Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 9, 1843, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 9, 1843 Page 1
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TH Vol. IX.?No. U.?Whole No. S3?Ji. LOUISIANA A NUKN tWWVORIt'ijN UOF PACKETS. m> tmm. Mm Fl^ff^etier accomroooIuTTorihipiieri^, it 5 Tutruded to dc'-ipdtch & tiiiu fro in this i*on on tlio 1st, 5th, fOtn, Ijth. 20th, ivtiu Ktli ol each raoutri, com vncing the 10th October and continuing until May, when re guiar day* will be appointed for the rernuuder of the year, whereby great delaya and diMppoiutinents will be prevented during the auuuner months, Phe following ship* will commence this arrangement : Hnin \ AZOO.CiyitaiuCornell. Ship OCONEE. Captain Jacltson. Shin MISSISSIPPI, Captain Milliard. Ship LOUISVILLE, Captain Hunt. Ship SUAKSPEARE, Captain Milter. Ship GASTON, Captain Latham. Ship HUNTSVILLE, Captaiu Mumford. Ship OCMULGEE, Captain Leavitt. Snip NASHVILLE, Captaiu Dickinson. Slop MEMPHIS, Captain Knight. rSlap LOUISA, Captain Mulford. These ?hi|ie were all built in the city of New York, eipreasfor packets, are of light draft of water, hare recently been i'wly coppered and put in splendid order-wilh accommodations lor passengers unequalled (or comfort. They are commanded by esperieneed masters, who will make every exertisn to give 3. neral satisfaction. They will at all limes be towed up and own the Mississippi by, steamboats. Neither the owueni 01 captains of these ships will be responsible fpr jewelry, bullion, precious stones, silver or plated ware, or f<ir any letters, parcel or package, teat by a rp*t cn board of thvia, iiuless regular bills :iudiug are taken for the same as4 the value theieon expressed. Ver freight or passage, apply E. K. COLLINS It CO., 56 South St., or HULLIN Ik WOODRUFF, Agent in New Orleans. who will promptly forward all goods to tlieir addreas. The ships of this line arc warranted to sail punctually as advertised, and great care will be takeu to have the goods correctly measured. mt NEW LINE OF LIVERPOOL PACKETS. Ta ailfrom New York on the 25lk and Liverpool on the lXh of each month. M. i m. M L ^^FnoM Nxw YoaxT Ship GAl'.JRICK, jCaptain Wm.^Skiddy, 25th>Octob?r. h- unil) I'.UablUD, UApioiu Iimiu vwiiiua, mui ,iufomwi. hi Ship S1DDON9. Captain _E. B. Cobb, 35th December. Ship SHERIDAN, Captain F. A. Depeyster, 35th January. Kbom Ltvr.nrosi.. r Ship 8IDDON8, Captain E. B. Cobb, 13th October. Ship SHERIDAN, Captain F. A. Depeyiter, 13lh Novem*r. i Ship OARHK.K, Captain Wm. ukiddy, 13th December. Snip UOSCIUS. (. iplain John Collina, 13th January [ These shins arc all ol the lint claai, upwards ot 1090 lens, built In ihe city of New York, with inch improremeuta atcombine Gat speedwith nuusual comfort for passengers. Every care licen taken in the arrangement of their accommodation! The (irice of passage hence i? $100, for which ample atorea w ill be provided. These ahipa are c/immanded by experienced mailert, vrhe will make every exertion to give general saasfaetion Neither the captaina or owneia of the ahipa will be responsible for at y letters, parcels or packages aunt by them, unleaa regular b' 'la of lading are signed therefor. For freight oi passage, apply to E. K. COLLINS fc CO., 56 South at., New York, or to WM. fc JAS. BROWN fc CO.. Liverpool. Letters hy the packeta will be charged 13^ cents per single al set; 50 cruts per ounce, and newspapers 1 cent each. ol OLD LINE LIVERPOOL PACKETS. 'T'lIE OLD LINE of Packets lor Liverpool will hereafter be * despatched in the following order, excepting that when the day ol siuling lalla on Sunday, the ships will sail on the succeeding day. For New York. For Liverpool. The SOUTH AMERICA. June 1 July 13 ?16 tons. Oct 1 Nov 19 D.U.Bailey, I Feb 1 Mar 19 The ENGLAND, i June 19 Aug 7 750 tons, ' Oct 19 Dec 7 B. L. Waite. I Feb 19 April 7 The OXFORD. I July 1 Aug 19 BOO tons, ' Nov 1 Dec 19 J. Rathbone, r March 1 April 19 The EUROPE, I July 19 Sept 7 611 tons, 'Nov 19 Jau 7 E. O. Marshall I Mar 19 Msy 7 Tha NORTH AMERICA, i Aug 1 Sept 19 619 tons. ' Dec 1 Jan 19 A. B. Lowber.l April 1 May 19 The NEW YORK. (Aug 19 Oct 7 900 torn, ' Dec 19 Feb 7 T. B. Cropper. April 19 June 7 The CAMBR1DUE, ISept 1 Oct 17 iJan 1 Eeb 17 W. CBarstow.l May 1 June 19 The COLUMBUS, cSept 19 Nov 9 700 tons, < J.ID 19 Mar 9 U. A. Cole. May 19 Ju|y 7 Punctuality, as legarda the day of sailing, will be observed as heretofore. The price of passage out ward is now fixed at One Hundred Dollars, fur whicn ample stores of ever* description will he provided, with the exception ol wines and liquors, wl.ich will be lumishrd hy the stewards. GOOD HUE St CO.. 64 South St., C. H. MARSHALL, 3S Burliuc-alip, N. Y. !~t. i..l. RiMINfl RKIITHPHMX Ct. |5,??I TAPSCOTT'SGKNERA17 PASSAGE OFFICE, 43 PECK SUP, NEW YORK. fe JS, Tne subscribers beg to nail the attention of their friends ami the public generally, to their superior arrangements tn from, and remitting ?MR'V to, any l>y' of England, lie) and, Scotland or Walea, in tne magnificent P?ckrt?hli?, comprising ihe ' NEW LINK to LIVERPOOL PACKETS," VIZ.>8hip ROSClUS, C?i>t. Collins. Ship 81DDONS, Captain Cobb. bMp 8H?.RI0AN, Captain Depaystcr. Ship OARK.K K.? apiaiu gkidly. New ship HOTTI^OUKR, Captain Bnrsley. Ship SOUTHERNER, Captain Wooilhouae. Hhip ROCH E8TKR. Captain Palmer. New ship LIYERPOOL. Captain F.tdredge. Sailing twice erery nvuth; slid with the" UNITED LINE,' composed of superior lint class American ships, sailing ererj ten days, will m?ke fire ships in earh monih throoghout th< year, (orotic every sit d.ivs) thereby pieventing tho possi bility of u nnecessary detention. Pswges d rect from Lot don, Bristol and Greenock to New Y" k Also font Liverpool to New Orleans Mobile, Savan u h, Ch rl<s:on. Philadelphia, Boston and Baltimore, and the s pors iu Briti.h North America, canal all timet be en (ja-id ou liberal terms. Persons wishing to 'end for their friends, will not fall to lee the advantegei to be derived liotn selecting thia line in prefer enre to any other, and they may real assured that unuaual cart will be taken to make Jit passage agrtenh'e, the ahi|w bein| fitted op with an eye aolely to the cora'ort of paaaengera. In .ill c ?ea where the parties sent for derliae Cuming, th? money will be refnnd- d without any deduction, as usual. A free passage ftom the various imports of Ireland and Scotland can also be aeenred. The regular pa< kefs for which the snbscriberi are agent*, tat as follows, viz ?To and (rum London on the 1st, I Otis. and JO'I of each mouir. To and from Liverpool ou ihe lal, 7th, 13th 19 h, and 2jih of each month New Orleans, Mobile, Savan nah, an . Charleston, weekly throughout the season. REMITTANCES. Persons in the country wishing to send money to their friend by i nclosing the anm they wish sent, with the name and ad dress of the parties to receive it, m. y rely on a draft for ihi 'mount beiug forwarded per first picket, after the receip inereof, and an acknowledgement far the same returned pe mail. DrsOa at sight, for any amount, are p-yable on demand, with oil, disconu* or any o h, r charge, at lh" Notional and Provin ria! U nUsoflrela d aud hr unites, Emem Bank of Scrtlaod Oreehi'ck, and their branches, Messrs. J imes Halt, Son Ik Co. flankers, London, Etchange and Discount Bank, Liverpool a.i'l iu every principal town of Great Bri'ain and Ireland. Fnrtherputicnlars made kuuwn uu application, if by letter post iraid, to ibvr W. It J. T. TAPSCOTT, 43 Peck Slip. N. York. Ml jib lui^MARSEILLfc^^Ths undermeononei china * ill be legularly dispatched fnim hence and from Mar sedles on the 1st of each month during the year, thus? Frotu New York. Maiseillei MINERVA,('apt Brown, N .v I. Jan 1 H'RY THOMPSON, Cap Sylvester, Dee 1. Feb 1 CPU HI EH. Cant Dugan. Jan 1. Flarl TREACOtT, Capt Lawrence, Feb I. Apl 1 HELLESPONT, Capt Adams, Marl. May I CPRIOLANUB, Cap Haile, Apl 1. Jun I Thv y are all copi>eree and copper fastened,and havs eicellen accommodations for paaseiurev*. Thr price of cabin passage will be $1M, exclusive of Wine and I tuuors. Goods addressed to BOYD It HINCKEN, the a gents, wil be forwarded free of other haigea than these actually paid. For freight or passage apply to O. BROOM k CO.. or to o?2r BOYD It HINCKEN. Agenu. OLD ESTAPLIAHPD EMIOHANT PAS wKjP'fV^AUE Oh h I E,6i Ijonlli street, New York?Reg AMMdfcatiai Line of Pa Ireis?The suleciiher continue. ti I i i , hi prison fiim hov part of Ureal Britain aud I,eland who n av he ngagrd by their friends her , hy the rvgultrliw of picket shins s iling every si* days rom Liverpool. Per sotn a. tidn g lor their Irien s, mav rely that just rare will b, t-ikeu o naretltriri drs|wt?h d withont delay tit v*tll always ,udeavor to np til a couunu.t Ce of the publi P nrouage v hie > h s bt en so libervIR bestowrl for miny year pati: and thu r remitting money c tn have draft* payable at al Ihe Uiina >ud hianclies tliroaamiii lire United Kingdom. For further p, riii ulart, ap ly f if by letter, po I paid] to jgr JOHN Ha BP VI AN, >1 fiiilh't FOR LONDON.?Regular packet nf the lOihr ?JHV.Itnnaiy IkiJ?The splendid fast sailing packet shi jfcrwgfcVIONTAEAL, Captain Tinker, will sail pundaall at above. listing vervsupriinr accommodations for cabin,second cabu and iirrragr passengers, persons wishing to embark ahoul make early application on board, foot of Maiden lane. JOSEPH KcMUttkAV, IS Kg, f ine at., cor. South. V P 8?The above will be aurr-reded bi the packet ?hip Gil diator, end anil on the Mth Jai wary, IMA Per?ona wi Mi* 10 *end foi thru I r made reviding id th rldci on try, nan have them brought out by the above ahipa, 0 mi-, o( the regular packew, by applying na above ; if by Irttei poat P?id. j? r AtiS* "DRAFTS ON TRfcLA.vD.kc.-The iihucribei Kf3lt*Vronliiiiir togiva arnlti payable on d<inand, witliou J^Jkttbdi'Coiint. or itny charge whataoeyer. Trnr.LA.Nl)?Tht National Bank of Ireland, the Proyii Cinl Bank of Irtlnnd. and their hraneheii in every county. IN KNULANB AND WALKS? Mraara. Jamea Bolt, So fct'o. bankers, Lundon, the Eicnange nod Oiacount Bank Liverpool, and their br-nchet throughout Kngland and Walei IN SCOTLAND?'The Evateni Bank ol Scotland, th 0 i no U Banking Com, any, and branches in the priori,.* town*; Sir VVm. Forbes, Hunter k Co. Prr oua in the country Mux to rem'' money to thei friend. in nny pait ol Knghnnl, Irelltnl, Scotia-d, or Waloa, bm inting ihe amount th y wiali to remit to ihe iiibacrilM n with thr, i .imn andntldrraa of the parliea to whom It lalo b aent. A dr ill for the Amount taill be forwarded the fi at pacha after the receipt thereof, ami acknowledgement ol the earn* r? tnnied per firat post. , dt r VV fc J T. TAPHCflTT. 4!t Peck.l'o. New York. huam's- ratfcntt]fe boats iigj^ THE object of tliia inventionia to aavt humm lilt wWrkV The rinmhrr of other persona aaved u JBMfciKm'hriir boat* from wreck* in atorma when the ordiiiar bo .11 IC ?wami ed ia ov. r IJO. The timibcrof permits drovri cd for want 'd 'he Life Boata a' the hnrni * and wreckine r at. am ila and other v?a.el. u according to accouuta publiahc th' p-at month over Jib. It u impuaiiblo to aw amp thla box The i.tin v.'riea from $7J to to $100, -cording to the nnmbc 01 prno na they are required to rarry, with th? bottom ?love n Tt e close of boa ? lu/ nuking up men falling overboard, ar ao li,;lit a to require h *w > men to liaudlr tliem, and by th n> w e| pai ua< c..n be (i rk Hie the water iu 10 acrondn, wit two mm in hnrieady for # Accue. Aa the aafrty of veaael at i e)*ruda m mil v ou' j? aervicra ol tha crew, thia elaas o boat, ia inleudoo lor thAv preservation. (liter of FRANCIS' Patent Life Boat? Wall at, na At Adam* k Co.** F.vpreaa Office. ULAfK MAKBLIfi?150 tona Irish Black Mi tblr.for saEjjk -L) Mil 1'tuilSafc M IJHUOKS. No, 61 Liberty street. r E NE NI NEW JERSEY "RAILROAD AND TRANS PORTATION COMPANY. NEW YORK AND NEWARK. Fare reduced lo 45 cent a. From trie loot ol CuunUndt ftreel, New York. (Kvery day?Sunday iibrepted.) Leavea New York Leave# Newark Kt t A. M. At i P. M. At 7* A. M. At IH P. M. I IK Jo. i do. I do. SH do. do. ? do. 6 do. 7 do. II 10 do ON SUNDAYS. 0 rom Hie loot 01 milUMOi eura. Leave New York, Le?*e Newark. At 9 A. M. and iX P. ML At IK ? M. and 10 P. M. NEW YORK, ELIZABETH TOWN. La are Naw York. Leavs Elisabeth Town. 9 A. M. 7 A. M. a P.M. 8X A.M. 2W " 1#K A. M. <8 P. M 1* M 3 r. M. 9X ' The train* for Weattteld, PlainReid. Bouudbrook, Somervillc, fee., connect with the 9 A M, 2 and 4X P M train* lrom New York, daily, Sunday* excepted. Fare between New York and Elizabeth Town 26 cent*. Fare between do and Somervillc, 73 cent*. VYW YORK. RAHTWAY AND NEW BRUNSWICK. Fare reduced. I rom tiie foot of X-iberty (treat, daily. Le?>e New York. Leave New Bruu*wick. At 9 A. M. At 3K A. M. 2M P. M. 72 ? l&r, 1. 9 P. M. On (tandny* the 3K and ?K A.M. tripa from New Brun*wick tnd 2% P. M. train from Naw York, are omitted. Faie between New York and New Brnnawick, 73 cent*. Rahway, 30 cent* The far* in the 5K and 7J? A. M. train from Naw Brunswick, ami 2X and 4K r. M. train from New York, liaa been re duced. New York and New Brnnawidk, to 30 com*. " and Rahway to S7X " Passengers who procure their tickets at the ticket office, re oeive a ferry ticket gratis. Ticket* are received by the con doctor only on the day when purchased. nil Jn.* WINTER ARR/WoEMTTNTr ~ NEW YORK ANDPffl" A^V!L?HIAI(XT^toSCINK DIRECT. Via Newark, New Brnnawick, Princeton, Trenton, Borden town and Burlington. THROUGH IN SIX HOURS. Leave New York, (rom the foot of Liberty street, daily, at 9 A M and 4\ P M. The morning t.'nc proceed* to Kordentown, lrom thence by steamboat to Philadelphia. The Evening Line proceed* direct to Camden, (opposite Philadelphia) withoutchauge of cars. Passeuger* will procure at the office fool ol Liberty street, where a commodious steamboat will be in readiaesss with baggage crates on boa rd. Philadelphia baggage crates are conveyed from city to citv, without being opened by the way. Euch train is provided with a Ladies Car, in which are apartment* and dressing rooms expressly for thy Ladies use. Returning, the lines leave Philadelphia from tha foot of Chestnut street by railroad from Camden, at 9 o'clock A M.and 5 o'clock, P M. The Lines for Baltimore, leave Philadelphia at 7 A M, and 4 P M, being a continuation of the lines from New York. (28 3m* r DAILY PACKAGE EXPRKSS i AH. FOR ALBANY, TROY, AND BUFFALO. axm seem By iheriousatouic Kail Ko*u, running through from mil City to Albauy in Twe.te Hoars. Leaves at 7 o'clock io the morning. The subscribers have made arrangement! with the Honsatoni Rail Read Company, to ran an Express Car (exclusively for otu own purpose) da/lv, over their road with the passenger train, running through to Albany in twelve hoars, and are now prepared to receive and forward at low rates. Specie. Bank Notes, Fackaaes, Bales and Cases of Goods, Ktc, for any of the above named or intermediate places. Wilt attend promptly to the collection and payment of bills, notes, drafts and accounts, and such other business as maybe enirusted to ti eir care. dir POMEKOY A CO. I Wall s-reet. New York. JPULLEN Ac CUFF'S NEW Yu kf al EAL EXPRESS. Messrs. Harnden 8c Co, having disposed of their route from New York to Albany and Tioy, the subscribers, the old conductors of Harnden St Co's Northern Exnresa, from New York, will continue to run as hcrctofore-leavin^ New York, Albany aud Troy, Daily ,and connect at Trov with Jacobs' Montreal Express, and will fop ward Specie, Bank Notes, Packages. Bundles,Cases of Goods. Ac., to any place between New York and Montreal, and throughout the Canada's. Also East, from Troy and Albany to Boston, and West from Albany ;o Buffalo. All business entrusted to their charge will be promptly attended to. Particular attention wi<I be paid to the collection ' of notes, drafts, acceptances, Ac., and prompt returns made for 1 the same, PULLEN A COrP. Offices?Pollen A Copp, 2% Wall street, New York. Tbos. Isough, 15 Exchauge, Aloany. A G. Filkins, *l? River street, Troy. B. Jacob's Exchange Court, St Paul st, Montreal. REFERENCES. Nrw Yoaa. At-natrv. TaoY. Prime, Ward A King, E. J. Humphrey, Jno Payne, Jacob Little, A Co.. Tho*. Gough. P. Weila, John T. Smith, A Co.. 8. K. Stow, Pepoou A HofTinau, C. 8. Douglaaa, , Carpenter A Vermilye, F.Leake Jfoushion A Co. YORK AND BOSTON KAIL KOAL) LINE. Via Norwich swu Worcester Railroads. r Composed ol the following superior steam: rs runtime in connection with the Norwich It Worcester and Worcester It Boa. ton Kail K >a>'?? WORCK.8TK.R, Capt. J H. Vanderbilt. ^?HAVLN, CapL J. K. Dun tan. i CLEOPATRA, Capt l?' iiADi?i'v ' MC*<,fy'^'ov ?l,t'thi.1 Iine wi" b? nin tri-wrek; onl'* at Tneadayi, 1 haradaya and Satordayi I . Xher?,w and .r^iiliSlvKN. Captair. , J. K Du.tan, will leave erery Tueaday, Thursday and Satur , day afternoon. at i o'clock. Passengers for Boaton will be forwarded immediately on the arrival of the above boata at Norwich, and will proceed with out change of car* or baggage. , For farther information, enonire at the office of ... 1). B. ALLEN, 39 Peca slip, up stairs. c Ail persona are forbid trailing any one on account of the I above boat* orowuen. n2\r r NEW YORK A.NO HARLEM RAIL ROAD c6mPA.\ * ' ..... Fare 10 HarTeintxeduced to 12 1-2 Crura . WINTER AhRANNUFMENT.-Ou and afterMonday, Decern bra I9'h, 1812, ihe car* will rnn daily as follow* ' '"or Leave Harlem Leare William"' Bridge William*' Bndge. for City Hall. for City Hall 7 00 A. M. 8 JO A. M. 8 30 A. M. # " 10 40 " 10 30 " 'I ? _ " 1 I# P. M. 12 JO P. M. 2 P. M. 3 10 " J 20 " j 1 " 5 40 " i 20 " 8 00 Harlem only, t to " City Hall and Tweutv-aeveutli aire at Line will ran aafo J W"TTl?,Bw X ^ ol. every ten minnte* threnghout the day till 7 P. M. and on Sunday*every twenty minutes. Fan 6*4 cents. Pasaenaer* for Weatchester. Throe's Neck. Eaafchester New Kochelle, Mamaroneck, Hone Neck, North Castle, Robbine Mill* and White Plarna, will take the 2 o'clock, P. II train from City Hall. Passengers for Yonkers will t ike the 9 n'l.iet * u .n.l 1 ?vi.. l p vi , f.. ii . 11 it On 26'h Dec ami 2J Jan the can will run between City Hall and Williama Bridie every hour from 7 A M to 6 PM. a nil) Im'm . BRITISH AM) MOUTH AVI MllCArx HOtAL MAIL 1 STEAM SHIPS, Of 12M.tool and 440 horae power each. Under contract with the Lords of the-Admiralty. BRITANNIA, J.Hewitt, Commander. i CALEDONIA, E. U Lou, do ACADIA, A. Hyrie do e COLUMBIA, E. C. Miller, R N do Will aail from Boston, via Halifax. raoM eosTot?. raoM LirearooL. , Britannia, Hewitt, Jan 1 I Caledonia, Lott. Kit 1 Jan 4 Acadia, Kyrie, Mar I Keb 4 Columbia. Millet, Ap'l I Mir 4 Passage Money?Krtm Boiton to Liverpool. $U>-Boatoi lo Halifni S20 '' These ship* carry experienced snrgeons. No Berth* aecttred p nutil paid for. T NoTi.-Merrhandi7.eaud Specie (except for personal e? Kuse?) shipped under the uxine of Ingyagc will be charted a> lent, aud liable toCnetom House Regulation*. Ajndy to n (>Sy r I) BRIOHAM JH. Vn.3 Wil'at. Sj'lA1 JllN 1AL.ANL) PJMUtk Foot of Whiteliall street e Ou and after Dec. 9d, the steamer 8TATEN ISLANDER, ir will run as follows, unnl further notice :? r, LEAVE BTATEN ISLAND. NEW YORE. Bit A. M, 9 A.M. , IB 12* , 2 P.M. KP.M, 1 H3jr__ 4V Kill, and intermediate landings, without tow n jLaaajBUKShartirs ? Regular days from Cattakill, Mon ;, (layt, Wednesdays and Fridays. Fiom New York, Tuesdays i Thursdays and Saturdays.?Sarrtoor from Cattakill, 50 cents c ?Bertha 25 cents? (Ripper 25 cents. d The new and fast steamer WAVE, Captain Vanderhilt, wil1 leave Robinson st. pi. r Thursday Nox. 17th, at lire oVloclt. r For fnriht r particulars iii'inirc ol the ca tain on board. B\ r on the days'above named, there will hi e daily com > nomination between ( atskill and Sew York (aud lutermeiliati s places) lor freightand iwaaage at reduced prices. n*r .' AAJr U'EVITTaNCKS~TO KMli.AMl, iKh.l.AM' MCTJpWSlBOTLAND AND WALES.?Persons pincerd* RHIti nx or remitting money to any put ol the old cnutry. Can ai nil times obtain rom the sublet.hers dralts at sight, for any ammiiit on the Royal Bank ol Ireland and ou Motari J i r,',p?'!i Lsrote, Ames k <;o, Binkeia, Loudon which are t>aid ; ' connf or any rhartte whatsoever, in all 'he principal iT"?. 'l United Kingdom, for terms, apply or atidress, |i i by letter, host haid, to . ? ROCHE BROTHERS k CO.. . ., u . ?JFeltnn sf, next door to the fulton B'tdt. t I. n. 1 tie sul'srnhers will as heretofore hare a p ?ular s"C i cession ol first r ass Ameri .an ?hi;w, taiLiig wcrkly Irou. Li* i. I tool, curing trie coming year 1813. Kur passage, apt ly at * ,h<>Vf Jill r h ? I >? L? UON-P. -Ck. t ... 01 h Jan I * hTjMtV l.'*c *et MONTREAL. Leu tain Tinker, will be i| b* cl a* inov# h?r regular day. Kor pauiiga ap U D n CI JPHN HERDMAN.Bl Sonthat. N. B ?I aaaage from London or Liverpool can at all times be . engaged by the regular packets, and (uniuhed for any f amount, payable throughout the United Kingdom, by applyiug aaaboxo. j7ec ? I w ro iW YORK, MONDAY MC Five Doys Later from Europe.? French Hneeeiuiin Algiers?Battlement of Affairs In Spain? ffarksts?Uatters and Things In Oeneral. The packet ship Iowa, Captain Lines, arrived yesterday from Havre. She sailed thence on the 81I1 ult. We have received Paris papers to the 7th. The Welington, Chadwick, from London, and the Rochester, Woodhouse, Irom Liverpool, have also arrived. The latter sailed on the 6ih. The l otton market in Havre presented a little better prospect. No change in Liverpool. There was no political or other news of importance in England. The peace with China and the victories in India had spread general satisfaction. It was generally supposed that Parliament would not assemble for the dispatch of business until the first week in February. H. Parish and lady, and H. Delafield and lady, arrived at Maurice's Hotel, Paris, on the 4th ult. The postal treat) between the Austrian Government and that of Baden, has just been ratified on both sides. The Belgian Chamber of Representatives had terminated the discussion on the bill for sanctioning the treaty concluded with Spain. It was adopted unanimously, with the exception of a single vote. The French papers state that Boman Catholic missionaries, taking advantage of the opening of five ports to British commerce, and of the re-establishment of peace, will proceed to China forthwith, for the promulgation of their faith. It appears that the Prince de Joinville is to be married immediately to a Brazilian Princess, and that his sister, the Princess Clementine of Orleans, is be very siiuniy murrieu 10 rrince Augustus ot Uoburg, brother of the King of Portugal. As proof ol the increasing prosperity of trade in England, we may mention that in one week the sum of ?1,150 was lodged in the Bolton Savings Bank. In the Court of Queen's Bench to-day, Mr- Stockdale, the well known publisher, obtained ?100 damages against Captain Gossett and other officers ol the House of Commons, for entering and searching his house under the warrant of the Sppaker, on the occasion of the action against Hansard, the printer, and the circumstances arising out of that case, si hich attracted so much public attention. Damages were laid at ?10,000. We have reason to believe |that the leading provisions of a new commercial treaty with the Brazils have been arranged, and that there is now no serious difficulty iu the way of a satisfactory arrangement of all the points in dispute. It is stated that the duty proposed to be levied on Brazilian sugar is 30s per cwt ; whilst that on the produce of the British plantations, and the East Indies, is to be reduced to 16s I the present duties being, hs most of our readers are no doubt aware, 63s. and 24s. We imagine that this change, if carried into effect, will prove highly satisfactory, and will very considerably reduce the price of sugar to the consumer.?Sun. In Cuba (our readers have seen) Lord |Palmerston's Anti-Slavery Consul, Mr. Turnbullt lias got into ascrane, which, on the present showing, is unaccountable. He was removed from his post because his sectarian zeal unfitted him for consular duties; but he re-appeais, in a small sloop, manned by blacks, at a provincial town, and professes to have authority from the British Government to demand the liberation of all blacks introduced into the place within the last twenty years ! He was arrested, and was about to be sent as a prisoner to Havana, in which he last lived as Consul Cuba cannot suffer people who talk of man's personal freedom to go at large. It is doubtful which is most to be admired, the state of a countrv which makes it necessaty to put restraint on the enthusiast, or the enthusiast s own rashness.?Spectator. Stkam to India by the Cape.?Allowing the steamer only to run eight miles per hour, she would perform the voyage from Southampton to HongKong in 60 days, allowing two dav* to coal and water at Saldana Bay, Cape of Gooa Hope; or she might, if necessary, coal and water at Ascensi-n, O - I J TV 1 O oaiuKnn i>ay, ana Singapore. Hie voyage from England to China, by the Cape of Good Hope, ia only fifty per cent longer than i ia Red Sen, and in this all shifting of vessels and land transit is avoided; besides, as we can get coal nn 1 water at our own colonies, we are under no obligation to France, Egypt, or any foreign Power, and this is of consequence. Saldana Pay is the safest and best harbor in Africa, and it is sheltered from all winds. Water (its great defect) has, it is established, been found in abundance. Not like Table Bay, or any place to the east thereof,which are exposed to the yearly effects of dreadful storms and shipwrecks, Saldana Bay is as extensive and as safe a harbour as Portsmouth; and moreover, it can be got at easily at all seasons of the year. D?|>ots of coals, in hulks, moored in smooth water, for the express purpose, where the steamer can instantly run alongside and get her coal and water, will be necessarily at Saldana Bay; and unless the steamer can do with one coaling on the voyage (which large ones may be made to do), the like depots will be wanted at Ascension and Singapore. The voyage direct to China, by steam, will be a much shorter cut than by the route a sailing vessel is compelled to go. The voyage, by steam, from England to Bombay, by the Cape of Good Hope, ia double thedis'ance of the same route by Egypt and the Red Sea; but the voyage by steam from England to Ilong Kong as before ?tat?d, is only fitly per cent longer than the route via Egypt and the Red Sea.?Sun. We find in theDebats the following summary of the proceedings at Barcelona towards the close of the rebellion :? "The last days ol the insurrection were very stormy, but without giving rise to any great excesses ? In proportion, as the crisis of submission became imminent from the impossibility of sustaining a siege without exposing the town to utter destruction, the parties began to load tach other with recrimina tions and reciprocal reproaches of having lost the cause which they uretended to defend. The Mo derados, who were opposed only to the military despotism, and to the introduction of English cotton goods, accused the Republicans of having alarmed the rest of Spain by their revolutionary principles, and thereby caused Barcelona to be left to bear the brunt alone. The Republicans retorted, that all had been lost entirely and solely from want of decision,and that a republic should have been at once proclaimed, upon which the Catalonians would have all immediately rallied under its banner instead of remaining shut up within their walls. The popular Junta had dispersed ; the new Junta, c?m l>osed of wise and considerate men, with th- Bishop among them, had no other task to perform than to obtain the best terms for their fellow citizens. Ii commenced its negotiations with Van llnlen on the 27th, and by judiciously temporising,kept off for four days the bombardment with which he threatened die town His first stipulation was the disarmament of the paid free sorps, which formed the nnin atrenath of the insurrection. Thev. hnwupr rp. iused to disband, and insisted upon n formal amnesty guaranteed by France through her resident con su I. Chinese Trade, Foreign and Domestic.?If the manufactures and trade of England were in a heal thy condition, the prospect of extended commerce with China would be a source of unmtrigled congratulation. A body of experienced merchants, incited by the prospect of increased gain, not goaded by embarrassments, would feel their way, and extend their dealings boldly, yet with due caution Hut at this moment we have manufacturers whose warehouses are and have long been crammed with more goods than they know how 10 dispose of, and others who suffer lees by working their mills at a low than by allowing their machinery to rust in in action. One consequence of this state of things has been, in the American trade, that year after year goods hav<- been Rent, not to order, but upon speculation; which, after being hawked about una hie to find a customer, are brought to the hammer to pay warehouse expenses, if a high enough price can be got. China will open a new field for these un saleable commodities; lierdsof sliarkish adventureis, who hear that China is a large country with numerous inhabitants, but are totally ignorant of what the Chinese want or can give in return, will obtain any credit from the plethoric warehouses of Leedand Manchester, will inundate the five o;>e!i ports of China w ith goods unfitted lor the market, and for which that country has nothing to exchange. There will be a temporary briskness in English trade, and ?a crash. A circumstance that ought to render nil who have any thing to lose cautious how they spe culate on the op-ntng of the Chinese trade is, Hint limited though the foreign trade of China is, the country does not at present supply commodities to balance the imporla of Ctnion alone. The oozing of the Hycee silver out of the country, to pay lor commodities for which the country has nothing eh* to give in exchange, and the consequent derange. ?RK I RNING, JANUARY 9, li ment of the internal currency, is believed to have been a chief causeof the measures for excluding 10reign opium, which gave occasion to the war. The Chinese are a money loving, acute people, energetic una enterprising in incirowii way, possessed ot ureui mechanical talent, and inhabiting a country which has many line provinces. In time, their land must become a rich and profitable resort for merchant*; but any immediate extension of their trade in little less problematical than the great trade with the Niger, which worthy Mr. Buxton was to conjure up Al most nothing iak.-.own ol the economical condition of China, and what is known does not promise immediate great results. The lea trade is the great staple? of China? the point upon which all the mercantile speculations ot the Chinese turn. European countries, (with the exception of Russia,) and America have hitherto drawn their supplies of tea trom the eastern tea districts, through the port of Canton. About 1830, the annual importation of tea into Great Britain amounted to nearly thirty millions of pounds ; the consamption ot the United -Males varied trom six to eigiit millions; the con-umptioii of Holland to something inore than two millions and a half; the importations ol Germany to about two millions; the lmiamations ot South America, France, Italy and Spain, scarcely amounted to one million. Some tea must have been exported Irotn the harbors on the south-east coast of China by the junks trading with Tonqnin and Cochin China, Singai ore, and other places in the Eastern Archipelago, but we have no means ot conjecturing its amount. The trade with Canton at the time we ine referring to, was principally in the ha ds of the East India Company (now thrown o|>en,) the country traders ol India, and the Americans, ill the proportions ol one-half to the country-traders, and onehalf between the others. The exports to England consisted exclusively of tea; the exports to America chiefly ol tea, along with small quantities ot nankeens, raw and wrought silkst sugar, and some minor articles; the exports to Tndia were to a trifling amount, tea. china-ware, sugar, nankeens, cassia. and camphor; but the imports from that country were chiefly balanced by bills and bullion. The imports from England consisted of woollens, in value one-half of the whole, cottons one-quarter, metals and miscellaneous articles another quarter The imports from America were in va.ue cottons onehalf, woollens one quarter, and miscellaneous articles another quarter The imports from India were?opium to the value of more than two millions of pounds; cotton, tin, pepper, betel-nut, and other articles, to the value of about a million. The ariicles of export are exclusively the produce of the Chinese provinces i'outhof the Yangtse-kisng. Two of their staples (cotton und earthenware) are it. ported toa considerable amount. And the whole of the commodities they produce are not enough to pay for the necessary imports, woollen and cotton cloths, and opium (also become a necessary for them, let moralists say what they will, for the latter is always paid in cash. '1 he trade for the teadia ricts to the northern provinces of China, to Chinese Tartary, to Russia, and to Independent Tartary, is active and extensive. The annual import of tea into Russia alone, in 1830, amounted to five millions and a hall pounds. This was the amount of the legitimate traffic at the station of Kiachta, butgives no idea of the busy trade along the Great Canal supplying the whole of the provinces of China, except Setchuen, north of the Yang-tse-Kiang, the whole of Central Asia, north and west of China Proper, and numerous remote hordes within the Russian frontier, who procured supplies of tea of which the Government knew nothing. Some idea of the state of this trade may be gathered from what was witnessed bv Timkowski on his route from Kiachta to Khalgan, on the Great Wall At Urga, lie met sevaral caravans of forty camels, laden with tea, for Uiiassutai, a station in Chinese Tartary, weal of the road he irnvelied. From ihe 25th of September to 2d ol October, he met daily small parties of traders, all of whom carried ventures of tea ; on the 2d of October he met a Chinese caravan, witb 200 cars laften with fine black tea, for Kiachta; on the (hit and 9th he met caravans with equal qiianties, the last of still finer qualities; on 4th of November, he met "thegreat tea caravan for Kiachta;" t?n 6th, another scarely Ies6 numerous; from the 12th to the 14th (the day on which he reached Khalgan,) he met numerous tea caravans of 100, 200, and 230 camels. At Khalgan he was iuformed that there was constantly a depot ol tea large enough to load at any time 2000 camel# When he recrossed the desert in July from Khalgan to Kiachta, the tea caravans which he passed seemed quite as frequent. Timkowski travelled along the principal line of traffic north of the Great Wall, but there are many minor routes to the east and west of it, and an equally frequented line conducts from the westward to on the 8outh. and Guldja on the North. Tea is a necessary of life in China and Chinese Tartary, and scarcely lesso in Russia, nnd among the independent nontades and great trading towns between the Chinese Irontier, the Ox*s, and the Caspian ; and all these countries are supplied from the Eastern groups of tea countries. The returns from Russia are furs, of which a greater quantity is required to balance the tea and other imports than that country itself can snare, and furs are consequently imported for the demands of this trade. The Chinese would take silver, but its exportation is prohibited in Russia ? The returnsf'om Tartary and Northern China, consist of cattle, some articles of domestic manufacture, some articles of Europ-an manufacture, which find ineir w.iy inio a-nirai Asia, ana arugs?gin-seng from the land of the Mantch >08, and rhubarb from he mountainous regon on the upper Hoang-ho? The teas sent to the North are the finest blacks, and the tile tea?a villanous compound of the refuse of the better teas, mosses, ferns, boiled up with bullock's blood or some other animal substance, and made up into cakes like chocolate. The tea of the Eastern group supplies the domestic consumption of the provinces immediately adjoining, and is exported into Si am and Burinah, and westward through Thibet as lar as Ladak. It is of i the coarsest quality, and, as far as can he learned, most frequently prepared much in the same way as the tile. tea. Hut beyond the lact of there being a steady permanent trade in this commodity along the route indicated, scarcely any thing is known with certainty. The tea districts are the centres of the productive industry of China, and of its com mercial wealth and enterprise with reference both to its foreign and domestic trade They are to China what Staffordshire, Lancashire, and Yorkshire are to England. The minor traffics cluster round and take their direction from the great staple trade. The princip-1 porcelain manufactories are in (he Eastern tea districts. The articles of foreign manufacture imported at Canton, and the Russian furs imported at Kiachta. find their way of course to the producing districts, and from them are distributed through the empire, or re-exported in the junks of Fo-kien and Che-kiang, to be exchanged for trepang, edible birds-nests, shark fins, and tortoise shell. Tlis trade of the Eastern tea districts is the centre of vitality of the overland trade to the port ol Canton; of the coasting trade from Fokien and Che-kiang to Mantchoo Tartary, and of the trifling trade to Japan; of the traffic on t h?* Grand Canal, and along the roads which branch off from itstermi nation to the Amur, Kiachta, Hi, and Kashgar. It lends greater cnergv to the coast and riv?r fisheries, and keeps alive the manufactures in the coal district North-west ot Pekin. The Western tea districts anon a smaller scale,Hnd altera ruder fashion,forSetchn/>n l\ iiMit/?hon Ynnn.?n fh#? .Mnrfh nl Smm ^nrl l'?? ;n>th, find the Tnibets, while #ie Eastern group hi-p for die wealthier const- and*, and the whole of the r'-st of the world. To understand and appreciate aright the commercial capabilities ol China, if isneeessarv to in isterthoroughly the condition and relations of these two groups of provinces Unless fresh misunderstandings intervene, the throwing open of the four new ports to [British enterprise will in a very -hort time and materially alter the condition anil direction of the commerce, of the Eastern tea-dis tricta, and of all the countnea which trade with them. To Canton the new arrangement will, in alt probability, he a heavy blow Its chief ariicles of export are tea and bullion; the former will henceforth be shipped in preference at the ports in the tenprovinces: and the exportation of silver, if tolerated, c in be effected as easily at Shanghai as at Cunton If return cargoes can be obtained, the first of our manufactures likely to find an increased sale in Chi n.i are our woollens. The inclemency of the winters, even in the provinces of the mouth ?t tin Yang tse-Kiang, and si ill more in the mountain regions, which abound in the Chinese empire, render warm clothing in great reipiest. This it is that or oasions the ready mile of Russian lura. There was atone time a considerable iniporiation of furs from America j but the increasing scarcity- of the game, and the rising of furs in the general market, owing to the purchase of them by Uuwiaiis to send to Ki achta, induced the Americana to substitute woollen clotlis;and it ha een found to answer The game's decreasing in Siberia as well as in America, and, with four harbors, in the very heart of the trading provinces, we will have belter opportunities of bringing our woollens into competition with the luis introduced at one point of a remote frontier. The woollens of France, Belgium, and the ehinePro vincea, must come into coui|ietition with us; but even with that competition, there are fair grounds lor expecting a decided advantage to our woollen our traders act judiciously. It ts not China alone that we have to look to; Chineae traders will carry our woollens into the very heart IERA m. of Central Asia. The immense Irontier of Ani ltic Russia cunnot he guarded against their entrance. Next in importance, moat likely, will be our exportations of cotton twin to China. Already considerable quantities are carried there to be worked up; the increased impetus given to its internal industry by our more direct and extensive trade with the tea districts will increase the domestic manufactures of China, and its demand tor this partly manulactuied commodity. The truth is that the wealth and resources of China are ye: very imi>er lecny aeveiO|>ea; time will he required todevelope them, and till that ia done China can ath.rd ua nothing like the market which dreamera talk of The extended trade with China will not of itsell prove a panacea for our economical ailments.?Sjxctutor. The |>opulation of Rome in 1841, cays a journal of that city, amounted to 158,868. In 1832 tnere were only 136,269 inhabitant*. Thkatricaus.?Mr. W. J. Hammond, formerly manager ot the New Strand, haa now the management of theThealrc Royal, Liverpool. Wallack is playing wilh tolerable success in Liverpool; but theatricals are very dull there, and there were great complaints amongst the actors respecting the lion payment ol their salaries. The American Circna at Liverpool was running the lull career of popularity. Congreve's comedy of " Love for Love" whs played at Drury Lane. A smart comedy, under the title, " You Know not What," was produced with success at the Adelphi. Early in this month, the French company were to commence their campaign in London. The corim dramatique will in the first instance be headed by Mme. Albert, an artiste who enjoys a Parisian celebrity of high order; to her will immediately succeed Vernet, and then in an cession we shall have Dejazet, Plessy, and Bnulff. To these we may add Mme. Doche and Mile. Prosper. Most of the leaders of ton have taken boxes for the whole season. Anew theatre has slipped into existence in the City Road, unknown to the authorities, called the (Jrecian Saloon. The music that may nightly be heard here would do no discredit to dramatic establishments ol first rate pretension. Balfe's opera of " Diadeste" is about to lie for the first time presented to the inhabitants ol this part of the metropolis MissCrisp, late of the English Opera House, will appear in " Diadeste." A comedy vaudeville, from the pen of M. Alexandre Dumas, has been producec in Paris under the title of Halifax. Halifax is one of the military adventurers of the davs of Charles II., who esteems his mis'ress, his bottle, and Ilia sword, the only valuables wor h a thought upon earth. Tlie adventures of this new Major Dalgetty, arising out of a duel in which he had killed his man, form the subject of the piece. The principal character is well performed by Lafont, but the piece, though comprising the best performers of the establishment in its cast, will owe, we think its chief attraction to the curiosity created by the name of Alexandre Dumas in his new line of a vaudevilliste. The celebrated Vestris, tor many yeara known through Europe as first dancer at the Academy of Music, died on the 5th ult. aged 83. France. The Commerce Beige announces that the offices for the verification of passports on the Belgian Irontiers are about to be suppressed, and a new system adopted, which will be less annoying to travellers. The fog, which has enveloped Paris for some days past extended, it ap,tears, to a considerable distance in the country, and rendered travelling ex cerdingly dangerous. The dilligenc, which arrived on Sunday morning from Champagne was forced to proceed at a walk for a length of time, the postilion leading his horses by the light of several lanterns, and the passengers following on foot.? So great was the delay, that, instead of arriving at ten at might, ii did not reach the Court of the Messageries umil five the next morning. Yesterday evening the tog in Paris wasforsome time more intense than on the preceding days. The Arabian horses sent by the Pechaof Egypt to the King of the French arrived yesterday Ht the Turkish Embassy. They are eight in number, and one of them is said to he the horse which Ibrahim Pacha rode at the battle of Nezib Although very warmly clothed, they appear to have suffered from the cold since their arrival in France. The Rnnuai distribution of prizes at the Cochin School, in the 12th arrondissement, for the education of the working classes, took place on Sunday last ; tilt Prefect of the Seine, Cotnpte de Kambii teau, presided. There were more than 800 pupils, of all ages, present, and the prizes were awarded in the name of the King, of the Queen, and ol the Compte de Paris. The chairman, who has now for ten years presided at the annual meeting of the pupils of this school, delivered a very feeling ad dress, in which lie alluded to the visit of the Duchess of Orl-ans ami the Coinpte de Paris, two years back, and spoke in touching terms of the constant solicitude of the King and the rest of the ftoyal family to forward instruction amongst the people. This part ot his speech wtiB received with In ud acclamations. In the last silting of the Academy of Sciences at Rrussels.M. Pietquin de Gembloux presented a magnificent Cameo of the 5ih century, found at Orchimont in 1811, in an old church. It is supposed to represent Attila, and according to the judgment ol several members of the Academy must have been executed in Belgium, as the stone is a kind of flint peculiar to the country. A discovery of some importance has just been made at Plombieres The Minister of Agriculture having lately ordered some excavations to be made in search of other hot-springs, to increase the supply of water to the baths, two springs were discovered in front of the ladies' baths, one of 41 degrees of centigrade (lfffi of Fahrenheit), and the other of H3. They furnish together nearly 180.000 litres a day Their medicinal properties have been ascertained to be similar to those ol the baths now in use. The following strange story appears in the Journal de. Mayenne:?" A lady, fashionably dressed. and sneaking with the greatest propriety, descended from the Laval dilligence, at Mayenne, and, with a light parcel in her hand, proceeded to the station of the Gendarmerie, and besought the officer in command to arrest her as a vagabond, without pai>er8, and unknown The officer, who was much eu barras sed at such a demand, at firat tried to persuade her not to act so strangely ; but, as she insisted, he took her to the Procureur du Roi. That functionary complied with her demand, and she is now in one o the rooms of the prison, where she appears perfectly contented with her situation. She declares that her name is Bretagne, and thai she comes from Brest." The new government steamer, of 120 horse power, called the " Napoleon," and intended for tke conveyance of the mail to Bastia. was launched at Havre yesterday. She is the first French steamer to which the principle ol the Archimedes screw lias heen applied. She was built by M. Normand. of Havre, hut her engines are English, from the factory ol Mr. Barnes. "The lull importance of the Marquesas will not be understood until the day comes when tbi Isthmus of Panama shall be cut through, and thus a fr e passage be opened for the commerce of f urope More than once already the idea of realising ilns project lias been seriously entertained Companies have been formed in the United States and elsewhere, which have obtained all the necessary grants from New Grenada. Unfortunately, tnese a?aocia lions nave not heen earned on with a spirit of perscverance.and have avfleied their privileges to become extinguished. It is impossible, however, that this isthmus can mucli longer be suffered to remain ass barrier against the enterprise of maritime nations It would be a disgrace to the age if it suffered its progress to he arrested by so weak an obstacle, when three centuries ago so many bold and noble attempts were successfully made to r?i>eri a channel for the spice-trade, shorter than that bv the Cape of Good Iiope. The possibility of making a way through the Isthmus of Panama is no longer problematical. Purveys of the greund have been made by able engineers, and it is ascertained that a wide canal may he cut across at nn exjiense not exceeding 12 OtHfOOOfr At this very time, if wearewcll informed, i new company is being organised in London, under the auspices of Mr. Baring, for carrying into execution this important prnjecr. Is-t, therefore, the neccss iry capital he raised in London. or let recourse be hud to the c attribution* of other places?it will be c sily found. The late treaty between England und the Emperor of China, is decisive of the question Henceforth, the gates of this v st continent will be opened wide to the commerce of Europe, and will become the theatre ol rivalry. All murium" nations have an interest in piercing passages which will shorten the voyages of their ve*sels, reduce the expense of transport and competition on the new markets opened to them at the extremities ol the earth. The cutting through the Isthmus of PanamH isthe only means of securing all these interests. Our forefathers prided them selves in having found a wav to India without having to double the Cape of Storms The discovery of Cape Horn appeared to them to he an immense advance ; hut it is in our power ta realise one a hundredfold more important. From the d v on which our ships may pass from the Carrihcan sea mio the LD. Pile* Two emit) great Southern Ocenn, the voyage to China, Japan, and the Oceania,will be but a more ordinary passage, as we may then be said to be able to take one straight comae. Then, on this great highway for all the ?hi[v of Europe, France will have two excellent stations. The consequence of our Antilles will then become as great ua it is now insignificant They will be( hm it w? re. the first stage of all commercial expedition. The Marquesas, placed at the entrance of this great oceanic labyrinth,which extends to a length of 1,006 leagues, would become the second stage It is ea-y to conceive all the advantages which may be drawn from this admirable position. We do not hesitate to affirm that the possession of New Zealand, to which England attaches so much value, is far from being worth, in a maritime point ol view, the possession ol the MHiquesas. It is useless after ?his to complain of the French government's not having i bought of ma king this new colony a penal set demerit. It must be confessed that it would be a strange manner ol establishing the sovereignty of France on these shores, were we to send in the suite of our soldiers and our sailors the refuse of our hulks and our prisons! This would be a singular mode of causing our name to lie beloved, and our influence to be respected, by sending among a new people the most corrupt and criminal of our own! No; it is not an establishment for transported convicts that M. Dupetit Thouars is gone to feund in this virgin land, hitherto unbroken up by any European colonists. Fuch a conquest is made for better purposes than to serve as an for robbers and murderers. ? La l'true, Dec. 5. Spain. The Surf of Marseilles of the 8d inst. in announcing the arrival in that port of the Mercurio packet Irom Barcelona, which she left on the 1st irist. at ft in the morning, states that the whole of the 30th nit. was passed in negotiations between the new Junta and the Regent, who was at Harris. The lunta is said to have demanded that Zurbano, Van Halen, and the political chiefs, should be removed, the garrison be changed, the National Guards remain armed and retain their present i rganizaiion, and the population be exempted from the military conscription. It was not supposed that Espartero would accede to any of these terms, or indeed listen to any proposition short ol unconditional submission. The Semaphore ol Marseilles, in a postscript, states that evirytrnng was settled at Barcelona, the Junta having accepted the conditions proposed by Espartero, one of which was the disarming of a large portion ol the National Guards. The Phare des Pyrenees of Dec. 4, says:?"Thw last news received by us from Barcelona are of ths 29fh ult. at ten in the evening Ten bombs bad been thrown from Montjuich on the town, and the travellers wholett by the diligence think they heard the firing reneated about midnight." ThiB account is improbable, for no information of the kind in contained in any of the letters of the 30th. It appears from tt statistical account of the population of the Island of Cuba, in the Madrid Gazette, that there are 418,291 whites, 88,054mulattoH. 10,974 mulatto slaves, 64,784 free blacks, and 426,521 black slaves, making a total of 1,007,624. Turkey. The Universe savs" Our Constantinople correspondence of November 17, informs us of a very sad piece of news, which confirms the official abandonment by Frane of th? protectorate of the Christians of the East.-? For two years all the European powers have been exceedingly busy with the foundation of a hospital for the Christians. Count de Pontois, when ambassador in that city, maintained with the most praisworthv energy the right of France to be the exclusive protectress of that establishment. This claim was strongly contested by the other great powers, which havedetermined to destroy the influence of France in the East, by putting an end to her protectorate. The question was discussed with warmth at Constantinople between the French and rittliFrench parties. At last, M. de Pontois took possession of the hospital in the name of France. Shortly after, the Count whs recalled to Paris, and re| laced by the ex-editor of the Debats, M. 1) Bourqueney. This diplomatist was ordered to stifle or elude ail difficulties, and he has marvellously succeeded by sacrificing the interests of France. As to the special affair of the hospital, this policy of incessant concessions and humiliations has ended in proving that our Catholic protectorate is definitively abandoned to the demands of the Great Powers. The instructions sent to M. de Bourqueney ordered htm to give up the claim of France to be recognised an the sole protectres of the Chris.ian hospital M. de Bourqueney has allowed the principle of collective protection, which is nothing else than a triumph to the enemies of France; for it is the abandonment ol her ancient and glorious protection in the East." Prince Alexander Cliika, on the 26th of October last, signed his formal abdication of the sovereignty of Walachia, in compliance, as the document states witli die vrill of the high protecting Powers, and remiited the government in'o the hands of the Kaimakhans appointed by the Sublime Porte. The town of Pergsmos, in Asia Minor, has been submerged by an inundation. All the Turkish quarter has been carried away, and upwards of 400 persons have lost their lives. The Governors paLee and the prison have been completely destroyed. Hauls, The Russian Government continues to treat the Poles with the greatest mildness, with a view to conciliate the nation. It will probably succeed, considering that the Greek religion is daily gaining ground, and that the worldly advantages of conversion are manifest. It has been erroneously stated that the Catholics are oppressed in Poland. The Government does not oppretgi them, it merely opposes the improper encroachments of the clergy. It would be ot very little iniportanee to it whether the Poles were Catholics, if Catholicism could exist independent of the Court of Rome. An imperial ukase has been published, reducing the period of service in the nrmy to ten years. Thie measure is said >o have been adopted as a check upon desertion ; the convention between Russia and Prussia for the mutual surrender of deserters being at an and. Praula. The Prussian State Gazette, of the 2nd inst., publishes a cabinet order to the following effect "The reduction of taxes, which had been fixed at from 1,(500,000 to 1,000,000 rixdollars, is, wiih the. consent ol the committees of the provincial states, carried to 2,000 (HlO rixdollars, to commence 1st of January next. Of this sum a considerable portion is lobe appropriated in lowering the price of salt, in order to afford relief to the indigent classes " The same order also declares that the state will contribute to the charges of terming the railroads tor establishing a rapid and easy communication between the provinces, and more i articularly by guaranteeing the payment of interest on the capital employed. A letter from Cairo, of October 21, inlorma us that the Prussian Scientific Commissioners, under the direction of Dr. Lepsus, have made an excursion to the Pyramids of Ghiza, where, on the 15th, they celebrated the King of Prussia's birth day. The Commission was prevailing to take an expedition into Upjier f gypt. M d'Arnaud, a French traveller, who formed part of an expedition despatched byMehetnet Afi to ascend to the sources of the Nile, has reached the upper part of the stream. According to the general opinion, the Nile, alter a direct couise from ire month towards the s uth, turned to the weft, where it wa? supposed it took it* origin M d'Arnaud had arrived at the point where the river turns of), and in his letter he states, that the principal branch, both in 1 widih and volume of water came from the south snd not the west. It is therefore, towards tha south that he has pursued his journey, to seek the source of the great artery ol Kgypt. It appears that the vessel which carried M. d Arnaud was dashsd to pieces in the Nile, Hnd that the collect onsol natural history, made by the members of the exjiedition were lost- The journal of the voyage, and the geographical documents, have been saved. Algiers. A despatch, dated Algiers, Nov 25, was received yesterday by the Minister of W?r, from General He Bar, who replaces the Governor General during his ab.-ence. It gives .in account of the recent expedition o' Gen ml de Lamnrteiere, most of the de. tail of which have been published through other i hannels. General de Lanionciere Slavs that the tribe of 'he K ra'l'f.? h id submitted; thus completing the subniis.-in <>! the whole country between ihe territory of Morocco and the left hank of the Mina. This trtbe h >d accompa neo Abdel Kadee during part of his Might, and in he course of it endured great hardship, besides losing all their beasts of burthen, a great portion of their flocks, and many horses. The chiefs assured General de T.amortciere that nearly SO,OHO d the portnt itmn of that part of the country had followed Andel Kader, and, being almost destitu'e of provisions, 2,000 of <hetn had died on their way. I hum. There is one item of Chine news which fut^ nishes matter of speculation, political, ceremonial, and fashionable, entirely new, and very striking " His Imperial Majesty proposes," we are told by telegra; !iie des^ntcb^ " sending an Ambassador

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