 15,04)5,7 33 3,133,876 20 4,634.309 779,366 17 V 1839, 32,559.271 6.612,315 26 3 9,859,151 1,728,751 17 14110, 15,618.092 2,968,719 12 6 4,393,34 1 698,088 I3f* 1812, estimate, 9 10 The duty on prints is 11 cents per yard, and, on white cottons, 6 cents per yard. In 1S35, therefore, the duty u as 40 per cent, and owing to the reduced loreign cost, it will be,under the new tariff,100 per cent on white goods, in 1S35; ins (liny waa .11 per rem, unci win now oeov per cent. A?turning that the average cost of the goods manufactured by Mr. Lawrence is 13 eta. |>er yard, tho weekly value ii *jri,500. By the tariff, thia value ia railed :W pur cent? f7,9fl0?equal, at preaent ratca, to 1,7i>0 hhla. of flour. Now will ,V.. Lawrence ami the 1,490 people in hia employ, cat |H| an ad'tional I j hbla. of flour per week each, bocauac the farmers, through the interposition of the Government, are, obliged to pay them :?0 per cent more for their w ork ' If they do not eat more bread, in order to reduce the supply, will they voluntarily give $ ; per bbl. above the market price, for what they do eat I It ia impossible that t|,,. far. mera will allow themselves to he cajoled with such a pretence. The fact i?, that in tliia country the shipping, enmn er* c al and agricultural inb rests arc identical. 1 he larmct s and planters produce more than the inhabitants of tha United States can consume, and they must, from the very

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