Newspaper of The New York Herald, September 23, 1842, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated September 23, 1842 Page 2
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M:\V YORK .11KRA LD *'w %?srk, Friday, g?|itr lutx-r '43, 1W4. S?'t*ral Prlsstlng?Hooka?PsHiiplllctis? tanls? Hllla, dir. To fhr liualiieaa Publlr. Has nig now umirlv completed one of the ino't splendid OENEKAL PRINTINU OFFICES, ever organised in this city, we are ready to print took", pamphlets, cards, t ills, and .ill Winds of usnlul and elegant printing, on the most moderate terms, and for rash pay incuts. This office we have lilted tip at u great expanse - in \ pes, presses, and materials ot ail kinds. We have sin it dl executed work to the amount of several thousands ol oil jr*. 'ii I are still husy pi luting some of the most benuiful articles ever i??u?d from the press. A Lady's Mag.i sine called the Am ist," Is printed in this offloe, and it is acknowledged to be the most beautifully printed magazine in the country. The heatitiful typography of the Naw ion Lisrn is well known. Ail applications for printing will lie made to Ma.Jossrii Elliot t, the Manager, at the office of the Herald?or up <uiri in the printing office, entrance at 97 Ntutsan street. ! JAMES OORUUN BENNETT, t'homietor <>r thk Hkrald GwrtaxL Paiifrimj Orri< s, North West Corner of Fultou ami Nanaau itreets. New York, JOth Sept., 1S4J. E * rit A.OUUIN ART KXPKKSH FHON BOSTON. Ltuiilel Wvbtlcr'i Ureal Speech?Defining hla Position?Delivered at Faneull Hall. Having dent u trou/t of rejiorters to Boston, to report the great si>e?ch of the lion. Daniel Webster, defining Ins position, in the midst of the present confusion?u sjie^ch which it is exacted he will have already delivered in Fnneuil Hall before 21),0(10 Boatonians, we expect to receive it by Extraordinary Express ut the office of the Herald either tonight or to-inorrow morning, or as soon thereafter as it can be expressed from Boston after its delivery there Immediately on its arrival, it will be issued in an Extraordinary Extra Herald, from this office, and sent to all parts of the country, through our agents, and by mails, bo that the most solid food of the soul may be spread about. This speech on the present times will be far more interesting than all the obscene and vulgar novels that ever came from the pen of Bulwer, Dickens, iMarryatt, or any other licentious literatcnr, of another land, that may be patronized by the fashionable people ol this land. No prepare for a moral dish for the thirsty soul. Thk Present Aspect of the Country?Tub FtTurk Policy of the President.?We mentioned th?' other day that the President was preparing a grand scheme of policy for the settlement of all the vexed questions of the daj?the tariff? bank?currency? public hinds?and every other question connected with the financial affairs of the country. As this matter will probably be the grand theine of discussion for many months to come, we have been en- | dea\oring, in the meantime, to collect as much in- , telligeuce about it as|?oesible. The state of this country at the present moment. ( and the series of changes through which it has |<as- ( sed during the lust six years, are, we believe, with- j out any parrullcl iu the history of commercial nations. Melancholy ?s is the truth, it cannot be concealed that by the conflicts of selfish political parti- ' /.ans- the demoralizing conduct of corrupt financiers ' and bankers?the unfaithfulness of the Clergy?the 1 siipiueness of the press?the extravagance, debauch- 1 erics, and polluting influence of what are called 1 the higher classes,alia* the "merchant princes," the 1 United States of America, with all their natural and acquired advantages, with all the shapeless ore of ihcir uucxplored mines of moral and physical wealth?with all the elements of natural greatness at command, stand at present before the world in a Matt- of humiliating degradation and dishonor. Our banking institutions have been ruined by charlatans, ami men who should have inhabited buildings of a very different character. It would appear, in fact, that the same code of honor and morality has prevailed in the palaces of Wall street, and the palaces of Auburn and Sing-Sing Commercial confidence has been annihilated. Vice and immorality have stalked forth unabashed. The grossest corruption has prevailed amongst officials. The administration of the laws, has become unimpaired in its vigor and purity. The prosperity?the security?the justioe?every thing, in short, from which republican freedom derives its value, have been put in the most imminent peril. Happily, lor the hopes of liberty and the human race, this terrible storm of evil and conflicting elements, appears to have well-nigh spent itself. It is true, that all around, party spirit, and corruption, and fraud have left their traces, like the wrecks which a tempestuous night has strewed along a rockbound coast, reminding the mariner of the perils ho has escaped?but now there is a change, and sunshine once nioie gives promise of enduring calm. Politicians are yet contending with all the vnlgar vehemence of their class, hut the great uncontaminated mass of the people have come to the settled determination, to effect the elevation of the country in th?? eyes of the nations, and the restoration of its former unclouded prosperity. And, perhaps, one of the most fortunate circumstances connected with the uceidents which have taken place of late years, is that one which placed John Tyler at the head of the nation, without a party, without the semblance of n faction, without anything to aid or encourage him, except a consciousness of moral rectitude and honorable consistency, and a becoming sense of the connection between lusown history and that of his country. This very peculiar position of the President gives him a moral supremacy, which the virulence ofparty vituperation and political animosity can never reach. He may be assailed by both factions, but the w aves of their opposition will spend themselves harmlessly at his feet. Secure under the guidance of the Constitution, and armed with its powers, the President can cslmlv and quietly, but effectually, level hia opi>onents. Nothing but that security which intellectual and real independence gives, could have silenced the outcry raiaed by inte reeled politician* against tne vetoes. The President is now la Virginia, brooding over that Hveicm oi state policy, which will settle every i/utMto txxatn, and revive the country during the 1 next two years, by restoring prosperity to it# trade, j rnanutaotorex, and agriculture. Changes in the , Cabinet are of very little importance to the country 1 at large, whilst Mr. Tyler retains the Presidency. 1 In a few weeks we will be able to speak lully of this new courss "f |K?licy. In the mean time both political factions may, and funic, and squabble, and electioneer, but we have no doubt that both will be domolished and reconstructed, and a better order of things prevail in times to come. Walt, Htrket Gowrp.?We perceive that the Courier, the organ of Wall street, is reporting the private conversations which it has picked up somewhere relative to the family of the President. Not only arc the President and his son assailed, hut the ladies of the family are made the subject of this gentlemanly gossip. !*uch is the characteristicconduct of the creatnre who talks of gentlemanly feeling, and a chivalnc spirit, and of fighting duels, and of honor! A pretty "code of honor," truly! Amusing.-?To see old Noah blowing up Thurlow Weed for those very rogueries, in which Noah wa? a (?articipator. Snow os the Catskitx.?We learn that the ' atskill Mountain is covered with snow. This is beginning winter with a vengeance. > Fok Coiwew At the democratic primary meet tugs on Wed*s (ay, delegates were elected in h? till, 7th, 10th and 18th wards, which comprise tin fourth district, in favor of nominating William B Maclay, for Congress. His delegates were support I -d hy the Irish inHucncc in return for his course a I Albany relative to the School Bill. In the bth, 9th, aud 11th wards, composing th< fifth district. Alderman Leonard has secured a no initiation, beating John McKcon in each of tin wards. The Irish population of the I4th ure threat ening vengeance, and it would not he anywiw strange if they defeated I^eonard's election, al though the old Ninth will do her duly. In the 7ill, 12th, 15th, 16th and 17th Wards, com prising the sixth district, the result is still doubtful although the chances are in favor of Wood, tin present member. The 11th Ward has not yet elect ed their delegates, but meet on Monday in their se veral districts for that purpose, The democrats o the five lower wards, composing the third district will nominate John I. Boyd, and he will wake ii| all the energies of the wliigs of that district. Mbdicai. Stcdknts.? A considerable number o young men have already arrived in the city, will the design of prosecuting their medical studies dur ing the e..suing winter. < >uf warning respecting the rejection of the Stuyvesant student ? at the: Navn Board,mid the worthless men of that falling coucern has been re-echoed by the western andfsoutherr medical journals, and those young gentlemen havt profited hy it. They are making arrangements ti study at the old College of Physicians and Surgeons and many we hear intend to avail themselves,in ud I uiui'u.Mi uiv tiuvnniHKrz* unrrvu uy mi aBBoeiauon ??i medical teachers who have opened a private school ' for the purpose ol giving a print tail education, ant; not one merely to enable the student to obtain a diploma. A great improvement in medical educa tion is apparent, and wp will carefully note its progress. Tim 1'iiii.AOKi.i-iiiA Ledger.?We shall attend to this most impudent, mean, and contemptible con cern, in a day or two. Without any ideas of its own, it is constantly plundering from the Herald without any acknowledgement. The whole confederacy of which it is the black-boot, shall be shewn up in its length and breadth. Theatrical.?Mr. Vandenhoff, who made his Hi but in the character of Hamlet, at the Park the other evening, has been very severely handled by some critic in the Courier and Enquirer of yesterday. This attack on the very talented and accomplished jH rlortner in question, has been probably concocted by Iiamblin, and his man Tom Snowden. No one from this office witnessed his performance, but we understand from several gentlemen of judgment and experience in theatricals, that Mr. Vandenholl's Hamlet was the best seen in this city for many years, and decidedly superior to young Keen's representation of that great and difficult character. Hamblin would be much more profitably employed in preparing the Bowery for the tclut which Celeste will give it next week, and we advise him to attend to his own business, and not meddle with that of his neighbors. Musical.?Signor De Begnis has, we jierceive, taken our advice, and intends giving a splendid concert on the 6th of next'month. The. best musical talent available in this city tjnd neighborhood, will be concentrated'at this entertainment. Mrs. .Sutton, who is now in Rochester, singing to crowded houses, Messrs. Seguin, Timm.Jand a great number of the vocal and instrumental performere will be ircsent. The Signer will succeed better in this than in the Italian Opera which he attempted. Celeste at the Bowery.?Celeste has returned ind is now busy in the Bowery, preparing three jeautiful new pieces that will, revive for a whilp he foitunes of that house. Hamblin himself begins o show some remains of the gentleman?but he must take care to deal properly with Celeste. We diall see that he performs all his promises to this excellent and distinguished artiste. itr> Steamboat Acciokmt.?Yesterday afternoon while the steamer Boston was on her passage from a Temperance Pic Nic, given at New ltochelle, a part of her machinery gave way, and she became wholly unmanageable. f>he had about three hundred passengers on board, and they of course were terribly frightened. Fortunately, the New Champion came up and took off her passengers. They were landed in this city last evening. Yellow Fevkr.?There was no fever in Mobile on the 15th inst. In New Orleans on the 13th there was but one death. Dow Again, not Lorenzo?Warrant Officers? The Krldence. If I know aught of usage, i might he held excused from any further notice of "J. E. Dow, Agent for I Claims;" but to do him all justice, I must confess myself so profoundly ignorant of the manner of transacting business at Washington, that for aught I know to the contrary, the " Agent for Claims" may have been mainly instrumental in procuring the passage of the "Pursers' and Warrant Officers' jwy bill." Yet 1 am slow to believe that the Senate and House of Representatives of the Congress of the United States could be so worked upon by any man, and 1 am very certain he would have carried but little weight with him had it been known that he was to receive for tins kind ol service #50 each from nineteen warrant officers, according to his own admission, to say nothing of his golden expectations from the Pursers, as his postscript would seem to imply. 1 do not apprehend any very great loss of eharacterfrom the cliarges of falsehood and maliciousness brought against me by the "Agent for Claims," nor would 1 condescend to enter into any vindication of myself; but when I volunteer to furnish information for the benefit of the public 1 feel myself hound to sustain the truth of it. f give you now a true copy of Mr. Dow's original letter, and you will find it does not differ materially from that which I gave from memory:? Your bill haa patted the Houie, ami will he signed hr the Tresident to-morrow. Hetul on the money. Yours, J. E.DOW. ??-, Eaqr. sailmaker. V. 8. Tell your Purser I worked d?d hard for their bill and 1 think they ought to pay their share. J. E. L). As lor " the fees ol #7,100 being multiplied seven lold," any on? interested may take the navy regis, ter and make the calculation, recollecting at the Mime time that 1 did not take into the account his expected bonus from the Pursers: if that should prove at all commensurate with their means it will swell his lee considerably. When Mr. bow's letter reached here I was applied to by the boatswain of the ship to which I am now attached, with the letter in his hand, for advice as to the propriety of his paving the "Agent for Claims," which he had been callen upon to do ; adhering to the ndvice 1 gave him upon that occasion, at a meeting of the warrant officers on the station, a few evenings subsequent. h< declined paying the fee, and the other forward officers of the ship " followed in his wake." Pleased with my success as a counsellor, I determined to addrcas you a communication upon the subject, hoping that it might attract the attention of some of my old shipmates, and be the means of saving to them $60. I^et me advise them not to be imposed upon by any "Agent for Claims," " jobhy member," or " borer in." bat to receive their increased pay as a just reward for their service, and rest easy under their weight of obligation. The President who signed the hill and trie members ol Congress who jmssed it, and their countrymen at large, will require nothing more at their hands than a faithful performance of their duty, and if the writer ot this article can save any one of them $60, he will leel that he has, in some measure, repaid them for " wrinkles" which they gave him when a midshipman, and which were found very useful at his examination for promotion. I regret thai the " New York Gunner " has excited the serious displeasure of the " Ageut forClaims." Poor old blight little thought, when he waa teaching me to knot a rope yarn 18 years ago,that I would ever get him into such a soraju.; 1 fancy this is the first time he ever was smqiected at writing for a newspaper. In conclusion. I must decline any further correspondence with the "Agent forClaims;" he is personally unknown to me, and although I may have assisted in giving him notoriety, I disclaim all personnl feeling in the matter. An unwillingness to appear in public print must excuse me for wishing to preserve my incognito, under thesouhrique! of , _ A Boatswain s Frixnd. Cowrt of Common Pleas, v *? Before Judge Ingraham. llTT- tJ.?Margartt K. Onklry VI. Monmouth B. Hart, i Xhtrijf This case was continued. Mr. Hoi.mii add reeled the jury Tor about an hour ami a * half on the part of defendant, (the Sheriff being but no minally such) and endeavored to ahow from various cir I cumstances that the property did not belong to plaintiff. one ef which wa*. that she had resided with her brotherin-law and kilter (Mr. and Mrs. Roome) or with her bro. > ther, Mr. Charlaa 8. Oakley, for the luet two year* , and that the piano forte and plate had alwayii remained at the liouae of her lather the family uaing the lattor, (which ; waa taken oif the dinner table when attached) and her step-mother's daughter, Miss Cook, enjoying the former ; he alio laid much stress upon the impeaching evidence, f and called on the jury for a verdict in favor ol defendant. Mr. Holmea was followed by Mr. Peter Wilaon in behalf of plaintiff, w ho alluded, with much eloquence, to the good itanding and miafoitunea of Mr. Charles Oakley, re. marking that one of the witnesses who had been brought up to inipe ai'h his character, xaid that although he had lost fdO.OOO hy Mr. Oakley, and had been made u beggar f in consequence, still he hail canfideuce iu hit veracity, anil would readily believe him underneath. Mr. W. -poke " in terms of severe condemnation in regard to the course . pursued by the Attorney, (Mr. Still,) on the other side.iu .. his efforts at impeachment. He contended that no evi' deuce had been produced to show that the property hc, longed to Mr. John It. Oakley, against whom the execu, tion had been served, hut much that the plaintiff really owued lb Judge Ingraham charged the jury at considerable length, pointing out the unexpected turn which the evidence liaid taken, and the necrasity of weighing well the evidence before they decided, Ifis opinion appeared to tic that the testimony in Mr. Oakley's favor irrealtv out > balanced that against him. There waa no doubt that nothing had been shown identifying Mr. John K. Oakley | with the property, yet whether it belonged to plaintiff or , not, reated on the evidence of Mr. Charles Oakley. The , jury 'etired about I'd o'clock, and had not returned at 3? they standing at that time, we understand, 11 to 1 in favor 1 of plaintilf. A sealed verdict will be rendered this fore* noon. J Htnry H. betton vs. John button?JlttaiUl anil ball*ry. ?The parties are smart young clerks, keeping in dry I goods stores, and both fell in love with Miss Ann Stryker. ( Benson had been the first lover,and found a powerful rival , in the person of his almost name sake. They had each at- ( teuded her to balls at the Tivoli, and her graces und las filiation us a partner served still stronger to rivet the goldeu chain. Benson, after one of these honied intentions, wrote her a letter, commencing thus :? Nxw York, Feb. 11, 1849. J My short but affectionate acquaintance with you presses nie to write to you, to say that it would afford me gi? at pleasure for your company, Ac., the. * * I The letter, however, alludes to his rival in rather a rough terms, and says " I will not get in so many tights { as he did," and other kind compliments. The lady think- j. ing, probably, after all, that she liked her " first love" ^ best, showed him the letter, doing so on Buiiday the 1st ' May. At 6 o'clock on Monday morning, the defendant . went to the store, 9S9 Spring street, where plaintilf kept, called him out, and accused him of writing lies about I1 him. Besson answered that he had been writing no lies, R and he did not wish to have any thing to say to him. He r was about returning into the store when Benson struck him a violent blow on the face, prostrating him on the side walk, knocking two of his teeth out, shattering his lower jaw, and must have done to him considerable other damage, as the declaration says, it necessarily caused him to pay, layout, and expend $6000 (a large sum) for the purchase and insertion of artificial teeth in the place and stead of those dislocated und knocked out by the defendant," Ac. At any rate, the pluintitt had to pay n twenty-six dollars for doctor's bill, to sav nothing of the i, 6000 for a set of teeth. The young lady (Miss Stryker) . was placed upon the stand as a witness, and a most striking looking young lady she is, worthy, as Helen could I have been, of a seven years war. Hhu testified to having w received the letter, showing it to Benson. Ac. The jury gave a verdict in favor ot plaintiff for $160. |i For plaintiff Mr. F.. II. Seely. For defendant, Messrs. Seeley and Mills. s V. S. District Court. '' Before Judge Betts. (| Skpt. 39?In Bxnaaurrcr.?Decisions?J/nnry ornf Edward P. lltytr.?The petitioners have a stock of bard- j, ware goods in Pearl street.?Motion was made for the appointment of Mr. James Suydam, as special assignee, and ? that the property of the firm be sold at private sale for 1 cash or good short paper.?Motion allowed. 0 William .3. Hillyer.?This case was ordered to the a Circuit Court, on the poiat whether a Bankrupt could lie v denied a discharge on the fact that his debts were fraudu- It lently transferred or concealed anterior to the passage of c the act, the rebeing no proof that he possessed or ordered (j any property at tho time his petition in bunkruptcy was ? |)R'icniai> Samuel A. Jewell.?Thi* cue had been ordered before Mr. Cambreling, a commissioner, who complains that the ^ petitioner came before him, but by advice of his counsel, y refused to be sworn. Ordered, that an attachment issue (I against the creditor, compelling his attendance before the H court, on the 34th instant; also, that Mr. P. J. Joachimssen, the counsel of said bankrupt, audwho advised him k not to be sworn, appear in court at the same time, and j, shew cause why he interfered to prevent the bankrupt obeying the mandate of the court, and submitting to l>e examined ltefore a commissioner. " Ftaar TKintlow, Jr.?Motions for reierence to a commissiouer. Allowed. Creditors of Charlie H. King, the same. M Iavi Dodge?Objections overruled. p? Henry Hull?Compulsory?order allowed. V General Hesalona. Before Recorder Tallmadgc, Judge Lynch, and Aldermeu Carman and Bonnell. ScrT. W?Trial of the Rev. Mr. Anloine Vtrren.?The alleged charge of perjury made against this gentleman, 1 by De Bullion, who is now on Blackwell's Island, and Bartelemy, who has recently served his time out for a libel upon him, eame up this day. The prosecution was A conducted by Attorney General Barker, and H. M. Western, Esq., the District Attorney having declined to act, as an attempt was made to indict him for subornation of per- If jury in the same bill with Mr. Vorren. The defence was under the charge of Hugh Maxwell and Ogden Hoffman, Esqrs. De Bullion was sent for from Blackwell's Island, 8( where lie is now serving out his sentence, and brought pi upon the stand as a witness! to sustain the alleged peijury! lie was detected in his cross examination in all sorts of contradictory statements, and finally admitted that he had 01 assumed two names?that hejwas educated a Catholic :n priest; joined the Protestant church under the charge of Mr. Verren, and held the office of secretary of the vestry, m without rhaneine hi* *-*li*inml anil wnrahinm..! : % church according t> all the formi of the Protestant faith. ?He also stated that he did not believe in the binding di nature of an oath taken on a Protestant bible! (This ques- (M tion was answered after he had been on the witness stand two hours, giving his testimony against Mr. Verren, and eI after having sworn to tell the truth on a Protestant Bible!) If such a hypoorite and convict can satisfy a jury of this country that any thing he can say under oath is entitled to nl thu least credence, honest men by the thousands will be a. soon compelled ta become his associates at Blackwell's til Island. 1) The particulars relative to this prosecution, having all " been presented to the public at the time that De Barthele- ]j, my, De Bullion, and Colon were convicted, we shall not t|{ burthen our read ts with a repetition. w City Intelligence. Police.?Nothing transpired yesterday worthy of no- t tice. The weather was so cold that rogues, both high n( and low, appeared to be stowed away in close quarters. w bt Bankrupt List. SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF NEW YORK. i Henry H. Deiter, broker, (late firm Raymond & Dexter) New York, Oct. 99. J. D. Kverson, accountant, New York, Oct. 33. I* Benjamin Satter, (late firm William F. Salter & Co.,) M New York. Oat. '33. w Samuel Lounsbury, merchant tailor, Brooklyn, Oct a?, til Oeorge W. Pratt, silversmith, Newburgh, late ?f Hart ,\] ford, Oct. 37. gf Nathaniel Bruce, Harley, Ulster co., paper manufactu- t|, rur, (late firm Bruce k Parish, Coeymans,) Oct. 37. , Court Caiendsur?Tkla Day. Commos Pleas.?Part 1.?Nos. 135,SI, 101, US, UP, 135, j 137,131, 137, 139,141, 143, 145, 147. Part 3?Nos. 56, ISO, <u 130, 133, 134,136, 138, 144, 146, 148, 150, 153, 156, 4, 158. hi dkar bkknett :? . Will vou be so aood as to call the attention of sp the Common Council to the fact, that the 14th ot >n Octobor, ia packet day for the lloston steamer, vc (also the 15th) and that tt will be impossible for the hi merchants to close on that day. 1 hone they will d? designate the 13th October, for the celebration of the introduction of the Croton Water, when u large jKirtion of our citizens can join. Mkrchant. Nibi.o's.?That humorous pantomime, in which we re- ^ member roaring at Gabriel, Jerome anil Antoine, called " The Four Lovers," ia to be revived this evening. We rejoice thereat, for to laugh, in these melancholy times, is, of all things, to he desired. The Night Owl follows, with all its superb acenicals, comic comicals, and tragic tragicals. This eatraordinary and magnificent production is to he withdrawn alter this evening, to make way for a nonsUr, whose color is Grttn. To-morrow evening the gardens olose. Remember this is the last night of Ma- ^ zulme the Night Owl. ^ Chatham Thbatbs?" Novelty the order of the day," nl is the manager's motto, and most strictly is it adhered to ; for w ithin our recollection no theatre lias ever presented p, such a succession of maguiflcent performances as is pro- oi duced at this establishment?and their signal success, '1 nightly apparent, fully rewards the enterprise. To-night we have Mr. Wosd in three beautifal and entertaining j' dramas, together with Mrs. Thorne snd Master Woo<l ^ Seats will be scarce. ^ (gj- Wlnchells New riay, in which he sustains * seven characters, is carrying all before it at the American Musonm. Out of all the good things Winchcll T has ever performed, his " Job 8earch-em-out" is the most j* comical and best. Miss Hood also stands high in public m estimation. Rarnum has never engaged a combination * of entertainments better calculated to please all, than those produced this week. Tha La Tyrolean dance by }j Celeste is worth the whole prico of admission, and the ft mechanieal figures of ftignor Vivaldi, beats all creation. ?' Q&- The New York Museum appears to lie in the full c tide of success ance more, the manager having adopted the beat plan snd only one to answer these hard times?re- E ducing the price and increasing the attractions. The J" Museum in its moat palmy days of prosperity never pre- f, aented a more genteel audience than assembled last night, b IV# sar give tba public a goo l performance st the lor qtt possible price ronduct the establishment with propriety, |( and w? will stake our reputation on tha result. L n V THE SOUTHERN MAllT Baltimore. (Corretpondencuof the Herald.) Baltimore, Sept. 22, 1812. Mu. Editor Our city for a few days past has been prolific in speculations relative to certain official changes said to be contemplated in the Custom House and Post t >ffice. N. F. Williams, Esq., Collector of the Port, according to rutnor, is to be succeeded by Charles K. Mayer, Esq., a gentleman of some eminence at the Baltimore bar, and a true friend of John Tyler ?in a horn! Joshua Vansant, Esq., the former postmaster under Van Buren's administration, is reported to be the chosen one to succeed Thomas Finley, Esq., the present incumbent. Some say that Joshua has the document in his pocket. This however, 1 do not credit, nor do 1 believe he would hold an office under Mr. Tyler. He is a warm and thorough democrat, or what some might say. a " locofoco." The present reigning Chief Magistrate is not the man ol his choice, or 1 much mistake him. I am not inclined to believe the rumor, so far as it relutes to the post office. Mr. Williams may be |iolitely invited to ub dicate. The captain. his master, is rather incomprehensible, anil doubtless will, if he take a notion, set the same ball in motion here that has been rolling in New York, Philadelphia, and elsewhere, to the discomfiture of office holders. One thing is certain : if the heads of these departments are decapitated, many of the minor branches will become enervated, and possibly require amputation. Our Baltimore and Ohio Railroad is in a rapid <tnte ol forwardness from Hancock to Cumberland, rwenty-five miles are already finished from the former town, leaving only thirty-five more to he tompleted, which is being accomplished at the rate of one mile |>er day. The great inq>ortance of his gigantic branch of' internal improvement s becoming daily more obvious. The benefit of Mr. Sloman, at the American Theitre, last evening, was a rasher. The play went oil 11 handsome style. This establishment is being |>aronised beyond expectation. Holders of Howard street flour are still asking ft I 2ft. Some sales of city mills have taken place it #4 124. I am inclined to think floor has fallen 0 its lowest. Sales of Maryland wheats have taken lace at from 50 to Sff, according to quality. Corn it) a 51; and oats 20 a 21 cts. Whiskey has improved 1 little, and now commands, in hhas., 22 cts.. and ibis.. 23 cts. The weather has been quite cool, but ieculiarly delightful. A more beautiful moon never ;raeed the azure dome of heaven, than shone last light and the evening previous. Yours, Kodkricii. Philadelphia. [Correspondence of the Herald.] P1111.AnKL.p111 a, Sept. 22,1842. At the Stock Board to-day, there was no sales of ny description of stock After the hoard had ad[lurned 30 shares of Commercial Bank sold Ht 30^; 8 Planters, Tenn., at 27; SOKentuck, at 43; #1100 jehigh Sixes, 1845, at 21; and #81*) Pennsylvania hate Fives, '56 and '59 at 45. This is a higher rice than they have sold for for some months.? Vhether this rise is caused from the fact'that this lock will be taken in exchange tor various stocks eld by the Commonwealth and advertised for sale, r not, is more than I know. It is so supposed, by rtany. A weaver by the name of Alexauder Kyle, who ad been on a drunken frolic tor several dlays, this torning committed suicide by drowning himself at inc street wharf, in the Schuylkill About five 'clock he left home, a little boy clinging to his arm, nd ran towards the river. When he reached the rharf he was seen to thrust the lad from him and tap into the river. His body was subsequently rcovcred and an inquest held upon it. He was udoui lirty years of age and resided at the corner of Pine nd Ashlon streets. John S. Hart, recently elected President of the entral High !>chool, was duly inducted into office esterday in the presence of a large auditory. Adre uses were delivered by Professors Bach and lart, and by (J. M. Wharton, Esq. A lad by the name of Abrums, was yesterday 1 J I ! _ r? J iiucm-u uuwu in nroaa street r>y a railroad car, und ail his thifeh fractured. Last n ight there was a very fai r house at the Chesut street theatre, and a crowded one at the Arch ?"see Burton and Browne. The Horticultural exhibition at the Philadelphia luseuni is drawing together immense crowds of rsons. The Walnut at. theatre opena to-night, ^here ia its crowd to come from! Hempstead. [Correspondence of the Herald.] Hempstead, Sept. IS, 1842. It* lust Pir Nic?Htmpttrad Harbor?Etui of thr Satu cm. 1y Dear Bennett:? My time has been so fully occupied within the ist lew days that I have neglected to send you ail ccount of the last pic-nic, the grand flnalt of the ;ason?the good-bye to auinmer aports. Splendid reparations were made for the beauty and wit of ne of the romantic necks of Long Island to meet n Harbor Hill, Hempstead Harbor. A hundred imitations were given, music was ordered, and for dies around, for weeks, nothing was heard of but le pic-nic and the pleasure anticipated. On the ly preceding, the youths of the adjacent villages irned out, and tables were arranged, flag stafla ected, and all bid lair lor enjoyment. The day arrived ; but, alas, thunder and lightng, storm and hail,ushered in the morning. What tall was there, my countrymen. The skies connued to drop rain, and bright eyes dropped tears, clay was impossible: the pigs almost squeeled Come eat me."?the poultry, fish, and all the (legacies of land and water called loudly for atten[>n. A committee of arrangement was called, and on all was in readiness, and the hospitable and immodtousmansion of Mr. L was thrown open r the reception of the party. Day was speedily inverted into night?a thousand lights shone at >on ; and, while the pittiless storm raged furiously ithout, the ladies arrived in close carriages, all aming with happy looks and gay laughter. The walls were hung with the American banner, urel crowned the ceiling. Flowers sprung up on lery side, and it was one scene of enchantment, a rfect blaze of beauty. There was the charming ias O?, the star of the East ; the Misses H?, hose captives are as the sands of the sea shore ; e retiring, sweet Miss L?, of Brooklyn ; the iss C's and T's, and pretty Quakeresses, too, who rupled not to trip it gayly under the protection of eir country's flag. Do not let me fuil to give all jnor to the gallantry of the gentlemen who have une out so handsomely in compliment to the fair he entertainment was passing fair, and the music lightful. The dance and song continued until a late hour, ?d although "night was hideous," yet the girls nl star-light, and the party moved on to their re ective homes. Although a stranger and only an viioa guepi, gmaiy <ua i conirmuie my inue io me ning men's puree to defray the expense?and hero's ke success to all Pic Nice that afford such enviable ilight. P in A cornkr. Another Short Passage.?The packet ship Oxrtl, Capt. Rathbone, arrived yesterday in thirty iys passage from Liverpool. She came full of pasngers. OCJ- Bradrn, 78 Canal street, keeps on hand the ost exquisite ice creams, and all kinds of confeconary. Go and fry. A Uting Fish?Mike Walsh. Indian SroRrs.?Nineteen wagons, containing me two or three hundred of the Tuscarora tribe of idians, came up from Niagara county to meet leir brethren of the Seneca tribe,on the reservation rar this city, for the purpose of joining in their anual athletic games. These sports, consisting of nil playing, wrestling, running, leaping, <Vc., will obably continue for two or three days. Although ur Scnecas have annually held these s|K>rts, this is ie first occasion for some years in which they have een thus joined by a large delegation from the eighbormg tribes. This being the last opportunity 1 celebrating these games, in their long accustomed aunts, by reason of the impending removal of the eneca tribe, has probably induced the visit of the uscaroras.?Buffalo Com. Ad. Court kob the Cobbfction or Essoin, Sept. 31.? he Court met on Tuesday, but quorum were not in atndance until yesterday. Charles P. Clinch, vs. Eaecuirs of Henry Eckford Decision of the Chancellor unanilously affirmed. OQk- CHATHAM THEATRE ?Three vary attractive ieces are presented at this theatre to-night, consisting of ie drama of " The Knights of the Cross," " Fotilah lave,"or the Planter and hia Dog, and the " Dumb Aaoyaid." Mr. Wood, the celebrated pantomimiat, appears i each piece, supported by the entire strength or the ompany. ft^COLD WEATHER HAS COME AT LAST? >ery body looked shrivelled up yesterday and cloaks ere in great demand, and ae will be Sherman's Cough oz.enges to cure the many coughs land colds that arise rom these sudden changes. We hope the Doctor won't lame us for advising all to use his lozenges, be already nving as much as he can attend to to (til his orders. Only hink of curing a had cough in a feu hours with as many 7miges. 1 oet Nasaau street, New York, audi Maiden .ane, Albany, are the places to get tham; trust none others. ' ORRAT KBVIVAI. OK BVIINBU. The Pnblic->Paprr R??4#r?Advcrllxrt. Business of all kinds continue* to revive to such an extent, particularly in the circle* of catth trade ami fre quent sale*, that we leel it very sensibly in our particular line. The ag regale circulation of the Hiiilo i* now considerably over 30,000 copiea, throughout all the moil intelligent and buaiuea* classes of society in thi* country -^and particularly in New Nork and the large Atlantic citiet. It i* alio increasing at the rate of COO j>er week. Our advertisement* have also, during the last few weeks, increased so much, that we shall be compelled in a short time to increase our sice?without, however, increasing the prices, either of subscription or of advertising. In consequence thereof of these uvenls, notice is hereby given to paper-makers that we now invite their otters for a contract of paper, of the same good quality on which the Herald is now published, but of a larger aire. The pre sent sue is equal to 34 inches by 43. The proposed site we intend to be 37 inches by 44, of the same quality and weight we now use?deliverable ut our oflice weekly, payable in cash down on delivery. Our consumption of paper is equal to nearly $30,900 per annum?all paid for weekly in cash as received?being th* largest quantity and value of paper consumed by any newspaper establishment in this rountrv. Fawir minufioliiMM u?;ii -i?? a Uan<l in their terms on which thsy will enter upon auch a contract, any time between thia date and the 30th of Oc toiler. We would alio respectfully invite the public, who now very juatly consider the New York Herald, the principal organ of buiinese advertising in the country, to rive u* a little time, and they will have no cause to complain that we leave their advertisement! frequently ont of our paper. The pressure of uews sometimes is the eause ot past errors?combined with our limited dimensions?but we shall apply a remedy as fast as possible. Business men, and all others, who want the Herald served regulaily at their places of residence, will please to hand in their names at the office. Our establishment is now so complete that we can serve the Herald regularly at the earliest hour. Advertisers who waut places, board, rooms to let, or any such thing of that kind, will And the Herald the most efficient organ in New York to advertise in. Ithas the largest, best, and most useful circulation. JAMES GORDON BENNETT, Proprietor or the Herald Establishment, North West Comer of Fulton and Nassau Streets. New Yore, September 21,1S43. 09- THE NEW WORLD FOR SATURDAY, SEPT. '24, will contain Our Mess?the entire September part ol the popular'story of " Jack lliuton"?The Northern Circuit?No. Oof these capital papers from Blackwood?Letter from F. J. Grund, Esq., the last of these admirable letters?Letter from a Pedestrian?No. '2 of these off-hand sketches?Passages in the Life of an Artist?Foreign news by the Great Western, with a full account of the Queen's visit to Sootlaud, by our correspondent D. McLeod.Esq.? Medical reform?The President and the Philadelphia Custom House?The Legal Profession?Copious extracts from our foreign Ales?Scrap Book?Varieties?News, Ac. Office 30 Ann street, N. Y. Terms, $3 per annum in advance; bf cts. single. Also, just published, The Conspirator,'an original novel, price 13j cts?Percival Keene, a sea story, by Marryatt, 13} cts., besides all the latest works by Bulwer, James, Ac., in extra numbers at 13J to 36 cts. IMPORTANT ANNOUNCEMENT! The College ot Medicine and Pharmacy, Ettablinhrd for I he Supprertion of Quackery, (S&- BEG TO INFORM ALL PERSONS DESIROUS of obtaining medical advice, that on remitting the sum of one dollar, with a statement of their cose, they will be supplied with one dollar's worth ol appropriate medicine, and a letter ol advice containing full directions as to diet, regimen, sic. au letters must lie post j>anl. Address VV. K. RICHARDSON, Agent. Principal Office of the College of Medicine and Pharmacy, 97 Nassau street, N. Y. N. B.?The ConsuLTinn Physician is daily in attendance at the private consulting rooms of the College. Hours from 10 till 2 o'clock. SAKHA PARI LL A.?Comstock's Compound Extract. There is no other preparation of Sarsaparilla that can equal this. Ifyou are sure to get Comstock's, you wiU And it superior to all others. It does not require puffing?will be given to the poor without a certificate from their minister or alderman, and is warranted to perform any cure that can be done by any other preparation o( Sarsaparilla whatever, and at half the expense. To be found only at 71 Maiden lane?M cents per bottle. NEW YORK WHIP OF SATURDAY, SEr. temher 24,1S42, will contain twenty-four columns of original matter, that may be read by the most fastidious?and please the sad and gay hearted?old and yonng-the sportsman and ianatic?in fact every body?even to ourselves, for we feel confident that all will admit it to be the paper. Contents. The latest English Sporting News by the Oreat Western and Acadia. Sailing of Tommy the Greek. The Ashburton Dinner, (illustrated.) Hiram Woodruff?Poor Mike?Tho Turf?AquaticBeacon Course?Fire Department?Military?Miss Taylor?Swindling Agents?New Dictionary?Boston and other Correspondence?Wants to Know?Gulick Guards ?Poughkeepsie Slander Refuted. $3 per year in advance. GEO. B. WOOLDRIDGE, Editor and Proprietor. Office 31 Ann stroct, upstairs. OGh DAHLIA CREAM.?We copy the following a* mucn tor me ocneuioi our iair readers asine goo a mie it contain!. " Mr. rhaion?Dear Sir?I should blush to see my name used in print, and therefore beg you will not publish it.? I have had the good fortune to be put in possession of a neat little jar of your Dahlia Cream, and find it all you claim for it. It was presented me by a beau?At first I felt offended, supposing he thought I might graw bald,and had sent me your remedy?but a moment's reflection set it in a different light?The fact is, Henry is a philosopher and knew our iex are never bald. Did you never think of this fact ? (certainly we hare, and will say more at some other time.)) So I tried it, and he says I look all the prettier for it. My hair plagued me much, when now I have little trouble with it, as it gives my hair a rich glossy, jet black, silky appearance, and does not dry up in a day or two as the various oils 1 have used before. I thank you lor my sex, and who knows it may not be the means of improving my looks to such an extent as to win my Henry 1 I would order a gross of you did 1 know I could not obtain it hereafter. Yours, truly, E. M. T." Waverley Place. No. ?, Sept, 21. Sold only by Phalon, 214 Broadway, opposite St. Paul's. Sonnet TO MESSRS. J. PEASE k SON, Manufacturert of the celebrated Hoarhound Candy. " Severe the pains that rack my shivering bones? Days spent in tears, and nights in anguish'd groans ; To die were bliss, compared with such hard fate. Come, come, O Death, and ope the Aineral gate." Thus spoke a youth whose tnin and sicklied frame Looked as if life to him was but a name. Consumption's web was eath'rinff round him fast. And friends ware dreading each day as his last. When all thing* failel, the Hoarhound essence brought, Gave life anew?a miracle seemed wrought. The youth arose in health and strength again, Free from all ills?released from every pain. Afflicted one! would you this medicine greet ? Tis PEASE'S, forty-live Division street. 0X9~ THE METALLIC TABLET HAS BEEN IN extensive use for the last twenty-five years ; many ccrti- I ficates as to its superiority are in the possession of the in- < ventor, but that it may be more satisfactory to the |>ublic, the following are inserted from General James Tallmadge, President of the American Institute, and M. Millikin,cutler to the British Navy. 8aun<lem' Raimr Strop, with its four sides, combines admirably all the requisites to sharpen and set razors with a fine and smooth edge. It is a real comfort to possess it. 1 JAMES TALLMADGE. i New York, November, 1840. The Metallic Tablet in its use is simple, having the same eftect on a razor as a hone, without using oil or wa- ' ter, and in quarter of the time. After five years trial I can ' recommend it with perfect confidence. M. MILL1KIN. Cutler to the Royal Navy, 301 Strand. Retail pricas >1 to $1 60. Sold by G. SAUNDERS, inventor and manufacturer, 163 Broadway. tin- SEVERAL CHILDREN IN~~A HIGHLY RESPECTABLE family in Broadway, had worms to a frightful extent, and were all cured rapidly with Kolmstock's Vermifuge, from 71 Maiden lane. In some of the best families in the neighborhood of St. John's Park, it has been extensively used, from the cirpitMatDni?fi of Knvintr orn/limtiwl n I arrrn nn ant it v nf urnrmu after all other remedies had failed, which was very extcn lively known in that part of the city. Kxtract of The Uenalne garsaparllla, Prepared by * THE COLLEGE OK MEDICINE AND THAHMACY Of the Cixv of New York. This article has been prepared at great expense, according to the new process of the Parisian pharmaceutists, and ii confidently denominated the only really valnablc preparation of Sarsaparilla now offered lor sale in this country. Together with the active principle of the Smilax ejgiciraft's?the best species of the root?the College have incorporated that peculiar modification of sugar, which has been termed glycurrhixin. In the "Extracts" of the nos trnm-venilers ami certain druggists, the common extract of liquorice is the chief ingredient, and can readily bede tected. But it is proper to stale that in most cases this i extract of liquorice is adulterated, and contains copper de rived from the pans in which the decoction of the root is evaporated. The College wish thus particularly to guard the public against the pernicious tendenev of mixtures, containing large quantities of this poisoned liquorice. The , " Extract,' prepared by the College, contains also an appropriate quantity of the peculiar crvstnlli/.aMe principle, obtained from that valuable vegetable bitter, Gentian, (so sailed from dentins, King of Illyria, who first discovered its great virtuea.) A small portion of the active constituents ol the Eexrwt Oateafrat, another vegetable, whose cttlcaey as an alterative and purifier of the blood is well known, has likewise bean added. These several articles have been incorporated, and their peculiar principles compounded in a highly concentrated form, and the result has been the production of a vegetable alterntive and tonic, unequalled for power and efficacy. The College merely add the following extract from the edition Just published of Brande's "Practical Dictionary of the Materia Medica ? "This article has been prescribed in chronic rheumatism-in obstinate cutaneous eruptions?in indolent ulcers?in glandular affections?in diseases of the bones, attended by dull aching pains, tumors and nodes?wasting of the flesh?and W hat prorata valuable remedy, and hat tomclimet effected a cure where other alteratives hat e been long adminittered in rain, and when the diteated elate of the eyntem hat he en of many yeart duration- In the after treatment of typbilis, and in catet where mercury hae iefurioutly averted the tyttem, it poteettee pawert not hitherto ohtereed in any other article of (he Materia Medica." Hold in six01.c Bottles, at 75eents*ach. " Ix Cssri or MsLr-*-do*ax, $8 80. " " *' on* nntr.iv " fl 00. Casrs forwarded to all parts ef the Union. N. B.?J! very liberal diec.ount In whnletale purcbatert. By order of the College, W. H RICHARDSON, Agent Principal office of the College, V7 Nassau st., N. T. j op- B ROT lit 11 JONATHAN, FOR THIS WEEK. I Saturday, Mepteaabar Mth.will be embellished with Seven Hunlaoac Engravings, and will coataiu the ('roam of the British Magazines for September. Aleo, Seven New Chaptera of Jack llintou.the Guardsman, by Harry Lorrrt|uer, and a naw tale by the author ot "Ten Thouaand a Year," ' entitled the Mistakes ot Two Nights. Pcacivsi. Kikni.?The demand for this new novel by ; Captain Marryatt, has been so great, that with the aid of the most perfeet machinery and power presses we have not yet been able to supply all our town and country or- j ders. They shall be attended to with all possible des patch. WILSON h CO., Publishers. lira Nassau at.. New York. gQ^BALDNESS?Balm of Columbia, for the Hair, which will stop it if failing out, or restore it on bald planes; and on children make it grow rapidly, or on those who have lost the hair from any eause. , All vermin that infest the heads of children in schools, arc prevented or killed by it at once. Find the name ol Comstock V Co. on it, or (never try it. Remember this always, and get itonlyat71 Maiden lane. Herald Bulletin of News. The Herald Bulletin of News la kept at the north-west comer of Fulton and Nassau streets. On the arrival of the morning mails, al eight o'clock, A. M.?and also of the evening mails, at four o'clock, P. M., the latest intelligence from all parts of the world, may be tound on the Herald Bulletin Board, at this corner. Let every wayfarer nop and read. Advertisements of all kinds taken at the office. He raid General Printing OSes. The Oeneral Printing Office, capable of doing all aorta of printing, such as books, pamphlets, bills, cards of all descriptions, is now open at the Herald Buildings, entrance from Nassau street?Joseph Elliott, Printer. MOME YMAJIKKT. Thursday, Sept. 34?4 P. M. The stock market has been very dull, and prices generally again fell. Ohio A's J per cent ; Farmers' Trust J ; Mohawk SJ ; Harlem (. It has been supposed that the Harlem stock, held by the recent " great operator," would shortly be precipitated upon the market. The movement to-day was indicative of such an event: 1600 hurAS urnm dnJ/1 IKn I"?? ?* ? * * * '* * ?, .?? ... R.-?i proportion ny mi' greatest bulls. The principal buyers were the " shorts." In the matter of Messrs. Boorman, Johnston anil Co., it will be remembered that Mr. Sampson's letter to Mr. I Smith on the 27th of January, seven days after the maturity of the contracts, he stated that they had " complied with the suggestions of Mr. Smith in relation to the contract." Why do not Messrs. Boorman, Johnston It Co. place those letters with their " suggestions," beforo the public 1 The public have now a right to know what suggestions were passing between the (tarties before the maturity of the contracts?what were the proposed means of evading it?what were the calculations as to the ability of Little St Co. being able to bear the loss The terrible condition of the Alabama currency, is a matter of vast importance to all connected with Southern trade. The merchants of Mobile alone seem to be asleep to the fearful state of their aflairs. All other sections of the Uuion have taken prompt and efficient measures to throw olf the burden of a depreciated currency. The bills of the State Bank of Alabama form at least four-flfths of the currency of the State. These bills sre reeeivable for all State dues, although much depreciated. A project is now on foot to withdraw them from circulation, by funding them in a State scrip, bearing S per cent interest, and to make them no longer receivable for State dues. The Legislature it to meet in December, when, under the Democratic rulers, a tax will be levied to pay the interest on the State debt, and relieve the banks from the burden on that score. The funding of the hills will give the institution a chance to emit a specie-paying currency, bated upon the new crop. The ability of Alabama to pay is undoubted ; the will depends entirely upon the people of Mobile, who, if they firmly persevere in a determination to take nothing but s|>ecio, or bills at their specie values, can have a sound currency in *0 days. To show more clearly the loss sustained by the public in the use of a depreciated currency, we annex the comparative wholesale prices on the same day in Mobile and New Orleans, on few leading articles : the quotations hero being for Alabama money, and in New Orleans for specie :? Prices in New Prices t? Mob. Jlr. adv. pi Articles. Orleans in in Ala Bank ct in M'hile specie. notes. over If. Or!. Cotton?Inferior, 5 ? 5!* 7 a 7S' Orilina'j-, 6 a 6,% tt a Middling, oVa 7? !> a to , sl Mid. fair, I^a Hl.Sa 10S Sugar?Ordinary, I a 3 3 a 6 Middling, 3Sa <S 6?a 7 71 do. Prime, 5 a 3*2 7>2a IS Coffee?Havana, 8\a 9V 13 a 13 n ?.i ... .i? .- i - ? .. , uiu.t, >?? ?-* i.i a > 33 no. Laguira, Ptgi 9,', 13 a 13 i Tork Mess, fi JO a 7 00 10 JO all 00 ) M. O. J JO a 6 00 9 JO alO 00 S 62K do. Prune, 4 50 ? J 00 100 > 8 00 J Bacon?Hams, beat, 0 a 5 7Wa 8)0 do. canrsd, 4>?a 5*4 Hjia 10 / . Sides, 3 a 3* 0 a 6>4 f " Shoulders, 2 a lAj 4 a 4j*j Molasses?Common, Sail W a 27 I 1Tt j Fair to gd, 12 a 14 28 a 29 S Hour?Western, sn|?-rfinr, 4 JO a 4 7J 8 JO a 9 00 Ml do. Lard?Kegs, good, fi a 7 !l)4a 12 81 do Bagging?Kentucky, 12 a 13 20 a 21 04 do. Hone?Kentucky. 5Xa fi 9 a 10 0J do. Whiskey?Recta, IS a I5>? 27 a 28 80 do. Sail?LjJpoI sack, 1 37Sa I 4 0 2 00 a 2 12% SO do. Lime?Thomaston, barrel, 75 a *7S' 2 00 a 2 JO 17S do. Corn?In sacks,bosh. 32 a 35 68 a 70 106 do. Oats?Do. d a. 28 a 30 55 a 38 95 do. We learn from the Sangamo Journal of Friday last, that a meeting was held in Springfield by the tag payors ofall parties, at which they resolved, that there was no law to justify the recent proclamation of the Governor, prohibiting the reception of State Bank paper in paymont for taxes; and that they would not pay their taxes for 1842, in any better currency, until otherwise ordered by the Legislature. They resolved that they were in favor of compelling the State Bank to pay specie for her notes, or withdraw her circulation and wind up her affairs ; and that State Bank paper ought not to be received in payment to he School and Seminary funds. The Mexican manufacturers are clamoring loudly for protective duties on coarse cotton and woollon cloths. It appears from the table inserted in yesterday's Herald, that the consumption of foreign wheat in France for the year 1840, was 6,308,605 bushels, valued at $6,0-20/424. The consumption of foreign wheat floor ,was valued at $976,000. The largest proportion of the flour was sent from the United Statin, but a small quantity of the grain went from this country. The consumption of foreign grjin ill France this year, will be greater than ever, and that at a period when the granaries of Europe have been exhausted by a succession of had harvests in Eng laud, followed up by an immense deficiency in those of Krance and Spain. The United States alone stands forth, with superabundant crops at low prices. A London paper ?f a late date, remarking upon this fast, as connected with Lho currency, has the following:? " We expect to see such a pouring forth of the produce of America into the markets of Europe, beyond the value of the goods exported from Europe in exchange, as to cause a demand for the precious metals to be sent over the Atlantic. U is impossible to guess at the amount ; it may not be sufficient to create alarm, and certainly will not if all the indebted States pay up their arrears end dividends punctually. Will this contemplated flow of money raise prices ? It may prevent them from falling still lower, and may raise the prices of some things which have been most depressed and most checked in the production?such as iron lor example) but we do not imagine it will have any farther effect on priceaof raw materials in general beyond preventing the price falling." These views of the effects ot a How of currency, and exports of produce upon prices, arise from the great difference between the state of affairs here and in England. In England, the masses of the consumers are the manufacturers. When bread is cheap with them, they buy more goods, and trade is more pros|>erous. In this country, the vast majority of tho consumers are agriculturists, whase means of purchasing goods depend upon the prices ef their produce. Therefore, in England, when bread rises, trade declines, ln'.the U. Utiles, when produce rite*, trade increose*. By high prices, we would not be understood to mean those fictitious paper values, which return to the farmer no actual equivalent?but we mean those actual pricea improved by the effective demand which (five to the farmer a higher equivalent for the results of his labor. We have on a former occasion given a comparative statement of the employment of the inhabitants of Great Britain and the United States?we will here give a similar table, a little more in detail:? CoMrASATit : Ocrivtiiosi is Great Bbitaiu ai?d thv UniTin Staves. f?re?/ Ihitain. UnilrA Statu. Familitt. IntlivHuali. Agnrullitrt, 1,000,134 3,717,756 Trades, 1,304,7*1 454,3611 Manufactories, .">00,670 377,371 Other classes, 1,31S,I6R 339,520 4,133,702 4,740,961 In England, the agriculturists are to the other classes as i to 4. (u the United States, they are as 4 to i. Now by he best authorities in is calculated that wheat will range 10s. per quarter lower this year than last, and hat the reduction on other food will be 20 per cent, equal n both cases to a saving # ?20,000,000, or 9100,000,000, in he price of food. That Is, that four-fifths of the populaion will have to pay so much less for food, and will there'ore have so much more to appropriate to the purchase of uanufactured goods. In relation to the prices of food, lie same state of affairs exists in this country, hut its fleets are reversed. Instead of toree-fourths of the population having to pay so much leas, four-fifths of the |iopulation receive so much liws as the reward of their labor, ?nd by to impoverishing tbsm the manufacturers hope to J make them pay higher prices for goods. In relation to ... he Increase of prices by the operation of the tariff, we | Save compiled the fbllowing table, showing ths advalorum duties upon prima artislas of consumption under each tariff:? >

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