Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 16, 1842, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 16, 1842 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD l?W Twfc, Krlilay, Ihmwfcur 1*. 1N4H. J-The Weekly Hkrai.d, to in? published tomorrow, will contain all the recent articles <>u the Cuss mmi'BKnt?also the abstracts of the curious cases iu Bankruptcy, recently re|>orted Iron the i*titions of Anthony Dey, Arthur Tappan and Redwood Fisher, as they are on file in the U. S. Court of this district. Inflation to any further reports of cases in BankDSjtfcy, we have ascertained, on unquestionable auVtlioritv, that the Judges of the United States, although they can give nojudicul opinion on the proITiety or legality of these reports, until such a question he formally presented before them, yet we learn, informally, that there exists no legal objections to the publication of correct and faithful abstracts of these petitions, as they are filed in the archives of the Court. Our course in this important matter being sanctioned hy law, precedent, and usage, we shall now pn red at our leisure, and publish the most important of these abstracts for the benefit and information of the commercial and trading community, us v II us to enlighten Congress in their action on the pre--nt bankrupt law. The United .Stales Court for this t .strict, will interpose no obstacle or objection. This U just what we expected of these liberal and culighted Judges of one of the highest courts in the country. From Washington. t'ur private accounts Iront Washington are of a very interesting character. Some original and curious movements are contemplated in the Cabinet, an 1 John C. Spencer will cut a very conspicuous figure, by and by. All the arrangements contemplated at the close of the l.t-t si snion, relative to the re-organization of tin-cabinet, are entirely changed. The friends of tli" 'n ivi' at are divided in three sets?the extreme left, the extreme right, and the centre?better ku vn ie French revolutionary history as rxtrrmc c mt he, cxtieme ilroit, and the plain. Mr. Wise oco.i, I-, tin- lirst?Mr Potts (don't laugh,for Mr. Potts' ii i isit'iin help.-. Captain Tyler, instend of heading him) o 'iipies the second?and John C. Spencer the la-t Mr. Cashing, who had arranged his departin nt be!nre he left Washington last summer, and even had selected his chief clerk, occupies the r iitr<- or plain also, and is a capital man to meet i!u emergencies of the gentle gales. Mr. Webster may be very silent and quiet for six months to come. He is cooking chowder for next year. Mr. Webster is an original granite formation?or rather a geological boulder, which the storm of the la-t election, left high and ilrv in the cabinet, contrary to all expectation, and, ikhuti.jh in every body'sway, i>erfectly immoveable now, except by deep boring and plenty of |>owder. I In tli is whv he tnnv Le exnloded hnl in way. Hut who will undertake to do it 1 Tr.f fir-' movement in Congress, which has been -<> graphically described by our reporter, in yester(I ly's paper, is the index to the game of the winter? tlf floating chip that sliows how the current sets. John M. Dolts, a particular friend of the President's, liton Is to explode John C. Spencer, out of pure love to the Captain. This is the hardest explosion he ever undertook. JohnC. Spencer is the man in tlie iron in \>k?all soul, muscle and brains?not a I supeifluous flesh and troublesome compuncMous vi.-itings of conscience, can be found ubout him. lie can work twice as hard?twice as long? and nig twi :e as deep as John M. Botts, and will finish hint before three months. We were the first t ' -:ay, that John C. Spencer was the master ipirit of the administration?and if he does not give physic to the whig- before the session closes, then are we no Chri ian philosopher. t 'I all then- movements, in and out of Congress, tin* Herald, during the present session, will contain the best and most graphic reports. Our reporter is of the da u rreotyve school in his profession, educated and instructed by us in his line, and will give -pecime j f graphic, daguerreotype reporting that c .1 ot t.rpaased in any coumiy. Read his report of th- first Hire-up in the House, tn yesterday's paper. It is a complete daguerreotype represents lion of a debate?the reader imagining that he sees and hears each particular speaker as he comes up in th drama, and goes oil at the side wings. Look out for rich treats in the Herald. The Cm .ton Kevoi.tttionaky Paters.?We have reci tv< d a fresh batch of these interesting pa1" T!. f rom Col. Beekman of Flatbush, which, in the !; has permitted us to select t:?>ni hi* xvtntecn hunks of the Clinton papers. We li.iv.- al i received Irom a valued friend in Boston, ihe copy of u reported debate in Congress, which took place i:i 1S17, in which we find a speech ?f Col. Talluiadge, who corroborates and proves the accuracy of every inference and statement we made r> Utiv to the captors of Major Andr?, on the day Mi published Smith's trial. A f--w da>s ago, this statement in relation to the captors, fir ' published m the Herald, was denied in a contemporary journal, and accompanied with a number of mean and unfounded imputations on Col. Beekman's motives in giving us those papers for publication. Nothing could be more unmanly than any. tt ick on the character, motives, and purpo-ts of that h ighly resectable gentleman. But we understand the motives and purposes of the attack, and shall expose the whole in a day or two, as soon as we shall have had time to prepare the next assortment tor our columns. Col. Beekman has the iv rolls of the revolutionary army in his possession, being a part of these valuable papers, and us vouch rs aud evidence in revolutionary pensions, they are worth probably #200.000 or over. Yet such evidence Col. B. has frequently furnished gratuitously to claimant , and in one case to establish the Lloyd claim, we think it was, his liberality was the means o recovering nearly #10,000, without a cent of remuneration to liiin for the trouble he took to accomplish it. Ilv Monday we shall be ready to publish a very curious b itch of these valuable documents. <Viu?Its trovkknmknt sun Pkoplk.?On Sunday List a communication appeared in our paj>er, under the advertising head, which contained impro r reflections on th" Govemnor and authorities of the Island of Cuba, and which never b ive been allowed to tppMV in the Her aU, li tcl it l>eeii seen by us. The clerk attach, ed to the publication office, received it at the desk us an advertisement, and unwittingly published it in the advertising columns. We have the best reasons tor brheviac that the allegations contained in that article are entirely wrong. The Governor and authorities at Cuba are entitled to every degree o rest>ect from Americans, and although their institutions and laws are Hiflerent from ours, yet it belongs to themselves to change and modify them as they please. luettoe for Tine are many urynt calls at present on the city authorities, for the provision of some retuge for the houseless poor, who cannot obtain shelter during the night. An immense number of poor wretches are wandering about the city, utterly destitute, and who cannot possibly obtain the cover of a roof. Why cannot a similar lace to that adopted in London, Hirin : - i mi. isznw, and other cities in Europe, be put into operation here ! The expense is a mere trill-- A large room is provided, in various districts <>t 'he city, well warmed, and having benches on which those who seek the shelter can repose during the nignt?each person, on entering, is supplied with a |?ouiid of bread, and in the morning with the same quantity. A sufficient number of officers topre-erve good order are stationed at the receiving Jioiii, and no intoxicated persons are admitted. V ,-e rate apartment for females should be attached to each place of refuge. We do trust that some ii li m will be immediately adopted. Many miser >! creattires would he rhu* saved from suffering, crime, and death. A musing Presidential Mfovcmenti. gr Xew Vork lathe Paris of the Union. Here begin Ci all the movements in |M>lttic?, religion, morals, theatricals, philosophy, l.ishion or dress. Our politicul m clubs and committees?our philosophers and actors p ?our preachers and milliners, set the fashions for the wide republic. General Cass has just made a a sojourn among us for a lew days, and already every f0 element ot political agitation is alive and effervescing like a freshlbottle ot champagne. As an evidence of this, let us give a tew facts, gi First in order comes the Tammany Society, whose a; bulletin is just issued as follows :? oi Tammany Society, or Columbian Order. w Sxchsms : A meeting of the Grand Council of Tamma- 1* ny Society, or Columbian Order, will be held in the Coun- 01 cil Chamber of the Great W gwam, on Friday evening next, at half an hour aAer the letting of the tun. Tunc- ul tual attendance is requested. Business of importance will be laid before the Council. By order of the Father, ' JA8. J. M. VALENTINE, Scribe. Manhattan, Season of Snow?Twelfth Moon, Year of ?i Discovery 360?-of Independence SO?of the Institution 66. w The Grand Sachem in calling the particular attention of the society to the above notice, liegs leave to express the hope that a universal attendance of the members will m take place on that evening. P Persons w ho have been elected members, but not initiated, are requested to be present at an early hour. Those who proposed them to the Society are requested to give of the proper notification. ROBERT B. BOYD, GranJ Sachem. New York, December 14,1842. b? This is the original, superintending central club ?' of (lie itsmnernlie nartv tlmr owns Tnmmunv Mull 6lj and decides upon all tenants, leases, and committees. The prodigious excitement caused by General Cass ^ has waked up this ibody of sachems to the impor- 1 tanee of the occasion. Mr. Van Huren is in danger ?hence this call. The next bulletin comes from the Republican ' General Committee of 1842, tor the purpose of calling the Wards together on the day designated to 111 elect a new committee for 1843. It is as follows :? !"'1 to Democratic Republican General Committee. &> At a meeting of the Democratic Republican Uenc a. rut Committee held at Tammany Hall, on Saturday even] ing. December 10th,the following resolution was adopted: 'u Resolved, That the Democratic Itepublican Electors of j|j the city ami county of New York, friendly to regular nominations, tie requested to assemhlo in their respectivo ce Wards on Thursday, the 23d of December, from 1 to 9 o'- R clock I'. M., to elect by liallot three delegates to the Gene- , ral Committee, and also a Waid Committee for the ensuing " year ; and that they meet at the following places :? of 1st Ward. Such place as the Ward Committee shall de- . i signate. 2d Ward. Second Ward Hotel. 3d Ward. Blum's, 1!?9 Washington street. 4th Ward. Shakspoare, Willium, corner of Duana st. ,. 6th Ward. Such place as the Ward Committee shall de signate lit 6th Ward. Dunn's Sixth Ward Hotel. 7th Ward. Old Democratic Head Quarters. 8th Ward. Davis's Long ltoom, 168) Spring street. tl< nth Ward, Jt Person Hall, Hudson, corner Charles St. -r. 10th Ward. Military Hall, Grand, corner Ludlow St. 1 lltli Ward. Waring's Democratic Head Quarters. <J? l'2th Ward. Such place as the Ward Committee shall dc- m signate. 13th Ward. Grogan's, 6 Sheriff street. na 14th Ward. Fourteenth Ward Ho'el. 16th Ward. Richards', Wavarly place,corner McDougal atreet. 8U 16th Ward. Such place as the Ward Committee shall designate. 17th Ward. Hermitage Hall, Houston, corner Allen st. ELIJAH F. rURDY, Chairman. *t Clement Gi-ion, ) Secr?tarieF Yt James II. Nicholson, S' For the preponderance in the new committee a te< most prodigious effort will be made. The friends p], of General Cass, John C. Calhoun, and all others tie are to be out-voted and out-numbered by the friends fr( of Mr. Van Huren. This committee is one of the on bighrandy and water wheels in the great machine m, shop of the democratic party, constructed lor the fe( purpose of manufacturing Presidents of the United jni States out of the best of raw materials. For the mi last year Elijah F. Purdy has been the superintendent of the wheel?letting off and on the water, and mi a most s.tgactous, cooi, ami admirable one lie liae be been. His machinery lias worked with great w? sweetness and precision. On Thursday next, be- ba tween the hours of 1 and 8 o'clock, the election in will be held for a new wheel, and a dreadful rush mt w ill be made by the friends of Mr. Van Buret to wi carry the whole, against Cass, Calhoun, or any other rei antagonist. sh But these are not all the machinery of the demo- 1 cratic party. After the last election, a new commit- foi tee called the " Democratic Committee of Public Sh Safety" was organised, an account of which will be found as follows:? Jamks G. Bkhi* ?r Dr.AR Sir:? ce I have noticed for severni (lavs past in your paper, articles calculated to do great injustice to the pure jmrtion of the democratic party. -'A Yutt state that tho views, wishes, kc. of the democratic party uill^be breathed through the General Committee, CO which is next week to be appointed, to meet at Tammany wl Hall. You also speak of the different associations whicn bu will have a great ?r or less influence for the next year, and among all you do not speak of the real influence which * must p< rvaJe in the democratic party. I mean that influence which will speak through the "Democratic Oeneral Hn Committee ot Safety.'' This committee waa formed im. mediately alter the late election with a view of promoting of the best objects and interests of the party, and cement in in one IHind the entire strength of every honest JeiTersonian. m The committee as yet, consists of 8ft persons, but I under- j? stand that at the next meeting, which is on Kriday night q, next, (thia evening) tlie committee will be increased to I ten frem each ward, making a total of 175 members, whoso . duty it ia to watch aver, movement that is going on In " this city, and at the earliest moment apply the proper cor- l{> rective to every inroad that may be made against the fu |b ture suraess of the (purely) democratic party. in NiThis Democratic Committee of Safety hold their week- bi ly meetings at present at Heany'a Long Room, Prince street, but it is the intention of the committee, together [d with several other influential and wealthy members of the democratic party, to erect early next spring one of the largest edifices in the United States, as their head quarters. It is to be located in the 14th Ward, on the McKnight cs- c< tate, that being the centre of the city, and, therefore, the 'b most proper place lor ttie democratic head quarters. The th building is to be 50 feet front, bv ISO feet deep. A larga ai portion if the stock is now takan, and the plan and speciflcation are in the hands of the architect. Early in the spring (as soon a? the frnst is out of the ground! the corner stone will belaid, and building named "The Temple of Democracy." It is expected the northern Congressmen, on their return from Washington in March, will be pre- ? sent at the celebration. E There is much for this committee to do during the pre- g\ sent winter?they have to lay out tho landmarks of the m party?they have to decide whether the nominating com- si mittres, the county meetings, or the wa; d meetings are to ,,| be the beacons to direct the party?they have to put at rest {)( and break up the distinction which lias been drawn be tween the native and adopted citizens. U if well known thaloutof the til ,000 ib mocratic electors in this city, 9,600 tftkM are adopted citizens,and at b ast SOOOof tho natives VI will cheerfully join them in the purely democratic act tr which they are now carryingont bmnm iny Hall Is en- th tirely too lar down town for the head quarters. Tho lease n| ol the old building spires MM spring, and doubtless Mr. <[, Howard will separate it by taking his half, which fronts n] oil Krankfort street, to himself, and 1st the old corner pass as a respectable little porter hanie. As a proot of the pure republican principles which existintheD mocratic General Committee of Safety, 1 here- ft with enclose you a few ot the resolution* passed at some tr of the ward meetings, at which time t..e committees were v< appointed. The sachems and hunkers have had their t[ day. [The resolutions hereafter.] Alvha. ol This is a new organization, and indicates that iH.,,1.1- .. .u.s ~_i~ .u;? r...t throughout the country. A separate organization of |j the democratic party?under a new head, and meeting at a new hall, will remove the " sceptre from b Judah," if it does not produce greater disorders.? mi Since the arrival of General Cass, all these commit- T tees, clubs, clique*, have been in the highest state of h; activity?and developed a most extraordinary state tl of alarm. This has been heightened by the vast g< patronage which is to be distributed next month by ai Governor Bouck, including also changes to be mads ot in the Custom House by the President. B Pitch is the state of confusion and alarm?the singular excitement |>efvading the democratic |?rty, T relative to the spoils and the Presidency, that Mr. re Van Buren himself intends to abandon Kinderhook, pa and to take np his residence at Albany during the se whole of next month, so as to superintend the O movements in that quarter. We also learn that at none will be appointed to office by Governor Bnnck but the trusty and well tried friends of Ci Mr V?n Ruren.and ready to go for his restoration su to the White House, per fa* nut ntfa*. The next M legislature will also he induced to come out before fit their adjournment?and top/art Mr. Van Bmnx't til name If/on ihr rountry a? a Pretidentml candidalt pe at onct. This movement, it is supposed, will (or so ever settle the influence of Cass ami Calhoun in the ne National Convention. ur In the meantime, the friend* of both Caw and ce Calhoun are organizing here. There is a " Free e.i Trade Association" already in existence, its Presi- he dent or Secretary being F. Birdsall, Esq. Tin* is ti< in favor of John C-Calhoun, and it numbers already se\en hundred members, and over They take fr ound against the tariff, and ii? favor of John C. a I ho tin for the Presidency. General Cass' tnends e uUo beginning to organise, and to extend their oveinents throughout New York, New England, ennsylvania, and the great West. Thus far these matters have been developed. In few weeks or months, they will ripen and bring rth rich lruit for somebody. Wait and see. Congress?Business ?President Making.?Coness has now been in session nearly twoweeks.and tyet hardly a beginning has been made to business f any kind. The principal questions of discussion ill be?1st. the Exchequer Scheme; 2nd. the Real ot the Bankrupt Law; 3d. the Appropriations a the British Treaty ; -1th. the Tariff perchance, ltd the Warehousing System for certain. Many others may spring up, but these will be the tncipal topics of debate. Now, what will he done by this Congress? It oses on the 4th of March next, and they must ork hard, if they expect to execute any thing of iblic utility. At present the probabilities are in Vor of a reoenl of tlif RunUriint Law. nrovirl..,) ti,,. resident don't veto the repeal?against the esblishment of an Exchequer Scheme?and in favor a Warehousing System. The great business of the session, however, will i'Presidtnt-making, und to advance the chances ' various candidates, all other measures will be iaped. These condidates are Clay, the sole candiite of the whig i>arty?and Cass, Calhoun and Van uren, the rival candidates of the democratic party, or the latter there will be a great contest?but what e result of these elements may be, no one can tell, ne thing is certain, that the contest for the Presi ncy, is always the great topic of the day?all other ovement, laws, measures, or intrigues, bend to is one great object. One good effect always rings from it- it gives a unity of effort and thought the whole country, which nothing else could givehe contests in imperial Rome for the purple was e means ol keeping that empire together for cenrieB. The office of emperor was the highest of e State?the concentration of power?the great ntre of attraction?and all aspiring spirits of the epublic looked to that point alone as the goal of eir ambition. Such is the operation of the election President in this countty. It gives more unity to e republic than all the constitutions in the world. Canada?Our advices from Toronto are to the 7th, )in Montreal to the 9th, und lrom Quebec to the h inst. Sir Charles B&got was still in a precarious condijn. Little hoiie was entertained of his recovery, he death of the present Governor General will be reply deplored, for his administration has been arked for great liberality. It is expected in Caida that Lord Elliott will succeed him. Navigation throughout the provinces had become spended. Texas and Mexico.?It appears likely that in the tempt of Mexico to take posses-ion of Texas and lcatan, she will lose both. When we last heard from Campeachy, the Yuca?os, the New Englanders of Mexico, had com tely beaten the Mexican forces in one pitched bat , and that the latter were suffering considerably >m desertion and want of provisions. By the delays the part of the Mexicans, the Yucatan govern:nt had time to fortify Campeachy in the most per. ;t manner, and to receive reinforcements from the terior sufficient to repel any attack that may be ade upon that city. Our last accounts from Texas were not of much ament. General Well, the Mexican Genera!, had en driven beyond the Rio Grande, and there Te.xians enough in the field to keep him at y. As the entire Mexican Navy were engaged bombarding Campeachy no attack had been ide upon Galveston. The Texan navy had met ththe loss of the schooner San Antonio, and the naining vessels belonging to that service were at up in New Orleans for want of funds. The steam Irigate Montezuma, built in Kwriand : Santa Anna, is probably at Vera Cnu ere this.? ip oro a n St Tltnmao arv fV?u OO/I % !# Latk from St. Thomas?By the Texidor, which rived yesterday from St. Thomas, we have reived the following intelligence :? St. Thomas, Nov. 26, 1842. mrs Gordoji Bknxktt, Esq There is net much of interest for the business mmunityat present, as affairs here are in somemt the same condition as in the United States? siness dull and the market well stocked with ods of all kinds, and from all parts of the world, ailing only for purchasers from the Costa firma dthe other Islands to take them away and leave eir doubloons topay for a freshstock. This state affairs is owing to the backwardness of the croi? Santa Crux, Porto ltico, ?tec- which have beenao uch behind the usual time, that actually they have en obliged to ship sugar from this place to Santa ruz for the consumption of that island, an occurnce unprecedented in the history of these Islands, it the merchants look forward to the time when e produce may be ready for shipment, to change is state of things and enliven business, and then, steadof as now, our vessels returning home in lllast, they will be enabled to obtain good freights. The route of the line of steam packets from Engnd and the adjacent Islands to this port, has been uch altered and shortened, in order to render less lerousto the company the ex[>ense of running these >uriers of the sea. There were f our here on tne 23d, iree of which departed on the following day for leir proper destinations, to England, Barbadoes id Jamaica, and the one from England direct, is ill in port. There whs no news ol importance. The most interesting news for you and the read's of the Herald, is, that the Mexican steamer ol ar the Montezuma, was here and has departed for texico after taking in coal. She was detained in nghndaud was not permitted to depart with the ins she had aboard ; they were accordingly disiniinted and sent onshore, but were immediately lipped for a port in Spain, where the steamer oceeded, and after having nguin taken them on >ard she started for this port, where she met a Brish ship of war. the Captain of which stopped her fain, or pretended to do so,from proceeding on her jyage. The ship of war was anchored at the eniince of the harbor, and the Montezuma inside? if sieamer goi unucrway ana approacnen uie man!-war, in order to go out; she was hailed and or red to return, but on the same night or the next loruing early, they were both missing, having sail1 together, the man-of war accompanying the earner in order to obl>ge the British officer* and lilorsto return to England, as it is contrary to the eaty between Texas and England to permit armed ^ssels to be fitted out in the latter country to .insist le enemies of the former, as also to |>ermit British Ificers and seamen to serve on board of such ves ls. This is all very well if it is carried into effect, ut I doubt it veryfmuch?now* rerron*. You can ?rin your own conjectures on the subject, from I lie ttle sketch 1 have given you. It is seen, by this letter, that the Mexicans have y this time two powerful steamers, the Montezuma fid Guadaloupc, to aid them in their warfare upon exas and Yucatan. In addition to these, they ave another steamer, not |?owerful however, and ireeorfour fine sailing vessels of, which to?ther form a very imposing squadron. With such id,if properly manned and commanded,Santa Anna ught to settle satisfactorily his affairs in the Gulf, utwillhel By attempting to rake possession of Yucatan and exas at the same lime, while his position at hornquired his whole attention, both of those "deirtments" may slip through his hands, and he him If overthrown by the enforcement of the Federal (institution by the Mexican Congress, which was, the last accounts, rather anti-Santa Anna. Thus far his forces have been defeated both at ampeachy and on the Rio Grande; and his metres have also met with reverses in the city of exico. If Texas arouses herself, gets her small ettosea, increases her activity on shore; and if e Yucatecos maintain their position at Camachy as manfully and as successfully as they have far, we shall certainly have reason to believe that irlier Yucatan or Texas will ever again be rented to Mexico. If, however, Santa Anna suceds in his measures at the capitoi, he lias yet an ;cel|ent chance of regaining those provinces, par tilarly at this moment, having settled his difficul?swith the United States. All will now look with some interest for news nm the Gulf of Mexieo Tiie Pitlpit afin the Press.?We have every reason to believe, from information obtained from the mofct res; ectable sotireea, that the ftatements of *he ' Courier and Enquirer" relative to the sermon of Dr. "Wainwrighl, ao far as they had reference to the " Herald," were altogether fabrications The L) >ctor directed his censures against the violeut l>arty press, and denounced with just and eloquent indieuution, that spirit of political rancor which ani mates so many of our newspapers, and tramples on every principle of decency and morality. But the attempt to represent this talented divine as singling out the "Herald," and pouring upon it the vials ol his virtuous disapprobation, is only a piece of characteristic meanness and deception on the part of the "Courier." It has already, indeed, been perfectly seen through and understood. It would indicate very little common sense, and very strange mo rality, truly, to assail that public journalist who presents a faithful record oi the times, and furnishes th necessary data, whereby the exact condition,

progress, and prospects of society, can be sorrectly estimated, and foretold: whilst those newspapers which are ceaselessly employed in fanning into fierce and vindictive blaze, the worst passions of the human heart, werf suffered to pass without rebuke. Dr. Wainwright did not, however, eo act He perceives the mischievous tendency of the violent party press, and with honest and sincere devotion to the welfare of his race, he condemns those partizan editors, who are daily casting arrows and firebrands amongst the community. It is very curious, however, to mark the conduct of the clergy, on some occasions, in reference to the press. The most indiscriminate abuse, has frej quently been poured out against the newspaper press, from the pulpit?just as if the press were the antagonist of the pulpit! But badly conducted, and perverted, and prostituted as that press often is, what amoral powerdoes it exercise, second, we would only with hesitation admit, to that of the pulpit itself. The newspaper press is the most potent government the world has ever seen. It is at once, the vehicle and the judge of public opinion. It is the great reformer. Christianity, civilization, human liberty, the peace and good ordtr of society, owe it inexpressible obligations. One of the greatest ob stacles to the more powerful influence of the pulpit in our times, has been created by its want of assimilalion to the press in the exercise of censorship of passing events, and the current movements of society. The pulpit has not token sufficient cognizance of the daily business of the world, and its teachings have keen consequently regarded as mere abstractions, having no intelligible application to the common affairs of life. How often has the press sounded the alarm, when the advent of great moral and social evil was apparent, and when the authorized watchmen in the churches have failed to utter a word ol warning. What do we see at this very moment 1 A flood of immorality and infidelity pouring in upon us under the specious guise of philo sophy, and superior intelligence. Itinerating apostles ol materialism in religion, are travelling from city to city, disseminating false and ruinous systems of moralsj and human responsibility, obliterating the distinctions between right and wrong, and leading the minds of the weak, the young, and the inexperienced, into the most extravagant self-confidence and delusion. Crowds are flocking to hear lectures, whose undeniable tendency is to unsettle religious faith, and ol course to destroy all moral principle; for if the doctrines of religion be rooted out, we know that morality is at once choked amongst the unhealthy growths which quickly spring into luxu riant existence. Anil hence we tind a ready explanation of the terrible demoralization which has recently swept over the upper and educated classes of society in this country. These are the classes that have imbibed the principles of the new philosophy, and amongst them we see its appropriate fruits. The defalcations of bank officers and other individuals umongst the " respectable" portions of the community, during the last few years, amount to many hundreds of millions. Yet, from what pulpit do we hear denunciations . < $ this advancing demoralization! What stand have the divines made against the lecturers,who are diffusing a spirit of scepticism and irreligton amongst the people! Where is the faithful declamation against unprincipled public officers, and fraudulent financiers, and other "respectable" offenders against the good order of society, and the public morals! Theatricals, &c.?The Park Theatre has been open for the past month at reduced prices, and the houses have been tolerably good Mr and Mrs. Brougham are at present playing here, and are well liked. Yankee Hill is also here. The Park will be converted into a circus next month. Mr. Braham is in this city giving concerts, assist* ed by his son, who gives great promise of distinguished success as a vocalist. It is probable that Mr. Braham and Mrs Sutton will give a concert together before the departure of the former for the South, which will be in a few days. Mr. Horn and others are engaged in bringing out anew composition by Mr. Horn, entitled, " The Christmas Bells," about which little is at present known. Max Bohrer gave several concerts here, and is now in Philadelphia. Nagel is at Washington. Ilakemann is giving concerts at Boston. Pre|<arations are at present in progress, for the purpose of producing a series of operas at the Park, in the spring, after the horses have had their season The Bowery has reduced its prices to the lowest rate, but the treasury continues as exhausted as before. At present, the Chatham and Olympic are doing the most profitable business. On the whole, theatrical and musical affairs are rather dull throughout the Union. Mr. Braham's Concert last night at the Stuyve. sant institute was eminently successful. A crowded and fashionable audience was present, and testified by frequent and cordial applause, the delight with which they listened to the melodies of this Princo of Song. Mr. Charles Braham acquitted himself with trial, and met a most flattering reception; his execution of" My Boyhood's Home" was very brilliant, and that touching Rong was enthusiastically encored. From Honduras ?We have received a file of the Belize Gazette to the 19th of November, inclusive, by the Florida Blanca, arrived yesterday. An extract from the Jamaica Journal, October 18, is published in the Gazette, stating that the Governor of Guba had prohibited the binding of any person trow the const ot Terra Firma. The frigate Electra was soon to leave Belize for the Gulf of Mexico, where she would look in at Catn|?eachy, Tatnpico and some other port*, and then 170 on % surveying expedition along the coast of Texas. There is no other news. All appeared quiet in Central America. From Hath.?We learn that Port au Prince is blockaded by a Spanish fleet from Havana. The causes which have led to this movement, we pnbli-hed a few day g . Navai.? The U. S. brig Somers, arrived here on Wednesday night Irom Monrovia, Africa. cttatham Thkatrr.?A new romantic drama, of the most thrilling interest, entitled the "Executioner," is to be performed this evening, with tha entire strength of a superior company. The drama of the " Monk Statue," which is also one of the most exciting interest, together with a favorite farce, are likewise announced. Q17- The dreaaei of Queen Victoria and the Dutcheaa of Kent, at the New York Museum, continue to attract a great many la.Jioe, and thr coitlinea* and aplendor of the garment* well repay them for the visit , In addition to which Bignor Blitz, thr magician, veiitriloqniat, and plate lancer, appears, in conjunction with Miaa Clemence, the .laneeuae, Mr. Wright, Mr. Brown, Mr. Dalarue, mermaid, live nIMno deer, picture gallery, (te.,'all to he ?cen for one -hiilii.g. Powerful inducement* for patronage. I . ,u n masem?sam* Ilaltlmore. [Corru;'Oui]t,iier of thr lli-nlt).] bAi.riMor.E, Dec. 13, 1842. Me. Jas. G. Bennett, Editor New Yoke H^balu, New York? S?!R I? In my last" letter to you I promi ed to give you the particulars oi' the party at Miss Grace B "a. which took place last Friday night, hut owing to the continued heavy fall of rain it turned out to be almost a complete failure. Judge of my surprise on entering the room to find assembled but twenty young ladies amidst a perfect concourse of beans. Miss Grace B looked as handsome as possible ; her face was suflused with smiles. The modest and accomplished Miss M G. P?, of Lexington street, was undoubtedly the most beautiful and agreeable lady present, and next to her came Miss N of the same street, who has only made her entree into company this season. A*moiig the beaus I noticed the well known A. W of Charles St., and Mr. J. B. M , Jr. of Mulberry street, and whom I would recommend to pay his addresses more to the ladies than be such an incessant worshipper at the shrine of the God Bacchus. Mr. A. B??, ol Hoiliday street, should not wear his corsets so tight in future, that when he drops his glove he may be able to pick it up without assistance. There is te be a dance to-night at Mr. R. A T|s., in Franklin street. I would not think of offending the fair hostess bv refusing?idcirro. I shall go. and in due time give you an account of the same. We-ire to have n grand Oratorio at Saint Paul's Church on Thursday njgnt next, in which all the musical talent of Baltimore will be embraced.? Profeamra Meineche, Dielman, Gcgan and Caruai, together with Mrs. V , Mrs. K , Miss W Mrs. D-?- and several from the Cathedral choir, accompanied hyu full orchestra of music, are to assist. Thev have been rehearsing for the last ten weeks and I have no doubt are [terfect. The chorus will be composed of at least filty of tiie best voices the city cun produce. To morrow is the day set apart by the Governor of this State as a Day of Thanksgiving. There will be service in all our churches, both morning and evening, and a collection taken up in each for the benefit of the poor. The Front street Theatre is drawing good houses to see the performances of The Monster Paul, as the papers style him. We have had an incessant snow, rain and sleet storm since early this morning, which bids lair, from present appearances, to continue. The train of cars for Washington, which left here this morning, carried with them an additional locomotive in case of need. Literary Notices, Ai.ison's History of Eurofe.? Harjnr and Brothers.?The Messrs. Harper have just commenced the serial publication of the elaborate history of the French Revolution, by Mr. Alison, of which three large editions have been sold in England. This work commences with the convocation of the States General in 1789, and tenuities with the last campaign of Napoleon. It thus embraces the records ot ntany of the most important occurrences which have taken place in modern times, and without an accurate knowledge of which, and their influence on the cause of human liberty, no one can consider himself as coni|>etent to pronounce on any question connected with the history of his own times. The work will be completed in sixteen numbers, and will cost only tour dollars. The Lady's Wori.d?Israel Post, 88 Boircry.? (For January.)?This is r very respectable periodical of its class, and lite present number is tolernbly good The embellishments, however, are rather poor. Httton's Book of Nattre laid open.?Revised by Rev. J. A. Blake ?Published by Alex. V. Blake, 77 Fulton street. ? I his is a very excellent little volume, uml m u'l*!! phIpiiIrIpiI f#i instrnpf thi> mintl nnH im. prove the heart of young people, for whom it is specially intended. The structure of the earth?the planetary system? and the various orders of created beings, are described withgreat conciseness and yet clearness. We commend the work to the notice of guardians and teachers of youth. Thiers' History of the French REvor-T-noN ? Published by Pont, 88 Bowery.?No. 5 ?This valuable and very cheap work continues to meet with great success. It torms a very proper and useful companion of Alison's History of Europe. In some respects we give it the preference over that work. History of Education.?Ry II. J. Smith. Harper $r Brothers ?This volume torms one of the admirable series, issued under the name of the " Family Library." The historical part of the volume has been taken front the great work of Schwant, and hat the. indis|>ensabla merit of nccu. racy. It contains u very large amount ot interea ing information, not easily obtained in any other quarter. GodIY's Lady's Book.?Post, Bowery, publisher The number for January fully sustains the high character of this elegant |?eri.?(lical. The illustrations are beautiful, and the letter press is very entertaining. Mrs. Enibury contributes one of her charming tales. It is entitled "The Lady's Lesson, or How to lose a Lover." Memoirs of Queens of France.?Just published by Winchester in an extra New World, and is very interesting. City Intelligence. A Countryman Tmckcd.?On or about the 17th ot last month, Mr. Alvah Whedon, of the town of Rome, Oneida County in this State, came to this city in charge of 2000 bushels of oats rained at 28 cents per bushel, being the property of John and Sarah B. Armstrong, of that county, which oats he offered for sale on their account. The day after his arrival, a fellow named Lucius Tults called upon him, an 1 after examining the oats, took a specimen, and stated that he wished to make a purchase for the Arm of D. D. Vanalstyne St Co. of 61 Broad street. A few hours afterwards he came back and ordered them to be delivered on the 19th, the day following, and they were accordingly passed into the hands of a man named Nathan W. Roberts who was represented as the clerk of Vanalstyne St Co. Six hundred bushels were delivered at one time and niuc hundred at another. Alter the delivery Whedon went to obtain his money, the amount being about fJ00, when he found that all attempts were unsuccessful, as Vanalstyne told him one story, Roberts another and Tufts a third, contradicting the whole of them. He therefore marched to the Police office and had Vanalstyne and Roberts arrested, but Tufts escaped. They were both committed to the Tombs. BuniiLARisson thi Increase.?A* winter approaches burglaries and street door iheits increase with theseveritv nt tho U's>athor. On Thnrcdar mrtminer atmnt n?m o'clock a* James Breslin was asleep in the clothing atom of Mm. Susan Galfney, he heanl some one working at the front window of the store, and opening the door cautiously, discovered two men endeavoring to force the window shutter off. He gave chace and caught one of the burglars, who gave his name John Reed, anativcof Ireland, and a butcher by trade. Upon examination of the store it was found that the rogue* had attempted to pry off tN> bar that enclosed the shutters, and had also broken a pane of glass in order to reach the goods in the window. He was committed for trial. Death or Hugh Bsittoi*.?This man, who has seen better days and enjoyed affluence, hut from habits of intemperance became reduced step by step to beggary, was found on Wednesday night by a city watchman, setting upon a stoop in Sheriff"street, while in a state of stupid Intoxication. lie was taken to the Fifth District Watch House where every attention was shown him, hut the exposure and reduced state of his physical faculties was such as to cause his death before morning. The Coroner held an inquest on his body and the jury returned a verdict of death trom intemperance and ex|>osure. Lawrfnck K. 8istisi, known as an old thief, was caught yesterday and committed on the charge of stealing a silver watch, $14 in hank notes, and some clothing trom the house of Robert McCorley, of dtf Oliver street, on the 10th iustant. A portion of theclothing was found at Abraham's pawn broker's shop,where prisoner had pawned it. Superior Court. Before Chief Justice Jones. Dec. 15?Rtuhen II. Towner rs. Monmouth B. Hart, Sherijf'.?In this case, which we reported the other day, the jury brought in a sealed verdict this morniog for the plaintiff of $390. North Jlmericon Fire Ineurnnee Company rs. Form PtlL?This was an action on a promitory note for $JO"0, twenty-three shares of tne North American Trust and Banking Company naving been deposited as collateral security. The twenty -three shares were sold for TIM J6, at $6 75 per share. Balance now duo, $M61. The shares were sold by ltobt. Ainslec, Jr., at the Merchants hxchange. Mr, Selden, for defendant; Mr. Noyrs, for plaintiff. This Court has boon occupied since Monday last, during the afternoon sessions, in hearing the arguments of the corporation casso in relation to the Mowing up by gun powder of sevaral buildings, by order of two oftheAldcrmen, in the great ffreef the 17th of December, 1S36. Theae are important casea to the city, as the amount involved in them is between three hundred and fifty and four hundred thousand dollars. If they thould finally be determiaed in favor of the plaintiff's, or vlaimaats, it will operate upon the city taxi s for the next year. U, 8, Circuit Court. Before Judge Thompson. Dec. 15.?Several decisions were pronounced, but nous of them of any public interest, being upon certain technical law |ioints. The court adjourned till to-morrow, one o'clock. Court of Common Plena, Before Judge Ingraham. Drc. 16.?John (3rny et. Jlter. Smith?This was anacion on a promissory note. The defence was usury. Verdict for plaintiff $61?9 cants damages and rt cents costs. K. D. Hft;j |br plaintiff?B, Bears for defendant. BY THE SOr'niERM M \H . Wiifelnfton, [Con?ii>oii'l?iicr of the HrnliL] Washington, Dec. 14, 1RI2. B rctlonofChapUIn to the Hontr-Kirln. Ion of Intoxicating Drinks from the Capitol?'I'lie Bankrupt Bill. Congress never did so little as they have done ihis day. In the House the whole day was consumed in electing a Chaplain. The election result* ed thus:? Tiffany, (Episcopalian) 119 Rr. se (Methodist) 39 Mnller (Lutheran) -J# Mathtt IS Bullfinch (Unitarian) 1 One member proposed to nominate Parson Miller. The rej>ort of Mr. Habersham's death is considered premature ; no account oi it has yet reached the House. Mr. Fii.umoo*, from the Committee on Ways and Means, reported a bill for appropriations for the civil anil ilinlAmntin aar?i/?? Mr. CrsntNQ inquired if the pay of members was included in that bill, because heretofore the j?ajr of members was reported separate and passed immediately, whilst the clerks and o'hers who could ill afford to wait, would not get their pay till the close of the suasion. Mr Fiij.miirk said it was included in the bill Mr. CtTswjra whs satisfied?that was acting fairly to all. The Bill was referred to the Committee of the whole. A message was received from the President, saying that he retained the Land Distribution and other bills at the clone of the last session, because time was not given him to contider them properly, and because lie was opposed to them in principle. Mr. Bntoos called up his resolution to exclude all intoxicating drinks from the Capitol. The rule was susiiended by a two-third vote to allow him to do so. Mr. Striou said he was considered a drid man nt home, and therefore wished to recort at vote as a temperance man. Mr. Avcriqg moved to exclude all eating drinking from the Capitol; this was carried b dt clamation, and several members immediately -'J? that hereafter members would have to carry a teen with them.or keep a private bottle in their i &.' L tnittee rooms, (great laughter.) Several members immediately rushed down s y , V' to the restaunitcura to take their "last drink, s ''fT - .> thev termed it. Tho Florida contested election case was dec 1 " by the House refusing to hear any new testimony, and the House adjourned. " In Sknate.?In Senate the Bankrupt Bill, on motion of Mr. Berrien, was relrrred to the committee on the itidieiary to be modified, by a vote of 17 to 13 Mr. Merrick and Mr. Crittenden said they should vote for the repeal of it in some shape at last. A communication was received from the Secretary of the Navy, with documents, and the Senate went into executiva session. Dwight, the celebrated Custom House committee secretary, or lawyer, or runner, has arrived here, and is very busy intriguing. It is talked of as certain here that Mr. Forward leaves the Treasury Department soon, and that the brother of Governor Porter, of Pennsylvania, is to succeed him. Noah has positively been promissed the Surveyorship of New York. Ai.pha. foj- .Tarnes H. Hammond was on the 8th instant elected Governor of the State of South Carolina.? Natiomil Intelligencer. Late from Havana.?By the arrival of the schr. La Cubalera at Savannah, we are in possession of advices later than before received. The subjoined extracts give a full review of the markets up to the 1st in-it. The cargo of rice of the brig Howell, from Charleston, sold at lOj rls., which was the last sale made previous to the departure of La Cabulera:? Havana, Dec. 1.?Common new Coffee is worth kHl $7 '75; for superior $8 60 can lie obtained ; there is a fait demand and the Mock of inferior is increasing rapidly, g while the better descriptions remain scarce. Ordiuary u worth (6 a $6 60: middling $6 75 a $7 40. A cargo ol Rice was sold a few days ago at II rials. Exchange on New York ij a 3 per cent, prem; do London, 10} a 11J do do. Several cargoes of Rice have !>een disposed of lately 1 viz: one from Charleston at 10} rs, another fromsuma quarter at 10} (of middling quality) and a third at 10] rs. ,, The Savannah's cargo brought II rs. t( Stock Sales at Philadelphia Yesterday. ? ' $7000 Schuylkill Navigation 5's, 1846, 60 ; 7 shares Farmers and Mechanics'Bank, 19}; $3000 State 6's, 1846, 41; $2000 do do, 4-7J. dhf:. , Arm Board?$9000 Tenn. 2's, 1870, ?1|; $1186 State * 5's, 1846, 47}; 16 Merchants and Manufacturers' Banh, Pittsburgh, 36. SHIP NEWS. VrnrfLX. D<-c 13?Arr RoiCil i. Sfr-i^t, Bicbinccd frjr Novy tY h Briiforit. In Hampton lloail,. Delaware. f:om Tnik. Iiltsl for Baltimore; Ann Kliu L, L? (tuavra for do; baiqaa Ida. sad ' a large nnmbtr of coasters, detainer! on account of the weather ?wind N E. t ha ill. p. it on, Dec 10?Arr Nathl Hooper, Candler, Bordeaux; Ohio, Keynegoin, NYork; Hollander, Kwer, Boston; Oovertior, Uoodiich, do. (3d Gen Hirrison, Kuitht. B. aton; Inez, Long, l,ivrr,a)ol; St L twrence.Chasa, do. 8Id Ferax, Knspp, Havre; Hrnry Lr> ds, Miicbell, do; Rob Roy. Marxli, Liverpool ; Lancaster, (Br) Jrifarson, do; California, (Br) Aold, do; Roche lie, HncMm, Botdeaux; St Patrick, Dyer, West Indies; Julia. (Bre n) Bremen. Art Oih. Chsnmau. Tbomraoa. Near Oilcan*. Savassah, Dee 10?Arr L? Caballen, Kittirrald, Havaus.? CM Doirh<?k'r, Caldwell, Liverpool: Oswego, Wood, do; Ni-wark, Meiwiq, N York; Burlington, Ellis, do; Havana, QillPatrick, Havana. ('Id 9ili, Grace Brown, Myers, Liverpool.? Bid Albeit, (Br) Keith, Glasgow. Mobile, D-e 4?Arr Cotton Planter, Doane, NYnrk: Antotoleou, Crowell, Boa'ob; ttoderigo, (8|i) Vewy,?; William, Crocker, M stanzas: Vigilant, Barb >ur, Havana. Ntw Orleahs, Dec 3?Arr Homer, Waits, Bcrmnda. Cld Columbian, Barker, Havre; Nashville, Pemberioa. Hull; Soldan. Shaw, Liverpool; Claiborne. Burgess, Natchez; Diana, Ba'Jer, Bremen; I'rio, Doane, NYork; Clcrinds, ParRer, Havana. lipoken, Rnasell Glover, Howes, of N York, from NOrleans, Dec 7, lat 77 30, Ion 79 40. i hoi II. from Philadelphia for Jamaica, Nov 30, lat M 33 N, Ion 67 W County Court. Trial of Justice Milk Parker. Resumed. Present?Judge*. I'lshoeffer, Ingraham and lDglis, His Honor the Mayor, the Recorder, and the Board of Aldermen. Also, the Counsel upon both sides, and Justice Par. ker, the accused. Dec. 10?Mr. Bradt commenced summing up for the defence. We shall merely give a few of hia prominent and pointed rematks. This Court is of a political character, and in spite of the Vest intentions, they will find it dirtirultsoto divest thenselvrsof party feeling as to do strict and impartial justice. He then recapitulates the charges ; that there was a conspiracy j that M. Parker was a party in it ; that he did corruptly procure the discharge of v agrants before the expiration of their time from BlarkwclPs Island, with the intent tha' they should vole in the city of New York. There arc four charges, and it will be necessary for the plaintiff, to make them nil not. II llie Iit.l... ..u Vftn.ah. ho can ho convicted by no tribunal either civil or criminal He cannot be required to respond to an error of judgment. Mr. Brady then went extensively into an analysis and examination of the evidence. All this conspiracy which ever had any existence was confined to Blackwell's Island? concocted there?and consummated there. After hating commented lor an hour er two upon the testimony ol'the witnesses, Mr. Brady proceeded to examine into the connexion w hich Miln f'arker it alleged to have had with the conspiracy. He first adverted to the severe winter and epriDg following. As to the discharges?'our Aldermen and Justice Merrill discharged twenty-eight. Matsell discharged ten. On the 1st April, 1030, seventeen were discharged all in one day. In ItM-J. between the 'JOth March and 11th April, ten were discharged. Justice Parker, fifteen. In May and June, after the election, he discharged fourteen?one less. In February , Pat ker discharged eight. Stevens eighteen during the same time?five of whom wars got out by ftparkt. Now, in these facts, what occasion of suspicion is there in relation to Justice Parker 1 Justice Merritt discharged thirteen in the spring of 1889. The next rirenmrtance of suspicion is that the discharge* are filled out in a handwriting unknown at the Police office. On this point there is not the slightest importance to be attached to this filling out. Again, as to the discharging of persons at one office who were committed at the other, it is a thing that has alwara been practised. In summing up, Mr. Basnv observed, first, that Mr. Parker discharged several persons; but in no unusual manner?with no conjunction, ron.ultation, nor i?reconcert with any other magistrates or aldermen, jfol one snan discharged hy Justice Parker, it proved It have votsd. Nor is there any evidence that Miln Parker knew that any of those persons discharged were to bo kept on the Island until tnc 11th of April. Mr. Brady's speech occupied about three .hours, and , was an able specimen of lorenaic eloqusnce. He was followed, on the other side, bv Mr. rsTTxaaon. He commenced with repudiating and denying the opinion advanced by Mr. Brady in his opening that this was a political court, and under a political bias or influence. in the coursaof hi? argument,one of his strong points was the feet that in thrr* weeks time Ihsse wtrt disrhmrgrd mart than one-fourth of nil the prisons)* discharged in the whole course oj four years. Mr. Patterson continued speaking for about two hours, when the Court adjourned till to-morrow afternoon, (Friday) at 4 o'clock. 07- Yesterday the crowds of ladies, gentlemen and ch l iren w hich thronged the American Muaiumto see the wonderful little dwarf were tremendous. The public arejust beginning to find that the little gentleman is just what he has been represented, end that he is therefore the smallest person that ever walked alone, much lesa thet ever attained hfs eleventh year. Of all living curiosities he is the greatest, and shonld we read of his being a thousand miles oft, not a person but would resolve to see him if he ever came within hailing distance. Now that thi* prodigy is under our very nose, let none fail to see him. Besides the Dwarf there is a splendid variety of pleating and talented entertainments given every evening in the Lecture room, to which day vialters are admitted free, and the Museum is crowded with every descriptieu of wonderful curiosities, nil neatly labelled and arranged. Since this favorite establishment has corns under the mansgrmen, of Mr. Barnnm It haa been theroughly renovated, and it decidedly one of the best conducted places of imuscmeat in New York