Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 1, 1842, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 1, 1842 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. Nrw Vork. Thnrs'luy, DrrrmlM-r I. 1W. War between England and the United State*. The war of opinion between England and the United States, has begun simultaneously with the settlement of their loliticaJdiff-rencen by the treaty negotiated by Ashburton and Webster. This war embraces every shade of opinion, and every principl" ia religion, society, or government It has just now broken out on the part of the Old Worl I, by i general and savage attack, through the Eng* -'i and French |>eriodieaI press, reviews and newep.i|>ers, on the literature, morals, finance, go> rum'lit* snd institutions of ihe New World. We jived l.udly enumerate the organs of this attack? i " Foreign Quarterly Review"?the " Loudon Times," " Chronicle," and other daily prints? Dickens and A hhurlon?all parties?and all sects in England, with the t xce|?ion of the popular party, unite in this war ol defamation and execration against the United States. Well, he it so. This war is only the renewal of the une conflict that upheaved all England in the time of the Commonwealth, about the middle of the seventeenth century?the same moral earthquake tint shook France and Europe to the centre at the close of the last century. The United States Republic, with the great city of New York for its metropolis, is the living example of the success of thus. ? publican principles, ideas and institutions, which were put down in England in 16SS?and overroin in France in 179H, This is the great centre of liberty of thought and action,to animate oppressed millions throughout the world. The rapid increase of power, population, wealth and intelligence in this land, is a living expounder of democracy to all Kurope. : n wnce and example ot tins country, will) nil i's faults ttnd extravagancies, arc producing a bilcnt revolution among the masses in France am) Knglaud, that will hurst forth like a volcano one of th"ee latter days, and overwhelm the aristocrats, Block-;. !i!o-r- hank-jobbers, and literary hacks, in one in of destruction Thp aristocrats of Europe accuse this country of demoralization?of dishonesty?of ignorance?ot every species of folly and barbarity : but these very accusations will only furnish motives to cure the evils complained of. In every thing th.it is original, racy, energetic, and libera!, he it in politics, religion, morals, literature, or soci'-ty, we are far before the formal and priest or soldier-ridden communities of France or England. In time we shall mend our faults, while we increase the power and influence of our institutions. Let therefore the shallow literati and selfish po liticinns of England and France rave against the " model republic the progress of this country is a great movement that they cannot stop or impede? it is only n revival?a resurrection I'om the dead, ot the .me spirit that animated England in 1620 to 'ID?or France from 17f>2 to 1800, without any chance of being overpowered by any other influence on earthThf Administration of Justice?The Trial of Alexander for the Murder of Lougee, the Broker, In Philadelphia. iin ;riai oi Alexander, ttie young Kentuckian, who killed Lougee, the broker, in Philadelphia last summer, hy stabbing hint in his own office at an early hour in the morning, commenced on Tuesday in Philadelphia. The excitement in that city on the subject, ia immense. A large number of highly respectable ladies were among the spectators. A powerful array of counsel has been retained for Alexander, and the trial bids fair to possess as deep interest and as great importance in its results, as that of Celt for the murder < t Adams in this city. From the tone of the newspapers there, talking of the great respectability ol th" prisoner, his heing young and very handsome, his influential friends, the wealth that can be brought forward, the tremendous array of eminent counsel, ' the ap|ie trance of Governor Pope of Kentucky with j his counsel, and as a friend of the family, the bril ( hunt array of young and beautiful ladies present, all .,1 whom are said to take a deep interest in the fate of the prisoner, and the oneninir imihht??? nt tK? I?? yers, we apprehend that ajKiwerful attempt is about lobe made to defeat the ends of justice in this case, nd either acquit the prisoner of murder altogether, or let him oil"with some slight punishment. The principal circumstances connected with this i murder, must be fresh in the recollection of our i readers Lougee was a broker, a very industrious < nan, who used to open hi- office in person, and at- i tend it alone very early in the morning. Alex- i under went there either to change tSr to steal some | money?and either because he had a slight and sudden quarrel with Lougee, or else prompted by no- j thing but his own infamous passions, he drew a dirk and stabbed Lougee to the heart, who died in a tew minutes. Here, as in the case ot Colt, was a brutal murdar perpetrated without a single eye-witness except the murderer, his victim, aud the God of Tliah Heaven. Hut Alexander did part of what it has been said Colt ought to have done ; he rushed out into the street; but in addition to this, conscious guilt made him throw away the dirk and try 10 escape. He was arrested and then confessed the uill,n? -n,i ,i ... ~i \iru_. ;r itwa*! There never wad a more shocking and wanton murder; and yet there is very little doubt, I that great eflorts will be made to prove it only manslaughter. This is but another instance of the evils resulting from the unwarrantable efforts made by all parties ( in this city to get Colt clear. But if such things are to i illowed?if a miserable combination of law- ( yers, who are well paid by the rich relations of a nuirdep-r tn hrowb*:,! the pn as (the o y true po- < lice ot the country) to defy the laws and defeat the | ends of justice?if these persons shall be thus al- | lowed to break up and utterly destroy all the safe- , guards of civilization, and the only just and righteous organization of soc ety?then we may as well at once expunge every law from the statute book, and each man go armed with a dirk, a Bowie knife, or pistols, to take the law into his own hands on all occasions, and stab and slay his fellow creatures indiscriminately. i.:__ i - . e : ut. ?. ir>tlMiN tin Bin II ? Blltir- ? ! BWICiy WOUIU or, yet it is no more than what we are fast being brought to by the tricks, the juggles, the impudence, and the recklessness ot a few well-paid lawyers. Look at the gross outrage recently jierpetrated in this city by a e'iqut of insignificant lawyers, getting up a meeting to overawe the Governor and drive him from doing his duty, ubusing and attempting to browbeat the press?giving it as their opinion, forsooth, that Colt was innocent of murder, and threatening the Sheriff with violence and probable arrest if he dared to do his duty. And look at the entire course pursued throughout by these men, until they induced even the Sheriff himself to exclaim, "I believe that Colt is innocent ol murder!" Wny, if this doctrine is to prevail?if these things are to be tolerated.it will only he necessary for one man to kill another (no matter by what horrible means) when there is no third ncrson present, sar that it was done in n mur. rel, pay three or four impudent lawyers handsomely to defend him, in order to be either acquitted entire- 1 ly, or only convicted of manslaughter. < But thu is not all the evil that has befallen the age. Look?see the miserable attempts of a few mistaken 1 philanthropists?or rather fools?to do away with tho punishment of death in cases of cold-blooded and brutal murder, and crying out that it is a purely republican mode to substitute imprisonment for life. It is on a par with the letter of the infamous wretch who tried to bribe the Bheriff, and called on him in the name of republicanism to let the murderer escape thedoomof the law. Horrible mockery' and paralleled only by the fiends in the days of Robespiere who put innocent thousands to death in the name of "Liberty and Equality,"and guillotined hetacombs under the banner of the "Goddess of Reason!" And foremost in this Quixotic etfortjwe>e? Hit* conductors of the 1 Vmocratic Review, who in a I miserable attempt to apologize for Colt, and to cen- j sure the living fi>r his death, cry out that it isshdekingly anti-republican to hang a respectable man for murder. W'hv ta all thiaoutcry made when a "highly re siieciable m m," or one with wealthy friends, kills another! In the case of two or three poor Irishmen, who have been hung in this city, we never heard all this talk about the antirepuhlicanism ot hanging We never saw these lawyers getting up a park meeting lor the poor and wretched culprit, without friends ; in these cases they could find no (laws in indict inrnUcno 111.tin induct in jurors,no roomfor threats to the Sheriff, orb row beatingthe executive on Chancellor, or abusing the press. In such cases these tlisiM-rtittd lawyers could see no ground to apply for writs of error or stay of judgment. Oh, no. The poor and trtendless culprit must hang. Hut here in the case of Alexander, we see Governor Pope arrayed with his counsel. This has itseflect. f*oin the case ol Monroe lid wards we saw Senator Crittenden with his counsel. Poor Edwards was innocent?he was perseculed? he was shamefully slandered by the press?liis lawyers said they would clear him?they would carry his case up to the Court of Errors ! Whenlo, and behold, one night they found out that they would not get a cent of pay from Edwards, and the very next morning, the persecuted, inuch abused, gallant, chivalrous, and innocent Monroe Edwards was on his way to Sing Sing with his head shuved. The truth is, that, unless they are checked, that class of society called lawyers will yet he the ruin of the country. They have corrupted Congress ? corrupted the Legislature?tried to corrupt and browheat the press, and failing in that, have abused it? they have corrupted many of the Banking Institu lions of this country, and now they wish to break up and distroy all the institutions of society, to grafitv lht?ir nu'n nmhilinn nml auori/vu Kno knu?> the conduct of these hungry, miserable, canting, captious, office hunting lawyers. Fashionable Intem.ioekce.?On Tuesday evening, a very neat and fashionable gentleman's soirie was given by Major Jonathan D. Stevenson, the distinguished politician,who exploded the pipelayers, at his elegant mansion. The Hon. Levi Woodbury, Hon. Silus Wright, Mayor and Aldermen,and every distinguished politician now in town,were invited. All attended with great punctuality, except Silas Wright, who had scruples of conscience. About i) o'clock, or perchance verging towards 10, a note was received from Mr. Wright, staling that as he understood that great efforts were making here in relation to the offices in the gift of Governor llouck, and as he did not wish to take any side, or to support any cliijuc of the party in prefe* rence to another, he would beg leave to decline the invitation. This threw,the toirit into the middle of next day, without the usual headache. So they took a cracker, a piece of cheese, and a horn of Croton, and left for home. We understand that the anxious small clique$ of the democratic party, looking after the spoils, have Rl hist BRltl-fl lntn -"-J ? ?? MV...vvi % %/ u tutu ht w migv. viito uaucu mc " old hunkers" and the " young democracy." There will be a terrible row between them lor the spoils? but which will succeed, we cannot yet tell. Governor Rouck is an old fashioned man, with a young heart, but an old hat on an old head. He rides to Albany on an " old white horse"?keeps his own " slate and pencil"?does his own shaving?and brushes his own coat. We suspect he will disappoint some office-beggars. Distinguished Arrivals.?The following members of Congre*, among others, have arrived in this city on their way to Washington. The lion. Geo. Evans, from Maine, arrived yesterday, and immediately left for West Point. He will return to-day, and dine with Mr. Grinned. The Hon. William Pitt Fessenden also arrived yesterday, and will remain in town till to morrow, when, in com>any with Mr Evans, he will leave for Washington. Tolin Quincy Adams, also arrived yesterday, and eft immediately for the seat of Government. Hon. Geo. Adams, Hon. R . B. Cranston, Hon. F. Granger, Hon. D. D. Barnard, Hon. N. P. Tahmadge, and Hon. Levi Woodbury, are also in town, on their way to Washington. Probable FAir.ufut ok the Bank of England.? The annihilation of bank expansions in this conntry, and the return to a sj>ecie currency and specie prices, will be the means, in less than five years, of drawing away all the specie from the Bank of England, through the balances due us on the cot ton, rice and corn trade. If a short crop of com should take place in England, in any one year, the financial crisis there will he accelerated, and the whole banking system of Eugland will come into ruins at once. Under these circumstances, we would advise all Americans in this country to he camions how they take Hank of England notes to lay by, or to salt up? better take the gold. Cheat Literattre?Tire Copyright.?We learn that nearly 100,000 copies of " Dickens' Notes" have been already sold, principally at 12fc cents each. This great amount of demand for a trashy brochure, effectually destroys a taste for American lite rature. People can only read or buy a certain quam lityof any kind of literature. If that quantity is supplied so cheaply, none will purchase a higher priced kind. This is reason enough for an international copyright law. Theatricals in the United States.?Scarcely a theatre in the Union is now paying its expenses ? Musical entertainments, concerts, &c , are the only affairs oMie kind that are patronised. The Brahains, father and son, have returned to the city from a most brilliant and profitable tour all through Canada. They give their first Concert in this city to-moirow night, which is sure to be crowded with the ilitc of the city. Signor Xagel also has returned Iroin a very sue. cessful tour in Canada, and gone South to give Concerts in all the principal cities. Mrs. Sutton is in the city, pre paring several operas, taken from the great masters Max Bohreris also in this city, and gives a Concert to-morrow night. The Seguin trou|>e have gone to Philadelphia to bring out "Moses in Kgvpt " That opera did not succeed well here at the Park. Mr. and Mrs. Brougham are plaving to middling houses at the Park. The Chatham and the Olympic aje doing a good business. The Tremont did very well with Celeste, and has made more money during the season than either the Park or the Chosnut. Vandenhoft is in Boston now, but not doing much. The Walnut Street Theatre, Philadelphia, under Charlotte Cushman's management haa been quite profitable. The Chesnut haa not done quite so well, because its expenses are greater. Forrest and Miss Clifton are in Albany. _ Oinneford is out west, doing well; so is Kirby; Chippendale is with Miss Cushman ; Miss Ayres is at the Chesnut ; Latham and Hilly Williams are at the Park; Abbot is writing a book. Mr. and Mrs. Hosktns are here; the rest are no where. Howe's Amphitheatre is open here?and is more au ceasful than ever. Le Tert and Guillot are here. Mr. Bohrer's Fourth Concert?While it is due to Mr. Bohier, it is equally so to the musics] community, to say, that no one can hear him but with admiration and delight. His performances have a most classic finish, and the adroitness with which he commands the vtoloncellois truly astonishing. lie exhibits that instrument in an entirely new light, and shows it to possess capacities for musical efl?ct of which few have before conceived. It will be seen from his advertisement, that he performs again this evening, December 1st, at the Tabernacle. Those who would like to see for themselves wha' can be achieved on the violoncello, will do well to embrace this opportunity, as the last that they will probably enjoy. Navigation.?The Hudson is closed down to IIaddsn.. Hteamers now go as far as the ice will per mil All travelling arrangements are in contusion. Mexico and Texas.?From the various move menta made by Santa Anna in Mexico, it is very evident that he intends, if possible, to re-con^uer Yucatan and Texas, abolish every species of liberal government in Mexico, return to the old central -yslem, and have himself proclaimed DictatorHis plan ol government he has already commenced by calling (fen. Bravo to officiate for him in hia absence at his country seat, and api?inting Sig. Alaman, Minister of Foreign Affairs and the Home De partment. Bravo is known to be a violent centralist, and a warm advocate for a despotic government. He hates the Anglo-Americans, mid is thought to desire the restoraiion of the old Spanish power in Mexico. Alainaa also detests the An/loAmericans. He is the author of a secret memoir presented to the Mexican Congress several years since, and published in the yenr 1830, in which the Americans are denounced as land i.ir,.i..? ue.l lie then boldly asserted that the |>eople of the United States, encouraged by the government,had formed a conspiracy to wrest Texas Irom the jurisdiction of Mexico. In the appointment ol these individuals to the high stations they fill, we, therefore, have the double evidences, that Santa Anna intends to establish a despotic torm of government, and that he also is secretly, if not ojienly hostile to the government of the United States. Under these circumstances, we can hardly expect that Santa Anna will listen to the proposition of this government to mediate between Mexico and Texas. And,indeed, the ordering of a small fleet of our vessels of war to the coast of Mexico, indicates that the last despatches from our minister there, were not amicable. The tone ol the Mexican journals strengthens this belief; and it is most likely that the proposition for mediation has been rejected by the Mexican government. So far, however, the Texians are triumphant.? They have lost about 50 killed, and 50 prisoners in the recent hghls; but tliey have killed over 300 in all and have again driven the Mexican Army beyond the Rio Grande, and all the Mexican citizens from San Antonio. Besides this, Texas has 3000 men in the fieln near San Antonio, and 6000 more ready to take up arms the moment they are wanted. Santa Anna is very much crippled in his resources. The expenses of his military last year exceeded the revenues $2,000,000, without allowing any thing for civil expenses; and as yet no very large body of troops has marched from the interior of Mexico towards the frontiers of Texas,as was threatened, and he has only about 5000 troops at Vera Cruz. In the provinces near the RioGrande he has but a small number of soldiers. And even if he could collect a large army and land it in Texas, it would be very difficult to furnish the men with supplies; and tlfe Texians would soon use up 20,000 Mexicans. As to an invasion by the Mexican fleet we think that will not succeed; although Capt. Charlewood is a brave officer, and has six or seven vessels under his command, the Texians have five ships of war, under a gallant commander,and could soon have as many more; and the Texian fleet is now at sea.tully munnpH nnr) Anilirmprl In orlrlifinn fn the following in the Galveston Civilian of November 2d ;? Extract from a letter dated, London, Sept. 30th, and written by a citizen ef Texas :? "Captain William Houston ,a gallant gentleman of high social position, sails next week with his family, in his yacht, on a visit to our country. We have been informed by a gentleman who recently loft Liverpool, that the yacht, here mentioned, is a fine large new brig, mounting fotiror five paixhan guns; and well prepared to repel any "long, low armed schooner," or other piratical craft that might interpose to prevent the gallant Captain and his family, with the emigrants who accompany him, from reaching the ports of Texas." As to the attempt upon Yucatan, Santa Anna may perh ips succeed there. Still Campeachy has not yet surrendered. About 1000 Central troops are in the neighborhood, nd the siege would commence with the arrival of the Mexican squadron. The isle of Carmen on the borders of Tobasco had been surrendered to the Central troops, and about3,000soldiers were there waiting the arrival of the fleet from Vera Cruz with 2,500 more troops. It is said that Santa Anna has sent a special messenger to the government of Yucatan to induce them to yield, and as the people of Yucatan are already wavering, and their army now in he field scarcely exceeds 4,000 troops, which are chiefly Indians, it is believed they will soon yield to the terms of the Dictator. Business in Texas was in a very queer state. A letter received by the last mail fr?>m Austin, conveys the intelligence that money of every description, and even Exchequer bills, have almost entirely disappeared from that section. The merchants of that place, for want of this article, are compelled to do business by, barter, and take hides, pecans, vVc . for merchandize, instead of money. The cotton crop is more than half in. and shipped off The staple is fine, and the yield will exceed that of last year. French Minister.?It is reported that Viscount de Crameyel has been appointed Charge d' Affairs of France for Texas, and that he will soon leave for .Texas via New York and New Orleans. Stili. lxrer from Mexico.?a late arrival at New Oilcans brings Vera Cruz dates to the 7th Nov. The expedition destined for ihe subjugation of Yucatan arrived at Champoton on the 29ih ult, and found the town deserted, the inhabitants having fallen back on Campeachy, which place the Mexi can army was preparing to attack ny land, acting in conjunction with the fleet, which was to bombard it by sea. The strength of the combined military and naval force is said to be six thousand men. It is stated that the Hritish steamer which arrived ai > era i^ruz ouring me atisenoe ol the expedition, brought nut otders from the English Government, for the immediate return of all the officer* and seamen employed on board the Mexican war steamer Guada'oupe. The new war steamer Montezuma, designed for the Mexican navy, had not arrived from ttgland. The schooner Virginia Antoinette arrived at New Orleans on the 17th inst. from Vera Cruz, from which place she sailed on the 8th inst The Vera Cruz Censor of the 6th inst. says; "We have just learned lrom Leyta-Playa (coast of Campeaohy) that the division of the Mexican army under Gen. J. V. Milnor,arrived at that place on the 31st Oct. On the 1st Nov. all the troope, artillery and baggage were landed, as also a supply of provisions. The two steamers then went in search of the forces under the order of Gen. Morales, who was leading 1000 men to attack Campeachy, while our fleet blockai ed the port. Thus far the Yucatecos had ottered no resistance to our troops." A large conducts was on the way from the city ol Mexico to Vera Cruz, with specie, $190,000 of which was said to be destined for New Orleans. The United States armed steamer Missouri, arrived at Vera Cruz on the 7th instant, last from Havana. The shock of an earthquake was lelt on the 18th ult., at Tetela, a vilfgge near the mountains ol Puebla. At the same time the volcano emitted an immense quantity of thick red smoke. No damage was done. The arrival of Santa Anna at his hacienda of "Mangar de Clavo" was greeted with salvos of artillery, and other tokens of rejoicing. The Antoinette had on board $12,353 in specie, consigned to several individuals in New Orleans. Our Fucrr ro Mexico.?The Un,ted States Government hits sent ? stentn shin nf vvurifilh cial messenger, to VeraCruz. The Independence, line of battle ship, Commodore Stewart; the Constitution, ol 44 guns, and the Vincennes, Commander Buchanan, are all ordered to the Mexican coast, with the West India squadron. Important from Cuba ? It appears that a large portion of the wealthy and influential inhabitants of this island are exceedingly indignant with the Spanish Government for allowing the British to interfere with their social systems of government, slave trade, Regroes, &c.; and that a majority of the white people of Cuba are in favor of throwing of! their allegiance to the Spanish government, and declaring themselves free and independent. This movement, if it takes place, will be attended with serious consequences to the peace of this country as well as Grrat Britain. Twit Ho*. Lrvi Woodbury's Lkctritk.?This Le rture was delivered last evening at the Tabernacle to an audience very sadly thinned by the inclemency of the weather. There were only about three hundred people present. The Hon. Ex Secretary's subject was, "the uncertainties of history, their evils and their cure." It was listened to with i great attention. The Trial or Alexander in Philadelphia for the Murder op LotioEt.?OnfTuesday, the Jury in thin case was empanelled, and the following men were sworn on it:? Joseph Kerr, James M. Moore, Wm. C. Paterson.S. &. Kreamer, George Dannsker, John Banks, (this gentleman was one of the jurors who convicted McEweuand Shoe.) Wm. E Tatem, John O. Meuch, Lewis Poppal, Charles Shaw, Arthur Bradit, Charles D. Lybrand. After the Jury were sworn they were allowed to go to their homes for the night, and the Court adjourned until Wednesday. When the first Juror's name was called, Ovid F. Johnson asked the following question:? " Have you any conscientious scruples against findiug a verdict, the cousequenc.e ol which, according to the laws of Pennsylvania, would be death." , Mr. Wm. B. Akkd, lor the prisoner, took broad exceptions to the |iro]>oaitionf. He contended that the juror should lie Brat challenged for cause, without proposing either the acts or question of the Attorney General. In snpjiortof his position, he cited several authorities, but more narticillarlv the raaenfth* lfnitn.1 rtfriiout Aaron Burr. Mr. Johnson briefly replied in support of his former po sition. Mr. Dallas, in support of the defence, referred to the decision of Judge Baldwin in the case oi the United States vs. Wilson and I'orter, lor the lobbery of the United States Mail. He suggested that the Commonwealth should first challenge ler cause, and then set aside, until the regular panel was exhausted. Ms. Johnson Insisted that, ill conformity to the usual practice in such cues, the juror should be sworn as soon as he eaters the box, and the questions relative to " conscientious scruple" and " bias" for or against the prisoner, should be propounded. The learned gentleman, at the sair" time, gave assurance that the Commonwealth would not challenge without good and sufficient cause-rand proposed, likewise, that when such cause did exist,the juror should be called upon to explain. Mr. Rked, on behalf of the defence, admitted with the Attorney Oi-neral that such had been the former practice, but thought he was prepared to show that such precedents were not correct, or in conformity to law. The learned gentleman, protested against the principles advanced, which he conceived was a violation against the right of sreresy of conscience, and could not be justly sustained. The Hon. John Popv. followed in a similar strain, and with the utmost energy and enthusiasm, protested against what he conceived to be a violation of the right ol conscience.

Even the British Crown, the learned gentleman contended, u ould not dare propose such an invasion of the right of conscience. It was op|K>sed to the genius of the Constitution of the United Status?of the Constitution of me several states?as well as antagonistical to the Bill of Rights. The gentleman went on to say that he had adopted it as the invariable rule of his official practice, never to support a principle as a counsel that he wouid b - ashamed to acknowledge as a citizen. He concluded by observing, that in his opinion and practice, an appeal in most cases, especially those of homicide, to the common sense of the jurors, in lieu of legal entanglements, was more in conformity with reason and justice. Mr. Johnson responded in support of bis original motion. He was followed by Mr. Dallas, for the defence, who protested against the question as proposed by the Attorney General. Judge Barton decided that the case of Lesher led the question before this Court now untouched He also adverted to the practice in the administration of justice. He appeared to think that it would be a mockery of both law and justice by permitting a man to sit upon a case when his conscientious scruples would prevent his finding a verdict. He concluded his decision by stating that the question could be asked. The Court then took a recess. In the afternoon twelve jurori above named were sworn. The " Spirit of the Times" says that two of them ought not to he on the Turn To show the state of feeling that exists, we may state that Sampson Tarns, on being questioned as to whether he had formed an opinion in relation to the prisoner, said that he had, and that it was favorable to the prisoner. CO- We have waited until two o'clock for the southern mail, to get the testimony in the above case, at which time it had not arrived. From Canada.?A rumor reached this city that the Governor General of Canada was dead, This we are very happy to learn is not the case. Sir Charles Bagot was taken seriously ill with an affection of the heart, but at the last accounts was getting better. Sir Charles' government is any thing but popular, and though NJr E.G. Wakefield gained his election by 700 votes, Mr. Baldwin, a member of the government, has been defeated in two places for which he tried to get returned. > There has been an earthquake felt at Three Ri. vers, U. C. The coast from Cunso to Pictou, Nova Scotia, is strewed with wrecks. One hundred new buildings have lately been erected in Charlotte Town, Nova Scotia. The trade of the port is stated also to be rapidly on the increase. , Nearly two hundred vessels entered during the last quarter, including the dullest portion of the business season. H. M. surveying steamer Columbia has arrived Rflfp nf Sf AnWroum A large quantity of tea, tobacco and shoes were seized ut St. Johns, N. B., last Tuesday. They were imported in tierces of rice from Boston. Upwards of eight thousand pounds have been subscribed for the foundation of Colonial Bishoprics, in obedience to the call of the Bishop of London. Montreal. Nov. 9th.?The shock of an earthquake was felt in this city on Monday morning, beta een the hours of 8 and 8. The shock waa very perceptible, and resembled the heavy rolling of artillery. It was also experienced at Lachine, Three R ivers, and other places.?Courier. NkwBrtjnswicx ?The last" New Brunswicker" says?" We understand, upon the best authority, that the House of Assembly will be dissolved early next month, and that the new House will meet towards the end of January, lor the dispatch of business." Later from Florida.?The United States steamer Colonel Iiarney, Captain Pearson, arrived at Savannah on the 21st instant from Pilatka. General Worth had arrived at Tamna Bay, and all remained quiet there. A party of Creeks had come in at Tampa, believed to be about one half of all that portion of the tribe now remaining out. The remainder of the Creeks had also promised to come in soon, and were daily expected. Though many people have doubted whether the Florida war would ever end, we think the gollant general now in corns rnand will have the honor of finally closing it. Storm Yesterday.?A severe snow and rain storm s?t in yesterday morning about 10 o'clock. Snow fell 'till 7 o'clock in the evening, when it turned to rain, and the wind began to blow with great violence from the north-east. All the mails will be knocked in a cocked hat. The steamer for Boston with the letters to go by the Acadia, which leaves Boston to-day for Liverpool, was probably compelled to put into some port, and the steamers due here this morning undoubtedly did not start. There must have been a good deal of suffering all night on the coast, and a gooddeal of distress among the poor in the city. The winter has begun in good earnest. It bids fair to be a severe one. Massachusetts Election.? At the special election, on Monday, 14 democrats and 30 whigs were elected. The lower house of the Legislature now stands 1W democrats and 106 whigs. There is yet a chance of electing Marcus Morton Governor of that State. It is slim however. Philosophy for Ladies, alia* Cold Pitddi.no for Pretty Women.?Mrs. Farnham commences her second course of lectures to the ladies on Friday, at 8 P. M., at Concert Hall, 406 Broadway. These lectures, we are informed, embrace many tonirs. rliornooinn nf I- ;-t ' , m.v^uooivu vi *tiiii;h 10 vi ucrji micrrsi to the ornamental portion of the female sex, and to the welfare of deep blue society. Mrs. F. has devoted many years to the acquisition of knowledge, and the study of the principles of physiology, Be lieving that these sciences are more useful than vulvar pudding-making or darning stockings Her lectures have been highly commended by many communities of ladies in various portions of the Stateparticularly all those ladies that are never seen in their own kitchens. Ladies need not fear to attend Mrs. F.'s lectnres; they are philosophical, instructive and pure in style?without any digression on boiling potatoes in salt water?bringing up children by the spoon? cooking mutton chops a la Ibrtoni? looking after the kitchen?or any of those vulgar duties of the age. Go ahead, philosophy. t?We continue to-day the celebrated trial of Jo-hua H. Smith, for treason in the revolutionary war. It will probably be concluded to-morrow. It is one of the most important historical documents ever published. A Nirw Cathy Stork?Christmas Coming.?Mr. H. NT. Wild lias opened a very beautiful new candy store at 267 Broadway, which is the cream of the dsy in the line. He also sells newspapers, thus uniting the sweeta of confectionary and the sweets of intellect in one elegant repast. Ladies, call and see his curiosities, for they are numerous. Washington. (Coneipoudmcc of thf Herald.) Washington, Nov. 29,1842. I'Jvery thing is still ijuiet here, and will be, I suppose, until the opening ol the session, when we may look foraome new and singular developments. Kumoraof every kind are stirring, some ol which are amusing enough, but still hardly deserving of notice. According to one, Mr. Tyler is about forming a new coalition with the whigs; while anotlier assess that Mr. Webster has succeeded in detaching from the coonskin interest a certain whig member from western New York, just urrtved, who will support, during the coming seivion, lor certain conside. rations, the measures and policy of the administration. To these on diti, as a'Tatter ol course, no attention snouia i>e paia ; yet as tney may hnd their way into the public journals, it is as well perhaps to caution the community against them. The message, as I learn, will contain some strong views on the subject of existing difficulties between Mexico and Texas, and a recommendation ot still stronger measures in case our pending claims against the former government should not be immediately adjusted The President thinks, no doubt, that if Mexico can fit out an expensive armament against Texas and Yucatan, and to support it can command an abundance of means from English capitalists, that she can equally as well commaud means for the payment of her legitimate debts, and that it is time at least to put her to the test. In accordance with this view, instructions, it is confidentially reported,were recently sent to Mr. Thompson, directing him to bring matters at once to a crisis and to make a Inst and formal demand upon that government for the settlement of our claims against it, and it is under are expectation, I believe, that this demand will prove unsuccessful, and give rise to some hostile movement on the part ol Santa Anna, that our government has ordered a naval torce to sail lor the Mexican sea board, to protect our com m*rce in that quarter. We shall know more about the matter, probably, on the return of the steamer Mississippi, which has just been despatched with further instructions, it is rumored, to Mr. Thompson. If a course of this kind has been pursued, the Texians and Yucatanese will perhaps be saved Irom destruction, though the former are hardly worth the saving, for Santa Anna has too much business 011 hand just now at home, to care about getting into any new difficulties, as they might materially interlere with his ambitious designs on the sovereignty of Mexico; but the old adage is still true?" whom the gods wish to ruin they first make mad"?and we must not be surprised should this hero of San Jacinto, stimulated by the abolitionists of England and this country, meet our demands lor justice with contempt and insult Unforiunately for us he is sustained by some of the leading men of our own country, who in pursuing a course of this kind, can have no other object in view, certainly, than the diwolution of the Union. The address of Mr. Adams to his constituents, published a few weeks since, is of this character, and supports ihe Mexican side of the question with the greatest violence It has been translated into the French and Spanish languages, and is circulating here in this form Copies of it no doubt have also been sent to Mexico, with the view of embarrassing our negotiations, as it it were not sufficient for this old man to embroil the country with domestic dimensions, but he beyond it, and paralyze it in its foreign relations*. Several members arrived in town this morning. Among them are Mr. Tillinghast of Rhode Island, Governor Casey of Illinois, Judze Edwards of Missouri, Mr. Brewster of New York, Mr. Reed of Pennsylvania, and I believe General Keim of Pennsylvania. John C.Clarke is also here, the only member from western New York that has yet arrived. Among the ditttngw lately imported is also your old friend Michael Walsh, the unterrified represen lanvc oi me suuierrdncau aemocracy or your cuy. He is here in his shirt sleeves, taking notes, and will give his friends before long, I suppose, the benefit of his lucubrations. Baltimore. ( Correspondence of th? Herald.) Baltimore, Nov. 28,1842. TV Sup)>er of the Baltimore Typographical Society. The supper of the Baltimore printers, which I mentioned in my last as having taken place on last Saturday night, was attended by nearly every printer in the city ; all the newspapers were fully represented. At nine o'clock the company sat down to supper, which was furnished by Yr. Remart, of the Military Hall, in North Gay street. Mr. Joseph Smith, the President of the Society, in the Chair. Amongst the most prominent was Thomas Suiter, foreman of the "American;" Fred. Young, foreman of the "Sun," who told a capital Yankee story; Messrs. Bloxham and Hunter, editors and reporters of the " Sun," John Rickets, pressman of the same paper. The "Sun" shone forth in all its glorious effulgence, although Abell, the proprietor, was not there. Horace Pratt represented the " Republican ;" and Messrs. Bull and Tuttle the "Clipper." After the cloth was removed, the company was enlivened and amused by many very excellent songs, recitations, and stories Among the singers. Mr Johnson is en titled to mention, as his endeavors were crowned with overwhelming plaudits from all parts of the table. I had almost forgot to mention two of my particular friends who contributed largely to the fun and jollity of the occasion; I mean James B. Cauffet and John Mason Habiiston, the former bookkeeper, and the latter clerk, in the " Sun" office. Mr. K. was called on for a speech, but with that true modesty that ever accompanies talent and true worth, he begged to ba excused. Mr. Habiiston, the young man who receives the advertisements, and who is the handsomest fellow in the " Sun ftice, (don't get jealous, Tommy Beach,) was particularly brilliant in hisown circle,and lent a charm to the conversation, totally unsurpassed. The supper was net on the temperance plan, although Baltimore boasts of the origin of the Washington Temperance Society. The Printers have not patronised the invention. We want Mr. Elliott and Col J. Harper to start the thing. The company broke up about half past eleven, apparently well pleased with one another. I, for one, enjoyed myself to my heart's content. On yesterday we had quite a large Firemen's Procession; the occasion was the death of a fellow member,Mr. Thos. Lusby, a member of the Dabtfort, who came to bis death by a fall from a scaffold last Tuesday, and expired on Friday Many ofthe companies turned out very strong. The Vigilant mustered fcH The two men who were stabbed on Saturday night are doing very well. George Curtlett, the man who stabbed them, stands'indicted on the previous offence of way-laying a man and attempting to cut his eyes out. The steamboat Osiris, owned and commanded by Capt. Turner, took down this morning to Denton, on the Eastern Shore, the Cattail Band. They went at the invitation of the Captain ; this is his last trip, and he wishes to give his friends on the Eastern Shore a jollification. I see by some of the country nl llin ?k~? !.. 1 : " >- - |-a|'vio Vfi ?.nx* dial UIC IllClllUCia <JUIIlllUC?in^ II1C tax levy court, have resolved to remit oue third ot the taxes, in consequence of the depression that exists in all kinds of property at present. This is fair, just, and honorable. Baltimore. [Correspondence or the Herald.] Baltimore, Nov 29, 1&12' Romance?Oat, and Breach oj Promite. Dear Bermktt Winter has come upon us in good earnest j for the Jast three days we have had a continuation of very cold weather. Ice prevails in th- gutters, and coal fires in the houses. The ladies?Heaven bless them ! (when they behave themselves) wrap themselves up in furs and velvet, and promenade Baltimore street, as if cold weather was a matter of perlect inditlereuce to them. The men, on the contrary rant their hands further in their top-coat pockets, or wrap themselves more securely in their mantles^ snuffle, and wipe their noses; and, finally, give up in despair, finding their noses will not s?ay wiped. The clerks run a out as if matters of slate depended on theirceleritv, and occasionally stop in some rrttauranl, and tafce a hot whiskey toddy? the temperance men, in devoid of hot toddy, w rap themselves up in their ^virtue?the hackmen and wood-sawyers loaf in the sunshine, and the poor? "Heaven and its Ruler, in his infinite goodness,pity and protect them"?shift as they best cnn. 1 ine poor are me oniy ones wno ieet rue lull severity of winter ; so let us, who are well provided for, when we read this, come to the determination to contribute something towards helping them < through (as promises to be) a severe winter. In taking my usual stroll through Haiti more street 1 yesterday, I had pointed out to me a gay and canti- ' vating French officer, with whom one of your New Kork belles has concluded to sail down life's stream. I wish them a pleaannt voyage through this ( world of trials and uncertainties; for, in sootn, the lady is fair and comely to look upon, and interested me much. The happy couple are staying at a private boarding house m Monument square. To-night vtr. C. Fenno Hoffman delivers a lecture . before tiie Mercantile Library Association; sab- , ject--The Romance of Commerce-rather a rum one, , It.ike it Now, I would like to find a commercial in n in New York, or any where, who followed it 1 with any other in ent than making dollarsand cents , ? i nd romance and federal money are rather incom- , patible.. I will wager three to one that there is more romance in the New York newsboys than in iny given number of merchants you can find. Do j not the newsboys glorify the poets 1 As an ex- j ample, their giving three cheers tor Part Bemamin. Witt fney not work hard nil day to eurn enough to admit them to the pit of the Chatham Theatre to see a romantic play 1 Do they not fence with wooden swurds, in nnita'ion of "the knights of romance 1 "Take thent for all in all," they are as romantic a art as we know of. Who will give us a lecture on the romance ot the New York newboys T Echo answers, v, ho! The Baltimore Gas Company have declared a dividend of three per cent for the last six months. "Oh! ladies beware of a gay young knight" who has been mulcted to the tune of #1900, for trifling wi h the affections of a young lady of Chambersburg. She sued for breach of iiromise, and the Jury aw trdrd as above. Go it while you're young. Adei.lnk. Ivkep Wakm.?It is most important in this cold weather to keep warm. Shepherd's Reverberator Stoves, such as we use in ourotlice, are the best thing that we know of for such a purpose. They can be purchased at 242 Water street. City Intelligence. Police Rogue* of* high grade are at a premium about the police otlice*, as stagnation in the butinei* appears to prevail among the officer*. When are we to have a change in the ?y stem, and good and honest men engaged and properly paid lor their service* ? The majority of the present Common Council promised on their entrance to power, to make a thorough reform, and eight month* have patted and no change. 1* it contemplated to pas* an ordinance on theere of an election, ta make the appointment* a boity for a general scramble? Why i?this delay? CoL Croliu*, we ask you individually, as chairman of the Police Committee. Death raoM lisTEsiPtatvcE.?An Irish woman named Julia Campbell, wife of (Jeorge Campbell, aged thirtynine years, was found dead at her rooms in the house of Francis Sullivan, 408 Water street, on Tuesday, with her little daughter asleup alongside of her. She had been inemper tu recently, and from a post mortem examination of the body, the coroner's jury returned a verdictof death produced by apop.eay. Sinuitlak Verdict -Mn the 19th instant, an Irish woman named Catherine Rcegan, who was employed as servant in the family of Mr. Livingston,on the Bloomingdalc road, while taking a pan of fat from the stove in the kitchen, her clothes accidentally took Are, and she was so severely burned that death ensued on Tuesday. The coroner's jury, called to hold an inquest on the body, returned the following verdict?" That Catherine Keegati came to her death f.om wounds caused by her clothea taking fire in the kitchen of Mr. Livingston, on the Bloomingdale road, and that the conduct of Mr. Livingston was not worthy a christian or a good Samaritan, in allowing the deceased ta be removed from his dwelling.'* The first name of this Ma. Livingston, stranga to say, is not given in the coroner's inquest. Fell FROM a Stkitplk Frnnr.ifl IT*nn. rarrw?n?#r a***i dentally fell, on Saturday last, from the steeple ol Dr. Macauloy'sncw church, in 9th street, to the grounJ, and teas so severely injured as to cause his death on Monday, at the Hospital. Court of Common PIom. Before Judge Ulshoefler. Not. 30.?In the case of McMillan vs. the Sheriff, reported by us yesterday, being an action for trespass, the jury returned a verdict for the defendant. Benjamin M Seixas vs. Richard L. Morri', Wm. //. Morris and James V. C. Morri* This was an action on a promissory note of $ 107 61, made by Richard Morris, and en dorsed by the other defendants. The note was produced, and admitted on the part of tho defence. The case for the defence exhibited the following facts. The note in question was drawn by the defendants and delivered to one Samuel H. Jackson, for the purpose of getting it discounted at the Bank ol New Tork. On arriving there he found that it was not discount day. If it were not discounted it was to be returned to the defendant. If it was discounted then an answer 'vas to be brought backJackson took the note to one Hart, who is a merchant broker in Nassau street, and who promised to discount it; this Hart took the note to the plaintiff in this suit, B M. Seixas, who gave him for it $i50 in cash?%W ware allowed on account of an old debt due from Hart to Seixas ; and the balance $100, were given in lottery tickets at an advanced price bt youd that at which they were sold by the managers. It was contended that the note was given to Jackson without the authority of the defenddhts, who had received no consideration whatever for it. Jackson in his examination, stated that he bad never received any money on account of it from Hart. Ilsrt said he gave the money to one Samuel Sharpe, to be conveyed to Jackson; Sharpe never delivered it, ami Hart said that he believed the making way with it was the cause of Sharpe's death. On the part of the defendant, it was contended that the vending of lottery tickets was an illegal consideration, and no action dould be made to grow out of it. If the court held differently, then the statutes making such ven dlDg illegal, wera in their spirit repealed. The question then was, whether on the evidence, the plaintiff hau proved himself the owner ot the note, the valid and bona tide owner. In Judge Ulshocffet't charge, he directed the jury that Morris was a romnetent witness for the other defendants. The note wa? discounted by Seixes at the Bank of Near York, lour day s alter it* date. The note was protested, and after w ards returned to Seixes, who paid the amount he had received for it. In the first instance, the plaintiff having proved the note and the hand writing of the endorsers, he was in law presumptively entitled to recover.? Now the (mention to be decided was this?was the right of the plaintiffs founded on an illegal consideration 7 It was for the jury to say whether the mixing up of the $90 old debt, and the $100 worth of lottery tickets, with some money. did not,taint and invalidate the whole transaction. For his own part, the judge said he was clearly of opinion that tha sale of lottery tickets was rendered illegal both by statute and by the constitution of the State. Therefore, if they were assured of the fact of their having been given, then the title must tail, and the plaintiff's action be void, on the ground of illegal consideration. The jury, without leaving their aeata, returned a verdict for the defendants. E. Co ivies for defend ?nts?B. W. Barney for plaintiff. John F Parr vt. James Parr?This was an action on a promissory note, of the amount of $109, the interest and all now amounting to $146,60. The note purports to have been mad* in the year 1817. The two parties in the suit at* brothers, and bakers by trade, who have unfortunately (alien out. The dvfcnce was, first that it had been paid ?second, on the ground of offsets?third, that the note in question was really made in J inuary, 1SS6, and not in 1617, as it now read9?presumed to have been altered, to avoid the outlawing of it. One witness testified very distinctly to having seen this no'.e in the year ISM, at the time of the great Are. The judge granted a nonsuit. For plaintiff, H. V. Vultee?For defendant, T. J. Smith. Before Judge lnglis. Julius Oraner and Henry Grosser vs. Jacob T Piatt.? This is the case which was reported yesterday, and not finished. Wenow add a few points of the Judge's charge. The Judge first recapitulated to the jury the fects of the cas? very nearly as we gave them yesterday. It appears that the law respecting lion is this?that where a person nas a u?n upon goo,it, dc most rate 11 id a particular way. He must demand for an amount unquestionably due him, and not more. The law holds the party do ?n to precise grounds. There does not appear te be any difficulty as to the amount of this lien. There were two accounts mide out in this suit by Groncnthall, although not essentially different. On the otherside.it appears that in January, l<il, Mr. Piatt advanced $380 in cash, either in checks or notes, and that he holus these goods as security for the amount. I think if Mr. Piatt had taken these goods, and advanced on them $380, he should be protected. Here the Judge laid down the old law and the new law aa it now stands, upon the points of this matter of pledging gooda, or leaving them for disposition If Mr. Piatt, an auctioneer of this city, did advance the $380 upon these goods, then he ought to be protected. But it ic a question lint whether he did make the advance in good faith, and under such circumstances that he ought to be protected. If Blydon is to be believed, then PUtt did not make this advance oi money in good faith, because he knew that the goode belonged to the plaintiff, and that Groneuthall woe not the owner. But it is for you to decide u pon the facta of the case. The jury were directed to bring in a sealed verdict?and the court adjourned. United States Circuit Court. Before Judge Thompson. Nov. 30.-James Wood v, W.J1. Underbill end JechelH, Otrow.?This Is an action for violating a patent for making brick by mixing anthracite coal with the clay before moulding. The original patent was obtained on the 3d of March, 1330, running for fourteen years from that date. James Wood, the inventor, is of the county of Hockland, New York. The process of manufacturing the brick if as fellow* Take of common anthracite coal uuburnt, such quantity as will best suit the kmd of clay to be made Into brick or tile, and mix the same when well pulverised with the clay, before the same is moulded. That clay which requires moat burning will require the greatest proportion ol coal dust?the exact proportion cannot, therefore, be specified ; but in general three fourths of a bushel of coal dust to one thousand brick, will be correct; some clay may requireone eighth more, and some not exceeding a half a bushel. The benefits resulting from this composition are the saving of fuel, and the more general diffusion of heat through the kiln, by which the whole contents nri? morn urmailv l.nrnf urnones ?r ia bIm accelerated by the eonl dust. If the heat ii railed too high, the brick will* well ami be injured fn their form , if the heat is too moderate, the coal dust will be consumed befu-.e the desired effect in produced ; extreme! are therefore to be avoided. He claim* ai hit invention the using of fine anthracite coal, or coal doit, with clay, for the purpose of making brick and tile ai aforeaaiJ, and for that only claims letter* patent trom the U. Stetea. This case was commenced this morning, but pot off till to-morrow (Thursday), on account of the absence of a material witness on tne part of the defence. W. Hilliman lor plain tiff? R. Rowley for defendant#. No other cause being ready, the jury ware discharged, and the court adjourned till to-morrow morning 10 o'clock Bankrupt Us*. SOU THBRN DISTRICT Off NEW YORK. Isaac D. Baker, New York, (one of the late firm of Bald win, Hotchln St Co ) Samuel W. Brown, Wallklll, Orange Co. New York, late merchant, (and ai one of the late firm of Brown It Hathaway.) Arthur Tanpan, efthe city of Brooklyn, merchant. Moiea H Ogden, of New York, oablnet maker. John Fletcher Mackie, New York, merchant, (and as me of the late firm of Mackie It Mardock.) Chatham Thratiik.?To-night a splendid bill in n^ered, for the benefit of that excellent actor, Mr. T.H.Scott. The tragedy of " Brutus," the drama the " Mariner's Wife," and the farce of the " Hundred Pound Note," in all of which Mr. Scott appears, are announced, with a variety of dances, tec. by Mr. and Mrs. Bennie, and others. With this bill, and the immense popularity of the talented rentleman for whose benefit the entertainments are jivfn, wr may miiriy prcnici a nnnw urowfiffl irotn >it to dome. Go early, if you woui avoid a jam.

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