Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 15, 1842, Page 2

October 15, 1842 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 2
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fed as the first in the programme, under this divis ion, were not present, and Thus The officers of the Irish Kmigrant Society le< the way, followed by the Hibernian and Lniversa Shamrock Benevolent Societies, and the Hiberniui Bene volant Burial Society, who presented a di-plawith green badges and h iiidaonie banners. that en titles the members to special notice. Their t> ?t> nera contained inemoi able mottoes irf Hsh patriot ism, that would li tilt up the torch of fi e.lotn e\e among dospots. where their authors have sullenignominious death. A large and exceedingly re-,>eetubi< I'*!" ,f"[ Society ot Germans, recently cnartered, calle' " The Sms ot Herman," followed, as al-o the German Washington Benevolent Society aud the tierinan Socrates. , , Tii. Italian Universal Benevolent Society wetc preceded by a be mtiful banner painted by Signer Angelo Moutelilhi, giving a sketch of the lauding of Columbus, anil oil the reverse a female representing charity by feeding birds in their nest. Iho banner is higiiJy creditable to the talents of the aitis . Tie- Society nnttibered strong, and were ic. mi., up >1 by some twenty hoys, of very youthful app it.cice, who walked the whole route. Tii St David's Society were accompanied by a car containing three h trpers, representing ancient Britons A welsh Temperance Society followed, a p i b idges and banners, and closed this division Then came, m large nunihers, under the direction "I Cot A G. Crasto, assisted by Col. Benjamin W Benjon, the 1 emperatice Societies of New York, Brooklyn, Jersey Chv, tec. I t? y were, led ot! by the Washington Temperanbe Guards and Uniou Riflemen, both of which re a iioug the neatest nulitury companies of our city. Following them catne a hatouche containing tieRut.. ...I -1 *P is: ... vnwni'M urjr^aumi ui i ?-un>rituirc nrnnni, nii'i then ilu- immortal Sandy Welch, at the head of the Parent Society. Then came the Happy Wife, the Washing Ionian, the Manhattan, and others, und r the special Murshalship of Win. F. Leggett, assisted by Joseph Elliott, foreman of the Herald office, and others. Following them came Mr. Pattison, of Ann and Nassau streets, who preceded the Hand ol the Institute for the Blind, drawn in a carriage, and leading the Franklin Temperance Societies, composed ot the Lady Franklin and other associations ol firm lar flumes Then came a car on which some persons appeared to lie ridiculing the proceedings of the Temperance cause, but which we afterwards learned with astonishment, were members ol the Broadway and Phemx Societies, who had taken some umbrage a' not being placed where they wished to be in the line of procession. Then followed the Marion,Wasliingtonian,Knickerbocker, Mount J'itt, and NVptnnc, the latter coinjuisetlol F. S. soldiers from Governor's Island.? Then the Chelsea, Eagle and Howard, the latti r accompanied with a car drawn by horses, containing an old fashioned well sweep, twenty-live feet in heigth and other temperance tokens. 'ften followed the Cold spring, the Lafayette, the Fifth Ward Washington, ot Brooklyn, with banner and device. ThtiGood Samaritan and the German Hand-in-Hand. Then came the Prospect Temperance Beneficial Socieiv, preceded by a beautiful printing press, from the office ol the Herald, in tall operation, by Mr. 11 lvimber, deputy foreman of the Herald job office, printing tfie song of the Washingtonian army. Following came a number of societies front Jersey City and elsewhere, and closing up the scene ?as th" Koekland Lake Association, with a ear drawn by lour horses, containing the implements ii- d in obtaining ice from the lake, as well as a plendid cake of ice that travelled tin1 whole route <i tlie procession, and was finally used to cool the lemonade at the collation in the Superior Court room. 0 The Temperance societies were accom|ianied with excellent bands ot music, and their banners and other devices pourtrayed, in striking terms, the justice and benefits resulting from their exertions. On ilif arrival oi the procession at the Park, the City 11.ill presented u most enlivening and animated appearance. Every window was tilled with belles, and the root was covered with human beings, as well as every accessible spot in the immediate vtci nity, above and below. I'kocesiji.vhs at tub Crrv IIai.i,. Precisely at *2 o'clock, the head of the procession reached tne Park. Tli? several bodies composing it then marched past ihe City Hall, and were dismissal according to the previous arrangements. The Mayor-, and Members of the Common Councils of New York, Brooklyn, Albany, Troy, Jersey Cuv and Newark, formed themselves in a line im no I lately in Ironi ot t lie stejw leading to the Hall, and the -pace between their position, and the place where the platform was erected was kept clear by a body ot the military tunned in a square. Every window of the City Hall was crowded, as were also the roof a lid balconies. The members of the Sacred Music Society occupied the platform, and Messrs. Stevens and Lawrence also ascended it shortly after the procession commenced inarching past. About twenty minutes past lour o'clock the last of the almost interminable procession bad pissed the City Hall, and some degree of order having with difficulty been .? s- .., the platform, Samitsl, Stkvkss, Esq , th- i'r. -..Imi of ine Board of Water Commissioners, delivered the following address:? Mr. Mayor and Gentlemen of the Gommon Council : ? In delivering over the Croton tVnter and the works on this island, I have neen requested by your Committee to make such rem irks as the occasion may suggest:?From the earliest period of the history of our City, the attainment 01 pure and wholesome water hbeen a subject ol llie highest interest. The Tra IVattr Pum/t, situated near the i orner oi I'earl and Chatham streets, was, for a long period ol time, the grand source of all the driukable water lor the lower part ol the City The necessity ot a great and more copious supply for the extinguishment of fires, appears also to h ive been early admitted by our ?? nuie i Miiiimiiiiv . .'liny 01 me present generation recollect the long linen ot both men nnd women formed to pass pails and buckets from himl to hand 011 the coldest night of winter, with but a iuint hope of staging the conflagration of some neighbor's dwelling ? In 1774 the Corporation adopted the plan of Christopher Golles, ot makii'ga Reservoir in Broad way between Pearl and White streets, to supply the City, and contracted for 600 J ft. ol pitch pine logs, on a credit, and issued their bonds to Augustus Van Cortland and John Jay to pay for the same. The Revolution stayed this work. In 1709, William Weston, a Civil Engineer, was employed by the Corporation to examine the Bronx, and reportixl that it would furnish a supply. The first innovation ou the Pail and Bucket system appears to have been made in 1631, when two Engines for the extinguishment of fires were imported, by ihe Common Council, frcui Loudon. This was a great stride in the arts, and the satisfaction with which the carriers ofbuckets looked upon this, the working otthese machines, was of the most astonishing kind. These Kite Engines, and others which were added to them, performed the duty of extinguishing fires, being (supplied from the rivers and from pumps, until 1799, when the Maahattan Company was chartered, lor the avowed j)itr|tose of intro luring " pure and wholesome water,"and as an additional inducement for the introduction of water, banking print ge> were bestowed by* its charter. This Company mainly satisfied itself by pumping water with a steam engine from neur the old Collect. Their pipes, though they furnished not pure and wholesome water, have nevertheless, incases ot fire, been frequently highly beneficial to the city. In IH-J3, the Sharon Canal Company was chartered by the State, and among its duties was that of supplying the city of New York with pure and wholesame water. The work was not undertaken, and its charter expired. In IrtJ.V another Company, called " The New York Water Works for the supply of pure and wholesome water," was established, but it was of short existence and produced no valuuble results, except to prove th.it no ample supply ol good water could be found on this island. The I orporauon, in addition to the river, ilaiih.itteu.and pump supply of water, louud it necessary to erect public cisterns , these were generally in the streets in front of churches. This practice of building public cisterns continue 1 until It.9, w hen the committee on the Fire Department, consisting of Isaac Brotvn, James Palmer, Samuel Stevens, Benjamin M. Brown, and P. W. Kngs, reported in favor of abolishing public cisterns and building a tank or reservoir in 13th ftreet. Fifteen huudi ' I lobars was appropriated to the tank, which w as to be tilled by hor*. power, and the Corporation 011 the 16th of March adopted the report ami agreed to lay down two line* of twelve lush iron pipe*, one in Broadway, and the other in the Bowery. The commuter avowed their object to be to fill that tank ami tnnse pipe*, at no distant date, with water to be introduced from VV'eatcheater. The adoption ol thia re|?ort by this Corporation may be couaidcred the commencement ol thepUr lor intro luring water into the City. The Report leclar.d the subject too important to be entrusted to any private company, alleging "That such companie* had been mora occupied In making money out of their banking privilege* rhnn introducing water into the city !" The lai'k'n Uth ?treet *u that year constructed, and the two liit-r of pipe* laid down. The plan noon found to many frier ?, that the horse wan exchanged for a steam 1 engine. Krom HJO th? .j.aii T#uk ,.stabli*hmcnt has 1 caused the fit) great saving, and extinguished many a fire which o* her wti- woull nave dettroved murh addi* U'oial propt riy And so highly ha* it been valued that a few years Since, and alter the C.roton VVaier Works was i commence'1, the Corporation erected along side of it an- 1 other Tank, and each ncceeling year the Corporation i continue.! to lay down pipes, until the line is now about 130 mile* long Two years ?ubse'|u. ntto the construction of the first Tank, and the laying down of the first pipes, the Committee of the Board of Al lermen, consisting ol Jam * Palmer, Samuel Steven* and William Scott, again reported to the Common Council " in rel tion to introducing into the city of New Vork a supply of pure and wholesome water," accompauied with a law asking power " to raise money by loan to execute" said work. 1'hiv passed in Kobruary, IS3'J, and was the first re [tort and draft of a law to the Legislature, undertaking to introduce water into this city from We*tche*ler, at the co*t of the Corporation. This Report, without defining the precis* source, recommended the tivcr Bronx as affording a sufficient supply, and estimated the cost-?t Two Millions of Dollars. This plan had the approbation of that able en gineer, the late Benjamin Wright, who reported in it* favor. aud which it not the best, was then considered the only one within the means or the Common Council to accomplish. This bill or dralt of a law, thongh it passed the Corporation, WW not enacted bv the Legislature. It is do"* tlunhl -institution, the New Yom Lyceum of >ry, to say,that their rejiort of last showing er could not be obtained in a densely Mpilproving that our then population daily da. ml red toes ol impure matter, (of a kind the 1 to destroy the purity ol the water,) 1 . I hit gieat influence on (hi- city council* of that day. I'h? Corpora'h>b, i i Hecembor, 1?3V, through their Committee on the Kit . irtment, con-iilng of James Calmer, 1 < harlc Henry ilal.,W .lnam Mandeville, George H.Biuce, vter Tnu* and Dennis McCarty, recommended that Col !iic Witt Clistox examine the Croton River and other uco* in the vicinity. In December, 18J1, Col. Clinton ude the lirnt report lo the Common Counc il, recommend.ngtheCroton as the source from which the supply thou Id he t.ikeu. i|He ably reviewed the plane ol Dr. Joseph, Hr >wn, made 1791. William Weston'*, in 1791', ol Canvas* \\ lute, Ju Ige Wright and others, and al-o reviewed all 'he project* lor procuring water by private corporation*, * itlioul approbation ; and he lays that, "I now turn with pleasure lo the deecription of a work that doin tlieCily and its projectoi much and deserved credit I allude to the City Reservoir, in Thirteenth *treet." On the receipt ol Cot Clinton's Report, and on the recommendation ol the shove Committee, the Corporation agaia decided to mtroi -luce water into the City. In February, lsdU, the Legislature passed the law ap|>oiuting Commissioners, to report luring the winter tollowing , and in re-cuacted the same law, with additional provisions. Uuder these laws, Hon. Stephen Alleu, Saul Alley, William W. Kox,Charles I) isi nberry and Benjamin M.Brow n w ere appointed Commission its ; the last named g ntleman was soon succeeded by Thomas T. Woodruff. These Commissioner* 1 brought industry, honesty and judgement to the consideration ol the important subject committed to their charge. ! Tin y had tho duty assigned them of examining and reporting a plan relating to supply iug the City ol New York with a sufficient i|uautity ol pure and wholesome water, which the Llectors of the City of New York could approve or unapprove l lie) called to tlieir uia .Major u. u. j Douglass, previoutl) ol tlm I lined Stales Corps of Engineers. They kUo engaged 111 'heir service John Martiuea 11 unil George W. Cartwright, E-qrs., an Engineer*. Stephen Alien ami lu? a-sociales hud the high Hiitl responsible Jut} of determining no: only the line of the Aqueduct, but ot deciding on all conflicting survey* and source* which, previous to that time, had been considered available lor the supply of the city with water, a* well a* a variety of project* lor introducing the water into the city?the character01 some of which inuy be judged by the o i proposing to dam up the Hudson Kiver, at the old State Prison in Greenwich, by which it was w isely concluded n the dam stood, wo should have an ample supply ot fresh water. A< to the merits of this plan, our predecessors consulted Freder.ok Grafo, Esq., the Superintendent of the water work* in lhiladelphia. who disapproved of the same. But this project of damming the North River was met by at least one cogent argument, which it w ,i? thought would he conclusive with the Legislature. It w as, that the dam would stop the shad from visiting Albany. Another | Ian pro)iosed lloatiug vessels of a box form ; these were to be towed up to Hudson, w here, by o pening valves, to be filled with fresh water and floated dow n, a nd by steam power to he elevated for use. The Passaic River at the Kails and a bridge across the North River whs another of the sources and pluus by w hich it was proposed to supply the city with water. If our Commissioners and City Councils hare sometimes paused in contemplation of Harlem bridge, I do not know what they would have said of Coffer dams, piers and arches for a bridge over the Hudson. After rejecting all these plans and adopting the Croton as the source of supply, our predecessors hud other important questions to settle. Ought the Aqueduct to be of mason work or of Iron pipes t The one carried with it, ol necessity, a regular grade, while the other admitted of an undulating line. The most able men up to the period we have refei red to, (littered on this point. Experience, we think, has shewn that the plan ol masonay is the best. When the masonry w as adopted, the qu-stion arose, was it to be an open or an arched or plank covered aqueduct t Again, experience approved the arched and covered aqueduct. In these particulars, as well as in others, the plan, n< reported by Major Douglass, was approved by Stephen Allen and his associates, and in their report, made to the Common Council, they speak of it as the report of that engineer. For Major Douglass to have obtained lor his plans the approbation of so sound a hoard as our predecessors, u hi certuinly a high commendation, particularly if it he remarked that the plans of Mr. Martineati, the other engineer employed, passed without note of approval, except so far as Mr. Martmeau advocated the inverted Syphon lor crossing the Harlem river, while Major Douglass recommended the high bridge. Facts have shown that the Syphon would have periormcd its duty. In February, 1836, Stephen Allen und his associates reported the result of their labors to the Common Council. It whs remiired in i ho approved by that body, and also by the voters of the city. The subject was relerred to a joint committee of the two boards, consisting of John I. Labagh, William Wales, Robert C. Cornell, Lambert Suydam, Horace Holdcu, and Will am S. Johnson, who re|iorted in favor of the plan? The same was adopted by each Board, and at the succeeding charter election in April, was approved by the people, by a vote of 17,330 athrmatives to 6,063 negatives. Major Douglass proceeded with the plans as chief engineer, until October, 1836, when John B Jcrvis, lb mi ui re, was appointed inhis place. If an individual, otlicially unconnected with the first Chief Engineer ol the Croton Aqueduct might be permitted to judge ol his merits, it would he that he brought skill an t science in the surveys and in the location of the route and description of aqueduct to he adopted. His successor, John U. Jarvis, has executed this magnificent work, and in many respects changed and altered the plans, and in the performance ol he dutv which has fallen to his share, particularly in the drafts of contracts, specifications and plans, has shown himself admirably calculated for the execution of this I great and stupendous undertaking. In March, 1810, the I work, by a revolution w hich politics sometimes produce in the State, so far as the duty of Commissioners was con- ' cerned. passed into the hands of Samuel Stevens, John 1). i Ward, Xrlx dce Ring, Samuel R- < hills, and Ben- t jamin Birdsall, and the work is now, excepting the high bridge over the Harlem River, completed ; and t you have it. It consists of anartificial reservoir, t called tha Croton River Lake, 45 miles from the Battery, 1 the extreme part of the City ; ' this Lake is formed ? by an hydraulic stone-masonrv dam, witn two waste- s weirs, or aprons, lor the ove.r-fall of the water, one of 87 1 feet and one ol 180 feet, these being separated by a gate- < house. The height of these waste-weirs is 55 feet abovu ' the bed o the river, and 10 feet above the low water level. 1 The lam backs the w ater live mile*, anil makes a lake i of an areaol 400 acres, and ol a capacity equal to 600 I millions of galloa>. The water enters a gate-house, 1 i>i ssi Mi is a stone structure liunl and arched with i bri k. The lace of the interior of the Aqueduct is at the < Nit to in ol an inverted arcli, width 6 feet 9 inches, height i s feet a] inches, area, 13 33-100 square feet, aliout lart;e ] enougn for an omnibus and four to pass through. The I line of the Aqueduct being on a regular declivity of 13] i inches to the mile down to the Harlem river, a distance of ? 33 miles, it lias a line of tunnelling of 6,941 feet, being t sixteen in number, sometimes through earth and some- * times through solid rock ; the deepest cut is 90 feet, c and the least 35 feet. In Westchester only, the Aqueduct r crosses twenty-five streams of water, which are from t twenty-five to eighty-three feet below the topof the Aque- c duct. The grade lincof Aqueduct across the Harlem river is a 35 feet above tide water, and the top ol the wate now c passes over Harltem River in one pipe of 36 inches, placed S on the earthen dam made in the construction of the high t bridge. The bridge itself is now about one-third com- ' pieied, and will he, when finished, one of the most stn- t pendous works ol tue kind in the world. The river is 630 d leet wide at water line, but the slope of the river banks 1 and an additional distance of 830 feet, in all 1,460 f> et. The ' plan now in progress crosses the river with 9 arches of 90 t feet span, and on piers of 31 by 44 feet at the base, resting f on the bed of the river, and 7 arches o j pier on the land a from the edge of the water tip the two banks of the river, b The spring of one of the arches is 95 feet above the lowest h foundation put down ; the top of the porapet will be 149 > feet from the lowest foundation. It is intended that the '' water shall past overthis bridge in pipes, to have it secure r against the possibility of danger. The interesting works r at Clendeniug Valley being a bridge o?eru valley of 1900 " feet in breadth, the greatest height of the aqueduct is 60 " leet from the bottom of the valley : beautiful archways are I | constructed for three streets, 30 leet for the carriage way c and ten on each side tor side-walks. Next ia interest is the reservoir at Kighty-sixth street, which might well be called the Retaining or Claritying Reservoir. It has two i divisions, together 33 acres; greatest depth of water 35 feet, containing one hundred and fifty millions of gallons. Two lilies ol thirty-six inch pipes ronnectthis with the reservoir at Fortieth-street, which has also two divisio ,s, fvrmingitogetheran area of 4 acres?depth of water when filled thirty-six feet. From this point four and a half miles to the Battery. Whole length of line from the Battery to the artificial iake, 50 miles. There are in this great work 56,000,000 bricks and 700,000 cubic yards ol stone masonry. The water in the Aqueduct is regulated at the entra ice gate is as not to flow under any pressure?it has not been pei milted to flow in the division near the city at a greater depth than two feet, but the works at thoCroton Tarn required a few days back that more water should pass through the first division (the distance between Sing Hing and tiieCroton River) being eight miles, and it waa found to pass seventy-five millions New York gallons in twentylour hours, and the' its velocity was ov< r two miles per hour. The (Jroton Lake now retains, twyond the daily river supply, in reserve, five hundred millions ofgallon*, and a small expense would add other immense artificial lakis to hoi 1 back an addi'ional supply, but the necessity of ' is is hardly conceivable. It ts estimated that the Lon don supply from all their co-np tins is but twenty-four millions ot gallons, aud Paris lour millions only.' The. quality ot the water is of a pine and transparent character, and lias been found alleady to he a patateahle beverage ' to thousands of individnais who have used the water. It is only remarkable that it hasbecn so generally approved. We ot New York have th erelore now got the great desideratum, an abundant supply of pure and wholesome water, to be sure at a great cost?nine millions of dollars, *1 IU1IV1-1>| uir <111111 imii'imni ( I'ipe* thioughnut " the city,( now laid to the intent of 130 miles,) exclusive of tkr inters-st accumulating on the cost, being in all twelve r million* of <1<<llar*. Well, what of that' doos it not ' tielong to (he system which Kternnl Wi?Jom ha* ^ inflictedon the world'?that the greatest ble*sstig* e c an only he procured at the greatest coat and sacrifice.' What I* this water to do for u?7 It l* to protect our city *' from the aw ful conflagration* to which it'was subject.? <" Wi'now pay in piemium* one million ol dollar* annually n to iniurn about half the value of our building*, good* and '' chattel*, for we are our own underwriter* to the extent ol ? inr million moie of premium* ?heie are two million* in " premium* paid or risks incurred. If the Croton work* ^ .rive Put half ss-curlty, you save more than will pay the ?' whole interest ot the co*t. Reflect, gentlemen, on the V mount o( property eonsiimnl in the city, and then consi- 1' ler it we cannot afford to give twelve mdlion* for f} security. In two dav* of December, 163a, our eili- ' / ns had con?ume.l by fire twenty millions of dol- 1" lars, principally in warehoune* and merchandise.? v If the Twenty Million* of property dwtroyedl had con- )' siste,| of dwelling houses, it would hare turned 1110,000 of 'n eur citirens into the street*. I do not state an impossible case. | state an event highly probable to havp happened, I" ; >r London?a i ity built of less w ooden materials?had at "ne fire, in 1666, 13,200 houses burnt, which occupied 01 i it) vcres, and embraced ton streets, 66 churches, and a m variety of magnificent buildings. The destruction "> amounted in value to Fifty Millions of Dollars. The ex n?lTc fire at Hamburgh during the past year, and the on,ant occurrence of tires throughout our country, r; l?T?ger we were Does any individual still v. wo-ll haTe^?""*! v W 10 m,""h this great *o. k has cost I a?<ertthat security against such awful " al.imities eannot be too dearly Ivoriieht if it is houirlit at he lowest possible price, ll m^t'ln, had * ,3l. in every community, and the m,? who grudgeimoneyto iv the city from destruction can l?. onr, on? who wLtl loreeunty but ror Htorks, and Dividend?, and Bond* and lotgages, and.nto whose thought, the welfare and hapn .* of hi* fellow beings n.v.r eu'er Hut doe, water ,.vt so much I London, in |?31, was supplied with at si iK)U ol gallons, and paid ior it annually yi ipso i*.o _L . s is supplied with J i|uarls p, r day to each individual n I expense ol $7/i0, (100 per annum The froten would % lurnish 3 hogshea Is a day to each of our imputation, at but fWO.000 per annum. After nil, we have followed but ut a respectable distance, ancient Rome, with her nine aqueducts, tome ol which were longer than the Croton Aqueduct, and together were capable of supplying'.100,000,000 of gallon! |>er day. But history does not enable us to say if all of them won in operation at one time ; tier do w e know all the purpo-ci iu which it was applied. The iri igatioii of the land was no doubt aaaong its moat extensive uses. Nor do We learn whether these aqueducts supplied one million or four millions of inhabitants, so widely do the accounts of the population of ancient Rome differ. The w orks ot Rome were built by soldiers and by slaves. Ours was voted lor by freemen, w as constructed by freemen, and we make the aspiration that in all ages to come it may bless freemen, and freemen only I? But we past to another branch af our subject; it is the value of the water for domestic purposes. By the almost mysterious property of water, the Croton, without steam (lower, animal or bumaa labor, descends into the cellar, and again mounts into the gai ret ot the loftiest house, even up iuto tin cupula of the City Hall. The turning of a cock tills the tubs and culinary vessels of the kitchen in a moment. and almost as soon, the fifty hogshead boilers of a steamboat. Now the saving in human time and labor in th?- performance of these operations is incalculable. The weight of the daily water is equal to'.240,000 tons, and it goes itself precisely where you want it. Providence has given to water this indescribable property, that by rivers and streams it flows throughout the globe to sustain every living thing. While foad has to be came 1 or transported , w ater of itsell moves and travels for the benefit ol all creation. Thu Deity, not content with giving it this propel ty, evaporate* and draw * it to the skies, that it may again condense and distiibute itself on the leaves and luling of the w hole vegetable kingdom. The healthfuluess of all water is in pro(>ortioii to an absence ol ail mineral substances, or in oilier words, in proportion to its purity. Mineral and other substances in water, may act beneficially some limes, as a medicine, but as a constant be Iiunair. (Will i|.U10WIHIj urn lUC^IUUiu ' so perfectly pure that it is esen apprehended it may have an influence on lead, which the mineral and other impurities in commou water has a tendency to preveut. Numerous analyses, too, have shown the water to be remarkably pure, even before it passed through four settling and clarifying departments of the reservoirs. We leave the farther consideration of the security, pecuniary, and practical advantages of this great work, and pass to make one remark on its moral results, b' 1 ltli and crime/and cleanliness, virtue are near kinsfolks ?the more means and conveniences for cleanliness that, are lurnished our population.the more industrious and virtuous they will be. The more good water that is conveniently supplied, the more temperate will be our people, becuuse we shall now no longer aflord the poor apology for mixing brandy and rum with water? that of making it lirinkabh ; and we may hope the Temperance Cause,with pure Croton water, and a Croton banner floating to the breeze, will,on the preaent system, so successfully cairy on the warlare in all future times as to make it impossible for them to And subjects to fill up that part of their corps which now- consists of reformed drunkards. To the Firemen of the City of New York, who have, without pay, performed more arduous duty than properly falls to the share of any of our free citizens, we say that the Croton Water Works were made emphatically for them; for, though other advantages have been given as reasons tor its construction, yet none had ao powerful and controlling an infiuence as the universal allegation that the Fire De partment, to enable them te prevent the destruction of the City by fire, must huve a full and ample supply of water. Firemen, you hive new got it. and I think. I hear you say, 'With the Croton Water lor Fires and for Firs-Mrs?we swear the awful Conflagration of 1835 shall never be repeated." F.xcuse me, fellow citizens, for adverting to one luct. that in all the evpenditurea which have been made by your agents for this great work, the accounts of which have been regularly settled?it is not known or believed thut one dollar of your money has been lost or dishonestly applied. In building over to you, Mr. President, of the Croton Aqueduct Board and your ossoci. tea the Agents of the Corporation of the City of New York, the Croton Water, and the Works on this Island which have been completed, I cannot but express my full confidence that you and your associates will recommend?and that the Corporation will adopt such principles and arrangements, in re ference to this w ater, which while it will be made to furnish a large proportion of the interest on the debt?will nevertheless in wmr measure supply the inestimable benefits which should How trom this ample supply of "Pure and wholesome water"to our whole community.? In line, that you will be just to the Rich and liberrl to the 1'oor. John L. Lawrence, Esq., President of the Croton Aqueduct Hoard, then delivered the following reply: Mr. Tiesident and Gentlemen of the Board of Water Commissioners :?In receiving, with my associates of the Croton Aqueduct Board, the custody of the work committed to us, 1 take the occasion to convey to you the thanks of your fellow citizens for the zeal, perseverance, and fidelity with which your duty has been performed, and to congratulate you on the virtual completion of the work entrusted to you and vour predecessors in office. Of the manner in which both havejdischargod their re spective tasks, the results we this day celebrate speak in most emphatic praise. The science and skill of your able engineers have excluded all errors of combination and construction, and met the highest expectations of the pul>lic. In mechanical execution the work appears to defy the test of scrutiny as completely as we trust it is destined to resist the assaults of time. Contrary to predictions ventured on the subject, its efficiency in delivering the a ater largely ex eeds the mathematical estimate. The -land on which New York is built is peculiarly fitted for he site of a great city. Blessed with a salubrious climate, urrounded by water forming links of natural or pracicahle communication with adjacent sister States, with he rich territory of our own State, and with the boundess and fertile regions of the West: connected by a hort and uninterrupted passage with tneocean, the pathvay from foreign climes and from the extensive seaward of our confederate States, and possessing, within asy reach, almost every necessary for construction and mpply?our position combined natural advantages for a large community, .levoted to the proieculion of commerce ind the arts, unsurpassed by those of any other spot on the glube. In the list of these endowments, one essential only appeared to lie absent, that of pttro and wholesome ? otcT an clement indispensable tbo Wants, comfort! and business of a crowded imputation, was found within our limits in inadequate quantity : and at each onward itrideof our city, even this stinted allowance decreased in purity, as well as in measure, until it hail become our re roach. A sufficient and permanent supply was to be onnd only at a great distance, ns if to test whether the jifts so beuntifullj bestowed upon us, could incite us to epair the single deficiency. To accomplish the object, it mo ncvrnvai t luai tui nnuame pnysicai odjpcis snouid dp iverrome ; that capacioui and enduring channel! of overed masonry should be conitrncted, rivaling in exent and magnitude the boaated aqueduct! of antiquity, and aiting into (hade any kindred worki of modern time*; inl that, lor these purpoaei, an expenditure ?houId he innrred, exceediug that which wax encountered by our Itate when she united the Hudson with the Lakes. And hese momentous object! were to be effected, not through he resources and co-operatien of an entire people, but by he credit and enterprise of a single city?which though i stiued, as we cannot doubt, eventually to equal in popuation and wealth the proudest capitals ot the civilized rorld, was to be impelled to the vast effort while yet iu he infancy only of her youth and strength. It is with eelingsol pride and joy we this day realize that our hopes re accomplished. Thuobstacles have disappeared. The dll lias been levelled or pierced?the stream and the valley >ave been overleaped?the rock has been smitten. Nature, ielding to human industry, perseverance and skill, no onger withholds the boon she had before denied us. A iver whose pure waters are gathered from the mountain ange; arrested and diverted in its course?after pouring ts tribute through a permanent and spacious archway of vore than forty miles, at length reaches our magnificent leservoirs. from whence i' is conducted by subterranean onduits extending ont hundrtd and thirty additional sites, throughout the greatest portion ot oar City. The u-cessary additions comparatively not large, are now in apid progress, which will diffuse the salutarv urrent through every remaining artery and vein of iur metropolis exciting new and healthful pulsaions in her system, and spreading comfort, acivity and vigor throughout her entire frame. If the valuable consequences which will be derive dtrom his work soma will not be developed until after successive ears. The little experience already had points to many iseful results which can not be foreseen. Among immedidc and palpable benefits are its influences on domestic con 'enience and comfort; the promotion of sobriety and pcronal cleanliness , the purification of our streets ; the conequent increase of public health ; the facilities it will exrudto mechanic and manufacturing industry : the vast inrease of steam power among us to be employed in the arts; he supply to our mariners of a necessary clement which rill remain comparatively unatlected by change of clinate; and pre-eminently, the security It will afford gainst the damages of conflagration. Each neighborlood, uniting its inhabitants for purposes of mutual safoy, may promptly arr?t*f the ravages of fire in its early tages ; and if such associations be numerously formed. \tensive tiros need raiely occur. Large as we may deem lie expense of this vast structure, we ranuot but collider it as cheaply purchased, when we reflect that ,

tie calamity of a night, occurring when we wero rithoutVtlie protection own afforded, involved a estructkm of property ol twice the coat. ? The istory, Mr. President, which you have thia day 1 iven'of the riae and progreas of this undertaking, forma | juat tribute to numeroua citizena who aaaiatcd in ita oriin and conatimmation. It ia a characteriatic of thia ' ,'ork, that the credit attached to it helonga pre-eminently > no individual, but ia diff uacd, though in unequal degree, ironghout an extensive circle. Fortunately , the field of ( ommendation ia ao large that each may re ip hia deserved . arveat without infringing the righta of hia neighbor ' >ur thanka and remembrancer are due to all, whoae exrtiona in the Legislature of the State, in our Municipal ounella, in the varioua commiaaiona of exploration, of ( nrvey, of eatimalea, superintendence and construction, ontributed to thia great achievement. Nor can I paea ' ver the munificence and public spirit which have been 1 iaplny eit by the whole body of our fellow aitizena. An verwhelmlng |>opular vote sanctioned the undertaking, pprovedofthe ways and meana, and ordered ita comloncement. Although acme few helioved that caution ad ev en prudence demanded n postponement of the effort, c et,once reaolved upon, nil cheerfully yielded their ac- . ineaeence and co-operation. Amid the unparalleled ditliilltics and discouragements which hare marked the c in. a since it w as begun, no hesitation has impeded ita c rogreaa, but its march has been onward. niewliU eringly, succesafullv, to itseompletlon. Scnsibfe of the fl nnor ronferr.-d by lh.- constituted authorities ofthocity, [ i committing to ti* the trust confided to our hand*, it will 9 the effort ot myself and colleague! to employ every 8 rwer given to ua, for the protection and advancement of ( ie great work now in our charge. Long may that work idure to illuatrate the wisdom of ita founders, a monitent of the enterprise, and perseverance of our people, and ll e source of health, salety and happiness for sticcesve ages. The following ode, written at the request of the t orporation of the city of New York, by Otto. P. " ioKRie, IJaq., a* then sung in good style, by the ,Sa- r ed Music itociety :? ti (.mlung from this living tountain, Musie pours a falling strain, b At the (foddeaa of the Mountaing Comes with all her sparkling train. Krom her grotto-aprings advancing, 1< (flittering in her le.itherv spray, Woodland lays heai le her dancing, She pursues her winding way. " llently o'er the rippling w ater. In her coral-shallop bright, A * tilides the rock-king's Jove-eyed daughter, Deck'd in robft* or virgin white. Nymph* end naiad*, sweetly smiling, Urge her bark with pearly hand, Merrily the aylph beguiling F i on th* nook* of fairy-laud. Swimming on the snow-curled billow, Sea the river-spirit* fair, Lay tbeircheek*, a*on a pillow, Wtth the foam-bead* in their hair. 1 Thus attuuded, hither wending, , Float* the lovely oread now, Eden'* arch of promise bending l Over her translucent brow. , Hail the wanderer from a fur-land j Bind her flowing tresie* up ! ( Crown her with a fadelea* garland, And with cry*tal brim the cup. I From her haunts of deep seclusion, I Let lntem|>erancegreet her too. , And the heat ot his delusion Sprinkle with this mountain-dew. Water leaps as if delighted, While her conquered loes retire ! Pale Contagion flies aff righted With the baffled demon Fire ! Safety dwells in her dominions, Health and Beauty with her move, And entwine their circling pinion* In a tiaterhood of lore. Water ihouU a glad hoianna 1 Bubble* up the earth to ble?a ! Cheer* it like the preciott* manna, In the barren wilderness. Here we wonderiog gaze, assembled Likethe grateful Hebrew band, When the hidden fountain tremb.ed, And obeyed the prophet's wand. Round the Aqueduct* of story, A* the mists of Lethe throne. Croton's waves, in all their glory, Troop in melody along? Ever sparkling, bright and single, Will this rock-ribbed stream appear, Wheu posterity shall mingle Like the gathered waters here. After the ode, nine cheers were given by the assembled multitude. Some one on the platform called out "Three cheers for General Morris," which were given, and the Grand Marshall having then announced that the proceedings of the day were over, the assemblage speedily dispersed. The invited guests, including the Governor of the State and others were then escorted to the Superior Court Room in the City Hall, where an excellent collation had been prepared by Col. Peers, by order of the Common Council, and where the Mayor returned his thanks to the members of other , corporate bodies for their attendance, and in toasting Governor Seward a replv was made, in which the Governor complimented New York in the completion of her great undertaking in bringing the 1 Croton water to this city, and intimated in his speech and toast that followed, that a completion of all the public works of the State would finally add to her interest and welfare. j VI-:\y vork lh^ald' ntw lorn, bbinruay, uciowt i ' -?? ^ = 1 To Railroad Conductor*?Postmasters? ( Steamboat Captains?Politician*, die. die. Wc will thauk all Railroad Conductor*, Postmaster*, Steamboat Captains, Politicians ot both sides?and all other such personages to forward to the Hkralb Office, < New York, the full and accurate return* of their several elections, instate, city or town?particularly in the elections now at hand in New Jersey, Ohio, Pennsylvania, New York and other states. Those who give us valuable early information, will receive our thanks, and be placed on the fret hit of the New York Herald. i iik Weekly Herald, published at eight o'clock this morning, will contain a full account of ( the celebration of the Croton Aqueduct?its history , and completion, up to this day. It is the most com- , plete account published, and illustrated with ten i beautiful engravings. 1 Extra Herald for Europe.?This afternoon, at three o'clock, we shall issue an Extra Herald containing all the latest political, commercial and fash- ' ionable intelligence of this country. It will be ready to go by the steamship Columbia, whose letter bags will close at Harnden's, No. 3 Wall st.. at the Post Office, and at Gilpin's, in the Exchange, J at half-past 4 o'clock?at Harnden's at fifteen min- e utes later. The Great Croton Celebration Ytitenlay. Friday, the 14th day of October, 1842, will be a i> day long to be remembered in the City ol New 1 York. It was the day of the great Croton Celebra- I tion. 1 On the outside of this day's paper we have given 'J the full details of the whole affair. This account contains the opening scenes of the day?the pre- ( sentation at the City Hall of the Banner, the ad- * dress of the Mayor, and reply of Gen. Pentz, the t mustering of the various con>i>anies, the forming r liuoline and thence into column, the marching and l, counter-marching, the order of the procession, the j full details of the same, the subsequent details, the f arrival and review at the City Ilall, the speeches \ and ode, and the general winding up. f It will be found the fullest and best accountgiven J of the same. The Clinton Papers ?We shall resume the publication of these interesting papers immediately. They * have been omitted for the last two days in conse- }' quence of the " Croton Celebration" and the crowd- ii ed state of our columns. . v Elections.?New Jersey has gone for the whigs, tl and Pennsylvania for the democrats. In the case of J New Jersey, however, it was reported last evening, *] in political circles, that there was a tie. ? Election in Georgia.?This state has gone for c the democrats by about 5,000 majority. Balloon Ascension ?Mr. Lauriat made an ascension in his balloon yesterday, from Castle Gar- J den. at four o'clock P. M. About dusk, we saw tl him selling along up North River, rather inclining ? towards New Jersey. He probably landed ten or t> twelve miles back of Hoboken. Naval officers attached to the U. S. schooner Grampus, sailed hence for Matanzas :? U.J. Van Brunt, Commander ; Wm. A. Jonea, Lieutenant ; J. S. K. Vou, Maater ; John Brooke, Paaaed Midihipman : Jamea ?. Thatcher, Puraer : John Maaon, Aasiatant ? Surgeon ; Charles L Place, N. T. Weat, E.N. Baadel, and George Minahell, Midahipmcn. ^ The U. S. ship Congress was at (Gibraltar on the r< 10th ult. The U. S. sloop of war Fairfield, dropped anchor at Malaga about the 7th ult, and sailed again for at Gibraltar. fr Rain, Rain, Rain.?It is now two o'clock Saturday morning, and the rain, which set in at half past nine last evening, still continues to pour down in rt torrents. We hope it is washing away forever the rr last vestige of dust, dust, and drouth, which this great Croton city will ever see. th pc Fire.?There wasa lire lastnight about 11 o'clock, lh n 27th street, between 2nd an^ 3rd Avenue. It was tj( he destruction of an old oil factory. No. 5 was th he only engine below Canal street at the fire. lset Dieoof his Worsns?L. Bliss, jr., in Louisville, th jodfrey Pope says that he was justified in shooting at m .LJ Messrs. Coleman At Htktson return their hanks to Geo. C. Thorburn, Esq., for his magnificent wreath of dahlias and bouquets, and also for lis kind attention in ornamenting the portico of the mi \stor House. The wreath was sixty feet loag. Niblo's.?A great house here last night?but, the ause considered, a much greater may be looked (n or this evening, which is set apart to aid the funds ol if the French Benevolent Society. The Havels sr :ome out in full force ; six entertainments are iven. We do trust our citizens, both native and ),? "rench, wilt turn out rn maw on the occasion, for urely a more praiseworthy one never existed. omc, ladies, your Rood word fortheparentless and he sad at heart, can do much?speak it in your own icurtfelt tones, and a full harvest will he ensured. rrJ ur Chatham Tiieatrk.? To-night is set apart for the w enefit oi that inimitable performer of negro chaniters, John Smith?and a rich bill of entertainments is presented. The interesting drama of the Ijf| ' Loss of the Iloyal George," which was received yo ist night with enthusiastic applause, is to be re- lie eated on this occasion, in connection with the iughablc extravaganza of the " Masquerade," the <n pectacle of the " Ogre ol Brackenburg," and the ew burletta of " Croton Water"?altogether lomi- >n< ig an amount ol entertainment which will ensure .'a\ large and fashionable audience ?n BY THE SOUTHERN MAIL. Haitlmore. [Corre?|>ou<leucr of the Herald. Batimore, Oct. 14, 1842 The Odd h'ellows' procession yesterday on the occasion of dedicating a lodge erected for the use of a branch of the fraternity, was a very magnificent aflair. Th'-y marched through several of our streets ind were looked u|>on with admiration by thousands. The ceremony throughout was solemn and imposing. I muy remark that the association of i >dd Fellows in Baltimore is composed of our most respectable citizens ; its members too are very numerous. No society perhai** has the honor of doing so much good. It is in a very peculiar and especial manner the friend of the widow and the fatherless. Through its instrumentality many a sorrowful heart has been made glad, and many a grief-worn cltcek caused to bloom afresh with happiness. A person named Lewis L. Austin, waa undergoing an examination yestenlay before one of our magistrates, on a charge of kidnapping. It seems he has been engaged in trading with a small vessel between this and Philadelphia; that in the latter city he forcibly procured a negro hoy, about 17 years of age, brought him on here, and offered him lor sale. The case is yet pending, and the accused in prison, awaiting further investigations. Mr. Kendell, the accomplished editor ot the New Orleans Picayune, is in our city He looks remarkably well. A grand vocal and instrumental concert is to be given at the Assemblies on Tuesday evening next, under the management of Professor James M. Deems. It is worthy of note, that your agent here, Mr. Win. Taylor, is getting up in the world despite the hard times. He has reuted a splendid new establishm*?nf unri in iir*>iiarinn to npcilnv it in a fpw Hiivs. The day of small things with him is over None can head him in enterprise and in furnishing the community with the choicest and latest news. The old Holiday street theatre opens this evening with the benefit of Mr. Willard, lessee of both it and the American. Yours, Roderick. Appointment by the President.?Daniel Foster Surveyor ol the Revenue, at Beverly, Mass., vice riamuel D. Turner. {ft/? The New York Museum yesterday was regularly crammed, from morning till night. There were nearly live thousand people present, being by far the greatest number of persons that ever before visited the Museum in one day. Bennett, the manager, understands his business. He evinces a liberality never before equalled, gives better performances (or half price, and the public appreciate, it; he moreover displays a deposition to act honorably with the public. He was strongly advised to raise his price, and might with justice have done so on such an unusual occurrence, but he said no, the public had patronized on other days at one shilling, and he would not take advantage of them ; and even when an opportunity liko the present did oirer, he would scorn to avail himsell'of it after the kind encouragement he had experienced. There will lie a performance to-day at three o'clock, being Signor Blitz's last appearance, he having to leave by the four o'clock boat for Boston. American Musecm?More than ten thousand pursoiig visited this favorite establishment yesterday, and they ovinced great delight at the performances and the extcnlive arrangements made by the manager for public accommodation. The museum, with its beautiful Hags, transparencies, (ire wheels, &c., made the most brilliant and iplendid display overseen in New York. There will be a rare and diversified variety af performances this afternoo i ind evening, by the celebrated Dr. Valentine, Mr. Nellis, >oi n without arms, Signor Viraldis' automaton figures, Miss Hood, La Petite Celeste, &c. City Intelligence. Police.?A number of pickpockets were arrested ye terday, and placed in the Tombs for future judgment. V. O* VB?WI??R tOUTl, Before Judge Betts. Oct. 14?Ilaxtum, and others, vs. Harney Corse.?The ury came into Court with a verdict that the defendent had dmitted, as charged, a false and fictitious debt against his state in filing a schedule and petition in bankruptcy. Court Calendar?'This Da jr. Circuit Court.?No*. 82, 83, 94 , 63, 82, 113, 63, 87, 143, 0,237,67,75, 129, 140, 160, 166, 6, 56, 26, 106, 66, 146, 145J, 66, 83, 116, 160. Butkrior Court?Nos. 128,132.142, 143, 146,191,1*6, 61, 162,9,88,118, 163, 166,168,169, 170,171,173,178, 180, 84, 186. travelling from New Yorla to New Orleans. The Bxpensc. (O- A CORRESPONDENT WRITES U9 A RE. ILESTthatas nil the Southerners read the "Herald," re would give the exact prices of travelling between Jew York city and New Orleans. Upon inquiry, wo find he prices to be nearly, or precisely as follows: at any ate the whole ex)>enses range under $60, lor the mere ravelling on railroad, stage, or steambont. Jew York to Baltimore $7 00 laltimore to Charleston 16 00 Charleston to Augusta 8 00 lugusta to Madison 6 2* Madison to Franklin 6 00 'ranklin to Montgomery 2 00 Montgomery to Mobile (specie funds) 10 00 Mobile to New Orleans 6 00 $*7,26 This is a most expeditions route; being done in six or even days. At Montgomery we find there is no delay, as oats are alwa) s in waiting to take passengers on to Moile the instant the stages arrive. We learn, also, that it i likely the fare will he still lower. THE SUNDAY MERCURY OF TO-MORROW rill contain graphic accounts of the Croton Celebration, ie American Institute Fair, a report of that Cricket latch, by one of the editors. All sorts of things funny nd philosophically told. Hoboken and its Vicinity, a ketch ; Chit Chat; Vain Wishes, by Spoons , the Theares ; Pulling ; Oossip by Charivari; Les prrcieuses ridiules. Editorials on all sorts of subjects. Dew, Jr., has hosen the following for the theme of to-morrow's diaourse ;? Man wants but little here below, Nor wants that little long. The Mercury is a family newspaper, free from politics nd offensive personalities. It is published late on Saturay evening and delivered in any part of the city early on ae Sabbath morning by the carriers. Leave your adressat the office, 109 Nassau, near Ann street. Mailed i any part of the country eight weeks for $1, which must e sent in advance. Advertisements received till 10 o'clock this evening. IMPIIBT1VT IWVfllTVCPUrUTi >'*v i ii.ii A rtiiiivviivuiubiii : The College of Medicine and Pharmacy, EttablUhed for the Supprtttion of Quackery. Q9- BEO TO INFORM ALL PERSONS DESIROUS f obtaining medical advice, that on remitting,the aum of no dollar, with a statement of their case, they will be ipplied with one dollar*! worth of appropriate medicine, id a letter of udvice containing full direction* aa to diet, ;gimen,Ac. All letter* muat be poet paid. Addieas W. 8. RICHARDSON, Agent, Principal office of the College of Medicine and Pharmacy, 97 Nassau street, N. Y. N B. The cokaultian Physician is daily in attendance the private consuitkig rooms of the college. Houra om 10 till a o'clock. Don't Fall to Bay 0(7- THE NEW WORLD OF THIS DAY IF YOU ish an intellectual repast such as is seldom offered for li} snts. It contains a most thrilling story by Edmand Flagg, ilitled Mariane De Lorme, a noted damsel of the Court of luis XIII during the time ol Cardinal Richelieu. Also e commencement of the Diary of a Polish Lady, one of e beauties of the gallant Court of Augustus II., King of land, being a true history ot real lire, translated from e original MSS. The incidents detailed in it are well lown In Toland and Saxony at the present day. Add!>nal Chapters of the Miser's Daughter, and a Sermon by e late Dr. Clinnning--with an immense variety of shorr and interesting articles Price cents? $3 a year, rangers from all parts of the Union now in this city are vite 1 to call at No. 30 Ann street, where arc for sale all e Novels and latest works of the most popular authors, I'll to 'IS cents each. Capie* of the second edition of [ebip's Annual Chemistry in octavo form, can now be pplied Remember 30 Ann street, near Nassau. 0(7- MOST INFAMOUS INSULT ON THE PROstion yesterday ?We counted yesterday more than two ousand who were a disirraee to the creation, such fares. oh horrible festered laces, covered with eruptions,freckI, pimples, sunburns, fcc : if they had used but one cuke the famous Italian Chemical Soap, they would have had ear complexions and healthy rosy faces. Then their lir?bald heads, grey, red, light, dirty, thin and bad ? tind there is more truth than putting In this)?one bottle Jones' Oil of Coral Circassia stops the hair falling, 4 skes it grow dark, cures all scurf or dandruft. They e both sold very reasonable?we advise all to try them, ild by Jones, sign ol the American Eagle, hj Chatham reet, New York. Give these articles one trial?you'll satisfied. Agents, 97 Dock street, Thila lelphia, 8 State street. Bos- i n, 67 State stnet, Albany, Zeiher, Washington, P. C., or 9 Fulton street, Brooklyn. Of/- NOTICE TO TRAVELLERS If you arc , Jiibied with a still, sore threat, pains in the shoulders, 11 in the head, exhaustion, languor or fatigue, or any ^ ipleasant feelings, go take a Medicated Vapor Bath ut ) Courtlan It street, kept by Mrs. Carroll sinoe 18J6, and [ m will Ixj sure of a specify cure. Sulphur Baths require ' e hour's notice. Bathing tubs for hire. (XF I TOLD YOU SO !?Every great occurrence in ' i) is met with this solemn and prophetic answer, " 1 told u so." Now we don't take any especial credit for proting that the Croton celebration would outlive all preuis attempts at display , hut we do in foretelling the im ^ use sucreas of the Spanish House, J6fi Broadway, where . ' constantly on hand the best Segars manufactured, and iy ol our renders thank ne for giving them information ihis locality, where thay can drop in and provide Prom 1 ", to ten thousand of the beat Normas, Noreigas, Panu i?, I*rincipea, Ac. Those who desire a genuine article ^ -moke on the Sabbath, will do well to drop in to-day, d try our recommendation I ? fty- PERSONS WHO ARE IN ILL HEALTH ARE 11m isasSed Ve cell on Wn. Burger, 50 Courtlandt St., or at Mithau's Pharmacy, 183 Broadway and examine lubatantiatad testimony in favor of Bristol's Sarsaparilis, or they will be referred to cases in this city of cure* i>ert'onned by this medicine which will entirely convince any one of ita value. Those whe are cured Ay thia medicine stay cured, which ia not the case with toate late preparations, as can and will be proved. William Burger, Wholesale Agent, 40 Courtlandt street, iii'l 188 Greenwich street, and at retail at the following places Milhau's Pharmacy, 183 Broadway, Rushton A Aspiiiwull, 110 Broadway; 88 William street, and 10 Astor House; James Srmc, M. D., 83 Bowery ; Robert Leggett, M. U., 17 Avenue D; B (juackenbush, 709 Orecuwich street, and A Hill, *J00 Oreenwich street ; J O Reed, 143 Kulton street, Brooklyn ; J k J Coddiiigton, Corner of Spring and Hudson streets ; D H Burnett, Third Avenue, corner ol Eighth street; Philip Merkle, ia- i iwi-i w H??i?. ?- - . ?. ..... ... W. f K.uiti mi. i uc?er, jw urann street ; Dickinson and tioodwin, Harttord, Conn. THF. CROTON CELEBRATION.?There never was inch a splendid artair as this since the days of Appiue, or the grand entree into Koma by Julius Cesar, and we shall not again witness another of such magnificence, unless the people turn out in a body and do Thalin the honor justly due him in inventing the Dahlia Cream for the hair. We are not informed if its price will be enhanced in value, in consequence of the quantity of dahlia boquets used oii this great occasion, but wc do know it is literally worth its weight in gold?so the ladies say, and who will dare gainsay their opinion 1 The truth is, Phalen is the best wig maker and hair cutter in the city, and why should he not invent the best preparation for" the hair 1 We have personally tried it, and find it all he represents it, and the ?;ood qualities it possesses are to prevent the hair from ailing out, which i'. does from decaying at the roots, gives the hair a beautiful dark, glossy appearance. Try it, and be convinced. His depot is 314, Broadway, opposite St. Paul's. 09- INBIGE8TION, COST1VENE8S, HEADACHE, Palpitation of the heart, psin in the breast, tsc.?Wright's Indian Vegetable Pills are certain to remove pain and distress of every kind?because they purge lrom the body those stagnant and corrupt humors which are the cause of every malady incident to man. Three or four of the|ebove named Indian Vegetable Pillstakenat night on going to bed, will in all cases give relief, even in the msst intense suffering, and if repeated a few times, it will not only drive disease of every description from the body, but will most assuredly impart new life and vigor to the whole frame. Offices devoted exclusively to the sale of the medicine, wholesale and retail, 388 Greenwich street, New York, No. 198 Tremont street, Boston, and 169 Race street Philadelphia. (0- THE GREATEST DAY FOR NEW YORK wasthe Croton Celebration ; we live in an age of great things ; and where our greatness will end we know not, any more than we can tell when people will stop using Sherman's Lozenges for headaches, coughs, colds and seasickness. We go for Croton water and Sherman's Lozenges and no mistuke, and so do all who value really good things?106 Nassau street, one door above Ann, is the Doctor's warehouse; 4 Stanwix Hall, Albany; 8 State street, Boston, and 3 Ledger Buildings, Philadelphia, are branches. (0- CHATHAM "THEATRE.?John Smith takes his benefit this evening, and makes his last appearance in New York for some time. The entertainments consist of the drama of the Loss of the Royal George, the extrava riii?iui 1111 ivionijuuiu e, in which nmnn appears, ana the performance concludes with the burletta of Croton Water. ft?" A CARD.?The Members of Chatham Fire Engine Company No. :2, return their acknowledgments to the Lady Washington Total Abstinence Society, for the splendid collation which they so liberty set before them at Teetotaller's Hall, Divison street, on their return from the CrotonCelebration, Friday, Oct. 14th. By order ot the Company. F. LAUGHLIN, Foreman. O. W. ROGERS, Sec y. OfT-TARLOR BOOK.?The first volume of the Boston Miscellany is embellished with fifteen splendid steel engravings, including Paris Fashions, and eighteen pages o( popular music. It contains articles from Edward Everett, Alexander H. Everett, N. P. Willis, W. E. Chauning, limes R. Lowell and many other writers of distinction.? It is beautifully printed upon superior paper, making a handsome volume of over *280 pages. Ladies and gentlemen in making selections for the centre tab'e will do well to include the Miscellany?price varying according to the style of binding. Any individual subscribing for the work from commencement will be supplied with the first volumc in half binding, together with the second volume in numbers, at subscription price, viz : $3 per annam. BRADBURY, SODEN A CO., 1 w 1*27 Nassau st. N. Y., and 10 School st. Boston MONEY MARKET. Friday, Oct. U?8 P. M. At New Orleans, the funds intended lor purchases of cotton begin now to arrive direct from Europe. The shipOeorgiann, Captain Toole, arrived on the 5th from Liver pool, bringing $00,000 in specie to J. O. Johnson II Co? This begins to look like business, but as it we shall soon be in medias res. U is to be hoped that a more general confidence abroad, will give an impulse to business generally. Tho gross debt of the city of New York is now in tlin neighbourhood of $14,633,119, a large sum, of which $11,675,990 has been created for the introduction of Croton water into the city. This, undoubt<dly, is of vast benefit to the community, and it may be well to look back a little at its cost. The project of introducing water, haa been on foot Vo years or more, but not until 1889 did the , ,.vn m ivmi'iiiimi Hill' UCIUIIIH lUim. ud me lint of February of that year, the Common Council pasaed a resolution approving of a draft or law, to be sent to tne legislature to authorise the undertaking; on the 2ud May, 1834, the act to provide the city " with pure and wholesome water," was passed. Application was then made for authority to raise $25,600,000 on a stock, not hearing more than 6 per cent, interest. In subsequent years the rate of interest was increased, and a committee appointed to negociate with the Manhattan Company, for their pipes and other property. In'March, 1835, a resolution was !*ssed by the Common Council that the electors of the ^ city shonld express their assent or otherwise, to the prosecution of the work, by depositing their ballots in a box, Ac. This resulted in the affirmative, and the work was proceeded with, at a time when the paper system was in full inflation, prices of all materials and labour exorbitantly high,'and the whole community running wild with ideas of splendour and grandeur?air built, never to be realised. The revulsion came, anil the city with its Croton works under full head way. Yet the able manage mcnt of affairs carried the city through a period when money for ordinary purposes could not be had?when hanks and individuals perished in myriads. To have built a work at so vast a cost, and without embarrassment or sacrifices, even in ordinary times, would have entitled the Corporation to deserved renown ; but toA hava persevered for six years, during a period of suoh panic and distrust as have every where prevailed, without pause, self-sustained in spite of obstacles which seem to have broken down the credit ot nations, is to have erected for itself a monument of its spirit, its resources, its stable faith and successful enterprise, which may trium* phautly challenge all annals for a parallel. Interesting as the fiscal condition of the city must at al times be to its representatives, it will be enhanced at this time by the knowledge that all the engagements of the Corporation tor the municipal year now closing, have been met, and that there not only exists no demand deferred or delayed, but the year will close with an abounding Treasury. Citt Debt, Octobbb Sbd, 1012. I Vew York City Pi** per cents,? f 1820 and 1829 $ V)0 000 I Pablic Building Stock, 5l$]ooo Fir* Loan Stock, J25.000 r ire Indemnity Stock, &? wo Mot tin* Deb I Stock, 30(1,000 Wmer Stock, J per coot, A 771,3*0 H Do. 7 per cent. 2,000,000 n j Dd- wi * p*r c",,, ??s,iia I Bond. pay.bie. (73 977 H Outalnnding W.rranU, (Trea.ury) Si}],930 90 Do do (Sick'g Fund) lo.JOO 00 143,430 ... ,,, r , SI4.811.II9 I Le?? .mennt lield by Coma, era of Sinkin* Fund, $941,322 00 H Do by balance in Siukg Fund uinu, rated, 28,049 64 H Do of Fire Loin BonJ* .rid H Mortgage., and property H fort cloaed, 443,190 74 I D-> b.l.uce in Treaiury, 132,99154 I : 1,471,351 I of City Debt, $11,049,700 I Am nt of Water atocka, u aboeo $11,116.(12 00 H Ireatiiiy Advance to Water H 149,17(71 11,375,990 City Debt beyond Water Debt. *1,473,715 I r mm which may be deducted the amount arlranced by the Trca- H anry on strecta opening. Filling H Dow (ironndi,Fencing Lota.ltc, H * hich will he realized by ihe H Collection of tin- Aaaeaainrnla H or Ihe Bale, of the Property, 230,000 00 H o lao, the amount borrowed in an ticipanon of the Taa of 1(42, payable out of the Taa aa col- H I.-cted, and not therefore a per- H manent debt, (73,977 CO H ..earing the Debt of th. City, eieliuiee of H that incurred for the introduction of th. Cro- I ton River, but $101,790 H Tho following table will .how the .tnte of Ihe water M. S Mvance of Treasury to wstcr fund 149,178 Viiler, A per cents 8,771,400 )o ? <io 644,714 )o 7 <1o 4,400,000 IVal water debt 11,474,990 I'otal amount authorised 14,000,000 Balance 4-44,010 A large amonnt of 6 per cent* hare been redeemed aince lay, and 7 percent* are issued in their place. Thefolow >n* will show the produce of the stocks I rnowra or thw Warn* Stoc*?Tor Whtii Fi an. I'he Kiee per ceuts. n?ned for It, 20, 'Ml * nil 40 y art, |>rnlu<-?d to the City Treason the net; ""? "f ?? itV|4? I I i* wile yielded $92 tiK f'" *?ch 104 of *fnck, l> in I at the rite of $} ,V7 |>ercent,or f-srtion orer iH Per cent interest on par stock.

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