Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 2, 1842, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 2, 1842 Page 1
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TH Vol. VIM.?Ho. 47* -W tvle 1c. 31*3 ' 'He Aiill-Angnlur System of Writing. GREAT REDUCTION. m..m twklvk to flx dollsks! MR. BRI8TOW of London, re.pecllully inionns the Ladict and Gentle men of New York and Bro .klyn, (lint In* classes Day and Earning, hare commtnctd Jar llie^tasun, and lliat he ha* Seduced 111* Trim, one liall,?to Six Dollars. Academy No. Mi Bnouswar, nr*a Psn* Place. Gentlemen of all an" an positively tan*ht iu twelve lessons, * hold, fitr, tjzntdiUoui and finished business-like style of Writing, 110 mailer Iiow bad, illegible stiff, or cramped the writing may be, See siieciiuens at tLe door, 2Ji Broadway. Ann the Ladies .. ? A ue it and handsome, delicate and laalnoimble Kunntug Hand la Twi nr. East Lessows ! , O" VISITORS in New York can lake a coarse in Three Days !?Mr B. is to be seeu from ? to 1 A. M., or Irom I to 8 P. M. K veiling CI;*Jces from 7 lo 9. DOOK-KKKrirvc Tauah on a superior method, by double and single entry, cteiitincil |y and practically. ?l | <N N | <N 7 7 C* 1 f 1 STENOGRAPHY. A lit' w iyitcm of the Art of Writiiik Short-hand, for takimc down Lecture., Sermon., Trial, at Law, Ike 4tc., uiutht perfectly by .Mr. Bri.tnw in one courie of lesions ! at ill) Bruvlwav. See as|<ociincn. N. B.?A work of the anchor is presented to every pupil for their i>ermauent cuitH. el Irn'rc WORTHY ATTENTION. LIGHT I LIGHT !?Horn', patent solid bottom Glass Fountain Lainpi for Chemical Oil?From tne |>eeuliar beauty anil elrirance of these Lamps, their neat construction andsupcrior <j<i ility, they are destined to su)>eriede all others now in nse. The total abseace of smoke and smell, the unparalleled brilliancy of the (lame, is admitted to be unequalled. N. B ?At l?ss cost man half a cent |*er hour. 'The proprietor; assure the public that no lamps can he trimmed and kept iu order with so little trouble, and with so inueh .use and facility, as those from their manufactory. J. O. Fay, sole auenl for the proprietors, tt 12t? Fulton streel, 21 door from the New York sun office. Also, Chemical Oil, Camphine, Globe*, Wicks, Ac. Ac. of *u, erior quality, at the lowest market prices, wholesale and retail. >29 Im'cc Tin; amerTcan macintosh. PREJUDICE, or habit, make some to prefer every' thine foreign. W. ask such lo make trial of our wa'er-omof coats aud capes, and learn for once (so far at least as our Macintoshes arc concerned) that the only MM peculiar tn I he imported ever the American, is that they may have Inline on a pea in Chcapaide until they became rusty and out ot fashion, then shipped to AtnericA to bo sold as "pood enough for the nnrket." Price of the American Macintosh from ten dollars upwards. HORACE H. DAY, 4J Maiden Lane, >29 lm*r Successor to Roibury India Rubber Co. NEW STOVE. SHEPAltD'S PATENT REVEK BERATOR. rPlIE subsctibers offer this day to the public, the office and -f parlor siz** of this new and splendid patent stove. We ask all in w nt of stoves to call and examine it. It is by far, the most ellicieiit and economical stove offered for a number of i' ra, and has the approval or all who urs seen it, una bids fair to take the lead of all others. Larger sizes will be in readiness in the course af a few days. In the mean time, the priniciple of the stove, can be seen fully developed in the size exhibited. SHEPARD & CO. Nott's Stove Warehouse, No 212 Water street. N. U.?A splendid assortment of Nott's Radiator Stove, the churches, hotels, public building*, Ike. A two story house can be warmed with three tons of coal, less than oue grate will consume. Drums for pailors and halls, in style and variety unequalled in the city. Also, the best wood cook stove ever offered. r29 lui'ec MAGAZINES AND FERIODIC'ALS FOR OCTOBER. Artist, Uodey's LadlesB )ok, Oranain's Magazine, Ladies W > ild of Fashion, Young Peoples'Book. Boston aud Beutley's Miscellany, 8tr \ Farm House of the XIX century, w ith more than 2000 engravings ; Bitdical Journal and Christian Family Magazine, edited by he Rev. II. Rood arid D. Newell ; Temperance MM othw Almanacs : the R.inbow andUadi. lit, a new huinirrua aud witty journal, well calculated to please llie lively and gay. Allot which will be.sold at wholesale and retail, and (hose who buy to sell again at a lower rate than can be olit tine t elsewhere. N. B.?Fifty agents wanted to circulate magazines, periodical*. Slc. A. J. SEXTON, No. II Beekman, sMeod lm*r corner Nassau. NEWLY INVENTED TRANSPOSING piano fortes, NO. 3t3 BROADWAY, NEW YORK. rTHlE subscribers respectfully inform , their friends and the T public in general, they h.avcjiisl finished a newly invented instrument called the Transposing Piano Forte, which they now introduce to the musical community. This Instrument fo-ms a beautiful, rich and new ezterior. hot',i >u .mi.t,.i and neatness, bea'des a lone full, brilliaut, anil melodious. The great advantage derived from this new inveti lion, i* that music may he transposed into any key desired to suit the vocalists, oflorati accompanimeut of any* other instrument, and therefore worthy the attention of the amateur as well .u the A large assortment of Tablet Piauo Fortes, rosewood aud mahogany, 6 and 6>* octaves, with French grand action, are also constantly kept on hand, all of which we resyieclfully submit to professors, amateurs, and tin* trade ill general, at oar warerootns and manufactory, as above. N. B ?Piauo Fortes tuned and repaired on llie shortest noLINDELL, WENNER8TROM & CO. s 29 lm'c No. 313 Broadway. "One price cash spore, AT til Chatham struct, where will be foiAul clotlung at the following low prices;?Beaver aud pilot clo h coats, from $3 to $13; satiuett iiants from $1 30 to$>; double andstugle breasted vest, from $i 30 to $23". The west sine ol Chatham "7:3 hn*r HENRY t'Od'WELL, CHEAP DRY GOODS. BAHKEK !k TOWLE, 71 Catharine at, take this metliul of informing the ladies of this city, aud all others wishing to avail themselves of the oppo tuuily of purchasing new aud Cluap lioods, that lliey nave will) much care selected ami bought principally for ca*h, a large assortment of Kail uml Winter Goods, to which they are making additions daily, and solicit such as wish to purchase,to call immediately before purchuiiDK* Alapaca Lustres?Just received, 130 pes of these desitable goods, black, blue black, brown, green aud mode colois, 3s to Meiiuot?Krcnch.Oermauand English,cloth and mode colois ?very cheap. ' Silks?J"'t, blue black, brown and colored silks of every desirible style; lig'd, pinn, stri|>e, corded aud repps. Ladies wishing a silk dress or cloak, uiay come here with confidence, f r we will guarantee to satisfy all such with style, quality and price. Flannels?Jtitl received, TO [is Welsh and English Flannels, fri in Is 3d to 4s 6d pr yard, war/anted not to shrink. I loihs, Cassimcres and Saliuels?A Ihll assortment, very clu ap. Some Rood Saiinets as low as 6d per yard. Sheetings aud Shiitings?An excellent assortment. Heavy, over yard wide, brown Sheetings Id, Gd, 8 1, lOd. p ine bleached Shirtings 4a, 6d. 7d, 9-4, 's. I'aliens?warranted f*st colors, 4d,6d, H, ltd. Is. Ticks, checks and Canton Flannels, 6d, H i ltd. Is. Couutrv Merchants, if you wish t.i purchase dry good*, cheap, call at 71 Catharine at, the r.cxl time you visit the city. Goods at auction prices, either by yard, piece or iiackaire. BARKER Ik TOWLE, s29 1*ec 41 Catharine street. MUFFS TVTUKFS & FUR TRIM MINOS.?The uudersignett would J'A call the at'eution of the ladies of New York and the public generally, to his large n- ;ortment of Muffs, couin ing ol lya*. stone, martin, Biheinn 1, Fitch, Genet aud < ney Muffs. A so, a large as t urs and Swansdown Trimmings, Stc. Sic. (kc., wli I lor ?ale at the lowest cash prices, by ISAAC H. ARCHER, Nos. 204 ind 261 tlrernwicli street. Repairing of all kinds done nn reasonable terms. s29 lm*r PATENT PRESERVED PORTAULF MEATS AND SOUPS, "IXTARRANTED to keepany length of tune in any climate, VV viz' lobsters, halibut, shad, salmon, oy-ters, and clams, beef, mutton, veal, duck, chicken, turkey, beef soup, mutton bri th, chicken soup, ?s tail soup, mock and green turtle soup, vegetable soup, green peas, mushrooms, carrels, turnips, pirsinps, tomatoes, milk, Stc. Sic., manufactured and sold wholesale by WILLIAM MULLANE, s4 lm* rc re.** ^a?wn si CRACREUS.?Parr's cheap trucker Bakery, 73 Mott street, near Walker street.?Constantly on hand, Soda, Milk and Wine Biscuit; machine and hand made Butter, Sugar and Boston Crackers, Sec.; Pilot and Nary Bread, all at low prices. Shipping and country orde:s nut up in barrels, kegs aud boxes. A liberal discount allowed,and delivered callage free. N. B.? Passengers to Earope or NewOrleans supplied cheap. s2Slm* ____ MONf'MKNTS, AC. TJOBERT E. LAUNITZ, (late Ik Launitzr Sculptor ft and Artificer in Marble, No. 591 Bioadway, New York. t8.atuea, Monuments, Busts, Konntains, Toinbs, Head Stones, Vast ?, Str., executed ofthe finest Aineiicanand Italian M.irbb s, iu a elnstr and classic style. N. B. Croten water bavin: been introduced into the city, Mr. L. will he pleased to execute all orders for erecting fountains for gentlemen in their gardens, as he his had many years eiiwririice in Italy acd this country. The heat of city relerence Itiven. All orders by letters, giving New York city references, attended to with punctuality and despatch. s27 lm*m Khench langi;a"ue"-M. deLAValle h.n n*mov m! rioin Rtadt; &irett to 213 Broadway, opposite the Gnt n notice tonis scholars aud to (gentlemen who desire to learn I In* French Uiu;uigc, thm he will re-open on Monthly. Four classes lor (fcntlemen in the day, and two day classes in the eveuiutf. Cl iases for ladies from I to hilf past 5 in ttie afternoon. _ *30 lmr N( .T'I 'S STOVES REPAIR* Dby RICHABD AYLIKKE, established nine y( ars a'RGChuham street. New Vork. R. A. lias Nott's and other Stoves, which lie can sell ac a veiy reduced price. Sloi es and pipe put up at the shortest notice. n. B.?I'll e constantly on hind. |m.r EMITTANCES TO IRELAND, Ac. kc-The subscriber continues to transmit money in sums large or small, to persons residing in any part of In land, inthsiame manner as lie, and his predecetso, in tiusines-, have done lor the last thiitv yeats, slid more : also, to any part of England, or Scotland. Money remitted by letter (post paid) to the subscriber, or personilly deposited witli him, with the name of the person or lierioiis in Ireland, England, or Scotland, to whim It is to he sent, and nearest post town, will be immediately transmitted and paid ceordingly, and a receipt to that effect given, er forwarded to the sender. .28 I in r GEORGE McBRIDE, Jr., MCJedar-strcet PARSELLS & AGATE, MANUFACTURERS OF ELASTIC STOCKS, AND SUSPENDERS, LINEN DRAPERS,See. M'llE SI 'BSCUIBERS, in addition to their former stoc(( ol I fashionable good., are constantly receiving by every new arrival from l'uru and London, a supply of the most rich and fashionable ?* - -.rfs and Cravsts. Their assortment of faahiona bie Stocks, Scarfs, ( ratals, r. ady made Linen, Glove.s, Sus pet!tl'Ta, 11<>? 'erf. Illi'i an niwtrei fijfcruiiuin.; i'l.t Kruiirniitu a wardrobe, are ricli and varied. They rrtpectfully invite thrir oil palrona and strangers venting tliia rily, to rill at the old Est Ions and favorably known ami make their seIrction*. rAHSKULS^Si^ AO.ATE, 2aI Broadway, T1..J would particularly recommend'.ii?rt?v2i"i- fci'.'nenrJer with the patent buckle, of thrir own manufacture, for durabilityaml c.nnlort. cinuot be aurpaascJ. The iinpro red Minerva Brain , intended to brart the shoulders ami upend llie cheat, ire highly recommended try the medic il faculty, ami will In found Inaispensiblr to persona who are inclined to hi ml fortv rd; and in fact to all iiidiridnila of sedentary habitn. Parents and Guardians are particularly rrrpiratrd to ea.tinine this article, aa it will be found of iinmenae adTanlaite to children of rithi -wi who have acquired the bahit of stnopin*. I'AHsJCl LS St AGATK continue the manufacture of ihetr cclrbrtted Rtxaia Hidine Belt, sjl !m*m J . a -a - .... . E NE NTE THE GREAT WEBSTER SPEECH, AT FANEUIL HALL, BOSTON. The Hon- Daniel Webster delivered hie urea', tpeech at Fanueil Hall, Friday noun, to abo'it T>4KH) spectators. Accustomed as we have been to witness scenes t f great excitement, in this city and elsewhere, especially on the occasion of Mr. Webster's deI verinir a treat SDuech. we never siw anything i qml 10 the intense anxiety displayed on this conation ; and yet everything Was conducted with the utmost ord-r and decorum. Fanueil Hall was filled literally to overflowing an hour before the appointed time ; thousands went away unable to obtain admittance On the platform we noticed Major Ben. Basse I, Col. Perkins, Jonah Quincy, President ol llavard College, the British Consul, Mr. Gratlan, Jeremiah Muson, Harrison Gray, Benjamin llich, J/ieut. Gov. Armstrong, lion. Mr. Salton s'all, Josiah Bradley, Abbott Lawrence, C. P. Curtis, Eeq. Hon. S'cphen Fairbanks, Edward Curtis, Esq., Collector of New York, Rev. Messrs Watson, Yi ung, Ccdman, Frothingham, Parknian ; Dr. J. E. Pdllrey, Theol. Prof. The body of the Hall was ft led with the people. Precisely at eleven o'clock, A. M., the Mayor, Mr. Chapman, stepped upon the rostrum and said? " Fellow-Citizens, a Committee chosen among your selves has invited Mr. Webster to meet you at this place to receive your salutations and congra'ulations. That Committee will presently attend him t i this Hall. I have been requested to preside, and if there be no objections! will do so." (Cheers.) At this moment there weal up a shout, " here he comes;" and amidst deafening applause that shook the walls of the old Cradle of Liberiy, Mr. Webster was seen advancing towards the platform, attended by a large number of most venerable persons. The dense crowd gave way, and in a moment Mr. Webtfer was standing on an elevated platform beneath the portrait of old John Hancock. As usua', Mr. Webster was well dressed, and we never saw him more erect, look better, or tread with a firmer step. We never shall forget the expression of Mr. Webster's face as he ascended the step that placed him ir. full view of the vast assemblage. Calm dignity and intellect beamed from his eye, and yet his powerfully illuminated countenance did not altogeilier conceal a deep cast of sidness that rested upon it. Standing in front of Mr. Webster, the Mayor, h good voice and manner, addressed him ; it was good and felicitous. After he got through, Mr. Webster rose. Mr. Webster, under considerable excitement. thru said, "1 know not how it is, Mr. Mayor, hut there is something in the echoes of thes; walls, or in this sea of upturned fac^B which I see before tne, oi in the genius that always hovers over this place, and in the ardent and patriotic ieeling so apparent, 1 know not how it is, but there is something that excites nte deeply?before I even begin to sjieak. It cannot he doubted that this salutation and this greeting from my fellow citizens of Boston, is a tribute dear to my heart Boston is indeed my home ?my cherished home. It is now more than fiveand-twenty years since I canfb here with my family,to pursue in this enlightened metropolis those objects of private and prolessional life for which my studies and my education were designed to fit me It is twenty years since I was invited by the citizens of Boston to accept of a public trust ol their conlerring. And it gives me infinite pleasure to see hereto day, amongst those seats assigned to gentlemen now more advanced in life, not a few of those wuu uiigiiiauy "CIQ iiioii uiiiciiiai 111 niuuuiig me to enter on a course of life wholly unexpected, and to devote myself to the service of the people (cheers). Whenever, gentlemen, the pressure of public duties has drawn me from home, 1 have nevertheless always felt it the attractive spot to which all lpcal affections turned. And now that the progress of time must shortly bring about the period? even if it shall not be hastened by the progress of events?when the duties of public life shall yield to those ofa more retired station. I cherish no nope before heaven but that my past deeds may be remembered without prejudice, by those friends whom I sec around me, whether they be good or evil, and that 1 shall leave in the midst of ^ou some bearing my name who will not be unworthy your regard.? (Great cheers.) The Mayor has been pleased to mention niy name in connection with the treaty recently concluded with England, and I hope, fellowcitizens, that something useful has been done ; hut 1 would presume to claim no particle of credit. I have simply endeavored to do my duty. I have had a very hard summer's work, but 1 atn not wholly unused to hard work, (cheers) and 1 have had many anxious days and some sleepless nights.? [cheers]. Hut if the result of ray labor meet the approbation of the country, I am richly compensated. [Loud and long cheering.] Sly other days will be the happier, and my other night given to still sweeter repose. (Tremendous cheers.) It is indeed an object ot the highest importance to have dispelled a cloud that threatened a storm between England and America. (Cheers.) For several years past, there has been a cIhss of questions existing, whieh have not always threatened war, but have never yet assured the people of permanent peace. (Here Mr. Webster spoke so low that one sentence was entirely lost.) At the inauguration of the President,in 1841,1 was called to the place 1 now occupy; and although! know it is in very had taste to speaa of one's self, yet here among rny friends and neighbors I wish to say a few words in which 1 am concerned altogether. With the late President Harrison I contracted an acquaintance?I had the pleasure afterwards of seeing him in his own house?I have made no exhibition ftr boast of the confidence which it was his worthy <if serious notice, have rendered it not improper that I should say, on this occasion, that as soon as General Harrison was elected President of the United States, without, of course, hearing one word from me on the subject, he wrote to me, inviting me to take a place in his cabinet, leaving to me toe choice of that place, and inking my advice at to the pertcmt that ihotdd fill every other place in it. [Loud and continued applause.] lie expressed rather a wish that 1 should take the department of the Treasury, because he was pleased to say that he knew I haa paid considerable attention to the subjects of currency and finante ;and he lelt that the wants of the country?the neces-ities of the country relative to the general subjects ol. currency and finance were the moving causes that produced the revolution?that revolution that which placed him in the chair of state. It so happened, gentlemen, that my preference was for that other place which 1 now hold. I felt all its resixinsilulities, but I can say truly and frankly that with whatever at tendons I had considered the general subjects of currency and finance, I felt more competent to carry out other concerns of the govern ment, and more willing to undertake them,' than to go throagh the daily drudgery of the 1 re>u?ury. 1 was not unaoiuained, gentlemen, with the difficulties which surrounded our foreign relations. J he whole of the danger was not then developed, but the cause of the danger was known, and the outbreak ot that danger was sure to be hear at baud. I allude now to that occurrence on the frontier in the winter of 1HM> connected with the name of Alexander M'Leod. A year or two previous, the British government had seen fit to organise uvpoililinri tor u I?sirf inulur |>ur|....,> ?.,iki. I lie territory <>t the United States ; and that purpose was to destroy a steamboat charged to be employed in a hostile m?nner ngainst the peace of her Majesty's territory in Canada. The act was avowed by the British government as a public act; Alexander M'Leod, a person who, individually or personally deserves no regard,happened to be one of the agents W V 0 :\v YORK. Sunday moI who in a military character, performed that order of his sovereign. Coming into the United States some time afterwards, he was arrested bv the judicial authorities?he was arrested on the charge of homicide, and held commuted as lor the crime of felony. Now, gentlemen, according to my apprehension,any proceeding of that kind was hostile to the well settled doctrines of the public lhw,andan act of all others likely to create indignation, not only .in the government, hut amongst the people of a foreign country. It would he so with us, if a citizen of the United States, hy order ol his government, and as a military man, should receive an order, and obey it,? which he imist either do or he hanged?should be afterwards found within the territory, or the power against which he was supposed to have committed the offence, and tried for an individual crime, and threatened with ignominious punishment. Why we all know that there is not a man in the United States that would not rry out for redress and vengeance. We all know that any elevated government in the case where any of its citizens in the performance of his duty were seized and sought to be made answerable?every elevated government, in such a case says, " 1 am responsible." In the language of the maxun '* Abeum qui feci"?he or me must perish.? (Loud cheers.) Now, gentlemen, a lew days after the installation of tieneral Harrison the news of this reached Washington. I did not think it necessary to say then?nor is it important to say now. all that was then known on that subject. But 1 will tell you in general that i/' all that was k nown at Washington hud been revealed to the country and the public?the shipping interest of this port and every other interest connected with the ^ as, ii4ii f c/ttfi ut//mwi um /I'll/ in six #?/iwa. [Cheers.] ;I thought the crisis might he averted ; in the first place bv upholding nn acknowledged principle of public law, and in the next place by demanding an apology on account of whatever had been done contrary to justice towards this country by the British Government. [Cheers [ To put ourselves right in the first place, and to insist that thev should do right in the next place?[Great cheering.] While in England in 1839, it happened to me to address a large assemblage of her people ; and allusions having been made to the foreign relations of th? two countries, I stated what I then thought and what I now think, that in any controversy which should terminate in war between the United Shales and England, the only eminent advantage that either would |x>ssess over the other must be found in the rectitude of its course. [Cheers.] With the right on our side, we are a match for England?with the right on her side she's a match for us, nnd?a match for any body! [Laughter and applause.] We live in un age, fellow citizens, when there is coming to be in existence, and into judgment, a new and elevated tribunal?I mean the tribunal of the public opinion of the world. Nations cannot go to war now, either with the consent of their own subjects or people, or without the reprobation of other States, unless lor grounds and reasons that justify them in the general judgment of mankind. [Very loud cheering.] The influence ot civilization?the influence of commerce?and, above all, the influence of that heavenly light that beams over Christendom?restrain men?restrain princes and peopie?from gratifying inordinate love of ambition through the bloody scene of war. [Loud cheers.] And it has been well said, and it is true?that every settlement of national difficulties between Christian State?, by reasonable negotiation, and by just arrangements. is but a new tribute, ami new proof, of the benign influence of the Christian iaith. [Immense cheering.] In regard to the terms of this treaty?in regard to the other subjects discussed in connexion with it; it is somewhat awkward for ate to speak, because the treaty and correspondence luzvc not been officially published. [Cheers.] 1 persuade myself, howeiter, that when the whole shall be read and calmly considered, it will be found that evety great interest of the country, and every point of its houor has been maintained on one side, while a proper regard has been felt to preserve peace with the great commercial power ?n the other. [Cheers.[ Gentlemen, while I receive this commendation from the chairman, 1 have an agreeable duty to perform towards others. In the first place, gentlemen, 1 have great pleasure in hearing testimony to the intelligent attention manifested by the President of the United States?to his sincere and anxious desire through the whole of this negotiation to bring it to a successful issue. [Very hearty applause.] And great pleasure I have in | acknowleding now?as I shall acknowledge every where while I live?[Here Mr. Webster's voice trembled, and he spoke evidently under the deepist emotion]?my obligations to him for the unbroken and steady confidence reposed in me by hint during the whole progress of that transaction?a transaction not unimportant to my country and infinitely important to my own reputation. (Loud applause, and Mr. Webster was deeply affected.) A negotiator disparage I, distrusted, treated with jealousy by his own government?would have been indeed a very unequal match lor a cool and sagacious representative of one of the most powerful and the most proud monarchies of Europe,?with the full confidence of his own government and authorised to bind it by his own sanction. 1 shall never forget the franknesH and generosity with which, after an interchange of suggestions and considerations the most free and liberal, I was told at last that on my shoulders was the responsibility, and in my discretion rested the ultimate decision of every question. (Immense cheering ) 1 desire also to speak here of the great cud cordial co-operation and aid rendered me every day and on all occasions by the othergentlemen concerned with nieintlie administration of the Government. lean surely say, what I have caused to be said in a more official manner, that the highest respect is due to the commissioners of the two States of Maine and Massachusetts, for their cordial co-operation? their faithful adherence to the interests of their own States?mingled at I lie same time with the highest consideration of what the general interest of the United States required?(applause.),? Vnd I hope I shall not be trespassing on the proprieties of this occasion if 1 speak of line happy selection made by the government of England, of a |>erson who to come here as a negotiator?a thorough Englishman doubtless,?well understanding, and also steadily pursuing the interests of bis own government?a man ot large and liberal views?of such standing and weight of character in England as insured the probability that whatever he agreed to would receive the sanction or his government and the approbation of the people?at the same time well acquainted with the relations of the two countries, and also on all occasions heretofore, as far as his own talents and feelings were concerned, thinking favorably of and acting friendly towards the (iovcrnment of the United Stales. And I am sure gentlemen, if he should find his work received witli consideration at home, that he tnay congratulate himself in having been instrumental in making an arrangement, satisfying not only the desires and requirements of one party, but of all parties?in making arrangements, such as all just arrangements are, conformable with the honor and interests of all, and so he will consider himself us having achieved a great labor.? (Pause) Aside the question of the Boundary, there are other questions. I hardly know whether this is n proper occasion to advert to them. The correspondence, when it appears, will show you that other important interests have not been neglected?that occasion has been taken to treat of subjects of great moment heretofore?and 1'sliall look with concern hut with faith and great trust for the jndgment which the public will form- (Cheers) There yet remain, gentlemen, in our foreign relations several subjects of considerable interest. There arc some, questions yet unsettled with England. There is, in the first place, the very imjiortant subject of the Colonial trade, or the trade between the United * ""'I tl.a lint uU I'rntMnonu in Vrtrllt AmcriP.'U It hashern my doty to look info that?to " kepp the run" of it as we say, from 1827 till the present tune. I am constrained to believe and have indeed the misfortune to know that the operation of that arrangement has li"en unfavorable to the shipping and navigation of the United States?especially the N'ew England States. This subject isof evident importance. One of the dc|tartments of Congress has called lor a report from the department over whi" I preside, ot the operation of that arrangement, and u respectable committee of the House of It representatives has presented a report. I hold it to he <<f the vital importance to the future prosperity of the navigating interests of the country.? (Cheers.) There is, then, a question somewhat m ireTemote, hut which it may be well enough should be settled?I mean the line of boundary between the two nations in the country bord'-ring on the Pacific Ocean, west of the Rocky Mountains. (Cheers.) There tir-- certainly evident reasons why that should be settled, before the country becomes thickly peopled, either on the one side or the other. The relations, too, which the States hear to other governments on this continent require attention. American ciii/.ens nave eminis on mostoi me governments on this continent, in regard to which thrjr hate ,bern very unfairly treated. And undonbteily it becomes tlie government of the United Slates, by a calm and dignified, bat at the mtnf time, decisive and vigorous lone of administration of foreign affairs, to ensure prompt justice to our citizens in these matters. (Pause) lientlenien. lam here to-day a< a guest. I was invit-d by a number of highly valued personal and political friends RK I RnING. OCTOBER 2, 18to partake with them a public dinner, for the purpose of giving them art opportunity to |ia?tne usual kret-1inj; among friends, nay a tribute of reaped for inv public services heretofore, and tentier their congratulations at the result of this last negotiation [Cheers.] It was at my reaursl that this lestival of a dinner took the form it diu; and that instead oi meeting them at the festive board, I should meet them, together with those that might choose to meet me on this more public occasion. ICheers.] Still, gentlemen, the general character of the occasion seems not to be changed. 1 am here as a guest. 1 am here to receive greetings and suluations upon proper subjects. 1 am not here under any invitation or expectation that 1 should address the gentlemen who invited me, or others, upon subjects not suggested by themselves. It would not be befitting the occasion,therefore, in my opinion, that 1 should use it or abuse it lor any other puri>ose; because, gentlemen, altho I have a desire at some time, not tar distant. perhaps to make mi/ sentiments Known anon yolitioil occurrences, and (lie country generally, awl the political stale (>/ the country, awl its parties at the vrttcnt moment, vet 1 know very well that I should be trespassing beyond the hounds of politeness slid propriety?because I know very well that of the gentlemen who united to invite nte to be here on this occasion, many of them maintain opinions different from mine, and they would very properly say that they came here to meet Mr. Webster?to exchange congratulations on matters onwhich they agreed?and that it was not in very correct taste for him to use that occasion to introduce sentiment* in which they did not concur. (Applause.) U is on that account, gentlemen, and tor that reason, that I shall forbear?thinking it my duty so to do, altogether from using this occasion for the purpose of expressing my own opinions; statingjhow lar .l agree with friends with whom 1 have acted for years, and staling how far I am most reluctantly constrained to ditler lrotn them and leaving it to some future occasion, such as is meet for the fulfilment of that purpose. (L'ause.) I will say one thing, however, gentlemen, because it has been alluded to. The Mayor was kitxl enough to say that in his judgment, having performed the dutiesof my own department with satisfaction to the country, it might he left to me to take care of my own honor and reputation. (Applause and loud laughter.) 1 suppose he meant to say, that in the I*RJC.SKNT DISTRACTED STATE OF THE WHIG PARTY, and iu the contrariety of opinions that prevail, if there be a contrariety of opinions, as to the course proper for nte to pursue, the decision of that question might safely be left to myself. (L'u use, and a comical look from Mr. Webster.) 1 am exactly oi his opinion! (lioarsol laughter and tremendous applause.) I am unite of opinion, gentlemen, that iu a question touching my own honor, and the consistency of my own character?as I am to bear the consequcncos of the decision,! had a great deal better be trusted to make it. (Tremendous cheers )? And. although, gentlemen, no man values more highly than I do, the advice of friends, yet upon a question delicate and important as that, I like to choose the friends that are to give me that advice. (Tremendous and continued appl uise, and shouts of laughter even from the venerable gentlemen on the platform.) On this question, gentlemen, 1 shall leave you as enlightened as 1 found you. (Hoars of laughter and cheers.) 1 give no pledges?J make no intimation one way or the other?(Cheers.) ? And,I will be as absolutely free when this day closes to act hereafter, as 1 think duty calls, as! was when the dawning of this day hurst upon me. (Here the cheering was truly and literally terrific Three cheers were given first?then a moment's pause, and before Mr. Webster had time to speak, there were three more cheers given?then three more.] There is a delicacy in the case?because there is always delicacy and regret when one feels himself obliged to differ Irom his friends. But no embarrassment!. There is no embarrassment if 1 see the path of duty clear before me, because there is that (within me that tells me 1 am able to pursfte it. and to throinull emlmrrassmmt to the winds.' (Loud Cheers) A public man has no occasion to be embarrassed if he's honest! (Cheers) He is nobody or nothing I The country and public duty are every thing! (Great cheering) And be must sink what is |<ersonal to himself in those high considerations whicli are to mark him as a great, or to mark him as a little man in time to come. [Cheers ] There were many persons, gentlemen, in Sep. 18-11, who found great lault with my remaining in the President's Cabinet. Yon all know, gentlemen, that twenty years of honest service?I will no say efficient?out twe_nty veurs of honest, and not altogether undistinguished service in the Whig cause, did not exempt me from an out|?ouring that seldom proceeds from whig pens and whig tongues against any body! [Cheers.] I am a little hard to coax, and a good deal harder to be driven. (Great cheering.) I follow my own judgment, and thinking I was 111 a post where 1 could render service to the country, / stayed there. [Loud cheers ] And 1 leave it to you this day, and I leave it to my country to say, whether that country would now have been better otr, if I had gone also t [Great cheering and cries of " No."] I have no attachment to office. I have tasted of its sweets. I have tasted also of its bitters. 1 am content with what 1 have achieved. I am more anxious to preserve what is gained than to ran risks for new acquisitions in public life. (Cheers ) 1 suppose I ought to pause here. (Cries of " no," " no, from all parts of the house ) 1 suppose 1 ought not to allude to any thing further, and will not, except in what may he thought to concern myself and the office which I fill. A very respectable convention?a most resectable convention of whig delegates assembled here some ten days ago, and passed very imjiortant resolutions. There is no other set of gentlemen in this Commonwealth, so far as 1 am aware, for whom I have more respect and regard?they are whigs, hut they are no better wings than lam.? [Great cheering.] They haveserved the country in the whig ranks, and so have 1, quite as long?perhaps with less ability and success. [Cheers.] They were sent hither, as 1 supposed, to agree upon the candidates for Governor and Lieutenant Governor, to he supported by the whigs of Massachusetts, and there their commission ended. [Laughter and cheers ] It they had any commission beyond that, it ha3 not been published. [Cheers.] They had an authority to speak in the name of the whigs of Massachusetts ou the subjects I have named ; if clothed with any other authority, we have not been made acquainted with it. [Loud cheers.]? I feel very little disturbed by any of these proceedinirn hut mime of them nonpar to me a little incoil eicferate. Among others, I notice a declaration made on the part ol all the whigs of this commonwealth, of full and final separation from the President of the United Htates. (Pause.) if these gentlemen saw fit to express their own purpose to that extent, nobody was to blame; they hnd all the right to speak their own sentiments; but it is quite another question when tiiey assume a representative character and sneak for others, esi>ecialfy as they do not authorize them. (Cheers.) 1 am a whig?always have been?always will be (Tremendous cheers.) And if anybody undertakes to turn me out of the pale of that communion, let him see who 'II get out first. (Roars of laughterund cheers.) Pin a Massachusetts whig. (A|<plause.) I 'nt a Fanuei! Ifall whig, (tremendous cheers.) having breathed the pure air for twenty-five years, and meaning to breathe it as long as < hid spares my life. (I iere tne cheering was tremendous.) Now, as a Massachusetts whig, I am accustomed to submit to the decisions of whig conventions, in regard to the purposes lor which they arc appointed, f know that great party good, and great public good, can only be so obtained. Bat it's quite another question? quite another question?whether a set of gentlemen, however resectable, acting upon the impulse of the moment, can undertake to made de durations wnicn are to oino me in innurni which i have never agreed to submit to their arbitration.? (< rreat cheering.) A full and linn, separation is drelared between all the whigs ol' Massachusetts and tlie President of the United States. (Laughter.) W>l|, (his is a text that requires a commentary.? (Cheers ) What does tt mean? The President lias three years of his office yet unexpired. l>oes the declaration then mean that during those three years all the measures of his administration are to he o|?posed by the whigs of Massachusetts whether they are right or wrong? (Cries of "np," "no.") The great interests of the public will require his attention. (Cheers.) Those to which I have alluded.? If the President of the United States, by diplomatic arrangetneiil, or representation of certain measures to Congress, shall make an earnest and serious effort to regulate the navigation interests of the country in regard to the coasting trade, and to give succour to our commerce, arc all the whigs of Massachusetts to separate themselves from himl "Cries of "no," "no.") Well, I say no. (Laughter and cheers.) If the President of the United States shall direct the proper department to review the whole commercial |?olicy of the United States,? to look deeply into the consequences of those'principles of reciprocity in the indirect trade to which to much our tonnage is now sacrificed ; and if proper measures for the restoration of that interest to its former prosperity were recommended l?y him, are all the whigs of Massachusetts to oppose him t [Criesof "no," "no."] Do you know?(turning round to Mr. Ilradley, a rich merchant) here are gentlemen who do know?that more than one half of the carrying trade,?ilm trans|?ortation of com% I E it A [2. modifies between the empire of Brazil and the United States is carried on by tonnage from the North of Europe,'m consequence ot the inconsiderate principles on which we have entered into these reciprocity treaties! We may just as well admit them into the coasting trade. This treaty gives up our natura| advantages without the least oarticle of consideration. We take the bread out of our children's mouths and give it to olhero. [To Mr. Bradley ] I ask vou, sir, as a ship-owner, is that true! Is it true? [Here Mr B. clapping his hands together emphatically cried out loudly^ "True!"'] Well, gentlemen, is every question of this sort to be iiostponed?rejected? are we to separate ourselves from every thing that is kind, until these three years shall have expired, or till as manv more years expire, untill the time shall come when Providence shall bless us with more power of doing good than we have now?? (Pause ) Well, then, there are now the various departments ol government in this Commonwealth unaerthe authority of the United States,-roaths of office to be obeyed?laws to be administered?collectors, anil other Custom House officers. Postmasters, District Attornies.?what's to become of tliem in lllis seoa ration?which side are they to fall! (Laughter and cheers.) Are they to resign! Or is it intended to {rive an invitation or provocation to turn them out! Is the gentleman who maintains the credit and honor of his country at the Court ol London to return home and yield his place to his predecessor or somebody else! And even the humble individual who addresses you,?what do these brother whigs mean to do with hiin?where uio tiny mean to place him! (Cheers and laughter.) Generally when a divorce takes oluce, the parties divide their childriyi?1 should he glad to know where I am to got (Hoursof laughter and loud cheers.) I would not treat this matter, gentlemen, either lightly, or with too much severity. 1 know when public bodies get together resolutions can never be considered with any degree of?deliberation (putting his hands to his side ) They are pasta d as they are presented[Laughter.] who the honorable gentlemen were that drew up this resolution. 1 do not know. I dare say thev werv respectable. 1 doubt whether they had much meaning in it or i?erceived that little. [Shouts of laughter and cheers 1 They were angry?they were resentful?they had drawn up a string of charges against the President?they had brought in a bill of indictment, and they concluded by announcing the penalty of lull and final separation. [Cheers ] Now, gentlemen, 1 could not read this without oerceiving that it had an intentional or unintentional bearing on my position, and therefere it was proper formic to take it up. [cheers ] Gentlemen, there are some topics on which it has been my fortune to differ from my Whig brethren. I daresay they are right ; but 1 am quite sure I am right in maintaining my own opinion. [Cheers ]? There seems to be a disposition to post(>one all attempts to do good until some future uncertain period. Hut there is a Whig majority?a strong majority, in both houses of Congress. And I am of opinion that the time is now to accomplish what remains to be accomplished. [Loud cheers.] There are persons, gentlemen, of more sanguine tem|?eranienl than I am. Confidence, says Burke, is a plant of slow growth in old bosoms, lie spoke of confidence in men. The remark is as true applied to confidence in future occurrences. There are persons that enn see when the Whigs will have more power,and a better chance to serve the country than they now possess. Beyond the present, far along in the future, they see mild slues and halcyon seas. Clouds and durkness, and mist, blind other sons of humanity from beholding all those bright visions [Cheers.] It was not an easy task to accomplish the attainment of whig power. We tried in 1840, and succeeded. [Cheers ] Not without an effort. [Laughter.] I am afraia it will be easier to lose it. [Laughter and awlause]? And I Know thatnothing but union?by that I mean a cordial, sympathetic, fraternal union, can prevent the whig cause from prostration.? [Cheers. 1 It is not,?1 say it in llie presence ot (lie world?it is not by premature and partial, and especially by prescriptive, and denunciatory proceedings that this greut whig family can be conducted [Cheers.] Don't we know that we came iu as a party made of different opinions. What did the country effect when they found gentlemen of every complexion of political opinion, uniting to in ike a change in the administration^?men of extreme ir'late Ilights notions?men of extreme Federal notions?men of excessive tariff notions?men of excessive anti-tariff notions'! What did the country expect^ That they would come together, differing as they did, in a spirit of conciliation, and harmony, and union, anil sympathy; and though it was seen thut thev differed, yet that they would seek to agree, anil in that spirit save the country from that course of ruinous measures which they believe to have been pursued. (Cheers.) The whole history of the Revolution of 1810 teaches conciliation, forhearance, kindness, friendship, sympathy and union, (fioud and continued cheering ) Gentlemen, if 1 understand the matter, there were four or five great objects for which that revolution was undertaken. There was, in the first place, this first great object, of attempting to establish a |iertnanent peace between the United States and bngland. For, although although as I have said, we had no war, we had these |>erpctual agitations which disturbed men in business half as much as war. They broke in upon the pursuits of the community. They rendered men incaimble of ralcuI .: :.i- 1 r .I,,.; i'11111^ w till any uegiK in mt-u ?.u?uwn of Miccem in this or that pursuit of life. A settled |?*ace, therefore, with that nation, with whicli we had the most intercourse, was one of the great objects which the whig party set before them, and which now seems to have been accomplished.? The next subject was the Revenue. The country was deficient in revenue; for it is a notorious fact that the late administration had in their expenditure exceeded the receipts; and were actually running into debt. The provisions of the Compromise Act were in the mean time diminishing the revenue. I hope and believe, that to a certain reasonable extent, this second great object has also been accomplished. [Loud cheers ] Then there was the great interest of protection, as incidental to the revenue, and consequent on it, and to be maintained by laying duties. Now, as to that, gentlemen, much nlso has been done. [Cheers. J I hone it may be found that enough has been done; ana all the whigs who concurred in that measure, received, as I am sure they have a right to, your commendation. Hut lei us be iust. The French rhetoricians have a maxim, which aflirnas that there is nothing beautiful which is not true. Aqd I am well assured that some of our jubelant orators would not well stand the test of this canon of criticism. [Cheers and laughter ] It is not true that the tarif) system was passed by the whigs alone. We nil know that more than thirty?some of them leading and influential whigs, voted against the tariti, out and out, on all questions direct and indirect. Alter all, it passed the House of Representatives by u single vete. And there is a good deal of eclat supposed to attend and no little parade, because somebody came forward to rescue, as it iscallad, the question with a single vote. Hut had not every other gentleman that single vote 1 Your neighbor who represents the Middlesex district (Mr. l'armcnter the locofoco) voted for the tariff?not coming to the rescue? but steadily out and out sii|<porting it from the beginning to the end?(Cheers.) lie held that sin ?!.. ?nia oil'...;.. ..ft.. ... liia I..II.I uu if lie had I he If" ..... ('residential veio. (I.Hit,rhter and cheers) And how whs it carried in the Senate I Why, by a single vote again. Now we all know that without the votes of the two Senators, trotn Pennsylvania, Mr. Williams of Maine, and Mr. Wright of New could not have passed. Now let us admit the truth of this Even a lawyer will ndrnit the truth, when it heliw his case, (Laughter Bnd cheers.) It is a truth that is more favorable to the cause : that a large proportion ol the opposite party came in to help the tariff through, and to rescue it from the instability of mere party support. (Cheers.) Where, gentlemen composing a jmrt of ihe indusstrions bouy of New England men, and looking to your future acquisition, and the future acquisition of i your children, as ntfhe walks of manufacturing industy, can you desire? enn yon wish?that such a great subject ns the protection of industry shnll he made to lie a mere party subject, rising as parties rise, and going down to the grave when the party goes down. (Cries of "No," and cheers.) No, no; this is a public question?your own question? the utility of a tariff for protection ought to be wrought into the opinions und politics of all parlies f Enthusiastic cheering ] localise, although f hoj?e that the ascendency of whig principles and whig power will be perpetual, yet I desire lo take a !> >nd and security for thisgreat interest more durable even than mv hopes in the perpetuation of whig power. JCheersJ Let us be true in another re -pect. This laritflias accomplished much. I hon"f the. men who passed it?highly honor them. Ii cis restored ihe country in regard of protection lo ter industrious classes to the position in which kbe was before the operations of the Oowjgomise A' L ind no more. [Cause.] It has repaired tic consequences of that mramwr[Tremendous laughter and cheers.] (Jentlemen, I may speak <?t it?my tnmtospeak of it has come (Cheers.] lean truly say that during my services in ( ongress no mAasure ever |>aseed that caused mr such grief and mortification. (Cheers.) It was carried L D. Price Two Cants hv a few friends joining a whole host of enemies. 1 have heard the motives of that act commended. The motives of those mainly concerned in it were undoubtedly perfectly pure, for all public men are reasonably supposed to act only from pure motives. (Laughter and cheers.) Hut if the objects of the whole transaction, and expressed in the very law itse||?it they be motives, written on the face of it? they are motives worse than the operations of the act it-ell. Because it is a part of these motives? itiaao expressed in the act?every line is full of It? every circumstance attending the transaction is lull of it?that the object is neither more or less than to impose in all time to come a restriction 011 ull legisjution in regard to the power of laying duties, which the constitution had not imposed. It was really and truly to insert a new prohibitory clause in the Constitution ol the United States, to the effect that no duties should be laid after 1842, that were not according to un absurd horizontulisin?[laughter] not exceeding twenty per cent. When that act was before the public it was pressed by the emergencies of the public necessities, and a great many people were reconciled to it. I venture now to recur to what I then then said; that itt? principle was false and dangerous [Cheers ] That it would introduce anew practice into the administration of the law,and that when the time came when its operation could be borne no longer, it would convulse our system,would cause a spasm and a throe to get rid of it. And hasn't it done all tlmtl [Cheers ] I thank C.od the country has got rid of it, and can now breathe free of its influence. The present Tariff is sttecific, discriminating?holds to common ??,i :i,;t?.?,. i r?? ..... it.. ciples of the Compromise Act. [Cheers.1 Another great subject remains.?The great original object of the revolution which we lmve effected?and for which we undertook that revolution?the restoration of the Currency. [Cheers.] Our troubles, gentlemen, did not begin with the want of money in the Treasury. They did not begin with the operations of the Compromise Act. Tncy began bythe disorder of the currency in ltS3. Tney nave continued ever since. [Loud and continued Cheers.] Other causes of trouble and distress have grown up?attracted our attention, und been provided for ; but for this great evil of a deranged currency no provision lias been made. And if we shall remove these other causes of distress, if we fill the treasury, if the tariff act und its protective policy shall have the effect to stimulate to a reasonable extent the industry, of the country, so far well ; but till there be a provision lor a better currency?a general currency?of universal value throughout the land, 1 am hard to be persuaded that we shall see the day of our former pros|**rity. [Cheers ] Now, I will say a word or two on that subject. At the special session of Congress, the Secretary of the Treasury, Mr. Ewiag, proposed the plan of a bank with a large capital, furnished mainly by private subscription ; to have branches all over the country for public and private distribution. 1 need not now reler, gentlemen, to the circumstances in which Mr Kwing presented this plan to Congress. It received the approbation of the President with the concurrence of every member ol the Cabinet, in the opinion thai it was the best thing thut could be done; for,as I have said,circumstances placed u gentleman at the head of the government, whom we had all i greed to place in the second official station in the Executive, and who had opinions different from mine; anclwe therefore thought it the part of wisdom and prudence not to see how much of a case could be made out against the President, but to see how we could get along as well as we might under circumstances. [Cheers.] That led Mr. Kwing to present his plan to Congress, such as every body desired it should be, with the exception that it did not allow the Bank to establish branches in any Slate without the consent of that S ate. But Ifhad no idea, myself, gentlemen, that ihere is any necessity for such a restriction. I believe that Congress has the power to make a Baok with liberty to plant branchea anywhere. But, at most, that objection was theoretical. No one could show how mischief would arise, but the opposers went on the principle that in any csae the of a power amounts to a surrender of it. Well, what was dons'! Why, gentlemen, it was < xcredingir doubtful at that time, whether any institution of that kind could be carried into operation, or subscriptions could be obtained to it. (Cheers.) We did whnt we could for it. We sent to mercantile cities. We asked gentlemen of known skill in finance to come and see us and consult with u?. They expressed great doubts whether adequate subscription* could be raised, but they also expreertd hopes, and pledged them selves to do what they could for it, and aa commercial men, were id favor of it, as the administration was new and popular?as the people were anxioul for something to try?end as there was a great desire that the bill should be tried, it was sent toth Seriute, at the Senate's request, and rejected. [Oncers and laughter] Another bill, avoidinc the theoretical objection to which 1 have aliudta, tri iUas* kv/Minkt m A ia/<ii^uii?J l'/?r uiv uroolrc an/4 tllPn if was found out that it could ont passu Whig Sedate, t Laughter and cheers] GentlemeD,! will not pursue me unhappy narrative ol the latter part of the session of 1841; men had begun to grow excited, and angry, and resentful; 1 saw that storm rising, and < adeavoaredas far as 1 could to hush it. [Cheers.] At an early period I expressed my opinion to those 1 was entitled to "peak to, that it was a K rest (leal belter to forbear the residue of that session lrom any further attempt. My advice was,that all should keep cool?that harmony might be restored, if it could be restored. (Cheers) 1 am bound to suppose that that ulrice was good, for it was not at all followed. Tba consequences are too well known to be dwelt on. (Cn**eri ) At the commencement of the last Session of Congress, the Secretary of the the Treasury,in connection with the President and the rest of the Cabinet, sent a plan to Congress for an exchequers measure which has received very little favor, and therefore it ia necessary far ine to prevent the whole burden oft hit disfavor from resting on others, by laying that it met my hearty, sincere, ami entire approbation (Lou 1 applause.) (Pause.) (lentb men, 1 hope that 1 have not throughout my public life manifested a very overweening confidence in my own opinions,but there are tome subjects in which I have confidence in my own judgment, and this is one. (Cheers.) Thirty years ago, a little before my first entering into Congress, the question of the nature of a mixed currency?the relation that paper bore to specie in that currency?the particular means of restraining an excessive issue of paper, bad attracted much of my attention. (Choers.) Same of us remember that these questions had lieen presented in a prominent manner by the famous resolutions introduced by Mr. Vanaittart (Lord Bexley,) and remember also his arguments ta prove while the notes of the Bank of England were 16 per cent under par, that they were still worth as much as they purported to promise ; and he insisted that the notes had not depreciated, but that bullion had risen. (Laughter.) Lord Liverpool, Lord Castlerrsgh, Mr. Rose, and other diatingui'Wl members of Parliament, espousad that side of the question, as wa know. On the other side the luminous reasoning of Husklion, the powerful logic of Mr. Horner, the practical good aente af Mr. Alexander Bat ing, now Lord Ashhurton. were displayed. And 1 confess, gentleman, tkat the study of these popers made me a bullianist, (cheers,) and convinced mi? that paper could nm circulate weiy in any country any lander than it was immediately re- n ileemabli' in gold and stiver on the counter of Ihoee who issued it. ( rrcmendoua cheering.) Coming into Congrooe the very next year, or the year hut one eftcr,oo finding the linancta of the country in a moat deplorable condition, and the' too remaining after the conclusion of the peace, i busied myself, Id preference to all other public topics, in tbc consideration of that question. I believe I have read every thing valuable, written or spoken since, on either tide of the Atlantic on that subject. All close ol'terrers o what took place in other countl?o,nnd especially of what took place here, from the time of the die continuance of the Bank of the U. 8. in 1811, down to the prevent time, agree with my opinion; 1 haveexpret. cd thos'jnpiniona at various times in Congress,end they have not, I believe, been falsified by subsequent event*? o that I feel altogether satisfied that my own opinions on I'tia point ore sound, and mutt therefore b? permitted to piy mo'? respect to them then I can pay to the flippant paragraph in a newspaper, or to the hasty assertion* of a debate in Congress. (Cheers.) Thie is the beet measure? the only measure for Congress end the people to adopt I am res ty to stake my reputation on it, and that is ill I have to stake, that if this whig Congress will take th it measure and give it a fair trial- within three years it will bo admitted by the whole American people to hsvn pioved itself to be the most beneficial measure escr established in thia country, the Constitution aline exoepted. (Immense cheering.) Understand, gentlemen, that I mean that Con^raaa shall take it as it is as it came from the consideration of the Cabinet. I do not mctn that they should take it as it looked after the committees of Congrcee had their hand- upon it. For . . .... for was wnrn int-y iTnirKQiii in? r not worth a ruah-it waa not worth thaiwrrhmnt on which the law wonl<l ho engroaaod (Oraat cheera ) The treat deaire?the urgent end immediate neceaaity of thia country ia, that there a Would bo a common currency, and a facility of richange. You work for the people of Alabama?yon get tea for them?they plant f >r yon. Yon want a common cnrrency,and aomothing ib at will equalize debt and credit with the aome velocity i h at atram rarrit amm and merchandize from one end of If Union to th-other.(Cheera )You have not got it. Ia the natnr of f hin*e y au cannot got It, hnt by the authority I an I nroti*' n i f aovornment- Never. Never. Al?r<e an I li'> nl jo-o- , i >?i for etchanf?ready exchange. ic'i > ill mmoi'vary man to convert hia New Or ici..? i I- i ,t. money today, and uae it tomorrow ,c'i . i i cli n,i i xchange, onn which we have nl in bittcrtimva, v. hrn many milliona were exchange rarely at a co?t of more than three-fonrthe of one par omit. (Cheera.) How are we going to do it * Howl Why, I need'nt aay, gentlemen, that a bank of the United diatea, founded oh a large aubacriptlon af private capital, ia altogether out of the queation? (Cheera)? and th

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