THJ Vol. IX.-? Mo. XT.?Wbolo No. 3X40 ARRIVAL OF THE STEAMSHIP CALEDONIA. NINETEEN DAYS LATER FROM EUROPE. ProKrimlTe Ktate of Trade?Pacification of Spain?Important Movement, of the AntlCorn-Law League?The Great Fight bt* tween the Giant and Tipton Slasher?The Giant Victorious?'Treaty with AustriaFrench Steam Ships?State of the IHar* he is? Affaire In Europe. The Caledonia arrived at Boston yesterday about 7 A. M. She was greatly retarded by head winda, but sustained no particular injury. . The Columbia arrived at Liverpool on the 29th ult. The Liverpool Mercury, ol the 30th inat., states the Money Murket ia easy and abundant; but little doing in the Corn Market. The demand for cotton had increased, and the advance on American cotton had been maintained. Although business has greatly improved, yet generally there is a very great want of confidence arising Irom the continued failures connected with the Corn Trade, among which we must notice Messrs Fernandez and Son, Swallow and Son, and l)unn and S'?n, all of Wakefield, and lor heavy amounts, while the brenk down of the Yorkshire Agricultural Bank, which having expended all its capital, now comes on the shareholders for a deficit of ?100,000, is not at ad calculated to improve commercial affaire, but on the whole, the prospects for the new year are encouraging. The country has been agitated in various districts by the Repealers of the Corn Law. The demonstration which they have effected, is, in despite ol the sneering indifference with which it has been treated, more formidable than their antagonists are willing to allow. It is certain that a further alteration in the Corn Laws is projected. The only dispute now maintained is, not whether there will be a change at all, but what the nature of that change *will be. Parliament is su nmoned to meet on the second day of February. Sir Robert Peel, it is expected, will introduce a salutary and wholesome alteration of the restrictions by which trade is fet'ered. With characteristic caution he has carefully abstained from divulging a hint of his purpose or his plans The opening of the Session is most anxiously awaited. The ship Scotland, (Robinson, late master) which sailed from Liverpool on the 8th ult. for New York, had put back.?with captain, second mate, two men and a boy washed overboard, decks swept, loss of sails, and leaky. There was another destructive fire at Liverpool, on the 28th ultimo. Loss of property w -timated at ?70,000 to ?100,000. The accouchment of the Queen, wh again enciente, will not take place, it is expe before May. There was an eruption at Mount Etn >n the 28th November last. The English papers are chiefly filled wilh local matters, r.nd speculations on the trade with China. More than usual harmony seemed to exist among the European cabinets. Several smart shocks of an earthquake had been fell in the southern part of Wales and in Cornwall. The British ship Formidable, which went ashore near Barcelona, nad proved an almost total loss. Still further seizures of contraband tobacco and other goods had been made at Huddersfield. ' 1 here can t>e no aount, from the general tone of the British prpss, that the success of the Brifsh arm.' in China and Afghanistan h.is tended greatly to strengthen the present conservative administration. The celebrated bankruptcy case of Lord Huntingtower had been decided to be fraudulent; but what to do with his lordship had not been decided. The examination of the case involved some extraordinary financial disclosures. A captured slaver from Mozambique and Pernam buco had been brought into the Tagus. By advices to the 26tli ult. it appears that the adjustment of the tariff question is daily ex|?ected Lord Hill, the Commander in Chief of the Army, died at his seat in Shropshire, in the 70th year o! his age. His nephew, Sir Rowland Hill, succeeds to the title. The Creat Western steamer, it is said, has been purchased by Mehemet Alt, who intends to convert her into a steam frigate It is fortunate for the British Directory, that they have at last found a purchaser tor a property which at one time appeared unsaleable. This statement has since been contradicted. She has not yet been sold, but leaves for New York on the 10'h ot next month, asadverti-ed. It was rumored in Liverpool, that the agents ol the Belgian Government have visiteu, or are about to vi-it, Bristol, for the purpose ol examining the Great Western steam-hip. Whether that governhas an intention to buy her we know not. An "emeute" occurred at Boulogne on the 12:h. A mob of the inhabitants followed a naval officer through the streets, and would probable have killed him had he not been rescued by the police. The cause of this popular outbreak against him was some cruelty said to have been practiced upon a sailor under his command. The plague was making its ravages in Lower Egypt at the last accounts ; and the mortality among cattle, which at one time was thought to be subsiding, was again on the increase. The British papers continue to be rather severe on American pork. We suspect the reason is that they don't get enough of it. A fire occurred on the 14th ult. in a lodging house, Goodman's Fields, London, kept by a soap-boiler nanvd Cook. There were twenty five lodgers, and out of that number eight were burned to death.? Amonga the sufferers were a poor widow, named Holland, and three of her daughters, a fourth daughter having escaped by jumping from the attic window ; her scull was fractured, but she is recovering. The o her sufferers were children between the age* of seven and four?two boys and two girls. The "John Bull''states, positively, that there are now building, at Black wall, five large steam frigates for the Russian Government, which are intended for flic war against the. Circassians. Accounts from St. Peiersburgh atate that several Polish regiments, engaged in the war against the Circassians, passed over with their arms and hag gage to the enemy.and fought against the Russians Ii is said they committed dreadful havoc on the latter, and that their vengeance wu terrible. Mr Dunn, a great corn factor, at Wakefield, is ^ amongst ttie victims to the sliding scale. He has ~ failed in #1,500,000. Outrngeg in Ireland unfortunately continue. They have hitherto been mostly confined to the county ol Tipperary. The bulk of these outrages are to be traced to the harsh treatment of the tenants by landlords Religious feeling hr.s little to do with theni. Mr Mortimer and Mr. Itlcully, both recently assassinated by the peasintry,being both Roman Catholics. Mr. Everett, the American Minister in London, has been passing a few days with Sir Robert Peel, at his country house, Drayton Manor, in comiwny with a number of official and distinguished personages. Tlit distrtM in Paisley continues, and is daily in. creasing. A few daya ago it was stated that the number of unemployedfhands amounted to 11,800. E NE" NE I Government has relused to etve further aid to the I destitute population. Fight hetwekn the "American Giant" and Tii-to.n Slasher.?Freeman, who ih known by the soubriquet o! the "American Giant." is upwards ot seven teet in height, 18 stone weight, and 23 years of age,has been pitted in a match withTipton Slashr, a|K)wertul mm also, and who claims to be the champion of England. The hrst time the bei querents met, Freeman had ilie advantage, but night terminated ttie sport without deciding the battle. They met again on the 15:h ult . but owing to the interference of the magistiates and the police. th?object was frustrated. They met again on the 20th, nearGravesynd, on the Thames, about twenty miles below London wither they proceed in a steamboat hired for the occasion, accompanied by about 400 oi the "fancy," each of whom paid two dollars and a half for the passage.?Freeman,the American, was attended bv Torn Spring, who acted as his second, and the Tipton Slasher by Jonny Broome, who olftcitted lor his friend in a similar capacity. They fought thirty-seven rounds in thirty-five minutes The fight throughout was in favor ot Freeman, who was superior in height in muscular power, and in activity, to his opponent. The Slasher often dropped down to avoid the American's blows, and indeed the fight was prematurely brought to a close by one of these ingenious feints on his part to avoid punishment. The referee, when appealed to, pronounced it (out. and the stakes, a mounting to?2(K),were given up to Freeman The punishment on either s'de was not severe. A popular sporting paper has the lollowing remaiks on the issue:?" The match was unequal, and thedd ( renee in the size of the men lelt no room lor speculation on the issue. I'very body foresaw that the giant must be triumphant, notwithstanding he fought badly; in (act, he did not hit at points, and missed most of his well-intentioned, but ill-directed blows, trom the shilty character of his opponent, as well as troni hisown wild and uncertain mode i f delivery He hits round with his right, as the ' Slasher's' ear testified, and his left handed deliveriesare more like pokes than punishing hits. That he is a game man we have no doubt, but he is too unwieldy, and possesses too much of the 'milk of human kindness' even to become a 'star' in the ring, even if his equal could he found " It may be observed that this fight has caused great interest throughout the country, and that it will go a long way to revive a barbarous, and during the last twenty years, almost obsolete " sport." Party Spirit in England.?Party spirit, in the conventional acceptation of the term, seems almost extinct in England. The two great electoral bodies the conservatives and the liberals, seem to look, with folded arms, on passing events, not without emotion, but certainly with a pacific philoeophv, ol which there has been no parallel of recent years. The bowlings of the chartists are occasionally heard in ihe distance, and no later than last week, a garrulous meeting of the physical and the moral force sectionsof them was held at Birmingham, the former headed bv Mr. Feargus O'Conner, the latter (as fir as America is concerned) by the still mor? notorious Mr. Joseph Sturge, Quaker and abolitionist. English Opinion of Joskph Sturge ?Mr. Sturge is an excellent man?well meaning and virtuous, but he has little worldly wisdom and less political sagacity ; and therefore it is not surprising that he was defeated, and voluntarily driven from the universal suffrage conference?a cherished bantling of his ?wn -by the more cunning and experienced physical force tacticians. Still, party spirit, as we have said, has been lulled to sleep, and even the obnoxious Inome tax has not been able to awaken it. Political Position of Sir Robert Peel.? Peel is in power, at once an object of suspicion and fear to his party, or rather parties?for the Conservatives are split into two divisions ? the free traders and the monopolists. The fact is, that Peel in Enz'and stands in nearly the same relative position asTyler in America, one has already bridged the party which placed him tn power : the other has partially done the same, and during tne ensuing Ses sion of Parliament will complete the operation. But the calibre of the men differs. Peel is indisiwns.ible to the Tories: hut the whig9 and democrats alike can dispense with Tyler. Peel is a tar seeing politician. English Opinion of Captain Tyler.?Amongst the must prominent topics^ of the day, one w hit It baa elicited a good deal of observation, but very little vatiety,for all the notes are pitched in the same key?stands the last message of President Tylrr, which arrived here on Christmas day, by the lade pendence. Captain Nye. The President's message always commands attention in this country, and ge nerally provokes controversy, the political opinions of the writers influencing, for the most part, th ir viewsof it. But on the present occasion the harmony is general; but it is the treble-hob-major kind of harmony?all parties join in its condemnation, and these peals of denunciation are not confined to the capitalists of London; their reverberations are heard all over the country. It is almoj-t needless to say 'nat the Idle thus engendered has reference, almost exclusively, to the formal, not t<> sav affected manner in which the President approaches the ticklish question of state indebtedness and repndiution :? " Out of the nettle dancer we pluck the flower safety," says a go-ahead fellow in Shakspeare. Now, if " Captain" Tyler had shown more pluck in grasping the nettle repudiation, though it stung him?it he had, (to use an approved Anglicism ) taken the hull by the horns, and grappled manfully with the monster?if he had " come out strong" on this subject, and hurled the indignant patriotism, the insulted honor of the country, in the teeth of the recusants, and talked of the omnipotent power of Congress, compelling them to capitulate?it he had even hinted at the necessity or propriety of the assets trom the public lands being appropriated to the use of the toreign creditors who are minus the dollars they have advanced on the faith and character of the States?all would have been well, and a very different, a fir more kindly feeling would now exist in this coun'ry respecting the United States. But as it is, there is not a newspaper, and hardlyan individual from Cornwall to John O'Groats, that is not up in arms against Jonathan and his assumed want of moral rectitude. Censure, which is always sweeping, never does any thing by halves, and like Falstafl's regiment,, republicanism, the institutions of the country, and the Presidential office itself, have been pretty welljieppered in tnis "moral war." for the sins of a few designing knaves in the Stales'Governments. In anothrr column will lie found, taken at random, a brief summary of the opinions expressed by the leading London pa|iers on this topic, and as we before remarked, the same uniformity of lone pervades them all. The other portions of the message have been discussed in a spirit of enlightened criticism. It is rather a singular anomaly that the same message which indulges in the most congratulatory tone towards this country arising out of the settlement of the Boundary Question should have been productive of the greatest dissatisfaction? ?greater, certainly, than any similar document since the war of 1812, now thirty years ago.? Willmtr 4" Smilh't Timn, Jan. 4. Rich Joke about Dickens.?A story is current of Mr. Dickens having gone, a few days ago, to Pfrntford-on-Avon, (the birth-place of Shakspeare.) with a letter of introduction to the mayor, which hesent Irom the inn where he whs stopping The nmynr is a bunker, and lias less acquaintance with literature than with Cock-r. He was ignorant ol such a per son as Dickens. The cashier told him it was "Boz." "And who is Boat" said his worship. "Go tell him, if he wants to deposit he can send n bv vou, nnd it he wants to draw he must come himself!" The cashier delivered the moss ige to the no small amusement of the author. It would be difficult to find the humblest "help" in the Untied States displaying the ignorance of this chief magistrate ol ^haks|ieare's birth place. But the joke is not lees rich on that account Anti Corn Law Lracttk.?The most popular, an 1 beyond all comparison, the most influential body in England hi the present time, is the Ann Corn Law League?an object of hatred to the squires and of terror 10 the aris'ocrscy. Originally composed of a few Manchester merchants, this ho dy has gone on increasing, like s bail of snow, rolled up a hill, gathering strength and bulk by every movement, until it now presents a front which so minister can withstand The movements of the l>engue have been marked by judgment and policy. Their funds have been entirely appropriated to the publishing of pamphlets, the ht ing of lecturers, nnd the holding of meetings, for the purpose ot awaken itig the country to the evils of the corn-law?a tax which nukes bread artificially dear, cripples trade, destroys capital, impoverishes the manufacturers, and acts upon the o|>erative classes with a lwo-f?ld severity ; first, by interfering with trade, reducing the demand for their labor ; and secondly, enhan ring the price of bteHd by shutting it nut of the market, when they are least able t? pay for it. 1 lie wheat crop w?h coining up beautiful every where, and looks more promising than it has done nt the same season for years in the kingdom. Marquis of HuRtford?Certain proceedings in Chancery connected with the affairs of the late Mar quit ol Hertford, in winch Mr John Wilson Croker, edi <>r ot he Q,uirUrly Urvi w. Suisse, the Marquis's Valet, and two or three letuales figure, have excited a good denl of attention. The late Marquis's private habits were strikingly developed on the trial before Lard Abinger, & few months back, hi W TO 0 W YORK, FRIDAY MOE when Suisse was Arraigned and acquitted on a charge of fraud. But the Chancery affidavit* disclose an amount of profligacy on the part of the (>eer, even when on the verge of ilie grave, that was previously unknown, and that has rarely, if ever, been excelled in modern times. The " ladies," and more particularly one of the in, yclept Flora Petit James, stales that she was in the hahit of"visiting" the Marquis, from December, 18-11, to his death in March, 1812, and that he allowed her $100 a fort night, hut toano'her " lady," named Henrietta D'Ambrfc. he allowed ?60, or $300 a fortnight! In fact, the Marquis's hurein cost, according to Suisse, somewhere about ?30,000, which, multiplied by five, gives $130,000 per annum. One of his favorites, a daugnter ot Flora Petit J atnes, who had lived with the Marquis since the age of sixteen, states in her affidavit, that her ex|>enditure umoun'ed lo ?7,000 or ?8,000 a year'? Mr. Croker has been blamed, with reason, tor the part which he has play- d in these disreputable transactions. He ceriainly refused to ride out >r be seen in public with his patron's "ladies," but hewasnot Above dining with them in private.? IFi liner ff Smith'* Timet. Drkaofcl Disaster?The ship Scotland, a wellknown transient vessel, which has sailed between Li vei pool and N. York for some years, experienced a dreadful disaster on the 21-it ult., about nine o'clock in the evening, in lat. 58, long. 22 In a heavy gale she was struck bv e s-n, which carried overHoard her commander, (Captain Robinson), the -econd mate (Mr. A. Palmer), the steward, J Simuson (thoj), and two seamen. It swept the decks of cabin and round-house, bulwarks, spare spars, studding sails, aud railings ; split the covering hoard, stove in the lore and alter batches, a rid caboose and caboose house, partly filled the ship with water, and shifted the cargo. The Scotland, which sailed hence on the 8ih nit., immediately put back, and reached here on Tnilrsdai' in thin HilanirlnleH - Nte. Her escape was providential, tor ihe whole ?f itie che-ts, hooks, ancl nautical inn'rutm nts were likewise carried away. The captain's chronometer was found, ahout 24 hours alter the accident, totally unfit tor use. Fortunately, it was remembered that an old compass had been stowed away in a chest between deck", which being regulated, was rendered available. She was out altogether twenty davH. Capttiin Robinson has left a wile and we believe three children (sons) to deplore his loss. He wap a very amiable man, of a religious turn ol mind, and was rending his bible when the disaster occurred. He was part proprietor of the hip, in conjunction with Captain Hackstatl, Mr. George TimbseJI, and Messrs. Sinite and Demon, of NewYork, who own the remainder. Hispecnniary circumstances, owing to recent losses, were, we are sorry to learn, much impaired. By the recent failure of Messrs. Dyson, oi New York, he lost 3tXX) dollars. The steward, who was severely injured by the calamity. Hied on Friday on his wuy to the hospital ?Liverpool paper. Meteorological Causes of the Extraordinary Mildness of the Season.?The new comet in Draco was at its nearest point to the earth on the 15'h December. Its distance, however, even at that period, was seven millions of leagues. Comets are remarkable for the high temperature they difius* on our atmosphere on their approach totli* earth, and for the subsequently low temperature at their termination. 1 anticipate the frost will set in towards the end of the month, as we have the luminaries aim me I'l.mri i.ir-iuiiiy "i'1'iy iiik 10 a conjunction of Saturn in Capricorn; such a position of Saturn in Capricorn, the ancient philosophers always held would influence the air in winter to very frosty weather, as was the case in 1784, when there was a : protracted frost and snow storm, three, months long, which commenced on New Year's sve. And also in 1813, when thr cold Saturn was traversing Capricorn, anoiher seveie winter occurred, which commenced on December 26ih, and continued two or three months From the inclement aHjtecis ol ihe planets on the 3d and 7'h January, we may anticipate violent storms of snow, frost, <tec., and severe gales may be expected; a very stormy period sets in, continuing with little intermission to the end of the I month. The New York Packet Ships ?Since the denarture of th* England, hence for New York, we have had a succession of arrivals ol packets from ihat port, all making very rapid pasr<ag< s Amongst hose arrived, we may mention the Hottinguer, Roscius, Europe, and Independence. The Inde prudence made Ihe run to Liverpool in sixteen days, conveying the President's me.-s.ige, which was forwarded by special express to the London morning ..apers, and received again, in Liverpool in 24 hours. The steam ships Acadia and Columbia have also ' arrived The n? ws by latter was published in Lon, don on her 13th day trom Ro-ton, and reached the metropolis, through Willmerte Smith's Express, in 20 hours in advance of the mails. The New Link of Packets for Nkw York.? Fielden, brothers &, Co have established ano'her line of packets Irom Liverpool to New York. The day appointed for their sailing each way?namely, the 5ih of the month Irom here, and the 16 h from New York has been selected, w th a view to take the duplicate letters and dispatches ol the Halifax mail steamers.wliich sail on the previous days. We observe that one of the shii* of this line is the largest that has yet been built tor a packet ship, and is to be called ihe Webster?another new nacketmears 'he name of Ashburton. Tnis. we conclude, evinces the popular leeling in New York in regard to ihe treaty recently negocia'ed by those distinguished I statesmen. This line of packets is quite independent of all the other lines. If there should be any passengers toolate for the steamer to-day, we can eo.nmend them to the famous packet ship Hottinguer, which is now loaded, and will sail to-morrow. Oapt. Rurslev, formerly commander of the Cambridge.? IVilmtr 4* Smith's Time*. Neither the Webster nor the Ashburton belong to the new line spoken of above. The Webster is not yet built. The Ashburton is one of Grinnell, Minturn ?te Co.'s line. French Atlantic Steamers.?The line of French mail packets to cross the Atlantic, will, it is expecterf, commence running next June. The packets will be fourteen in number; they are built to carry forty guns each, and w ill belong to the French government. The French port selected for the packet station is Cherbourg Four of the steamers will run to and from New York, and the re-t will convey mails and passengers to and from France and 'he West Indies, brazils, and the Gulf of Mexico. The feres for passengers will be considerably less than the charges of the English West India Mail ^team Packet Company. The whole of the postage paid to the English government for the corresponlence berween France and the Southern United Atntes end the French West Indies, will be lost to 'his country after the French Atlantic t-teamers have commenced running A vepsel has already been despatched to make the necessary arrangements at he various stations and routes selected for the Frencli packets. Aostkia and tok Uniifd States?There is every reason to beneve that a commercial treaty will ?h'>rtly tie concluded between the Austrian Govern ment and the United States af north America. The negotiations between Prince Metfernich and the American Ambassador, Mr Jenifer, are po far ad fenced lhal no donht can be entertained of their spepdy conclusion Upon this the editor of the Hamburgh iVrwe Zfitung remarks, that as a treatv between North America and Austria has been many years exist.ng, the treaty here alluded to must he merely a supplementary one On the oiher hand, 'he negotiations in Berlin lor a sum'sr treaty cannot proceed very speedily. Mr Wneaion, who is unquestionably the most able of all the American diplomatists in Europe, has made great efforts to push the business IOrward,bnt without much success lndepen dent of oilier impediments, the lingering and circumstantial nature ol the proceedings ol the Zollverein lends to retard such negotiations. But the example of Austria cannot fail to Imvr a favorable influence ? iVrur Zeitung. Dreadful Fire at Liverpool.? On the 22d ol IVretnher an alarm of fire spread throughout the town. It broke out in the resin and oil warehouse belonging to Mr. Plait, situated in Lower Parlia ment street. The intensity with which the fire raved, owing to the comhustihle materialscontuin -a ... Mr p.-II'- ir.r.kni.,. a .. . J-\A III I'll* * * ? 11 Iff I ~ I P 111 HI (I II | cafe to several other buildings in Greenland street; and surrounding Mr Piatt's warehouse there are now several dwellings and warehouses raging in an awtul manner. It has nearly reached another chrome and oil works, and the fury with which the tire is now raging, with the wind blowing Ireah from the 8. W.. leads to the apprehension that it may extend greatly There is a want o! water, and there seems hut little prospect of checking the furv of the dames. The damage is estirna'ed at J&iO.lXX). Nkwspai'KR Dr* patch.?The President'sMessage, brought by the Independence, Captain Nye, waa rereived here yi sterday ahfrnoon week at 3 o'clot k \ copy of it waa forwarded, at a quarter past -4, b\ tit express engine to Birmingham, the distance Irotn lie Edge-hill 8tntion of the Grand Junction Kan way to that town (97 miles) hiving been performed, including the stopf iges to take in coal and water, in two hours and thirty minutes. From Birmingham it was forwarded by a second express engine to London There it was set up, and coptea ol The RK E INING, JANUARY 27, 15 Times containing it were received in Liverpool at a quarter to lour on Monday afternoon, just 24 hours Iroin the time it lelt Liverpool, and alter having travelled, up and down, 120 miles!?Livtrpo l Albion. Thr overt.ann Maii. ?The overland mail from India had not reached London when our last express |e|t that city on Tuesday night, the lid instant, at half past eight o'clock. The Hotiinguer will sail for New York on the 5th, by which we shall send a second edition of our piper, embracing any lur'her news up to ih- hour ol her 1> living this port.? IVilrnrrutui Smith'$ Timrt, Jan. The statement nut forth by the Globe, that Sir Robert Peel would propose in the ensuing session of parliament a fixed duty of twelve shillings a quarter on wheat, with a remission of six shillings in favor of the countries disposed to trade on reciprocal terms with Great Britain, has been contradicted by mo-i of the government organs, and is now generally di-believed. Mr. 'Murray lind announced the immediate publication of ihc " Diary of a Prisoner in Afl'ghanistan, with Notes of the Operations which gave rise to the Evacuation of Cabul by the British Army, and of us disastrous retreat towards India, in January, 1H42," by Lieut. Vincent Eyre, Bengal Artillery. Draths.?General Sir Frederic We'lirrill; Archdeacon Wrang ham; Sir Alexander Coke; Admiral Sir John Lindford ; Vice Admiral Henry Evans; Major General I'. Drummond; Lord Gillies ; Countess of Denbigh ; and the Honorable Lady Bethall Codrn gton.
The lea market is beginning to be affected in a more marked degree by the intelligence lately communicated from China. On Monday it was exceedingly dull and spiritle s, and prices were drooping. Polish Jews?The T^eipsic Gazette states that next year, the Jews in Poland are to be subject to military service, without being allowed, as hitherto provide substitutes. The Church Intelligencer, a Pueeyite paper, recommends the revival of monasteries in the Church ol England. Miss Manners, a handsome young lady, aged twenty-three, and possessing a fortune of .?5,000, re cently eloped wiih and married a policeman, whom sh>.' had never seen but once before. The Town Council ol Liverpool on the 14'I) ult. refused, by a majority ol 3!) to 30, to give the children of the Catholic poor a secular education in the corporation schools. Literary Intelligence ?The fi st number of Boz's new work. "Martin Chuzzlewir," had appealed. It was thought rather dull, and " Martin s Adventures" would not, it was thought, turn out very profitable to Mr. Dickens' publishers. Mrs Trollope has commenced a new political no- | vel?" Jessie Phillips, a tale of the New PoorLaW," to be published in parts. The third and fourth volumes of "The Court and Times of Frederick the Great," by Thomas Campbell, have been published?they complete the work. The second series of "The Ingoldshy Legends," were just issueo Dy IJently. A splendid work by Mr. Jesse, entitled " Memoirs of the Court of England, from the Revolution in 1688, till the death of George II," has been published by Btntly. A new novel by Horace Smith, called "Adnm Rrown the Merchant," had oeen published by Col burn. Oliver and Boyd, of Edinburgh, hnd announced, "Scenes and Adventures in Afghanistan," by Wm. Taylor, late Troop Sergeunl-Major of her Majesty's 1th Light Dragoons. Orkat Invention?A new carbine has been invented, which throws a ball 6(H) yards, or a distance which it was formerly supposed a cannon could not reach. Thbatrtcaus-?The greatest theatrical event of this month is the retirement of Miss Adelaide Kemhle. now Madame Sartoris, which took place at Covent Garden on the 23d ult. The house wascrowdded from the pit to the ceiling," and so enthusiastic was the reception of Miss Kemble, on making her appearance as" Norma," in the opera of that name ?the first character in which she appeared on the English sta^e, and incomparably her best?that she shed tears,and was unable, from the intensity of her feelings. to proceed tor some time. She covered her face with tier hands, clasped the drttidic-tl altar near which she was standing, and wept aloud. The opening recitative, " What seditious voices clamor for t?attle*"!'* she could hardly enunciate, so completely was she overcome. As the opera proceeded, however, she gained strength, and surpassed herself in every subsequent effort "Amidst a hurricane of applause," says one of the accounts, " mingled with many stncerp sigh?, once more and for ever retired from the eyes of the public?as Bhe should retire, honored, regretted, Hnd beloved? the last and not the least of the illustrious Komble family." Miss Kemble, with her husband and father, are going, it is said, to live at Ven ce or Florence. Mrs. Tfutler and her husband return to the United Stales in 'he spting. Mr. Sher dan Knowlee, since his marriage with Miss Elphinstone, has almost retired from public life. A sp'endid company of French comedians will appear shortly at the St James's Theatre. It consists of fourteen ladies and nine gentle men, all more or less distinguished in the French metropolis, including, unionist others, the celebrated Boufie, himself a host. Messrs June's company of equestrians, so well known and popular in America, have been playing at the rnval amphitheatre, Liverpool, upwards of two months, and while the theatre royal has been deserted, they have been crowded nightly. A new London theatre has been opened in Church street, Ltssnn Grove. Marvleb. ne, by Mr. John I) ttglas, with considerable success. Hitherto it has been well supported. Mr. Bunn, who assumed the lesseeship of Covent Garden theatre on ihe secession of the Kemble dynasty, announces that he has concluded engagements with Sfaudigl. the great German hasso, and Duprez, the famous French tenor. He is alsa negociating with Funny Elssler. Mr and Mrs. Kean have been playing with considerable success in Liverpool. Jim Crow Rice has appeared at the Adelphi, in a piece called "American Notes lor English Circulation " But notwithstanding the title, there is said to he no lun or humor in the piece, which has been a comparative failure. The will of John Reeve (the English comedian, well known in America) was recently proved in the Prerogative Court, and ihe properly sw orn to be under ?4,000, winch is equally divided between his eon and two daughters. Mb. H. Ki'sskm,?Any individual who can succeed in amusing a large number of persons, by his own unassisted exertions, for a whole evening, must possess considerable talent Mr. Russell not only does this, hut is eminently successful in riveting the attention of Ins audience, and keeping them, as it were, spell bound, to hear his Inst song. There is no lecture which Ins songs would serve to illustrate ; lie brings noth'ng to his assistance but his pianoforte (upon which he accompanies himself with more than ordinary ability) and his own manly voice. Most of the songs which he sang on Monday night, at the Hanover Sjuare Rooms, were his own compositions, and have attained great (Hipularify ; ihe majority Hre what are termed descriptive pieces, the words for which are selectrd with most excellent taste ; the authors of them being Dickens, ! Charles Mackay, Leigh Clifte, Eliza Cook, Ate "The Manisc,"and "The Ship on Fire," produced j the greatest sensation; on being encored in the forI mer, Mr. Russell gave a comic Hittv with infinite humour and effect; he also sang " Woodman spare that tree," which was not in the pri?grunime; and all his efforts were rewarded with general applause. the wliol<* extent of the rooms was devoted to the audience (which ts not generally the case at similar entertainment*) yet every seal was oeeui'ied, and many were unable to obtain admission. Other concerts will doubtless follow th>s first experiment of ihe season, which has been attended with such successful results. Scotland. The feud in the church continues, and gains strength as it gets older I)r. Chalmers, on behall <?f the late convocation of non-intrusion ministers at Edinburgh, has addres-ed a long memorial to government, which declares their determination to re linquish ihe position of a church csiahli-hed by the state, unless they ran maintain and act upon the principles they have avowed. Alter stating the pre. -en' painlal and embarrassing position of the church, the Doctor says, "It is well known that a large minority of the church's office-bearers arc nrrpared.in obedience to the civil courts, to cast of! her authority;" and lie conclud'0 by staling on behalf of the memorialists, "that they are not ashamed to confess that they shrink Irom such an exhibition as would thus be presented before die |>eople of Scotlaud; and ibis is one practical consideration, amine "thers, which has weighed much in determining them to brine this whole question to a final issue, and to retire from their position as connected with the establishment, rather than prolong an unaeem1 ly contest with tne civil courta, which deny, and [ERA: *43. with their own brethren, who set at naught, th*-ir jufisdiction?11 contest which could not (ail to be attended with most disastrous consequences, affecting both the mai^?ty of |rtw and the higher interests ot religion." The Stirling (Ibserver mentions an important improvement in the steam engine ?The defects ol the atmospheric engine have long been te|i, from the waste of steam admitted into the cylinder to force up the piston. As its first entrranee, it necessarily comes into immediate contact with the condensing water, and was, in fact, condensed in ilie verv act f expansion ; while, by the descent ot the piston, w hat remained was blown out through the cistern, and half of theiiijection water lost besides. A very simple and effectual method of remedying this has been devised, which seems fitted very speedily to take its place utnong the most valuable efforts of skill, and prove at once of v?st utility in many situations where power combined whh economy, is desired. From a working model we have had the satisfaction of inspecting, we may simply state, that ai the bottom ot the cylinder there is lilted a conical valve, through which the whole of the water injected by the jet s completely let < fi' on the instant the piston is to descend, and the chamber remains perfectly dry when the steam is admitted for the next stroke. A new patent stone dressing machine Iiuh been introduced into Scotland, driven by 11 steam engine, which will dress the hardest rock or ihe stiffesi Ireestnne used for the finer fronts of public buildings ? The stones pass through the machine on a long train of carriages, each carriage havingone aton< fixed in it. The cutting is performed bv revolving wheels having tools fastened in them. The stone enters at one end of the machine, and comes out at the other, hewn and polished, and cut straight and square down the sidep. Memory ok Burns.?A monument has just been completed over the remains of Burns's Highland Mary in the West Church, Greenock. Previously there was nothing to mark the rebting-place of the maid whose love inspired some of the most impassioned lyrics in our own or any other language. The has relief of Burns and Mary CampbelT, plighting their troth, and exchanging bibles across " the stream around the castle of Montgomery," bears Ihe inscription, Sacred to genius and love?to Hums and Highland Mary."? tVillmer Smith't | Time*. France. The Paris Journals during the last month have been almost exclusively occupied with flippant and angry discussions on t'<e Barcelona aflair. His Majesty has constituted a privy council, composed ol certain past-acting officers and functionaries, of whose privileges ihe feverish citizens stem no little afraid. I he Mauritius ? I tiis colony is in a most unsatis factory state. Every body complains. Since the emancipation of ihe slaves the colonists have great difficulty in obtaining laborers. Those who come from India only engage for a year, and their expenses paid out and home. At the end of their year most of them return to their country, taking with them the money they have earned, and the consequence is that the circulating medium is gradually leaving the colony. It is at this moment exceedingly scarce. Of the two banks at Port Louis, one has been compelled to suspend payment hi specie, nnd the other, although perfectly solvent, will perhaps be obliged to do the same if the government does not come to its aid with an advance of specie. Failures are of frequent occurrence, owing to this state of things. Six per cent is charged for exchanging notes into cash, and if h large sum were wunltng, it could not b? had.? Gulignani. Spain. The insurrection nt Barcelona was terminated the fore part of December, by the conditional surrender of the rebellious inhabitants to the Regent Espartero; and consequently the blockade had been withdrawn. The particulars of the bombardment, .tec. were received by the last atrival. By his success in ibis enterprize, Espartero had rendered himself much more popular with the Spanish people, which had manifested itself on many occasions in a manner very flittering to him. It cannot be denied that his regency forms the strongest anu most conservative government that bpain has possessed for more than half a century. It seeinsthat the Barcelona insurrection originated in an accident of comparative trifling importance; hut so accustomed have the people of that portiono! Spain become to taking up arms against the government that it needs very little to excite them. A lieutenant ol the rebel Cabscilla had surrendered himself under the amnesty, and proved very useful to th- government in ferreting out the remnant ol rebel guerillas in Catalonia The disposition of the (Quicksilver Mines of Almaden was a prominent subject with the Madrid pa(icrs They were to be leased at a stipulated price to the Bank of San Fernando Portugal. The news from Portugal is not unimportant. The aspect ofaflairs is said to hp unusually cheering.? The dispute between the Pope and the Queen has ended as might have been anticipated?his Holiness has triumphed. Algeria. The rumor that the faintly of Abd el-Kadir had been taken by the French turns out t*> be untrue.? The Moniteur puhl shes a full account ol the last expedition of Gen. Lamoricere, by which it ap|tears that he marched from Mascnra with 2500 men. On his arrival at Mosara Hale, a ford of the Mtna, five leagues below Tegdemir, he met envoys from the Krallefas, who offered to make their submission to the French. Those Arabs had accompanied Abdel-Kadir in his flight during the months ol September and October last, and lost all their beasts of bur then, and part of their flocks and catile. Of the 30,000 souls who left their country with the Emir, upwards of 2000 had died. Gen Lamoriciere, at'er a negotiation which lasted several days, granted to them the aman, on condition that they should surrender hostages chosen from among the principal personages of the tiibe. The aubmsssion of KhralUfas completes tha' of the entire country between Morocco and the left bank of the Mina. fgypt.. The accounts from Alexandriastatethat Mehemet Alt was still in Lower Egvpt, and not expected to return to Alexandria for some t ime. 11 is son, Ibrahim Pacha, had arrived at Cairo. It was said that the ex-Capttan Pacha, who delivered the Ottoman fleet into the hands of Mehemet Ali, had obtained his pardon from the Sultan, but was not permitted to reside at Constantinople. The mortality continued among the cattle. The Pacha intended to purchase the Great Western to convert her into a steatn frigate. Greece. Letters from Athens of the 7th instant, announce that the new minister of finance, M. Lillevergo, having become insane, the king had not yet been able to supply his place. All those to whom his majesty had oflered that department reinsert to accept it, and it was thought that it would ultimately de volve on a frenchman named Ouertn, who was formerly a commissariat clerk at Navarino. "The treasury," say these letters, " is in a state of bankruptcy; the public functionaries have not been paid for the last three months. A crisis is last approaching in (ireece." Turk* jr. The following is a let er Irom Constantinople of the 7ih ult . which anv*?" I have this moment been informed that Sir S. Canning has despatched Mr Schulbred, the cabinet messenger, by the French steamer, with despatches to the commanders ot onr ships of war at Smyrna, Vourla, and Athens The nature of these despatches is not known; but the conclusion is, that the equadron will be sept to the Syrian coast?probably for the purpose of interc-pting any reinforcements that the Forte may think proper to send to Beyrout or Saida, and consequently to assist the rebels in the mountain. I have not time to enter into any observations on this unequi vocal act of hostility ; all I tmst is that we shall not have to pay too dearly for Sir Stratford's philanthropy" Russia. A serious misunderstanding has arisen between Itussia and the Porte respecting Servia An Httgry correspondence has passed between die II ust-ianAmbassador and the Porte on the subject. I lie final an swer of the latter has been transmitted to St Petersburgh, and there the matter rests for the present. Hyrls. The Levant Mail brings intelligence to the middle ol November. The news from Syria is alarming. The Sneik Seeble Huro n has escaped from the hands of the Ottomans, where he was detained os political all.iirs, and gone among the Druses arid Mammies This Shiek is one ol those who gave Ibrahim Pacha so much trouble. Omer Pacha is blocked up in l)er-el-kaniar?he has with him WKK) nr "Sim r.M.i.Ur >r#,nno 'CI... 11...... VI....... t.... """" wi nun ranilPUllCB look possession o( several convoys, in which they found much provisions, munitions of war, and other ihums for Umar Pacha. Fashion* tnr .Innnary. We take the tollo* ing report ol the prevailing fa'hion* Tor January, from the ' London and Psri* Lathe*' Mag* zine ot Fsahion.' Many morning toilette* in P.iri* ate made of drab with tight aleevea, to *age high and tight, worked in braid, or trimmed more frequently with wide hiaia of velrat. Promeaade drmsea of pekin, aatin, pnnll I it toil, with sleeve* of moderate me, a little fuln< ?* at < the armhole, and Jockey* formed of rounded biaia braid i LD. Pile* Two ConU. i'J ; Milk braid lifta lii'cn succeeded by velvet bnid, but both kind# lite more generally used for evening drrseee. Short sleeve# are universal of an evening tli?y are light, with very little ornument , various kind# of mittens are worn with them ; ?omc are of velvet, black, violet or green, with shaded embroidery on the hand, and laced from the wriif to the top, where they are finished with cord and tassels. Very rich materials are worn in dreaa ; at thu moment, pekinsof every shade with velvet stripes, pekina agate, vacre dumat with pattern# of white Milk shot with silver brocaril Pompador, Ike Klegant redngotes of black latin are embroidered in relief, and Heme ot green velvet have been ornamented all round in imitation of guipure hi aid of a paler green. Ball drenara of crape or tullearo pretty and light ornamented with 4uut//?nn?? of pink or lilue gause, orof white gauae with ruchea ol pink tulle, ornament* of shaded ribbon ure aleo used aa coques, lie. for rnbn dr. hat, a# well as flowers. Canada of i oint de Veniae, application of Bruaaela, Met hlin and black lace are all now in faihion, and various new hetthes have appeared open in Iront, with square corner# and very deep; they are much worn with low dresses. particularly with those of velvet. The Venetian matiteauof velvet, satin or cachemire, the manteau Armenian of black cloth with gimp trimming*, and thepalo tot, are all now worn with a variety of other* of the minlsUl n ! - ' ........-v .v. udncraiiy speaking, bonnets ire worn a little larger, nnd straight, aatin bonnet* have tha edge finished with crnpe lime or bouillon* of t!lle; feathers, flowers, shaded velvet rihhona, he.., ara the usual ornament*, ami veila, hut they rather ornament Ihehonnet than protect the face. Small Mooriah bandkerchiela are worn on the head, confined liy two gold nina; they form pointsol red, I.lark or gold, terminating behind and at the two corner* hy Arabian tnaaala. The roiffure Marquise will he the one moat in faahiou,but ma. ny others will be worn. M?rlseta. Lovpon Mower Masxct, Jan. 3?The money price of Reduced Three per Cent Stock thin morning ia OA 3-8, and consols (or the Opening, that ia, ex-dividend, ia 94 1 2.? Exchequer Dills bIso remain llrm at 80 82 prem. Colombian Bonds have been run upon thia morning, and the price has advanced to 23 7-8 Meiican.on the other hand, Js rather (latter, aad the quotation has declined to 32 1-8. Portuguese converted Bond* are still on the riM, and thay are now quoted at 38 3-S ex div. Spanish Active, have been ('one at IS 7-8 : and the Three per Cents at '43 1-2 ex div. There has heen very little done in the Share Market, and no change has occurred in pricea requiring notice. In the discount market, which is hy far the b?st criterion ofthe value of money, first class commercial bill* uweagei ly canvassed lor hy the brokers, and the rate w*a declined hs low as it was a month ago, and prior to the last lavorabla intelligence from Asia, which, for a lime, gave the market some stimulus. The Canada loan has attracted great attention from capitalists The bidding was fixed for Friday, (yesterday.) The amount (?300,000) was, however, considered so small, that it waa thought not unlikely thai the Bank of England, or one of the Targe assurance companies,would come into the field and walk away with the prize. The fate of inters at payable on the atock is to be 4 per Cent.,therefore it is generally considered the hid <iiiikn win in- un h nigii scaie? even to tue extent probably of 3J to 3] pi-r cent.?by thorn' who may be disposed to take it an an investment equal in jioiiit of (ectirity and statiility to any of the British atocka hearing currency in the market. Lonoopi Trade Retort, Jan. 2.?Sugar?The Weat India market i? dull; barely MX) hhila have been told, including 100 hhda Barhadues, and part el 470 hhda and bbla St Lucia, at aale. The lortuer being all good sugars brought firmer prices, but the latteronly partly sold, and that ata reduction ol about Is on gray and brown descriptions. The sales of Mauritius and Bengal were postponed till to-morrow on account of the unfavorable stale ol the weather, Coffer?110 casks of Berbiceand IM bags Ceylon were sold, the former were chiefly bought in at 78s ftl to 102s, and the latter at tl3s to 64* lor very good ordinary. One lot of well picked Ceylon brought 67s 6d. Pepptr?The speculativedemauil which sprung up for this article has subsided, and prices have receded nearly to their former standard. Out of 3000 bags good Eastern offered at sale, the damaged portion, 1280 bags, was disposed of at 2jdto 2jjd;the sound was taken in at 3d. Loisuon Corn Market, Jan. 2?We had again a very small show of Wheat to-day from Kent, and the frosty weather experienced since Saturday having improved the condition, the millers displayed more inclination to purchase; a lair clearance was, consequently made, and prices must be quoted Is. to 2s. per qr. higher than on this day se'night. Liverpool Cotton Market, Jan. 1, 1843.?The course of events, as far as regards cotton, since the publication of our last yearly circular, presents no new or extraordinary feature, beyond the fart, that, with daiiy and weekly transac ions, occasionally very extensive, and at all times rnnftir1<>rnM<> arnof nnoihsi nr..I * v f? i- i } ..i??wv?uiniiuirai uuvrirequrntly prevailed. Much reelings firm the more unaccountable when the amount of husinust which haa taken place is duly considered, for whilst the total sales hereof IS41 were 1,'27ft,fi(M) hales, those ol 144J have been 1,417,300 hales, and whilst during the one period sneoulators only took 191 00(1 hales, during the other they have purchased 234,900 bales, and although it is true that not a small proportion of these operations has been effected since the midill ot November, when the previous gloom that had so long hung over mercantile affairs generally, was dissi. paled by the brilliant intelligence from the Kast, yet even tu-lore that date the sab-sot this year had already exceeded those ot the last by 92.700 hales. Two causes suggest themselves to explain this otherwise anomalous position and character of the market- first, that the quantity of cotton on hand from the commencement of the year had at all times been sufficiently large, and secondly, that the temptation to hold stock, even where there has been the ability, has been small, the state of trade in the country in almost every t.ranch and department being such as te limit and impair confidence; added to which, in the earlier pai t of the year at laast, the American crop was so erroneously estimated as from its then supposed extent so far ta exceed, tinder the most favorable circumstance!,any possible increnseof consumption, as to be deemed almost unmanageable. Whe i at a more advanced period ol the year the error that had heen so industriously circulated iil>on the disputed subject of crop had been rectified, and the growth which had at one time been computed at '2,COO,000 bales proved to he not more than 1,084,000 bales, the time had gone by for remedying the evil which previ. iiusly exaggerated statements had contributed so much to generate. The fluctuation* of the market during the year, though numerous, have not been at any one date very important as to extent. The greatest difference* in American qualities have been from Id to 41 per lb, in Branil una Kgy ptian Id to 1? per lb, and in Burat fd per Ih, or a mean average of 12 per cent. Throughout the montha^if January, February and March, holders appeared solicitous to sell their cotton us it arrived anil Ihnnirli ?.- ? mn abundant as to induce the Bank of England tirat to lower the rate of interest upon loan Irom five to lour per cent, and finally to fix commercial discounts at the last rate, and though advices were daily coming to hand intimatii gthat the crop could not possibly, as had lieen before supposed, tie an overwhelming one, but would, as it has proved to be, rather turn out to be limited, such was the discourage ment that a long series of disappointments had produced, that nothing which might be urged could arrest the downward tendency of prices, or check very exaggerated apprehensions as to the future. The political and military advices also from India about the end of March were ol such a nature as to increase the dejection, for the reverses in Central Asia were considered to be so important as partly to involve the security of that distant smpire, and whilst so many other channels ware daily closing upon us, the most remote possibility of insecurity as to onr In lian possessions, and the continued procrastination of the war with China, which seemed to ba brought no nearer to a crisis than it bad been for sometime previous* ly, were circumstances that tended still further to dispirit and alarm. In April some few signs of improvement began to be displayed, not only in this, but in other markets; but the change did not extend to the manufacturing interests, nor was it well consolidated even here. Tha month of May would in consequence have been one of unusual flatness had not the weather become so general, ly propitious in nil the agricultural districts as to giva good promise of abundant ciops,yet trade in the interior hardly improved, and June was i ipjully dull and spiritleaa with the month that preceded it. In the beginning of duly the effects of the fine season were manifested still more favorably, and the appealancea for the harvest were so very flattering as to calm all itossible fears of that derangement in the circulation which the import of corn nnd the export of gold had in preceding years originated. It bed become at this time almost iinlisnutsble that rvento xlly the crop of cotton woald he found moderate, anil thin, together with the increased abundance of money, (tha rate of Interest for which waa not rno'e in the general market than three per cent) and the receipt of encouraging newa from India, produced arertain amount of confidence hut under all three im| roving circumstances, holders hnd hern before times so constantly disappointed, that they did not now cease, in the face of an excellent demand daily, to ahew fheouelees eery decided seller*. The sales from the 8th of July to the HJth ot August w era .>83,400 hales, hut the advancer? ali/ed was not more thta }d per Ih, ami this only in the middling and lair qualities ol American and India cotton, other kinds participating little in the change. Towards the cloae or August tha cloud* of discard which had for some time been gathering between the masters and their workmen, at length hroka out into open disturbance, and labar ceased totally in many ol the manufartiit ing districts. This was a serious blow to the hopes of those whi had seen In the late rnvival of demand here, an amendment in trade generally and a return to prosperity. Th> se differences and interruptions to work continued throughout sia weeks, and the consumption of cotton was greatly reduced, producing eatreme miaerv, privation and want. The only slight advantage resulting from such a disordered and unhappy state was, that th- large stocks of yarns and good* previously accumulated, and which were a great burthen upou the capital ol spinner* and manufacturer*, wsre run ofl advantageously to these partie*. When at length, an an alignment took place between the employer# and the employed, and, after long suffering, the latter consented to return to work, it so happened that not only the stocks of cotton in this port had considerably increased, by reason of the check to consumption, but the season of the year had so far advanced as to make all persons cautious and distrustful in rr?pcct of the Itiftire, anil notwithstanding a large fire which subsequently broka out and destroyed 4.1,000 balea (oralmost as much cotton as the stocks nad become In e*ee?# in consequence of the turn out) the belief that the coming crop of 1841-43 was to be large, and that thecommerceof the country must he generally and permanently unsettled by the many adverse tariff ) which foreign countries, and the United State* in particular, had anacted.waa in powerful ai again to infuse a degree of lukewarmnesa ind b ar into almost everv division of trade. This state >f feeling continued to eiist without diminution until the niddleol the month ot November, whan information hav