Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 17, 1842, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 17, 1842 Page 2
Text content (automatically generated)

-?* n ^ r NEW YORK HEUALD. New York. Monday, (K tuber 1?, 184A. To Uallrokd ('niidurli)i't? HoKtmanIrr Steamboat Captain*?Politician*. &< . A"'. We will thank all Railroad Conductors. Postmaster*, steamboat Captain*, Politicians ol both aid**?*1"' ai' ther such personages to forw at J to the Htssi-e Orrioa, Sew York, the lull and accurate returns of their several elections, hi state, city or town?particularly in the election* now at hand in New Jersey, Ohio, Pennsylvania, New York Mud other states. Those who give us valuable early uitoi mation, will receive our thinks, and be placed on the/rs* litt of the New York Herald. Aor*t Waareo roa N*? Havta.-Au agent it wanted tor the H-raid in New Haven, Connecticut. To a person of small capital, activity, and industry, tkia agency will X leld trom *'J,1 to *10 per w eek profits. None need apply who cauuot always pay tor his papers in advance, auil who will attend to his business in parson Ths; Nkxt Steamer.?The Boston steamship has u w been out thirteen days We may therefore iook fat her news to-morrow ; and in all probability she will bring Bulwer's new novel ol the " Last ol the Barons " Highly Important From Mexico?-War against Texas?Her Conquest almost Certain. The Bark Eugenia, Briscoe, arrived on Saturday night front Vera Cruz, having sailed from that port on thelrtthult. hi this vessel have arrived, as passenger?, the celebrated Col. Almonte, who was in the battle ot >an Jacinto?and aW his brother, accompanied by a suite ot aids and officers A large amount of specie belonging to Mexicans, |>art probably to the government, has also come, consigned to the commercial house of Hargous Sc Co. By this vessel we have private intelligence, and private correspondence, from Vera Cruz and Mexico, of the highest importance to Texas, and the future destiny of that country. | We have now certain and positive information, on which we can rely, that the Mexican government, or rather Santa Anna, will soon invade Texas, if she is not already invaded, by a large army and navy, both by sea and laud?the army to be led ou by British officers?and rhe navy by the same. The Mexican fleet already numbers three iron steamers, two gun brigs, and titree schooners. The iollowing is a letter:? [Correspondence o( the Herald.] Vera Critz, Sept. 16, 1842. To ihk Eoiion ov the New York Herald. I have just recei red the annexed statement from one of the crew ot the Guadaloupe, the war steamer arrived from England. "1 shipped on board the steam frigate Guadaloupe, Capl. E. Charlewood, at Liverpool, at the close of .Tune last, as I thought lor China. The number of crew was then eighty-six, including engineers, liremen, Arc. The day before the sieauier left Liverpool, we were all called aft, when Capt. Charlewood read a written agreement, without a stamp, and drawn up by himself, ft -ttcited thai he wished all hands to go with him?that he was ignorant of the destination of the ship?and iliat we must ask no questions. We were to rereive Ju'-i per month as wages?warrant and petty officers rated according to rank. We sailed Ironi Liverjiool on the 4th of July. Two days itter, I noticed in the Liverpool Mail, of the 2nd, that the rfuadalouoe had cleared lor Corunna. Ou the 7th, we called ut Cork. Or ders were then sent on board for the captain to go ..shore and report the ship immediately. He thereupon piled on sail and put on steam, and we soon left old Ireland in the rear. On the 15th we touched at Fanchal, took in coals, and left on the 18th? Shortly after, the Captain ordered the boatswain to pipe all hands to quarters. We were arranged on both sides of the deck. Captain C., then said? Well, men, it is my intention to inform you what my business is. I was ordered not to tell you before I am bound to Vera Cruz in Mexico. That place is blockaded by a set ol half-bred Yankees, who call themselves Texians. 1 am determined to break myself through. I atn well convinced that you are all a set of picked men. We have a good ship?with 2-<>8 pivots, and we shall no doubt take plenty of prizes.' "Two (lays after we saw the Mexican colors on board, much to our surprise. From that day we were constantly drilled at the big guns and small arms. It was laughable to see the firemen, all eo very green, handling the niusketa. We were piped to quarters whenever a veseel hove in sight. On the 26th of August we reached Vera Cruz. On the 2Dth all hands manned the yards and saluted the Governor. We were then piped to quarters, and Captain C. again spoke :?" Well, men, I wish to inform you that this ship is going to exchange digs, that ot Mexico will be hoisted tomorrow morning. If any of you have anything to say. now is your time. Hereafter you must hold eour tongues " Several declined serving under the Mexican dag. and wished to leave. Four were permuted to 'go- The others were told that they must remain, as the Mexican Government were anxious for English sailors?so much so, indeed, that the wages ot the warrant officers were raised We were then informed that Captain C. would receive ?450 per month, the first lieutenant,G. Wright. 3150, Doctor Clemeneou ?150, under purser and clerk cacti ?150; and, after the capture ol Texas, the? are to receive three hundred dollars, to pay dieir passage liotne?and poor Jack but ?25. A.I those who should lose an arm, .n eye, or a leg, were to receive CtiO, and j?30 for n finger, a toe, or for any scar. This is a list of prices adopted by Santa Anna. He lost a leg, which was probably worth no more than Hence the list Three men refused to comply with these regulations and serve in the steamer They were consequently thrown into prison and confined three days without any food The British Consul refused to offer them any aid.'' If these men should fall what will become of their poor wives and families f Will they get any money 1 So thoughts of this enter the minds of the Mexicans. All they care tor is the taking of Texas a six months, wuh a fleet of three steamers,, one IS gun brig, one ID gun brig, and three schooners. This expedition, ii will be i>erceived, was organised in London, under the pa'ronage ot the Mexican merchant* and landholders in that quarter. The lorce alicidy in nio'ion will be sufficient to overwhe'm Texas, and to drive every Texian out ol that smiling land. The Textan navy, at the 1 tt-t account?, wat laid up and useless, for want ot fund*. The Mexican navy is in lull force?with irtrec iron fteainers and plenty of men and am munition to cn-operate with their army. We exited that a decisive blow will soon be levelled at fh* independence of Texas. The arrival of Col llmonte, as Mexican minister in this country, is pri-hnhly intended to preserve the peace of the United Statesof the north and Mexico. Almonte is a man of superior talents, great address, perfectly acquainted with our language and institutions. The British ascendancy in Mexico is now complete. I nlejs the French and American governments interfere, the existence of Texas as a nation t? gone for ever. Nothing can save the new republic, but such mi intervention. Will it be extended to the Anglo Faxon raee in Texas I We'll see. On the whole, we begin to see -ome mighty results glow logout of this new invasion of Texas. Will t not lead to h union between France and the '"nit'-d States to prevent England and Mextc* from Is Dying an independent republic on this continent! Mav not the attempt to ann'hilnte Texas lead the great maritime powers in'o a war on the oecan T Are v. h not in the beginning of a new crisis in human nflatrs ! M. L fou Wai.i^sisKrr ?The nominating committee tor tins district s'i nds thus ?Aaron Clark, II; .Io!m < Hamilton, 10; .lames G. King, 1; Reynolds, I; .1. P Phenix, 1. There will be a warm contest, and Wall street goes for Jem King, . t- : - f u.^i. ?_ u.. J. mr princ" ?->i uri'ivrn*. uo wp BwitKiTra.?Thr Army ok Martyrs.?It taesti mated thai about 25,000 i>ereon?, throughout the t 'nion, have already applied tor the benefit of the bankrupt law. of whi?:h nearly one-fourth are in New York. The smallest quantity is probably in N'-w l.tmland, except in Maine. The following u oart of a hat :? Maiaa to Sept. I WOO New H mqxihir? " " 'JOO Kentucky "Oct. 1 1J70 Connecticut " < 1000 Ohio t s?pi | 1-jflO Ne w Yor k about aOOO ! in' assets ot this armv <>i martyrs probabl] mount to from $200,000 to $500,000?hxpenaea o -cuing certificate* over 91,800,000. [How thii come* we know not.J Debt* got rid of at the low e*t legal estimate of $200 each, $50,000,000?but m?.-t likely equal to $200,000,000. This amount oi i r vate repudiation, already in process, ,s equal l< tne ii'igregatp debts ot all the States, and twice a f It 11 the amount of Sfufe repudiation The dm ii lividiulsia therefore double thediagraci of the States ICapiain Jo hi Tyum and his Okoa.ns.?We call ufK?n dip Preeideni of (he United States lo look at and mark thr character and tone ol hi* principal organs in " these diggins"?the !*un-Union penny I paper, now under the superintendance of M M N oah, a candidate for any lat office?the chairman ol ilie Military Hall club of office beggars?and a Canadian Jew of the most curious kind We cannot descend to any altercation with such beastly, brutal, degraded, polluted vagabonds? whose conduct and tastes are even looser thau the " Rakee" and "Flashes" of the stews. We only call upon Captain Tyler to mark these things?and to enquire why the Postmaster General and his deouties here encourage, pay lor, and feed such beings, to utterly beneath the dignity ot man The "Sun-Union" seems now to be under the management of Judas Iscariot, just after he had been cut down from the tree on which he hung himself, and now galverueed tor the first time by ]>otent doses ol treasury pap, poured down his throat by the post office and other government officials of Ntv\ York. on twk Frostier.?(irenl ureoara lions are making in Montreal by i arsons wlio intend to do a very lurge busiuess in smuggling upon our northern Iroulier during the ensuing winter season- Several houses have been established in Montreal with this object, having American and Canadian partners, and in this way they intend to work "double tides" in smuggling The Americans will smuggle over flour, from this side, and bring back their pay in British goods, and as soon as winter seta in, hundreds and thousands of Canadian ponies will be put on the route, and travel w ith the goods thus smuggled on towards Boston and elsewhere to be disposed of. Mr. Parmlee, the government agent, has been as far as St. John's to see about this. He discovered that a good many horses had been smuggled over, and also found out that a large number of asses had passed that way during the summer, and both statements are probably true. Universal Clemency of Governor Skward.? This is the "era of good feelings'^ caused by the Croton water. Governor Seward promises to be the most bevevolent man of the age. We hear that petitions, praying for a general pardon to all offenders, will be got up?and hopes are entertained that he will grant a general and universal amnesty. There are now in prison, several persons convicted of various offences?one for murder, one for forgery?many to be tried?besides several hundred thieves in the State prisons. Let the amiable Governor, before he goes out of office, grant a general amnesty for all offences, as a fit accompaniment to the bankrupt law and the introduction of the Croton water. Let Auburn," Sing Sing, and Blackwell's Island be emptied?swept clean?whitewashed?and let out to new tenants. Niblo's and the French Benevolent Society Benefit.?This place was crammed on Saturday night at the benefit of the French Benevolent Society. The Society sold tickets equal to #'2000?expenses #200?net proceeds #1800?a capital nest egg to begin cold winter with. The acting, pantomime, and rope dancing of the Ravels were niagnic~... a*nr?ii.. .i .i litem. iuirw ? tun, lire juuiunu uu/i,v uj(. appeared in one of Elssler's picturesque dances, and gained extraordinary erlat. She is now, beyond compare, the most graceful and sweetest dance r on this continent?young, beautiful, modest, elegant, well formed?a small foot?good bust?gentle face ?bright eye?and a tout ensemble of exquisite proportions. There, now, young lady, don't faint. The Bowery and Celeste-?Celeste's engagement closed at the Bowery on Saturday night. Her engagement has been tolerable, but not what it ought to have been. It presented a struggle, from the jump, between the popularity and great talent of the actress, and the bad reputation and worse management of the theatre. None but Celeste could have maintained the struggle and brought any houses. The Bowery has been so unpopular, so badly managed, so characterless of late years, that it would swaiup'Garriek himself, if he were to rise from the dead and play Richard there The proceeds last week were small. The Bowery will now return to old prices and oblivion. Feace to its manes. Who wants to turn Farmer T?Read the advertisements in the Herald, under the name of John Tyler, President of the Trnited Stales, offering vast tractsof the best lands tor sale in the Western States. Nicholas Biddle, the " great financier," has abandoned the management of banks of circulation, and taken to cultivating banks of earth He has inst delivered a most admirable speech on agriculture? which is a bijou in style and thought. Every man | is turning farmer now-a-days. Who wants to buy a section in Michigan I Ohio Election. M?; |94'1. Mo/-1811 Ms/. 1840. Count if. Dtm. Whig- Dtm- Whig. Dtm. Whig Three counties, 163 1,091 107 1.199 ? 3,071 Franklin, ? '171 ? 811 ? 1,111 183 1,369 107 1,990 4,184 183 107 Whig mgjontv, 1,109 1,713 4,184 1,109 1,906 Whig lOM in 4 counties, 604 9,976 We have Buffalo papers of Thursday. They were brought by Pomeroy. We learn from them that Huron and Erie counties have given democratic majorities. In 1810 they gave 1151 for the whigs. j We also 1<-am that Ashtabula is reported 1000 less majority than 1840 for the whiga. Some allowance must be made for the above, and also for the following, which we take from the Columbus Statesman, democratic, of the 11th inat , the day of the election :? A few townships in Clark county show a gain of about 200 for Shannon over 1840 Two townships in Licking county are reported to have done as well on Governor as in 1838?these, too, front the supiiosed infected district * Eight townships in Muskingum county, says a note on the way-bill, gives Cor win 750 majority?about as in 1810. There is a report also that in Dayton the whigs have gained 25 or 30 over last year This will hardly save Birnet and Schenck. if other parts of the county does as was expected. t+ntam Shit Columbia, Capt. Miller, left Boston yesterday for Halifax and Liverpool, with twentyfive passengers and a large mail. Fam. Fashions ?The first public ball of the season comes oirto-night, at the ?hakspeare Hall, given by the Chatham Volunteers?Nosher'sband?tickets 50 cents A number of very beautiful ladies will be there?several dasliingwidows with money?besides bachelors without number?rich. The dollar balls are stiff and formal?but the fifty cent balls are exquisite, rich and delicious- Preparations are making for eight hundred and seventy-six fifty cent balls during the ensuing season Dollars are scarce. Steamer Lost?The steam ship Merchant, from New Orleans to Galveston, was lost at the mouth of the Atchafalaya, on the 2d mst. Six persons were drowned, and several left on the wreck, whose situation was perilous. The vessel belonged to Com- Moore and Col. Washington?value #10,013). No iBMiiranre. A relative of Jacob Barker shot 1 himself and another man in the excitement. Kkaioned and Appointed.? John Delafield, hsq., has resinned the situation of President of the New ^ orb and Albany Railroad, and Jonathan O. Coddington, Esq., late Postmaster of this city, haa l>een unanimously elected in hu place. ^ Library roa Sai.e.?Riell AcArcularius continue f the sale ot Langtree's splendid library to-night. , Tilts is the richest and most singular library that has been sold for years?old and rare works, choice ma, nuscrtpts, and curious collection*, seldom or never I -wen before. Mcsjcai. Treat.?It will be seen by the advers tisemenf that the Messrs Ratner have combined y with Mr Dempster to sing to-night at the Society r Library, and also to-morrow , at the Rutgers Insti 1 ujie Fifteenth Annuel Fair of the American 1 atltatc At Slblo'i CiarAen?1H44. As yesterday w<ts a diet iwn with the Fair at Niblo's, we, of course have nothing to report this morning. We, therefore, take this opportunity to say, that the great absorbing topic of all minds now is tlio Nautical exhibitions to-morrow, for which the Institute are going to a very heavy expense. For full particulars see the advertisement in another column Professor Morse will perform a highly interesting and scientific ex|>eriment with his Electro Magnetic Telegraph, by which a correspondence will be carried on between Castle Garden and Governor's Island. The great feature of the day will be the blowing up bv Mr Colt of a vessel of nearly 300 ton*, which is five times larger than either of those blown up before. This part of the exhibition is made at the request, and also at the expense of the American Institute; although Messrs French and Heiaer will share with them the proceeds of the garden on that day. The Institute applied to Mr. Secretary Upshur to bear the expense ol the exhibition, out of the $15,000 which it will be recollected, has been appropriated by act of Congress to test by ex|>eriments the ability of Colt's submarine battery for coast and harboi defence. To this the Secretary replied, that he had no authority to make such an appropriation in behalf of any private society. The Institute, therefore, proceed on their, own account. The vessel will be located between the North Carolina and the Garden, where the best view can be k?,l M. C-l. 1. , mualt ....II k- .... kn..J tl.? V..rlll Carolina with his apparatus; and the explosion will take place precisely at twelve o'clock, M., to a se cond. The experiment to-morrow is the only one that will be performed in New York harbor, as we are informed by Mr Colt. The public can therefore visit the Garden and see for themselves. As there are a great many conflicting opinions respecting the originality and merits of Colt's submarineTjattery, we have taken considerable pains to ascertain from private conversation with Mr. Colt? and will now state for the information of (he public ?what are his claims for his sub-marine battery. He claims, then, to be able to destroy any vessel within sight of hisown position,even at the distance of forty miles, wherever she may be, and whatever may be her size. That he can destroy any number of shine in the most rapid succession, or all at once, e ven De they the combined fleets of all Europe, provided they he any where within the above stated purview. That he can pick out one vessel, and leave another; destroy this and save that, at pleasure ; if he can see the difference between them, he can produce the difference in his results. That he can destroy the largest class Bhips of war with ease and safety to himself, when in motion passing in or out of harbor, without the necessity of approach within reach of shot from the largest guns of the largest calibre. He intimates, therefore, that the idea of raking a channel?of powder being deposited under the vessel?of wires to be torn up, &c.,&c., are all chimeras of other people. The moment the vessel is wuhin his sight, he claims her as his own, to save or to destroy. We have thus fairly and correctly stated Mr. Colt's claims; of their validity or futility the public can judge as well as we. Seci'rity against Explosions.?Our attention has been called several times to a new invention now exhibiting in the machine room at the fair, called Raub's double self-acting safety valves, to prevent explosion in steam boilers. Not being a judge of this machine ourselves, we will give one or two extracts from letters to Mr. Samuel Raub, Jr., the patentee. Those, interested will give it a careful examination:? Nkw Yorl, Sept. 7,1842. ****** Your "Double Self-acting Safety Valves," 1 consider the most important discovery that has been made since the application of steam to purposes of trade and navigation, as you have, in your own simple but strong language rendered " the use of steam as harmless as foe lied of down." * * * * Your " Double SelfActing Safety Valves" ire the only certain remedy that I have yet seen for the detection and prevention of this great evil. ???! consider your " Valves" the long sought desideratum, and having thoroughly tested them, since they have been applied to tbe boilers of the South America, of the People's line, I cannot hesitate to recom menu tneir general adoption. ? ? ? * ? Having become satisfied of the above facts, from personal olwerva. tion and practical experiment on boarl the South America, I close by giving my opinion that the safety of life and security or property demands that they should be brought into general use, as without them we are not safe in either, while with them 1 conceive it almost Impossible that explosions should occur, except through intention or gross neglect, which could not. without greatly outraging the feelings of humanitv, be attributed to any indivinual, whose life was also at stake. GEORGE HAWE8, Chief Engineer of the steamer South America. 1 fully concur in the above opinions expressed by Mr. Hswes. THOMAS ROCKEFELLER, Second Engineer of the Steamer South America. Nr.* Yona, Sept. 10, IMS. Dkab Sis,?I am highly gratified in being able to give my unqualified approbation to your " Double Sell-Acting Safety Valves." They are, in my opinion, the one thing needful to put steam under the complete control of man. * * I have no hesitation in declaring it my firm conviction that no boilor is really secure without your safety valves, and that public safety demands that all boilers should be equipped with them, especially thoaeused in propelling vessels. You have my beat wishes for your entite success, and the general adoption of your Valves. WILLIAM A. LIGHTHALL, Chief Engineer of the steamer Troy. To Samuel Raub, Jr, Present. Tub Cattlb Show.?Our readers understand that the American Institute are this week to open their annual cattle show at the corner ot 18th street and Broadway. The exhibition will open on Wednesday next at 9 o'clock. The Committee of the Agricultural department have taken great pains in preparing the yard, and been at heavy expense, and we run no risk in say ing, that on no occasion has this city ever been called to look at such a collection ot line improved blood animals. The herds of Messrs. Gibbons, Poole, Prentiss, Tonkin, Whitney, Watson, Vail, Hilhouse, Corning, Sothani. Clark, Hall, Townsend, Bust and Sherwood, will be represented, and several others ot equal celebrity. Good old Connecticut has sent down noble specimens of working oxen, and Hambden, Guildlord, and New Haven are all on the ground. We were delighted with their appearance at New Haven a few days ago. The horses, sheep, and pigs, are to be here in strong force, ana we hope that the beautiful and amiable swine may have tneir merits fully recognised by their patron saint at Worcester, wno we hone will be here. Mrs. Suitor's Conckri Cto-morrow evening).? The return of this charming vocalist, after so long an absence, will, we feel assured, he hailed by a crowded auditory. Mrs. Sutton's musical career, since she left us, has been unusually triumphant, and her reception from the Havana, throughout her tour, has been enthusiastic. Mrs Sutton ranked, prior to her departure, as superior to any vocalist now among us. The programme is rich in musical gems- By Mrs. S. the beautiful " Pair de niobe," and the grand aria from Uppermestra, by Mercadante, nnd two Duetto's Buffo, with Signor De Begm*, one, of which, "nella casa," was received with such immense applause at their concert last fall, and the other a novelty which will eclipse even the former. Mrs. S. sings, as well, a splendid aria Irom the " Schiave Bagdad," with violin obligato, by Mr. Chatel, who has not appeared since his successful debut at the Park, last winter. Mr. Kosaowkt plays two of liia tine pieces, and Monsieur f'hatel a solo, and last, though not least, the first appearance in New York, of Miss Emilias Sutton, not yet seven years old, whose performance* are s|?oken of by the press, where rhc has sung, as being truly astonishing. She will sing the " Cracovian Maid," and a Scotch ballad hi costume. Where, howsver, Mrs. Sutton and the Signor preside, there will be the feast Thk Turk.?Col. Johnson's grey horse, Blue Dick, won the national Jockey Club Purse at Washington, on Friday, beating F. Thompson's Prior, in two four mile heats, in 7 m. 54 s.?7 m. 57J. Boston broke down in his recent race at Alexandria, and will he withdrawn from the turf. Blue 1 Dick will meet Fashion at Camden on the 29th, when great sport is anticipated. The races, over the Kendall Course at Baltimore, commence on Tuesday, and continue lour davs. Miss Foot?, the recently celebrated Western racer, took a tour mile puise at the late races at Lexington, in two heats, at 7 m. 12 s ?7 in. 10 s. Qr>- Miss Ci^rkndon gives readings and recitations in the Society Library to-morrow night. She is a graceful, pretty, and accomplished yottng artist, and deserves generous encouragemen'. Naval ?The following is a list ot the officer* of the U. S- sloop of war Falmouth, which sailed from 1 Pensacola on the 30th ult., for Vera Cruz:? Commander J. Mcintosh , Lieut*. J. Calhoun, J. T. McKinetry, C. (ireen, D. McDougal ; Surgeon, L. Minor; Asa"l Surgeon, L. J-Williams: Master, fl. J. Shipley; Purser, S. R.imaey; Prof. Mat. W. S. Fox; Midshipmen, J. H. Moore, ft. F? Woodworth, W y. Truxton, O. K. Morgan, T J Miller 8 Keflng. J M Kell. ft P Oriffln, R R. I Carter, J. G Whitecar, F. Renahaw I There has heen a very severe gale on the I coast of Florida, and much pro(>eHv destroyed i ... City Intelligence. I'm* Cjuwih Cjc?oii. in :et this evemuf to uppiia luspt* tor* of Flection, for the .several districts of the oily. L)e?i" a\tie NoMcsAtio'se.?Thedeoiocratic committee selected to niminite members ol Assembly an 1 Register, meet this eveniug at Tammany Hall. Out hundred anj sixteen name* are before the committee for Assembly and some dozen lor Register Sherman J Browuell, the present incumbent ol the offiae of Registei, is the choice ol nine-tenths of the democracy of the city lor re election, and ho will be re-nominated without any doubt on the first ballet. ksshiosaall Movements.?"The Puke," " Slobby," Jack Kay and, Tom Henry and some dozen other notorious pick-pockets took passagu in the Philadelphia line yesterday afternoon to attend the Southern races, us is supposed. U entlemeu sportsmen at Baltimore and Camden, look out for your rolls of bank notes and thesa light fingered gentry Beauok Tbottino Cocas*.?Some hue trotting will come otf over this course to-day and to morrow See advertisement. A New Mauistsata?A man who says he was chris teued Thomas Bennett, was arrested on Sunday night, for passing himsell off as a police magistrate on various persons about town, and ordering them to the |>olice office on failure to " j>ony up' magistrate ? fees of from one to nve I dollars. He was placed in the Tombs for reflection. Picki-qcrkts Sukinu kor DiMtuci?The day of the Crotoii celebration and the night previous, olncers A. M. C. Smith, Bowyer and others " pulled" several of the celebrated pickpockets that were prowling about our city on partial charges alleged against them, aud looked them up till investigation was made, when they were discharged. From tha advice of some of their legal counsel these rogues obtaine 1 writs for damages which were about to be served on the officers,when sober second thoughts prompted a different course, and they sloped yesterday afternoon, to Baltimore, where the police will find them on i'oesday morning at the Kendall course, all alive and ready to steal a dollar or ten thousand. Wheu shall we have a law in this State making picking pockets a special olfeuce, as

it is in Pennsylvania 1 Arrest after arrest may take place here, but conviction rerely if ever follow*, and although the rcgue always goes for all he can get, be it a thousand dollars or a single one, yet the oflence is only a petit or grand larceny, at the amount atolen may be estimated Mors Coumterveit* Abroad.?Walter Thorn, a loafer, w as j igged on Saturday night, for passing a (3 counterfeit note of the Providence Bank. Dishonkst Steward.?Henry Johnson, a negro steward, belonging to the brig Escalus, Captain Taylor, was committed to prison yesterday for steeling (39 in banknotes and silver, a watch and two promissory notes. The watch and promissory notes were recovered, by officer Heustis, who arrested Johnson, but the money was among the missing. Blowiku ur Aif I rot Chest with Powoa.?On Saturday evening a light was parceived in the store of Jeremiah Skidmore, 387 East Broadway, and it being after the hour ofclosi.ig, suspicions were created that burglars were at work inside. Assistant Alderman Nash was sent for; and upon opening the store two boys were fcund secreted on the premises, who had made their entrance through a rear window. Upou examination of the premises it was found that failing to break opeu the iron chest.they had attempted to force off the lock by pouring gun powder into it and exploding it. The young rngues gave their names as James Hughes and John Clark, and upon searching them a box of locofoco matches was fonnd, a number of keys, a candle and a small package of powder. They were fully committed and have been arrested once before on a similar charge, but were released for want of proof. Nibi.o's.?This elegant establishment was never better graced than on Saturday evening, for the benefit of the French Benevolent Society. The saloon was crowded in every part, by the very elite of our city-the flower of our beauty and fashion. How calm must have been their slumbers, knowing they had been clothing the naked and feeding the hungry ! The committee deserve all praise for carrying the praiseworthy measure through so effectually. To-night Madame Javelli makes her first appearance in America. She is said to be the first rope dancer in the world. The whole Ravel family also appear in the first act of Jocko, and the never-failing Night Owl. The attraction is great. Another Rescue.?See ship news. This makes 1<>1 human lives saved from wreck in storms by the lifp hnal vt'lipn nil nfli^r mpnna <t( aafpfv fntlpH f(0? Why don't the Corporation use tome of the Croton to wet the dusty streets T pa new Rack-Course.?Canal street since repair] ed. Skhars.?If you want to atnoke a good segar, call at Henriques', ftl William street. Try htm. (K7- In these timet of retrenchment and reform, thoae inclined to De ecuuviuit^l oau carry tboir wiihM into execution by visiting the New York Muteum. Novelties and attractions are tho order of the day. This week a moit wonderful Dwarf is engaged, being only thirty.six inches bigh. Alio Mr. follim, the celebrated comic singer, and Mr. Wright, whose falsetto voice is universally admired. He assumes the garb of a female and represents the character so faithfully, and withal makes such a good looking lady, that were the men unacquainted with his sex thay would be likely to fall in love with him. Mr. Delarue, Misa Rosalie, Master Young, the wire volants dancer, appear. Muaeum, curiosities, picture gallery and all for one shilling. (Xf- Let no lover of the curious, the useful and the amusing, forget the American Museum this week. In addition to the vast collection of curiosities, which is more extensive than those of any Ave Museums in America, the inimitable and eccentric Dr. Valentine is engaged and will give his comic delineations, including his celebrated and unequalled burlesque Phrenological Lecture, the most comic aft'air we ever listened to. We have alsp Miss Hood, the charming vocalist, La Petite Celeste, the dan seuse, me wypsey uiri, ?c. i ne wouueriui iiunau Automaton Kiguroa are engaged another week, and give their aitoniahiug and laughable performance! every afternoon and evening. 09- BRISTOL'S SAKS A CAR ILL A IS A RARE AN* invaluable combination of vegetable remedies of established medical value, and from its peculiar properties is almost infalible in all complaints tnat arise from impurities of the blood, from the morbid action of the absorbent and glandular systems, from constitutional idiosyncracies, hereditary predisposition, and in general all chronic and long standing infirmities and irregularities of the human frame. To enumerate all the diseases in which it has been found to be a sovereign remedy, would be to make this notice much too lengthy, and we can only here suggest to the reader the value and importance of this preparation, and refer him to advertisement! in the public papers for more detailed intelligence respecting its efficacy, in nearly all caees of complaint except of the most ordinary or endamic and epidemic character. William Burger, Wholesale Agent, SO Courtlandt street and 188Greenwich street, and at retail at the following places Milhau's Pharmany, 183 Broadway; Runhton A Aspinwall, 110 Broadwav, 88 William street, and 10 Astor House; James Syme, M. D.,63 Bowery; Robert Leggett, M. D , 17 Avenue D; B. Quackenbuah, 709 Greenwich street, and A Hill, J07 Greenwich street; J. G. Reed 143 Fulton street, Brooklyn; J k J Coddington, corner of 9pringand Hudson streets; D. H. Burnett, Third Avenue, corner of Eighth street; Phillip Merkle, 383 Grand street; Daniel B. Tucker, 300 Grand street; Dickinson and Goodwin, Hartford, Conn. 09- E.MEL1NE TO JliLlA. Deab Julia? The contents of your Aral letter gave me great concern, particularly as you have now arrived at that age the most important in life, and the ocaasion, your attachment to a young, wealthy, handsome, and talented gentleman whose sffectTons you feared to lose on account of the loss of one of your (lu my opinion) chief attractions?a Ane head of hair ; but permit me to congratulate you on ita restoration Dy such a gentle lemedy. For although some may think your idea foolish in supposing Edmund would not love you under such circumstances, nevertheless men cannot tie expected to love a lady, no matter how attractive, if she is coverod with false hsfr ; and we should save ourselves much vexation after we are married did we pay more attention to such small matters of address, as we are accustomed to before. You say Phalon's Dahlia Cream restored yonr hah-, and prevented its falling out, besides it has other virtues. Write me by return mail, and if no opportunity offers to send, let me know who is the agent nore, n 1 >m uwiuraiDm iu imp ?ump. Ever thine, EVELINE T. Philadelphia, Oct. U. Thla article may he had at Phalon's Saloon, 114 Broadway, opposite St. Paul's. ngf- THE AMERICAN CATHARTIC PILL. Thia mild, speedy and etticacioua purgative ia strongly recommended by the beat medical authorities. The '' College of Medicine and Pharmacy," by whom it ia prepared, are very far from asaerting that thia pill will cure alldiaeaaea. They merely maintain that itia a really aafe and efficient purgative, and should be used in all caaea requiring the iiae of laxative medicine. It reroovea redundancy ot bile, and improvea the tone of the liver and the digeative organ* generally. Sold at 25 cent* per box. W. 8. RICHARDSON, Agent, Principal Office of the College, #7 Naaaau atreet. To one Readrra and Hahaailbera. OUR ATTENTION HAS BEEN CALLED TO twoadvertiaement* in another column, headed, " It will rratore the human hair," and " Eruption* cured and the complexion cleared." We know both ot theae articles to he the purast and most scientific offspring of medical science ever invented. The one, Jones'Oil of Coral Circ.Msis, la recommended to make the hair grow, stay its falling out, cure aenrf or dandruff, nnd make light, red or gr jy hair grow dark from the roots. The other, the Italian Chemical Soap, to cure every eruption and disfigurement of the skin, such as pimples, freckles, salt rheum, fever spots, kc. It change* the color of dark, yallaw, or sunburnt akin to a healthy rlearneas We have heard theae recommended by several who have uied them, and also by aeveral physicians, and to such as can appreciate this plain tme statement, without putting, we recommend to try them. Sold reasonable by Mr. T. Jones, sign of the American Eagle, WJ Chatham street?an edict. Ttrssveiiissg fraai New York to New OrleeM | The Kipenie. 0Q- A CORRESPONDENT WRITES US A RE- j QUEST that as all the Southerners read the "Herald," ! we would jive the exact prices of travelling between New York city end New Orleans. Upon lunuiry, we find I the price* to be nearly, or precisely as follow! : at an) rate the whola ex|>eu?ea range under t?bO, lor the iuer< travelling on railroad, atage, or ateambuut New York to Baltimore *7 00 1 Baltimore to Charleston 15 00 | Charleaton to Augusta " 8 00 I Augusta to Madison ....... . .... 5 16 Madisoti to Franklin 6 Ou Franklin to Montgomery J 00 Montgomery to Mobile (specie funds) * 10 00 Mobile to New Orleans. ... '. . . 5 00 $67,Vo j This is a most expeditious route, beuig doue in six or seven days. At Montgomery we find there is no delay as boats are always in waiting to take passengers on to Mobile the instant the stages arrive. We learn, also, that it is likely the tare will he still lower. (a- TO ALL THE WORLD WHO USE LEATHER IN ANY FORM?Oil of Tannin, or Leather Restorer, a new Chemical Discovery. Moat people know that skins and hides are converted into leather by the use of Tannin extracted from certain barks, Ac. When the force and strength of the Tannin is worn out, leather becomes dead, hard, dry, brittle, cracked, covered with a crust, Ac. This all know. To restore then life, soltness, moistness, strength, smoothness, and remove all crust, By, or blister?restore the tannin. This substance the leather never can receive the second time?but the whole v irtues of it are in this article, the Oil of Tannin? which penetrates the stifiest and hardest leather, if it has been twenty years in use ; and il it tears easily with the fingers, it imparts at once a strength that is utterly incredible until seen. It becomes like new leather, in all respects, with a delightful soltness and polish, and makes all leather completely and perfectly impervious to water ? particularly boots,'shoes, carriage tops, harness, hose, trunks, and in lact all thiugs made ot leather, giving a splendid poiish, even higher than new leather has, and at least doubling its wear and durability, in whatever manner the leather is used. These are facts. and not finding it so, shall have bis money again. Hemember that tnis is serious and true. W? have to say it, for we would net er have believed the wonderful effects of this oil upon leather without seeing it, and we ash not for the credulity of the community till they havu seen, and then, we know that they must know these to be facta. Directions for use, with each bottle. Patent leather and its polish restored by this oil. Corns cannot long exist where this is used for boots and shoes, it keeps the leather so soft. Leather cannot decay, or crack, mould, or blister, during the common age of man, so far as we can judge by experience, if this oil is proper.y used. Ladies' shoes, of the finest kinds, are beautified and rendered water:proof by it; and so are the shoes or boots of all others who use it. Banish then, all India rubber, or other overshoes, and use this oil. The proprietors will warrant, that if leather is first soaked in this oil, and then made into a boot, and that boot sunk three months in water, not one drop of wet or moisture can ever enter the boot, unless it runs over the top ! and such a boot shall wear double the time of its mate that is not so prepared. Now, if these things are true, the discovery is of infinite value to the world. If it is not true, it is the easiest thing in the world to prove it, without cost. Who then will refuse a trial 1 Those who will may wear old shoes, groan with corns, ride with old carriage-tops?have old harness, and throw them away half used?look filthy themselves, and all about them?expend double what is necessary for articles of leather, to their hearts' content, for what we care.il' their prejudices are so strong, they will not try a new discovery. We have no favors to ask ef them; they are the greatest sufferers, and we beg lor nobody's custom or patronage. Now, gentlemen, please yourselves. None genuine unless with the lac similie signature of COM9TOCK & CO., Wholesale Druggists, 71 Maiden lane, N. York. Entered according to act of Congress, in the year 184:1, by Comstock It Co. in the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the United States for the Southern District tf New York. QQ- READ THE OPINION OKTHYSICIAN8. Detroit, Sept. 30, 1843. Dear Sirs,?Please be so good as to send me twenty Of your large packages ol Horehound Candy. I was a sceptic as to its value, as I saw ita cures recorded iu the public press?but I must in justice say tnat use has convinced me of my ejror. 1 have tried it, and must say that nothiug in a practice of twenty years has equalled it in the cure of croup and whooping cough. I am, with great respect, H. REDFIELD, M D. t? kf/usa^ T Dsnon fi. Qa>? The original letter of the above ha< been shown to us, and we give it an insertion with pleasure. We would sincerely advise all those parents that have children troubled with the whooping cough or croup, not to delay a moment, but procure a package of Pease's Candy from 45 Division street. It is the best remedy we know of for the above diseases, and also for coughs, colds, hoarseness, and irritation of the throat. We see by the directions that it is compounded oftwenty-five different ingredients, that is no doubt the cause of its great success, fl'one article should separately afford no relief, in the extract of Hoarhound they are so amalgamated that the benefit of the whole is experienced in one compound. Capital idea. Go one and all to Pease, 45 Divisionstreet, or to agent at Philadelphia, S7 Dock street, corner Third. QQ- THE WESTERN" CAPTIVOR THE TIMES of Tecuraseh An original novel, witten expressly lor tha Naw World, by that well-known and talented authoress, Mrs Seba Smith, will be published on Tuesjay morning, October IS, in an extra double number of the New World, in octavo form, neatly stitched in covers. The character of this work is almost sufficiently explained by its title. The scenes arc laid on the Western Frontier, during the exciting period of the last war?and those famous battles are introduced which have conferred lasting glory on the names of Harrison and Johnson. The story is vividly picturesque, and the incidents are interwoven with the best skill of the accomplished writer. We take more than common pleasure in introducing this work to the public ; since it is purely American in its character, and cannot fail to be welcomed with cordial good will in every section of our country. Price id j cents single?$13 per hundred. Agents should forward their orders immediately. Office 30 Ann st, New York. 3t 0(7- HUMBUG.?Can the human hair be restored/? There has been so much deception practised on the public, that that good natured animal?the public?will not believe, even when the truth is offered. Now look at this ?here is a diploma awarded by the most scientific body of men in the world, the Royal Scientific Institution of England. You cannot doubt longer. "We have minutely examined and tested Jones'Oil of Coral Circassia, and find that it consists of compounds decidedly favorable for nourishing, softening, causing growth, curing dtudrufl. and giving a dark appearance to the hair, being ths qualities most recommended by Mr. juuea, wnic tt mil aocieiy uau period*} irue, buu iu vmuc thereof award Mr. Jonea the above testimonial." (Signed) J. 9 BAKER, F.RS., Port man street, Portmaa square, London Thi? is sol t at a very reasonable price, only, we believe, ?, S or ahilliagi a bottle, by Jones, sirn of the American Eagle, H-j cnauiam street, N.Y; or 9 State street, Boston) 87 Dock street, Philadelphia; 139 Fulton street, Brooklyn. WRIGHT'S INDIAN VEGETABLE PILLS are a purgative medicine so justly balanced, and withal so natural to the human constitution, that they cannot possibly injure even the most delicate; at the same time, if used in suck a manner as to produce free evacuations by the bowels, it is absolutely impossible for pain or distress of any kind to continue long in the body. In all disordered motions of the blood, called intermittent, remittent, nervous, inflammatory, and putrid fevers, Wright's Indian Vegetable Pills will be found a certain remedy, because they cleanse the stomach and bowels of all bilious matter, and purlfV the blood; consequently they remove the cause of every kind of disease?they are absolutely certain to cure every kind of fever. Ottices devoted exclusively to the sale of the medicine wholesale and retail, 988 Greenwich street, New York; No. 198 Tremont street, Boston, and 109 Race street, Phils delphiaQ& LIVER COMPLAINT The following article is from the pen of that distinguished physician Professor Anderson, oi Jeff. College. Having used Dr. Taylor's Balsam of Liverwort in my practice, and also among my hospital patients for nearly lour years in very many cases of diseased liver, I can assure the public by my experience, that there is no known remedy lor this disease deserving so much confidence- It does awsy with the use ot mercury, and speedily restores s healthy action to diseaaed liver. All ahould use it. BLEEDING FROM THE LUNGS AND NIGHT 8WF.AT8?" The very first night after taking K my weata ceased, and I raise I no more after the third day, and have been on the recovery every day since. Feeling a desire to help others, I publish this statement, earnestly hoping it may be the indirect means of curing many, for it is indeed horrible to witness such diseases." D M. HOYT, rear of 91 Green it. CONSUMPTION CURED?" I gradually becaaae weak and feeble, and the symptoms grew more aggravating, wheul sent to 375 Bowery, for a bottle of Dr. Taylor's Balsam of Liverwort; this medicine restorsd me to health." EMMA BOYD, 93 High st. Be sure and get the ONLY TRUE, at the oldofhae, 376 Bowery, between 4th and Mh its. 00- "CHILDREN CRY FOR SHERMAN'S LOZENrivan i. That thev curecouelis Collin, headache*, aea-tickneM, and even consumption, sooner than anything el?e, i* perfectly true. J. W. Oliver, the cheap printer, corner of Ann and Nassau, sav* he was aatoniibed at the ease and quickness they cured a had cough that had troubled him for many day*. Dr. Sherman'* office i* at 100 Naiaau street. Agents, 4, Stanwix Hail, Albany ; 0, State itreet, Button ; and 3, Lodger Building*, Philadelphia. Oh, Horrible I 09- WE NOTICED A FF.W DAYS SINCE, A voting lady promenading Broadway with a very large full grown moustache on her lip?a regular, genuine moustache, and the had allowed the hair to cover her forehead ?o much that acarcely a vestige of it could be seen. By her aide walked a lovely being, whose broad forehead bespoke a noble mind, anil whose lip was aa smooth and white at alabaster, which afforded a very great contrast. We observed their movements for a abort time, and noticed that they went in at <17 Walker stieet, oue door fiom Broadway, and procured a liottle of Dr. Gouraud's Potidres Subtile*, and we will venture to assert that when again they appear in the street, no beard will be seen on that Up, or no unnecessary hair on that forehead. Bear in mind, ladies, that at Dr. Gouraud's, 91 per bottle, can the article heobtainad. 09- CHATHAM THEATBET-This evening the attractive entertainment* ottered tor the benefit ol Mrs. Thome, will undoubtedly till the house to ovetflowing. A new drnma, entitled the (iennaquoic Chief, or the Bonnie Band, founded upon Sir Walter Scott's novel ol Waverly, will be produced for the first time. Aftar which the romantir spectacle of Peter Wilkins will be revived. Th# performances concluding with the Wandering Boys. The entire strength of the excellent company ol the Chatham appear in the pieces which are seleeteil with groat taste andjudgmant. ??00 Howard fc?- WILL BE PAID AND NO QUESTIONS ASKED for the return of black morrocoa pocket book end contents which was loet or mislaid by the owner on the 14th O'-tober, in thii city. It contained a considerable sum of money in note* ot Philadelphia bank* and lome valuable pipers, and a* the amount will, if lost, be severely felt by the owner, it is hoped and believed that the possessor of this pocke' book wilWie content with the generous reward above offered. The owner* uame wul be easily kuowu by the papers, drawn in hit favor, which are contained in the pocket book. Apply at the oltice in Howard's Hotel, Broadway, New Yoik, or addree* the owner, at Lancaster, Pennsvlvania. Q&- MR.DAVID MORRISON'S (76 Roosevelt street) child, aboy of five years old, this morning fell iu a tub ol foiling hot water and scalded his arm dreadfully. Mr. Morrison immediately went to 71 Maiden lane and purchased a boa ot Dalley '* Pain Extractor and applied it, and in ten minutes the child waa playing around the floor. To the above I subscribe my name, and say that it it strictly true, and 1 will, for the sake ol huniuuly, give personal assurance of the fact, to anyone who will call on me. (Signed) DAVID MORRISON, New York, Oct. 16, 19*1. 76 Roosevelt St. ItlOKEY MARKET. Sunday, Oct. 16?4 P. 51. We mentioned on a recent occasion that the city of St. Louis, had outstanding a large amount, say $'160,000 of city shinplasters, which they forced upon their creditors to circulate as mouev. This fraudulent nsner has itmrs. ciated in thr hands of the public 30 per cent, yet the city authorities have refuted to part with any ol ita property in order to redeem theae promitea. An ordinance haa, however, been enacte I which provides for the funding of the scrip in sums of $100, in bonds bearing 10 per cent. inter est, to be issued in three classes ol $00,000 each, payable in three, four and five years?the interest payable semi annually in St. Louis and New York, in specie. This ia all very w ell. The next queation is, has the city the. means of paying 10 per cent, interest 7 The tame law which authorizes this funding scheme restricts the annual expenses of the city to $36,000. The income of the city is less than $30,000. Where the funds are to oome from to pay the interest and principal ia not so readily explained, but ia very necessary to the credit of the bonds. In relation to the affairs of Illinois, Governor Carlin, in a lata Executive Circular, aays " The reduction of some salaries, the curtailment of expenses, together with the large amount of additional lands which have become taxable this year, will justify a large reduction of taxes, and have ample means to carry on the government on a system of strict economy ; and until we get through the present crisis it will hardly be in our power to collect reve, nue to pay any portion of our public debt." The following is a statement of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company, as compared with the returns of I 1940:? Thi Baltimork Ann Ohio Rail Road toxrisr, Otto! Bit 1. 1842. 1042. 1140. Dr.?Slock in thr Washington Bi.mrli I Road, $1,032,600 $1,032,600 Cost of road to Harpei's Kerr> , 3,463,048 3.463.041 Real Estate, 266,156 266.150 Locomotives, lie., 268,791 489,329 Coal of road west of KerrV, 3,"33,3m 1,094,039 Baring, Brothers It Co., London, 2,878,017 3,181,003 Interest ou State Bonds, 1,083 ? Baltimore six per cent Block, 72,392 176,321 Bill* receivable, 1,234 3,234 Expeuses ol Stock Certificates of the State, to be refunded by Commissioner of Loans, 1,711 1,711 Baltimore six |>er cent Slock pledged to banks and individuals, 104,983 700,000 William Woodville, 1.000 ? Western Bank, W ? Cash in the hands of officers, 8,368 1,379 Casn on hand, 38,570 109,336 911,375,924 $10,311,983 Cr.?L"au at aix per cent for the purpose of taking Stock hi llie WashingIon Branch Road, $1,000,000 $1,000,0011 Stock, 4,000,000 4,000,000 Dt-Iiimut lit Stockholders, 257 137 due to Washington Branch Rosd. 159,591 96,790 Loans from Banks in City Stock on account of the City of Baltimore, 57,638 374.%! Bills payable, 80,713 ? Thomas Whit ridge, 4,397 ? Premiums on Sterling Bills, 2,588 3,588 City of Baltimore, 3,700,768 1,074,894 State of Mary laud five |>er cent Sterling Bonds, 3,200,000 3,300,000 Interest on City Stock, 17,334 ? Stock Orders, ? 515.000 Revenue, 430,881 583,469 Less expenses, repairs, and interest, 377,014 336,583 $11,375,924 $10,511,985 On Friday last, Juatices Buttrick and Warren, held a court of preliminary exomination, in the Town Hall, Charleston n, In the case ot the Commonwealth of Massachusetts vs. William Wyman, ex-president, and Thomas Browne, Jr., ex-cashier, of the Fhceuix Bank, snd William H. Skinner, of the tirm of Stanley, Reed It Co. James Hunnewell, the vice president o( the Bank, charging Wy. man and Brown with having embezzled and feloniously stolen the sum of $300,000 from the bank. Secondly, he charges Skinner with having received the $800,000 from W. liB., knowing the same to have been embezzled and stolen. Thirdly, he charges all three with a conspiracy to defraud and cheat the stockholders of the bank, as aforesaid. And to these several complaints, the defendsnts pleaded " not guilty." This is the proper method ot dealing with paper money rogues. In the course of the examination the fact was developeJ, that these parties were concerned with Blanc hard and Odiorne, the two Boston Bank tellsrs, wko were prosecuted last year, for frauds connected with .a broker's house in Wall street. It appeared that from these people Wymau obtained the funds to pay a dividend of the Fh? nix Bauk, in order to keep up appearances, in the same manner that the late National Bank deceptively paid two dividends on the stock of the State of Mississippi, in London, representing that the Bute had paid in order " to sustain confidence," and cheat innocent people into buying a wgrvuiCHiiocK< The detail* of the late tariff continue to occupy the attention of the mercantile cla**ei, and generally peaking the conclusion come to respecting ita practical, working, is not at all favorable. We cannot see any very cogent reason, however, lor taking a desponding view of the subject. It has been laid down as an axiom in finance that nothing can prevent the smuggler stepping in as the corrector of extravagantly high duties, even under the most despotic governments, and that Congress have committed an egregious error in this respect with many articles of the tariff, doe* not admit of a question. The result is, how ever, palpable and obvious at once to all persons conversant with the trade of the United States with Oreat Britain. The moment it is found that it will be more profits ble to take the risk of entering by the Canadian frontier ^^B than by the Custom House of New. York, goods will be ^^B shipped for Quebec, New Brunswick, kc. nearly as openly for the merchants in the eastern towns of the States, as if the trade were direct. It is utterly impossible to guard a ^^B frontier extending 1200 or latO miles with a population on loth sides of the line interested in affording ovary facility to the contraband trade. Every person acquainted with ^^m the practical effect of tbe'former high tariff on the Cana- ^^m dian line, is aware that the bulk of the article was no aeentity whatever against smuggling, and there Is no reason to believe that the populace have become more virtuous and patriotic than they were ten or twelve years ago. The best judges are, therefore, decidedly of opinion that supposing the southern and w estern States were to submit to the present tariff remaining permanasit, a case by the way altogether improbable, the object for which it is impoeed would roost certainly be defeated. It will neithrr answer the purpose as a question of revenue, nor as a protection fo manufacture* in competition with the old settled countrie* of Europe. The payment of the import duties in bard cash, when the good* are entered at the Custom House, it is concluded very rationally will have COnnaeraDie mnutmuo in |urrcniinj cunsiguiMiiM uu peculation. The immediate effect in Eugland, ii temporary check ujion export* to thi* coon try, until the buaineaa haa found it* new channel*. The whole quantity of manufactured good* aent from ^^B this port to the United States, by all the (hipping houaea together, in a given period this year, iloo* not equal the quantity aent by a aiugle first rate shipping houac in a similar period, but one ol prosperity In thia state ol thinga, what are called transient ahipa gel no freight, w hile > \ en the packet >lu| ? get little or none. The largo ami splendid packet ship Roaciua, which sailed on Thurs- ^^B day or New York, had considerably under ?100 of freight ; khu umalleat sum, indeed, with one exception, ^^B since the liners were established in (the year 1019. It ?p]>eam that a crack packet ship, in the busy season of the year, gets a <300 freight. In order to understand tho'great falling off in this business, we will give the following iteaas ol three packet ships in 1MB, which were lost in a gale Frtight. Cargo Valuta/ Valur. Ship. Hi. Andrew, 913.300 91.300,000 960,000 Pennsylvania, 11.30* 1,100,000 ?3.000 Olfoid. 1.130 310,000 *0.000 ^B Total three shi|.?, 920,130 91,020,000 9O1.000 ^B Aveisga, SI,"30 91.000,066 914,331 ^B Agoinot an average freight of near 910,000 In INTO, on* ol the tinust ships of our merchant marine, now cornea hcre,with fftOO or fire per cent of the former freight* Kor whole intercut is this destruction of one of the most vitsl interests of the country wrought out I for the fsncied interests of s small class ol manufacturers, who destroy our marine and tax our producers, in order to swell their own individual gains, and enable their families ^^B to revel in the luxuries of Pari* and Italy The trade with the Wert India Islands and the Bra7ils, hn* been held up a* an argument in favor ol a protective tariff. The general state of that trade in 1840. was as fol low

Other newspapers of the same day