Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 9, 1842, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 9, 1842 Page 2
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; YORK HKRALD. York, Frldry, Dernubrr V, 1S44. Wmhln^toii t'orrtipoiiilciu'c ?n?I He ports. T ie importance of the movementa and debates duriu^ the present session of Congress, are expected to be so great, that we have remodelled our system entirely, an i hav organised it on a plan that we think, will be the most popular, interesting and com prehens've ever ye' devised. Mr T. X Parmi.kk, our correspondent during the last two i -ions, in consequence o( incompetency tor hi. business, and misconduct towards us, has been .lis.sited, and Mr. Wx II. Attrkb has been .v > r"d in his place at Washington,to take charge . ol tin* whole arrangements of the Herald in that capitol. Mr. Partnlee's conduct, we have every reason to believe, has been both treacherous and faithless to our interests, while lie was earning his bread in our muloyment By misrepresentations and falsehoods m id to us.Partnlee obtained a considerable sum of inon-v,over and above his regular salary, and when he mid not succeed in his attempt to procure more money by the same means, lie turned round und iiv. > uci *?u^iy tiLirmjuru iu injure our ciuintcirr and our solvency. We have also every reason lo believe, that, by the like system of rnisreor^sentation and falsehood, he has grossly deceived the President of the United States, through whose favor he was appointed to a secret agency on the frontier; and we have no doubt he succeeded by the same means to deceive Mr- Robert Tyler, the President's son. All these allegations against Partnlee we can prove by written evidence in our possession?and we trust that the Executive and all others will take care how they trust a man who has behaved to a benefactor as he has done to us. In consequence of this conduct, Parmlee has no longer any connection with this paper. The only authorised reporter and correspondent at Washington, is Mr. Wm H Attrke, who has been in our employment for several years, and whose capacity and industry we have tested lie reported tne famou-speeches at Pachogue and Richmond, made by Daniel Webster in 1840?he is also one of the corps who reported the last great speech of Daniel Webster m Boston. lie unites the capacity of vtrii.ifi i reporter and general letter writer in the same per "i, mid will, we believe, give as graphic, as int> r oig, us Useful an account of public events at W,,sliin_rton, as any man in that capitol. lie has i:i tiunions from us to deal fairly with every promtnep! statesman and party?to be just to the Presii! it and his cabinet, and equally so to treat the wli -is and democrats, and all their princi|>al men, with propriety and decorum. In the event of important debates he is authorised to employ extra repore rs to assist him?hut a permanent corps isunliece-sary and useless. Our purpose is to give to President Tyler and his administration a fair, manly and open support, without fear, lavor or atlection? but at same time we will treat every other public man, Clay, Culhoun, Van Buren, Cass, iVc. with the same regard and the same justice. Our su jiort ;s unbought, and unbuyable. For six qpnthspast, many of the confidential friends and ndvi-e;.< of the President, both here and in Washington. tave been very busily intriguing against us, and endeavorng to slander and defame our character, for what purpose we know not, unless it was that we could not be bought up for the use of uns or mat particular ciiqnt ol oihce seekers, or ot" tiee hold' rs. We despise all such miserable creatures They cannot reach us, for in our circumstances, thanks be to God and the American people, w .i'" i (dependent of ull {'residents, all parties, and ;i!l liquet. We go heart and soul for our friends?and make war, hip and thigh, only on our enemies. Ik\nnkss?Madisoxian?Message.?We have to notice h piece of conduct in the Maditoninn news,'i.>er if Washington, which is the meanest, and most contemptible that ever yet came under our notice, in a connection ot nearly twenty-fit* years which we have had with the newspaper press of this country. On Wednesday night, at half past ten o'clock, wh n the government express, with the President's Me. -a arrived at the Post office here, it was diec tin J tlui not a sing!* <~oyy tear foumi in the bundle ( n I'lrr.'ted to the New York Herald. In such an emer ] iimry what was to be donel Col. Graham, the ( Postmaster here, promptly and courteously, furnished us wth his own copy, from which we set up for tlte Herald and the numerous orders we had.receiv- | ' I fer extras. It is singular, too, that'almost every other new-paper iif this city, had copies sent thsm .. .. . i._ ? ..j a? i/i, conducted l>y Noah and Beach, oyster men and financiers, had a whole bundle. The Mailiaonitin is the Administration organ at Washington?and if any newspaper throughout the land ii t? been more ftir and liberal towards its men and measures than the Ntw York Htrald,we should like to know it. Under no former administration, w a- v r so mean a trick attempted. When Francis P. i'. air, "r ' lales and Seaton were the confidential ore ins, no men were ever more prompt and liberal in furni <hing their exchanges with copies of annual or special messages. What makes it worse in the ca-e of the Muilisonian affair, is the fact, that ever nice we have exchanged with tliein.we have never tailed to forward slips and extras with all kinds of news, in advance sometimes of other papers?and yet the very first chance they get, they treat us in this way. It is a miserable and a contemptible trick at best ?but it smacks so much of the clique called the "penny pre-a," composed of the Ntw York Sun, C <ston 1 inies, Philadelphia Ledger, and Baltimore r*un, uiai wr ucncvc n wit* a tuutxiieu uiiug m which John Jones, chief fool of the Maditonian, heartily joined. The truth will be out, the decline and fall of the "p?nny press" has begun in all our large cities, and t< in riagers, consoling of Noah and Beach here, Swain in Puilidelphia, and Roberta in Boston, have mtd> .1 d sp rate effort to procure a monopoly of ail i printingandpatronage of the General Government, just to eke out their existence. The Sun for tin" t v Ins long since lost hnlf its circulation, as wil' h- se-n bv tue certificate of its paper maker, and now r has lost hall ol its advertisements, as may be seen by inspecting its columns. Every day the Sun has from forty to sixty dead advertisements to fill up its empty "beet. Hence its avidity for a monopoly of government printing and patronage. In fact the penny press never had the element^>f durability, influence or power. Tons- a homely phrase?"they srnrf too murh trip for a *hilling.n With a heel of half the size, sold for a penny, the system might ucceed, but from folly *nd mismanagement, they exp nded their dimensions, to that point, which made t.ieirsuccew depend on advertisements. When a revulsion comes?and business becomes stack? th'- r.dv rtisements of business men become enrtai d, and th-n the penny press " tails like l.ucifer never to rise again " Such is the position of the penny press now?and to iMTolong a crazy existence, are the intrigues to impose on the President and that exquisite fool.John .Tones, of the Madisonian. We never dreamed that John would have been such an ass as to attempt such a thing with the Herald. He ought to have recollected that when, in Roman history, his venerabl-ancestor with long ears, kicked the lion, the l rttor gent|?man was sick and at the point of death We re a live lion, and it is danxerous for any longea.-ed animal to protrude his posteriors towards us in a hostile manner. Poi.tTtcs lv South Carolina.?Mr- l'reaton has resigned his seat in the U. S. Senate, and Mr. Calhoun talks of doing the same. Skn \ ro* prom (?koiiaia.?Mr. Colquitt has been ?levied to the U. S. Senate from Georgia. Important Movement* looking toward* tko nest Presidency?Kleetlon of tke Repot*- j llean Ueneral Committee of Tammany Hall, for 1K43? Beginning of ttic War between the Old Democracy and Young Democracy. On Saturday evening next, a very important preliminary movement will be made by the representatives of !he democracy ol this city, on the issue of winch will hang the fate of the next presidency? the chances of General Cass, Van Buren, Tyler and Calhoun?the continuance in office of the present Cabinet?and also of tbe Collectors and Postmasters of New York and other cities in tbe Union. We allude to the election, in all the wards, ol delegates to fill the office of Republican General Committee in Tammany Hall, which is the standing organ of the democracy of New York, for 1843; and in consequence possesses an influence on public affairs that none other can attain. People may think that in this there may be some exaggeration. Let us give a sample of sober reality, and then judge. In December, 1837, a new Republican General Committee was selected in the several wards as usual. In January, 1838, this committee had actually a majority iu favor of declaring in favor of Ifmn / /?.. tl.. ..--I n 1 1\T~ t?i: , jkj, i iic 1 IU mcMiy. ?r c urlirvc that J ines N. Walla was chairman, Edward Sanford, Secretary,and Col. Graham,(now Postmaster) George D. Strong, and a whole grist of conservatives ou the committee, forming a majority of the whole. This majority had agreed to come out for Henry Clay, and to announce his name from the very temple of "old Tammany." Some of the frien's of Mr. Van Buren got intelligence of the fact, just in time to check it in the bud. The council of Sachems was brought from their prison-house ?who are a sort of a slumbering night-dog, to bark in times of danger. By a clause in the lease of Tammany Hall, this council possesses the power, when any serious divisions take place in committees, to decide which fragment is the real Simon Pure. On this particular occasion, Wells, Sanlord, Graham, Strong, and a majority of the committee were ready to come out for Clay?to denounce Van Buren and the sub-treasury; and but lor the interference of the council of Sachems it would have been done. These old feliows put a veto on the keejier of Tammany Hall, and the ' friends ofClay were turned out into tke Park, where it is well known they organized themselves, adopted j the name of" Conservatives," and commenced that movement which ended, in 1840, in the total overthrown of Mr. Van Buren. From this simple history, it will be seen what a mighty influence was produced by this move- 1 inent in the Republican General Committee of 1 Tammany Hall, even while they were thrust out in- | to the streets, and turned adrift from the party as a 1 broken frugment. Had they succeeded in issuing 1 the name of Henry Clay from old Tammany, he ' would have been nominated and elected President? 1 but when they were driven out of the Hall, they ' dropped his name as a matter of precaution andpru- ! dence, and only continued the movement against ' Van Buren. ' The position and prospects ol the democratic party are in u more interesting condition note than then, and the influence which the Republican General 1 Committee will possess, can be easily appreciated. ' On Saturday night, this week, the present Com- 1 tnittec meets together, to order a new election, 1 which will take place on the 20th or 22d of this 1 month. -The election will be held on the evening 1 of the day designated at the usual places in the se- 8 veral wards, where the democrats hold their assern- ' blages at elections. Three persoEs from each ward 1 are elected by the ballots of those democrats who ' attend?making in all fifty-one members. ~ We have no doubt this election will be warmly ' contested. The committee to be chosen, may have ' the control of the whole patronage of the Post Of- ^ fice and Custom House in this city. We have seen c a few members of the present committee wielding ^ an influence over the mind of the President, suffi- 11 cient to orevent the. removal of Mr Curtis when i? had been decided at Washington to remove him.? 8 The new committee will have greater influence, be- s cause it will come fresh with its steam power from ' the people, covering also the length of a whole ' year, which is most imjHirtant in all j>olitical move- J men ts. a The fate also of Mr. Van Buron, Mr. Calhoun, v General Cass, John Tyler, and others will be in the ' hands of this committee. If the friends of all the f other candidates unite at the coming election 1 against Mr. Van Buren, and obtain a majority in 8 the committee against his nomination, his fate is s sealed. As the matter now stands, the question is 8 open?the "old democracy," alias "old rogues," or * " old hunkers," will be openly met by the enthusi- ! astic "young democracy." Mr. Van Buren being 1 an old democrat, is the favorite of the "old rogues" 8 ?while General Cass, and John C Calhoun, are the favorites of the " young rogues," or " young ' democracy." As to Captain Tyler, he seems to be a sort of a hermaphrodite, or rather like Doctor 1 Franklin's roast goose, with a knife and fork stuck in its fat buttocks, crying " come eat me"?"come j eat me"?" will no party come eat me?" Nrt rolooy.?Such is the title assumed for the ? "science" with which a philosopher fromKentucky, ' named Buchanan, has been amusing some of the c literati in this city. Mr. Bryant and about a dozen 1 others, have, it seems, taken the matter in hand, t and having very gravely, and with all the formality < becoming such important investigations, examined i Dr. Buchanan's system, they came out with an < elaborate report of the experiments instituted by I them in order to test its truth and merits. By means i of his knowledge of the nature and applications of t " neuraura," or " the agent by which one individu- t m niaaro a i>nv?iun^itni iiuprraHon upon anomcr I when in contact," Dr. Buchanan modestly asserts e that he has been enibled to construct a system t which must ultimately take precedence of all other t methods of diagnosis and examination, either for < character, lor disease, or for the establishment of 1 scientific principles. The term "neurology" is in 1 fact hut another name for the animal magnetism of j the museums and itinerant show-men. E.momsh Theatricals ? Mrs. Fitzwilliam and ] Buckstone are now playing at the Hayinarket. The t "Bell" of the Hotel" so successful here, lias been J Tl- BT I t ?ciy wruictcifCU. x lie l iibh ihtii produced at Covent Garden in a style of surpassing 1 grandeur. The scenery is described as being most magnificent. Miss Kainforth, as Ariel, was emi- 1 nently successful. The "Duenna," which is rather a delightful little comedy.interspersed with ballads, than an opera, wis well received at Drury Lane. Ma'me Vestris had quarrelled withMacready because he had assigned her the part of Venus in the pageant in Dryden's "King Arthur," which was to be produced at this house. Vestris considered the part "offensively inferior," and her name and that of C. Mattiews had been withdrawn from the bills. Browne had been very warmly welcomed back by the Liverpool people. He made his first appearance after his retnrn at the Royal Theatre in the character of Rover. Theatricals appear to be reviving somewhat in England. National Ihstitut*.?General Tornel, the war minister ol Mexico, has sent to the National Institute at Wellington, three boxes containing minerals and beautiful crystalizations from Guanajuato. Chatham Thuatrb,?A very attractive bill is offered this evening The farces of Deaf as a Post, and But However, together with the successful dramas of Rinaldo Rinaldini, and the Mariner's Dream, all excellent pieces and exceedingly well cast, must draw a crowded house. The high encomiums bestowed upon Mr. Thornr for his uniformly able and liberal management of the aflairs of the Chatham, are fully appreciated by that gentleman, who spares neither pains nor expense to receive and maintain the approval ol his numerous patrons Modern Improvement* in the Science or Mokai.s, and riiKiR Effects.?It is not only in mechanical philosophy and the arts, that the march of modern improvement is visible. In all the relations of social life* a great many new principles may he seen a at work. Many troublesome and old faahioaed doc- , trines in morality have been decently buried for- ( ever New and convenient articles of belief have B been substituted for the old, obsolete creed, and are getting rapidly into practice. Valuable discoveries, ? for instance, have been made relative to the pay- | ment ol debts?the fulfilment of obligations?the | observance of domestic duties?the punishment ol B crime?and so on. The world is assuredly growing c wiser every day. j, It is a most curious and instructive study to trace | the operation of the loose and erroneous systems ol s morality which have been of late promulgated so 1 industriously, and through so many different chan- I nels, in this country. The whole tendency of the c majority of the popular lectures, the teachings of a , vast number of the clergy, and the sage philosophy of several of our magazines, has been to obliterate 8 the old distinctions between right and wrong?to " iuoit-i bciiioiuiccd auu \ctuily?unci iu BUUSlllllie H | ^ cold, sceptical,, unsettled spirit of infidelity, for an c animating and confiding faith in the truth, and un- j bending adherence to moral rectitude. High-sound- fj ing harangues on the dignity of human nature from a the pulpit?sceptical lectures on geology, antiqui- 11 ties, physiology, phrenology, and the philosophy of J! the human mind?the transcendentalism of Brownson and others of the same stamp, and the exten- f sive circulation of licentious light literature?have '' produced the most remarkable and appropriate ef- ti I'eets on the character, principles, and conduct of u what are called the educated and upper classes. r If we justly estimate crime according to its moral p turpitude, and the character of the culprits, we must p come to the conclusion that by far the largest pro- " portion of offences against the laws of morality, and " the good order of society, have been of late years, tl committed bytlie intelligent, educated, and "mo- ? ral" classes. What are the petty thefts of the poor ^ and ignorant, contrasted with the defalcations and e robberies of intellectual, church-going bankers and 11 nierchantsl And even in the records of grosser and 'l more revolting crimes, murders, adulteries, attempts ? at assassination and so on, do not the higher classes ? figure more conspicuously than those who are regarded a j the low and vulgar! Why, the man must ^ be stone-blind who cannot see that some wide- w 'pread, demoralizing influence must be at work in S such a state ofsociety. And the fact that such an ,c influence can so successfully set at nought all the s( counteracting agency of tducation, and the refine- t( nents of civilization, is proof enough, surely, that it e t has taken deep root amongst us. Not only n the alarming prevalence of the worst crimes imonget the rich and influential portion of so- y :iety, but in the manner in which these crimes s< ire regarded and punished, are the extent and ' supremacy of this laxity of moral feeling and Principle apparent. It would seem that to earn mmunity from punishment, an offender has merely :o commit a crime of sufficiently magnificent enormity. The ragamuffin who vegetates at the Five ' Points and steals a loaf of bread, or picks a pocket, is visited with summary and severe chastisement; o sut the wtll-dressed rogue, who lives up town and ^ rents a well-cushioned pew in a fashionable church, (| ind who steuls a quarter of a million, is only under k he necessity of making the tour of Europe. The P miserable daughter of frailty who fleps from the icorn of her virtuous sisterhood, to some wretched ^ len, is seized and sent to rot in a filthy cell; but c he faaliionable harlot who struts Broadway, attends j he fashionable lectures at the Tabernacle, and H' lends Bibles to the poor heathen, is universally al- a owed to be the ornament of the refined society in n vhich she moves. The uneducated wretch who ills his fellow man in a drunken fray, is at once h onvicted and executedbut the respectable mur* K lerer is the object of general sympathy and in most ? nstances is allowed to escape. tl There must be something sadly wrong in such a ft itate of society. In fact the whole moral Benae of 8 i vast portion of the community has been perverted. ^ [ "alse and ruinous notions of honor, justice and nio- M ality, prevail to an alarming extent. The minds of a outh are poisoned by a false philosophy, which ^ .fleets great liberalitv and benevolence ?nil vhich is well calculated to deceive and lead cap o ive the inexperienced and enthusiastic. AH who 'j loneess any philanthropy, should endeavor to stem p his torrent of immorality, error, and vice. Let h i more sound and substantial moral and literary in- ti (ruction be substituted for the present showy and j pecious system of education?let works of unequi- tj rocal value be circulated, instead of the trashy and tl icentious ' novels?let the elevating, strengthen- J ng, and restraining influence of parental authority ^ ind discipline, be more faithfully employed?last, t| >ut not least important, let those itinerating teach- M rs, who are corrupting the crowds who flock to the ^ ashionable lecture-room, be carefully watched, and heir specious errors exposed. pi ?? d Tuaxksoivixo Day.?Yesterday was an interest- u ng and memorable day. It went hard with turkeys, J) lucks and chickens ; but they fell in a good cause, s, ind their memory will be thankfully cherished, a Hie doors of our churches were generally thrown >pen to the devout and thankful; and while the e! learts of the peo[>le went lorth in gratitude for the tl ibundance of the good'things we enjoy,the windows ?i >f heaven seemed also to be opened. The rain fell ^ n torrents during the day, but its influence was 1,1 ileansing and [urifying. And we have reason to 01 relieve that the mercies of heaven were equally pu- ** ifying and salubrious. An unusual number of genlemen were seen at church who have recently re- a| teived appointments from the corporation. We leard one of them remark, with great peace and g lerenity of mind, that he felt that "all his sins were s low washed away." A person of the opposite party 1( eplied, that he was never before so fully con,inced p )f the boundlessness of heaven's mercies, and that 0 lereafter lie should look upon no case as hopeless ai WV therefore recommend all parties to take this op- 1 lortunity to make a clean breast of it. p Naval.?The United States steamer Poinsett, Lieut. Com'g. McBlair, arrived at Norfolk on Frilay night last, from New York. Nortkkhn Papkks.?Po neroy Ac Co , who run ti heir express over the liousatonic railroad in thirteen iours from Albany, has given us papers from that city of Wednesday morning !! ______ 1 11 Kajtern Paper*.?Yesterday morning at 8 o'clock ^ Adams ife Co. left Boston papers in our office. City Intelligence. a Poi.icr.?The Proclamation of the Governor to the citiren* ot New York, was in universally attended to yesterlay.that nothing transpired before the police offices wor _ thy of notice. Rogue* as well a* citizen laid low for the ? time being. t( The Amphitheatre ha* completely put to route every ? thing like competition in the Bowery. It i* now the only y place of public amusement open in that neighborhood, t ind the only one anywhere that the public feel* disposed ' to patronise at respectable prices. The Amphitheatre is c idorned every evening with all the taste, all the respccta- t' bility, and all the fashion of this great metropolis. Rtifus Q' Welch has effected the same revolution in Philadelphia. Thb Wosnaart'L Dwaar at the American Museum is P the most astonishing little fellow that ever has been seen J? in the warld. Just conceive of a finely formed svmetri- 0 calami well proportioned young man eleven years ot age h weighing only fifteen pounds ! ?nd the size of an ordina- j ry infant three months old. Such precisely is General w Tom Thumb, Junior. He is lively and full ot fun, swings " hi* cane with great nonchalance, talks of his unpleasant trip across the Atlantic in the steamship, and withal is ,, yuitea comic, young gentleman. He will remain at the t. Museum the rest of the week, and no person should fail to 11 vi .. Il pay him a viait. t| Winchell performs this week lor the last time, and play* [* his laughable piece of Old and Young Nick, Booth, Miss '_r Hood. I,a Petite t'ehste. the Gipsy Girl and others are < .1 gaged. Washington. (Correspondence of the Herald.] Washi*oidn, Wednesday, ) Dec. 7ih, 1842, 3 P.M. S Congress convened thLf morning, and both House* ire at length under way, the Senate having obained a quorum through the arrival of Mr. Berrien, >f Ga., who came to town last evening. The Message of the President waa received about an hour ince. It is a dull prosy mixed up affair, contains a ;reat deal of good sense, but which ia unfortunately >!ended with such a vast dtal of humbug and specuation that its effect is destroyed. It is in effect u lingular affair, and wants that strength which a State paper of so much importance should nlway^ lossess. The differences in the Cabinet are visiile on its surface, and shows to what shifts the Prelident must be put in carrying on the Government t makes a h it at the tariff and protection/<er se to lease Mr. Tyler and the south, but with a saving ilause in favor of incidentals to suit Messrs. Webler and Forward, so that it is on this point any hing that you please. The Exchequer is stilladhered to, the President ;oing the whole figure for it, the Exchange feature ind all, but in such a " laine and unfashionable" uauner lhat one would sntttose the parent was beinning to grow distrustf ul of his offspring; it is reommended in so cold and formal a way. The suit is rather in the style than the matter, howver; as the benefits to be derived from an issue ol Iteen millions of paper money by the Government re pointed out with much apparent earnestness in he Message as a mode ol supplying, not only the ieople with an abundance of pu|>er blessings, but ol ecruiting the Government also. At the close of it there is a recommendation in avor ol remitting to General Jackson the fine imoaed by Judge Hale at New Orleans, which gave ise to a gen'-ral laugh in the IIoum, as the moives of the President in making such a recoinlendation at this juncture appeared suspicious, but ive la humbug. Mr. Adam* had his resolution for rescinding the 21st rule up again this morning, the louse having refused yesterday to entertain the reviou* question. Under the rules when a queslon is disposed of in this way it is laid over to the ext day, and is then again taken up to be further ostponed, should the House still refuse to entertain lie question. This was the Speaker's decision this lortiing, and it was sustained by the House on a nint of order raised by Mr. Wise. To dispose of te matter, therefore, the farts of yesterday was racted over again. An ineffectual attempt was tade to lay the matter on the table, and when this ad failed, the previous question was moved 'hich also failed, so t hat the resolution will, as a uuter of coarse, lie over until to-morrow, when it 'ill be again brought up. The obiect of this movement is to stave ofl as long s possible the final vote on the resolution, so as to How those members that are still absent to arrive, hen there wili be " lots of fun" on this question, ome ol the northern democrats are disposed I fear ) vote for rescinding the 21st rule on account of >me little jealousies existing between them and the >uthern delegations,so that I should not be surprised > find the abolitionists succeeding at length in their (forts. The message gave rise to considerale amusement I the House. The Calhoun men looked blue, the liigs green, and the Van Buren men as merry as on please. They consider this message, in fact, as titling the Captain's claims and opening a clear tth for " Mattie" to the Presidency. Latest from Texas ?Advices from Galveston > the 26th ultimo, have been received at New Organs:? Captain Elliott, the British Consul, had passed trough Houston, on his way to the seat of governtent. It was believed that a quorum of the two houses ('Congress would he formed by the 26th inst. About three weeks ago, N. B. Garner was shot ead in a street of St. Angustine by Generaj Henerson. Garner had for several days threatened to ill General H. and had carried a gun for that purose. A furious " norther" swept nver Texas about the liddle of the month. It was the first of the sea?n; ice formed, and woollen garments were neessary to comfort. The Houston Morning Star of the 24th, has the itest accounts from the army. A gentleman had rrived from the camp near Bexar, which he lefr

b >uf ten days previous, and who reported news of ither a discouraging character. He said the draft d troop# are quite wearied out with the long delay, nd are anxious to return home. Gen Somervell ad taken command, and the army had been or anized into two regiments; but no order had been iven for them to make preparations for the march, nd it was ih-general impression among the troops Uli Gen. Somervell was wailing for further ordem otn Gen. Houston. If this is the case, we shal iveupall hope that the exi>edition will be carried n. The " northers" have now set in, and as may of the troops are ill furnished with winter clothig, they will be unwilling to commence the inarch cross the bleak prairies between Bexar and the Rio irande. II they had marched one or two weeks arlier, they could have been crossed with case ; nd wiien oace the troops had reached the towns n the Rio Grande, they would have found comirtable quartere. Whatever may have been the aror,we fear it is now almost completely extinguishd, and we shall not be surprised to hear that they ave concluded to relinquish the expedition and reirn to their homes. We understand that little parties of five or six are laving camp, and wending their way eastward and iese may soon be followed by parties of tweaty or lirty, and finally whole companies will follow.? 'here is, however, some hope. There is a plentiil supply of beef and corn in camp, and none are ifi'ering for food Many of the volunteers declare lat ihev will go on, even if all the drafted men reirn. The brave Cameron and his gallant company re understand are willing to march to the Rio Tande, even if only one hundred men should fol>w. if the General in command, however, is disused to delay the expedition, we fear they will be etaineil like noble coursers fretting in the bridle ntil all their arder abates, and disgust succeeding ope and joyous anticipation, they will retire disouraged and disheartened from the service that 'ems hitherto to hive yielded nothing but dishonor nd shame. The most costly, magnificent, rich, splendid, superb, legant, gorgeous and grand, (in fact we might exhaust te dictionary,and still the expressions prove inadequate,) lairs that wu have ever beheld, are the dresses worn by ,ueen Victoria and the Duchess of Kent, on the daysof her igjosty's coronation an<f marriage. We are not capable t expatiating on their merits, they must be seen to be proerly appreciated. In addition to which, Signor Blitz, lissClemence, the danseuse ; Mr. Delarue, the mimic j lermaid, museum, picture gallery, and performances, 11 to be seen for one shilling. Strangers and country eople should avail themselves-of the present opportunity, nch a chance may never occur again. (57- IMPORTANT ANNOUNCEMENT?The Col geof Medicine and Pharmacy, established for thp Sup r?-ssionof Quackery, beg to inform all persons desirous t' obtaining medical advice, that on remitting the ?um 01 nr dollar, with I statement o! their case, they will br applied with one dollar's worth of appropriate medicine, nd a letter of advice containing lull directions as to diet, rgimen, Ac. All letters must lie post paid. Addies* rincipal office oft he College of Medicine and Pharmacy, 1 Nassau street, N. Y. The CortsuLTi.vo Phtsicia* is daily in attendance at the rivate consulting rooms of the college. Hours from 10 lid o'clock 8rsaic?l Cases?The College have also engaged in services of one of the most distinguished operave Surgeons in New York, and are therefore preared to receive and treat aurgkal cases. Squinting, cairact, and all diseases of the rye requiring an operation, -strictureol the urethra,?calculi In the bladder,?club>ot,?diseases of tne joints, and of the spine, will be parcularly attended to. The fees will be extremelv mode ate. I'atient* who ao deaire will be visited at their ,own ousee after operation. By order of the College, W. 8 RICHARDSON, Agent. Principal (and only) office of the College of Medicine nd Pharmacy. 97 Nassau *t. New York, ;& EXAMINE THOSE REMEDIES THAT CURE. -We should he careful that all medicinea which we take pply to our disease. If you have a rold the beat remedy ) lie applied for a certain anl ipendycurc in to he found a Peter*' Cough Lozenges. If you are troubled with a eadache, try hit Cordial Lozenges,which leave the head lear and without pain. If you are a man of a family, and ourchildren complain, recollect that hi* Woim Lozene* will destroy the worm* that may he in their liodies, nd relieve them from death. Peter*' Lozenges for the tiro of various disease* are now well known to the whole ommunity, and their sale is oni'anlly on the increase sroughoutthe whole Union. Remember and ask for Peir?' Lozenges, and see that they are genuine. Principal ffice P2A Fulton, corner of Nassau street. OCf- PROFE9SOR VELPEAU'M GONORRHOEA ILLS.?These celebrated Pills, which have gained the reatest celebrity in Europe, are now tor the first tims ol red for sale in this country, by authority of the College f Medicine and Pharmacy of the city of New York, who aveol.taineil the original recipe from the distinguished rofessor, who is the principal Surgeon to the'Hospital of ? Charlte in Paris. The following is the manner in rhich Velpeau speaks of those truly Invaluable Pills Three doses are generally suttt 'ient to eflcct a cure. IB ime case* Hie discharge i* arrested alter the second day. : i* impossible to denv that those remedies exercise a cerlin influence 011 the urinary organs-" Vide Velpemi i ecture*. The College recommend with the utmost eondencc this new remedy for a disease which so often liar* e* even the educated phyaician. and is uniformly JJial oeted by adsertieing qnacks. The reputation of V elfan itself is staked in these pills. The college fearlessly ivite atrial ol their astonishing powers Sold in boxes jntaining one hundred pills. Price one ilollar. W. 8 RICHARDSON, Agent. Principal Office of the College 97 Nassau it. "bYthiTlsoi'TilERN M.ML. POSTMASTER GENERALS REPORT. Post Orricr DErz*T?iii"?T, _ , _ . , December 3d, I84J. To the Preeitlent of the United States: ? Sia In presenting to your consideration a report of the condition and operations of the Poit Ottice Dcpsrtment, for the yettr preceding the 30th June, 184.', it atfor ii mpleasure to say, its condition hat been improved, an J the service has been attended with more than ordinary success, whether considered in reference to the managem.nt of its tiunnrial concerns, or the regularity and extent ol its operations. A public service, which require* the agency of 13,733 postmaster* and their clerks, 343 contractors and their agents ; covering, during the year, 34,833,991 miles of ti asportation, ami extending almost to the door of every citizen, must encounter difficulties, and be subjected to occasional irregularities, not only from the neglect ol , some ol its numerous agents, but from physicrl causes, not in the pewer of this Department to overcome. When the vast machinery of the General Post Office, the minuteness of its details, and the character of tha majority of the roads over which the mail is transported, are contemplated, there should he more of astonishment at the general regularity of the service than of surprise and discontent at occasional (allures. Absolute certainty and unbroken regularity in (he arrival and departure of the mails, at all times, cannot, and ought not to be, expected. And it is with pleasure 1 bear testimony, on this occasion, to the general zeal and fidelity of those employed in this braneh ot the public service. The whole amount of mail transportation for tlie year ending June 3'.)th, lS-tl, was 34,P9ri b-Xi miles, at a contract cost 01 joe w.iote amount o! trauspoitaliou for the y ear ending June SOth, 1843, was $34,033,991 miles, j at a cotitract cost ol $3,087,796. The amount of expenditure of the Department, for the i year ending June, 1842, was estimated, in my report of i December last, at $4,496,000. The revenue to be derivod I from postage., kc in the same report, was estimated at $4,340,000. The amount ustimated for the expenditure did ' not include the sums due by the Department prior to the 1 31st March, 1841 Thus exhibiting a probable liability ' of (110,000, beyond its estimated current receipts of that year. To bring the expenditures within the income of the De- ] partment was a duty demanded at my hands by a regard ' for the observauce of the principle upon which I desire to * conduct the administration of the Oeueral Post Oflice, viz: that, white the Department should not be regarded as a 1 source of revenue to the Oovernmeut, it must not become 1 an annual charge upon the public treasury. To elfect this object, great labor and minute attention | have been bestowed by aii concerned. A revision of post.rouds and post offices, necessary to a reduction of unprofitable routes, ami the discontinuance of unproductive and useless post offices, and the substitution of others at more important points, better suited to the public wants ; the institution of a system lor the preservation and safety of the public property, and the reduction of useless expenditures, was a task requiring no ordinary portion of labor and time, and its performance could rot fail ofteu to subject the head of the Department to cen. sure and criticism from those who did not teel the necessity of the measures adopted. The effect has been salutary to the public service, as well in reference to its income as to its usefulness and cost. 1 tefor you to the reports of the First and Third Assistant Postmasters Oeneral, which will give more in detail the effect which has been produced by the measures adopted. Useless and unproductive routes have been discontinued; whilst others, more convenient, less expensive and more productive have been substituted In many instances. where the nature and size of the mail did not demand the higher grade of service the less expensive modes of transportation have betin employed. This may he more aatisluctorily illustrated by a reterence to the service in tne Northwestern and Southwestern District', comprising the States of Michigan, Indiana, Illinois, Missouri. Kentucky, Tennessee, Alabama, Mississippi, Arkansas, and Louisiana, and the territories of Wisconsin and Iowa, prior to the 1st July, 1813, and the service under the recent lettings, The whole numbor of miles of mail service in these districts annually was 11,006,46s, costing anually the sum of (1 10-3,046 prior to the 1st July last. The recent contracts require the transportation of the mail, in each year, 11,434,134 miles at a cost of $967,764?thus giving, in fact, 418,363 miles moreot service for $144,377 less this saving has b en made while the service itself has ' been, in the uggrepate, greatly improved. 1 The heretofore heavy expenditure of mail bags and 1 locks has been greatly redtftcd. Entertaining the opinion 1 that by a proper system of preservation, and a just responsibility imposed U|ion puhliu agents, the number of mail tmgs on hand was equal to the wants of the service,-and 1 would be sufficient to meet the demands for several years, 1 I have, ia effect, ordered their manufacture to cease. By the report of the Third Assistant, it will be seen j that the expenditure for mail bags was, in the year 1837, 1 $56,70j 18 i In 133.8, ...... 38,737 36 In 1839, . .... 36.083 46 ' lu 1840, .... . 33,3)7 33 1 Krom 1st April, 1341, up to 1st April, lSsl, the. amount 1 expended was but $13,566 .30. 1 h'roin 1st April, 1841, to 1st October, 1841- six months? 1 $7,640 69. A large proportiou of which was the mail bags 1 MBObctSNd prior to 1841. < It is important, in every branch of the public service, to impress ujion tbo-e in the employment the necessity of taking care of, and preserving the public property. This ' is best done by the adoption of an appropriate system ] and holding to ajust responsibility those charges! with 1 administrative duties; and, when they prove themselves 1 faithless or negligent, to appoint others tn their i,laces 1 t ha good effects ot this rule are strictly illustrated, not ' only in the item of expenditure Just enumerated, but I they are manifested throughout the results of the entire year's service. It will bo seen, by reference to my report of December last, that the amount received from postage on letters and newspapers, and fines, for the year commencing 1st July, 1840, and ending 30th June, 1841, was stated to be $4 379,317 79. The amount arising from the same sources for the year ending 30th June, 1841, is $4,546,-34(1 13. Thus showing an increase of the revenue of the Department, of $166,* 949 35, over the reveuue of the preceding year. This increase hr>s not been the result of an increase of mail matter, I am persuaded, but has arisen from a more systematic and vigilant execution of the law. The gross expenditures of the Department for the year, ending 30th June, 1944, so far as they have been audited and paid, are $4,647,716 64?exceeding the amount derived from postage, daring the same year, $81,470 49. It will be remembered that by the act approved the 9th September, 1841, there was appropriated, "to enable the Post Oilier Department to meet its engagements and pay it* debts," the sum of $495,657. Ot this sum, there has been expended, during the last fiscal year, the sum of $394,664 51, in satislaction of domands against the Department, prior to the month of April, 1941. Th<%re;iort of the Chief Clerk upon this subject, No. 1, will exhibit more in detail the application of this fnnd. There remained unexpended of this appropriation on 30th Jure, 1814, $89,994 49, to meet su h other demands as may he cstatdished to he due prior to 31st March, 1841. This sum of $394,604 61 constitutes no part of the $4,616,446 13, given above as the revenue for the last year derivable from postage and fines. It does, however, constitute part of the $4,647,746 64, the gross expenditures for that year, and, it deducted, will show the gross expen liture, for ordinary current service, to be $4,436,- 1 064 11. This would present an apparent balance, for an excess 1 of revenue, over expenditure of $311,194 04. As it is highly probable that there are yet claims unsatisfied, not having been presented for payment, and claims which were due prior to that time, and whiah, if presented, would have been audited ard paid within the year, .ind which have keen paid since30ih June, 1844, and consequently will be charged in the exrenditurs* for the cur- , rent year, it is not intended to convey the idea that this $311,194 04 is a surplus on hand.bnt it is a fact from which I am authorized to state that the iacome of the Department has been equal to its current expenditures during the year ending in June, 1814 ; and it induces me to bone , that, unless the burdens of the service shall be too greatly J augmented by the additional rates created by the act of the last session of Congress, the Department will, in fu- ( tur -, be enahlad to sustain i'solf I cannot anticipate, however, any great extension of the service, beyond its present limits and amount, unless Congress shall, in sumo | mode, relieve the Department from the heavy annual de- , mai.ds made upon its iacome by railroad translocation, and protect it by appropriate legislation, against the in- ] roads upon it by private expresses and rival mail establishments. ICnirords me great satisfaction to report to your Excel- j lency, that every legal demand by the contractors, properly vouched, upon the Department, for services render- 1 ed since I have ha I the honor of superintending its operations, has been promptly paid. Justice to contractors toquire* that, as soon as they have performed the service, they should be paid. To enable nit ur.ym\viuciii iu uu tun, punctuality on luepari 01 pnilmJitiTi in the payment of the balance* due from them at the end of each (juancr, is all important. In every instance where there has been a failure on the . part of such postmasters to meet the drafts of the General Post OlHce, 1 have lelt it a duty not to be omitted to relieve such Irom the burden of official duty. The knowledge of . the existence of this rule has banished defalcation from , the Department. I It is a fact worthy of notice, that although the aggie- , gate amount received from postage during tha past year j has been greater by the mm stattd, the receipts a the , large ofticea, lor 184J, have been less than in 1941- The ( aggregate increase has been at the medium and smaller "tli-iM. I This is accounted for by the fact that the means of the ( intercommunication between the great commercial points have been such as to iuvite constant and increasing in- ( fractious and violations of tho laws of Congress regulat- f ing the Oeneral Post Office. . , I I took occasion to invite your attention to this subject in ( my report of laat year, under the hope that some legisla .ion, in aid ol the prcaent laws, would take place to enable the Department more efiwstuallv to protect itself j It is made the exclusive* duty of the Oen< rat Government to establiali post offices and po t roads, l he State Governments have no right to interfere with the subject ; , neither has any individual, or company of individuals ( ""upon^moot of the railroads in the United States, over J which the mall Is transported at an immense expense, ( there are to be found individuals engaged in the runspor- , tationof mail mattei, in violation of tho laws of the land , taws which prohibit the offence, but do not punish it by , adequate sanctions. A modification ol the lawi regulating the franking pri- , vllcge is essential to the con inued prosperity of the Dp- , partment. The original grant of this jirivilege was designed the better to enable thepublic odicerto discharge his official duties without btinen upon hit private means. { it is now generally esteemed more as a private and indlvi- ( lual right, than an official privilege. If persons entitled j o thu privlb ge w ere content to tnjoy it themselves, without lending their franks to others, tl.o burthen and loss to | he Depaament woul I not he sogrenl, and there would be less cause of just complaint .by the public. Although tho act ol 18Hi expressly declares that *' If iny person shall frank any letter or letters, other than diose written by himself, or try hit order, on tho business of his office, he shall, on conviction thereof, pay a fine ol ten dollars, and it shall be the especial duty of postmasters to prosecute for said offence." The penalty declared by ' his law has not been sufficient to prevent the too frequent violation of its provision*. If Congnrs thai* deem it inexpedient to limit, or further *e*trai?, this right, an imposition of the same penalty ipon him who uses the frark of another, as is imposed ipon the person who abuses his privilege, would tend jreatly to lessen the evil. The w hole number of free letters sent through the postirtice annually, so far as the returns oi postmasters exhilit, is about three million^ Assuming fifteen cents as the average rate of each leter, if charged with ]>ostagc. four hundred and fifty thonmud dollars would be the amount received. Thus it will le seen that scarcely one ninth of all the matter which >iis<es throutrh the mail, passes free of postage. The less .o thp Department does not stop here. Two cents are [ aid to post misters on each of these letters, constituting in annual ehnrgo upon t ,e revenue of *0O,i)OO. An evfl if this magnitude, 1 trust, will not fail to arrvst the attenion of Congress, who alone can upplv the, proper eorreclive. It is wrong to burden the business and friendly :orrespon,lencn ofthecommunity w ith this heavy chalfee, The public voice has called for 11 reduction of the rates jf jx)sta,<e upon letters ; and whilst I have felt its force, and am constrained to acknowledge its Justic", I have heretolore bee . deterred from making any specific recom mandation upon this subject; lest, by a suduen reduction, !ho only source of income might fail to meet the demand* if the service. With a proper regulation of the franking privilege, and a further protection against the violations of he laws of the Department, I have no doubt a considerable reduction in Dostaxe mieht he safelv made, and the be riftita nnd advantages of the Department extended to many portions of the country which are now, in a great measure, destitute of proper mail accommodation*. Mora especially could thD be done, if Congress, by noma permanent arrangement with the railro ?d companies, would relieve the Department from the immense, and constantly increasing amount annually paid those companies lor :ran?)>ortingthe public mail. 1 ventured to recommend, in my former report to you, hut Congress should then legislate tiooii this subject.? Nothing ha? occurred since to cause me to doubt the correctness of tho opinions then expressed. On he contrary, subsequent developments have strengthened the views :hen obtruded uj>on your consideration. Without the right in the Department to control the arrival ami departure of the mails, regularity and despatch cannot be expected. This is aright which the railroad companies, in their periodical contracts, will not yield willingly, and, when they do yield it, make it a ground to Increase their demands upon the Department lor transporting the mail. For the service of railroad transports, lion there never can he competition. Why then subject the Department to the useless ceremony of advertising periodically for bid* to carry the mail on railroads, requiring it t'o take the lowest hid. when there will Ihi hut one bid for the same route? Each letter has therefore been, and will hereafter he, hut an invitation to the companies to increase the prices previously paid. It is in vain to disguise the fact that the United S'atee are compelled to employ these roads as carriers of the 4. mail. Justice and policy alike require of the Government lo send the mail by the most expeditious means of conveyance, and it cannot employ any oi its own creation equal to the railroads. As a Government, it cannot, by legislation, control those companies which have their corporate rxistance by State enactments. The United Stales must therefore purchase tha right, and the question presented is whether it is best tc purchase this right every four years, ir for the period oi the charter of the load. It i* more a question of ability at this time, on the part if the Government, than policy, in ray humble opinion. The plan which I proposed "was that Congress should nithorise the D-partment to purchase this right; enter into the stipulations of a contract with the compan et, and report those contracts, as made, from time to time, to Congress, to he binding only when ratified by Congress. No :ning oungerons chm arise irom inn treating wnn me companies. No enlargement of Executive |mxrr U asked. On the contrary,it is proposed to subject Executivepower iireetly to the eontmilirg influence of Coinrresx. Ax the law now stands.the Department hal the power to contract wi'h these compaaias lor four years, witn a n min.il limitation as to the amount to he paid theai per mile. Surely no danger can arise to public liberty or legislative authoiity.by authorising the Department to make a provisional permanent contract, subject to the approval of both Hous s of Congress. The great question involved is, whether Congress should make these contracts, and pay the consideration rutofthe resources of the Government,or whether the Department shall levy the amount by continuing the present rates of postage upon letters, aad in all time to come, devote so large a portion thereof to the payment for railroad transportation, as to deny even the hope to the more distant and less favored portions of our country of any increased mail facilities ? The cest of railroad transportation,for tne last year.stands at $43:1,663. The whole length of mail road in the United States is 149,73d miles, costing ft,078,798 Of this length of mail road, only 3091 miles is railroad transportation, at a cost of $431,669. Only one forty-eighth part of tho whole number of miles costing one'seventh part of the gress susd. I repeat the inquiry made on a former occasion. Is it just that the whole burden of the public correspondence, now nearly equal to half a million of dollars annually, should be sustained by a tax upon the business and friendly correspondence of the community? If the Government exacts from the citizen no more than the cost and expense of transporting his letters, he has no riaht to complain, but when an additional sum is wanted to defray ihe expenses of transiwrting the correspondence of the Government and its oilicers, that sum, like the tax for every other public service, should bo drawn irom the common resources of the country. It is proposed that, in lieu of an annnal drain from the Treasury to pay the |>o?tage upon the public corresponlence, the United States now secure and pay for the tier petual right to transport the mails over railroads. Can this right be now secured upon fair and reasonable terms: is a question worthy to he tested by fair experiment. lass of opinion it can be secured upon most, if not sll of the imiiortant roads, upon reasonable terms, and with ample guaranties. It is no part of the business of this Department to speak of the effects which snch contracts with the railroad companies would produce upon public credit, both at home and abroad. The eirects, whatever that may be for coed, are hut incidental to the great object to be attained in reference to the mail service of the United Sta'es. Entertaining these opinions upon this subject, 1 pray you to allow me most respectfully to press them upon your consideration. Public opinion seemed so strong in favor of a reduction PI postge upon letters, that it conld be regarded in no other ii<ht than a demand upon those bavin# the power over this sutject. I have felt it* influence, but hare been unwillmg to act unadvisedly in any recommendation I might make upon the subject. It will be remembered that England recently reduced her rate* of postage. The effect upon the revenue, and u|>on the amount of mail mat ter, I was anxious to know. For this, and other objects connected with the operations of this Department, I availed myself of the services of General Green, iB November last, who was about to visit England and France upon pri. vatebesiness, and instructed htm to make certain investigations and inquiries. The result of his investigation* may be e on by a reference to his report to me, a copy of which accompanies this This dissimilarity in the government of the two conntries, as well a* the difl'ercnoe in the extent of territory, induce me to doubt whethey the same system of mail ser. vice and rates of postage could bo safely adopted in the United States. One fsct, however, is clearly developed by the report of General Green, that, since the reduction of postage in England, the number oi letters mailed has greatly increased. I forbear to trouble yon with any particular suggestions upon this subject, because it has been a duty devolved up-on me by a resulu-isn of the Senate, to make to that body a specific report upon an alteration of the rates of postage, which 1 parpose to do at as early a day as practicable. It will be seen, by reference to a part of the report of Mr. Orecn, that the French Government is anxious to make a treaty with the United States fir in interchange of mail service by the egency of packet and steamships of the two countries. Veu will remember, this subject was brought to your attention by the Minister of France during the last session ->f Congress It wat submitted by voti to Congress a* one worthy of their consideration, and requiring specific legislation, if, in the opinion of that body, such an arrangement would prove advantageous to the United States. The Committee on Foreign Relations made a report favorable to the measure, Hnd the House of Repreeentatiree adopted the following resolution:? " That the President of the United States be requested to cause to be prepared and reported to this House, by the Secretaries of the State and of the Navy, at the commencement of the neat Session of Congress, a plan for the establishment, in concert with the Government of France, of a line of weekly steamers between the ports of Havre and New York, together with estimates of the expense which may be required to carry the said plan into effect." i nm ponion 01 .vir uttcti ? - r ' ^/ injf documents are submitted under the belief ibat it may lie serviceable to plaee before Cangress the outline* of a plan contemplated by the French Government. '?the month of Annual last, I cause! to be established and put into operation a City Despatch Post tor the city of New York, confined to the delivery, through the post office of that city, of thecorresj>ondence within its limit*. I am rra ified to know that its operations have proved highly satisfactory to the community, giving to the cili Etna a prompt and cheap medium ol communication, the income of which will not only maintain the expense* of the eatablishment, but, in the course of time, promisee a ronsiderahle addition to the revenue of the Department. The report of the Postmaster of New York npon this sub|eci ie submitted, in order that its detail* may be more generally known ; and, when understood, I have little doubt that the other large cltie* of the Union will call for a similar establishment. Its usefulness has been folly tested in New York, by the saving of a heavy daily expense of money anil time to the business community in their city jorreopoudence. The amount of expenditure for the current fiscal year, ror the serviceof this Department, may be stated by wsy if i Miniate, in round numbers, at $4,390,000. This estimatn does not include the piohahle expense of he new routes established by Congress at the last session, lone of which have yet been put in operation. The pro. "table rosts of these route, per year uill be $130,000, ma ting the whole estimated expense of $4,MO,000, Any estimate of the inrome from |>oU8ge during the [irem-nt year, must of course be altogether conjectural, bunded upon the amounts received for the year ending in Itine, 19-11. Tke amount received the quarter ending 301 h September last, is less than the amount of the corresponding |iiarter of 1941 ; and I therefore conclude the income of ho Department for the current year will fall considerably ihortot that lor the year ending 80th June. It is, howev>r, tnv intention to put these routes in operation by the iino specified In the act. And as there is no discretion rested in the Department by the act, if I find it* mean* sill not be otherwise equal to the additional expense, it sill bi-come my unpleasant duty to curtail the expense ipon routes already in existence equsl to the costs of the ie? ones peremptorily ordered by Congress. There are other mutter* of detail, requiring, in my tidgtnenf, the legislation of Congress, which 1 forbear icarto obtrudp upon your attention, but will seek the opportunity to submit to the Committee* to whom the afnirs of this Department may tie referred. I have the honor to tic, with great respect, your Excel, ency's obedient servant, C. A. WICKLIFFE. , 0tp- The Hon Isaac Van Zandt yesterday preicnted his letter of credence to the Secretary of State, nnd was received as Chnrg^ d'Affaires of the ilepublic of Texaa.