Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 11, 1842, Page 1

October 11, 1842 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 1
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TH Vol. VIII.?I0.K8I ? Whole Ho. 3134. UK VOLUTION AllY KKLlCft. Being the Private and Confidential Letter BJ WRITTEN TO GOVERNOR CLINTON, B* ALL THE DW lTINouisuxd Heroes and Statesmen of the Amei uii an Revolution?and now for the first time f PUBLISHED TO THE WORLD, I1V the consent of Col. Bkkkman of Long Island, the grandson of Governor Clinton. Hon. Francis Lewis to the Hon. Pierre Van CoRTLANDT, Esy. Moremtnl and Preparation! of Congrea?General Waihinglon? Troopt raited in North Carolina and Virginia? Lafayette ?Pulaski? General Wayne'1 Movement!?Col. Dutr? Dr. Franklin?Jirriral oj tV.uch Suppliet. dk4? sib :? I had the honor to write you the 36th ultimo and 7th I11M. acknowledging your favor of the Uth January, and ....??. 1. ..up n-micit. and rav dutv. I ahull uroci-cil to give you evsry inlormalion in iny power relative to the Public Weal. About two months ago Congress sent a Committee of their Body to Camp in order to consult with the Oeneral upon a mode for regulating the army, Mr. Danna. one of that Committee is returned with a Report for the new arrangement of the army in which it is proposed to reduce the present establishment to S3 Battalions, each to cousist of one Colonel, one Lieut Colonel, one Major, six Captains, one Capt Lieut, eight Lieut's, nine Ensigns. The Stair to be appointed out of the Line. Thu Qr Masters Generals for the Grand Army are already appointed, viz. Major Genl Green, with a Col. Cox, and Mr Pellit (both of this State) as assistant Qr. Mas'rs Oeneral; There has been great complaints of neglcet, and peculation in this department, into which astrict inquiry will be made. The Report pro|*>*es half pay to all Commissioned Oihcers on the new Establishment, who shall remain in the service at the end of the War. Congress has already employed a week, de diem in diem, debating warmly upon this point, and nothing yet determined, the half pay scheme meets with great opposition, the House devided in a Committee of the Whole, the Question not yet put, but will I believe tomorrow, if carried in the affirmative (which is still with ma a doubt) it will be for a limited term of years, and not ior life. By a letter from General Washington received last night, we are informed the Enemy are preparing for an Expedition, they have ordered Troops from Rhode Island, and New York round to Philadelphia, from which manoeuvre the General conjectures, that they do not expect any considerable reinforcement from Europe this Campaign, or they would not take the Field so early; Should their designs be against General Washington's army, it is at present in a weak state, should they be routed, or obliged to rctreal; from the negligence of Quarter and rorrage mars, invy nuvc nui nurses iu uring uu ineir ArHilary, and Military Stores, Stc Governor Caswell from N. Carolina is on his march with 3000 Volunteers for the Grand Army, and Virginia has 5000 more, but wo know not as yet what has been collected in the other States, by Inlistments or droits ; If the public reports we have front abroad be true, we have nothing more to do than to exert ourselves this Campaign, and our Independence will have a permanant establishment. Our magazeens of Provisions are tilling daily, especially of the bread kind, and we have lately advice of the arrival ot large supply sol" arms, amiinition, and clothing, in the out Ports, botn to the Eastward and Southward, but from the badness of the roads, and scarcety of Waggons, few as yet have been conveyed to the army. I forgot to inform you that it has been also moved in a Committee of the Whole, that a bounty should be given to the soldiers at the end of tho War, of fifty dollars each end a suit of Cloths, over and above the bounty of Land formerly voted. The Marquis de la Fayette is in high esteem with the Congress, he appears to t>e a nobleman, with a high sense of honor, and 1 nope nothing will be done to give him the least disgust. Tho Polish General Polasskey, is appo nted to raise an Independent Corps of sixty Draggoons with 200 light Inlantry, to rank a Brigd'r General. 1 believe he will pro va a valuable officer. Congress is anxious to know if the Forts on Hudson River are carrying on with vigour, as they have,the security of that River very much at Heart; such has been the large demands for money, that the Treasury was nearly exhausted, but hope it is now in such a train, as to be soon and amply replenished. General Wayne with a party, made lately an excursion into the Jerseys where he was followed by a party of the Enemy, they skirmished and were driven back with the loss of eight or nine taken and some wounded, Genl. Wayne destroyed large quantities of ton-age and returned. The Enemy took from us a drove of 120 black Cattle near Corrells lei ry ou the west side the Delaware commiug for our Camp ; If General Washington is not soon reenforced, I tear he will be obliged to quit bis ground and cross the Susquehanna, should that happen, the Enemy will have the States of Pennsylvania, Delaware and Ma Zland, in their possession, and Virginia must be our >ylum. My worthy Colleague Col. Duer returned to Congress last week, ho that now our State ii represented, Mr. O. Morrii ii stiU at Camp, we expect he will join u? in a fortnight. The following is an extract from a letter 1 this day received at Baltimore?In a regsell that arrived here last Monday lrom Martinique, a gentleman cams Passingcr who reports, that Mr. Bingham shewed him a letter, which he received from Paris, the day before this gentlm left the Island, the purport of which was, that Doctor Franklin, was received by the French Court aa Ambassador from the United States of America, and that a packet for Congress came in this veuell which was landed on the Eastern Shore. The packet here mentioned, is not as yet received by Congress. We have also this day, received a letter, from aCapt of French Ship, of 3d guns 179 fnen, just arrived at Nuburn N. Carolina, with a Valuable Cargo consisting of articles suitable lor our American Army, of which he makes an oiler to Congress. I have a list of the several articles, but time will not perir it me to send you aeony; let it sudice, when I say, that in my opinion we have lately arrived on this Continent a sudiciency of supply*, for our present wants, nay more, if they were properly collected to their respective magazeens. Be assured sir 1 shall give the Hon'bl Council every material information that comes to my knowledge. 1 have the honor to be sir Your most obed't humb serv't FRA' LEWIS. York Town, 30 March, 1773. The Hon'bl Picaaa Van Cohtlart, esqr. Col. A. Hamilton to Gov. Clinton. A Degeneracy of Representation in the Great Council of America?Unfit for their Great Trust?Folly, caprice, want of foresight and dignity, characterise them?How the French Officers over-reached them?Mismanagement in the Commissary's Department?Forbearance of the Soldiery? The Representation once honorable, now alarming and dangerous?The best Men selected to fill Stale offices at home?A Congress despised at home and abroad ? Character of the New York State Delegation?"A Certain faction. Head Quarterh, Feb. 13, 1773. Dean Si. I did myself the honor or writing to you, immediately after my arrival at Head Quarters, in answer to your letters I lound here from you. There is a mattur, which often obtruded itself upon my mind, and which reuuires the attention of every person of sense and influence among us?I mean a degeneracy o( representation in the great council of America. It is a melancholy truth Sir, and the effects of whioh we dayly see and teel, that there is not so much wisdom in a certain body, as there ought to be, and as the success of our affairs absolutely demands. Many members of it are no doubt men, in every respect, fit for the trust; but this cannot be said of it as a body. Folly, caprice, a want of foresight, comprehension and dignity, characterize the general tenor of their actions. Of this I dare say, you are renaible, though perhaps you have not so many opportunities of knowing it as I have. Their condact with respect to the army especially is feeble indecisive and improvident?insomuch, that we are reduced to a more terrible situation than you can conceive. False and contracted views of economy have pr 'vented them, though repeatedly urged to it, from making that provision for officers which was requisite to interest them in the service; which has produced such carelessness and indifference to the service, as is subversive of every otficer-like quality. They have disgusted the army by repeated instance of the most whimsical favoritism in their promotion; and by an absurd prodigality of rank to foreigners and to the meanest stall' of the army. They have not been able to summon resolution enough to withstand the impudeut importunity and vain boasting of foreign tmthavo manifested such a ductility aig^ j^Bfa^^yhugs, as will warrant the BMMPwWTie hulliod by every petty rascal, who comes armed with ostentatious pretentions of military merit and eiperience. Would you believe it 8ir, it is become almost proverbial in the mouths ol the French officers and other foreigners, that they have nothing more to do, to obtain whatever they pleased, than to assume a high tone, Sid assert their own merit with confidence and perseverance? These things wound my reeling* a* a republican more thaa I can express; and i.u some degree make me contemptible in my own eyes. By injudicious changes and arrangements in the Commissary's department, in the middle of a campaign, they have exposed the army frequently to temporary want, and to the danger ol a dissolution from absolute famine. At this very day there are complaints from th? whole line, of having been three or four days without provisions; desertions have been immense, and strong features of mutiny begin to show themselves. It is indeed to be wondered at, that the soldiers have manifested so unparalled a degree of patience as they have. It effectual measures are not speedily adopted, I know not how we shall keep the army together or make another campaign. I omit saying any thing of the want of clothing for the army. It may be disputed whether moro could have been done than has been done. If veu look into their conduct in the civil line, you will equally discover a deftriendyof energy, dignity and ex. tenaivenesa of views; but of this you can better judge thsn myself, and it is unnecessary to particularize. America once had a representation that would do honor to any age or nation. The present falling ofl'is very alarming and dangerous. What is the cause? or how is it to be remedied? are questions that the welfare of theso States require should lie well attended to. The great men who composed our first council; are they dead, have they deserted the cause, or what has become of them? Very few aredead, and still fewer have deserted the cause; they are all, except the few who still remain In Congrcsa, ithcrin the field, or in the civil offices of their respoetivo Stai.-s; far the greater part are engaged in the latter. The oaly remedy then is to take (hem out of these employment, and return them to the place, whore their presence is infinitely more important. Koch State in order to promote its own internal go E NE NE1 v eminent and prosperity, has selected its beat mrmlert to till the ofhcea uiicni itaelf, and conduct ill own affairs. Men have been fonder of the emoluments and conveniences of being employed at home, and local attachment, laUely operating, haa made them more provident lor the particular interests of the State, to which they belonged, than for the common interests of the confederacy. This is a moat pernicious mistake, and must be corrected. However important it is to give form and efficiency to your interior constitutions unit police; it is infinitely more important to have a nise general council, otherwise a failure of the measures ol the Union will overturn all your labors for the advancement of your particular good, and ruin the common cause. Vou should not beggar the councils of the United States to enrich the administration of the several members. Realize to yourself the consequences of having a Congress despised at home and abroad. How can the common iorce lie exerted, it the power of collecting it tie put in weak, loolish and unsteady hands! How can we hope for success in our European negotiations, if the nations of Europe have no confidence in the wisdom and vigor of the greut Continental government I This is the object on which their eyes aro fixed; heneeit is America will derive its importance or insignificance, in their estimation. Arguments 10 you sir neeu not up muiupneuio piuorce thr necessity ofbuving a good general council, neither do ' I think we shall very widely Jitter as to the fact that the present ia very lar from being such. I The sentiments I have advanced ure not fit for the vul- ' gar ear; and circumstanced as I am I should with caution 1 utter them, except to those in whom I may place an en- < tire confidence. But it is time that men ot weight and un- 1 derstauding should take the alarm, and excite each other ' to a proper remedy. For my part, my insignificance allows ' me to do nothing more, than to bint my apprehensions to ' those of that description who are pleased to favor me 1 with their confidence. In this view, 1 write to you. As lar as 1 can judge, tlio remarks I have made do not ' apply to your State nearly so much as to the other twelve. ' Vou have a Duanc, a Morris, anil may I not add aOuert 1 But why do you not lend your Jay and your R. 71. LivingsIon I I wish General Schuyler was either explicitly in 1 the army or in tho Congress. For yourself, Sir, though < 1 mean no compliment, you must not be spared fiom where ' you are. < But the design of this letter is not so much that you may 1 us* your influence, in improving or enlarging your own < representation, as indirectly giving the alarm toother < States, through the medium el vour confidential friends. 1 Indeed Sir it is necessary there should be a change. Ame- ' rica will shake to the centre, if theie is not. < You and 1 had some conversation when I had the plea- | sure of seeing you last with respect to the existence ol a > certain faction.' Since I saw you, I have di scovered such ' convincing traits of the monster, that I cannot doubt its 1 reality in the most extensive sense. 1 dare say you have < seen and heard enough to settle the matter in yuur ow n < mind. 1 believe it unmasked its batteries too soon and begins to hide its head, but as 1 imagine it will only change the storm to a gap; all the true and sensible friends to their country, and of course to a certain great man, ought to be upon the watch, to counterplot the secret machinations of Ins enemies. Ilave you beard anything of Conway's history? lie is one of the vermin br*d in the entrails of this chimera dire, and there does not exist a more villainous calumniator and ineendiary. Ho is gone to Albany on a certain expedition. I am with great regard androspect, Sir, Your most obedient servant, ALEX. HAMILTON. Jas. Duanc to Gov. Clinton. i Evacuation of New York?" Violence of the Jlmericans"? ] the " Loyalist!"?Diplomatic Matters. , Princeton, 31st August, 1783. Dfar Sir? i We have at length letters from Mr. Lawrence, our Mi- . nister, dated in London the 16th of June. He does not ! mention the definitive Treaty but declares that Secretary 1 Fox had assured him that positivo orders had been trans- | initted to Sir Guy Carleton for the final Evacuation of New Vork. Sir Guy too in his dispatches of the 17th in- 1 stant says that the June packet lately arrived had brought | liirn final orders for the evacuation of New York, and that i he should lose no time as far as depended upon him, in J fulfilling those commands. But that notwithstanding his I order* are urgent to accelerate the total Evacuation, the difficulty of assigning the precise time for this event was of late greatly fncrcMpd. " The violence of the Americans," he adds, " whffn broke out soon after the cessation of hostilities, encreased the number of their countrymen who look to him for escape from threatned destruction : but that these terrors had of late been so considerably augmented that almoit all within his Lines conceived their safety to depend upon being removed by him, which renderd it impossible te say when the Evacuation could he compleated. And again?"thatheshoud shew an In difference to the Feelings of Humanity, as well as to the Honour and Interest of the nation he served, to leave any of the lM\falittt that were desirous to quit the country a Prey to the violence which they conceive they have so much cause to apprehend?" That should these fears continue, and compel such multitudes to remove, he should hold himself acquitted from any delay in the fulfilling hi* order, and the consequences which may result therefrom: and that he cannot avoid adding " that it made no small part of his concern that Congress had thought proper to suspend, to this late hour, the recommendations stipulated by the Treaty, and in the punctual performance of which the King ol Great Brittain and his ministers had expressed such entire confidence." In the course of his Reasonings he refers to his correspondence with General Washington, with your Excellency, and our late Secretary for foreign affairs ; but he only transmit* his own Letter to your Excellency of the 'doth of July. A Committee has these communications from Sir Guy under consideration. I endeavored from my Memory to give them a detail of your correspondence: which induced a strong desire on their part to be possessed of the whole ; for 1 hail also informed them that you had it in contemplation to lay it before Congress. 1 have a further reason for wishing that the transmission of those papers may nut be delayed. Since a part of the correspondence is among the archives of Congress it is proper that the whole should be there ; and the mora so as the materials it affords may be of public utility. The only proofs which Sir Guy has furnished, are Depositions of And. Fowler, Edmund Ward, and Lieut. Col. Hunt. A minister or agent is arrived from Hamburgh, but has not yet reached Princeton. His business is to settle a commercial treaty. The Ambassador from the Kates General is on his passage to Philadelphia?we have ratified a treaty with the King of Sweden. It is reported that the Emperor and the King ot Denmark, have appointed tb eir Ambassadors for ou r Court?but you w ill be pleased to set this down as Alport?The Court of Spain has rcceivd Mr. Carmichael as our Minister, or rather charge dts afairs in the absence of Mr. Jay : but Russia continues cold towards Mr. Dana, at least undecided. Accept this small collection as the news of the Day At an important Period it may justly bo asked how it happens that nothing more satisfactory is communicated 1 It is not my fault, but we really hear nothing interesting from our ministers. I have been in pain lest I should forfeit your Excellency's opinion of my vigilance and attention ; but believe me tuo' I was drawn from home un. reasonably, out of my Hot em, and to my great prejudice, to attend to Congress this summer, I shall discharge my duty with alacrity and embrace every opportunity to convince you that I am with great Respect, and personal attachment, Dear Sir Your Excellency's most obedient and very humble servant, JAS. DUANE. P. 8. I entreat your Excellency to present my respectful compliments to Mrs. Clinton, Mr. Attorney Col. Ben son, and Judge Hubbard. You will naturally conjecture that the Recommendation dirocted by the Treaty is now brought on < he tapis. His Excellency Governor Clinton. James Duane to Gov. Clinton. a Description of the Battle oj Qermantoicn?The Weakness ? and Inaction of Pennsylvania?Their Dissentions con I rerning their form of Government. 8 [James Dunne was one or tho signers of the Declaration ? of Independence.] g Yobitown, 9th Octob'r. 1777. v sib? s I wrote to you yesterday by Colonel Troup, siring your a Excellency a general account of a Battle fought on Matur- i, day last at Ocrmantown between tho American and British armies. Victory seemed at first to be promis'd to Gen- n eral Washington as a reward for the spirited attack which ? was judiciously planned and pushed with great gallantry. F On every side tne enemy gave way : But a heavy fog, P which totally obstructed all communication among our a different divisions, and indeed destroyed all distinction be. c t ween friends and foes, seemingly in the midst of conquest, h pat nn end to all these sanguine expectations by a sudden retreat of our troops. This, it is supposed, was occasioned ' by the left wing of our army's coming up and endeavor- ? ing to join the other body ; and each mistaking the other for a fresh reinforcement of the enemy. The enemy M however did not pursue ; but permitted General Wash- ti ington to retire w ith his cannon and wounded, at leisure ; w venturing only, after some cessation, to fire a lew long at shot from some pieces of cannon. This is the substance of \ General Washington's Letter, received this moment in Q Congress where I write this short account ; not having it ? in my power to give you a copy of his dispatches at Urge. * The loss on either side is not ascertained : the conse- JJ quence the General infers from the eugag- ment is, that {J it will make his trouns familiar with danger, and more t? ready to attack as well as more determined and hardy in G action. In other respects he observes that his situation is c< Just the same as before the battle, the loss of men excepted, 0 which is supposed to be fully compensated by the great havoc made among tho enemy. n When further circumstances come to light, your Excellency shall be furnished with particulars. Tho' this lost battle cannot be called a fortunate event, it gives no discouragement. The State of Pennsylvania however remains weak, feeble invliv, stiff rnntrihiiti.s little In the common defence. Tho distention concerning their frame of government seems to here ihaken all public virtue to the fonndation. rhie between ourselves. ? 1 here nothing to add? but to eeaure you, that with greet reaped, I am, Sir, I Vour Excellency's moet obed't hum'l scrv't, G JAS. DUANE. a Marquis Pf. La Fayrttk to Baron dk Steuben h Ort Sundry Military Matter* and Movement* a O'Baion't, May 10th, 1791. p Dr.ia Sia n The enemy are at retenhurg and wehavetiocommuni | cation over Appamatox?a general engagement ia now ia the enemy'* power and ii not in oars?This disadvantage i and my inleriority force* mo to keep the River?But my 1 position near Longfield* will be *ticli a* enable* m# to J? keep a post on this side, ho within striking distance of tin " | enemy, and without exposing Richmond to recross if I u W YO W YORK. TUESDAY M( 'hooae ou the narrowest part of the River?I rerjueat every :hing that ran do for taking a River, Boats, eanoei, scows (a long boat excepted;) taw anil planks to join two canoea nay be sent down from Richmond and the veasela?General Mulleaherg keep* this n to until tomorrow and our >aggage and store* are ordered to Richmond ?what you .?ill do for theaocurity ofyour recruit* 1 entirely leaveto fou to decide?A* to reinforcement* of militia, riflemen, ind horie*, particularly White'* dragoon* I beg you will tend to me n* fast as they arrive Be pleaied to communi ate tin* letter to Hi* excellency the Governor, and tell tlgjor Clay bourne that the conctructiou of llatt bottomed xjat-i a* well a* an immediato supply of waggons and boats iru necessary articles, without which 1 am exposed and rippled in every one of my movement*. 1 cannot con inn- yini-ri' i upturn .maxwell lias Dcen since I low him in Bottom's Bridge With the fondest regard yours LAFAYETTE. Baron Ok Stubsin, Richmond Marquis he La Fayette to Gov. Clinton. Paytni; Public Debti, and hit intention of attending the Treaty with the Indians, 4-c. Albany, 27th Sept. 1778. 3m As we are in this place very far from headquarters, expresses are exceedingly dear tor the public, and I under, itand you have occasion for sending letters almost every lay, can I hope your excellency will forward this to Gen ral Washington?I beg your pardon for the trouble I take he liberty to give you, but il your excellency don't lind ! make myself too free and rather troublesome, I'll send to Pookeepsie such letters as I wish to be delivered by a safe in.1 short way?General Washington is the only com. nander in chief I know of in America, but that very reaon that I have very seldom seen two heads upon the same >ody, und I must refer immediately to my General every itep I am obliged to take by my being so fur from thu main irmy. 1 have not yet received the answers of Congress?that Ley had been received, and shall ke strangely disappointed, 1 am much confident of?what they will do and direct Ido not kuow at all?iu waiting for they r decision 1 try to nako myself as useful, as my heing the eldest oliicerhere i wound can enable me to?1 pay debts as last as money tomes, vix: very slow?I am going to the Conventiou of he Indians because General Schuyler has told me that a parcel of Frenchmen would be of some use to the aause? Tom thence I'll go to Fort Schuyler, and be back for receiving the answers of Congress?1 hope too, sir, that I'll tear from your excellency?the defence of North River .s a point of the greatest importance, I have desired the ksn.uti uc rvaiw, wuu win cuiniuiiiui nerc in mai nine ?dicncu of ttvs days, to givn every assistance in his power br every thing which will be asked Irom him on that ac:ount. With the highest regard and respect, 1 have the honor to be, Sir, Your most obedient servant, THE M. DE LAFAYETTE. Boston. [Correspondence of the Herald.] Boston, Oct. 8, 1842. Politics?Funeral Solemnities?f^ove and Suicide, almost? Theatricals?General InteUigence. The morning and noon truins upon the eastern railroad, were well loaded yesterday with anxious politicians, wending their way to Newburyport, to listen to Mr. Cushing'a address to his constituents.? The most intense interest was manifested by men of all parties, to hear his explanation and expose of party affairs; and the old church, one of the largest in New England, was filled by an immense assemblage, comprising all the wealth, intelligence, and respectability of the district, while the galleries ofered a goodly specimen of Yankee female beauty. VIr. Gushing was introduced to the meeting, and ose to speuk without applause. lie continued in lis remarks for above two hours, and was listened o with the most unbroken attention. All the city capers had reporters present, and as his address will >e published, any extract of it from me would be superfluous. The funeral services of the late Rev. William E. Dhaning were appropriately solemnized yesterday dtemoon, in the church where his earthly labors tad been performed, and which was crowded to luffocation?every inch of space being improved by he eagermultituue. The exercises were of the most olemn character, and thp sermon by the Rev. Mr. Tunnoff wna liufonpd tn liv flip rlon^o millustlinn nf adies anil gentlemen in the most profound silence. Every eye was bedewed with tears, as the peculiar raits of the deceased were alluded to in the most ouching language, and no one present could fail to sympathise deeply with the afflicted family of the feceased, and to feel sensibly I hat not only the thurcn, but the community at large, in his death, lave met with an almost irreparable loss. Ilis remains were interred in Mount Auburn. Rtyniiscat in pace. Considerable excitement has been caused this morning by another silly fellow's attempting to ihake off this mortal coil. As usual, in such maters, a woman was the cause of all the difficulty? ind by her acts dethroned reason from her wonted leat. The young gen?, thus idiotic, is of a most resectable family, and was united a few years since o a most lovely and interesting young creature,but rom some secret caases.the attachment of the honey noon has been cooled down by time, and it appears hat he has since madly conceived a passion for mother lady, and hence the suicidal attempt. This s all I could gather from a member of the family, elativc to the contends of the "farewell documents" eft by him behind. As his friends say, he had jrown unaccountably dull and melancholy, refusing ood, and talking rather incoherently, within the >ast three days, which quite alarmed them, and melical advice was sbtained. Last evening, he purchased at a druggist's, an ounce of laudanum, as he iverred, wishing it for the tooth-ache, his face being it the time bound by a kerchief, an evident token )f suffering. He went to bed about 10 o'clock, and it 12 o'clock his mother, having occasion to visit his oom, discovered an empty vial, labelled "laudaium, and three letters upon his dressing table, the contents of which revealed too truly his rash act.? 'lis wife was, and is still absent from the city. Melical aid was nrocured. and the stomach nine resort il to. This morning his recovery was considered loubtlul, but I atn happy to learn that he is now pro lounced out of danger, though suffering indeacriba)le agony from the effects of his folly. A New York ?elle is connected with the aflair in some way; how ! cannot discover. Our theatres are doing a smashing business. Forest and Josephine have appeared to a crowded aulience every night of their engagement, and last light (Forrest's benefit) at eight o'clock, the priviege of peeping through a hole, and standing in the obby, could not be obtained for love nor msney.? ["he stock company at this establishment is very poor nostofthe performers being intolerablystupid. Iiowird, the leading actor, is no more able to sustain the lusmees given him than an owl, and Mra.Cramer.the eading lady, had belter retire altogether from the tage. Chapman is good, but his rich quaint vein if humor is not properly appreciated. Gilbert is ood. but Ayling is sometimes intolerable. I do not vonder at the decline of the drama, when I see such tatues, nothing more, put up each night to person.te characters, embodying genius and talent ? augh! By the bye, what magic charm binds "the nagnificent" to the " Indian chief!" As an actress he is nothing?as a soman, I grant you everything, 'orrest has half the gross receipts each nignt?she lays the entire engagement for a half clear benefit, t which he will not play, and consequently her hance is small. The National is doing a very fine ;;siness, though I'elby was unwise in reducing his rices. He has one of the best stock corns in the ountry?the names of Messrs. Murdock, Blake, and lunt, and Madnmes Pelby, Anderson and Houpt, nth a host of minor talent, fully confirm my asseron. Julia Turnhuli is still as fascinating as ever nth the Kilby and Milk street salesmen, while the indents are pining in solitude for the return of their lary Ann Lee. So we go?legs ever triumphant ver intellect. Marshall is doing well at the Lagle, nth a deuced bad company, particularly in the felale line. Mrs. Lewis is absolutely disgusting in er gestures and movements. Miss Sands, alias irs. Lansing, nas no voice, nor can sue act. Mrs. rroves, the best of the lot, yet bad enough, in all onscience. Marshall mnst engage some recruits, r he will be soon obliged to close doors. Ellworth. the humbug walker, gives his experince to-nignt. 1 will give the particulars how he ulled us, in my next. Yours, truly. B. Movement.* of the British Army.?The Moneal Gazette of October 8th, says that the head uarters and six companies of the Coldstream iuards, embarked on board IT. M S. Calcutta on Wednesday, and sailed on the following morning? 'wo companies of this battalion, and two of the Irenadier Guards, remain at Quebec, awaiting the mval of the Pique, for conveyance to England, and lis vessel of war is said to be in the river. The ead quarters division of the 68th Light Infantry, rrived at Quebec on Thursday. They will be relaced at ^orel, by two companies of the 89th regilent,

from Chambly. A squadron of the King's iragoon Guards, it is said, are to move to Monreal, on the departure of the 7th Hussars, for Eng ind. The head quarters division of the 76th regilent, under Lieut. Colonel Joseph Clarke, sailed om Halifax, in the Boyne, transport, on the 2dth It. for England. IRK E 3RNING, OCTOBER 11. 18 Fifteenth Annual Kali'of the American Institute, at Mblo'i Uarden, 1H4'4. ( Monday, Oct. 10th. 1 Tlie Fair thia year altogether surpasses any that has ever preceded it, both in the greater number s and variety of the urticles exhibited, and also in j their superior workmanship and beauty. We have 0 therefore determined to give a full, accurate and im* y partial report of the whole, so thai both exhibitors, ^ visitors, and the public at large, will be fairly and honestly dealt by. We commence to-day with the il Horticultural Room.?This room is situated in the second lloor, northeast wing of the Garden, and a by many persons pronounced decidedly to be the b most attractive part of the exhibition. This arises jt mainly from the magnificent and truly royal display of Dahlias. In numoer, vuriety, beauty and i?erfectien, we believe they have never been equalled in '' any exhibition in this country. The tint we noticed on entering the room wan b Mr. Thomas Bridgetnan, author of the Young b Gardener's Assistant, and now .chairman of the Hor- f< ticultural Committee, busily engaged in arranging b the articles in the room. As soon as he ascertain- o ed that we were reporting lor the Herald, he inline- a diutely undertook to be our cictronc, and enlighten d us into the mysteries of the show. ti First upon the left we noticed Mr. Thorburn, the t| prince royal of Floriculture, Seedsman, See.? b The.re he sat busily engaged in writing labels, or ra- a ther the names of about one hundred varieties tl of some ol the most magnificent Dahlias the eye tl ever beheld. "This," says he, as he wrote the u name, "this is called the 'Queen,?the'root cost me d ten guineas. There is'Mr.Pickwick this is the a 'Maid of Bath,' and cost two guineas. 'Dowager a Lady Cooper,' cost ?:$ ; 'Maria,' ?2 ; the 'Bride ? Maid,' ?2 ; the 'Ne Plus Ultra,' Ji8and thus he S went on with "Tournament," "Alba Purpurea," "Charles the 12th," "Lady Catharine Jeiyni'" a " Virgin Queen," "Rouge et Noir," a most splen- d did flower, nearly black, and various others.? v " Who is this," said we, " dressed in deep t mourning 1" "That," said Mr. Thorburn, is c " 'Grace Darling'?she is dead?that is the original r Grace Darling, the heroine of the waves?anil the I flower is in mourning for her"?the flower was sur- t rounded with crape. Mr. Thorburn's stand con- t tains about four hundred flowers, many ol them most t curiously variegated, and several of them from the g most celebrated collections in Europe, the roots of t which cost from five to ten guineas each. Mr. I Thorburn's collection at Astoria contains about five > thousand flowers, ull now in lull bloom. "Do you 8 see at the farther end of the room that magnificent f ornamental figure of Dahlias, composed of sundry t stars and diamonds, surmounted with a Maltese c Cross! That, too, is Thorburn's handy work." i Under Mr. Thorburn's stand of Dahlias, we no- f ticedsoine very handsome yellow and whi'e corn, > raised by Mr. John Jones, of Ilurlgate, on the Island, f Another lot by Mr. Buel, of Albuuy, called th* t Dutton corn. e "Here," says Mr. Bridgeman, is a fine lot of eel- L lary, currots, beets, ?kc. ifcc., and some extra large v sugar beets, by John Breill, of New Jersey." f "Tins very choice collection of Dahlias is from r Mr. William Kent, of Brooklyn, it contains ubout r sixty varieties." Neur them we noticed some 14 a Blocks or stems of Tuberoses, very fine, and by the J same person. t Next we came to another equally beautitul stand of Dahlias by Mr. Thomas Hogg, of eomer'23d street ? and Broadway?it contained some 50 or HO kinds. f No.25), is a lot of articles exhibited by liobt. Pel- i: ham, of Ulster Co., embracing green peas, beans, f See., together with <|iiinces, apples, plums, pears, r wheat, and a drum ol figs raised on his own grounds j ?nil in very fine condition. _ h Near by is a very sujierior specimen of maple su- ( gar for competition made by Caleb Burdit, Walton, v Del. Co. N. Y. I No. 33 is a lot of black Poland grapes, from Mutthew Antonides, of Brooklyn?they looked very s tempting to one's a]>petite. Near these lay some very splendid Smyrna squashes, by Mr. swords of Bloomingdale. Another of the same equally handsome,by D.N. ^ Demarest, N. Y. By them, in u glass case, is a lot p of Kentucky liens' eggs, some of them of enormous size. > o "And here," said Mr. Bridgeman, " we come to g a stand of American Seedling Dahlias, from Mr. '' Win. Russell, Florist, of Brooklyn; they are the most splendid lot 1 have ever s?en ; you must give r them a good notice, for we must encourage Ameri- " can productions." So we give them to the public, dahlias and patriotism, jost as we received tnem. t Next, we came to Mr. Downing's (of Newburgh) collection of apples and pears, embracing about 80 1 varieties. The public of course are well aware of the fact, that Messrs. Downing of Newburgh, and 1 Buel of Albany, are great rivals. We know no thing of their respective merits, except that they ure ' both agricultural princes. There stands a vase containing numerous va- 0 rietiesol flowers, by J. M. Cox of Dloomingdale. c This splendid pyramid of Dahlias is from Aspinwall's garden, Staten Island: and we ure particu- t? larly requested to suy that the gardener's name is James Kelly. The articles we are now speaking of are situated a'the extreme end of the hall. Among them is a flower stand, containing a variety o| splendid ? Cactuses, Fuchsias, and other rare flowers. No name attached. tl Another flower stand has several Camelias, and Vinca Itoseas, all in full bloom, by Mr. Israel Bu- 11 chanan. " And here it is proper to say, that these flower j stands are of beautiful workmanship, made ot wire by II. W. Oliver, No. 6 Jefferson street, and were ? sent for the use of the Institute by the maker. ir In the midst ol these flower stands, is a sort of li agricultural cornucopia by John P. Huff?contain- y ing pumpkins, squashes, beets, parsnips, potatoes, peppers, tomatoes. Egyptian and Indian grain, die. w OEC., all very handsome. '' Here Mr Brown, corner 5Ui avenue and 16th ^ streets, has deposited a lot of hne ripe figs, worth () looking at. tl Vou will here nofce also two superb bouquets, <1 one by Mr. Hogg, the other by Mr. Cox. And now you come to Mr. BuelV splendid assort- *1 ment of apples Mr. Buel and his apples, are so well known, that neither of them are at all likely to [ be forgotten without further notice. ^ Two other stands of apples are worthy of atten- ? tion, the one by K. A. Cornwall, and tha other by tl P. A. If oss, both of this city. Also, a lot of fine mellow pears from P. Dicker- A son, N. J. b Here vou uoll notice a splendid boquet of Dahlias, *1 by w> w. Wl>k JUAuuuie. Our cicerone next criBS flv ujAsUion to Mr. a( Boll's [50th street, Bloomingdale r^n^nd?'containing some fifty varieties of most splendid Dahlias; of together with several fine specimens of the Tea- a< scented H ose, of various hues ; also, two Camelias, dt very beautiful. _ "And now," says Mr. B.," don't forget to men- ? tion this lot of onions in three ot the most splendid cl varieties, from t ie Corporation gardens at Blackwell's Island. They are the best I ever :aw, and were raised by gardiner Wiggins at the Lunatic Asylum gardens." Next is a lot of splendid Dahlias iy D. <te M. Phe- ,, lan, corner Stanton and Forsyth streets. ^ The next lot is of Dahlias embracing several va- or rietieg, by Mr. Alfred Bridgeman, corner Eighteenth <h street and Broadway. Visitors will not fail to notice them particularly, as they will not sutler in comparison with any at the exhibition. The next lot of Dahlias and at her flowers is from ^ Alderman Carman's gardens at Fort Washington. jn Mr Reid's Nursery, at Murray Hill, strppltea the tB contiguous stand with a few choice specimens of Dahlias, together with a case of very fine fruit, em- C< bracing numerous varieties of apples, pears, ftc. V our Kir a ra (urn iionlra r\f fui-niisi />f 1oino to raised from some of Mr. Brideeman's seed and sown J? Aug. 1st, by John Jones, of Ilellgate. th Next is a charming variety of Dahlias from Moses 01 Van Beuren, Brooklyn. t0 That splendid lot ol Dahlias, Verbenas of every ?<! shade, Panseys (or Violets), &c., are from John Breill, of Harsimus, N. J av We noticed also a barrel of Timothy seed by W. S. (Jilbert, Livonia, Livingston county. Also a pumpkin weighing SO pounds raised by the s vine running on the ton of the house No. filfi Broadway, occupied by A. Flock. Be _ The centre ot the room is occupied by a great variety of models of ships, boats, &c. too numerous to particularize. ae On the walls of the room are also some beautiful ,h models of ships of war, made by Foster Rhodes, co. United States Naval Architect, and late naval ar- 2(j chitect to the Turkish Sultan, Constantinople. These are models of ships that have been built, and 0f are now in commission. On the south wall of the room are hung some wi beautiful specimens of worsted aud silk embroidery in frames. , Co There are a few other things in this hall which we shall notice hereafter. N.B.?Thsse who expect notices of their articles , should be constantly on hand ready to give the re- t0 porter any necessary information. , [ERA 42. Address Last Evening in thk Saloon at Nihlo's j >ardkn, before/the american iNSTtTI'tk, hy thk Ion. Henry Meios.?The Saloon at Niblo's Gar- , en last evening, presented oue of the most brilliant a; ights we ever beheld. The attendance during the '' ay hud been rather thin, it being ihe owning day ji f the Fair, and a multitude of articles not being et ready for exhibition. But in the evening the rand Saloon, together with the main walk, the v lolh Rooms, the Machine Rooms, the Horticultu- u il Hull, and the garden outside, were all brilliantly li lutninated, and presented n grand and ini|K>eiiig J pl?earunce, while a large and resectable ussemlage ot ladies and gentlemen were there to admire V Many of them had come, according to anouncement, to hear an address by his Honor Judge ngli*. ? At half past seven, (Jen. Tai.lmadge, the honora- t le President of the Society, arose and stated in 1 ehullof the Institute. thHt the Fair is now open . w public exhibition, although it is very far front eing yet tilled, and complete us it will be in 11 day r two. He then stated that the Ploughing Mutch, nd testing of ploughs, would come oil on Wednes- 1 av next at two P. M., and the National Convenion on Thursday at II A. M. lie ulso stated that fiey were this year able to do what they had never elore been able to accomplish, that is to treat the udience to occasional addresses It is expected fiat the Hon. Mr. Mucluy will deliver an address liis [Tuesday ] evening. President Tallmadge then nformed the audience, that in consequence of inispositiun, his Honor Judge inglis was unable to ppear this evening, but would have the pleasure of ddressiug them before the close of the Fair. His lace this evening would be supplied by the Hon. Ir. Meigs. Mr. Meigs then arose amid the applause of the udience and delivered a short but very able adress, highly appropriate to the occasion, but of vhich we are utterly unuble to find room for more ban a brief notice. In his preliminary remarks he entrusted the ancient triumphs of war with the nodern triumphs of the more peaceful arts. He aladed to the days of the Roman Emperors, with heir collisium, and their gladiatorial shows; but hey had no such triumphs as this to celebrate. He hen briefly traced the progress of the arts and ciences down to the present time?touching ii|H>n lie long period of a thousand years, in which Engatui was stationary in agriculture?upon the time vhen in England an ox weighing UN) pounds was iccounted large?and when she imported her eggs font Flanders. It was not until the 14th century hat even the King himself deigned to use the arti:le of coal. Even so late as 1554 the article of silk 11 every lorin was quite forbidden, under a heavy orfeit. He then came down to the days of Eli .Vliitney, in 1795, when he was accounted a i>oor, alse, enthusiast, speculating in the matter of a cot on gin. He then traced the progress ot steam pow- I r from 4 miles an hour to 20?until finally the iroad Atlantic itself has become hut a simple ferry, ' vitb regular ferry bells to ring the stated hours for saving the dock. Canals and Railroads uext luinted his uttention, and the Emperor Nicholas eceived a handsome compliment. True we ire in debt, said he, $200,000,000 tor our Vmericun railroads, but who will vote to have them alien upl We wilt yet pay every dollar of the debt -(applause)?and justice shall ride with us upon very road?(cheers)?repudiation shall never be itstened upon us. (Loud applause) Rut we must aiss over much that we would gladly touch upon? , liseulogitun upon iron, upon cotton, und upon that lie/d'auvrc oi engineering, the Crolon aqueduct. Vdieu, said he, now to all the dust und drought of ill the summers for a thousand years to come. Loud cheering). He concluded his short address vith a well merited encomium upon the American nstitule. The whole went off in fine style, und every one eemed to be in high spirits. Common Council, Oct. 10.?Board or Aldermen.?Present Aldermen Fooilhull, President in the Chair, and all the other memer?. A message was received from the Mayor returning the rdinance abolishing the office ot First Marshal or S?r. emit of the Mace, and appointing a Mayor's second clerk ii his place , Alderman Jones moved that it he referred to [the comnittee on Laws, which was decided to be out of order, ini' the message was placed on tile, and ordered to be lublished. Invitations from proprietors of Castle Uarden to witness ho haloon ascension of L. A. Lum iat.on Friday afternoon it 4J o'cloak, and also to receive the Baltimore Firemen at Vlouroe Hall; on Thursday afternoon, were accepted. Joint Ballot.?Both boards having assembled, they iroceeded to joint meeting. The resignations of Daniel Harris, as city weigher, and Ulan McIJoiigall, and Charles Fredericks, as inspectors if lime, were read and accepted. The resignation of John Paulding, as clerk in the office | f the clerk of the Common Council, was accepted, and leorge A. M. Brown was appointed in his ulacc. J /\KicrniHn * koliu* nuieu, mat mr. lamuing intended > leave thin city for Charleston during this week. John Price, John M. Rycr, Wm. II. Ouion, and Wm. 1. Leary were removed from the office of city weighers George Whiting, Leonard H. Good, and David Owen, 'ere appointed weighers of anthracite coal. Henry Carlton and Wm. McRellar were appointed city reighers. Inipectori of Eltc.ion.?The following gentlemen were ten nominated as lns|>ectora of Election:? fVrst Ward ?First Dis rict.?Otto Wm. Van Tuyl, Wm. I. Davenport, 8tr| hen R. Harris. Second District?Ed ard Anthony, Cornelius Oakley, and Nicholas Dimond. hird District?Edmund Griffi-n, John B. Hobby, and ohn Hillyer. Alderman Purdy and Assistant Alderman Wstermi.y pposed the power of appointment by the present Comion Council, on the ground that thoseap|>ointedon the Jthof March last, held over until the expiration of the ear. Assistant Alderman Watf.rmar then moved that the hole subject bo referred to a committee of flvo or three ) report upon the subject whenever the President of the oard felt disposed to call the Common Council together, le hoped that such a course would bo adopted, as it wa'> a uestion of doubt, and such a settlement of the legality of ie matter would be calculated to prevent much future ifficulty. Assistant Alderman Brow* stated, that many of the injectors appointed in March last, had recently received otico from the Sheriff to porform the duties of teir office this fall, and that having taken legal advice, tey were determined to hold oa to their appointment, le, therefore, hoped that in reference to this a committee rould settle this question, and thus prevent difficulty at le polls. Assistant Alderman Scot es contended that the act of pril,|lB4'J, repealed the previous law; and, therefore, it ecame the duty of this Common Council to appoint In- , lectors at the present meeting. ? Alderman Leoxard moved that further action on this . ihject be postponed until Monday evening next, which (] ter considerable argument, was adopted. K Alderman Jokes moved that the opinion of the Council ' the Board be requested on this subject, which was lopted, and the Common Council then adjourned to Mon- , ly evening next. f( Board of Assistant Aldermex?Monday, Oct. 9,194J. 4 -The President (Assistant Alderman Adams) in the a tair. a Among the petitions were the following :? For the removal of the burial place known as Potter's 1 ield?"of sundry persons to place the salary of bell-ringers A here it stood previous to late reductions. Rtporh.? In favor of paspfhg E. k P. Kingsland a small C im due from estate of F. A Heint/. Adopted. Majority and minority rt ports of the Select Committee i the memorial ofTatnamand Brothers, relative to con- o icting pipes for Groton water, were received and order- ii I to be printed. it In lavor of concurring with the other Board in arlliug w gore of land to James M'Brair. Laid on the table to be of inted. ci The Board here took a recess to meet the other Board tl Joint Ballot, and, on its return, a further recess was st ken to get supper. bi On re-assembling, a report of tho Croton Celebration ai ommittee was read and accepted si Invitations were received and accepted for the members attend a balloon ascension at Castle Garden, end a naval ill at Washington Hall, on Friday next ; also to witness e rece|>tion of the Baltimore and Philadelphia firemen, JC > Thursday next. . , ... . In favor or paving 17th ?t. from the Bloomingdale road 6th avenue, and flagging northerly aidewalk. Adopt- U |. In favor of paving llth street between 1st avenue and 13 enue A. Adopted. ... In favor of laying aidewalk on northerly aide 16th street l< tu een nth and 9th avenue. Adopted. 6t In favor of laying cross walk on a portion of 3d avenue, uvvesant street, Ac. Adopted. The resignation of A. Kimball, assistant clerk of this >ard, was presented and accepted. y Assistant Alderman Waterman called to the chair. g A resolution was presented bv the President requiring e counts for carriage hire to be kept by each member,and a at no orders be given for such except by members or r mmittees when on public duly. Adopted. In favor of paving sidewalks on 9th st, between 1st and avenues. Adopted. * appointing a conference relative to the pay of day officer v lltn ward. tl The resolution to pay L. Francis for a bill of stationary p is concurred in. n Assessment for clearing dock adjoining Spring street, n incurred in. Asst. Aid. Allerton offered n resolution for the grading of it afreet, from the old post road to the F.ast Kiver. Re- (fj 'red. Several other papers were referred or laid on the table I ? be printed. I Adjourned to Monday next. I ??i i , ? ?? LI). Prlet Two Conta Court of Common Plena. Before Judge Ulshoeffer. Oct. 10. ? Samuel >V?A?r, Jr., vs. II. Mulholland mnd I'llham C- Cut/irnler.?An eaecution bad been served gainst property rimmed by plaintiff lor a debt due by bis uhei. The levy was relinquished, yet the ulaintirl inisted on liringing the prcseat action of replevin. The ury found for defendant. For plaintiff, Mr. Keud. For defendant, Mr. Duryea. Before Judge Inglis. Ih try Hem an rs, John Kelly, *1. al.?An action of replein lot goods seized at a gn eery store in Division street, s belonging to Warren Br man, (who was brother of Uintilf, and had removed from the corner of William and leekman streets,) but claimed by plaintiff. The Jury jund lor plaintiff, >:?>?) 41), being amount of claim and 50 damages. Kor plaintiff, Mr. J. H. Tower. For defence, Mr. P. Vilson. Circuit Court. Before Judge Kent. 1 Oct. 10.? Charlee P. Carpender ve Btnoni H. Howell. hi J other e?An action on n partnership account; one of he ilefenitaiita rending at New York, and the other at Jurtalo. Verdict tor defendant!. Ear plaintiff, Mr. J. H Whiting. Mr. CJ. W. Oeborn or defendant. (ientral Sessions. Belore hia Honor the Recorder, Judge Lynch, and Aldermen <'rolius and Martin. Jaui:> K. Wiiitixu, Em., Diitrict Attorney. Oct. 10.?Petit Jurore Fined.? On calling the namaa of the petit juron four were lined $16 each for non-attendance. Jamet It'ateon H'ebb and Me Duel.?At the opening of :he court J a in en Wation Webb made hie appearance, aczompauiedhy hie counael A. L. Jordan, Esq. On enquiry we uscertuinod-that it wai the intention of hii couniel to enter u plea ol guilty to the charge laid in the indictment jf leaving the state with the intention of giving or receiving a challenge. Then obtain an arreet ot judgment and :arry the case to the Supreme Court for action. On modon of Mr. Jordan the Court allowed him till Thursday next to enter hii plea. We understand that the caie will be contented before the Supreme Court on the ground of he unconstitutionality of the law. .Aggravated.Aseanlt and Battery.?Jamel Haley, of the 'ear of l-JU Mott street, wai put upon his trial for assault ind battery", by striking Arthur Campbell, tailor, who ived on thu same premises fronting on Mott street, with i steel used for sharpening knives. It was proved by fohn Coleman that the assault took place on the third of Iune in Campbell's house. That a difficulty had arisen letween them relative to the rent of the premises occuded by Campbell, which he hail hired of Haley, and that liter the former had ordered the latter out o( his house, llows passed between them, and Haley struck him on thu lide of the head with the steel that he had snatched from hehauilof Campbell. Campbell died twelve days afterwards, and from the testimony of his wife, suspicions existed in her mind that th? blows upon his head had caused jr aided in his death. The defence was conducted by Win. Shaler, Esq., who called Dr. Archer, the coroner ol ths oity, as a witness, who stuted that beheld an inquest on the body of Campbell, and the [mmediute cause of his death was inftamma:ion of the stomach and tniwels. There was no apparent njury abouttho head sufficient to cause death There waa 1 bruise under bin ear, and a (light cut on the top of the tiead. The coronet'a jury returned a verdict of death from inllninmution of (temach and bowels. A troy who taw the u if ray, (tated that Campbell ordered Ha lev out of his house several times, anil finally, upon words following relative to tho payment of the rent, they both clinched, and Haley took the steel from him and struck him on the head with it. The jury returned a verdict of guilty, and the court allowed llaley until Friday to put in affidavits as to his general character, in mitigation of sentrnce. 1'ltaAcd Guilty.?Sutuuel I'itttnan confaaaed that he had beat Simeon Arnold, and was orderod to attend on Friday tor sentence. Trial of Kin if a Kan Brunt.?A sharp looking darker, who bears the above cognomen, was tried on a charge of grand larceny, for stealing half a chest of young byson tea, worth from the store of Simeon W . Barney, 187 West street, on the itid of August last. John Scott, a dirty looking negro, swora that Van Brunt wanted him to go in with him in the theft, but he refused, and after Van SrUnt had stolen the tea he gave immediate information of hetheftto Mr. Barney. Notwithstanding the evidence ivas ot the most |>ositive character against him, yet the ippearance ol the witness was such as cau.ed doubts in he minds of the jury, and they recommended prisoner o the mercy of the court on rendering a verdict of guilty if grand larceny. The Recorded stated that the jury, in making the re:ommundation to the court, were not aware ,that the priloner had but just served out a seniCSCfl in the Penitenlury, and that he had been convicted once or twice beoro on charges of larceny. The Recorder stated that the ourt therefore considered it was their duty to send him or a length of time, and therefore ordered that he be con incd in the State prison for Ave years 7Vint for receiring Stoltn Good?.?John McKinney, who kaeps a junk shop at the corner of James and Madison streets, was tried on one indictmeut of three against him, for receiving the composition ornaments from the top ot iron railings, tkat had been stolen from the dwellings ol some ten or twelve gentlemen, by a gang of boys during tho month of June last. - John McVickar and Charles Watson, two boys, testified that they hid seen the ornaments broken otf by other boys, some of which were taaen to the place 01 Aiciunney lor sale. mere nemg no evidence that the bouse from which they were stolen waa that of Howard Furman, as alleged in the indictment, tho Court charged to that ertect, and the Jury, therefore, were compelled to return a verdict of not guilty. The trial of the other two indictments against McKiuney, wore set down for Monday next, when thoee gentlemen whe have been sufferers, will aid in his conriction, by giving their attendance. Trial for patting Counterfeit Monty.?Patrick Kelly, mown as a contractor, and who has resided in 87th street, >etwecn Hth and 9th avenue, was tried for passing a $3 'ounterleit note of tho Greenwich Bank on Miohael fell wy?r, of 11 Franklin street. Although Schwyer had worn positively at the. Police office to Kelly as being the nan who had passed 'the note, yet his memory had be omc so treacherous that he could not recollect on the vitness stand whether he had got the note from Kellv or ome one else. The Jury were therefore compelled to icquit him. Another Indictment?Kelly was then tried on another ndictment for passing a similar counterfeit note upon Vlexander H. White, of BloomingJale road, on the Utn of luly. White testified that John Merritt, the son of Josiah vho has been indicted for passing counterfeit money and 'unaway, was with him at the time he passed the note. It vaaalso proved by the bar-keeper of Mr. Lewis Schwartz if Chatham street, that Kelly had also offered a similar lote to him in payment for something to drink, a few days irevious to the chaigc here alleged. A man named Edw ard Teague, was called, and stated hat Kelly had passed a $3 counterfeit note of the Greenwich Bank upon him, and that on discovering that it was i counterfeit, ne returned it to Kelly, who gave him good money. Joseph t'usack, of 186 Bleecksr, also testified that Kelly hail passed a similar note upon him about the same time, which he said he had got out of the bank. He went eight ir ten times to Kelly's grocery store to get the note changed. There was other witnesses on the part of prosecution, ind also for defence, it was concluded to finish the case on ruesday morning, and the Court adjourned to Tuesday norning at 11 o'clock. Forfeited Reeofnisancet?The fallowing persons hargod with crime net appearing to answer tneir recoglizances, were declared forfeited, and will be prosecuted or the full amount of the bonds :?James Stone, of 90 fester street, indicted for receiving stolen goods, knowng them to be sueh, from the hotel of F. Blancard, bailediy Abnur Benedict , Allen E. Simons, indicted for a nuiance and disorderly home kept at the corner of Broad nd Stone streets,bailed by George Van Inwegen. rfttaultt and Hatleriei?John ^Wguste f. lorhmau. John 8chroMdOT W0^^ ^RwmHknecht, or breaking open the^Rff W pork dealer, HA Greenwich street, en the 33d of August last, at night, nd beating tho wife of Hilbert in a shameful manner, and lso Hilbert himself. William Shehan, and his wife Ann, lor beating Aaron ?. Hans, a city marshal, while serving a civil process. Lnn Shehan for beating William M. Howell. Peter Thompson alias Hay wood, John Franklin alias tatting, John Ross, John Smith alias Owens, and William ones, lor beating George Marron, a city watchman. 'I he tax to the people of this city in each of these case* f forfeited recognizance is about >80, and not one in fifty i ever prosecuted for recovery. If a rogue caa succeed i securing bail of a character that la not raspoasible, hicta is often the rase, no matter what the cnarge ia jwnst him or hew positive the evidence, the mode ofeaipe it by forfeiting it. and then the county has to pay all le espouses attending the prosecution of the suit, tha ibpa-naing of wituesses, he. This is an evil that should e remedied at our police offices, and the petty offences of icflun mm oauery ?noum noi or ieni lomn oourt 01 on* by the Attica, aa haa beon the caae heretofore. Court Calendar?Thla Day. Srrr.aioa Court?Noa. 09,93, 06, 97, 100, 101. 100,107, H, 100, 110, 110, lis, 110,134, 196 1'iA, 137, 138,130 131, 13, 170, 133, 1?4, 137, 188, 130. Circuit Court.?Noa. 148, 171, 18, 77 , 84, 174,06, 101, >3,86, 90, 137, 3, 11, 30, 31, 34, 37, 38, fl?, 83, 111, 114, 130, 16, I46|, 300, 110,100,41,46, 60, 03,08, 113, 100,91,100, (8, 103. Commo* Pi.tat.?Part 1?Noa. 81, 4, 37, 37,67, 181, 130, <0,117,131,106,07, 106,33,36,41, 131, 187, 16,01,40,47. >,73,77,100. Part 3?Noa. 48, 73, 80, 1/33,183, 44, 90, 98, 170, 170. Gas Amain.?Accept the thanks of n citizen lor our publication of the letter from Mr. Kentioh, on bh light*; and we rejoice thai some one acquaintd with the subject lias taken the matter in hand, nd that an effort will be made to give us gaa that an he used in our houses. The present gaa is so ff'ensive, that buildings where much to used, can curcely be occupied. rhe City Hotel, jual closed, ire know lost many of its patrons in consenuencr ol he horrid smell from the gas, which pervaded every art of the house ; and the Astor House has been tade comfortable and agreeable by the introducon of camphtne. In Philadelphia, Baltimore, and in the cities of urope, we have never met with the noxous smell at iiervades every house and!street in which the is is used in this city. Give us pure gas, and it ill be used instead of camphine in all our dwelIgS FRAMftUn.

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