Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 12, 1843, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 12, 1843 Page 1
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TH Vol. IX.?Ho. U,?Whole No. 3???. Washington. [Correoponilence of the HeralJ.J Washington, Monday night, Jan. 9, 1843. Mr. Bottf'a Impeachment Keaolatlona ? I he Exchequer Thrown Overboard?No other Plan Propositi? Senator lluehanan?The Oregon Territory, ?Ste. At length the House has broken ground upon the Exchequer system, in right down earnest. It came up to day in the shape ol a motion from Mr. Fillmore, the chairman of the Committee on Ways ana means 10 prim a majoniy rrponui uic^uiuumtee adverse to the Exchequer system recommended by the President. This motion acted like a bomb shell thrown into an enemy's camp, and scattered all parties in all directions. It called out Mr. Cuehing, Mr. Pickens, Mr. Wise, Mr Marshall, Mr. Joseph Ingersoll, Mr. Granger, Mr. Botts, Mr. Cost Johnson, Mr. Turney,&c.; and kept the House in session pretty late. From the whole tenor of the debate which I give beiow, it will be evident to all that neither the Exchequer, nor any other plan for regulating (k i currency is to be passed this session ; and it also seems apparent that the poor Bankrupt Repeal Bill has had the "cold shoulder" turned to it. But before 1 proceed to the debate, let me mention a few other incidental matters. From lettere received by the Pennsylvania delegation here, it really appears probable that Mr. Buchanan will not be re-elected to the U. S. Senate. A man named Green (a democrat) has come out a high tariff man, and as he carries 13 State Senators with him, it is thought that Mr. Buchanan will have to be dropped much to the regret of all here who admire his great talents, and his many amiable and gentlemanly qualities. Mr. Forward positively retires from the Treasury Department, and his place is to be supplied by Mr. Spencer. Mr Proffit wishes to go abroad ; his health is very delicate, and he will very probably get a foreign mission. Postmaster Graham is still here, enlightening the Committees on Post Roads, &c. He is also endeavoring to fix a permanent mail Editor's Express between hers and New York; a thing much wanted, and which would easily be re ulated, if Captain Stockton would consent to let a sworn mail agent travel over his part of the line Irom Camdem to w New Brunswick. In the Senate to-day nothing of importance was done, except to discuss the Oregon Question. The Bill has been read a third tint-, and the question is on the engrossment. It will probably go to the House in a day or two. In the House the only matter of importance, besides the Exchequer, was that of Mr. Botts giving notice that to-morrow he would bring forward his celebrated resolutions impeaching the President. Wise says he is ready to meet them. I am told that Mr. Botts has received thirty or forty letters request ins mm to uecorac a canuiaate in wises uistnci next April. The estimates for the Army, Navy, Civil and Diplomatic appropriations were laid on the members' desks this morning. I send you a copy. The Appropriation Bill is also before the House. I sent you a copy on Thursday last. Thus you see there is a great deal of work cut our, nna only six weeks to do it in. Ecre sisrnum. There are the five Appropriation Bills all to be discussed, and all of which must be acted upon. There are also the Bankrupt Repeal, the Exchequer, Gen. Jackson's fine, the Coast Survey again, the Oregon Bill, the Impeachment Reso'utions, ana the Treaty, which must be acted upon. It strikes me there must be some heavy night sessions. But to The Exchequer System. t Mr. Fillmore presented a report from a majority of the Committee on Ways ana Means, adverse to the Exchequer plan presented by Mr. Forward last session (but which was written bv Mr. Webster,) and recommended again by the "President in his Message this session. The report wa6 not read, but at the end of it was appended this resolution:? Resolved, That the plan of an Exchequer, presented to Congress by the Secretary of the Treasury at the last session, entitled " A bill amendatory to the several acts ' establishing the Treasury Department," ought not to be adopted. , This announcement produced considerable excitement ; partiqulnriy as the six whigs forming the majority t>* the jDorniuiitcc, nn pl?n as a substitute. Mr. Athkuton, one of the three locofocos on the committee, then offertd the following amendment to the resolution from the minority:? "And that the Committee of Ways and Means be instructed to bring in a bill regulating the collection, safe keeping, transfer and disbursement of the public moneys, in such a manner as ahull as fsr as possible substitu'e provisions of law for Executive discretion in the management of the finances?shall prevent the moneys of the people from being used for purposes of private speculation and emolument, and shall render the Government inde|>eiident ol the agency and influence of monied corporations." Mr. Ccshino wished to go in'o Committee of the Whole on the State of the Union on the report. Mr. Fillmore objected. Mr Gushing then rose and saidHe would not say that the committee had neglected their duty in tins matter, hut ihey certainly had omitted fodo the duty which their country demanded of them. The gentleman objected to going into committee of the whole on this r- port. Ana why, sir! Are we to spend our time in discussing mere abstract propositions, viz: that a particular bill ought not to pass?a mere negative proposition 1 What has the House to gain, eir?what has the country to gain, by th:s course! Nothing. 1 do not wish, sir, to have this made a mere party issue; but to put this important measure in a practical form before the House, that members may proceed to legislate upon it. Let us than go into committee of ihe whole on this subject, so thct we may there mature a bill of some sort, independent of party relations. The onlv object of the majority of the committee seems to be to prohibit legislation. Will the chairman (Mr. Fillmore) go to the people?to the country?on the question that this House refuses to go into legislation on this i. great subject ! He says his object will be defeated? that of getting a direct vote on the Secretary's meaL sure?by going into committee of the whole; tliere" < u? II J,. i..., ,i i iii'ir- uc 11 VJ\? Iivfiuiu^, um U1 uifc iwi waiu mi;* i??irr urpation. I for one, sir, am sick and tired of this trifling; I see the country suffering?commerce and trade depressed for want of some settled measure to regulate the currency and finances of the country, and therefore I move that the House go into committee of the whole, in order to mature the best possible plan to meet the wishes and relieve the distresses of the country. Mr. Arnold moved the previous ques'ion to bring the House to a direct vote; hut there were t many who wanted to speak for him to be a tained. , Mr. Pickens aaid^ktf"u the ino6t effectual mods of bringing about Mr. Cushing'9 object was ts let the subject go to the House at once, and take a direct vote on it, with the ayes and nays. Mr. Wise ?Will the committee report a propo sition of fieir own I V-Mr Pickens?I am not at liberty to say what they are prepared to do. But I believe they have a proposition to submit. This House can never be brought to vote to sustain a mere negative proposition. I am willing that the measure formerly proposed hy the gentleman from Massachusetts should lie fairly heard and discussed in Committee of the whole. It's a very different plan from this measure of the Secretary's, and 1, for one, am quite ready and willing to give it a full and lair hearing. At *ie same time 1 wish the proposition from the chairman (Fillmore) to come before the House in some tangible way, so that some specific action might b>? taken on it 1 will call the aves and nays, nnd then see who will be found to vote' for this mere negative proposition. Mr. Cushino asked how the vote now would affect die measure before the House. Mr Pickkns was understood to say that he should consider those who voted for Fillmore's resolution, as not disposed to give the country any measure oi relief at all. Mr. Cost Johnson said?Sir, wc are now called upon to vote on a question with a long wri'len argument attached to it, without hearing that 1 am opposed in voting tor the chairman's (Fillmore's) proposition, because this Mouse will then lie awirfe at sea as when the matter was first relerred to the committee. We shall have been travelling inn circle, and advanced not a step. I wish to have u plan tor regulating the currency, and in the absence of fl perfect one, I hall take the best I can get. 1 shall vote, sir, for this Exchequer plan, even with the exchange feature, because 1 believe that the interests of the country require something of the sort 1 cm opp sed to trifling with the patience of the people uny longer, sir, and consuming time in mere pirty quarrels. 1 shail not vote lor a mere negaHon The committee offer no substitute for the plan they desire to kill. They literally tell this House and the country that they wish to adjourn without doing any thing towards regulating the currency or finances of the country. 1 know how important this measure is?how earnestly the people bp* looking to see something done for them. There E NE NEV fore, I deem it the duly of this House to bring forward some ascitic preposition 011 the subject, and take a direct vote on it. But I never will vote to refer a mere negative proposition for weeks, and spend all the session in idle debating, and at last leave off as wide at sea as we were when we began This, sir, 1 for one never will do; and, therefore, 1 shall vote against the proposition of the Chairman of the Committee on Ways and Means. Mr. Botts was perfectly willing to vole for a ape cific plan; the plan he preferred was a United States Bank or a National Bank. But the question now before the House was a mere question of printing. The proposition of the majority of the committee was simply that it is not expedient to adopt the plan of the Secretary of the Treasury. Now, what is the proposition of the gentleman from New Hampshire 1 It is to instruct the Committee of Ways and Means to bring in virtually a Sub Treasury Now, I wish to keep the questions separate and distinct. Let us vole first on this motion to print the report; and then let the. House say whether the committee shall be instructed to bring in a bill to establish a Bank of the United States, or a Sub Treasury. Mr. Fiixmork?Sir, I am not surprised to see the haste with which the gentleman from Massachusetts (Cushing) rose to oppose the report, eveu before he heard it read. It will be well remembered. that thia plan of the Secretary, which the committee report ought not to be adopted, is said to have been chiefly, if not entirely, the work of the Secretary of State. At the last session, air, it is well known that a select committee of friends of the President, at the head of which was the gentleman from Massachusetts, reported an Exchequer plan of their own. Ana, sir, in his famom Faneuil Hall speech, Mr. Webster said that that plan reported thus by a majority of the friends of the President, was not worth a rush?wa9 not worth the parchment on which it waa engrossed. Now, air, the gentleman says we put no question before the Houae, but only a mere negative proposition. Sir, the question is already before the House, in the best possible shape that the friends of the President could place it, in the bill of the gentleman himself, (Cushing,) now in Committee of the Whole. Again, a minority of the Committee on Ways and Means have reported a plan here, similar to the Sub Treasury; and so the quea ion is in reality before the House, for its consideration, in every conceivable shape. At the same time, this committee pledge themselves, at a proper time, to bring forward a specific proposition of their own. But they wish this plan of the Secretary first disposed of. Now, if there be a single friend in this Houae to the plan of the Secretary, let him move to strike out the word "not," in mv resolution? make it read that it "ought to be adop ed and I should like to see the man that would vote for it. But, sir, under the circumstances, the committee have no power to report an affirmative plan. It would be a violation of all the tules of legislation to do so?to report a projct of their own at this lime. Sic, the plan of the Secretary is inherently so defective, that it is impossible to make any thing of it; and that's the opinion of a majority of the committee. Therefore, 1 move that the report be printed at once, and shall vote accordingly; and wish to see a direct vote taken on it. Mr. Wi3K.?Sir, this state of things, is precisely what I anticipated. The reference of the plan of the Secretary to that Committee was like giving if over to the wolf?the reference to them, sir, was to commit it to be destroyed. They never meantto report any affirmative proposition, but merely to condemn this one plan One of the reasons they assign for their desire to have a plan, is ihat the money power is in the hands of the Executive They report that the money power ought not to be in the hands of the Executive. The Secretary of 'he Treasury and the President, present a plan which eneciuaiiy strips tne executive 01 an mi* money power?it is referred lo the committee?thispapient committee report that it ought not to be adopted, and there their wisdom stops; and there also it seems their patriotism stojs. Does the gentleman (Fillmore) mean to say, that he couldn't report a plan of his own that would be exactly the thing No, sir, he doesn't say that. But merely that one out of a thousand and one p ans that might be brought forward will not do. That it is not fit even for repair. Sir, it was formerly held as atn ixim, that one of two alternatives must be chosen ; a Sub Treasury or a United States Bank. Though this is now denied by those who choose a middle ground and who have brought forward a plan for an Exchequer. Could the gentleman, then, not have reported ? bill for a Bank of the United States, and repeat the creed of aut Ctrmir aut nullux?a Bank or nothing. Does the gentleman weigh well his words when he says that this plan of the Secretary's is so bad that it can't even be amended. Why, sir, one mode of amendment is to strike out all alter the enacting clause, and insert an entirely new plan. Does he mean to say, as he did, that it is too bad even for that! I siip.iose not. He could not be so absurd; his remark must be taken, then, as a mere figure of speech. He may mean that this plan for an Exchequer is so bad as to be_ unworthy of consideration; but not that something as a substitate might have been brought forward by the wisdom of the committee. I ask, then, sir, why the subs itute was not reported1! Fillmore.?Does the gentleman wish for an answer! Wish ?I do, most certainly. Fillmore ?The committee supposed that a sub stitute for this had been reported by the friends of the Executive last session, (Oushing's plan) and was now before the House in Committee of the Whole, for consideration. Mr. Wise said something whieh I could not hear, but it was about the friends of the Executive, and appeared to bea repetition of the question. Fillmore ?A majority of both Houses reported their plan twice, and twice it was killed. Wise.?What plan! Several Whigs.?A Bank. Wise ?BANK !!! Sir, I've got my answer; and I'll go to the people on lhatquestion?hank or nothing, and let a ptrv of the whole country trv the cause between us. I know the result. Sir, I want to take the money power out of the hands of the Executive; and the gentleman says, oh, there is no other wav t? do it but by means of a bank Aut Citsnr, witmJi v- -i -i - -> ius it|(aiii: i? mrrr men 10 dp turner mis great moneyed power of a United S'atoB Bank again, or i? ih Executive to be allowed to retain this power! Is there, sir, to be no middle power! Sir, I want this issue tried in this House Ht once. I want the vote to betaken now, and let our names be recorded there on. That one party shall vote to say there shall be nothing but a United States Rank, and the other party that there shall be nothing but a Sub-Treasury' Take one of these extremes or nothing! Sir, on thai issue I am ready to vote at once; no more delay. I sustain the previous question; and I shall vote with the minority of that committee; I shall vote for the amendment ot the gentleman from New Hampshire; and I wish the clerk to read the resolution again. (It was read) Now mark the difference, sir: the majority of ttiat committee say that the Hub-Treasury is good for nothing, and there they stop. The minority say that they whM some plan; that they | want something done lor the sate keeping of tliipublic money and to strip th? Executive ol this money power; and, sir, this desire is actually in accordance with the professed principles of the majority of that com uittre. Mr Athkrton rope to say that he wanted to pre vent the u-e and abuse ?f the pn-.lic money by any Win.-Sir, I go the full length and breadth of the gentleman'* preposition?not only to prevent the abuse, but alto the u?e ol it by any and every one for their owe private purpoia*. Sir, I go it! That the Government ahall forever b? (operated from or connected with nn> moneyed corporation* in any andeveiy manner. And,Sir, all thete plan* were a* fully avowed in the plan proponed by the friend* of the Executive la*t aenion, a* ever they were by the (riend* of the Sub-Treasury. And instead ol voting to refer thi* amendment to the Committee with in(traction* when they nay they can't do any thing to improve the Secretary'? plan, I vote to refer it at once to the Committee of the Whole on the State of the Union ; ami there you will (lnd a plan already matured tor meeting thi* entire question in it* length and breadth, and I am ready to deltoid that plan line by line anil precept by precept. I will show that it nioit i-fl dually separate* th? government (mm the money power ; that it effectually provides against the use ol the public fund* for any itnpropn purpose, and against all abti?e* of any and every nature ; a* far a* human ingenuity ran guard against lliein , ami I will further show that it'* similar to the linnnrinl plan pro po-od in the leading Democratic |M'tiodicala?which thn party propose bringing forward nest session; Willi thi exception, that they have one fund for 'he people and an other lor the government ; whilst we h;ve but one funi lor both. A Locornco Mkmrkr.?That isn't *?. Wis,-..?Now, then, sir, let u* vote on this matter at one,. t invoke this Congress not to let thi* session pass by without n settlement ol this great question. 1 tell thi* House, and I tell Bie people that it's loo much the policy ol tin h idcrs ol both parties to keep this qu- stion nn open qu< ? tinn. I hey do no' desire to settle it honestly anoepeedilt as I hey ought to do. At the snme time I toll them, thi tlnit pin ly which is mou fovw ard in keeping this nil opei question, and refusing to settle it at nncaw 'l :,uftrr mo. at the hand* ol tin- people of thi* country hereafl, r. Mr. Ens.sci* Ghsnokr.?-Sir, the gent lentan lias said tlio' thi* question had met the late that he desired it to meet, an. that he anticipated. Now,?ir, I presumel know to what h intend* to allude, and whei e he expect* that remark to tell Bui, *ir, nnlwilhttanding all thai newspaper lerihhltn met, ?ny about il?notwithstanding nil the mannlacturing 01 public ophuon respecting tins question ? notwtthitaadinr all the other charges brought against the whig party n will bo remembered t^at twice w? were reedy with a plan w rc 7 YORK, THURSDAY M ami that twice it van destroyed hy the Executive. Sir, we are ready to m?el the issue on thii question. Who is it that is charged with delay on this subject, and yet wnen we come to the vote, where is the fl ittering ?een 1 Sir, the gentleman from Massachusetts, (Cushing,) not having quite got his cue, thought when this plan of the Secretary's flrst came up, that the child ought to b > strangled in thecradle. An I, sir, I rather think tliatthe occupant of the Whito House will not take It kindly that the gentleman from Massachusetts manifested such murderous intentions to wards the bantling. The gentleman Irom Virginia (Wise) complains that this pet lamb was consigned to the care ol my friend, the wolf here, (Fillmore) ? whilst his friend ( "ushing) now wants it simmered and boiled down to nothin/, in the great cauldron ot the committee of the whole. Sir,Irom what I have been able to see of this pet lamb ot the Executive, I am compelled to consid' rit a monstrous long shoot ol a great Government Bank, engraftel on the stalk of the old Sub Treasury. [Laughter ) Sir, I for one am not prepared for it. I can't go it. Sir, I ask who treated this pet lumh of the Executive worst? Those who mutilated it so that It could hardly be recognized by its h si friends, or those who, relusing to do so, merely turned it out ol the fold, to take its chance on the moor. Sir, this pot animal of the President's makes its appearance here this session for the second time, one year older than it was before, hut not so large as it was at itsbirth. [Laughter.J It was brought into this fold last session, on the 14th ol December, committed to the tender meici' iof the gentlemat from Massachusetts, and yet he did'nt think proper to give an opinion about it,or to report on it, until the 17th ot February. Then he re-prodticed tha animal?then he again brought this le t lamb before the gaze ot the House ; and how little it looked like the animal which was given into his charge. Why sir, he hadn't even exercised the common caution practised hy Gipsej s U|K?ii stolen children. Being; the head ol the Government here, he legitimately got |loupes*ion ol it?he had it under hi . care lor nine week*, and he though1, I suppose, he had a right to do a* he liked with it; and he did ao horribly mutilate it, that it the little animal had then been taken and turned out in the East Room of ihe White House, I really do not think the President would have known it again. (Laughter.) I's ears were cropped?it* tail was cut oil. (Groat laughter, particularly among the ladies in the gallery.) A Locoroco?No I druv in. Ohsvgkh?And each member of the guard seemed to have put his mark upon It, in accordance with the marks in the town book*. (Roars of laughter.) Ami, sir, lie tiled, but tred in vain, to pull it* wool over our eyes? (Shouts of laughter.) I know, sir, that theie is a kind of leverish excitement all over the country about some plan to regulate the currency, and it is easv to tee how this is got up. Atone time there seemed to be a general cry to try the President's plan. Then came the report ol the gentleman from Massachusetts, and then nothing was heard of or called for but his plan. Then came Mr. Senator Tallmadge's report, and ali seemed to cry out, " why not take his plan and pa?s it 7" And why was all this, sir 7 Because the public was like a man in extreme torture? who cries out " give me some other position than the one I am now suffering in." The gentleman has talked ol delay ; yet when we come to voting we see 'he delay to be on his side. Suppose my friend from New York (Fillmore) had reported a Bank Bill as a substitute. Why it would have kept back the action of the House on this much longer, and delayed the business much more. And the gentleman (laughing) will rememlier that though he reported his bill on the 17th of February last, he made but two attempts to bring it up between that time and the close ol the session. For my own part, I am ready to meet this matter, as I consider the Secretary's plan nothing but a Sub-Treasury, having oneoi a most powerlul govermental Bank engrafted on it. The plan ol the gentleman (Cashing) is the most harmless of any that 1 have seen. That of the Government is the most powerful and dangerous ; and were it not lor its nower, in some respects would be the most valuable and efficient. At the same time it gives the whole control of the and commerce business of the country into the hands of the Executive. Therefore, sir, I'll not go it I hope, sir, that some one will move to str knout t he word " not" that we may be able to see who is really in favor of it in this House. Mr. Nokrsoll rose and laid?Who upon this floor, sir, has said a word in favor of the President's plan7 Not one lor the first time. Then the select committee did not do it. Suptiose the Committee of Ways and Means had reported some plan beginning at the Sub Treasury and ending with the National Bank,or beginning with the Notional Bank, and ending with the Sub Treasury. They would have trod on the heels ot soma gentleman's pi in whn lilil ffnno hiUnrnthflm. All cnr?a r\I nlanu ??won subject, sir, are now before the House, and the public calls for a settlement Now, let us first ask, calmly, is the President's plan, such a one as is desired? And let us decide this question first. It has been hmore the country a year; the Secretary of State had a principal hand in framing it; vet even the friendsol the Government in this House do not support it. Sir, 1 deem it a sort of experiment for which the country is not ready. The laws of commerce and trade are continually changing ? Therefore I think this plan premature. The'proposed remedy for the evils complained of is a bank of exchanges, a hank ol deposits and even cf discounts. When time has perfected our knowledge of what the great commercial inter ess olthe < ountry require, then let us tiring torward and perfect a plan. The committee in their acti n have followed out this view and do .e wisely. They have lett Congress to choose between all the plans now before it, and nave taken the bold, broad, manly ground of calling on every individual member to say "are you in tavorof this Exchequer plan of i he Executive's or are you not J' and come out and record your vote in atrict accordance with your clear, honest, unbiased judgment. Mr. Tuh'st, <T Tennessee, rose and said Mr. Speaker, I wish to ask the Whigs a lew questions. You see, that the Bank is dead, and that you have to choose between a Sub Treasury or nn Exchequer You say that the President is a base scoundrel, a villain, and a traitor; that he lias sold his country, his party?every thing; and that yen mean to impeach him. Now, in the lace ol all this, will you go to the people and say that you were yet willing to trust this mau so lar us to leave ail the money |>ower in his hands, sooundrel and vagationd as you say he is? Now you say that you are going to have a third party measure. Vou won't go (or a Sub Treasury, because that's the most destructive of all measures ; you wont't go for a United States Bank, because that's condemned by the people and dead. What will yon go for, then? An Exchequer. Now let us see what is an Exchequer. The plan of the gentleman from -Massachusetts is jailed so. Soistheplan recommended by the President; mid this last if even more o lious to m - than a Bank of the United States. I thought that the wings, finding themselves broken and scattered, would rally on this last plan, and sustain the President ; hut it is not to be so. Now, it is very clear that Mr. Tyler is no democr at, for he would rather keep the money of the psonle in his own pocket, than submit to the chicks imposed by law, which the Sub Treasury imposes. I'm certain that he's no' a moderate man of lioth parties ; and lor my part I'd rather be called a tliief?(I think was tht word.) He's half the time going with one party, and hall the time with the other; and all the time abusing both (Laughter.) Now, tne ha I state of the t mes we hear of is entirely owing to the bad conduct ol the whigs. They carried out n?t one of the measures which at the elcctioi they promised to the people. Now, Captain Tyler, ?o fai from being a democrat, has mude war upon us by his r> peal of the Sub Treasury Law. He has preferred keeping all the money of the people in his own pocket, and ha' proposed no legal restraint upon himself. As for the whigs look at their speeches about 'be purse and the sword, on the removal of the deposites, and yet th'-y let all the peo pie's money remain in John Tyler's pocket although they siy he's ten t'mes more b ise, more corrup-, than evci General Jackson was. Tuey know they can't get a haul; ?thev won't iro tor either n >nh Ti. u.npv nr .r V..?? quer?hut preler to lot all the money remain in Captain Tyler's pocket,when they can put a l<-gal check up mi hiin Sir, for myself, I shall vote lor the amendment?ami if tin Houie refuse to sustain it, why then they will actually be saying that they would rather let the Treaid, nt keep all the money than paai good laws to emure ill fafu keeping, and to seperate the puree Irom the sword. Col. CsMracLL, of South Carolina, rose, but he spoke too low for me to hear him distinctly. He spoke Iot about two minutes only, and I could Just make out that hsaid the Exchequer was not the most pre|>osterous plan he had evi r seen. He was always op|>osed to placing the fondant the Ooveanment in Banks, and he wished to explain his reasons to Ins ronstituen-s for the vote he should g've on this occasion. H- realtor he should be found acting on the of the Democrats with whom he had always at ted. Mr. Marshall now obtained the floor. Hecommenced his remarks by pronouncing a splendid euiogy upon Vlr. Webster?that Mr. Webst-i whom he ftesul some yeais ago in the Senate of the United States. (Expressions ol astonishment.) He had resd Uiaspeecbes and made them his study by night and by day. For no living man hail he a higher reverence than loriiim. He s i, the intellectual giant af the age. (Applause.) His Mr. M 'a notions ol u Bank of the United Htates, he bad imbibed irom Mr. Webster j hut the Exchequer Scheme recommended In the Executive, and reputed to bo Irom Mr. Webster's peri, was wholly, radically inconsistent with all bis lormei doctrines of a great regulator of the currency. (Oh ! oh ! oh 1) Mr. W. had no w pronounced a United State-. Bank " ?n obsolete idea.'" II it was so, he was obsolete too. (Laughter,) He scouted the sdea ol an Exchiquer to exist by the favor ol the State - , for such a thing he could never go ; he preferred that the public monies should lakept under the law of VB. He noticed the remark of Mr. Wise that the country hud but to chooso between two things, the Excheqiteror the Sub Treasury. He spoke by authority. Mr. Wisk asked if he had ever professed to speak by authoiity 7 Mr. Massmsll?1 have heard the gentleman Irom Va. s iy, yon shall have this, and you shall not have that? surely he do. s not speak thus upon his own authority, he know ? th" opinions of the K x- cutis < an I utters tlieni Why should th-- f'omniilfee <>f Ways an i Means report an; olir r plan I We i . nno have forgotten the two veto which c imeinto this Hon ie at the Extra Si asion. He hn bee i charged in and out of this House ith surrenderm: the public Imii Is, but here is a clear case of surrendei The ques'lon Is whether we are to adopt this plan com ing from the Executive, w ithont dotting an I, or rro-sin, a I . if he legislated under such dicta;ion may the < apila fall in ruins upon him. No, not if commerce and tin country suffered a thousand time ntori tin. \ they di>' would tie submit as a legislator to such Executive die* lion. Mr. M. said his present remarks were but a men exordium to u speech lie intended to make defining exact ly his own peculiar |x>?iiion, as well in r? grird to measure as to men, so !: : as it was proper to do so in regard to tin list * r. He then noticed what Mr ( iishing had mud som days ago (in his uuctiom eiing .peech,) and proceeded ti comment it|4>n it with great seventy and s tl.-ct- Mr. < took it for granted the Whigs were dead they had dash c,l their brains nut against "a fixed rnnstituiional lact,' and this fart still slum! there The administration ami it friends, were (according to Mr. rushing,) the great slavei of parties, and had told the Locos they were ready to slay them too, If the ran toul of this "fact." (Laughter.) Passing on over various topica, Mr. M. alluded to >RK E [ORNING. JANUARY 12, 1 the situation of parties?ot a coalition between Mr. Calhoun, Mr. Webster, and Mr. Tyler. Mjr conscience ! ?t what a coalition', he ex laimed It would he strange to to sen Mr. Van Buren heat by Calhoun, W. hater, and Tyler, an Exchequer G ivernment, Bank and Stale u R ght* doctrines. Mv lilo upon it it will not take, n Mr. M. a lrised ho'h whigr and democrats to stick to theii si principles; the administration o( Mr. Tyler would he at an end In a little more than two ye its, and he pitied thoae v. connectej with it. When the histoty ol the couutry h should he written, this administration would be a pa ran- ?< thesis, 0 which, according to the spelling book, contains what may he leu out without injury to tho rest. [Ureal pi laughter] Mr. M. spoke of Mr. I'j ler as a sort ol tncar- h nation ol Virginia abstraction, [continue! laughter] a Is

Virginian ol the later Platonic school. He never believed p in him inueh irom the lirst, and when he spoke in his in- tf augural about being willing to lollow the light ol the re- at publican fathers, k.\ he had less confidence in him 'ban is ever. Mr. M. commented with humor and sarcasm upon the Virginia moder i school of politics, and kept the ci ' l.tii i in I k., I ?k- 1 ? ... M_ /I.. <1 <lon, which plainly toM Mr Tyler that the ill mocrati tl would havu nothing 10 ilo with him?110, they would not a touch him with h teu toot pole?he was absolutely otfeu* sive to ther nostrils. mi Mr. PxorriT ?The gentleman's hour is out, Mr Speaker, el Marshal!..?Is my hour out, sir? a Srkarrr?Your iiour is out, sir? Marshall.? Weil then, sir, I "-ish to give notice, to this h House, sir, that this is hui the eiordium to my spaech, sir o: and ihat hereafter, whenever I can get the floor, no matter ei what the subject is before the House, I mean to go on from s< time to time and continue this subject, anil to define mv ti position an 1 to treat of the measures of the party and of ' men? u Here there was great noise and confusion?loud cries of i' "adj mm"?"a> es and nays"?"no"?"yes," anil much ex* *1 citrnient. The clerk began calling the a\ es and nays, the members began to clear out, and the House ad j ruined. Cl Mr. 1'KorriT got the floor for to-morrow. W.ll-A. t, Albany. ti [Correspondence of the Heisld.j 1 Albany, Jan. 10, 1843. * More of the Freshet?Interest ing Iwgis!tit ive. Proceed- m ings?Oflire Seeking, fye. $c. " Anoiher mild day, accompanied with rain. The water had risen to a great height last night, doing " considerable damage to the merchants on the dock, () and causing great inconvenience, and even suffer- n ing in numereus instances, to the poor, in the lower ? patt of the city. The passengers by the Housetonic (rain were obliged to remain in Greenbttsh all night, on account of being unable to croHs the river. We had quite an interesting debate yesterday on the bill introduced by Mr. Daly, in the House, relative to corporation contracts in the city ot New York. It was ordered to a third reading by a strong vote?the intention being to hurry it through in time to have efl'ct on the contracts about being made by the Corporation o| New York, la die Senate also, an able discussion was drawn out on the Criminal Court Bi'l Mr. Wkir, late member from New York, wants to < he Prison Agent. He is well qualified for this post, from the examination he has given our prison systems. 1 In your paper of Monday, I perceive a correspondent from this city (Jo Smith) takes the occasion, most unjustly to abuse Mr. Bromley, the newly appointed Sergeaut-at-Arms to the Assembly. He is a most competent person, and is much liked. As to what your correspondent says in regard to the New York delegation being out-generallcd, that is true enough, but >lr. Connelly's defeat did not arise from jj1 the reason ascribed. The fact is, the New York delegation have not, nor never did have much in- ? fiuence in the House. They are a'Ways regarded ii with jealousy by the country members. This was apparent lust session, and is ?qunlly so this. p in the ;>'ii*te to-diy, the Criminal Court Bill, a alter much debate, was passed, and sent to the * Mouse. _ _ c In the Assembly n large numb?r of petitions were s presented, among which was one praying for anal- n teration of the laws in relatiou to Pilots by way of t Sandy Hook. The ladies are again moving in the matter of n <> law for the more effectual suppression of licentious- n ness. Why don't the Legislature do something to r relieve the dear creatures from their difficulty. It tl they can ihink ol nothing net er, why no1 piss Col. 0 Hatheway's bill of last session, for the abolition of c the crime. I would direct the Colonel's attention to ? the subject, and recommend him to introduce the bill again. The Assembly were occupied during the tl yreater part ol the day in the disciiasion of the " rules. > Jj Both houses have now got into business, ami they c are disposing of it in such a m inner, as to give ? earnest of a short session. G m-Divis, the Speaker, 0 discharges his duties in so admirable a manner, as tl to win tor him the approbation ol all parties. li The Ex-Governor lias left the city for Auburn, his '< former and future residence. Previous to his de- P nurture, some of our leading whus here tendered ( him a public dinner, which he declined. tl Brother Knapp is pleaching here. He does not, however, create inuch excitement. Simon. a a U. S. District Court. c V Before Judge Butts. , l< VtctTtos,lis. II?The Unit*A S'alet v? Alexander t S McKtnzie and Guril Gantevnorl?Application for a Warrant aealntl MrKcnzie and Gantevoort for the Wilful ? Murder of Samuel Cromwell on the High Seat?Joh-s It. 0 8<-olks, K?(jr., us counsel for Margaret K. Cromwell, ? widow of Samuel Cromwell, applied to Judge Betts lor a t warrant for the arrest of Alexander Slidell McKenzie and ( Ouert Oansevoort, charged with the wilful murder of her husband. Samuel Cromwell, on the high sess. The ?p- : plication was fended on an affidavit of the widow, and .1 proof oftlte admisaions ol Mrgrnzie and Gansevoort thnt r they put Cromw ell to death, by hanging him Ht the yard , arm of the United States brig Sumer.. Mr. Scoles suppotted the appication hy referring to the Statutes of the | f United States, and the decisions of the courts of Great Britainandour own country, and insUtad that the present ? , was a case of murd-r on the high teas, and wi-hln th? ? Jurisdiction of tha Uaited States Circuit Court He further ., 1 argued that if a Naval Court Martial could take cogm J zance of the otfence (which he considered questionable) . its jurisdiction was concurrent with th it ol the Circuit ; Court, and not exclutlve- The Court of Enquiry, which , 1 had been instituted, did not outl the Civil Courts of their , jurisdiction. It was not aittiug in judgment upo 1 Com t 1 mander McKenzie so as to acquit or condemn him. Gan- \ sevnort was not before it at all. He had been examined ea a witness, and was now nt liberty. Were the parties ar. t rested by a court martial, it might be urged that they were . in charge of a tribunal possessed ol legal authority to in- , vestigntu and puui-h their conduct?hut such was not the fact. I'hey were charged with wilful mu-der ; tliey had ( admitted that they took the life of Cromwell on the high c ! seas ; and public justice demanded their apprehension. , Where the civil courts and the naval courts martial ha.I , concurrent jurisuicuon, tnc preierence was given to the 0 civil tribunals. Thin was the spirit of our constitution t anil law*. t Ji'diik Betts' Drciiiorv. ( Two affidavit* were presented me yesterday alterooon, and an application founded on tliem "a* made by counsel ? for a warrant to arrest Alexander Slidell McKenzie and r (inert UuiHevooit for murder, coinmiite<l on tlin high ti sens. 1( The affidavit of Margaret F.. Cromwell, states that she ,, is the widow of Samuel Cromwell, and charge* that she tl is informed, and believes her husband was pu' tn death on the 1st December last, at sea, on board the United States ? brig Vomers, by order of Mackenzie, aided, abetted, and r assisted in the said killing by Lieut. Oansevoort ; that lie H was put to death without the torsi or semblance of a trial, ind without the least I. gal evidence of the guilt or misconduct of the said Cromwell. *' flhu further states, that she is informed and believes, ( that said Cromwell was put in irons on tioard the said brig, J. '.he i7th day of November, and remained thus confined until the 1st December , when within two or three days * sailol the Island of St Thomas, h>- was by order of the accused, deliberately put to death by hanging at the yard arm of said brig. ti The other deposition tnaile by Charles Cleaveland, al tn leges that he was present on board the U. R. Ship North u Carolina, and on or about the lflth December last, heard a ai report or written statement read, and also heard McKenzie w 'lni accused admit it was made by him, and in that state o< men* McKenzie admittul he did deliberately put to death C Samuel Cromwell by hanging him at th- yard arm o i " hoard the U. R. Brig Somers, on the high seas, on the first at lay of December last ; and also that the depenrnt heard * Oansevoort, the other party accused, ackno?vl. dge that he |< lided at d abetted McKenzie in the said set. v The counsel ol"o submitted a published report of th t| statement of McKenzie, utid the proceeding thereupon fi( referred to that as evidences of his admission and tin minnerin which it was made. ,,, It is first to be remarked in respect to this proceeding, ?, ihat it is not conducted in the method usually employe I g in criminal accusations in this district. jj The D strict Attorney is the otheial representative<v the Oovernment in criminal prosecutions, (ft Pi ti-rs F |V 4ftl) nnd it can rarely happen, that a magistrate will fci I si bound tn Investigate charges which have been mail- an known tn the District Attorney, and which he then dt th clitics to prosecute or countenance. th It hi no means follows that the unwillingness or refusal su ol that oin?*er to Institute a criminal prosecution will de co bar n judge 01 magistrate investigating charges w hirl tr? come before them pro|ierly authenticated, or will control them in th- eserciae of a full discretion In the matter; but he t* is found most conducive to the orderly administration r,, -il justice, to the piotec.tlon of the citizen and the vlndlcn cj, 'uitiol the lows in discovering and punishing public of. fenders, to leave to the olticcr of the law charged wit! this duty to collect proofs, inquire whether 'h- n is a pro- hi table case of any otfenCe xg -inst the laws, and prepare th, ,m c.haigeito be presented twlore the examining magistrate It il not concealed that in this case t he District Attorney, pr or the gentleman conducting 'be business of his office u j0( his alisence on other official duties, both declines to act in th this accusation, and discountenances it* prosecution at the m present time and in this lorm. gll [ERA 843. We are then brought to consider the rase *s it now anda, and decide whether the tacts stated are of a nature g i demand the arrest of theae parties on this capital charge. It i? to he premised that it is not tho duty of a magistrate pon the ne re assertion, on oath, that a crime has been ammitted, to ttiuti a warrantor take cognizance ot the j ihjert. * ? There must he lirst laid before him a statement of ficta 0 ended by oat h, which if true, ith r prove that an offence ,\ as been committed,or raise a strong presumption that it is \ ). (1 Ohitty C. L. li ?1 Hale 5H0?a it.. io7_tit) ) If he may be protected in acting on a well founded sus Tj ic on, it is clear, ni>on the principle of the authorities that ?| e is not liound to proceed on such evidence at common p. iw, unless, perhaps, in case of a suspicion founded on his ersnnal knowledge of facts (1 Chitty 10, II) and under rn te 6'h Amendmentof the United Htatea Constitution, it is : least doubt i it I whether he can act, until a probable case r, first established to his satisfaction by oath. o The witnesses who have given their deposition in this p ise know no fact or circumstance implicating tiiese par- ,| cs and claim to support the proceedings asked for upon r te open and notorious declarations and averments of the c censed. s 1 am accordingly hound to regard those declarations, it'l the concomitant circumstances, as the sole evidence H If'eredto support the accusation and Justify the award of $ warrant of arrest. o It appearsupon this prool that the accused being officers |, i command ot the U- S- brig Homers, arrested Cromwell Ki rt a charge of a mutinous conspiracy with others of the rew, to murder the otfi -era, and piratically possesatham- , dves ol the vessel, and her at tnament and stores; that af- t. .1. lainln* Sim I., ^II 1 I. I I... .lTil. ..I er to the first of December, th<'y ordered him put to death, ,| nder apprehension of his rescue l>y his confederates, ami i tin- b.liefthat there was 110 other means of saving the ? liip and the lives of the officers. Salting up an accusation of this character against (As de- b eased under whatever solemnity of aeservation, mo it cer- ' linly cannot 4* received at a justification for employing the n: u I extreme of power Ay the accused. The watchful soliei- '< tde of 'he law over lif and personal security cannot he so c uieted or satis fied The necessity of the case must he made si //parent heyond any fair ground to doubt, before any func w mi /ry under whatever plenitude of power, can mi hit own Hl \andate take the life of a citizen. Public sensibility is in } 0 respect in advance of the authority and vigor of the law S 1 vindicating and protecting life and personal liberty from " /juries not well warranted and excused by the exigencies niter which they w*re inflicted. c Yat it by no means follows, that the investigation of j"' lis grove and exciting subject, devolves upon the civil r uthoritics, or that tho commission of an offence at plnees j r by persons within the Jurisdiction of courts of law, eccssarily imposes on them the duty of inquiry or punihment. v It is not intended, however, to go into t' is topic further (| iian to consider whether the facts and circumstances ow laid before me, impose a necessity on me, as a civil ^ lagistrate, to cause the accused to be arrested, and then ^ ? proceed ami investigate the charges. The act of September 34,1789, section 83, empowers the t rmst of offenders lor any crime ugainst the United States, g greeahle to the usual mode of process in this state, where he offender may be found, and authorizes the proceedings g o tie had before any justice or judge of the United States, t r justice of the peace or other magistrate of the state, nd a recent act exteuds the authority to Commissioners ppointed bv the Circuit Court to take affidavits and bail. * Act Aug. 23, 1842.) But though the mode of proceeding be the same as un- J lerthesta'e laws, the Uuited States courts can take no ognizance of any matter not specifically declared to be a t rime or offence by act of Congress, and accordingly can- j lot inquire into violations of the common law or law of . lations, committed on land or at sea, without the act is ^ irohihited and punished by express statutory provisions. U. 8. vs. Hudson et. a 1 , 7 Cranch., 32; b Whent., 76, U I. vs. WiPberger; 3 Wheat., 386 U. 8. vs. Bcvuns, Ch. 1. 1 vfarshall, 387 ) t The crimes act ol 1790, section 8, rendprs it a capital ofpneefor any person upon the high seas to commit murder, ^ nd declares that the trial of crimes committed on the high Ban, Ac At., shall be in the district, where the offender is ppreherided, or into which he may be first brought. The iic of 1925, (chapter 276, section 4.) declares that if nv person upon the high seas, Ac. Ac , snail commit wil. il murder,! upon conviction thereof, stiff r death. The language of these enactments is 'utliuuntly om irehensive 'o embrace offences committed on board the j rmed vesselsof the United States, and the argument upon vhich the interposition ol the civil courts is invoked in liia instance, assumes that Congress designed to have the j riminal jurisprudence of the country, exercised in all racs in conformity to the provisions ot the filth and sixth . .inendments to the Constitution by presentment mid Jury . rial. a But it is to be observed that the fifth amendment confers * ail power on Congress to legislate over offences in the avy and army, and militia, in HCtual service within such (| estriction. (( The filth section of the act Is?" no person shall he held b answer for a capital or otherwise infamous crime, unless 'w uses arising in the land or rural force*, or in the militia, j rhen in actual service in time >f war or public danger.'' ' Without pausing to consider whether any one otoer . han ?he party accused or to be tried, can take advantage I this constitutional limitation, and compel the trial to tie 'w si in courts ol l?<v, when the party pi reeded nga nst . oes not claim It or object to a ditf. rent tribunal, it is sutli- (| ient to say, that this clause of the Constitution distinct ly eparates offences on land or at sea, committed in the army r navy, from crimes in general, and in connexion with . heexpress powerto make rules for the government of and or naval forces, and leaves to Congress power to '' igislate with broader discretion over that portion of tlio ? nblic subject to Its authority. ' It is in this sense the provision is understood byonr blest commentator, (3 Story's Crim. Law 79, bad) and by Ije Supreme Court (3 Wheat. 336-7 Cranch lid.) '' Congress has exercised this power distinctly, and by the Ct for the better government of the Navy, passed April . 3, 1809, Art. at, has declared, "that the crime of murder, ommitted by any otticer, &r., belonging to any public essel of the United States, without the tarritorial jtirisdicion of the United States, may be punished with death by lie sentence of a court martial." A very eminent Attorney General of the United States '! ;ave it as his opinion in ikp2, that a naval court maiti .1 . tight not to try and punish a murder committed on boat I ' i United Sta'es frigate at Norfolk, but that jurisdiction in bis^ase belongs to the ordinary civil tribunal. (Attorney | lencral Tinckney. Opinion of Attorney General, p. 114 ) 1 Si far as that opinion might indicate that jurisdiction n the case belonged to the United States Courts of Juris n iction, it is contravoned by the judgment of the Supreme * "onrt in ISIS. That Court intima ing a strong opinion hat the crimes act of 1790, section 9 did not embrace J (fences committed on hoard the public ships of the Jnited States (3 What. 391). The crimes act of IMS, sec. 4, reiterates the language " f that of 1790 in this respect, and it is accordingly a point n ( grave doubt under the construction given by the Sn- JT n ine Court, whether it would interfere with the legis- ' atiun then ill force by the act of 1800 iu respect to the 4avy. 1 Tliisdoubt is rather strengthened than removed by nn liter ciiiii".ii?'nt in ih> act oi MMk Sec. 11 renders it a capital otlence wilfully to burn or o set fire with intent to burn any public vessel of the j United States, afloat, Sc,( a ad then adds the proviso? ' ' rhat nothing herein contained shall lie construed to ake away or impair the rignt oi any Court Martial to n >utiish any offence which, by the law ol the U nited States, 0 nav be punishable by such Court." II the act of ISJfi may be regarded as giving the civil n Courts cem-uF-renf jurisdiction witli Courts Martial over ilfences committed on boar ! ships of war, thisprovis-. a 'ery distinctly indicates the in'cntof Congress that the lower then existing in Courts Martial was not abrogated Jf if suspended, and it would rusult that it did not impose on ;! he Civil Courts the necessity ?f exercising the jurisdic ion as the only means of enforcing the law, and securing >r punishing offenders. 8 But supposing all reasonable grounds of Jonbt are rcaoved, an t it is demonstrated that the Courts oi civil jit- *j isdiclion ITS to take cognizance of this matter, the qM* " ion yel remains whether the subject is now brought be- I " are me iu such posture, and under such a stale oi tact-', c. s would render it a judicious exercise of discretion to in?rpo?e and arrest the parties. " Looking at the papers laid before me asthe basts ol these roceedings, I find u regularly organized Court ol EnqniV instituted hy the Secretary of the Nary, now sitting '' lid investigating mis icr\ matter. if The United Sta'es law otfl er of this din trio t in as?igni J ,, I the Judge Advocate Ol that tribunal, and the der laru- ^ on of Lieut, on which hi' arrest is deraan ' tt I, was m ide in the teatnnony given by hi n hoiore that w ourt. The report or written statement ol Com. McKvn- t| ie employed as evidence on this proceeding, was a paper v ihmitted to that Court for it? examination and action. That Court i* 'till diligently engaged in the examine- tt on of witnesses upon thin vary subject matter, and it is n lost manifest from these paper', that a rightful and lull R nderstnnding of the charge preferred by these deposition- se ;ainat and Ginsevoort cannot be had by me Ithont calling the same witnesses before me and going rer the same ground of examination now ptir?tied by the 1.1 ourt ot Enquiry. Nor ran a ?tet> be taken by the civil oh lthoritiea m this behalf, without at once arre'ting and ca iperccding the action ol the Naval Court of Enquiry. 'tt The second reel ion ol theact of Congress, April J3d, <00, Art. I,expressly empowers the Secretary ol the Nay to Convent such Court of Enquiry, and prescribes to *r ic members and Judge Advocate u solemn oath of ol ^j1 :e. ' It 'hottld thi rt fore be a >".' < ol mo-.t imperious cxigen- ? f that would Induce any singl- magistrate to take Irom ich tribunal the subject matter Rutunltti d to it a in' eatiutioo, and assume to himself the entire cognizance nn.i -position of i'. There is no lie t submitted to me Indicating any necessi- " for such procedure. It i- hot proved that there i'lhr ighte'f suspicion that the otti-ors accused will flee a full 1 rr archin investigation of their conduct, r.or hut tha' y arc now under competent control, by authority ol '' President of the United States, to be brought to an <U er before the proper tribunals foi any violation of law mmitied 1)> them in tin' luo't ?wl< .en and melancholy inaaction. 0 f It would be most unu'u il, if not indi'creet, whilst the *" ad ol the govei ninent is pursuing this invest gallon in p 'pert to the conduct of ottieer* ot the Navy in theixer I' ?e of their coiiiuiun I, lor a single magistral' to intervene, (1 hy hla warrant Change the whole course of prowire and attempt to establish u pai amount jurisdiction in i,;, mselfovei a case where at least tliere in color ol authoi ,,r to ?up(iort the method pursued by the government. These considerations satisly my Judgment that the "'' oofs submitted to me do not establish a casein which a ticlal necessity is im|Mise<t on me lo take cognisance ol v'01( ecomplaint, and I therefore decline granting the war- |> nt prayed lor, to arrest Mexander ' 'lidell Mackenzie d Lieut, (jansevoort lor the crime of murder. twmrr : ** r.jmmmmmrnm *mmm mm LD. Pvtee Two OnM, Uenrral Hrnlonn, Icfore Recorder Tallmadgo, Judge Lynch, and Alder mt ii Underwood and Martin James H. Whiting, t<q., District Attorney VVk'o?mD?r,J?i ll.-Cuti of John Jitter n and lamet HI'ard -The ti lal of these m>-n indisted lor emlier/denn nt f unds belonging to III 'City Corporation, and the "Pate I New York, wrniiit down tor We .tnead iy of ne t week .hern was formerly clerk to the Mayor ami Want, tir?t 1a< shall in the Mayor'* office. Cat'Mi ttf il'iwri for Tiial. ?'That of O wen I'rescntt r,>r olatitot pilot lsw?, on Thursday morning. The rases of Itaceuo Iwioks for Monday next. That of Michael J. Salnger, for forgery, on Friday of thin week Jirrnt of Richard Hohhi-?Thia man, who has heen a le considerably notorious as the publisher of obscene inks at F.s?t Chester, in West Chester County. wns ?ris'el by Officer Lowe at his residence on ruesdar night, n * bail piece, issued out by his securities, and brought ?thin city yesterday morning, and committed to prison in el'ault of buil His recognizances were declared lorfeitd in this Court on Tuesday, lie came into Court at ita lose, entered a plea of guilty, and was remunded to prion for sentence. flinch Harriett Discharged.?This woman, who has the lias of Laura Fisher, anil who was indicted for stealing 3f|l> Irom James'toss, of No I llanovar street, on the Oth f September, wus arraigned and discharged, the comIninant not appearing in Court, and the officer who serve* nhpeenas stating that he cnul I not he tound (Charter Hutch/ and Elizahoth Fotlonrber Ti itd, Convict' i anil Sentenced?This couple, long know n as a pair of xpert ones in the "touch and take" business, ware put pon their trial for grand larceny , in stealing Via m rea y money, from Rohott (i imble, of Nuwhurg, on rinturav night last Haiglit in a piano forte maker by trade, ml i* (|tiitn lame irnm Otnai.c called and morn?On Saturday night nt I went out to take a wnlk, and coin? tip through liiithnm street, I met thia woman in the prisoner* box; i we were going along, she a-ked me if I wni looking >r her; 1 said " No, 1 looking for nobody?hn insistI upon my going with her; said she lived at 72 Hester net; I went with her, and going up stairs, she said it Ms hard times; she said 1 had tietter undress myself; I lid I was going to stay but a little while; she said, "O, ou had better undress and come to bed;" I undressed and ot in, when she drew the curtains, after capering around tie room awhile; I saw the man who is the prisoner in le box, soon alter I got in bed, either passing behind the urtaine or going into another room; soon alter I heard a lipping at the door, and she said it was hnr husband; 1 got p pretty much frightened, supposing I had got into a oom with a man's wife; I slipped on my clothes and got own stairs as last ns I could; on going to the lamp in the treet, I found that my pocket-book had been taken out ot ly pantaloons, and $4H in hank notes taken I rum it; I >ent buck thiit night with a watchmun, hut could not find lie girl; stie was arrested the next day; that is the woihu in the box, and that is the man alongside ot her; I now him because he is lame, and he limped when 1 saw iim that night. Croit-tzamined.? 1 saw the prisoner Charles Haigbt in lie room ; I live at Newhurgh and work about; building tone wall sometimes ; I came down with some stock to ell; there was more money in the jiocket hook hut in moiher part ot the wallet; this is the same woman, and hat is the man. Otticer Busts called and sworn.? 1 went with the comilaiuunt to the corner ot'Anthony and Elm streets, in an ivster house, ami found both the prisoners ; the comdainant rerogni/.ed them both at once, as they were siting in the room. Ann Robinson who was sworn.?(Qamble here csme ip and the witness spoke to bim, endeavoring to make um recognize her.)?This witness swore that she was he girl that tjamtile met in the street, and that he went iome with her and gave her two shillings ; th .t she was he sister of the girl Kailanshee, who whs not in the premies, when she took the man Gamble nt 136 Orange street hat night. Tins woman swore point black against all hat Gamble said relative to her sister the prisoner. The Court comment) d cu the testimony olthe witness inn Robinson with gnat severity, alluding to her reckrssness of all female delicacy, in thus conleamng to her wn shame tiefoie an Open and crow i!ed court. Her testimony had no influence upon the Jury, us they eturned an initio dia'e verdict of guilty. The Coui t ordered the prisoners to be arraigned at once, m<l sentenced H tight to tin- state prison lor three years lid six months, ami the girl Fdllansbee lor two yi ars and line inou'bs. Tin* sentence will serve as n lesson to the numerous lersous w bo nightly practice this sy stem ul robbery, sided iy their female companions Trial oj Gilhtrl Moahtr?This man, impleaded with l'-nry Newman on an indictment lor htnglary in the bird d? g't'e lor enteiing tlie s'ore of Fmanuel B. Jones, 8!? Grand st, on Friday night, Nov. 4'h, and stealing dry ood* valued at $40i>was art oigned. Mr Jones teatith d that iter his store wan robbed, he saw by the police ivfxirtsof he N.York Herald that a small quantity ol goods similar > those that nad been stolen, w bs lotind at Belleville N.J. nil that they wore in possetsian of John C. Lloyd. Ha entth-ie and identified the goods a* pa>t of thofe that a I been Stolen, there lie ng IfBD warth, which had tieen iken fnim a man named Newman, who a a* arrested? pair of stockings that w em identified by Jones as having ce?i stolen, was found at the house of the mother ol the risoner at the time he was armed W M. Clennan, .ho was also attested at the time that V!o*her w as. lor nving received some ol the stolen good*, and sold iem at the time, testified lhat Mosher, p evious to the burInry, came to bis house, I.M L> wi* street, and ought a burglar's rro v har or "billy," whirh he w i-bed ) leave there; trat on the night ol the burglary he came gain, took the "billy" away, and while thetc showed a air of pistol* and a knite that he had with'.hi m; he then otifessed to witness th >t he had a partner named Newman, rho was a first rate worker; on Friday night, November ?h, the accused and Newman cameto hi* house with a uiniity of dry goods, that he sold some of the goods for lie accused, tor tne purposed g tting him to take the rest way, w hich he did; an I that they made bim believe that e would be sent to the Htate prism il he told the poods turn in the house. This witness also testified that two lips of paper containing the lollowing were given to hi* rile by Mosher since he has been committed to prison: ? 'Wen you go in cortthe first quetton they will ask You i Do you no the. poisnor You must answer Yes and then hey Will ask you wat You no about him Y'ou must tell hem That You no nothing about mosher for it was a man sith one Kye who brought the things to my house with ewman Newman called the man Bnider he was a man aa arge as 1 am aUiut thirty five Years old and had one eye." "In the name ol god i beg and pray ot Yon not to send acTo s'a'es prison for 10 Years with you will do if You ware Againtns You have in the police office i want You r> 8 ware the same oath in cort that yen swore in the Poice only say that 1 am not the man it w as my Brother You ave not seen me sence I have Bin in pi ison thieifor You mst say i am not the man All i want You to say is that 1 m not tne mosher that came To Your house with newtan it is my brother hill Mosher Younger then me for bill tosher was taken up two night* before i was and you nought it was william mother lhat They ment and not as Mills rsrwiuHIl in >11; "111K IU "IT nmiiuc|vri 111 mil mm had nothing to do with it and Tbier is no evidence against 10 but j ours."' The defence called a widow wpman named Emma uvrna, who stated that she kept an oyster bouse with her 'other nt 6-Jfi (Jrnrid street, and that on the night of Frl?),Nov. 4tb. thn night the alleged burglary if laid to ave taken place, the acruiid waa at their house all ight, setting up and asaiating her brother there in the V atei house. ' OUlcer Kclyea testified to the arrest ol Mosher and Newtan. Mosher made a short speech to the Jury, who, after an thence of neatly an hour returned a verdict of guiUy. The Court rdercd him to be immediately arraigned.? Ie refused to t.ike the oath to aniwpr the trade he had jlloweJ, and when arraigned said be waa not guilty, aud (tat he would not lerve out his time if sentenced. He aid he had us leave be strung up by the neck in the prion yard a. to go to state prison. The Court stated that lie had hut recently came from tate prison, from whence he waa pardoned on conditions tat he would leave the State. Tney regretted that the owerof the Court was limited in his sentence, as big lime was only burglary in the third degree. They lioiild, however, give him the full extern ol the law, i hich waa four years and nine momhs. The father of lusher is now in the State prison Trial of a Mark Thirf ami Rtcrirrr?A black fellow anted Henry Ih imea, w bo had been engaged a? a wai'ar ir several months at How ard'a H itel, in Broadw ay, waa red on a charge ol grand larceny, in stealing flby pieces I silver | late Imm the hotel at different at JIM) He confessed the limit to Mr Howard, who testified nit he acknowledged he stole ten pieces at one time, rhich were valued at $.10. I hejury convicted him, and te Court seiitencid trim to the State prison for three cars and six months. Thr Nsrsirsr. Camhrnlgt H Hall a black fellow, was ten triesl, w ho had i onlesaed to >lr. Howard that he relived the stolen silver from Orimes. and sold it to Mr. ailcy The Jury also convicted him, ond the Court nt him to the Stato Prison for two v. nrs and nine onths. Trial for f'u/ss Prrltnt s#.?Henry PulUn, recently Ol farmlne street, was put upon his trial on a rVirge ol tarniug foods under false pretences, front James Dunn, manufacturer of cotton hall cord, of *47 tii pen wieh eet. The amount in question was on y ais ut $7.V Mr. mean testitied that the accused had dealt with him for me two years?that he in the first place purchased Mtds for rush, an t afterwards obtained ?m ill ere 'its?he ivn a note tor three months to Mr. Union nn the i'h nf arch lor fA9IK), and when it bc-.irni tut, not !>eing able meet it, he cam.- to Du ' an. a I upoft m iking repretitationa that Ire was solvent, nJ that his stock was u.'th and he owed 1 it atou' -MX). Mr. Duncan !.'. hm X-yito aid in fakir g up the note, which money as ol>n returned in -is dnt* The note was taken up. d afterwards h? gave rnllan credit lor H* d* firth of "Is, which, wirh the f J'> borro" h was -rill due. Mr. also stated that ? the time Prtllsu o* tained the last 11 ol g mds, he stubs! tin t lie was perfectly solvent, ard h i- since been asoeitained "hat it that v? ry tiro" he bad ven a judgment to Rot iti?e:i k Mc Vrthur for $1,490, to 'lire the sum ot ftW rhat lie ow ed them. I'he Court bete n Ijoiir ni.l to I burs, av morning at 11 'lock. V ORDER of J' SI "I T-. Ill IftARDSON, E?.i., Kin. Judge ol -he C i " ;a ' oitul ? ( >... of tb? It tree nl Cot a lor, ir.. i- hi ,. "v lb. .ii rucb m" r - isd .rsui ' beaatale > Be si i II "i igr >n ?* i nod- esi,1 drlili r 'id lint thr , on- s i I '.r . el r-.r r i?- . rnriii ol dehtfl a ' - i" <i e tad *a iineut ac ii in* t" lew , within nine mouth. , mi Die miMica'ioit of i miner. u,.l ih t ih p j a. , of i > debts Jut to hmi by im nrsef'iis Statr. and l'"'drliv. t.i him, r for h's use of prot* 11 \, wittuu |i,is Hi .It- he', .mi. , ig to ihe nana* nf any tarn pr ,. yh r im net r t,|, , p, |rud aia sted Ska. eriel.'s, Ob ga County, October lltb, IWJ, v/ h Jt wf.r r. Rltwv roly?:*i Attorney of Attaching frrditer, i