Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 17, 1843, Page 2

January 17, 1843 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 2
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NE .V YORK HEitALD." >'< w York, TucmIi^, January IT, 1U*3. The Homers Case T!ie Courier and Enquirer re-opened its fire yesterday upon the Somen? case, with more moderation and a irreater show of argument than it began its campaign when the first news of the mutiny and execution reached the public ear. The position of the Courier is now somewhat open and frank?not by any means so vulgar, perso nal*nnd abusive as iortnerly Thia is a great improvement, and may be attributed to our teachings. This journal sets itself up, not aline, as the defender of Commander MeKenzie, for the manner in which he treated the mutiny and hung up the perrons implicated?but he seems to think that no othsr person should have a diflerent opinion, and that the government is bound to honor and advance the captain and his associates lor their boldness and rigor in executing those persons, illegally, as they admit. As the views and "reasonings' of the Courier are probably the best defence that can be made by Captain MeKenzie, we^shall give the material points, as follows:? TFr'-m the Courier ami Knqnirer.] The execution ol Acting Midshipman Spencer, and his n?so iates; Cromwell and Small, ii avowedly without the sanction.Jor color ol Law; first, because there was not the necessary numwrni < ommnsion umcen on onaru 10 constitute a Court Martial; and secondly, ev en if there had h??n the necessary material lor such a Cotirt, the Commander was not vested with legal authority to convene it. It follows, therefore, that his conduct is to be just.fied.if at all, by the necessity of the measure ; and of this necessity, he was the sole judge. It he clearly demonstates to the satisfaction of the Government, that in his opinion such necessity did exist, there ends his official responsibility. The next Question which arises, is, whether he can satisfy the public at large, that he judged wisely, rationally, a-id with all the deliberation of a cool and dispassionate Commander, of that necessity? This question, however, in no way affects his individual responsibility for the exe cutionof the mutineers, but is of vital importance to his reputation as an officer; and upon the dee.ision of it, P' a ls the equally important one, whether his conduct has tven ?Hch as to entitle him to the confidence of his fellowcitizens and further advance iu his profession. ? ? But to return to the first great question. Did Commander McKenzie really and conscientiously believe that the execution of the mutineers w as absolutely necessary to enable him to bring his vessel into port ? ? * ? The next and only remaining question to be considered by the Government and the public, is?Did he arrive at this conclusion from a sound, deliberate and correct judgment of the facts, appearances, and circumstances, as at the time they presented themselves, uninfluenced by passion or panic ? The only possible mode in which this question can be answ ered, is to take the judgment and opinions of those onboard. All the Government or the people can know of this matter, is the diminutive character of the brig Vomers, crowded from stem to stern with a crew twice as large as it should have been, without any of the u-"ual precaution* against mutiny or any facilities for the safe keepngot"prisoners. They know that of necessity, office's | and crew?hntiest men and mutineers?were all huddled together as if in a small room, with nothing but the Heavens above and the wide ocean around them, and that their only safety was in the decision and energy of the commanding officer and his true-hearted associates. They know that thus situated, the safety of the vessel was in imminent danger ; and that a rescue of the arrested ringleaders was not only passible and probable, but we may almost say, absolutely certain ; and we hazard nothing in adding, that even if Commander Mackenzie had succeeded in bringing home the Somers without executing the ringleaders, and the facts now before the public had been developed?that the public, ourselves among the number, w-ould have united in censuring him for having made the attempt, and condemned him as a man unwilling to assume a necwary responsibility in an extreme case--thus hazarding the safety of a national vessel, and jeoparding the commerce of the world. But what is the testimony of those on board the Somers, with regard to the possibility of bringing herihome, if Spencer and his associates had not been executed? It must be'.borne in mind that the Judge Advocate of the sitting Court of Inquiry, representing the Government, has in each ca?e required of the w itnesses to state not only what they thought at the time, but what they now think in relation to this matter. Lieutenant Gansevoort, the second in command oi the Somers, swears as follows :? " From what I observed of the feeling and state of the crew, ana rue progress ol the mutiny up to tne time ol tne execution ofthe ringleaders, I then "believed, and do now believe, that the Somers could not have been brought in safety to this port, if the execution of the ringleaders had not taken place. 1 do not now believe, if it had not taken place, that she would have arrived in the hands of her officers." Acting Master M C. Perry, Assistant Surgeon Liececk, Midshipman H. Rogers, Mid. Thompson, Mid. Hays, Mid. D. Lonile, Mid. Tillotson, Comd. Clerk, O. H. Perry, Purser's Steward, J. W. Wales, Quarter Master C. Rogers, Captain of the Forecastle Charles Stewart, Sargeant Oartry and William Collins, Gunner's Mate, each and all, swear to the same fact, both as to the.ir convictions at the lime of the executions and as to their belief now, when 'here has been abundant time for reflection upon all the events and incidents ot the cruize. This testimony is, or at least should be conclusive with all disinterested persons, that Commander McKenzie is not only justifiable for the execution of Spencer, and his associate mutineers, but that he merits the thanks of the people of the United States, for the coolness, deliberation, judgment and decision evinced throughout the whole of that unfortunate affair. We might add, that all the crew thus far examined, with the exception of two who were upon Spencer's list of doubtful, and arrested on their arrival in port as parties to the attempted mutiny, unite in opinion with the officers and petty officers as to the absolute necessity of the executions for the safety of the Somers. It will he observed from this view of the case, that after assuming and abandoning several preliminary positions, the Courier presents itself, last for all, on the opinions of the witnesses, as to the impossibility ot taking the brig to New York without the executions. It is not pretended that there was a mutiny?it is not pretended that even Spencer or Small perpetrated any overt act. The only particle of evidence indicating a plan is that given b> Wales, and that simply implicates Spencer, but hangs very loosely even on Small. But as to Cromwell, not a word is given implicating him in any degree. Yet when this plot was first told by Lieutenant Gansevoort to Captain McKenzie the latter treated it with perfect indifference, alleging that the brig was in a good state of discipline. The plot is thus thrown back upon the simple proposition made by Spencer, who in being questioned about it, by the commander, at once acknowledged the fact?but declared it "was a joke." Now, although this was a species of joking on improper subjects, and deserved punishment, yet there is no evidence whatever showing that any general agreement or understanding was entertained by the crew. The frightfulness of the plot seems to have grown up afterwards. All the evidence given tending to show the invincible necessity ot thp execution, tor tear of a rescue, seems to be a mere matter of opinion, without being founded on a single faet. The looks of the men?their grouping together?their enquiries of each other as to what was the matter, were all natural events in such a contingency as the arrest of an officer, who made music to them with his jaw To a commander of firm nerves, cool resolution, high moral and physical courage, those very natural events would never have been invested with the character of an intended rescue. But this is not all?if we look at the log-book, we find also, that, by that infallible guide, the discipline of the ship was in a somewhat similar state from the beginning to the end of the cruise? before and after the execution. This log-book contains facts?not opinions, and hence reliance can be fully placed on its records. The conclusion of the Courier that the evidence establishes the opinion that the Somen* could not have been taken into port, without the execution, is therefore a conclusion which the community, we believe, do not think is sufficiently made out by the witnesses It is true that Mr Cttnsevoort and many of the witnesses, the most of them boys, entertained such an opinion?but in their examination they could not give facts to support such an opinion. On the contrary, from the general character of the evidence, the presumption is strongest that with the arrest of Spencer and Small no difficulty could have happened. Yet we would not hastily condemn Captain M' Kenzie, nor do we think that iie would have proceeded to such an extremity without being pereuad cd hut there was a necessity for such rigor But still h<- must be satisfied on such strong grounds as will also satisfy the law, the community and the ag", Rlooii is not to bt *heit on mrrt opinion* We think he has not yet shown tacts strong enough?and hie exculpation is therefore incomplete On the contrary ?ii would really seem, from 'he whole evidence, that a panic or mania prevailed like an epidenitr?like the .small pox or the cholera ?on board the 8oniers?the captain, officers and crew being atflictnd with it in one way, seeing in i'inv in every thing?and Midshipman Spencer afflicted with it in anothei shape?concocting mutiny out of Greek letters and nothing It is probably the greatest farce, ending in an awful trage(fy( (|,^t ever was enacted since tne creation ! Court of Knqulrjr on board tile North Carolina. Sixteenth Dat?J sr. 16. The Court returned it? proceeding! at the uiual hour. A great number of auditor* and ipectatori were preeent The first witneea called wai Henry Miller, lft year* of age.?Ho knew nothing 01 the matter. John Ballantyne, lft year* of age.?Knew nothing of the matter. H>.*kv Combi, 17 'year* of age?After Cromwell'* arre?t, heard Willson ?ay that it the officers knew aa much about it a* he did, thev would hare hung tht-m all three tin before that time; drowningwa* present and said that it Willson would not report that he would. Richard Norwood. 16 years of age^Heard Mr Spencer ask Small if he would like hia dia charge; Small said he would, and Mr. Spencer replied that he would get it for him. Small asked McKinley, who waa by, i. he thought Mr. Spencer could get hi* discharge for him, and McKiuly said he thought he could, becauai Mr. S|>encer'i lather was the Secretary of War. Hear.l Willaon threaten to lie revenged on the Captain after h e had bevn licked one day, and he all* said that he would fix the officer ot thedeck. By Capt. McKenzie.?Willson was flogged tor striking Weaver, an apprentice. Jonas E. S. Humbert, 16 years of age. Heard Ciom well, after executing some order, say " D?n the brace*; I wiah the biaces, yards and all were in h?11." Mr. Spencer said " dont say that; we'll have some tun with the brig yet." Spencer then asked Cromwell for a ahaw of tobacco and went forward. On the day after the evening that Mr. Spencer was arrested, witness took up an African knife, which belonged to Willaon, when the latter ordered him to lay it down; that he had just been sharpening it, and it would cut witness's throat as sure as he would look at it. He then added that ho w ould like to put it in Mr. Spencer's hands. Heard Spencer ask McKie if he would like to sail with him.? McKio saiil he would. Spencer said all he would have to do would be to cut out clothes for the crew ; that they would not need any winter clothes, as they were going to a warm place. McKie then asked Mr. Spencer for a chew of tobacco, and Mr. Spencer gave him a piece as big as his hand. Thinks the brig might have been brought to St. Thomas. By Com. Dallas.?The brig was about four or five days sail from St. Thomas, when the execution took place. bycaetaiw M'Kemzis.?Supposing that there had been a gale or heavy squall, and a boy fallen overboard, making it necessary to lower one or more boats, manned with officers and petty officers, before we got to St. Thomas, might not anv of those occasions have been taken advantage of by the consplVators in taking the vessel? A.?No, sir. I don't know that.for the largest part o( the hoys belonged to the boats, but in a gale of wind when the petty officers were aloft, they might have rescued the prisoners; I dont think they could in any o'her way. Chaslei Assahimi, 13 years of age?When Mr. Spencer was arrested,witness asked McKtnley what it was for: McKinly said it was for raising a mutiny ; witness asked him could he do that by himself; McKinley said he could do it by the help of othei s ; witness asked who would be so mean as to help him, and McKinly said there was plenty of them would help him ; witness then asked him how tney could get things to carry on the mutiny, and McKinly said that Mr. Spencer knew where every thing was kept and could easily get them ; heard Small ask Mr. Spencer If he could get his discharge for him ; Mr. Spencer said he could very easily, and Small then said he would give him six months wages in a merchantman, if he would get it for him ; McKinley was present at this time, and when witness asked McKinley if Mr. Spencer could get a person's discharge, he replied that he could very easily .because his father was Secretary of War. Richard Gilmore, aged 13 ; Jons Bradshaw, aged 16; Johm Vam Ordem, aged 16 ; Sterhkn W. SwirT, aged 17 ; Amdreyy Page, aged 16 ; Johk Armstromo, aged 15 ; William Ramis, 17 ; Thomas Bovyem, 14 ; Samuel Gilmore, 16 ; Demmis Masmims, 14 ; Peter Hanskm, and James Travis, were all examined, but nothing new whatever was elicited. They had seen Spencer, Cromwell and Small talking together often, and were able to corroborate some parts of previous testimony. The Court then adjourned till this morning, when the prisoners will be examined. It cannot be expected, however, that any new facts will be developed. Ail the evidence which can be elicited by the Court of Enquiry is now before the public. Important from Kindkrhook.?We understand that the venerable Ex-President is tired of the beauties of his classic villa on the Arno of Kinderhook, and in order to pass away the winter he intends to take up a residence at Albany Why does he not come to New York? When Mr. Clay spends his winter in New Orleans, Mr. Van Buren should do the like in New York. They can then move the I chessmen against each other. A Hard Cask.?The Northampton Courier says that Captain William Smith, who for the last twenty years has been an inmate of the Northampton Almshouse, has just claims against the Government for French spoliations prior to 1800 to the amount of ?10,000. In 1798 and *99 he commanded at different times three vessels, in the cargoes of which he was interested to the amount of ?10,000, prime cost?all of which vessels were captured by French privateers, and with their cargoes confiscated. The French Government made compensation for these damages more than forty years ago, and the money was used in the purchase of Louisiana. Captain Smith has sent a petition to Washington for relief, which is dated at the Northampton poorheuse. Nomination of John Tyler for the Presidency. ?Last evening we learn thatjthe Tyler Committee, which meets in Tammany Hall, took some further steps in bringing forward John Tyler as a candidate for the next Presidency. Why so slow ? Why not bring the Captain out at once 1 'Tis just as easy as not. Terrible Thunder Storm expected in Albany.? A terrible waterspout or thunder storm, is expected in Albany during the present week. There are nearly 500 office beggars there,and only 84 offices to be given away by the " old white horse's rider." Hence, as soon as Governor Bouck has divided the pie, there will be an awful outbreak. Look out. Mr. Whiting's Report on Police Reform.?We present to our readers exclusively this morning the very able report of the District Attorney, upon the subject of police reform. The public have been anxiously waiting for this report, ever since it was first announced, and will read it with the deepest interest, coming as it does from a person of so great practical knowledge as Mr. Whiting. It will be seen there is a striking coincidence between the principles contained in the report and the views upon the same subject which have been published in the Herald. It now remains for Justice Taylor to send in his report, which we presume he will shortly do. The Market Laws ?By reference to the reporti ed proceedings of the Board of Aldermen, it will be wren that the ordinance licensing butcher shops has become a law, unless the Mayor interposes his veto. The contract for sweeping the streets also passed that Board, and was sent to the Assistants for concurrence. The contract has not been given out,as was reported about town yesterday, nor have the proposals been opened. That Cab.?Would the person who witnessed the outrage on a female in a certain cab, give a description of the same to Isaac II. Brown, Inspector of hacks and cabs, SI Molt street T Mr Brown attends, as Hack Inspector, all the fashionable balls and parties, and would readily discover the cab in question. Mercantile Election ?The election for officers of the Mercantile Library takes place to-day, we believe. Boys, now behave yourselves decently. Remember you are all considered modern philosophers, since those lectures on matters and things in general, were given Lkctcrk on Ireland ?Mr. Robinson gives a lecture on Ireland, at Hall's Exchange Building, Brooklyn, to-night. Mr R is a gentleman of fine talents, and a capital lecture may be expected. Splendid Sight?A new steamer.of great length, will be launched at ten o'clock this morning, from the ship yard of William Brown, foot of 12th street, East River. It will afford a sight well worth seeing. Sir Charles Bagot.?The Governor General has nearly recovered his health. ChathamTheatre ?An almost unlimited amount of attractions are presented in the bill for this evenmg Three highly successful and deeply interest ing melo-dramae will be |>erforined in an excellent style bv the unequalled company of the Chatham "Gwineth Vaun,"?the "Rent Day," with Mr Thorne as Martin Haywood, W. H. Williams as Bullfrog, Fisher as Hyssop, and Miss Mary Duff us Rachel Haywood?and also the drama of " Peter Bell," together with other novelties, are all announced lor to-night, and if a tremendous house 1 not the result, we are no prophets. Many new plays are in preparation, which can only be given ai this popular establishment with suitable power and effect. SEVEN DAYS LATER -FROM EUROPE. Packet Skip derrick Aakore??Bombardment of Barcelona?Decline In Cotton? Prise Fighting?State of AtTal ra In all part a of Knrope. We have received London and Liverpool paperto the 14th ult hy the packet ship Gakrick. She sailed from Liverpool on the 15th. Incoming into port in tow or two tugboats, she went ashore on the West Bank, and is now high and dry. She was going at the rate of six miles an houi when she struck. Her cargo will be taken out, and she will then float off into deeper water. Assistance will be sent to her this morning. She lias a full freight. Our Commodore boarded her between nine and ten o'clock last night, and came up express over land. Cotton in the Liverpool market was in much less demand, and had declined l-8d. No change in other markets. The dense fogs continued to hang over France and Belgium. The Queen and Prince Albert were in excellent health. Barcelona had been bombarded and taken by Von Halen. Lord Hill is dead. Madame Celeste was playing at the Haymarket to full houses. Van Amburg had taken the English Opera House in London for his beasts. The Chinese Treaty had arrived in London. The prize fight between Freeman and Slasher did not take place on the 6th. Parliament is to meet on the 2d February,according to proclamation of the Queen. American Affaibs.?The ship Hottinguer. arrived at Liverpool, puts us in possession of aavices from New York to the 21st ult., a day or two luter only than the last ^ccoants received. The Hottinguer brought some 200passengers, the vast majority of whom, did not, as it is stated in a New York paper, pav more than four dollars each as passage money. The North America, which sailed with the same tide, took upwards ot 150 poor jieople, it appears, at equally low rates. This wholesale return ol emigrants from the United States presents another feature in illustration ol the calamitous situation of the Republic. The very reduced terms upon which they are restored to their homes, is a proof more particularly ol the declining state ol the American carrying trade ; but even the change in this respect may be traced in a great measure to the explosion of American credit and the wide-spread ruin of the banks. Thu nuuru that fl..? ^ticrunt ...... ..T . 1- T land was but lj per cent, had just come to hand, and was received with renewed expressions of amazement. That an English commercial bill should be taken at an interest of 1 j |>cr cent, in preference to a security ot the Federal Government of the United States at 7 per cent, for such paper as was offered at par, is a circumstance not to be at once digesied; but the fact is, repudiation has done its work with a rapidity and effect that had been but little dreamed of either in America or elsewhere. The Federal system, whatever may be its advantages or disadvantages in other matters, holds out no guarantee for the maintenance of public credit. The financial delinquency ?f a single member of the American federation, and that au inferior one. was alone suffieient to tarnish the character ana annihilate the credit of the whole, both individually and collectively. This is an evil that may be supposed not to have been foreseen at the organization of the American Constitution on the peculiar principles adopted.?London Pott Dec. 12 Thk Giant Battle for ?200.?The great prize fight for the above sum being appointed to come oft' on Tuesday, between Charles Freeman, well known as the American Giant, and William Perry, commonly called the Tipton Slasher, the fancy was on the move. The articles of agreement were that the contest should take place between Tipton and London, and within 60 miles of the latter. The neighborhood of Newmarket was selected, but the police, having got scent, put a stop to the contest before any mischief was done. Out of that county they must go, or no fight could take; place. Another place was therefore selected, a ring was formed, and the fight commenced. The combatants having fought 17 rounds, which occupied about an hour and a half ?all in favor of the giant?were prevented from continuing the contest by the darkness, when, by consent of all parties, it was put off till another day. We are sorry that we are not able to report any abatement of tne severe epidemic which has been so prevalent in Dundee for the last three months. We are, however, happy at being able to state tlfat the present epidemic has not been very fatal. . Pi?ort in England.?It is stated, that duiing tue past season, about 1,000 horses have been in training, and that 1,050 races have been contested,whilst ?150,000 has been distributed amongst the winners. France. The Paris papers'of Sunday, the 11th ult. have reached us, but bring no news whatever. It would appear that the Government was not neglecting the precautions necessary to insure the personal safety of the King. The " Commerce" states, that when the King and Royal family set out on Friday last from the Tuilleries for Fontainebleau, the entire quays along which His Majesty passed were crowded withnolice agents and municipal guards. The Royal family occupied three carriages, that of the King being escorted by a s'rong detachment of Laacers ana National Guards. Advices of the 12th contain nothing of consequence. Spain. Our accounts from Madrid are not of a later date than the 4ih inst. The Committee appointed to examine the questions connected wilh the commercial treaty with Great Britain frequently met, and was believed to have at l ist come to an understanding with Mr Aston. From what had transpired of thejr proceedings, the prohibition with which certain foreign manufacturers have been hitherto visited, is to be done away, and replaced by protecting duties ? According to report, cotton cloths of the best quality, are, by the new tariff, prepared by the Commissioners, to be liable to an import duty of 25 per cent, ana inose oi an mierior Kina to ;x>. ine estimation is to be made from the weight and number of threads of the cloths ; but there was one concession which several of the Commissioners insisted on obtaining from England, without making it, however, urine qua non?namely, the suppression of the entrepot of tobacco at Gibraltar, from whence an immense quantity of that article is smuggled into Spain. It appears that the Cabinet has abandoned the intention of dissolving the Cortes, and means to turn to account the triumph of Espartero over the Barcelonese, in order to pass the commercial treaties with England and Belgium, and the other financial bills before the Chambers. They calculated that three or four months would elajwe before ihe meeting and organization of a new L-gislature, that the elections besides might be hostile, and that at any rate the events of Barcelona would be forgotten, and they accordingly were determined to convoke the present Cortes immediately on the return of the Regent. The insurrection of Barcelona was differently appreciated in Madrid. The Government wished to accredit the belief that it was the work of the Moderado party and foreign emissaries, but their assertion is not borne out by any facts. It was not either a Carlist, Progressiva, or Republican movement. It was a manufacturing and anti-English insurrection, which broke out prematurely and by mere accident, the cniefs being then in the capital, discharging their Parliamentary duties The explosion, it seems, was not to have taken place until the presentation of the English commercia' treaty, when the Catalonian deputies were to have resigned rn was*/, and ijiven tiie signal of revolt. Our intelligence from Barcelona is to the 5th inst inclusive. The bombardment commenced at 11 o'clock in the morning ofthe 3d, and continued without interruption until 12 at night. 817 projectiles were thrown into the city with dreadful effect. After the firing had ceased, General Van Halen summoned the city to surrender, and allowed the authotities six hours to disarm the free corps, who still held out, and threatened incase of non-compliance to resume the bom bardment. The authorities called a meeting of tin notable inhabitants, and, aided by a considerable portion of the population, succeeded in disarming the insurgents. They then opened the gates, and General Van Halen and the trooiw made their entry into the city about Ro'clock in the afternoon ol the 4th The city suffered materially, but the amount ol damage and the number of victims were not accurately ascertained. I he houses of a square on which the Municipality stands were particularh damaged, and fires bad broken out in differen' quarters, which were extinguished ow the 6th Tincrews of the French ships of war had, by the direclion of their Osnsul, landed their engines, and wer? rend?-ri g every assistance The house of tin French Consul had also sustained some injury. Be tors the commencement of the bombardment, the soldiers of the militia proceeded in a body toward 'he French ship, on board of which their officerr tiad sought refuge, and claimed them with rage.bu: the commander ordered them i nmediat ly to de part, threatening to repel them by force, if they did not obey his injunction. It was thought that Van Halm would lay a'war contribution of 2,000,001' piasters on the city. The Resent had not yet entered Barcelona. Madrid letter* and jia^reio the 5th are nearly ex cluBively Hied with uccounte from Barcelona. Ad viceBfrom the latter are to the tfth. Pruaala, Ac. We learn from the German papers, received b\ last night's express, that the negotiations betweei the French and Prussian Governments for a modifi cation ot the increased duties imposed by the Zolvt rein, at the last Stuttgurd Congress, on Frencl goods, were actively pursued, but it was doubtei whether they would be concluded in sufficient tiim to prevent the new tariff from coining into force Baron Bulow had quitted Berlin for Copenhagen, on a mission to obtain a reduction of me Sound duties. Baron Lieven's arrival at Semlin, and interview with the ex-Prince of Servia, are announced, but ii is not stated whether the Russian Envoy would re cognize or repudiate the newly-elected ruler. Some Hungarian journals contain a vague threat to Russia of a coalition against her of Austria, France, and England, shou d the Czar persevere in attacking the rights of the Hungarian people as to the principalities of the Danube. A letter from Bucharest, of the 29th ult., in the Journal de Francfort, states that the election of tin new Hospodar of Wallachia is not to take place, and that the Prince will be named by the Porte in con ~ :.l ,i.? u ..rv.i.:_i_ io->? ???? ti,;.. urn wiui uic ivuD^iau vnuiuci. in icvi, oaya imr journal, it was not the Wallachian nation who elec ted Prince Ghika ; he was nominated by the Cabinets of St. Petersburg and Constantinople. Markets. London Mowev Market.?Monday Evening, Dec. 13.? The announcement of the Canada loan, which was inserted in the Times of to-day, was also posted up at the Stock Exchange, according to custom, and copies were sent to the Bank of England. The members were not in the least taken by surprise, as since the passing of the act by which the loan is authorised, the appearance of such on announcement has been almost daily expected. Thetime of such appearance is generally admitted to be remarkn bly well chosen. At the present low rate of money, anything like a profitable investment, guaranteed by trie British government, will probabiy be caught at with avidity, and the present stock.which bears 4 percent interest, will at the price of 106 yield about 9}. Hence, though the price that will be tendered is merely a matter of conjecture, it is believed that the tenders will range tolerably high. But, besides the abundance of unemployed capital, there is another cause for supposing that the present time is particularly opportune lor bringing forward a stock bearing a high rate of interest. This is the belief which pretty generally prevails, that a reduction of the 3J per cents is contemplated by the Government. Should such a mea ?ure take place, the Canadian 4 per cents, which will not be redeemable till 30 years have elapsed, will be the only Government stock in the market commanding an interest above 3 per cent. The fear of a fluctuation in the value of money, which might render it just as scarce as it is now

plentiful, will, it is believed, be the only check on the ea gemess with which the new loan will be tought. The sum to be raised not exceeding ?300,000, it is thought no disadvantage will arise by making the loan an open one, instead of disposing of it by contract, jhough had it been for a large amount difficulties might have arisen.? According to the advertisement, the tionds representing the loan will be " redeemable" in twenty years The capitalists, who are regarding the value ol the stock as a banking investment, observe that there is a little ambiguity in this expression, as it does not point out whether it shall be obligatory or optional on tbe part ol the Government to redeem at the end of the specified time. There was no new feature in *he stock markets to-day. Consols for the Account closed 93} to94; Three perCents Reduced, 94} to j; Bank Stock, 172} to 173^; Exchequer Bills, 61s to 63s premium; and India Bonds, 47s premium. The foreign securities were very inactive. A few bargains were concluded in Spanish at rather firmer prices.The Actives left off 18$; the Three perCents -23}; Portuguese Five per Cents, 38}; ditto Three per Cents 22} to 3 ; Dutch Two and a Half per Cents, 02} to 63 ; Colombian, 31 to }; Belgian, 102}; Danish, S3 to 84; and Brazilian, 69 to 70. Tuesday E.verirg, Dec. 13.?Although little business was transacted in the Funds to-day,the tendency of prices was rather upwards. Consols for the opening closed at 94 to 1. Bank Stock 173} to 4. Three per Cent. Reduced 94} to }. In Foreign Stocks little doing. Dutch Two-and-Half per Cents 63} to }, the Five per Cents 100} to 1. Spanish Actives Fives 18} to }, the Three per Cents 38} to J Brazilian 69} to 70. Mexican 31}h-}. Columbian 21} to J. Peruvian 171 to 19. Railway shares without alteration worth notice. Exchanges were firm with a slight improvement on Paiis. OnAmstordam rates were 12.6} to 6,on Rotterdam 12.6- on Antwerp 12.6} to }; on Hamburg 13.11} to },on Frankfort 161 to } J ; on Paris 21.87} to 92}, all at three months. LartDOji CoRif Eicharoe, Dec. 12.?The Corn trade during the past week was altogether languid for every description of Grain, and although the supplies were not large in the early part of the week, the trade bought very sparingly, and at prices lower than previous quotations. On Wednesday and Friday the arrivals in some measure increased, but the demand experienced was not in -ny degree improved, and the trade coucludedon Friday, it anything, rather worse than Monday. To this morqingV market the supply fresh up was exceedingly short ol Wheal trom Essex, but ot Spring Corn from most of the home counties the arrival was abundant. Wheats have been taken of! on the terms of this day week. Barley comes to hand much inferior in quality, and finds a moderate sale at Is per qr. below last week's currency. In Oats the trade has been extremely limited. Beans and Peas, both White and Gray, must b; quoted Is cheaper.? The Floor trade has undergone no alteration. Seeds oi all descriptions are in limited demand, at prices generally without alteration. Lordor Trade Report, Monday Evening, Dec. 12.? Tea?The market is dull, and very little business doing, firices are nominally the same. Tallow?The delivery ast week was 2,736 casks, and the arrival 3,062 casks. The stock is 33,146 casks, against 39,474 casks same time last year. The market is quiet;48s. to 48s. 3d. on the spot, 48j. 3d. for January, 48s. 6d. for February and March, with a small amount of business doing. Lordor Tea Trade, Dec. 12?The deliveries of tea last week were 446,4931bs. The market is dull, as further supplies are arriving, and since the public sales price* have declined Id to ljdper lb for black, while grown sorts are also lower. Bark or Erolard.?Quarterly Average of the Week ly Liabilities and Assets of the Bank of England, from tne 10th day of September to the 3d day of December. 1842, both inclusive, published pursuant to the act 3 and 4 Will. IV., c. 98 LiabiliteJllittlCirculation, ?10,663,000 Securities ?21,210,000 Deposites, 6,967,000 Bullion, 9,984,000 ?28.610,000 ?31,194,000 Downing street. Dec 8, 1842. lrverpenl Corr Mareet.?Dec. 13?The principal imports from abroad consist of a cargo of Wheat and a few parcels of Flour from Canada. Since Tuesday last we have had almost daily speculative inquiries for foreign Wheat, but at lower rates than holders would accept, and including a purchase or two for the inferior, only a limit ed business has occurred in that Grain, at aliout the prices then quoted. Irish new Wheat has been in short supply and has fully maintained its previous value?6s 61 to 6s 8d par 70 lbs for best runs of red. U. States and home manufactured Flour have moved slowly without change in value ; the fresh imported Canadian hap met a moderate demand at 27 to 27s 6d per barrel. There have been few Oats on the market, scarcely any of fine quality ; the de mand for either that article or lor Oatweal has at the same time been on a limited scale, and we make no altera tion in our quotations for them ; a few good mealing oats were told on Friday at 2s 4d to 2s 4}d per 46 lbs. No change as rpgards Barley, Beans, or Peas. About 400 sold in bond, at I7? per 489 lba. Thera was a fair retail sale lar foreign wheat this morning at about the rates of of last Tuesday. Irish new scarce and brought very fall prices. No change in the value of Oats?a cargo or two of good mealing were sold at is 4Jd per 45 lbs. Trices ot Flour unvaried, Oatmeal 3d to 6d per load cheaper. 3Livkrvool, Dec. 14?The active demand for Cotton,and the extensive business noticed in onr circular of the 3rd instant, by last steamer, terminated with that day. The daily transactions since have not been nearly half as large | as lor the previous fortnight, and the speculative demand suspended ; and as the new American Cotton continues to be freely offered, prices of (air and good qualities have 'la lined } a id per lb., the greatest depression being in the best and even the ordinary and middliug qualities are fd lower. The determination to realize the imports ol the new crop ss soon as landed has hitherto been so decided and general as probably to have impressed spinners and speculators with a belief in the largest estimates ot the American crop, and this, together with the more sober views now prevailing in the community as to the effect of the treaty with China, may account for the depression in our market. The sales lor the week ended flth instant, were '48,160 bales, including about 8000 sold on Saturday, the 3d ihstant, of which 5740 were Upland, at 1 a fi|, 7340 Orleans at 4 a 7, with 10 at7|, 4440 Alabama and Mobile at 4 a ; and 110 Sea Island at 7} a MJd. per lb. The hnsiness lor four da; s to this evening is astimuted at 13,000 bales. The extreme quotation for fair Upland is 5$, and lair Orleans 6| j good Orleans is selling at 6d. and nothing above fl|,except small fancy lots. At Manchester there is much less animation and spirit in their market, but still a fair steady trade. As regards markets for other other articles, no changes have occurred since the sailing of the last steamer. Static of Traps:?Marchrstkr, Tuesday Evening, Dec. 13?This has been deciledly a flat week in every department of the Cloth market?all kinds and qualities have been dull sale, whilst printing Cloths of the bes quality must he noted as having declined, and the market closing with great heaviness , even goods adapted lor th< Kast and for China are not readily saleable to-<lay, at tht current rates lately paid. Yarns partake of a similai heaviness, and in some cases where sales have been I resaed, a shade lass has tieen taken. Were the spinners, however, disposed to give way a little, it is probable that ?omp heavy export buyers would come into the market In Worcester some activity prevails in the glove trade, and we are happy to observe, by otir Birmingham cop temporaries of last week, that extensive orders have been received for the manufactures of that important town. The demand last week at Bradford was principally foi plain goods, and stocks being low, manufacturers are expecting a little advance, it the inquiriea continue. In lancy goods no improvement. An advance on wool is asked, and in some cases complied with, hut this is no the case generally. There is no decided improvent in Hall ax piece market consequent on the late news from China, fcc., still there ii. rather more doing, and manufacturers are very firm, refusing to sell unless at the very full rates lately pai<! The trade of Huddersfield has not as yet baen improved by the late news from the Esst; indeed, wc. scarce ly ever remember bo Mat a season as it is just nowAt Rochdale last market day there was something liki an average flannel market. Course wools ate rather stil f?i, and worse to buy ; but in other kinks of wool there i little chang). Thera was tint little doing in the cloth-halls at Leed last wppk;still longer hours are the order ot the day, a well as new mills preparing lor work, which have buei standing. Thus the workmen are likely to have full employment in moat caaaa,.which, with low provisions, must place the operative* in a much better position du- < nn* the winter. . We are happy to be able to continue our favorable report of last week, as there is iucaeased activity n every branch of the cotton trarle connected with Carlisle. No advance ha*1 however, a* yet taken place in the weaver*' wage*, but that clais ol operative i* now in great demand. It ii with regret that we announce the tailure otoneol the most extensive and respectable firms in the town, that of Fernandez Ik Sons. These Rentlenu-n were not only corn factors, but corn millers and wine merchants.? ff'ufteJitld Journal. I'sais Bourse, Monday, Dec. 10.?The news J of the bombardment of Barcelona and the rising of Catalonia caused a panic at the Bourse yesterday. Spanish Actives opened at 23} sod fell to 284, but rallied, and closed at 28}; Passive SI. Neapolitans frll25c. Romans }, and Piedmont 2f. 60c. The Belgian and Austran securities did not vary. The French Fives declined 40c. for cash, and the Threes 10c For the account, the Fives fell 2*c.; 119f 7ic.; and the Threes also 23c., 79f 15c. After the Parquet had closed, the Threes were offered at 79f. !74c and demanded i at 79f. 20c. Bank of France shares fell lOf. In railroad shares a slight decline took place ; Rouen S42f. 60c. a tall | Ot til. 26C. Four o'clock.?The Hindi thin afternoon recovered from the decline of yesterday. The Three*, for the account, 79f. 40c.. 25c. higher, the Five* 119f. 80., 16c. higher. Spanish Active* i per cent higher. Common Council. Board or Aldkrman, Monday, Jan. 16.?All the Alderman present except Aldermen; Leonard and Hatfleld?Alderman Davie* in the chair. i Petitiom prtttnttd and reftrrid?FromR. Pentz for release ot No. 46 Chatnam st. From house and store keepers in Dover street, lor return of engine No. 39 to that vl. i cinity. From C. V- Anderson, Esq.tChiet Engineer, for extra services. From Isaac Adriance,against any further i proceeding in opening 12Hth street?referred to committee on roads and canals. From the Engineers, Assistant* and Foremen of Fire Dcpaitment, to repeal the ordinance I restricting the number of members to Fire Com- i panies. From M. Bayard, for aid to defend i suit against him by John Armstrong for Ailing up lands in 12th Ward.Jaccording to ordinance. From John Keyser, foi hose cart in 12th Ward. From CompanyfNo 46, at Yorkville, to Aag a space in front of their engine house? referred to Alderman and Assistant with power. From a number of citizens,against the removal of steamboats from pier No. 1, N. R. A communication was received from the Mayor,enclos- < ing the petition of McFarland and Terry for payment of work done hy them for Kennedy and Montgomery, subcontractor under Francis Blair?referred. A communication was receivod Irom the Mayor, containing certain charges against an assistant captain ot the watch of the third district and a number of his men, for grossly abusing and arresting Wilhelm Souter, of No. 41 Laurens street, while in his own house with others, at a baptism, and conAning them in the watchhouse over night. A communication from the Mayor containing the decision of the Court of Errors relative to the rights of the Aldermen to sit as Judges of the Court of Sessions, was read, and double the usual number of copies ordered to be printed. Also, the certiAcate copy of the bill relative to the collection of assessments A communication was teceived from the Comptroller authorising the lease of lot on Washington and West streets and Battery Place for ten years, for $10,050 cents per annum, with a privilege to purchase it for $15,000, was adopted. Aid. Balis called up the document relative to cleaning the streets by contract, with the veto of the Mayor, ana asked to suspend the rules for that purpose. aiii. i ifRDr (injected, nut me motion was sustained. Alderman Bilu then moved that the previous resolution he re considered, which was accepted. The question then came up or the adoption of the ordinance, notwithstanding the objections ofthe Mayor. Alderman Pubdy then stated that he should now warn the majority against the passage of this ordinance, and if it was adopted the minority will appeal to the people for a prompt repeal of the measure through the ballot boxes. He was willing to support the measure for one year, but would not sanction the giving of it for five years?the contract was insufficient for the objects in view, and it would be nullified by the people. Alderman Woodhuli. stated that he thought there was no power, either in the Common Council or the Legislature'to repeal the ordinance,if once adopted by the present Boards. He then reviewed the message of the Mayor, and differed with him in all the objections urged against the contract. Alderman Pcedt asked where the money was to come Irom.to pay this contractor, provided the Legislature refused to allow the assessment of the tax to pay the amount agreed upon 7 Alderman Smith followed with his objections to the contract Alderman Lee moved to lay the whole matter upon the table, which was lost. He then introduced an amendment, which was considered out of order by the President. An appeal was made from the decision, which was lost. Alderman Puhdt still contended that amendments could be introduced to the contract at this stage of the pro | ceeding. The ordinance and contract were then adopted by a vote of 10 to ft?Aldermen Leonard and Hatfield absent. It was then sent to the Board of Assistants for concurrence. The Committee to whom was referred the application of Fire Engine Company No. 43, for a new apparatus, repotted in favor, and recommended that the sum of $ltXH) he paid for that purpose to Mr. Waterman. Adopted. . The special committee to whom was referred the subject of the removal of Potter's Field, reported id favor of the measure, and recommended that Randall's Island be selected for that purpose, and $800 be appropriated to erect a dwelling for the keeper Alderman Bonnxll moved that the report and resolution lie upon the table, which was adopted. The Finance Committee reported in favor of giving certain water grants in Brooklyn to Hamilton H.Jackson and others, which was adopted. The same committee reported in favor of granting the amount claimed by Daniel H. and Rufus H Lord, for the damages in blowing up their stores at the great bre in 1S3?. Adopted. The same committee reported in favor of leasing the Harlem Railroad the office they now occupy in Center street, for one^year, for $500. Adopted The same committee reported adversely to the application of the Washington Temperance Benevolent Society for aid. The Committee of Assessments reported adversely to the application of the East River Insurance Company, for reduction of assessment of tax. The Police and Watch Committee, to whom was referred the application of Christian Schieb for the lelundingof $10, paid by him for license of public house in the 17th ward, reported in favor, and the money was ordered to be returned. 7fit Market Laiei.?On motion of Alderman Jokes the ordi nance relative to the Market Laws, as passed through the Board of Assistants, was taken up. This ordinance, it will lie remembered, allows the sale of meats in shops as well as market houses. Alderman Jones moved that the ordinance be concurred in as passed through the Board of Assistants. Alderman Lee opposed it, and stated that tne corporation were the monopolists and not the butcners.and therefore the injustice of the measure was fully apparent to his mind. He recommended tk.e building of small markets, which hethought woul fretr.edy the evil. Alderman Jones said that public opinion called for change, and the fact that persons would not find a verdict against the shop butchers had been made fully evident. Alderman Undehwood said he thought the expenses ot the City were already h-avy enough, and there were markets already in abundance without building more. He thought that if the question was submitted to the people, seven out of ten would bo in favor of allowing the meat shops to be licensed. Alderman Ida replied, anil thought that if the shops were licensed the markets must go ilown. Alderman Geenev said, that dusnerate diseases required desperate remedies, and although opposed to the ordinance in toto, yet he should vote lor it. He thought that the Corporation had held the butchers by the neck long enough with their toes to the ground. This ordinance would not injure the down town markets, although it would those up town. Hethought, therefore, that the matter would rectify itself, and for the purpose of settling the question he should vote lor it. ^Alderman Stewart moved to lay the queation on the table. He aaid he w as opposed to the whole ordinance, and to the establishment of meat shops in the various parts o( the city. That the laws could he enforced as well now as at any future time. He was ready to meet the question at this time, as he had no substitute to offer,.and he should oppose this ordinance by his vote. A derman Writ said he should vote for this ordinance, and if it passed should introduce a resolution to give the butchers their rights. Alderman Underwood replied, and s'ated that the butchers had forfeited all their right and title to the stalls by refusing to pay their rents. That they purchased them in the first place for only one year?not that he supposed they expected to he dispossused in one year, but the tenum ofthe lease was only for that length of time He should vote in tavor of the ordinance and hoped it would be adopted, ns the |>eople demanded it Alderman Lr.r. said that the stalls were sold in fee and at the time of the sale it was distinctly stated that they should be property for the children and the children s children of the butchers who had purchased them. The motion to lay upon the table, was lost by a vote of ten to five?Aldermen Martin, Smith, Purdy, Bunnell and Stewart in the affirmative. Aldermau Lee moved that a committee of conference be appointed to meet the other board, which was withdrawn. Alderman Bams said that he had heretofore been opposed to the butchers' shops, but he believed that public opin ion had changed and demanded the passage of an ordinance of tnis kind, and therefore he should vote for it. The ayes and nays werethen 'aken on the concurrence with th? Boar I of Assistants and adopted by ayes 10?nayi ft ? Aldermen Martin, Purdy, Stewart, Carman and Lee in the negative. The ordinance is therefore adopted, and if not vetoed by the Mayor, will become a law in ten days. This ordinance places the butchers' shops under the same restrictions as the markets, and compels the payment of $10 for a license for each shop or small market, as they are called. Aldermen Wrst introduced a resolution calling upon the Board to prepare a petition to the Legislature authorising the Corporation to raise funds to return the premiums naid by such butchers lor their stalls as may fi-el disposed to relinquish their right to such stands. Referred to Finance and Law Committee. Alderman Pi-anv introduced a resolution to sell such public piers and wharvia asjmay he deemed advisable Referred. Alderman Croi iih introduced n resolution authorising the Police Committee to light the Court Room of O. neral Sessions and Police Office with gas.?Referred. * The Board then adjouriit d to vionday neit, at ft o'clock P.M. Boasd or Assistants?President Adams in the chair and a quorum being present, the minutes of the last meet nig were read and approved. Petitions?-01 several persons, for reduction of tax, and also for removal of di ad. Of John M. Bixby, lor ptirchasi of land belonging to Coriioi ation. Rr?or1i of Conmiltn?.- Of Committee on Assussmenb on petition of John J Morgan, for c irroction ol Remitted. Of same committee on petition of Pawl A. La tourette, to be relieved from tax?Homltted. Of same,on petition of E. Simpson, leaseeof Park Theatre for reducHon of tai. No power to afford relief, although it wouhi ie?*i reasonable on account of F'Tfn affliction In Mr. Himpson's family and business. Tho subject wa? referred Mck with power, Aid. NMb,voting in the negative. Of Croton Aqueduct Committee, on petition of Peter Quinn lor compensation for excavating quicksands in Broadway in laying main water pipea?Compimsation allowed.? Of Committee on Finance, in relation to petition of Mechanics' Bank. Committee aaked to be discharged?Ho ordered. Of Committee on Wharves, Piers and Hlips, on petition of A O Ackerman for compensation for loss of a horse?Not allowed. Of CommiHeeon Police, Watch and Prisons, on petition of J. Ifaight for payment of a rvices in 1939?Committee discharged. Of aame committee, on petition of several steamlioat captaina lor a Deputy Hack Inspector. Recommended that the Day Police Officers of the 1st. 3d and 3 I Wards attend to the landings of the steamboats to do the duties required, on the ground that the Hack Inspectors have no' power to remedy the evila alluded to. Report laid or. the table. Of Committee on Police, Watch, and Prisons, relative to the public printing. They say in their report that the Corporation has bt en in the habit of paying enormously high for ail their printing?more than double what is fair and equitable. The report recommended that the heada of departmenU.be directed to send aR orders for printing to the Comptroller, who is to employ the Corporation printer to do the work, unlesa he shall be able to gat it done by some other competent person cheaper. In the course of discussion on this subject, Alderman Waterman paid a very handsome compliment to printers. He said, he waa not aware that they got rich faster than any other set of men, in consequence of the great competition among them. In a republican form of government likeours, where so much depends upon the dissemination of kuowledge, it is of the highest importance that the department of printing should ie encouraged and receive adequate support- We are indebted to them for almost all our knowledge, and they deserve support; and a more e honorable set of men certainly cannot be iound. The re. solution of the Committee on Police, Watch, and Prisons, was finally adopted. Report ol Jame1- R. Whiting on the sut ject of Police Reform. This was Mr. Whiting's own report, independent ol Justice Taylor's. They concluded to make separate reports. It was ordered to oe printed. Ma. Whiting's Report on Police Reform. To the Honorable the Board of ?ieeielant .Hitmen of the City of Sew York: Gentlemen.? The resolution of your honorable body, calling upon Robert Taylor and myself "to communicate to your Board whether any, and if any, what improvement in the police department of the city is required by the wants and interests of the citizens ; and the probable increase of expense, if any. attendant upon such improvement," has been transmitted to me. The resolution seems to call for a joint answer from Justice Taylor and myself. As we have never matured any plan, nor particularly compared our views, but merely held informal conversations on the subject, and to put down unjust suspicions that may, and with some serm to exist, that we have ulterior and sinister ends in view, we have concluded to answer separately. Whatever, therefore, may he here said, I stand alone accountable for. I intend to speak plainly, and hope no oftence 01 exception will be taken to the manner in which 1 shall treat the subject?nothing shall I set down " in malice," but many things " extenu -te." To cure the sore, it must be probed to the bottom, otherwise the suitable remedies cannot be applied. There is at present no system of police. It is true we uave " Special justices for preserving the peace" ?"policeofficers"?"constables"?" marshals and watchmen." They hold their offices for different periods, and are amenable for neglect-of duty or misconductin office to different and distinct tribunals. There is no head?no ? responsibility?ne control?no common object. The sim pie aliment of the whole contrivanco (it deserves no other name) is crime. Its preventive would, to a large portion of those engaged.be a death blow. It is crime, successful A crime alone on which it feeds, and by which it is upheld. The Justices are salaried officers, and have power to hear complaints, to commit for trial, and to discharge.? They have but little, very little, if any power or control over official misconduct?hence they lab ir under no responsibility. Any interference by them with the mere ministerial officers, is therefore considered an ar t of inter, meddling, and not of duly. They are selec'ed without, and entirely irrespective of their legal knowledge, and set to perform duties involving the nicest questions connected with personal rights. The Police officer has no salary, but receives compensation for serving process?hourly and daily compensation for special service and rewards. The last are for the most part offered and paid by the persons robbed, and forms the main incentive to extraordinary exertion. For them, therefere.to preoenl a crime, is directly to interfere with their hope, or chance of compensation. An officer who should now be constantly on the alert to prevent crime, would be very soon obliged to commit it himself?abandon his office?or starve. This necessarily makes him remiss. The vigorous growth and sturdv daily bread. This ia a necessity arising out of what I call "the contrivance." It is for these among many other reasons that his step* are daily to the "Police Oltice"?his hours spent there?that he may be in the way of serving warrants?ready to be detailed for special service, or be the/Irifto learn the news of a robbery, and the amount otthe reward offered. The fault is not his?an incentive to a different exertion of his powers is not afforded. His powers to prevent are mire than equal to his power to defect crime- "Under this defect," says an able joint committee of the two Boards in a report dated Ifith Jan'y. 1917, with which, I fully agree?"The New York Police has always suffered, and instead ot meriting blame tor their inefficiency in times past, your committee think that those who are attache.) to it, are entitled to the approbation of the community for their exertions t d promptness at all times when called upon to prevent i >? commission of crime and lor the arrest of offenders." I do net believe there is in any city better men attached to the Police than we have. Very many of them hava rare qualifications. Under good officers, clothed with proper power,* with judicious management, they could, 1 in my judgement, be so organized as n render th?? ficient if not more so than any body of police in Europe The constables are elected by the people, two or each Ward. Their general business is connected with the civil courts for the trial of small causes and the collection of private debts They do not make it their especial duty to attend to criminal business. Ho also most of the mar* shals ; those whose especial attention is directed to criminal matters, fall under the observations already made in respect to police officers. The watchmen are the main body of the police, and form the most important branch the'r duties are so well known that it is deemed unnecessary to repeat them here. Their admission upon, and discharge from the Watch, is entirely arbitrary. They are selected from among the citizens, and constantly changing. A very recent trial hat shown that men ot the most abandoned ?nd profligate character may have the cap ard club placed nt their contiol ; and the Board must necessarily see what hold the community have upon the faith of such men. Their dutiea are in general as well performed under the present arrangement aican he expected. If an almost entire ignorance of law, of the first rudiments of evidence, of the modus operandi of the burglar, the pickpocket, street brawler and ruffian, are pro-requisites commending men to admission upon this platform- then in this arm of the contrivance has just guar Is been provided 7 t remember well an instance of a watchman, in the full plenitude of the little power bestowed upon him, who, by mistake, found his way to the door of an Alderman ignorant of the official standing of the occupant, and intending to show off his brief authority, ignorantly and grossly insulted the Alderman. Afterwards he plead in extenuation that if he had known the man he had abused was an Alderman, he would not have behaved so wickedly: and gravely insisted that the Alderman had done wrong in not informing him of his mistake, that he might have avoided his error. A very large number of our watchmen are capable, with instruction?honest and industrious, lsboriug hard through the day, and by necessity driven at night to make suitable and honest provision for a dependent lamily. Their services every other night, affords a small pittance, hut fails to arouse the energy which they for the most part are capable of, and which would he brought into full and vjgeiotis eyrcise, if the public who n< en. and ought to demand their whale time and service, would render a compensation commensurate with, and suitable ta, the service. There nre other officers collaterally connected with the subject of Police, not necessary for the purpose of this report, now to he adverted to. Experience, the test ot all human inventions, has proved the utter inefficiency of the so called system, and the community for years have loudly complained. The public press, that great manufactory and vehicle of public opinion, has been open and loud in its denunciation, and violent in its demands for reform. Hince the adoption of the amended charter, each succeeding chief magistrate of the city has made it one of the subjects of his message to the Common Council. Committees of that honorable body have frequently made it their study, and often communicated elaborate reports lor consideration. In a report of a committee of tne Board of Aldermen, under ilato ol 30th September, 1833,t hey say they "have had the "object under consideration, and are of opinion that the entire Police system requires to he revised, improve.', and organized on a plan commensurate with the increased gro v h and population of the city." Year after year have all their efforts been fruitless?the thing remains the same. The simple, plain, and obvious reason is that it is not a matter of simple theory. It is the business of practical knowledge and experience to make the effort .it its reformation. bv nutting in actualoneration. from ime to time. the suggestion! thai its detective working may exhibit to be necessarv.until the machinery is made complete. The Committee, in the report of 30th September, I"33, bcfoio referred to, use this emphatic and true language " As this would require a more extensive knowledge of tlio transactions of the Police department, and of facts connected therewith,than your committee arr|in po session of, they content themselves for tho present with bringing the subject to the notice of the Common Council. Until then nothing more than an outline, or theory of a plan can be given. As well might the. mechanic who conceives in his mind the idea of a new machine intended t# effect, or accomplish a particular end, describe to you tint various parts of the contemplated machine before he ha<t tested the plan or inve tion by actual machinery and ex-t periment. A plan is frequently asked for. If by a plnti it is meant to have all its details wriltenout, I aaswerthut ?uch a plan cannot he written out. Its improvemints must be the work of time, and requires on the part of those who attempt it a thorough knowledge cf crime, and thn various means and methods resoited to 'or its accomplishment, and the successful disposition of the spoiIs, Effectually to reform it, It must he reduced to a system regular and harmonious in all its movements. It must have a responsible, an able head, to control and govern it with proper responsibilities, and dependencies, proper guards checks ami balances. There must be a common object-a conservative principle infused into it, working within Bedf and acting alike on the rogue within as well as the rogue without Its tfnlds?its great objecti prevention, detection, restoration and punishment. The basis of the improvements that I would suggest ''flrat?An efficient and responsible Head. Second?Every officer and private should be well and perfectly instructed in his duty. Third?r?y them for their services, and make it their interest to suppress cvime by increasing their pay on lta jtcreatt, nnd decreasing their pay on its increase. fourth ?By infusing one spirit into 'he whole corns, hat praise of well doing should belong alike to all?so I h i t it should be said "To our Police" (instead of officer A. or ilNeer B ,) arc were indebted, for "peace and safety." filth By correspondence between the head of the da* ;> irtment with our sister cities and abroad. Sixth ?Mnke it continual, night and day. Seventh ? Having the knowledge of the commission of in efftnet immediately communicated to the icholt rot pt instead of confining it at it now fa, to the few engaged in tha diacovary ofthe perpetrators. i Eighth?Making It the intereat of all engaged to com

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