Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 5, 1842, Page 2

December 5, 1842 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 2
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NEW YORK tKRALD. Slew Vorlc, Slon>l?y. December 5, 1844. Important News from Eunorii" Exprcteu.? To-day at 2 o'clock, by the New Haven line, we expect by Harnden's unrivalled express, late and important news from Europe. Yesterday, the Cutiard steamer was out fifteen days, and it is highly probable she has arrived in Jloston in time for the cars. By this arrival we may expect furiher movements in the war of the London |>eriodieal press, upon ihe morals, literature and institutions of the i- J a.?.? .1 ?i ,1 i i' I ? MllClI ai.-? me uiiivui ui viruritti v Aias uvui Paris, to be a candidate for the next Presidency; with many other pieces of commercial, financial and political interest. The evening edition of the //cmWand an Extra will contain the cream of the intelligence, and it will be issued immediately after the arrival of the express. N'. P.?Should not a grand reception be got up for tieneral Cass 1 Think, of it, ye people. .Meeting of Congress?Tike Message. Congress meets to-day in Washington?and il there be a quorum,the President may send in his Anuual Message, in which case we shall receive it by government express to-night, and it will appear 111 the Hi-rnld to-morrow morning. If the Message should not be delivered till to-morrow, then it will not app -ar in the lleruld till Wednesday. This is the last session ol the Coonskin Congress. It continne3 three months, and is dissolved on the Ith of March next. Most important political events m.iy fake place during the session?hut what they will he, hardly any one can tell. The President's Message will indicate his position, hut it will tuke a month to interpret the new position which the Coonskm Congress has been placed in by the recent elections. In some respects this is the last session of the most curious Congress that ever assembled in the United Stat ?. It has exhibited a greater variety of talent, energy, folly, wisdom, good sense, gentlemanly conduct, disgraceful behavior, eloqnenpe, patriotism, ami corruption, than any Congress ever yet did ? Its general character and conduct have caused a greater sensation, and brought out more remark in Kurope. than all the Congresses'that ever assembled in the Capitol. The singular position of the President, isolated from both parties, and attacked by the ultras of each?the conduct of the two parties?and the progress of events, have been unprecedented and anomalous in all respects?presenting an experiment on the working of the constitution of the most curious kind. From the first to the last, this Congress has been in a state of tumult, confusion, disorder, and intrigue; and yet it has passed, by accident as it Were, more important laws and settled nn/l iinuni. lied more principles,'lianjall its predecessors. What it may perpetrate at the present session, no one can tell?not even a prophet?not even an angel from heaven?nor would he be believed if he did tell. It may repeal the bankrupt law, or it may have a fight in fisticuffs on abolition?it may modify the tariff, or it may kick up a row about the door-keeper?it may pass an Exchequer system, or it may impeach the President?but its real business will be to make hot punch in the grog shops below, and the next President in the halls above,by forming cliques, each in favor of its own candidate, nnd then legislating to help on the intrigue. One thing is certain ?the country will lie overlooked and disappointed? the public interests will be sacrificed to private speculations?and the character of the nation most likely tarnished by the passions of rival politicians. Now, all these schemes of currency and legislation are ntter folly. We have plenty of capital schemes nnd systems on every public measure?what the Republic icanis,u ink (rriiy in the nun to curry theni into practice. In the meantime, we have organized a new, graphic and original system of reporting the movements of Congress and the Administration, on a per ircuy inurjwrimciit ojmnn, wuiiuui rr^aru tu nicn or parties. It will be put into operation during this wpek If John Tyler and his cabinet do any thing wrong, they will be told of it, openly and above board. We neither owe them, nor any'.olher party, any favors. The I Ikrai.h News Boat Establishment. ? All the Wall street papers, and indeed the whole press of this city, on Saturday morning gave an account ol a very melancholy accident that happened in our ship news department, by the ui?etting ol one ot our news boats, the Ariel, and the death of the captain and one of the men. The Wall street |apers and the nunor papers gave the particulars much the same as we gave them ourselves, and all spoke highly of the deceased. For the benefit of the widows and orphans of poor Bassett and King, we have opened a subscription at this office, which has already reached nearly $100, and which ui>on application to the shipping merchants, and others who knpw the merits of the deceased, will soon be increased to many times that amount. This is as it should bo. There is one iwiinf however whirh we onirht not to omit mentioning. For several yeans jmst, the Wrill street pre?? have been uniform and unceasing in the impudent assertion (and the small fry have echoed the cry) that the Herald had no news hont establishment, and that we procured our ship news by accident and hap-hazard altogether. Time, however, corrects all falsehoods, punishes all rogues, end metes out justice equally, to saint and sinner ; and time has in this instance meted out justice to the Wall street press, as well as the others. For in the very publication of the sad accident to one of our news boats, they have stamped falsehood on and given the lie to all their former assertions. Let the public look, after this, at the falsehoods of the men who conduct those papers, and they will sue the words "falsehood" and "liar" branded thereon, deep set, never to be erased therefrom. This unfortunate accident has been the means of bringing out these facts in a proper way, as time will eventually bring out as strong a contradiction to the countless falsehoods which these papers, from time to time, have hnrled against our establishment We can safely say that we have at this time a more efficient news establishment, and more comprehensive in its details, than any other in the country. It has attached to it two boat*, with their crews, the whole being under the command of an experienced and active captain, Robert Silva, who w?? formerly in our employ; and it will be carried on throughout with aa much or more vigor and advantage to the great commercial interest* of the city and country, than it ever has been. And in addition to all this, we have serious thoughts of getting one of Francis's life boats, which can be safely used in the very worst of weather; and with that addition it will be as complete as it is possible for any news establishment on earth to be. Ijatkst prom Brazil.?We have received the Jornol doCommercio to the 7th of October, inclusive. All the provinces had become quiet, martial law abolished, and moat of the national guard disbanded. Kmigration into all parts et the empire was increasing. Those arriving were artisans and agriculturists?the moat valuable members of society. The liberal policy of the government has caused this increase. They afford ample protection to the *irancr, iind have sent directions to the Consuls .uid Vice Consuls in this country to give tree passports to those who have no money to pay lot them. \f? af hitsktts LctjislaTURR.?It is impossible tf tell which party has a majority Both claim it We cannot therefore .tell who is to be Governor. Poutics and Spoils.?The amount of the patronage belonging to the city, Sitae, and general governments jn this city, is estimated front official records as followst? I'tt -innum. Patronage of City Government, 1,900.000 Stealings and pickiuga do JOO INM Patronage State >lo 130,600 Stealings anil pickmga Jo '100,000 Patrouuge Federal do SS0.000 Stealings and pickings of all, 300,000 Aggregate?per annum, $1,7000,000 Here is a sum of nearly #3,000,000,giving food and raiment to nearly 8,000 persons of all ages, under the influence of politics in the city of New York. Not two Slates in the Union can present such apolitical larder as this trreal and u'liiin.-rfill ritv. At tills 1110 ment all this vast patronage is in the hands of the whi<?s, with a tew solitary exceptions, but by the revolution in the last elections, it will soon come into the (lands of the democrats. First?the State offices in the Rift of the new Governor; these will be distributed next month. The following is a list of the various candidates as far as we can ascertain at present:? Candidates for State Officei. For Health Officer.?This situation is worth about $10,000 per annum, and i? now occupied by Dr. A. 9. Do me. The applicants are Dr. Vache of the 6th ward, Dr. W'ison, of the ftth; Dr. Harris, of the 1st; Dr. Williams ol the lJtli; Dr. Vanhovenberg, ol the 8th; Dr. Beekley.of the Astor House ; Dr. Pent/., of the 4th; Dr. l'eixotte, of the 16th, and Dr. Moigan. For Resident Physician?Now held by Dr. Francis, worth $3000? Dr. Conger, of the 7th, and Di. Rawson.of the 16th. For Health Commissioner?Now held by Dr. William Turner. The present applicant is Dr. Vandyke. For Inspector of Tobacco?Held by Egbert Benson, worth $10,000 ?Henry E. lliell.of the 6th; Jesse West, of thedth; Peter Ksiiuirol, of the 13th; David I'ierce, of the 7th: Colonel Hepburn and Win. Agnew. For Inspector ot Pot and Pearl Ashes?Now occupied by James F. Freeborn, and worth $7000. Emanuel B Hart ot the 6th; James Conner, of the 8th; Elijah F. Purdy of the 10th; John Itiker, junr. of the 5th; John Osser of the Htli; James Zeiss, of the lath; Dr. Sickles, of theoih; Henry Keyser, of the 17 h; T. J. Stevens, o( the lttth; T. F Cornell, Eccles Oillender. For Insnectjrof Flour?Now held by John Gray, and worth $8000. Henry Everson, of the lath; Christopher P. Tappan, oftho 17th; Gen. Arctilarius of the -id; Conrad Schwackhamer, of the Sth; John Cox, of the 7th; Hanry C. Sperry, of the 17th; and Messrs. Lawton, produce broker, Rice and Ross. For Measurer-General of Grain, in place of Evan Griffith, worth about $J000?Paul Grout, John J. Moffat, and Samuel Osgood. For I nspeclor General of Domestic Distilled Spirits, in place of Hugh Bradley, worth $0000?Jonathan D. Stevenson is the only man now before the people. For Inspector of Sole Leather, in place of some half a dozen?John H. Bowie of the 4th, and Captain William Taylor, of the 8th. For Inspector of Beef and Pork, in place of some half a dozen?Henry Vreeland, Robert Getty, Jesse Brush, Jas. Fury, and Messrs. Spatford of the Hth, and Wood. For Measurer of Grain?Wm. H. Lewis. For Weighers of Merchandise :? C.C.Clark A.G.Dixon G- Baker D. Sickles E. A.Dibble A.P.Crane W. Snell L.A. Berte J. M. Ryer P. Sause W. H Learv G. Demarest O. Cooper * D. Demarest C.Wheelock C. Higgins W. S. Stoutenburgh J. Price W. H. Guion J. Coddington. W. Smith lt'nr WiirilniiK nftho f'nrt wnriti n four*?i '.ant. Davii, ol the 8th, Charles Mills, oftho 4th; John Turnure, of the 4th; Capt Newcomb.ofthe 9th, and John C. Coachman, of the 10th. For Harbor Masters, worth full $4000?Captain J. D. Wi.'son, Joseph Rose, junr., of the 4th; James Hasan, of the 4th; James B.Nicholson, Captain Minugh and Capt Canda. There are three to be appointed. For Inspector of Domestic Distilled Spirits?Abraham M. Sweet. Then there are numerous applicants for the places of Commissioners of Tilots, Inspectors ol Lumber, Staves, Fish, Oil, Hops-Judges of the Marine Court?Assistant Vice Chancellor?Judges of the Sessions, Ac. &c. For Judge of the Supreme Court?A. Vandeipoel and others. This list only embraces the offices in the gift of Governor Boucke?worth,including pickings and stealings, $450,000 per annum. The offices in the gift of the President and Senate ol the general government, consisting ol the Custom House, Post Office, tfce., will, we understand, be distributed according to the new Republican General Committee of Tammany Hall, to be chosen some time this month. If a few members of the present committee had influence with Captain Tyler to retain Mr. Curtis in office, a new committee can easily wield power to turn out all the present officers of the General Government. However, the election of the new Tammany Republican Committee will he important. The Military Hall Committee, of which M. M. Noah is chairman?the Pree Trade Association, which is the organ of the friends of Mr. Calhoun?or any other committee, seent to have little or no influence with the President. He only recognises the Tammany Hall committee as the representative of the true democracy?and if that committee want a complete change in the present public offices in New York?perhaps worth $850,000, we have no doubt it will be effected. The corporation patronage, which is the greatest of any, will remain in the hands of the whigs till the next spring elections. The people will then decide who shall have it, and no doubt the contest will be warm and the scrabble great. In these hard times, the distribution of offices worth $2,700,000 per annum, is one of the greatest elements of political influence in the country. It can decide the Presidency, and no mistake. This wonderful power will be principally in the hands of the new Republican General Committee, who, as the living representative of the democracy of New York, can possess a greater influence with the Governor and State Senate?with the President and United States Senate, and with the next Common Council, than any other ?i.,v. i? ik. tu. :11 _i UUUjr, ui VIUU Ul IIITII, All IIIC CUJ. Alley Will aiPU possess the power to utter the first word, and shake the key note in favor of the democratic candidate for the Presidency, by indicating their choice among the following list:?Lewis Cass, Martin Van Buren, John C. Calhoun, John Tyler, Col. Johnson, Commodore Stewart, and Thomas H. Benton. There will be a mighty struggle for this committee. Every thing is in the wind in politics and spoils. Administration ok Justice.?Cask of Alexander, the Murderer of Loitoke, in Philadelphia? All the evidence in this case hasbeenlobtained, and to our minds there appears to be no doubt of his guilt. The case seems to be us clear as that of Colt, and to have been perpetrated under very similar circumstances. Yet for the prodigious efforts making ull round, and the tone of the papers, there is no prospect of his being convicted. Inde-d, after what we have seen in tinv-spast in Philadelphia. the escape of forgers, swindlers, and all ?ortstol'rogues, from justice, the case of Levins the defaulter, the rase of Wood, the murderer of his own daughter, and the numerous others equally criminal,who have slipped through the hands of justice, we have no expectation to see a murderer,with rich friends and well paid lawyers,?ver convicted in that city. Look at the mal administration of justice in this city! We are told that the city defaulters are to he tried shortly in the Court of Sessions. But what will be the use of either trial or sentence T There will be a mawkish sympathy got up for these public plunderers and impudent robbers, as in the case of Colt, and they will either get clear, or be pardoned like Webb. In short, every vagabond now-a-d&ys is looking for a pardon, alter lie has violateii tlie law; ana proviueu ne has money enough to fee lawyers, he can do almost any thin*. Look at the impudent proceedings of a few puppies called lawyers, in the case of Colt.? Why, in any country where the laws are properly administered, these men would have been stricken from the roll within an hour after their outrageous conduct had been manifested. And the Courts of this city owe it to themselves now to strike from the roll evry impudent pretender that officiated at that outrage. Fnless some such stand is taken by the Courts herealter to preserve their own dignity, the people will have to take the, matter into their own hands, and make it a personal matter between themselves and a few lawyers?not the law. And when these excrescences are cut off the body politic, society wd be immensely benefitted. > OO- Where has Sheriff Hart gone 1 When will he return 1 What o| the investigation 1 Who gets the 9I00D1 Cash and Credit?The Duterence.?Mr Ritchie, of the Hirhmorul Erujuirer, in calling upon his pstrons to pay up, makes a statement, that contrasts the credit and cash system in conducting newis>apers, most singularly. Mr. Ritchie has published a paper nearly half a century. He has debts due him equal to $15<),<)00, and he owes the bunks $16,000. Of his debts, probably nine-tenths are bad. How much better if he had acted all through on the cash principle. He might have had a less circulation t<>r the time being, but he would have had $40 or $50. (100 in pocket, without debt. This credit system is absolute wickedness. This is only the commencement of a vast lued in the democratic pirty. Oh! ginerous! The petit fiurre between the Ulobe and the Madi$oniamboM Captain Tyler and his administration,is only a part of the same game, looking towards the next Presidency. Most melancholy ! The democrats have now eight candidates in the field?Cass, Calhoun, Van Buren, Buchanan, Johnson, Stewart, Benton and lyler? all certain of getting the nomination.? While the Whigs have only one, Clay, with three in reversion, but not now up or troublesome, Scott, McLean, and Webster. How miserable we feel! This is the rock on which the democratic party will probably split in 1844. Have mercy upon us ! In that glorious year, we want to see one of the parties well licked?soundly licked. Not one hardly knows yet which deserves it. Oh! awful! One comfort is certain?out of the twelve candidates, eleven will get soundly thrashed. Praise be to Allah, and Mahomet his prophet! Pardon to Criminals.?The more we rpflect on the pardon given to Webb, the more we are satisfied that all pardons to criminals are useless. In that particular instance, it lias only increased the impudence, pomposity and mischievous propensities of the " regular army.We shall go lor no more pardons. Let the law in every case have its course. Webb is a worse man and worse editor?more abusive and more unprincipled, than ever. The following is the opinion of the Bmton Courier on the pardon:? Governor Seward's Proclamation, pardoning Col Webb, is, ol all state papers that we ever read, the most illogical, inconclusive, and absurd. Surely, he mighihave granted the |>ardon without stating a column ol the strongest reasons why it ought not to be granted. As to the propriety of granting a pardon, at any rate, we say nothing. But it is granted on I lie "express condition," that Col. Webb "shall not, while he remains n citizen of this State, [New York] violate any of the laws designed to prevent duelling, nor by any act aid, assist, or abet, in such violation, nor print or publish any justification or defence ol the practice of duelling, or any pa|>er with intent to advocate or uphold the same." Well, now, suppose Col. Webb, not having Hie fear oi mediate l-rison ueiore nis eyes, snouiu violate some law of the state of New York?suppose, lor instance, he should publish a libel on Governor Seward, what will be the consequence! Will that subject him to the penalty which is now remitted! If so, how and by whom is the sentence to be carried into effect! Or. il Governor Seward should happen then to be in office, will he grant the Colonel a second pardon! New Movements in Fashionable Societv.?The terrible revulsions in trade and commerce that have recently swept over the country, the operations of the bankrupt Law, and the new movements in society have reduced many of our former fashionables who lived in elegance and luxury, down to the basement story, and the solitary enjoyment of a single dish of mutton. Those who used to lead fashionable society in 1836 and 1837 are now down so low in the scale that they are passed by "as the idle wind, which we respect not;" and their places are occupied by a new class of fashionables of more merit, whose lustre was dimmed by the unhealthy atmosphere of fashion which prevailed 5 or t? years ago, but who are now bursting forth in the first circles with all the liberality, elegance, taste, and generosity, without the licentiousness that characterized the age and Court of Louis the Four-, teenth. Among the most distinguished of this latter class, is Mr- Henry Carey,a gentleman who having made a noble fortune in commercial operations, lives in a very elegant mansion in St John's Park one part of the year,and spends the balance of his time among the first circle, and enchanting scenery of the olu world. Mr. Carey is in many respecti a very remarkable and distinguished man. He possesses great literary attainments?he is a philosopher?a millionaire?a man of fine taste and extensive travel?and withal a fashionable, intellectual and highly accomplished gentleman; and in every respect fitted to adorn any circle or court in Europe or the world. For many years past he has, as we before observed, spent great part of his time on the contincnf ni Knrniw Smiiptiinpa wp finrl him rhutlinff familiarly with the potentates of Germany at Baden Baden; anon we find him at Rome, lounging through the halls of the Vatican, again wej hear of him in the Petti Petti palace; the next, perchance, he is criticising with a master mind the chef d'eruvres in the galleries of Florence* then again in a tew hours he is seen at Venice, signing on the Bridge of Sighs ?again he is contemplating the classic beauty of the spot where " They keep his tomb in Arqua;" or wandering amid the wild and romantic mountain scenery of the Appenines, rendered forever famous by the daring and desperate valour of the renowned bra Moreale. In this way more than one half of each of Mr. Carey's well spent years are past. His establishment at New York is furnished in the style of the old nobltue of Europe, and filled with articles of vertu and the choicest works of art; here he is famous far his petit eoupert,and the luxuriant garniture of hie table, wherein no one can excel him ; for in Paris he dines at Verey'sand takes fish at the Roche de Cancale or Tortoni's. To come, however, to the point of our story, it appears that in his establishment at New York, Mr. Carey had a very excellent,worthy, and respectable lady for a housekeeper. In consequence of the approach of winter and cold nights, we presume, this lady felt a strong desire to enter into the h"ly bands of wedlock with a young and highly respectable artist of this city. The latter fully reciprocated her feelings. Mr. Carey highly approved of the movement, and accordingly on Thursday night last, the solemn but pleasing ceremony wan performed by the Rev. Mr. ? , of St. Luke's V/tiurcn. in nonor 01 mis interesting ana importam movement in fashionable society, Mr. Carey gave h most magnificent entertainment at his house, tc which all the distinguished persons in the city werr invited. This /?fe far surpassed every thing thai we have had in this city for several years, not ex cepting the celebrated Brevoort Bal Matyue, or the Boz B ill and Dinner, and threw all other /MM fat into the shade, including the really brilliant on* given by l)r. Mott himself to the Prince de Join ville. Among the distinguished guests present on thii eventful occasion, was the Right Rev. Bishop On derdonk several dignitaries of the church, poets, artists, the most celebrated of the liUrnti of the city very few members.of Congress, and above all, no one that had taken the benefit of the Bankrupt Ac was permitted to be present. This new movement in fashionable life has crea ted a great sensation throughout the city during th< last few days, and will yet lead to very importan and singular revolutions throughout the whole fash ionable circles of the city. The Recent Melancholy Accident.?The fn neral of poor Bassett took place yesterday morning It was attended by a numerous concourse of friend and acquaintances. Ilis body was taken to Babylon Long Island. ti. . i i r v: i... ? i i i, : inr uouy oi iviug una uui yci ucni ivuiiu u i to be hoppd that every eflort will be made toward its recovery. A liberal reward will be paid to th finder. King, at the time of the accident, had on i mixed round-about, a pair of grey pants, and a larg plaid vest. He was a middle sized man, with a ful face and wore large black whiskers. We annex a card of Wood and Casey, the survi vors A Csao.?The undersigned beg leave to return thei heartfelt thanks to Capt. Whit lock, of the sloop Atlas, an hi* crew, for their prompt and successftil exertion* ii rescuing them from a watery grave on Friday noor Also, to Dr. McCoomh, Mr. Samuel 8. Wyckoff, grocei and other friends, who were instrumental in restorin tliern to animation when brought to the shore. WM J. WOOD, MARTIN CASEY. New York, Dec. *, 1941. Arrivals. Asroa Mr. Fletcher Webster and family, from Bai on, on their way to Washington, and abont a doie others. How?anV?Hon. Samuel Mc- Roberts, United State Senator, from Illinois, bv the way of Washington II ttops in town till next fVedneaday, when he returns t Wsah ngton Aaron Vanderpool already knows why h is in the city, and Martin Van Bnren will know. Non t of the Vermont Delegation to Congress have yet arrive* The Hon. J. Bell, from Virginia, also arrived at thi house yesterday, anil some twenty others. Reform in the City Government.?The Common Council meet this evening, and we do hope and the name of all that is patriotic, honest, and useful, that they will make some decided movement towards a reformation in lour |iarticular detriments of the municipal organization- We reler first to the Police department. On the 7th Nov., nearly a month since, the committee on police, watch, and prisons, of the Board of Assistant Aldermen, reported an entirely new organization ol the police, watch, and judicial departments of the city government. And now, in behall of the people ol this city, we call upon both Boards of Aldermen to take up this document (No. 42) and proceed at once to act upon it?lay aside all party feelings, party bickerings, party jealousies, and party interests, and like honest men, determined to do their duty, come up to the work of reform, and do it. There is no fear of passing any ordinance that will make the matter worse than it now is. Even in to-day's paper, under the head of City Intelligence, they may see the working of the present system.

In the next place, the people demand a reform in the organization of the meat markets. Alderman Jones, of the fifth ward, who is one of this committee in the Board of Aldermen, has already reported an entirely new regulation of this department; and it is but justice to him to say that he is most zealously pressing this subject upon the attention of the Board, and we shall mark those members who throw obstacles in his way, and strive to put off any reform in this subject. Alderman Jones will undoubtedly again call up Document tfo. 31 this evening, and we shall take particular notice of such ineinbeis as oppose action upon it. In the third place, there must be a thorough reform in the Fire department. It is useless to waste any more time in writing and talking upon the subject. Every body is convinced?every body demands reform. All the people want is action. They have had talk enough. Give us a paid Fire department. Tn the fourth place, we demand, either that the streets be cleaned by contract, or else that the Corporation provide the citizens with bridges or boats, therewithal to get through and across the streets. The present state of the streets is a perfect outrage ujion decency. Here is this city of New York, with whole rivers of water running through it in every direction?under ground?and yet, with all these facilities for cleansing the streets, such as are possessed by no other city under the canopy of heaven, yet, New York is probably at this moment the dirtiest civilized city upon the footstool. These are four pressing subjects, now demanding the attention of the Common Council. Will the people?will the voters of this city forever content themselves with quietly and suppliantly beseeching, like so many beggars with their hats off, that the city Corporation will condescend to withdraw a few moments' attention from party politics, and bestow it upon their imperious necessities'? Will the enfranchised voters at our charter elections submit to the needless extortion of fourpence on a ponnd for meat, for want of good meat-market laws?to be knocked down, robbed, plundered, murdered, swindled, burnt up, and their wives and sisters ravished for want of a good police?to wade overshoes through the mud and filth with which their own streets are filled, for want of good street sweeping ?to the payment of sixteen millions of dollars for the want of water enough to put out our fires, and then to the payment of twelve millions more to provide water to prevent another similar conflagrat'ma. on/1 tiat flint this urofnr tltiiQ trnviH??rl fihnl] not be accessible in case of emergency, or if accessible, that it be rendered useless for want of a good fire department 1 When these subjects come up again in the Common Council, we shall mark those Aldermen who oppose action upon them. And then we shall tell the people of this city that these are the men who will sacrifice the public weal upon the altar of party politicsAbolition in Aoitation again at the South and North ?The recent Lattimer slave case in Boston, is waking up all the slumbering fires in Virginia.? The Norfolk papers are all id flame?the Richmond Ew/uirer speaks as follows :? We must again call the attention of our readers to the case of Lattiiner, in Boston. The Abolitionists have obtained a partial triumph over the Consi itutios?and some of those very citizens, who once professed themselves to be such devoted frisnds tojthe sanctity of the charter, which binds this Union together, have permitted the black crew to sacrifice one of its most important guaranties. Indeed, if the recent scene which was acted in Faneuil Hall, has not been most grossly misrepresented ; if the debate, and still more, the letters of some of her absent citizens, have been correctly reported, it turns out that some gentlemen whs once professed the sturdiest opposition to the movements of the Abolitionists are now willing to change or to defy the Constitution itself. The boast has gone forth from various quarters in Boston, that no fugitive slave shall henceforth repass the borders of Massachusetts ?that no master need henceforth to make reclamation of his property?that sheriffjailor, judges.abolitionists, and all, will conspire to prevent the restoration of a runaway slave. And has it come to this! Are the friends of the Constitution determined to trample on its guaranties! Are the friends of the Union disposed to dare every extremity, in pursuit of the fanatical purposes of the abolitionists! we understand, mat rar. u-ray 01 jvortoia was tu this city on Wednesday last, (or the purpose of obtaining a warrant from the Executive of Virginia on the Governor of Massachusetts? for the delivery of Lattimer, as a fugitive from justice, on the charge of larceny. We must hope that the claim will not he made in vain?but should it so happen, that the Governor of Massachusetts, deal to the voice of justice, and insensible to the requisitions of the Consli1 tution. should refuse to deliver him up, without even the flimsy excuses of Governor Seward, then [ we have no doubt, that Mr. Gregory will bring the matter before the Legisrature by a special message ; and then it will become the duty of the Represent ' atives of the people of Virginia to act, as becomes | one of the high parties to this Federal Compact. J With 30,000 organized abolitionists in the free ? States, and Mr. Adams in Congress, we expect thai a very pretty flame can be raised in a few months | It is easy to raise the devil, but it is hard to lay hin ! again. . [Krom Boiton Courier! E'The Seventeenth of Jcx*. 1843.?The Monu ment on Bunker-Hill having been completed, ant , considerable progress having been made in the grad ing of ihe Monument Square, the Directors of tht Oor|>oralion, at a late meeting, voted unanimonslj to celebrate the result by some public demonstration | on the Seventeenth of June, 1843?the Sixty-Eightl t Anniversary of the Battle, which the Monumen commemorates, and the Eighteenth of the laying o the corner-stone. At the same meeting a Commit s tee was instructed to make all such necessary ar , rangements for the celebration, as they should deer appropriate. The first act of the Committee was ti procure an orator for the occasion. The followini will disclose the action ol the Committee and its re suit, in regnrd to an Address :? Wsshinotos, Nor. 29, 1944. Gentlemen?Your letter of the 13<t instant hai excited i _ me very strong emotions. It reminds me how great a ]K> tion of human life has elapsed, since I joined with other , and performed my part in laying the corner-stone of th Bunker-Hill Monument; and I devoutly thank a kind Pit vidence for continuing my days, till I have seenth ? completion oi inai won. g 1 own vou, gentlemen, groat obligation,fordaing me th honor of inviting me to address my fellow citizens an c cond time, and on (o interesting an occasion, from that n a nownod and conierrated spot; and cheerfully accept th . duty assigned me. With very true regard, Your obedient servant, DAN'L. WEBSTER, To Messrs. Joseph T. Buckingham, John C. Wame Charles Wells, Edward Brooks, Charles O. Greene, G Washington Warren. ,1 Niblo's Saloon, Garden, and Thkatrk.?Th n place is now lull of business, gaiety, religion, faahiot ' piety, and brandy and water. In the theatre, whei g the Kavels formerly astonished the people and your women, the Rev. Mr. Finney is busy saving the sou lost during the summer. The aaloon is drvoted i music, halts, sotr^s, dancing, and making match* ?and the bar-room is devoted to creature comfort h ?capital brandy, wine, segars and anecdotes the n make one split one's sides. Niblo's is an epitom ^ of human life. ' Another Grand Defalcation Comino ?Prepar ? for another grand defalcation, connected with ;h itv government Also one more in Wall street ? ireat times these for philosophical experiments i morals and money. Family Troubles.? The troubles ol the "democracy" are just beginning. The Charleston Merc wry (Mr. Calhoun), has come out against the Albany Argus (Mr. Van Buren), on the tarifl question. This movement against the magician has been lollo wed up by the Richmond Ew/uirer, in the following curious strain:? A DiscriminativeTarikk.? We promised, before we left our post, to call the attention of our friend of the Albany Argus to the doctrine it has put forth on the subject of the tarifl". We find that the Charleston Mercury has given an able criticism on the same passage?and we shall, if necessary, carry out our views in a few days. We shall express our own opinion on the question?with all proper frankness, with all the respect which we sincerely feel for our ancient comrade of the Argus, whose paper occupies such a distinguished position, not only in New York, but in the Union?and without the slightest reference to any other question or person. In the meantime^ we must request the Editor to read over the following money article from the last N. Y. Her aid?and to con over the two Uriel passages which we have marked in italics. We cannot subscribe to the positions of the Argus, as they are set forth in the following passage. [ Here follow a column of extractsfrom the money article of the Herald.] Now, we hold that ii there be any discrimination made in duties, it shall not be made for the purpose of protection, but of revenue?(Protection may follow, incidentally, or rather accidentally?but it isnot the purixwe of the discrimination ) It is to raise the most money for the Treasury, not to create a protection lor manufactures?at ine expense of the agricultural and inercantile classes. The power of taxation was given for this purpose, and should not be diverted for any collateral purpose of promoting the private interests of a particular class pt the community, or sections of the country. This appears to be the true doctrine, from the words of the constitu tion?from its earliest records?and from the true spirit o( our institutions. Even Alexander Hamilton himself admitted, iu "The Federalist," that the power to encourage manufactures was reserved as an appurtenance of the States We trust that our friend ol the Albany Argus will review the question ?and will see the incidental danger which may threaten us from the position which he occupied, perhaps in a hasty moment. For, danger does arise from the indirect as well as the direct authority to lay discriminative duties, " for the sake of protection 1" Much safer is the doctrine of the New York Herald, that " It it necessary to give uv at once and former nil ottemnfs to malce one if as* or citizens favor of turning out all the present federal officers in this city, trom Collector and Postmaster down to night watch. They have had the run of the kitchen forayear, more or less. That is enough for any honest man, these hard times, who does not pay his debts, nor regards his promises. Let's have a change, a new dish. Let a discreet Republican General Committee for Tammany Hall be selected for next year, and Captain Tyler, on being asked to do certain things, will know for which side his bread is buttered. Oiwegst [Correspondence of the Herald.] The Cuttom* Agent, trc. Oswego, Nov. 29,1842. The weather for the last ten days has been una sually boisterous and cold. The canal closed lasl evening, which will also wind up the business of the Lake. At five o'clock this morning afire broke out in th" large stone flour mill of H. Fitzhugh, whicli with his forwarding establishment, and the mills 01 Truman Winan and Luther Wright, were cntirel) consumed. Loss estimated at #100,000. The whigs in tnis election have met with a seven rebuke,which will teach them in future not to abust a worthy President, in the honest discharge of his duties. Mr McWhorter, a gentleman of fine lite rary attainments, was expected to have received the nomination for Congress on the democrats i ticket, but a combination of circumstances placet i Mr. RobLtson there, which is not quite agreeable t< ; the party. President Tyler is making many friends,and will i no doubt be the popular candidate in 1844. , The Canadian merchants expect to do a fine bu ? sinew? this winter, in consequence of ths presen . high tariff. Where isMr.T.N.Parmalee all this time [Playing billiards and drinking slings somewhere. Our commerce with Canada and the Upper Lakfi i is in a flourishing condition. The Ontario Steam boat Company are building a boat for the Niagari route. Our enterprising citizens, Messrs. Bronson \ Crocker, are building a steam vessel on the Erici . son principle, which with three others now in use 1 will give us a weekly line of steam schooners he - tween this and Chicago. The new? of the tragi cal end of John C. Colt created much excitement ! Pray do inform us when Webb is in a prope n state of mind for a pardon. We have some odd i and ends here, which if opened to the view of tlv t public,would create no little amusement to the look f er on, besides some uneasiness to those concerned oswkuo. it Chatham Theater.?The beautiful play of " Noi 0 man Leslie," has been revived at this establishmen ? and will be performed this evening in a splendi manner. The way in which Thorne manages t diversify the entertainments at his popular theatre r. is truly surprising, and the approbation with whic * the performances are nightly received by large an ,. respectable audiences, testifies, beyond a doubi ? that his liberal efforis are duly appreciated by th e public. We advise all who wish an evening's ra s- tionai amusement, to visit tne i;natnam. 16 Snow.?There are two feet of snow at Albany one foot at Portland, and one foot at Concord, N. IJ {Jiy-Winchell'i play of Old and Voting Nick, in whic, r he sustains every character, and exhibit! specimen* t !' ventriloquism, with a rapid change of coftnme, lie., 1 really one of the funnieit production* of the stage. It i is crowded wilh the most laughable incidents, and abound ii, wun uTimor. vrincnon is piaying ai me American >iua< re 11 m this weok for the last time. The fortune telling gips ig girl has returned to the Museum tor a short time previoii ]? to her final departure ior Europe. She will save muc () distress by proving from scripture that Miller's theory i ,n the end of the world, is utterly false. She shows that Mi ler has made a mistake in addition as palpable as il he ha said that two and two make ten. Her proofs are clear i holy writ. The other attractions this week are unusuall P rich. Barnum is preparing a rare treat for families o Thanksgiving Day. He has also in preparation oneof th p most stupendous novelties that ever astonished the work R OT- THE FRENCH ANTITHI.OOISTIC MIXTUlt _ r0r thn curcfnf all discharges from the .urethra?sold i bottles, at fI, and at 60 centa'each. 11 W. 8. RICHARDSON. Agent, V? Nassau street rich, iit the expense of another, uruler the plan *oJ 'protection,' and to levy its duties solely with a view to its oum revenue. The expense cf supporting the federal government should be considered by every citizen as necessary, as a part of his house rent or other domestic expenses, and as such to be regulated with economy and paid cheerfully ; but when upon that expense is engrafted a covert tax for the benefit of his neisrhbor, it becomes him to resist instantly atul firmly." Editor of the Mew York Herald. Dear Sir :? The |>erusal cf your leader of the 2d inst. caused no little astonishment among that portion of the democratic party who contend for principle and not for rils. I thought you at first mistaken in stating t Eli Moore, Elijah F. Purdy, and several members of the "General Committee" had endorsed the democracy of Edward Curtis, but am since convinced of its truth. Can it be possible that men will so far dare to abuse the trust confided to them by their constituency (for it is only in their official capacity they can exercise any influence) as to sustain in an important position, one whose claims for the office of "WardConstable" it would cause their political death to advocate. What says Mr. Curtis to the Pierident on his last visit to Washington?"To prove to your Excellenthat I am fully in the confidence of the democracy, 1 present you a letter signed by the members of the "Democratic Republican General Committee at Tmnmnnv Hall." Now the question is, how are these honest democrats to be rewarded'for this "labor of love."? NVell, one (lately defeated in a nomination) has succeeded tn obtaining an appointment for a whig of '39. The two who are on the pot waiting lor the pearl (I trust the Governor will not overlook the additional claim these gentlemen will be enabled to present) no doubt have a brother, a nephew, or some near relative in whom they are no way interested. Gentlemen, don't call upon your "Ward Committees to endorse your democracy. No necessity, none?It wont be required at Albany. Depend upon it "its all right. An Old Democrat. Remarks.?The " Old democrat" is an old fool. We hiphly approve of the conduct of Eli Moore, E. F. Purdy, and the glorious six or seven. If men represent the democracy,why should they not use the democracy 1 Why should they refuse the "spoils" in these hard times'? We are in lavor of every man having a knife and fork in his turn. We are in City Intelligence. M'>rr Inhuman and Infamous Outaaub.?That the city ol New York i? daily becoming the scene of transac tions more infamous than on any other part of this habit al lr globe, we have only to refer to the records of the times for evidence. Tho spirit of rowdyism that exists was never more at its height than at the present period, and the total incfllciency of the folice system is dally be coming more and more evident. The latest exhibition ot" inhuman ruffianism was exhibited.on Saturday evening, in Broadway, at an hour while our streets was swarming with passers by. A young woman about 17 years of age, named Ann Murphy, a servant girl, of respectable parentage and virtuous habits, while passing down Broadway, on a visit to a family in Beekman street, stopped opposite the porter house called the Broadway Cottage, next door below the Masonic Hall, and enquired the directi >n of the street she was going to. One ot the soap locks that infest that place of infamy, named John Underhill, who was standing on the pavement, told her that his sister was just preparing to go to Beekman street, and if the would strp inside and wa t a minute, she would accompany her. No sooner was the door of this den opened, than this innocent and unoffending girl was forcibly grasped by Underhill, and the keeper of the premises, named William Dingier' and a fellow named Oahriel Hatfield, and car'ied into the building at the rear of the house, and there forcibly held on stable, while Underhill and Dingier perpetrated their brutal and lntamous purpose, leaving the poor girl scarcely able to support herself. She was then brought up into the bar room, when an inhuman wretch named Charles Pierce, who acted in the capacity of bar tender, forced her into tho street. These beasts in human shape were arrested yesterday morning and lodged in pnson,iu default of bail. The girl is in,a distressing situation, but has been care fully attended by Dr. Macomb, physician of the city prison. This den in Broadway has recently been known as a ; place of resort of the meat infamous vagabonds of our city, 1 and many ofthe night walkers that infest our streets have been hurried to that rear building by the inmates, and there compelled to satiate the lustful appetites of the ruf flans who had seized them. Ned Sfraoue.?This man, who stands indi in Westchester county for manslaughter in. first degree, and assault and battery on o. v t'. r/nuiHopo of this nhitor ami nlin nn tvrn innirn mnti recently found against him by the grand jury of the session, for assault and batteries committed in this city, is still at large, and the whole police of New York appear to be insufficient to bring him to juitice. After running away fromJWestchester county, on Wedneaday week he came to this city, where he remained until the next day; then went to Albany, from thence to Boston, and on Tuesday night returned here again. He has been seen at his old haunt in Water street, and at several other places in the city this week, but strange to say the police cannot jay their hands upon him. The authorities of Westchester county have been on the alert, and would have succeeded in their efforts had not counteracting influences in the New York police been brought to bear against them. We understand tha> as soon as arrangements are made to release Rebecca Powell, who stands as Sprague's security, from the forfeiture of the $1000, then he will deliver himself up, and not belore. Mr. District Attorney Nelson will hardly make himself liable to censure of he people of Westchester county by such a course, and we call upon the authorities at Wlhito Plains to apprize us of any movement made in this business. When such ruffians are allowed by the police of our city to run at large, the only security for the public is to prepare themselves with sucn material as will protect their lives in an emergency. (Jty- In consequence of the very great success that has attended Siirnor Blitz's nerformance at the New York Mu scum, the manager has engaged him for another week HU feati are truly marvellous; the dexterity he displays surpasses all description. The dance of seven dinner plates was never accomplished by any ether person in existence. The ventriloquism is rich in the extreme, in addition to which Miss Theresa Clemence, the accomplished danseuse, appears, Mr. Delarue, Sic. The Mermaid remains; also a live Albino Deer. Museum, per. (ormance, Picture Gallery, and half a million of curiosities, all for one shilling. (K^-Ami'hithkatrx.?There is to be a beautiful display of horsemanship at the elegant Amphitheatre of the Republic this evening. Amongst the most prominent features in the bills, we perceive the names of the celebrated Letort of Paris, Mr. Oscar R. Stone, the great Indian scene Ri der, 8. B. Howes, Messrs. Johnson, Gardner, Bacon, Runnal, and the splendid little equestrian Master Walter Aymar. The last named we thinlr destined to become one of tire greatest riders in the world. His fearless and dashing principal act, is given in a style equal to any ever witnessed in one of his age ; and far, very far superior to the performance of many of maturer years. The great features of this evening will be Letort's great performance upon his bare backed steed, and Oscar Stone's magnificent Indian scene. (XT-WHAT 18 MAN, THAT~ THOU ART MINDFUL OF HIM??This is the language of inspiration, equally applicable to man in his physical as well as moral state, and exhibits in concise words the humility that should ever accompany the consciousness of man's inabi , lity to help himself while laboring under the innumerable mental and bodily evils to which his nature is exposed. Health in its full and fresh eniovment is sought after with a cupidity commensurate with its necessities ; and the question is,what can improve the coustitutional and physical condition oi man? How many have deceived the pubi lie by fictitious pretensions, have acquired fortunes by deceptions,and ruined thousands by a flagitious course of ab1 solute fr8ud-upon men's credibility. DR. RUSH'S INFALLIBLE HEALTH PILLS, Como authenticated by the practical experience of their immortal author, by the testimony of many a living monument to their efficacy, by the universal consent of the dyspeptic, the rheumatic, the consumptive, the debilitated, in all sexes, ages and sizes. Where is the constitution that has not been renovated by this bequest to fallen nature! nnd in what case has the vital spark, glimmering between hope and desperation, not been renovated? They are the legacy of the immortal name whose signature alone would . be their virtue, did not the experience of thousands testify to their efficacy by practicsd illustration. Sold wholesale end retail at the principal office, 30 Ann , street, New York, by H. G. Daggers, and retail by Wadleigb, No 4S9 Broadway; Burgess It Ziebei1,8 Ledger L Buildings, Philadelphia,(Redding It Co. 9| State at, Boston; I' Dr. Reed, comer of Gay and Saratoga sts, Baltimore; Guthrie, 4 Stanwix Hill, Albany; Smith, Newark; Green, ' 09J Fulton at, Brooklyn. (O- THF, WINTER HAS NOW FAIRLY SET IN, nndit behooves us to be well and comfortably provided - with the best and most economical stoves. We would i therefore take the liberty of referring our readers to Messrs. Ryley It Myers'newly invented Parlor Htovp?it | combines the useful with the oraameutcl. Its immense radiating surface exeeeds that of anv other stove .now in j use?it also exhibits moro fire, with the consumption ol less fuel than any former invention?it also discharges its } own ashes by a" very simple process, without soiling or lodging its dust upon'the furniture of the room in which it i isused. ILwill be found the cheapest, most economical and elegant article ever brought before the public. Price from Id to 36 dollars, t Also Cook Stoves, new, air-tight, he. he., in all varieties, from $3 upwards. No house can undersell Riley It j Mvers for cash. Every article warranted. 1 Rilpv's Patent Broiler and Iron Heater is an admirable article?they can be fitted to any atove now in u?e, and of unequalled value in broiling ?teaks, toasting hread, aud * also in heating Irons for ironing clothes. Riley isthe inE ventor and sole patentee. k RYLEY k MYERS, '11 Bowery, , Two doors from Bayard. Q&- A SWIMMING OK THE HEAD, LIKE EVERV other disordered motion of the blood, is owing to corrupt and stagnant humors, which, when fl atin? in the general r mass of the circulation, are the cause of headache, gidiii8 ness, palpitation of the heart, and man v other unpleasant e symptom's, and when thrown upon the various parts of the body, are the cause of every malady incident to man. | Wright's Indian Vegetable Pills are always certain to remove headache, giddiness, and every complaint, because tney completely rid the !>ody of all' morbid humors and every thing that is opposed to health, r- Wright's Indian Vegetable Tills also aid and improve t digestion and purify the blood, and therefore not only re* move every vestige ol liver complaint, but at the samo d time give new life and vigorto the whole frame, as well 0 ds drive disease of every kind from the body. Bewabk or Cou.vtkrfkits.?The public are respect-> fully informed that themedicine pur|>orting to be In ;ian ll Tills, sold by Mr. Richard Dennis, formerly clerk in the 1 oftice, are not the genuine Wright's Indian Vegetable Tills. The only security against imposition is, to purt, chase from none except advertised agents, or at the offices . devoted exclusively to their sale, 388 Greenwich street, New York; 198 Tremont street, Boston; and 189 Race at., I- Philadelphia. Remember, no medicine is right except Wright's Indian Vegetable Tills. cQ- CERTIFICATE FROM MR. BOND, THE FAmous Boston Cracker Baker, of 11 Lispenatd street, NewYork, December 3, 1843 Gentlemen?My wife has been for the last three years afflicted with a weakness of the h lungs and severe cough. My daughter has also been sub)f UTi In the same disease of the lungs, which was so severe is in both case* that I was in Tear lot my wife and daughter g should both become- victim* af consumption. We trie I the varioua medicine* usually used nnd recommended in H I" such case*, without success, Aa a last reaort we conclud- I j. nd to try your Hoarhound Candy?the roault of which triala were ao aucceaaful that the cough and irritation ol ' the lunga waa entirely healed. They hare now, cona ia ijuently, better health than they have had before for th? h last three year*. Your*, truly, l WILLIAM BOND, 11 Llapenard street. To Meaara. J. Teaae and Son, 45 Division street. Agents?(Jeorge Dexter, A7 State street, Albany . R<d id ding and Co.. State street, Boston; Burgess and Zlrbir, , 1 Ledger Buildings, Philadelphia; Rebinaen, 110 Baltimore street, Baltimore; Mr. D.Jobson, 90 St. Charles street, 7 New Orleans, La.; J. Reynolds, jnar, Buffalo, New n York. ,e CO- DR. 9. HKWES'S NF.RVR AND'BONF.fLlM 1. ment? the very best article ever made for rheumatic pann sprains, and bruises It strengthen^ weak limbs. e*t. i ;? F, contracted cords, relieve* numbness, takes down swi II in ings, he. N.B. The genuine always has the name of.Comstork and Co. on the wrapper of each bottle, and sold only at 7i Maiden Lane.

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