Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 29, 1843, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 29, 1843 Page 2
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I ???????? NKU \ QHK HEHALPew Tork, RnmlHy. Jmttmmry <0, 1843. ' Mew l.lternrj" Oepot Opened. | J AMKs UORDON BENNETT, Ja?in other word*, t U jtun ?<iiitur has opened, at hli j.iipf,'* Heuai.d otlice, c North W?( corn*r of Nassau and Fulton atreela, a depot v tor the sale of all the fashionable and current 1 teratureot h t the tg? He mean* by tlui to take the wiml out ni tne >, tailed Moaea Y- Beach, and to confine that aleek old rat ; to hu Jacksonville, Ulater and Malone ahinplaatera, inclu- v ding alto his oyater cellar. For a catalogue of the work* ' lor aale, aee advertisement. JAMES GORDON BENNETT, Ja., Hia kg mark. New Yore,-J8lh January, 1S43. " Popery?Protestantism?Christianity.?Bigoted and intolerant as is the religious world, even in , these latter days of light and liberty, there is a grow- , itig increase in the number ot calm, impartial, and reasonable theological writers. There are some pure and enlightened spirits, who furnish some antidote to the poison of violent and blinded polemical disputants. Brownlees and Cheeveis do not make up the whole body ol our Protestant clergy; and the fanatics of Champlaiu are by no means a fair s|>ecimen of the Roman Catholic priesthood. The last number of the I^mdon Quarterly Review contains a long and remarkably able article by a distinguished Frolestant writer, which presents in striking contrast the calm, just and philosophical view of the origin, character, influence and tendencies of Popery, which an unprejudiced and disinterested mind can take, and that which presents itself to the be wildered vision of the iurious and bigoted sectarian. Tlie great error which lias characterized the long warfare of Protestants against Popery, has been the assumption by the former that the latter is the Antichrist of the Scriptures?the " Man of Sin," and "Church ot the Seven Hills," against which such terrible denunciations have been uttered by the prophetic writers of the Old and New Testament, i The writer in the London Quarterly, demonstrates ! the utter falsity of this position, and by a great accumulation of arguments, establishes the truth, . which we have ever maintained, that Popery is i bat a remarkable and singularly efficient amalga- ' mation of the principles of the Christian faith, with , worldly policy and temporal authority. Let us give < the writer's views on this point, in his own precise and forcible lang age:?" What, then, is the essen- ] tiaily evil principle which constitutes Popery, as dis- 1 tinct from tha Catholic spirit (Christianity) which it held, as if were in solution, and by which it has j been preserved from utter destruction 1 It is the i principle of centralization and unity in the Church, ! carried to a height Jar beyond the limits affixed by its great Founder, and /gathering the whole of Christen- ( Horn rjund one lexal antl visible point, for the purpose ' of giving to its movements the greater energy, per- ( tnanence and poirer ; in other words, it is the creu- , tion ot one oecumenical bishop, to supplant the col- t lege of bishops, and for the purpose of spreading and upholding a spiritual empire upon earth." tl This expresses, with great conciseness and truth, the true nature and character ol what Popery iias a been. Pottery is, however, undergoing marked and ' rapid cltange, es|>ecially in this country. The au- r thority of the Papal See is becoming weaker and t weaker. That great cohesive and maintaining principle lias lost its fi rmer sway and all-pervading f influence. Roman Catholicism, us respects its r mode of propagation and extension, has become more assimilated to Protestant Episcopacy, Methodism, and .Presbyierian'sm. As(to the fears resj?ectjng the rapid progress ol Popery to universal supremacy, expressed uy the Brownlees and Chee- 11 vers, who are constantly fanning the embers of dis- Jcord, and casting around, on all si les, " firebrands, arrows, and death," they can only excite pity and c contempt in the tninds of all who take the trouble 1 ot studying the present aspect of the times. j There is a more dangerous enemy than Popery at the gates. Religion and morality, and the best c interests of society, are threatened with a more dis- ^ astrous tempest than the thunders of the Vatican. (, A carelully disguised infidelity, under the mask of i| superior intellect and refinement, is busily at work, ^ sapping the very foundations of christianiiy, by inspiring diotrust cf the authenticity of the Bible, and j the supremacy of human intelligence and wisdom. This wears something of the features of that anti - g christ which has been predicted to ppread moral ^ desolation in ihe latter day. 1 Thk General Naval Court Martial, to which we alluded yesterday, will cot.vene on board the North Carolina on Wednesday next, the first of *' February. The Court will be composed ol the fol- '' lowing members:? ' President?Commodore Downes. Commodore Read. Captains VV. Compton Boitou. t( Dan. Turner. n, Charles W. Skinner. 1 Isaac McKeaver. U John H. Aulick. It Bladen Dtilany. John Owjnn, and Thomai W. Wyman, Commander* Henry W Ogden. Irrine Shubrick. and ii William W. McKean. Judge Advocate?Samuel Rush, of Philadelphia. Commander McKenzie, who received yesterday the older for his arrest, will be tried upon three ^ charges?the first murder, the second cruelty and oppression. What the third is, we have not heard. g Theatrical Revival.?An astonishing revival in g theatricals has taken place in this city. A lew months since the theatres were deserted, now they ^ are all crammed from the pit to the ceiling. What j is the reason of this] It is perfectly evident, ihe prices have been lowered so as, in the elegant and accurate phraseology of the bills, "to meet the ex- r lgencies of the times " The middling classes are s the only persons who can afford to pay for amusements now-a-days The upper classes, who formerly monopolized the->e enjoyments, are now in a state of lotten bankruptcy, and can scarcely pre- J serve their souls and bodies from dissolution, but \ the middling classes, who conduct the business of * life on the cneap cash principle, can enjoy and J arnuse themselves. But they wilt not pay much in 1 this way, and the managers in reducing the prices from one dollar to twenty five cents and half-a-dollar at farthest, present these classes of society with the proper facility of procuring cheap amuse- i merit, of which thev are now a vailing themselves T ? c to the fullest extent. o tl Chatham Thkatrk?Thome h is indeed reduced ^ his |>rices, but hot exhibited a determination to place a loadstone at his doors. This we state from positive knowledge on our part. We hspt>ened to call at the Chatham on some business, when we [>er ceived that all was ac'ion and industry?canvass, paint, dec. displayed largely the preparations mak- ? ine to produce the grand pintommie called the " Black Kaven ol the Tombs," which will indeed j'( surpass expectation. This pantomime is one of o whose merits we need not say much; the bills will ?, more fully particularize. Brown, Davis, Mulligan o and Oakie appear together in it?numerous tricks, r beautiful transformations of scenery, dec. will take . place. Thorne, we wish you had a larger theatre? ! there an enough to reward your untiring exertions, J by filling it nightly ; you are always first to hit the right nail on the head. The drama of "Crazy Jane," will he |>erlormed with the above; in both pieces the whole of litis talented company will appear. Nkw York Pm/?ts.?These hard working, enter- J prising men, have a petition before the Legislature, ( asking for justice. It is to he hoped that it will be given to them They have waited and suffered long 1 enough, and now is the time for reward. Let them have their right* at once. I iianks- To 11 irnden aud Adams, for Boston pa- " per*, in advance of'the mail MB Cltjr Illicit l?{?- <?-?' Hansen HiMiBLr. ?Mr. Charles Cunningham, of 613 iMowick street, appeared at the low?r politt? oltice yeserday, and made the following statement :?i hat ou the 3d instant, a man named James Crawford, who resides at 9 Greenwich lane, called upon him an 1 stated tnat hit Tother, Adam Cunningham, of Middietown, Delawari uumj , hi iuii etuir, nmu given mm, ivonu recently on I sit to that place, the sum of (60 to deliver to Cunning iam,on hi< arriral in tbiscity. That while on hia routi 0 waa stopped near Stone Bridie, Ul*ter co iya man who Jumped iute tbe road,from behind a tre',an< iretented a pistol at hia breaat, demanding hia money 1 hich troin b)dtly fear he delivered, including the (fr ilaced in hia charge. That the whole amouut of mone; in hii person, at ihetime of the robbery, waa $l?i. Pre ious to mikiug thia statement, he hiformed Cunningham hat the mouey waa taken trom him at a bouse whera in tad lodged at the above named place. The contradictor; tatements, with au injunction of secrecy that he wishei o impoae upon Cunningham, at the time of relating th uppoaed robbery, induced him to cause Crawford to b irrested by officer Baker, on a charge of embezzle ment, on which he haa been committed for furthe investigation. This faahion of robbing one's tell ha recently become (jutte common, but it is rare that a mat is induced to commit such a peculiar felony for the smal sum ol (60. Tuc Shootiisu Cast.?Upon examination of witneste yesterday it was ascertained that William Dyer, who we a hand on board the schooner Wm. B. Marsh, is the n at who tired the gun ou Thursday evening, when by th four little children were shot. After firing it he askeStephen of the hands, il it was loaded, as h iuuu|;iu uic Km iin'i >uuv:>cuuaeD! loe i>oy? over. 11 aid he thought the children were attempting to itea wood and he wished to frighten them away. He escape the same evening, and is still at large. His residence is a Middletown Point, New Jersey. The Riec Cais ?The woman Ellen Johnson, of No. Pell street, who alleges that a rape was committed on he person at a slaughter house in that street on Thursda; night, appeared yesterday at the lower police, and state that on the evening in question, as the had issued fror the grocery at the corner of Pell and Doyer streets,wher he had been to obtain a glass of beer, she was seized hv ? hite man, and forced into the slaughterhouse, whei another person, who appeared by the feeling of the hai ol his head to be a negro, who was inside the house threw her on the tioor and attempted to violate her person but was unsuccessful That she could not make a noli* as her mouth was filled with something by on? of the twi men, who said to the other, " Give her hull If she don't li till," and then kicked her in the side. Two young mei or boys, one a negro named David Laver, and another I white boy called David Lent, were arrested on suspicioi yesterday, and the woman recognized them as the twi who attempted to violate her. They were committed fo rurther investigation. On her examination, she statei previous to drinking the beer at the grocery, she hai lrank three glasses ot brandy. She says she is a marrier woman, and that her husband is in Philadelphia. Thi '.ircumstances are hardly sufficient to justify tha magis rates in committing the boys tortrial. New York Legislature?In Senate, Jan. 26 ? Petitions were presented for and against the repea af the Exemption Law. By Mr. Foster, relative t< >minon Schools in the city ol Brooklyn. Mr. Dickinson moved a call upon the Comptrolle or a report of the amount of State debt, of all kinds ind the average amount received for auction anr <alt duties for the last five years, <5cc., which wai adopted. Several bills of local interest were considered it Committee of the Whole, and the bill to abolish the tffice of Inspector General o* Sole Leather in th? :itv of New York, was passed. The bill to aid the New York and Erie Railroac vas taken tip, hut slipped over without debate 01 akingany question thereon. A hill grantingan extension of time to the North imerican Trust and Banking Co. was passed, and le Senate adjourned In Assembly.?Numerous petitions were preented for and against the repeal of the Exemption il?'. ^ nv ivir. niBBAKD? ror a momncanon ot the law elative to |he inspection of oils; lor the repeal of he fire limit law of the citv of New York. T.y Mr Thompson?Of John Haggertv and many ither mercantile firm-' of the city ol New York, ora law allowing the .Utica and Schenectady Railoid to carry freiaht. By Mr Jones?Tlie memorial and remonstrance ol he Marine Insurance Com iani-9 in the city ot New fork. against the law now landing contemplating in alteration of the Pilot LawsMr. otlered a resolution, which lies over, ppointing a committee to inquire into the sale ol he Ithaca and Owego Railroad, with power to send r?r persons and papers. Rj'porU ? Mr Hi,.t,,!i bill to incorporate the Amerian St ?r Mutuil Insurance Company in the city of lew York. Mr LsLAND.a bill to incorporate th* Atlas Mutual nsurance Company in the ci?y of New York. The committee of 'he whole, Mr. Foster in the hair, passed the hill to incorporate the New York boating Dry Dock Company. The committee of the whole, Mr. Wright in the hair, passed the hill in relation to the Trustees of he Seamen's Fund and Retreat in the city of New fork. The House, in committee of the whole, passed he bill for the amendment of the charter of the Jowerv Insurance Co. The House, in committee ol the whole, was enaged for a while with the bill to incorporate the layuga and Susquehannah Railroad Company, but 'ithout taking any question adjourned. The Next Steamer.?No steamer will leave Engind till the 4th of next month?the Acadia s'arte ten. On the 10th, the Great Western leaves. Af?r that day we shall have steamships in abundance otn England, France, and Belgium. Northern Express. ? We are constantly indebted , k. d..11.. Aw n aii I a. viiKiwj vu.f aim a. uiicii wv vuf'j', iui /iiumiv apers in advance of the mail. Pomeroy Ac Co. run p the river and over the Housatonic Railroad. Pul u Ar Copp arrived here yesterday at half past 7 'clock Fall in Pricks?It is said that the butter dealers i this city will lose a Rood deal of money, in conscience of the early opening of the Hudson. The :ock was never before so large, and prices never sc >w. Other kinds of produce have been affected in le same way. News from India.?It will come by the Hotjin ;uer, which was to leave Liverpool on the 5th in itant. sream-hip Caledonia.?This steamer will leav? ioston next Wednesday for Halifax and Liverpool der letter bags will close in this city on Tuesday. NaviGAtioN.?Mild weather continue,s and tlx iver is, therefore, still open. May it never close igain. Bankrupt List. SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF NEW YORK. Stearni A. Houghton. New York.commia ion merchant *mf! Newman, New York, phyaician ; Angelina Brown few York, boarding housekeeper; John D Arthur, N fork, late merchant ; William Adama, New York, agent lamuel Ro ? e, Windham, (Jroen Co , laborer; Jonathan Vilt, New York ; John Low Sattord, New York : John M leelman. Flathuah, Kings Co., farmer ; John CatliD, N?w fork, merchant. * Superior Court. Bifore Full Bench. .Ia?. ?T)rrt glon. ? f\ V S' Ifotte vi. Tinker! L'/ih Zand! ?In our r(.'|>ort of this case on Friday we wereeroneoiisly informed, and published, that the Sheriff refusd to j ay over the money. He did not refuse to pay it ver, but merely waited lor the derision ot the Judge ol he Superior Court, ami upon receiving acertifirate ot the eciaion of the Judge, he immediately paid over the mi r V. S. District Court. Before Judge BetU. Ji"s. 18.?In re Jamei Hannrt, Jr. per Curiam?This it petition by n creditor lor a decreeof bankruptcy against ie debtor. Objections to the decree are Interposed, by a nr.I |>eraon, a party in interest, which in effect are a deinrrer to the petitioner. The points argued have accordingly been w hether there i enough n|>on the faceot the petition to entitle the crediir to a decree of bankruptcy in invitam against his debtr. The Judge here proceeds to stute the (minis of the as at length, and then says?I have strong doubts whe h?T the proceedings could be sustained without a direct llegation that the debtor was a trader at the time he comnitted the aets ol bankruptcy. On the other pointa, it ap .ears to me the caie is cleai , that enough is not stated to object the parly to these c otnptilsory proceedings, ami I ball accordingly lake the broad ohjnction that tifion the edition it does not appear that the party has committed my act of bankruptcy. Circuit Court, Before Judge Kent. Jais. as?Matthew T. Wot/a, e, et at. vs. ban I K.Morte.? This was an action of trover, to recover goods alhged to tsve been obtained under false It is alb g-d hat the defendant represented himself to be ol sge, when ie was not. A case precisely to this against Mr. Morse, vas tried in this Court a short tim? since, and fully re torted in the Herald. M'-Ke,n V liisworth for plaintiff; Cutting and Blier ood for defendant. Court of Common Plena. Before Jodge Ingraham. J?s as?J/etthulh ip 8chull^ vs Juhn Clark ?This wai n action on a note ol some The deb nee was thai t was a stockjobbing transaction Mr. fc. Saniord lor plaintiff j Mr. Jordan for defendant. Mercantile library Lecture*, James G. Bennett. Ksq. :? Dear Si*, 1 havr rend wiili much satisfaction your true and timely remarks, in your valuable pa|*r ol Thursday, respecting the course pursued by the directors of. ' and the course of lectures delivering before, th? 1 members of the Mercantile Library Association, i 1 have been for many years a member of the institution, and have attended its lectures nearly every , winter since th-y were established; have ever enter turned for it the most friendly feelings, and antici' >nled fo it and it < lectures, a growing repututio' 1 ind usefulness i hut I inus' say,for the last few yean it has sadly fallen short of e\-n previous attain it merits. Their presentcourse of lecturesaredecidedli , insipid and unprofit thle. Who alter list-mug to ai unmeaning and unintelligible flourish of flowert n phrases, abou. "(renins." "Shirt of the Age,' " Romance of the times," (which I would dehoe e was the tickling the fancy ol an audience lor fills r dollars an hour) by theie " wise men of the east,' i whose reputation have tar outran their worth, find? P nimself wiser or better! f The influence ot the institution generally, 1 also think ol late, has not been so beneflcial as it ought to have been. lathe present class ol merchants and r clerks .more remarkable for sobriety, integrity, useful intelligence, and business habit*! I trow not. 11 I fear they are more desirous to make a figuie in ] ih? drawing than in the counting-room; moreainbi fious of being " Bvrons" ( is Boz verv express vely terms th m) than Barings?the study of bookkeeping ? is c >ns dered beneath the " dignity ol their nature," i md the rules of etiquette wi h thetn are more imn port mt than the rules ot business Imtead of having meetings lor mutual improve. . ment in debate, intercourse and consultation, the\ 1 must get up an anniversary festival, to cot a figure e in the papers, and at which to their shame, with all e their stores ol knowledge, the v have not available il minds sufficient to respond to the sentiment, " Th,1 Merchants of New York," but rely upon an editor , to do it. Shame! Formerly,at their annual meetings, we were wont to see assembled our old and valued merchants, and 8 their countenance and advice was listened to und r respected; but now we have a tgathering of nugy nacious youths, who epout and electioneer wiihall J the nir and gusto of a hack politician, so that di-ir iMilished cornerstone, the worthy President of the a Clinton Hull Association, can hardly restrain their ? impetuosity, much less sharpen their wit. Hut it'r r the " spirit of the age." T h<\iiA (Ka itrucwnf Kno vrl nf rli eiiof orn tuill nnf K? , . ...V ........... ui.vvxxo mil i, -low in learning a lesson from the " ezprea-mnot 'i the spirit" of its members, (as I understand they 9 will gain a loss of several hundred dollars by their * present course of lectures) and instead of sendma J to other cities (or men to lecture on every subject , but what is usclul, and paying extravagant prices, b let them encourage native talent upon philosophir cal, Scientific, or commercial subjects; and instead 1 of catering to the fancy of the public at the expense f and detriment of its members, let their aim be to 1 make honest, capable niTchants, and useful citi" zens; then may the merchants of New York be as distinguished for their iutegrity and intelligence, as the city is for the safety an i spaciousness ol its har. uor, and Clinton Hall be, as it ought, their Alma | Mater. Koscok. Anti-Slavery Meeting at Fankuil Hall?Abr by Folsom on her Feet again.?Yesterday the Massachusetts Anti Slavery Society commenced its j annual session at Faneuil Hall. Francis Jackson s Esq., the President, called it to order, and altera few preliminary proceedings, Mrs. Abbv Folsom , arose, with a bundle of manuscript in her hand, and ? gave notice of an intention to read it. The I'resi. dent said the first business in order was the reading of the annual report ; and requested Mrs. Folsom I to wait until it was read. r With much apparent reluctance, the she-orator consented to do so ; and as soon as the report wai finished, she was on her taps again, " with spectai cles on nose, ' and commenced reading, when u motion was made that she defer it until the Treasurer's Keport, which was next in order, was read. Mrs. Folsom?Mr President, you told me I might read my address as soon as the Annual Report was read President?You are mistaken ; 1 requested you to defer it until that Reiairl was read, and I now again request you to defer it until we have the Treat surer's report. Mrs. Folsom ?That's it?all about dollars and cents?the miserable dross before truth and justice. [ Rut I want to read my speech now, and 1 appeal to the meeting whether I may not. ; The question was then taken on her being allowed to proceed. There was a single " aye" (Mrs. Fol, soni's own?It could be heard among a thousand) I and numTous voices in the negative. I The President declared it the decision of the meeting that >he should not proceed. " Doubted," exclaimed Mrs F in a voice somewhat refembling Mrs. Fitzwilliam's " Pee-ter." The voie was again taken, and Mrs. Fo'som's single voice alone was heard in favor of her interruption of the proceedings. Finding 'he vote against her, she determined to " read her piece" whether or no. All attrmpts to stop her without force proving unavailing, she was permitted to go on and have her own way, and she read a long tirade against the Insane Hospital (of which she was recently an 111inmate^?against the Houses of Correction?against every thing that could restrain men, and particularly women, from doing just as they pleased?and wound up with proposing the form <tion ofanew So ciety, which should have no ?fficers, and no restrain" against the universal use of the tongue. As thi' oration was enongn for one day, we "mizzled" when it was concluded If the rest of tlio proceedings were on a par with the commencement we doubt whether the world will be emancipated for a whole year to come, if not longer.? Bust on Mail. i Fanny Elssler.?We find the following in a Paris paperPillet, the director of the 0,iera at Paris, having obtained a decree of 60,000 francs damages against Fanny Elssler, in consequence of her breaking her engagement with him, lately proceeded to ! seize some rich furniture which remained in the apartments occupied by Fanny before her departure to the United States The Vlarquis * , who had known Fanny Elssler and Iter sister at Vienna, presented himself, and claimed the furniture as the attorney of Madmotselle Theresa Elssler. The question was argued before the court?the opera director maintaining that all l the furniture, except a few anicles which he was ready to have separated from the others, was the property of Fanny before her departure The apart: ments, however, were hired in the name of Mdlle i Theresa, and the bills of the articles were made out , in her name. The court decided that the property belonged to Theresa, and that the seizure was of no efTect With regard to damages and interest, it was decreed that there was no reason for granting any thing on that accoun', and the opera director was condemned to pay the costs. New Packet ."imrs.?Walk up to the ship yards and see the new packet ships an the stocks. The sight is worth the walk. Well Filled?All the ice houses, notwithstanding the mild weather. Beautiful Sight?The Park Fountain every day. ; Abu.n-ant-Coughs and colds in this rity. Cause: thin shoes, and sudden changes in the weather. i Extortionate ?The driver of cab No. 26 ? | Don't ride with bim. Works Well?The new fire district system Curious.?Our streets are as dusty as in midsurn> mer. 0(7? We know not whether Barnnm, of the American Museum, is a Millerite, but if he believed in the speedy destruction ol the universe,he could not crowd on attrac tion* and novelties any l ater. He announces for this week such talent and m igniucent attractions as cannot tail to produce a daily and nightly overflow. Of these ar# three eminent vocalists, ten beautiful dancers, ini eluding that rare genius, La Petite Oleste; the biilliant animated tableaux, and two grand military spectacles ? 1 Napoleon crossing the Alps, and the Burning of Moscow. We had nearly forgotten what every body should remember, that this is positively the last week of the remarkable Gen. Tom Thumb, Jr , ol Liliputian celebrii y. (Ry-THE QUESTION SETTLED.?Persons who still doubt the nower of Hewes' Nei vc nn.i Rnnp I.iniment ?nr) Indian Vegetable Elixer, to cure all cateaol rheumatiam, contracted niuacles ami rord*, ntif) joint*, swelled limb, and gout, ar? requeated to call on (he agent*.Waar*. Comatock V llo*?, 26 Magazine atreet, and get the name* oi genth men of the firat atanding, who have bem cured ol the e complaint* by thu remedy. We do not want you tci t ike our word lorthia, but a?k person* who have mifl.-red for year* with rheumatiam arid gout, and are now well, what haa cured them, and they will tell you He vet' Net v. and Rone Liniment and Indian Vegetable Klixrr?N. Orient* paper. The aaine article can be had of C.xnUock It Co. 71 Mai den Lane, NY, and Copiatock fc Williama, No. fl Narth Fifth atreet, Philadelphia. (K7- WHAT THEY WILL DO -II ia a (act that Dr. Sherman'* Worm Loienge* are an infallible remedy lot the acnurge* of extatener It ia a fact that the Cough Lozengaa made by the aame gentleman nev-r fall to eutr a cold or cough, when prop-rlv administered and takei in aeaaon It ia a tact that bia Hea'lache Lozenge* curi the very worat headache In ten minute* That hi< Too Mau'i t'.R.ter i. a delight ol remedy for all rheumatic at i fer.tiont f)r Hbertnan'ii W irehouae i* it 10H Nnsaati *t.\ g-nta, 110, 27* and t.Vl Broalway: 227 H ildsotl atreet I in B twery ; 77 Kail BroaJwav i US William atreet, and 131 Kultou atreet, Brooklyn. I BY THE SOUTHERN MAIL ? I Mathlngton. 'J [Correspondence oi the Herald.] ?( Washington. Friday nigh\> ;a Jan 27, 1*43. 5 W Drath of the Exchequer In the HomeLarge Vote In favor of the hub-Treasury? ^ Expresses?Oregon, The Senate did nothing to-day, but the He me b\ m h large vote, 193 to 19, gave the coup dt gract, t< Mr. Webster's Exchequer. It was Private Bill day, but all that was pushe ff Mr. Russei.t. got n resolution passed that afte' o next week, the House should meet at 11 o'clock, A pj M. Cost Johnson presented several memorials it u favor of his great government stock p'an ; all whicl If were reported to the Select Committee, who tir? 'n lohnson, Gentry, Casey, Adams, Tom Marshall. Cravens, Morris, Cooper and Howard. Then the House took up the Exchequer. h Mr. Fillmore took the floor to make the las' peech on the subject. But as on a motion ti n re-consider, Mr. C J Incersoll, (one of the mos h talented men in the House) made a most excellent speech, 1 have given him in full in preference to m I?. 11til Vlr. Fiu.morf. sbid, the reason why the Committer lid not report ariv plan, whs becausp Mr Cu"hins!V Inn wis already befor* the House undisposed of; i 10 najori y of th" Committee were in favor of a U. S "J li-tnk As to the safe keeping and disbursements oi h the public monev, there w-s the ect of 1789, siatine " how this whs to fie done by the Treasurer of th" U. "> States, and there was the joint resolution of 1816 f0 stating that the dues were to be paid in gold and ail- In ver. And the penal part of the Pub-Treasury waa 'r' still retained, and made even stronger than before Mr. Fii.t.mork consumed the rest of his hour in read- b\ ine and commenting on a speech of Cushing's in 1,1 1837 (in dales and Seaton's Register, vol. 14, paM ar 1, page 883.) in which Gushing denounced unmerci fully, just such a scheme us the present Exchequer. ,r< After he got through, several tried to get th? P" fl?or; but the previous question was demanded, and h tellers were ordered on seconding it Mr. Thompson (of Miss.)?I move to lay the en whole subject on the table. (Great excitement, *?e and several on the floor.) >f Gushing-I call for the ayea and nays. *> They resulted, ayes 66; nays 141. 'h ISo it was not laid on the table. The question n then recurred on the previous questior?this was '"b seconded 98 to 75?and the previous question was 'o then put on Atherton's amendment to the resolu ?? lion of the Committee of Ways and Means. Here cn it is. and it is in fact a regular Sub Treasurys?t "And that the Committed of Ways and Means be in. oa structed to bring in a hill regulating' the collection, safe- I > keeping, transfer, and disbursement ot the public money, re in such n manner as shall, as tar as possible, substituti (? provisions of law for Executive discretion inthe manage ro ment of the finances; shall prevent the moneys of the c people from being used for purposes of private speculation ' and emolument, and shall render the Government independent of the agency and influence of moneyed corpo- Pr rations." . ca This was onlv rejected .by six votes. The vote to was? an Ates. Noes. gr 10S US fn And as six votes would have thus caused the vc House to restore the Sub-Treasury, you had better ar publish the names. an Ykas?Messrs. Arrington, Athertoa, Beeson, Birtlack n Black, Bowne, Brewster, Aaron V. Brawn, Chns. Brown m Burke, William O. Butler, Green W. Caldwell, P. C. Cald to well, Cary, Casey Cttapman, Clifford, Clinton, Coles, Col- rf> qu'tt, Cross, Cashing, Daniel, RichHrd D Davis, D iwson, Dean, Doan, Doig, Eastman, John C. E l wards, Egbert. , Ferris, John O Floyd, Charles A. Floyd, Fornance, T F Foster, Gerry, Gilmer, William O. Goode, Gordon. Gustine, Owin. Halste 1, Harris, Hastings, Hays, Hopkins. I'h Houck. Houston, Hubard, Hunter, Cnarles J. Ingersoll. ha Wm W. Irwin, Jack, Cave Johnson, John W. Jones, Is.iar (n D. Jones. K*'im, Andrew Ke nedy. Lewis, Littlefl-ld 'ic Lowell, Abraham McClellan, Robert Mc.Clellan, McKay Jn McKeon, Mallory, Marchand Alfred Marshall, John T Mason, Matth-ws, Medill, Miller, Newhard, Oliver, Par- . menter. Partridge, Payne, Pick? ns, Re id, Reding, Rench ea, Reynolds, Rhett, Riggs, Rogers, Roosevelt, Sanfard, Saunders, Sewell, Shields, William Smith, Snyder, Stei n rod, Sumter, 8weney. Jacob Thompson. Trotti, Turney. I'll Van Buren, Ward, Watterson, Weller, West brook, Wood w ?105. an Nayb?Messrs. Adams, Allen, Landnff. W. Andrews, lit Sherlock J Andrews, Arnold, Aycrig, Babeock, Baker. tl< Barnard, Barton, Birdseye, Blair, Boardman, Borden, ha Bolts, B riggs, Brock way, Bronson, Milton Browa, Jere jH minh Brown, Bnrnell, William Butler, Calhoun, T J ... Campbell, Caruthers, Childs, Crittenden, John C. Clark, Staley N Clarke. Cowcn, Cranston, Cravens, Gariett " Davis, Deberry, John E Iwards, Everett, Fessenden. Fill more, A. Lawrence Foster, Gates, Gentry. Gidd'ngs. "r Patrick G. Goode, Graham, Granger, Green, Hull, Henry, *11 Howard, Hudson, Hunt,J. R. Ingersoll, J. Irvin, James,W he C. Johnson, J. P Kennedy, King, I,ane. Linn, McKennan. h\ Samson Mason, Mathiot, Mattocks, Maxwell, Maynnrd ,.v Meriwether, Mitchell, Moor.*, Morgan, Morris, Morrow O-horne, Owsley, Puarce, Pendleton, Powell, Ramsey, u. Bi-njtmin Randall, Alexander Randall, Randolph, Ridg way, Rodney, William Russell, Jatnes M- Russell, Saltou stall, Shepperd, Sla.le, Truman Smith, Stanly, Stokely. Stra'ton, Alex. H. H Stuart, John T Stuart. Summurs. je< Taliaferro,John B Thompson, Richard W.Thompson, of Tillinghast. Toland, Tomltnson, Triplet!, Trumbull, Un- ve derwood, Wallace, Warren, Washington, Edward D Vl White, Joseph L- White, Thomas W Williams, Christo tn pher H. Williams, Joseph L. Williams, Winthrop, Yorke, i. Augustus Young, John Young?115. ^ This vole astonished the House, and every body (I tsked what had become of the great whig majority ,n The qnesiion was then taken on the resolution o! |e ilte Committee, as follows:? io Resolved, That the plan of nn Exchequer presented to he Congress by the Secretary of the Treasury at the 1 >at scs ,|sion, nnd enti'led " A hill amendatory of the cereral act* hu establishing the Treasury Department," ought not to b>- 1() adopted. This was adopted, ayes 193 ; nays, 18. Here arc ..q the names, with those ot the guard. You see f;a about 20 members were absent. /u Adams, Allen, L. W. Andrews, S.J, An- stl drews, Arnold. Arrington, Atherton, Aycrigg, Babcock ei Baker, Barnard, Beeson, Bi'lack, Birdseye, Black. Blair m Boardman, Botts, B >yd, Brewster, Briggs, Brockwny, f(> Bronson.A. V. Brown, .vtilton Brown, cnartes Brown, t Jeremiah Brown, Edmund Bitrko, B irker, Burnell, Wm , Butler, Wm. O Butler, Calhoun, Campbell, Caruthen n Cary, Casey, Chapman, Cliildi, Chittenden, J. C. Clark j!r 9. N. Clarke, Clifford, Clinton, Cole*, Colquitt, Cranston, h< Craveus, Cross, Daniel, R. D. Davis, Dawson, D- ati, Dr. 10 berry, Doan, Doig, Eastman, John E<lwards, J C Ed je wards, Egbert, Evere't Ferris, Fesseuden, Fillmore. J. G en Floyd, Fornance. A L Fns'er, Oaten, Gentry, Oerry, w Oilmi-r, Oiode, Gordon, Graham, Granger, Green, Gus- fe tine, Owinn, H ill, Harris, Hays. Hopkins, Houok, How- . ton Howard, Hubard, Huntar, Hunt, C. J. Ingeisoll, J R '' Ingersill, Irvin, James, Cave Johnson, J W Jones ,'tl Keim, Kennedy, King, Lane, Lewis, Linn, Littlefleld, 'h Lowell, A. McClellan, R M.-Clellan, MrKav, Mc- sa Kennan, McKcon, Mullory, Marchand, A. Marshall, 8 in Ma?on, J. T. Mason, Matbiot, Mathews. Mattocks, ,,f Msxwell. Msynard, Medill, Meriwether, Miller,Mitchell. [ ( vtoore, Morgan, Morrow, Newhard, Oliver, Oihorn. , j,. O wsley, Purmenter, Partridge. Payne, Pearce, Pendleton ' Pickens, Powell, Ramsey; B Randall, A. Randall, Ranilolph, Read, Redlnir, Reynolds, Rhett, Ridaway. Higr>. ,f Rodney, Rogers, Roosevelt, W. Russell, J. M Russell t" 8altonstall, Saunders, Sewell, Shepperd, Shields, Slade, ha T. 8m'th, Snyder, Sprigg, Stanly, Steenrod, Stoke, or ly, Stratton, Alexander H. H. Stuart, J. T. Stewart, qu Sumter, Sweeney, Taliaferro, John B. Thompson, ^0 Richard W. Thompson, Jacob Thompson, Toland, Tom- ... Iinson, Tiiplett, Tro'ti, Trnmbtill, Turney, Underwood, VanBuren, Wallace, Ward, Warren, Washing!-n, Wei- ! ler, Westbrook, Edward D. White, Joseph L. White, Christopher H Williams. Joseph L Williams, Wood. ri" Vorke, Augustus Young, John Young?193. be \?rs.? Messrs. II irton, Borde i. Bnwne, G. W. Cald a well, Cowen. Cmhing, Foster, P. G. Qjode, Hulsted, Hud mi on. Irwin, W. C.Johnson, I. D Jones, Morris, Rencher. re( Tillinghast, T. W. Williams, Winthrap ?IS. >Tr Buknkll moved a reconsideration of th' ca vote, because he wanted to say that he condemned do the conduct of those who would do nothing for the 'hi country flu J. Imokrroll then rose and renewed the he motion to reconsider. All the members crowded na up to hear him, and i He House whs as still as death, nn Mr C. J Imiersow, raid?This measure. Mr. of S|*?nker, relating to the Exchequer, originated with pr< the President; whereas the only legitimate origin of any measure to regulate tl?e great monetary power th< of these United StHtes is this House of Ifepresenta'ives. (Here Mr. Underwood, a (/lay whig, from go Kentucky, and a man of great talent, criecf out. jm ^ Good, that's good doctrine.") Ann I want to nr see this doctrine held and sustained by all parties. f,i and it will tend more than anything else to the paci- co ficatmn and harmony of all parties on this great tat question, and to bring about some good measun it lor regulating the currency. Still, Mr Speaker, 1 fo| feel a deep debt of gratitude towards the President hit for what he has done; and ! think the country is not in sufficiently awake to the importance of the debt it in) owes Mr. Tyler. It has been said that lieisa Pre. ?r? sident without a party; and 1 am not certain that it At is absolutely necesfl.ry to have a large party tonus- |irt tain him. Hut at any rate, pirty or no party, h? si lias taught the people that there is a virtue in the wi Constitution of which they were not hitherto aware ca That all the duties of the Government?executive? hit legislative?judicial?may be carried on by a gen (I0( tlemnn not prepared by the people for the first office; tVN i'.d vet in this new and difficult aspect, every Tf thing works well On the liapi>ening of this new yo coti iogency, which now occurs for the first tune in Ai the history of ourcountry, we are satisfied that then in can he no check to our excellent institutions?that of ill will go on as before, and work with harmony > ind 1 wish the country fully to understand end np \V nreciate this, as showing that at all times, undei such oircumstances, the regular and constiuitiona unctions of the Government will he properly per yo ormed This fact is a striking snd most satisfactory >t leinonstration of tfie truth of what Mr. Jeffersoii no ai t, that this is the strongest Government ill tie r> vorid. The practical demonstration of all this con ,In Mtii es a deep and lusting debt ol gratitude wliicl .e| ve i we to the President. Hut although all my r> o tiions and intercourse with that g-nilem m hav< it been ol a kind and moat respeetlul character, yet i iro % 1 j* * strong reason tor opi^s'itim on mv part that this (cliequrr is recommended by the President at all tia House is not so generally familiar as it ought he with the act of 1798 1 have studied that act ??t thoroughly. And I almost think that that ornic act, coeval with the days of Hamilton, ol ashington, of KIN worth? Cushino?Of Madison? Ingkkoou.?01 Madison, and all the great IramerF the Constitution, who came into Congress under t Constitution?that that act contains the gem and sis of all we want; and that by our departing from nrincioles of rhnr not haa naltooH all nnr ttraoonl Acuities; and that only by returning to those prin >!es shall we recover out lost ground. I am by no 'utis committed to the Sub-Treasury scheme. 1 ited for it, and sha'l vote for it again; hut I am not dded to it And I still say that the Independent eaanry ought never to have been made an Exe ive or a party question at all. This was wrong ? the principle in it is right, it is sufficient for us to i for the principle without allowing it to be made i Executive or party measure. The act 6f '89 gives the basis of ail we want, and if we were to go ck to it, we should find it infinitely better for all e purt>oees of trade and commerce than a United ates Hank Subsequently to this act,a passage in a essxge ?l the Preside! t was supposed to recom rid he sabli-hmino a National Rank and hence e first United States Bank was started, and this r a Inns time became the depository of govern enf funds, and the great regulator of the currency id exchanges; and this continued increasing m wer until we saw. in the time of the late United ates R'nk. that it became the despot for party purges Then, sir. came the State hanks, which 1 Imit were started by our party. (Laughter from e whigs, and cries of " That's candid.") These ere set up with a view to counteract the banking the National Bank; and this struggle went on, nning through the suspension ol specie payments England, until this country was literally and nlv almost banked to destruction. Now, sir, we e fast recovering from that. Let us take warning i the past?and look well what we do for the fure The President recommends n treasury bank id I. for one, do not feel nil the holy horrors that hers profess to feel at such an institution?hu' a *a.-ury bank, such as he recommends, with large per issues, not all based on specie, t nd to have a nnvi'p r nf ia<rii| 11 f i nrr thp pypIi it nffpu is fh*? mnai rmidable nnd most fearful of all the powers that in he imagined. You, Mr. Speaker, well remem r an eloquent speech m ule on this floor in favor the United States Ikink, (and of which then ere 100,(KM) copies printed and distributed,) where e argument turned entirely on the power of the ighty exchanges of that institution. Fir, theseexlanges are the main stimulus, the most dangerous mentation of that inordinate, extravagant spirit speculation, which has been the curse of the mntry. And, sir, no government, with my vote, all have the power to issue paper "promises to y" that is n't dollarfor dollar based on specie. Yet, tm not bigoted; I am willing'to look atthe measure commended by the gentleman from Massachusetts, lushing) and to give it all due consideration, and adopt any portion of it that I believe to be bene ial to the country. But I cannot yield to this easure, which has been pressed, and no uadult cssed upon us by the President! From all that 1 n see, hear, read, and learn, the President seems have made the passage of this Exchequer a strong id favorite object. Sir, with all the respect and atitnde that I feel for that distinguished man, that ct, sir, would be an additional reason for nie to >te against it. But to return to the act of '89, sir; e gent'emen aware that that act not only creates i Independent Treasury, but an Independent Serreru of the Treasury 1?one who is not obligated to ake his reports to the President, but must report this House. And this Mouse can at all times, by solution, call that Secretary to_ the bar of the oiise?not being under the necessity of writing to m for any information it may want, and receiving ritten answers; but the House has the power ol icing that Secretarv of the Treasury there atthe r, and then and there to question him to the llest extent as to the state of the finances, the pub. treasury, and every matter within the scope of his ities. A peculiar power, this, nnd showing what as the de-ign of the wise and prudent framers of at act. That act of '89 has not been altered ace?it still s.ands in the Statute Bock, and there will stand until something better shall take its ace. Now what is this measure of the President, Itich has been twice recommended in his message, id about which there has been "somuch comnto>n" (laughter) and a long debate, and a speech. >out which so much has been said,and which I shall ive something to say about, from|a gentleman who not o"ly very distinguished by his proper name, it who has been sometimes called Titan, and metimes Tiger, and Hercules, nnd Demi-God, id sometimes Vesuvius, and Mont Blanc, and a ucible, and a lion, and sometimes Samson?and 1 sorts of things 1 (Roars oflaughter ) As to hiing called G?d-like, that's nothing, sir. For the rperbolical exaggerations in this House, throw 'erv thing else ssid of him out of this House, far tollies-hade. Now, that gentleman, in his celeated speech at Boston, which was so widely cirilated, and which has created so great a sensain far and wide, says, that if there is anyone subct which he does thoroughly understand, it is that currency and finance. Now, sir, I say he knows ry little or nothing about it. (Great laughter.) t least, sir, w th all due deference to that gentlean, I can only say, that if he understands it. 1 in't. (Hoars of laughter^ He says, tm, sir, in at speech, that he's a buljionist. I deny it! ..augliter ) He's no bullionM at all, sir No an can be a bullionist, who will give to the Presi nt the power to is-ue paper money as he proposes no. iNow, nr. lie may t>e Mont blanc, he may Vesuvius, he may be a tiger, a Titan, a Samson, whatever else you please, but I deny that he's a llionist, if he would give to the President that vast wer of regulating the mighty exchanges cf this untry. Now, at, instead of his views being the initiations of a master mind, as they have been lied, I pronounce them crudities and puerilities, (Laughter.) No man who had thoroughly idied the subject, would thus express himself, units he was determined to carry his project over en's minds and through men's minds, by |he mere rce of his ipic dixit. Sir, he says that he will pledge a reputation that this measure, if tried,would relieve e coun'ry. Yes, sir, it would relieve the country, ecisely as it would relieve him, or as it would re ve me, if either of us were sick, to go and gel ly well drunk, as it is;terined ?(Laughter) muny 'nilemen here know well what I mean; and the irmus effect it would have?(Hen* the members ere convulsed with laughter, particularly Briges, e President ol the Temperance Society.) No >ubt, sir, we should feel unconimonly happy and mfortable for a little while; hut, then, asour friend e President of the Temjwrance Society would V, we should have to get up next morning with h osi shocking headache, and with nil the rem rsi a disordered-tomach. (If oars of laughter) Sir, >elif ve that the c >uutry is, to a great extent iniced to believe that Congress can relieve the ople, if it will And I, for one, will give all due cention to every measure proposed on this subject; id if my vote can give relief, the country shall iveit. Sir, without any reference to party views feelings, or any connection with any miserable estion of president making, I am disposed to iubt the propriety of passing any new meusure just present. I know that nothing but the terrible nulaiinn the country has undergone could ever ve caused it to make up to the subject of the curncyasit has done. But, sir, I think it will he iter- much belter?if we can keep the doctors ofl little while longer?wh'lst the patient is recoverr?for he is getting bettpr?and ihe country will cover better, and sooner than by any nostrnms of y kind thatweean administer. Because, sir, we n do nothing that is not future, contingent, and ubtfiil. I denv. sir. that n nalsv has overtaken r country, an has been stated I know thut the inence ol the banking power in this country has en immense and disastrous ; and that influe nce s struck in every direction. But still, sir, it has t palsied the country. Look nt our immense crops wheat, of cotton, of com, ot almost every kind ol idure. A Member?Yes, but what price can you get for rn I Fimokrsoli/?I am asked how pricesareto lie made od attain 1 Can we do it by any Treasury hocut cut f Let us be honest and many, and say so. Let look to Mother Earth and her eldest daughter, ibor. They arc doing the work of relieving the untry, and will continue to do if. Let the Secre y of State, instead of spending his great mind?if be n great mind?and I admit it is a great mind r making speeches?let him, instead of spending i great mind about matters with which he lias noth3 to do, and ol which he knows but little or noth let him spend his great mind in his legitimate ivince?extending the commerce of the country, present the commerce ol all our Atlantic cities is isfra'ed. and the men are standing idle in the eets and wharves. He could make arrangements th many nartsof Europe, Asia, and South Ameri, by which our commerce could be increased dou and even treble Where w- now export #60,1,000, in a year or two we might export #160,000,), in cotton, wheat, tobacco, rice, every thinglore's a legitimate plan for raising prices: put ur Exchequer thus in Germany, in Asia, in South rierica?put your Exchequer there,and make them your favor, and you will neither have to complain the prices or hard imea. And then let Mr Tyler the candidate for the next presidency, or Mr blister the candidate? Wish?Oh, that won't do. IxmtRsot.L?It will make hut little difference to ' r prices. And in two years, if all the energies the country he expended on these great constitu nal objects of this Government, that is the in use ol Ciunmerc , weshall have no more trenhh out prices and c irrency. And then,instead of ex lding all our laculties in vain?instead of tryine get hi tlie hi ail through the toe- ? we shall stnk> one right at the heart of the whole thing?am m the extremities to the centre every pulsation > ? J ' wi!l;bent with opulence, contentment, hard money, and with all that a nation eun enjoy. I hear, sir, That the Secretary of State is ahant to leave us i hut then wf hear all sortsof things now a (lava, and such Grange things all the time, that we scarcely know what to oelievc. I hear that he is soon to leave us on a sort ol collateral mission to Lord Ashburt'n's. lie it so, sir: 1 shall vote the appropriation, sir, with ^ great deal of pleasure. Wise?So get rid of him. A Locoroco?Send some other man. Inokrsoi.l?No, not to get rid of him ; but I think him eminently qualified for the importance of the errand. Great Britain, sir, is desirous of receiving all our productioas upon the true principles ol reciprocity, and the subject is one of vast moment to us. She will take our wheat?our cotton, rice, tobacco, corn. Wise?Yellow corn?that's in my line. A Member?You're great on yellow corn.? (Laughter ) Tnoersoi.i..?Let this be accomplished, and if will he worth all the speeches ever made in FanuillTall or any where else on that or any other subject. And here, in my place, I take the opportunity ex cathedra m ten mmio turn nis attention in tne subject. m this House, sir, it is difficult to tell how to vote?the subjects now-n-dave Ret so mingled and mixed up, , and changed and altered that it's almost impossible to tell how a vote will atlect n question. (Laughter and cries of "That's true ") Therefore, 1 shall vote as well as! can My views long ago were that a TT. S. Bank was an obsolete idea. The Secretary think?so now. Put 4 or 5years nao he thought and said that a IT. S. Bank note was better than cold or silver So we've gained something by having some ideas ohsoleted. The IT. S. Bank, then, is gone ? ' nm not wedded to the Sub-Treasury. But Twill 'five mv cordial support to any good measure of relief. But I cannot vote to give the Government the exchange power?T cannot vote to allow them to isJ,te paper money. But anything that is really beneficial without injury shall have mv silent vote I wish, not with a view of President making, that matters might remain as thpy are a little while lon r *r; for this country is recovering fast. And if the President will only apply the g?af talent" of his Cabinet in the legi'imate ohjec's T have named, it will immensely increase our wealth, energies, and resources, nnd places us on a prou 'er and better footing than we ever possessed I have been ob'iged to he n little desultory, sir. in these remarks. For the fact is. that nq man knows what the subject is go:nffto he in this House one minute from the other? there is nothing certain here hut uncertainty?and therefore, unless he gets all the speeches teadv that he is going to speak during the session, why his speech must he made up of odds and ends and a little of every thine. (Laughter and ncry of "True, every word of it.") Do gentlemen know that the late war was carried on altogether by paper money as well asthe revolutiontry war. In the three years of the late war there were issued .?120,000,000 of Treasury notes and loans by acts of Congress. In the seven ve?rs of th" revolutionary war there were issued S360 000.000 of paper money. And in the same proportion ihat three is to seven,"compared with the above amounts,there was the pnper issued. And it is from this that we shall entirely recover; but I believe we are in a fair wav for it, and fast getting health and strength. And T will never give mv vote to bring back a state of things that was a stain upon the records of the nation?a great canker in the heart of the country. Mr. Jonks, (of Md.,) then said he voted with the guard, bejaose if "-as the duty of Congress to provide *<wir plan of currency. Mr. \Vi*f said, for the first time this session I felt hunerv, and went below to get a scrap. (Laughter ) Had I been here I would have voted for the proposition of the gentleman from New Hampshire, and not on the resolution of the Committee. Therefore I hope 1 shan't he charged with dodging yt- n...... ??:,i ?i.?..i.i i .-j r? .? i*11 m *;rr. nam uc nuuuiu imivvt VUICU iur IK1C fCPdluti"n end against the amendment. Mr. Everfit moved to lay the motion to reconsider on the table. This prevailed, and the House adjourned. So the Exchequer is disposed of in the Hou--e. Next comesCushine'sproject. The Sknatk took up the Bill to prevent the employment of private expresses on mail routes, a copy of wh'ch f sent you. Merrick defended it. Henderson said it was unconstitutional Tt was postponed. Mr. Etnn spoke again on the Oregon Bill, and the Senate adjourned till Monday. It seems to he generally believed here, that Congress will adjourn, I'tiving everything as they found it. It is also believed, Mr. Webster will retire soon after the 4h of March. Hon. Dan. Jackson has gone to Virginia on a political tour, to trio up the heels of Noah ! W. H. A. From Campeachy.?The schr. Apalachicola, Captain Place, arrived yesterday from Lerma, six miles distant from Campeachy, having sailed thence on the 5th inst. Up to the last advices, the siege progressed as previously announced?more or less firing daily, with little execution. The Mexicans expected a reinforcement o I 2000 men. under the command of Santa Anna in person, which they anticipated would at once settle the qnesi ion in his favor. It is estimated that the Mexicans have lost, since the landing of this expedition, from all crush', killed. sickness, desertion, Jcc , over one thousand seven hundred men. It is asserted that the English officers and crews of the steam vessels are anxious fpr instant active operations, but that the Mexican commander is determined to wait the arrival of reinforcements from Vera Cruz 7 he briar Win Crawford, hence from Campeachy, was captured off the port, and sent to Lacuna for trial. The reason of her cupturc was the intention to violate the blockade. The British hark Cunningham had arrived at Campeachy with supplies from Vera Cruz, and had gore to Lacuna to load with logwood. Com. Ribeaud, of the Mexican service, and Don Anezan, of Vera Crnz, came passengers in the Apalachicola.?JV O Com. Bit/., Jan 18. Latest fro at Rio nx Janeiro.?The hrig Su?an, Laud emu n, at this port yesterday, Railed from Rio on the 11th December. The editors of the American are indebted to a mercantile friend for the annexed letter Rio ok Janeiro, December 13 1842. Since th- 8-h instant the arrivals of fl >ur have reached 10.350 bbls. Our flour market rem ins quiet, bakers havinx provided for their immediate ware.*, and knowinx that large quantities are on the way, are verv indifl'erent about purchasing Silea for con iimplion are limited to ?ome hundred hhl*. Richmond, which r tailed at 1711500, creti f, while the William Price's cargo ha* heen taken for export at a prir.e equal to 14||850 credit. on shore It is generally thought that prices will give way, bs the stock is in several hands and will continne toaccu , .ii.i.?*jo .i . ?~r a peculator*. The slock is estimated at 27,000 bbls. of which about 10,000 Richmond, snd 1,500 i Philadelphia are in first hands. We quote the prices of coffee as follows: superior 3||800 a3l|800 ; good 3||3fl0a8||550 ; ordinary 3||000a3||250. The last dales from Pernanihuco are to the 28th ult. Flour w?s dull of sale, and the last transaction was200bhls Philadelphia al 17||000. There remained on sale 1200 bbls. American, held at 18al9|| per bbl by retail. FromBahia, we learn underdate of 30th nlfo that flour was selling bv retail, Baltimore, at 19|| and Richmond at 22||500. By the brig "Susan'" which sails from this port tomorrow, I hereby inform you that the U. S. shi|* "Delaware," "Columbia,'' and "Decatur" are at Montevideo, ih?- latter expected at this port daily.? The "Concord," which sntled from this port on the 2nd July lapt for the Eastern coast of A frioa, has been looked iorthe last month. The sloop "John Adams" is b!so on the coast of Africa, and is expected here by the 1st of February. The schooner "Enterprise" is now on a cruise. The Delaware and Columbia are expected byth" middle of January. This harbor is at present without an American man-of war ?Bait. American, Dec 28. LATEST SOUTHERN! SHIP NEWS. rutLAPKLPHi*. Jvi ?r? Arr El'intr, Baker. Boaton: Two Brot err May, Sin* Sing; Elite, Scout, New York. Ctrt Wm IVnn. A'kirn, Bntlnn. I Btl.TiMiinv. ,1*1. <!7?Ar' 'nun LmHerman. Rio He Janeiro; Argo, R.rH, Rio Oran-ir; Flom, McN'ear, NO-leans; Msr'hs, Hor?e? Rorioe; Te n T liirn, Clark. NYork; Emma, Johnion, Ho. CM Eleanor, Hnhba, Charlenton; MparUn, Btubba, Franktort, Me, __ Ai.n?snni?, DC. Jm 77?SIH Victory, NYork. Hichmoso. Jin *>? Slit I,?nrhbiirg, NYork. NoaroLX, Jin??The Albnno. Bnaion, from NOrleara for RiehmonH. pirneit up Jami? Rivrr yrntrrday. 2Jth?Tha Allien. lorHott. rdatn. went to ye* ihi?M*>'ning. A brig nuponneH the Junes Gray, from Neweaatle, Eng. baa gone np Jamea Riper, . ? - , I lUrnilTIW. Mn??.B'inic??I, null, Ryder Ronton; iVrraaw, Hnrdiek. Attakanan. In the offing, Tnetia, (Rr) from Liverpool. CM Ltiraa, Kldrtdge. Antwerp; Hnolhimrt Merb. at, New York; Anion, Bark man, do; Granite, (lo.lg.fen. Wrr; Indie" SavannaH, Jd" U?A.r I moIiii, Harding, Porttmoulh. CId Henry Chaa-, Htrrlm .11, NYorh. Monti r.. J?n 19 -ArrLetl'Ii Heyer. Relfaat, leland. Ngw OftLKim. J?n 17- An Colnmbna Boaton; F.bro, Perrv, Galvraten; Sin.y, Mvrfck Baltimore; Empreaatio. Cellini, Havana; Hern, Saliare, do; John McRae. Gilford, Att'k |m; Orator, Pavia. Mobile; Bntan Lndwig, 1I0: Mercli'lit, Walter, \Vnrk; Ar.tiieM-oIi, Pine, Lerma; ( aaaiua, PrWtley, St (ago de Tuba; Van Btiren, B iheoek, sr Mark". CId Alabama, Rtinker, NYork; Tamer*. Whitney,Havre; Diana, Freeman, Liverpool; Bridgrtown, Betty, do; Adeline h If. I it. a, 11 ' plain?, Baltimore; Snltalia, Buretlla, Genoa; Ada, Major, St Pierre, VI art. B|inhen. La Grant*. Porter, from New York for Savannah, Jan 23, Cir ?e H t'l- ra? SSK VO mile". I Klilih. tli II*11. fr ni BaUimo-e f. r Rio de Janeiro, Dee M, in in lea from Rio. O' ..rve f om Rio do Janeiro for Baltimore, Dec 13. at IJ10 8, Ion 31 W. Ki?rel|fi> Porta. Rio nr Jtainn, Dee |i?In port. Tharlea Carroll. Lee, >om N. w York,line; Bombay, Gav, no do; Fnnklin. K nne'v, from B non, do; Maripo* . Hai'e, from NYmk via Capo 1e Verd?! Inc" Tonk'in. from Baltimore, line; Leila. Phillip", 10m do. for NYork, t div't Ad vno, Tronh. r. in Hi hmond, lie; Wm Priee. R ile-rfa, from Riliiinore. di"ir; Zot (I (man, M 1.1 llirlitn ltd, for N V > It 1 iliya S'd Mem* in, On well, for Vf'n 011; !? , Krie, (I mby, fordo; fith, Go rye GatdtieV, '.lenoti for Baltimore j t; b, Scren , VvI ,r., for .In Hio GnanDv, Nov grt, Bin. k Hawk. Rohinaon, from v V01 k, inn;; John i., M.iaoO, for 8. 1 allutinea and Naw Ifork, aoou

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