' ?????i whieb now amounts to MM run, against 130" caaea he eorrri|>oii.liuj month ot 1841. Heavy descriptions ami ordinary qualities are difficult of sale Cuba? 1 he .leiuansi hat rather fallen off. Cumharland leal an.l roll continue v-rjr steady at present quotutioos St. Domingu?Some nq nriea were made lor exportation at lower prices. Am r8 loort continues aliuott nrflwt'J Nigro Head?Sale* nave I teen limited, nntl almost couflned to good anil tine orts. Stalks ure more in demand. '-OKDON Tkior Karoar, Nov. } Sugar?'There has again Seen a good buaineaa done ill the West India market, amounting to 610 htada at loruier prices. No ?aiea oi Mauritius or Bengal took place to day. Cvjfte? There has !>*eii no change in prices in thia market to-day It*' tierces and barrels Jamaica plantation bronchi ti'? <>1 t" 9S*' 'or goo 1 ordinary to middling , 700 bag. Dutch Company's Java, 431.61 to 51a., 34 bale* Moeha. ie? to "St ; and 3(10 bags La Ouay ra w ere taken in al 4J1. Tbete W ere no other sales. Ttlitiv ? rhe market ia firm at 48s. t?d. to 4Sa. 9d. on the sjio!, aud 48a. 9J. for December or January. I.nmr.iOL (Joitoi Mkiit.?Oct. i<).?Tke demand lor cotton to day h.? been partly active, and the tale amount to 6,000 bags, including loth) American lakJii on speculation Prices are very lully stip|>oited Oct 31?ro day's demand lor cotton hat been by no m-an? active, and the union amount to4<k|4> ban", including 30J American taken on speculation. Puces are steady, alinougti the market has heen quiet to-day. Nov 1?l'?- djy there h is beeu a vei y fair demand fo Cotton for a Tu -sday, an I JMKi hags have bean no Id, i tic lit ding Iooo American on peculation. There it no change in price*. Nov i.?To day '? demand for Cotton ha* been limited, ami barely 9000 bag* have heen oul, the trade beiug th? nola buyers; holder* oiler more freely, and *ale? can no long-r lie etfd-'.ted at the partial udvauce of ^1 per lb. obtained last week. Nov.3 ? The sale* of to-day ure 3000 hags. The market l* Heavy, and price* are with difficulty maintained LlvaarooL, Nov. 3, Idl'i. Sia :? f uere hti< not heen so good a demand tliia week for cct ton ?? we experienced last, nor ha* the market preaentec *o Uvorahb- an aspect?coniunaer* continue to buy sparingly and with caution?and prices under these circuni tuiH'es have not improved, but the tendency i* rattier m favor of buy er*. We estimate the aalcs for the live day* ending to-day at 17 to l-,0 0 bale* as statel b-low, of which speculators have taken 3001) bales of American and 700 buret; an1 Exporter* 800 bale* of American. Sal-* of the w eek ?160 Sen Island, ty a 14; 8400 Upland, 4 a 6}; MOO New Ot leans 4 a 7 J, 4000 Alabama an i Mobile, 3j a d. Total (ales 17,700 bale*. LivKhr.iol Coats Mskkf.t, Nov. 1 ? Prevented by exceedingly boisterous weather lor revet al day* last week, we had very little grain up to Friday's market, and ul though the atino-ph-te lias become more genial since, it has not been so far ol sullici-nt duration to admit il many vessels entering the port; wu have therefore to stale a very scanty supply of grain from Ireland,and scarcely ant eitlivr coastwise or from abtoi , a moderate quantity ol Irish tlour and oatmeal,ami 7195barrels of Canadian, ami 5 K) sacks of II >ur Irom Venice, frommglhe principal arrivals since this day se'n-uight. Livp kpooi. VIihkiii, Nov. 3 - We have again but uii unsatisfactory account to give or our Cotton market; th. depression existing at the close of September, contin'ir.1 for the first three weeks ol the past month, the week!) sales not averaging over 16,.M O bales, and holders having manifested a greater desire to sell, prices ot the fair and higher ipialiviek o American gave way J I, and the lower and middling class, a pi per lb; iheweek following theie was some impi ovemeut in the demand, tioth from the trade and speciils'or-.and the common qualities recovered themselves a fra ton; but since the advices by the Columbia learner were received on the 31st ultimo they have receded again, and the annexed quotations show fully th. above le.lu tion U;>oii t1 e currency at this lime last m nith, the market cl'ising without animation anJ wi h a g ..id leal ol cor.on offering A fair business is represented to be doing at Manchester, and stocks of inunuiactures are light ; but any material advance in the raw inaterial.it i- supposed, woul l check consumption, by causing spinners to r. sort to short time. Speculators were somewhat disupp noted that the last Steamer did not bring accounts of trust on your site, and still hope that the next arriv al will bring leducisl estimates of the crop, as with the pro sent prospects of xupplv hol.leis have no inducement to hold on when lull market rates are offered. The Corn trade has receutly assumed a firmer and more healthy tone, stocks of foreign grain being materially redue .1 by the gradual draw upon them for consumption the last two months, farmers having as yet brought little ol their s . cks to market, and holders have been enabled to obtain rather better prices. Under saiall import.itions ot bo ll home and colonial produce our stocks of Tea flour have al-o become reduced to a moderate compass, not being estimated to exceed 50,000 bids, and prime western canal, which is most scarce, is now held for d7s 6 I to arts; oth r desc iptions of United States 1 -r '.'6s 6,1 a 27i and Canadian lor 25s 6J a J6 fid per bbl. which are rather bet ter rates, cnmparativsly, tiiun what the new English and Irish manufacture are selling at, and the trade in couse- , quence are unwilling togivu the advance. The duties remain as before. 1 The new Regulations Bill is already beginning to have 1 a lavor. tile inlluence upon the Tobacco market, and I though i here has been no appearance of animation in the i lemand the past mo ilh, a larger amount of business lia- | been done than .tin ing any piece,ling fourweeks sine March The sales amount 'o II >1 hills., ot which 330 : were Virginia LeefL io t ditto stemmed. 17s Kmtaoks leaf, 413 Kentucky s'emmod, and 11 Canadian leaf. Since * the u f.noiable accounts were received respecting the ' new crop ol Virginia, holders of that description hive f obtained an alvance of id per lb., and are generally hold- ? ing ur Migu ir ratu, wmls of K-mucky stemmel they | are wildig sellers it m irket prices. Tne stock in ware- | h ) lie is 14,1 >4 Uti le a fainst 10,131 last year. H l'ar,ie ituie very dull of sate, the distillers being quite , full of -.loc v at pr sent, unl to effect sales lower rates wiiil h tve. to h ) accepted. The last sale of American 1 4 i.nts w ! a i?i per cwt, hut Brinsh can be liought at 1 li p;i c vt, aul with the raw material at present prices 1 it i known 'hat ih.a trale will sell even under thatiate, ri ur thin le' the foreign manufacture compete with i in?nl thus it will he their object ia future to keep t i .iri. o' the r i v article as low as possible. Quercitron Hark neglected, and prices barely maintains I. . Uhet have been in good request throughout the month at g adoally improving ra'es, Pols having realized an advance ol Is, and Pearls Is a 2s 6d per c wt; but the expoit orders being apparently ci mpleted, the market is moie quie the las. day or two. Jtl) to 300 bbls. are reported to have be n sold to arrive, but the price not allowed to transpire. There has been a fair business doing in Canadian Provisions, but American arc neglected ; the former are preferred, being in fresher condition, the stock of American here at present being chiefly old The small stock ol 1 American Lard left enables holders to obtain the advanc- d 1 price Of ttl per CWt duty paid, for fine quality; bat at this I ate the Chandlers do not purchase, and the demand is i confined to the Irish manufacturers, who take it to mix ' with their own make. | i.ittle doing in Rice, the export season being over. , No sales ol Baliic Hemp have been reported worth no- i tice' Petersburg clean still brings .?33. Jute has adv need ?1 a ?1 per ton, and a small lotof Manila realized f ? S|>erton. -j7 bales Egyptian Flax sold at ?30 per ton. 1 Tallow has been in good demand throughout th < ?"U I ? -? nti.ouir.iiu ?im CO.I II I ; Arm-iiean It ad* per cwt ; the lair imports j| the latter s h? ve been ol much better quality than formerly received t from that quarter, and c small lot of serous realized at mtifh at 49s 61 per cut. An import ol 333 casks trom " \.-w Orleans *ol,I at auction yvsterdax at 46t 6il a 47i per rat , and N. York rendered would bring to-day, if here, 1 40s |ier ca t. Common Bar Iron hat declined to ?.3 Ss a ?5 11)*. At Gothenburg the 93 I nit. the quotation was ?10 per ton, at I H.\ tia itt it. 11,16 a 19, Exchange tending upivar.lt. 1 Lierar >oi. Paovniote Mtttir, Nov 3 ? American Pro- I vitiont?We have had a very extensive demand for Ame- i rican lovi.iont, which still continues, a id at the quan'i- j ty of t'aiia li.n it now reduced into a small compart, jn- ( cr.ase.1 rates are demande I. 30 barrels New York city m?s? soil yesterday hv auction at 33s tn 36s per barrel in } bond Good bee scare, ami wanted. Diy hams cnquir- _ ad for?|>ickled, more slowly, at our quotations. Coi.tiderab.r ariivalt ol clieete, which meet a ready ' tale. Lardol an inferior kind it scarce; fine also getting r lu > in nock, the demand for which is good. He*/ in Bo?rf?United States m. ss per bhl. 33s 61 to 44s 1 6d; prime In# 6 I 'o 14s 6 I; Canadian mutt 44# 6.1 to 4SsAd: . prime 41s to 41# 61. P.irk in Hnnd Canadian mess 44s 01 to 4*161; prime Mi 6.1 to 42s 61, United States mess 31s 6d to 37s 6d. Ha* on 3is to 39s per cwt. duly paid Hamt? Dry 41s to 43 ; pickled 30s Sd to 33a 6d per cw t. . duo imid. | C*?'???17s Ad to 33s per cwt, duty paid. /.a- d 34s to 43a per cwt. duty paid. ' Hutitr? None. Tne imisirt is from the 13th Oct to the 31 Nov. hoth inclusive Ile.-i ,'H bblt; pork9&bbl?; cheese 6j0 casks and ! "liaise-, lard Mil packages. Stsrr ..a Ts?oit.?MsncMr.iTva?Upon the whole, , there na? been m ire .loing in cloti an I \ arn but at prices , ail11e as low as we have ever before had occasion to note. I n- torn Mid for yam is principally by the lierman and f ire.-k house., who *t old ratua have been operating pretty froely Isscwrarea ?Tuesday.? Although there was no ma'erial change in the demand, and certainly no advance in 'ti ,.rire? of go.> la or y arn, there was upon the whole a ' - 0'til rand steadier feeling in the market than during the ...- - ortbr- p needing weeks Stocks are at i II t -.go light ant many pinners an 1 manufacturers wo k g .I,, \rT contract , so that prices do not seem likely to be further roducad. Leans ?Tha pun has.-s in our cloth halls on Saturday watr i nnai >r?d very limited; but on Tuesday the demand B w ? ? >) a*'iv* |.e.-1 al I v in the white cloth hall. For some ti ns pa" the p'incipal business has been done iw tw?.-.is, [ ctei >b ..n?, and ,.th. r winto goo la. but there has of late '.eeii ra her uinr.- ,| , ? cluthsol a finer and light rr quail'\ homelor.ig,, ss well as domeatic buy ara have been inihetosu dniu.g.,,, wcek.au that there has een c > si I. ram ? ? 'ivity i.b . rv i la in the warehauaca f, than lor some Una poat. 19 ill ? l'here w*? an average I'lrnJinct of v batrraa thia market on I neada^, ?n.t * (air tninnej* waa ? done 10 thoa-gou<la that ?uil the pievainug taaic. Wool- I lenandntlti-rpiaMlawera la request, end Bny novelty in a| the article wea jmr. heeed with avuliiy. H?i..r?* - The demand lor manufacture goodain our in it? ? ?n 'aturday wn more eatenaire than for aomr time |. t>ot wrangeto ? * there wa* n t a proportion at. aril*,,. In the wool marital, which waa conaideied rather toll k R ichiiiiu- MondayV? e hare had abuay market to 1 day and flan e|? of th? finer qualitie* hare a good dr. man ). Ui rd guoda haraalao been eagerly sought after. ] ant the market haa barn antirrly ele<rel of them b) J ftanti-h bill an who do not oftrn attrnd thia market. Not wr branding tbia rradi aate. there 1a i ( the leaat imp'ovrai.rit in priraa. Wool ill remain* atatiooary in price, and the menafer rarer* buy rery sparingly . ' Harat Maaasra.?A cirealar from Hrrrw, datad tlftlh ' O-t b r, **t a Mr couo . market i? *gem ?, ry calm and feeble I he tniaineaain augar. though a I it lie more am matwi than laat we-h, ear Mill rery limited, t,ui price ' were a nh wmr d>lh uhy maintained I be aa>ea. na thi f whole, raatiitid of IM hh la, a< M to M|, an I M Ir tn c. n tim. a fee good mi Idling, la foreign and bourbon auga nothing occurred < olfee remained wi<hout any material t| a iter at ton, aad holder* appeared willing to Uapuae of the ftech, however, w* knew of only acme good ordinary tti Domingo, wha*h leued bay era at 41 and 4J fr .4*7 bag. t io * en! at 10} and 40, a d MM) 1 ags Laguayra at ftl} It Rice, on account ol aucceuive arrivals, has someu hat declined in value, 162 cask* Carolina having been old at 26} Ir per AO kilogrammes, 50 do on delivery at '25, a ad 0} caaka at 24 fr. In East India rice nothing was dune I'he transactions in indigo have all at once reaaed to beol uiy interest, there have been in thecourae ot lliii week ie ly 20 oh. itt Bengal changed handa, 10 cheata at a premum of 1 fr 90 cents, and 10 cheats at the price of s lr 67 oN. Our stock amounts to 2550 cheats Bengal,01 Java, 25 serous Caraccat>, aid 16 do Guatemala. IIambl hi. Miski. i s - In the Hamburg markets during the week ending Fridaj, October 23th, coffee had been quieter, and the sale aie reported as follows 1400 bags Hi ayiI coffee a 2| to 4} seh. 600 La Guii) ra at 3| to 4 sell; and oOOBataviaat 4 5-16th to 4} sell. The demand fur raw sugar Continued, and for particular descriptions a small advance was given. The parcels brought forward sold >upi lly, including 2100 hoses tirown and yellow Havana; 160 lanes white and 300 brown Bahia, and 300baskets yellow Java, with atwut 250.000 lbs of Belgian and Dutch lumps. Itice sold only in very limited parcels; in cocoa i here was no alteration. A lew parcels of cassia lignea ha l been sol 1, and pepper and pimento went at previous rates. I tobacco the sales were 54 caaka Kentucky, 7t)0 I'omingo, and 1192 rolls Porto Rico. Ot Itussian tallow the supply was limited, and prices were firm. Ordinary butter w as sold at 23 to 29 in dollars, and best Hamburgh pickle.i beef at 42 maiks. Pork the same per 200 pounds English. AairriDiM Msissrs.?In the Amsterdam market during the week ending Monday, October 31. coffee was wuhjiit alteration. Javu had been in smalldemand at 234 lor good ordinary. Brazil was in request. Tobacco had only a limited aale, and in eotton there was very little do lug. Prices wrr? tolerably firm ; American brought 43c to Jic, nml tint India 19c to -JSc. Raw sugar wan scarce mil Mipixirteil its value. In rice there was not much (lone. Carolina w as III to 131. and Ju\a Uf t? 111. Hides were dull The demand lor Java indigo continU' d', -.'DO chwU "old at :9) to 4(k advance on last sale's prices. G-neva, Amsterdam ptool was at ldjl to 171", aud Russia tallow at 3gjf. Istsiiii Mas kits?From Antwerp we learn that cofvi as in a more Uvoiahle jhzmiioii during the week end4 liie-ilty, the d&ili Oct. Kules--ltiOO bales ordinary Bit iv, i, at Jti to ittjc; ordinary Domingo at 21J to d'Jc; ml i unary Brazil at JOJ to tlOJc, alitor consumption. Ill les h.ni n it told freely Cotton was dull; also indigo; mil ijr - feeble at Uf Ujf for Carolina. and9to 9ff lor Bengal. In raw tugar the sales were J000 boxes greyHavana at Uf to 14}!. Tea was dull. Dr. Smith's Lkcti rk Last Lveni.nu on Geoi.ooy.?Dr Smith introduced hie lecture by stating that he had, during the day, received h communication from one ot Hie most distinguished clergymen ot this city, making mine objections to the statements lie had made in his lectures. He said his mistake had It en in following the literal translaiioiis I the Scriptures. Dr S. remarked, that, for himself, he was no Hebrew scholar, and that he claims othing for himself but zeal and assiduity. He made no allusion at all to the article in the Tribune. We shall give the substantial points of his lecture bri-flv When we observe the material world around us, we find abundant evidence tlial chemical changes are constantly going on. And these chemical changes are con taiitlv becoming more complete, or,as you go back in point ot time, you lind things more simple yesterday than they are today?more simple list week than this?lust year than this yeai?anil la-h century ill,in this century? and so on; until eventually you come back to a lime when the elements of matter were perfectly simple. All the evidence on the subject went to prove that originally ail matter was in a nebulous state. Here he introduced evidence from the nebulous matter which surrounds the planet Jupiter, and also Saturn. He was in fa. vor of the nebula theory, infill no tlteory could be considered |wrfectly well established no font? as one s ilitary fact was obstinately refractory. And there were some lacs wnich he could not account for. For example, he could not account for the fact why all matter when it congealed or coagulated, should have done so in accordance with one regular law. The rea-oti of tin" law cuunot he deduced from the nebula theory. There was a time when this globe was in a state of fluidity. As an evidence ol this, he cited the fact that the earth's equatorial diameter is 26 miles l"ug r than its polar diameter And the planet Jupiter is still m re flattened, being like a millstone. This fact was considered demonstrative ay some, but he was careful how he used the word 1' inonstration. This word was onlv to he employed when a fact was not on'y prowd to he true, nit where the opposite state could not he 'onceived by the human mind to be possible, le could not, therefore, consider it demonstration. 11 the second plac , the s|?ecific gravity of the earth s inconsistent with the nebula theory. Here Dr. I $ went into some remarks upon the weight of the , artli It h i" been weighed. The weight of all bolies is directly a" heir mass, and inversely as the ' quarea ol lli'Mi distance. The specitic gravity of ' he earth is tound to be 5, water being 1. The in- i ernal parts of the earth are found to be heavier than it the surface. Alter going down to a certain depth, tic material was found to he granite. The derpet)t nine was ah >ut one mile. Although there was evi- ' lence that 60 miles down it is granite. Hence we assume that it is granite throughout, or granitre rocks. They are called I'hitonic rocks, because they have been once acted U|>on by heat. If you go low enough you will Hud a 1 to he in a state n| fusion All the lo ver rocks have been melted. There is a certain dentil bel?w the surface where the thermometer undergoes no change, either from the changing teini>erature of the air above, or from the internal neat below. From this equilibrium point, wherever it is. the heat reirularlv inrreawn ?t the r.ite of on" degree of Farenheit tor every 45 feet down. Such is the fact, as tar down as any measurements have ever been effected; and hence it is inferred that it is the law throughout At the depth of 20 to29 miles, all the interior is in n state of fusion. Above is called the crust of the earth. It has been said that this crust, in the region of Norway, is thinner than elsewhere, because the climate is warmer in pro|>orti*n to the latitude, fhe question has been asked, why does not this 'teat escape 1 The answer is, that heat cannot jm^s >h indefinitely without meeting with resis anc-. fou may heat one end of a poker, but, notwuhitandmg that iron is one of the best conductors of :aloric, yet the heat at the one end will not puss >n to the other end of the poker. Some small unount of heat does undoubtedly esca|>e through wrings, volcanoes, <Sec ; but it is too small to affect lie general law Laplace proved that 2,000 years igo the earth ceased to grow colder. And it is a emaikable fact that there was a time when tropical ilants grew all over the earth They have been found it a ceiiaindepih in all known latitudes They were ound by Capt Parry very far north. There can be no doubt but the earth has undergone a change in its lemperature. There were some objections to- this heorv?the Plutonic theory. First, gold and pluti1H being heavier substances, would have sunk down, n a fluid mass, towards the centre. To this it night be replied (here was some faint reason to *un>o.-e that the metals themselves were not simple lodies, and do not exist deep down in the earth second, the surface of the earth is more complex ban the interior. Nebula must be very homi gelecus. Here Dr. Smith went into an explanation of his arge and handsome drau mgs. We shall therefore >ass over the balance of the lecture. Rupertor Court. Before Ju.lge Tallma<lgc. ...... ...?i.mu f j if ? n ni oicn v jir neirnum, me FUtculor of William Urown, iIterated ? 1 h t anion ia irought to recover the value ol goods sent by John and dugli Brown to William Brown. J and H. Brown were nanufactureia o< linen in Ireland William Brown's deence i?, 1 at, that h<- haa paid the full value ol all he haa ecuived; and, 'id, that there is an attachment now pend. ng against J. tt II. Brown, aa non-reiident debtor*, in which tni>teea hare bean appointed, and that thia init ihouid have been brought in their name, and not in the 1 lame of the pln.ntiffs The plaintiff* were non suited. ' John Cook, Etq., for plaintiff. Mr Girard for defendant. Henry Du ighl jr. v? Edward Flanagan.?Thia ia a case ( n whicn .Mr Dwiglit seeks to recover the amount of two nemorandum i hi cks, oneol $7ft, and the other ot >l9ft, revived bv Mr. Dwight through Edward Morgan. Caae ioI finished. Poit vt Tht North Hirer Insurance Company?The I udge deliveied hit chai ge in this cate to day. He chargJ particularly that if the jury beliercd there had been a raudtilrnt over eatimate by Pole ol the Ion he hail tut- t anied, then by virtue of hia contract with the Insurancr , Company he could recoeghiothing at all, not eveuou any ctual lost which he mi^^ hai e luttaiued. I 'J be jury could not agree, and were discharged. | Marine Court. unuio jiiugM riHinuiuua. j Not. 18 ?Jonathan Hanton vt. Jamtt W. Barker, Bte hen Barker anil Henry I). ?Thia i? an action of rtpas* on the Cfr brought again*! the defendant for t iking property out of |>o??mim n of one Peter Conolly l-y . irtueof an execution again*! Conolly, which property a* alleged to In-long to Hanson. D mage* laid at flOd t he teatimony was conflicting. The jury could not jrec, ami were discharged. Kilgar Ketchum. E*q , lor plaintiff. , Jaa. W. Webster, lor defendant*. Conrt Calendar?1 hla Day. t Serratoa Coibt ? 31, 93, 34, 90, 31, 38, 38,41, 48, 49, 61, ? t V<,01, 3d, 1,3, 4,9,S, 10,19, 15, 18,18. 19,90,93,37,39, . ft. f < tacfiT Cottar? No*. 190, 193, 194, 199,197,300, 901, ? 93, 907, 319, 311, 313, 314,310, 59, AS, 54, 68,317, 318,319, , tio. h Chatham Tmratek.?There is a great variety of xcellent entertainments presented in the bill for " Ilia evning Th'- highly interesting drama of the ' ' Maid of Beauvaia," in which the talented Mr* home appear* ; the nautical drama of' " Hearts ol ti )ak," that popular performer, Mr. J. R. Scott, ll naciing the principal character; and, to conclude, g tte highly succearful mythological spectacle ot ' Hell on Karl h"?are each to be performed with ? he entira strength of a superior company. NkW YORK HERALD. .' < vr lurk, Nutnrilay, November IV. lSl'i. Splendid Number of like Weekly Herald? Until* of Central Amerlea? Eight Superb Engraving*. To-day we publish in the " Weekly Herald,'1 a full account of the mlendid work about tu be nubliih e.l by the Langleys, on the " Ruins of Central America," | illustrated by eight superb engraving*, selected from the work by ourselves, anj reduced for the " New York Herald" from Mr. Normau's beautiful drawings. They are as lollows :? I. The Ruins ol Uxmal.seenby moonlight. II. The T.mple in the Ruins of Chi Chen. III. Kront ol the House of the Caciques, in the Chi Chen mine. IV. The Za> i Ruins. V. Plan of the lluins of Usmal. VI. Plan of the Ruins of Chi-Chen. VII. A Roadside Sketch. VIII. A.i Indian Hut. Wepublished six of the above engravings Thursday, and scut them to England ; we republish them to-day with two others in the Weekly Herald. In addition to this, the " Weekly Herald" will contain all the closiug scenes ol the Miller Camp Meeting, with two accurate engravings *f the insido and outside of the great Tent. Also, a full account of the suicide of Colt. New York Lancet.?An unusually interesting number of this popular Medical Journal is published ihisday at the Herald office, north west corner ol Fulton and Nassau streets. Price $5 per annum or 12} cents per single copy. The Sunday Herald will be published as usual to-morrow, containing its accustomed varied intelligence. Price 2 cents per copy. Sews from Fngland We received yesterday morning, at the early hour of 5 o'clock, by the private express of Messrs. Hamden Jc Co. the late news brought by the Acadia at Boston, in the short passage of 12} days. It is twelve days later, and will be tound on the hrst page. The most important feature of this intelligence is the breaking out of a war in the London newspaper press, ugainst the American newspaper press?and the strange and amusing character of the contest that is going on in London and Paris about the talent,circulation, and influence of the New York Herald. One ol the ablest of the London papers, the Evening Star, takes up the cause of the New York Herald, and charges the stockjobbers and aristocracy of England with instigating this attack, in order to prevent the New ?ork Herald from circulating the doctrines of republicanism in Europe, and thus endanger the stability of the rotten institutions of that country. This is a most funny and amusing controversy, and we shall give our readers a few specimens ol its tone and character, in a few days. The hast Pay of John C. Colt?His Extraordinary Suicide and Death. In another part of this day's paper, will be found the extraordinary suicide and death of JohnC. Colt, before the hour appointed by law for his execution, and the no less extraordinary circumstances of his marriage to Caroline Kenshaw, his final separation, and the firing of the cupola of the Halls of Justice about the hour at which he committed the fatal act that closed his course cn earth. We hardly know where to begin, or how to express the feelings and thoughts which rise up in the muni in uuiuriii}>iiuniK una uwiui?mis unexampled ?this stupendous?(his most extraordiuary and most horrible tragedy. The death of Adams and the circumstances attending that fatal deed, can only be mralleled by the trial, sentence and awful suicide of 2olt. The history of this case cannot be equalled n iis horrors by that of any criminal trial on record. Yet it will not probably end here. The -public will demands full investigation of the circumstances through which such a catastrophe was permitted. How came Colt to ask for religious consolation from a clergyman, and yet to commit suicide 1 The prayers said over him by the Rev. Mr. Anthon, seem to have had little influence on his mind, when we look at the horrible termination of his life. Christianity had not penetrated or pervaded the last moments of his existence in the remotest degree. Taking all the horrid circumstances of his end into consideration, we have very reason to believe that Governor Seward will Drder an investigation into the facts?and ascertain that no one is to blame for such a death but the unfortunate being himself. Toward him that was, none can have any feeling but that of pity, commiseration, and deep anguish of heart. From the first noment of his trial to the last pulsation ol his exstence, he seems to have been under the influence )f a false system of morals?a perverted sense of liiman honor?and a sentiment that is ut utter variince wiih the mysterious revelations of Christianity >r the sacred institutions of justice in civilized mciety The |>erverted principles of honor and re ipectability, that spring from modern philosophy and human pride, have precipitated him tpon the fatal precipice. These principles irising from materialism in philosophy, and unbeiefin all revelation, are too rife in the world, ind may be looked upon as the principal cause of til the licentiousness, private and public, which ieems to overwhelm the whole institutions of civilized society in one mass of uproar, confusion and desfmir. We cannot any more to day?nor could we say less at this most momentous crisis. We have no doubt Governor Seward will order an investigation tt once inio this most unheard of?most unparallel*d tragedy. Colt's Malcldc?Persons who were alone with hint In his Cell Yesterday. Rev. Dr Anthon. Dudley Selden. Samuel Colt. Caroline Hen <haw. SherifTHart. In addition to the above, David Graham and tobert Kmint-tl viaited him together, when no other ernonn were nt. A ho John Howard Puyneind Lewis aylord t'larke visited htin with Samuel roll. Who gave him the knife! Star Gazimo ?Yesterday afternoon a bright alar a-aaaeen in the southeastern sky?the nun ahining iright at the time. The weather wan clear, and dry ind cold. Mundnds of people were gazing from he corner of every sti et. Some opposed i' had eference l>> Colt?other* that it was only the ap>roach o! die 2&1 *1 April, 1843, a* prophesied by Father Miller. It w.ia only the planet Venua. Mamaciiwsktts KutcTtoa.?Acconling to the renrn received by the democrats in Boston, there lave keen 132 whig* and 144 democrata elected to he lower hounr r.f the legislature. Whig relurnn
dan Mi ilnt >wM? I ? ' ' r ' , .wuruiutuw. II in yel aouoiiui vho is to be the nest Governor of that State. FonKUJN Xkws.?It was bya special exfare?i sent >y Harnden Co.that we received the foreign news esterday morning. Their messenger reuohed this ity at four o'clock, by the way of Hudson, tn the rack steamer North America, Captain Vraesdell larnden k Co exhibit a great deal ot enterprise, nd we are glad to learn they are well encorraged y the public. Navai..?The North Carolina was towed Irom her looringa off the Battery to hrr winter quagters at lie Navy Vaid. Max noiiaxa's Sboond Coacnr.?Thiagteatar s( gives a second concert on Monday evening His ist was remarkably well attended?and excited reat applause. Naw York Lkoai. <'hsksvks, NrwT ?This very seful periodical is published to-day. Several very mportant decisions are given i mm??s?. [From our Extra of yeeterday afternoon.] Colt's Mulelde and Barnlng of the City Prison. Fxlday, Two o'clock, P. M The preparations for the execution of John C. Colt were all made at an early hour this morning. The messenger sent toAlbany returned at an early hour with the iniormatiou that the Chancellor had peremptorily refused to grant a Writ of Error on the second application ol the counsel of Colt Senator Verplunck has also replied to a letter of Colt's counsel in which he threes with the position taken by Benjamin F. Butler, Esq. and Joseph C. Hart, Esq. counsel of the Sheriff, who backed the last application to the Chancellor, for the purpose of having the question of Aldermen acting as Judges of the Court of Oyer and Terminer, constitutionally decidi d. Colt was engaged in writing nearly all night, preparing, as we understand, a full statement of all a|>pertaining to the murder of Adams. He was under the charge of Deputy Sheriff Vultee and Green, during the night. And upon being asked in the evening if he wanted anything, he desired a cup of coffee, and then told the Deputy that he wished to see all the keepers of the prison between 12 and 1 o'clock this day, when he would bid them adieu forever. He also stated that the Sheriff had complied with his request, and postponed the hour of execution until the last of the day, as published in the Herald. Colt's brother was at the prison door as soon as it was opened in the morning, and remained with him about a quarter of an hour. He afterward dressed himself and was shaved by Bil.Dolsens, ofCentre street, commonly called Deaf Bill. At early dawn persons began to assemble around the City Prison, and at about 8 o'clock, the avenues and entrances were blocked up with anxious enquirers, who were asking?" Will he be hung 1" ?" Can't you let us in 1" Sec. The gates to the entrance of the prison were closed about eight o'clock, and officers stationed under ihe charge of A. M. C. Smith, to prevent the ingresB of any except those who Ifkd tickets of admission. I The position of the gallows was in the rear court yard of the prison, and the noise of the workmen in its erection could be distinctly heard through the massive walls of the prison. The gallows was erected early in the morning. It consisted merely of two upright posts, and one transversely placed. Through the centre of the transverse piece, over a pully wheel, the rope was passed, and to the opposite end weights of about *230 nnundri wt>r* RUnnpnrled hv ndditinnnl hlrwka and tackle It was placed in the centre of the yard and immediately opposite the rear window of the cell in which Colt was confined. At nine o'clock the outer door of his cell was opened and the usual breakfast of the prisoners served up in their different cells . The sliding of locks, bolts and bars, and the chit chat and excitement among the inmates of the prison as well as the spectators that had been admitted, all tended to add a peculiarity to the scene within the walls of the Tombs that must be ever remembered by all who were present. Nothing was talked of, hinted at or thought about but the execution, the execution, which to the ears of Col', if he could catch the sound, must have been aught but agreeable. The excitement about the prison was intense at about 11 o'clock, and the doors of the Police Office were closed in order to prevent the intrusion of the crowd. Franklin street was filled with the multitude as well as the vestibule of the city prison on Centre street,and the street in front. Dr. Anthon visited the cell of Colt at about 11 o'clock, in company with Colt's brother, for the purpose of making preparation for his marriage with Caroline Henshaw. At about half past 11 o'clock Messrs. Graham and Emmelt, his counsel, visited his cell and remained about half an hour. A little before 12 o'clock, Caroline Henshaw made her appearance in company with the brother of Colt and John Howard Payne, who entered the cell with her- They were then married by the Rev. Dr. Anthon, in presence of David Graham, Robert Emmett, Justice Merritt, the Sheriff,John Howard Payne,and Colt's brother. She was dressed with a straw bonnet, green shawl, a claret colored cloak trimmed with red cord, and a muff. Her appearance denoted much anxiety, and she was much thinner than when a witness on the trial. After their marriage, Dr. Anthon remained in the cell with them a few minutes and then left them alone, she remaining for nearly an hour. There waa considerable excitement among the prisoners in the various cells, and Sears, who is confined for the murder of McDonough, was exceedingly inquisitive as to all the preparations for the execution. It may be his turn next. The prisoners in the upper cells, the windows of which overlook the rea? court yard, where the gallows was erected, contrived to get a view of the scaffold by holding a piece of looking glass from the small apertures in the side of the cell, the reflection of which brought it to 'heir sight. From every cell an arm could be seen with a piece of glass in the fingers, evincing that the holder was anxiously waiting for the hour of execution. At this period of the eventful day, the scene was exciting and thrilling in the extreme. Within that narrow cell were the husband and wife, but just married, yet bidding each other farewell for the last time on earth, with the awful certainty that one would be a lifeless corpse, and the other a widow, before the setting of the sun that was then throwing its rays into the otherwise cheerless place. At the door stood Vultee, the deputy sheriff, one hand on the sliding bolt of the cell door, and the other holding the padlock and key. On the corridor, connected with his cell, was the sheriff, pacing up and down on one side, evidently deeply affected with fhe contemplation of the shocking ceremony he w as about to perform. Pacing up and down on the oth.*-r side of the corridor, might be seen a small made man, with a highly intellectual countenance, the natural brilliancy of which was overshadowed by deep solemnity, his hands behind him, and his whole mental energiesevidentlyabsorbed in profnund reflection on the things of another world ; this was Dr. Anthon the spiritual adviser of the prisoner. 1 Clese by the little bridge which united the two corridors, stood two friends of the prisoner, in conver nation on his unfortunate career?these were John Howard Payne, and Lewis (Jaylord Clarke. lnihe I corridor below were about thirty pere .ns, principally ! those connected in some way or other with the administration of justice; and on the faces of the whole thete was a most extraordinary aspect of solemnity, altogether different from what has usually been seen in that building, even just previous to an execution. It appeared as if a terrible event was about to ha/?p~n that they could not avert, and that would plunge them all in profound regret. At last, about one o'clock, Colt's brother, Samuel, again arrived, and entered his cell; he was still engaged in conversation with his wife, who was sitting on the foot of the bed, convulsed with his teare. At troll's request, John Howard Payne and Lewis Gay.'ord Clarke then went into his cell to take their leave ofhini. Colt appeared exceedingly pleased to see ihem ; shook them cord-ll.. I J I 1 ?L. Mnn.sanl many uy me nnna, ana co.nrrncu Willi cheerfulness wiih them for five minute#, when they hid him faiewell, both of them in tear#. Colt's brother, Samuel, and his wife, rrniained in the cell about ten minutes longer, when 'both left. Hisbro therwas deeply affected, and loirkcd more ghastly "*en than Colt himself. His wife could scarce!) *U|'port herself, so violent were her feelings ano cute her suflitrings. She stood at the door of the ceil for a minute?Colt kissed her passionatelytrained her to his bosom, ana watched her rece ling formasshe passed into the corridor. Hereshe stood and sobbed convulsively w though her heart would break, for five minutes. At last she was led away by Colt's brother,"and his friends followed.? ???? Colt then desired to see the Sheriff, who went into his cell, ("oil tli' a told him emphatically that he wuaiuuuceul of (he wu-det of Adams, and that he never intended to lull lniu ; he also told him that he still had hopes that soinetlnug would intervene to save him Irom being buns, and begged hiin not to execute the sentence of the law upon him. The Sheriff told him to banish all hope ol that kind, for that he must die at 4 o'clock He then requested to see the SheriH's watch, and set his own by it to a minute. He then asked to see Dr. Anthon, and the latter went into his cell, and remained in prayer with him for about ten minutes. At th? close of this, Colt again sent for the Sheriff, and said to him " If there are anv uentlemen nreaent who wish to see me, and lake their leave of me, I shall be happy to see them." This was announced by the Sheriff, and all present with one or two exceptions passed up to hiscell door, shook him by the hand, and took their leave of htm. To one gentleman connected with the press he said, " I've spoken harshly of some of the press, but I do not blame you at all; it was all my own fault; there were things tha ought to have been explained, which were left unexplained; I know you have a good heart; and I forgive you from my soul, freely; may God bless you and may you prosper." He then requested his keeper, Mr- Greene, to let him be left alone until the last moment. This was about 2 P. M. His cell was closed and he wasle't alone till 20 minutes to 3, when some friends of the Sheriff apprehending that he might attempt to commit suicide, one of the Deputy Sheriff's, Hillyer, went to his cell door, and requested to wish him "good bye." Colt was then walking up and down his cell, but turned round on the door opening,smiled on Hillyer,shook him by the hand, and kisse J him, as he did several of those who had just previously bid liirn farewell in this life. He said to Hillyer? " God bless you, and may you prosper in this life which is soon to close on me." From this time to three o'clock, the excitement around the prison increased tremendously ; and the feelings of those in the prison were also worked up to a pitch of great intensity. Several eminent surgeons came into the prison a little before three, and the universal topic of discussion, all round, among the little knots of spec tators, was, whether he had been furnished with the means, and whether he would commit suicide or not. Many prophecied that " by four o'clock there would be a dead man without hanging." Suicide of John C. Colt. Four o'clock, P. M. We had written the whole of the ubove at a 4 to 3 P. M. this afternoon. At that lime Colt was alive. No one entered his cell till precisely 5 minutes to four o'clock,at which time Sheriff Hart and Westervelt, dressed in uniform, with Dr. Anthon, proceeded to the cell. On the keeper opening the door, Dr. Anthon who was first, drew back, threw up his hands and eyes to Heaven, and uttering a faint ejaculation, turned pale as death, and retired. " As I thought," said the keeper. " As I thought," said we. And going into the cell, there lay Colt on his back, stretched out at full length on the bed, quite dead, but not cold A clasp knife, like u small dirk knife, with a broken handle, was sticking in his heart. He had 6tabbed himself about the fifth rib on the left side. We felt his temples, and they were warm. His vest was optn, the blood had flowed freely, and his hands, which were placed across his belly, were very bloody; he had evidently worked and tamed the knife round and round in his heart after he had stabbed himself, until he made quite a large gash.? His body was laid out quite straight on the bed as if laid out for a funeral by others. His mouth was open, and his eyes partly open. Dr. Hosack and several omers weni into nis ceil, ana pronounceu him dead. The Coroner was ready at hand, took charge of the body, and locked the cell. Most strange to say, just at this moment, the large cupola of the Tombs was discovered to be on fire ; i and burned furiously ; so that, if he had not killed himself, inconsequence of the execution being postponed to the last moment, it is very probable, that in the confusion arising from the fire, and the mob breaking into the Tombs, Colt would either have made his esca|>e, or he would not have been hung. It caught accidentally from a stove that was in the cupola, the whole outside work of which was consumed. The condact of those concerned needs no commentary. The public will pass judgment on them ! We have more to say about his visitors hereafter. Eight o'clock, P. M. The Coroner's Inquest.?At the hour of seven o'clock Coroner Archer, with a jury selected by his deputy, Abner Milliken, Esq., assembled in the Court Room of the General Sessions in order to investigate the cause of the death of John C. Colt. The Court Room was crowded to excess as soon as the doors were opened, and the galleries filled to overflowing by the anxious spectators. The Coroner was accompanied by His Honor Mayor Morris, Aldermen Crolius, Stewart and Smith. Order being restored, the following gentlemen were sworn as jurors:?Allan M. Sniffen, Joseph Keeler, Wm. H. Prall, Fenelon Hasbrouck, David D. Bradford, Henry McShee, Robert A. Sands, Thomas Betts, Dr. John Sickels, George Pirnie, D. D. Addison, Dr. J. W. Duvall, George Fisby, Lester Wilson, John Burrows, John Ryker, Jr., John Horepool.Jr., David Vandervoort, James B. Greenman, Thomas Dunlap, F. S. Stranahan, Samuel Nichols, Jr. The jury having beea qualified they proceeded to the City Prison in order to examine the body of Colt, and on their return? MoNMOtrni B. IIaut, sheriffol the county ol New York, was called and sworn and deposed as follows: ?I have a warrant for the execution of John C Colt,who was to have been executed thisday?I saw the deceased to-day several times?his execution was to have taken place at 4 o'clock, on the going down of the sun. according to his request?I had seen him one hour before the time that I found him; he was alone in'he cell at that time?David Graham, Dudley Selden, Samuel Colt, Robert Emmett Caroline Henshaw, Deputy Sheriff Vultee, and a number of other uentlemen wnose names I cannot recollect were in his cell during the day?a number of physicians were also in his cell during the day. The Rev. Dr. Anthon was in his cell several times, as also the officers of the prison whose names I do not know?I went to his cell to open the door at five minutes before 4 o'clock in the afternoon to admit Dr. Anthon?he attempted to go into the cell, and upon seeing the body immediately stepped back? f then passed him and went in mjrs? If and saw Colt lying on the cot with a knife sticking in his left side. J nut iny hands on his face,and supposing that he was dead I retired, and ordered the doors to be closed ; it was afterwards ascertained that he was dead, and the execution did not take place. I have not seen the body since, as the Coroner look charge of it and locked tne cell door. I have not examined the cell of Colt since he has been in my charge, that is since the sentence. Col Jones, the keener of the prison, has informed me that he examined the cell thoroughly. I have no knowledge ot any person nurrvintr n /IpaHltr urpannn into hl8 Cell. He WA.M allowed to keen his penknife, because he said he did not use steel pens, and I left the knife with him mat he might use it to make pens to write with ; the oenknite la not the one that he killed himself wiih. I saw him the last time when Mr. Hiliyer parted with him at about a quarter before 3 o'clock. John J. V. Wrsiervri.t, und-r sheriff, was called and aworn.?'I saw the deceased at hall past two for the last time ; I have seen the body since and recognize it as the body of John C. Colt; I have no knowledge of any person having conveyed the knife to him with which he committed suicide. Frkokrick L Vijltkk, Deputy Sheriff called and sworn. I have h id c harge of prisoner since Tuesday morning last at 3 o,cIock, and resumed my watch everv alternate six hours I was relieved by Abraham H. Green, deputy sheriff. I have seen him frequently since he has been in my charge; two or three times during my watch have c?mv^rsed with him. I have never seen nny dangerous instrument in his cell, except a knife and fork with which he ate. 1 never mw the knife here exhibited it lore to day, and then it was in his body .? ( have no knowledge of the means by which he procuradt his instrument. The first permn who visited deceased this morning, was Samuel Colt, which waa at about half oast mx o'clock At about twenty minutes of 8, William Dolsen was aent for to shave him ; I was present in the eel while he shaved him. Samuel Cplt was the next lersoa who called, and brought Mias Caroline Hen htw with hin. Then eim Dr. Authon, wh<? also entered the cell John Howard Payne also went in, and the Sheriff, Robert Emmett and David Graham, Jr. Hia breakfast wai brnualit in at iIlia tune by a'voung man from Mr. Cowdrey's victualling celfer?it was brought in a basket and the consents taken out in tnv presence? Didley Selden was also in hia cell during rny relief ot Mr. Green. Ilia brother, Samuel Colt, wan with him alone this morning ; at the time that theae persons were in the cell, 1 was informed that the marriage ceremony too* place between Uie deceased ana Miss Henshaw I have no knewledge ot the manner in which the knife wus given to him. Miss Henshaw came into the cell for the first time on Thursday morning. Au.nkk Milukkn, deputy coroner, was sworn.? 1 nave eeen me uooy in ine cny prison, anu recognize it as the bodv of John C. Colt; the knife brought in by me was taken from the wound inflicted on the body of Colt; it was taken out by Dre. Hosack and Macomb. William H. Green, deputy sheriff, sworn.?I have had charge of Colt since Monday afternoon at intervals. I saw the handle of a knife resembling the one here shown sticking from the body of Colt. 1 do not know how it was brought into the cell ; I never made any search in the cell to ascertain whether there were auy instruments in ilto cause death. The instructions given to these deputies by the Sheriff were handed to the Coroner. Rtv. Henry Anthon was called and sworn.? My visitations commenced on Monday, and before I proceed to be examined. 1 would wish to read the notes 1 have taken each dax. The Reverend gentleman here commenced reading his notes, which occupied some length of time. They contained a diary of each day's interview with Colt, in which it appears that deceased expressed a belief in future rewards and punishments, and that he united with Dr An hon in prayer on Tuesday, at his second interview. On the third meeting he confessed Ins belief in Christ, and the justice of hisCreator. He solemnly declared that he committed the murder of Adams in self-defence, and said that he should not die with a lie upon his lips, and that he was prepared to meet his God with such a declara lion. He also complained against the publications in some of the penny papers. The third interview th- question of suicide was alluded to, when he re pli"d thathe hud nosuch'inteniion His child and mistress were spoken of, and upon a suggestion of Dr. Anthon in relation to his marrying Miss Henshaw, he said he would consult his friends and decide upon it. In the interview on Friday he handed me the suni of $500, which he said had been given to him by his brother. I counted the money, and lie requested me to pay over to his intended wife $20 per month as long as it lasted. I told him that I would stand sponsor for the child, and give a receipt for the money, as soon as they were married. I married ihem about 11 o'clock, and Colt exhorted his wife to lead a religious life, and endeavor to bring up the child and educate it. I offered to Itake the child, and bring it up as far as was in my power; but he said his relatives desired to have the care of it. In the last interview with him, which was about two o'clock, lie asked for a watch, which was given him by one of the deputies, and he oompared i' with the time ol the Sheriff On leaving him, 1 told him to die with Christian fortitude?and he said, " Yes, I will die with Christian fortitude." I went to the door of the cell in company with the Sheriff, and found deceased lying dead on the cot. I know nothing of the inauner in which the knife was given to deceased. Col. Wm. Jones, keeper of the city prison, called and sworn:?John C. Colt was in my custody from July 2nd to Monday afternoon last?since then he has been in chaise ol the sheriff. I took a receipt from the sheriff when I delivered him over. I have not seen deceased since Monday last. He remained in the same cell after the sheriff look htm into custody as before. I searched his cell on Mon nay morning of this week, but teund no dangerous instruments. We gave it a thorough search, and was satisfied that there was nothing in his cell at that time that we could find of a nature to destroy life. I have never seen the knife here shown be. lore, nor have I any knowledge as to how it came into his cell. I had chains olaced on his feet on Monday. Da. John R. Macomb, physician of the city prison, sworn:?I .visited the prisoner frequently until Monday last, but have not seen him since I have seen his body?the knife here shown was in his body?a hole was cut in his vest and shirt, about three inches in diameter, and the knife was inserted half an inch below the nipple of the left side, and between the fourth and fifth ribs? on the upper margin of the fifth rib. 1 made a post mortem examination of the body in company with Dr. Hosack?the knife was inserted an inch and a half in the left ventricle of the heart?he must have understood th< anatomy of his body to have produced such a result. I could not have done it betttr myselt.? On Monday last, deceased desired to borrow a work on anatomy from me, but I refused to let him have it?he then desired to know which of the vessels in the arm would produce the easiest death, but I told hiin I should not tell him. Dr. Alexander Hosack was called and sworn, and confirmed the statement of Dr. Macomb. Samuel Colt, brother of deceased, was then sworn. I have no knowledge of the manner in which the knife, here exhibited, was procured or given to deceased. Mrs. Caroline Colt, late Henshaw, was sworn. I have no knowledge of the manner in which John C. Cof t became possessed of the knife with which he committed suicide. The Coroner then addresaed the Jury, stating that the investigation had been continued for the purpose of endeavoring to ascertain whether any p-rson had given the knife to deceased, in order that he might commit suicide, as such an act would render the person liable to an indictment for manslaughter. There being no proof to establish evidence against any particular person, he said he should pass the matter into their hands for a verdict in accordance with the evidence. Some of ttie jurors requested to see the knife, which was handed them, and they retired to a private room to prepare tneir verdict. The Jury returned a verdict that John C. Colt caine to his death by a wound inflicted by himself in his left breast with a knife, but the Jury are unable to say by what means he became possessed of the knile. The body was enclosed ia a coffin, and interred in a vault in St. Mark's burying ground lnt evening after the inquest was held. The following is the letter of the Chancellor in reply to the second application of Colt's counsel for a writ of error. It is addressed to Joseph C. Hart, b'sq., the counsel of the sheriff, and we present an exclusive copy i? Aisinv, >:or. 17,1843. Dkar Sir? I heard* the questions upon the writ ul error in Colt's case, argued at great length at New York, ai.d came to the deliberate determination that there was none of them on which there was any room to doubt, as you will see from my written opinion, which I left in the hands of Colt's counsel whin I left New York, and which is now published in the Argus of this morning. You will thsrefore see that it is out of my power to violate my oath of office by allowing a writ of error in the case, even if the application was now regularly before me on an application upon notice to tha Attorney General. Neither would the allowance of the writ stay the execution ol the sentence, as 1 could not certify that there was any probable cause for^ staying the proceedings, and tbe Governor would not interlere w ithout such a certificate. I have never heard any lawyer, except the counsel for the prisoner, express any doubt as to the legal.ty of the , conviction he'ore the court whioh tried him. Nor have I been able to find any member of the Court of Errors who would have voted to reverse the judgment on tbe ground of the organisation of the court It is perfectly natural that the friendi ol this unnappy man should endeavor it pontible to stav hi* execution, bat their anxiety to preserve his life cannot excuse the officers of justice in making the laws bend to their wishes ; altheugh the course which ha* been pursued in this case has placed, not only tiose officers, but tue Governor, in most painful sad trying situations. The prisoner's counsel had the right to apply to the Chancellor, the three justices of the Supreme Court, or to any of the eight circuit judges, for the allow, anceor a writ of error, and if any one of those twelve officers had any d >uhts as to the legality of the conviction, he would of course have allowed the writ. They beve tried four or five, and have lailed, and ii they were not satisfied with that, they should have applied toothera ; but cannot a>k those who have fully examined the subject, and have no doubt to violate their duty by acting against their consciences. Yours, with respect, B HYDE WALWORTH. J.C.Hart, Esq. Cttjr Intelligence. An inquest was held on Thursday evening last, at Sneeden's landing, by Joseph Demaray, Jun.,one oftheCoro ners of Rockland county, upon the body of John Bennet * Lake, aged til years, of Freehold, Monmouth county, N.J. who was accidentally drowned in the Hudson river, on Wednesday night, loth mat., by the sinking of a small boat between Piermont and Sneeden's landing. Verdict accordingly. Fights Ycitbxdat ? One in Broadway, near Canal ; two in Water ; one at the Hook, and about half-a-dozen at the Five Pointa and elaewherc. Where were the police 1 " Foa Eisolaiso, ho The packet ship North Amerio#, of the "Black Ball Line," and the bcantiiul vessel " The Hottinguer," sail positively for Liverpool this day, tioth well filled with steerege and second cabin passi n geri. Unloitnnately tor all partiee, but very few remain here who can raise a sufficient sum to pay their passage back to the old country ; and what is still worse, those who do stay are of that class entirely without capital, or the energy and perseverance necessary to create It We noticed, with extreme regret, among the intended passengers by these vessels, several highly respectable and intelligent yeomen, who would most assuredly better their >wn condition and that of their poaterity, were they to expend in travelling to the westward, one half the sum it cods to return homewards. Land may there be bought at a nominal and fractional part of its value, and in the Stare of Illinois, Iowa, Indiana, Kentuc- ky, or Ohio, the necessaries of life are cheaper than ever Known since the world began. With these facta looking us in .the face, on one hand, and rank itarvation on the other, our feelings are too acute to vent themselves freely. The money squandered in travelling to New York, living, here a few weeka, and then returning, ia immense, and might do good if preper y expended.