Newspaper of The New York Herald, November 18, 1842, Page 6

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated November 18, 1842 Page 6
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N~V YORK HERAI7D". Sew York, Friday, Wowembar 1M, 1841. Kxlin Kveiilng Herald will be publish--! Uii? alt.-rnoon at-J o'clock, containing a foil account of all the MUgular event* that may take place in town to-day. Splendid Sinmhar of Hie Weekly Herald? Knlm of Central A merle a?Ten bti|iirl? Eiiffrai'liivK. To-morrow we ahull publish in the " Weekly Herald,'' a full a count ol the splendid work about to be publish ed by the Lang leys, on the " Ruins o( Central America," illustrated by eight superb engravings, selected from the work by ourselves, and reduced lor the " New York Herald'tram Mr. Norman's beautiful drawings. They re as lolloivs :? 1 The Ruins ol Uintal, seen by moonlight. ill The Temple in the Ruins of Chi Chen. III. Kront ol the House of the Caciques, in the Chi; Chen rntns. IV. TUe Ziyi Ruins. V. PUn of the Ruins of I'smal. VI ol'th-Kuius ot'Chi-Chen. VII. A Roadside Sketch. V111. An Indian Hut. We published six of the above engravings yesterday, on I sent them to England; we republish them to-day on graving*, anil more copious extracts. Agents and newaj boy*, send in your orders. In addition to this, the " Wookly Herald" will contain all the closing scenes o( the Miller Camp Meeting, with two accurate engravings ?f the inside and outside of the ! great Tent. Also, a full account of the execution of Colt. The Spirit of the Age - Klae of Infidel Philosophy? Decay of Christian Kevelutlon ? A new Crisis In Human Affairs at hand. A new and wonderful crisis in human affaire is at h tud. Society is assuredly on the brink of a revolution more mighty than that ol Germany act on foot by Luther?more comprehensive than that of FOngland i t the time ot Charles II?more energetic, cautious and successful than that of France mine era 01 twits .w i in Kurope, this new revolution in in rain, politic?, religion and philosophy, proceeds with "cautions step and slow"?in this free, energetic, plenleous, origin<1-thinking laud, it assumes the port and as|iect of an element of respectable society, and the progress of civilization. The spirit and intelligence of the age are imbued with infidel philosophy. Christianity, through all her churches and sects, is in dinger of utter demo lition. The pulpit is getting dull and monotonousthe lecturer's rostrum draws all the intelligence, and beauty, and fashion, and wealth of the age around its cold trappings, Within the last few years, Lyceums, Societies, and Associations have been established in all our principal cities, and especially in New York, for the promulgation of the new philosophy, through the medium ot lectures and orations.? In this city, we have four or five of these associations in the field of exertion as follows:?1st. The Mercantile Library Association?2nd. The New York Lyceum?3rd. The Mechanics' Institute?4th. The Fourier Association?5th. The Rutgers Institute; besides several others whose names we forget. These associations are got up by the young and ardent spirits of the day?patronized by the wealthy an! fashionable?anil are now encaoed in jrivine courses oi lectures on every subject ol philosophy and morals, the bearing and impress of which leads, under the garb of philosophy and respectability, to iufiJelity in religion, dishonesty in morals?and the utter subversion of the present moral institutions of society. Even the most respectable and wealthy churches and congregations give their aid and coun tenance to these new intelleciual movements,which lead to a to'ul subversion of all Christianity?all morals?and all revelation. Rdimon seems to be le It entirely to the defence of weakness and ignorance ?fanaticism and hypocrisy?for what can the poor old man Miller do, or even I)r. Rrownlee, or any other intolerant man, to stem the great tide that is urged with all the highest learning, the greatest rtillii ftiiu iuiucpi mainmi i u owticij i We do not certainly exaggerate?but if it is thought we do, we only ask for a perusal of the follow ins remarkable article which we find in the "Tribune" of yesterday:? Dr. Smith's Geological Lecture. Mr. Editor Will you permit me, on behalf of a class of your rend ers, respectable lioth in point of numbers and intelligence, to otter a few strictures on the Geological Lecture of Dr. J. Augustine Smith, as reported in last Saturday's TribuneI In this age, so distinguished for it3 professions of transcendental faith, the charge of infidelity may sound harsh. Indeed we have been lately taught that such a th ng no longer exists?that those u ho are honest enough to avow the name, are evidently mistaken as to the st?te of their own minds, an 1 that this mistake has arisen from taking the Bible as their standard oi faith, instead o that aspiration after the infinite,which at the present day soars so high, disp ensing not only with creeds and articles, but ulso with the aid ol the holy Scriptures themselves. Hence Spinoia an 1 Abner Kneeland, Voltaire and Tame, were t'briatians without knowing itjaud hence that superabundance of faith in every thing but the plain declarations of the Bible, which we find manifesting itself in every <{uarter around us. But to return to Dr. Smith; there are some things in his reported, to which, in a more honest age,the charge ol infidelity would have been Ireely applied, and frankly admitted. To this, however offensive, w e could have made no objection, had the author at en fit to express his sentiments in some independent tliscussion. like the worthies atove mentioned, who, what, ever else might be sa <1 of them, affected no disguise as to their real opinions. They did not assume an air of bland and patronising condescension toward the Bible, while s eking to undermine the Very lounda ions ol all belief in Revelation. Dr. Smith might have pursue! the same hold and in lependent course, hut he has chosen a differeat iiiwir, mm iiiii ? ill' 11 ir> wuivu iuiiiik mc imiuru of our romp aint. A lecture before a public Lyceum .Jpatronlsed by A Christian community, has been made the occasion of a direct attack upon all pro[>er faith, in the inspiration of the Bible. The Lecturer has thus also lound are- to tnc public through the daily press, in the discharge of its ordinary duties as reporter of the proceedings of our public institutions?when according to its standing rule the same press would have been closed to him had he sought admission upon the frank and open ground of theological discussion. ? ? ? Under the d "guise of lectures, discussions on the social state, letters from Boston, tkr , with which our paper* are daily fillad, the above mentioned old fashioned doctrines are not only inlirectly attacked, but in a manner still more offensive, assumed to be without foundation, or utterly exploded by the rapid progress of the human mind within the last few years. Many authors and lecturers at the present day, write and speak as though no one nowbelieved in original sin, unless under some transcendental gui?e, or in depravity, or in regeneration, or the necessity of grace, or the sublime doctrine of justification by faith No dsuht the veiy terms themselves will startle many of your readers as altogether strange and out of place in the columns of the daily press?although th?,y are simplr introduced by way of example, without any intended discussion of their merits. ? ? If correctly reported, Dr. Smith tells us without qualification, that the fact* of geology are contrary to the account given in the Bible. We ore aware of the sceptical tendencies of many geologists, yet snll opposition to the Scriptures has gene, rally been disguised under the sneering demand of a new interpretation. Our lecturer, however, take* bolder ground. He proceeds not mf*r?lv unnn tl?*? inrorr<>rtnt>?a I -if theinterpretation, but assumes at one* a direct contra diction. Moat sober expositors have come to the conclusion, that the existence of the mas* of the eatth, (with perhaps a I.ring organization ii|*n it,) long before the period styled the Mosaic creation, is not contradicted by any thing contained in the Bible. If geologists require it, they are willing to concede millions of year* anterior to that period, when the Almighty proceeilot to reorganise and reconstruct the present order of thing* precisely in the manner described by Moses, whatev r that manner may have tie- n. and whatever reasonable latitude of interpretation may have been adopted. Thia has not been forced u(-ou them by geologiati, for many of the mott pious, as well at thv mo?t learned believers, adopted thisconclu* lion, long before geology as a science, was ever thought of. Dr. Mnith. however, with that profound ignorance of theology and Biblical literature, for which men of thia class are distinguished, seems to be entirely unaware of this. Me too must commence in the nsual style, and with every VIIlir i'I-(Hirer, repeat for the hnndreth time the I ' "l ?'--v ..nd then gravely assnme that he is merely repelling the assaults of narrow-minded religionlata. I'be contrariety it assumed - the man of straw Is set up,and he then gravply pr?< ,1* to the work of demolition One would have thought, that so distinguished a man would have avoided this, if for no other reason than that it had become utterly stale and worn out by repetition We only wonder that while he wa* about it, he did not give us once more the old story of Oalileo. it would at least have had as much of the merit of novelty, as many of the ideas he has presented. * We charge this lecture with infidelity in the old and established sense of the term. We care nothing atiout the Doctor's affected respect for revelation, and bis bland as. sunqition 1 that it wu not given to teach us any truth of science." We shall not dwell upon the narrow meaning he assigns to thia term. He may, if hp chooses, in his de finitlon of science, include espetology and ejtclude theolo. gy. He may,il he pleases, give the'lowest facts of natu t el history a precedence to those sabUms truths which re late to the fall mi l restoration of man,the sanction! of the Divine law, and the awful Kheme of redemption. These, if he chooses to have it so, may hare no part in his idea of science. Other minds think differently, and regard all other knowledge as utterly worthless,unless illumined t>y lays reflected from these sublime objects ol the aoul'scoatemplation. There are those who teel that the scriptures pro|?iiind tiuthsof science, higher than any ever disco vered by geology or astiouoiny, when it deflates " til*' in thy light shall we see light?that the things which ar< seen are temporal, but tbo thugs which are unseen are eternal." Waiving all this, let tta examine the conclusion which follows directly from the Doctor's premises. Our philosophy is not ot that barren sort, which has to do w ith facts alone, irrespective of consequences. The Mosaic acrouunt is contr it e tn th.. Incla ..I luilniv T\,uiof,,ro lti? Ylniil.e account i? not true. No empty prattle about the Bible having been given to teach u> molality insH-ad of science, can a\oid this conclusion. We proceed a step further.? I he Mosaic account, not being true, could not, then fore, have been given by inspiration. This first and fundamental record being convicted ol falsehood, we have no ? vidence ol the truth of auy subsequent sujeernatural lact contained iu the same history. We have therefore no evidence of the flood, of the passage if the lied tjea, of the ntvlul transactions on Mount final. All these events are appealed to by subsequent historiansand prophets. Being utterly without evidence, and some ol them proved to be I'als", we have therefore noovidence that those who refar to them were inspired by the Holy Ohnat, or rather we have evidence to ihe contrary. Jesus Christ appeals to the Old Testament prophets, and especially Moses, as inspire 1 authorities, and as prophet cally testifying of him. But Muses, so far from being inspired, relates actual falsehoods. Christ therefore refers to erring authority. His own claim to inspiration, to say nothing of any 'hiDg higher, falls of course , and now where are we! Alas, we ure enveloped in a " darkness visible,"ill which no r?y from chemistry or geology can guide our way. The gloom is thickening around us. We cannot return to the light of nature. By the aid of the decaying cmberi of Primitive once shed a feeble and glimmering light " until 8hloh came but it can no longer ?erve us now. Its day has gone by. Man, in theae latter times of the world, must have Revelation or Atheism?the Bible or nothing. Where now is the immortality of the soul 7 The immortality of the soul then, is gone with the authority ol Revelation. And what now is left 7 The be; lief in a God ! What God 7 The (rod of Spinoza?or the i Sentimentalist's Spirit of Nature?or the Naturalist's Dynamic K.nergy?or the Transcendrntalist's First Truth 7 But w hat is be to us, or we to him 7 Beings of an hour, what have we to do with God 7 What have we to do with any thing 7 What interest any longer in geologv, or astronomy, or chemistry 7 Atheism, then, must follow the loss of the belie! of the soul's immortali .y. Better to have it so?better to believe in no God, than in one who cares not lor us -who has shed no ray of supernatural light up. on our dark path?who has given us the fleeting existence oi a moment, only to sink into the nothingness ol an eternity. Better to believe that we are borne on and crushed down by the wheels of a blind and relentless Nature. Bet ler, in such a case, to say at once? " Out, out. brief candle Suicide becomes the highest act of virtue. But why talk of virtue 7 Moral distinctions are gone. Nothing is eternal hut matter and its its movent Right and wrong no longer exist. Whatsoever things are pure, whatsoever things are lovely, all, all are gone. Truth no longer jiossesses an interest; (or what nave beings of a day to do with that which is eternal 7 A Tartaric Chaos broods over the spiritual world, darker than that which the morning of Creation removed from the face of the physical. Infidelity is among us in its most subtle guise. A false and superficial philosophy is the order of the day. The most disorganizing principles are openly broached in education, politics and philosophy?all under the guise 01 an extraordinary philanthropy, and a preteodedly higher faith than is to be derived from the teachings of the Church and the authority of Revelation. Nothing is more confident and clamorous than superficial and half-formed science, when it is in that state in which its bearings upon the whole range of other sciences are urptrceived, and it fills alone the entire vision of its boastful devotees.? Whatever is isolated never can be fully understood, although it often demands that the whole should do hoir.age to its claims. It is thus, at the present day, that certain branches assume te themselves the exclusive name of science. Men who have no ideas beyond the collections of of Mineralogical cabinets or the processes of the iaborato ry, or the examination of shells, or the dissection of insects, assume to determine the claims of revelation and theology, subjects which they have never studied, and in respect to which they have only the most common-place and superficial notions. We are not afraid of the charge of being a visionary and ignorant alarmist. The danger, we contend, is real and imminent. The remedy can only be found in a stern resolution on the part of those who have an unwavering belief in the bible, to guard, by every mennsin their power,all who are under their influence, from the insidious attacks of this subtle enemy?under a deep conviction that, when faith in revelation is gone, all is gone worth living lor, and that our children had hotter to be ignorant of many tilings than to lose that without which all science is worthless. Ever since the establishment of the "Tribune" it nasoeen consiuerea me organ 01 tne amereni revolutionary tribunals" going by the name of " Lyceums," "Associations" and "Society Libraries." All the various lecturers on these subjects, that tend to infidelity in religion, or change in the organization of society, are seconded and defended in its co- 1 lunv s. Under the mantle ol superior decency in morals, and respectability in management, it is the vehicle of a deeper and more radical revolution in morals, society and religion, than ever was attempted in France or England, during the worst revolutionary periods of their existence. Magnetism, Geology, Mesmerism, Fourierism, Physiology, Neurology, and a thousand other different topics in philosophy, al! tending to the same result?irretigion,materialism, and ultimately atheism?are there found at large. But this is not all?the terrible prostration of all morals in trade, finance, politics, and private lile, which have recently characterised the higher and more educated orders of society, may be justly imputed to the progress of this wonderful revolution in religion and philosophy, set on foot by educated and amiable men, and acting through the instrumentality of Lyceums and Associations, with their train of lecturers and orators. Take away all belief in Christianity, and you take away the foundation of morals in every avenue of life. Let the pulpits and the churches be effaced from the land, by the sujie rior enchantments of Lyceums and Associations, for modern philosophers, and fraud, injustice and defalcation of all kinds will have neither a moral check nor hindrance. It is both amusing andtne lancholy too, to behold this black tide of infidelity moving over the land, in the shape of a respectable river, where the water nymphs sport about like so many angels of heaven, inviting the unwary and superficial to the waves that is certain death. Taking all these movements into consideration, they present the character ol a revolution in the very organization of society, its morals, its religion, its thoughts, that faroutstrips that of France, and may end no one knows where. Our Bankruptcy.?We understand from Mr. Wyanl, one of the officers of the Superior Court, that H. W. Havens, Notary Public, of Nassau street, lias stated that he knew, of his own knowledge, that a note of ours for #2W>,was protested tor non-payment?and we were therefore a bankrupt. We pronounce this statement a gross and impudent falsehood?and he who makes such a statement we also pronounce to be a irross and imimrleni liar?and dare any man in this community to produce the note in question, oritive any other evidence of such a thing. We know that Parmlee, formerly our correspondent at Washington, and now very impro|>erly employed by the government, had the impudence to draw upon us for a sum ol nearly such an amount, without any authority or right from us, at the same time w hen lie owed us 9500 for advances made to him, for which we have his obligation now. This draft came through (f. W. Pwight, the rump of "Old Poins." We turned the drawer and all corcerned out of our office, and if Captain John Tyler don't do the same, he will soon find out his mistake. This Parmlee, however, like an ungrateful fellow as he is, has been making such reports against us. There is no paper of ours under protest nor ever was, for the reason that we never have any, except the paper called the New York Herald. A Day avtkr thx Fair ?The National Intelligen err is ami puousning ine long, rigmarole, siupiu, cold-hush speeches, delivered at the last session of Congress. They will hardly get through with their Congressional literature before the next session opens. Can any person wonder at the bankruptcy, imbecility, and want of influence in journals, conducted in such a way 1 The St fpraok Pabty in Rhode Island.?This party have decided nut to vote at all at the ensuing election, in relation to the proposed Constitution. This is wrong ; they ought to vote. This obstinacy is verv like the sect anion of the whigs from the Ohio legislature last summer, and we all know what was the decision of the t>eople upon their conduct. We agree with the general principles of the Suffrage par ty, but if they have a majority they ought to come out and prove it at the next election. No good citizen can ?|>prove of this system of staying away from the polls m a body, Hnd refusing to exercise the rights they po?eess,to obtain thwiy desires in a peace, able way. Let th?m vote, Cue of John C. Colt. Preparations for Execution.?His intended Marriage?ArrE.mptkd Bribery.?The execution of Colt will in ull probability take place this day. The only prospect or hope of respite is, that the Chancellor, who is now at Albany, will grant a writ of error on the second application of prisoner's counsel, backed by the opinion of BeDjanun F. fuller, Esq , and the She Mil's counsel, Joseph C. ilart, Esq. A mess* uger was sent to Albany on Wednesday evening lor that purpose, who will return by the boat this morning. It is su|>posed, that if the Chancellor consents, which is not very probable, tlmt Governor Seward will grant a reprieve, in order to allow the case to come before the Court of Errors. . The counsel ul prisoner have presented to Sheritl nan a I'unrsi iip^ain^i mr irgai uumpcicnty "I I??r Court of Oyer and Terminer, in which they deny the constitutional power of the Court with an Alderman aitting as one of the Judges. The Sheritl is a ministerial officer only, and must obey the order ol the Court, without any discretion on his part as to consequences. Colt's mistress, Caroline Hem-haw, visited him in his cell yesterday lor the first time since his sen tence, and on Colt's proposition, they were to have heen married during the morning, but owing to the interposition of some of his triends, the ceremony was not performed, although it is exacted that it will take place this morning. Their child was not with her, and we believe Colt has never seen it. She has recently resided in Philadelphis, where ! the child now remains. From rumors that have been quietly in < irculation in certain circles for the |>as' few weeks, we have had reason to believe that a most extended system of bribery had been in operation to effect the escape of Colt, and last evening ascertained that the sum of #1UU() had been offered to each of three of the deputy keepers of the City prison, provided .u?? .,,.,..1.1 .k, _r L... .11 Iiiujr TVUUIU UUUIIITt- at HIV cotapc Ol VJUIl uy Qiiuw ing him to dress himself in the clothes of Caroline Henshaw, his mistress, who would be sent into his cell for that purpose. It was this disclosure that prompted Col. Jones to place Colt in irons, and which, on their being removed, induced the sheriff to put him in charge of two of his deputies. The deputy keepers of the prison communicated the proposition made them to the principal kee|>er as soon as the corrupt motive was made apparent.? The whole affair, together with the authors of the bribery, will b? exposed after the execution. It has been supposed by many that Colt would commit suicide before the day of execution, and a a few days since he sent for Dr Macomb, physician of the prison, and requested to borrow some medical work on anatomy, which was refused. He then made a number of serious enquiries as to the location of the large veins and arteries of the body, evincing a disposition to ascertain at which particular point death would be the most easy and effectually produced. Since the decision of the Governor, as read to him on Sunday, he has not evinced any of that daredevil recklessness of spirit that existed before, and under the influence and counsel of the He v. Dr. Anthon, has appeared to have been partially resigned to his fate, and given demonstrations of preparations for the future. The answer of Governor Seward to the application of a portion of the members of the New York Bar, was first communicated to him yesterday morning, by Dr. Anthon, and afterwards confirmed by the sheriff, accompanied by his counsel, Joseph C. Hart, Esq. He evinced much feeling on the reception of the final decision of the Governor, and wept most bitterly. The last application of counsel for a wrii of error, the result of which will be made known this morning, has not been communicated to him,and he therefore gave up all hopes of pardon or respite when the decision of the Governor was communicated to him yesterday morning. The gallowB was taken into the prison yard last evening, and will be erected early thia morning in tne rear avenue, and immediately opposite the window of the cell in which he is confined. lie made a request yesterday, that the execution might be postponed until the last hour of day, as Judge Kent had not specified any precise hours between which it should be carried into effect. Should the SherifT comply with this request, he will not be executed until four o'clock in the afternoon. Deputy Sheriff Vultee, was selected by the Sheriff to guard his cell last evening, in company with deputy keeper Pierce. He remained in his cell alone, his brother leaving him about dusk. The preparations to preserve order and quiet about the city prison during the day, have been made by that vigilant officer A. M. C. Smith, Esq., who has selected under the direction of the Sheriff, thirty tr* uirJ him in thia ar^nnna rlnftr v,,,vviu """ saswssavs-.* ???/ The following is the official opinion of Governor Seward addressed to Sheriff Hart, in reply to the application lor respite of the members of the New York Bar, convened in the Superior Court Room on Tueeday last:? Executive dirsatmirt, ) Albert, Not. 16,1843 ) James T. Brady, Richard R. Ward, R. Wharton Griffith and Samuel Q. Raymond, Esqra, counsellors at law, have submitted to the Governor resolutions passed yesterday at a meeting ot members of the legal profession in the city of New York, asserting that the rignt to review the decision ol interior tribunals in the Court of last resort is a right so essential to the due administration of the laws, that to refuse a writ of error, except in cases free ot all doubt amounts to a denial ot ju?tice;that theqnes'ion whether, under the constitution of this State, Courts of Oyer and Terminer can be held in the city and county of New York other than by the Judges appointed by the Governor and Senate, although discussed, remains undecided in the Court for the Correction ol Errors, and deserves serious deliberation?the words of the constitution being? "The Governor shall nominate, and with the consent of the Senate, shall appoint all judicial officers except justices of the peace)" that questions concerning the organization of Courts require above all others the decision of the highest tribunal, inasmuch as if illegally constituted their judgments afford no protection to officers directed to execute them: that the moral force of every legal iudg ment.espscially when it involves human life, must depend upon its unquestioned correctness, ami that the execution or any judgment whose legality is gravels denied by deliberate ana disinterested minds, without affording the opportunity provided for by law to have it reviewed in the court of ultimate appeal, must deprive that judgment of the universal respect to which, after such a would he clearly entitled ; and that the execution of any convict, whatever his crime, is of no greater importance to the community than such an administration of the laws as would produce implicit confidence in the decisions and decrees or the courts of justice. The Governor is intormedhy a communication which accompanies the resolutions that the meeting was nume rous and was convened to take into consideration the case of John C.Colt, a prisoner lying under sentence of death for the crime of murder; that ftamuel G. Raymond, Esq. prcided; that the resolutions were submitted by James T. Brady, Esq. and supported by him and by Matthe vC. Tatetrson and John W. Edmonds, E<qitires, and that the gentlemen by whom the communication was made were appointed a committee with instructions to apply to the Governor for a respite of the execution until action could be had by the Court for the Correction of Errors. In performing that duty the committee earnestly solicit a respite for siu h a period as will give time for public sen'iment to liecome more settled in relation to thesuhject. They declare that public opinion is greatly divided on this matter, and a very deep conviction is felt by vast numbers of the people, that the case it not sufficiently free from doubt to suffer the execution to be performed until every proper means have been used by which public sentiment might lie satisfied ; and they also express an opinion that the immediate execution of the convict would go far to shake confidence in the criminal code in re?|>ect to come of ita principlra, aa to the organization by which it ia carried out; and aa citizens of a republic of lawa, and republic of opinion, they entreat from the Executive auch aaaiatance of theii eltorta aa will (five aome little time to effect the desirable purpoae of securing harmony between tho lawa, their execution, and public aentiment. Samuel A.Adama, a citizen of thia State,was found dead on the Nth day of September, 1841. A coronera inquest waa held over the deceased, and upon dun examination,the jury rendered a verdict that he received hia death from the handa of John 0. Colt. Immediately on hia arreat a judicial examination of the tranaaction waa made by the police, and although the inquiry waa attended by the prisoner, with the aid of connael, and he waa thua allowed to confront hia accuser* and waa railed upon to exculpate himael, the investigation resulted in his being fully committed to abide the course of the law. A Grand Jury composed of citizens selected for their intelligence and virtues, upon a deliberate examination of the proofs anb .nitted to them on the part of the people, found a true bill of indictment against the prisoner, to which he pleaded not guilty. Four months ela;*ed before the iaaue waa brought to trial. Thustime uiu allowed the pritoner to prepare hia defence, while legal process was granted to procure the sttendnnre of his witnesses. Three hundred and forty seven citizens ware summoned with a view to obtain from among that great number a jury free from prejudice, und of those, the twelve who were selected, were virtually chosen by himself. He wax defended by counsel, eminent tor learning and eloquence. The proofs on the trial wore cautiously received by the Court and be, was even allowed the unusual privilege j a cord was then remitted to the Court of Oyer and Terminer whi'-h Court, in pitrthance of the Jaw, one year alter the crime was committed, pronounced against the prisoner the sentence by which society relieves it eel i of those mem hers w hose existence is found incompatible with its ownsecurity. The Court in pursuance of an honored ami humane custom ,as old as the memory of the law, desired to impress upon the prisoner the certainty ol his approaching death, and awaken him to the conviction of the necessity of preparation to meet a tribunal whose judgments reach not only the body but the immortal spirit. But the appeal was resisted with a degree of obduracy seldom if ever witnessed on an occasion so solemn and affecting. Writs ol error in capital cases are not writs of right, but arc writs of grace, and they are rendered so for the obvious reason that crime would flourish over the community, and society be shaken to its foundations if every offender was allowed to procrastinate the punishment denounced against his crime, by appeals without grounds and without reason from court to court until final judgment should be rendered in the Court for the Correction ol Errors,a tribu nsl constituted not to hinder justice by drawing all the proceedings of all other courts, whether probanly right or wrong, under review, but to correct such few im|>ortant errors as may remain uncorrected by the Court of Chancery and the Supreme Court. After the sentence had been pronounced against the prisoner, no judge, nor court could stay its execution, nor any authority save thai to which a people as humane as they are just, have confide 1 the power of dispensing mercy when injustice has been inadvertently committed, or crime can be forgiven consistently with their security and w Ifaro. If then the Circuit Judge, or either of the Justices of the Supreme Court or the Chancellor, each of whom has power to allow writa of error, had granted a second process of that kind to the convict, it would have been ineffectual unless the Governor bad also interposed o respite the execution. Judges are bound to exercise a judicial discretion in deciding on applications for writs of error; and the (fovernorfreelyadmits such a deference toward* them that their allowance of a writ w? uld have muoh weight, tho' it would not be conclusive upon him in considering the question, whether the execution of the sentence should be delayed. The Circuit Judge, the Chancellor, and one of the Justi es of the Supreme Court with the concurrence of his associates, in the exercise of such a discretion, decided that there was no ground to question the legality of the judgment, which has been pronounced upon the prisoner. Ha then complained to the Governor, that the proceedings on his trial were irregular and illegal; that the jury were not equal and impartial, and that their verdict was uifjust? that the judgment of the Supreme Court was erroneous? that the decisions of the high judicial officers of the State were arbitrary and oppressive, and proceeded from motives unconscientious and unjust. To these considerations were superadded others calculated to influ ace the judgment, or move the sympathies of a magistrate. Counsel learned in the law, jury, lawyers, the press, citizens and philanthropists, were heard in every form of address. and the netitionsnf a narent. and the animals of af flirted relatives and friends, were not withheld. The result was an undoubting conviction that the judges and jurors were as just, equal, impartial, and humane as they were distinguished for intelligence and learning that the prisoner was not less guilty than obdurate?and that poinful as it was, under such circumstances, to withhold the hand, that alone could rescue him from a dreadful fate, the security and the happiness of society forbade that it should be extended. The sentiments expressed in the reolutions of the members ot the Bar and tho address of their Committee, have been considered with the respect justly due to those who united in the meet;ng as members of an enlightoned profession, and as patriotic and enlightened citizens : and it remains only to announce that the Oovernor is still of the opinion that the course of legal proceedings in regard to the offender, has been regular and humane ; that expositions of the Constitutionand laws by the Supreme Court are binding on the Executive and all other authorities, if not inconsistent with adjudications of the Court for the Correction of Errors ;that no abuse of power or discretion has been committed by the judicial officers in the case of John C. Colt, and that to put forth the pardoning power under tho circumstances in which it is now solicited, would be not only inconsistent with the equality which ought always to govern its exorcise, but would be subversive of law and public order. [l...] WILLIAM H. SEWARD. By the Governor, lianar Underwood, Private Becr'y. Governor Bottck and iiis Movements.?Governor Bouck. comes into power on the 1st of January next, with an overwhelming majority in both houses to carry out his policy One of the most important movements connected with this is the tremendous rush for the offices now held by the whigs, that will be made by hungry applicants. The task of selecting proper persons for these offices wil be one of great delicacy, and require a great deal of care and good judgment; and unless Gov. Bouck is very cautious, he will swamp his administration at the first onset as Gov. Seward did his. In this city, there are a number of very valuable offices in the gift of the Governor to the amount of $100,(KM) or $150,000, with salaries varying from $500 to $15,000 per annum, and there are an astonishing quantity of applicants for the same. Amidst such a crowd there will be great difficulty in making a selection ; but one safe rule for the Governor to adopt, is where the party in the city cannot agree on a candidate, to go into the country and select one there, and indeed there is more honesty in the country than in the city ; and it may be quite as well to bring some of it out among us, just as we have brought the Croton water to purify our houses. We must have a great Croton stream brought from the country to purify our political arena, as we now have the Croton stream in our kitchens. New Organization or the Poi.ick ? We perceive that Assistant Alderman Atwill.has made a report to the Common Council.relative to the re-organization of.the police department of this city. This has been much wanted. The present system is a miserable inefficient and corrupt one. He recommends a paid notice, and a night and dav police. If in this he would include a paid system lor the fire department, he might benefit the community beyond calculation. Dr. Brandrkth's Advertisements.?We see that Dr. Brandreth comes out and denies that St John Hugh Mills wrote his advertisements. He says that he received a large quantity of milk and water articles Irom that individual, but nothing worth publishing. We always thought that George P. Morris, the great song writer of the age, and Louis Fitzgerald, Tasistro, the great critic of the age, were the writers of the Doctor's advertisements, and such, we think, is the general belief. THeatrlcal. Messrs. Brown, Barnes, Mulligan, and Davis, the celebrated Swiss brothers, who last fall performed with such trial in the city of Mexico, and through the whole of the southern States, have again taken their departure, via Philadelphia and Baltimore, lor those hospitable regions. Marshall, at Providence, has been doing a very slim business. Such complaints are, however, general. Many of the "used-up actors" belonging to the Baltimore company, left in a "fix" alter the manager's absquatulation. are suffering the greatest privations lor want ol the one thing necessary. "Jim Crow Rick," with his amiable lady (daughter of Mr. Gladstone, proprietor of the Adelpht theatre, London,) aecotii|>anied by two or three young "Crows," took their departure yesterday in the ( treat Western, seemingly in the best health and the hiehest snirits We understand thnt several n?u> piecee, adapted and expressly written lor Mr. Rice's liectiltar powers, will be produced during the ensuing season in London, and doubtless with as much success as the gentleman commanded on his lormer visit. Conscience.?The following is a curious case of conscience truly :? Mr. Sutabr? Sir :? Sometime since I sold you 7 or 8 dollar* ol a red-hack hank, which had juat atnpped, before you had received the information. I did it, because you had, two or three times a little previously, taken tome advantage in Philadelphia and other money. But a* " two wrongs never make a right," I have been dissatisfied about it ever since; and, therefore, herewith hand you $3, which I believe will cover your loss in that matter. Respectfully yours, ANTHONY LANK. 17 Nov. General Sessions. Before Recorder Tallmadge and Judge Lynch. Jsmfs It. Wmitiso. Ksq , District At ornev. Nov. 17.? Trial of J W. IfVIUag for Fohr Prrlenrn This trial charging Welling with obtaining ffiflo worth of clothes, tie. from Blatchford It Sampson was resumed. Mows H. Nichols was called upon the stRnd lor cross examination, bnt no new facts were elicited. The prosecution closed and the Court adjourned to Monday, when the erldenea for define# will he presented to the jury, of submitting an account of the transaction written by himsedf for the information of hit counael. Tho Court Mituni-ted the evidence to the Jury, with unsurpassed candor and exceeding tenderoeu towards the accused. The jury alter deliberating calmly and long, rendered a verdict of wilful murder. The accused then applied to the Court of Oyer and Terminer for a new trial, i eating his application on attidaviia designed to impeach the impartiality of one juror, and accusing others, if not all the jurors, of malconduct. The complaints were heard,and were tound ut'erly groundless. The presiding Judge then allowed a writ of error, not from any distrust of the decisions which the Court had pronounced, but from solicitude to avoid even potsible error in so grave a case, and Irom a becoming delerence to higher tribunals; and in the mean time the judgment legally consequent on the verdict was delayed. The record \vu? aui'inmei 10 ilie nupri me < ourl anu alter a careiui i examination of the case, an 1 hearing coumel who maintairn .I the objection* of the accu eil, that high tribunal unaiiimoukly declared that 110 error had been committed by the Court of Oyer and Terminer and that the objections wete not merely groundless tiut frtvolnua. The ic City Intelligence. Th* Mcsdxieb A*?i?TtD ?The German who U supposed to have murdered Alexander Smith and wife at Huntington, Suffolk county, on Sunday lait, and then let fire to the bouie which wai destroyed, wax arrested in that county on Wednesday. He was lound hid in a barn with the boots of Mr. Alexander Smith upon hisleet. He gave the name of Antoiue Walsley. Beam and Crouse, arrested on suspicion, havo been discharged. PicxrocKF.T.? One of these industrious citizens known by the name of Win. H. Bloomer, w hile attending a sale at auction at 46 Broadway, yesterday morning, slipped one of his grabbers into the pocket of Mr. Raphael Schoyer, and withdrew a pocket wallet, but finding himsell detectri. threw it on the floor. He w a* seen in the i7th " fwi 4 32,01Q 19,975 86 19,975 2,037?Bouck's majority. Lieutenant Governor. Dickinaon, 21,941 Flurmao, 20,090 Dickinaon'i majority, 1,851 Senator. Lott, 31.546 Oakley, 30,168 Lott'a majority, 1,378 Warner, the abolition candidate, received 68 vote*. For Conoreii?Third Dirtrict. Phenix, 5084 Nicoll, 4156 Majority for Phenix?928. Fourth Ditbrict. Maclay, 5549 Williama, 4777 Majority for Maclay?772. Fifth Dittrict. Leonard, 5293 Scoles, 4389 Majority for Leonard?993. Sixth Diitrict. Fish, 6904 McKeon, 6093 Majority for Fish?306. For Register. Brown ell, 31.491 Eichell, 30,336 Brownell'* majority?1,165. Hunt, the abolition candidate, received 68 vote*. The returns for Register, made by the Inspectors of the Eleventh Ward, were all wrong, at they made out the list with the words, " J Sherman Brownell," upon them, instead of " Joseph Sherman Brownell," or " Joseph 8. Brownell," as the law requires. The consequence was, that the whole return was sent back for oorreetion, as 900 mejority would have been stricken from his vote, had their return been rejected. The utmost carelessness has been shown in the returns from many wards, that in a close contest would have given rise to great trouble. For Legislature. Democratic. Whig. 'Glazier, 31.636 R. Smith, 30,338 Pent*, 30,707 -Webster, 30,399 Pauliing, 31.636 Acker, 30,103 Hibbard, 31,663 Baldwin, 30,303 Davy, 19,060 Dunning, 30,170 Thomson, 31,384 F. Smith, 30.193 Miller, 31,631 Blunt, 30,090 Innns Ol OM Alrnprl >)ll DO I Daly, 21,3*7 Ham mom, 20,022 Sanfori, 21,680 Weed, 20,087 'White, 21,429 Chenery, 19.943 *McMurray, 20,636 St. John, 20,168 Van Dyke, 19,631 Brinsmade, 20,108 Walth, 2,786 'Thosemarked with a itar are elected. Mauachuetti Election. 1842. 1841. Town*. Davit- Morton, .tho. Davit. Morton. Mo. 279 61,842 53,661 6097 63,141 48,735 3484 61,842 48,736 Morton over Davis, 1,809 4,406 Davis over 6,097 3,484 [Morton. Morton beaten by 4,288 922 Davis overall. The legislature is yet in doubt There has been no choice in many counties, and the actual position of parties therein is to be decided at special elections. Circuit Court. Before Judge Kent. Nov. 17?Richard D. Lilt til vs. Potrr La Forgo.?This case has now been on six days in this court. Judge Kent will deliver his charge this morning, on th? opening of the court. We shall report the case to-morrow with the verdict. Superior Court. Before His Honor Judge Tallmadge. Nov. 17.?Several inquests were taken in the morning, and then the Court adjourned till 4 P.M. Judge Oakley having got through nis calendar, adjourned till Friday (to-dayJ 10 o'clock. There will be two Courti held Friday and Saturday. Jeremiah Pale va. The \orth River Fire Inturance Company ?Thi* case waa commenced Nov. lAth- Mcasts. Millard and Sherwood, counael for plaintiff'; Messrs. Blosson and Schell, for defence. Thiawaa an action on a policy of inaurance to recover $868 08, effected by the plaintiff* in the office of the defendanta on hia, the plaintiffs,atock in trade and furniture. On the night of the 15th and morning of the 28th of February last, a tire broke out in the plaintiffs premises, 142 Spring, by which a part of hia atock in trade and furniture were alleged to be destroyeu, and the remainder considerably injured. The defence set up by the Inaurance Company, waa that there had been gross misrepresentation in relation to the number and value of the articles claimed to have been destroyed?that there ha ; been much false swearing? that it was only a small grocery store of an inferior class?that all the articles o7 any value were taken oat before the fire, put in aharge of a watchman, and replaced again after the fire. The counael for the defence, stated that this is not a litigating Insurance Company, having only had live cases in some twenty or thirty years. Con SHierauie eviuracf! n<u ueen liuruuucou wit wia a*uv? I The cue ii not yet concluded. Appointment by the President ?Joel B. Sutherland, Naval Officer for the district of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, vice Alexander Ferguson. Bankrupt List. SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF NEW YORK. Anthony J. Bleecker, Olen Cove, auctioneer in New York, December 18. Samuel Smith, as well in his individual capacity u also one of the firm of Smith k Atkinson, December 1?. Uriah Turner, city of Naw York, physician, December 17. Nathan Brown, New York, Decemlter Ifl. James F. Smith, formerly engineer, of late farmer, filed November 17. Henry Schrlever. ship vaster, New York. * -1 n?' a??orni.i: o( law V?w VnrV Danomhar 1 4 Amnony , ??w....v ? . .. ?rv?..uwvc ?. Edwin Smith, Brooklyn, merchant, December IS. Jacob 8. Hutching*, clerk, 38 Duane street, New York, December 16. Lorenzo Rowe, Battavillr, Green county, New York, carpenter and Joiner. William C. Thayer, merchant, a* well in hia individual capacity a* also one of the late lirra of William C. Thayer & Co , D cember 24. Aaron Kemp, clerk, 131 avenue D, New York, December 16. Jame* Myera, Jr., clerk, 841 Monroe atreet, New York. Jame* Bradley, tin plate worker, 116 Orchard atreet, New York,December 16. ft/- The manager of the New York Muaeum, evince a the happy art of hitting off' the humbug* ol the day with admirable fidelity. Hia Mermaid, manufactured in oppoaition to thn Fejee, ia aa exquisite a piece of aatire. and aa fine a hit of fun, aa it la poaaihle to concelvf. The llughea family, thoae admirable performera on the harp, diaplay abilitie* of the very highest order. Any eulogium from ua, will fall infinitely short of the praise they are entitled to. They execnte with all the grace, brilliancy 6nd finish of eminent profe**or*. Diamond. Rosalie, and Boyd, appear. act by a colored man ami immediately arretted by Mr. Schoyer and lodged in prison. The packet book contained a number ol' valuable promissory notes but no money. Ownxa or Goods WinrtD.-Two men were arrested in Belleville, N. J. yesterday, the 16th inst. by Justice Lloyd, and by him committed to the jail of Kssex county, having in their possession a lot of goods, which they could not satisfactorily account for, which are supposed to be stolen. They consist of a lot of sewing silk, assorted colors, (six or seven pounds) 36 or 40 pieces of ribbons, a lot of ladies' cotton hose and gloves, several pieces of crape gauze, a lot of lace and edging, some of which appear to have the private mark of the owner upon them. Daiviao orr i Cow.?Patrick King marched down to the foot of Chambers street on Wednesday morning, and seeing a cow that struck his (ancy, belonging to Josiah H. Merritt, drove her off and was caught in his progress and arrested. How to hit a Coat Go to the house of John Cook, No. 13 Forsyth "treat, and tell his wife Nancy that her son Ceorge sent you lor his over-coat?take it and run away. Thus did one John Ramson, and lor thus doing he was committed to the city prison for trial. A " Bust vt."? Beach, the oyster-man, will feel much gratification in the announcement that one of the music salaou against which he came out so strong a lew weeks ago, situated in Grand street, has " bust its biler," therehv atthrdior a more undivided natrnnaweto his own estab lishment. We doubt not be will immediately engage the cervices of the whole corps of vocalists , but we would advise them to look sharp alter their salaries. The discount on his shinplasters " don't go down well" A Cut Thboat in Prison.?James Murray, the fellow who was arrested by otticer Fallon, on Wednesday, on a charge of passing a $3 counterflet note on the Exchange Bank of Providence, R. I , attempted to commit suicide on Wednesday evening in his cell, by cutting his throat with a knife. He started to commence the worn behind his ear but gave it up as a bad job, after cutting a gash about two inches long. Official Cannass.?The following is the ot&cial canvasss for Governor, kc. as reportrd by the County Canvassers, who concluded their labors last evening ;? Bouck. Braditk. Stewart. 1st Ward 896 961 ft Jd " 444 747 3 3J " 748 1784 13 4th ?' 1186 866 6 fth " 1187 1060 8 6th " 1336 881 0 7th " 1750 1546 7 8th " 1981 1877 7 9th " 3066 1559 0 10th " 1634 1030 3 11th " 1715 778 0 13th " 571 519 0 13th " 1546 1007 0 14th " 1410 971 4 15th " 760 1590 9 IKth ? 147-1 1679 3 EVENING EDITION. TWO O'CLOCK, P. M. Colt's Execution. The preparations for the execution of John C. Colt were ail made at an early hour this morning. The messenger sent to Albany returned this morning, with the information that the Chancellor had peremptorily relused to grunt a writ of Error on the s-cond application of the counsel of Colt. Senator Verplanck has also replied to a letter of Colt's counsel 111 which lie agrees with the position taken by Benjamin F. Butler, Esq. counsel ol the Sheriff, who backed the last application to th; Chancellor^ for the purpose of having the question of Aldermen setting as Jukges of the Court of Oyer and Terminer, r.nnafidifinmtllv diTidt d. Golt was engaged in writing nearly all night, preparing, as we understand, a full confession of all appertaining to the murder of Adams. He was under the charge of Deputy Sheriff Vultee and Green, during the night. And upon being asked during the evening if he wanted anything, he desired a cup of coffee, and then fold the Deputy that he wished to see all the keepenfof the prison between 12 and 1 o'clock this day, when he would bid them adieu forever. He also stated that the Sheriff had complied with his request, and postponed the hour ot execution until the last ot the day, as published in the Herald this morning. It will not take place therefore before four o'clock, which will be too late for our second edition. Colt s brother was at the prison door as soon as it was 0|>ened in the morning, and remained with him about a quarter of an hour. The Rev. Dr. Anthnn had not visited him at ten o'clock this morning. He afterward dressed himself and was shaved by Bill Dolsens, of Centre street, comino.My called Deaf Bill. At early dawn persons began to assemble around the City Prison, and at about 8 o'clock, the avenues and entrances began to be blocked up with anxious enquirers, who were asking?" Will he be hung 1" ?" Can't you let us in ?"&c. The gates to the entrance of the prison were closed about eight o'clock, and officers stationed under the charge of A. M. C. Smith, to prevent the ingress of any except those who had tickets of admission. The position of the gallows was in the rear court yard of the prison, and the noise of the workmen in its erection could be distinctly heard through the missive walls of the prison. The gallows was erected early in the morning. It consisted merely of two upright poets, and one trnnavernlv nlared. Thrniurh the aentre of ? ?? j r*? ? o the transverse piece, over a pully wheel, the rope was passed, and to the opposite end weights of t bout 230 pounds were suspended by additional blocks and tackle It was plaeed in the centre of the yard, and immediately opposite the rear window of the cell in which Colt was confined. At 9 o'clock the outer door of his cell was opened and the usual breakfast of the prisoners served up in the different cells to the prisoners The sliding of locks, bolts and bars, and the chit chat and excitement among the inmates of the prison as well as the spectators that had been admitted, all tended to add a peculiarity to the tcene within the walls of the Tombs that must be ever remembered to all who were present. Nothing was talked of, hinted at or thought about but the execution, the execution, which to the ears of Colt, if he could catch the sound, must have been aught but agreeable. The excitement about the prison was intense at about 11 o'clock, and the doors of the Police Office were closed in order to prevent the intrusion of the crowd. Franklin street was filled with the multitude I as well as the vestibule of the city prison on Centre street,and the street in front. Dr. Anthon visited the cell of Colt at about 11 o'clock, in company with Colt's brother, for the purpose of making preparation for his marriage with Caroline Henshaw. At about half past 11 o'clock Messrs. Graham and Emmitt, his counsel, visited his cell and remained about half an hour. A little before 12 o'clock, Caroline Henshaw made her appearance in company with the brother of Colt and John Howard Payne, who entered the cell with her. They were then married by the Rev. Dr. Anthon, in presence of David Graham, Robert Emmett, Justice Mer.'i'U the Sheriff, John Howard Payne, and his brother. She was dressed with a straw bonnet, green shawt', * claret colored cloak trimmed with red cord, and a snuff. Her appearance denoted much anxiety, and sne was mucn ininner man wnen a wimrcs on 111c trial. After tbeir marriage, Dr. Anthon remained in the cell with them a few minutes and then left them alone, she remaining lor nearly an hour. There was considerable excitement among the prisoners in the various cells, and Sears, who is confined for the murder of McDonough, was exceedingly inquisitive as to all the preparations for the execution. It may be his turn next. The prisoners in the upper cells, the windows of which overlook the rear court yard, where the gallows was erected, contrived to get a view of ihe scene by holding a piece of looking glass out of the small apertures in the side of the cell, the reflection of which brought it to 'heir sight. From every cell an arm could be seen with a piece of glass in the fingers, evincing that the holder was anxiously waiting for (he hour of execution, which will take place at about half past three o'clock. It is now naif past twelve, and, in accordance with his request, the keepers ofthe prison will take a last farewell. Hh wife, Caroline Henshaw, now Caroline Colt, is still in the cell alone with him. Dudley Selden, one of his counsel, has just entered the prison. Colt has been engaged lor ine pam iwu uny? m writing a reply to the letter of Gov. Seward. It is now one o'clock, and Colt has just ordered a quart of hot coffee, which has been brought in and himself and wile are drinking it. The following is the letter of the Chancellor in reply to the second application of Colt's counsel lor a writ of error. It is addressed to Joseph C. Hart, Era., the counsel of the sheriff, and we present an exclusive copy :? Albany, Nov. 17,1843. Drsa Sib? I heard the questions tipon the writ of error in Colt's case, argued at great length at New came to the deliberate determination that there was none of them on whieh there was any room to doubt, as you a ill are from my written opinion, which I left in the hands of Colt's counsel whin I left New York, and which ia now publiahed in the Argus of thia morning. You will therefore aee that it ia out of my power to violate my oath of otttce by allowing a writ of error in the caie, even if the application waa now regularly before me on an application upon notice to the Attorney General. Neither would the allowance of the writ atay the execution ol the lenience, aa 1 could not certify that there waa any probable causa for staying the proceedings, and the Governor would not interfere without such certificate. I have never heard any lawyer, except the counsel for the prisoner, express any doubt aa to the legality of the conviction beiarv the couj which tried him. Nor have I been able to find any member of the Court of Errora who would have voted to reverae the judgment on the ground ' of the organization of thecouit It ia perfectly natural that the friemla ot this unhappy man should endeavor if possible to stay his execution, but thair anxiety to preserve his life cannot excuse the ofheers of justice in making the laws bend to their wishes ; althsngh the course which has been pursued in this case has placed, not only t> ose officers, hut toe Governor, in most painful and try ing tit nation* The prisoner's counsel had the rigns 10 apply to the Chancellor, the three Ju<tlces of the Supreme Court, or to any of the eight circuit judge*, (or the allow, ance of a writ of error, and if any one of those t welae of. ftders had any doubts as to the legality of the conviction, hewonldof courae have allowed the writ. They have tried four or Ave, and have failed, and 11 they were not satisfied with that.tbey should have applied toothers ; but cannot a>k those who have fully examined the subject, and have no doubt to violate their duty by acting against their consciences. Yours, with reepect, b hyde walworth. j.c.hsav, Esq. There will he an EXTRA HERALD iieued at 4 o'clock, containing all that tranaptrea after one o'clock, andihe particulars ot the execution. Foreign News?It was by a special express sent by Harndrn<te Co. that we received the foreign newR this rooming. Their messenger reached this city at four o'clock, by the way of Hudson in t' a crark steamer North America, Captain Truesdell. Harnden ft Co. exhibit a great deal of enterprise, and we are glad to learn thev are wp|| encouraged by tht public.

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