Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 12, 1842, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 12, 1842 Page 2
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c irt C tramon PI eaa, Aug. 30,'40, for luti. Bv Rob;, l.uckey, N. Y. mtrrbint, in|<'ourt(Com rroti PI. ?. vs. \. Dev St E. Blmtiilorf, Jr. judgment en tere I 8th April. 1-41, (or 43# * lul Bv JohuC. Dovereu*. Jr. an 1 Lawrence Hull, Jr ? N' Y. li v \ em, vs. A. Do. St E. Eltneiiuorf, Jr. taTvefore ?:i 'irt t hid i i [ . i . Jit1 Mar.'It, IWI.Ior aW OJ Itij Bv Win. M. Lath: op, N. Y. merchant, vs. A. D-y V J. W. Lat.o i ;ii < mi", i amnion Pleaa, 13th May, 1*41, foi 347 Id3. Bv Frauri* Bartlett, N. Y. broker, in Court Com tnon Pleas 6th Njv. 1941, So 66 i ,i It- V Y Chemical Manufacturing Company, v V ,v I Elmendorf, Jr. u< above, in Cou rl ..i.i , lMh O.'tolier, 1940, for 417 6f s.nith nf Poughkeepsie, cabinet maker, in t'f M u me Court, June, 1940, 43 Ot! t < . i A liiiioa ay and Francia McKarliu, before hi '.laad, Fulton nt, 10th Bept, 1940, for 43 30 I odd, 3 70 10 9? By vt'm. 11. Banka. N. Y., grocer, beforeoneot the M ite juiticuf, about 16 0( Bv Wni s.outenborough, N. York, manufacturer or.'Justice Sbeys, two year* ago, for about 50 Ot I t ' A auit pending in the Court af Chancery, in which i. ire i Walton, by \Ynt. B. Walton, her nest friend a i- obtain.: I a decree against me of '39,998 Oi Tbode. reoia appealed from. Dehtt due, 4"C, 170. l iomaa Roger*, N. Y., tailor, for washing, re i n drawer*, Sic. unknown 171. iV. N. Uyckman, solicitor, protesiional sir unknown ' ?: Mary K. Bacot. N. Y., boarding-house keeper, foi urd. 10 St IM Henry P. Holt,Jersey ( ity .publisher of newspaper I'j publication, about IS <H 174. l,o!i | ma! i turing Co , Harrison. Hudson Co. N J -1 iV us electel President o! the Company. I be liere the u couuti Hourly balanced. AIIKTI. r. *i in real aMate in the Tillages of Hydi r.iik and Pou<hkeepsi?. Ml my property of every description, was assigned t< y C. Beats, tldward C. Richards, (wife's brothor,) ant J ' -. i (. Uey, (nephew,) 30th June, 1*10, excepting wha ths law allows. 1'iiere are now loft mo an I my family as folows :? ti fe ithnr beds, a high post In dstends, 3 smull stained do 1 table. 1 Jo/on chairs, sundry crockery, books, ft- veral copies ot Bibles ; do. of Hymns. h i'n copies of bibles are at my residence?the others art wi hiny wife and lamily. One vault in the New York Marble Cemetery. Ouo p w in the Second Presbyterian Church at New ark. One Pew in Dr. Spring's Church where 1 and mj family worshipped. (Aold June, 1811.) Abo two small pcwi in the Mercer street Church, (Dr, ner's,) N is. 13s and 139, in which my children statedb 'upie I. also I and my w ife alter the sale aforesaid. ' / ;i oh?.?Oue good suit ol woollen clothes which I 1 ml iii u?e an 1 occupation on Sundays or other .-il itaions for about two years list jiast; that ths n. in v oollen or winter clothes urn old and much n - - : ii in or -.(-out the month of May 1941,1 purchased 1 pantaloons tor summer wear, which cost '. 'it, which are much worn ?and my other ; lent long standing ; that 1 have nothing tipper; ' ray wardrobe that is not necessary to my com in i very mod? rate degree, and I am of opinion if sold ' ti.i'i ::iey woull not tulng t>0 dollars. mii 'ritt'i arirobt, and four children's?Necassary arbut unknown, us they are at Auburn. . I ance- . u i rielitoi's bill eras tiled on or aliout the '. fl'.li M.?a. An c r- ditor'f bill in the Court ol Chancery, 30th ft, pt. 1 uj. v' *? *' Kac Iv.inn mfl/ln fft nf th? r*? * ."s named ami appointed in the ubove causes. 1 w ' elected president of the Lodi Manufacturing ComI II, tu a II of Harrison, county of Hudson, N. J.; and also, li lacub <Dry, chosen the executive committee. I ii > i ns ugem of the company?received and dis i I the moneys of the company ; and believe the ac1 i n when made up will nearly balance. I fm titer state in relution to the Lodi Manufacturing mi, that 1 agreed with 1'eter Rarthelemy, (who was . nil1! fer libel on the lie v. Mr. Verren and sent to IflacW .i ell's Island,) and Jacob C. Dsy, (nephew,) that I vul ! Min'ie all the nec? --ary advances to estublish a manu ie . u v to ni,ike urate and poudrette, upon certain terms 1 c.?n 111o: which they were unable to comply with ; at I n ob I". l)ey abandoned the concern and left it with i I tlie 1 h :ve, accoriling to my original sgreement, me ' II the responsibility in relation thereto, previous t he i. t incorporating the company, and hns no claim in'' me ; and although Peter Barthelemy has never nally relinquished any claim on the concern, yet I was mpclle I Ir >ni the necessity of the case to dissolva his cii.i.-ction ? ith it, and to assume the ownership and govt .an nt of the whole, and over which I exerciso the com i! 1 believe that on a settlement of the accounts with Mr. Barthelemy he would ho found a debtor to the . xtent ^3,111.1, or thereabouts ; but I know him to be in.. nt icid utterly unable to pay anything ; 1 therefore ie c u.-idrted him as absolved from any claim upon, or |. i . fiMCii v. ith, the concern, and have virtually, though formally, relinquished him from ull claims. Ki'HTuen ASSRTS. i.'ui and owing as hereinafter stated. Here follow cer a. i niatlers f>am Petitioner's Law Itfgister?certain suits i which A Dry was employed as lawyer. Then follows si r; iim 01 ( hiki*. t?h on Hon 1 at the time of making affidavit belonging $00 2H-M) ? say twenty-eight cent*. , tii Viv 1942, purchased a candlesjck and two ran n-e it nty lodgingii in the city of New York, for ? hich 11 iid t * rntv-nine cent*. .it in New Jersey on the Harkciutack, w here the . li lai lecturing Co. is, mortgaggd to Marin Mooney joi $3I oo. 2 F'ty shares of the East Newark Land Co. at par, unouiits to $5,000, under certain incumbrance*, t. One ltri ige Frank, value uncertain. 5 One liou*. and lot at the northeasterly corner of Na*i and t i Itr, New York, the legal title to which stand* 1 Mini nt Samuel P. William*, son-in-law, co?t ,j .mil. valu .,1 at 10 incumbered by mortgage to the . I surance Co. and nl?o to Robert McKim.of Balti:a c. and Dr. Vanderoerg. II ni?< and lot No.7Collonade row,in Lafayette place, Fork , mortgaged to Henry Rankin for IS,000, coat i ( the house $'26.0000. ?. Lot and stable in 9th (treet, in Layfayette Court, inclu. i the al'or-said mortgage of Maria Vlooney, (or $3000. s impe ly in \.York.i* mortgaged to W.Bonnev. H.8. Hn-it ir.L, son of Dr. Richard*, Auburn, and JacobC. Dey, i - :>t. to ; ay certain debt*, amounting to $13,000?on h;ch ulao a judgment has been conle*aed, and the legal estate iiu since been conveyed to the aatre parties, in I'otighkiepsiw. 7. Farm of 170 acres; purchaaed the greater part from Nat. P. Tallmalge, U. 8. Senator?cost and expenses, v.'- 000, mortgaged for $8,125. s t w o lots ol ground in Poughkecpsie, co*t $1250, not incumbered. 9. Four lota in r.>ughkeepaie, co*t $4,700, not incumbered. 10. Thirteen and a half lots, in Poughkeepsie, coat SW7.t, not iacumtiered. II U lot* .is alKive, cost $3000, mortgaged to Johnaton for 1,200. 12. 1 lot in Poughkeepsie coat 500. 1.1. vi kof lieries, cows and other cattle, with sundry Fuming utensils, in Pougnkeepaie. I thir property from 7 to 13 has been conveyed to B. W. B., II 8. R , a . 1 J. C. D. T. in trust a* before. 11 st ick in the Mechanic'* Mining Company, and debt tin" m<\ an 1 turplui if any. 15 VRriti i? pared* of real estate called Mining Property situate .n, N. C-, conveyed to 9. P. Williams. Hi. \n undivided interest in the Michlenburg Gold 'dining Coinpany, original investment 35,000. 17. .'>0,000 acres of land in East Florida, title disputed by the United St at el, I-. A. Dev has a claim for cortain estates in Texas, and a!* as claim for ervices rendered the Galveston Bay and xcs Land Company -, its value very doubtful and uncertain. Explanation*. \W let-rn from the above schedules, and other i which we believe to be correct, that or- of Mr Dry's assignees, is hia wife's brother, t I tn< ther of them his nephew. That he s t*d hi- Iluekensack lands where his 1'oudrette tn tn-tf ictory is established, at'some $200,000; und 'hattl --y were sold to bis brother (the one-eyed utan) lor $26<1U. That his occasion for the use of lie siramhouts alluded to was in transporting uratt ><nln /?, \r That th?- enc(*-ss and prosperity of 'he l.o fi (poit Iretle) Manufacturing Co. wonld eni!?< ' ;he value ot lits II tckensaek lands. That the l-.l -ndorl. Jr s|>okenol', was formerly his clerk, ad r.t erwards his partner; the partnership closing 31, 1R42 That Robert McKini, ot Haitimore, is Dr Vanderberg's son-in-law; and that Dr. Yaiuirbcrg was deeply interested with Mr. Dey in tlie Mecklenb-rg gold mining business, Texas land bn?in'>?, f! ix dressing machines, and various other speculations- Dr Vanderberg being the same personage who was stabbed so mysteriously in that affair ot the bloody shirt, carpet, dec up in Washngton plare, some years since. That S. P. Williams i? A. Dey's son-in-law, and that \V. Bonney is A- Dey'a old law partner. Abolition in Ma*wim-sftts ?The puritans ol Me Hay State are circulating a curious abolition peti'ion- Ft prays:? l To forbid all persona holding otno- under any law ? . from in any way official') , or muter color of otti ti ling or abetting the arrest and detention ot any i >n claimed ni a fugitive from slavery. 1' or i I the use of our jails or pnhlle property, ot nny 'e*crip;inn whatever, within the Commonwealth, in th? ntioo of any alleged fugitive from slavery 3. To propose such amendments to the Constitution o ttic United -Mates as shall forever se|>arate the peopleo Massachusetts tram all connection with slavery. Tint State goes nil lengths for the blacks. A1 r< ady the law forbidding the intermnmnge of whitei with n- gio? - has been repealed, and we shall booi hem <*f a in n I gam a lion on an extensive wale. VV i believe the mulatto population will then he larger ir Massachusetts than the black population. a? r? of Prolonging Lira.?Amongst all the arts t<n lc igtti -ning out this mortal span, and retaining h iltb and vigor, the medicated bath has long oecu pie<; a rons|iieui)us place. The most distingniahet in -d i il writers recommend the frequent use o i. Ii-t of this dewriptian. In this city the bathskep 1 Cirroll of (Portland! street, have been loni favorable known, and are aminantly worthy o patron aga Niv'. YORK HERALD ' < w lurk, .Monday, Drrimlui 13, 1443. ! Caution.?The Philadelphia subscribers to the Herald, ami other* who muy w ish to subscribe, arc cautioned against paying any money ar having any thing to do with any person who may be going about the city otler1 ing to supply the Herald at a reduced price. That cannot be done, permanently ; and those placing confidence in 1 such pretensions will only be deceived. The subscribers > are the only authorized agent* tor tho Herald in Philadel| phia, to whom all moneys tor subscriptions and advertising must be paid. h BURGESS &. ZEIBER, No. 3 Ledger Building, Agents for the Herald. J Repeal of the Bankrupt Practical Operations In real lalfe?Case of Anthony > Dey, Ksip, In Bankruptcy. 1 From present appearances there is reason to ber lieve that the present hunkrupt law will either be abolished, or essentially modified by Congress. Being a matter of deep interest to the public at large, both debtors and creditors, we have commenced an investigation into the practical and philosophical operation of this law, upon the affairs and transactions of distinguished individuals who have hitherto trust'd to the security of t;:e credit system, but are now obliged to open all their private transactions and speculations, and spread them before the public in the shape of petitions in bankruptcy. Some time ago we laid before the public the state J of .lames Watson Webb's affairs?the immense t amount of his debts and liabilities, and his Flemish schedule of assetts. His pecuniary debts the bankrupt law has already wiped out, and his criminal j debts the Governor has just wiped out? s Forgiveness of so many debts, and of such mugnitude, too, should make him a penitent, humble, and better man. We regret, however, that neither the pardon of the Governor, nor the forgiveness of the bankrupt law, have hitherto produced any salutary effect upon his morals or manners. To-day, however, we give to the public the state , of affairs of a gentleman on whom we doubt not the bankrupt law will produce a very wholesome effect, 1 and one directly the reverse of that produced upon Col. Webb. It is the case of Anthony Dey, Esq , and far surpasses all we have yet published on the philosophy of bankruptcy. He has filed in the U. S. District Court his petition in bankruptcy, consisting of various schedules, from A. to Z., or thereabouts, altogether occupying 7G closely written , pages of foolscap, the substance of which we have endeavored to report witii accuracy, anu impartiality. It is a very singular, curious, complicated, and philosophical expose. Mr. Dey has stood Among the foremost at the New York Bar?a gentleman and a Christian?a man of honor, integrity, respectability, nnd undoubted piety, and what* ever may be the final result of his application for a repudiation of his debts in the Court of Bankruptcy below, there can be no doubt that in the Court of Heaven above, his petition for a remission of sins will be heard, und a decree of eternal discharge be given from any lien which the great Adversary may have held against him. Mr. Dey has been reputed to be a rich man, and we are not sure but that his 1 name is upon the list of rich men lately published by Moses Y. Beach, a brochure of startling accuracy in the statistics of New York wealthy men. Yet he is now an applicant for a decree in bankruptcy. His case will be found to be one of great richness in morals, piety, poudrette, finance, religion, law, land speculations, and gold mining. We attach no blame, however, to Mr. Dey. He seems to have been bowed down for years, and at length prostrated ' under the influence of that disastrous system of domestic economy under which the country has been ' suffering since 1830. Mr. Dey is not alone. And ^ we doubt not that far more extraordinary cases tfian his will yet come up. Still his case is very curious HRd remarkable. (r The first thing which strikes us on looking over his schedule is the vast multitude of his debts, and the grent number of dtotinct filacer of individuals whom he owes. His liabilities are not to one solitary Bank, and in one round sum of $52,000, but they are to dozens and scores, masses and classes; they are to Administrators?Bakers, blacksmiths,brokers, boat-rowers, boat builders, butchers, butter women, und banks?Campliene-merchants, chemical manufacturing companies, carj**t-merchants, cabinetmakers, carriage-lenders, carpenters, cashiers, coblers, coopers, coal-dealers, chamber-maids,churches, corporations, and cooks?Dock-builders, doctors, daughters, dry-good-merchants, drovers and druggists?Endorsers?Freight merchants,frame-makers, tish-mongers, farmers and florists?Grammer-schools and grocers?Horse-shoers, hardware-merchants, harness-makers and hatters?Iron-founders and ironmongers?Keepers of boarding houses?Lumbermerchants, livery-stable-keepers, lawyers and laborers?Manufacturers, mat-sellers, merchants and millers?Newspapers and nurses?Oil merchants nnd oflice-keepers?Physicians, printers, plaster- , grinders, publishers and painters?Quill-dealers? Repairers of drawers?Segar-merchants and seedsmen, stable-keepers and stationers, soap-chandlers ' and solicitors, sugar merchants and shoe-makers, ' school-masters and school-mistresses, shoe dealers and scavengers, sheep-sellers and sheriffs?Tallow- ' chandlers, tiustees, teachers and tailors?Union ' white lead companies, universities and upholsterers ' . i . i r I ? wagon-matters anu waggon-ienuers, wnari owners .and wharl-builders, washerwomen, widows and wives?through all the letters of the alphabet. This is no burlesque, nor intended as such, for all the occupations named above may every one be seen written down in Mr. Day's philosophical schedules. On the other hand also, among the assets, there will be seen no contemptible array of strength. His schedules are rich and strong in,bibles, psalm books, poudrette, and pews, together with much laads, houses, gold mines, and other property, all of which we doubt not, will be viewed with complacency ami approbation by all his creditors, as well those in the Court of Bankruptcy below, as those in the Court of last Resort above. And if, in the painful trial through which he is now passing, his title to gold mines and mansions in tins world shall not prove clear or, even vanish away, we hoj>e and believe that the time is near at hand " When he will read his title clear, To mansion* in the ^kiss; Aid bid farewell to every fear And wipe hi* weeping ejrea." Whatever the poudrette nnd mines may be valued at, we have every reason to believe that the pews, psalms, and bibles, are equal in salvation to fjr'J.l."*) 79.") 87J, in the currency of New Jerusalem. On the whole, we know of no objection on earth to Mr. Dey's obtaining his certificate of discharge from all earthly debts, unless it be in the unexplained mystery of iliat candlestick and the two candles. The account stands thus:? Ca?h Account. Dr. to c*?h on hand $0,000 -29 Cr. by one candlestick and two candlai, 0,000 29 r Here is very palpably a balance of one cent due i to some un named creditor, from whom it was re reived. This is mysterious, and somewhat alarming. We certainly hope and trust it will not vitiate the petitioner's application. Such i? the result ol this one curious experiment r in tht operation of the bankrupt law in this city. The facts disclosed?the singular operation of the J credit system?the effect on philosophy, piety and politics, may give some light to Congress, and lead . that body of wisdom to modify, repeal or improve s die present law, as to them seemeth good and , righteous This is a great country--we are a great , people, and Brother Jonathan can lick John Bull at , any thing he pleasea. We shall proceed with our investigations as usual iMrHOVKMKMT It* THE BRITISH PkOVTRCB.?Th? survey of a route for a Canal across the isthmus f connecting New Brunswick with Nova Scotia, has j been completed by Captain Crawley, R. E. The , estimated expense of the work is frloo,ooo t Attoi.rrtov or Carn-At, Pitnmmnrrr.?The House 1 of Representatives of New Hampshire have declared f by a vote of 111 to 1U0, in favor of the total abolition of capital punishment I A First Rate Notice from' Wkbb.?Colonel Webb, formerly of the regular army, but more recently of the State Prison at Sing Sing for two years, pardoned by Governor Seward, has certainly not been much improved in his morals or manners by the clemency of the Executive?or by our efloru to get up petitions in his favor?or the kindness with which we furnished him with the best of Gil Davis' wine and Henriques' eegars in prison. In his paper of last Saturday he fixes up a whole bouquet of choice epithets, not only upon ourself, Bennett o' the Herald?but upon Captain Tyler of the White House, and John C. Spencer of the War Department. " Miserable trick"?" veriest wretch"? "unprincipled politician"?"disgraceful imbecile" ?"greatest curse"?"ttaitor"?"imbecile"?he applies to the President and his Secretary. "Foreigners of the vilest description"?"infamous Herald"? "system of espionage"?" annoying article"? "shameful publication"?"this wretch," are some of the elegant expressions which this ex-State Prison convict applies to us, "the glass of fashion and the mould of form." Webb really appears to have lost, since his sentence to the State Prison, the little wit, sense and sagacity lie ever had. We procured his pardon, by our efforts and our petitions, but that generous act appearsonly to have increased his wiMessness and folly. In his article, referred to, he completely stultifies himself by saying that a certain statement of ours in regard to the plan of the "Courier" Printing office, managed by Snowden to brisg all singers into subjection, was false, and then in a postscript to his very article admitting its truth. What an ass Webb must be, first to deny aud then to admit the truth in the same article. Webb is very much grieved that his combination a few years ago to put down the Herald did not succeed, and attributes it to the passion and desire which the fashionable ladies of New York have lor reading our witty, poetic and delectable sheet. We admit the fact, flow could the ladies among the elite, or the gentlemen in the beau monde, get along in these dull days, in these hard times,without reading the lively,good natured, agreeable, witty, moral, financial, interesting, philosophical Herald! Suicide would be committed by dozens, but for our racy and agreeable columns. This is what annoys Webb's jealousy?but he ought to rejoice thereat, if he felt as a Christian. The beau mondc of New York look upon his as their leader, their Napoleon, their arbiter elegantiaruni?henct the jealousy of the ex-State Prison convict. He tried to get up a duel, and acquire an cdat to get into fashionable society, but the fragrance of the State Prison is upon him, and he cannot be admitted into our society until he has been washed in Croton water for a number ol years to come. If he behaves well hereafter, we will try to do something for him. Again?Webb says that we have established a system of espionage for the city and country?and he refers to this system as being the means used by us of acquiring certain intelligence about a letter read to a clergyman?also of certain marriages celebrated?one in Hudson square, and another in St. Titomas church. Webb is partly right and partly wrong about the existence of this system. It is admitted, we believe, in all quarters here? nuu vii win euro vi mr n.iittimu?niai we uu |?usoreo a superior mode or faculty for finding out facts in linance, in fashion, in philosophy, in every concern of society or government. We have made several vast discoveries recently in magnetism, mesmersm, physiology, geology, neurology, and other sciences, that would astonish the world, were we, like he eloquent Doctor Augustine Smith, to turn out at light and give lectures on them before the elite.? We could surpass Friar Bacon, Albertus Magnus, Lilly the Astrologer, or Doctor Buchanan, all to imash. We have now twenty spirits of the upper egions of the atmosphere in our employment, ar more poteut in finding out secrets than ven the Ariel of the magician Praepero, nentioned in one of the philosophical w orks of jf spc are. Wt receive every nig lit n ri'ir agar re iort from these " spirits of the blue ether" of the Joings in every fashionable circle of New York? every saloon in town?every boudoir in Broadway. All movements, good, bad and indifferent, maseuine, feminine and neuter, are detailed to us. The nighty power that we have is terrible?surpassing vhat was ever possessed by any magician on record, rom the Jannes and Jambres of Egypt down to lim of Kinderhook?but, as we are a Christian of he Catholic church, and only use spirits for good urposes, no person of fashion need be alarmed?no lonest financier need be afraid. We operate for food?not for tvil. Of the particular and striking instances noticed by Webb, we shall treat sf on another day. We have he highest opinions of the persons whose names he ntroduces, and those he alludes to, viz : Charles A. Davis, Dr. Mott, Mr. Carey, Thaddeus Phelps, Jas. 3. King, Oliver M. Lawndes, the Rev. Dr. Bellows tec. fee. Ctkmbrai. Cass.?This distinguished gentleman will receive his friends between eelven and one ;>'elock to-day in the Governor's room, at the City Hall. No doubt a large and respectable number will asspmhlp ^Vp nprppivp that thp " Waahincliin 31obe," the organ of the ultra democratic party, has uiblished, apparently with great feeling and goiU, :he account of the dinner recently given to ' W- ral Sacs. It would appear that the Ash : In .ity, negociated by Mr. Webster, will be o ihe principal eubjecta of discussion during the present s ssion of Congress. The " Globe" has commenced the publication of the speeches on that subject, which were delivered in secret session. Mr. Benton's is, it seems, the first, and is accompanied by an engraving illustrative of the character cf the ireaty. The conduct ef General Cass whilst in Paris, was uniformly hostile to this treaty,and particularly a|tposed to the views of Mr. Webster, in relation to ihe Quintuple Act. On calm investigation of the treaty, it would np>ear, that although it is calculated to preserve and advance the interests of the country, yet that there las been a great deal of inconsistency in the conduct jf the'whigs in relation to it. When a better treaty was before the Senate, during the administration of General Jackson, the whigs opposed it en ma**r; and ret they have in the treaty recently negociated, aoually ceded more territory to Great Britain than was allowed by the former,which they so vigorously ind unitedly apposed. There is certainly great inconsistency in this conduct. Of course there will now be a general combination of the democratic forces, and they maybe able [o oppose the appropriations and embarrass the administration, in no inconsiderable degree. Thk Common Cornet!..?The Board of Aldermen will take up, at their meeting to-night, the various matters connected with the case of Colt. The result of the investigations relative to the suicide, the burning of the cupola, and the attempted briberies, will be made known The disposition of the thousand dollars sent to the Sheriff will also be stated. Besides this important and interesting matter, the proposed reform of the market sytsem will also come under discussion. New York Post Office.?What is the reason that, on Sunday afternoon, we never can get the letters from the Post Office, as we used to do, in the time of Mr. Coddington 1 What malign spirit now rules in the Post Office 1 of thk Governor Gknkrai..?We learn Unit Sir Charles Bagnt still lies in a very precarious state. His medical attendants entertain but slight hopes of his recovery. His malady is a disense of the heart. He has been forbidden to sign any official documents. Ma. Thomas H. Benton's Position.?Mr. Senator Benton has published a letter, defining his position during the next Presidential election, in reply to the nomination recently made in his favor in Missouri. He declines altogether being a candidate, and considers himself pledged to support Mr. Van Buren for ths usxt Prasidsncy Si no Si no Stat* Prison?A Gumtsk at C?l Edwards, Hon. C. F. Mitchell, and others.? The number of convicts in 'he immense prison at Sing Sing, on Saturday, was 8U8, of which 78b were males, and 69 females. Of these 14. including Toppan, the murderer, are confined for life. Toppas, whose sentence was commuted to impn fonrnentfor life, because of alleged insanity at the time of committing the brutal murder of his wife, is now engaged at making shoes in the same room with Col. Monroe Edwards. He has never evinced any signs of mental alienation since his entrance to the prison; and as an evidence of his stupid recklessness, he remarked, while officer Smith was pointing out the prison, at the time he was taken up, that he " could hardly tell the difference between Sing Sing and Swing Swing." Colonel Edwards is busily engaged in stitching the upper parts of prison boots, and has improved in physical appearance, being as round and plump as a fat sea-dog; and the story about his hair coming out red is untrue, as it presents as glossy a black as ever, with the exception of a sprinkling of silver grey among it. He still endeavors to create belief in his immense wealth, and a few days since drew up a |H/wcr ui uuuriicy 111 in uu ui n mail iuuucu ? uu?, of New Orleans, investing in him all authority to transfer and dispose of all his lands, tenements, slaves, &c. at the south and elsewhere, amounting in value to $800,000. This letter was placed in the hands of Col. Lock wood, the polite and gentlemanly clerk of the prison, and in it Edwards speaks of the political aspect of the country, and remarks that from all the information that he was able to obtain up to the 1st of December, he was " under the impression that this State had gone for the whigs!"? This behind-the-age opinion shows the almost utter exclusion from the world that follows an incarceration in this tomb of life. The perfect equality that reigns throughout this immense building among the convicts' was made strikingly apparent when the hour for dinner arrived, and the Colonel took his position between two large strapping buck negroes. At the word forward, with the lock step all in close contact, he, with some fifty otheis, including murderers, robbers, thieves, burglars and pickpockets, marched onward to his gloomy cell to finish a repast of brown bread, cold water and salt junk. What a transition from the luxury of the Astorand the Carlton, and what a reflection to induce men of talent?, address and education to avoid sacrificing their liberty in the commission of crime. The next prominent person that met our eye was the Honorable Charles F. Mitchell, who has thus been transferred from the high and dignified position of a member of the Legislative llall of the nation to the superintendence of the basement hall of this immense prison. He looked more downcast and gloomy than we ever saw hi in before. Contrary to Edwards, he appears to mourn his fate and pine ' away under the reflection. Then came the tall, and now gaunt figure of the cunning and shrewd counterfeiter, Otis Allen, who has been the means of sending several once honest and virtuous young men to the same place of infamy. Allen is employed in carpet weaving which was his regular occupation before he took to fraud and rascality fo obtain a livelihood. The celebrated John M. Case, convicted some few years since for extensive forgeries on the Kin. derhook and other banks, who is employed in the cooper's shop, intimated to one of the keepers that he was " well acquainted with EdwardB in a business way," and upon his attendance in the chapel on the first Sunday after Edwards arrived, he pointed out the seat that he occupied during the service. It is evident from this that Edwards has been for years in the same business that hasat length brought hiin to the same prison with Case, his old associate. George Somes, so well known in this city for his swindling and forging propensities lies sick in the Hospital, but when able to work is kept at the shoemaker'* seat in 'he same room with Edwards. Toppan, dec. Mat Baron, is in the Cooper's shop,Charles Stearns the forger of Kentucky bank money, is now occupi ed in forging brass and iron implements to benefit the State at large. James Sullivan, recently convicted of being a principal in the prize fight that resulted in the death of McCoy, is bu*y picking wool, and looks in excellent health, although not in prime spirits. He expressed an urgent hope that a pardon might soon follow his sentence, as even a week's residence has become uncomfortable. His wife visits him every few days and is active and industrious in making influence to obtain his repreive. We passed through the various shops where the convicts are principally employed, viz The smith and lock shop, the hatters, the shoe makers, the brass founders and workers, the tool makers, the weavers and the coopers? the manufactures in the last of which, that branch of mechanics in this city and elsewhere in the state niav be hanov to know ex pires by contract on the 26th instant, and cannot be relet, as the recent enactment of our legislature has closed all future contracting for prison work. In addition to which, no person sentenced, who has not been taught a mechanical business, can be learned a trade in the prison, after the Beveral contracts expire. The coopers' contract, on which from 150 to 200 men ure employed, at 20 cents per day, is now held by Henry II Hubbell, of Troy. That lor boots and shoes, by Robert Wiltse, of Sing Sing, lormer agent, and now an applicant for Inspector, who employs 50 men at 35 cents per day. His contract expires on the 1st of October, 1843. Samuel Knower, of this city, also holds a contract for the employ ot 50 mem at 35 cents per day, which expires on the 26th of August. 1843. J. Ac N. P. Hayden, of this city, hold a contract for the services of 40 men, at 37J cents per day for the manufacture ol harness and saddlery, which expires on the 18th of October, 1813. Hubbell Ac Rikeman employ 30 men, at 51 cents per day. in the locksmith business. Their contract expires on the 22d of April, 1844, and not before. John Humphreys, of this city, employs from 40 to 60 men per day. under contract, at 40 cents, in the manufacture of Wilton carpets and rugs, which expires not until the 7th of Oct. 1845. The Messrs. McMasters have the services of 30 men at 40 cents per day, and ten nt 30 cents, and in the manufacture of planes, &c. Their contract expires on the first of January, 1844. On their expiration, as before stuted, no more can be obtained, and the ti ne of the convicts will be more occupied in the quarrying and preparing the Sing fling marble for a market. Of the 69 female convicts, some dozen are occupied in a cocoonery and silk manufactory on the premises, and the superintendant has several acres of fine and flourishing morns multicaulis in full leaf at the proper season of the year. These women are now occupied in the manufacture ofsewiug silk, and they have also produced several pieces of silk of close and fin<* finish One kee|>er is stationed in each of the shops where the men are employed. He is elevated on a platform in the centre of the room, and has the general superintendence of all the work there constructed, aided sometimes by a cutter out or assistant. Total silence prevails in every department, as no convict is allowed to speak to another without permission, nor leave his scat or position, except to answer the calls of nature. They are not allowed by motion or sign to hold converse, nor to exchange looks, wink, laugh, or gaze at visitors, and this discipline is so strictly carried out that a few years imprisonment confirms the habit to such an extent, that a discharged State prison convict can easily be distinguished by his constant desire to whisper and speak in a voicp so low as to !w scarcely heard.? They contrive among themselves, however, almost to hold converse without a motion of the mouth. Wilful violations of rules, are punished by stripes upon the naked back with the cnt-o nine tails '1 his mode of punishment has been found by experience lo produce more of an effect in enforcing discipline than solitary confinement and starvation, as instances have been known in the prison at Lamberton, N. J. and elsewhere of lives being sacrificed owing to the stubborn disposition of the convict who had disobeyed. This punishment is inflicted with as little delay as possible after the oflence, and the keepers say "it is not so much the actual pain in dieted as the certainty ol its exercise, which produces the effect?though the pain during castigation is acute, it subsides when that is suspended, and the convict returns to his labor without experiencing any other ill efiects." The strictest discipline is made necessary, and in order to obtain thisend we assure ill rogues who are at large that they need not con ider it a comfortable home. The food is inferior but wholesome. Each day's ration consists of 16 ounces of shin heel without the bone, or twelvs ounces of prime pork, with a suffi cient quantity of rye bread, or mush, molaeaea, potatoes or rice, rye coffee, vinegar, pepper, and salt The hours of labor in the summer season are trom a quarter past five to halt past six, with an hour and a quarter for breakfast and dinner?and in the winter during day light. No book, letter, pamphlet, newspaper, or tobacco, can be given by a visiter to any ot the convicts; and it u prison culls to visit any one confined, he is called from liis place at work to the keeper's stand, where all conversation must transpire. All the convicts are dressed alike, in a stri|>eri roundabout coat, vesi andtrowsers made of cotton warp and filling, with the strips running round th? body and limbs; a carol the same cloth, socks wnrt front woollen yarn, leather shoes and cotton shirt 3tri|ied with blue. On Sunday the convicts are supplied with shirts and rye coffee atbreaklast, and combs and bibles i they desire them, and they all attend divine servict in the chapel of the prison at ten o'clock in th< morning, after the Sunday School is out, in whict the youth of the prison are instructed. The furniture ot each cell consists of a wooden bun! or frame, made ot pine, about six feet lone and tw< feet wide,raised about six inches from the floor, fou blankets, a Bible, pint cup for coffee and water, i small tin cup for vinegar, an irons;>oon, and a comb The sick are allowed extra clothing, and whense riously so arc removed lo the hospital When t convict dies, his body, if not cluimeu by a relative is delivered, as the law requires, to the agent of th< College of Physicians and Surgeons in this city lo dissection. On the reception of a convict he is thoroughlj cleansed, shaved, his hair cut short, and then clat in the uniform of the prison. A description of hi person, age, occupation, place of birth, lec ii taken, ann he is then informed that as lie has vio lated the laws which govern society, he will nov be compelled to submit to the laws which goveri the prison; that he is no longer a freeman, and th? imprisonment is intended to reform as well as pun iah him. The general rules of the prison are thei told him. and lie is then nlaced in his cell to lit taken out when detailed for any (particular woil shop. When discharged, they are given a decen suit of clothes, worn in by some other couvict, ani furnished with front one to five dollars to send hin to the place where he was convicted. The system of discipline as pursued at this prison requires the most unceasing vigilance on tne par of the officers to sustain it. The officers consist o an agent, a principal keeper, one deputy, one clerk one chaplain, one physician, one surgeon, thirty-fivi assistant keepers and thirty-two guards, includini the sergeant. The prison is under the special direc tion of five Inspectors who are appointed every twi years by the Governor. The agent, principal keep er, chaplain and physician^are appointed by the In sectors and hold tneir offices during their pleasure The clerk is appointed by the Governor and Senate and the deputy keeper, assistants and guards by th< principal keeper, and hold their offices during hi pleasure. Nearly a total change will take placi next month in the officers of the prison as new In spectors will be appointed by Governor Bouck. Thi present capable clerk, M. J. Jockwood, Est). lias i length ol timeyet to serve under his last appointment Tne Inspectors receive no salary except when ii attendance on special duty when they are entitled ti the same sum per diem that is allowed members o the Legislature. The assistant keepers receivi $45 per month and the guards $30 A. M. C. Smitl of this city stands most prominently and properly si as a candidatejfor the situation of principal keeper We have thus presented to our readers a view c the inside of Sing Sing, and some of " the lions that are there encaged, trusting that none who ma lK-ruse it will he so attracted wjth its beauties as t< be forcibly made an inmate of its walls. The following ur? the statistics of the prison fo the fiscal year ending September 30th, which wil soon be presented to the Legislature :? " Remaining in prison on the 30th of September, 1843 :Male convicts 74 Females, 7 Total, 81 Received during the year ending Sept. 30, 1843 Males, including onelescaped and retaken 33 One (Parks) pardsned out on condition, and not complying therewith retaken?(a warning for Webb,) . Femeles 3 Total, 107 Convicts discharged by expiration of sentence durin the year ending Sept. 30tn, 1843 Males 189 Females, 33? Si Br Psrdox. Males 34 Females, 38 Females, 4 3 Br Dkath. Males, 31 V,.rr,al?u A. -S Sent to Lunatic Asylum, Total, 3J Criminal Trials.?Tne results of a great nun ber of the criminal trials which have of late take iJace in this countrv, are exciting a great deal of a tention, and some alarm, in the minds of the intell gent and sensible friends of the good order of si ciety. And every one must perceive that thet results exhibit a very curious state of things. Mu ders ol the most cold-blooded, deliberate characte are committed under peculiarly aggravating circun stances, and their authors have not only been pe mittcd to escape just punishment, but have been th subjects of the most misplaced and inexplicabl sympathy. Whilst little pity has been excited by th fate of the ill-fated victims of unbridled passion ( fiendish malice, the assassins have been selected t the choice subjects of public commisseration. a^uuk, ior instance, ai me recent trial 01 ivupsnan lin. No reasonable man can doubt her guilty < assassinating her paramour. But a physicianwhose evidence is the most extraordinary we hav ever heard given by a surgeon, and medical witnei ses do sometimes give queer testimony?swore thi the death of Mr. Ewing was owing to the burstin of an aneurism, even the situation of which he di not mention, and the jury acquitted the murderess Doubtless the will now become quite a star. \V should not be surprised if managers were found du puting about the right of priority in forming engagt ments with her. Tom Hamblin will probably t once write to her, offering her carte bhinchr, and g< up a melo-drama founded on the murder of Ewinf in which ahe would sustain'her appropriate charactt Then we have the case of Alexander, the perpt trator of one of the most cold-blooded, diabolic, murders ever recorded in the annals of crime. Y< all seem to agree that he will also be acquitter And in concert with all this, we have sundrj perhaps, well-meaning persons, seeking for the ab< lition of capital punishment in cases of murde Really, unless a great change takes place, and thi speedily, in the feelings and sentiments of a larg portion of the community, with respect to the trea ment oi murderers and assassins, cur streets an highways will very soon equal those of Venice, an no one will be certain of security from the bulb or the dagger. fotrrtekn Dats Later Ftto.u Bkazii..? We hav received bvthe Isabella, files of the Jornol do Con mercio to the 27lh of October, inclusive. It is stated in the Jornol of the 23d, that the Br tish Consul at Ilio hud informed the Board of Con inerce that the treaty between Brazil and Orel Britain would remain in full force till the 10th < November, 1844. Captain Sebastias Roque de Cunha, ol the Co vette Capiosry, was killed by one of the marines o board, on the 13th of October The Argo from Baltimore,had arrived at Bahia o the 16th of Oatober, with lftto barrels of flour. N price for American mentioned. Flour from Livei pool was quoted at 20)|000. Fifteen thousand barrels of flour in bond at Bur nos Ayres, had been released by paying a duty c fifteen per cent, (ul valorem. It caused some sense tion among the flour merchants in that market.Prices from 17||000 to 19||000. Thkatricals.?The revolution in theatrical affait in this city, is advancing. The Bowery Theatre ha now fled to the dernier resort of a reduction of th prices of admission. It will open next week at the rat probably of twenty-five cents for the boxes, and on shilling for the pit?including a drink. This will n doubt succeed?certainly the drinking part will We recollect that some time since, when the compf tition between the North River Htenmboats was ? its maximum, one of the companies took pausengei to Albany for one dollar, including meals, and a bo tie of wine. The result was, that their boats wer crowded to death, but the business was not vet ptofitable for the owners. The Park Thsatre is getting on pretty well sine the reduction of prices commenced. The piect played since then have generally been of character in keeping with the low rates of ar mission, and, as is quite natural, the audiences hav been perfectly satisfied. We imagine that tli Olympic will suffer somewhat from this change i the Park management. BY THE SOUTHERN MAIL. Washington. I Corr*?i>ondrnce of the Herald.] Washington, .Saturday. ) Dacember 10, 1H42 > The itanltrupt Law.?The Warehousing System?The Exchetj tier.?The Treaty. The Bankrupt Law, without doubt, will be repealed this session, i It is very possible that the Tariff' will be so moditied as to allow the Warehousing System to go into j effect. The Exchequer, as proposed i nit he message, will not be passed. The great debate of the session will be on the Treaty, and the appropriations connected there1 with. Washington is excessively dull; there are not , overeight members who have brought their ladies r with them. 1 Mr. Caruthers and Mr. Gentry, who were hurt by ^ the upsetting of the Btage, have arrived. Senator i Smith, of Indiana, remains behind, dangerously ill . Mr Calhoun is expected daily. There are over 50 r men here from New York, trying to get situations in the New York Custom House ; and any quantity of r politicians here, electioneering for Mr. Van Buren ^ for the next Presidential term. 8 Winter Arrangement of tiir Mails. " Pcst Office, Washington City, December 10, 1842. The great Northeastern mail, via Baltimore, ? &c., will, during the remainder of the winter season, arrive, once a day only, at 6J P. M., and bo I closed at 9 P. M. ' The great Western mail, via Cumberland, \ Wheeling, &c , will arrive, daily, at 11 A. M., and : be closed at 9 P. M. The great Southern mail, via Fredericksburg. II &c., will arrive, daily,* at 4 P. M., and be closed at 9 P. M. All other mails will arrive and depart as heretoj fore. Wm. Jonks, P. M. J Burglary and irobable Murder in New Bruns5 wicr.?We understand that three negroes entered the residence of Mr. John Monfort, about a mile c> and a halt from New Brunswick, N. J., on Saturday . night last, and after beating Mr. M. until they beieved him dead, succeeded in robbing the house of ? a small amount of money, with which they deg camped. The villains first barbarously attacked ; Mrs. Monfort, who fortunately leaped out of a win dow, and with difficulty escaped to a neighbor's. ? The scoundrels were subsequently traced to their haunts in the suburbs of the town, and upon being l arrested yesterday, Mrs. M. instantly Ire cognized j. one of them, who thereupon immediately confessed e the deed. It was rumored that Mr. M- had died ot i the wounds received, o City Intelligence. ^ An Important Arbeit.?Some three years since it will be remembered that several of the {Public School bouses ^ of this city were set on fire, and quantities of books, stationery, &c. stolen therefrom. The injuries to the buildT ings induced the Mayor and Common Council to offer a II reward for the apprehension of the iaceudiarias. Suspicion at that time rested upon a man named Atlas Frazer, I who then decamped. Nothing'.had been heard of him 0 since, until within a few days, when himself and brother 1 Lewis stopped at a grocery store near Fairfield, Cennecl3 ticut, to purchase an empty box. A burglary having taken place a few days previous in Fairfield, suspicion 1 was excited that these were the men, and on pursuing ^ them Lewis was arrested, and Atlas, his brother, escapod. g Several hundred dollars worth of property were found im his ^possession, with all the implements of the trade as a ,3 burglar. Notice was sent to the Police of this city that Atlas had probably directed his course here, officers Stevens, Low, 3 and J. L. Smith, started on the scent, aad succeeded in tracing the gentleman to his lodgings in Marioa street. He was committed to await the requisition of the Gover"J nor of Connecticut, and will afterwards be tried for the _ offence of arson, in setting fire to the Public Sohool >7 houses of our city. SusfccTRD or Buhglasv.?A man named John Henry ' Fullmun, who has resided at 133 Fulton street, up stairs, n was arrested yesterday on suspicion of being concerned , iu a recent burglary of the store of Sidney P. Ingraham of * W3 Fnlton street, who ocr.up?e.i uie Dm noor. a iew i- evenings since he was detected hi the act ot attempting , to open the shutters of the store, and from other suspiaious circumltances, he was committed for tho present. ,e Child Suffocates ?An infant child, aged about four r- months, belonging to Daniel and Ellen Draddy, was accir dentally suffocated on Saturday evening while asleep in * bed with his mother. The Coroner held an inquest on 1* the body, and the Jury returned a verdict of accidental r. suffocation. Nacao Gamble as.?Constable Fream, with one or two officers of Polioe and watchmen, made a descent into a le diving bell. Kept by a colored man namad Oscar Snowden, at 49 Centra street, on Saturday night about 19 o'clock, and arrested some dozen negroes, who ware all >r discharged yesterday morning, except Snow dsn. 18 Chatham Theatre.?To-night, the entertaini_ men's are offered for the benefit of Mr. Thome, the )f popular manager of this favorite place of aniuoe_ ment. The performances are all of a splendid e order, and we predict for the gentlemanly and ens' terprizing manager, an extraordinary house. No it person has used the same endeavors to sustain the g high character of the legitimate drama in this city, d as Mr. Thome?and we believe Ihe public will i? hear; ily respond to this sentiment, by filling every e nook and corner of the Chatham to-night. Seats 3- may be secured at an early hour in the day. The Amfhitheatre. The triumphant success of this 1 species of amusement is chiefly owing to the su[<erior order 1 of entertainments given at the Bowery Amphitheatre, and f? to the great comfort, accommodation, civility, and general !r decorum observed in that establishment. The por! formances at the Circus are of the most inoffensive and ?1 amusing character, and such as no respectable man need >t bo ashamed of taking his family le witness. The enterj lainments this evening are superbly arranged. '? (X?" The public ara principally indebted to tbe roana> gar of the New York Museum for the present reduced r. price of admission to place* of public amusement. He waa it the pioneer that first led the way?other* have followed 0, in the *ame track, btdfe* the originator, he i* entitled to I. the patronage of the community, a* he ha* evidently pro^ moted their benefit, and it i* only fair that he ihonld meet ^ with a eommemurate return. Hi* effort* to gratify the public have been unceaiing. He ha* obtained from Ku?t rope, at great expense, the drecae* of Queen Victoria and Duche** of Kent They are the moat coitly and exquisitee ly superb thing* we have ever beheld. In addition to which Signor Blitz, Mi** Clcmence, Mr. Wright, Mr. Brownand Vr. Delarue appear. The whole to be seen for j_ one shilling, including Mermaid, Mmeum Picture Oalle^ ry and performance. ?t (Ky. The prodigy exhibiting nt the American Museum, of is beyond all question the most extraordinary specimen of the dwarf genu* ever heard of since the fabled career of I- Tom Thumb. In fact, this young " Oeneral" jnst about n come* up to the itanderd of hi* far famed piototypa. He 1* but a dwari In miniature. Little Major htevens, who n wai onca called a dwarf, called in to see hi* rival yestar o 1 apjicared like a giant at the side ofthu dlmunitive Oeneral. When not too much f*tigued, the General i* very sociable, strut* up *nd down the Museum a* proud a* a peacock, boast* hi* seceud irtt of t*eth, eqnsrcs off, and throw* himself in a position for a knock'1 dna-n, with a " scientific" display which would put VanI lice Sullivan to the blush , and, yet, the little gentleman, - who is eleven years old, is only the sise of an infant at three months, and weighs but fifteen pound* ! The like wa* never before hoard of. "9 Signor Vivaldi'a mechanical figure*, which hare obs taincd such great celebrity, are engaged at the Mnaeum, together with several talented performers. Parent*, doP k irons of having their children obtain valuable instruction blended with rational amusement, should take the m to the Museum this week. 0 I. 0OP- HOW TO OflOW HICH Never be in bed at six in the morning, or out of it at ten at night; ami if yen should require any medicine for the cure of coughs, eons, *' consumption, spitting of blood, Influenz*, scarlet -a croup, or any affection of throat or lungs, be sure ?nd . supply yourself with a box or two of Peter*' Cough Lozenges, which are not only the cheapest but to# mo*t ?pP pro* ed and certmn remedy for the atmva complaint* which ? have ever been tmploycd for tho rvlls-f of iitflbring m*n. ' IVter*' (tough Lozenges are extensively u*cd, and sre recommended by many of our most distinguished phyii< i#n*, e not only in Ihecity but in every auction of country where they have been introduced. Peters'Worm Lozenges are squally valuabla, ami have never failed to destroy worms a iu ehildren ; they aro vary pleasant to the taste, and rhil1 lren eat them with avidity, and often cry for more. Peters' Cordial Lozenges are a spoclfio for the ruraof ncre von* or sick heodaobe, lowneesof spirits, melancholy, psl? pitstlon of the heart, *ea-?lrkne?s. he., as all who hav* used them are ready to affirm. To enjoy health and grow n rich you must keep rood hour* and nae Peten' Loisugos Principal office 13* Fulton it. oornor of Na**aa

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