Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 4, 1842, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 4, 1842 Page 2
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VKW YbWk HKitALD \?'\v Vork, Tuct'liiy, October I, ivl 2. Kxtra n* rut Arrival ok thk 0. i.vmWai?Wr inriCfl(?f nine days later uew? trom f".ir? , ajly Una morning. We ahall pomiivv ly receive it it tlie steamship Columbia reached iWt'iri y-sterday, her thirteenth day out ,_y- Wki>"*ikh*s Great jjffcb'u, accurate ly uud fully reported, for sale at the Herald office price tw ?? Hid I Ins is ih< oni'. correct report o| the speech published. ' Itrvlval of Uuslnesa. therein i ??sinve revival of business about these Jay . Wan. e.ei i' i lie cause,the fact is certain. i i large uii |iai. !,. . .t with banks, coriiorationt.or weighty v. , -1. i'iioIi in ula, this revival may not be perce.. ,.| u tin-mjvemeiit is daily felt in the necessary, us lui i tiie, lia.i l-to-mouth branches ol trade, in evciy class ol society. lu nun a i business, the newspaper printing line, w ,.i . l io loot, and make tho lolluwing statement, extract. . .>) uiu c i bier lrom our casn book : ? \i r v*i RtrsirTi ok tiik n. y. 11chh.ii koh hik Dills isdicatid, st thk diKKK.HI.XT PiHI'lOt ? ihi'l. Jua It lo 18 $1811 10 S?pt. 3 to id $1833 ii IB in to lilt 11 10 to IT 2191 31 2s to July * IIIJI 70 17ti 21 17frj 21 2 to 9 1113 ii 21 to Oct. I 2'27u i J 6301 92 8,318 22 This statement presents an increase for the month end > October 1, of tydol i over that for the month cudiug July 9. This remarkable aggregate amount and increase is a sound and steady regular business, consisting of mi ueretseof circulation an i advertising. Our regular i? and a -kly, independent of the vast quantities of . we tin on olt.isovei thirty thousand,hem ; i'kn thousand ovev that ol auy othe paper in x.-.v York, und circulating too, among the best quality of bu* si..... !l... I...I..-S ?. oil..,.I . l.,?L..;? 11... .. " "I " " " ' " "" """"I < .its, r.v i Unitfarm :vt, an 1 professional men throughout the Union. Vhi- is o n newspaper business. Oar General Printing Establishment, entrance !?7 .Nassau street, has been organized only sinee list January, an. 1 has been contacted tn \lr. Jo i i n !.i li i in a manner, that in Inanity ul' execii. ion, and elegance ol ty p igraphy, equals, it It does not ou. >tni nri ; thing of the Kind lu the country. This ist.i i'uiinunt is no printing three periodicals, the " 1. intli " VI ist an I the " Athseueflni," liesidesava t , e.iity el genei il work in books, pamphlets, cards,bills, a i-n * niting in arly to f 1000 per week, nil cash prices ... 1 . nil payments. Many new pieces ol' enterprise are I !, wlncii will probably ino ease the uniotiiit of 11 .. branch ol the estab ishment to >J000 per week?jr .' lii. ' 1 p r annum?a sum nearly equal to the movement 0. ii ilera'.d establishment. I'hese movements, equal to i !y 000 per annum, have grown up iroin almost w. i. i ; - in Ma) lHJS, by the exertion of talent, indus i ', I i enterprise, and tne selection anc employment of u inost competent men in every department, and at the in-st -atari..-. These facts are the strongest indications it lite progress and the revival of sound trade ou a right Vims ior ii general trade be not prosperous, the nev. spaper or printing business must languish. Trade it tin . 'ore reviving in the right quarters, be. \ ou 1 the possibility of a doubt, whatever iiolitieians may -ay, or swear. It is positive and certain, and we have only to all to il, perseverance, economy, and sobriety, to make it tli most prosperous age of the world on this side of the water. JAMES GORDON BENNETT, I'HOI'Mt: TOR OS' THE ihso II NKWSI'APEK oii Ihoiaai. I'hi.iiimo E? i ahlisiiuls r, Vorth u'e\l corner ofl-'ulton 4' A'assau itreels. New Vohk, Oct. 3, 134J. i' s Vdvertlsemeuts, subsciiptions, and orders for every keel oi printing, received and executed on the most 1. e u.i.tbl. terms, for cash pay inents only. Mt-volutloimry Hello*. \V< it'sUinc lo-iiay, the publication of original doeunientf. from the seventeen trunks of Colonel R. ckiiinu. We shall go through, letter by letter, with the whole seventeen trunks, and publish, from time to time, all such documents as are of public ;nterest, > ither from the fame of their authors or the nature of their contents. (inn rut Put man to Governor (.'linton. The following letter, in General Putnam's own handwriting, being written immediately after Burgoyne's capture, will lie read with interest:? Three miles above Tushkill, Oct. lti, 1777. Dear Uoveekor? I received your agreeable favour, and congratulate you on til gloi ious intelligence it contains of the capture of General Burgoiue?1 have halted my Troops who were oa their march northward, and desirous of doing everything to Suh.crve our important cause and bring our struggles to a happy and speedy issue. Should he glad of vour opinion respecting my future movements?whotin i I shall proceed to Albany?or irmain to watch the motions ol' toe enemy on the river and protect the shore? or move immediately dow n to attack tho King's bridge h aving a.l the york inelitia in dutches County to Guard h. river?G neral Parsons with about two" thousan I Troops is at IVekskill?my Troops will halt upon the road w here they are till I receive your advice in the premescs, which I ropiest may be as Speedy as possible?also thai you would acquaint me whether you will probably be able to aford any as istance in case it should he thought ad useable to move do w u to the bridge with esteem nnd respect 1 am dear Sir ? your obedient humble servant ISHAKL I'LTNAM P S?ii you Should advise to going to the bridge I ?V. sire Colonel Lamb would come clown His Excellency Governor Clinton fnIn utile to Gov. Clinton. I'll following letter of the Marquu de Ltlajette, hi ins own hand,Will he read with intense inteiest:? Stokkctadt, the Sd March, 1778. sir : ? Votir favor of the twenty-fixth last came into my hands tnd I found myself very happy to be confirmed in the idea I had entertained of your opinion about the Canadian expedition?my being a stranger in this country (tho' I don't believe I'd tie ever taken for atory) my age which tho' \ ery pleasant lor my sell ran however be a hall-argument I ii the hall-ci itics.and my,perhaps too qtirk|fenling fer my glory, have engaged me to consider very deeply what eolild be said by the fools, as well ns by the wits, by the wise as by the ma 1 people upon this ridiculous enterprise ?1 think that bytheteuorol my instiuctions,and the date of uiy being instructed, if theie is any blanie it must go down towards York? for my part I have acted as my honor, and the military principles of the whole military world h?er urged me to do,and 1 l'eel the greatest pleasure to meet with an approbation I have so high regard for, as this of your excellency. \gi iambic to your letter, sir, two companys of Wanschoy's regiment will tie sent to Sclionry, and 1 directed the i|. m. and com' have ready lodgings and provisions; us there are no barracks the men must be billited as thick is possible and much upon theyr guard?but before any diS|Kjsiliou of this kind 1 want to tie better acquainted with the situation of the place?I have been detained in this town since yesterday lor a business of tho greatest importance. I scliould not think of my travel, sir, as oi an useless one, w as I happy enough to discover a secret train which would throw this state and perhaps the whole continent in ruin an I confusion?Such I begin to believe, could be the case?I mean to give only to your excellency an idea <>.' this affair, in hopes that I'l be able to send you before long a better account. I fancy that there is some conspiracy under hand for to strike in the same moment this state from every where, and be master ot it at the oppening of the river before we could think of a defence?Indians, torys and regulars to come from fort Schuyller and Schoary?Clinton to come up? a ' i.nuus tot ike arms and burn towns, rebels in the vei j. moment when we should be quiet and happy?I'l explain your excellency some of the reasons my suspicions are built upon. Four da) s ago the eommitte of Albany sent me an anaonymous letter, where thp writer confesses he was one nt the men enlisted to burn the tow n and vessels of Albany?that many citixens were to be assassinated by theyr own negroes ' that the British used to go disguised and enlist people for the conspiracy?that they were exjiectmg the opening of the river, h:. he.; several men ware mentioned, one Duncan, one Curler, Holland, Thusman, and Mm " or four more I had a Conversation with the commit" I sgrei able to theyr desire | artya and orders were s. it, -o tliat the n \t morning at six o'clock in erj one I was lo apprehend was taken up with they r papers?bin n a thing interesting to be found ami the committee desired roe to dismiss 'em. two d.iv; ago oneol Heii'l Conaw ay '?aid decamps who t i miit .it' tli.i m I ntisirliiil tilths- (Ions . raltha! Ii wa?*njnij"un.l drinking with two British olfi. who after somi bottles were rmpty, told that the ncrt spring .hnarica would he Iheyrt. Yesterday I got thin dace to go to John's town an I Lt. i .. i . t Wand ay told me ho had conlinod a soldier of his, i .1 merly ;i Brush dnserter, who had propoied to onr Mr. Ij ,?<<? lately captain in the regiment In tpaak wilh Major i <i ' ri . ) have spent w ith ,t?rn'l Connrway the half I of the last night in wfHtl( tk< MM?no exertion* t>a\e bc> n Written to obtain some words of truth?what 're havoi'xto ti <t Irom hiir is such. Th it "d ii?r t isth'ton hit excellency's own nephew hat been .-<u -d in Hsrc, tady, inlisting torics.making pro\?4io 1- I every preparation necessary for the fatal My ?that the pi in w aste takeaway the tones from this part ol the st.ite, and take a lt an. tge of the tirst panic to burn, destroy and murder every thing before them?that the lauds of the murdered rebels should bs granted to the tori, s?that great mauy were in the plot?that the principal plaee ol the rendezvous nre He hoary and Alilary, in order to get from thence to Oswego and Oiwegasrhy,where they would meet with the regular lorces and Indians?the whole was to match towards Kurt Bchnyller and the Oermine Hats the intention is to' permit the Indians to scalp, V-. fcc.,- -uch is about the deposition of the man, which I hope to l.e much amplytied when I shall send him to b? hang'd. rarty s have been sent to thA houses where I understand ir 'oroe piovl?ions and munitions?I have sent too aftsr Miijin i rstleton, but am much afraid that the develish nepliew will be too cunning for us?I'd (five every thing in th-- world to catch that fellow. \s soon as 1 get some more intelligence about the British plot Id let you know every thing, and will t>e then i bin to send a full account of the matter to Ocneral Washington and from thence to Congress?but your oxcellency cottld now mention to them what you will think proper. I am h. re commanding otlWr pro tempore?but if you givi me leave to tell my sentiment upon the matter I'd say that we have very few troops collected upon this continent -we here indeed think more of peace than of war, ,i id however the spring is coming very last?don't you t elievo, sir, that orders should lie given now to the militia of this pait, and proper dispositions made, to have a kind of army collector! an 1 party* to be ha.1 under hand, at the tirst notice?for some tecrit stroke must ha expected from the enemy?I'd be very glad to receive your excellency's dirocti .is and advices upon this matter as noon aa possible. The defence ot the North river, principally toward* General Putnam's urmy, ia the most agreeable command in America lor an otticer who wanlt lu do?tor my part I think it u a much more agreeable one by the pleasure to l>e ilea your excellency and the allowance ol keeping a good understanding, in procuring the good of the land us nr aa it is in our power?but 1 have made myaelf a point never to seem mora inclined towards a military employnienlthan another, principally in any other country tliuu this where I have the honor to be bom?Congress hat been so good aa to pronitc me they should furnish me w ith the occasions of distinguishing myself?1 exj?ect the answer without telling what I'd do in each case. Whenever I have the advantage to command in this part of America no exertion w ill tie forgotten on my part to deserve the appiobation of thu Governor and state of New York?I have had ulway? a particular inclination for this part oftlie continent, and I schould be very happy to v. how it by my zeal in putting things in good order and discovering an imjiortunt conspiracy, 'till i'l be able to act in tiie lighting way. Alter wu'l have got some intelligence 1 intend to proceed with Oen'l Counway to the treaty where 1 am told my presence w ill be of some use?I imagine you will hear soon from me?and in expecting your answer 1 have the honor to be with the most perfect esteem and highest regard, Your excellency's The most obedient servant, The M as. UK LAFAYETTE. Can I hope your excellency will be so good us to present iny respects to his family? we are here iu a distressing want of news ami newspaper* which 1 hope you will pity as far as to let us have some. Gouv. Morrit to Gov. Clintin.? The taking of Sew York. " I am confident that the taking ot that city would be of more consequence than to win two battles." Moon U?li., ltU March 1778. Sm :? 1 take the liberty of writing to you upon a subject of the utmost inq>ort.iiiceto our State. *dv following so much o! Sit. Paul's advice as to become all things to all men 1 lind clearly Irom the very best authority that without nice management We shall certainly loose the State of Veimont. The Eastern State,s are determined that they shall not he Oppressed to use their phrase. The prejudices ol the people are against us so are their interests. Designing men take advantage of these circumstances to forward their own private views. Tis absurd to reason againsl the feelings ol mankind. Neither is it much to the purpose whether our olaini is right for if it ke the most which'can he suid lor us is that we have right without remedy. What are their claims? Occupancy settlement cultivation and the book of Cluneals. What their plea' Their mountains their arms their courago their alliances. Against all this what can we produce? Why forsooth a decision of the King iu council and a clause in the confederacy. How ridiculous for wise men to rear any edilice of hope upon so slender u foundation. But how are we to act to give them up' No I We must go to the mountain if the mountain won't come to us. They complain that the capital is too far off carry it nearer not merely for their sakes but lor our ow n. They complain of our impeaehment of their title, (live them good title we want subjectt not landThey complain of the quit rents abolish them. We cant have more of a cut than the skill. A good government u free une 1 mean will always command the wealth of its people. Hudson's river ensures us that of Vermont and Vermont ensures us Hudson's liver. For Vc-rmout must be fortified all over and vast maguzincs ot military stores must be laid upiu Vermont and when any tioily piesumes to attack us from the easi ward we shall know what to do. All this is not yut enough you must apply to their leelnigs, suppose for instance the legislature should take up the cam of Vandyke Ktnan Allen and other our subjects and make very pointed resolutions for the liberating nf them. Suppose lor his services and sufferings u part of Kemp's land should be given to him and that part if any such there be which eastern gentlemen claim. Apply yourselfta Warner's weak side. Baily is still a considem Die man among tiiem. Let splendid acts ol justice and gen. roiity induce these people to sulimit early lo our dominion lor prejudices grow stubborn as they grow old. This business my dear sir hath long pressed upon my mind with a weight anil impression which I cannot describe. It is uiider heaven the great thing needful to us and though 1 laugh whenever Vermont is named yet I could almost use tno poetical language intended for another occasion and say " tis laughter swelled with bursting vghs." Pi ay how does old Put (quem prouel a nobis Hutiber hoc gubernans) go on with his obstructions or hath he so many obstructions that he can't go 011. If the northern force comes down can't you muster men enough to plunder New York; 10,000 would insure it, as lollows. On Morrisunia near a Oat rock called Colitis's rock a battery of two guns to scour Harlem Flat. On Montresors Island the same at Lewis Morris's house the same. A bridge just In-low the first battery over Harlem creek. Consult Oenl. Schuyler lor the form. I would chuse it here because by the aid of a hollow way you can get thither without danger. These batteries will prevent any ship from annoying you especially it you have a few howitz which by means of the irregular grouud will do without a battery. Thus you get to Harlem. Again on the point of Stoney Island a little towards the house of Mr. Morris so that tho Ilats may prevent a ship lrom coming near enough to annoy you lrom her tops as for which pur|iose chuse the salt meadow a battery of two with a furnace to heat chain shot. O11 Sunken Marsh the same on Lawrence's Point opi>osite to the other the same and no ships can possibly interfere with you in crossing from the tiist battery to the last and vice versa in light good boats thus you yet to long Island. Leave 1.000 men at kingshridge and the same number at Morrissauia and Harlem to cover a retreat or act against forts Independence and Washington as circumstances m-iy require. Tut 1,000 on Long Island to make a diversion there particularly in Kings County giving them directions as soon as they have gained a proper post on the high grounds so as to secure the roads leadiug eastward to call in the militia, ike. Taking care also to precede the whole business with a proclamation atiout a fortnight behue the attack therein naming commissioners to ailniinis. lev mr urn in hi allegiance ? 4uwi men mini iiciiiuiIim on York Inland and secure the repassage of the river with a very strong set of redoubts aud there lodge a small maga. t ine of provisions in case of accident. Then if the enemy keep the heights aliout Morris's leave them and cross the creek which runs to the westward of Harlem town at Benson's .Mills throw up at the bridge there two little redoubts with about fifty men each, if the enemy quit the heights take possession of them and consequently of Fort Independence immeeiately abandon the brijgc &c. and with collected force march to the city. The opposition will be at Murray's Ilill to avoid which columns must inarch round to the right and left. Should any green coats be taken they must be confined in the Trovost and such as are deserters hung instantly at the same time an otter must be made of pardon if they lay down th 'ir arms Sic. I am confident that the taking that city would be of more consequence than to win two battles. Adieu yours OOUV. MORRIS. Jamet Duo tic to Grn. Schuyler. In this letter are some very curious and remarkable insinuations and developments respecting the feelings ot the North and South, and the sacrifice of the two Southern States of the then thirteen. It suggests the queries whether the Southern States were able to protect and defend themselves, and whether they were not actually defended by the North, for defended they surely were. thicad. *}6 May 1780 Dr*a 8m1 have the Honor of your favor of the 13th inst at tha hands of our friend the Marquess tie la Fayette. I agree perfectly in all the sentiments you express on the bright Prospect which is open to our View, in your anxious wishes that we may avail ourselves effectually of the cooperation of our generous ally, and in youropinion of the d.sgrace of our councils and our cause if wc should he so uawiseor so indecisive as not to make the prsper advantage of thisgoldau opportunity to draw the War to a successful period. The progress hitherto made in Congress falls vastly short of your views and my efforts?but it is the fate of deliberate bodies to move with caution; and I have no manner of doubt that wc shall b? under some persuaded every measure which the General thinks neressary willibe supported (on his own application) by Congress with unanimity. Mr. Matt.lews will be able to iniorm you of the obstacles to a committee plenipo, as I have hinted them to the General: they are deep rooted in the human passions, and not to be surmounted on the first impression. That the reinforcements ordered to the southward should be re-called, is obvious for the reasons you assign ; but do you xxpect such a proposition from a Northern member deeply interested in strrngthning the main army 1 It is a question of the utmost delicacy and even d inger ; for, however groundless!)-, an opinion has been propagated that Congress meant to sacrifice the two Southern Mates, and it lias been productive of great animosity and discontent. We have privately stated the subject to some of the Southern g- nt. who, though 1 believe convinced of the propriety of the measure, did not chu?e, after grrat deliberation, to have it adopted, much less to propose it There is but one person from whom it can originate with prospect of success. If tct hud undertaken it, nothing would have resulted from it but the loss ot personal confidence and disappointment. But while you have Mr. Matthews at your elbow , who is fully informed. I only w aste your time by descending to particulars. Present my respectful compliments to Mrs. and Miss Schuyler, the Doctor, his lady, and the circle o( our common triends?aud believe me to he, with every sentiment of esteem and regard. Dear Sir, ^ Yours most sincerely, J AS. Dl/ANE. Present my respectful and obedient compliments to Col. Hamilton. Tell him that I shall answer his letter by the posh; by the Marquess I find it impracticable. Hon. General gcMtirui. Alexander Hamilton to Governor Clinton. In these degenerate days ol repudiation, it is refreshing to go hack and visit some of the old financial landmarks. If it were " an eternal reproach to this country to begin the peaceable enjoyment of our independence by a violation of all the principles of honesty nnd true policy," is it not equally a reproach to end our independence by the same violalationl Alexander Hamilton was no repudiator. Pnii.An?.i.rim, May 14th, 17CS. Sis? " The President of Congress will of course have transmitted to your Excellency the plan lately adopted by Congress lor funding the mihlir debt Thi< pUt- > I- imp I to accommodate it to tlif objection! of *omeofthe State*-, but thin spirit of accommodation will only terve to render it les* efficient without making it more |<alutable. The opposition of the Stat! of llhopp Island, for instance, i* chiefly founded upon then* two considerations. The merchant! aro oppo?ed to any revenue from trade, and the State, depending almost wholly on commerce want* to have credit for the amount of the dtitiea. Persuaded that the plan now proposed w ill have little m .re chance of success than a better one, and that If creed to fiy til the State*, it will in a great mea*urefnil n the execution, it received my negative. My principal objections were? lit, That it doe* not designate the fund* (except the iropott) on which the whole internet it to arise; and b\ which (selecting the capital article* of vitiblc i>roprrty) the collection would hate been eaty ,the fund* productive and necessarily increasing with the iucreate of the country. Jd, That the duration of the fundi it not co-ex'ensive with the debt, but limited to twenty-five yeurt. though there it a moral cer ainty that n that |>erKxi the principal w ill not by the preaent provition, be fairly extinguished. 3d, That the nomination and appointment of the collector! of the revenue are" to retide in each place, instead ol atdeast the nomination lieitig in the United States, the consequence of which will be that those states w hich have little interest in thetundi by having a small share of the public debt due to their ow n citizens, will take care to aj>|>oiut such persons at are least likely to collect the revenue. The evila resulting from these defects will he that in many instance* the objects of the revenue w ill be improperly chosen, and will consist of a multitude of little artides which will on experiment produce very little; thai lor want of a vigorous rollectiou in every State, the revenue will be unproductive in many, and will fall chiefly u|kni those States which are governed by most liberal principles; that for want of an adequate security, the evidences of the public debt will not be transferable lor anything like their value?that this not admitting un incorjiotion of the creditors, in the nature of banks, will deprive the public ol the benefit of an increased circulation, and ol course will dissable the people from paying the taxes lor want of a sufficient medium. 1 shall be happy to be mistaken in my apprehensions, but the experiment must determine. I hope our State will consent to the plan proposed; because it is her interest at all events to promote the pa> ment of the public debt on Continental funds (independent ol the general consideration of union and propriety), lam much mistaken if the debts due from the United States to the citizens of the State of New York, do not considerably exceed its proportion of the necessary funds; of course it has an immediate interest that there should be a Continental provision for them. But there are superior motives that ought to operate in every State, the obligations of national faith, honor, and reputation. Individuals have been already too long sacrificed to public convenience. It will be shocking, and indeed an eternal reproach to this country, if wo begin the peaceable enjoyment of our independence bv a violation of all the nriucinles of honesty aud true policy. It is worthy of remark that at least four tifths of the domestic debt are due to the citizens ofthe States from Pennsylvania inclusively northward. I have the i.onor to he, Sir, Your most obedient servant, A. HAMILTON. P.S.?It is particularly interesting that the State should have a representative here. Not only many matters are depending which require a full representation in ( ongnus, ami there is now a thin one,' but those matters are ol a nature so particularly interesting to our State, that we ought not tone without a voice in them. I wish two other gentlemen of the delegation may appaar as soonas|>ossihlc, for it would be very injurious to me to remain much longer here. Having no future views in public life, I owe it to myself without delay to enter u|>on the care of my private concerns in earnest. 1 take the liberty to enclose your Kxoellency a letter to Mr. Le Roy, and one for Mr. Kloyd. Advertising the Post Office Letters.?lias Redwood Fisher, the Assistant Postmaster, the management of advertising the Post-Ofiice It iter" 1 For a few weeks past we perceive that the officials ol that branch of the government, have selected lor that service two or three of the newspapers that hive the least circulation?and can be of no use to the finances of the department. The advertising of the post office letters is, or should be, a matter of pure business?simply of dollars and cents. Tfie postmasters should invariably advertise in those papers that can give them the greatest circulation among that portion of the people who do not have boxes at the post office. By this course, they will get rid of the greatest number of letters?diminish the dead or dying ones?and increase 7to tanto the revenue. It was for such a purpose,and on such a motive,that wp nriffinullv rprnmniRnfUi P,nl (*rnham In ?Hvpr? tise his letters in the Sun, which, although less than the Ilerald, has a pretty lair circulation among the poor people?the very class that never know they have letters till they are advertised. Col. Graham offered the letters to us, and if we had been avaricious, we would have accepted them. But as we had as much advertising patronage from a generous public as we could desire, which is increasing every day, too, we declined the oiler and pointed out Beach as the proper person, alter oureelf, to give it to, if the interest of the department was consulted. This was done. Col. Graham has since acknow. ledged the correctness of our views?and Beach, with his usual generous nature, has loudly abused us, and called us hard names for our advice. But while we approve the conduct} of the post office in giving the post office letters to the Sun, a paper that has a circulation only second to .the Herald, we cannot see the justice or the propriety of giving them also to papers of [no circulation whatever, such as the Union, Morning Post, or Standard. If Bed wood Fisher be responsible for this bad policy, we trust the Postmaster General will set him right. Ct'Riotts Medical Movements.?The Stuyvesant Medical School, conducted by Docts. Molt, Pattison, Bedford, and others, have published a "card," stating that they have commenced a suit against the New York Herald, laying the damages at .'(*25,000. This is the most amusing movement in medicine, that has taken place by any school of education in this or any other country. They have probably followed in the footsteps of the College of Pharmacy, 97 Nassau street, which has commenced a suit against the Sun for publishing absolute falsehoods? but the cases are in no way similar. Poet. Mott's school, and Doct. Mott himself, (have always had justice done them in the columns of the Herald, which originally brought them into notice, and only ceneured when censure was due. The Stuyvesant College, in the very card, boast of their great success?of the Vast number of pupils? and yet want to get out of somebody's pocket $25,000 in damages. The truth is, that all these efforts, movements, suits, cards, and newspaper warfare, only indicate that a remarkable fermentation is going on in the progress of surgery and medicine, and that the result will be highly advantageous to the advancement of the science. The establishment of the new school gave a start to the old school?but if the Crosby street institution lias got the vantage ground of the Stuyvesant in one year, the latter must attribute it to their own quarrels and own mismanagement. The cause of medical education?of medical science in all its branches, will, however, be advanced by this fermentation, and we think more of that Tesult than of any other. The trial, too, if it ever should come to trial, will be interesting?it will develope fully the present state of medical science in New York, for we shall have at least five hundred physicians on the stand as witnesses. We suspect the Institution will come out as they have already done in their injunction to stop the publication of Doct. Mott's surgical lectures. They tried that and failed?'hey will do so 1 I. H nminkla ., ? A U.. HKH1I1. I'PtMUl 1UUU 19 n vci j mniainr nnu nwnny mail, so are they all, but wp understand how to conducts newspaper establishment, better than they do how to conduct a medical school. Bionor Dr Begnis' Concert? A New Mope of Doing Bi siness?Miisicai. Run piatton.?We have been saying several handsome things of the Concert proposed to be given by Bignor De Begnis on Thursday night, but it s-ems we have not come up to the Signor's xpectations. Accordingly, we received yesterday the following naivr note from him Mr. Bennett Dear Sir. You will oblige mc very much lo insert on a good place the ?ilverti?mrnt lonrhanl /> Maingtrian Sitlrm cn attair that may one day be the origineof many he, he, he, he, charge the advertiaaement to me and if the Concert does not go well I shall not pay at all addicu Your truly DE BEGNIS. This is cool, certainly?perfectly explicit and clear?one of the finest 8)>ecimens of musical repudiation. " If the concert does not go well, I shall not pay at all." Bravo! bravissimo! This is capital, but it is not exae'ly the principle on which we conduct our business. We do not choose to rest on such a contingency, as the, success of any concert. Our good nature made us insert the Signor's advertisement, without the cash in advance, which is the rule?and he coolly tells us he shall avail himself of this amiable feeling to extract other favors? l>erchance refuse to pay at all. Signer De Regnis has missed his mark, and mistaken his man. He can olay on a musical instrument, but he can't play upon us. from this day, henceforth, we exclude hie advertisements from the Herald, until he makes an apology tor his assurance, and pay his bills in advance. We shall not allow Signor De Begnis, or any other theatrical personage, to cut such caperwith impunity. 0 City Intelligence. More Phiie Fiiihtino Arrests.?Dr. Hugh Caldwell, of 46 Walker Street, whe attended the prize light between Lilly k M'Coy, as the phyiiciau of the latter, was arrested yesterday by Deputy Sheriff Wood, of Westchester county, and officer Relyea of this city, on two indictmenU recently found against him by the grand jury of that county ?one for manslaughter in the Arst degree, and the second for a misdemeanor, lie was taken to White Plains iast evenin;, where efforts will be made to obtain his release on bail. Union Course?The races over this course commence this day. For the two mile heats we understand that Fanny Dawson, Cesar, and Princess are entered. There will also be a sweepstakes mile heats, for which some fine coltsare entered. Passengers can be taken out by the rai road from the south ferry. Suicide ry Laudanum?A man named Michael Scanlan a native ot Ireland, aged about SO years, committed suicide on Sunday by taking laudanum. On discovering that he had purchased and swallowed the poison he was taken to the City Hospital, where measures were taken to restore him, but without success. Domestic difficulties are supposed to have prompted Die deed. Attsmtt at Burueary ?The door leading to the loAs of ihe store of P. A. k J. Curtis, No. *J6 John street, was entered on Sunday night by means of a false key. The thieves were prevents) from accomplishing their object by the partition between the stairway and the store being lined with sheet iron. Burulart?A rogue named William Brown was caught yesterday, by officer Joseph, in the act af stealing a clock and some other articles of value, from the house of Lewis Ferroller,34 Water-street Death by Drowninu.?An inguest was held on 9unday last, 'id inst., at the house of Lawrence Sneeden, Hneeden's I nnilinir hv InfintiVi Dnmnpov Tr ntio nf (ho ('nrnnura nf """""'hi " I, V..V > l?V W.UUS..VI Kockland county, on the body of John Weatervelt, a promising young man eighteen yean of age, clerk of Lawrence Sneeden, who, while preparing n boat to croas the river, fell overboard, and wai accidentally drowned. Verdict accordingly. Theatricals in New York.?The Benefits Last Nioht.?Last night there were three benefits in this city ; but the most important was Celeste's. She had a brilliant and overflowing house, and the audience were enraptured. At the close of her performance she was called out and made the following .1 mot speech ;? Ladies and Gentlemen? 1 am so luligued by the exertiona of the evening that 1 cannot address you as I would. Were I to repay your kindness in the true coin of the heart, it would require many many " loutan tanks" so I can do no less than lay before you my whole ilock in trade of gratitude. Though here in the Bowery a full week, so happily has the time passed with you, that it seems but a day. I shall, at the solicitation of the manager, continue through another brief engagement. Wishing you each and all a continued enjoyment of the happiness I at this moment feel, permit me to leave you by saying, " bon toir." At the Chatham there was avery crowded house. Mrs. Thorne played most admirably and so did Lecompte. At the close she was called out und made a very neat speech. The Park was very slim. During the play of " Much Ado About Nothing" the boxes were not half full. It v\ us Mr. George Vandenhofl's benefit. At the close he was called out, and made a short speech, appropriate to the occasion. Musical Arrival.?Mrs. Sutton and her little debutante, Mademoiselle Sutton, arrived yesterday from Albany. This little artiste has made quite a hit during her tour through Western New York.? She is about six or seven years of age, and is considered a greater prodigy than Clara Fisher was in her youthful days She sings in costume with great applause. Grand Sacred Concert at St. Peter's Church, Barclay street, on Sunday evening, Oct. 9.?Sunday evening next is the evening for the Concert at St. Peter's, when the celebrated Staluit mater ol Rossini will be performed in the most magnificent style. What was alluded to yesterday was merely a rehearsal. This is one of Rossini's most remarkable produc tions. The incident of the poetry is that remarkable event in the history of the Redeemer when he hnntr iinnn thp <>rnua nn fulunrir nnrl lua mnthpr was looking up to him and weeping over his pains. The words are Latin?very simple and inartificial? the music most magnificent, both in harmony and melody. It will be a most beautiful affair. Never Ending.?More New Ships.?Notwithstanding the miserable state of the shipping interest at this time, the owners of the " Old Black Ball Line" of Liverpool packets have contracted with Webb fc Allen for building a magnificent new ship, the keel of which is already laid. She will be of the usual modern size, say 1200 tons; long, clipper built, and intended to eclipse in speed any craft that ever crossed the broad Atlantic, whether by wind or steam. She will be completed, and sail from here, wind and weather permitting, on the 19th of March next, under the broad pennant of Commodore Benjamin L- Waite, of the famed Liverpool liner, the" England," whose motto is never to wait for any body or any thing at sea. When this vessel is completed, we understand the keel of another is to be immediately .laid for the same*line, of similar dimensions. The owners of the old line mean to be prepared for the earliest revival of trade. Nothing like going ahead now, while the tide seems to be setting in somewhat adverse to the Atlantic steamers. Monument to Dr. Macneven.?We are pleased to see efforts making to erect a monument to this worthy man, and hope the meeting to-night at Washington Hall will take the necessary steps to carry 11 lino eneci in a manner wormy 01 jur. ivracneven's fame and reputation. Small.?The "Tribune" and the "American," pounce upon a typographical blunder in a word of our report of Webster's speech, and consider it proof of the quality of the whole report. Poor creatures! From Jamaica.?By the arrival of the Fancy, from Kingston, at Pensacola, we have received a file of Jamaica papers to the 2nd. inclusive. The silk culture appears to receive mucn attention. The journals are engaged in warmly urging the advantages possessed by the soil and climate of the island, in the furtherance of this branch of industry. A slight shock of an earthquake was felt at Kingston on the 25th ult. It was accompanied by two distinct reports similar to the discharge of two pieces of heavy ordnance. From the We?t Iisdif.s.?The St. Mary, Capt. Baker, arrived yesterday afternoon trom Nevii and St. Kitta We learn that in both these Islands the growing crops of cane looked very well, though more rain was desirable ; and the same was the ca?e at Antigua, And if, for a month or two, they should he farored with occasional rains, very f;ood crops ot sugar would he made. In the two first Isands, American produce was at fair prices, hut the markets being very limited, were easily overstocked.?PMIa drlfihia U S. Gaztltt, Oft. 3. Nmi.n>.?Last evening the saloon was crowded, and the Ravels never played better. The " Three Faced Frenchman" was received with shouts of applause and laughter, as was the '* Green Monster." The acting o' Gabriel and Antoine was beyond all praise. To-night the ' Green Monster," with its magnificent scenery, is repeated, with the comic pantomineof " the Milliners." All the Ravels, and Miss and Master Wells, appear. {K7- The American Museum is putting forth all of its powerful energies this week for the accommodation and amusement of the large and fashionable crowds which nlt..n,l >k.r. N.vor l.afar.* ...-I, " / ?w o.u(^..dous attraction! t>e?n brought out hern in a single week, as the advertisement indicate*. A* the Lecture Kooin, with it* recent enlargement, ii yet too ?mall to accommodate all the visitor*, the same performances are given every afternoon that are exhibited in the evening. Ladies and children can, with propriety, visit the Muaeum during the day unattended by gentlemen. The Races.?Union Cor air..?The races over the Union Course commence this day, with the promise of excellent sport. For the purse, two mile heats, Columbia. Mary Stew art, and Clarion, arc entered. Immediately after, a Sweepstakes will be run, mile heats, to which there are three entered. With this attraction, we should think there wili be a general attendance of the choice spirits. Mail Rossf.r Arrested.?The U.S. Mail was robbed last February, between Krederiekton and Wheeling. Several of those concerned were arrested at the time, but two of them succeeded in eluding pursuit. The (iovernment officers at Buffalo, a short time back, got a clue in their hands, which they followed up, and the result is that Mr. Robinson, U. 8. Marshal, and Deputy Sheriff Smith, accompanied by Mr. Patterson, speeisl P. O. agent, succeeded in arresting Peter and John Iloldermnn, hrotn?r?, ? 1/ !!! *!!!!-, . unmix. gnu ?t?rtinR them on their way to Maryland for trial. It in but juit to add that the authorities at Canada rendered every aaaiatanoe in their power to the ollireri from thit ?ida> BY THE SOUTHERN MAIL Oc^- Our southern letters did not reach us by last night's mail. f&- A large public meeting (Locoloco) was held recently at Charleston, South Carolina, at which it was resolved to sustain the nominee ot a National Convention for President, Ctilonel James H. Hammond was proposed for nrju (Governor, and Hon <ieorge McDumefor I*. S. Senator, in place of Hon Win. C. Preston. James Cordon Bennett Esq. :? Hkak Sir:? A great many of your city friends, either from accident, or from conscientious motives, never see the Sunday Herald?and all your friends in the large couutry towns near New York, and suin?lied byagents, are thus deprived of the Sunday shipping and other intelligence, which is sometimes ot importance?as for instance, the arrival ot the Great Western. Is it not worth your serious considers tion?either to abandon the Sunday paper, or to incorporate its contents in the Monday morning Hernial An agent has had many complaints on the subject. Answer.?The ' Sunday Herald" can neither be abandoned, nor incorporated in the Monday's paper. If any patron wants the Sunday news, he can have it, in company with the Monday's news, for the usual two cents each day's paper (tiy- Should a person have a leisure hour in the evening, they could ,not employ it more advantageously, and, at the same time, economically, than in visiting the New York Museum. By paying one shilling, you have the privilege of roaming over the Museum, witnessing the vast collection of curiosities. The works of art and nature in every form and shape, view the portraits of all the celebrated characters during the revolutionary war, both civil and military, and behold the various entertainments given by seven performers?all lor the above sum. CRT- WEBSTER'S SPEECH?Various opinions bave been expressed bv individuals and the press, on the merits and demerits of this famous speech of " the steam engine in breeches," as he is called. Some of course are for, others against it. Now, those who witnessed it, and saw his fine intellectual lcaturvs glowing with Promethean tire, as he pourtrayed the dangers our country had passed?his noble form expanding as he breathed eloquence and truth, describe it as unsurpassed by any of our statesmen of the aay. well, mere arc outers who nave none me state some service," who richly deserve what they are reaping;?fame and fortunes; among those are Edward I'halon, the inventor of the Dahlia Cream, which is literally all the rage now ; its many good Jiualities are not to be told, they must he tried to satisy, and if it is not all he represents it, our word is good for nought. Beware of the nostrums of the day, which are advertised to cure all the ills the head is liable to, and which are deleterious to the general health of the hair. This article is a mild preventative against the hair falling out, gives it a beautiful dark brown, soft and gloss appearance. Sold wholesale and retail, by I'halon, practical hair cutter, No. 214 .Broadway, opposite St. Tauls, New lAirk. CUT- TURK EXTRACT OK SAR8APARILLA?In consequence ofthe innumerable nostrums called by this name, the public look with distrust on all articles of the kind ; but the invalid can now rely upon obtaining a genuine preparation of Sarsaparilla, made by Comstock and Co., 71 Maiden-laue, which will purify the blood and cure obstinate eruptions of the skin, scrofula, pains in the bones, mercurial symptoms, ulcers, Stc. &tc. To he had only at 71 Maiden-laue. 0(7- HUMAN HAIR RESTORATIVE.?It has been proved by these respectable persons, who, having used a scientific, oily preparation, called Jones' Oil of Coral Circassia, certify that it will force the hair to prow, stay it falling olf, cure scurf or dandruff, and make light, red, or grey hair grow naturally dark from the roots, and give it a fine, silky appearance. (Signed by) Mr. W. HOPKINS, 92 King-street, New York Mr. J. GILBERT, jeweller,, N. Y. Mr. J. F POWER,grocer,Fulton-st.Brooklyn Mr. J. PEARSON, Navy Yard, Charlestown JUDGE EDWARDS, of Philadelphia. A hundred others could he referred to, hut the public can require no further proof than this?that the above are its real qualities, and that it Will do all it is represented Sold at the low price of 8, 5, or S shillings a bottle, by T. Jones, sign ol the Americau Eagle, 82 Chatham-street, New York; 8 State-street,Boston; 87 Dock-street, Phila. delphia; 139 Fulton street, Brooklyn, A. Marvin, Sing Sing; Zeiber, Washington, D. C.?See advertisements in another column, headod "restore the human hair, and eruptions cured." (K7- RAZORS.?An extensive assortment of the latest and most approved patterns, fitted in cases of every imaginable style, varying lrom the plainest to the most highly finished. The subscriber having had long experience in the article, enables him to choose the best, examines each carefully, and will sell none but those that are perfect in their edge, and mrde of the best materials, and on terms that cannot fail to please, viz : should the purchaser wish it a week after, the money will be given back on returning tne razor*, or ewe do excnangeo tor omeri. Those who have stiff beards and heretofore experienced difficulty in getting razors to accomplish the desirable end, will with certainty be suited on the first trial?prices exceedingly low. O. SAUNDERS, inventor and manufacturer of the Metalic Tablet Razor Strop, 105 Broadway. (K7- REV. DR. BARTHOLOMEW'S EYPECTO RANT SYRUP.?This vegetable remedy has now been in use several years in curing consumption, liver complaints, and all diseases of the cnest, lungs, and liver, and it aever failed of effecting a cure, or giving relief. One trial will convince all of its intrinsic virtues. It is warranted to contain no morphineor mineral substance, and can be used with perfect safety by the most delicate children. Sold only at 71 Maiden lane. 0t?- LIEBIO'S ANIMAL CHEMISTRY, ONE OF the most interesting, valuable and useful scientific works ever written, is published this morning, in an Extra New World of 49 large octavo pages, in a stitched cover; price 35 cents only, for a work whichjcosta $1 36 in any other form. Call and purchase, at 30 Ann street, where all the latest new novels are for sale on the cheap cash plan. 3Q- "THE PRIVATE MEDICINE CHEST."?This portable and convenient ease containing a supply of remedies guaranteed to cure all lorms of that disease incurred by vicious indulgences, is truly a blessing to this class of the afflicted. No necessity now for these victims to make a disclosure ot their melanoholy eases to any individual! A perfect security is afforded in this way against quacks. Full and familiar directions are enclosed in each case.? See advertisement in another column. QQ- SHERMAN'S COUGH LOZENGES ARE really capital articles. We have known them to cure so many cases in a few hours, that we say to all who have a cough or cold, use Sherman's Lozenges at once, and you will be surprised at tke ease and quickness of their opcration. Dr. at IOC Nassau street,one door aliove Ann. Agents?4 Stanvylx Hall, Albany; 8 State street, Boston; 3 Ledger Buildings, Philadelphia. Q&- THE NEW AND POWERFUL EXTRACT OF SARSAPARILLA? Prepared and sold by the College of Medicine and Pharmacy of the city of New York, it lour times stronger than any of the common preparations aold under that name. It ia composed of the active principle* of Saraaparilla, Gentian, and Sassafras; aud according to the heat medical authoritiea ia the moat etlicacioua article in the whole Materia Medica, for purifying the blood, invigorating the ayatem, removing pimple* from the face, and allcutaneoua diaeaaea, and reatoring the,conatitution which haa been ahattered by diaeaae or mercury. Sold in bottle* at 75 cent*?half dozen bottle* $3,At dozen $6,00.? See advertiaement in another colum*. Qtj- PHIL'ADEDPHIA, Sept. 30.-Ocnts, you will pleaae send me another $300 box of Candy at your earlieat opportunity. Send me the following aize package*?$I0A worth of one ahilling stick*; $150 do two do do; 36 dolour do do; $9 do eight do. The sale* have increaaed to a great extent and from the preaent proepect, 1 think I shall be able toaell at least $1309 worth of Candy per month. I would aend a greater order now, but my othce ia so small, I have no room to put any more. You may, however, send me " about Thursday next," another box of the aamc aize as the preaent one. I also with some more of your large show cards; those that I have are too much delaced.? Please send my account and I will forward you the amount by return mail. Respectfully yours, Ac. O. B. ZtEBERTo Messrs. Pxasx A Sox, 45 Division at. The original of the above w as shown us, and this, with the number of Heralds, sold by him leads ua to believe he is the best agent in Philadelphia. And a* respects Pease's Candy we know there ia nothing betterjor cold*, coughs, Ac.; we know its virtues from experience. Op-CHATHAM THEATRE?Mr. Sinclair, who haa been delighting the frequenters of the Chatham during the past week hy hia sw eat singing, takes his tenant this evening, and appears in three pieces, vix : Rural Felicity, Spirit of the Clyde, and Masaniello. Madame I.ecompte,1 who haa been re-engaged for a few nights, appears and performs some aplenaia dances. (lenersl Prlntlnw?BooKa?Pnmphlets? Cardi-Bllla, ?c. To the Rmlneii Public. Having now nearly completed one of the most splendid GENERAL PRINTING OFFICES, ever organized in this city, we ara ready to print books, pamphlets, cards, lulls, and all kinds of uselnl and el. /ant printing, on the most moderate terms, and for cash pay ments. This office we have fitted np at a great expense?in typos, presses, and materials of all kinds. We have alrea dy executed work to the amount of several thousands of dollars, end are still busy printing some of the most beau* ulul articles ever issued from the press. A Lady's Magn sine,colled the "Aniist," is printed in this office, and it is acknowledged to be the most beautifully printed magazine in the country. The beautiful typography of the Nt* Yoa* Laxcvt is well known. All applications for printing will tie made to Ma. Josarii Em.ioYt, the Manager, at the office of the HercJd?or up stairs in the printing office, entrance at 97 Nassau street. JAMES GORDON BENNETT, PaorsirToa or Tin: Hr.sit.n Osstiai rustiso Orrica, North West Corner of Fulton and Nassau streets. New Yoaa, JOth Sept., 1942. MONEY MARKET. Monday, Oct, 3-8 P. M. The sale* at the Stock Exchange te-day wore unusually small. Prices did not present any material change, with the exception of Ohio 6's, which fall | per cent. Bills on Mobile were quoted 20 a 28, sales at 24?on New Orleans, 1 dls. Advices from New Orleans state that 00 day bills on New York were at 2| 3 die., with I try project of falling to por ot., at which rate the flow of (pecie towards that city muit be greatly accelleAt New Orlaans 44th uh. there were considerable iuue* of the United State* 6 per cent Treasury Note* from the Quarter Mutter1* Department, for that section. The notes fell to H per cent discount. anl could not be had of the . broken at IJ dii. Why have not tomeof the Contractor! and Government creditor! in thia quarter been favored with a few in diichaige of their juit claims 1 Does the Secretary weakly suppose that he can induce the public to buy his stock by refusing to pay hii debts 1 It is a mark of rare genius to sustain credit by such means.? Every day rumors are circulated that the United States ^Government has received from some broker offers for its stock bearing 6 per cent interest, at par, but clogged with some insolent proposition, such as binding the department not to borrow any more money unless by their consent. yhe object of these rumors is to produce a stock jobbing rise in the market value of the stock, under the coverof | which the redoubtable Secretary is peddling it out in the different cities?a few thousand dollars here, a few thousand in Ph iladelphia, and little lots in other cities. To aid this very dignified proceeding, the Treasury Notes are wunneiairom me couimtiun iu ?uum mcj hcuuc? Became, if they were issued hers they would, aa at New Orleani, fall to a temporary discount, and, being always a favorite investment with capitalists, would absorb that floating capital which they are trying to attract to tbo stock. Ifhe can get tne money for half the stock first, then he will put the Treasury Notes upon the creditors, who may sell them when they can. In the mean time the most clamorous get their small bills paid. Colbert or Necker would open their eyes at such vast and brilliant operations. The finances of a State indicate its general condiWe recently stated the fact that a Convention of Planters hail been held at Vieksburg, Miss ,to take measures to bring about a direct trade between that city and the European markets, in order to avoid the expenses, tajfes and losses incurred by the transit at New Orleans, all of which are onerous, and indeed amount to a more serious sum than a foreign government would find it to its interest to impose if in possession of the mouths oi the Mississippi. As the trade has been carried on for tho last few years,by coucentrating every thing at New Orleans, the States atiove, tributary to the " father of waters," have actually gained nothing by the purchase of Louisiana. Tho city of New Orleans, the factors and the banks at that point, levy upon the planters of the interior a much heavier tax then they would hove been subjected to had the $15,000,000 for the purchase of Louisiana never havebeen paid. The committee of the Convention, R. R. Abbey, Esq. J. B. Peyton, and Samuel Marley, Esq. estimated that those extraordinary expenses amount to $fi per bale of 400 lbs of cotton,which is equal to 16 per cent of its value. The quantity of cotton in the State of Mississippi is as follows:?According to the United States census of 1*40, there wero produced in 1S39, in the following contiguous counties, in bales of cotton averaging 400 lbs. each, as follows :? Warreu, 40123 S-?ott, 935 Hinds, 24779 Aula, 151 Madison, 37105 Leake, 1437 K.uikiu, 3391 Neshoba, 2502 Newton, 684 Jas|ier, 2950 Smith, 1100 Simpion, 1697 Lawrence, 4146 Covington, 1260 Copiah, 8338 Total, 130.987 All of which counties trade more or less to Vieksburg, overland. Alio, in Yazoo, 302 It Choctaw. 2327 Holmes. 20211 Yallobusha, 11336 Ca?roll, 1C626 Lafayette, 3099 Tallahatchie, 4079 Ponola, 1389 83281 Making in all 214.271 balas. On thii number of balei an annual tax of $1,071,366 is paid by iti producers to New Orleans, and all the other cities on the line of the river pay in the some proportion. The following resolutions were passed lit. That a home market in Mississippi and direct trade from the State is in perfect accordance with alltheestablished laws and well defined usages of trade and commerce which obtain elsewhere. '2d. That the establishment of this great enterprize will have the direct effect of saving to the planters alone, the enormous sum of two or three millions of dollars every 3d. That the establishment, and then the inevitable continuance, of this trade and market, is perfectly within the reach of our cotton planters. They hare only to will it by a unanimous sentiment and it is done. In this revolution which commercial affairs have undergone in the South generally, and in Mississippi in parti* cular, the policy of direct trade has at last got into a proper channel. Two or three years since, many leading gentlemen of the South got up a direct trade convention. They saw the importance of the matter to Southern interests, but neither understood the causes of the concentration of trade at certain points, nor the remedy to be ap plied. The cause undoubtedly is the paper credit system operating through banks. So far was this from being understood, that to this day many of the wannest advocates for "direct trade" are the most zealous for a national i bank?principles entirely antagonist, and which cannot i exist together. The progress of events at the Southwest, involving the ruin of those banks which concentrated the trade of that whole region at New Orleans, has opened the eyes of the planters to the real operation of the systern. They now say, " since we are to sell our produce for cash, and pay cash for that which we buy, we can as well do it at home as at New Orleans." It was the credit that carried them to New Orleans?that credit being annihilated, the noble river, fine harbor, and natural ad rantages of Vicksburg come into requisition. The measures she is now taking are calculated to develope and perfect whatever tendency may exist towards such a result. Shipments have been made to a considerable amount from Natchez, under circumstances much more unfavorable than those which now surround Vicksburg, and even then at a cost of about fifty cents per bale under that of shipments bj way of New Orleans in the ordinary mode, independent of the important advantage in avoiding loss ?n<l damage usually incurred by the handling and expoaure on iteamboata and in New Orleana. At that time there waa an immenae concentration of banking capital at New Orleana, and the wild deaire of speculation induced nearly all to aend their cotton there in order to obtain "facilities.'* Now, what facilities can she furnish? The aame causes hold the planting interest in dependence upon New Orleans,and the steamboat interest waa so dependent that vessels bound for Natchez or Vicksburg were forced to wait for towage, or to pay extravagant prices for it, as an inducement to the steamlioats to risk offending their merchant patrons. But now the power over all these intc-ests is to be brought home from the agent at New Orleans back to the principals?the producers of ths country?and they will command those interests, not to discourage, but to promote the direct trade. Sales at the Stock Exchange. H $2000 N. Y. i'?, 1818 78 20 New Jrrsey R H #5 700 Ohio 6's, 1810 7J 10 , do Gi'? 100 do 1800 72H 21 Harlem K R US ftino do 72 10 Annum k Syracuse 101 1000 Indisna 2St? 21 bast River Ins. 10 9 ?lia> Bk New York 101 21 Manliatun Uas Co. A3 10 Long Island R R s30 19S 20 Jackson Int. 10 Second Board. H 10 ?lwu L?ns Island *3 193* M do |}?{ ICO Harlem 113k State of Trade. H Lnte advicea from Kingston, Jamaica, gives the following as the shipment of produce from that Island from January ft to August 'JO :? or 1'aoDtcr. from Jamak a Jaw. to Acocit 20. 1812. IIIids. Bhli. T i. Hsi. lJnnt. Baler. Sugar 7003 151 314 ? ? ? Rem, 8 ? ? ? 178 ? Molasses, 78 ? ? ? U|0 ? Cotton. ? ? ? ? ? 200 Arrow Root, ? 581 1 1031 22 ? There were four vessels still loading to take 1100 hhds. sugar, which will make the gross crap lor ths year 0400 hhds. This is a falling off from the crop of 1831 of 4.1,000 j^H LiquorA. Seigncttv Brandy sells at IS* cents gal; J. J. hn.Miv at 1-171 a ISA rla- half nines Cover Vrerea ral : FVlievoisin IflOcts ; Wolfe' Swan (Jin at IOA cts : Irish Whiskey >1 65 a 93 gal ; Molaaaea Hum sells at 33 a 334 |^H cts ; Whiskey 30$ a 91 cts. Metal) ? I'rires firm. Tin plates, 9?,:>0 cash ; pig lea?l 3} rts ; old copper 16} cts per lb M<Waste* ?Dark Porto Rico at 19c gal; bright at 31c ; Nnevitas at 30a 33r; N. Oilcans at 19$ a 19c. Naval Slorti ? North County Turpentine for exportation at $3 7ft; Wilmington, at 93 87ft a 94; Tar at lAOc Oils.?Linseed at 9Jc, cash; crude Sperm 60c; Whale brought 34c; strained Sperms are 70 a 80 cents. Olive ia Provihont.?Mess Pork, >8 3ft. Oood Butter, prime has sold at 13c. Corn Trstde. H There has been a little better demand for flour in thi* market, and tha prices of the holders are more easily oh" tained. We quote O-nesse at $4 AO. Wheat at Cleaveland on the 39th ult. was steady at ttftc. for the best northern qualite*. All the flour offered was readily taken at 93 i)6 a 3 63J Corn continued at 33} There was a much better feeling in the flour market at Buffalo on the 39th ult., best brands being in demand at f .'l 73. A full cargo of Illinois w heat brought 70$c, and an inferior lot of 1000 bushels 67 cents. Cf .10,000bushels wheat shipped last week from Cleve- H land, 37,900 bushels went into Canada, and the balance w ent'to Bnflulo. In Alton, Illinois, wheat has declined in price, purcba-- j ers paying but from 31 lo SA centa per bushel, according iH to quality. None but the choicest lota bring the latter price. The Rochestar Flour market was rather dull on the 30th ult., and holders were asking from f3 7fl to 3 94. Several lots were aold in the early part of the week at 94. There was a slight decline in Corn, owing to the farmers bring- }H ing in the corn that they had stored up in anticipation ot >H II

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