Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 1, 1843, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 1, 1843 Page 2
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PORK llKRALl) Kuiulay, Jannnry 1, 1X43. t ok tiik Kkhblic.?The Unitei movements, is in a similar con eofeffervescence which precedei England in 1620-30?or that n France in 1790. Every element of society, thought religion, politics, morals, literature, trade, currency or philosophy, is in a state ot agitation, discussion transition.or change. Yet, from the institution of uni ver- .1 suffrage, and the perfect freedom ot thought and effort, no violence can take place?no collisioi of classes?no civil war?no insurrection?no bloot ?nothing hut good results. In politics, we have two great parties, and halt t dozen Presidential candidates, one ot which will b? elected in 1S44. In finance, we have hundreds ol solvent and broken banks?a restricted currencyvery low prices?plenty of provisions?and plenty ol debt. In private bankruptcy, probably 50,000 i?ersons have already taken the benefit of the act, and wiped out debts to the amount of S60,000,000. In religion, we have dozens of creeds?and a fresh revelation starting every year, oroftener. In morals, we have all sorts of ideas?and in literature, every thing in contusion?sceptical philosophy and materialism seem, however, to be gaining ground and jHipularity at every step. This is the most original and varied country under the sun?and none other is worth living in. Dissolution and Breaking up.?Noah and Beach, ot the Sun and Union concerns, have dissolved their short-lived connection, accord ing to our predictions. \'ouh announces in the Union of last eveninv bis withdrawal, and the stoppage of that concern. Beach, it seems, takes it off his hands, tries it for a short time as a morning paper, and will probably endeavor to change the Sun into the Union, or the Union into the Sun. Paul George and Barnabas Bates are with Beach in the new arrangement. Since the establishment of the Union the loss has been about #5,000. What Noah is to be engaged about, is uncertain. The Union is the filth or sixth newpapers that Noah has caused to kick the bucket. He is utterly unfit for any newspaper, and we really know not what to do with him. He had better set up an old clothes shop at once ; we will loan him $50 on the security of the Synagogue, to begin: What say, old fellow 1 Theatrical Movements?On Drrs, iVc.?Our theatrical and musical affairs, like the currency, trade, politics, religion, morals and literature, present all sorts of views, colors and complexions. Some are making money?some losing?some taking the benefit of the act?and some turning up the whites of their eyes. Mr. Braham, the prince of song for half a century, is here, accompanied by his son Charles, giving a series of winter concerts, before he leaves us lor good and all, next Tuesday, in the packet ship Cambridge, for Liverpool. Mr. Braham is the most remarkable man of the age. His voice is full, clear and sweet?his energies have all the racy freshness of youth?his health renovated by the change of climate?and his songs always received with great rapture and applause. His son, Charles Braham, has made a decided impression?and bids fair to be a chip of the old block. Their last concert will be given on Monday. The Seguins, Shrivall, and others are playing opera at the Chesnut street Theatre, with tolerable success. The immortal Hackett is preparing to visit the southland suck oranges. Forrest is at the Chatham. Booth has been at the Bowery?and the devil is busy in Wall street, as usual. Mrs. Sutton, and her little daughter, Emeline, have !>een singing with great applause at the winter concerts. But the greatest theatrical movement is yet to come. The legitimate drama"; has abandoned the Park Theatre, and a highly accomplished and intellectual troupe of horses, under the wonderful Welch, will open a Circus there next week. The negociation with Burton and Placide, ^to play the two Dromios, for one night, at $100 each, has ended in smoke. This is a revolution in the fortunes of the gr?-at metropolitan theatre, that made the ghost of J oia oooKe, who nas rieen tor many years sleeping quietly in St. Paul's church-vard, rise up the other night, and shake his locks at the Theatre. Professor Wilson, of Blackwood's Magazine.? It is said that this original litcratcur is now travelling inrog through the United .States, and that he was last seen in Boston and ^Jew York. From an article in the last Blackwood's Magazine on "Boz's Notes," this ondit would seem to be very probable. Book out forjhe "critter." New Brunswick.?The General Assembly has been dissolved, and a new election under the Quadrennial Act is to take place forthwith. Writs have been issued, returnable on the 14th January. Latest from Canada.?The bulletins issued at Kingston, by the physicians of Sir Charles Bagot, represent him to be in a very low state of health. The accounts from Kingston appear to be very contradictory; and it is, therelore, impossible to tell with any certainty how sick the Governor really is. At all events, Sir Charles is sick of Canada to the very heart. A proclamation in the official Gazette of Saturday last, prorogues Parliament to the 5th of February, and then not to meet for the despatch of business. Late from Jamaica.?We have received the Kingston Morning Joutnal to the 3d inst. We take from it the following news .? We learn that her Udvship. the Countess of Elgin, whose health has bee? completely re-established, is expected to be in >pai - own on Tuesday next. The Statnr Act h ?- o~. passed the Assembly, and is still before the < 'ounnl Whether thin bill will pass or not is doubtful The former will entail an expense of upwards < f forty thousand pounds; the latter was expected to yield a revenue of some thirty thousand pounds. European immigration is still the subject of discussion. Its necessity is advocated by one party, and denied by the other. The one is anxious that the immigran! townships,now in the course of erection, should be completed, and the people imported. The other would stay all further proceedings in reference to th< m, and apply the money in carrying on African immigra ion. How the Assembly will determine is questionable. Our opinion is, that European immigration would he beneficial, if the government would P'**tii: such rules and regulations to be formed, as wosjj com|iel them to remain in the mountains, un til they were acclimated. I tie f o'. iriy remains quiet, and the best feeling exists lieiw??n ihe three branches of the Legists Mir'-, iiim " "TVf we may saleiy aril all classes of its inhabitants. The seasons generally have been favorable, but the v,eHt|)pr jn ttowns has been unusually warm lor this period of (he year. In some localities, it has been rather rtr; una in Trelawny and Saint James, we learn the car^.? arv likely to suffer. unless some ram shortly lalls. Piom the former parish, a correspondent writes, "the weather has been drv to very drought, and the canes are very backward " Some very fine showers have recently tallen in Saint Catherine's and St. Andrew's. We trust the parishes first named, will be e<juallv favored before any considerable injury is sustained from the want of moisture. We stated in our last summary that the complaints which poured in upon us at one time respecting the want of lahor, hail gradually subsided, and were then scarcely heard. A correspondent, in our paper of the 28th ult , has not denied our statement, hut condemned it as calculated to mislead the British public, and given as a reason why complaints have < rased that the "proprietors are broken hearted, sullen, and tired of reiterating complaints to which no attention has been paid, and to which no relie i- brought " This may he one reason, but U cer uiiilyis not the only reason why parties have ceusei to complain. Various circumstances have conspit ed to produce the state of things alluded to by ui anil among these we may mention, upon the authoi :ty ! persons connected with estates, thai labor ha b? en leu* scarce than for some time previously. Ni:wv -Adams Ac Co. brought us Boston papei yesterday morning, ahead of every one. Fallen t! Copp came in with Albany |?pers soon after. The c-.i'te Harnden 9c Co. and then Pomeroy Jt Co.Tae latter run over the Houaatonic Railroad to A baity * Court of Knqulry on Board tile North Carolina. Third Dat?-Saturday, Dec. 31. _ The Court ?u called to order at the ufual hour, and j the minutes of the proceeding! of the previous day were read. j The cabiu was crowded with naval oHirers and citizens. 1 Mr. Wales was again called. < Commodore Siewart addressing him, said?You have > had some time to reflect since giving your testimony yea tertlay, have you any thing to add to your evidence yea? terday ? Walkb?Yes, sir, 1 wish to add about the difference of Cromwell's treatment of the boys. When we first went out he was very tyrannical to the apprentices ; having j no conversation with them at all, but keeping altogether j aloot from them, and when called upon to inflict punishment, would strike with all his might, as if pleasing to him : he would whip them hard, the smallest boy. as . though he were whipping a man. I have frequently heard Commander Mckenzie censure him for whipping ' so hard; he has ordered him to stop. Just previous to our [" arrival at Madeira, 1 noticed a sudden change in his manner towards the boys,making free with them, and playing with them I have heard Mr. Spencer tell ' the [" crew an.I the tioys that the Captain gave orders merely to fee the crew worked,that there was no necessity to take in sail, and make sail And when he was giving the toliacco that 1 spoke about yesterday to the men and the hoys,he would say, that it Capt. Mckenzie would not let them have it, he would accommodate them. By Capt. McKenzif.?Did you ever hear Commander Mckenzie reprove Cromwell "for cursing the boys? i A.?Yes, sir, frequently. He has sent for him aft and reproved him in my presence. By McKknzie ?Did you ever sec Sjieucer give money to any others but Cromwell and Small? A.?Ye*,to several. I car>X specify to w hom; hut I have seen him give a shilling and two shillings?throw thom down on the deck and let the boys scramble for the money ? I don't know if it would be of any interest to the Court, hut Cromwell and Small both told me they had been in slavers Com. Stswirt-We don't want that?confine yourself to the facts known to yourself. Mr. Hoffman, in reply to a question from Captain McKauzie, said he thought that any evidence relative to what was said by any of the crew wat properly admissible, if going to show the state of the crew. A. by Ji-dof Ai'vocatk?What were you going to say about Cromwell and Small? A.?That they told me they hail been in slavers; that Cromwell had been taken and carried to Havana,w here he was confined 111 Moro Castle, and was there some time, but was liberated by a womon who had considerable influence with the Governor of the Island. td- by Com. Dallas?Did he state what vessel captured him ? A?No. Q. by Capt. McKfnzif.?Did you, during Mr. Spencer's \ catechism, when ii|>on the booms, pause and observe whether he were in earnest! A.?Yes, I did, and found him very serious indeed. Q. by Capt. McKenzie?Can you report the oath admin- ' istered to you? A.?Not the words; it was merely that I was never to 1 reveal anything told me,so help me God, or some words like that. The JcniiE Akvocate remarked that all that was in the ' direct examination. Capt. McKenzie replied that he knew it was, but he ] Midled the questions put again in the present lorm. Q. by Capt. McKenzie?What was the state of the crew j as to good conduct and subordination between New York and Madeira ? A. Very good decipline indeed. After we left Madeira for Santa Cruz, we could see dissatisfaction?we noticed a j change, and it continued to increase up to the time that the men were executed. As quick as the execution took place there was a change?the most surly before, as I said yesterday, now went quickest to work. Q. by Capt. McKenzie.?Was there any motive to this ' conduct, as far us you could see,arising from any treatment | of the crew 7 A.?It was similar, precisely, the same rules and regula- 1 tions, and same duties to petferm, before and after reach- ] ing Madeira. Q. by Capt. McKenzie.?Did you ever see a list of those concerned in the mutiny,'as drawn up by Spencer ? A.?Has seen the list purporting to be that list, and saw 1 it the night it was taken out of Mr. Spencer's locker. Q. by Capt.McKF.NziB.?How did you observe sullinness in those who were in the list previous to seeing this 7 A.?I did in most ot them, and 1 think brought two or ' three of them up for insolence. At this time the master- ' ut-arms was sick and 1 attended to his duty ,und had charge ' of the berth deck. ' (i- by Capt. McKenzie.?How soon after your interview ' with Mr. Spencer,did you understand that the mutiny was 1 to be carried into eflect 7 ' A ?It was to go into operation shortly, before our ar- * rival at St. Thomas. * Q. by Jt'Dc.B Advocate?Did Cromwell tell you the time fl when lie was in a slaver ? 1 A.?No, he merely said he had been in one. 1 The evidence of Mr. Wales being read over to him, he ! was dismissed. Mr. Wales is a stout, good looking young 1 man, of rather an intelligent air. j Lieut. Gansevoort was the next witness called. He is > a very fine looking man, of athletic form, mild, agreeable ' countenauce, with more apparent intelligence than Capt. 1 ivicivenzie. Q?Were you on lioard the Somerg during her late ' cruise, and in what capacity 7 A.?As 1st Lieutenant?the only Lieutenant on hoaid. ' Q? Will you state the number, names and rank of the 1 officers on board 7 i A.?There were twelve :< Commander McEenzie, myself, Dr. Leycock, Turser Heiskill, Sailing master Perry, Midshipmen Henry Rogers, Kgbert Thompson, andC. H. Hayes, and Phillip Spencer, Acting Midshipmen Delande and Tillotson, Clerk O. H Perry. Q?How many men and apprentices were on board ? A?T am not sure?the Purser's roll will give the exact ' number. 1 Q.?When did you sail from New York 7 < A.?On the 17th of September. 1 Q.?At what time did you arrive at Madeira 7 t A.?The 4th or 6th of October ; I do not exactly remember. r Q ?On what day was the mutiny first revealed to you 7 A?On the J6th of November. ? Q?On what day was Mr. Spencer ironed 7 A.?Ontlieevening of the same day. r Q On what day was Cromwell and Small arrested7 a A?On the next day. t t| ?On what day were they executed! 1 A?On the 1 st of Dec. h Q?On what day did you arrive at St- Thomas! A?I think on the 5th. t Q.?Will you detail all the circumstances connected with this affair in your own way! A?On the morning, aliout ten o'clock, 1 met Mr <1 Wales by the fore hatch, who informed methat Mr. Heiskill wished to see me; I went and saw the purser, and he asked me if I was aware that there was a plot on board to take the vessel from the officers, and murder them; I replied that 1 knew nothing of that; he then related to m? what Mr. Wales had told him; that Mr Spencer had taken Mr. Wales up in the booms between the hours of 6 and 8 on the previous evening, the -45th, and then, after swearing him. had made known his plot; he told him that there were about twenty men concerned with him for the purpose of taking the vessel out of the hands ol the officers; the plan was to make a row on the forecastle, and that when the officer of the deck, Mr. Rogers, would go forward to see what was the matter, they would then seize him and throw him overboard; then they would go aft and enter the cabin, and murder the commander and the other officers. That is as much as I remember of what was then said; I did not indeed hear all he had to say, as 1 was anxious to make the matter known to the commander. He received the matter with a great deal of coolness, and expressed his doubts as to its truth, and remarked that the vessel was in good discipline." I asked him if I should see Mr. Wales myself, and get the story from him; he said no, he didn't wish me to say anything about it. <d.?Did he assign any reason for that 7 A.?I don't remember at this time that he did. He ordered me to keep a sharp lookout on Mr. Spencer and the craw generally, which 1 did ; at dinnertime 1 missed Mr. Spencer from the deck ; a little belore two o'clock, I discovered he was in the lore-top, and immediately went up there for the purpose of seeing what he was about. He was sitting on the lee side of the top, with his chin resting on his breast, apparently in deep thought. He did not ob serve me until 1 had got up in the top, and was standing erect. He raised his head, and as soon as he discovered me, exhibited some confusion. He asked me some questions alout the rigging aliout the foremast-head, which I answered in my usual manner. By Com. Stkwart?What rigging 7J A.?Something aliout the fitting of the lower shrouds, and something about the topmast stays. The lower rigging was fitted ditf?rently from any I had ever seen, f observed to him that as I came through the steerage, the dinner wu ready, ami all were there Out him, anil asked him if he did not dine I He said he didn't care about it just then. 1 came on deck then and left him in the top. I should think it was an hour alter when 1 discovered Oreen in the top with him, who appeared to lie engaged in pricking ink into the arm o( Spencer. The crew were employed in slinging clean hammocks, and I ordered Oreen down. Mi. s|nilewr put his head over the top rails, and Irom his manner, I judged that he wished Oreen to remain; I repeated the order, an.l then ordered Mr. Spencer to send any other man that might be in the top on deck ; Oreen came down immediately, hut Mr. Spencer remained in the top. By Com. Stkwart?The order was not for Spencer to come down ? A.?No Sirpthere were no others in the top: I saw none; when Oreen came down I ordered him to sling his hammock; he replied he had done so already. After this I went down the Jacob's ladder and observed Mr, Sjauicer sitting on it. He fixed his eye on me and kejil etaring at me far mure than a minute, with the mart infernal erpreition I hare erer teen upon a human fate, whi< h eatif He4 me of the mart's guilt. I repeated the circumstance to 'he c?nunan<]er, and said that 1 thought something should tie done immediately, in order to secure Mr. Spencer. He replied that he did not wish to do any thing hastily, but that they could keep a sharp look-out, and that by evening nuarters he would decide what was best to be done I think it was just before the drum beat to fjuarters that the Commander asked me what should he done, or what I would do were I in his place as commander of the vessel. I told him that I would lead that young man (si luding to Spencer) att and put him in irons, and keep him so. on the ipiarter deck. He told me that was the course he intended to pursue, or words to that effect. He also said he was very Ria l thnt I agreed with him. He beat to ( i;uarters, and after the men were mustered, he told me to ' ?, ,r . oltieert all,with the excejition of one, which I I did, leaving Mr. Rogers forward on the (o'cuntie. The Commander then addressed Spencer thus:?"1 understand , that you uspire to the command of this vessel, how you can arrive at it I do not know, unless by walkingover my dead body and those of my officers." 1 think Spencer said, l, " No, it's all a joke." The Commander said, " It is a very serious joke, sir, and one thai may coat you your life. Lio p yon deny that you have had frequent conversations with sun ill and others *' I thought Mr. Spencer appeared n little confused. He said, " No : it was all in joke." The I Commander asked him if he had a paper concealed in his rs nerk-handkerchief. It was then overhauled, but nothing foundinit. The Commander then ordered me to put him hi irons. I laid mj hand on the hilt of his sword, and distl armed him, and ordered him to come out from uinong the _ o'beers. He did so, and the armorer was ordered to bring up the irons; they were brought up,and the hand irons first I- put on. He rolled up his coat sleeves, as I presumed, to bare his hands tor the irons. When the hand irons were r put on, I asked him " he had any arm* concealed about him. He said he had not, hut he supposed 1 had better overhaul him. as I would not believe what he (aid. 1 searched hi"', hut found nothing but a tew acrapi of pa|>eT We beat ?bc retreat then, and the Commander ordered me 1 to arm iheolhoeraofthedeck with two pistols and acutlas; q the officers on the foVastle with one pistol and cutlai; or- ? dcra were alao given, that If Mr. Spencer attempted to make his escape, or communicate with any of the crew, ' to blow out hia brains. I told Mr. Spencer these orders, t Next day I had a conversation with one of the men, I g think in the morning, carpenter's mate, Dickinson, and the gunner's mate, King; I'm not positive, however, that " I had a conversation with them in the evening on which c Mr. Spencer was arrested, or next morning; the carpen- < trr's mate said that big fellow forward ought to be confined, it was dangerous to have him uliout; that is the idea; but the exact language 1 do not now recollect: I then ask- 1 e l to whom he allu led, and he said Cromwell, the boat- 0 swain's mate. What did you reply? 1 presume I did, but as I was constantly among the crew picking up what a I could, I cannot remember all the conversation t had.? v However, 1 w as lully impressed with what 1 heard then 0 and at other timesIrom Dickenson and King, that it was necessary for the safety of the vessel to have Cromwell e confined When he was, they seemed greatly relieved. Q.?Did they express any particular grounds for that p tear 7 A.?He once told Dickenson tnat he would not put a 1' single stick away that Dickenson was carrying to the boatswain's store room, and when Dickenson told him 0 that it belonged to me, Cromwell said he didnt care a d?n. It was, however, put there and allowed to remain. As he was coming up, Cromwell said, "I'll pay you for y this before long?'' On the attemoon of the-.27th, I heard ,, the officer of the deck call out "belay," "belay," seveial times, and I heard the Commander repeat the order; 1 was u then in the ward-room. 1 looked up the hatchway and a found the main royal-mast gone. 1 immediately went on c deck, when the Commander ordered me to take charge of w the deck. Looking aloft, I saw Cromwell, Small, Wilson, (> ildeman, and others whom I suspected to be engaged in p this plot, about the masthead and in the cross-trees.? n Tliey did not appear to be very active in clearing away a the wreck. Cromwell, who was usually very noisy on ti such occasions, was not heard at all. It appeared as if tl they went aloft more for conversation than work. I men- (i tinned these suspicions ot the men to the Commander. In fi a short time after, the Commander said to me that he c thmnrht it nnc.esnrv to confine Cromwell. Mv ninJ mm ? carried liack to many occurrences before this thing had h become known, which I never could account far till 1 Ci heard of the plot; such us Spencer's absent manner. I re- di collect in Madeira too st Judge Advocate?Did you communicate this to the ai Commander' c A?No, Sir, these were my reasons for agreeing with B him. si Judge Advocate?Well, then,go oi> with the narrativo, o and we can hear these reasons afterwards. si Witness?I was going to order Cromwell, down, but ft the Commander told me not?to wait till he himself came tl down, and then to say that the Commander wished to see ai him. As soon as he came on the Jacob's ladder I cocked t< my pistol and pointed at him; when he got on deck I told ei him theCaptain wished to sea him; when he came in he tl ordered him to sit down; I don't recollect the exact words tc he addressed to him, but he said there were a great many c; suspicions about him and it was necessary to confine him; ef was told to confine him in the same way as Mr. Spencer: o the Commander told him that he would be taken home and g tried by the laws of his country?that if innocent, he si would be acquitted, if guilty he would be punished; he ci replied, "but sir, I assure you 1 know nothing about it."? st The Commander then said to me something about Small, si asked me if it would not be proper to confinehim; I told g him that 1 thought it would, and he then to order v him in irons, l'retty much the same conversation took ai place between the Commander and Small as between him w and Cromwell. The Commander told him that he would tc be confined as the other two prisoners and brought home ai for trial; Small did not deny talking with Mr. Spencer S about theplot;it struck me that heconsidered his confine- t\ ment to be all right. [The witness remarked that it was st impossible for hint to give the exact words of the nutner- it otis conversations which he heard and took part in, but k he wished to give the tacts.] Before the arrest of these famen the officers had been armed and stationed around the oi mainmast; on the 29th, as I think, Wilson, McKinley, m M'Kie and Green were confined. si Q?What led to their confinement? dA?Wilson had a knife in his bag which he got on the c< Coast of Africa; a dirk it was; I came up and found King w and Dickenson conversing on the lee side of the main- lo mast; King said "has Wilson drawn two or three knives c< from the store room lately ?" I told him none that I knew of; he said that he "had heard he had several knives in st his sail-bag, and I think it would be a good plan to overhaul it; he has had his bag at the after part of that gun g( near where Mr. Spencer is, all day, and a knife hid away ^ in the riggingof the gun, which ho thought was for the (]a vurpose of putting in the hands of Mr. Spencer."? M overhauled his sail-bag, but found no other knife 0| nit this. [The knife was here produced and laid on he table. It is an African dirk, with a leather co cabbard ] It had been recently sharpened. I recol- ge ect seeing a simliar one in the possession of George lamen while on the coast of Africa; it was, however, lomewhat different in shape, and was not so sharp; King said, "in my opinion, sir, you have the d?d fool on the larboard side, and the d?d scoundrel or rascal on the star- H voard." Small and Cromwell were both on the starboard q lide, and I said, " You mean Cromwell," though I was pretty well satisfied who he meant at the same time- He said 1? 'Yes, sir, he is the most dangerous man on board the th ship." Something else may have passed between us, but I don't now recollect; 1 had several conversations with the men, with King and Dickeson, Running, a boatswain's ^ mate, and Anderson, the captain of the forecastle, and they ^ all agreed that Cromwell was a dangerous man. p,Q?In any of these conversations did you ask these men ^ what they knew about the mutiny? i A?Yes, sir. Q?Well, what did you find? A?That Cromwell and Spencer had been very intimate; 1 also heard from them ubout the sail-bag and the ^ knife concealed; King also told me that he thought there ^ was a collection of arms concealed in the store room, hut ^ >n overhauling it 1 found nothing; I collected all the p. nonkey tails, holy stones, and marling spikes, and had ^ hem placed in the store room, carefully secured. Q.?Were any others of the crew, apprentices or sea- pj, nen, implicated then, as far as discovered? A?No, 1 believe not; but King and Dickenaon told mj hat they believvd that all the older boy* were. When the examination of Lieutenant Ganssvoort had cached this stage, it was near a o'clock, and Com. Stew, rt directed the Judge Advocate to have his testimony read gj o Lieut. Gansevoort, in order that he might approve it. pe' 'his was accordingly done, and the hour of adjournment ad then arrived. Commodore Str.wart then said that he adjourned the qr ;ourt till half-past eleven o'clock on Tuesday next. gr Com. Dallas?Will you not sit on Monday? pe Com. Stewart?Do you not recollect that that is a holy- ^ ay ' We cannot sit on that day. g. The Court accordingly adjourned. q, "Father Oswald, a genuine Catholic Story." ?Casserly and Sons, 108 Nassau-street, pp. 304, in 12mo.?Among the numerous candidates for the fa- Li vour of the reading community, we have here an able answer to the long popular " Father Clement." Se Is there any one in this community fond of reading about the scarlet Lady of BabyloD, who has not Ri read " Father Clement 1" We unhesitatingly an- Al swer, not one. Well, is it not just, right, and equitable, that we should hear what his opponent has to say 1 What sayest thou, Parson Miller i ai Friend Brownlee, hast thou yet sounded the depths of "Father Oswald!" At him, old boy, and take ^ him to pieces in thy next no-popery sermon. The dear creatures of the gentler sex, can read the work with pleasure, as it is elegantly bound in Turkey morocco,'for the holidays. C< John Anderson's Concert an* Ball.?This is ^ a deserved compliment to a worthy old citizen, c Some of the gentlemen who have volunteered their A services for the concert, are the same who lent their aid [on a former occasion, and are acknow- Ir ledged the first amateurs in the city. Austin Phil- 'K hps is a host in himself, and the gentlemen of the Ii committee are a sufficient guarantee for the'enjoyment of a most delightful evening's entertainment. 8 Russell's Planetarium. Mr. Editor Sir ;? I had ihe pleasure last evening of seeing this won- 9 derful production of native American genius. The invention of the steam engine has always been, and a is to this day looked upon as a wonderful piece of human ingenuity. And truly so. But this invention of Mr. Russell's is equally, if not a much greater piece of human art. By this wonderful ma- t chinery, the Sun, Moon, and all the planets are set in motion, each planet revolving in its own orbit in the most perfect and beautiful order. It is utterly , impossible'for any one to give a written description of this modern invention, so that it could be at all understood. It must be seen, ami I am sure no American can look upon it without feeling proud of i his countryman, who has, in this great work, ac- 1 complished what no other nation on earth has. In this particular instance of human invention we can proudly boast of being ahead of the whole world. Our government should never permit this instru- , ment (if 1 may so call it) to leave the country, or its inventor to go unrewarded It ought to fie looked upon as a great national pride, and it will bejust j so soon as it is seen by men who know how to appreciate it. Would it not be well for the power at Washington, who are about to purchase instruments to he placed in the new building about being erected there, lor scientific purposes, to see this great invention, and report their opinion of its merits! 1 It is to be seen at the American Institute in the Park. A Citizen. Chatham Theatre.?A very crowded and fashionable audience cordially received Mr. Fori est ^ last eveninn. lie apfiears to morrow mitht in his biiihly popular character of " Metamora." A day lierformance, commencing at half-pant one, is also announced lor Monday, in celebration of New Years' day, and a rich lot of entertainments are offered for the occasion. The Chatham has far out- 1 stripped all coai|>etitorn in the race for public favor ?indeed, the wonderful zeal, enterprise and talent displayed at this popular establishment, could have occasioned no other result. Where neither lahor nor expense are spared in the production of novelies, there it is that the public are sure to bestow their liberal patronage r r 1 City Intelligence. y Important Atmrr.?On the 8th of Dece?bet,T">e ftore hi f Sidney P. Ingraham,of 123 Fulton itreet, wu entered ?i iy false key*, and lixteen common mufls *tolen, a* also a ^ [iiantity of beaver and other cloth, valued at near $300? Notice was given to the police at thetime, and also that ? he store of J. Sheldon 8c Co. 41 William itreet, wai en- fi ered in the same manner on the 2Cth of November, and n fly plaid shawls stolen, valued at $300; twelve black wa- 11 cred long shawls at $30; and Cotton and silk handker- ^ hiels, and women's black silk hose, PtC. worth above r 100. r On the 10th of December, the store of Herman Griffin, r 11 Nassau st., was also entered by false keys, about 6 1 'clock inthe evening,and titty brass gilding stamps,valued v t $2 each, and three and a hall' packages of gold leaf, | i'orth $7 per package, stolen, and the premises then set j( n fire, the flames of which were discovered and quench- h d by the city watchmen. d On the 24th of December, the store of James Shaw, 269 l| earl street, was also entered in the same manner, and two j: ieces of black cassimere stolen therefrom. }J On the night of the 2<Jth of December, the clothing store (I f McGrath 8c Thorn, was broken into by one of the inner v oors being forced, and 67 yards ot Cashmerette, and 27 v ards of silk velvet carried away. The same night the '' aper manufactory of Henry V. Butler, 74 John street, ,-as entered by false keys, and a black cloth dress coat nd pair of pants, belonging to Abraham J.Van Winkle, a v lerk in the store, were stolen, and the building set on fire, r hich lortunately extinguished itself. p All trace of the burglars who had committed these deredations was unsuccessful, until Thursday last, when a ti lan who had offered some cassimer for sale at Newark, at .] price tar below cost, was detained on suspicion, and no- <ce being given to officer Bowyer, of the lower police, in lis citv, he went to Newark, and after examining the unk that was in possession of the suspected man, and H nding a number of muffs in it, which answered the des- ti ription of those stolen from the store of Mr. Ingraham, il f 123 Fulton street, he arrested him, and searching fi is pockets, he lound a number of pawn tickets g Detaining the name of Samuel C. Ackerman, giving evience of property pawned at Simpson's, 25 Chatham reet. The man arrested rave the name of John Becroft, nd stated that he resided in Vandewater street, in this J! ity. These premises were then searched by officers owycr, Gil Hays, Fallon, Tappan, and Kellinger, who e icceeded in recovering the velvet stolen from the store fl f McGrath and Thorn, the black cassimere from the v lore of James Shaw, and a quantity of the gilders'stamps v on the store of Herman Griffin, and other articles, where f, rey had been pawned, all of which have been identified i. s stolen from the above stores. On onenina a trunk said ) belong to the man who called himself Samuel C. Ack. ' rman, Bowyer discovered a Daguerreotype likeness of ic gentleman whom he recognised as one Charles Mars- P >n, an old acquaintance. Finding that he had left the t; ity, Bowyer took passage for Philadelphia on Thursday ii veiling and stationed himself at one of the front windows ti f the United States Hotel in Chesnut street, with the Da- 0 uerreotype likeness of his man within reach. He had v larcely taken his position before Mr. Ackerman, as he t ailed himself, appeared in sight, and out rushed Bob to . icure his prize. The iellow made fight, and drew a 9 mall i>ocket .pistol in order to defend himself. Bowyer J1 rabbed the weapon with such iorce as to cut his hand se- '> eruly with the hammer, but finally mastered the burglar, e nd searching his pockets, found a mate to the pistol, hich was loaded to the muzzle. Bowyer brought him c i this city on Friday night by the Pilot line, and upon ex- j| munition yusterday, he was recognised by Joseph 0 impson,of Chatham street, as the person who had pledged vo of the black watered loBg shawls, stolen from the ore of F. Sheldon &. Co. 41 William street, on the night was entered. Becroft is an Englishman, and denies all q nowledge of the burglaries, although he confesses that e had offered the goods for sale for Marston. Ackerman r Marston, the name by which he is better known, de< ies nor confesses nothing except that he "intended to [' loot Bowyer, and would have done it," as he says, "if the I' d pistol had not missed fire." '1 he men were both s immitted last evening for examination, and other persons n ho have lost property may identify it by applying to the p wer Police Oftice for information from either of the ofli- |j irs above named. Another Charoe ofBurolarv and Arson?Notwith- a anding there have been already eight or ten charges of M irglary and arson brought home to the black rascal, e en slater, and his white accomplice, John Motfatt, alias . 'illiams, now in prison, yet another was added yester- {J ly afternoon, through the exertions of officers Sparks '* id McOrath. The lust is the silver plating manufactory a Wm. E. Lyon, 198 Grand street, which was entered on t< e night of thellst of December, and a green cloth dress t< at, valued at $16, stolen therefrom. The store was then tl t on fire,but was fortunately extinguished without much :< image. The coat was found in possession of Slater when .i ! was arrested. , j Criminal Courts.?We are indebted to the politeness o| ( enry Vandervoort, Esq., first Clerk of the Courts of [< yer and Terminer [and General Sessions, for the fol- b wing statement of the convictions, acquittals, &.c., in 0 ,ese courts, during the past year :? '/ Oyar and Terminer. ' Convictions. Acquittals. ! urder, 2 3 rson in the first degree, 1 a orgery in the third degree, 2 P eceiving stolen goods, (scienter,) 1 v ibal, 2 e ? --a 7 4 general Seisiom. ,1 ianslaughter in the fourth degree, 8 ssault anil battery, with intent to kill, 3 ayheim, 1 k ape, 3 n rson in the second degree, ] e obhery in the first degree, 6 1 lrglary in the first degree, 7 4 y Do do second do. 10 4 Do do third do. 33 ]4 tempt to commit burglary, 3 irgery in the second degree, 15 13 Do do third do 7 j [)( gamy, 1 1 rj?ry, 3 2 >andoning child in public highway, 1 iceiving challenge to fight a duel, 1 and Larceny, 71 36 nbezzlement, 1 tit Larceny. 4S 11 tempt to commit petit larceny, I teeiving stolen goods, (scienter,) 7 7 taining goods by false pretences, 3 4 inspiracy, 1 th mnterfeiting U. S coin (misdWr ) a m suring numbers drawn in a lottery, 4 1 bel, 8 1 at iblishing obscene papers, 12 th loting without license, 1 lling unwholesome meat, 1 I1 usance, 2 J, eping disorderly houses, 16 6 ot, 6 1 . isault and battery, 73 46 R 347 168 c Sfecial Sessions. tit Larceny, 744 138 Ci isault and battery, 387 33 ii 1031 171 H umber of trials in Oyer and Terminer, 12 * Do do General Sessions, 474 .. Do do Special Sessions, 1119 ^ Total, 1606 onvictions in Oyer and Terminer, 7 C cquittals do do 4 p onvictions in General Sessions, 347 o cquittals do do 164 A onvictions in Special Sessions, 1031 n cquittals do do 171 p Total, convictions and acquittals, 1724 ulictments found by Grand Jury during the year, 900 11 omplaint* dismissed do do do 294 .)< ecognizances to answer returned do do 1814 1; idictments discharged by settlemont and nol. prm. ] during the year, 173 p Males. Ftmalss. c entenced to be executed by Court of Oyer and Terminer?(one com muted to imprisonment for life by the Executive ; the other committed suicide)? 2 t ientenced by th<: Court of Oyer and Terminer to State Prison, 1 t Do do County Jail, 1 j lentenced by the General Sessions to c State Prison, 136 15 I)o do Penitentiary, 43 6 ) Do do City Prison, 27 3 ' lentenced by the Special Sessions to 1 the Penitentiary, 461 101 < Do do City Prison, 136 50 \ Hoys. Girls. t Sent to the House ot Refuge by the Court of General Sessions, 10 2 Do do Special Sessions, Mi 7 Aggregate account ol time of parsons sentenced to State ' frison, 642 years and 7 months. ; Number of prisoners discharged by Court of General Sessions, 167 '' Dr do do Sjiecial Sessions, 376 542 Number of complaints not acted on by the Grand Jury, principally for assault and 11 battery, during the year, 670 ' Number of complaints settle!! before indict- w ment, 35 h li Bankrupt List. n SOUTHERN DISTRICT OK NEW YORK. 'J Jamn* Tuthill, Riverhead, merchant, Sullolk Coun- r y ' William Ogden Mills, N. Y., agent. r Davi.l nullum, N. Y., merchant. b Stephen Holt, N. Y., victualler. Uriah Gregory, Poughkeepsie, freighter, DutcheaCouny, ft Creditor* of Jamo* Myer*, merchant, and Ne7.ml1 c Vright, engraver, N. Y. A Thoma* Cook*, N. Y. A Wm. B. Jessup. d Creditor* ol Sarnl. C. Mott. MoaesC. Brown. John F. E. Nickol*. OCf- We know of no place where *0 much rational en- I ortainmo.nt can Iks afforded for *11 amall a *um a* at tile I New York Museum. Nnlli*, horn without arm*, perform* 1 hi* wonderful feat* ; Jenkin* is highly diverting with hi* <1 humorous stories, song* and banjo playing; Diamond'* c lancing is too well known to need comment ; Young, on 1 the wire volantc, is really wonderful. The ?plendid ! phyicoramic scenes, ploture gallery, dresses ol Qseen I Victoria and the Duchess of Kent, he., all to he soen for t one shilling. < id favorably known as one of our sweetest ana ? lost fanciful poets, will repeat in the course of a few irenings, the address which he delivered on Saturay evening last before a most respectable and in lligent audience, at Concert Hall, Broadwav, on the poetry of temperance," a subject peculiarly De tted for his brilliant mind. As Mr. W. is about to epeat this discourse, we will offer a few observaions on it, less, however, to do to the speaker the jstice which he deserves, or to bring more promi- > wntly belore the public his literaty reputation, al- shi eady so widely appreciated, than to admonish our eaders not to neglect this opportunity of hearing a ? '? eloquent orator on a mosi fascinating subject, ru*" ->sition and style of this address, which an inecompv a |ajr criterion for opinion, are W) ye assume too. '?abounding in the gorgeous ich, florid and fanoitu. the caw, with |*>et- 1 e magery which, (asm (ooseiu. -illustration, and ?n L-al speakers) is always true in iu>. oonal than M lasthe happy effect of appearing more ra,. Th,s Iramatic, more collateral than ornamental. . | ^ lis mechanism ol diction, is admirably adapted i. *'a he subject, and brightened through the discourse in * ine keeping, from first to last. When to this we tht dd the intrinsic ability, the thorough knowledge, ani he vigorous mental graspw ith which lie treated his rell-selected materiel, and the lofty philosophical B'lf iews in which lie presented it. we hesitate not to F>' ronounce Mr. Wallace one of trie most accomplish- tin d orators of the day, and as fully sustaining the mj ank acceded to hint by those who have heard him. Some passages in the discourse alluded to, which SU! fe annex, will justify these remarks, and give the do eader some idea of the ground we havej for ex- thi ressing them. , Mr. W. suid hundreds have attempted the definiion of poetry. _ The Greeks, I think, have given us lie best. Their words for poet mean the creator 101 ?f ?i,? i.Uo,.t;r,.i c.,ki;mo TUn oetry is a creation?a creation of the beautiful and ? lie sublime. Even in its lowest efforts?combina- & ions?it is inventive; and when it ascends higher, foi t seems endowed with a divine power?calling up Cm rom the invisible forms of light, loveliness and lory: framing a world whose soil would not stain ( lie foot of the most radiant essence. 1 speak it hi everentially when 1 say that the architect of the joi uiverse is a poet?the first?the greatest poet?the Ireator, whose thought, beautiful and sublime, is jj( xpressed in the material around us ; in man?the lower?the river?the ocean?the mountain?the tj1( oleano? the heavens?the stars?the systems of rorlds, that stretch on and on, throughout the aw- ca uI and unbounded fields of space. They are his inguage?his words?spoken by the lipsofomni- Cf) otence and transcribed on the tablets of eternity." Again, alluding to the unwritten "poetry of tern- T erance," Mr. W. eloquently observes: "It nasbeaa- c y?it has sublimity?it has truth?it has order. It j i never soiled, marred, or disarranged by any an- c agonistic principle. Its loveliness is the loveliness t f sobriety. Its grandeur is the grandeur of Him of rho is shrined in the serene splendor of eternity.? for jet our hearts be thrilled by its music?let our souls . 1 e exalted by its majesty?let our natures be puried by its spotless aspect! So that we may feel all its eauty and all itsglory?let us, in our own life-po- of ms. imitate it." ca, The intended repetition of this fine production of orrpels us, in justice to Mr. W. to intrench no fur- ka lier on it at present, but hope to return to it at an th? pportunity more favorable and justifiable. ri* New York, Dec. 30,1842. Te 7o the Editor of tiie New York Herald? shl Sir:? or As your paper seems to be about the only one in his country that has the courage to speak out fear- ap] ssly in cases of injustice and oppression, I am, as a te? tranger, induced to apprise you of the following, to shi le, apparently very avaricious proceeding on |the th? art of the Post Office authorities of this city. I trij ave lately arrived in this country from England, ' nd had a letter from thence enclosed in an envelope, 1 ccording to the common usage of that country, for g rhich a demand of forty cents was made. Having an"( een very unfortunate since my arrival here, in only tri< eing able to obtain very partial employment, and is l aving a very large family to provide for, this, rit< s y?u may imagine, was to me a very serious sum Te 3 have to pay for a letter?and, indeed, I was obliged fcr" 3 let it remain until I was fortunate enough to oh- JV" lin a lew days employment, before 1 could redeem t. 1 offered, as I considered, very fairly,'to allow th( he Post Office authorities to break the seal, and it th< here was not any correspondence on the envelope, nu which I consider could alone constitute it a double dei ;tter), that I should only pay for it as a single sheet; mi ut was told, in a very off-hand manner, that I could ms nly get it by j aying the forty cents. As I have no oubt that from the common practice in England of ransmitting letters in envelopes, there are many ersons similarly circumstanced, who can as ill af- wj ord as myself to pay so large a sum for their letters, Tm nu as i perceive inai an alteration in me rates 01 ve ostage are now under consideration, I trust you Gi /ill apply your universally-conceded powerful intlu- 1,0 nee to a matter of so much moment to the middling ?r nil poorer classes of the community. Do you, sir, consider that'the authorities, under tr[ he circumstances, were justified in demanding the < ouble letter postage. If not, will you have the jlI( indness to state in what manner I am to proceed to ud< ;cover back the overcharge! I have preserved the ap nvelope. sai With many apologies for trespassing so long upon l'e our valuable time, I am, Sir, fer Your obedient servant, a T sai A Typo. rel Answer.?According to the law, two pieces of dis tper, always pay double postage.? Ed. Herald. Baltimore, [Correspondence of the Herald.J lilt Baltimore, Dec. 29,1842. thi! is. Gordon Bennett, Esq.? th? Dear Sir:? The present week has been a very dull one? ,,u ere is no business doing of any consequence. This orning about day break, it commenced snowing, an. id about eleven, A. M. the snow ciianged to rain ; ten lis made the walking very disagreeable, conse- |^r lently every one who can possibly remain within su< oors, does so. Mr. Max Bohrer was here on Tuesday,and gave a "ai oncert on the evening of that day, assisted by Mr. j0 | .akemann, the pianist. I did not attend the con- nie ert, but presume it was patronized by our most se- ex| ict people. There are two different sets of con- shi ert goers in Baltimore; the 50 cent set, *vh? delight l amateur singing and military music; and the #1 er ticket, who patronise the first class of musicians, tw nd nothing else?the latter set patronise Caradori Mi illen, Shireft, Braham and Nagle, which proves Ai leir taste is decidedly more improved than the let ther. til. Soma of our newspapers here are decidedly criti- th< al and unique in their notices of music and musical stt erformunces; one of them the other day, speaking ha f the playing of Mr. Bohrer, asserts that he is the f0i nost celi brated performer on "his particular instru- p0 nent," that has ever visited this country. I wonder Se low he found it out. Mr David Paul Brown is here and jectures to- th light before the Sunday School Association?sub- p? ?ct?Christian Charity and Value of Time. On w ast Tuesday evening he lectured to the Mercantile sa library Association on 8hakspeare. Thp best lec qu ure on Shakspeare that I know of, is to get his play ha if M;n beth and read it. se Our young men have a ball to-night for the benefit tir d the |>oor. They deserve success. Any thing to J0 ielp the poor along at this season, deserves encour- Hi nemeat, and must have it. We received Governor Thomas' message yester- dii lay On perusal of it, I find the State of Maryland Ri s most awfully in debt. The Governor recommends lev ral rescinding measures, and attributes the pre- w lent state of affairs to the mania that prevailed a 'ni' years back for internal improvements. The tl|| ialtimoreans may make whatever railroads or ,>v inn.ils they choose, but they never can com|>ete irith New York, Boston or Philadelphia, in point of Va rade and commerce?that is one thing certain. j)( Collection of City Taxes.?Amount collected ty ast year, up to the 1st January, about $150,IKK).? fol Vmount collected this year, $750,843 32. Yesterlay, over $140,IKK). g0 Board of Supervisors. Dec 31.?'The Board met in pursuance of the call. A1<1. ^ ' hulerweod stated the otyect otthe meeting was to prof tire ,ni rom the legislature the pmsuge of a law, correcting the cy i?' respecting the collection ol taxes in this city -which 111; ire published a day or two since. He read a law which as e had prepared, e-sentially the same as the one we pub Ui .hanging Nnvrmtirr" to " Kehruarv n.-rp'ol Ux' " P"Jrab,e on tbe 20th of February for lludcd to a'i f n" ""J" art'cle nP?n ,hr BU,,J?,ct fu nt lo cbn^ i ''1 tbo,,?ht ? b?<l"'te .ufhci- ,hf iw a. it nnS ?il a wo^' November to February,in the ?f il in on I ! lubject WM dl.CU.aed by ?CVCthe article referred to in the Herald emrace. all the prominent point.. I he ?iit)ject wbh laid on the table. Alter some further diacuiaion the atibject wan taken tip te; Ram, anil atih.tantially pa.ard the Board. Coun.ellor toi raham and Ahlerman Leonard were ap|>ointed to go to |)H Ubany, to procure the proponed amendment, of the law. ?r, ill pained tinaninaotiily?ordered to he printed in allthe a. nily paper.. . Homo other bu.iue.a wa. done,and the Board adjourned. QCf- We learn Irom good authority,that at the earne.t *o- PJj it i tat ion of many of the firat famllie. in New York,(fen. ()|) Pom Thumb, Jr., the wonderful dwart, compared with |r( vhom - a., an eminent writer ju.tly remark., all other t|r Iwarf. are gianta?ha. con.entrd to gratify the curo.ity pa ilthe public foroneday longer, and will con.equently ecelve New Year', call., to morrow, at the American 'j? Hu.eum; where Barnum, anticipating the ru.h that mint ' 111 hi. .aloon, ha. made magnificent preparation, to en- pr ertain hi. patron. with twelve diatinct performance., in commencing at ten o'clock. tli / >Y THE MH i HKKJN MAIL. AMhlngton. [Corrsipoudeuce of the HeitliL] Washington, Friday Night, Dec. 3(), 1842. ar Sir :? \ i rh?re really is little of interest to write about to K *i t ?ht. It was expected that the Hon. Thomas F. Mar ill would .-peak to-day in the House, on the bank [it bill, and in opposition to Mr. Clay and hi: i ,, ; white Charlies." The galleries were crowded!, d there was a splendid display of ladies; but ift is private bill day, and the House reluaed to sus(nd the rules. The morning hour was occupied i a question of privilege, relating to an enquiry by | r. Sprigg concerning the abuses in the light house i stem. Mr. Pleasanton, the Filth Auditor, had j tly given the lie to Mr. S. in a communication to' ' nine. Mr. SprigR brought it before the House, ' ' members spoke and sustained him, and 8evenu ' to members on the part of the >ke of insolence thot tUm Ith Auditor. Mr. Pi% , 11 . ,, ... "* frauds had been coinle he Could prove that grot. . _, lT j . i- ... j _ "'ent. The House tted in the lighthouse departn. Vf, . .. , itainedMr. Sprigg and struck the hi. cumentfrom their files, and records. TLu * ;n went into privaM* business, and the balance ; day was taken ul1 by a bill for the reliel of Thos. :Golding, which was carried, and the House wiirned. In the Senate a bill was passed for the relief of tie eaniboat Company of Nantucket. Mr. Linn's till the occupation of the Oregon Territory was rthssed and passed over informally ; a message was :eived Irom the President, and the Senate spnt If an hour in Executive Session, and then idirned till Tuesday. The message from the President laid before the ?use our relations with China, and recommealed ; appointment ol a resident official functioiary ?re, and also one at the Hahanta Islands. As Mr. Linn's bill is likely to be passed, anl to use some trouble between this country and CVeat ^ itain, I send a copy, correcte<>, as reported front the mmittee, with amendments. Here it is:? A BILL authorize the adoption of measures for the occupition ind settlement of the Territory of Oregon, for extendng certain portions of the laws of the United States >ver the same, anil for other purposes. Vhereas, the title of the United States to the Terrlory Oregon is certain, and will not be abandoned.. Uere?, So it enacted by the Senate and House of Representsesof the United States of America,I in Congress a?em- * id. That the President of the United States is herely auirized and required to [take possession of the Territory the United States bordering on the Pacific ocean, and J use to be erected, at suitable places and distances, a line military posts from some i>oint en the Missouri and -Armas rivers into the best puss for entering the valley of \ i Oregon; and also,at or near the mouth of the Columbia er. i rhat six hundred and forty acres, or one section of land , all be granted to every white male inhabitant of said , rritory, of the age of eighteen years and upward, who j ill cultivate and use (he same for fir* consecutive years, ' his heir or heirs-at-law, if such there be, in case of hir . ease. , . Phat the President is hereby authorized and required to j > / [>oint two additional Indian agents, with a salary of [flf- y n hundred] two thousand dollars each, w hose duty it , ill be (under his direction and control) to supuriiitend ) interests of the United States with any or every Indian be west of any agency now established by law. rhat the sum of dollars be appropriated, out any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, J carry into idled the provisions of this act. lection d. And be it further enacted, That the civil-1 1 criminal jurisdiction of the supreme court aitd dis;t courts of the Territory of Iowa, be, and the s.tme lereDy, exieiiueu over uitu pan 01 lue iuuihii icr? ories lying west of the present limits of the said: , rrltory of Iowa, and south of tho forty-ninth de-, se of north latitude, and east of the Rocky mountains, i { i north of the boundary line between tho U. States and i republic of Texas, not included within the limits of y State; and also, over the Indian territories comprising i Rocky mountains and the country between them and ^ s Pacific ocean, south of fifiy-four degrees and forty mites of north latitude, and north of the forty second grce of north latitude; and justices of the peace ly be appointed for the said territory, in the same inner and with the same powers as now provided law in relation to the Territory of Iowa : Prmidtd, lat any subject of the Government of Great Britain, to shall have been arrested under the provisions this act for any crime alleged to have been committed thin the territory westward of the Stony or Rocky luntains, while the same remains free and open to the isels, citizens, and subjects, of the United States and of 'eat Britain, pursuant to stipulations between the two wers, shall be delivered up, on proof of his being such itish subject, to the nearest or most convenient authoris, having cognizance of such otlence by the laws of .. eat Britain, for the purpose of being prosecuted and ed according to such laws. Sec. 3. And lie it further enacted, That two associate lges of the Supreme Court of the Teiiitorv of lown.fu dition to the number now authorised by law, shall bo pointed in the same manner, hold their offices by Ihe ne tenure and for the same time, receive the same cannsation, and possess all the powers and authority onred by Jaw upon the associate judges of thi said terri- ' y; and two judicial districts shall be organised by (he d Supreme Court, in addition to the existing "erence to tho jurisdiction conferred by this act; Ind trict courts shall be held in the said districts by on? of ; judges of the Supreme Court, at such times ami pliCeg the said court shall direct; and the said district ooirts ill possess all the powers and authority vested in the isent district courts of the said Territory, and may, in e manner, appoint their own clerks, Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That any justice of i peace, appointed in and for the territories describid in r ! second section of this act, shall have power to ciMsn offenders against the laws of tho United States thbe ested by such persons as they shall appoint for lhat V, rpose, and to commit such offenders to safa custody for u, in the some cases and in the manner provided by Jaw relation to the [Territories of the United State*; or y of them] Territory of Iowa ; and to cause ths aiders so committed to he conveyed to the place appointfor theholding of a district court for the souiTerri. ( y of Iowa, nearest and most convenient to the place of :h commitment, there to be detained for trial, by such rsons as shall be authorized for that pur|>ose by any judge the Supreme Court, or anyJustice of the Peace eftho i d territory ;or where such offenders are British subjects, cause them to be delivered to the nearest or most conve- "fj: f nt British authorities as hereinbefore provided, and the '!'.? penses of such commitment, removal, and detention, ill be paid in the same manner as provided by law, in ipect to the fees of the marshal of the said Territory. The amendments are to strike out the words beeen brackets, and insert those printed in italics. .ijij r. Tappan moved to strike oat the prean ble. Mr. tCHER took the same ground, because it might - id to trouble with Great Britain, and cause hose collision in a part of this country where we are ? weakest. Mr. McRoberts was for taking inint possession of the Territory. The whole thing \ 1 s been fully argued and discussed fen times here, and was contained in Mr. Cushing's able rerts of a former session, a copy of each of which I nd you. The " Courier," I see denies that the article in e " Madisonian," came from Mr. Sppncer; Ireat, and as fully by auihoriiy as though I saw him rite it, that it did come from him ; and more, he y? that whatever be the result of tha Court of En- ( iry, that the matter shall not rest there. It will ,ve to go before a civil tribunal. Mr. Spencer has n( a reporter to New York to take down the trsnony for him. I suppose you know that Mr. hn Hone, junr., is nephew to the Hon. Ogden Hunan. Thomas L. Smith, Ew., gave a grand diplomatic nner to-day, at which Mr. Webster, the Mexican, ussian, ana Prussian Ministers were present. Gen. Cass and the Hon Wni. C. Rives dined itli Mr. Hlair ta-day. It is in contemplation thus to reduce the postage : % I letters under HMI miles to be charged 5cents; all er that distance to pay 10 cents. The House sits to-morrow for the disposal of pri,te business. If" ihe Honse sits on New Year's ty, (Monday) Mr. Marshall will s|?eak. If nor, will "define his position," and shake ort the parcollar, on Tuesday. Mr. Adams is expected to llow him, and reply to Wise. The weather is fine, and company arriving fast Senator M'Duffie has arrived here in tolerable od health. The Hon. Haniel Jackson leaver here for New irk to-morrow ; having settled in his admirable I anner, all the arrangements for the next nresiden- I . The brother of Col. Webb, a noble, gentle inly, and generous hearted mail, goes wnh him "(nmMMii dm wyvgi." "e1S an 0*"cer in the lited States Army. . ., , . . I The President is in excellent health and spirits; are all at the White House ; notwithstanding I e contre temp* in the other house, at the other end I the Avenue . , c I Mr. Harrow is to be re-called Irom Portugal. W. H. A. 4l'l Tvxas.?By the steamer New York, arrived yea- I May. we got dates to the 17'h inst , from Galves- I n. The news we find in our tiles of pa|*rs is 'if'1* rdly worth giving. The reports about the army jl e as contradictory as ever. Travellers from Nan I itoniO say that the army, numbering about six I indred, is still at the Medina, and the impression I Rvailed that it would proceed no further for the I esent. About five hundred of'the troops have de- I rminedtoremain and await the action of Cong res" I i the subject of invasion. The whole number < I tops now in (he field dON not exceed HTM '.ur I fd; ai d they are continually leaving in b mil I rties. I The Houetoeiu, vbnoe we?et the above mici- I [ence, completely contradicts it in another part of I e neper, which nys t? "from our Washington corre- ,/etH,roI11 WM vale letters, we farri that t 1 Under com- (9 and <d < mneral Smiiervell, b f strong, left " camp on the ' ^ on ^ uft( for ) I itJL J

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