Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 19, 1843, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 19, 1843 Page 1
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TH Vol. IX.?No. 19.-? Whole No. 333*. Thornu N. Carr'i Lecture on the Custom* of the Moors, dec. This gentleman lectured on the above named subject be.ore the Berean Institute on Tuesday evening at the Universalis! Church, corner of bilizabeth and Walker streets. After ulluding to the lact that a cursory examination alone could be given of the topics in question at a single lecture, he proceeded as follows, after noticing many of the peculiarities of the Moors aod the geographical position of the country , 1 have now mentioned the Moon, Arabs, and Jews; it remains to speak of the most numerous, and the most interesting division?the Kabvles. Under this term I in. elude alt those people who Inhabit the monntainous region of the Attas, whatever may be their specific appellations. The most comprehensive and correct term would * .1 1 a* feoamnn Th- orunnral nr\irtinn De# pornupa, /Viiia/.U* * w* .? * ? 0 ??-? .v.. i*. in fact, the right of authority is decidedly in favor of their being distinct nations, with different origins, and different language*. My belief i? that they are originally the *ame people ; that the Berebers, and Bhelluh el Attaa, the quanchet of the canaries, and the Tuaricks of the dejert. are one and the same people, and identical with the Naz"mones,the Macea, the K ibyles, the Geramante*, and Gertuliati" ol the Ancients?that their difference* are simply the differences of tribes, and that their language* are dialects of an original stock. This generalization is at least rea-onable and convenient, and removea many of the difficulties in which the subject is involved. It would oppear, however, that as early as the time of Heroditu* a distinction was observed, in the inhabitants of Barbary, into agricultural and pastoral tribes?the same distinction is preserved to this day. Shaw says that the Kabylei live upon the mountains, in little villages, called druskas, mule up of mud hovels, whoreas the Arabs, being commonly the inhabitants of the plains, are therefore called Badouins ; living, as the Ninledes did of old, in tents ; collection whe-eof, pitched usually in a circle, with their doors opening to cards Mecca, is called a Douar. Mecca, you will recollect, was a sacred city a longtime before the era of Mahommed. So that the agricultural or Arabic tr.hes, in the times of Heroditus, might have been, and most probably were, the descendants of Ishmael and F. lorn ; speaking variations of a dialect which was common t > the aucient shepherds of Mesopotamia, Palestine, and Arubia, and which, under different modifications, as Chaldean, Pheonician, Hebrew, Syriac, and Arabic, constitute the original language of the Shemetic family ? This is the only supposition which adequately explains the rapid diffusion of the Saracenic language among the people they conquered. Generally, it is well known, it is the vanquished who give language to the canquerers. but inihi* case we find the invaders'language the nredomi. nant one, anil it therefore is probable that the Saracens L found a people corresponding to the agricultural tribes of lleroilituc, and to the present Arabs ; anc, speaking a language closely resembling their own, ttiey readily assimilated with them. Now if this is true it accounts for the origin ol the Arabs, and shows that the \ chief stock was in fact from Arabia, but long before the time ot Heroditus, and that the Saracens, centuries af ter, merely added to them, and infused a li'tle more Arabio purity into their language. But it explains nothing respecting the Kaby les; in fact, it presents them in a still more mysterious and interesting light?as an entirely distinct and different people, long before the first glimmerings of authentic history. Notwithstanding that they in nnniant with thnm> nonnln we call the Arabs, the Arabic language has made no progress among them. They speak an original language,divided Into a number of dialects, which has apparently no connexion with the Arabic or Hebrew. 1 know nothing of its grammatical construction, and I don't believe any one else does ; but the Arabs and Hebrews consider it a vary different language, and I know that in sound it is very di-tinct. I have heard both of its principal dialects? the Bereber and the Shlook?spoken .and they havu no resemblance to the deep gutterals of the Arabic. It sounds more like English than any other language?in fact, the Moors comi>are it to English. The constant hissing sound of the 8, a feature in the English which instantly strikes an Arabian, is very strong in the 8hlook, and makes a very curious correspondence with the assertion of Heroditus, who says that some ot the inhabitants of Barbary speak a language that sounds liKe the hissing of serpents, it is a singular fa t, too, that they have some words and phrases almost exactly like English ; as, for instance, a Shlook says, shnt the door." with a very good English pronunciation, when he wishes the skin door of dratka, or mud honse, closed. Such coincidences must, however, b-- merely accidental. The K ihyles themselves have n very universal i 'ea of tha iniquity of their language. They have quite a clear tradition 01 the deluge, and they believe that their language was antideluvian, and was used by Noah and his family in the ark. The thorough and complete examination of this old and mysterious tongue, and theapplicatianto it of those etymological principles which have done so much withiass few years to elucidate important historical questions, wnl, perhaps, one of these days, he repaid by the richest discoveries. This field, at Sresent so dark and mysterious, but so vast and inviting, as not yet ever been entered. All that has been done is g a collection of a few meagre and Incorrect vocabularies ol two or ti.ree hundred words, by men who were unquali tied to pursue the subject with that proloitnd philological erudition, that comprehensive and penetrating genius,and that patient iiyin'try. which characterise the great clss ical ruiif Oriental scholars of Europe, and particularly ol Gt-rmanv, and which has already led to such glorious results. The ancient and modern languages ol Europe, the Hebrew, Arabic, Nyrisc, Sanscrit, Chaldaic, and other Oriental tongues, have monopolised all the critical accutnen of Europe, while the language of the Attas and the Sahara has scarcely received a thought. This language is, as I have said, spoken overa great extent of country. In Moroco the two principal divisions of it are with the Beiebcr and Shlook: but undoubtedly belonging to it is the Tuaric, or the dialects which are spoken from one end of the Sahara to the other. These Tuarics, who are described by Captain Lyon, Major Denman and others as the finest race of men in the world, are very distinet from the miserable Arabs who have mingled with them. Their language was once a written one, as Is abundantly proved by inscriptions in Tuaric character*, and for aught we know, it may be so at tho present day. Should IJhavc the honor of delivering a lecture upon the Desert, and the efforts at African exploration, I would then have an opportunity of speaking upon this subject more in detail. The Kahyles ot' Morocco, whatever may be their specific names, as Berehurs or 8hlook,or whatever may be the dif ferences among themselves in character, customs and costume, differ still more from the Arabs, and are just as distinct in all other national characteristics as they are in langiiRgr. They are a finer looking aet of men, of a middle siic, but active, athletic and well made. Their com plcxions are quite light; their features fine, with almost invariably brilliant black eyes, and teeth like snow, and at the sa-tie time tbey have a look of intelligence, enterprise, and Independence very different from the scowling, sinister expression of the Arabs. But it is hardly fair to compare a people who have for agt a enjoyed the wildest freedom, with a race once a proud and gal Ilanl nation, nut wno nave lor several Centuries suffered under the demoralizing Influence of a degrading despotism and a debasing religion. The Kabylea may be eat mated at three millions, the Arabs one million, the M< ors one million, and the Jews between seven and eighi hundred thousand, smaefourer fire hundred Christians nnd renegades, the first computed of a lew merchants and members al the consular families, and the latter of escaped convicts and deserters from the Spanish garrison of Ceuta Their principal rites, ceremonies, and religious cu-toms ere nemly similar to thoie of Mohammedism in all quarters of the world where Monammedism prevails, modifi d, however, by those circumstances of time, place and nn tlonal char JCter, which have even altered and produced the mogreben dialect ol the Arabic. Without pointing out the little deatinction, which will readily strike all who are familiar with the religioua customs ol the East, I will confine myself to a notice of fasts and feasts. The Koran directs one last and two feasts to bo observed yearly by Mohammedans, but custom has introduced others, of no less Importance to the Moors, aiel which are aa faithfully observed as any of the three. I will speak of the principal feast and fast days, as observed In this part 01 Barbery, commencing with the fast oi Rhamadan. This last begins in the commencement of the last month ol every lunar year of their reckoning, and is held in great veneration hy the Moon, as the month In which the first pert of the Koran waa revealed to Mohammed by the an gel Oahriet. At the time the new moon is expected, a vigilant watch is maintained by the Moors, and aa aoon as it is seen, the fact is proclaimed by a discharge of a tingle gun from th--battery. Krom thu moment the duties olthe sacred month are entered upon, and all businesa is suspended until the expiration of the last, which continues until the next new moon. This time ia devoted to pray era and rejoicings,and to the healing of all personal animo. aitiea. II enemies meet, they embrace, shake hands, and vow to forget the past. The Moors are not allowed te ntakpwnr or to wage It daring this month, except in acll de'encc. day light until sun set they abstain from eating, drinking, smoking, or snuff taking. Aa the day is devoted to fait, so is the night to excess of dissipation. None are exempt from the observance of this law but children nnder thirteen ycara ot age, the aick, and travel lers on a journey. This, however, la but a temporary sits, pension of the duty, and ia to he made up by a fast in some of the unholy month*. The time for breaking the fast is announced every evening hy the discharge of a gun front the forts, or in the fields by the voice of the Muedden, or priest, by the shrill cry of the saint irom the top of his sanctuary, and the gppeatanco of a white fljg in the minaret. Atthescgiven signals, it it amuaing to ?ee wiih what alacrity the Moon seize upon the huscooso, the pipe, the snnfh the water ; each one gratify ing his appetite by a free and unrest rained indulgence in one or other of these luxuries The streets are now wholly deserted by the Mohammed,in, and It ft to the quiet |totses sion of Christian and Jew. The Moors have also their > t hours f ir eating during the night, and are callpd to these meals hy the blowing of horns, and thn heating of drums. The-ill, or greater By-ram, l<i-*l-Kerban, or the feast ot sacrifice, ia the last ol the prophet's feast days, as recommended by htm ill the Koran It was oririiitlly celehra ted on the tenth of the twelfth month, Dhu-rha jja, hut has been changed by custom to the second month of the new year. Ii is in this month that pilgrims set out for Mecca an 1 Mohammed gave out that It was a commandment from Ooil to Abraham to visit this place once a year and to make offerings. This feast is intended to eomnit morale the im pnrtancu of tlia occasion, and ia solemnized ot M< era, anil throughout the M .hammedan world, by thn slaying ol sheep as an offering and sacrifice to Ood, ami tta'ir prophet. At A o'clock an the morning of the first day n* thiIeast.tlie authorities,accompanied by ?hreefs,who are a mi nierous class claiming descent Irom Mohammed,Tails and ci ixeus, set out for the place of nuhlic sacrifice, called in Arabic K.msellsh, or praying place. The signal for the sacrifice is a gun from soma ol the forts; the head of the sheep is turned toward* the east, when, alter a short and hurne nvocation, the throat ia cut, and the body handed 'l ' E NE NEV over to a horseman who is in waiting to receive it. This person is selected for the occasion, and from the severity of the treatment which the oflice invariably auhj-cts the holder to, a timely precaution it taken to pad the body un lii nearly doable its naturalsize. Upon receiving the sheep the body is held in an upright |>osition to prevent a too rapid ftjw of Mood in hope to prolong the life of the animal. Spurs are then put to the horse, the mob gather in, and with stones and blows, which are unsparingly bestowed upon rider and korsv, the sacrifice is hurrid along to the mo?que, where it is received by a saint, who pronounces it deadorultve; if dead, the omun is bad, and the ottering is not accepted ; a poor harvest and much distress fallows as a cons quence , ii alive, the reverse ensues, and much congratulation, and rejoicings take place on tue occasion. The rider, for his bio ws and bruises, which are frequently of a serious nature, gets the sheep, which, with the honor, is thought to be ample compensa tion At ten o'clock, or as soon after the public sacriilce as possible, a general slaughter begins, every man and woman being obliged to kill a sh?ep, which is afterwards divided, a..d portions of It exchanged between immediate friends as an interchange of compliment, and a token of faith in the miracles of the prophet. From the close of this feast until the opening of the Moolood. a period intervenes ot three months. The Moolood is the la?t of the important sacred days with the Moors ; and although its observance is not spoken of in the Koran, it is nevertheless celebrated with more pomp and show than any of the former The seventh, or last day of this feist, is supposed to have been the day on which Mohammed was bor-t; is commemorative ol that O.t this day no Christian leaves his house, or exposes his person, without incurring great risk, and consequently few if any are to be seen in the streets. A constant discharge oi musketry is kept up from daylight until the next morniug, when all strangers leave the town. The giving ol alms, or distributing a tonih nf Anrli mftn'j u/fdllh mnnntr thi? nnnr. has ht'ttl) changed (rOm the second Byram, where it properly belongs, 10 this least, but the custom is not so scrupulously observed as many others of the prophet's commandments. The ceremonies attending the death and burial ol a Moor are perhaps those which are most striking to a stranger. The rank and wealth ol the deceased is always known by tho number of women assembled upon the occasion, and who play as important apart, in the parade of vanity and ostentation, as the hackney coaches of Christian funerals. J The body, being washed and clothed In its shroud, these praying women, who are hired for the occasion, seat themselves in a circle in tho centre 01 a coin t, and commence a simultaneous rapid motion ot the body, hack and forth, which is the signal for the cry, and which is always given to the lull extent of the lungs. If the deceased be a male his good deeds are told over,one by one ; his charities to the poor; his valour in battle ; his loyalty to his [ sultan ; and the steadfastness of his faith in the miracles I and religion of the prophet. The yell, or cry, accompanying the iterations of these virtue* is ol astounding shrillness and force. The burial takes place a few houis alter death,that the souls may not he detained from the enjiyments of paradise, and in the belief that while the body remains unlmried the soul is undergoing a severe punishment. Collins are not in general use with the Moors; the body is placed in a winding sheet, upon a bier, and is carried by four friends of the deceased ; It has an extra covering of white muslin thrown over it which is taken oft at the grave. |i the deceased be a man of wealth the body is decorated with fanciful coloured ribbons, or sashes ol silk, interwoven .with threads of gold : the procession marches with a running pace, singing, "Lahillah Kuna Lah, Mohametti ressotii Allah," There is no Hod but God end Mohammed is his prophet, a wild and melancholy chaunt, which has an exceedingly striking and impr. ssive effect. The Moorish grave is but two feet in depth, from a wish to give the prophet as little trouble as possible when he shall come for ! lie body. The body is placed on the right tside, with the arm under the head, pointing towards the holy city : a piece of board covers it, and while the earth is throws in the Talib repeats hia sala, or prayer, which is joined in by the relatives and iriends, None but males are allowed to follow a body to the grave. At this stage of the proceedings, a ba'in of water is handed to the Talib, and such as were the known enemies of the deceased, while living, step forward and wash their hRnds over the gave, in token that ill feeling no longer exisis. Baskets of bread and figs are uanded round to tho company, who, after partaking thereof, retiro to the house of the deceased to feast For seven successive days the grave is visited by the Talib and relatives to indulge in tears, and to talk over the detds of the deceased also to strew the grave with branches and leaves of cypress. Ever alter on Friday this ceremony is performed by families alone, the Talib not being suffered to attend on these days. The way in which this duty is performed by the lemales it truly affecting. I have had several opportunities of seeing them, which, of course, can only ba enjoyed by stealth. I have seen a vnlinir mother looted lee hours hi the stile ol a small and new madegrave, and holding, with every appearance of sincerity and affection, an imaginary conversation with the deceased. Tapping with her hand on the grave, aa if to awaken his attention, she would beud her head over the fresh sod, and give utterance to the feelings of her heart in the most inexpressibly plaintive and musical tones?addressing the deceased in all those varied and poetical forms of endearment which her most rich and copious language allows. Tutting her ear to the ground she would listen tor the reply, and often have I teen the simple minded and affectionate mother's eye sparkle, and lips smile, with a most touching expression ol melancholy pleasure at the imagined response. Such things, however, are hutj the few light touches in a very dark picture In a full and complete portraiture of the doors, the shadows, 1 am compelled to say, would largely predominate. In no country is the demoralizing influence |of a false religion more evident. False, fickle, treacherous, and bigoted?the most disgusting and unnatural vices are the common practice. But had as they are, there are seme degrees of difference among them, and decidedly the worst set are the Saints and the Shreefs. Of the Saints there are two kinds. The first, lunatics and idiots, who, although exceedingly disgusting, and olien mischievous, are harmless compured with the other class, who are invariably impistures and scoundrels of the worst description. Pretending to be the immediate agents of Ood, and believed to be possessed of sup (natural powers, they indulge in the most open vice, and frequently violate with impunity the most sacred customs ol tne Moors. Many of these saintshipaare hereditary,and have descended from father to son for many generations ; others are acquit el or assumed by individuelx w th< Ut any hereditary claims. No one qualification is exclusively essential for the honor. Idiocy or lunacy are titles to sanctity, inasmucli aathey are special evidences of Gad's notice ami protection. So with a drunkard, if he keeps constantly inebriated, and his con lurt is extravagant enough, he hecomes a saint. Superior ability and cunning frequently give a right to the title, aud from the impunity which r gives to all kinds of crime, even murder and theft, it is no wonder that the class is so large. The residence ol the saints, and the tombs of thore who are deceased, are sanctuaries, and whatever the crime, if the criminal has time to reach the sanctuary, he is safe from all harm or molestation. Here he remains until a compromise is made,or pardon obtained, During his confinement, food is brought him by his relations and iriends. An incident occurs to me, showing the extent of this protection, and which took place but a short time since, worthy ol rolling. The Neapolitan Consul was outrageously assaulted by a Moor of Tangier, who aimed a blow at his throat with his knife, and otherwise treated him in no gentle manner. The Moor, knowing that his punishment would be Certain aud severe, fled to a sanctuary a short distance from Tangier for protection. The Consul demandrrf hi arrcst.but the Bashaw refused to give him up. He, how ever, ordered a st-ict watch to be o'-a. rved, and to seize 'hr man should lie stray from the immediate place of his protection. For a month, if not longer, the Moor was confined to his tomb, sleeping unhoused, and exposed tj the fnclemeut weather of the season. Apologi-s had been made, but the Consul remained unsatisfied; the Moor felt the disagreeablenrssof his exposed situation, and wanted to ehange it for a s ancillary in the town, which he could not get to without the risk ol being taken. The return ol Bun Abo, the principal general of the Emperor, from Mecca, end hi* visit to the too-.bofth<- favorite saint, gave an opportunity. The culprit was suffered to keep nold of the garments of the Moorish General, which having been recently at Me ca, were holy (and here did I wish to perpetrate a very trite pun, I might add that they were al>o holy in another aense of the term), and in this manner was led into the town, followed by large parties ol friends, and lodged in a comfortable sanctuary. A few days ifter matters were ..rrangwi.and his freedom was obtained From this will be seen the respect that attachea to a , saint, and the advantages he possessei over the common citizen. The Emperor has one or two of the most noted in his service, who accompany him wherever he moves, and foretell the events that are about to transpire Oa the last visit of his Imperial Maiesty to Tangier the peo pie of the town were thrown into nn excitement by are port that his Majesty had suddenly disappeared, with all ' ni* retinue. u wh* m ia?i ascertained. nil! tno evening before hi* *aint assured him that if he remained any Icgi-r (he breath o( the christian* would infect bim, and that the wont evil* would follow. He accordingly ordered aretreat lor Fez. There are at least twenty ot these sanctuaries in and about Tangier, and the whole Em in re abounds witn them. Thfl two molt renowned are those of Sidi B-lslas at Morocco Cite, an 1 the tomb of Mnley Idris, the theiounderof Fez in the second century of the Heglra. Another famou* saint house is about twenty miles Irom I'atigie"; is remarkable a* having been, about forty years since, the retreat of Muley Yezzed, a son of the Emperor, who hnd excited the suspicion* of his Jealous lather. The people in charge ol the sanctuary received positive or ders to expel Muley Yezzed, under the threat of putting every man, woman nnd child in the neighbor hood of the sanctuary to the aword if they failed to comply. Fearful that the threat would be carried into execution, the sancuary keepers represented to the Prince that their li\e> were in danger, and that he had better depart for another sanctuar) not far off. The Prince, who w a* the best horse man in the Empire, nnd who bad a hone of which he ha I tlieeompletp command, promised to comply. Mounting the animal, as it about to depart, the iitonlshmi nt of the people waa exeitid to the utmost upon finding that the horse refused to stir trom the door 01 the sanctuary not -v it h standing the apparently free use of the whip and spur Upon this the Prince exclaimed?" You see that it is plain IV Ood's will that I should continue here, and, therefore, no other |>ower shall drive me out." Convinced b> this Moorish miracle the people resolved to brave the threats ol the F.mperor who did not dare enforce them.? Passing by the history ot political institutions,antiquities, ind diplomatic relations which I shall perhaps have nil opportunity of touching \i|ion in some other lecture, I will occupy your intention but for a lew minutea longer iy a word or two in relation to the Moorish ladies ;,ml lewcasi *. In o particular does the pro-conceived no ionlof a christian traveller receive a greater shock than in regard to 'he personal appearance of the Moorish ladies \ kind of indistinct notion ol darkled Morocco maids, playing tho zetiec, and singing or sighing In orangabow art, or under ailvar blossomed almon.i trees, whh all the concomitants of roaes, fountains, and nightingales, la the chief atapleof our fanciful associations : but upon olose observation the illusion vanishes. The dark eyed maida aa w ro 7 YORK, THURSDAY M< will be found to be nothing more than ugly, fat, ill-formed damsels, with eyes black enough,it is true, but with skiu* the colour ol dirty chalk ; features without expression, aad fermi without grace?the xebecs, a most diatiolioal i kind of guitar, made of bladder stretched over bent pieces of bamboo?the fountains, nothing hut puddles ot filthy water, of which every house has a half a doxen in its court, or before its door?the nightingales, countless myriads of half lamiahe I dogs mid cats- and the orange bowers, except so tar as the liuit is concerned, a decided imposition. I have had abundant opportunities of seeing the lio- st specimen of the sex. A christian enjoy s privileges in this respect, that are uot granted to the natives. When a Moor is in sight their laces are elosly veiled, but whenever they encounter a christian alone they never have aoy hesitation in throwing back their haicks, and freely displaying their charms ; especially those who have any pretensions to beauty. Although thus sadly disappointed in respect to the personal appearance of the Moorish ladies, which is probably owing to their habits of life, and the seclusion of the harein, 1 must say, on the other hand, that the most glowing expectations will be more than realixedby the striking beuuty of the Jewesses. Generally speaking,the Jewish women.especially the young ones are good looking,and mauy of them ure boy ond comparison,(he prottiest women in the world?at least in the old world. The climate of this couutrv seems to exert an injurious effect upon female beauty niter a certain age, and there is hardly an instance of such a thing im a tine aid woman, hut plenty of specimens of buauty ui o to he found previous totnosges of twenty five or thirty, particularly in the ntnre southern provinces, which tally realise the wildest dreams of the soft, intellectual, and i|ueen-iike b-auty of the maidens of Jmiab. How much might even ibis beauty be improved could a cultivated mind lend the aid of ita exprcaaion to magnificent features. But it is not alone in personal beauty that the Jewish women excel; they sometimes exhibit some striking points of character which are worthy ol our highest admiration, and which are fully sutticient to redeem the national character from the reproaches with which it has been so Ireely assailed. 1 will conclude with one anecdote in point, which I have already related in a letter from Tangier, published some time since in the New World, but with which you are not perhaps lamiliar. Tiie i.tiair which illlistrutl-l I nllullv th? iirnuaW-liniv aiaitniili<tn ?f the Moon, an<l the attachment to their religion ol the Jew*, took place shortly before my arrival in Tangier; and it has'or rau a paculia interest, inasmuch as circumstances made me well a;qu*intod with the parents oi the principal actor, from whom 1 have often heard the minutest details. 1 will sicnnly give jou the unexaggerated facts. Zulekiah Hashuul was a young girl of tnirte-n years of age, equivalent to sixteen or seventeen in our cold climate in mental as well as physical development. Her extreme beauty was the subject of universal remark, and in particular attracted the observation of an old Moorish woman, the next door neighbor of her parents. The ardent aflection that the old woman co ceived for her beautiful acquaintance, 't is supposed, originated in an intense desire to convert her to what was, in her opiuion, the only true and saving faith. Circumstances at length appeared to favor her design. For some real or imaginury fault, Zulekiah wss threatened with punishment, to escape from which she ran into the house of her Moorish friend, and invoked her protection. The old Moor thought the opportunity too favorable to he lost. She instantly re paired to the Cadi, and made deposition that the young Jewess had rushed in'o her house, had declared herseit a Mohammedan, and invoke 1 the protection of Allah. Zulekiah was summoned before the Cadi, when she strenuously denied that she ha t changed her religion, or thaslie ever entertained such a thought. The Cadi wrote to the Emperor a statement of tt.e case, and in the mean time Zulekiah was imprisoned until an order should be received. The Sultan ordered that she should he sent to him at Mequinas, where he then held his court. Upon her arrival, she was assigned an apartment in the Harem Magnificent Moorish dresses were offered her, which she rej-cted with disdain,declaring all the time her adherence to the Jewish customs, manners, and laws. Three several times she wns summoned be ore the Em|>eror in open court, and unsupported by the sympathy and countenance of friends, she boldly persisted in her denial of spnstacv, although she had the fullest assurances that nothing but publicly embracing Islamism could save her life. The third and lust time, she was ordered for execu tion. She was instantly seized by the Mooiish guards, and dragged amid a large concourse of Moors to the place of execution, outside the city walls. Arrived upou the latal ground,renewed entreaties were used to make her d^cl <re a belief in Allah, to which she replied that " the Jewish religion was the religion ol her forefathers, that for it they had suffered all manner of persecution, and hail di?d, and she did not see why she should hesita e to sacrifice herseit foracnu e in defence of which prophets and minstrels, and mighty men had laid down their lives." To the Emperor she said, in the hearing of all his courtiers and gnsrds, "that his presents and bis drstses were unbecoming a Jewish maiden, and were she to wear them, they would be a curse to her soul." Uiion being IaI.1 >... is. k- ? i.: 1r a... ,k. . - -1 1 I .W.u tuv ri.l.|?nui IIIII1BCII, Uim BUU 1UU91 dCKJIUWiedgf Mohammed or b? decapitated, ilie rep ied that there were none 10 ready to testily to the truth of her faith, and none more tit than he to witneaa the deed of blood that he pro|io8>d. Struck with admiration of her beauty, and her iirmneui, the Emperor left no means untried to alter her resolution. At the last moment, the executioner, alter making an incision in theb ck of the neck, demanded it she would acknowledge Allah and lire. She firmly replied "The God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, is my O >d ; I acknowledge no other." Her he d was severed lium her body. The crowd of Jews who attended the scene, excited *o madness, lorgot their usual cowardice and caution. They rushed upon the Emperor's guards, and although many were seriously wounded, succeeded in rescuing the body of the unlortunate Zulekiah, and it was buried by them in triumph a short distance from Mequinas. She has justly been elevated to tho dignity of s.iintship with the Jews, all of w hom consider her tomb a holy place, and eagerly resort thither to offer up their prayers, such is the history of poor Zulekiah. 1 have given the mast literal interpretation of some of her re. plies to her persecutors, and if you do not acknowledge that.considering her ugr and education, she fully equals any heroine of ancient or modern hi tory, I have only to say that the fault is mine; I have not conveyed to you an adequate idea of her excellence. Rebocca, the transcendant and beautiful being of Scott's imagination, has been in my opinion, fully equalled in her most lolty points of character, by a simple uneducated maiden of Tangier. Strange to say, the Moors, with an apparent perversity of character, also regard the memory of this interesting martyr with respect ; to true it is that man, in Ills most degralcd state, has some chords which will vibrate responMn to the great, the noble, and the good. Afnrlne t'ourt. Before Judge H immond. Jap-18.? Hobtrl H. Burdtll vs. Julin Jacob Jlitor.?The facts in this case are these. Mr. Astor leased the City Hotel to Messrs. John H Girdiner and Eldridgr Packard, Oct. 8, '33,running to May, '43. In consequence of the rent not having been paid according to agrceme>.t, Mr. Astor,on the 13th June, '43, gave notice to the lesseps of the termination of the lease, according to a clause in the agreement. The plaintiff claims that altar that termination, the house was under the direction and management and responsibility ot John Jacob Astor. Accordingly the plaintiff, who is a grocer, bring* the following bill against Mr. Astor Bill op Particulars. John Jacob Astor, ToRoht. H Burdell, r. IS4J,Jiiue 13th, to 24 lbs. English Cheese, sold and delive 14 cents, S3.36 July 3J, J4ftJ lbs do. sold and delivered, at 14 cts. 34 37 $17,73 Mr E. Gsanusta tvaa ca':l-d, and testified that he was one of the lessees of the City Hotel, but that his interest in the lease terminated in June, '41. Mr. Asa Gnutsts (brother) estificd that the lease was terminated on the 13th June. I continued to occupy the hotel after the lease was terminated, under an agreement. Q? With whom, and where was that agreement made 7 A?It was made through Mr. Daniel Lord, Mr. Wm. B. Astor being present; I, myself, alto being present;! think on the 13th June. Q? State the terms of that agreement 1 Mr. 3cti ks here raised technical objections; and s'ated that several other suit* of the same kind were pending against Mr. Astor upon the same evidence. The Court overruled the objections, and Mr. Gardiner aoiwrrnl a* follow* :? A.?The term* wore that I ?hotild keep the Hotel open, tnd conduct It for Mr Aator, and render them an account of 'he receipt* and expense* of'he hou?e q ?Are you acquainted with Mr. Burdell, the plaintiff in till* -nit 7 A.?Yea, air. Q?Did he farniah any article* forthe City Hotel while you were keeping it, under thi* agreement 7 A ?Yea, air. Q.?State what tho*e article* were I A. -Cheeae. q ?To what amount 7 A ? Thirty odd dollars; 1 forget preclaely; I think t>etween 37 ana 38 dollar*. The witness stated that when the agreement alluded to rna made hi*t> brother ai d Mr Otto. B. Sir ith (Mr. Astor'x agent) were alao preaent. Being rros?.exnmincd, he said

lie thought it likely he might have told Mr Smith when tie called on him for money, that he had none, a* the time* were dull, and he had to p*y out money* a* last u* he took them in, for the expense* of the house. There wa* a ptirchate of cheeae on the 13'h of June, (ace hill) I ?*w the ' hea?e my?elf, at.d ha! communication with \|r. Burdell re*|iecting it. The hill jf parcel* (for the cheeae) wa* charged to the City Hotel. The pro*ec tion here reated. The defence ret tip wa* thst the Gardiner*, :>fer the 13th ,June, were mere tenatd* at will, und il uny profit* were made they were to In- given to Mr. Aitor a* payment on back due*, nothing being charged for rent otter the tRh June. Geoanc 15. Smith.?Tho notice to terminate waa prepared by Mr. Lord. I served it on John H. Gardiner on ihe t I'h .June, the dav alter the date of it. q ?What occurred on the service of that notice? A I served it on John 11. and he aaul he w ould show it o his lirothiu Mr. Asa G. I c riled the next la}-,in the meantime Mr A*a G had read the notice, and snid he did not know pi cotscly what to do; he did not like lo close tl e house. I replied thut Mr. Astor did not wish the house lo*ed, tut would prefer to have it kept open, and if he nreferred he could remain there on xulference until a new tenant could he found; conditional that he should keep an u count of hn r. i e pts and disbursement* from that time onward, and to pay over to Mr. Astor any excess of re. eipts over outgoing*, to which verbal agreement Mr. (Indiner assented. He wa* alio to ?end up hi* hook* weekly to Mr A*tor'?otli e in Prince itieet, for him to see how the account* atoo I. If there wa* any exceM of receipt* they were to be paid over for hack due*; this Mr Gardiuer did lor aeverai week*, hut no money wae ever paid .over. I called on Mr. Gardiner to enquire about RE I ORNING, JANUARY 19, it. and be told me t\at he (G ) was utterly destitute of credit; that be was obliged to pay cash daily to the butcher, lie.; consequently lie uever had any money to pay over. 11 continued 011 iu this way all through the summer: 1 was never present at any agreement made as to the house being conducted lor Mr. Astor. Mr. Gardiner must be mistaken 011 this point. 1 never beard of any such agri'emeut till now lately. Cross-examined by Wilson?I am ihe agent of Mr. As tor; the furniture ot the house previous to lt)3S. had boon ma le over to Mr. Astor as security for rent to Messrs. Crittenden and mother. Q.? At the time of the lease to Messrs. Gardiner and Packard, did the furniture oi the house belong to the lessee 7 Ruled out. Q-?At the time these gentlemen occupied the house, wa < there an injunction serveJ against them 7 A?I heard ol it; 1 understood it was some time in the early part ot last summer; 1 don't know whether it was before or after the 14th Jun ;the Gardiuers informed me that . an injunction was served. [ Pho injunction was to restrain , the Messrs. Gardiner trom collecting any monies due ( them. Mr. Astoi had nothing to do with it] 'l'hey told me they intended to havuthe bills made out in the name ! of the City Hotel. Mr. Gardiner uever stated to me tnat lie was acting tor Mr. Astor at all, iu any shape; Mr. G diil tell me thure were some bills the p ople would not pay, in consequence of that injunction; ne wanted me to | collect some ol the bilis, und 1 tuld h m 1 had nothing ?t all j to do with it; 1 don't know whether the btlia were paid or : not. Mr. J. H Gardinkh wa* rocnlled, and testified to nn interlocutory consersaliuu Mi. Lord's office, in wlnoh it ' was distinctly understood mat Ins brother A?a was to conduct the house lor Mr. Astoi; ai?o that he hims.-il was to receive a salary troin Mr. Astor, or to that effect; aud when Mr. Smith asked me what salary I expected, 1 replied, " not much." The witness also contradicted the testimony oi'Mr. Smith in refe:euce to the collection oi Ixiarder's hills; Mr Smith did not say lie would have nothing to do with this collection; Mr. Astor diu not say much, btlt declined having any thing to do with it; Mr. Astor is a very reserved man in conversation: he had rather other people would talk, ihin to talk himself. Mr. VVm B. A*tok s worn.? I never heard ihqsuggesliou at all of these gentlemen managing the house lor my father, neither by them nor by anj other persona. Q.?Do you recollect the occasion ol th< ee gentlemen and the Miss Gardiner* beiu* present ut Mr. Loid't olh. e? A.?I recollect the oocaaiou ; one of the Messrs. Gardiners was present) Mr. Asa Gardiner. 1 think; 1 believe we met them by appoin>meiit; it 1 received any nonce to attend them, it was probably from Mr. Lord; the underst.cdiug was that these gentlemen should goon and keep the house, indeed, we were rather desirouH not to have the house closed; it they made anytniug they were to pay it over on account ol reht already iucuired; we thought it woulJ be an advantage to both parties to have it at tanged in this way; it would be very bad lor us to have the house closed; they were t > send up their books weekly to me to be examined, 1 never supposed ?r thought ol such a thing as Mr. Gardiner's collecting bills as my agent. Mr. As* Gardiner recalled?Stated that Mr. Smith Called on him to go round to Mr. Lord's ottice, to mako some arrangement respecting the housa ; I could not conduct it in my own name in consequence ol my dilhcutuei. 1 he furniture iii the house was mine, and 1 did not like to leave it; Mr. Astor hai levied upon it and takeu possession ol ii; 1 cannot be mistaken as to the agreement that i was io conduct the house lor Mr. Astor ; i ihiuk it was in August that the li j taction was served u;>ou me; VV'm B. Astor recalled?Mr. L ml had no o her authority in this matter than what he rtCeiveu from me. Mr. Wm Gakdinkh sworn?lam a brother of John H. and AsaGardiuer ; the house was kept lor Mr. Astor, as I was informed. The evidence was here closed. Mr. H. Wilson for plaiatill, Mr. G. B. Butler for defendant. GenersU Sessions. Before Recorder Tallmadce, Judge Lynch, and Alderman Underwood and Maitin. Jambs R. Whiting, Esq , District Attorney. Jan. 13 ?The latest raye case.?John Craig indicted for a rapeon Miss Elizabeth .Moore, was brought into court on a bench warrant, his counsel stating that he had been arrested ihcevening previous while in bed. He was reman ded to prison lor trial. Case of James H. Ward.?Henry P. Barber, Esq., assistant counsel with John A. Morrell, E-q , moved that the trial of this person, late first Marshall to the Mayor, who stands indicted on three bills tor gi and larc< ny and embezzlement, go off until next term. Hestaied that owing to sickness oi the accused he hail been unable to make such examination ol the testimony against hitn as wan desirable, and alio that Dr. J. H. Halt, formerly health commissioner, was a material witness in his behalf and could not appear on account ol illness. The District Attorney stated that he would consent, provided the testimony ol Dr. Hart was ta ken de benne esse which was agreed to. Inquiry was made by the Court as to the responsibility of his bail when the District Attorney stated that he knew nothing about it as it was taken by Chief Justice Jones. The clerk of the court was applied to, but he hud no know lodge ol the matter and an officer was sect with the indictment to Chief Justice Jonus to ascertain who is the hail, and make return to the Court. The officer returned stating that the Chief Justice informed him that the lioiuls were locked up In a small trunk on his desk and the keys were at hi* house. The accused, Ward, here came into court, and was about to enter a plea, when some conversation ensued between the counsel and District Attorney, relative to the accused entering the plea of statute ol limitations. The Court replied that a plea of not guilty to the indictments, also covered that of the statute of limitations. Hu therelore entered a plea ol' not guilty, and the Court or ercc' that he should give good security in the sum ol $1(100 upon each indictment. He then left the Court iu custody of an officer, to obtain security. It was stated by the Court that the bail entered before Chief Justice Jones, was perfectly worthless. The Court ordered that the cose should go elf until the February term. Case oj John Jlhern, late firU clerk of the Mayor.?On motion of counsel, this case was also passed over until the next term, on condition that an affidavit would he made by the accused this morning, showing the absenca o( material testimony. The Trial of Charles Pearee, indicted for assault and battery on the girl Ann Murphy, was ordered to go oft (or the term, on the application of C. W. Terhune, Esq , his counsel. The Trial of Jfm. IPatd, lor an aggravated assault and hatterv on Dr. Sanborn, ot the popular " Cornucopia," in hark Row, was set down for trial this morning, Thnrsdav. The Lottery Caset-?The District Attorney stated that the only cas. s left 011 the calendar lor trial were the lottery causes, in which the recognizance* were declared forfeited yesterday. T' i*ines of the parties being called, and none appearing, the Court ordered that the bonds should l>e prosecuted forthwith, and the Court ad journed till this morning at 11 o'clock. City Intelligence. Platixo the Offices?On Tuesday evening officer Stokely stepped into a place of resort in the bloody Sixth ward, when be heard a man named William Trow, who keeps a small p rrter house at 97 Orange street, complaining hittei ly of the infamous prac.ices of folice officers and finally alleged that ho " believed them to he worse than thieves, as one of them had come to his place the day hefore and demanded n sum of good money, stating that it was counterfeit." Stokely immediately insisted upon knowing who It ?ai, as such tin offi er was a di?gracn to the police Trow accompanied him to a genius who laid hi* name wa* Matthew*, and who i* in no way connected with the Police, whom he alleged had come into hi* hou?e and walked behind the counter, took a number of ten cent piece* from the money drawer, alleging that they were counterfeit, and he, as an officer wa* bound to take then to the Police. The icoundrel wn* committed. F**Hio*Aat.r. lnTtcLi.ior.aca ?Oneof the mo*t aplendid hall* given thi* season came off on Tuesday evening, at D L.Lawrence'* aplendid mantion, No. 7 State *t., fronting the Battery. The three parlor* bad Ave hundred lght* on flr?t floor. The ?econ?l ?'ory ?upper room ont lined fonr hundred. The hall was lighted by forty Astral lamp*, all furnithed by Woram V Haughwout, of Broadw?y. Over one hundred an I twenty carriage* and cab* attended at thi* ball. Thi* wa* one of the mott aplendid display* of the sea-on. Raooigk Sm??hk*?On the arrival of the steamboat Mohrgan.from Providence, yesterday morning, Mr. Henry Karnum, merchant, of Philadelphia, who wa* a passenger on hoard, placed hi* trunk containing clothing valued at SHO, in possession of one of the waiters of the bo*?, to be tie iveretl to the railroad car* at Jer?ey City, whither the steamboat was going to repair. On arriving at the wharl it was discovered that the trunk wa* among the missing, ami suspicion fell upon the waiter. About five o'clock in the morning, however, officer Sparks who is ever on the alett, discovered a Five Point thief named Michael Whey, with n trunk in hi* pn?*e?*ion containing clothing, and took him and the trunk to the police office. |n a *hort time nfterwatd* Mr. F.irn m came to th? police to make complaint, and there lotiml hi* stolen trunk and clothing in aafe keeping. The rogue was committed. ATwisr Discovratn av Bnwvre.? The fellow named John Smith, w ho was arrested by officer Bowj . on Tuesday on suspicion, while in the act of offering to pawn i breast pin in Catherine atleet, proves to he the steward , of the ship Trenton, wrecked abont v* weeks since, on datt-ofWsr Key, while on her passage to New Orleans, ind the jewelry found in his possession is part of a qu 'ittity shipped by Bald vin St Co. of Newark, N. J., which was stolen at the time of the wreck. Bowyer recovend an additional quantity of the stol-n jewelry yesterday. The whole amount stolen was valued at aboil! f-fO, he. side a bos of silver plate. t* thk Stsr-. t.?On Mo.aday night a skiver, who says fit* name isJame* Mc.Connii a, in company with several other*, met a sort of h green one named Jetemiah H. Deming.of 081 Front Street, and peeled his pea Jacket Irom his back and then sold It for rum. He whs at tested ) esterday Hud committed. Gonso ink Whole Hon.- A swinish looking (allow, named E rands Latham, wa* committed yesterday for steal ing a live hog f-om Mathew Byrne, of (WffJ Water street, and sailing it to Caspar Kugert, of AI3 Grand streat where it wa* found by the owner de?d and dressed, ready for eating. We wonder how he could Identify thn dead hog a* the ono he lost T IERA 1843. Important Navaj. Intkujoknck ?We have received by the way o! 1 l.ivrw the following highlv interesting letter trom the Mediterranean. Ita contents should be takeu into immediate consideration by oar government, dome change ought to be made in the Naval depot in that sea, and Mahon k eked to the devil at once. Genoa, Nov. 17,1842. Arrival of the Frigate Consrrmx?Diuntiufwtion at Mtthon?Lamentnt Death of Patted Midthi/onan Palter mm?The Naval Depot ought tube n moved ? America Intuited, Qrc. Dkar Sim? The frigate Congress arrived hi Spezzia on Mm 15tli inst., lour days Irom Mahon, when she sailed in company with the Columbus and Preble, but sailing one third faster than either, the Commodore gave lier the reins the third day out, and off die bounded, and was soon out of sight, and at anchor next, day in Spezzia; and the Commodore having a fair wind for this place, bore up, and goi here the same day. You never saw any people so disgusted with a phce as the whole of our tquadr< n were with Mahon. Kven the sailor* who once delighted to revel th-re, were as dissatisfied with it as the officers, and quite as anxious to leave it. A great number ol our men have been killed there within the lust I' w years, and when the murderers hsve been pointed ?iur, they have not been brought to punishment. Even the sailors thai have married here have made urrangemer.ts to take their wives to the United States The Commodore moved tin hoard the Columbus with his wile, several days before we sailed, and invited the other officers who had wives here to do the same, to land them on the Continent. In fact, the disgust was general, from the Commodore down, at the indifference of the Mahotiese at so many cold blooded murders, and especially the unprovoked assassination of Mr. John Smith Patter son, the master of the Congress, on the night of the 28th ultimo, while he was quietly descending the hill at 11 o'clock to go on boura, not more than twenty paces behind three other officers, and the ouly one of ine party unarmed Indeed, his too great confidence in the people exposed his life. He went on shore wit l pistols, but left them with a boatman at the landing, declaring when htsfri-nds urged him to keep them, that tliey w re unneces sary. He was liist accosted in Spanish, and asked in the same language what was wanten 1 He was then heard to say " let me go !" at which time his companions turned to go to his assistance, but in an instant they heard the deadly stab, and saw the assassin dodge behind a corner, where he hid in the dark before they could fire a pistol at him. The noise was heard oil bonrt our ships, and several armed parties were landed, and when they saw the unoffending vicnm ol the vile assassin, it was difficult for the otfieers to restrain the men from some severe retaliation. The city wassearclied, but not being aided by tiie Police of the pla- e, no trace ol the murderer could be discovered. Bo'.h the men and officers have been so frequently assaulted in the theatres and lu the streets within the last four or five yeAs.without the least provocation, and without any redress, or any exertion on the part of the authorities to punish ihe offenders, lhat it is no longer a lit place tor our squadron to rendezvous. Ihe only superiority that Mahon ever had over twenty other placeson this station for winter quarters. was that the men and officers could go on shore in safety ; but that safety being n?> longer guaranteed to them, it is high ume that we should resort elsewheie. Our ships would be as safe, an i the lives of our trews and officers better protected, in the ports ot any ol tht little sovereignties, from the straits of Oibraller to the Archipelago, than in Ma hon Any place on the continent would be more convenient for the Commodore to communicate with our government than Malton, which is almost entirely cut off from the rest of the world. It was there that Commodore Hull was leli so completely ignorant of what was passing between the British and American governments, which prevented htm frotu knowing how to act. Had h<- been in any port along this coast, he could have received advices by every packet and steamer. By prohibitory duties, Spain bus entirely destroyed the commerce ot' Mahon, and diminished its population one half. An American flag is never seen there except in connexion with our squadron; and hence we cannot serve our traders by resorting there It is really hoped, that all stores sent for this rquadron in future, will be deposited at Cren?a, Siszzia. or some other place of safety on the Continent, where they will be convenient for thesquadron when it is cruising where our commerce is. And where our commerce is, there should we also be; and not stowed away half the year in Mahon, where an American trader is never seen. Now that Commodore Morgan has left Mahon, and found safe harbors for the squadron in the ports of the continent, it is hoped, that it will never return again excrept to take on board .lie rest ol the provisions we were obliged to leave. Indeed, it wonld b- a great saving to our government, to have 110 place of deposit for stores; but 6end them in one of the Naval store ships with the squadron, until the men of war take all her stones,arid then despatch her for more. The great quantity of provisions that is annually condemned in the store houses in Mahon, would pay the expenses of a store ship navigaied by the Navy When store houses are used, provisions not wanted are locked up in them to spoil; and a great muss of such is now in our store houses in Mahon. A naval store ship would bring such artieies as would be required by the squadron, and remain in company until they could he taken on board. Then, and not until then, our sailors will be supplied with the provisions before they become unfit for use. Now, the ships are obliged to take the oldest provisions first, from the store bouses; and the brands of the beef, pork, &c Arc. show that they were put up in 1836. What portion of it must be condemnahle, anil how bad the whole must be, is easily imagined. Commodore Morgan seems impressed with the impropriety of hiding his squadron half h>- year in Mahon, and has abandoned the ease he mignt have enioved there, and brought his ships to this coast, where he can serve our merchants, protect our trade, and take quite as good care of our men of war as in Mahon. And here we ar?- welcome. The most perfect harmony and good feeling prevail throughout the squadron, among all grades And considering the inclement season, we enjoy good health. We sent about thirty sick home in the ship Alkmaer, that brought stores for the squadron, and the Congress buried in Mahon five, hes des two men that were killed on shore, and Mr Patterson ; and the Fuirfield two. The iuneral of Mr. Patterson was attended by all the boats of the squadron, filled with officers and men, wrapped in grin and indignation at such an unexpected loss; for lie was a noble hearted South Carolinian,and one of the most gallant and chivalric sons of the Navy The boats of all the foreign men of war in port joined the procession which was verv imnosinL' but not a Sunn iard or Mahonese came near. His remain* were deposited with the honors of war in the Protestant burying ground, about one mile and a half below rhe town, on the opposite side of the bav. Will r ot Spain be held responsible fur such outrages ? Are ?i* to be kicked out of Morocco and murdered hi Mahon with impunity T When forbearance ceases to he a v rtue, it sitika into cowardice. There is no resting place betw* en them If we l ave not fallen into the pit- we ate on its brink. Beaton. (Corrxipnndtiice of rhe Herslil.] Boston, Jan. 17, I8W .*1 Democratic Governor elected? Theatrical*? Cupid in the Grnn Room?E.rUntivt Conflagration*? Naval?Caution to Corrrepondcnts The great political crisis of tlnsCotnmonwenlth is clearly defined?the Rubicon is passed,and at twelve o'clock, this day, Marcus Morton was elected (Jo j vernor of Massachusetts by the Senate, who gave him 27 votes to 11 for Mr. Davis. Whole number of votes 38?neces'ary for a choice 20 The result was anticipated beyond question yesterday afternoon, when 1 closed tnv letter* to you ; lor the political character of the Senate being democratic by so arge a majority, the election of their candidate by lie House, us one of the two to be sent up to the Se>ate for final choice, left the matter beyond doubt, 'n the this ; ballot in the House yesterday, .F< lin Davis received th'* entire vote, excepting "hoot 20 brown for Sewell : consequently Morton and Davis were the candidates before the S??.* ;,ate. Henry V. Chiltls and George Hull were the two candidates for the office of Lieut. Governor. The election !>v the Senate took place at twelve o'clock to-day The chamber was densely crowded, and the most intense excitement pervaded the entire - otnmunity. Every avenue leading to the floor of tin* House or galleries was beseiged with curious expectants, and h*i extra police was stationed to '"-strain tins unusual curiosity within its proper limit*' Mcmrs. Davis ot Worcester and Perkins of Plymouth, were appointed by the chair a committee to receive and count the votes for Govern r Governor. They were decidedly leg.slative business for they mad? number of votes thrown for Morton, <t i - '<? j state the number for Davis j consequently the re LD. Pi lee Two (lull, port was re-committed to th?*m lor the requisite amendment. In the election for Lieutenant Governor, the whole number ot votes thrown was37?necewHry tor a choice, 19? Henrv A Childs had 26. and George Hull 11 ; t>o H. A Child* w.e.declared to be elected. On motion o| Mr. Quincy, of Sullolk, the*e reports were accepted. Mn-srs Wright ol Norfolk and Hood of Lseex were appointed a committee to wait upon the House, and inform that body that the Senate have elected Marcus Morton to the office of Governor, and Messrs Ward ol Plymouth and Phvis of Barnstable a] committee to notify them of the election ol Henry A. Childs to the office of Lieut. Governor. Messrs. Leland of Brue I tol and Green of Middlesex were appointed a commiitee on the part of the Senate, in conjunction with such as the House shall appoint, to wait on Marcus Morton and Henry A- Childs, and inform them of their election to the offices in the Commonwealth, and that the legislature are ready to attend in nnikiug and subscribing the oaths prescribed by the constitution of the United States, and to qualify them lor the offices as soon as may be convenient to tliein. Mr. Wright was appointed to wait on the House and inform them that the Senate would be ready to go into convention at 12 o'clock t<?-inorrow, for the choice of Councillor for the ensuing political year, which being discharged, ihr Semite adjourned at It) minutes of 1 o'clock. In the Ht>use no husinesH was transacted, excepting the H|>|M)itittnent of committees on the part ot the House in concurrence with the Senate, to wan on the Governor and Lieut.-Governor elect, and at oiw ii cluck (lie House adjourned. London Assurance was played last night at the Treinont, hut with a very few exceptions watt poor ly cast. Mrs. Brougham's " Lady Gay " 1 admired much?she gave us my ideal of the dashing, sporting heroine of the author, uniting the refinement oi the lady of the drawing room with the lively and invigorating buoyancy of the devotee to the turf. Brougham's Dazzle abounded in bye. play, original bun mots and witticisms, but was not equal to Field's. 1 he beat Dazzle I ever saw was that of our old Boston favorite, Thayer, now of Philadelphia. Crilbert waa totally out of Ilia element as " Sir Harcourt Counly as a tragedy old-man he has no superior, but as ihe top, he ia intolerable. I equally pitied htm and the audience. Mtsa Smith is not the figure for Grace tlarkawav?who ia represented as nature's specimen of a woman, reared independent of urt's capric ious influence. She lacked the elasticity and ardent purity of youth's afleclion.and betrayed that she was too far advanced in maturity to embody the artlesenesa and rustic innocence of a damsel like Grace Harkaway. Her reading wan incorrect?satire, she gave ua "flatter." I called to mind the exquisite performance of this part by Mian Alexins Fisher, of Philadelphia. Brougham's " Paddy O'Raflerty ' in the afterpiece was immita bly excellent and irresistibly funny, and kept the aud tence in a complete roHr of laughter. Blake hid an excellent benefit at the National list evening I drop|tcd in near the conclusion, and was glad to see crowded boxes, pit und gallery, tor the beneficiary is a talen'ed actor, and a true-hearted gentleman By-the-bye, Miss Mestaycr, who played at the Chatham last season, is h caking people's hearts in delightful contusion here just now. ."-lie sustains the leading business at the National, and is, indeed, lending the beaux completely by the ears. She is equally victorious, I am told, behind and before the curtain? that is, *he has as many admirers in the green room as in the boxes. One gentlemun in the corps dramatique I have frequently observed to throw sly glances at her upon the stage, and also, by way of business, give her hand a delightful squeeze, and h,>r ruby lips a charming salutation, which smacked of something more powerful than ,llje /full routine of stage-business. Well, she tea'chamiiiig actress nnd a fascinating woman. 1 h< pe the lover will not "get spudged" in his g tme of love. Cards have just been issued by a prominent ineui her nl the bon ton fur a *oir?t, which will come ofl i.n Friday evening next, and if health permitH me to snufl'the evening air, 1 shall certainly feast upon the charms of maiden beauty then and there assembled, of which collection 1 will send you an accurate description, shou'd not the proceedings of the Legie'atare occupy thespHce prescribed me. A fire broke out at three o'clock this morning in the machine shop of the Nashua Manufacturing Company, Nashua, N. H., which was entirely consumed with its contents. The l?*s, ?15,000, with no insurance, falls on J. A* K. Baldwin, shuttle and bobbin manufacturers; J. H Gage, machinist; Nashua Lock Company: <*. W. Underhill, axe and tool manufacturers; and Caldwell <fc Chase, sash and blind makers There was a fire last night in the hat store of J. D. Burt & Co., damage ?4,000, no insurance, and in the jeweller's shop of Dunyan A CleHres, New Bedford, loss ?500, but insured? both the work of incendiaries Oil ts looking np in New Bedford; sales of sperm at 55 a 56 cents. Albany, f Correaponitence of the Herald.] Albany, Monday, Jan. 17. There was but little business of any general importance transacted in either House to-day. In the Srnate, Mr. Varian presented a petition tor the incorporation of the New York Society for the relief of widows and orphans ot medical men. Several remonstrances wete also received against the repeal of the Exemption Law. The people finding that serious attempts are making to repeal thin beneficial and just law, are arousing to its rescue, and remonstrances begin to pour into the Legislature thick and last. Mr. LarrgHve notice of a bill to repeal or amend the act to provide for sick and disabled seamen The Comptroller was requested to nport the amount due the State (including interest and principal) from non-residents, of returned taxes. Also to report at his earliest convenience, the total snm paid from the treasury to the State Printer from 182S rn 1W9 inclusive, with the amount paid each year during that time. In the HofSK several oetitions from citizens of Al bnnv against ihe passage of the Senate bill relative to trie Public printing were presented. The Committee tin Public Printing reported the bill of Mr A nr.K* with amendment* Thin bill apix.mta Edwin Croswell Stale Printer or printer of the State newspaper?provides for the election of a legislative printer by the two Houses, and authorize* the departments and esnnl commissioner* to procure their own printing?with a reduction of ten per cent, on the present prices The committee of ways and means were discharged from the consideration of the petition of the medical faculty of the New York University, and it was referred to the medical committee. The Senate bill relative to the public printing, had its second reading, and was relerred to the printing committee. A bill was introduced by Mr. Lecand,changing 'he mode of appointing bank commissioners, reducing their number and salary The bill gives the appointment of the commissioners to th?* two houses Hiniially. reduces their number by one, and requites 'lie salaries of the three remaining ones to be paid, tive-sixihs by the incorporated banks, and one-sixth from the interest on the securities deposited with the Comptroller by the free banks. Hall then concluded his able remarksof yesterday in Commi't"e of the Whole on the Governor's nieesHiie. This speech of Mr. Hall's may he considered us the whig reply to th* governor. The As^mblv chamber, or rather the ladies'gallery. was filled wuh beauty to-day, the weather being verv fine Among them were several of your V. w York belles ,S> you see, the ladies of Gotham are represented here too, almost as s mugly as the men. Among 'he reports current here is one, that Mr Van Huren intends to remove to thia city, and that before the adjournment lie will be nominated by the legislature for the Presidency. Another is, that Colonel Young and the Governor, not agreeing in all things as well as they n ight, the former has expressed his intention of resigning the office of Secretary of State, at no distant d*y. This is strange too, as it was through the influence of uohmenas Col Young and Mr. Flagg, that Gov. Ifouck received his nomination Put the Colonel bas always been characterized by a stem indepenlenceand regird for principle in preference to men. You may add to your list of applicants for office 'he following names:? Tame* Gilxon, of Orleans Judge of County Court. Koval Chamberlain, do do do. Wm W. Uu?ir|,.? of Oi leans supreme Court Commission or*. Charles I,re and Cornelius Th-mas, of Orleans, Loss Comissioners. (Jeorge H . Oolf, of Orleans, Master and Examiner la Chancery. Orson Lousier, of Orleans, duperir.tendant of Csnsl Repairs. ruins M Burroughs. of Orleans, Canal Collector. The following applicants have been recommended to the Governor T?y the democratic member* f the bar in this city isines Oougli, K.xaminer in Chancery. 11' rt D Robinson, Master in Chancery. J ,mes R. Rose, do do. D'iinis B. Osffney, do do, John C.Yates, do do. Arther C. Southard, do do. Cornelius Tenbroeck, do do. .> Sniois