Newspaper of The New York Herald, November 18, 1842, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated November 18, 1842 Page 1
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TH Tot. VIII. Ho. 30'J ? WboU Ho. 3170. THE NEW YORK HERALD?dailynewspaper?publish ad every (lay of the year except New Year's day and Fourth of July. Price 2 cents per copy?or $7 a# per annum?postage* paid?cash in advance. THE WEEKLY HERALD-published every Saturday morning?price cents per copy, or $3 13 per annumpostages paid?cash in advance. ADVERTISERS are informed that the circulation of the Herald is over THIRTY THOUSAND, and increasing fait. Jl hat the largest circulation of any paper in thit city, r the world, and it therefore, the heet channel for bueinen men in the city or country. Prices moderate?cash in advance. NEW YORK LANCET, published weekly, price 19} cents per single copy?9 cents by #the quantity. The price of this valuable periodical has hitherto been too cheap, in comparison to its utility, intelligence, and workmanship. It has, therefore,.been advance I to per annum for one year? $1 lor a half year?or 1 'JJ cents per single copy?cash in advance, and postages paid. REVOLUTIONARY RELICS, or Letters addressed by distinguished men to George Clinton, formerly Governor of New York, during the revelation, and first pub. lished by permission of his grandson, Col. Beekman. A beautiful octavo edition in numbers?price 12J cents each. THE ATHENEUM, a Nnw Monthly Journal or Amrbican and Foreign Literature, Science, and the Fine Arts?Each number adorned with a beautiful en graving?price only lty cents each. PRINTING of all kinds, executed at the most moderate prices, and in the most elegant style. JAMES GORDON BENNETT, Proprietor or the Herald Establishment, Northwest cernei of Fulton and Nassau streets. To Advertiser*. ror uie iniermauon 01 duiuicu mm iau 01 ue puouc generally, and aa a guide in the aelection of the beat channel for alvertiaing, we place before our readera the following facts}:? New Yuaa Herald' *) Sum Office, N. Y., \ Orrice, Nov. 1, 1942. S Aug. 29, 1842. ) Messrs. Piihi Sl Brook* : Mr. H-V. Butler :? Gentlemen :? Sir .? Please to deliver at the Pleaae deliver at the Sun Herald Office, Near York Ottice, N. Y., /ire hundred 750 ream* per week of the raame of paper per week, for small sized paper 23 X32? six months from the 15tii of for the Daily Herald. October, 1942, to be of this Also 60 reams per week of quality, size and weight, the the large sized 32 X46 for the same to be paid for in cash Weekly Herald,foronn year every two weeks, from this date, to be of quali- M. Y. BEACH, ty equal to this specimen? I accept the above order, Payment* to be made each and agree to furniah the paweek in cash, in full for that per accordingly, week. H. Y. BUTLER. JAMES G. BENNETT. Aug. 31,1942We accept the above or- Witness, M. S. Beach der and will deliver it as directed. PER99E It BROOKS, No. 61 Liberty street Si"VS3.,. iw?? Bv these documents it will be nerceived that the circu lation of the New York Hkkald, u nearly double that oj the New York Sun, and that it is, consequently, to much the more an eligible channel for all kinds of advertising and business notices. Not a further word.]* necessary to satisfy>he public. JAMES O. BENNETT Father Miller's Great Camp Meeting Is now published in a splendid EXTRA HERALD, in the quarto form, being a full account of each day's proceedings, for ten days, of the Second Advent believers, in Newark, including their sermons, songs, prayers, be., tog"ther with the sayings of the Rev. Mr. Brownlee against them'; illustrated with three beautiful engravings, a portrait of the Prophet, and several scenes on the camp ground. Price 61 cents per copy?or 4 cents by wholesale. Newsboys look out. This brochure exhibits human nature in a new, racy and original shape, far superior to all the flimsy fictions of Box. It is fact, more wonderful than fancy. Af U8TARD FACTORY.?J COOSWKLL has removed from 114 Allen to 127 Roosevelt street, second story of store occupied by Mr. W. Prentiss, coffee and spice dealer, where he is prepared to fniniah the article at short notice and liberal credit, pat np in any style. Hotels and tsutilies supplied with an elegant article. Also, country mustard. nW In* r \ffAGAZINES b PERIODICALS FOR NOVEMBER, i'l Aitist, Godey's LadiesBook, Graham's Magaxinr, Ladies World #f Fashion .Young Peoples' Book. Boston and Bemley's Miscellany, be ; Farm House of the XIX century, with more than WOO eon ravings ; Biblical Journal and Christian Family Msgaaine, edited by he Rev. H. Rood arid D. NeweU ; Temperance and other Almanaea : the Rainbow and Radieat, anew humorous and witty journal, well calculated to please the lively and gay. All of which will be told at wholesale and retail, and those who buy to tell again at a lower rate than can be obtained elsewhere. N. B.?Fifty agents wanted to circulate magazines, periodi cals, Ac. A. J. SEXTON, Ne. 11 Beekman, n5 lmr comer Nasaan. WELLING TON A. CAR TER, Wine and Commission Merchant, No. J New street, oje door from Wall street, has on hand, slid is daily receiring, choice srncles, and offers theni at moderate pricos, for cash or city acceptances. He | offers for sale 1(0 hhds and smaller packages of Lotneline Madeira Wine 10 casks Malmsey Vintage, of 1013, 20 casks Port, pure (nice, the best in the market, 47 casks Brown, Gold and other superior Sherries, 21 casks Hencssey, beignelle and Otard Biandy from London 0 >eks, 10 pipes Holland Gin, part Swan brand. It* fined Loaf, Lamp, and Crashed Sugars, from the best Refineries, for which W. A. Carter is agent. 150 baskets Champagne, Anchor, and other choice brands. W. A. Carter is also general agent for the aieienl house of Loinrhne, of Madeira, and takes orders for their celebrated Wines, nl'ererv age or quality required. MARBLE TILES, STEEL. PEPPER, CLOVES, fee. 3000 Italian Marble Titme, fthiie and blue. 20 bags Sumatra Hnm 15 bags real Bunco, in floees. 50 kegs imported wtut>- Lead in Oil. 25 hoses Milan Ike. 1 in small bars. Also an assortment of T.ipas, Aqua Marine, and other preciou Somes for iewel'e?s nil lm*? GROUND SLICES AND COFFEE A T THE HOPE MILLS, 14 Marketfield street,. between it Bronrt anil Whitehall. I ite Ml Elisabeth street, hew York. Office 120 If rout at Constantly oa hand, at the lowest market prices ami in rhe usual r.nerr nfeaebaees. sV7 OM) FAMILIES GUI NO SOU I'M, te the West ur 1 Europe.?A ruspecuble female, 24 years ol age, wishes to obtain a permam nt siluation as seamstress, in a genteel family. 8 le would prrler going to Europe, yet would accept ol .good offer to go South or to the West Indies. The best ol references green. Address A. A. A. bos 765, upper Post office, N. York. slOr SALT.?2600 sacks, Ashiou's factory filled, landing from ship Siddous, anu lor sale bnli E. K. COLLINS fc CO . 56 Smith st. UqUESTKIAN ACADEMY.?The subscriber would respeclfully inform me Ladles and Gentlemen of New York and Brooklyn, that he hasoiiened an Academy, (in that large and comm.mioas building formerly known as tne Equestrian Exchange or Cook*! Ciicea, 441 Bowery, on Vausball Garden) for the instruction ,,f ladies aud gentlemen in tnat heallhlul sua necessary "ccoiupliskmenl. the act of horsemanship in all its branches. The Acaoeiny is furnished with dressing and sitting ??ii>iiinnc( ior me rumiort oi pupils, ana the sti'iflw* res-sad to rr*|>ecrabilitv will he adhered to. as- d nas arrangements with Mr. W. J. Darn, on# of Bir oi.iest professors from Kurope. to take charge of tlx- tame, and tlasters nrmself that tlie enterprise will meet with the approbiUou and eucoourageinent of a liberal public. Terma aud particulars may be aaceruuned on application aa above. The omnibusand cart paaa even live minutes during the day. oti Sta re ^ W D DIBBROW. Proprietor. MR H. MKObRSwould respectfully eall-the atteutinu of tne trade generally, to hia Axilla ayatem ol tutting gar menu, it being one that can aaeertaua poiuta with that degree ol accuracy winch he belwrea liea never before beeu arrived at The above ayatem can be had of my agent, Mr. J. Dubois Ml Broadway. where at all times, the system with iastrnet'ioiia witl be riven I soli' it a rwtlal examination by the eo in pout a?d impartial of the Uade. _oltlm,tn H. BEOER. ?*CRANCIS'S rATF.NT L1KF. BOAT" has been tested r the past four ye.-rx in acrvan acnvicc, and by experiment ax follows Manned aud thrown from the dock o: a steamboat while undat way s dropped endwise from the t'ern ol a 7t , loaded to the gnuwal-with iron and slonca, with the bottom store in ; turned by lotce upside down and resisting the tffort* of 15 men to keep her so ; u.oet bv her passengers and receiving ihetn again tuiil snd treeing herselt from water : bottom stove in bv landing on a rocky ab?re and then rowed out to see; landing in a surl, when all o het boats eamped ; taking crew and passengers from a wi> cU in a storm at tea, with the bow stove in aud plugs out ; b ardiug a wreck witti the bott an b like n open ; Irai mg a miking wrerk fnll of pastrogeit, wth the ra breaking Iroin end to end ; making way across a coral ret I to a wnck and bringing off ?> imsaengrra, leaving the ordinary ber s swsmped ; thrown from ihe deck of a ship endwise and saving tl persona ; sides and bows broken through aud bottom stove in aud rowed in desp water, lie. and finall> blown up by asebm rinr rsiduaiun, and then agon na >n < d and n.wsd as ?e"r JOhKPH FRANLlS. oifi. * No. 7 Wall it, at AiUiiu At Co.'? fci|ir?u (Iffire. nt linr DOC TO It ELLIOTT, OCULIST, AND OPTHALMIC SURGEON, Conrtoes hi. Practice to DISEASES OF THE EYE. Office 261 Br udway . corner of VVmin itrrri. n2 Imf IMPORTANT DIS'OVERY in Camphine and Chemical 1 Oil Lamps, warranted to ham at one hall the expense ol either oil. r ??a.?The difficulty which h?? heretofore existed in tniniii ut Cainphine L.?uiioi? now entirely obviated, by means of a Moveable C?p aud other import ml improvements winch, t>|niu ins|*' inm, will satisfy the public th-itthty can now obtain a Lame >U|ienor to any now in use? will horn without smoke ot inrll?produce an ruual and steady tight in all directions, and e regulated by a single screw iniivrm.ul. Also, so Improved Tailos's Lamp. Camphine. Chemical Oil, and Spirits, nana fictun d u|mn an improved system, wholcaale and retail, de livered to say put of the city, (rum the Old Established Stand of OEOROE MICHELL, ol lu*m I Catherine street E NE NEi The New Work on the Rolna of Central America. Within the space of a year Irom the appearance ol Mr. Stephens's admirable work on the nuns of Central America, we have here another moot admirable work by another traveller in thooe regions. mr tvortnan; which will be published in a lew days by ihe Brothers Langley, 57 Chatham street. Tills work is entitled "Rambles in Yucatan, or Notes of Travel through the Peninsula." It includes within its pages besides, a most excellent description of the Province ol Yucatan'at the present day, the manners, customs, government, politics, finances, and commerce of the country, an invaluable account of the celebrated ruins of Yucatan, embracing particularly those of Chi-Chen, Zayi, Kabah and Uxmal. To say that it is excellently printed and well got up, would be faint praise for its deserts. Its typographical execution is without exception the very best that has ever a|?peared in this country, notwithstanding the fame oi the Boston edition of " Ferdinand and Isabella." In shoit, in its paper and typography it is equal to the best English books, and may take rank with Pickering's Aldine editions. It contains, we believe, nearly fifty engravings 'of the various ruins, scenes, idols, dec. dec., that Mr. Norman met with in South America ; some of which we here give as a speci men 01 uie extraordinary magnitude, ana Deauty, and general nature of the ruins. These views are well executed in the lithographic style of Mr. Endicott, from Mr. Norman's original drawings. Of the literary contents, our space, at present, permits us to say but little ; however, we give such an abundance of extracts from the work, itself, t. ,'t the reader can easily form his own opinion. There is an a|>pendix, containing aa historical account of the early inhabitants of this continent, traditions, &c., and various historical matters, more or less connected with the ruins, that is alone worth the price of the work ; and from which we learn that nearly the whole surface of Yucatan is covered with most extensive ruins. The work is written in a plain, unpretending, but distinct style, that leaves the reader in little doubt as to the author's meaning. We consider it a highly valuable addition to our national literature, and feel certain that it will occupy a prominent place in every library in the country. Before Riving the extracts, it is only necessary to say that Mr. Norman landed at Sisal, travelled thence to Merida, Isamal, Valladolid, thence to the ruins of-Chi-Chen, from there to the ruins of Zabah and Zayi, then to those of Uxmal, and back to Merida. From Merida be went to Campeachy, whence he embarked for home. We now let this enterprising traveller speak for himself. Supper heing over, dancing was resumed. Those ladies and gentlemen who were not upon the floor, were smoking. The ladies here arc general smokers ; and do it, too, with a grace which, to a smoker, is a study. At first, it appeared rather strange to receive, from the delicate fingersof a female, a lighted cigar, yet fresh with the flavor which her own Hps had imparted to it; but, with such tuition, we were quickly qualified to assume the customs of the country, and we now flatter ourselves that we can go through all that delicate etiquette with as much ease as though we were " to the manner born." The ladies were dressed in the Spanish style, and appeared quite -k.-minir . is? viiai.m.ig , tuoj vhi<w; it^unc uiiiiauvu. A II CI I cum* plcxion i? rather brunette, their hair dark, eye* black ; and, generally, they are o( a low Mature. A SCICSE AT MCBIDX. Chriatma* eve we passed upon the Alameda, the public promenade or the city. The occa*i<in brought together the great maa* of the population. The ladle* were prettily dressed, with veil* tastefully thrown over their head* ; and a beautiful moonlight evening was rendered still more charming by their smiles. The great majority were Indians. Their white, loose, cotton dress bordered with colored needle-work, with the janty veil, carelessly worn, gives them an airy appearance, and embellishes feature* that are naturally' pleasant and mild. There probably wore six thousand Indians in this collection, mingling with the multitude, without any apparent distinction oi rank or race, quietly indulging themselves in their, walks. No loud talking or noisy merriment could be' heard. Every thing appeared to be conducted in a spirit of harmony and kind feeling. The temperanee pledge was alike unnecessary and unknown. MOSALI Or THI VUCATKCOS. Notwithstanding the acknowledged debasing etfects of thfir sports and pastimes, which wholly censiM of bullbaiting cock-fighting, ant gambling, they are not disgraced by any riotousness or drunkenness. It is a singular fact, that although the degrading habit of gambling is general among all classes of society, male and female, drunkenness and its concomitant vices are unknown. The priests give countenance to these recreations, If they may be so called, both by their presence and participation It is but due to the Yucatecos to say, that during my residence in their province, I neverobserved any cheating or quarrelling at the gaming table, nor have I observed others tempted by improper means to participate in the nazara 01 uie tuning umc, niter me manner 01 people ai tie North. Gambling aeemi to be a passion peculiar to the Mexican's character, which he indulges from motives quite independent of mercenary considerations. They usually gamble with cards; but of the skill or even the names of their games, I must plead an utter ignorance. A BALL IS Tt'CATAS. During my stay in the city et Metids, a ball was,'riven at the Governor's house, apropos of soma political event, which I did not esteem ol moment enough to remember ? As usual upon such occasions, there were grand preparations. The man-milliners were busily engaged upon female finery?and their shop-boards were decorated wi h the most unlimited gaiety. Every door-way along the prin. cipel streets, throughout the day,was filled with ladies seated upon stools, (their favorite posture.) 'working lancy articles,In anticipation of the approaching festival. But thair dresses gaping behind, and hanging loosely upon their shoulders, ana their slip-shod f et, made them appear exceeding slovenly at home, and awakened in me a strong desire to see them in fall toilet at the ball in the evening. On entering the hall, I passed through a dense line ot ladies arranged along the corridors, principally mammas, and wall-flowering spinsters, garlanding the corridors. The dancing had already commenced At first sight, the display was dazzing ; but after the lapse of a few minutes, the fascination dissipated. The absence of all conversation, even of small talk, which upon such occasious is a rslief, rendered even the ball-room, like all their other domestic institutions here, exceedingly monotonous and dull. During the dance, not a lip is seen to move?like Marry at1* wench, they refuse to talk, because they came here to dance! At the conclusion of a cotillion, the ladies took seats separate from the gentlemen They dressed here in very good taste; though a partiality for brilliant colors was rather too conspicuously displayed for a northern eve. There was no extravagant display of jewelry or rich brocades, in which particular I may be pardoned for | commending their example to my own fair countrywomen. There were many pretty faces, that only required I expression to render them charming. The skill of the man-milliner, however, deserves full credit. I will add, | for the benefit of my bachelor friends, that there were in attendance about twelve ladiea to one gentleman. This disproportionate abundance of femalea in common in warm climate*, and constitute*, I believe, ona of Bishop Warburton'i arguments in defence ot polygamy in Asia. The ladies in the conidora were silently enjoying their cigars during the whole evening, and only relieving the monotony ot their occupation by carrying on a telegraphic correspondence with aome or their neighbors by the aid oi their fans. THF. WOMB* or TtiCATae. The social condition of tbe female sex In Yucatan, so far as my observation extends, compares very favorably with that of females of the same rank in the other provinces of Mexico. The Yucatecos ladies generally attend to their household allairs, and to the education ot their children , but though theit habits are rather domestic, the standard ot virtue is not to be estimated as high as in the United States. Their perional attractions are quite inconsiderable. In the absence of animation and intelligence, nothing is left to fascinate or to be loved. The brunette complexion, regular features, black hair, and eyes of the same color, predominate. I hey ilre-s in the Spanun lashion?briirht cobra arp rfmmllv iir*ft?rrarl ? with a light veil thrown over then heads, and a profusion of jewellery ami other ornameuls carefully arranged about their persons. They seldom walk out, except to church, a here thay appear aaore to advantage than at any other place. At their boueee, their carelessness of dreaa amounta to slovennt-aa. They may be aenn at almoat any hour of the day, swimming la their hammocks, with cigara in their moutha, or making their toilet in the doorway ol their dwelling*. It u a general custom here lor the ladie* to ileepm thi* impended apparatus 't hose who ant accuitomod to the luxury ot a bedstead, are not easily recon. Ciled to th:* arrangement ; and I have in vain tried to discover a sufficient reason lor the prevalence of these articles, to the exclusion of the bedstead. I Thegsrabling nropentitine of the ladie* are as strong as thoaaol the geutlemen ; w hich, however, they do not Indulge in to so groat an extent. They mingle at the pub. lie tables, hot good order and decorum al way* prevail. A stranger is particularly struck with the apathy of the wile in her household affairs. Aha is seldom seen in conversation with her husband. Being poorly educated, she : has no literary rosources whatever, she is rarely seen with a book in her hend. The common topics of het household lorm the only points of intellectual cuiitaet bat?Mt heraaif and her husband. Sleep la bar chief re. aouree ; and, In tha swing of tha hammock, many of bar beat hours are lost in forgetfulness. Music, I found to my I great surprise, w as but little cultivated. W YO W YORK, FRIDAY MOR ground"plan of"TH] ~ b i < 0 ?3 I EJ" 0 ID notrs to (ihoi'td a. The Temple. A Mi ceMsiirous ruins. r. Pyramid. d. Dome. r. Moose of the Cackior* Ground Plan op thi Ruins op Chi-Chkn. It was on the morning of the 10th of February that I directed my steps, lor the first time, towards the luins of the uvianl ?r ? ? n., *K.. ..I,m., neighborhood, I was compelled to cut my way through an almoet impermeable thicket of under-brush, interlaced and bound together with atrong tendril* and vines; in which labor I waa aaaiated by my diligent aid and companion, Jose. I waa finally enabled to effect a passage; and in 'ho courae ot a few houra, found myaelf in the preaence of the ruina which I sought. Kor fire days did 1 war der tin and down among these crumbling monuments of a city.w nich, I hazard little in saying, must have been one of the largest the world has ever seen. 1 beheld before me, for a circuit of many miles in diameter, the walls of palaces and temples and pyramids, more or less dilapidated. The earth was strewed, as far as the eye could distinguish, with columns, some broken, and some n>ar y pe tect, which seemed to hare been planted 'here by the genius of deso lation which presided over this awful solitude. Amid these solemn memorials of departed fenerations, who have died and lelt no marks but these, there were no indications of animated existence save from the bats, the lizards, and the reptiles, which now and then emerged from the crevices of the tottering walls and crumbling ston>* that were strewed upon the ground at their base. \'o marks of human footsteps, no signs of previous visiters, Chi-Clien signifies, Mouth of a Well. "I'?.a."siid to be the Maya name tor one of the old possessors of these mills it sometimes added bv the natites. RUINS OF THFs TEA Itl'l** or THE TF.MFLK AT C|II-CMEX. My first study wu made at the ruins of the Tehtle^ These remains consist, as will be >0011 by reference to the engraving, of fourdiatinct walla. I entered at an opening in the western angle, which 1 conveived to be the main entrance; and presumed, Irom the broken walla, ceilings, and nillari still standing, that the opposite end had been the location of the shrine or alter. Tnc distance between these two extremes is four hundred and fttty feet The walla stand upon an elevated foundation of a< out sixteen feet. Of the entrance, or western end. about one-half remains; the interior showing broken rooms, and ceilings not entirely defaced. The exterior is composed of large stones, beautifully hewn, and laid in fillet and moulding work. The opposite, or altar >nd, consists of aimilar walls, but has two sculptured pillars, much defaced by the lalliDg ruins?six leet only remaining in view above them. These pillars measure about two feet in diameter. The walls are surrounded with masses of sculptured and hewn stone, broken columns and ornaments, which had fallen irotn the walls themselves, and which are covered with a rank nd luxuriant vegetation, and even with trees, through which I was obliged to cut my way with

my Indian knife. In the rear of the pillars are the remains of a room, the back ceilings only existing; sufficient, however, to show that they were oi rare woikmanship. The southern, or ri^ht-hond wall, as you enter, is in the best state of preservaiion, the highest part of which, yet standing, is about fifty feet; where, also, the remains of rooms are still to be seen The o*her parts, on either side, are about twenty-si* feet high, two hundred and fifty long and sixteen <hick, and about one hundred and thirty apart. The interior, or inner surface of these walls, is quite perfect, finely finished with smooth stone, cut uniformly in squares of about two'ect. About the cen'reof these walls on both sides, near thu top, are placed stone rings, carved from an immense block, and inserted in the wall by a long shaft, and projecting from it almut four feet. They measure about four fee- in diameter, and two in thickness?the sides b< autifully carved. The extreme ends of the side walls are about equidistant from those of the shrine and entrance. The space intervening is filled up with st nes and rubbish of walls, showing a connexion in the form of a curve, in the space formed by these walls are piles ol atones evidently being a l>an gi mem ; out mere were not enough ol them, however, to carry out the suppositiou thai this vait temple t The n m? i by which I h*re d* sirn'ted there mini. are toch mi were sutfim't-d to bv their recoliar ? NMt/Wf on, end the j>urjK>?ei for which 1 Mp OM tM mi to have b? en d sign* d. HOUSE OF THE CAC1 Horir or thi caciques at chi-chcis, Situated about three rods south-west ol the ruins oftho Dome, are thoac of the Home of the Caciques. 1 cut my way thiough the thick growth of small wood to thil sublime pile, and by the aid o( my compass was enabled to reach the east front of the building. Hero I felled the trees that hid it, and the whole front was opened to my view, presenting the most strange and incomprehensible pile of architecture that my eyes ever beheld? elaliorate, elegant, stupendous, yet belonging to no order now known to us. The fiontoi tins wonderful edifice measures thirty two feet, and its height twenty, extending to the main liuilding fifty feet. Over the door way, which favorsthe Egyptian style ol architecture, is a heavy lintel of stone, containing two double rows of hiurogly phie.s, with a sculptured ornamant intervening. Above these are the remains of hooks carved in stone, with raised lines of drapery running through them; which, apparently have been broken off by the falling of the heavy finishing from the top of the building; over which, surrounded hya variety of chaste an I beautifully executed bonleis, encircled within a wreath, ia a female figure in a sitting imsture, in basso relievo, having a head-mess of feathers, cords, and tassels, and the neck ornamented. The angles of this liniMins are tastefully curved. The ornaments continue around the sides, which are divided into two compartments,dilf?rent in their nrrang. ment, though not in style. Attached to the angles are large projecting hooks, skilfully wotked, und perfect rose ties and stars, with spears reversed, are put together with the utmost precision. The ornaments are composed of small square blocks of stone, cut to the depth ot about one to one an I a half inches, apparently with the most delicalo instruments, and inserted by a shaft in the wall. The wall is made of large and uniformly square blocks of limestone, set in a mortar which appears to he as durable as the stone itself. In the ornamental bordt rs of this building I could discover hut little analogy to those known to me. The most striking were those of tha cornice and entablature, cAccra* and the cable maulding, which are characteristic of 'he Norman architecture. The sides have three door ways, each opening into small apartments, which are finished with smooth square blocks of stone; the floors of the ssme material, but have been covered with cement, which is now broken. The RK I NING, NOVEMBER 18. II E RUINS ()F CH fcHEN. 25 ^ 1 Jm ta a ' o h B ?ccn -t: t plav or cHi-nnt. /. H u?-. e Hacienda. A. Evidences of Iftit'p vplsiidid structures were discernible-, nor is there go ad reason to believe that ny persen, whose testimony of the tact ha? been given t* the world, hail ever helore broken the aileuce which reigni over thete sacred tomb* of a departed civ dilation The Indians for many leagues around, hearing ol my arrival, came to visit me daily; but the object of my toil ? unite Iwvnu.l I h*.ir e,in\nri.Vi i.tiuinn . I'hev Watched mv every motion, occasion dly looking up to each other with an air of unf. igned astonishment; but whether to gather an explanation from the facet of their neigh hurt, or to expreit their contempt for my proceedings, I have permitted mytell to remain in doubt up to this day. Of the builders or occupanta nt these edifices which were in ruins about them, they had not the slightest idea; nor did tbe(]U?atk>a seem to h ive ever occurred to them belore. After the most careful ae irch, 1 could discover no traditions, no superstitions, nor legends of any kind. Time and foreign oppression h id paralyzed, among this unfortunate people, those organs which have been ordained by the Ood of nations to transfer history into tradition. All communication with the past here seems to have been cut of). Nor did any allusion to their ancestry, or to the former occupants of these mighty p llaces and monumental temples, produce the slightest thrill through the memories of even the oldest Indians in the vicinity Defeatist in my anticipations from this quarter, I addicssed m\ self at once to the only course of procedure which was likely to give me any solution of the solemn mystery. I det rmined to devote myself to a careful examination of these ruins in detail. ?1PLE AT CHI-CHEN. had ever been enclosed. At the outer bale of the louth ern wall are the it-mains of a room ; one tide of which, with the angular celling, ii quite perfect ; measuring fourteen feut long and sit wide The parts remaining are finished with sculptured blocks of stone of about one toot square, representing Indian figures with feather headdresses, armed with bows and arrows, their noses ornamented with rings; carrying in one haitd bows and arrows, and in the other n musical instrument similar to those that are now used by the Indians of the country. These figures were interspersed with animals rcsemhliug the crocodile. Near this room 1 found a square pillar, only fire feet of which remained ahove the ruins. It was carved on all tides with Indian figures, as large as life, and apparently in warlike attitudes. KragmanU oi a similar kind were scattered about in the vicinity. If mm this room or hniu> I naaa**.! rnnn/1 ?I over vast piles of the crumbling ruins, pulling my sell up by the branches of trees, with which they are covered, to thetopof the wall; where 1 found a door-way, filled up with stones and rubbish, which I removed, and, after much labor, effected an entrance into a room measuring eight by twenty-four feet; the ceiling of which was of the acute angled arch, and perfected by layers of fiat stones The walls w. re finely finished with square blocks of stone, which had been richly ornamented. Even jet the heads of Indians, with shields and lances, could be distinguished in the coloring. The square pillars of the door way are carved with Indians, flowers, Vbrdt rs and spear heads ; <11 of which I judged to have once been coloi ad. The lintel, which supported the top, is of the zu,iorte wood, beautifully carved an 1 in good preservation. O inof the Indian head dresses was cosn|>oaed of a cap and flowers. Immediately in front of the door way Is a portion of the column, to which neither > ap nor base was attached. It measured about thri-e leet in diameter, with its whole surface sculptured ; but it was so obliterated by time that the lines coul l not he traced. Kour feet of ita length only could be discovered. It was, evidently, imbedded in the ruias to a great depth. Numerous block* of square hewn stones, ami others, variou- ly and beautif ully carved, were lying in contusion near this column. Of the eaterior of these walls, a sufficient portion still exists to show the tine and elaborate workmanship of the cornices and entablatures, though the latter are much broken and defa -ed. They are composed of immense blocks of stone, laid with the greatest regularity and precisioa, the faqades of which are tnterspersed with flowers, borders and animals. IQUKS AT Cin-CHEN. nnartmmta arc imall, owing to the maaaive walla en- I cloaing them, and the acute angled arch, forming the ceil- j lng The working and laying of the atone are aiperfect | aa they could hare been under the directiona of a modem I architect. Contiguous to thii front arc two irregular building*. The nnn on the right, situated some twenty-Are feet Irom it (about two feet off the right line) ha* a front of about thirty-five feet, it* tide* ten wide, and i's height twenty fee*, c >ntaining one room similar in It* finish to thone before described. The front of thi* building i* elaborately sculptured with rosette* and border*, and ornamental line*, the rear it formed of finely cut itnne, now much hroken. Near by arc numerou* heap* ol hewn find broken stones, sculptured work and pillar*. The other building on the left, it about eight feet fiom the principal front, measuring twenty -two feet in length, thirteen in width, ami thirty six ia height. The top is i|?ite. hroken, and ha* the appearance of having been much higher. The ognce .Imrricana was growing thriftily upon it* level roof. On all side* of till* building are carved figure*, hroken images, in sitting poiture*; rosette* andornam ntal lorders, laid off in comp*rtment?; each compartment having three carved hook* on each *ide and angle Thi* building contain* but one room, similar to that on the right. \ sail ha? collected on the lop* or roof* of there itrueturo* to the depth of three or four feet in which tree* and other vegetation are flourishing. Til* l!?HI?!?* or Vt'CCTAV. A <1.? ? I f. ? i ?I ? - lot* where to place the Indian in the *ca!c ol aocial life.? If see* him clean and well dressed, mingling with the whiten, and without dintinetion. To have Indian blood l? no reproach, and family groups, in many ca?e?, ahow thi* most palpably, ft ia not unH?ua) to hear mothers threaten to ?end their children home to their respective lather*, whenever their radene** retjnire* chiding. The Indian, however, perform* the menial labor of the country?and there ia an appearance of apathy in hia look* and action*, which (rem* to carry with it the ilrnaof a broken, or at lea*t a subdued apirit ? renting upon him like a melancholy viaion, a dreamy rentemhrance, of better day*. For, aay what we pleaae of him, he ta the humble deicendant of a once great and powerful people?the "children ol th*W?," who wer# lords of that aoil on which thalr offspring afre now held in humiliating vaaaalage. [ERA 342. PRINCIPAL RI PRINCIPAL RUIN AT *?YI. The ruini of Ziyi are situated in th> mi lit of n niecession of beautiful hills, forming around them, on every side, an snchanting landscape. 1 11V pi 1UI~<1|>4II VIIU IB l(llll|PUai;u in u iii|jiw bvi ?- , .... immense pile, lacing the souih, and standing upon u slight natural elevation. Thn fust rouinlutiou is now so broken, that its original (orm cannot tie fully determined ; but it probably was that of a parli llograni. Its front wall shows the remains of rooms and ceilings, w ith occasional pillars, w hich, no doubt, supporteil the corridors. The height of this wall is about tweuty left, an I as near as I w as aide to measure around its base, (owing to the accumulation of niius,) it was ascertained to be two hundred and sixty, eight teet long, and one hundred and sixteen wide. In thn centreoftb a foundation stands the main building ?the western half only remaining, with a pot lion ol the steps, outsidu, leading to the top. This part shows a succession of corridors, occupying the whole tioiit, each sup. ported by two pillars, with plain square caps and plinths, and intervening spaces, filled with rows of small ornamented pillars. In the rear of these corridors are rooms ot small dimensions aud angular ceilings, without any light except that which the front affords. Over thes. corridors, or pillars, is o fine moulding finish, its angle ornamented with a hook similar to those ol Chi-Chen. Abovo this moulding is a finish of small plain round pillars, or standards, intersfiersed with squares of fine ornamental carvings; the centre of the faya le, showing the remains of more elahoiate work, concentrated w ithin a border, the arrangement of which is lost. There is an evident anaio. fry existing between these ornaments and those of Kabbah, GROUND PLAN OF TH a gggl c I ' a /o .M. SOTEi TO <IROU!SD a. n. Miscellsnenus Ruins. A. Governor's House, r. Nun's IIruse. d Bnske. r Rin<. /./. Pond*. flROU*D VLSI* OK THE Bl'INS *T tTXMAt.. The Governor's House* is a vast and splendid pile of ruins. It stands upon three ranges of terraces j the first of which is a slight projection, forming a finish. The great platform, or terrace ahove it, measures upwards ol live hundred feet long, and lour hundred and filteen broad. It is encompassed by a wall ot fine hewn stone thirty fi et high, with angles rounded, still in good preservation. In the centre of thin platform, upon which tress and vegetation grow in profusion, stands a "halt ol grey limestone in an inclines! position, measuring twelve feet in circumference and right in height; hearing upon ita surface no marks of form or ornament by which it might lie distinguished from a natural piece. Near by Is a rude carving of a tiger witht?o h> ads ; also, I saw excavations near them with level curhings and smoothly finished inside, which are conjectured to have been cisterns or gran iries. Along the southern edge of this platform are the remains of a range of small pillars, now hr ken and in confusion. Upon the north west cornerof this platform is an edifice, which was, no doubt, from its 1 -cation, connected with the O tvernor's House. It is the smallest of alt he ruins. Its ornaments are few and plain ; the most remarkable of which 11 a continuous line of turtles, cut from stone of about afoot sipi ire, arranged under the cornices. The south-west corner has connected with it two piles of loose stone*, in the pvramidical form ; one eighty, and the other a hundred feet high, the side* ot the liases measuring atioot two tiumireri leet. i nmr icips are nroau platforms, over which, anil down the ri les, are scattered the remains of e litices, o[ w Iit.Ii these pyramids were mice probably the fouoda'ions. Here we found pieces of pottery, constating of broken pieces of vaaei, and supposed cooking utensils. Upon the main terrace stands another of smaller dimensions,ronsti'uting the foundation of the Oivernor's Hmi-e. The measurement of th s terrace is three hundred . n I thirty-eight leet long, eighty .two bioad, and thirty hign, having a m ijestic flight of k one steps, though considerably broken at the centre, in front ot the en'rance This majestic pile faces the east, is two hundred and seventy-two fe. t long, thirty-six hroad, and twenty-four high The whole building ii plain (unlike th ?e of f'hi Chrn) from the base to the mouldings, w hi h run through 'he c-ntre over he doorw ays , above w hich, to the top, are ornaments and sculptured work in aresf profit? on, ando the most rich, strange, an?l elaborate workmanship. It is divided into double ranges, f rooms, Ironi front to rear. Twoofthe principal are situated in thece.itre, fifty-five feet long, ten broad, and ahont nineteen high, with an angular ceiling, occupy ing oue-halfoi the w hole. There are fourteen other room in th. front ai>d teai; also, two rooms on each end, and one In front and rearoftho t wo reress. s, ot about one hall ofthe average size The interior ol these rooms is sometimes covered with a beautiful hard finish, and at otheis presents a surface of uniform square blocks of smooth stone. The floors are of stone,covered writh a hard composition, w hich, together with the stone, is now much broken The lintels, which are of zuporle wood, am decayed and broken,to which, in a great digiee, <he lulling 01 the walls may be attributed The inner sides of the doorw/rfis are nii-reed. and hooks attached, whereo. .'.sir. were probably swung. Tliero are. elan, i|ienuro# in the walla, where brums mi ted, to sup|<oit hsnvnoehs, some of which (till remain, and show tin msrn of 'lie cor '? ? There were no fresco, or tv her painting or decorations of any kind in the interior of the building to he diarrrni <1. The front presents the most remarkaliie arrhitertnral skill to he found atttilt the building The walls u ere of the most durable kind of limestone ; and upwards ol three feet thick, ol fine hewn stone, 1 id with the greatest rare. There were eleven doorwoya besides those of the recesses. The names (though misnomers) of these stiuctnres originated with the people ol the ronntry. RUINS OF UXMAL . *iWm BIIWI or CtMtL IT MOOUIIINr j A moonlight ic*ne from the Ooi error'* Homo i? one ol d le molt enchan'ing light* I rvrr wHurnM. Tht moon in fod riaen about half n ay up Irom the horiion, ami wa? tl *>w throwini< it* itrong lilier light oier the wbitentd ll gtide of our house ( nitlei, pularei, and fulling pj ra- vi Si<Ji were diitinctly to be tiaced in the fort-ground. At it a#. LD. Price Two Cents. JIN AT ZAYI. b t order it less apparent I could discover no resemblance whatever lo ihoseul Chi-Chen. Over the?e rooms ol the main building is another terrace, or foundation, in the c? ntre of w hicli is a building in s.miUr ruins to those under it ; having, also, broken st< ps leading to the top- It stands upon a foundation, spparently, ot d\ to eight feet in height, occupy ing about twothirds ol the area ; the residue probably forming a promenade There are three doorways yet remaining, the lintels and sides of which are broken, and which have caused the walls above to fall down. The wnltsof this part of the edifice are constructed of hewn stone, without any signs of ornament. A plain finished moulding runs through the Centre ; portions of the cornice still remain, with thiee or four pieces of Hat projecting stones, which formed a part ol tneiop iinisn. The whole extent of the rear is covered with confused piles ol mini, overgrowu with trees. Near by ihese are IVagmentsof walls aud rooms, with n few ornaments j et remaining about them. Home of the room* appear to have been single, and apart iroin nil other buildings. I here are al-o varioui mouodiin the vicinity. \ few iod? south are the remains n a single hish wall, 9 with numerous square apertures, like pigeon holes. Its founds ion is elevated?around which th brokin wails and coiling* are to be seen. The summi's of tne neighboring hills are capped with grey broken walls lor msny mile* around. I discovered no hieroglyphie* or pointings of any kind ; neither the extraordinary skill displayed in the ornamental carvings, as at Chi-l'hen. On my route to these ruins I made digressions from tho road, and ound, on all sides, numerous remains of walls and ceilings ; also, mounds and small pyramids, covered with the wild vegetation of tho country. E RUINS AT UXMAL. db 0 FUimie. i i " r I r FLAN OF UXMAL. g. lleservoir. h Pig-on Houses. i. i. i Pyramids, in. Hacicixl* one mile. 11. Sh-puichres. o. Mound. The finish of the angles, gen. rally, was as smooth as though the material were cut with a sharp knife, The extensive pile of ruins designated as the " Nuns' House,"is situated a lew rods distant, in u northerly direction from the Governor's House. It comprises four great ranges of edifices, placed on the sides of a quadrangular terrace, measuring about eleven hundred ieut around, and varying in height from filteen lo twenty -four feet, its sides corres|K>nding to the cardinal pointi. The principal entrance is through an acute angled arch doorway, in the centre of the southern range,through which I entered into a spacious court. This range is upwards of two himdr< d feet long, twenty-five I road, and sixteen high ; containing eight rooms on either side of the principal entrance, which are now in good preservation. The inner and outer facades are variously ornamented, Among these I observed signs, symbolical ol Deities and of Time, *s represented to us as symboli/ed among the ancient Mexicans whose customs have reached us. The apposite, or northern tango, by its superior elevation, nut! more iaborate work, was evidently the principal poition ol this immense structure. Its foundation, which was twenty-four feet high, is ti vv moth broken It has contained room-, and co. riders, the va It and pillar* of which are still remaining. This range has a wide terrace, or promenade, iu front ; which, from its elevated position, overlooks the whole ruins. The front wall preset t* five doorways, the lintels and tides ol which have fallen, and filled up the room* with theirerumhling ruins. di'tance, w.?11? anil momida, ri?in? a?mv# the It'pen rerire of the land, looked Ilk' a multitude of amall ialan li i a calm aummer'a ura. All wa? quiet hut the chirp of ib cricket, or the occaaional aoream of aoma night-bird of ie wood. It waa a arene of natural beauty aorh ri I naur haeeaeen realized npon.canvaaa of the artiat, or ?van l the j>agea of poetry. . . _ It incisures annul two Hundred and lony-nx n et in lengm au I twe ty-five in width, and its height is now only about t we ity-s h f-et. finnethiug like oil -third of the ornaments upon the fagide yet r>m.iin, which bear evi lenre olg c it in) wer of cuintun iiiou. ami extraordinary aki,I in the building No part of ih>- edifice, howev. r, la |>ei feet. The Pyramid is si uated about two rods easterly from tlio ruins of the Nuns' House, to which it appears, in some way, to have been connected. It pr scnts a fl ic exterior of hewn stone, large at the b *se. and their sizes diminishing asthey approat h the platform The sides are precipitous, much broken, and covered with tree ' * base mensur> s five hundred feet ; from the base summit or platluim, it is one hoodrrd. The sun reached, on the eastern side, by n fliehtofa hundred die step", each one loot high, and about six inches 'ei p ; making the ascent quite riiffi lilt, alihough the stej.i are still in good preserv it.on l he are , of th.: platform measures seventy-two ft et in length and twenty-otic in width, and is occupnd by tin edifice sixty feet long, twelve wide, end twenty high , having two rooms both on the east and ou the west ?i tes, and one on ither end. These room- are much defaced, and their doorways dilapidated. The eastern front has two doorways, and tw o -mall pavilions projecting sis or eight inches from tliu fugaJe, supporte I by plain pilasters. The w estern facade is ornamented with human figures similar to caryatides, finely sculptured In stone v. iih great art. rhrir li a :sare covered WPh a carqtie, and ear ornaments similar to those worn by the Eg\ |>tiana. They have girdles around their t odies On the w< Item side, iiamedia elj in trout of the doorway,ii a tda'form, or roof ot i? room, the !>a>cor lloor of w hi. h inch d> i xhont I Wenty f- el uftlie inclined side ofthe I'j rahrl l ; leading 'o w hlcB il a broken plane, o'ic-0C1 lijiied hy'he ?t? i?- H marc two rooma, one of which i? u an unu m Ij l-dg. 'lie, wi'ha proportionate doorway, froi.tmg thi Stma' II. u-e. The interior ol tneie rooma wa? lUiei) flni>h<d w nh amooth * one. Tbtte appeared to t?t no cnmiiniuleatioii from them with nnv other put. The Ir n' ?hd - d>? ot the exterior weie filled with sculptured wotk o the e...?t e In innate and incomprehensible deicription. 'I he -anus degree of skill and precision WM perceptible here tha distinguishes the whole ruina. Below these rooma, at or near the base of the aide, are Others, where excavation* have been made. They arc now much broken, and covered with the fallen ruins. 13Y MOONLIGHT.