Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 21, 1842, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 21, 1842 Page 2
Text content (automatically generated)

NEW YORK HERALD Stw York, Wrilnetdajr, Dectmbor '41, 184*4. Important Meeting amniiK Politicians at Paterson, J,_Flril Movement of the Campaign and CHampalgne. A most Important meeting took place at Paterson last Saturday, among a small selection from the magnates of the whig | arty?and for the purpose of consulting and adopting early measures to go into the next Presidential contest in favor of Henrv Clay to the highest office in the gift of the jieople, and of a reorganization of the currency on the "good old fashioned" system. This meeting, reunion, caucus, or assemblage? just as you please to call it?was held at the elegant mansion of Roswell L. Colt, Esq. of Paterson, the very gentlemanly proprietor of vast pioperty and water-privileges in that prosperous manufacturing town. The company consisted of the following distinguished personages: ? Nichols* Diddle, financier, of Andalusia, Pennsylvania. Richard M. Ulatchford, financier and politician, of New York. James Watson Webb, Editor, New York. E 1 ward Curtis, Collector of the Port, Vow York. Simeon Diaper, auctioneer and ]>olitician do. Nloses H. Grinnell, merchant, do. Roswell L. Colt, proprietor, Paterson. There were a few other statesmen and financiers of somewhat less importance, but it is sufficient to give to the world the leading spirits of this interesting occasion. At six o'clock this select and intelligent company sat down to a rtcherchf. dinner, prepared in the highest style of excellence, and served up with inimitable taste and rapidity. Wines fn ru sunny France and sunnier Spain, circulated in the greatest abundance?raising the soul to the highest flights of poetrv, finance, philosophy, and political hope. This meeting is no doubt the first movement of the >atne minds that carried the successful election of General Harrison, and is intended to bring about, by a similar force of intellect, the triumph and electionof Henry Clay. It is are-organization of the intellect of the whig party, and its effects will soon be developed in popular movements throughout the country. The prospects, principles and objects of the party in favor of Henry Clay, were fully canvassed in those intervals of repose that take place between ihe generous libations to the rosy god of Greece. The present state ofthe country?the age of the Madeira ?the d*utructton ot the currency?the taste ot the champagne?the failure of banks, states and men, including cookery, and confectionary, were discussed with all the eloquence ot poetrv, all the depth ol philosophy, all the wisdom of the statesman, and all the taste of the cuisine. To re-organise the credit of the country, and bring back the oceans of champagne?to replace the magnates of the land, the currency and cookery of the nation, in the same condition of lite which they occupied in 1835 and I83<), were the principal topics of conversation and discussion. For this purpose it is believed that a new National Bank of $50,000,000, and the assumption of state debts to the amount of $200,000,000, on the basis of the public lands, would be sufficient to accomplish the object in view. Mr. Biddle has been recently sending torth from the beautiful shades of Andalusia, a series ot letters on the pleasures "not of hope," but of paying debts, addressed to the people and legislature of Pennsylvania, but it is feared that no scheme of direct taxation, capable of paying up the interest or prin,.r ...in .i,? ? people who do not understand the mysteries of the kitchen. The only alternative of the friends of the credit system, is to devise ways and m''ans to car ry the elections in favor of the credit cookery a .d currency, and with those elections a majority of both houses in favor of the whig party in IS44 In this project, the aid and countenance of the English monied oligarchy, including the chefs dc an fine, would be certain, as the readiest means to prevent a similar catastrophe, which the state of the commercial world threatens there. The systems of a specie currency, and commercial restrictions, created by the Continent, in opposition to England, combined with the like systems here, are menacing, with a terrible and final revulsion, the monetary affairs of that gigantic empire. This interest would not hesitate, therefore, to aid the re-organization ol the credit systems and pa|>er currencies of the United States. The days of 1885 and '36 were the golden age of wine and wisdom?currency and cookery?and who would not like to revive them ! We would. These were the principal topics talked over at this important assembly?interspersed with jest, and bonmot in all the principal literature of the day. Now, on this occasion we are rather d snosed to encou rage all these objects discussed by those present. Mr. Biddle is one of the ntost accomplished men ol the day, in finance, philosophy, literature, or the fine arts; Mr. Colt is a practical man, of great sagacity and discernment?so is Mr. Curtis?so is Mr. Grinnell?so is Mr. Blatchford. As to Mr. Webb, he is undoubtedly second to none, with one single exception, (that is Bennett,) as an editor of great energy, decision, and promptitude. The contest for the Presidency may now be said to begin in earnest. In the meantime we shall continue the publication of the admirable papers (one of which we have given,) recently published by Mr Biddle on the financial crisis in Pennsylvania, and we hope for the co-operation of Mr. Webb, and that he will also publish them in the Courier and Enquirer. These papers indicated most truly, that unless ihu General Government assumed the debts of the several States, these States had a right, and would be justified, in imjiosing direct taxes on all the operations of trade and commerce, in order to restore the golden days of former prosperity. For Washington, 110!?Col. Graham, the Postmaster ol this city, leaves town to-day for Washington, to consult with the President and Postmaster General on certain plans lor the improvement of the mails in this meridian, and its connecting links.? We hape that he may be able to ascertain, by what mysterious process the copies of the message addressed to us were spirited away?also why a separate express bag cannot be nude up at Washington for New York, as it was done last year. The Somers ?We understand that the Navy e partment, immediately on receipt ol Commander McKentie's despatches, ordered a vessel of war to proceed with all despatch from Norfolk to the Isle of Pinee, which lies oil Cape Antonio, in lat 21 31, on the south side ot Cuba?a notorious place for pirates. Would it not have been better to have sent the Soiners! If Saucer had a confederate there, that confederate would probably have a description of that vessel, and she could, therefore, more easily succeeding capturing him. We find the following in the last Albany Journal About two weeks sines, the rumor was rife in this city that the U. S. brig Somcrs had foundered at sea, and that all on board were lost. This rumor was based upon a letter received in New York by a merchant vessel from St. Thomas, in which it wat* stated that the Somers had been caught in a tremendous gale and had suffered so much that she was hourly expected to go to the bottom. It is now believed that the letter in question was written bj one ol the mutineers on board the Somers, in antici patinn of the success of their plot, and with a view of accounting for the expected " disappearance" o the brig. Death of the Bishop of New York.?Wi learn that the Right Rev. John Dubois, Bishop o New York is dead. This melancholy event tool place yesterday morning at nine o'clock. His re mains will be interred on Friday. Another Mysterious Affair.?Captain Hays o the brig Moon, bound to Charleston, found the bo dies of two persons salted down and boxed up 01 board his vessel. He made the discovery early ye* terday morning. They np|>eared to be the bodies o mulattos with curly hair or wool and had not beej long dead Whare did thay come from 1 k Dkmorai.izing Effects ok hie Light Literan'RE op the Pay.?The greatly increased frequency of the occurrence of crime of peculiar and startling enormity, especially amongst our youth, within the last few years, begins to alarm the philanthropist, and awaken earnest inquiry into the causes of this growing and desolating spirit of demoralization, whose dominion apj>ears to be gaining strength every day. And surely it is full time to be alarmed. A new class of culprits are now found before our justiciary tribunals. The genteel offender is not so much of a rara avis as formerly. Well-dressed, well-bred rogues and bravos are becoming far more common. The criminal calendar discovers a vast increase in the number of those connected respectably, who have made themselves amenable to the law. And the character of the offences tried in our courts ot justice, appears also to have undergone a change. These crimes are of a greater magnitude, and more unprecedented nature, than those which some years ago came before our tribunals. Robberies, forgeries, and swindling transactions, are ol unexampled extent, and murders and assassinations Hre ntarlPed by circumstances of singular atrocity. And this is not ull. Not only is crime committed on a broader scale, and more frequently by that portion of the community amongst whom it had previously been comparatively of rare occurrence, but it is too evident that it does not excite that deep and hearty detestation, with which it is sure to be visited when a healthful moral tone pervades the public mind. On the contrary, a morbid sympathy for offenders against the laws and the peace and good order of society, is ever active, and can be in any case aroused to the verv extremity of excess. Ins'ances, which fully illustrate our statements, are fresh in the recollection of the public, and do not require particular relerence. The causes of this melancholy state of things, or at least the most prominent of them, do not require for their discovery, any very remarkable powers of observation. They are very obvious to any one, who has paid ordinary attention to the progress of society in this country, for'the past few years. The imaginary and bewildering prosperity of a short-lived day?the ruinous habits of self-indulgence which such a season introduced?the almost universal faithlessness of men in places of trust? the worse than heathenish idolatry of gold?the derelictions of the clergy?'he spread of infidelity?all these corrupting influences have been at work, and a moral miasma, desolating and fatal, as that which brooded over the doomed cities of the plain, has spread all over the land. But there is one.sourceof the prevailing immorality, which we have not enumerated, but which it is impossible to overlook. We mean the flood of corrupting, licentious, demoralizing, light literature w ith which the country has been inundated during the last few years. Volumes after volumes of the most pernicious character, have been issued from the press, and circulated at a price which placed them within the reach of every individual. It is scarcely possible to exaggerate the evil influence which has in this way been exercised, especially on the young and unreflecting. The most delusive pictures ot life have been placed before the inexpe. rienced eye. The distinctions between right and wrong have been confounded. Vice has been invested with the dignity of romance, and virtue been mad" to appear diminutive and mean when contrasted with magnificent crime. More has been done by these popular novelists to familiarize the young mind with vice and crime?to awaken desires for actual participation in scenes of (oily and iniquity? to weaken the soul's aspirations after the pure and u..i.. i...., r? ?i a?.? .1 nobling and conservative influence of religion, than all the writers who have in any age labored to overturn Christianity, and deify human depravity. Let 119 just for a moment turn to the productions ot Bulwer, or Ainsworth, orMarryatt, or any of the same school. Is it possible to doubt their tendency1! Who are among the principal heroines on whom Bulwer has lavished the whole treasures of his perverted genius 1 In what do they differ from the miserable outcasts who tenant the brothels ! And yet we have novel after novel occupied with the narration of the lives and adventures of such characters, and elaborate apologiep? we should rather say vindications?offered for their conduct. Actions, for 'he commission of which a man would be hooted front virtuous society, are related with characteristic nonchalance, as quite defensible and proper in a fashionable hero ; and crimes which strike at the very root of social happiness, are represented as mere peccadilloes, which must of necessity occur in refined society. What man is there who, knowing anythin" of the human heart, can read " Pelham," "Krnest Maltravers," "Alice,"and othernovels of a kindred stamp, and then say that their circulation among the young, and badly educated is not calculated to subvert morality, and defile the soul! The very skill with which the story is tabri cated.the aflected eloquence which glitters throaghout its pages, and the peeudo-philoeophy which it retails, render a work of this novelist, doubly dangerous. The devil himself knows better than to piesent his temptation without careful disguise. It is always, to all appearance, a pleasant morsel. The Ainsworth school, to which Boz belongs, and whose works are devoted to the exploits, and successes, and exciting perils of the highwayman, the burglar, and the pickpocket, exercise an inlluence equally pernicious, and perhaps still more widespread than that of Bulwer. The novels of thisclass have been almost all dramatized, and are thus rendered tenfold more influential in creating young aspirants after the glory of Jack Sheppard, and his kindred heroes. These productions have created and fostered a dislike of honorable industry, a contempt for the ordinary avocations of honest men, nnd an unconquerable desire to seek notoriety, and gratify lust and passion inthe perilous paths of crime. \V111 any of these writers, or their admirers, pretend to say that their novels tend to make \ice and crime repulsive! Can thev add impudent falsehood to their other sins, and say that their design was to present wickedness, and foliy, and crime in their undisguised depravity, and to attract to patient industry,hum ble toil, and steadfast virtue the homage of all hearts'1 It has not been without reason that pointed allusion Iih?- hren made to the late horrible affair on board the Somers. as illustrative of the growth of a reckless spirit of crime amongst our youih The tree N known by its fruits. No great philosophical observation is requisite to trace the operation of cans*' and effect in this matter. Light literatnre, of the clasr we have so briefly, but clearly enough described, must sooner or later exhibit its appropriate results on those amongst whom it flourishes. But there is -till sufficient moral force to check this evil. The best means of doing so, would be the circulation of works of a light and entertaining character, which breathe a healthful moral sentiment. Let the |>ernicious fictions which are now iorceu inio circumuoii 111 rvrry uirecuon uy rnt*rce nary publisher*, I?p diecnurnged m who desire the beef interqpts ol society.. Dettl^ffplace be supplied by those productions of such exalted genius as thai of Scott, and Mackenzie, and Edgeworth, which, instead of introducing us to the haunts of vice nnr crime, and the society of prostitutes, highwaymen and pirates, has, in the words of Talfourd "sup ' plied us with a glorious crowd of ac<|uaintan v ces, and even of friends, whose society will nevei f disturb, or weary us; and has made us glow a thou sand times with honest pride in that nature of whicf we are partakers!" ^ Victory for the Mkat Shops.?By our report o the Board of Assistant Alderman last evening, ir 1 another column, it will be seen that a very decidet victory has at last been won for the meat shops The Board of Assistants have nobly met the ques j tion and voted for licensing them by a vole of ten ti screw. The leading advocates for this measur 1 were, Messrs Browne of the 8th, W. Dodge of tit h 3rd, and A twill of th? lith ward ' Governor Col. Bouck arrived at his re " sidenoe in Washington street, Albany, last 8atui day evening (eighteen Day* Later from China, The ship Cincinnati, Wilson, has arrived from Canton, whence she sailed on the 12th of August, and from Macao the 16th. We have files of the Canton Register to the 13th of August, inclusive. Our last advices were to the 26th of July By a div ision order, dated July 31st, and issued on hoard the Moira, at Hong Kong, it appears that Major-General Burred has been promoted, and is succeeded in command nt Hong Kong by Lieut. Col Taylor. In resigning the command General Burrell regrets that sicknt ss has prevailed to a considerable extent, and strongly recommends the troo|? to avoid exposure to the sun, and the use of that destructive spirit called shamsoo. The Singapore Free Press of July 14, states that among others the ship Symmetry was lost in a gale >hot , ?,i ,i.? much injured:?Chilo, John Adams, Patriot King' Persian, Potomac, Tigris, and Unicorn. The Register gives si translation of a Chinese rumor, stating that on the 10th of July a fleet of English ships and steamers appeared off the mouth of the Peiho and took possession of the forts, Sec.? that the Einperor had not gone to Jehol, where he ti-ually passes the summer, and that the English were demanding an audience. This rumor is said to have reached Cunton on the 2l?t of July, but no further mention is made of it in the later papers. The Register expresses doubts ot its truth. The U.S. ships Constellation and Boston were still in the Chinese waters on the 13th of August. [From the Canton Press, Aug. 13.] We understand private letters to have been receivj ed here from France, stating that M. Pegur has been nominated French Consul General for China, withasalary of lOJXft)francs. The Hong merchants, we understand, say that accounts have been received from the northward, according to which the British force was anchored near Nanking, and that at the request of Elepoo, a truce of thirty days had been agreed to, to enable him to report to the Emperor ana await his answer. The same account states that twenty of the English ships had sailed to the northward of Tientsin in the gulph f Pechelee. The first part of this report is similar to what we heard about a fortnight since, and then mentioned as a rumor merely, and it is possible that what is now said is nothing more than a refaccimenlo of it: and we hope it may he thus,f or we can hardly believe that H.M. Plenipotentiary would listen to any proposals lor a truce until after Nanking was in poaaeesion of the British It is, we believe, according to the tno ueru practice 01 war, no; usual lor nemgerentsto r< main inactive while negotiations for peace are being carried on?on the contrary, to hasten these to a fa vorable and speedy issue, the armies during that time, more perhaps than at any other, exert themselves to obtain some signaj advantage ovei their respective adversaries, by which the final conclusion of peace may be as advantageous as possible to one 01 | the other. We cannot therefore believe that the liritish force would again stop short of striking r great blow, such as the occupation of the city of , Nanking, merely because Elepoo the Imperial Commissioner had signified to Sir Henry Pottinger his j desire of communicating with the Emperor; this j would be a repetition ot the manner in which the ! war was carried on under the orders of Capt. Elliot, and is likely to be no more successful. The object of the Chinese, who we believe to be no more willing now to make concessions than heretofore, is by delay and by apparent willingness to treat, to weaken the strength of their enemy, to i whose enormous expenses every day ot useless pro- j crastination adds not a small item. We confess we are verv uneasy at this report, the correctness ot which,we have heard that some Chinese, usually well informed, denied, and anxiously wait for authentic accounts from the force, which are now no later than of the 26th June, when it was about leuving the Woosung river to ascend the Yangtsekeang. [From the Canton Register, Aug. 0.] Peking Gazettes?1th moon, 17th day.? The following imperial edict has been received : Yilikiug and his colleagues have reported concerning the imminent danger ol the provincial city of the province of Chekeang (Hangchowfoo) and the city of Keahing; and on reading (he report, my grief and indignation are extreme. According to the report Chai>oo is 'already lost; and the barbarians are approaching the provincial capuai; uie domain 01 uie cny is very extensive, and the rebellions barbarians have built small vessels which enter every where among the shallows. The two been districts of Pingkoo und Hneshang, in the Foo department of Keahing, are in the most imminent danger. One thousand men have been sent from the pr?>vinces of Shenae and lvanauh, and are ordered to maintain those places. When the troops arrive the provinces of Iionan and Kwangse, they will he detained for the defence of those districts, and so forth. This important and pressing despatch has been brought at the rate of fiOO U a day. Now the said General and his colleagues liave.consulted and determined that one of their number shall remain to keep Tsaoukeang, while all the rest of the troops should be sent to protect the other places. The said great minister and his colleagues must turn their thoughts?dismiss their fears?to insure peace, and so tranquilize the people's minds ; and they should sternly and strictly order the officers and soldiers to exert their utmost strength in detPndin(T tho pnnntrv Aw fn tl?a A/linfonf flunuvol Ahlakeihno, who has been wounded, how is he at present 1 Let a clear examination he made into all these matters, and a duly prepared report sent *p.? Respect this. Died at Hongkong, after about a week's illness, of fever induced by anxiety of mind and over exertion of body, the Rev. Theodore Joset, procurador of the mission of the Propaganda, and charged with the administration of the Catholic mission at Hongkong. It is said that a public officer of rank in Peking, professing the Christian religion, has written to some of the Roman Catholic missionaries in Macao, saving, that the capital of China has been surroundcif by Tartar troops for the last two years ; but that now the treasury is exhausted, their pay is long in arrear; that they are desertine by hundreds, returning home to cultivate their fields; and that if the English were to march at once on Peking, it wonld fall to the steps of conquerors, without a shot being fired. [From the Register, Aug. 3.] The latest date from Woosung is July 4, and from Chusan the same. At that time there were about ten vessels of war, including steamers, off Woosung, and a vast number of transports, and the land forces mustered between 13 and 14,IKK) men. It ap pears no farther movement had been made, or enterprise thought of, since the 20th of June, a period of fourteen days inactivity. On the 5th or 6th of July, it is said the forces were to move on Kinshan. (the golden hill) and thence upon Nanking, to which large and ancient city a clear passage had been found up the Yantszekeang. On the 27th of June a large fleet of rictily laden pinks, which had attempted to pass by the British fleet, for Nanking, was CAptured, but not until sevei.il shots had been fired to bring them to. The troops left the city of Changhae as they entered it, without l iking posses-ion of anv property, which vas left?some rich jewellery it is said?to be plundered by Chinese robbers. On the same day an officer ol ihe rank of captain, i and i orporul White, brought a letter from Ke and Klepoo, the high commissioners, containing over. tures for peace, but we have already leaned from ' H. M.'s plenipotentiary's circular, that "as the > overtures were not grounded on the only basis on which thev could be lisiened to, they were met by , an intimation to thai effect." The loss of the Hon. Co's. armed steamer Ariadne, J. Roburts. i. n., we omitted to report last week. .^Iie had neen sent in search of a sunken rock in the Yangtszekeang, and struck upon it. and .1 I I. It\,? I. li I chu 1 would there founder. She was towed to Chusan by the Sesostris, and ' hauled up on a dry bank; but being secured to the shore by a three nch ropj only, she slipped off the hank, and went down in 11 fathoms;the crew saved their lives with difficulty; it is said an attempt to I weigh fo r lias failed. t The object of the petition which a fortnight sinre we stated to have been addressed to the Viceroy ol [ Canton bv American and British merchants, praying for the admission of foreigners' wives to Canton has , met with a peremptory refusal, and a reprimand to . the Hong merchants for having presented it. All accounts from Canton agree in representing the authorities there as most anxious to sufficiently r conciliate foreigners, that the trade may continue. C'reater facilities than ever are given tor the transac i tion of business, particularly in the shipment ol goods,and it is said the Hong merchants contemplate j a reduction of 2 Taels |**r Ptcul the expori charges in Tea, in order to prevent smuggling, 1 which is fast on the increase, encouraged by the i temptation to avoid the present high charges We also hear that many of the Factories are being re paired, and there is little doubt that the trade ol the approaching season will be carried on at Canton t) where ngatn a good many British merchants wil r become, at least temporary, residents. The r..ini have caused the river to rise very considerably ?Respondentia walk has been ffoorted to beyonC the entrances of the Hongs almost daily, ana the whole country immediately surrounding Canton it aid to he under water. The Hong merchants r J ?m<|ua and Howqna'a son, have begun their reluc tant travels to Chskiang, accompanied by two lm guists It is said that the substitution ol his bob for himself. has cob! Howqua a large Bum of money/ The Emperor is aroused to highest indignation, at the loss of the various iKisitions in Ohekeang, and attributes all to the timidity and cowardice of the Commander-in-Chief, Yu-poo-yun, who is represented as the first to flee from the scene of action His Majesty, therefore, issues his stern commands for the immediate arrest of the said high officer, orderng linn to he put in chains and brought to the capital by an official escort, without delay. His Majesty also, in the same document, orders all the officers and troops, who fled before the barbarians, to be forthwith put to death. Oil the 15th day of the 4th moon, the imperial coiniiiunds w ere received as followsYih King and call* agues have sent up a memorial regarding the insurrectionary proceedings of the rebellious barbarians, and the loss of Chapoo. ti.? -.1,^1. i,r,?m Minomw, collected their ships together, and set sail lor Chapoo, wltich they attacked and laid waste. These general officers, Yih King and others, had not previously arranged the proper business of preparation and defence, and consequently Cha|ioo was lost. Let, therefore, Yih King, Wan wei, Tth e sun, and Lew yun o, be delivered over to the board of pun ishtnent, that deliberations may be held for awarding them punishment of extremest rigor. Respect this. We sbtain front a good source the information that the number of Chinese troops collected tor the defence of the Woosung or Shanghee river amounted to 50,0U0 men. On the same authority it is stated that the General-in Chief of the Chinese

army there, believing or feigning to believe htrnself betrayed by two mandarins, killed one with his sword, and tnen, from the ramparts, threw himself into (he water and fled, it is not known whither, before the English took tieaceable possession ol Shanglme, the people themselves had, from hatred towards the mandarins, destroyed all their tribunals. The usual revenues derived from salt, lands, and merchandise, in the Province of Keangnan, have this year proved greatly deficient on reaching Peking. The Emperor orders the Governor of the Province forthwith to send up the jacking amount, and disgruces the Chief Collector of the taxes. Markets. [From the China Price Current, Aug. 6 ] .Imerican Domestics?A few sales. Camlets?During the past week a few hundred pieces changed hands. But the stock in importer's hands being till large, they are difficult of sole, i Cotton i'urn?Stock heavy and demand very limited. I Chintzes?Chintzes of reallv trood patterns and duality are salt-able,hut the inferiorsorts will not realize sufficient 10 clear'he duty. Long Clolht-During the past month the demand for this article was evidently on the increase, and prises lightly improved, but owing to the late heavy importa| lions, fears are entertained that their present rates will not he maintained. Long F.tl>?There has lately been some inquiry lor this article, particularly lor scarlet, of which 1000 pieces are said to have been sold at $10^?but assorted colors are difficult of sale. Ptpptr.? Large supplies of black pepper arrived from Slam and Singapore, the price is nominal at (6. IPoollens.?No improvement to notice.?No alteration in price or demand. Within the last ten days there has been sotne inquiry for Hpanisu stripes ; but no sales have yrt been re|>orted The stock is large. Eiposts.? Ttat ? In teas there is hut little doing; a few musters of New Congou have arrived, which appear inferior to those of last season ; prices asked taels 36 a 36 ! The purchases of New Orange Pekoe are about 4300 half chests at front taels 35 a 4-4 ; of Old Congou 33 chops remain, mostly very low, and prices taels 24 a 25. Of Fukion, Bohea, Canton do. tine Congou, Caper, iMiggong, Hongmuy, Campoi, Souchong, and Flowery Pekoe, none remain. (Quantity of Tea exported from July 1st 1841 to June 30th 1844?Black, 27,90-4,647 ; green, 8,700,531 ; sorts, 78,. 181.?Total pounds,36,731,319. Applications in Bankruptcy ?Through the politeness of Mr. Charles D. Betts, clerk^ot the District Court, we are enabled to give our readers the following official report. It comes down to Tuesday, the 20th inst. The statement in the "Courier and Enquirer" will be found to be essentially incorrect, and lull of blunders. Ci???munt Af.littornnf motfnec polofinflf tn WnnlfPfinteu or*. OlBirlllClli Vt U?l> ItliU I.VVl- .V.MMMQ ?W ? - ?|' plications in the Southern District of New York, and inquired of by the Department of State, under the resolution adopted by the Senate of the United States, bearing date Dec. 13, 1842:? I.?Undtr tht Voluntary Provision oj the Bankrupt Jict. 1. Total number of voluntary applications to date [SaturJa\ 17] IS/,9 2. Number of petitions still pending, and to which no objections are filed, 930 2. Number of petitions filed, and to which objections have been interposed, still pending,and objections not disposed of 47 3. Number of petitions to which objections have been ImUrpo?d lis 4. Number of petitions which have been withdrawn and new ones tiled, petitions being denied decrees of bankruptcy on first papers, 4 ft. Number of petition* withdrawn before proceedings perfected,'and in which new petitions were not filed, 2 0. Number oi petitions to which dissents ol majority in number and value of creditors were filed, and cas s in which trials by jury were bad on application of bankrupt, 2 7. Number oi petitions asjn the Circuit Court, on appeal from tho District Court, 1 8. Number ot petitions filed to which objections were interposed, anil trials by jury had in District Court, and which are still pen ting. 1 9. Number of petitions on which discahrge was absolutely denied by Judge. 1 10. Petition* filed in which the application wera made by co-partner*. 30 II.? Under the Involuntary Provision of Ike bankrupt Jict. 1. Number of petition! (till pending and to which no objections are filed, 37 'J. Number of petition! filed and to which objection! have beeu intcrpoied, still pending and objections not disposed of, 30 3. Number of petitions to which objections have been interposed, 20 4. Number of cases in which a decree of bankruptcy was denied on objections, 1 6. Number ol cases in which proceedings were stopped by concent before decree efbankruptcy, 9 6. Number of cases in which decrees ot bankruptcy were granted, and those on binkrupt's voluntary application, discharge granted, 3 7. Number ol oases in which the petitioning creditors were co-partners, 22 8. Total number of involuntary applications to date, 60 Of the 30 voluntary applications as co-partaers, two were composed of two persons and the rest of three. g;Of the voluntary petitions filed five were by female*. Total number of troth voluntary and invounltary petitions filed to Dec. 17th, inclusive, 1,963 Total number of discharge* granted to Dec. 17th, inclusive, 867 126 Case* have been contested before the Court. The Judge has rendered 94 decisions. All the applications have been made in the first instance to the District Court, and the Circuit Courl has not taken cognizance ol the proceedings, except on appeal Irom the decision of the District Court, ot on adjournment oflaw points by the District Judge. The number of such cases in this district has been comparatively small, only two being carried up on appeal, and six on adjournment. The number of applications under the compulsory branch of the act has been on the increase within the last four months, nnd the number of voluntary applications lor the benefit ol the act during the pasi month, greatly exceeds those in any former month. Splendid Sai.e of Fancy Goons for Holidai Presents.?To-morrow at 10o'clock, B. Mooney A: Co. will sell at auction, 61 Maiden lane, up stairs, t very splendid stock ot fancy goods, suitable lor holr day presents. This assortment comprises everj thing the eye enn desire or the heart wish. Only call and see them to-day. See advertisement. Ma.ndamis i* New Hampshire.?'The House o Assembly, on the 14th inst., formally resolved no to district the State for the choice of members o Congress. < 'KnkrAt. Complaint.?That Alnerican rnen-of war are not kppt on the Coast of Africa. Our tradeti are receiving every indignity and injury from The natives and others. Kx-Gov Door..?It is said that efforts are makinf in New Hampshire to appoint Gov. Dorr to a Judge ship in that State. Not Vrr ?Another attempt has been made t< elect an United States Senator in North Carolina No success. Saunders, the Calhoun candidate gains on every ballot. From Brazil.?The Douglass arrived yesterday Irotn Kio de Janeiro. She sailed thence on the 4th ult. No news. Naval.?United States Surveying Brig Oregon Lieut. Powell, arrived at Charleston, 14th instant from New York. City Intelligence. Firf.mais's Ball?The annual Ball of the Now Yorl Fire Department is to he given at the Park Theatro. The Krina Ball at the Bowery. I A Maaquiss in tiif Tombs.?A fellow, who says hi name is Andrew Marquis, was arrested ye?terday air I committed to the Tomhs on the charge of stealing hook i valued at ffiil, at various times, from Bangs, Richards, an* j I'latt. 1!W BrosJway, He was caught yesterday in the ac | ofcarrying ofl a copy ol By ron's works, and wnen arrest , ed acknowledged the previous theft. ? A Llavoaiiu Tinar.?On Monday night a (Jermai named Wm. Sherman, walked oft' with a barrel of tuga ' weighing 'MA pounds, from the store of O. Johnson k Lo. 7J Stanton street, coiaar of Allen, He was caught yei ' tarday and tha praparty recovered No Nxws from Europe.?The Britannia, due at Boston last Sunday, had not arrived there at four o'clock on Monday afteruoon She had then been out fifteen days. Curiosities of Literature?'That erudite and pains-taking bookworm, D'lsrasl, hasn't exhausted a tythe of the " curiosities of literature." In the single department of extraordinary coincidence of thought and language between different writers, existing at even very remote distance Irotii each other, very little has been discovered compared with what yet remains undivulged- We alluded yester day to a curious agreement which a|>pears between an ekquent passage in Mr. Bancroft's History of the United States, and one written by Babington Ma. cauley. We now give the parallel passages, as some interest has been excited about the matter. Both writers are speaking of the Puritans, and are apologising for the occasional eccentricities ol those remarkable men:? From Bancroft's History of From an article entitled the United States, Vol /., " Milton," original 'y pubp. 16J Huston, 1932. lished in the Edinburgh " Every individual who Review, 1925. Macau ley's had experienced the rap- Miscellanies, Vol I., p. 69. ture* of devotion, every be- " They recognized no tiliever, who, in hi* moments tie to superiority hut the faof ecstacy.had felt the assur- vor of God. If they were ance of the favor of God,was unacquainted with the in his own eyes a consecra- works of philosophers and ted person He cherished poets, they were deeply read hope; hepissessed faith ; as in the oracles of Ood. If he walked the earth, his their steps were not acornhcart was in the skies. An- paused by a splendid train of gels hovered round his path, menials, legions of ministerchatged to minister to his irg angels had cuarge over soul; spirits of darkness them. The very meanest of leagued together to tempt them was a being to whose him from his allegiance? fate a mysterious and terriViewing liimselt as an ate hie importance belonged? ject of the divine favor, and on whose slightest action the in this connection disclaim- spiritsof light and darkness ing all merit, he prostrated looked with anxious interest himself in the dust before ?who had been destined, heaven; looking out upon before heaven and earth mankind, how could he but were created, to enjoy a felirespect himself, whom God city which should continue had chosen and redeemed I when heaven and earth For him the wonderful should have passed away, counsels of the Almnrhtv For his sake the Almivhtv hailchosen a savior; for him had proclaimed hi* will by the laws of nature had been the pen of the evangelist and suspended and controlled, the harp of the prophet. It the heavens ha 1 been open- was for him that the sun had ad, earth had quaked, the been darkened, that the sun had veiled his face, and rocks had been rent, that the Christ had died and risen dead had arisen, that all naagain ; for him prophets and ture had shuddered at the apostles had reveal d to the sufferings ol expiring God !" word the oracles and thewill Sic. lie. be. of God 1 Sic.Sic. Sic. A similar coincidence is apparent throughout two or three pages. It may be purely accidental. But of that we leave the literati to judge. Items from Barbadoes.?Advices are to the 28th ult. Markets were well supplied with American produce. We take the following lrom the Barbadoes St. Louis Palladium of the 3d ult.:? Arrived in this colony twelve persons (four men, two women and six children) in an open boat, who had esca|ied from Slavery in Martinique, and crossed the channel in thirteen hours. They were pursued by the French Government schooner Antelope, of six guns, but escaped?and are now enjoying one of the greatest of all blessings?unbounded Freedom ! Dear Mr. Bennett? 1 do wish that you would get up some paper of the nature of the Spectator, and the Rambler, <tec. I think that it would succeed admirably. There are so mauy things that want reformation. At present I shall consider the Herald in the light of a Spectator, as one whose editor has always expressed himself ready to defend our sex against calumny. Now the matter of my writing ig this:?There is a club of ladies who meet everv morning at * * fwe omit the number] Broadway, to rdl ninepins, and I do think that there is more notoriety attached to it than is heroming for our sex, and I want you to give them a " first rate notice." Now if you publish this letter, after I tell you not, I shall think you a gay deceiver, which will not be a creditable reputation, now that you are a Benedict. Now won't you think over my proposition about anew paper 1 You are the only man that can carry it through, for in my opinion there never was an abler paper in New York, although vou must confess you were pretty bad in '3ti and '37. I have taken your paper for a great while, and must thank you for a great deal of eninvment. well, good bye, and if you publish this I do not know what I shall do. And I do not want you to be severe on the ladies who roll, and you must sav nothing naughty about them, because they don't mean any thing wrong?this lolling ia merely an error ot judgment. Behave yourself, and T will write again some day. I will let you know who I am. Yours, &c. Emma. P. S.?That is my true name ; I put it down by accident; I meant to have signed "Veritas." N. B.?Upon rending over my letter, I find that there are some errors and some incoherencies, but you must excuse them ; I have been rambling on without thinking. The fact is, I am going to be married in a month 1 have not time to write another, because this is what guardians call a "clandestine correspondence." Emma. Jas. G. Bennett, Esq:? Dear Sir:? Among the many reports concerning the unfortunate young Spencer, and the different causes assigned for his bloodthirsty conception, is his long and hopeless attachment to the young and lovely daughter of one of our most celebrated artists. It nas been said that the fair lady jilted liirn, and thus drove him to desperation 1 apply to yeu for information about this interesting and romantic explanation, supposing of course that you must be au /ait in all these matters. Sincerely, A. B C. Monday, Dec. 19,1842. Theatrical, Ac. The Concert at Niblo's.?The concert given last night at Niblo's, by Mrs. Sutton and the Brahams, was, as we expected, a magnificent affair. The grand saloon is well adapted for a concert-room, and it was filled by a fashionable and delighted auditory. Mrs. Sutton was in fine voice, sang with all her own power, and taste, and feeling, and was enthusiastically received. Her execution of the ! grand xrena from Norma was remarkably brilliant. Mr. Braliam, as usual, delighted his auditors by the remarkable depth and compass of his voice. " Wil1 liam Tell" and " Bruce's Address" were given as 1 only Mr. Brahamcan sing them; and the spirit and irresistible effect with which he gave " We all love r a pretty girl under the rose," elicited rapturous ap' plause. Mr. Charles Braliam improves with astonishing rapidity. Some of his notes are remarka1 bly clear and good. We particularly noticed the ease and clearness with which he brought out his Ar With a little more study and practice he will become a vocalist of the first class. We have pleat sure in again paying a deserved tribute to the brilliancy and clearness of Miss Augusia Browne's f iierformance on the piano. She is young, very p pretty, very modest, and by 110 means a small attraction in a concert room. t.... i>. ? ? vt - i!,i,,a u.i ' night in Coleman's excellent comedy " The Poor ' Gentleman," supported by Mr. I'Ucide, Abbot, and ' Btllv Williams. Mr. Ilurton has quite recovered from his late indisposition, and never played with . greater spirit. We noticed some incongruities in i the dress of several ot the characters ; but altogeth er the performance went off well, and was favorably received by a very respectable house. Miss Walters is at present deficient in grace, but may in time ^ become a tolerable danmue. Iiurton in Paul Pry, in the comedy ot that name, which concluded the performances, was peculiarly at home, and met with , much and deserved applause. Mr. and Mrs. Brougham are re-engnged. Chatham Theatre.?Novelty succeeds novelty with such wonderful rapidity at this popular place of amusement, that it is really difficult to keep the ' run of them. Scarcely is the public taste gratified ' with one night's rich entertainment, ere another, richer and racier, is announced. There appears to be no respite, no relaxation, in the liberal endeavors ' of the enterprizing manager to amuse his numerous ' patrons. To-night, four excellent pieces are offered, in one of which, that elegant actress, Miss Mary Duff, appears, supported with the choice spirits of ' Thome's sti|>erior company. OQf-The performances at the New York Mmeum ?nr* pas* in intereit and variety, all other place* of amusement, it Nelli*, horn without arm*, execute* hi* wonderful feat*-, d Jenkins, the admirable delineator of comic, character*. 1 ?inger and banjo player; Diamond, the heat Ethiopian dancer in America; Wright, the falietto vocalist; pictnre 1 galley, Mermaid, Queen Victoria'* dreatee, live Albino r deer, and half a million other things?all to tie *een for one ?hilling There will be a performance this afternoon nt 8 o'clock. Great preparation* are making for the holiday*. BY THE SOUTHERN MAIL. Washington. [Cormipoodeace ol the Herald.] Washington, Monday night, Dec. 19, 1&42. of Mr. Habersham?Adjournment of both Houses?-The Oregon Territory-Mouth Carolina Senator?'1 he Momers Mutiny. As soon as the House met to-day, Mr. Gamble, of Georgia, announced the death of his colleague, Mr. Habersham, and alter pronouncing a high eulogium on the deceased, moved that the House adjourn, which was carried. In the Senate the bill wns passed to change the name ot the "Westchester" to the "Atlantic." A motion by Mr. Linn to Hppoint a select committee to enquire iuto and rejiort all the facts connected with the Oregon Territory, and to make preparations to take |>ossession ot it in the name ot the United States before long wus carried. Mr. Berrien, of - ."isin, uiru liiiiiuunct'u me (if run 01 ivir. naoersham, and he paid a most eloquent tribute to his me. mory, and the Senate adjourned Judge Huger has been elected Senator of the United States lor two years.jthe unexpired term of Mr. Calhoun, from South Carolina, by one vote over Mr. Rhett, at presenta member of the House. In North Carolina no Senator has yet been elected to fill Mr. Graham's place ; at the' last accounts, Gen Saunders whs only lour behind Brown It is thought that the Whigs will come|to Saunders's rescue, lor they hate Van Bureu more thun they do Calhoun. Very little has been said here to-day about the execution ol Midshipman Spencer. There is adilference ot opinion and some doubt if the facts will justify Commander Mclvenzie. A majority, however. applaud him for the act. The excellent mother of I tie wretched youth, is quite beside her-elf ; she was in feeble health, and this shocking event has made her quite delirious ; two physicians are constantly in attendance, and her ultimate recovery is even doubtful. The father is perfectly inconsolable, and is confined to his room. It has cast quite a gloom over political matters here. Young Perry reached here on Friday night with the news ; and Judge Upshur knew not how to break it to Mr. Spencer; at last he sent for Mr- Morris, the son-inlaw and private secretary of the Secretary at War, and through hini the sad intelligence was communicated. 1 ant semi-olficially informed that Judge Upshur will give no opinion on the matter till he hears lurther particulars. The following are all the new facts which I have been enabled to glean to-day from the papers in the possession of the Navy Department. The mutineers resolved to murder all but the surgeon As soon as and boatswain were arrested. Investigation was made, and the mutiny was found to he of an alarming extent. Lieut. McKenzie called his officers, and asked them what was to be done. A regular formal examination and Court martial was had, (which it issaid lasted two days) and all gave their opinion that it was necees ?ry for the safety of the ship and crew that the ringl-aders should be executed Due time was allowed them to prepare lor death, and they were all three swung up at the yardarm. Spencer adjusted the rope round his own neck, and was to give the death signal, but at the last moment his voice faltered. Before death. Spencer ami the other man (not Cromwell) confessed their guilty ami with their dying breath acknowledged the justice of their senteme. The plan of the mutiny was this:?The mutineers were to rise in the night in Speucer'a watch. They were to get up a sham fight on the forecastle. Spencer was to carry them aft, as it to report them to the officer on deck. They were to appear much excited, and then as if eager each to give his own version of the fight, crowd round the officer on deck, like the swell mob, put their hands over his mouth and throw him overboard. Whilst this was going on above, others weru to go below under the pretence of calling up Commander McKenzie and Lieut. Gansevoort, and stab them in the cabin, and if possible whilst they were asleep ?L _ I . l.? Aft...iUAn<vknJkA.nk..tAA.aJ in uicir ucniia. Aiiri inrccimu uccii uuitucicu, uic mutineers meant to load the quarter deck Runs with grape, point them down the hatches, and those who had not joined them, and held out, were to be shot down. The mutineers then meant, as you stated, to cruise off New York Harbor, stop the pactiet ships, now bringing a large amount of specie, murder all the males and old women, select the youngest and most beautiful females, ravish them, and retain them for wives, or as long as suited their hel l:sh passions, and alter plundering the ships, burn or sink them, so as to leave nc trace of their crime. These are the facts which I have derived from official documents now iu jiosjession of 'lie Navy Department here. An account will be published in the Government organ here to-morrow, hut I am certuin it will not differ in any im|>ortant po-ut, from this One of the two men fiung with Spencer had been a pirate, and the other a hand on board a slaver. This was their confession. Lieut. Gansevoort was an intimate friend of Spencer's fanulv, and was decided in putting them all to death. It may be soine time before a full official account is published from the Department. A Court of Inquiry will he ordered immediately. Dwight is on here lobbying to get the Warehouse ing Bill passed. He has no influence either in or out of Congress. His connection with the Custom House Commission destroyed all that. Signor Nagel had another brilliant audience at his last concert here to-night. Gov. Cass is anxiously expected here to-morrow. Rooms are taken at Gadsby's for Postmaster Graham of your city Alpha. Appointments by the President.?Greer W. Davis, Register at Jackson, Missouri, vice Frank J. Allen, whose commission will expire Dec. 24, 1842; Robert C. New-land, Register at Batesville, Ark., uire I-ewinR. Tullv. resinned: William S. Allen. Register at St. Louis, Mo., vice Nathaniel P. Taylor, removed ; Nicholas K. ^'rniih, Receiver at Springfield, Mo., vice John P. Campbell,resignsd. Stock. Sales at Philadelphia Yesterday. $41 67 State 6'a, IP 13, M){ ; lOflO Wilmington R R Loan, 67 ; 300 City 6ia, IB66.M ; 66 Union Bank.Tenn. 36. After Bj*rd?$600 Lehigh 6'?, Ib4S, 20j. SHIP NEWS. Philadelphia, Dec 10?Old W a*ahickoa, Webber, Canton; Despatch, Trldru, Aniigus: Ve per, LotlmiJ, St Kiffa ?t?l a market; Klin It Susan, Dyer, Krnga'on, Jem; Washington, Bishrp, Matauxas: prance*, Soule, NO.leans; J It W Krrickaon, Smith, Providence. Baltimore, Dee 19?Arr J W Paige, Tavlor, Boston; (anvd?. Bishop, (late Ki'xgerald, who remai ed on th- coast) fm the P-c.fic, via St Thomas aod Havana; Z.nob;a, Owena.Port au Prince; Mary Bright, Bright, Work. Alexandria, D*c 17?Arr Kdinburg, NYork. 9ld Virginia, Barbados ; Molar'. B >aton. (Jkorcietowis , DC. Dec 19?Arr L L Sturges, NYork: J N * Taylor, Salem. Cld Joseph, Newbury port. Sid Phebe Klixa, N'York. Bilumohd. Dec 17?Arr Altorf, Newjiort, Wale*. 8!d W K Bird, NYork; Narragansf It, Boston. Charleston, D c 17?Arr Mary Cole, Th >mpsnn, Barbadoea; H srriet, Pote, Portland. Cld Carolina, (Frero h) Gtllea, Hsvre; Fran e, Marshall, Liverpool, Tarqaia, Sparks, Porto RtcC; Firm, Thompson, Wrat Indies. Slu Oeeao, Wil ard, Liverpool; Narraganaet, Htstcbecho, Hsvre; Tramnnt, Chaae, NOrleans. Arr 16 h. Bell. Creole, (Fr) Oaillamaur, Point Petre, Ouad; Moscow, Carter, I'oitland; Mosea, Lovelaad, N York; Paul T Jo. es, Ireland, Plnl adelpli a; Tangier, Sparks, Prospect, Me. The Splendid, troin New York, touched off the bar yesterday, and proceeded South, Savannah. Dec 16?Arr Na hi Hooper, Candler, Charleston; Julia, Bennett. Providence; New tlanovsr, Cartv, Phrla.lelI his; Rabt B uce. Fitxg.rald, B Irimore: Wilson Fnl er.Cobb, S Ym k; Dodge, Koapii. do; I) B Keeler, Km iv, Thomas on.? Cld Di'houiie, (6r) NlcKill- r, Greenock; Othello, Albree, Liver|)ool; Cere. Ulan hard, "oston. Dahikn. Os Dec It?Arr Alin-UA, Aaliby, St Jcaeidr; lith, Prter Drtnill, L-vsis NYork Jar esontille, KF. Dc c 7?Air Chocuw, NYork. Apslaihicola, Die 1(1? Arr Alary fc Susan, Boat on; Trbe- ? nils, do: Allied, NYork; Swau, Mat- uxas.Hsrrii t. Proviih nee; Cumberland, St Domiueo; Peconic, aud Chiogaraia New MngtLK, Dec 11?Arr A'abamiaii, Lane, NYo-k; HeimitageBa ger, Portland; Nautilus Tewabu.y RoaWo; Brotheafc fc, to . Bsr*ad ?s; Barr ier, Arerv, New York. Cld Olof Wyk, Crresy Boaten. In the Bay, Dainociat. Howea, from B niton. P Omp(" m. ui m mm Havata, Dec ?lu port, Ouln*re, Cuahuig, from Bordeaux, juat art; Y rk. Merrill, lor flotlou, IJ*; Aleiio, for NOrltaaa, and oiiirra *? before. Ponr id Pbiwck, D c 4?In poit, r Airfi-ld, Smith, from New York, jaat *rr: Omar, Kendall, for lioilon, 8 ilaya; fcajidahoek, art 2d; Marblcnead, ni?K. BaaatDoKa, Not 29? Iu port, Joarph, for I'mUd-Iphia; Hope, for 84t Marlu. * America* Muiecm.? A poetical friend ha* handed ua the following line*. In addition to the wonder of which J they treat, there ia a fine display of day performance* in the Lecture Room at three o'clock thia afternoon Mr. Barnum, what next ^ We are aorely perplext To gucat what you now will be getting ; There'* your eilken hair'd barmaid, Your Oi;>*y and Mermoid, And now thia Tom Thumb you arc petting. The town'* in delight, At thia wonderful wight, Thi* manikin, pigmy monatioiity ; And General Thumb, Though much imallcr than aome, Will (till tie the great curioiity. A tailor but can Be the ninth of a man, Thia at leaat'i the opinion of aome ; But if it were ao, How hard would it go With him who make* coat*for Tom Thumb 7 Th? Bowery AMriiiTMratrk givea another aplendid performance thia evening. The low price* of admiaron to all part* of the Amphitheatre, except the firal tier, which ia reaerved for familica, i* the principal ciu?eof it* great popularity. The homo w?* den*ely thronged laat night in tho upper tier and pit , the drua circle being comfortably filled with all the gaiety, f.iehion and respectability of the city. In compliance with the reque*t of a number of head* of familiee, in order to indulge the juve * nala under their charge with a viait to the rircti*, an e* ra p rforroance will be given on Httur lav afternoon* in ' future. !

Other newspapers of the same day