Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 22, 1843, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 22, 1843 Page 2
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? I II NEW YORK HERALD w York, Handtjr, January 44, IMS. the times?the pul*it?^and'tm* 1'rks*.?w? hear a great deal abouf the depravity ol th? age, and we see more. He mu<K live in a blessed Btate < t separation front the world, indeed, who needs inu.Ji eulighiemiient about the luxuriance of vice and .mmorality in this favored nineteenth century <>| the Christian era ll is a great deal ntore easy, however, to perceive tlusdeploraole state of human society in our day, than to discover its chiel causes, and still more difficult is the work of hading out and applyin" the remedy. Poes it "not really, at first sight, seem somewhat marvellous, that at an epoch, when civilization has reached a very high point?when the masses have I'vru euujrviru i<? tin unprfCfarnicu ur^r?*t* ui initllectual culture?when u Tast and complicated system of machinery lor the suppression ol vice, and ilie propagation of the gosj>el at home and in foreign parts is at work all over the land?when wisdom crieth aloud at ever corner?is it not iwissing strange, that despite of all this sound and judicious treatment,the world should be growing woree and worse every day?that vice should he assuming a holder front?and the old seri>ent, sirnamed (the I Vvil, should be gaining more and more influence over the hearts and minds of the children of men 1 And yet so'it is. Moral turpitude has lost a great deal of that unsavory odor which was wont to be so rebelled against by the nostrils of our only partially civilized ancestors of past generations. Swindling, debauchery, bloody violence, rascality of everv shape and lorm, do not wear by'any means the repulsive features which in les3 " favored" limes so hocked the virtuous sensibilities of our nature, and called lorth the indignant rebuke of outraged humanity. We appeal to every thoughtful, righthearted man, and ask whether we have at all exaggerated this melancholy picture ? And how comes it that societv in this aire of sn I>f rior enlightment and intelligence, presents such an unhealthy and unpromising asi>ect 1 In some measure to the cunningly-disguised pro|>ogation of infidelity by j>opular lecturers, and magazine-writers: but in a still greater degree to the unfaithfulness and inefficiency of those appointed and recognized guardians of the public morals, and instructors of the public mind?the clergy. We took occasion not long since to refer, at some length, to the causes which prevented the pulpit from exercising to the full extent that pervading and salutary influence, which it is designed and so well adapted to exercise. We need not repeet, at length, the views then expressed. But we affirm that we are fully prepared to prove that the pulpit has, generally speaking, lamentably failed, in the present day, in fulfilling its high mission?that, as in the time of lsiah, too many of the priests are "dumb dogs," ignorant of their true mission, or faithless in its performance. A bigotted sectarianism has usurped the place of that celestial spirit which came to proclaim peace and good will amongst men. Ingenious metaphysical disquisitions on the origin and nature of moral evil, instead of searching practical appeals to the heart and conscience, have formed the matter of the lecture and wrmon. Is it wonderful, that after listening to fierce and vindictive railing against their neighbor's creed, or dry extracts from the musty tomes of polemical literature, men should come away Sunday after Sunday, unenlightehed, unreproved, and unreformed 1 i Where can we find the most available instrument 1 for bettering the moral condition of society, and infusing into the general heart, the pure principles of truth and virtue 1 Without any hesitation, we answer, in the newspaper tress. The influence of the newspaper is, in this country, even now, omnipotent The newspaper is in every one's hands. It is, lront year to year, almost the sole source of intellectual nutriment to many thousands of our |>opution. ft is impossible to exaggerate the influence of this tremendous agency. We are well aware that the newspaper press is far. very lar, from having attained the full extent of its power and usefulness. It is as much in need of reform as the pulpit. But, then, its reform may be more easily effected. There are none of those anti plated entrenchments ot inveterate sujierstition and holy bigotry?none of those frowning battlements of ecclesiastical authority? one of those bloodstained ramparts ot religious animosity, which interpose such formidable barriers to the refor i ation of the priesthood and the pulpit, to be met with in the work of improving the tone and character of the newspa[>er press. It requires only a few minds of the light stamp, and the necessary power, to lead the way in the regeneration of the newspaper press, and ( the work will be half completed. The newspaper should be something more than the mere chronicle of the passing events of the dav. It ought to have a nobler aim than to fight f he trivial battles of the ephemeral politician. It ( should he the vehicl - of something more important r than personal abuse. The newspaper should uni- t irmly take ho'd of the business of the world in the t genuine spirit of moral censorship?approving, sug- \ Resting, rebuking, teaching without the semblance i of iavor, partiality, prejudice, self interest, ot fear? * landing far aloof from the miry ways ot party poli- 1 11f'tH? Pfilirllnff nn Biinnnrt from tVio wiooo .m/J "IV "WD anu CIIUIB of men, but paying withal a decent respect to their e feelings and prejudices?speaking at all times the ? wholesome words of honest truth and sober reason? d the newspaper would do more, in half a dozen years, )( to reform and ameliorate the condition of society, (] and educate the human race, than all the combined efforts of the clergy, "Home Miseionory Societies, H Hnd " Associations* for Discountenancing Vice," t could accomplish throughaut a millenium. t Bigotry Rkbukbd.?W. E. Robinson, of New , llaven, in his lecture in Brooklyn on Tuesday | evening last, on the "Irish Union,"took occasion, i as an Irishman, to notice the attack recently made ( by Dar-on Cheever on the adopted citizens of this country The " virulent jioison" of Mr. Cheever will receive several antidotes before the thing is dropped. It is a pity that a large and hitherto respectable society, like the "New England," should give consequence in the public eye to such fanatics. Mr. Robinson has been requested by a committee of gentl'-men to deliver another leciure in Brooklyn on Wednesday evening next. We are glad to I' nrn, also, that his lecture on the Unmniwill be delivered in this city in Washington Hall, Broadway, (.hi i iMiinmy iicjk r itruciijars ncrraiier. Nomination or Mr Van Burkn.?It is now serum that Mr Van Buren will be ncffflinated to he Presidency by the Legislature in Albany, before th? sewmn terminates. Calhoun has been nominated in South Carolina?Buchanan in Pennsylvania?Dtok Johnson in Kentucky, all red-mouthed democtaie. Who ne*C Harry Clay?Harry Clay, pluck up your spirits. Covers' Quarrels.?The beautiful quarrel be* 1 t wren Louis Fitzgerald Tassistro and Park Benia- ' ii<in, originated 1.1 some Itctureson Egypt, deliver- ( ed by Mr. Oliddon, of the elegant moustache. As 1 the whole ol this tmhroglio is a very funny affair, we shall in a day or two give a full history of the origin of the war?the weight ol metal?the size of the combatants?the quantity of whiskers, and the general prospects of the campaign. Cranji Oratorio at the Tabernacle?On Monday evening, January 23d, the New York Sacred Music Society will give a grand Oratorio at the Taliernnde Part 1 ?" The Song of the Bell"?Romberg Part 2?"The Seasons"?Hayden. The principal vocal \>erfortners are Mrs. .Strong, and Messrs. W D. Cornea and J. Pearson The Mails West ?tireat i? the complaint of the irregularity of the mails in western New York. The quarrel between the Post< dfire department and the Kad Roads is the caase of tins A plague on both vour houses Captain Tyler and the guard seem to be it sleep on their posts t Awful Fall or Real Estate ?The spacious marble building at the corner of Fulton and Pearl streets, built by the venerable Holt, out ol the profits f millions of sixpenny plates of soup, and now known as the U. S Hotel, was sold yesterday for #100,00?? only one bid. It cost about #900,000 or more. A building iu Fulton street, and another in Ann street, both near Broadway, have both sold recently forthIf wluil thry would havf brought in 1S16 For the present, the price of real estate in New York is most awfully reduced? piobably as low in proportion as the land, hogs, butter and beef are in the far West. This fresh revulsion has been brought on during the last year and a hall?and the causes may be traced to the general destruction of confidence produced by State repudiation?defalcations of banks?the swindling under the bankrupt law?and the general demoralization of the financial classes of the age. We believe the credit system is gone forever?and if Satan goes with it we shall be glad. Gold is the Bible currency. The City Hotel.?ThiB noble and renowned structure is shortly to be again re-opened, under the management of the Messrs. Jennings and Willard, whose fame is in all the land, as the tormer keepers of this same hotel. To announce the hotel as again to he under their management, is enough. No traveller who has ever known them, or stopped at the City Hotel while under their management, will fail to make it his resting place on visiting this city.? The house has received some very extensive and important alterations in every part, which have essentially improved it. It is furnished anew in a princely style, and will be amply provided wiihevjry thing which can in any way contribute to the comlort and convenience of its boarders. We theretore announce to all and singular, both here and abroad, that the City Hotel will, ou the first of February re-opened, under the management ot Messrs. Jennings and Willard. Chin Cijmatk.?What extraordinary weather !? It is seldom that trees bud in mid-winter. Such, however, is the case this year. We hear that buds are all " but bursting to blossom." In this city, the mercury has gone up to 57 deg. In other parts of thecountty the same mild weather has prevailed.? For instance :? [From the Qut-ber Mercury. J in. 12.] The weather, since Sunday lust, nas been unprecedentedly mild, each day having brought with it showers of rain, as warm and as heavy as those of midsummer. On Tuesday last, there was an abortive attempt at frost, but the dan p got the better hand, and we had none. In the country the snow has almost entirely disappeared from the fields, and highlands, and in the city the grass in the Place D'Armes, and en the glacis, would tempt one to believe that it had peeped out preparatory to shooting, and that summer was at hand. Our roads, both in and out of town, are in a miserable state. The snow sinks beneath the pressure of both man and beast, and the carioles have worked in it endless cahots, which are burrowed to no small depth, and filled with water. We understand that about fi!< or dO years ago, a similar though more extensive thaw took place at this season, when the river St. Charles was thrown entirely open. That was followed by excessive cold ; we presume we shall have a taste of sharp weather after this. [From the Kingston Can ids Herald, Jan. 10.] The weather became mild at the close of the week, the thermometer on Saturday at 50 in the shade. Heavy rains 011 Saturday night and Sunday have swept away most of the snow in our streets, and wheel carriages are in partial use. [From the Philadelphis Gazette, Jan. 20.] The weather for the past week has been so warm, that the buds ol several kinds of shrubs and bushes seem quite disposed to ge into leaves, and bulbous roots are swelling and sen-ling up their stalk as if" the winter were past."? These preeocious things will have a nipping ; and we are afraid the peach trees will also suffer by the premature swelling of the buds. [Kroul die Albany Atlas. Jan. 19.] The weather still remains open, and the weather still rontinues mild, warm and .spring-like. The ice in the I itreet is gradually wearing away. The sleighing is little i setter th.n none at all. i Naval.?The U. S. ship Vincennes, Franklin Buchanan, Esq commander, was towed Irom the Na- ' vy Yard to the anchorage off the Battery yesterday ' morning, and will sail to-day on a cruise. The sailinif nrfjpN fnr tlilC cltin urovo ranoisso/1 or* I ?p, PWV in,nn,u UII inuny, alter the adjournment of the Court of Enquiry held on board the Independence, ot which Court her eommander was a member. She would have sailed immediately, but for the unavoidable absence of one of her officers, who had been summoned to attend a Court Martial at Philadelphia. We take pleasure in alluding to this instance of despatch, as reflecting great credit on her officers, and of being a rare occurrence in our naval service. Following is a list of the officers attached to the Vincennes:? Commander, Franklin Buchanan; 1st Lieutenant, Jamea K. Mitchell; 2d do Robert E. Hooe; 3d do Montgomery Lewis; 4th do Richard Wainwright; .">th do Woodhull S. Schenrk; Master, Joseph N. Barney; Surgeon, John A. Lockwood; Purser, Joseph Bryan; Lieutenant of Marines, M. R. Kintring ; Assistant Surgeon, A. A. Henderson ; Passed Midshipman, Chan. R. Smith; Captain's clerk, Joseph Gideon; Midshipmen, 8. Edwards, C. F. Hopkins, Jno. Young, Joseph Parish, Chas. Gray, J. 8. Byers, W. P. Harrison, U. B. Douglass; Boatswain, Robert Whitaker; Gunner, Jno. O. Williamson; Camenter. Georae Wisner; 1 Sailmakrr, T. 9. Herbert; Master'* mate, George W. 1 Crosby, Purser's cleric, Nath. L. Ingoll*. City Intelligence. Mysterious Circumstance ?On Friday night, about | 12 o'clock, watchman Muckridge, of 87 Oliver itreet, eacued a dog from one of the slip* in thia diatrict, who I ippeaied to have been in the water for some time, and was 1 arly perished. On taking him out he found a collar ' ipon his neck with the letters " H Decker'' upon it. A j nan's cap was found upon the wharf, near where the dog | va* discovered, and it is prooable that ha had plunged I nto the water to save seme person who has fallen over- 1 >oard. The only " H. Decker'' that we find in the Direc- ' ory, is the keeper of the oyster house at 190 Duane street. J Gone Ur.?Officer A. M. C. Smith^yesterday transport- ( d James Egerton, Charles Shepherd, Ebenezer Care, t ilichael J. 9allinger, Carl T. Steinucker, and Charles \ loo, alias Pearson, to Sing Sing State Prison, to remain 1 tiring the sentence imposed ujion them. William Ding- J er, Henry A. riarott, and Wm. E. Ross were not taken , ip. Charley Haight and his partner, Elizabeth Follans- , >ee, convicted ot grand larceny in coming the " touch I r.d take" business over a countryman, have been deained in the City Prison by order of the Judge* of the i cations. Fire?Last night about half past 10 o'clock, a fire broke out in the third story of the large five story building corner of Lumber and Thames streets, the fourth and fifth stories of which were destroyed. The pait destroyed wss occupied by Mr. E. B. Clayton as a printing ok lice. A Bi ffai.o Skis taken from a thief by officer Horn, can be found at the Lower Police Office. Sf.stksci n os Srsncios.?A lellow who claims the euphonious title of John Henry Miller, was arretted hy one ol the city watchmen on Friday night,on suspicion ol having been attempting to enter the cellar No. 64 Lum)>ur hv hri>iikitia nncti ihuilnnr llni'inir n? Lnm<. money nor fricndi, he wan sent to the Penitentiary for three month*. < auoht ar thf. Scrsr.? Yenterdny morning, as officer* Jo?cph nnl Lounubcrry were walking down Court, landt Mteet, they ipied a aoaplock, thievish looking hoy on the trot, with a Urge bundle under hia arm, and hii appearance exciting auapirion, they pave rhan and after 11 long run, nurceedsd in overtaking him, and found in hia noawaaion a cloak valued at >40, and an over root at >120. He waa eacorted to the Tomlia, and in a lew momenta afterwarda the cloak waa claimed by Horace H. Hudaon, of 12 Courtlandt atreet. and the coat by Daniel Gould, of the aame place, from whence they had been atolen but a ahort time before the rogue waa caught. Steam Shit Cai.kooni a ?This steamer had not arrived at Boston at 4 o'clock on Friday afternoon. She wan seventeen days ojt yesterday. Chatham Theatre ?Cheap amrmemrnt.?We perceive that Mr. Thorne has again reduced the prices of ad mtsoion to his popular establishment, and consequently those fond of rational and intellectual lrnusement, can satisfy their tastes at the following " cheap rates:"?First tier of boxes, 25 cents; second and third tiers, 12^ ; Pit, 6J Notwithstanding this reduction, which has been done with that peculiar spirit of lilieraliiy so long a distinguishing feature of this establishment, we learn that there will be no difference in the amount of attractions, but that the enterprising manager will exert himself afresh io maintain ine extraordinary patronage hitherto lavinhed upon him hv a liberal and diacriminatitiR public. Mad ami' Adolph, the French lady, whom r eve latioriiof character and pad or future event*, havn rreated *o much excitement in variona parti of the country, and been alludad to by our correipondenti, ban we aec, ar. riveil in thil city, and opened her myiterioui romerralionet at Peale'a Muieuni and Picture Oallery, in Broadway, where ?he will remain all thia week. We ihall now ee whether the wonderful preejence attributed to her haa any foundation in fact. Why not jet up a committee to inventigate her pretenaiona ' The homers Hatlny, The case has been cloaed ao far as the Court of Inquiiy goes with the proofs. This investigation establishes the following point*? 1st. That three men, Spencer, Cromwell, and Small, were put to death by Capt. McKenzie, on lie 1st day of Dec. 1SH2. when in command of the United States Brig-of-War Somers, when upon the high aeaa, and within three day's sail of the Island of St. Thomas in the West Indies 2d. That the crime lor which these men were executed was for an alleged mutiny. 3d. That the men were executed without the formalities of atrial, a Court Martial, and without having had the privilege of confronting their accu sera face to face, and without having the benefit ol counsel or assistance, and without the benefit of cr< ss examining witnesses brought against them. 4th. That tne accused were denied the privilege of being present when lh" testimony was taken against them. 5th. That ao explanations were allowed to the accused by the officers who conducted the examination exparte. (ith. That no actual mutiny ever tool- place, nor was there any thing in the shiqie of levying war against the officers ol the Somen, nor any such thing as usurping the command of the vessel or resisting the officers in the free and lawful exercise of their authority and command on board of such vessel; nor was there any attempt to deprive any officer of taat vessel of his authority and command onboard thereof. 7th. That nothing further than a plot or conspiracy to commit mutiny at a future day has been proved by the examination. The laws of the United States ought to be administered with justice, firmnessand in a spirit of benevolence and forbearance. On board of a vessel and in the military or naval service, the right of trial by .jury does not eppear to be contemplated; cases arising in the land or naval forces, and in time of war or public danger, are properly to be tried by a Couit Martial. The accused ought to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation to be confronted with the witnesses against him?to have the assistance of counsel or his peers for his defence,and when a person is put to death contrary to all these rules, the body politic have a great stake in the question. While a Court Martial is conducted according to military usages, the rule of law applies "inter arma silent leges, (i e.) the civil authorities ought not to interfere. The jurisdiction ot the military tribunal is complete, but when the rules and regulations of the military law are prostrated, as they were in the case on board of the Somers, the civil law now slips in as a handmaid to protect the rights of the citizen. The civil tribunals are competent to take into consideration the conduct of Capt. McKenzie, and try, and punish him for his offences, which amount in our humble judgment to murder. The act of Congress extends to cases ot crimes committed upon the high seas on board of United States ships ot war,by nprsnnR clnlv f*nlist??rl nnrf in nf iho TTnil?><t States,upon other persons at the same time who are in the service of the United States. The 8th section of the act of Congress, passed 30th April, 1790, chap. 9, confers this jurisdiction upon the Courts of the United States?when the crime is committed on the high seas, or in any river, haven, basin, or bay, out of the jurisdiction of anv particular State of tne United States, the courts of the United States have exclusive jurisdiction to try such offences. Chief Justice Marshal,in the case of Bevans, 3 Wheaton's repts. 560, who was indicted for murder, committed on board of the U. S. ship of war Independence, then in commission, and in the actual service of the United States, and under the command of Commodore Bainhridge, says, " the indicimentin this case appears to be Tounded on the 8th section of the article for the punishment of certain crimes against the 1 United States ; that section gives the courts of the Union cognizance of certain offences committed on the high seas, or in any river, haven, basin, or bay, ont of the jurisdiction of any particular State." lie further says?" it is not questioned that whatever may be necessary to the full and unlimited exercise of admiralty and maritime jurisdiction is in the government of the Union." He further says, " that a Government which possesses the broaa power of war, which may provide and maintain a navy, which may make rules for the government and regulation of the land, and naval forces, has power to punish an offence committed by a marine on board of a ship of war wherever that ship may lie, is a proposition now to be questioned in this I ourt." Capt. McKenzie ought to be indicted, in our humble opinion, for murder. Whether the Jury would convict him of this offence or of manslaughter, may be a question of some doubt. No necessity appears for executing the three men, but a great deal of cowardice, trepidation, and a want of mauliness and humanity shows itself in the case, notwithstanding the literary and marvellous special pleadiug of the Hantnin PvhihitpH Kplnrp P.nnrt nfTnnniri? . Tho Captain has not explained why Spencer was ironed and kept on deck night and day for three days or more before his execution. He shows no cause that would have prevented Spencer and the other men from being confined in the run of the vessel, or in the state rooms of the officers. The idea of putting tnen to death because thev lumber up the desk, is more horrible than nny thing we have lately heard of. The vessel sailed less than 650 miles after Spencer was put to death, to reach the Island of St. Thomas, and no man is in his senses to believe that Captain McKenzie did not know the latitude and longitude of this Island. He was in the trade winds. He was to the windward of the Island, and as certain as the | earth rolled eastward upon her axis, so certain the j winds were to blow the vessel towards t?t. Thomas with a steady breeze. The Btormy months in the West Indies had passed. The vessel in three davs reached the Island Captain McKenzie had 28 officers on board his vessel who had not joined or bowed their knees to the conspiracy. He had his cooks and stewards and servants in his interest, and what |iersons were trouble to him belonging to the crew, appear to have been made so iiy the twenty-three or twenty four hundred lashes which he had indicted upon them during the voyage. No man who has the talent reauired to command a vessel or a regiment, or to conduct a campaign military or otherwise, will resort to flogging in any great degree Flogging, like angels visits,should tie "few and far between." A good man and a iirave man will do little at Hogging, but a coward and a man whose feelings are those of a tyrant, will resort to Hogging on every trifling occasion. The lutnan mind abhors the idea of mutiny?no individual will resort to it unless badly treated in the irst instance. The human mind obeys the laws of lature. and follows out the nrinoinle of obedience o the supreme head,unlegB something is done to riolate that disposition and feeling of action. Mili ary leaders, monarch# and great and good men always (ind the human family obeying the laws of naure, revolving around the greater luminarv. The irery lact that a commander ol a vessel finds his crew dissatisfied, unfriendly, and in a state of mutiny towards him, proves conclusively that he is unworthy and incompetent to the command thereof. Nrptcnr. Theatre.?This bijou of a house opens to-morrow, on the cheap system?at a shilling and sixpence. All sorts of amusements will be given, except the legitimate drama?that department is left for Welch's unrivalled horses. The manager is young Dinneford, Vho wears long locks and a hooked nose. Lectures, mesmerism, songs, stories, anec dotes, (Jo Miller's)?neurology, geology, all purely American, will all be given in broken doses, suitable for every appetite, in small plates at a shilling each in the boxes, including knives and forks, or a sixpence in the pit, with your fingers. These are the days of the cheapdrama certainly. The next move will he to open a theatre at a penny admission, and sweep the pool. At five and two cents, a small theatre would make a fortune. This is the true way to create an original racy theatre. By the same method the newspaper and periodical press is re-producing itself on original and better principles. We live in a transition age?very rapidly too?one year now is equal to ten years in the last century Bankrupt List. SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF NEW YORK. ?revi?c v#. ifiinn, iifw iutk, agem. l',harle?C. Backater, Brooklyn, L. I , manufacturer. Laird M. II. Butler, F.sopus, Ulster Co. Jacob Rowe k Owen A William*, Poughkeeptie, merChant*. Ana White, New York. Reuben Comitock Stone, New York, late merchant. Richard B. Detaand, Brooklyn, L. I., clerk. Joaeph Ripley, Brooklvn, L. I., broker. Oeorge O Root, New York, late merchant. Frederick Davidion, New York, clerk. William C. Hall, do. do. Nathaniel Mann, do. do. Hamuel M'Binney, New York, marble manufactory. Charleii Hill, New York, clerk. Wm. W. Betta, Brooklyn, clerk. JanherC. Crowey, New York, atationer. Oalen Terry, New York, clerk. Wm. Henry Johnson, New York. Kdward Vincent, New York, late merchant. Oeorge Henry Healy, New York, broker. Diarky B. Dunning, Orange Co.; carpenter. The Expresses.?At half-past seven o'clock yesterday morning we. received from Pnllen Ac Copp, Albany papers of Friday. They came over the river route In the forenoon Pomeroy 9c Co. gave us the name papers and al-:o Buffalo journals thirtysix hours in arlvance of the iiihiI They eame over the lloueatomr Railroad. In addition to these we received trnrn Adams St Co and Marnden iV Co. Mo-ton papers ol Friday evening They arrived' ?"*rly in the morning. Maafi [Correapondeuce of the Herald.] Aj.bamt, Thursday, Jan. 20,1843. The State Printing question remains as far from being definitely settled as ever. The locofocoa lack unity and harmony in this legislature, and the consequence is that they do nothing but agree to disagree. The material difference on this business of State printing heretolore, has been as to what should be the mode of appointing the Slate printer or publisher of the legal notices. To-day, however, Mr. Foster yielded his point, and the Senate concurred in the amendment ol the Assembly in this respect, and both houses have agreed to appoint this officer in the same manner as the other Stai e officers. This being thus settled, another difference has arisen, in relation to the Legislative printing. The Assembly had amen ded the Senate bill so an to designate a sinlge officer of firm to do the printing for the Legislature. To this amendment the Senate does not agree. Again, the House amended so as to require a reduction of 10 instead of 15 per cent on the rates of printing- The Senate insist on the latter, and also a reduction of 15 per cent on the legal advertising. Unless this matter is settled, they will be as far from the object sought as when they first started That it will be settled, and that speedily, I have no doubt. The members dare not go home to their constituents and tell them they refused to do any thing on this subject to redeem their pledges of retrenchment ana reform because they could not agree what persons should have the benefit of it ? Disguise it as they may, these differences nrise mainly from the conflicting claims of candidates. The Senate were occupied until a late hour in the discussion of this bill, and it was most amusing to hear these learned lawyers prate so knowingly about printing and newspapers, matters of which they know as muoh about as the man in the moon. Mr. Ri'oer proposed to reduce the rates paid for legal advertising thirty per cent. Why he, could'nt get n publisher in the country to take it at that rate, it would not remunerate him for hig paper und ink. or the composition alone even. After all the dust raised about the exorbitant price paid by the State for its printing, it amounts to nothing in reality. The State pays no more tor its work than an individual would have to do. People do not look at this matter in its true light, divested of the obscurity and mystery thrown around by politicians. It is not the price paid, but the immense amount of work #1 artii flint ourolla thp nrtnfintr Kill <a oa unawmana sura. Let the Legislature order less useless printing, and the ends of economy will be easily attained. They direct year after year the publishing of most expensive works at the expense of the State, which benefit no one but themselves In pursuance of a resolution offered by Mr. Rogers, the State Printer sent in a report to-day, setting forth the following facts:? Amount charged for legal notices in 1840, $14,789 " " " 1841, 11,691 Amount of cash received in 1H40, $8,41-1 1911, 11,3-19 ' " " 184-1, 9,469 " " " 184-1, 8,144 Amount charged lor bankrupt notices, $14,637 Cash received, 8,100 In the Assembly to-day the greater part of the sitting was occupied in the discussion of a bill in relation to extending the time for the collection of taxes, which, after all, amounted to just nothing. Mr. Hathaway prepented a petition of citizens of New York for the speedy completion of the New York and Erie Railroad. Mr. Paulding presented one to reduce the capital of the Hudson Fire Insurance Company in the city of New York; also to reduce the capital ol the Mechanics' Bank in that city. Mr. Hibbard made an unsuccessful attempt to get the House in Committee on the bill relative to the Bowery Fire Insurance Company. The State Agricullural Society held its annual meeting yesterday, when several premiums were awarded, and the following gentlemen elected officers forthe ensuing year -.?James S. Wadsworth, of Genesee, President. Vice President?one for each Senate district, viz: James Lenox, Robert Deniston, Anthony Van Bergen, E. C Delavan, Jonathan P. Ledyard, Z. A. Leland, J. M.Sherwood, and L. B. Langworthy. H. S. Randall, Corresponding Secretary. Luther Tucker, Recording Secretary. Ezra P. Prentice, Treasurer; and an Executive Committee of Five. The President delivered the annual address, which was a fine affair The meeting was numerously attended. No promulgation of appointments as yet. As soon as this State printing bill is got rid of, we shall ha vp U CTriOf nf fhpm thoil 1a/?L" All* *i*noa among the disappointed. Char lea A. Lee ie an applicant for the office of Leather Inspector. It is rumored that the Governor will not act on the appointment of any inspectors until it is ascertained what the course of the Legislature will be on the project for abrogating the inspection laws and abolishing the offices. It is almost certain tnat the Legislature before adjourning will nominate Mr. Van Buren. What will the subterranean democracy say to that ? Qne word to certain gentlemen here. I claim the benefit?the exclusive right?of all mv own thunder, however feeble it may be. "A word to the wise," I ?tec. Simon. Cleveland. [Correipondence of the Herald. 1 Cleveland,Jan.15,1843 Fathionable [Amunemcntt?Dinting? Waltzing out IVest?Xtw Fear* Day?Mtdical. Dear Bennett :? 1 have been looking in your excellent paper a long time in vain for your correspondent at this place to give you the news hoth fashionable and political, of which there is plenty, but as he has not done so, I have ventured to write a few lines?and first to as <1 1< T T IJH il A EC L4 C sure yuu umi uie inrruiu is uie niusi mougni aiter readable" pa|>er ol the many that are taken from the city, would be but reiterating what you must daily hear from every other place. The drays' ball, which took place last month, I passed off" with great "eclat," surpassing anything of the kiad that has taken place for a long time.? The splendid room at the American was decorated most beautifully, and the company inspired by delicious music, entered into the festivities right earnestly. The ladies presented an array of beauty unsurpassed, and were your " Ariel" present jus tice might be done them, which my poor pen is unable to do. A word for the company?a better appearing.nobler set of fellows cannot be found in any other city, and should their services be ever required, they would do honor to themselves and country. The Millerite excitement extends somewhat to this place, and many of our bachelors, thinking that the present state of things may not exist for another year, have sought tobe comforted by " holy bonds." Mr. n .a young lawyer, Mr.L., Mr. R. and Mr. M. have all returned from different distant nlaces with fair brides, and from what I witness, I almost wish that I could roll back the years of time which have elapsed since I first promised to cherish and "obey." Mr. Yeo, a dancing master, is now teachings school at the American, which is composed ofalargenumber of the " fashionables." The waltz is much in vogue, and it is wi'li sorrow 1 witness it If our young ladies would but consult their reason instend of their inclination, they would soon abandon it ? Whatever may be the customs of foreign countries, here it is certainly indelicate, aridso regarded hv all sober ones, who love the quiet of their " ain fireside." " The roses faded and the lilies soiled," as a gentleman remarked one evening as we stood among a crowd of spectators looking at the fairy forms which flitted by in this " fascinating dance, which was too true I hope their modesty and vir111* Will inHnoo ?/. 1 T ?vu^v irniwi iy ri?c 11 u|?, mm iui unr, j should be happv to eee it. Among th'oee most accomplished are Mrs. C. and Miss if from your city, and also Mihh L , Mian B., Miss I), and Mrs. L.,residenta here, who arc most "divinely graceful" when whirling in thisgiddy dance. On News Year day|we.found the "latch string" of hospitality hanging out from every house. And as an evidence of the flourishing state of the temper ance cause,hut few offered wine to their guests The Willoughby Medical Inntitute, situated some twenty miles east of this will he removed to this place the coming season, Deing a much better locality in every respect. We qu te envy the eastern people their sleighing, and think how delightful we could spend a few weeks if we had a little snow?a commodity rarely seen here. Remember me to the junior editor, and believe me, MAmrek-as Mourn?The public will learn with pleasure that there will he no falling off in the attractions of this establishment this week, as \1r. Barnum has determined, regard leaa of expense, to go on in ths same lavish expenditure, which ha* secured him ol late such a brilliant triumph A morning paper states that the receipts are ten times) greater than those at the same period any former season. We do not doubt it, nor will any one. who glance* as we beg the reader to do, at this week's advertisement, including as it does, suthcieut attraction* for half a dorm common nvueeume. Of these we have only room to notice the dwarf prodigy, Ornernl Tom Thumb, the ronflagrstiori of Moscow, and the Aid mated Tableaux. Baltimore. [ font*tpondenee of the HertlJ.I Baltimore, Jan. 17, 1843. The (Irani Famy, Military and Ctvir Ball?Progress of Morals in the Monuniental CityDeai Bennett Last night the grand Military and Civic Ball, the neit proceeds of which ure to l?o distributed amongst the suffering poor, came oil'at the Front street theatre, a feint description of which, together with a short notice of some few ol the characters, I here propose to give your readers. Well,then, to commence?The theatre,under the superintending care of grand-sire Mr. Wildey, the nil?irman nf tk<* ? :"? ? v. mo rActuuvr L'uiiiuiiiirr, wna vrry lundeomely fitted up, the pit being floored to a level with the stage, made a hall capable of accommodating about two hundred cotillons. Six views, represcntiug aa many periods in the eventful life of the Father ol his Country, were affixed over the procenium, and facing the boxes. The third tier was partly shut out trom view by daubs representing the coat of arms of the old thirteen Slates, with a memorandum of the principle revolutionary battles,See. These daubs served a double purpose Jfor while they added to the ornament of the room, they protected from the vulgar gaze the well-filled tables, at which some seventy managers were merrily feasting at the expense of the poor, and in these temperance days it was surely very clever in the aforesaid managers to hide from the public view the ample stock of wine, apple-toddy, punch, &c., with which they sought to lighten the cares and responsibilities that they doubtless felt hung heavily upon them. Immediately over the entrance was placed the American eagle, and to its beak were attached a succession of American, English, French and Hanoverian flags, that in festoons surrounded the baxes. About 8 o'clock the company began to be numerous. and Murray's band admonished all to prepare for tne conflict. Before 10 o'clock there were oil the floor and in the first and second tier of boxes upwards of three thousand persons. There were some jew Deautitui girts ot course, out tne great ma jority were not those of which this good city so justly prides herself. The vast majority of the women were dressed in bad taste ; their persons too much exposed to the vulgar gaze and coarse criticismsof creation's lords?with the exception of a certain few, all or nearly all " leg femme* di'.i plaignre" were here ! With my own limited acquaintance with such characters, Iaat one time counted not less than thirty-five of them on the floor,dancing with sweet, innocent girls, who little knew the company into which they were thus unceremoneously thrown. This thing I am confident was net unknown to some of the managers, for there were amongst them men who knew them well. Verily, a f earful responsibility is theiss; a weight of responsibility that all their copious draughts ot whiskey punch, will not lighten, nor their great charity for the poor, efface. But enough of this. The community holds them to account, and all the purchased puffs of a servile press will not serve to mitigate the contempt they have so richly merited. I will now endeavor to give you a short description of some of the characters. First, th'ere was Metamora, well dressed, and in the earlier part of the evening tolerably well sustained; but unfortunately the fire waters got the better of the poor Indian's'faculttes. Mr. Joe Smith, the first cousin of Joe Smith,the Mormon, who enacted the character, wound up the evening by playing the ass, which last was capitally done. Tnere was an amusing incident occurred during the evening with poor Metamora. The girls being all afraid of htm, he solicited nnd obtained the hand of Bill Barnegate, a water lily from the Jersey shore, of Barnegat inlet, who, with all the grace that thirteen glasses of Irish whiskey punch could possibly be sui>posed to awake in the bosom of a dutiful son of the Emerald Tsle, nobly stepped forth and swore "by Jasua. he could dance Metamora down just as asily as Col. Johnson shot down Takumsa !" At this there was a roar from the bystanders, and at it they went, and would doubtless have danced until this time, had notsonte gentlemen interfered and Hopped the racket. I am happy to inform you that General Jesup is no longer chargeable with the death of the brave Osceola ; he was effectually murdered last night in the presence of three thousand persons by a voung painted Frenchman, whom we shall hereafter know as Mons Jacko. With him came an Indian squaw? a stripling, who could not even look the character. Mr. Peter Pipkin appeared very well as Jim Hags. He dressed and looked his character well; but Peter can't sing " All round my hat," nor turn a tune on a cracked clarionette. The best enacted character in the room was by a Mr. Stake, who appeared as one of Prince Ksterhazy's shenherds. His livery was faultless, and his pari well eustainud. T-uiittr tho pirats, by a very small young gentleman, with a verv large pair of mustaches, and a very large sword, (which he had to unbuckle and get a friend to hold) whenever it suitrd the pirate's humor to dance. Greeks, Romans, Dutchmen, Yankees, sailors, soldiers.firemen, fiddlers and fools, made up the balance, if we except the malicious men and their officers,the majorgeneral and the Col.,the latter of which wasthe best looking soldier in the room. Tommy is a first rate carjtet knight, " who never set a squadron in the field, nor the division of a battle knows." Of the ladies, there were peasant girls, flower girls, novices and nuns; and characters that I mentioned in the fore part of this communication. The ball went gaily on?the young men appeared to hail it as a happy chance of extending their female acquaintance ; and not a few of their elders were observed to wink at some of the frail ones, as much as to say, " 1 know you, but for Heaven's sake speak not to me." Varilv if was a trrput Kail a roal Kail un/l if flio same gentlemen will but get up another and give sufficient notice, I would almost swear we would have all the rou/i ol the good citv oi Manhattan here. Howard. PhlladelDlUa. [Correspondence of the Herald.] Philadkcfiiia, Jan 20,1843. Dear Sir:? Shakspeare has nowhere shown a mere intimate knowledge of human nature than in the celebrated lines placed by him in the moullffof Lear. ' Plat# (in* with gold, And theitrongarm of juitic# heartleai break*; Arm it in in rag*, a pigmy doth pierce it." If this had been written lor the times in which we live, many living examples might be adduced to prove its truth; a few months ago a voung, beautiful, and unoffending girl was traduced, ruined, and her life, and that of her family, embittered by the base machinations of two men. A jury of the country convicted these men of conspiracy, and they were sent to the county prison. Yesterday, one of them (Chaukley C. Shee) was pardoned bv the Governor, and is now at large; truly Justice, besides the defect in her eyesight, has certainly broken her leg The Court Martial in the case of Lieut. Tansill, of the Marine Corps, commenced yesterday. The charges comprise four counts, viz., contempt, unbecoming conduct, scandalous conduct and falsehood. The proof rests upon the authenticity of certain letters published in the St. Augustine news, in which Lieut. McLaughlin was pretty severely handled. Lieut. Tansill pleaded not guilty, and was heard by his counsel this morning at 10 o'clock; Charlotte Cushman opened with the horses last night to a good house- this species of amusement, as conaucieo hi me wainui wren, cannot ne considered as objectionable, combining as it docs, taste, improvement, and recreation. The immense orchestra of ft is establishment, the largest and most efficient in Philadelphia, is under the charge of Dr. Cunnington, a *oi rlixant physician, and adds very much to thg effect of this varied and beautiful exhibition. The oper> troupe at the other house have almost completed thiir engagements, when it is supposed the Chesnut street theatre will close. The opera trnujyt announce an extraordinary concert on Saturday evening, 28th inst., combining the talents of Mrs. Watson, Mr. and Mrs. Seguin, Mrs. Bailey, Mr. Shrival, Mr. Archer, with Norton, Vincent, Schmidt, and others- A great effort is to be made to make this the most splendid affair of the kind with which we have been blessed. The bill to repeal the Court of General Sessions has passed the House by a vote of 91 to 4, and will no doubt become a law. The repeal of this Court is anxiously looked for by the community, who have been witnesses of its profligacy and extrava gance. It is proposed to make a criminal branch to the Common Pleas; indeed, the law repealing the Sessions has this proviso. The Pottsville editors are spoiling and wasting ink and paper in words of burning heat. Advise th?m, good Mr. Herald, to keep cool until after the 3Sdof April next. Yours, foe | PHILAOD-FIUA. Bridgeport. I (orrenitondrnce of the Herald. 1 Hridorport, Jan. 17, 1843. Millrritm ? Fanatadtm? Trance*, fyc. Mr. Jambs O. Bennett:? The quiet city of Bridgeport has lately been thrown into an extreme stale of txcitement by a disciple ol Miller, who litis been preaching in the Methodist Church tor the last week past with great efleet. The personage is no other than Mr. H. A. Chittenden, of Hartford, formerly a dry goods merchant ol that place, who has recently sold out his stork of goodsat cost, (and made money at that,) and took up his cross in behalf of Millerisni The house is crowded to sufloration every evening with both white and black, lame, halt, and blind, all mingled up togather in one denaa mass. In fact, he ia young and handsome; has a good delivery; is perfectly conversant with the scriptures, and is just the person to captivate the minds of the female portion ol our community. Directly behind the pulpit he has a large show bill, sr illustrations of the animals > which are represented in Daniel's vision, which he explains the meanings of with his staff withgreat expertness, referring to scripture at the same time; and all the while his eloquent tongue is perpetually itoing, which sends consternation and terror into the hearts ol unbelievers. After the lecture is over, then they hav/a revival, or protracted meeting, aH thev are termed. The usual tune is struck up, "come ye sinners poor and needy;" then the |>enilent sinners or fanatics move forward to the altar by scores, momentarily expecting the second coming of Christ; black and white, no distinction of color, and such were the shoutings and hallelujahs, that unlortunately a wench went into a trance 111 one of these meetings. She lay sprawling on the floor, apparently lifeless, occasionally going into convulsions; and what api>eared so |ierfectly ludicrous, was to see a stout Millerite embrace her in his arms to prevent her from doing any damage. This is the first ofMillerism in Bridgeport; we know not where it will end, unless it ends with the world, the 15th of Fahmuv IRIS The baptists nre trying to raise an excitement here, but their efforts will not be crowned witli success until Millerism sinks into decay. A. B. C. Auburn. [Correspondence of the Herald.] Auburn, Jan. 10,1843. James Gordon Bknnktt, Esij. Sir? As editor of the leading and most influential newspaper in this country, allow me, an humble citizen, ' the honor of addressing you, respecting (he noble stand you are making against the licentious light literature of the day?the defalcations of financiers, bunkers and merchants, and the headlong, down ward tendency in morals and religion, which disgraces those especially who are singularly termed the respectable part of the community, church members, Ar c. It is quite amusing to observe what ingenious devices are practised by this class of the pious! from the first use of the "Mechanical Lying Brass Door Wrapi>er," down to the present numerous subterfuges of the flik fashionable, bankrupt merchant princes, ex-State prisoners and others. But the article in your Weekly of Dec. 24, 1812, headed " Pulpit Oratory?why is it not more influential." This truly does the greatest honor to your independent and most admirable journal, which, indeed, for sound morality, has, in iny opinion, exerted a far more healthy influence upon society than perhups anv periodical of the present age ; and. of course, " The Herald" may be fairly considered as having a far sounder religious tendency than most of our modern addresses from the pulpit. The silly and even wicked pretensions to piety set up by certain clitjufn and parties of religionists and their ap proved teachers, ;mu8t olten tempt some or the wisest and best men to stop at home on the Sunday and read the Herald, which, for my own part, I am not ashamed to say I very frequently do. I sincerely hope you will often devote a column in severely reprimanding these our banafully inefficient ' clergy. No class of men so much deserve chastisement. Cry aloud! Snare them not! Be assured that multitudes of good men are rejoicing at your able defence of Truth and Righteousness. I amanxiously in hopes that the public will, at no distant time, be favored with some counter publication to the licentious light literature of the day, from your office, in the way perhaps of" the beauties of Bennett," or " the sound morality of the New York Herald during the past 7 years," which I think would be a very valuable and acceptable work, and for which I and my friends would be soon ready to send in our subscriptions for at least ten to twenty copies. 1 am. Sir, With strong approval, yours, A Constant Rkadk h. Editor of the Herai.d? In commander McKenzie's statement, published this morning, in reference to the boyish tricks of the late Midshipman Spencer, his thoughtless remarks, and ambitious expressions, I see but little to support his right to the exercise of authority claimed by him in bringing that officer ut the yard arm. If every boy whose imagination has been warmed by the adventurous tales of ocean life, whose fancy nas been quickened by reading the lives of desperadoes and robbers, is to be hanged at the option of a captain of a vessel, I fear bat few would escape that ultima i uiii ui auiuuiiiy. i i serins miner sireiciiing a poim to go back io idle expressions in a stage coach, to chow a connection between them and-the events of the blood-stained Somers. i Hut, idle and ridiculous as this is, it is rendered still more so by the statement in relerence to Cromwell. It is sought to create an impression that Cromwell intended to take ihe life of Mr. Rogers, whilst under command of Lieutenant McLaughlin, in that stupendous humbug, the Florida squadron. It was / well known at the Keys,on that coast, that no oppor- " tunity for punishment was ever lost sight of,and that at Indian Key, in particular, when Lieutenant McLaughlin built, at an extravagant co?t, quarters for his family, where he principally resided, men were tied up by dozens and flogged for mutiny. Yet the name of Cromwell does not appear unon the log, for if it did Commander McKenzie would have eagerly availed himself of it. The idea that Cromwell walked up and down before Midshipman Rogers's tent one whole night, with a carbine to shoot him. is ridiculous. Was not Cromwell on guard I Ana where was the guard detail, and its officer, to protect the party from the enemy, as well as any mutinous spirit among their own number 1 Lieutenant McLaughlin would not have allowed so excellent an opportunity for the maintenance of discipline to pass by, I will assure you._ Perhaps, Mr Editor, Lieut. Tansill, of the marines, whom Lieut. McLaughlin is now going to have court tnartialed at Philadelphia, will throw light upon this subject, as well as many others connected with the discipline of the Florida snundron. and ?iinlir?tp tlw Iwmnr ?.< the slain Cromwell from the odium which is now sought to be thrown upon it. Perhaps too. that drunkenness, the vice which is said exclusively belongs to the sailor, will be found to have made its appearance on the charter deck, and that the U. S. schooner Flirt! (what a name for an armed vessel) was on one occasion detained in port until an officer, thrown from his horse in a state of intoxication, was sufficiently recovered from a severe wound in the thigh to admit his removal on board, and the sailing of the schooner on her high sounding expedition. Jack Tar. December 20, 1842. James Gordo* Bknnktt, Esq.? Dear Sir: ? I would ask you it some act, like the following, cannot be passed by our wise Legislature, for the relief of the unfortunate honest stockholders who , may have held stock in the safety fund banks of this * State. At the time such banks were enjoined by the State Bank Commissioners, and passed into the hands of receivers, as you are well aware, many persons invested their funds in these banks, thinking they must be perfectly sale, from the fact ihat they were under the su|>erintendenc? of the State Bank Commissioners, who were appointed by the Slate to watch over said safety fund hanks, and the public and private interests connected therewith. I would suggest something like the following, viz :? 1st, All officers, clerks, and directors, holding stock of such banks as may have been enjoined at the time of the injunction, shall not be entitled to any of the provisions of this act. 2d, Persons having stock standing in their name. on me dookh 01 tne nana, ana tney me bona fair owner at the time the injunction was served upon such hank, shall be entitled to receive from the State the full amount paid hy them for iuch stock ^vouchers to be produced of the purchase), after first deducting all liabilities they may have been under to said bank at the time of the injunction, which may not have been paid up since that time, in available funds. 3d, No stock held by corporations in said banks i shall be entitled to any provision in this act, or stock g held by any |>erson or ner-ons on collateral security, % further than the actual amount paid in caah by such holders for said stock held by them at the time of f ths injunction being served on said bank 4th, Upon due notice being given by the person ' or persons appointed to carry the provisions of the law into effect, stockholders shall be allowed sixty days to present their claims (with proper vouchers sworn and subscribed to before some lawful magist ate of the State in wbich they may reside) to the. l>ersons thus authorized to receive them. Sir, I merely make these suggestions to get your mind on the subject, and if you think such a measure can be carried out, to have you lay the proiect before your readers. A Subscriber. 00- VEI.rEAU * specific celebratod Pilli tor the prompt and radical cure of gonorrhoea and gle?t, hare linen uacd in an immrnu number of rear* aincu their Introduction into thi* country by the College of Medicine and Pharmacy, and with unfailing lucceaa. They will very aoon become the only remedy for theae hitherto intractable diaeaaea. Sevi ral of the moat diatinguiahed pnyalclana in the city, recammend and ua* them in thi'lr practice, and all the memb -r* of the College are tiuaniinou* in the opinion that V 'lpeau'a remedy ia the wfeat, aneeilieat, and moat effectual pacific lor all purulent diachargea Irom the urethra t aingle bo* ia generally aufflcient e?*n for the worat oleaaea. Why will oifterera from tljia diaeaae allow it to run on, producing rtrlctuy- with all it* train of ?erlou* evila, when a box of theae pilla will effect a permanent euro, without the uae Hi any ol thoae irritating injection*or nauaeoua mixture* uf copavaln common naet Sold In lioseaat >1 each. W S. RICHARDSON, Agent, Principol othc.e of the College of Medicine and Tharaucy,V7 Naaaau atI ? I

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