Newspaper of The New York Herald, September 30, 1842, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated September 30, 1842 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD * ork, Kria?jr, September 30. 1?4'4. I'HII.\1>I I flllA Si ??(. KIKAIH 1 A KI NUTICK ? NL? AS anuhmamt.?From and alter Oct. I, IS4.1, thi Philadelphia subscribers to the Herald will pita**- pay the camera, at the fii.J of every week, 16 cents; and, including tbe Sunday Herald, 17j ci-nt?, being in the lame proportion as heretofore. All who have pgid in advance, will, ol cour?e, lie auppli d as usual. Those who cannot conveniently pay tho curriers every week, can renew their subscriptions iu advance, ut the office, Third and Dock street. The Herald is published by the proprietor, entirely on the cash principle, and the above arrangement is made to prevent the ensroachmeut of the credit system. The exte.invi and increasing circulation of the New York Hi , aid, in every city and town in the United States, and throughout the country, renders it a valuable medium for advertiFors. All orders left with the subscriber, will be punctually attended to. (>.11. /IEBKR, Third and Dock sts, Agent for the Herald. I'iiil tin criiiA, Sept. iU, 184i. \ e wspuptr Movements? Kit ra, V i hstl-'s Osr.iT Srsscii us Boston.?We have sent i) Bj ion a carpi of reporters, to report verbatim the great privh "f the distinguished Statesman, to he delivered on i n lay next. It will probably be received and published solm, iclj at this office, on Satunlay next, in an EXTRA ih ' \LD, in advance of every other paj>er in New York O n Nkws Bulletis.?All the latest and most interest i * i! ws, both foreign and domestic, can be found daily , from sun ri-e till 10 o'clock at night, on the HERALD I'ULLEriN BOARD, at the North-west corner of Fulton ..i. I Nassau streets, which is now the great centre of intelligence for New York?and where advertisements can be i n ned daily, on cash terms exclusively, for the Ntw V on n Herald. which has a regular circulation of 30,000 copies- being the largest circulation of any two or three newspaper; in New York, notwithstanding every false tut-'maul to the contrary. Let every busiuuss person act for his best interests. Another Extra Herald?Sailing ok the Acadia.?As the Aeiidta sails from Boston to-morrow in Liverpool, her letter bags will close in this city this afternoon. They are at the Postoffice, Hurndeu's and Gilpin's. We shall publish an Extra ! [ei .tld at three o'clock, containing the latest American political und commercial news to go by her. V'.juittal ok Tint Kev Mr. Veurkn.?By our it p i.'i in tlii-i day's paper, it will be seen that this inb i-'-uug tri il closed yesterday by an acquittal oj the lire. Mr. Verren, under circumstances that rell' Ct the dee(iest condemnation on all those who have been concerned in the conspiracy against his jo' diiume and reputation. Recorder Tallmadgc hini.-olf, with great propriety and feeling, has expressed his entire concurrence with the verdict. Tiiis case has beena most remarkable one, in its inception? its prosecu'ion, and its termination. Mi V.-rren was only made the stepping stone to a political intrigue?his feelings, and those ol his highly accomplished lady aud connections, outraged merely to reach, by indirection, another pur. .. unlnr hv rtllwr tmrritw 1 I iu mI!*HV?I?? l>ers<>r'iiiors will yet receive their deserts. Of tin* singular management ol this cause, on both sides, we have heard many curious opinions. Ogd' it Hoffman was Howry, pathetic, but rather flimsy?Hugh Maxwell strong, powerful and eloquent?Western not much of any thing in particular?but Attorney General Barker, it would seem, has lost a good deal of reputation, both as a man of talent.- and education. How comes this 1 Apropos? We have been cited to appear before the Court to answer to a complaint made against some error in ,de by our reporter, but we suppose it will satisfy the honorable court, if we discharge this reporter, without invoking the aid of the writ ol habeas corpus. Pkoorkss of KEi'trniation?Tub Case of Boorran \' Johnston.?The "Courierand Enquirer" ol vfhterdoy, has a long, lumbering, pompous, absurd article, <>n the famous case of private repudiation, -is practised by Boorman Ac Johnston. In this artick the New York llerald and the Board of Brokers are shown up with wonderful froth and a great display ol flummery. Tins is a droll movement. The organ of Wall street repudiation has been selected with great propriety. A newspaper establishment that has been yielding tor years from $10,000 to $20,000, accord nig to its own showing, and yet has to take the benefit of the act for $200,000 of debts, is a very appropriate vehicle for the publication and defence of mercantile doctrines that are on n parallel with Mississippi repudiation. What are its motives for snob a course we know not. When the Courier and Enquirer, on a former occasion, abandoned its hostility to the 1'nited States Bank, and became its advocate, n certain $52,000 was exhibited, in due process of trial, on the debit side of the account of a certain establishment. When the late exploded Baltimore Trust Company was eulogized in the same concern, the books of that company also exhibited a certain $1000 in n similar position. Yet, we will impute nothing but honestly to the motives, whatever we may think of the arguments of the Courier Ac Enquirer. We are willing to allow all parties concerned the utmost purity of character ?the greatest integrity of purpose. At our leisure we hall take up the case as presented by the Couiier, and show the world that the moral principles contended for by Bowman Ac Johnston, and their fri- mis, are precisely identical with the doctrines of repudiation but forth by Mississippi?and that no commercial community can ever expect to create confidence?or establish mercantile integrity, if its leading merchants?its leading financiers?or its leading lawyers, countenance such doctrines. Wc cast aside the idle special pleading founded on the ssumed bad character and doubtful jHisition of the oard of Bankers?we cast aside the quibbling ar guinent raised on the question of referees?we shall go at once to the root and branch of the case, and show, by an incontrovertible appeal to the common iense of mankind, that the principles contended for by Bowman A* Johnson and their referees, are destructive of all honor, all integrity, all confidence jn commercial dealings?that it is in fact a chapter of the same demoralizing code, from which spring the repudiation of State debts?the enactment of vtop laws?the suspension of hanks?in short, that it di-lionor and dishonesty in trade, stalking forth upon'change in habiliments made up in the quirpe ...I ..f ,U.. I?f llin l..?ul ?r?_ 'I'l'i'vivo v'l "it i "i?" v ?#?' fen-inn. This we shall do, and that soon. Medical Intki.mqencs.?As the winter session approaches, the numerous Medical Colleges through?iut th-i Cnion, are making great efforts to attract students. The Ixiuisviiie University is the most flourish;,>g school of medicine in the west. In Philadelphia, the venerable University still maintains its hi U standing'and prosperity. The Pennsylvania Medical College is also very flourishing The Ptuyvesant Institute School in New York has proved a failure. The rejection ol all its pupils who applied to the Navy Hoard has created much alarm amongst students. It is rumored that Mr. Molt,the main support of the school, intends returning to Paris. The College of Physicians md Surgeons in this city, is, therefore, in a fair way of again having the field to itself A private tn lieu! school under the auspices of T)r. Nelson, the celebrated Canadian Surgeon, is about to be <>|.rn-d 111 thif" firy. The College of Medicine and Pharmacy, i* in a very flourishing condition, and ib doing much to effect the promotion of phannac utical science, and the prevention of the sale of t>ernicious nostrums. Sailing or rm: Western.?The O,real Western -htied yesterday at two o'clock. Thirty-six passengers only went in her. She returns again early in November. pioirpkct of a Risk im the Prick of Land.?In one hundred and forty-eight years from this time, according to accurate calculation, there will be one human being for every acre of land on the globe I.eoi^i,anire of Connecticut.?It is to meet in ' w Haven on the 25th of October. Sh-.ut u* no Cor.vra v.?Situation ok Public ' Affairs ?This lovely country?this extensive land , ?>| promise?this everlasting prairie, with the Rocky Mountains on one side, the Allegttniett on the other, mid the everlasting Niagara along side, is in the most li?|?i>y, i>ro-peroue, envious, mixed and checkered condition that any country ever was m.since the time that the children of Israel were ruled by ludges, prophets, priests, and pedlera that elapsed trom the time of Joshua to that of Saul. Government, religion, legislation, education, currency, finance, morals, trade, manufactures, theatricals, lashions, amusements, crops, com, cotton and tobacco, are all in the most blessed state of excitement, effort, mixture and confusion, with several strong streaks of piety and honor running through the mass of humanity, like a golden vein in a block of beautiful Parian marble. The Executive Administration of atiairs is in a state of abeyance almost, in consequence of the quarrels of the two parties and the jealousies of leading men. Neither is it certain yet what changes may take place in the cabinet, or what policy the generul government will pursue, till the |>osition of Mr. Webster is defined. According to all appearances Mr. Webster will not leave the cabinet yet? but all is in doubt and confusion. A few days will determine this matter. The great question of State repudiation begins to attract public attention?and the country will soon he called uj>on to examine the moralt of this principle, and to determine what its effects may be on the credit and character of the republic. We do not?and cannot believe that repudiation will prevail for anf length of time. There is yet a strong leeUng of religion, honesty and integrity, diffused throughout the nation, that will never rest under such an imputation In relation to poli'ies, it is very probable that the wliigs, as a party, will be defeated in the ensuing elections, as in the recent ones. Mr. Clay's chances will be obscured?but not blotted out altogether. The real contest for the Presidency does not come on till is-h, and all trie present trials are mere guerrilla fights, which mean little. Our currency is improving by the process of suspension and liquidation among the banks. Prices have almost decreased to the lowest standard? and trade, in the necessary channels, has brightened up?although the depression among aH operatore is as low as ever. In moral and religious afiairs, there is evidently a new spirit beginning to appear in many new quarters. This is the best symptom ol the times that has yet been developed. There is a great deal ol folly, pretension, absurdity, and prejudice?but pure, ancient, and real Christianity is springing up in several quarters, like a well of living waters, that will soon make itself be felt in all the avenues of existence?in government?in creeds?in trade?in finance? iu repudiation?and in every other element of human corruption. We are not forgotten in heaven. This blessed Union is certainly the favored nation, in these latter days. The Fall. Campaign?Tuk Wutos in Motion,? The meeting of the whigs in National Hall, on Wednesday evening, may be considered the opening of the great fall campaign, leading up gradually to the battle of Waterloo in 1844. We have|noticed their opening, and we give them credit for the gallantry, candor and honesty ol their avowals. Dudley Selden, Phillip Hone, and the whole lot deserve great credit. They have, at last, openly avowed their principles and their purposes, like men of honor. They are in favor of distribution?declare for a National Bank?go for a high tariff?are against the veto power?call Captain Tyler " an unprincipled traitor"?and above all, go tooth and nail for Henry Clay for the presidency. Daniel Webster will be denounced, if he remains j in the cabinet?General Scott is laid upon the shelf ?the Erie Railroad must be completed by the State ?the enlargement of the canal followed up?and if necessary as many millions more borrowed as are wanted to do all these things. In short, the whigs avow their purpose openly, to go lor measures that will revive the times of 1886, by re-organizing credit through the means of legislation. On these points they, heartily and warmly oppose the policy of the democrats?and also the /n$/e millieu of Captain Tyler. They go for the whole loaf or no bread?and to)accomplish their purpose, and bring out the people to vote in their favor, they mean to bring into the field " the same old coon," singing songs, log cabin, hard cider, &'c. We like this. We shall now have a contest on principle, on intellect alone?and we trust it will be so decided, without riots or brute force. The whiga have had a majority in New York?they must now pursude them to come out. We pause for the other side now. r?otitrtV?mp MntfruiFVTS ? T .nrrl Mnrnnflt rotnrnn to Europe in the Great "Western. Sir Wm. D. Stewart is still in this city preparing for his trip to the Hocky Mountains. The Hon. Caleb Cushing passed through this city the othar day, on his way to Massachusetts; it is yet uncertain whether he will take a place in the Cabinet. Much depends on Mr. Webster's movements. The President is still in Virginia. John C. Calhoun arrived at his seat at Pendleton. S. C., a few days since, and will perhaps remain there till November, at which time he will make a journey to New York to inspect the nakedness of the land. Martin Van Buren is rusticating at Kinderhook, and preparing himself for a nomination to the next Presidency, if he can effect it. Henry Clay is very busy in the west. The Governor of Coney Island attended a great wine sale in this city yesterday. His Excellency John Barney, the Governor of Staten Island, is in Boston, superintending the movements of Daniel Webster. Nicholas Bidcile is rusticating in Andalusia, very quiet and very retired. He is studying literature and the fine arts, having abandoned all financial affairs. J. Hwrsley Palmer, the great London financier, and author of many tracts on finance, is still in the city, looking after the assets of the North American Trust Company, but the longer he looks the smaller they get. All our fashionable people have returned to the city, and the watering places nre quite deserted,with the exception of New Brighton, which is still throng ed with visiters, as it is now one of the most delicious spots on the continent, from the salubrity of its climate, and the delightful character of the scenery by which it is surrounded. The city of New York was never so full of strangers. All our hotels are crowded to suffocation. Important Letter from General James Hamilton, now in Et'rofk, addressed to ttie Ho.n. John C. Calhoun, on the conduct of the State? and the Currency of the Country.?We have received by the British Queen steamer, a highly important letter for publication, addressed by Genera Hamilton of South Carolina, now in London, to tin Hon. John C. Calhoun, discussing the effects pro duced on American reputation by the discredit ol the Slates, and treating at large on the measure! that should be adopted for the reorganization of the currency of the Union, and the restoration of the credit and integrity of the several States. It will be published to-morrow at length. Important from New Granada.?We have re. ceived by the brig American the following highl) important intelligence from New Granada: ? It ha* been decreed by the Congresa of New Gra nada that all the privileges which have heretofori been given to the French and English in opening i canal through Panama he forfeited and withdrawn and the project of connecting the Atlantic with the Pacific be thrown <>|>en to the competition of the whole world. Thi9 is an important movement, and exhibits the liberal policy of the government of New Granada We should not now be surprised if some enterprising capitalists of America should, in anticipation o! all others, take hold of this vast project, and open a communication with the Pacific by the Isthmus ol D.trien, and thus save thousands of miles in the voy age of our ships to that ocean. We shall soon ser what will ba done. Latest News krom Westchester County.? Thursday Evening.?At th*- opening of the Court of Gttrral Sessions of Westchester county, at Bedford this morning, John McCleester, James Sullivan and Heorge Kensett were arraigned under indictments for manslaughter in the first degree, in acting as principals in the prue fight at the death of McCoy, and for riot and assault and battery in the fight on Hart's Island. They severally pleaded not guilty, and were remanded for trial at the Court ol Oyer and Terminer of that county on the 21st of Novem! her. It is supt>osed that Judge Kuggles will be absent from the county at the time fixed for these trials, and as lie has recently been officiating for Judge Kent on Long Island, it is presumed that the latter gentleman will preside at White Plains during the Session of the Oyer and Terminer. Indictments for Manslaughter in the first degree have been found by the Orand Jury ol Westchester, against Christopher Lilly, J antes Sandford, Henry Shanfroid, William Ford, Oeorge Kensett, James Sullivan and James Murphy. No bills have been found against captains or owners of steamboats who conveyed passengers to the different grounds, nor against any of the passive spectators. Sullivan was taken up on Wednesday evening by officers Smith and Frame and deputy sheriff Wood> of Peekskill. They placed no irons upon him as is ctroneously stated by some of the city press, nor did he evince any disposition to do aught than obey the directions of the officers. They arrived at Hastings about eight o'clock in the evening, when the whole male population of the town were assembled to see "the fighting man." Not being in irons the utmost astonishment and surprise was expressed by the assembled crowd, and to such a height has the horri ble been represented relative to this man, that some of the spectators asked " if it was true that he never eat any thing but raw beef V' He was placed in the same "cell," (which is constructed of heavy planks and located in the upper part of the Court House,) with McCleester und Kensett, both of whom were ironed, and the latter chained to the floor. Sullivan very politely refused to allow the " ruffles" to be placed on his wrists, and he was allowed to remain tree from shackles over night. His counsel, who were in attendance gave notice that they should apply forjbail, which the court stated would probably be granted'in a heavy sum. Several wealthy men are prepared to enter sureties for his appearanee at Court as soon as the sum is fixed. No bail was offered for either M'Cleester or Kensett, nor does there appear to be any disposition on the part of their friends to procure it. Unless obtained this week, they will be conveyed to prison at White Plains on Saturday, to await the decision of the Court of Oyer and Terminer. The punishment on the indictments for manslaughter in the first degree cannot be less than seven years' imprisonment in the State prison, and may extend for life In the cases for riot, tec. at Hart's Island, fine and imprisonment in the county I rison, or both. All the suits on which indictments have been found are set down for trial at the Oyer and Terminer, and the Grand Jury of the county has closed us session iuiu aajournea. Snllivan states that his clothing, ship-stores, and trunk, were on board of the ship Union, for New Orleans, in the stream at the time he was arrested, and that she was to have and did sail the next day. In the meantime he sent down and obtained his trunk, baggage, ?tec. Passages had been taken and paid for for four passengers, two of them being for Ford and Sullivan. They intended to go to New Orleans, and thence to Texas. A Most Vile Suander.?The "Albany Argus" copies an article from a vile, lying print of this city, imputing to us the purpose of screening the prizefighters that murdered McCoy. We have only to say, that the imputation is a base and beastly falsehood. Important from Boston?Nr. Webster'* ' ttlon In Pmbltc Affairs. We have just received the following despatches from one of our superb corpt of reporters now in Boston, there waiting to report the grear speech of Daniel Webster, defining his position. All the world is going to Boston to see immortal " Black Dan," heave a load off his stomach. It will be seen that Daniel Webster does not tarn upon John Tyler, as the coonskin cabinet did, and treat him like a pickpocket. Whether he leaves the cabinet or not, it seems no one hat a right to atk?the future :ii J?j. Ji ti i. _r iff. iir_i * :?i i_ ivua. uruuf u. xuc epcccu ui ivjr. ** cusicr will uv the great feature of the day. It will fall like a thunderbolt on the ultras oi both parties?locofoco and coonskin. Tremont House, Boston, > Tuesday. > Dear Sir:? At last you htfve stirred up even the Boston papers to a discussion about Mr. Webster. The New York papers are all wrong in this matter except the "Herala." It was all along Mr. Webster's desire to deliver a sneech, and he would have done so last Thursday had he been well enough.There have been great eflorts made by some politicians to induce him not to deliver a public speech; and his contrary determination has thrown evefy thing in the whig political ranks here into confusion for the time being. He was asked, whether he meant to define his position in his speech 1 He replied, " My jxist position I certainly shall define, and justify all my jxist jrroceedings in the cabinet." "But do you not mean to state your intention to rvsign, either now or shortly!"* " That's a q\utlion that no one hat any right toatk me. J thall speak of jxist awl present occurences, and leave the future to take care of itself." Mr. Legare is at the Tremont, and occupied in a round of visits. Major Barney, of Baltimore, Governor of Staten Island is on his tour : he is always surrounded by beautiful women, walking, talking, driving, or dining out, and is the jrreux chevalier 01 the age. Forrest and Miss Clifton opened at the Tremont last night, in the Lady of Lyons. He played execrably The house was crowded. Rice and Yankee Hill have just concluded a good engagement here. Business is very brisk, and crowds of visitors arrive daily at this excellent house, and ride out to Mount Auburn, Mr. Cushing's beautiful gardens, the Monument, Navy Yard, Arc. Ellsworth, the great walker, has only one week's more work to do, before he finishes the one thousand miles in one thousand consecutive hours. Mark me?he will do it. He looks most ghastly?only sleeps part of each hour in the night?never in the day 1 saw him do a mile in 7 min. 48 sec., and he kept a horse on the trot all the time to keep up with him. He is a small man, about 32 years old. Yours, B. Tkemont Hoisk, Boston, ) Wednesday. J 1 Dear Sir :? Mr. Webster has just arrived from Marehfield, and appears much improved by his recent visit to his home, and a little hunting, shooting, and fishing excursion. There is how no doubt whatever that he will deliver his grent sjeech the day after to-morrow 1 at Faneuil Hall. It will be a great movement, und may be like a bomb thrown into an enemy's camp. It will scatter several of the miserable trading nolitiI cians here and in New York so thoroughly, that it will be difficult to collect them again. You have no idea of the excitement your remarks about Mr. Webster have created here. The papers would not f have published the speech until Monday morning had you not sent on here to have it specially report' ed for the " Herald." In consequence of that move> ment, the "Daily Advertiser" will have three re! porters?Mr. Chandler, and two gentlemen named I Male, nephews of Kdward Kverett. The "Atlas" will have Mr. Brewater, Mr Story, (a cousin of the Judge's,) and another?Mr. Miles, 1 believe. The " Boston Courier" will have two?Mr. Tileston and another from the American, r Mr. I^egare left this morning for Providence. Mr- Curtis, your Collector, has arrived here to I *1 I iir*u ??ir 9|?rruil. Forrest nlaved Richelieu last night to a,crowded ' house at the Tremont. Blake is doing a good bueiI ness at the National. B | Another Earthv|!'akb ?We learn from Captain . Maaon, of the I >exter, arrived last evening from Port au Piatt, that a few days previousto her leaving there were several very slight shocks of an earthquake.? No damage, however, was done, f Trade there of all kinds waa very dull, partly can* j. sed by the deranged state of the currency. The ' President had called in all the ten dollar bills in , consequence of the many counterfeits in circulation. Th< l?mat Annual Fair and Cattle 8h?w a the Hfw York Stato Agricultural society at Albany?Second Annual Kxklbtttua? S. ,.t. *7, *M, '40, JO?1NA-4. THK SOCIETY. It was organized in 1832. ltd objects are the improvement ol the condition of agriculture, horticulture, and the household arts. JamesS. Wadsworth, Esq., of Genessee, Livingston Co.. is tlie President. Henry S. Randall, of Courtlandville, Corresponding eecretary, and Luther Tucker, editor of the Albany Cultivator, is the Recording Secretary. Exhibitions. The first was last year, at Syracuse?the second this year at Albany?next year at Rochester. The Grounds. The fair is held this year on the beautiful grounds adioining the New Bull's Head tavern, Troy Road, on the northern boundary of the city of Albany. The grounds embrace about twenty acres, all enclosed with a very high board fence. Admittance, one shilling. First Day. Tuesday?Sept. 27, 1942. cm arriving tii me grouuus, we louua inemeover. ed with a multitude of tenia and building*. About thirty very neat and beautiful tents were spread for the convenience of the people in case ot rain. There was one very large circular tent. Another long tent was got up by the mechanics of Albany, and appropriated to mechanical articles. A large wooden building had been erected, and is appropriated to the horticultural departments. The grounds in every direction are covered with agricultural implements,.to the trial of which this day is set apart. Among the multitude and variety upon the ground, we were particularly struck with the following:? 1. Ploughs?About a dozen varieties, all extremely well got up, and some of them of a new and l>eculiar construction, and bearing evident marks ot utility. 2. 'Cultivators?Four or five varieties. 3 Stoaw Cutters?About a dozen kinds. 4. Thrashing Machines?Four varieties; one of which we were assured would thrash 500 bushels of wheat and 1000 bushels of oats in a day. We saw it in operation, and could not doubt its powers. 5. Bee-hives.?One?Pitt's. 6. Corn Shellebs and Corn Crushers.?Several varieties. 7. One Reaping Machine.?Highly spoken of? made by Mr. Obed Hussey, ol Baltimore. It is said to be capable of reaping 20 acres per day . 8. One Hay Press.?By Mr. Jacks?invented by a Mr Vanhooven, ol Catskill? said to work well. 9. One Silk Reel ?By Mr. Jones. 10. Silk Cocoons, Reeled Silk and Manufactured Silk.?Entered by Mr. Polhemus, agent of the Auburn State Prison. This is a large assortment, and said to be very fine. The Trial of Ploughs. This was commenced on the afternoon of the first day, but was adjourned to the second day. Premiums. The list el premiums amounts to about $2000,and embraces almost every variety of farm stock and implements, farm and garclen products, butter,

cheese, maple sugar, silk, and other domestic manufacture, &c. Animals. An unusually and unexpectedly large stock of fine animals have arrived upon the ground. These however will be particularly noticed hereafter.? They are mostly trom this state, but same from npi^nhnrini? Attendance?Gentlemen of Distinction. The attendance to-day was much larger than had been anticipated. Among the gentlemen of distinction present, we noticed the President of the Society, Mr. Wadsworth, Mr. Sherwood, of Auburn, Judge Van Bergen, of Greene county, all active members of the Society ; Mr. William Miller, of Richmond, Virginia ; L. M. Burfort, editor of the Southern Planter; Charles Marx, also from Virginia; Mr. Merriant, editor of the Boston Cultivator; Messrs. Comstock and Johnson, editors of the Central New York Farmer, Rome; William Lincoln, of Worcester, Mass.; Col. Saml. Jacques, of Boston, and many others. Arrangements of the Executive Committee. It gives us pleasure to say that they are very complete, and entitle them to great, credit. We hav every reason to expect equal justice and fair play. Remarks.?JVesday Evening, 27th. We left New York on Monday evening; but on account of a heavy fog. we did not arrive in Albany till Tuesday noon. The grounds are two miles f ront Albany, aud when we arrived there, we found that very little comparatively had been vet done; so little in fact, as to render it not worth while to despatch any report by the evening boat. Our next report will be far more interesting. In the mean time, we can but most ardently desire, that every reader of the Herald, and every farmer in the country, should be as deeply imnrpawiifl oa wo Ituvp Kpoh fn.rlav. with th?^ immense importance of the great art and science of agriculture. It is, indeed, but in its infancy; and we tear, that 'multitudes of farmers have yet to learn how little they know of their own profession. To all such we say, go and attend these great agricultural Fairs, and you will be much wiser, and make money tnueh faster. Theatricals.?We have now five Theatres in full operation in this city. Three of them are doing a very splendid business, and two rather ordinary. The Park Theatre, in consequence ol allowing Celeste to slip through their fingers, has gone back to its old unprofitable position. They have Mr. Geo. Vandenhoff there ; but, although he is an excellent actor, and has excited some attention, yet he does not present sufficient attraction to draw good audiences The Bowery Theatre has had a splendid revival since the appearance of Celeste on its boards But the house presents a most sinmilar contrast. On the stage, where the beautiful Celeste is the divinity, there is nothing but pathos, passion, grace, and the highest development of art?in the body of the house, from nit to gallery, there is nothing but peanuts and perfumery, bad taste, and worse man ners. The fact is, that the audiences at this Theatre have been entirely degraded by the biutal ""and vulgar exhibitions which have been got up there for the last few years. Celeste will probably play a few nights there, and after visiting trie principal Atlantic cities, return to London in December. The Chatham is doing a splendid business. Sinclair who retains in an extraordinary degree his vocal powers, and Madame Lecompte, the balletdancer, and several other artistes, are playing at this house. The Olympic is doing little since the commence .u,. tl IIICUl Ul IUC UU1UCSI UtfcWCtil Hit wvwtij OM? I"t Chatham. Niblo's is still holding out wondrously. Niblo himself is a perfect Napoleon in demi-theatricals and Ins elegant entertainments have much of the freedom and enjoyment of private parties. As to other theatrical matters there is not much to say. Forrest and Clifton are at Boston playing to tolerable houses. Brah&m is still in Canada ; so is Nagel. A series of concert* are about to be given here ; among the first of these, will be that by De Begnis, with Mrs Sutton, the Seguins and other distinguished artistes. The Theatres in other Atlantic cities seem to linger out their existence with difficulty. Great efforts are making in Philadelphia, and they have much rivalry there, amongst managers of all sorts and sizes, but the result it is impossible to predict at present. A Wink Sau?Hard Timer at Last.?At a wine sale yesterday, by Messrs. Pells, auctioneers, a considerable quantity of this precious liquid went off at very low prices?both in cask and bottle. Gold sherry in the cask, sold at 40 to 60 cents? pale sherry at 75. Champagne of good quality, sold from $3,62& per dozen to #6,00. These prices are 50 per cent lower than usual?even in the face of the new tariff. A large quantity of superior champagne, Burgundy and claret, was not sold at all The sale was very little attended, as it was advertised only in the Wall street papers, which have a circulation only in the lower regions of "'change " Some suppose that the sale was made in order to raise the wind to pay the duties. The system of cash duties will, therefore, have a singular operation in knocking down prices. The industrious classes of society, including ourself?will be able soon to take half a glass of wine at dinner?that is,.if we have not taken the pledge, or enlisted with Delavan, Welsh <Sr Co. Itrther from \ itcatan.?We have received further intelligence from Yncntan, which shows that a part of the news published yesterday could not have been correct. It appeared by the first news that the Mexican force had captured Laguna, and the entire naval force ofYucatan. It appears now, however, by our private letters, that the Yucatans had no navy to capture, as every vessel, except a small cutter, had been sold soon after the capture of the "Yucateco" early laet month. They are to build gun boats to supply the place of the large vesaels, and only two of them were on the stocks. It appears also that the "Yncateoo" was captured with the aid of more bullion than balls. When Marrin, the Mexican officer, boarded her, there were but fifteen, and a bribed captain, named Furer, to contend against him. Our next news from Yucatan will be important. The people of that little republic are determined to reaiat the agfreaaions of Santa Anna ^General Rtailom. i S*n. 29.?Before Recorder Tallmadge. Judge Lynch, end AMeriiuiiJUartin, Carman, Bonnell, and Slew art. Trial of Rev. .Intoine Verren for Perjury, Concluded.-The court room wii crowded to overflowing to hear the conclusion of this highly exciting and important trial. Among the number we observed James WaUou Webb and his wounded cal', with his left foot carefully encased in an Indian moccasin. Thu Recorder commenced his charge to the jury at11 j o'clock, aad closed at a quarter before one o'clock, going | Ailly into a review of the evidence of the several witnesses in the case. The jury requested that all the papers that had been read in evidence might be put in theii possession. Mr. Max well objected to this course, and said the jury were only entitled to the affidavit of Verren, and the four original letters marked A, B, C, D. The Court aaid the Jurycould not have the remainder of the papers without the consent of all the parties in the case. The papers named by Mr. Maxwell were then handed to the Jury. The Jury then retired, and came into Court at a quarter before four o'clock, having been absent three hours, when the foreman said, " the Jury have instructed me to announce to the Court that they have found a verdict of not guilty." The Recorder replied, that" the Court concurred in the verdict of the Jury, and were of opinion that the evidence in the case justified it-" He then thanked the Jury for their patient investigation of this " arduous and protracted triad," and discharged taem lor the term. The Rev. Mr. Verren was much affected when the Jury came in, and shed copious teara on the rendition of the verdict. ' Contempt of Court- JVebb'e Duel.?The Recorder asked if 'lhaddeus Phelps and Charles F. Daniels were in Court. Mr. Gloves said he appeared as counsel for Mr. Daniels. The Recobder said he was charged with contempt in refusing to answer questions put to him by the Grand Jury. The Court had been lurmshed with a written statement of that matter by the Grand Jury, by which it appeared that Mr- Daniels had been asked the question? "Whether he had heard of the contemplated duel between Marshall and Webb prior to that occurrence V' That he answered, "Yes." The question was then put, "From whom he had received that information?" He replied, that "For several reasons he declined answering the question, and among others, that he might be suppo-ed to implicate himself" He was then told that any answer he might make would not implicate or be used against him, yet he still reluseu to answ erMr. Gloves said he presumed Mr. Daniels was nowcalled upon to answer to the alleged contempt. He contended that he had a right to refuse to answer any questions put to him by the Grand Jury, under advice of his counsel, on the ground that the common law recognized theright of a witness, when he was an interested party, and requirou lugive evidence iu icmiiuu 10 me cgromiiuuu ui a felony, to decline answering any question that might implicate himself. It might lie said that the duelling law of this State altered the common law in this case, but it was not so. Mr. Glover then read the following extracts from the "Duelling Law" of this State " Sac. 1.?Every person who shall fight aduel with any deadly weapon, although no death ensue, shall, upon conviction, be punished by imprisonment in a State Prison for a term not exceeding ten years. " Sec. 3?Every person who shall challenge another to fight such duel, or who shall send or deliver any written or verbal message, purporting or intended to be such challenge; or who shall accept any such challenge or message ; or who shall knowingly carry or deliver any such challenge or message ; or who shall be present at the time of fighting any duel with deadly weapons, either a? second, aid or surgeon ; or who shall advise or give any countenance or assistance to such duel, shall, upon couviction, be punished by imprisonment in a State Prison for a term not exceeding seven years. Sec. 3.?Every person offending against either of the provisions in the two last sections, shall be a competent witness against any other person ofTending in the same transaction, and may be-compelled to appear and give evidence before any grand jury, or in any court, in the same manner as other persons'; but the testimony so given, shall not be used in any prosecution or proceeding, civil or criminal, against the person so testifying." Mr. Oloveh continued, that if the law eftdod here, that then there would be no impropriety in the witness testify, ing.but then the Grand Jury may find an indictment in this matter under the fifth section of the la w, and the wit ness' testimony may implicate himself, witnout his having the benefit of the exception in the third section in bis favor, and the Grand Jary may indict him under the fifth section. I believe that is the course the Grand Jury intend to pursue, *s the Governor has been applied to as provided for in the sixth section of the law to designate the county where the parties shall be indicted and tried, and has designated this county. Mr. Glover then read as follows from the law Sec. 6.?If any inhabitant of this State, shall leave the same, for the purpose of eluding the provisions herein contained respecting duelling, or challenges to fight, with the intent of giving or receiving any challenge herein prohibited, or of aiding or abetting in giving or receiving such challenge, and shall give or receive any such challenge, or shall sud and abet in giving and receiving the same, witnout mis state, ne snail iw neeineu ax guilty, aim on mi be aubject to the like punishment, as if the ottence had been committed within this State." The Recorder said the questions contained in the statement oi the Grand Jury, which the witness refused to answer certainly could not implicate himself under the section quoted by counsel. Mr. Disiiu stud the questions in the statement were not those he refused to answer before the Grand Jury. At the suggestion of the Recorder Mr. Daniels was then sworn to answer such questions as might be put to him by the court touching the matter. Recorder?Mr. Daniels state to tho court the reasons why you refused to answer the questions put to you by the Grand Jury 1 Ahs The first question asked me by the Grand Jury was whether I was cognizant of any challenge having passed between Webb and Marshall in this State 7 To which I promptly replied, I was not. The next question asked me was whether 1 had any knowledge of any preliminary arrangements between Webb and Marshallto go out of the State to receive or give a challenge to fight? This question I reiused to answer, resolved to stand on my rights, and make no reply that might criminate myself. No such question as is made in the statement was asked me. Recorder?The question as proposed in the statement isfrom whom did you receive the information that there was a challenge between the parties ? Mr. D.?If this question had been put to me by the Grand Jury, I should have answered no one. Mr. Daniels then expressed his willingness to go before the Grand Jury,and answer the questions in the statement. Thaddfus Phelps was then sworn and instructed by the Recorder that he was not bound to answer any question that might implicate himself or show a gross contempt on his part Recorder.?State why you refused to answer the questions put to you by the Grand Jury 7 Answer?1 stated that I heard a challenge had passed prion to the duel. I was askedfrom whom I received the information 7 I stated that I received the information from no party connected in any manner with the duel. It was communicated to me in confidence, and I did not feel authorized to disclose the name of my informant. I meant no disrespect to either the Court or the Grand Jury. Recorder ?It is ane part of the duty of the Grand Jury to deligently inquire into matters that may come befere them, and it is not necessary that they should confine themselves to the examination of direct evidence in a case, they act not as a trying, but an accusing party, and it may sometimes be necessary for them to examine hearsay testimony to enable them to pursue their investigations. NT v- |1 Tkn nDPOAn u<I>a ffovn mn lki> inf/trmalinn nnlw (poke of it at rumor, and as it was confidential, I will .not answer thequeston unless it is so ruled by the court. Recosder?The fact of the communication being confidentially made to you, is no more binding on you as a witness, than if it had related to a burglary. Mr. P.?It appeared to me that the Grand Jury wanted the information as a connecting link in the affair, and thus hold me up as the scapegoat in the matter. Recorder?Mr. Phelps I suppose you have no objection to answer from whom you received the information, and that he merely communicated it to you as public rumor. Mr P.?1 will send my informant before the grand jury, and I will guaranty his appearance. Recorder.?May be he will not be required to appear, Mr. Phelps. t Mr. P.?He has not had the least connection in this affair from beginning to end. f Recorder.?You have a right to gofurther. Mr. P?I rest here, at the same time declaring I mean no disrespect. Here Webb had a consultation with David Graham, Esq. who stepped forward as counsel in the case. Graham?I apprehend that it requires the same testimony before a grand jury as it does before this court, and that testimony that is not admissible in court cannot be demanded by a grand jury. If Mr. rhelps had stated in court that he received his information from a third party, not directly or indirectly concerned, his examination would be stopped by the court, and the same rule should apply 10 grand juries. If the power of a grand jury could not be limited, they might go on and establish an inquisition into a man's private family or pecuniary affairs, or any other matter, and there would be no stop to the scape of their powers. The Grand Jury here came in and the Recorder informed them that Mr. Daniels had consented to appear before them, and testify to the matters contained in their statement. The foreman asked what course waa to be pursued in the caaeof Mr. Phelps. Recordes?I would request the Attorney General at the law officer of the State to answer what he deems to be the law of the State in this matter. Attorxet Ov.rcr.aAL?I think the Grand Jury cannot r.....i,n?.-.o,. th? miiivr. and that the same rulei applies to grand juria ai to the reception of evidence as are applicable to a court of justice. A grand Jury must be governed by some rules or there would be no limit to Acir power and duties. Ji'dcr. Ltisci said this was a question of great importance, and that he was not ftilly satisfied of thcconrse that should be taken in the matter, but ho dissented from the opinion of the Attorney General. The grand jury cannot b? limited to the same rule, that govern petit Juries. If this was the case the ends of Justice would frequently be defeated In the Incipient stsges of an examination, To 1 e sure a grand jury wcro not authorised toflndahill on mere information; they must have evidence sufficient to convict before a petit jnry, the evidence being uncontradicted, yet thoy were bound to entertain all information that may come before them, although not direct testimony, in order to enable them to find out competent witnessna in cases under investigation. Racoaoaa?As this is a novel question, will Mr. Maxwell be kind enonghto state to the court his construction of the lawT Miiwii.l?I agree fully with the opinion expressed by tho Attorney General. It is the business of the District Attorney to furnish the grand jury w ith competent teatimony to find a hill. That is the course I nlwaya pursued while District Attorney, and I don't think the Grand Jury should be obliged to send for A. D. and C. to acquire testimony. RKi-oanra.?Will Mr. Hotl'man furnish his views on the subject ? Harrsuis ?I entertain the same views expressed by the Attorney General and Mr. Maxwell I always supposed the Grand Jury had unlimited range in the subjects under inquiry, but that they are bound to confln - themselves to legal evidence Mr. Westebis rose, and said he was disposed to agree with the view of the matter taken by Judge Lynch. The oath tnkeji by the grand jurors not only required them to inquire into legal testimony of crime that may come be oro them ia the regular manner, but into such matters as , may come to their knowledge. They have a wide range of duties to perform, and are not only concerned in invoatigating offence* and complaints preferred by the authorities, but each juror is bound by his oath to present such other infraction! of the law, or matters in which the community are interested, that may come to his knowledge. Rccoania?It is evident that the grand jury can only receive such evidence, as is sufficient to find a bi.l, and that must b- comp tent testimony , uncontradicted, to con vict before a petit jury. Jl'dgk Ltkch.?TheUrand Jury certainly have a right to examine testimony iucompeteut to onvict, lor the pur pose of pursuing it to the end o obtaining legal testimony to find a bill. It ia the duty of the niagistratea to send information to the grand jury, b t it does not prohibit the jurors from inquiring into metiers for themaelvee. Uraxp Jcaoa?How are we to know whether the man from whom Mr. Phelps received hii informatio?, is a principal or not, until we hear his name ? RccoaDea.?You can ask him the question whether he was a principal or third party. Obaxu Jwror.?Cannot we a>k him what he know* of the whole all'air, and is he not bound to answer ? Mr. Shales rose and laid he took an interest in the matter as a citizen, and would suppose a case for theconi sidt-ratiou of the court. A murder has been committed, I am absent from the country at the time. On my return 1 i am summoned before a Oi and Jury, the question is asked me, what do you know of this murder 1 I answ er, " ilofhine " I am airnin naliM.I Have vntl roralvwd no "fhfnreiA. | tion on the subject 1 I reply, a friend of mine told me be was present, knew the murjerer, and saw him run off after committing the deed. Would 1 be bound to aniwer the question, From whom did you receive that testimony ? and thu* secure the murderer, or could 1 refuse to anawer because it was not direct, and only hearsay testimony! Grand Juror?If the range of our inquiries are to be interrupted, as in the case of Mr. Phelps, it will be morally impossible to fiud a bill against any person, for any offence. 1 would request the Court, as the District Attorney is absent, to rive us a rule in writing to govern us in this metter. Recorder?That would be impossible, it would require ine to write a book on evidence. Gband Jlsor?We suppose we have a case before us somewhat analagous to that presented by Mr. Shaler; will the Court tell us what we shall do in that easel Kccordbr?I would sugg-st that the Jury retire, and call the law officer of the Court. G Juror.?He is not in the city. Rbcobdcb?The Attorney General is present, and will attend you. G Juror ?He holds a different opinion in the matter from that of the District Attorney. Recorder?The Court is not aware of any such difference. G Juror.?The Jury know the opinion expressed by the Attorney General on this floor, is different from that entertoined by the District Attorney in the Grand Jury roomAnother Grand Juror.?Will the Attorney General state what course we should pursnc, in the case supposed by Mr. Shaler? Attorney General.?I have stated my first impressions in this case. 1 still think it is best to abide by the rules of evidence. All rules sometimes fail, and sometimes the community suffer, but still 1 would cling to them as the only safety. 1 know of no tribunal where a man can be compelled to give answers immaterial to the issue, or hearsay testimonyG Juror?Who is to decide whether the answers to the questions are immaterial or not ? Ki cordkk?As the Court is somewhat divided on this question, I think it imporiant to send for the District Attorney to examine it fully, and if I have taken a wrong view of it, I will be glad to correct it The Grand Jury then retired, and the Recorder said that the Court would examine into the powers of the Grand Jury, and give a decision in the case of Mr. Phelps, this morning. Filftited Recognizance.?Henry Renshaw alia-.- McVey, convicted of being concerned in the publication of an obscene paper called the "Whip," not appearing to receive sentence, his bonds were forleited. Admitted to Bail Henry A Harriott, who has been in tno romD* lor lome time,on ttie cnarge 01 o warning money under false pretences, was admitted to bail by the court in the sum of $1000, Philip Hunter of No. 40 North Moore street becoming his bail, after swearing he was worth $10,000 clear of all debts, dues and demands. The Grand Jury again came into court and presented a paper, which is supposed contains another charge against C. P. Daniels for contempt, which the court aaia should be attended to this morning. The court adjourned until 11 o'clock this (Friday) morning. Canadian Affairs.?The excitement produced amongst the British party in Canada, appears to increase in consequence of the revolution in the cabinet effected by the policy of Sir Charles Bagot. What the end will be, cannot be distinctly seen now, but no doubt it sows the seeds ot a great deal of excitement and some outbreaks in a year or two. The exclusive and bitter feeling which possesses the tory party and many of the British residents of Canada towards the French Canadians, cannot be conceived by those who have never ssen its influence within their own limits. Since the changes to which we allude took place, the movements of the Canadian Ministry appear to be destitute of interest. The principal matter in hand at present, is the removal of the seat of government from Kingston to Montreal. This change would give an intellectual concentration to the whole province, which cannot be effected whilst the seat of government remains in a little town in the interior or outskirts of the country. The following is from the Montreal Ga:etU, of September 26th:? Thr Army.?H. M. S. Resistance, now at Quebec, will take to England part of the Grenadier Guards; and the 67tn Regiment, at St. Helen's, which, it was thought, was first for home, will await the arrival of one of the transports now on its voyage to this country, before it embarks for England. The 70th Regimen', or a portion of it, will move to Quebec about Thursday next, to occu py me quarters vacated Dy tne division ot tne Grenadier Guards which embarks in the Resistance.? H. M. S. Calcutta, which sailed for Quebec on th? 20th August, and H. M. S. Pique, which, it was understood, would be ordered on this service, will take to England the remainder of the Brigade of Guards; and some six to eight transports are on their way here, for the 7th Hussars and b7th Regiments. Niblo's.?Four entertainment*, in three of which the Ravel family.appear, are given at thi* popular establishment this evening. The Garden* were full last night, and tha exertions of Gabiiel, Antoine, and the family, loudly applauded. "The Green Monster" has now tha ascendant, and from the publio demonstration of favor, is likeiy to keep it for some time. To-morrow evening the Garden closes. QQ- Chatham Theatre.?The attractions at th * house remain undiminished, and crowded houses are the result, 'i o-night Sinclair, the popular vocalist, appears in the Operas of John of Paris and Guy Mannenng. Madame Lecompte appears in several new dances, and the per ormances terminate with the thrilling drama of Antoine, the Savage ?K7- Barnum, of the American Museum, is just the man to conduct such an immense.estabUshment. In addition to the almost endless and daily increasing collection oi curiosities, Barnum continue* to give the most rich and diversified bill of entertainments to be found in the city. The groat number of ladies and gentlemen that daily visit there, learn that the Americrn Museum is the place to combine genuine amusements with respectability and economy. This is WinchelPs last week. His new seven character play is full of husaor. The mechanical figures of Signor Vivaldi are far superior to Maelxael's automaton chass player. Families and schools will remember the performances there to-morrow afternoon. SHERMAN>B LOZENGES ARE LITERALLY in the mouths of all, fulfilling the wish of the Rev. Mr Anthony who alter being cured ol consumption by them said they'ought to be possessed by every family in tha world. When such valuable and pleasant Medicine g?ts a 4un many attempt to share its popularity, but all foil? Sherman's Lozenges are alone known and will be so for aaes. Dr. Sherman is one of our best Physicians?His warehouse is at KM Nassau st?Office 4 Stationer's Hall, Albany. (fry- WE CALL ATTENTION TO AN ADVER tiscment handed "New York Yylogrsphic rress" in another column. Mr. Shields the proprietor is a masterspirit in his line of business, and suiters no w ork to leave his establishment that is not executed in such a style as to tie a credit to it. The advertisement enumerates the various branches of his profession, which Mr. Shields superintends the execution of. We can add that his terms are as reasonable as his work is well performed. By the way, the splendid many colored show bills got up aktbis establishment are twenty degrees above any thing af the sort that can be had in the country. They would make any thing sell. 0T7- FRENCH LANGUAGE?MANESCA 8 ORAL siul Practical System?The first class for the season will commence on Monday Evening, Oct. .7d, at 7 o'clock. A few morn gentlemen may be admitted by making immediate application. A Ladies' Morning Class Is now forming. L. MANEBCA DURAND, No. 78 Franklin st. 5th door w est of Brosdwsy. 0(7-THE OENTLEMANLY AND SOLDIER LIKE deportment of the Oulic Onsrds, (Commsndsnt J. C. Helms,) during their eight days encampment at this plsce, dsmand this tribute of respectful thsnks from the citizens of Key Port and its vicinity, and especially from W\l. R. JAQUE8, Sept. 28, 1842. Key Tort Pavilion House. Whom do we deem the beautiful in this grand world of ours ? The young, the gay, in spring of life, bedeck'd in nature s flowers. With snow-white neck and rosy cheek, and eyes that tosm with hope, ? _. , , Both made so clear and healthy by the famous Chemical Ssap. F*>1(Of LADIES AND GENTLEMEN - HA VE YOU a bad complexion, or eruption* on the face awl ikin f it *o, just use one caka of the Italian Chemical Soap, and the magic effect will turprftM you. Many think this a puff ; let them try It once : it is warranted ; is never known to fail: it wss Invented by M. Vesnrini, the Italian physician, >n 1 is sold by T. Jones, Sign ?' America* E igle. 82 ( hatham street, New York. Agents, 8 State street, Boston, 87 Dock street, Philadelphia ; Ztebcr, Washington s I3? Fulton streot, Brooklyn i

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