Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 19, 1843, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 19, 1843 Page 1
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TH Vol. IX.?No. 80.?Wbole No. 3903. To the Public. THE NEW YORK HERALD?daily newspaper?published every day of ths yew except New Year's day and Fourth of July. Price 3 eenta per copy?or f7 3d per annum? postages paid?caeh in adranoe. THE WEEKLY HERALD?published every Saturday morning?price 6J cents per copy, or M 13 per annumpostages paid?cash in advance. ADVERTISERS we informed wat-ina circulation of the Herald U over THIRTY THOUSAND, end increasing est. It hoe the largest circulation / any foyer in f Kit city, or the world, and it therefore, the beet channel for bueineee mm in the eity or country. Price* moderate?oath in advance. PRINTING of all kind*, executed at the moet moderate price*, and in the mort elegant ityle. JAMES GORDON BENNETT, Paoraitroa e? thi Hcxald Establishment, Northwest corner of Fulton and Naaeau atraeta. BOOKS FOR THE PEOPLE rpHE following Publication* are for *al* at the HERALD 1- OFFICE, North West corner ol Fulton and Naaeau ?u? where all the Cheap Publication* of the day can be had a* toon a* iaaued, at the PUBLISHING PRICES. KOSINA MEADOWS,THE VILLAGE MAID ?OR TEMPTATION UNVEILED, a Storv of City Scene* and Every Day Lite? bv VV. B. Eneliah. Jiut published, 12K THE BIBLE IN 8PAIN-By Geo. Barrow. price . tin SO THE BOOK OF THE NAVY, comprising a ecueral Hutory of the American Marine?to he embellished with a number ol Engravings. No. 1 now ready, at rte low pre* of 13 eta. ALLISON'S SPLENDID HISTORY 01'EUROPE, ia > Number*. The I, II, III end IV Noe are now ready, each 33 eta. COOLEY'S AMERICAN IN EGYPT, to be completed in C Noa. No. 3 now ready 33 BRANDK'S ENCYCLOPEDIA, Noe' 3 and 3, 33 URE'S DICTIONARY of die Arti, Seiencee, 8rc, to be completed in 3 monthly iiumocre. Price $1 each. No. 3 now ready. GEORGE ST GEORGE JULIAN, The Prince ?No* I, 8. S and ?, 25 THIERS'* HISTORY OF THE FRENCH REVOLUTION, No 11 now ready, 35 THE HISTORY OF THE REFORMATION in Germany, Ac, in Che Sixteenth Centurv, by J 11 Merle D'Aubigne, No 1 and 8 now ready, 1} MASTER MAN READ*?by Marryat. Jmt published, *1,12* YOUNG ISL^NDERS-by J. Taylor. 75 THE FARMER'S ENCYCLOPAEDIA. and Dictionary of Rnral Affair*?By C w Johnaoti, 25 SPARKS' LIFE OF WASHINGTON, (nunben, each 85 JACK HINTON, JIM. 50 fc fl 00 HANDY ANDY. 50. SI ?c *1 85 SECTOR O'HALLORAN, No. 8, 13* UMPHREY CLINKER?By Smollett. Complcte in one number, 85 TOM JONES, or the Hiatory of a Foundling? complete, hv Fielding, JO JOSEPH ANDREWS, by, Fielding, complete in one number, 85 L. S. D.?Or, Acconuta of Irish Heirs, by 8 Lover, No 1 and 8 now ready, tM. NOVELIST'S"LIBRARY. This Library will be completed in ten weekly cumben. VIVIAN GREY?by D'laraeli?complete in one volume, 35 VENETJA?byD'Iameli?complete in one volume, ROMANCE AND REALITY?by LEI mpletr in one volume, 85 THE YOUNG DUKE?byD'Uraeli?w thaportrait of the author, 85 FRANCESCA CARRARA-by L E Laudon, 85 HENRIETTA TEMPLE?by Dleraeli?complete in one volume 85 PETER SIMPLE, by Marryat, complete in one number, 85 CONTARiNI FLEMING?by D'I8RAELI-complete in one number. 85 MONTHLY MAGAZINES. GODEY^ LADY'S BOOK, for March, 85 GRAHAM'S MAGAZINE, " 85 LADY'S COMPANION. 85 THE ARTIST. 85 SARGENT'S MAGAZINE, Feb nnmber, jut published, 85 MISS LESLIE'S MAGAZINE, February nnmber. jutt published. 15 THK I.Anvs WORLD OF FASHION, for March, IS WAVERLYNOVELS. IVANHOE?by SirWalwr Scott?complete in one umber. 36 GUY MANNER1NG?by Sir alter 8 otter mulct* in one number, 13 THE ANTIQUARY?by Sir Walter Scott? complete in one number, 33 HOB ROY?by Sir Walter Scott?complete in one number. _ 331 OLD MORTALITY?by Sir Walter Scott? complete in one number, 33 HEART OK MH) LOTHIAN?by Scott?complete in one number, 33 BRIDE OF LAMMEKMOOK?by Scott?complete in one unmber, 33 KENILWORTH?by Sir Walter Scott?complete in one number, 33 WAVEKLY?by Sir Walter Scott?complete in on* number, 33 THE MONASTERY?by Walter Scott?complete in one nnmber, 33 THE ABBOT?by Walter Scott?complete in one number H THE LEGEND OF MONTROSE, by Walter Scot i, complete ia ona nnmber, 33 THE PIRATE?by Walter Scott?complete mono comber. 33 LIBRARY OF SELECT NOVELS. Beantifnl Uniform Edition of Bulwer1* Novell. Twenty-It ire Genu each.: FELHAM. DISOWNED. devereaux. paul Clifford eugene aham.* I * -IT l\ a VU r?t' DAUBUVf Ln <i uni n ur lumi c.u. TK C CZARINA. HIKNZI. The La?t of the Tnbunee. Sfc'.K DEVOTION, or Katharine Randolph. NABOB AT HOME, or the He lam to England. ERNEST MALTRAVERH. ALl' E: or. The Mvsteriei: Seqnel to Mahrarera. THE LAST OF THE BARONS, J? It will alao be publiihed lhi> mernieg at l'H COOPER'S-N 0 V ELS. RED ROVER, in two number*, price M CHARLES DICKE~NS' (BOZ) WORKS. All the woika of the above wnter will be pabliaked in regnlai total ion. NOTES ON AMERICA, for general eirenlation, MM NICHOLAS NICKLEBY? Poetace W ecnu under, and IIW cent* orer 104 milet, M OLIVER TtV 1ST?Postage U eenta under, and llR eenu over IM aiilrt, t) riCKWICK PAPERS?Complete in one nam THe'T URI08ITY SHOP, complete in one nam- " ber, M PUBLISHED IN~QUARTO FORM. LIGHTS ANLI SHADOWS OF FACTORY LIFE IN NEW KNOLAND?By a Factory tlirl. It iea beautiful picture of factory life. FRANCO* OF VALOIS, or the CURSE OF 8 ' VALLIAR, by If. Flacg?a tale of the Middle Akpi. Just published at th? low prieo THF.?LUeE AND EXPLOITS OF THE DUKE OF w ELLINGTON, including a complete Hietory of toe PcnineuLan Wan, illiutrated with FoaTV-THBKC handeonie Kngrlving*. I'nbliehrU at the low 'price of 13 crnta, stngle eopita; f li i>er hundred to ncwemen. SIANCA CAPrELLO-an Hiatotical Romance by LaDT LrTToir But.waa. Single eopiee llV ria lli Dpr hundred to newsmen. IBENTLVvS "MISCELLANY, (a lion.) just twnmd, M the low prieo of IIK BLAcVwotfo's^AGAEINE-e republication No. I HX PAULINIt?a Tale of Normandv. bp Aleiendr* DoTHE*?JEIOH0ORS?From tha Manr ft leett, UX t'IIP.Ml3TBY? applied to Aiii.iltanaad Pbywoln. bv Li'lxii M THE WESTERN CAPTWE-Or the Timaa of 'j* rf Y?IVlRd*H 1 LETTERS OP MARY QUEEN OF SCOTS? b? Auurt Strickland. 33 MEVO.HB^OF THE QUEENS OE FRANCE THY? NAUflllSi-a collection of Boo Tale*- * A?<> *o account of the HO MEED' MUTINY. IS* CHl.'ZZLEWIT. he Dtehene S TOM hUKKE (\F OURS. J L 8 D or Aeronet* of Irish Heira >AII for ABVENTUREH OE'ARTHUR O'LEARY, ( A dtftCu?iu ?n all the tbore to *f?nu Hob^nption fw ill t>*? ibitf Mifiiluii w ill bt received at thjR oltre, and pwcHMllf allepded le. itirr CHAPMAN'S MAOIC STROP. UTt THE UNDERSIGNED. Imnoifein and Wholesale YY Dealer*, haiin* need and aold L. Lhapinan a Metallic Rnur Strop, do freely ireommend it aa being aupenor to anything which n<u hitherto roma aader onr notice of a similar Detor* aliened? _ _ ? A Ik 8 WilUta, importer* of hardware, No >13 Pearl it. A w Bore, k Co, do do *11 do Willi* ft Brother*, do do 31} do Oakley k Loi.mM, do do *3 do She men k Pheli*. do do 3} and V Booth William. Rallied I Brother*, do do M Pearl at. Rislam, Rrrre k donee, do 333 do k Vr**er. importers of E*ooy flood*. 131 Pwul *t. Post* la Main, importer of drags, 44 Cedar at. Field, I homtwon k Co. importer* of Dry Good*. M Cedar at. Fellows, Vaa Arsdale k Cooper. Watches, II Maiden Lena. Dolt Co.. importer* of Bsatianary. 343 Pearl at. Win K (Jon I ding, Sura leal lusuamcat manufacturer, S1X Chatham at. For Sale it 303 William street* To be had by th. dose* ai the mannfactarer'a price* of the shore funis. and at retail, at the principal fancy storea ihronghont I be v- Made ! .01 WiJIiam atirrr. fj |n,-m IMPORTANT TO OLD COUNTRYMEN.?MESSRS. ' HAKNDCN It CO will drew at their E* press and Foreign Leuar Office, No 3 Wall street, small bilk of eiehaage from ?3 ui XlO'.insnma to tail, payable at eight, lot the accommodation ot peraoi.a wishing to remit to iheir Inenda ia Eoglaad, In land or Scotland. Tne letter l-ag* lor the Knyal Mail Steamer* for Lirrrpool arc alto made a, at their ndlce. Kot tin that informal tori apply to HARNDEN k CO., Aetin* m London?MACLEAN, MARRIS k Lie. riM.,.1? \V 11. M E H k SMITH ft tec TTNi UUIlENT MONEY of ell kinds pmchaeed at the *ery Id beatteiia*. Nawhnrypoit and Lumber-nun'* Hank Notaa knight and imil at J O. SYLVESTER'S, I ? t I lee 38 Wall *t and 131 Broadway. '.rvE NE" NEAfl NEW LINK OK LIVERPOOL PACKKTs. r" ?ilfroui New York on the 25th .null Liverpool on the lJth of each month. m g& M. iit N.wtnrShip OAKRICK, Ceprain Wm. Skiddy, ?lh February. flU:- UAUOllTCi 'n-r. ? " ?? ? ' ** * oiuv wuftiuo, i^api.nil janu nonius, zom mircn. Ship SIDDON8. Captain E. B. Cobb, 25lh April. Ship SHERIDAN, Captain F. A. Depeysier, IStfi May. From Livvnroei.. Ship 8IDDON9. Captain E. B. Cobb, 11th February. 8hip SHERIDAN, Captain F. A. Brptyitn, lSth March. Ship GARRICK, Captain Win. akiiluy, 1'Jih April. Ship IlOSClUS. Cajitain Joha Collins, litis May. These 1 hips are all ol the lint class, upwards ot lUf lens, built OLhe city of New York, with such improvements as combine Stent speed with unusual comfort for jwsseugers. Every care isa heeu taken in the arrangement of thyir accommodaiioijs The i>eice of passage hence is $100, for which ample stores will be provided. These ships are commanded by experienced masters, whe will inaltr evory exertion to cite general atisfiietiou Neither tlic captains or owners of the shii>s will be responsiole for ai y letters, i is reels or packages sent by them, unless regular h; Us of ladiug are signed therefor. For 1 rvicht or passutt, apply to E. K. COLLINS A CO., 56 South St., New York, or to WM. It JAS. BROWN It CO., Liverpool. Letters by the packets will be charged UK cents per single sheet; 50 cents per ounce, anil newspaper* 1 cent each. f3 r OLD LINE LIVERPOOL PACKETS j&SL jjt Mk. MSmti HPHE ^WniTSlE of Fa3S!ffi?Liverpot^^^ffiereafVer be 1 despatched in the following order, exosipting that when the lay of srnlica falls on Sunday, the ships will sail on the tucceed>ng day. For New York. For Liverpool. The SOUTH AMERICA, (June 1 July II 616 tuna. Oc; ] Nov II 1 D.U.Bailey, I Feb 1 Mar 11 a The ENULAND, rose 10 Aug 7 750 tons. 'Oct II Dec 7 ' B. L.Waito. {'Feb II April 7 I The OXFORD, I July I Aug II 101 tons. Not I Dec II J. Halhbone, i March l April II The EUROPE, i! July is 7 610 tons, .Not 19 Jnn 7 E. O. Marshall I Mar 19 May 7 The NORTH AMERICA, i! Aug I 19 611 tons. Dec 1 Jan 19 A. B. Lowher.l Arm I May 19 The NEW YORK, ?An(; :9 Oct 7 900 tons. ' Dec It Feb 7 T. B. Cropper.i' April 19 June 7 The CAMBRIDGE, [Sep. I Oct t7 850 tous, J an I Fee 17 W. C Boratnw. May 1 June 19 l"he COLUMBUS, fSep' 19 Nov 9 TOO tons, .Jau 19 Mai 9 G.A.Cole. fMs, 19 Ju|y 7 Punctuality, as regards the day of sailing, trill be observed as heretofore. The price of passage outward is now fixed at One Hundted Dollars, far which ample stores ofoverv description will he provided, v.ith the exception ol wines and li-pron, which will be famished hy the steward'. GOODHUE A CO., 61 South St., C. H. MARSHALL, 98 Burling-slip, N. Y ie81 Ivh D ARING BROTHERS A CO.. Ls|h>oI. FOR NEW ORLEANS. LOUISIANA AND NEW YORK LINE OF PACKETS ^ ifi: J& jyBb BESL jmOIL J3t?i& ?? ? Foi the better accommodation of niuppc:*, it is intended (o despatch a ship from this oort on the 1st, 3th. 10th, 15th, 20th, and 15th ol each mouth, com > encing the 10th October anil continuing mini May, when regular days will be appoiuted for the remainder of the year, whereby great delays aud disapiMiintmenia will be i revemed daring the summer uton'hs. The following hips will commence tins arrangement : Mup VAZOO. Captain Cornell. Ship OCONEE, Captaiu Jackson. Ship MISSISSIPPI, Captaiu Hilliarn. Ship LOUISVILLE, Captain Hunt. Slop SHAKSPEARE, Captain Minn Ship GASTON, Captain Latham. Ship HUNTSVTLLE. Captain Mumford. Ship OCMULOEE, Captain Leavitt. Ship NASHVILLE, Captain Dickinson. Ship MEMPHIS, Captain Knight. Ship LOUISA, Captaiu Mulford. Theae ahipa were all built to the city of New Ypik, express for packets, are of light draft of water, hare recently been i'wIj" coppered and put in splendid order^with accommodations lor passengers unequalled for comfort. They are commanded by experienced masters, who will make every exerxien to give S-neral aalisfaction. TViey will at all dmea be towed up and own the Missisaippi by ateamboats. Neither the owucrs or captains of these ship* will be responsible for jewelry, bullion, precious stones, silver or plated ware, or for anv Utters, parcel or package, sent ty o rputbn board of tiem,nnleu regular biUs cf lading are taken for the aaine and the value theieon expreased. For freight or passage, apply E. K. COLLIN8 Ik COy 56 South ?t., or HULLIN AWOODRUKK, Agent in New Orleans, who will promptly forward all goods to their address. The snips of this line ire warranted to sail nunctnally as advertised, aud great eare will be taken to have the goods eorreetly measured. m4 TAmJOTT'S (it.NEK.AL PASSAGE OFFICE, 43 PECK BLir, NEW YORK. iMIs rffl; The subscribers beg to call the attrntiou of their friends aud the public generally, to their superior arrangements for bringing out passenger* Iroiu, and remitting money to, any nar- of e.nff Isnil lteland Scotland or Wales, in tne marrmfiri-nt packet ships, comprising the NEW LINK OF LIVERPOOL VACKKTS,* VIZ.:? Ship ROSClUS, Capt. CisUins. Ship SIDDONS.Capiain Cohb. Ship SHERIDAN, Captain Depsyster. Ship UARRICK, Captain Skidly. New shin HOTT1NOUER, Captain Bars ley. Ship SOUTHERNER, Capuin Woodhonse. Ship ROCHESTER. Captain Palmer. New ship LIVERPOOL. Captain Kldrrdge. Sailing twice every mouth; and with the " UNITED LINE," composed of superior first claaa American ship*, sailing every teu days, will make five ships in each month throughout the year, (or one every sii days) thereby preventing the possi bility of unnecessary deteuiien. Passages direct from London, Bristol and Greenock to New York. Also fiom Liverpool to New Orleans, Mobile, Sara" uah, Charleston. Philadelphia, Boston and Baltimore, and the vario s ports in British North America, can at all timee be engaged on liberal terms. Persons wishing to send for their friends, will not fail to see the advantages to be derived from selecting this line in preference to any other, and they may rest assured that unusnal care will be taken to make the passage agreeable, the shipe being fitted np with an eye solely to the comfort of passengers. In all cases where the parties sent for deeline coming, the money will be refunded without any deduction, as usual. A free passage irom the tartans seaport- of Ireland and Scotland, can il.-o be seenred. The regular packets for which the subseribsrs are agents, sail as follows, viiTo and from London on the 1st, 10th, and 20th of encla moniD. To and from Liverpool on the 1st. 7th, 13th, lgth, and tilh of each month. New Orleans, Mobile, Savannah, an i Charleston, wcek^* thronjttmut^the season. Persons in the conncry wishing to tend money to their friends by encloti.-g ihesnm they wish sent, with the name and ad' dreaa of the parties to receive it, m, y rely on a draft for the amount being forwarded per fir*t packet, after the receipt inereaf, and an acknowledgement for the same returned per mail. Drafts at tight, for any amount, are payable on demand, without discount or any o:h? r charge, at the National and Provincial Banks of Ireland and branches. Eastern Bank el Scotland, n i. ..j ,l.;. knn.1... m..._ i q..i, a., sr. B?altera, London, Exchange end Diicount Bank, Liverpool, aad in every principal town of Oreat Britain and Ireland. Further particnlara made known on application, if by letter, pact paid, to diy r W. It J. T. TAPSCOTT. *i Feck Blip, N. York. jifft JK arjy jsrajy jtgy jyjv undermentioned thin will be icgularly diapatehed from hence and Irom Marte i Ilea on the latofeaeh month during the year, ihna? From New York. Maraeillea. MINERVA. CaptBrown, N'?vl. Jan 1 H'RYTHOMPSON, Cap Sylvester, Dee 1. Feb 1 COURIER. Capt Dngan, Jan I. Marl TRE8COTT. Capt Laurence, Feb 1. Apl 1 HELLESPONT, Capt Adam*, Mar 1. May 1 COKIOLANUB, Cap Hailc, Apl I. Jan 1 They are ail conperea and copper fattened,aud have excellent accommodation tor passengersThe prioa of oabin passage will be $IM, axcluaive o ' wine* andlhiuora. Oooda addreaaed to BOYD ft MENCKEN, the a gent*, will be forwarded free of other hargea than theae actually paid. For freight or passage apply to O. BROOM ft CO.. or to oXir BOVD ft HINCKEN, Agent*. ?Spftlrto AftiiA^SKMENT FOR uwa.? JSl Ml M. OLD ESTABLISHED EMIGRANT PASSAGE OFFICE. No. ?1 SOUTH STREET, N. Y. PASSAGE to and from Great Britain and Ireland by the rel anlar line of packet!, aailing on tbe lat, 7th, llth, IPth and JSth of each month. The old Black Ball line of packets are aa follows:? Bhip NEW YOHK?.Captain Cropper, " CAMBRIDGE. Cantain Baratow, " COLUMBUS. CapUin Cole, " EUROPE, Captain Fnrber, " SOUTH AMERICA, Captain Bailer. " NORTH AMERICA. Captain Lowber, " E.NULAiNU, Wane, " OXKOHP, Captain Rathbone. Th? Commercial Line la comiioaert of lorty in parlor, fast sailfcig skips, all commanded by man of great experience. Firxt eltas ahipa will al-o be despatched Irom Liverpool to Boston, New Orlrana and Mobile, three limea par month; tn Belli mare, Charleston and Savannah, twice a month, to the different porta in Bntiali Noith America Weekly. 1 he snbacriber, in making known his arrangcmenu far the year ,IM3, bega to call the attention of thoae persona residing iu the United States and Canada, who wish to send lor their friend* to come Irom Caul and, Ireland, Scotland and Wales, that they ran always be accommodated by tne line nl packet ships sailing as abase: and in order to give more facility and quick despatch to the enufknat, tint class well-known American ships, comprising tha Commercial Line will, in aildinon to the pickets, be despatched by his Liverpool aitculs, every three or four days It? r "on, thereby avoiding any detention. Those ending for their friends may rest aaiurrd ihst every thing connreted with his business will be executed with hie nsnsl promptness. With these si range menu the subscriber hopes to command a preference fbr this line, and continuation of the pnblie patroiMge which hn been so liberally bestowed for MAJLIS?1 *' ??aee when parties decline coming 'a rsfsnded, as customary: a Iras passage can also .^ ScmlLdT,o,{?e^,f. tha different ports in Ireland . and pmfr?? With regard to hia arrange?ncnf? for the payment of hia drafts, they are saeh as to warrant every satisfaction and are paid at all the hanking hoases on demand, thronxhaut (Jrear Bntain and Ireland. Those nelsons therefore, throughout ihe United Bute, who wish to remit money te heir Iriend. residing in any pert of the United Kmadora, will please notice on the receipt of the amount here, with name sue address of the party to receive it, s dralt for the amount at - he rale af ti per nonud sterling, will be forwarded per steam ships or by liist packet ship, and a receipt or duplicate of tame returned thruugh the jaist office Foi further particularsapidv (if by letter post paid) to JOHN Month street or J k VV. IMIILNhOk, Oa.iee Pi.,^ and Neptune at. WaterhmDoak. Liverpool Ik Heotland?Messrs Daniel wnxhi k Co.. (Jlasgow. Ik Ireland?Dmnis Del UV, Esq.. Wuhlin; Messrs Joseph Allen k I o , Be I lost; Mr. Wm Cairns, Londonderry; A M?r. ay. Esq , Coik ___ d?3r' kt F.WVuU YPOK I Bask Notes * \nied tor short lime 13 Dralt* an FHOadsliihia and Boston, for sale at H.J it LVEBTEH'H, dltr u Wall at and 110 Broadway, "i ifi nifaii fT7 ' . s VV YO P YORK, SUNDAY MOB NEW JERSEY RAILROAlJ^AIfD TRANSPORTATION CO? i PA NY. NEW YORK AND NEWARK. Kaw reduced to 43 cent*. From ine loot of Cnartlnitdl street, New York (Kvery day?Sunday aiiarepted.) Leaves New Yoik Leave* Newark U i A. M. At l T. M At 7X A. M At IX F. M -'X dn, 4 40. 8 d? jJJ do. <X do 9 do 0 do. 7 do. II Id do ON SUNDAY*. dVom the loot ol C?>urtl <udt street, l.eave New York. Leave Newtuk. At 0 A. M. and 4>4 I' NL At IK P. iM. and 1# P. M. NJfiW YOHK, KLIZABFTH TOWN. Leave New Yo*-lr L**re Klimbcth Town. 9 A.M. 7 A.M. a P.M. e>, A.M. ax " iok A. M. <X P. M. IX vr. 1 p, v.. >X " The train* for Wealth-Id, flaiulield. Bouudbrook, Soineivilte Ao., connect with the 9 A M, 2 eua IX F M train* Iroin New York, daily, Sunday* excepted. Fare between New York and Llixabelh Town23 cent* Fare between do and Somerville, 7} cents. NFW YORK. UAH WAY AND NEW BRUNBWJO t are reduced, f rout the fool of 1 .iberty atraet, daily. Lcate Newt York. Leave New Brnuswier. At 5 A. IB. At JX A. M. % " 9 P. M. Ou Sunday* the 3X and 7X A.M. tripa from New Bruiixwoi and 2V P. M. train from New Y irk, are omitted. Fare between New Yo'k and New Braniwiek. *3 eenta. Rahway, 30 eenta The fare in the sh and 7X A. M. traiuf rom New Brunawick, and 2X and IX l*. M. train from New York, haa been r. dr.ced. New York and New Brunswick, to SO cents. " and Rahway to 37X " Paiaenaers who procure their tickets at the ticket otfice, re ceive a ferry ticket rratia. Tickets are received by the con doctor only on the day when purchased. fll 3in? MOltRIS AND ESSEX RAIL ROAD, New Arrangement?TIiim Sou having been re-laid kl great expense with the most approved and heaviest If rail, to secnre a sale a ad exp-dilious conveyance between Nrw York and Mori is town, will commence running two tiips daily, .Sundays excepted, on and after Monday, Jon, >8. Kirst Train from Moirtxtown will leave at 7^ A M. Second Train from Momitown will le-ivc at 1\P M. Fast Train front New York will leave at 9 A M?Newark at 9XAM. Second Train Irom New York will leave at 2X P M?Newark at 3X P M. i'atsrugrn by the Morning Train from Morristown will arrive at Newark in time for ine 9AM Tram to New York, or the morning Train to Fhilapolphia; by the Afternoon Train they will arrive at Newark in time for the JK P M Train to New York or the Evenim; Train to Hiiladelp' la. Passengers by the Morning Trai from New York will airive at Morristown in time to dine and take any of the Stages running west or north from that place. j2t> lm* ec WfNTKHARRANGEMENT. N E 1N1 Via Newark, New Brnnswick, Princeton, Trenton. Bordentowu and Burlington. THROUGH IN SIX HOURS. I.eave New York, from the foot of Liberty street, daily, at 9 A M and 4* P M. The morning lane proceeds to tfordentown, from thence by steamboat to nuladelphia. The Ereniug Line proceed* direct to Camden,(opposite Philadelphia) without change of cars. Passeugers will psoenre their tickets at the office foot of Liberty street, where a commodious steamboat will be in readinetss, with baggage crates on board. PltiimlBlnhill KlirimoA rrifet ar? pahvnt'sil Crnm Pift' til hitw without being opened by the way. Eiich train is provided with a Ladies Car, in which are apartments and dressing rooina expressly for thp Ladies are. Returning, the lines leave Philadelphia from the foot of Chestnut alreet by railroad from Camden, at 9 o'clock A M.and 3 o'clock, P M. The Linea for Baltimore, leave Philadelphia at T A M, and 4 P M. being a continuation of the linea from New York. diS Sm*r DAILY PACKAGE EXPRESS CAR FOR ALBANY, TROY, AND BUFFALO. fcjg&A .aTn By the Hooaatouic Kail Road, runuiugh reach from thia C'tl to Albany in Twelve Houia. Leavea at 7 o'clock in the inorniuy. The anbacribera have made arrvn cements with the Hoom toui Kail Road Company, to run an Express Car ^exclusively for out own |>urpose) daily, over their road with the imaacurei ttain, running through t-o Albany in twelve hours, and are now prepared to receive and forward at low rates. Specie, Bank Notes, Packages, Bales and Cases of Goods, Kc., for any ol die above named or intermediate places. Will attend promptly to the collection and payment of bills, notes, drafts and accoiitiui, and sneli other business as may be entrusted in tiwovcajre. d2r POMEROY fc CO 2 WalU'reet. New York. ^ULLJb.N .V MB N K ALBT>7| T kTfV *A N E A L EXPRESS. Messrs. Haruden It Co. having disposed of thsir route from New York to Albany and Ttoy, the subseribera, the old conductors of Harndeu It Co's Northern Express, from New York, will continue to run as heretofore-leavm^ New York, Albany aud Trey, Daily , and connect at Troy with Jacobs' Montreal Express, and will forward Specie, Bank Notes, Packages, Bundles,Cases of Goods. throughout the Canada's. Alio East, from Trey and Albany to Boeton, and West from Albany to Buffalo. All business entmated to their charge will be promptly attended to. Particular attention will be paid to the collection of notea, drafts, acceptances, Ac, ami prompt retnrna made for the same, PULLEN It COPP. Offices? l'ullen k Conp, 2K Wall street, New York. Tnoe. Oough, IS Exchange, Albany. A Q. Yilkiux, 228 Hirer street, Troy. 8. Jucob'a Exchange Coart, 8t at, Montreal. REFERENCES. Naw Yoaa. Tnnr. Prime, Ward k King, K.J.Humphrey, Jno. Payne, Jacob Little, k Co . Thos. Uotigh P. Wells, John T. Smith, k Co.. 8 K. Slow, Pepoonk Hofftnau, C. 8. Douglass, Carpenter k Vermilye, Y. Leabc Houehton k Co. Drew. Hobinaon k Co. _ nt4 _ STATKjN island ferry *'?*>? of Whitehall street On and after Dec. 3d, the steamer 8TA1 EI^SLANDER will run aa follows, nntil further notice trLEAVE 8TATEN ISLAND. NEW YORK. IK A. M, 9 A.M. 19 12* ?r. M. IK P. M, <11 r ?K FOR ALB ANY?Hour Chauwed?On an< H.?J?after Vomlav, 13 h instant. and tsq'il furthei SMsKdLiioticr, passengers for Albany, via Housatonit Railro.d will lear? thia cite by Steamer Crmon or Nimrod daily, (Sutidai excepted) at 7 o'clock, A. M. from Catherim Mark et Slip, East Hirer, atri'ing in Albany same errniiig. fllec I'OMEKOV fc CO.. I Wallst. BRITISH AND NORTH AMERICAN AO HAL MAU STEAM SHirS, Of lWO.tons and 441 horae power each. Under csntract with the Lords of the-Admirilty. wiflHKe HIBERNIA, C. H. K. Jodkhia, ' 'ominaudei. BRITANNIA, J. Hewitt, do CALEDONIA, E. G. Lott, do ACADIA, A. Ryrie do COLUMBIA, E. C. Miller, R N do Will sail from Lirerpool and Beaten, r m Halifax. aa follows: FROM Lira a root.. raeM aorreir. Acadia, Ryrie, Feb 4 Mar 1 Colombia, Miller, Mar 4 Ap'l 1 Britannia, Hewitl, Alii 4 May 1 Hlbernia. Jndkins, Apl If May 16 The accommodations for passengers are superior. The vettelt am aec-smpanied by experienced surgeons, and amply applied with Frances' Patent Life Boau. Passage reduaeil to SltO. No Bertha secured nntil paid for. For further information apply to D.^BRIUHAM, JR.,at HARNDEN It CCS, No. 1 Wall-et. .^1 FROM1 LNK$AY )RK'TO BEDVOKUEmWSmgSi On and after Tneaday, Jannarv M. 1*11, the subscribers will rnna line of stagesfrom Bedford to New York three timea a week, a* foliowt:? Leaves Beelv*! Mansion House, Bedford, eeery Monday, Wednesday and Frida* morning at IH o'clock. Leaves the ltail Road Hotel, eoraer of Bowery and Broome sta, New York, every Tneaday, Thtmday and Satnrday morning, by the ? o'clock cars, leasing Marble Hall, Kast Cheater, and Newcastle, and through White Plains, Bobbins' Mills and Mile Square to Bedford HIRAM DEKOHE8T, U. C. LttWHJ Proprietors. The Red Bird Line or will continue to run during the wintrTfrom White rL.i? every day at ( o'clock, and New Voth at o'clock. P M., Sundays eaceiced. HIRAM DEFOREST, f| Im'ee Proorieror. WINTER A?Ut A^NOEMENT-S. M e? T''% TK INS'Line oi 8 area tor Tonkerv, linaoJA^"? Dobba Kerry, Tarry Towo, Sing Sing. 8odom ami nuuiiieaa,. <n eouuec. ioo with the Harlem Railroad. This lint will leavv N-w York at 9 o'clock daily, by tha Railroad rare for Williaintbrtdge. and will couvay |>aaaeiigrrs as faraa 8inv Sing and PerkskiH. And on Tnrsdav, Thnrailav and Saturday, the line will be extended to Sodoin. On Mondays, Wedn adavs and Fridays from K.>dom to New York. 8 M TOMI'KI.>8 Proprietor. The Railroad Fare from Williamabridge to New York is >3 centj. f 10 lw*r VAT ATCHES AND JEWELRY VERY LOW?As the VV aolncriber is constantly receiving at) deacriptt na of Ooid and IMlvei Watchea, ot llie newest slyles. from the maiinlartnrerain England, Fiance and Switzerland, he is enabled to offer a larger assortment and at mnrh Iras prices, at retafl.chan at any other House in the city. Alto, (void Chatu*. Keys, and (jidil Pencils (fold Watchea at low as 20 to *3 dollars each. Waiehrt and Jewelry eir.hangrd or bought. All Waichiw warranted to k.ep wsod time or ihe money retnrned. Watchea, Clocks and Jewelry reiwiired in the hear manner and warranted, t mnch leas than the prices. O.C. ALLEN, Importer of Watches and Jewelry, IK lm*er wholesale ?nd Retail, k* tVall at., upstairs. i^)*1hi-T lovers Jji Superior blac k tea? H(>W(inaS Mitturr?Tins exir. iiiely Orlici.tis aud uuiarale'dil Tea, so highly r.? lrorat> -I in C!i in and Europe, pist in.esrieil is now tor sale at the Canton Tea Coino y"s Oeueral I'ea Katahlitlimi ni, 121 I harhain it. New York?in Ulnorte nsrkaaea Priee 30 eenta and !. II* ItnUr U*ELT.?Patent adhetive Kelt lor alirathiug toi? of honaea and ahipt hotloma, for tale in lo's to suit purchasers, by (?e E It. COLLINS ft CO, 3# Houth at RK E :NING, FEBRUARY 19, U The Vein's Farewell. It comn, through the wintry night, A deep and a solemn .train, Like the voice of the diatant torrent'i might, Orthe moan tf the aleepleai main; But wihi ia the tnuiic of wind-woke itringa, In iti far and litlul swell, And a wilt ai the passing of eagle wing* If the dying year's tare well. It floats o'er the faded fields, Where thw reaper's joy hath been, With the sonar ut nraiae which the ueasant Yields Fur the ham-sts he hath teen; But the song grows sad on the battle plain Of the Brahmin'* sun-lit chore, For it tells ol the eyes that look in vain For the loved that come no more. It sweeps through the ancient woods, Through the ruins vast and dim, By the shadowy paths of the forest floods, By the desert fountain's brim; And it walwsthp tones which the wilderness Hath long in her silence shrfn'd, The echoes of lar forgotten day, That have left no trace behind. It rings through the crowded marts Of the old world's wealth and power, And it winds its way to their weary hearts In the hush ot the dreamy hour; To the young it speaks of theii future springs, With the breezes blithe and bland, But it tells the aged of better thiDgs In the lar unfading land. And it tells of the deserts cross'd, Of the fair forsaken ground, Of the pleasant streams which the heart hath lost, And the hidden fountains found; For it speaks of the rock before us cleft, When its shadow darkly lell, And a blessed lesson of hope is left By the dy ing year's farewell. Washington. [Correspondence of lite Herald.] Washinoton,Thursday night,? Feb. 16,1843. S The Question of Assuming (State DebtsHill No. 348 In the Menate?The Infamous Post Office Bill In the House?Oregon? Warehouse System?Reciprocity Treaties ?Tariff?The Samers' Case?A.' Curious Case of a Double Marriage?Gossip, Ac. Alihough the caption lo this letter is large, yet there was not much real business done in either House to-day. The question of the assumption ot State debts was discussed on Mr. Rivks' amendments to-day in the Senate ; and that body also referred Arnold's riwlnKvatoH Ratrannkniont T?111 n tKo P.Ammittaa a?i Finance. In the House, the Postoffice Committee reported the tyrannical bill to atop private Expresses, without amendment, and also the bill to settle the Oregon Territory ; and had a long discussion on the Reciprocity treaties between the United States and Denmark, Sweden, the Hanseatic Towns, (tec. ; 1 but no definite action was hud upon any thing. I will begin at the beginning. After showing a disposition seriously to consider and pass House Bill No. 548, and referring it to the Finance Committee, the Senate proceeded to consider the following resolutions of Mr. Rives, relative to the assumption of State debts, tec- There h is been no correct copy of them published before. Resolved, That another of the'prominent cauaea which tend to prolong and increaae the financial embarrassmenta of the country, and to retard the ultimate restoration of public and private credit, it the uncertainty and suspense thrown over the policy of thia Government in regard to the debt* of the State*, by the agitation of project! for the virtual assumption of those debts by the authori'tea of the Union. That while this uncertainty is fiermitted to exist, its mischievous effect is to foster de usive hopes of relief from a quarter whence it can never legitimately proceed, and to divert the attention of the indebted States from that timely and energetic application of their own resources to the fulfilment of their engage, ments, which they would otherwise make, and which is the sole, natural, and proper teliance for the liquidation of their respective liabilities. And it is therefore urgently F demanded by the interests of the parties immediately concerned, as well as by those of the country at large, that Congress should now explicitly and unequivocally declare tho views it entertains of the appropriate and constitutional sphere of its powers and duties in relation to this subject. Itesolved, That, in the fundamental division and allotment of political power established by the Constitution ti'Oitn f bo rinvnrnmnnt llio ITninn and fhnfin nf Ihu several States, there is no power or anthority given to the former to provide for the payment of the debts incurred by the latter in virtuo of their undoubted competence, and within their separata and exclusive Jurisdiction; that any attempt by the General Government thus to assume and impose upon the people of the Union the debts of indivi dual States, would be not merely a gross perversion of the trusts confided to it; but an utter annihilation of that wholesome and necessary relation between power and responsibility which is the vital principle of ail representative government. That such an arbitrary and unauthoriied transfer of burdens, from those who created, and should alone be responsible for them, to others who are alien alike to their origin and their benefits, involves so flagrant a violation a? the principles of Justice, that it could not but most iffiously impair the harmony, and ultimately Jeopard the union of the States; and that any espectation, therefore, that this Government will at any time, now or hereafter, assume or provide for tha payment of the debts of the individual States, directly or indirectly, is wholly unwarranted and illusoryt Resolved, That a just sentiment of respect for the character of sovereign States, incurring pecuniary obligations by a deliberate act of the public will and a solamn pledge ot the public taith through their constitutional and appropriate organs, forbids the apprehension that any of the SlRtes of this Union will fail to call forth their utmost resources for the final redemption of their engagements, , preferring every sacrifice to dishonor, and proud to illustrate that Jealous spirit of independence which belongs to ' free republican States, l>y a stem and strenuous reliance * /? > tk.isi Miwn fn/a u 1ft <?? for A AI i v t>m !% f A f rnm t Vi oi r uraaanl temporary embarraumenU. Mr. Rives thought a moment should not be lest by Congress in expressing their opinions upon this subject, in one way or the other. It was a peculiar l question?of the most momentous and urgent charr acter?it met them every where?and movements : were made on every hand to obtain an assumption, J by the general government, of the State debts. A virtual assumption had been proposed by a gentleman in the other House, in the issue of two hundred millions of government stock. The project had originated here, and not among the people. It seemed to hint that the resolutions of the Senator from Maine. (Mr. Evans,) tended to this assumption, and only needed the enacting claose to complete it. Was it not due to themselves, to the world, and to the States, that Congress should tell them wliat they will do ? The States were looking to tbem, and as the matter now stood, would use no measures for their own relief. He wished and urged what was in justice due to the States, that Congress expressly declare, by their action upon these resolutions, whether they will or will not provide for their relief. He believed this the most important question ever brought before Congress, and wished it decided now, without further debate. Mr. Merrick was not willing that the Senator from Virginia should make his remarks upon the subject, and then shut out others from the same priVil#>ffP Hp itrpUrr?rl Iwiu/puor fliut fka uiknU auk ject l>e laid over--that they await the course of events * and leave the public mind free to |udge, examine, and decide for itaelf. He had no idea of a divorce between the j>eople and government of the United States. We were but one people, involved in one common fate and destiny. Why were such resolutions offered, destructive of the honor and credit of the States! when a cruel father advertises that he will pay no debts contracted by a son, does it not tend to embarrass and cripple the business of that son, although he might otherwise have prospered! And woald not these assertions on the part of the general government have the same effect upon the credit of the States! He had been adverse, and was adverse, and would not sanction, the assumption of State debts; but lie claimed, and his State claimed, her share of the public domain. He was not afraid to speak out on this subject. He had enlisted for the war, tf war had been commenced, and would stand his ground till the last gun was fired. He offered a set of resolutions, as substitutes for those ot Mr. Rives, declaring, ineflect, that government had the power, and it was her duty, to assist the States, by a distribution of the proceeds or value of the public lands. Mr. Woopst'HY did not rise to discuss the general merits of the subject, but to urge the Senate to take the question as soon as possible. He did say, however,at the beginning, that in relation to the assumption of State debts, a more dangerous proposition could not be introduced into this nation, and[he Hnd his people were ready to meet it as one of vital importance? affecting the dissolution of the Union When gentlemen talked of the States being children, and they the lather, he disagreed with them? they were the children, and the States the j areola? they the created, and the States the creator They hag no powers except what were delegated to them, and when thi-y trampled upon, and abused those powers, the parent and not the child hnd the right to complnin He hoped the Senate would take a di rect vote upon the question?it was due to themselves and to the world. [ERA] 343. Mr. Conkau regretted tin- protraction ot (hid dih v cussion by the resolutions of the senator from Vir- " ginia, (Mr. Rives). But it was obvious that Sena- ? tors had not had time sufficiently to examine them #l with the amendments, and that time might be afforded for printing and perusal, he moved to post- . pone the subject till Tuesday next. '' Mr. Miller moved an amendment to the original n resolutions, asserting the justice and wisdom ol the " distribution of the proceeds of the public lands?but not acknowledging the power of assumption. r Mr. Kino opposed the project as one of the most * outrageous ever proposed to any Congress, and wished the vote taken immediately, to destroy any ( expectation of relief which might be entertained by , the States. Mr. Wright believed the vote on the Bankrupt law of the most iinjiortance?the one being merely an expression of opinion, and the other a legislative actionMr. Calhoun said he was not one of those who believed these resolutions to be of a mere abstract nature. He held them to be propositions of the first magnitude?the greatest ever presented to the United States, and that no man who anticipated the worst result of this <{Uestion, anticipated as bad as it might be. This being the case, they were in liis opinion under the highest obligations to themselves, to the public credit, to the States^and to the world, to'give a fair and direct expression of their sentiments upon it. Thus believing, although he considered tiie Bankrupt law as unconstitutional, rind demanding immediate attention, it was nothi ng, essentially nothing, when compared with this question. He should consider time well spent in this discussion, even if it occupied every remaining moment of the session. The two hundred million stock project required full and ample discussion; he must say he deemed it pregnant with the greatest evils; and if it had any frjends upon that floor, he hoped they would present it in an affirmative form, thHt the Senate might act upon it. The age in which . we live was an extraordinary one, the tremendoun I "I uiniiM run far hevrtnil the nresenf I generation, and lie wished this important subjec t acted upon immediately. Mr. Henderson said that the first time he ev er heard this prososition of assumption was in the f Senate, and he deemed their previous action upon the subject a sufficient expression of their opinion. He read their vote of 1839, declaring the improjirie ty of such an act, and its direct violation of the Con stitution of the United States. Messrs. Walker and Baoby raised the cry of "British influence,"tec. Mr. Allen asserted that he had not ft'xnressed himself on this subject in a whisper, but lo>udly and distinctly. It was not the mere value of the 200 mi llions of stock that was involved in this question,bu t the power eft taxation, the annulling ot the State constitutions, tec. This question, under British gold influence, tec. would exert the most terribly and dangerous influence in the next Presidential election everseen. If this government did not Take a decisive stand on this question, but remain in an ambiguous position,the sharp sightedness of foreign capitalists would exert the influence ot their money here, to affect it, and it might lead to a contest witn England and all Europe, tec. (tec. Mr. Conrad's motion was negatived by yeas 19, nays 23, and the subject was put over till to-morrow. The following were the ayes and nuys on that motion :? Yf.jli?Meiari. Archer, Harrow, unte*, Bnyam, uerrion, Ckoate, Conrad, Cratts, Critteaden, Evans, Graham, Hnn tinitton, Mangum, Merrick, Miller, Morehead, Smith, of Indiana, Sprague,and Tallmadge?19. Navs?Meaara. Allen, Bagby, Benton, Buchanan, Calhoun, Fulton, Henderson, King, Linn, McDuftie, Mc-Roberts, - rtielps. Rives, Smith, of Connecticut, Sturgeon, Tapi-an, Walker, Wilcox, Williams, Woodbury, Wright, and Young?23. The Scuate then adjourned. This sketch and the vote will give you an iden of the feeling of the Senate on this important subject. In tfie House Mr. iiriggs from the Postoffice Committee, reported a bill authorizing the Postmaster General to direct and require that the postage of all letters and other mailable matter deposited in any post office of the United States, and directed to Texas, shall be pre-paid; which was ordered to be printed. Also, from the wrap committee, ihe Senate bill to prevent the establishment of private expresses on mail routes, and for the prevention offrauds on the revenue of ihe Postoffice Department; which was referred to the Committee of the Whole on the stale ot the Union. This lust, you know, is the bill against which the whole reading public crv out. The following was the vote on the bill in Committee >? For the hill. Jlgainet it. William*, of Tenn., Briggs, Chairman, RiimoII, of Ohio, Brock way, ef Conn., Owsley, of Ky., Floyd, of New York, Plumer, of Tenn., Hopkins, of Virginia. Kennedy, of Indiana. i You see, all the western men, who know nothing 1 about the newspaper business, and very little ot pe- ' riodical literature, were ia favor of ihia moat unjust 1 bill. Mr. Pendleton reported a bill authorizing the ' President to divide the whole country into two ' great Military Districts (it is now divided into nine) 1 and to assign a Brigadier General to each. A bill was passed to allow John Wollenden, the ] old sailor in the Philadelphia Naval Asylum, $108 a year. He waa40 yeara in the service. t Mr. Adams, from the committee on foreign atfairs, 1 reported the Senate Bill to settle Oregon (which yoh have already printed), without amendment, and also a similar bill of the House, without amendment. But the committee reported that neither bill ought to btpatted. They were referred to the committee ot the whole. Mr. Kennedy, of Md .again tried hard to get the warehouse bill made the special order for to-morrow, but to no purpose. Mr. Bitrnki.i. offered the following, relative to 1 the navy:? I Resolved, That the Secretary of the Navy he, and he ' hereby ia, directed to report to this House at the nest sea. sion of Congress, a statement of the several vessels composing the squadrons of the United States for the last six years, together with the names ot the commanders ot snrh squadrons, and the name ol the olhcer commanding each vessel of every squadron ; also the foreign ports which each vessel has entered during thetimeof her lemnining on her station, or while proceeding to it, ana the time which she remained In each of SHid ports, and where the public service has been a cause of unusual detention, that he state the same ; and also whether, in hi* opinion, any such vessels have remained unnecessarily long in foreign parts; whether the attention of thecommander of any squadron has in all such oases been called thereto ; what such cases have been, and what proceedings have been retary of the Navy report to thia Houaa annually, at the commencement of each leiaien'of Congreae, a atatement, aa above, applicable to the current year. Objected to. Mr. Bi-rneu. said there had beeen great abuses in the naval service, and he wanted thecountry to see all the facts Wise?I call the gentleman to order, sir ; he's discussing the resolution alter an objection to it. Burnell? I'm only, then, following the gentleman's own example. Wife? (warmly)?Sir, I deny that I ever set such an example. It would take three months to answer this resolution. The House refussed to suspend the rules. Mr. Snyprr offered the following:? ( Resolved, That the Committee on the Judiciary on.pure . whether Samuel R. Betts, district judge of theU. States . lor the southern district of N. York, refuted to entertain a complaint of murder, alleged to have been committed on the high seen,upon the ground thut he had other btiiiness " of a civil nature to occupy hii time : and to report to tbi* T' Home the proper proceeding* to do taken onlheocca- u ion. Cl The clerk read the opinion of Judge Betfs, which (J you have already published. J* The resolution was objected to. The Committee of the Whole were then discharged n. from consideration of the bill to ?ui?i> nu the Kb c- ' tion Districting clause in the Apportionment bill un- tc til alter the next (Congresscloses. This was wuh s new to get the bill in die House and |>ass it right ofl The House then went into Cominitiee of the ai Whole on Mr Kennedy's celebrated resolutions *' relative to the Reciprocity Treaties, tne Tariff, ?kc hi They are as follow:? ol B?- it enacted by the Senate and House of Repreacnta- rl livra oi'tho Unite<l Atatea of America, in Congress nssem w bird, That the President ef the United Ststea be, and he is heriby, requested, whenever he ahall deem it com- tr patible with the public intereat, to make known to the Government* of Denmark, Sweden. the tlameatic ilepub- ri lie*, Prussia, Austria, and Russia, in conformity with the (|l ttipulation* of the existing commercial treaties between , said governments and the United Stale*, the deaue and intention ol thi* government to terminate inch commercial ';i treaties now in force between said govenimenla and the United State* a* have contracted to allow the parties there, pi o to import on equal term*, a* regard a dutie* on merchan dlae acd tonnage, each into the porta of the other, good*, ware*, and merehnndiae, othei than thole of the growth, produce or manufacture of the nation in whose vessels the' | same are borne. Sac '1 And be it fnrthrr reaolved, That in all fiitur- ? negotiatlona which may be opened with the aforeaaid government*, or with any other, it ia the policy of the United State* to conflne the privilege of renprocnl impor- *' tation on equal term* a* to good* and shipping, to good*, ? * -i ltT Piiet Twt) Ccnti, /ares, and merchandise, thn product o( Uih countries rom whence and In. who?f ships they ai> imported,or th? roduct of such contiguous countries thereto as asuaUy arry on their foreign commerce through the ports o* tb'j ime. The history of this matter is this. Several t>r ^ of lie treaties ol reciprocity between the ftorerr mrnll) amed in the above resolution have either expired r are about to expire. Last session, Mr-T rom the Committee on Commerce.made v onAvt nn rhtt ivhnU aiihi#>f?L nODV of . ' - - ---- -T-r* V'" wnicn i win end you) and offered the above^ea? iUtjOBg. That enort speaka of the great financial nn(j commerc^', litficulties the country is.or was If >t>ortnc underhand ol a National Rank anas ^ ^ aa8overeign remedies, and recomme' j<Js t^at ai] lhe Reci. jirocity 1 reaiies be abolished u f#(rt fh ?Pire. These resolutions never got ia|rjy before the House till to-day, when they Vere briefly discussed by Messrs. Kennedy, M^he n Qu(,bing and Brewster. Mr.KkNNKiiY giv the on(?in o( ^ reciprocity treaties, both li i an j. jtritain. an(j particularly betwefQ. i governments, as contrasted with th He oetween 5. Britain and tha continental l10^"8.' le insisted that in making these treaties, hnglar i4j aiWHy? contrived to gain the advantage over ' other governments. He relerred to the operation 3 0f thm reciprocity system between England an j U()i an(j insisted that it was highly detrimental'^ the commercial and navigating interests of tr ,e United Slates. He was anxious that the House should take and exercise the power which it har.i to regulate the commercial interests, and not leave so much of this important mattsr to depend on the action of the Executive.? Ho declared that this Treaty making power seemed lik .cly to absorb every thing else; and that we have It ad recently instances oi that in the rumors that a "Tariff would probably hereafter be regulated by Treaty. ( Duff Green's rumored mission). He insisted, that under the action of these reciprocity treaties, the commerce and tonnage of Great Britain, and particularly these Hanseatic towns, Bremen, Lubec, and Hamburgh had wonderfully increased of lute years, whilst that of the United Stales had ilpprean"! in ? annUmi.o ft ? true that at the present time the treaties with England could not he touched : but that the treaties between the United States and thoae powers named in the resolutions were about expiring, or had alrea dy expired, and ought not to be renewed. In 1880 oui exports from England were $11 800,000; in 18-10 ihey were $22,360,000. In 1830 from the Hanse Towns they were only $1,800,000; in 1840 they were $4,200,000, and nearly all carried in vessels owned in Bremen, dec. In 1830 the whole foreign tonnage entering our ports was less than 132,000 tons. In 1840 it had increased to 712,000 tons. In 1890 the aggregate tonnHge entering all our ports trom the Hansentic towns, Russian, Prussian, Dutch,Danish and Swedish, was only lfi,000 tons; in 1840 it was 68 500 tons1 An incrtam of over 400 per cent in 10 yean1 The American tonnage coming to our ports Irntn the above places in 1830 was 153,000 tons; in 1810 it was only 97,000 tons. A decrease against us of over 40 jier cent in ten years. This was owing to these reciprocity treaties, where the reciprocity was pretty much line the Irishninu's?all ot one side. The tonnage from the Hanseatic towns alone,iiu 1830, was only 9,600 tons. In 1837, it had increased to 71,000 tons. And now they have 100 ships in the direct trade to the United 'Stales, where ten years ago they had not a dozen vessels. And they also iniure this country exceedingly in th* indirect carrying trade. A Bremen ship would brine a cargo of emigrants to Baltimore, take a cargo of flour thence to Venezuela, and take a cargo ot coffee thence to Europe ; and so injure nam the indirect trade in various ways. It wus owing to t hpflp. f A pta fhut lip U/loKnrl fn nail fl.n ~ ~ ~ ~t*l - ... *ve??ew*? .V tun HIV aiiriiuuu VI IUO House and the country to the matter. Mr. McKkon buicI, that alter the elaborate opening of the Chairman of the Committee on Commerce, | the members must be convinced that the subject was of vast importance to the United States. It wsa a question which not only affected the commercial and particularly the navigating interests, but also our relations to loreign nations, on a matter which involved the highest principles. The resolutions of the committee of commerce were in effect a proposition to revolutionize a well settled feeling on the part of this country. The reciprocity system was emphatically an American system. While the European nations were engaged in war, their commercial marine watt annihilated ; our ships of course alone traversed the ocean in peace for a long series of years. Alter the close of the late war, we tendered to England, and she gladly accepted, a proposition to allow vessels to enter each other nation's ports on reciprocal terms. The consequence of this arrangement was for a series of vearsan immense advantage to our vhi|>ping. In 1822, the Committee on Commerce, in a spirit of liberality, and actuated by a sound policy, reported the following resolution :? Resolved, That the Government of the United States, having uniformly avowed and declared its sttschment to the principles ot free commerce, and having, in ths treaties which it has formed and agreed to with foreign nations, and in legislative acts, adhered to them, should be ine last 10 aniniion tnem, and eipecfally at a tima when svery juit and enlightened nation ia conforming it* cemnercial policy to an accordance with thoae principle*." In 1828,a law wan pawed authorizing the President jy proclamation, to open our porta to all nationa which would show they were willing to place our /esselsand their own on the same footing. That aw still stood unrepealed, and unless the House would repeal it, these resolutions would be useless. Hie matter involved executive and legislative aeion. He agreed with the Chairman on Commerce, hat this treaty-making power should be watched, mi that it ehould not swallow up the legislative power if the government. The question had not been fully examined. The chairman o! the committee had dated the number of the vessels belonging to the leveral nations, whose treaties had expired, which lad arrived in the United States indirectly, hut was te able to state the nu'r ber of American vessels which cleared from the ports of South America, rom the West Indies, ana other places, and entered he ports of the Hanseatic republics, the Prussian torts of the Baltic, and of the other countries whose reaties were under consideration? Mr. Kennedy said he could not. Mr. M'Keon continued?Without sach information how could we act? We have not both aides of he question belore us. He had resolutions which he could offer, if the House insisted on action, calling on the State and Tr.'nsujy Departments for this information. He would offer these at a proper time. Mr McK.stated that the last returns of the Treasury Department showed that in the last commercial year, SO per cent of the imports were in American, and hut 20 per cent in foreign vessels. He showed also that even if the resolutions succeeded, that the consequence would be a transfer of the vessels belonging to the Hanseaiicciii-s to ports in Hanover and Mecklenberg, with which treaties were running, and perhaps to ports of Holland. It would disturb the natural channels of trade, and perhaps excite the German Customs Union to retaliate upon us by discriminating duties. Their cause and that of tfu Hanse Town were indissoluble. Bremen,Hamburgh and Lubec were their ititre|H>ts, and it would he as natural for them to act together as for the wlmlf vnllev nf ihr Mivxiaaiiim udn/'h find? in New Orleans an outlet for its produce, to resist any wrong done to New Orleans. He then went on to show now an.\ioua we were to obtain free transit for American produce across the countries bordering on the Atlantic and Mediterranean, so as to reach the million* in Prussia and Austria, and referred to * our treatf with Sardinia and Tuscany, in which tlmt was aqrerd upon. Were we anxious now to ?'ver*e th:it principal hy turning against the Hanse rowns ? He hoped the House would let the subject Jeep/or the present. It was little understood, and ny interference might result in disaster. ITie best rmedy lor the shipping interest waa to reduce tha unee on articlea used in ship building, and then we uuld compete with any nation, Oive the merlauta the warehouse bill; thatjwould give ships rrnoyment. He hoped that the democratic principle. Inch he invoked, of equal and exact justice to all ations, would not be abandoned by an American ongrees. He trusted that the House would adhere > the doctrine avowed in the resolutions of 1822 Mr Cushino wusopiiosed to the reciprocity treses. But as it whs a subject of immense importance, a! so many interests to be consulted, be did not isli the I louse to I-gialate on the subject now, in a irry, and at the close ol a session. He was in iavor I leaving the whole matter in the hands of the Sectary of ftate and the President, to ..xerciae their isdoin upon it at leisure. Mr .B?EWsTER spoke in favor of tree trade and the eaty, and against the tarifT. Mr. Fim..mork said fhat it was evident the House aild not act uDderstandingly on these resolutions? 1 lier business was pressing. He would move that ie committee rise and then let the resolutions be iid on the tab'e. Mr. Pickkns suggested that it might be well tore>rt that it was inexpe dient to adopt the resolutions -astt was admitted they could not pass, we might s well finish them Mr. Wtu.MMS, of Connecticut, made a brief exaltation, and a conversation took place on the oestion, between htm and Mr. Brewster. The comlitlee rose On the Speaker taking the-Chatr, Mr. K*nn*dy aid that as the House was not disposed now to act. ut required more time for investigation, and he did

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