Newspaper of The New York Herald, November 29, 1842, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated November 29, 1842 Page 2
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IV KW YORK H HA LI). > ? \iirk, TumUj-, \uifinl?-r ill. 1*14. T<> ti><> DdiMuni Until ' ?l_ It .?* . .t_ .. V.... V?rL U^-nM >ir. 11 i. woodward, .gent lorim- .s??? hi St. Louis, Missouri, ows thi- ortice $60. No mote papers will be forwardel him until hi* arrears are paid up, ami advances made for a fre?h supply. This agent has failed to be as good as his word) and behaved badly. Mr. R. O BmroKn, agent Pittsburgh, is now in arrears about #100 to this olftce. He is requested to remit immediately, il he has any wish to retain the agency of the Herat 1. >to make advance* for all future supplies. Boring the lait year we have lost the following amounts by delin iueat and dishonust agents, viz.:? t'urns it Co., of New Oi leans #hOO. David A. Mitchell, New Haven .... 380. Aggregate (1,180. This amount was lost by our forbearance and good uaiure, in trusting thuse knaves contrary to our rule. We never shall abandon our principles again, which is aih in advancr. Turns had the knavery to deceive us through certain parties in this city. Mitchell had the impudence to come to this city with our own money ia his Docket, and try to make a bargain to retain the agency. Wo see that he is now an applicant for the benefit of the Bankrupt Law at New Haven. Such a fellow never should receive the benefit ot any good law. We have treated him with the utmost forbearance anil kindness, und here is his return. An tCxtra Herald. will be published to-day at ten o'clock precisely,contain ing a mil ana lati-i ruing report 01 tne trial, arraignment, ventence and persecutions inflicted on Jamei Wat?nn Webb, who fought the duel with Tom Marahatl in Delaware, and who seems to he doubly and Unnecessarily punished? tirat, in receiving a severe wound in the leg, that will make him a cripple for life, and now in reputation, feelings, and personal liberty, at the hands of blind-folded justice, who has become strangely capricious in these latter days. Also, the famous trial of the Prize Fighter*, for manslaughter, in ailing to bring about the death of \1Voy, including all tho evidence, speeches of counsel, and s vtrbatin report of the charge of Judge llugglcs, and also the verdict of the jury. This trisl was exclusively reported for the Herald, and no paper has yet given the Judge's charge, unless the other morning papers of this day should steal it trom us, without giving any credit. Trice for the Extra only 6 cents. The Treason of Arnold?Major Andre?The Trial of Joshi a II. Smith.?The importance of the Revolutionary documents which we have been publishing for some time past, hail it not been already fully admitted, would be seen at once from the very valuable dvcument which we publish today. To the extreme liberality and kindness of Col. Beekman, the public are indebted for the publication of these valuable relics; and he has thus laid the community under lasting obligations to him. It is true that Jared Sparks lias attempted in his life of Arnold, and in his lectures, to throw some light on this important part of our Revolutionary History, but he utterly failed in developing the important facts connected with these events. He even confessed himself tliat he had doubtless lost sight of many important facta and documents relating thereto,and liis whole lecture about "Andre was carelessly done, and full of errors and omissions. In order, iherelore,to throw a brighterlight upon these events, and the whole of that period,than Sparks or any one else has given, we publish to-day the valuable relic on our first page. It is, as we stated on Saturday, the trial of Joshua H. Smith, by a Court Martial, for aiding Arnold in his treasonable design to deliver up West Point, and for assisting Major Andre to escape. It is illustrated with a map of the country all round the scene of action described in the trial, with the site of Smith's house, the Vulture sloop of war, Robinson's house, Washington's head quarters, and the spot where Andre was taken It will be remembered that Jared Sparks,in all he has written upon this highly interesting subject,invariably acquits Smith of any treasonable design himself, or knowledge of the infamous intentions of the traitor Arnold ; and in the celebrated lecture which he delivered three times in this city last winter on the treason ol Arnold, he invariably said to the audience, " Smith seems to have been duped in this whole matter." Now, from circumstances that have recently come to our knowledge, front documentary and oral evidence, and the testimony develop! on this trial of Smith now before us, we have no hesitation whatever in believing that Smith knew who Andre was. and also knew that Arnold's designs were highly treasonable, and that he did all he could to forward them, with a view to break up the war, and have a reconciliation take place between the two countries. This Joshua H. Smith, it will also be remember ed, although acquitted by the Court Martial because they had doubts hs to their authority to try a civilian, was about to he tried by the civil power for hie life, and would doubtless have been convicted, had he not made his escape from confinement in woman's clothes. After he escaped from the house, he was compelled to hide himself under a large hen coop, into which one of the soldiers in pursuit of him thrust his bayonet, and it passed between his arm and hi" body and went into the ground. Smith finally reached Paterson and was there concealed for some time by some persons who were favorable to the interests of the British* Smith was originally a lawyer in this city, and before the breaking out of the war, had a most excellent practice. He was a very smart man, but although he was very noisy and declamatory at that time in favor of the Revolutionary party, yet his integrity was always suspected. Indeed, his brothers were avowed toriee: one of thetn, William Smith, was afterwards a judge (Chief Justice we believe) of Upper Canadn, and wrote the history ot New York, wliirh goes by his name. Joshua H. Smith was related to the Kettletas family; and after the war was over, lived mostly upon Long Island. He became involved in litigations to recover his projterty at last, and died poor, at the house ol a blacksmith named Fisher, about twenty years ago, who lived in the neighborhood of where Canal street now is. Smith was about thirty years of age when he was tried, and therefore about seventy years old when he died. From one of Smith's executors (a lawyer nowliving in this city) we have learned some very interesting (acts connected with Arnold's treason and Andre's esca[>e. Smith gave his executor the following statem-'nt: When Andre was about to leave his house. Smith gave him one of his own dress coats, a sort of Prussian blue color, with a peach blossom shade, so as to look a little claret color; the button holes were laced most beautifully with gold tinsel; "in short," said Smith, "it was an elegant affair, and when poor Andre was taken, he lost his life, and I lost my elegant coat." When Andre and Smith were atopjied at Crotnpond by Captain Boyd, Smith thought it the safest policy to avoid detection to comply with Boyd'a suggestion, and put up for the night at the house of Andreas Miller, about a mile off. Smith and Andre slept in the same room, or rather Andre did not sleep a wink all night, but kept getting up and down and walking the flo?r, sighing deeply, striking his forehead with his open palm, and ,..,.1 ? ,1.. : ._1 << . * i11 1 * ?. -ii'j'.i i ' imy III Kit-Hi iiivmni Mainly, i?iy God, will morning never cnme!" At last Andre waked Smith, who slept sound, and said, " There, thank God, is the first streak of day ; let us go on otir journey." And on they went. When they stopped to breakfast near Tine's bridge, Aadre did not eat scarcely any breakfast ; and when they came to the top of the hill near Sing Sing, Andre broke out into an exclamation of rapture, notwithstanding the intense anxiety he felt, " Friend Smith," said he, " I have travelled much in Kitrope, but 1 never saw so vtry beautilul a prospect as this." When they parted. Smith persuaded him to take the roat to White Plain. M _:L. XT. ?n,l I,.... ik.l II ' would find friends But Andre said that he wu afraid to go that route, for fear he might lose his way ' and have to sleep another night on the road ; he therefor* said that h* should take the old Albany post road down to New York,because then he should have the river for his guide, and could not go wrong When Smith left him, Andre was in a terrible state of trepidation and completely unnerved, and told Smi'h that he thought he should never reach the British lines in safety. Another tact remain* to b* told in connection with this,which has never yet twen published. When I'awluig came out of the hushes and presented his musket at Amir**, he, Pawling, had on a red coat; ?nd so had, we believed one or both of the others They had somehow got posses ion of some plunder from the British, among which were some British sergeants' red jackets. One of these l'awhng put <>n, and this so completely deceived Andre, as to throw him quite off his guard, and tell them that he was a British officer. Before we conclude, we must state another circumstance that has come to our knowledge relative to this remarkable affair. And as our informant is a gentleman of undoubted veracity, and says that he had the statement from Col. Tallmadge's own li[w, we think it is entitled to notice. Col. Tall madge, it will be remembered, was the officer to whom Major Audre was given up after his capture, and who had him in ciiatmlu fur winiB Iuiii nr tliwi. days. Some few years before he died, a genlleman at a dinner party observed to Col. Tallmadge that it was a wonder there had not been a monument erected to the memory of Pawling, Williams, and Van Vuart. The Colonel replied, "Sir, they deserved a lash more than a monument." On being asked the reason, he said, that he had it from Andre's own lips, that these three men held a consultation for several minutes in Andre's hearing, as to whether they should give him up to the British or to the American lines, and how they could make the most by the operation. They at first thought and said, that Andre had made them such large offers, that they thought he either could not, or would not, fulfil his promise when he reached the British. Had he driven a very hard bargain with them, there is no doubt they would have given hint up to the British. Then again they thought if he was worth so very much to the British, that he must be worth a great deal more to the Americans, and that therefore the American party would give them more for him than the British. They also, in debating the matter before Andre, observed that it would also be much tht safest plan to give him up to the Americans, as they belonged to that party, and had a fear of punishment if they behaved treacherously. Therefore, they delivered him to the American lines. This statement of Col. Tallmadge's, puts quite a new face on the whole matter, and places the conduct of these men in a very different light. The publication of Smith's trial, therefore, in which tawiing unu wiiuams uoin lesiuien to ine tacts connected with Andre's capture, is highly interesting in this connection. Pawling, we believe, died (*>or, or rather embarrassed, after all. He had a farm given hiin by Congress of 300 acres, situated in Westchester, and which once belonged to a Dr Hungerford, we believe. Towards the latter part of his life, Pawling married a wife some 30 yeurs younger than himself, and left several children by her. He finally exchanged away or got rid of his farm in some way, and was anything but comfortable at the close of his days. Presidential Movements.?These movements are breaking out, like the Cholera,all over the country. Another one has been made in Cincinnati, in favor cf Col. Dick Johnson, but -it seems to have been very cold and spiritless. That recently held in Philadelphia, in favorof Mr. Van Buren, was equally cold. The Cass movement is the most enthusiastic of any in the democratic ranks. The whig game is made up?Clay's their man at all hazards. The " democracy" have Van Buren, Calhoun, Johnson, and Cass?but of all these, Cass would run the beet. If the democratic convention don't nominate him, they will miss a figure?a big figure, too. Webb's Case.?Webb has not yet procured the pardon. The messenger that carried the petition to Albany, returned yesterday with the Governor's reply?" I will take the usual course." What that I course iswe know not The Governor has just re- J fused to pardon or commute the sentence on Doug- | las of Niagara Co., who was sentenced to be hung. I The Governor seems to be a queer chap. We hope he will set Webb at liberty at once ; if not, let Webb have a habeas ror/ms, and test the constitutionality of the", law under which he is convicted. Any thing but suspense. This business is getting too serious for poor Webb. Fall of Real Estate?Taxes, ftc.?The fall of real estate in this city keeps pace with the increase of taxes. Yesterday a valuable property at the northerly corner of Reaver and Rroad streets. 49 feet 7 inches on Rroad street, and 53 feet 8 inches on Reaver street, sold for $16,000 at the Exchange. In 1836, the property would have brought nearly $30,000. Property in various parts of the city, is equally depreciated?rents are also falling, except in favorable neighborhoods. The best and most valuable properties for business are now concentrat ng about the intersection of Fulton and Nassau streets. Down town is going down?even Wall street property is not worth by one-third what it was in 1836. Every thing is coming down to specie prices?yet taxes increase every year. How is this 1 Is there no misgovernment somewhere 1 Look?examine. The Morals of Politicians.?The last National Intelligencer has the following paragraph :? Balancing Accounts.?The New York Union (by M. M. Noah,) says: "Men in office must expect to be occasionally charged with high crimes and misdemeanors. They are offsets to the avails. This is cool?as cool as Iceland?as cool as the north pole?as cool as the old sentiment from the same mint?"all's fair in politics." To be charger! with "high crimes" is only an occasional offset to the salary or avails of office. Bravo ! M. M. Noah! Thank ye, Jew, for that. The Latimer Slave Cask.?The conduct of the Boston people in relation to this matter has created a terrible excitement in Virginia, particularly in Norfolk, where Mr. Gray resides. The people there threaten severe reprisals upon ships that come from Boston, and call on their Legislature for some measures that may prevent any such acts in future. They charge on the B >ston people, direct theft; and say that the Southern States have now no guarantee lor the security of their property, which was originally granted to them, before they would consent to become co partner in the Federal Union. We should not be surprised to see something serious grow out of this affair yet. Rhode Isi.and Constitution.?The result of the election in Rhode Island for the Constitution is very curious; there were 6,535 votes cast for it, and 3ft against it; making a total of only 6,570 votes in a State that numbers at least 18,000 voters. Two par ties did not turn out; tne old Charter party, who wanted no change, and the Dorrites who wanted a more liberal Constitution.' As it|is, the government will go on and organize under this new constitution, and the possession of the administration under it for the first year will be a matter of great importance. Singularly enough at the late election there was a vote of 3,7513 to admit blacks to vote, and only 1,320 against it. Distinguished Strangers in Town?The Hon. Silas Wright, the Hon. Levi Woodbury, General Scott, and several other distinguished strangers nre in town. The two Senators are on their way to Washington To-morrow Mr. Woodbury delivers a lecture before some literary society?Mr. Wright delivers private lectures to the faithful, and gives advice in the coming " division of the spoils" in the gift of Governor Bouck. Mr. Woodbury goes for Calhoun?Silas Wright for Van Buren?General Scott for himself General Cass is let alone by the great politicians, and is only taken up by the " young democracy," who make up in votes what they want in breeehcs. Steam >tur Ataou.?This steam ship will leave Boston on T liursdsy (or Liverpool. Her letter bags will close in this city to-morrow. Sickness in Canada.?The amall pox has been very prevalent in Kingston of late Several persons of note have fallen victims to its ravages. Astounding Attempt to Bribe the High Sheriff not to Hang Colt. The following communication was sent to the Hoard of Alderman last evening by the HighShetitF, M. B. Hart. For the dis|H>sition made of it, see the report ol proceedings in another column. From tkt Shtrijf to the Prttidtnl of tkt Board of Jlldtrmtn of JVtw York :? Nor. 28th, Idt'i. Sir i Winn 10 iieposii wiiuine tommon council 01 uie cny of New York, the enclosed sum ol one thousand dollars, being in ten bills of one hundred dollar* each, of the 1'henix Bank. Theao bill* were ?ent to tne, enclosed in the letter signed W. W. W., which I received on the 17th instant, the object of the writer of w hich sufficiently appear* on the face of the communication. Although 1 suppose that the leg <1 title to this money still remains in the person who transmitted it to me, yet it is scarcely to be anticipated that any ane will make tho dangerous attempt of reclaiming it. It is not projier, nor have I any desire that this money should remain in my hands; the oaly difficulty w ith me has been to whom I should pay it. I have concluded that it would be the best course to pay it into the public treasury. This disposition of it will afford some compensation to the city for the heavy expenses to which it has been sub jectnd on account of the proceedings against the in dividual now deceased, whose escape some misguided lriend endeavored to procure by this attempt at bribery In case, too, of any attempt being made to reclaim this money from me, I expect, and will no doubt find in the ci'y, under the circumstances under which I deposit it, a sufficient and ready indemnity. It will, perhaps, not he improper for me to add, in contemplation of many attacks that have been made upon me in relation to my official conduct in the case of John C Colt, in which I am not conscious of any illegal or dishonest conduct on my part; that the fact of my having received the money enclosed, was immediately after its receipt communicated to the under Sheriff, and very shortly afterwards to a gentleman holding a judicial station, in whosejudgmeut and disinterestedness I had confidence. He concnrs with me in the disposition of the money, which 1 now beg leave to make through your hands. I remain, Very respectfully, Your obedient servant, M. B. HART. To the President ot the Board of Aldermen of the city of New York. Accompanying this communication, was the following remarkable and mysterious letter of \V. W. W.,alludedtoiniheSherifiycommunication. It was written on a half sheet of paper, and covered both sides ofit from top to bottom. It was very manifestly written in a disguised hand, the letters being cut in every variety oi lorm. we are assured mat there was not a solitary member of the Board present who was not taken with the most unfeigned surprize at these communications. The public will expect a most thorough and searching investigation of this bold and audacious attempt to bribe a public officer from the discharge of his duty, by the committee of police, watch, and prisons, to whom this subject is now referred. This committee are Aldermen Crolius, Stewart, andBonnell. The following is \V. W. AV.'s letter : ? [We follow copy as nearly as possible.] Should yoa do what is herein requested another sum exactly equal to that now enclosed shall be sent to you on Wednesday 18 Nov. 1841? The undersigned has no acquaintance with Colt?nor with any of his relations or friends Pure beneolence & humanity have induced the unde-signed to otter you the enclosed sum?on condition that vou decline to h positively rejute to hang Colt? This you can conscientiously doon the score of humanity St that we have no right to take the life of a fellow-creature?on the acore that tuo of the jnry who tried him were at first of opinion that it was only manslaughter?on tho score that the Chancellor ought to have granted a writ of error to the Court of Errors (the Senate) ; on the score of an improper bias, nay a violent prejudice, having, in the out-set, been created by the large St small papers in the city, against him, on the acore that the true republican doctrine is not to hang hut to imprlaon lor life in capital cases?on the score that in all human probability the law enacting hanging for any offence will this winter be repealed?on the score that Oov. Bonck will, as he has declared, pardon Colt; Oov. Bouck's opinion being well ascertained on this point. There are many reatona which in the haate of the moment, the undersigned is unable to write? But Sir come out St like* Oenl Jack-son, take upon yousrelfthe responsibility?construe the laws and your duty as you understand them & REFUSE to hang Colt You will thereby lay up for yourself in future life tho pleasing reflection of having saved from deatructien a human being unjustly condemned?and receive the thanks k blessings of Colts relatives and friends?and meet the full approbation St entire approval of the whole of the bar ?of the Vice chancellor and of the judges. Ifyou take the step recommended, you will receive the applause af the people and of the party- and of the whole community. Popular feeling now runs high in favor of the prisoner. W. W. W. Politics in Canada.?There has been a conservative victory in Canada. Attorney General Baldwin for Parliament, has been defeated in the Second Hiding in York, by Mr. Duggan. The lories lQ consequence of this, anticipate the dismissal ot Mr. Baldwin from the Executive Council. The Second Riding comprises the three great townships of Toronto, Cliinguacousy and Albion and the smaller ones of Caledon and the Gore of Toronto. It appears by the vote that the right of suffrage is greatly restricted. Abolition in Vkrmont.?Six resolutions have unanimously passed the legislature of Vermont, instructing their members of Congress to vote against the annexation of Texas, or any other country in which slavery exists; to vote for the abolition of slavery in the District of Columbia, or have the seat of Government removed; to vote for the suppression of the domestic slave trade; and Satan only knows what else. Difference in the Valuation of Property.? Nine hundred acres of land on a plantation in Mississippi, with the improvements, were sold in New Orleans the other day at a bona fide sale for #31.? They were sold in 1836 for #27,000. The person who bought it knew the value of the property very well. This is another instance of the remarkable depreciation of property all over the country. Seceding Shakers.?A man and woman, each named Carter, seceders from the Shaking Quakers, are going all about New Jersey showing up the secrets of the sect. This William and Olive Carter, it appears, broke one of the rules of the society, which forbids the indulgence in matrimonial rites; they being man and wife. But nature being stronger than the laws of the sect, they returned to their " first love." The Weather.?The cold was very intense on Sunday night, and the canal is believed to be frozen through to Albany. We advise all to lay in their stock of fuel at once for the winter, if they have not done so; and to remember the suffering poor.? There was a hard frost all day yesterday, and all last night. Massaciiisetts Election.?The election for the vacant seats in the Massochusetts lower house took place yesterday. Indians In Florida.?Notwithstanding the active operations of the U. S. troops, the red skins still continue to disturb the peace of several sections in Middle Florida. Strange.?There was a slight fall of hail and snow at Tallahassee, Florida, on the 18th inst. rfx as Navy.?It is not true Coin. Moore has received pecuniary aid from Yucatan. That country is not able to pay her own expenses. For White leave City Hall at i to 8 every morning for White Plains. Distress in Montreal.?Several extensive failures have lately occurred in Montreal. Navai..?The U. S. schooner Grampus, was at Nassau, New Providence, on the 5th inst. The U. S. steamer Poinsett, sailed last Snnday, for Norfolk, whence she will proceed on a survey of Tampa Bay, and a part of the northern shores of the Gulf of Mexico. She is attached to an expedition under the direction of Lieut. Powell. Following is a list of her officers:?C. H. McBlair,Lieut. Comd'|j.;W. Roger* Taylor, Lieut.: J H. Morris, Pnssml Midshipman, J. K. Duer, do do; G. W. Harrison, Midshipman: J. Atkinson, Kngineer; T. A. Conrad, Captain's Clerk; Fuller, Purser's Clerk. As Frequent as Ever ?Losses of steamers on the western rivers The Fair Play was sunk nbovr Cincinnatti on the 16th inst. Ocj" The best description of merinos, knit slurtf and drawers, manufactured by the Shakers, with e variety sf caps and ladies'under vests, can be had at the store of Messrs. Daviesand Jones,106 William street. See advertisement ggggy [BY KXPRE98 ] Whit* Plains, Monday, 4 P. M. James Gordon Bennett, Esq.? Dear Sir The announcement in the Herald this morning of your intention lo publish in an extra, the tiial of Sullivan, McCleester and Kensett, wiih the luc-d charge of Judge Ruggles, so correctly reported, as well as the proceedings in the case of Webb, has created considerable anxiety here, and a demand will follow that will keep the press in motion. Send five hundred copies to my address at Lewis's Hotel, by the Harlem Railroad and Red Bird Stages. Tint) will all be snapped up in a hurry. The Circuit Court was opened this morning, Judge Ruggles and Tompkins presiding, but no busines.was transacted, owing to the absence of the other two Judges, the presence of one of which being necessary, the Court of Oyer aad Terminer was not organized until near one o'clock, when they immediately adjourned for dinner. At the opening of 'he Court at two o'clock, a Five Point soaplock, named Albert Hamilton, who had strayed into this county in search of prey, was placed upon his trial on a charge of burglariously entering the dwelling of Jonathan Hatfield, of the town ol Mount Pleasant, on the night of the 9th of September, between the hours of 12 and 3 o'clock, and stealing eix silver table and six teaspoons and a silver sugar-tongs, tec., valued at about $'40. He was arrested in New York, opposite the Tombs, by officer Sparks, and ten ol the spoons and the sugartongs found in his possession. The prisoner, on being arrested asserted,(that the articles were given to him to sell by a man named Thomas Jefferson Potts who was also arrested and committed to the Tombs. Potts was discharged and Hamilton sent to this county for trial. There being no evidence that prisoner committed the burglary, further than the mere fact of his having the stolen silver in his possession, the jury returned a verdict of burglary in the second degree, and he was remanded for sentence. There appears to be great doubt that a jury will be found among the present panel capable of trying either of the persons indicted for being concerned in the Prize Fight, as the challenges for cause, including the twenty peremptory, which defendants are entitled to, it is supposed will exclude all present. i lie uisirici Attorney is prepared 10 Dring on the case of Dr. Cauldwell to-morrow morning, if a jury can be obtained. The prisoners convicted will not be sentenced before Saturday. They appear to be in good spirits,'and expect, as Webb does, to be pardoned out. The curious, peculiar and striking case of Charles P. Miller,indicted for an assault and battery onCounsellor John W. Mills, has just been called up. Although a matter of .knock down argument at its origin, yet it has redeeming points, in the fact that he was defending himself against an attempt to prevent his wife from being forcibly taken from his hands. The jury has just been empanelled, but as it is f? o'clock I must close. Latest from Mexico.?Advices from Vera Cruz to the 7th inst. have been received in New Orleans. We give below all the news from that section of the world. The expedition destined for the subjugation of Yucatan, sailed on the 19th ult. It consisted of the ...... II l..l? 1 .u. r>:.~ -1 nai uauaiuujic, auu mc v>uy Ul l'UUIin, two brigs and two schooners of war, together with the transports which had been pressed into the service?the English barque Duke of Wellington, schrs Herald, and J. W. Dean, the American ship Virginia Antoinette, and barque Anna Louisia, Belgian brig Elphantine,a French barque and a Spanish polacre Four thousand troops were on board these vessels, which are paid by the government according to their tonnage. To give eclat to the nageun', near one hundred dark eyed senoras embarked with their liege lords and gallunts, to witness the demolition of the forts of the young Republic, and the sup posed retreat of tne Yucatans, from the beautiful country. Capt. Charlewood is in command of the naval, and Gen J. V. Minon of the land forces. The expedition landed at Lavta Pleva, from Cnmpeuchy. on the 29th. The town of Champotan was found to be deserted, the inhabitants having fallen back, as was supposed, on Ganijx-achy. Nn hnttle had Deen touglu. oen. Nlllan bad issued a proclamation calling on the Yucatecos to renew their allegiance to Mexico. It was supposed by some they would yield to hiB entreaties?by others that they would die first. On the 1st inst., the advanced guard of the Mexican army marched from Chamuotan, for the purpose of attacking Campeachy by land, acting in conjunction with the fleet which was to bombard it by sea. The land force number four thousand?naval two thousand. Santa Anna was at his residence at Mange de Clavo, where'he had assembled a large body of troops for a body guard. Three vessels had arrived at Vera Cruz, from England, with coal for the war steamers, as also a brig which left here a short lime since. The port of VeraCruz is now open, and a bounty of eight per cent has been proclaimed for all goods exported of Mexican manufacture, and for all the products of the soil, coin excepted. The city was healthy. * Nothing has been heard of the San Antonio. The last British 6teamers which arrived at Vera Cruz, during the absence of the expedition, brought orders from the English Government, for the immediate return of all the officers and seamen employed on board the war steamer Guadaloupe. The orders were handed to the commander of the English brig of war Ringdove, lying at the Sacrificios. The new war steamer Montezuma had not arrived from England. Common Council, Board or Aldermen, Not. IS.?Present the President and a quorum. i ne minutes ui me last mceung were reau and approved. Ptlitiom?Of sundry persons to remove their dead. A communication from His Honor the Mayor waj received and read. It had reference to the interment of the dead. A communication from Monmouth B. Hart. It enclosed the sum of$1000, ten hills of $100 each ofthel'hoenix Bank, which he had received from a person who signed himself W. W- \V. It was intended as a bribe to him not to hang John C. Colt. The letter of W. W. W. was also read. It promised the Sheriff another sum of the same amount if he would decline and positively refuse to hang John C. Colt This he was urged to do on various "scores" of humanity, irregular proceedings in the trial, the refusal to grant a writ of error, abolition of capital punishment, Ac.?at any rate W. W. W. urged him to "take the responsibility" like General Jackson, and construe the law as he understands it. The date of W. W. tV.'s letter was the 17th November, (the day preceding Colt's execution.) It was onlered that the money he made a special deposit in the City Treasury, and that the communication of the Sheriffbe referred to the committee on police, watch and prisons, and be published in all the corporation papers. The bills were ordered to tie marked by either the sheriff or ,\lr. Westervelt, so that they could be recognized; which was done. Hevorh?In favor of tearing a lot of ground in Ann street to Engine Company, No. 3d, for an engine house, and appropriatiag $1000 tor building an engine house.? Adopted. Ui the Committee 011 Arts, Seionces an.l Schools, relative to an appropriation to the Exchange Lyceum. The Committee asked to be discharged. Granted. Of the Committee on Fire and Water, in favor of appropriating f I.Mlfor room hire el Engine Co. No. 42. Of Committee on Arts, Sciences, and Schools relative to the otTer of F. H Pettis, in relation to his invention making cloth water proof. The committee asked to be discharged. Granted. Of the Finance Committee on water grants. They reported an ordonance. It was ordered to be laid on the table and printed. Communicationi from Dtjtai tment*.?From the Comptroller relative to appropriations lor 1842. He asked for additional appropriations in consequence o( increased expenditures in various matters?in all amounting to *8.3(10. An ordinance was reported. Adored. From the Comptroller relative to property belonging tothecitv, Mtr tinder lease. Kofi rred to the Finance Committee. From the President of the Croton Aqueduct Board, asking to make it penal to open the fire hydrants without authority, and without their knowledge. Alderman Davif.s said the necessity for passing this ordinance was very great, and very urgent. This was opp sed by Aldermen Lee and Purdy. It was laid on the table Paptra f rom iKt Strail Commiiiiontri?An assessment for re-paving Canal street Irom Broadway to Groenwich street, and splinting G. B. Campbell the collector. Granted. On motion of Alderman Joxrs, Document No SI, (the Meat Market Laws) was called up. Petitions were read from sundry butchers in opposition to them. Alterthese petitions were read, there was much discussion upon the document, in which Aldermen Jones, Presilent Wooilhull, Aid. Purdy, Underwood, Lee, lie took r>art President Wooahull, in the courseof his remarks, observed that the premiums paid by the butchers, was for 'he choice ol their stalls ; and in consequence of the defalcation of Lloyd, it would be impossibje to pay back to these butchers any portion of these premiums, linlesv it b. by laying a tax upon the city. The sinking fund cannot pc reached, lie waa very anxious to have the financial part of the subject referred to the Comptroller in ascertain howlwe stand with reference to the sinking hind, and that he report at the next meeting. The President's n so lutions were carried. The Meat Market Laws were then made the special order of the next meeting. The Board adjourned to next Monday. ? ?? >? Washington. [Comiiwiulcuct ol li.e Harilil.] Washington, Saturday Evening, > Nov 26, 1*12 5 Every thing is so quiet and barren of interest here at present,that I can lianily pick up materials enough tor a letter, still an under turret t is always stirring which, to the initiated, affords food for thought antl speculation. On the surface of things there is a tomb-hae stillneos, but below it every thing is in life and motion. To the mere looker on, Washington is the most demure, prosy, quaker-ktnd of place in the country, the embodiment of all that is retined and moral, the very model of purity and perfection, but draw the eurtain, step behind the scenes, ami yon discover it to he the very quintessence of al1 tint is abominable in morals und politics?even in religion it would be the same, were it not for the pretty devotees that throng the churches and soften the hearts ot the barbarous men into something lilt# piety of feeling. The Catholic* churches exercise the most influence and are attended by some of the most superb beauties t ut you can conceive of, perfect Mudonttas in form and feature, with blue eyes, golden tresses, and ali that nameless witchery of form and repose ! manner, which can be better imagined than described, who cornel the male part of the population info at least a show of devotion. Ifl h ive ever envied the divine Guido his immortal art, it was when gazing on those magnificent creatures; there is something so aristocratic in their style of beauty and they wear their charms wi'h so much grace and bitn variance that you feel as if transported i:ro the presence of some divinity. Hereafter I must give you a sketch of some of the more brilliant gems in this diadem of beauty, as it may be of interest to the Catholic young men of your city. The political elements are at work, but no developments have as yet been made?Benton is on the ground, and Allen of Ohio, arrived a, couple o( days since,with little Weller under his wiug, so that there is mischief in the wind._ It is said, the great Missourian will otien the political ball with a tierce attack on the bankrupt bill, and that the democratic party will make this one ot their prominent issues? I can hardly believe it. The democratic senators are no doubt opposed to the bill in its present unintelligible form, and it may be to the voluntary feature of it which offere so great an inducement to the commission of fraud, and which trenches so much on the insolvent laws of the States; but it occurs to me, if I have understood their views correctly, that they are in favor ol a permanent system, freed from those objections, which will act prospectively and be uniform in its operations, and which will tend to the establishment of a more healthy system of credit,by preventing the recurrence of the wild and reckless career ol speculation which has so injured the country. In the closing paragraph of my last letter I referred, en pat taut, to the exchequer scheme, as calculated, with some modifications, to give repose to the country. If wise counsels prevail these modifications will be made, for with the exchange feature in it,the bill can never become a law. The strongest objec tion to a national bank is, that by means of its dis conni power u is enaoiea 10 control me monetary, and indirectly tlie {political interests of the country, an objection that would apply with tenfold force to any plan which would vest the government itself ! with the power of exchanging its credit for that of individuals, whether it be disguised under the form of purchasing bills of exchange, or be used openly in disc turning promissory notes, but strike out this objectionable part of the bill and with it the credit feature proposed by Mr Forward, authorizing the issue of three paper dollars for one of specie?reduce it to the specie standard and let its receipts be confined to specie or exchequer paper?in other words, let a specie clause be inserted in it,and a plan will be presented which, under existing circumstances, the democratic party would be willing I think to make trial of Such a bill would receive the support of Mr. Walker and the whole Calhoun side of the Senate, hut in its original form, or containing a clause permitting th- receipt of bank paper in payment of the revenue, would be voted down. From all that lean learn,the President is himself in favor of such a modification of the scheme. The ex change feature was originally introduced,mere from compl rnent to Mr.Webster,and a desire to conciliate the whigs into a support of the measure, than from a settled conviction of its propriety as a permanent l>olicy. The President knew that the bill could be amended at any time, and did not look so much to the details as to the general features of the plan, and the good effects it would have in putting an end at once to the vexed question of a national bank.? With such feelings ne submitted the plan to Congress, believing that his real views on the subject of >i,? ?i .i,? n nit uiotuuui punti aim uic nctcpciiy ui iuc UUVCIII* meat being strictly confined to specie in its dealings, could not be mistaken, after the course he had taken in 1817, in urging this policy upnu Congress. This measure, " fix it" in whatever way we will, ninot ma? ?? fii>? nptrrtnc 111 tintH IitfU tCfi of Congress. The whigs will cuff it out of pure hatred to the Captain, while Benton will make war upon it because, as he contends, the Government is not authorized to intermeddle with the private affairs of individuals, and that it might as well be employed to transport a man's merciandize from New York to New Orleans, as his money. These let alone theorists, however, are going down, and exercise at this time but little infiu?nce in the country._ A healthier, sounder state of public opinion, is beginning to be perceptible, so that those visionaries, with their day-dreams of finance, will soon be cradlvd in the sleep of forgetfulness. Sew Orleans. f Cormnomtenrr of the Herald. J New Orleans, Nov. 18, 1842. James Gordon Bennkit, Esq , Napoleon ok tuk Press, New York:? Dear Sir:?I notice in the Weekly Herald of4th instant, that you have concluded not to sell the Herald establishment, their being no person nowadays able to raise the round wheels required, and that you intend to carry on and manage, as heretofore, the greatest commercial and political paper in the world, the " Herald." It is useless for me to say that you will by this conclusion make more fri?nds in the South than could all the presses beside in New York, if put together and led by Dickens and Co. The Herald hits always been the leading Northern paper here, and the slightest probability of being deprived of this invaluable sheet, would put us in a very disagreeable position ; we would no longer seek for information through the medium of newspapers, should the Herald, " Bennett's Herald," be taken from among us. Therefore, for the good of society, religion and morals, and the advancement of science and literature, we pray you to remain where you are. Enclosed you have a 5 spot of the Manhattan Bank of your city, and in return please send the Weekly Herall until it is " used up." How this little " William" ever strayed from home so far. is unknown? one thing is sure, its " mother don't know its out." Our citv now presents inducements for business never before known. Specie is daily arriving in large qu ntities from the north and Europe; and so soon as our western rivers become navig ible, we may expect a brisk and good business. Cotton is selling briskly, though at very low prices. Tha crop of the United States this year will, at the lowest estimate, be 2,000,000 of bales. Very respectfully, # Remarks.?This is a sample of the letters, enclosing the cash, that we receive by half dozens and dozens every day. It shows the confidence and , regard entertained for the energy and honesty of the Herald throughout the country. Thanks to our correspondent?thanks to all for these sentiments. City Intelligence. The Suicidc, lie?The name of tho person who (tabbed jour persons in Nicholas Watty's bar-room, at "3 Washington street, on Sunday night, and afterwards hung himself in the First District Watch House, as reported in yesterday's Herald, was a Frenchman named Joseph Mo. ses, about fifty years of age. He had boarded at Welty's for three weeks, was perfectly sober at the time he made the indiscriminate attack on the persons in the bar-room1 and must evidently have been attacked with a sudden fit of insanity. The wounds he inflicted were slight, except in the case of Welty, who, although severely injured in the head, is not considered in dangerTur. ScrroacD Musdsr-?Milford Millbanks, tho negro confined in the Tombs on suspicion of murdering and then concealing the body of John Brown, was yesterday di*cbarged, Brown has not yet made hi( appearance, however. Where'i Brown 7 Fta* ?Jurt before six o'clock this morning, a fire broke out in the dry good* store of J. N. St T. H. Selby, corner of Broadway and Anthony itreet, and the good* in the itoro were olmoit entirely ruined before it wa* got under. It i? supposed ihnt the store was entered and robbed, and then set Are to by the burglars. Bi:rol4*t.- On Sunday night, two fellow* named John Dusenberry, alias Snelby, alias Fraser, took great trouble to break into the offlre ot Jamil Tisdale, 413 Water *treet. and alter breaking open the desk and two trunks, th#< only g t in rhangeand a map of the United State*, fbi their pains They were afterwards arretted, and fully committed on the charge yesterday. Audittoisal Ciusok*.?A negro named Bill Blake w?? committed on Saturday, for robbing a vessel, as reported in the Herald. Yesterday, another charge was made against him by John Long, whom he robbed on board the brig Augusta, at the foot of Tine street, of $}H worth of clothing, one day last week. Bill waa fully committed on this charge alao, and if he managea to escape Sing Sing, hit chance* for Blackwell'a Island axe doubly aure. BY THE SOUTHERN MAIL ???i i ' i3 Philadelphia. I Correspondence of the Herald.] PliiaAKKU'HU, Nov. 2*, 1812 The Van Buren Committee of one hundred and fitly (fifty from eacli Congressional district,) meet to-night, and if it be true that in the multiplicity of counsel there is wisdom, romething very wise and elaborate may be exacted from them. Their sound will go lorth to the world, and Van Buren being once a candidate nothing is now left to be done except to elect him. There will be great talk, great speechifying, great publications in all the newspapers ; but the rank and file, the great mass ot the [>eople, care as little for all that, as the great body of our religious men and women do for Father Miller and his prophecies. There is another fact connected with these proceedings, which, in my opinion, plainly shows that the friends of Mr. Van Buren here are begging the question. The " Pennsvlvatitnn," unquestionably one of onr best managed papers, but untortunutely, too decidedly advocating the claims of particular gentlemen lor ',ie next Presidency, is coining out a two penny. This I consider a positive proof that the paper is not doing so well as the zeal of Mr. Van Buren's friend would lead you to suspect; for the proprietors ol the " Pennsvlvanian" are shrewd men, whore] member the adage, " let well enough alone." The " Pennsvlvanian" then cannot succeed a- a political paper, though the talents of its editor are so diversified, and his liteiary taste so correct that no one can doubt of the success of the new enterprise, which will build up the paper, as one adapted to the various tastes of the community. A two-penny liaper, however, is a dangerous enterprise, as has hern proved by the abortive attempt of the " National Gazette, and is illustrated by the lingering condition of the " Evening Journal " The fact is, we have comparatively fewer readers who care for racy and fearless articles, than any other city, and those who dn, go to Zieber'a and get the " Herald." We, Philadelphiaits, are altogether the most sedate people on earth, and are as much accustomed to the regular diet of our large aixpennics. as we are to seeing pretty women walking up and down Chesnut street. By the bye, how does Broadway compare with that! I maintain the comparison is altogether in favor of Philadelphia. One of our pretty gay Quakeresses, dressed in a " cardinal." looks us , charming as anything I ever saw, and what is astonishing, our young ladies continue to wear " maintenon caps" and " lavaliere trimmings, in spite of the homilies read by the " Ledger." We have had so much cant among us, and hare seen the evil cons - / quences of false pride and mock morality so strnngiy exhibited in our financial system, that we begin to get accustomed to view things in their true light, and to prize them for the qualities they intrinsically possess Our worthy Mayor is exerting himself to the utmost of his power in putting down the many gambling houses with which Chesnnt street is lined. One was broken up the other week, and he has got the trail of some others. Philadelphia seems to be the great resort of all gamblers in the United Sattes, during the winter. Board has gone down to $5 a week in the genteel families, and potatoes Bre 3 cents the half neck. So you see they can make more in a week than will support them a month. Since the brokers' business is ruined, the gamblers' is lnoki ig up. The inspection of our public schools by the Governor has Riven great satisfaction, Mr. Hart, the present Principal of the public High School, having been highly complimented for his exertions in the cause of education. Our female semiuaries, however, and especially those which are known as fashionable boarding schools, require a little more supervision, and it would be well for the old Governor to look into them a Iretle occasionally; This, I am aware, is ^delicate subject, and requires courage to handle it as|it ought to be. in the mean while I should like to propound for a prize essay, the following query:?When ts a young lady of innocence. virtue and rvsuectabilitv more likelv to have her feelings shocked?in the dormitories of one of those fashionable hot-houses called " boarding schools," or on board ol a British man-of-war 1 I propose to give you a series of articles on this subject. The following sales came off at the regular Board of Brokers to-day:?6 shares Camden and Amhov RR, 62, $1200 county 6'*, 1871, 91. Second Board?$200 state 6's, 1863,411, $183 do 6's, 1843, 60; $100 do 6'e. 1947, 44; ? shares Trenton RR,48; $800 city 6's,1872, 93; $1000 do do, 1965,93; $110 Wilmington RRbonds,fl's, 1868, 67, The weather is now exceedingly cold and j>iercing. A Looker-On. SHIP NEWS. Philadelphia, No* 22?Arr Vesper, Lofland,Trinidad dc Cube?1st 36. Ion 72 40, ill s heaw a?lr from N to NE. start-d d'ek load of is casks molasses; Pearl, Harding, Boston. Old Renown. Wntton, NOrleanr. Baltimore, Nov 27?Arr Mary. Ltofrio, Havana; Edmhurc, Crocker, Arecibo, PR; Talleyrand,Kuowlton. Portlsnd; Oread, Bibber, Kitl|Nirl; Emeline, Bourne, New B-dfonl; Re-per. Crowell, Providence. Pld tleai'or, Robht, NOrlrans; Wster W??l' I >? H. ' PHs ( oramerre. BUnfhsril, Kint? oU, Js; Iteaper, Breatan. La o ...., c- ? K?Iher. Emory. St Pierre. Mart; Eleanor. Hobba. ClL. te'stnn; PI N-vius. (Br) Sticknry, St Jonn, NB; Poebe B> iter, Crowed, Salem; Curlew, Hicks, Bangor; Chief. Van Name, Providener. Alexandria, Not 2j? SM Frank, NYoik. Richmond. Nov 26?Ait Roscoe, Lube; Cleopitia's Bancr. Boston; Oeii Wayne, Boston; Chas Pitman, NYork. NsaroLK. Nov 24?In Hatni> on Romls, CaK doi.ia Brander, bound to New Orleans. Pioneer, from Alexandria for New Orleaui, tailed yesterday. Foreign Porta. Trinidad de Cuba. Oct 23?In port, Fraaklin, Oibbs, from Bnilou, arr2Lt, tliag. The Amphitheatre.?The beautiful equestrianism exhibited at the classic Amphitheatre in the Bowery, and the wonders ofthe French Lion and Otto Motty, together wi'h the brilliantly and conveniently arranged interior, nave tended to mane mil the great resort ol the season.? The management have been particularly careful in forbidding any thing of an immodest tendency to be said or exhibited in the arena ; so that the Amphitheatre may now be said to have reached an elevation in public opinion not enjoyed by any other species of amusement. The tattooed man i9 a valuable acquisition to the company. Amkmicax Muskum.?A place of lational amusement where parents can take their children without fear if contamination, has long been wanted in this city. We are happy to be able to point to this popular resort, as ruo where amusement and instruction are happily blcndel. The entertainments in the lecture room, which are gi?n by Mr. Winchell and thirteen other performers, are ottie highest order, and never fail to elicit the most raptnaus shouts offapplause. Thojyounger clu n s, nre particulrly delighted with the ingenious mechanical figures of Sipor Vivaldi. Chatham Theatre.?The thrilling play of 'Retribution," hnving been received on ita first rsresentaiion with rounds ol deafening applause frdn a large and discriminating audience, we are gli to perceive is announced for repetition this evetng. This is one of the best plays in the English langqge, and was originally performed by individualsfhe most illlustrious in the histrionic profession, an is powerfully cast at the Chatham. The " I'rotgal Son," is also to be repeated to-night. Theseiwo plays combined, form an attraction which canot fail of drawing a crowded house. Q&- AINS WORTH'S NEW NOVEL.?An ExtrBrother Jonathan will be published To-morrow moing, Nov. 30th, containing the first complete American Btiou (from the London Book Edition, revised by the autlf.) of THE MISER'S DAUGHTER, Bv W. Harrison Ainsworth, Esq., author of " Jaelihep pard," "Ouy Fawkes," " Tower of London," " V/nline Vox," " Windsor Castle," he. Thi? is a Romance of thrilling intrrest.and is nsnferior to tb e moat popular works of its giltod author. ie principal characters are strongly drawn, and thJot has more reality and less of the melodramatic than sio of the author's previous efforts. This edition may be sent by mail for newspar postage only. Price Wl cent s, or ten copies for one dorWILSON ?c COMPANY, Puhlers, 16j Nasi street (Kf- WILL YE HAVE COUGHS, COLDrfll CONSUMPTION, when jou can be cured for oneilling 7? Read this:?1 certify'I ha 1 a dreadful pain in ntide.with a coughing and shortness of breath. I used < shilling package of Professor Jones' Cough Candythich relieved me wonderfully. I believe another [fagn will i (Feet a cure. HIRAM ANEN, 113 William or 'JJ3 Washing's!reets. Mr. Robt M. Cross, of 144 Delancey street, t troubled milk a kacliin* eei.oli ntv/1 n tW! t k i II in re n.obmf' ?nu ? vuwn>>, ("""I ? Cough Caudy cured him entirely in the shoi>uco ol a week. Thi? has cared no less than 73 pins The proprietor offers to return the money to any c/who after using it, are satisfied It is not all represented. Sold at the sign of the American Eagle,9-jatham St., N Y. Agents, ISO Fulton st. Brooklyn; Zil\ 38 Dork st. Philadelphia, or next door to the Americadtel, Wash- ' ington, D. 0 , and 8 State st. Boston. Agents wanted in every city, town and vge in. the U- S. A liberal discount allowed. Addr. by letter post paid. ___________ Qg- t'HAPT HANDSas AND KACEtlH ANY eruption or disfigurement of the face or skint cured by the really mil aculous Italian Chemical So ws ntel hardly speak of this, it is so well known, ate it makes the skin soft, smooth and u hlte, remove* eruption such as pimples, freckles, blotches, s ilt rw.Ac : anil what is most wonderful it chang s dark, siirnt, discolored or yellow skin to a fine healthy cleari; we have seen it tested by so many, all of whom term miracle as indeed it is in some things. Severn! per? whose ?p. pearance was really forbidding, have been t 'tolerably good looking hy this. It is sold at the sign he Amerj. can Eagle, 81 Chatham street. New Yor nd by the agents, Zeiber, 31 and Dock streets, Tbiladt a; or npvt to the American Hotel, Washington, D C.; late street, Albany) 9 State street, Boston; 139 Fnltor set, Brooklyn. nee advertisement in mother column ided Eruptions and Disfigurements,

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