Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 23, 1843, Page 1

February 23, 1843 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 1
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T H Vol. IJL.?No. 04.?Whole No. 3*407. To tike Public. THE NEW Y#RK HERALD?dailynewapaper?pubUthud every day of the year except New Year'a day and Fourth of July. Price 3 oenta per copy?or $7 30 per anniim nn<itocrua nalil rooK in tivonno. THK WEEKLY HERALD?published evury Saturday morning?price 0} cent* per oopy, or $3 13 per anuum? postage* ]>ai<l?caah in advance. ADVERTISERS are informed that the circulation of the Herald ii over THIRTY THOUSAND, and increasing aat. It hat the largett circulation of any paper in thit city, or the world, and it therefore, the beet channel for hutinen man in the oity or country. Prices moderate?oaah in advance. PRINTING of all kind*, executed at the most moderate prices, and in the most elegant style. JAMES GORDON BENNETT, PaoraiKToa or the Hihald Establishment, Northwest oorner of Fulton and Nassau streets. nTO LET?The premises formerly occupied by the late James Dobbin, Esq., between the 4th and ttli avenues, extending froin IS to skill street, consisting of a Ipv cioua and couvenieu' dwelling, with stable and suitable outhouses attached, with a large garden in perfect-order, well filled with every variety of frnit. and an abundance of shrubbery?the siluatio i the most sightly on the island, commanding aa extensive view ol the surrounding country, and the oniy one overlooking the receiving tcsrrvoir?being a aesirnhle residence for a private family ; or would he let o a careful tenant for a public house, befog about 5 tmuiites' walk from the Hail ; road. ~ Also, ubout live acres of pasture find adjoining the above I premises, to let with cr without the same Enquire at 361 3d a av rune, or of WM K.NEWTON. { js 17 Im'r No. 20 Chambers street ' JkaA COUNTRY RESIDE SALE-Iu the I Mvillntf of Hanover, Morns County, New Jeraey, 13 miles fiom Newaik, on the turnpike leading to Mnrrisrnwn,a lartrr (wo iLdiy nouse, containing eight rooma and good cellar, willi good well of water near the do r. Also good coach home and stable, with three acres of rich land, all fenced and in good order. If the above is not sold at private aale.it will be offered at auction on Wednesday. 8th of March, at 1 o'clock, on the Sre mises. For further pellicular* enquire of OSEPH BOOTH. Hanover. N. J., or I administrator. WI L?ON J. HUNT, Wed cor ? niton, N.Y. 5 Administrator*. f8 iin*r Angk OFFICES TO LET?In store No. 6t South street. Apply to JOSEPH Mc.MUKllAY, JmtfL 100 Pine street. f llec JtadL TO LET?At Newa'k, N. Jersey, that convenient honae on the Passaic Hiver, at the inters* c< ion ol the Railroad and Morris Canal, lately occupied by Orrin I)n kinaon, well calculated tors boar'Irg house, containing It rooms, with a good baru ami well of water Alao the Whaif eear the above premises, adjoining the lumberyard of J Ppiuier, being I 8 feet Ironr, witn storehouse Premises extending troin the nver to the railroad, aud contiguous to the onilvt of the Morris Canal. Enquire of lil2wer A. GIEKOKO. 118 Broad at. Jjjt TO LET?From 1st of May ueit, the modern built ffvTw two story hrira house, No. II Third at, with attic, base ?jtfLlneUl and cellar, and marble manilea throughout Kor fori hei paitir ulara inquire at 479X Pearl ?t I5f lm* Arl TO LEi'?From ht May next, two mtdern two atory 1 ;JI Houses, in Grand street, Lear Wcoster. Alao, the 'iB 8i'?re No. 89 Canal at., now occnpird as a chair store. It could be inade into two very con'rnient sro-es Apply to JOHN THOMPSON fl9-*lmrc . 60 Grand or 27 Wooster sts. jjjf FuK SALE OR EXcHaNGR FOkcU'Y PROPER PY?A Farm of one hundred acres, situated in lilUL Itnfklami tpn miln* hv tlio Nuur York and Kri- Railroad or six miles Ir m Ny*<k Lauding. Handsomely situated, plenty of frmt, well watered lud woourd, aud eaxy of access n> any day in the weak, by the above road.iu three hours. For tnrther i articular* eunnire at t7 Gourenenr *rreet, where a andscip* view can be seen. 171 lm*r TO LET?A Deal genteel two storied house, 131 Sixth Avenue, near the stage route, for the low sum of to a good tenant. Api ly at 108 Nassau street, or K2 Sixth Avenue. 22( 3tr jtm: MEAT AND PROVISION STORE-Stock and fixtures for sa'e aud Store to let?one of the besr stands JUULin the city. Apply at 11)9 Variek ?t f2l 3t*rc ?KOR J- ALE-K.irms in the village of Jamaica. L. 1.? Two handsome farms, containing?the one fifty-four, the othei four-eight acres of laud, properly divided into arable, pasture and woodland. They are in a good state of cultivation,and ere situated a short distance south from the railroad, to which their front extends parallel upon South street. On one tarn, the improvements consist of a good two story house, barn, end neresiary outbuildings. On the other there is a good ite lor buildiug They will be sold low if applied for immediately. Apply to FRANCIS 8. BROWN, 18f#t*r No. '5 Wall street FOR SALE OR EXCHANGE FOR PROPERTY gSSlN THE CITY OF NEW YORK-A va nshle Farm . rfbfe-of about 80 acres in Sciridale, West Chester County, two miles brlew White Plains and tweutyafive <rom New York tin. siiain mail Istnslincj sn Alitl frnm laid nlarwe On ftia premise* i? a spactona double two story dwelling home, with r kitchen attached; a bar*, carriage and ont home*, all in fine order; 2 beariug apple orchards, mostly gr fted frnit. peach, cherry and pear treea, a good well of water and cistern holding an hogsheads of water; about twelve acrea of wood land. The wholv fart.? well fenced and mostly with atotie wall and in good repair. The Broil River croaaea the rear, along which the railroad ruus, now nearly completed, to Wlpte Plains. I'eisons desirous of teeing the pre iies will hud it one of the meUihsiraMv place# in West Cheater Couuty. Kiojuire of J. J. TRAVIS, on Ale premises, or D. BRUSH, ESQ. ft lm*r No >2 Fulton at. OINOLE GENTLEMEN can hare pleaaant apartmeota and rood board in a p.irate family, at Ml Fulton near Oreen wir.hst. N. U. Day boarders admitted on most reasonable terms. IGfee UNITED STATICS HOTEL, NEW YORK.?This well knowu establishment has been leased lor a term of years by the ander?iRnrd. who are adding to the already ritensire accommodation a large Retiring Room for gentlemen, where they will find all the piiucipal "ewapapera ol thiacountry and Europe; a Dressing Room and Barber's Shop, not surpassed by any Hotel in the country; Baths, hot and cold; Minor's Pateut V -i>"r Baths ulwava iu readiness, and can be giren on llpee minutes uotire. An Ordinaiy for the accommodation of citi* ii.ii> and str ngers not residing at the Hotel, will be opened on a magnificent scale; and kept up from G A. M. till 12 at night. The iutetior of the building is undergoing a thorough repair ?n fitting and furnishing, cleauiug and painting. The relehr.itedt "roton Water ia intiodarad throughout the Hoose,which p mi- rs it nut only healthy in the eiireme, but perfectly secnre against tire. Chants, traveller* and buainesa men than any other in the citv, being equi-diiiaut Ironi meat of the eaatero, weateru aud aontheinaivniboata, and in the immediate vicinity of all the Atlantic. Hteamera and Packet Shi| a The tablea are supplied with the beet our market afforda; tke winea ul ttie choiceet bra da, and aelected by onr beat connoi aeora; the servant* clean, orde'ly md atteutive?and the public may depend on the untiring effort* of it* proprietot* to make he United Statea aa comfortab'e for them a? any othe. hotel in ih* Union. I?f imr BRAISTED it JOHNSON. ENGLISH SCHOOL. HAVANA, ISLAND Oj> CUBA. CHARLES DUNNE WATEKLAND. PRINCIPAL. THIS Academy waa eatabluhed two year* ago. under the patrouate ?>t tiia former Intendeni General ol ln? island, and other ai>ui?(au'ied individual* of t'.ie nobility aud merchant* of Una city, ft i< aucdected on the plan of the Get man ''gvmnaaia;" aud tne nwtnoe ol tnttioti i* the "interrogative." All the acholari nmlersiand trie Enalish language, and many of them apeak it habitually and naeully The Principal has tha eapetieuce of schools in Prance, Germany, England, and the llutted Statea. Hia chief aim ia to aive the yoath entruatad to hia care a practical knowledge -f those bisueliesofa polm educatiuu, which an required in ail active camera, and are applk-afc^nju-.y The course of study, thr-^^W;comprehends the ICoclish, KrrUeh, Merman -nd npaoishlsiiiruagea; History, (Jeogra pbies, N'atnrul tliilnaopiiy, the leacucal part of Mathematics, and I)ra veins* of various kinds. fVifaaaon of d. vara oatioos and acquire menu reside in the evtahiiahineiit: and all the elaaaes receive, in rotation, instruction from ths director. Much usual tncceav bos attended this plan of tnitiou, thai several rf the pupils, nndrr twelve years of ages, write and speak two foreign lauk-nagee, iu a perfectly intelligibla manner, and those of riporycars, correctly and easily. The acquisition, not only of the Spanish, knt also of other languages, it thos placed within the reach of the youth of the United States, without iu being necessary for them to reliuqu'ih the many advantages which accrue Irom anKnglish ed lir.lMOU IIM Ol'leci (II Uir 1 iiutlj"ii iu "ttiiiui w youth* Iron the Uuited Slates, is to facilitate the aconirement ol the Eotc.iah accent for hi* Spanish pnpila, which semes would be doubly repaid them by tiv the latter, and to introduce here the m.uily spirit of lb* English schools. The yaont, citizens of the Ifnited States csn hare nothing to Irnr I rum the climate, tbe house being spaciotu and airy, situated in a healthful spot, st a short distance from the city; and ceulanmiit within ita limits, s tin* bathaud complete gymnasium for the preservation ol the pupils' health. Two yenlne, lately arrived from Germany, have passed the summer in the sc.tool iu perfect health. As the principal is a married man, and his wife aud sister have h*r veof the junior department: children are received at any eitnat of infancy. A very pupil enjoys his reliaions opinions undisturbed 1 He tens* are >400 per annum, payable three niontha in advent t There are noestrai esccpt clothes aod books. Reference.-?MKSSRH. CHAW. DKAKK h BKOTH1CRB. ALEXANDER MtWALKS. ESQ.. >d1 Havana CHAPMAN'S MAGIC STROP. Wit THR UNDRIISION ED, Imnoitera aud Wholesale Dml^n, haeinc uaed and told L. Chapman's Metallic H?ior BlTop.do fwjlv recommend it aa being superi ?r to anything which hat hitherto cone otmer onr notice ol a similar nature toirned? A * ft Willed, importcm of hardware, No *03 Pearl at. a u; inU. % I n do do 9fa <IA Willi* it Brothara, <jo do tlj do (takley k Coutnta, d" do ?* do Hbrldaa k Tholpo. d? do U and 27 Month William. HaJatedk Brothers, do do 5J Pearl at. Ciaaam, Hfycn k Jotiea, do ttt do Sixlman k FraMr. i in porta" of raoayOooda, IX Pearl at. Poata M Main, importar of dmga, O Cedar at. Field, I'hompaon k Co. unpurteiaol Dry I ioeda U Cedar at. W " Van Aradal* k Cooper, W tchea, II Maideu Laue. J 1 rtera of fliatumrry. 141 Tearl at. t Hnrgical luatruineut manufacturer, .1 iU*i; ?*v vi, ?- H. /illiam rtreet* f Lh ftocrii at the rmuinfuctnrer'i price of the ? i t retail, at the principal fancy ?tore* through^ le a! ifl2 William ?tTref. n 1m *m rf . ? N*S.-*he unocr.1 ign? d wiafnato pmchaan oda for undoubted bond. aud moitgagea? groceries, haul ware or crockery; a general 1 oe mefarred. Tlie tioderaigned wiahea lo with gome perton who haa ireana to the m and dollar, or n ore, who would be willtort di.uuea tuto tlie country?aecority will ivcatmema?Owd reference# giren and renew cell bp hid at 80S Pearl atrfet. betweea VI- WM. BROWN. 1 tmlaa Knidiih Bridporl Sail, Saior, Hetnug t n?i I'wtnra, eonipnains * full aMortmelit of .lid all of very anp'rinr qualm and lair nn|K>r,v KDWD. K ( OLLINh k CO. M Unlith It r.-?| hEaTHIMJ P.VK.R?? balr* of a ?ery??le, much approved of and wall adapted for hot of* of hotiar*, *?.. for >al? by K. *. COLLINS k CO , 4* Soaih atreal ^AO-bibakT patent dhoa YhnaJ, whit* and ind??t ballT?0f 'l!*" ty*. K. sTCOLLINS S CO., 3d South (treet. E NE NEW Commercial Treaties. We see the idea of seeking to form commercial treaties between the United States and other nations, is entertained at Washington with more or less favor. The only commercial treaties which should ever exist between nations, are those that are very general in tbeir nature and objects. They should merely relate to rules and regulations for the greater security of trade and navigation?the speedy adjust ment of disputes, the regulation of pilotage, harbor, and lighthouse duties?the protection ol property I and persons of each nation, on reciprocal terms of good will, and to admit the residence of commercial agents, or consuls in each respectively. Whenever these general objects are lost sight of, and one nation endeavors to gain exclusive privileges in its trade and intercourse with another, at the expense of third parties, the policy is fraught with such absurd selfHiness, that it never fails to result in loss or injury to one or both of the contracting parties. These exclusive treaties have always been favorite projects with selfish and short-sighted statesmen, who imagine the prosperity of a country promoted by a singleness of trade with one party, while all the rest of the world is to be shut out by prohibitory tariffs, which unreasonable exclusion never fails to drive third parties into countervailing measures of retaliation. For centuries, to the disgrace of mankind, nations have been fighting each other with prohibitory tariffs, notwithstanding, in many instances, their proximity It has been of no consequence how much surplus one produced, which the otner required, or now mucn me ouier naa 10 give in exchange; yet, such lias been the ignorance, folly, selfishness, and bigotry of Government rulers, that laws have constantly been enacted to prevent the interchange of commodities. And in place of free interchange of articles, not only in trade, but in the courtesies of life, they have encouraged isolation, absolute hatred and unreasonable prejudices which have frequently led to the most wasting and bloody wars. Whenever negotiations have been set on foot to breakdown these absurd barriers between nations, they have too often assumed the selfish forms indicated, thus disnstroue-iy interrupting the advancement of the people in wealth and civilization. If there he any country of consequence with which the United States have no existing treaty, intended to embrace those general objects alluded to above, let provision be made tor concluding such. Bat, if it ii intended by our government to seek by treaty exclusive privileges, and grant in return similar immunities to Great Britain or any other nation,nothing can be more objectionable, and the sooner the idea is abandoned the better. The proper course for the United Slates to pursue, is to reduce their present tariff'to a revenue standard, regardless of the course of other nations, and endeavor to trade with all, like, a general merchant, selling to those who will pay the most for our products, and purchasing front those who will sell what we want in exchange on the cheapest terms. With Great Britain we formed a commercial treaty of a general character in 1815, which has been continued by mutual consent til the present time. We have similar treaties with all the respectable governments with whom we have intercourse. These may occasionally require modification; but we want no new trepty with any of these nations. The English have a great many commercial treaties with several nations; they partake of a very selfish character, and she has reaped the bitter fruits of her folly. Of this class is the celebrated treaty made with Portugal by Mr. Methuen, on the part of Great Britain, in 1703, of which we shall presently speak more at length. Previous to the accession of William III., the import of wine from France into England, amounted to 13 500 tuns per annum (A tun contains twenty-two Imperial English gallons.) The import of brandy was proportionality great. But Louis the XIV. having afforded protection to the Stuarts, the British government, in 1693, proceeded to impose a discriminating duty on French wines of ?8 sterling per tun. And in 1697, raised it to ?33 per tun ! It is supposed this excessive duty, would have been repealed, as soon as the circumstances which gave rise to it had subsided, had it not been for the unfortunate commercial treaty of Methuen with Portugal, which led to the encouragement of the Peninsular inferior wines, to the exclusion of those of France. By this treaty, England bound herself to .u; i j...: ^1 : cuaigc Miic-imiu uiguci uuiicb uii rrrucii wines, introduced into Great Britain, than on Portugal wine. The Portugese in return,agreeing to admit British woollens, at a nominal and fixed duty, by which means the Portuguese enjoyed the monopoly of the English wine market. At thU|>eriod, Prance commenced the augmentation of her anti-commercial measures against England ; and to this day, have the two countries sustained the most isolated and disastrously antagonizing relations towards each other, and the civilized world has seen and felt the result! Bv her treaty with Portuaal. Enrland exchanged the trade of over twenty-five millions of rich and productive inhabitants of France^ for two millions of a poor and beggarly population in Portugal. This was not all: the port wine which was to be admitted into England to the exclusion of French wine, was monopolized by the Oporto Wine Company, chartered by the government of Portugal, with exclusive privileges of cultivation and purchase, within the most valuable vine district on the upper Douro, by which means they fleeced the English by charging from JC5 to JC50 per pipe. The quantity of Port wine thus given to England more for money than lor woollen cloths, was paltry in its amount. It was also saddled with an export duty equal in 1834 to ill 9s per pipe for inferior, and for separated ii5 9s per pipe. The total export in 183-1 was only 26.107 pipes, of which Gt. Kritainonly took 9,000. In 1833 the exi>ort was 20,000pipes. In 1827 the total nrodnee was 54.000 nines, of which Gf. Dntain took 2-1,000, and Brazil 7,000 In 1831 Brazil only took 131 pipes. In 1833 about 2? million ofgal Ions were retained in England for consumption; while in 1831 the declared value of all exports from England to Portugal amounted to the paltry sum of onlv ?075,991. sterling. For this exclusive privilege of this limited trade, let us examine what England lost in losing theFrench market, and what France herself ha3 suffered by the retaliatory auti-cotninercial measures recoiling upon her own people when aimed at England. In France,in 1828,there were engaged in the cultivation of the vine alone, three millions of neople, whose interest and prosperity were sacrificed to sustain about 100,000 persons engaged in manufactures, such as iron founders, cotton spinners, <Sce. By the able " petition tt memoirt PAppui," signed by over 12,000 cultivators, and presented to the Chamber of Deputies in 1828, it appears, that, in the Gironde slone, there was a population of 432,889 persons, of whom 226,000 were directly engaged in the cultivation of the vine The annual produce of France, in wine, amounts to 1,060,000,000 gallons, equal in value of from 32 to i1 ID I W ITl ftfVl l.ntwr.nn 1 1UA C J j^tufu\n/,vw,ui iu urinccii iuv iu iqu millions ??i uwi< lars ; and produced by the labour of 3 to 4 millions of people. Of this vast production only 287,267 gallons were exported to Great Britain, of the declared value of ?65 287, sterling, while to the United States, with only about 17 millions of people, were sent over one million of dollars worth ol French wine. In 1832 the entire trade between Englnnd and France, stood thus; England exported to France of all articles, to the declared value of ?674,791, and received in imports of all articles the declared value of ?2.271,249. While in 1841, the United States' sent to France 5?21,706,755 worth of produce, and received in exchange the value off?23,993,812,in imports?thus showing, although a poorer nation, and leas populous than Great Britain, our trade with France was v istly greater. Instead of doing any thing to extend the trade in wine and silk with England, the government has hern doing nil it couni to oppose tne E-ngimn, ana have sacrificed these great interests by the imposition of enormous duties to bolster up a few selfish beet-sugar manufacturers, iron-founders, earthenware, hardware-men, and cot'on and woollen spinnera, ?Vc., engaged in the production of'such articles ns cannot be madp in France, except at a very dear rate, and which she could purchase under a system of liberal free trade much cheaper, and pay for in her vast surplus and natural products of wine and ?ilk. The anti-commercial policy began under Louis the XIV., and was followed up to the revolution, when Napoleon, greatly to his own injury, and which was probably one cause of his tinal overthrow, increased all its burdens and rigors in the vain hope of impoverishing Lngltind and her al lies. His policy was continued bv Louis the X VIII.. anl Charles the X.; and it< still "more or less persisted in by Louis Phillippe. "All commerce is founded oa principles of reciprocity. When a nation ceases to import, she must cense to export." liver since the reign of Napoleon, the wir.e and silk trade has experienced extraordinary difliculties and depression. This has been clearly set forth by the " /'rtition ft Mtmoirt I'Appui" drawn up in 1828. And in the exports of Hordeanx there has I .. ? r.ii;n? ..A nm ??- > urm n Kitm w.., ??. " "/ iu mr rxporm Ol wine, brandy and silk, nut pur roruti/utrue in her general trada. This fine commercial city of Franca ia admirably situated for trade on the river Oarrone, and in open by the Languedoc Canal to the tinael and richest W Vfl YORK' THTTRSHAV MD JL V/AHA&J JL. M. W JL -^TAV/ vineyarda of France, embracing those of the Gironde. Previous to the revolution, the exports from this city, of wine, amounted to 100,000 tuns per year ; but since 1820 they have only been as follows, in round numbers:?In 1820, 61.000 tuns?in 1821, 63,000?in 1822, 39,000?iu 1823. 51,000-in 1824, 39,000?in 182ft, 46,000?in 1826, 48,000-in 1827, 54,000 tuns; showing a decrease from a period prior to the revolution up to 1820, of from 100,000 to 61,000?and from 1820 to 1827, we find nearly a stationary state of exports. Much of what was shipped in 1827 and 1828 wfta exported on speculation. As stated by the " Petition et memoire I'Appui before alluded to, in Auril 1828, there were 600,000 tuna of wine in the Gironde, for which there was no demand. And the glut in the other departments was said to be proportionably great ? x iic mn jiiiuc 01 wmr, as migni ue expected, readied the value of vineyards, the greater part ol which became unsaleable, aud little change has since ensued. D otherwise, our recent tariff will send them hack again to where our tariff of 1828 assisted to place them ; and our products must be cut off to the same extent we cease to import from France, ller anti-trade policy has engendered opnosilion and anti-trade views. And we find England still encouraging the imports of wine from Spain, Portugal, Germany and Sicily, and attempting to produce it, at the Cape of Good Hope, all to her great disadvantage. While all this 13 going on, we see the finest wine and silk country in the wotld reduced to the greatest distress and poverty. Such was the embarrassment recently of the vine growers in France, that they were unable to pay their Government taxes, and it is said wine was often seized up~n and sold to satisfy government dues, and would not bring two-thirds of the cost of production! By the following table, it will be seen, the exports of wine from the Gironde, has not only been stationary, but lias materially fallen off at a |>eriod of three years anterior to 1831, and during the former United States high tariff. The exports in 1829 were nine million of gallons; in 1830 six millions; in 1831 five millions. The exports ol brandy declined in about the same ratio. Such is the result to the wine trade of France, brought about by her own anti-commercial |x?licy, so long persisted in ; and on the growth and pro| dace of which, over three millions of her laboring cultivators directly depend for support nnd prosperity ! And such is the example held up to the people of the United State* for imitation, and fully act-.d upon in our tariffs of 1828 and 1841! During the low tariff of '40, '41, we sold to France in provisions, cotton, and tobacco, near 22 million dollars worm ol produce, and received about 23 millions ol dollars of exports in exchange, or in articles which can, by a more favorable climate and soil, be more cheaply nnd better produced in France than in the United States, and by refusing to take which, our products are again to be cut off", or greatly reduced in amount, to bol ter up a small class, compared to the three or four millions of agriculturists in the United States. What folly for one nation to attempt to barricade the natural channels of trade, and endeavor to force domestic manufacturers, and the growth of articles which neither Nature, or Nature's God, intended the country should readily yield. Three millions of wine growers in France were sacrificed for the benefit of one hundred thousand manufacturers. Our late tariff proposes to sacrifice three or four millions of agriculturists, for the exclusive interest of a similar small class of manufacturers. While the fruitful plains of France have been imporerished by bad laws, enacted by ignorant ministers, led on by designing and clamorous manufacturers?in the same way, the fertile and productive bottoms of the vast valley of the Missireippi. with the rich cotton and tobacco lands of the South, are in atair way of depreciation and impoverishment by the mad legislation of the American Congress! At this time, the cultivators of the soil find themselves, like those of France, in possession of an immense surplus produce, and yet it is so very low in i's market value, that they are unable to pay the necessary taxes to meet the liabilities of their respective State governments. And were pork and grain seized upon and sold for taxes, as in France, they would not sell for the cost of production !! " How absurd and unnatural to cut off the international exchanges of productive industry ! The wine and silk growers of France must keep their wine and silk,and buy beet-root sugar, hardware, earthenware, woollens, tec., at an exorbitant price, from those whom the Government has seen fit to set up in business! In the same way. the farmers of Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, tec., must keep their corn, flour and pork, and the tobacco and cotton planters at the South, must keep their cotton and tobacco, and buy their sugar trorn a tew cane growers in Louisiana, and their iron and other articles of necessary consumptiod, from a small class of people, whom our Government have thought fit and necessary to place under their exclusive protection, and t? assist by bounties! When will governments become wise, and cease attempting, by narrow, selfish and foolish laws, to undo what Providence has decreed, and to force a state of things, alike ruinous to themselves, and prejudicial to the world 1 Wine and silks, from the nature of the climate and soil are the natural productsol France. And manufactures of iron, hardware, and earthenware,cotton and wool, are most readily, abundantly and cheaply produced in England, from the superabundance of of her coal and itoii mines, and the great dependence of her large and confined population on manufactures, for support, in consequence of the limited soil they occupy :?nnd its ill adaptation to cheap cultivation, on account of its natural barrenness, combined with an uncertain and often uncongenial climate, and especially in harvesting seasons. It is stated on good authority, that only one-third of the population of England are engaged in agricul. tural pursuits, while the remainder support themselves by trade and manufaatures. Notwithstanding nil these strong inducements to ar interchange oi products between France and England, we find France on the one hand rigidly excluding the products o| English industry : while England, not to be outdone in anti-free trade measures, is at work to exclude wines, silks, and other articles of French productive industry ; and to consumate her folly, she makes a bargain with two millions of poor subjects in Portugal, by which she binds hersell to purchase or admit no more French wine or brandy, but to receive in its stead port wine, adulterated ana sold to them under a monstrous monopoly, and at a cost vastly above its in trinsic value. And to avoid the purchase of French silks, she encourages the weaving of silk at Ppitalfields, at a ruinous coat to her own people, and to the utter destitution and poverty of the miserable beings employed in its fabrication! We thus have the unnatural spectacle presented to mankind in the 19th century, of two populous nations, divided only by a narrow channel of til) miles width, with their principal commercial < oie* nearer together than Dublin is to London, or Marseilles to Rordeaux or Havre?one with 2ti 000.000 of active people, and the other with 30,000,000? the former capable of supplying the latter with a va.-t amount of articles cheaper than she can make them, and Rive back to Britain in return, immense return* invaluable product* she need*, but which she cannot produce so cheap as France, if at all; and vet, we find the latter only sells to Great Britain about 88, 000.000 nf dollars worth annually,Iwhile she purchases from England in return only about 5,000,000o( dollars worth of imports!! Let the United States beware how she follows in the wake of a Methuen treaty, or imitates the examples of the disastrous and mutual isolation adopted by France and England. Let us go straight forward in a frank and holiest courne. regardless of the commercial policy of other nations, and receive and grant equal privileges to all, and form no exclusive alliances in trade with any Wars are more apt to arise between nations separated by commercial restrictions. Had France and 1.'nnlnn#! oiilt i no lud an tin pttat rintad f son frn/4o thuie wars would have been less in duration, and less frequent. A greater community of interest would have prevailed, and led to mutual and greater desires lor l>eace. Mr. Pitt, in 178t?, was the first statesman in England who attempted to bring about a lair and liberal commercial treaty with France, calculated greatly to augment the trade between the two countries. But, the French revolution put an end to it, and Napoleon on accession to power, confirmed France in her severe restrictive policy; and in 1815, the government determined to sustain the Napoleon creed of isolation. The long continued anti-coniinercial policy ol France has prevented the giowth of a commercial marine, or a mercantile Heel, without which no nation can ever have an efficient navv. Had France liberally encouraged commerce with all nation* during the two hundred years preceding the rise of Napoleon, no one can doubt tliut the country would have supplied him with a navy which would have fought his battles as successfully on sea, as he fought his own battles on land; in which event lingland might have sought a peace dictated by the conqueror. Hut with long continued free trade and intimate commercial ralationa between tnr two countries, the occasion would not have occurred, or times or IRK I RNING, FEBRUARY 23, circumstances have so transpired, pmbably, as to have raised a Bonaparte, or involved tihe two countries hi such unprofitable, long, and bit ody wars.

As it is in the afl'dirs of common lifie, s? it is in the affairs and intercourse of nations. The line of duty and of safety lies in a fair, liba ral, honest, and equal system, of dealing with all aEike; neither seeking or granting undue advantages. A. Jones. Trial of Commander MoKamle. Nineteenth Day?Feb. 'J'J. The Journal having been road, William Newall waa recalled, and croas-examined by the Judge Advocate. Q.? B-toro Clark ran away, did yju mention to Lieutenaut (Jansevoort that yeu hud auch n conversation with him as you described yesterday 1 A.?No, sir; nor to any one else. 1 trvbl the Court of Enquiry that the paper looked as if it had been doubled into a uook.or as if it was a leaf torn out of a book. 1 said it looked more yellow than writing paper. I have heard the boys on board the Joiners talk of the paper found in Spencer's locker, but not of the rharaclf of the paper. When Spencer spoke about "my sailing with him," he did not speak o( buying a vessel; he said he should soon have a vessel of his own, but did not say where ho was to get her. By Commander McKknzie.?I have seen midshipmen forward, but I do not remember ever seeing of them in | conversation with the crew, except Mr. Spencer. By Judge AnvocsTE?I first mentioned that Spencer hnd nske.l me to sail with him alter my arrivalEdwved Emu.isii examined hy Captain NlcKenzie.? 1 saw Mr Ipsoosr ladCromwell sitting together one dav . Spencer was writing something down, and in reply to Cromwell he suid yes?ves It was an oldish paper, aud kind of yellow. 1 should know the pupcr by the color. q.?Was it like either of the papm s how shown you ? A. ?Ves, sir. President?Look at them, anil don't answer so carelessly. Jl'doe Advocate?Well, put down his answer. Witness.?1 think it was more of a yellow color; I could not say certain ; I think the papers shown me at the Court of Enquiry were yellower than theae. n n:.l *i._u ..... *V-.. r' . .r Enquiry resemble thuie you law Spencer and Cromwell looking at 7 A.?Qes.sir; they did. Q ?Did you ever hear Spencer say anything about turning the Homers into a pirate. If so, what did he soy I A.?He told Cromwell that " this vessel?the Homers," would make a fine piratical craft or vessel. It was a short time before evening quarters. By J uonr. Auvocatk ? Did you not have those papers I before you at the Court of Enquiry, and did you not attentively examine them 1 A?1 dont know; some papers were shown me.but I did not look much at them ; 1 did look at one of the papers there tor the purpose of swearing to it as the one I saw in Spencer's hand. I say that the one I sar before the Court of Enquiry was yellower than the one now shown me, although it may be the same. Q.?Which is the one most like the one you saw in Spencer's hand, the one now shown you, or the or is you was shown by the Court of Enquiry 7 A.? I think the one shown hetore the Court of Enquiry. Q ?If yeu were certain the one you now see, is not the one you saw before the Court of Enquiry, would you not think you did not take particular notice of Iho paper Mr. Spencer had in his hand 7 A I did not take much notice?I did not mistrust anything. Q.?When did you llrst tell that you had seen Spencer so engaged with Cromwell 7 A.?To the Court of Enquiry ; I mentioned it also to some of the boys on hoard the brig after our arrival. Q ? Was there not much talk before your arrival about the papers found in Spencer's locker 7 A ?I heard some talk after the Sunday when tho commander talked to us at muster. 1 can't tell what Sunday it wns. The papers then lay on the slide of the trunk, and I believe LieU'enant Gansevoort handed them to the cap tain. I was about 16 l'eet oft the captain. Q?Did you see any figures on the paper 7 A.?J don't remember Q.?Did you hear the Commander tell the crew that the papers were part of the leaf of a hook 7 A?Not to my knowledge. Here Commander McKenzie told the Judge Advocate, that the witness was under a mistake about the papers. y.?Was the Captain reading the paper and telling the crew who Mr. Spencer's accomplices were 7 A.?No, sir. It was not thrie papers, it was othert. Q.?Have you not talked with the boys before your arrival about the names on Mr. Spencer's list 7 A No, not to my knowledge. II?Di<l you not hear before your arrival, that the names oi Green, McKee, and others, were down on Mr. Sp uicer's list 7 A ?Well, I can't say that. I heard that they were implicated in the mutiny. y.?Was it not common ship talk,that those namos were on the list 7 A Yoe. I heard it pretty often. Jl dok Advocatk?Ah ! we've got at it at last, y ?How came vou to mention thia circumstance after your arrival, not having suid any thing aliout it before 7 A.?I never said any thing about it until I was asked: Mr. Oansevoort called me into the ward room and asked me. v^.?1.1I1 perrons wno urn lining oil mc lore scuttle, he readily seen or noticed by any of tho crew going about the forecaatle. A ?Yea. I do not know that they can bo ?een from the quarter deck, on account of the beam*. JuDiia Advocate.?Why, of courac not. Q?Have you not frequently aeen young officer* talking to the old seamen 7 A.?Yes. Mr. Spencer, Mr. TilloUon, and Mr. Delande, I have so teen. After dinner I've aeen them, but I never saw them talking so much as Mr. Spencer. It i* not unuaual for the officers to talk after dinner. Q-Do you know why you waa called into the ward room and queationed by Mr. Oanaevoort 7 A?No, I do not. Q?What did Mr. Oanaevoort aay to you I A?Why, he asked me if I ever saw Mr. Spencer in much oonversation with the crew, and I told him 1 had. Q?Who was present 7 A?There were several officers in the ward room. <i? did he tell you it would be a good thing for you to tell every thing you saw 7 A?He told me 1 should be brought into court, and I must tell every thing 1 saw, but tell the truth.. He told me so when 1 first came ; he said, " tell all you know j it will lie the best thing for you that waa the first time I told what T saw. By Capt. Paoe?The paper shown me at the Court of Enquiry was not watered, a* this is. uy i apt. shcbrick?vo you, or do you not know, thnt is the paper shown you by the Court of Enquiry, and the same you saw in the hands of Spencer 1 A?It reacmblat the paper 1 saw in the hands of Mr. Spencer. By Capt. McKkmzik?I have hear 1 Cromwell say, in reply to an order, " d?n it, there's no use in doing it ; he only wants to make more work for the crew." Edward Kowi.fr examined by Capt.McKsezir?i hase seen Spencer and Cromwell iB private conversation on board ; also, Cromwell and Small ; I heard them talking about the Isle of Tines. Jt'dof Aptocatf?After the arrest of Spencer, 1 I heard from the Commander that it was ha intention of the mutineers to take the vessel to the Isle of Pin >s. I first told of this conversation at the Commodore's house Q.?How did you come to be taken te the Commodore's house 1 A.?I was asked before I went, sir. Q.?Who asked, when and where I A Mr. Oansevoort, a little while after we arrived in; I cannot tell how long. Q?Where was it, and who was present 1 A.?In the word-room of the Somers; Mr. Oansevoort, Mr Wales and other officers were uresunt. The Master. at-arma aaked me ftrat if I knew any thing about the caae. I told him. yea, I knew a little aomcthlng about it. Caliina, the boatawain'a mate waa by ; he aaid it would be a good thing for me to tell what I knew. <4 ?Who meaaed with you ? A Colline.i&tewnrt, the Boatawain'a mate, and aevoral othera. q ?Did you tell any peraon of thia convocation between Cromwell and Small before your arrival here 1 A. ?No, air. q ?Waa there not much talk on l>oard the brig, about Mr. Spencer'a plan for piracy ? A Yea, there waa a good deal of talk. q.?Much talk about thia lale of Pinea 1 A.?No. air, not much about that. Q ?Did you know any thing about the lale sf Pinea, before the Commander apokeol it 7 A ?No Sir. Wm Haiaev Kuao examined by the Accuaed?At the flrat part of the voyage Cromwell need the boy a badly; alter he got intimate with Spencer he treated them better; he waa alao intimate with Gedney and Godfrey, Van Velaer aad othera. I have heard Mr Spencer converting often day and night on the forecaatle, I heard Cromwell aay that he ahould like to have tho command of n veaael and cruiae off the lale of Pinea; Spencer aaked if there waa plenty of fruit there. q. by J vdok \otoc?tb ? What tori of fruit did Mr. I S|iencer talk about; did he mention ;n'n? applea? a . .1 ilnn't Irtinu. Air what sort nf frilit- I flrat nf the converiation to HonglanJ. a lew days after the eiecution; wo were talking about what they would have done if they had taken the ve?sel; told of the ronveraation up at the Commodore's house; I did not tell it to the ofticera on hoard; when they aent for me to the ward room, heard Cromwell in the gangway fay he was innocent when about to lie hung. Q?Why then did you not at that time report what you hail heard him aay? A?1 don't know what the reaion waa; I did not think it would do much good. Q Who had been speaking to you after your arrival and before you went to the ward room to Lieut. Game, voortl A.?Nobody that I know of; Mr. Terry asked mo if I Irnottr unt thircr nlimit ( rumwcll Q ? Had F.ngliih and Fowler then bran in the ward room. A.?Fowler had; I don't know about Kngliih. Here the Court adjourned. Extensive Robbkry or Sti.ver E'eate?On Thursday night the residence ot Mrs. E. Brinekerhoff, in Albany, was robbed of a Inrge amount of valuable plate. It consisted of nenrly one hundred pieces, aome ol them large and massy, and ethera valuable lor their age, and having been long in the family. The robbery was committed by Alexander Horn, a German, employed by Mrs. B. as a waiter. * % IERA , 1843. I Common Council. Biiaud or AuoKKMcif, Tuesday, Feb. W, 1H4S.?The Board met at 4o'clock, P. M., Alderman Bam# in the chair; all the memhera present, except Aldermen Woodhull, Jonea, CroliuH, and Bonnell. Several petition! were preiented and referred. Reioluliom -By Alderman Daviks, that the Committee on Lamp! and Gns ascertain on \sliut terms a contract can be enterod into with the Manhattan Gas Company to light the lamps that may be erected in streets where said company have laid their mains. Adopted. By Alderman Stkwaiit?That if the Board of Assistants concur, the Committee on Kinuncu tie authorised to leasn for two years such part of tho Long Island Farms, as is not required for the use of the children. Laid on the table. Report?In favor of leasing to A. Hillock, a plot of grouud at Ihu toot of Duanu street, for a milk dairy.? Adopted. The Board then took up the new "Tax Bill ."providing for the levying and collection of assessments in the city of New York, with the amendments of the Board of Assist ants. The amendments, which wore ot n trivial character, not affecting thu principles of the bill as it was originally passed in this Board, wero takon up separately, and "on. curred in without deba'o. Tho Board then adjourned till Monday ueit, at .1 o'clock P.M. Oencral Sessions Before Recorder Tallmadge, Judge Lynch, and Aldermen CroliuH and Jones. F?:n i'l.?Trial of John Underbill far Ro ;>? on jinn Murphy?Yesterday the Court room was crowded to overflowing at uit early hour, .iml b<lore the trial hud commenced, the doors were closed except to the admission ot witnesses and ixw-Kona etlaohed la ihu I'.nnrt 'l'h? nr. cused Underbill, uad his associate llaifiel-l, alio indicted for the same offence, were seated in one ol the prisoner's boxes and were the ohje-t of special notice by the spectators, until the grl Ann Murphy was called to the stand as a witnessThe pro ecution was conducted by District A* torney Whitinc, assisted by Jonas B. I'iiii i.irs, Esq The defence by David Ohaham and Jamks T. Bhapt, Esqs. Tho case was opened for the prosecution by J B . PhilMrs, Kiip who in a brief and feeling speech detailod the offence charged against the accused, and an outline of the facts as they intended to present them to tho jury. On concluding lis called the girlAnn Muhfhy, who was than sworn?After relating hor evening's walk up the Bowory and return down Broadway, near the Cottage, in search of Beekman street, whero she then resided, sho testified as follows .? "When I came down Broadway a little farther, I knew I was not at Beekman street. 1 saw the man called John, who had been walking after me very I it, and being afiaid, I asked him to show mo the way to Beekman street He tsid it was alar off*; but if 1 would step into the hou'e here, there wus a nice comfortable room and fire, and his sister, who was in there sewing, was going down to Beekman street, and 'he would go with me. I felt happy to think a young lady wouhl go with me I lo not know the street thai this house was in, hut I know the place Ifl suw it?it is in Broadway- John pushed me in the door, and then they dragged main. 1 saw no girl? they dragged me through the room where they were selling liquor into a dark room, and then into another room. John threw me on a table, and I believe it was Dingier put his breast upon my face, and held me so 1 could not hollow j he then done to me what I am athamed lo tell? When Dingier had done what he pleased, then the fellow with black whiskera (meaning the accused) done what he could?then 1 fell down, and the other one, without whiskers, attempted to do it also, nut be did not. This positive contradiction of her testimony given on the trial of Dingier, when she swore that the accused, Undcrhill, was the first who perpetrated the act upon her person, induced the District Attorney to enquire, by further examination, whether she fully understood the reguIn i* onn rflAi rvf fKn tsnnifnnt nf tKu norf luo f n hn / 'effaffu Mr Oraham objected to direct questions being put to draw forth an explanation, when the District Atnor.net asked her which was the one that perpetrated the act upon her person first 7 Witness?Dingier perpetrated the act flrit, and thin the Jtllnw named John. District Attorney?Which is John 7 Witness?(alter looking about lorn minute)?That is him with blnck whiskers there?(pointing to the accused, Underhill, who was seated in the same box with Hatfield ) The remainder of her testimony was similar to that published on the trial of Dingier. The cross-examination,oondncted by James T. Drauv, Esq., extunded over the whole life of the girl, from the day of her nativity in Ireland, to the hour of the rape, but nothing was elicited to put any new lace upon the facts of the case as previously published. She stated during her long cross-examination, that at every place whereshe una iivi-h in rnis cny, sue Ban neen hi trea't-d, una particularly *o by I'dtnck O'Kelly, the street broker, who *he alleged took her silver thimble ami sold it, and refused to pay her wages after she had lived there a month. That thoonly good treatment she had received was from Col. Jones, of the city prison, Alderman Crolius, Dr. Macomb, and particularly Mr. Whiting. That she pointed out the threo men charged with rape to Alderman Crolius, on the night of the rape, in the watch house, anil Underbill, the accused, was one ol thein ; 1 saw Dingier that night, und John the next morning ; I could not swe the face of John in the dark room, as there was no light there; 1 told Abler man Crolius that Hatfield would have been ns bad as any of them if the man who came an the steps had not prevented him. Direct by District Attorscv?I pointed Dingier out at the watch house,ou the night ot the outrage; 1 pointed out tha other two the same night at the watch house ; 1 mean by the three men that night, that one was Pearce.ono was Dingier, and another a man who was going to take hold of me ; 1 pointed John out the next morning to Mr. Stokely; no person has ever had connection with me except those two men. By Dkfkxce?I pointed John out in the prison the next morning ; when I saw John come into the room, I said to Mr. Stokely, "that is the man." By the Jurt?How did you becoma so familiar with the name of John 7 Wit is ess?He told ma in the street when I mat him, that his sister was in there, and his name was John ; 1 saw his lace at the time ; the lrmps were lit. Another attempt was here made to induce the witness to recognize the accused, and after several unsuccessful efI forts, she stepped forward and recognized him in his seat alongside of his counsel. Here followed a round of applause by a poition of the audience, which the Court immediately ordered to be aup pressed, and if repeated to bring the offenders before the Court immediately. I The Court then took a receai until half past four o'clock. Evs.i?ipq Skiiion. On tha reassembling of the Court, Mr Thenll, tho foreman of the Jury, staled that, during the morning, tome improper conversation had passed by apectators in the rear of the Jury box, and they requested that it might be prevented in future. The Coubt stated that they had given directions to keep the passage clear behind the seats of the Jury, and should see that it was attende|Lto in future. Dr. JoMtr H. Macomb, the Physician of the City Prison, was called by prosecution. A long conversational argument ensued between counsel as to the admissibility of his testimony relative to the opinion that he formed as to her character (or modesty and virtue, from an examination of the person of the girl Ann Murphy, made by him on the night of the rape. The Rscosdkb, with the two Aldermen, objected to the reception of the testimony at this point of the trial. Judge Lvbcii dissented, but the District Attorney withdrew the question lor the present. Dr McComb continued the relation of his examinanation of her person, but the details are too gross for publication. He stated during his cross-examination, that the girl Ann Murphy, while at the watchouse on the I night of the rape, positively asserted to Alderman Crolius, on being asked, that Hatfield hail nothing to do wtth the rape. She also stated that night that Dingier was the second man that had connection with her, and Undcrhill the flrat. Dingier said in the watchhouse that Jake Roome brought the girl into hi* houie. William Mtoei-lv called and aworn ?He repeated the testimony previously given at the trial of Dingier, and the Diilrict "Attorney then offered to prove by witnea* that the girl Ann Murphy had described the person of the accused to him that night and the day fallowing. The defence objected, and the Court overruled the testimony This witness then testified to hor recognition of the accused in the Police Office, on the Munday morning following the rap?,which was committed on Saturday night, Dec. 3; also that Dingier said at the watchhonse, when he was brought there on the night of the rape, that the girl was brought there by a man named Roome. II at tie Id and Underhill, the accua?d,came to the Tolice Office the neat morning of their own accord. Dingier was with them. The Court adjourned at seven o'clock in the evening, and the counsel consented to their separation. Important from the Meditkkhankan ?Letter from an officer on hoard the U. S ship Congress, dated Genoa, Dec. 31, 1842:?"It is impossible for our shi|>s to winter in Mnhon any longer Theplaee ; is now infested with several thousand Cataloman soldiers, who are under no discipline, and whose 1 officers have not the slightest control over them.? T.iey are perfectly regardless of law or life, and steal every thing and murder every body they can , lay hands upon. A short time previous to our leav- J ing. three ot our crew were murdered on different nights, and at last they commenced with the offi errs. Our Sailing Master, Passed Midshipman .fohn S. Patterson, as he was quietly leaving the town nt night to go on hoard ship, was brutally assassinated. He received three frightful stabs in his left brens', either of which would have proVed mortal. His cries were heard on board ship, and many hastened to his aid, but found him weltering in his blood. Upon this last outrage, the Commodore immediately weighed anchor and left the place. The Columbia 74, and sloopj Fairfield and Preble, are here with us. Officers and crews all well." We advise those who want good furniture j at a low price, to attend this day at 10 o'clock, at 43 Amos mrcci, uui nvrnur, h? nurcruacu in iboiiici \ column. _ 11 Bankrupt LUf. I SOUTHfcHN DISTRICT OF NEW YORK , ,n I _ John MrMurrnv, loooking gl??? maker, N. V- ;; Jon I ^ (Hlhoit, clerk, N.Tf. , Linn* Palmar, frmm. I r livan po. , Thomai M. Lawia, clerk, N. < ? '9 LD PriM Twe Cent*. -~-^rrz^ LcgliUluro ??r Xcw York. In Sknatk, Monday. Fkb 20. Kurorts of,Committee*.?'By Mr. Dickinson, a written rf|)?rt in relation to agriculture, and rccommending a cnniinuation <>f the law toiirninntr agriculture, and action in the silk cure, flee. A bill in accordance with the recommendation w,(h introduced. The rejiort and bill were ordered printed. Motions?By Mr. Ely, requiring the clerks of the Supreme Court, register, assistant register, teo , in Chancery, to report in lull in relation toiee?charged, itec., services rendered, &c. Nkw York and Hkik Railroad.?The committee of the Whole, Mr. Hard in the chair, resumed the consideration ol the bill to aid in the construction of the New York and Erie Railroad r g--1_ ? ?? ? aL ? .v> ^ l . . - *vl !v/l L lie 'jllrrMMUI WHS Uf'UIl 111*3 IIIUIIUI1 Ul mi. >* KIVHI an to attend (lie bill as that the commissioner shall be appointed by the company, instead of by the Governor and Senate. Mr. Wright withdrew his amendment, and offered another, declaring that nothing in this act aliall be ho construed as in any way to connect this road with the State, or make it liable in any way for the bonds of the company, which are to be countersigned by tins State commissioner. Mr. Faiii.knkr a iid lliut there was no objection to this amendment, and it was agreed to. The nuestinn then came up on the amendment offered by Mr. Porter Mr. Faulkner opposed the amendment, and allowed that its adoption would entirely defeat tha objects of this bill. Mr. Chamiikri.ain said the adoption of this amendment would he similar to the adoption of a motion to strike out the enacting cluuse of a bill, lie lio|>ed, as an act cf justice to the road, that the Senate would not agree thus to kill the bill. Mr. Hunter moved to rise and report, inasmuch as the mover of the amendment was not in his seat. This motion was resisted] by Mr. Faulkner, but it was agreed to. Ik Assembly. 1'lCTlTtONS PRESENTED AND REFERRED.?By Mr Babcock, on behalf of Mr. W. Ilall, front citizens of West Troy engHged in the coasting trade, for protection against the importation lews of Virginia: by Mr. Dickinson, from Broome county, that Mr. baulkner a hilL lor the construction of the New York unci Erie Railroad do become a law; by Mr. Rice, to aid in the construction of the New York and Krie Railroad; by Mr. O. Benedict, Irom Chatauque county, tor a law 10 prohibit the sale of property under execution lor less than two-thirds its value; by Mr Babcock, tor a repeal or modification o( the usury law; by Mr. Haighi, Irom Monroe co., to prevent adultery; also, from the millera of Lockport, to reduce the inspection fees of Hour in the city of Albany; by Mr. Gadwell, Irom the city ofUtica, that the lien law be extended to said city ; by Mr. Allen, (3) to speedily improve the navigation ol the Oneida Lake and Kiver; by Mr. T. benedict, from inhabitants of the State of New York, to abolish all law tor the collection of debts (On presenting this petition, the gentleman remarked that it looked suspicious, as he saw the names of Willis Hall, A B. Dickinson, and others, in the same hand writing.) By Mr. Williams, from Yates and Ontario co's., to prevent the sale of property for lees than two-thirds its value ; by Mr. M. Brown, from Steuben co., tor a law to allow a debtor to turn out his property to pay his debts, at two-thirds its value. Rkpokts of Co.m.wjtikks.?A report trom ths Comptroller relative to the "mill tax" was recsivsd riMirl unrl ririli rorI nnintn/4 Mr. Gr.AZiFR, of a bill to increase the number of port wardens, &c , in the port ol New York. Mr. J. H Smith, pursuant to notice, brought in a bill to compel the Long lslund Railroad Co. to burn fossil coal in the engines while travelling through Suffolk co.?read and referred. Mr. E. Strong called up the resolution " that the Committee ol the whole bp discharged from the further consideration of the hill relative to he inspection of flour, and that it be referred to a select committee to report complete, and that when the committee report the same, that it take its place on tho general orders. By Mr. Hunt, that the Canal Commissioners jeport to this house the number of contractors whose contracts are now in force, with their names, also the amount of damages to such contractors, and other purposes, dec. Laid on the table and ordered printed. On motion of Mr. Ai.i.kn, the pending order of business was laid on the table, and the house in committee of the whole. Mr. E. F. Warren in the chair, took up the bill " For the payment ef Contractors." The bill was ordered to a third reading. Several bills were received from the Senate, and read and referred. Adjourned. ^C9B NEW I.INE OK LIVKIU'OOL PAOKICTe. T? New York on the 26th uud( Liverpool ou the lllh ?f each month. jth tffiv Jft NkwTorkT Ship OAHRICK. <^r.t?in Win. Hki'liiv. I5th Kebnior. Shin ROHC1U8, Captain John Collins, 2ith March Ship HIDUONS. Captain K. B. Cobb, 25th April. Rhip SHERIDAN, Captain K. A. Depeyater, 25Ui May. Kaon Livataroai.. Ship 8IDDON8, Captain K. B. Cobb, 13th February. Ship SHERIDAN. Captain F. A. Deneyater, IStb Matah. Ship (JAHRICK, Captain Win. Bkiduy, 13th April Ship R08CIU8. Ctj'tain John Collina, 11th May Theses hips are all ot the tint claaa, upwards ot I tat lens, bar It ,0<hr city of New York, with aach iniproremriita a seombtna yre.'J speed with nnnsual comfort for passengers. Eaery eat* nil* been taken in the arrainteineiit ol their accominodalioiu The prrce of |>a*aa||c hence la $100, for which ample store* will be pravnleil. Tlieae sliips are cpinmauded by aineneueed >n.i*trn, Waa will make ererv eiertinu to |iir general MM iotion Neither the captain* o. u? nera of the ship* will be raapotaaible for ?i y letter*, parcels or |>tckagea tent by them, antes* re* gulnr hi1 la of lading ate sigut d therefor. For Irtight or pasr.sgl-, apply to E. K. COcLlNS V CO.. 5* Booth at.. New York, ot to WM. Ik JAS BROWN k CO., Lieerpnol. Lett*rs by the tucket* Will In el arged I2V4 ccnta p?r singla sheet; 50 cent* i>rr ounce, aud newspapers ! rent each. fl r Jttfg- NKW LINK LIVERPOOL PAOKF.TS-Packei fcr*3rVFeb? The vplendid, well ko<-wn. Out sailing j3yU?i>acket ih>p OAHHICK, C?[ t Win hkiddy, will hi" lioiiutrly ai above-,litr regular day. 'I'lie drips of tliie nut tre all lOliO tuns burthen and onwards' au'i it is wrll known that lliair accnaiiriod.itious lor cabin, cood cabin and steerage passengers, art superior toauyothar li't ?> pickets. Persons uremics of ereur ug berths ahould net fail to make early application on board, foot of Wall at. or to W. k J. T. TAP8COTT, ' <3 I'tch Slip cor Sonthat. The Girrica will from Liverrool on I3ih April affording to |>ei>i>n* a favorable 01 portnuity of having thvir friends hraaabt aut in her, or any of the regal r line oo the most reasonable terms; ane those wishing to remit moeey can have drafts for any ainonut. nble on demand without diacoaot, in all tha principal inwua of Great Britain and Ireland. Apply as above. The Hottingaer will succeed the '.Garrick, and sail on tha 16th March tffee m . HAIL ROAD LINE OF BTAGEB ag?yKOvi NEW YORK TO BEDFORD WBP'AJ'lf On and afb r Tuesday, Jannaty 3d, 1*43, tha atihacribera will run a line of tUgea Iron Bedford to New York tlirre times a Week, as follows:? Leaves Setlv's Mansion Home, Bedford, every Monday, Wednesday and Fridav morning at *H o'clock. Leai ei the Rail Road Hotel, corner of Bowery and Bmooie its, .New York, every Tuesday, Thoisday and SaMrday morning, by the 9 o'clock cars, nesting Marble Hall, Eaat Chester White Plains, Robbins' Mills, Mils Square, Newest tie, and Bedford. HIRAM REFOREST, U. C. LEWIS, Proprietors. The Red Biol Line of S'agce will continne to ran daring Hie winter from White Plums every day at I o'clock, and New Yoik at t o'clock, i' M., Sundays excepted HIRAM DEFOREST, nim'ec Proprietor. _ WINTER ARRANGEMENT-R. M. Wk?F frHkTOVPK INS' Line of Stages for Yonkers, Dobb. Kerry, Tarry Town, SmaRing. Sodom and Soiiihraa'. hi Conner? ion with the Harlem Kallrnad. Thi* 11ur will leaia New fork at 9 o'clock daily, by ihe Uailtoad cars for Wjl|iain?brid*e. and will convey paaaeugera ? faraa Rio* Slinic and I'eekrkill And on Tacadar, Thnrailay and R? uiday, thr line will be attended to Sodom. <)? Mondavi. Wailn. adaya aud Kridaya from R. dom tn Nvw York. * R M TOM TKl A 8. P root in tor. The Railroad Fare from WillianMbridga to Haw Tirak iaK cant*. (J -'f? In the month of February. IM2. berween Buffalo mil ibia ricv. a letter enclosing certificate No. W. dated Jan. M, IM. for lilty >hvra in tha capital atock of the Commercial Bank f M?nclie?ter, Miaa., ata ding in my name ? Any iienon baaing found ihe ?ame, will ba aniiably rewarded ?? lar w a nil hi/ if t<? tli?* ktihtrriliwr Nrw Vnrli fc"#h 17 I ? 11 V l?td>p?*f ? I'HI". KLfcCTRO-MAOft K I IC I'L AT KM pre[inrrJ by Larnoomtii of Pant, and aold in !Ne? York. ?3 franklin treet. by Ninnard. at the moderare nrice of ft Jb, arc acknowedged by mnuy i li)>iouu, and all other peraona who hara rind them, tobe. and are in fact, mnat efficaeiaus for coring ill nervona affectiona and piuaa, a rhemnatiam , nenraigy, he goat,tic douloureux, inerrimi, parajyaia in the b- ginning, liaraaeanf women, pale colon, ainennrrhece, aoppreaatona, rapora, iieraoua attnena, Ilr ; they cairn luatantaneoualv nerrnua agitation when in W#d Ageota?In Boa ton, Maam. Ran1011 k 8'erena; in Buffalo, Mr. C. C. Briatol; in liharlaaton, Mr. L<prince. irW lm*r '"PO PRINTKR8? Koraala, three aro nd hard medinm hand A | rciara and inking machinet ; three arcncd hand e?r*"" royal nand-preaaca aud inking inachiuea. , \ he abore preaaea and m ichinea are in K?od ordar, be aold aery low on application to the HOr. f 7' Machine and haw A1 umfacloiy, Noa. 29 and 31 atraat. v.-v."; fold IVneila tiold intdiea aa low aa 30 toikSdollara auk. iVatchea and Jew< '> exchanged or bought. All Wacchaa waranted to keep gcid time or -he money returned. Wale he., 'lorka and Jewelry repaired in the beet manner and wnrrantad, tmneh lew 'han the uanal price*. Inujorter of WaRhjj aid J a watry ft lm*?? Wh'ilMnif ?rul num.! w?u w.. up i*XV? M1L.T ?r*M>Ol irdh??i?e Ktlt lor >lir*thia? foia <>l liontai ?nd iliipi lK'tiom?, for ?ol? > lots to Mil purrj?#?or?, by ? K. K. COI.LINS fc CO. * ?o?h ?i

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