Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 27, 1843, Page 2

February 27, 1843 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 2
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IV KW YORK HERALDr w York, Mi?n<l*jr. Kcbraarji 47, IMS. Thk Sosikrs Cask?New awd Jmjoktakt Aspect.?As we predicted some lime since, the Somers case now presents a new and most important aspect, in consequence ot the narrative of Commander McKenzie, and the reports of the pro ceeuilijfB iwior- uic wui t Ui i ,u^un y ,uw\icntiied Euroi*, and been subjected there to the tree, impartial, and enlightened examination of the conductors ot the public press. The esse has, as may well be supposed, attracted remarkable attention in France and England; and the civilization and intelligence of those countries regard it with as deep an interest as we do here. The fact that the whole case is now under the keen surveillance af the public opinion of the old world, and their conduct will become the subject ol the most rigid scrutiny, should teach the Court Martial now in session, the necessity of the greatest caution, and the most deliberate action. If this very peculiarity ot their position does nofrwarn the members ol that Court to decide only alter the exercise of the most wary and thoughtful reflection, and on principles of the strictest equity, nothing else can teach them their duty. The acquittal or condemnation of Alexander Shdell McKenzie is not the only question at issue. The character and power of the American navy?of the American people? of our free and liberal insti.Kiull.l.l.l.. v r> lum'iio, Oil an ai cvtxixi . ntfti iu auy WUli tUII" vened in our land, have the vindication and preservation ol more momentous in.erests been consigned, than those now awaiting the decision of this Court Martial. Let every member remember this, and weigh well the solemn responsibilities of his i>osition. So far as we have been able to ascertain from the newspaper prew, and otherorgans of public opinion, in France and England, the conduct ol Commander McKenzie is regarded with universal condemnation?not with condemnation merely, but with undisguised execration. Never, indeed, do we recollect having met with such strong and forcible and indignant denunciation of any;ini()uitous act, as that whicn is uttered so loudly against this dark transaction, by the press of the old world. The simple fact is,that the existence of the same leeling is every day becoming more and more manifest here. Remarkably coincident with this growing and unetjuviocal viioeokAnumn llm unliru neAouoilinira ?f ic|>n ut uoivii vi iiiv. v Mill v- |>| wwuitl^n vi vuillllinir der McKenzie, is the fact that his counsel have virtually atmndoned the rase! Mr. Griffin, one of our most respectable lawyers, never made his appearance after the first or second day of the trial; and Mr. John Duer, a gentleman of equally high standing, has now declined any further connexion with the case, on the ostensible ground that the continued management of it would injuriously interfere with his other engagements. As a specimen of the tone of public opinion in those civilized countries in Europe,where public opinion on such a case has such acknowledged claims on our attention, we present our readers with the following extracts from English journals. Our first extract is taken from the I^ondon United Service Journal?the influential organ!of the army and navy ol Great Britain;? (From the London United Service Journal ) 1 Lynch Law Afloai ?The paper* tell us at an atrk- < rnr.1 hut we term it a must horrible affair which ? >. . tedto havs happened on board the United States brig Se- 1 mm, on her recent voyage home from Africa. We own i that at the 6r*t reading of the account, we concluded it wm a mere galley-yarn, spun by some admirer of Cooper'* novel* ; but a* the Commander'* own description ha* appeared, we feel bound to notice the transaction, and may perhaps at a future day discuss it at large. Mutiny is a frighful thing in a ship, and when once hatched, requires promnt and decisive measures to prevent its contamination spreading. But the case before us is singularly remarkable in its several bearings ; for the plan said to be under concoction had not been manifested by any tangible act, and the embyro projects were revealed to the proper authority, which authority must have been fully competent to the suppression, or the crew would not haw become executioners of the mutineer prisoners. We ho|<e for thocauseof general humanity, that the affair will be properly and rigidly enquired into, and that due inveat- i igatian will place the matter in an unequivocal light.? We own, on the lace of the affair, that we are surprised | how Lieutenant McKen/.ie could prevail on the generous , sens of America America so free and enlightened, to clap on the yard ropes ia such Lynch-like fashion; but we suddenly recollected all about back-woods gouging, and biting, and slaving and other ferocious practices, and j were satisfied that Jonathan has yet much to learn in ci- j vilization. r Prom the London Standard o f January 30 ] 1 The Uniteti Service Gazette contains a very able ?nd uielul article, (which we shall endearor to give to-morrow ) upon the late shocking case of Li+**ing, in the American navy. Tho case to which we allude, isthat of Capt. Slulell Mackenzie, who, upon pretence of,mutmy. hanred one of his midshipmen and two of his iwtty e?cers without trial, and upon suspicions wholly unsupporTssl by proof. This monstrous cruelty would be incredible open almost any testimony hut that of the murderer himself ; but our readers hare seen Capt. Mackenzie's own state ment?hare eren seen his confession, that a principal reason with him lor hanging Mr. Midshipman Spencer, (one of the unfortunate victims,) was the conviction that Spencer could not be put to death if brought home to be legally tried ; and also the postscript, requesting for his own (Captatn Mackenzie's) nephew the vacancy in the midshipman's berth, which he (the captain) had made by the halter that strangled Spencer. How the American authorities may dispose of Capt. Slidell Mackenzie, we are yet unable to say ; but that the murderer can anticipate less than to tind hir own neck encircled by Spencer's halter, proves an extremely unwholesome state of feeling in the American navy. Lynch law is bad enough in the back woods , but whea it finis its way among the responsible servants of the state, we may pnnounce the near approach ol anarchy- The particulars of Macken7.ie'? case are too well treated by our excellent weekly contemporary to al low that we allude to them very minutely. To us it is plain that the wretched murderer committed his crime under the influence of the most abject, the most fetid cowardice. if ever there was any purpose of mutiny, which may be doubtful, it was perfectly in his power to frustrate it, by running the vessel into any of the neighboring ports, (several British and other ports being within a few hours' sail of hnn;) for he does not pretend, that even for a single moment he lost the command of the ship and crew, indeed, the tact that he hanged his three (we believe innocent) shinmates by the hands of his crew, is proof beyond dispute that he had complete command ol the ship? And why did he hang them? No mutiny had exploded?no blow hail been struck. An intention only was suspected, and suspected U|>on very doubtful evidence, and for this suspected intention these young men were taken from the irons in which they had been three days fastened, (one v ould think tolerable security for their goed behavior,) aud u|>on ten minutei' notice that they must prepare lor death, without trial, hanged at the yardarm. If McKenxie*s conduct is supported by law, the law must be changed, or the American navy is doomed. If, as we sus iiect.that in the idiocy of his poltroonery he violated the law, then the service can be saved in no ether way than by hanging up the cowardly butcher. [AYsia I tie London United Service Journal.] Tm Liti Mi-tiht The late mutinv on tmard the American brig of war Somen, and ita lesults, afford an insight into the discipline of the American Navy, which ap|>eari tout to be anything hat complimentary to ita chai acter and efficiency ; and we entirely agree with a contemporary, in regarding the execution of Spencer and hia associates, without the mockery of even a drumhead court martial, aa u aenea of murdera of the moat atrocioua description. Haul Commander McKeny.ie the ill-luck to hare belonged to the Britiah tavy . hia life would inesl tahly hare paid the penalty of hia offence ; and if an Ame rican Court of inquiry be not a farce of the moat outrageoua kind, be can hardly eacape, unacathnd. even in that country. Whether Spencer waa guilty or not?and there la the atroageat presumption that however criminal, ho wai not guilty to the extent described in Cafitaiii McKenxie'a loathsomely canting report?the condnct of hia murderer it not a whit the leaa reprahenaible. He may have been guilty ot the criminal intention imputed to him, but we confeaa our belief that the villainous malice and exaggeiatiun which characteriae every part of the evidence against him. and the eagerness with which the moat tnfling circumstances have been aeixed upon aa "confirms lion iirnin' 01 itf statements of hi* hccuiti. incline u* to doubt the tact- It appear* from Captain Mckenzie's moit carefully dovetailed ami elatioratnl statement, that lor , some time alter he became acquainted with the conspiracy, he took no aeriou* step* to arieat the partje* implicated, 1 merely directing that Spencer ahould lie itrictly watched ' | w hen the fact of hi* mutinous intention* ap|>ear*to have baen at once established by hi* having lieeu lound " narrowly examining the chart* But On* wa* not all ; the worthy Captain did not like the sinister smile of hi* victim, and the " strange flashing of his eye and, accordingly, alter the arrest of the wretched Young man, gave orders to Lieutenant Gansevoart. (a phlegmatic Dutchman! to run him through the heart, if he found him exchanging a syllable with any or the crew. In Spencer * locker we* discovered a paper, with some Greek charac ter*. which waa presumed to contain a plan pf the pro posed mutiuy ' This conversion of a few Greek characten into matter of accusation against a inspected prisoner, has little ol novelty to recommend it. The same mean*, it w ill tie remembered, were resorted to by the villanous Marshane to ruin the unsuspecting Rodenck Random, in Smollett's inimitable alory , and, but for the (act that w i" n jn'itwin on noam leetit iiillfr in formed toaa altfcar the aaytiia ?>r hm tomlv, pMf Kory would inevitably have d*t>gte<l from the yard arm a few hour* utter the diacovery. But to return te Captain Mi Keniie, a conaiderable portion of whoir criminatory lucis are not In the leaat mote convincing than thi?. Never did alory, involving cbarae, of *o fnentlul a character, contain eo few elem?-nta o( probability. Having arreeted and ilouble-ironed Spencer and lui auppoaed accomplirea, aad placed them in the cloamt custody, with or leia that they ahotild lie ahot ahould any kattempt he male to rescue them, what w the neat perlormam a of thia pr??M do alter of a captain * Ha oaiia tha crew together tT j f>urP?** ? spinning them a Ion* yam about duty, obedience, and all that; but instead of finding them sullen, discontented mutineers, they were all touched, albeit in arietta ways, by hit eloquence. ' Many seemed delighted at their delivery." some were " horror struck at the thoughts of the terrible danger they had escaped;" ethers were" overwhelmed with terror at the anticipation of the punishment that awaited thean;" whilst the rest were " overcome by thoughts of returning home, and wept profu lely * (tender souls /) " at the mention of the friends they hoped so soon to see." Why, the writer of a nautical melo drama for the Surrey Theatre or Sadiers Wells could not have assembled an audience more pictureequely attentive and impreasible. The wretched Spencer, the " hardened mutineer," who is said to have been prepared to murder the whole of his othcers, and throw their ttodies overboard ; w ho had pro|K>aed to capture all the American liners that came in his way, hang the gentlemen and violate the ladies?sat w ith hia face buried in hia cloak, hia eyes, whenever he raised them, suffused with tears. Vet,with these marks of contrition, if guilty, of utter prostration of his physical energies, if innocent?with crew melted to tears by hi* oratory, and a body of tried, and, at hs tells ui, courageous, officers about aim, what does this Mackenzie do 7 Why, unfit as his wretched victims are to die, and without the pretest of a trial how extemporaneous soever, he directs Spencer, and the tallest and shortest man of the crew, to be hanged from the yard-arm, with only 10 minutes'preparation : and they are accordingly sent " unaneled before itheir Maker " without even the tyrant's plea of necessity for their murder. Had the disposition of the crew been really such as it has been described, what prevented tkem from rescuing the prisoners, and replacing them by the savage captain and his trustworthy witnesses 7 That they would nave done so, had the charges against Spencer been well-founded, would appear to be beyond a doubt. But what is the chief reason assigned by Captain McKenzie for this impromptu massacre 7?" The circumstance of Spencer being the son of an officer high in the government, which enhanced his baseness in his (McKenzle's} estimation, and made him more desirous to get rid of him." He feared, moreover, that " it he had brought him home for trial, he wuum uhtc ($ui ciear, lor iohi in America, a man wun money and influential friends would always be cleared." But another, and still more cogent, motive for desiring to " get rid" of the wretched boy, appears (like the postscriptum oi a lady's letter,) in the last and most important paragraph of his canting narrative. He wanted Spencer's berth of midshipman for his own nephew !!! We are too well acquainted with the chivalrous honor and almost fastidious taste of British naval officers, not to anticipate from them the utmost degree of loathing and disgust, when v e inform them, that, in his narrative penned (the fellow is a practised 'sea-lawyer, having written a book, which sufficiently attests the qualities of his mind and heart)in a style of the most elaborate and disgusting hypocrisy, in which he recounts the execution, without the shadow of an inquiry of any kind (beyond the evidence of his trusty friend the purser,) of Spencer and his pretended accomplices, the assassin, for such he is if the reign of law in America be not wholly at an end, actually demands the appointment of his principal victim for his own nephew ! not forgetting, as may be anticipated, to make the promptitude of nis suppression of a pretended mutiny, the excuse for demanding promotion for himself and his " witnesses !" Of the character and value of the testimony of Wales, the principal witness, the evidence on the Court of Enquiry, now in progres at New York, affords satisfactory proof His story of the intended murder of all the officers had, of course, its due eflect. The infamous manner in which he gave his evidence, and the discredit thrown upon it on cross-examination, has satisfied us that it is not entitled to a particle of credit. Gansevoort, the Dutch lieutenant, appears to have been the first whom Wales informed of the supposed plot, which, as in duty bound, he communicated to his captain. The statement that a plan had been formed to capture the ship and murder all its officers, does not seem to have surprised Capt. McKenzie in the least. " He received it with a great deal ot coolness," remarking that the " ship was in good discipline," and telling Mr. Gansevoort to keep a good look out; who, having seen upon the youth's countenance " a mest infernal expression," became " satisfied of his ?uilt!" Of this complexion is nearly the whole of the evidence adduced against the prisoner. As for the poor wretches who kept him company on the yard arm, and who seem to have been selected rather as the representative of the average height of the crew (the tallest and shortest among them), there was even less pretext for hanging them than their superior. They, at least, not having either " money or high connections at home," would not have benefitted by the notions of justicejattributedb y McKenzie to his countrymen. But they could have told a tale which miyht have interfered with McKenzie, Junior's appointment! We cannot undertake to pronounce on the guilt or innocence of these unhappy men, nor is it very material, so far as the conduct of Captain Mackenzie is concerned.? Had he an ested one of them in an overt act of mutiny, and put him to death on the spot, an excuse might have been found for him ; but having the mutineers in safe cus:odv, and having fully satisfied himself, that if any notion >f mutiny bad been contemplated, it had not extended to the crew,he has been guilty of murder, in thus taking the law in his own hands ; and had he been the captain of a British ship of war, he would have been hanged for his pains. British law makes it as great a crime to slaughter a person suspected of murder, as to murder a person against whom no imputation ever existed ; nor is " Lynch law'" as the Naval and Military Gazette,has justly characterised Mackenzie's atrocious murders, permitted in our naval or other services, under any possible emergency. The rules of the British naval service forbid the execution, without trial, of a mutineer, unless slain in the commission of the offence ; and any British officer (which is impossible) who were to take upon himself to hang a midshipman and two of hiscrew without trial, for a mutiny which had not exploded, would be_ liable to ithe se rerevt (>eiiHiiy waicB nntun law can inflict, in tlie case or the Somera, we believe the execution of Spencer and hi* pretendtid accomplice* to have been the remit ef the fouleat cotu-siraey ever concocted py human wickednefi. The proceeding* of three day* of the enauiry into thi* frightful transection have already reached us, and lutly confirm the. opinion* we have expressed on the iubject.? We truit, however, that the examination of witneaae* will not lie limited to Captain McKenzie and hi* abettor*, who ought to be subjected to the moit rigid croee-exami. nation ; but that it will be extended to every intelligent member of the crew. We have convened with many experienced naval officer* on thi* affair, and great a* i* their horror of the crime of which Spencer utood charged, there i* but one opinion of the conduct of Captain McKenzie. A British commander having anticipated the mutiny, (if any mutiny|waa contemplated, which i* very doubtful,) would rather have incurred five hundred time* the danger to which McKenzie pretend* to have been subjected, than have violated the lawa of hi* country, and every dictate of humanity,-a* that person ha* done. Ha had hi* prisoners double ironed, and closely watched, and he had directed them to be informed, that the firit lign >f mutiny or disobedience on the part of the crew would terminate their existence. The same penalty mpended over them in the event of their being found n communication with each other. What more could lie captain want, and by what motive could he have pen inflnenced in hanging Spencer and his associates! ft.,.- nil r.ln.t ?f - ? : '? or them home and allowing them the benefit of being ried in tl teir own country 7 He hu himielf told u* he vii afraii1 that Spencer'* high connection* and hi* peculiar re*c urce* would get him " clear off." He wanted, ie*ide, hi* berth " for hi* nephew." Can human impslence conceive, much more anert, the possibility of a British n aval officer, whoc* duty may have rendered the aecutioa ofayoungman of highly respectable connecion* imperative, being guilty of the monitron* audacity md bad ti i*te of asking for the port of the ilaughtered midihipman for his own relative 7 Certainly not. Thank [Jod *?ch a thing would he utterly impossible in the British navy. In the case in |>oint, however, no such aecessity existed ; yet did the American captain seek to ?lace his own nephew in the murdered midshipman's ihoes ! These are only specimens of what the English and French press say in relation to the affair. In the Expression of the opinion of the British press, we of :ourse expect to find some tinges of national prejuiice and ill will to our free institutions. This is all natural. But no admixture of this characteristic dislike can, in the sober judgment of reasonable minds, neutralize the effect of this decided and unhesitating expression of condemnation. These articles spvak the language of truth and justice. They are the utterance of that common feeling of humanity and love of equity,(which exist in the same degree amongst the enlightened men of all civilized countries. All the abuse of republican America, which the pretBof Europe may mingle with their denunciation of wrong and injustice, cannot turn aside that verdict which they, in common with all disinterested men in this country, have pronounced in this fearful case. Of the competency of such men as the conductors of the United Service Journal, to |>ronounce a righteous judgment in this cut, no one esn insinuate a doubt. The narrative of the whole case, as presented by the principal party himself, was before them. The evidence of Ins witnesses was before them. And freed altogether from prejudice, fear or favor, they passed upon the case, the judgment of common sense and equity. But the tone assumed by the British press, when they say, " We know not what may be thought of such active proceedings among the free and enlightened citizens of the 1 model republic tells us that the character of our country?the honor of our flag?the reputation ol our institutions?are nil concerned in the result of ihe investigations in this case. The fate of Commander McKenzie is nothing. The eflects of the decision of the Court U|?on him, sink into utter insignificance,when contrasted with the consequences to the nation itself?consequences, whose influence will extend over the globe, and continue to operate ?<i long us wf nave a place in the records of history. Ah for the unfortunate gentleman so deeply concerned in this rata , we entertain towards him, ss we always have entertained, leeling* of the purest sympathy We pity him. He is placed in a most melancholy situation. His position is a i<eculiarly trying one. It would he barbarity to cherish or exhibit towards him any thing but cntnmiHseration? But we again remind the Court Martial that his interest in their deliberations is not for a moment to be compared with that of the interest ol the nation al honor, and the cause of eternal justice. Commander McKenme's (treat error lias been the manner in which he has sought to justify his conduct.? l'allintion minlil have been attempted, and wu indeed only rennonablc, bul the attempted justification of that unparalleled act, ia revolting to the general I sense ol jsstice. It is insulting common sense?honor?humanity?truth?every thing that is esteemed just and honorable amongst men. Again, and again, and again we any to the Court Martial?panne and reflect at every step. The eyes of the civilized world are upou you. The honor of yourcountry is in your hands. The interests ol everlasting justice are calling aloud for your impartial, decided, most matured decision. Re-organization of the Cabinet?Captain Tyler in Motion.?We announced veHterdav in our Sunday edition, that Mr. Forward, the Secretary of the Treasury, had sent his resignation to the President?and that the vacancy will be made to-:i orrow. After the adjournment of Congress, John C. Spencer, the present Secretary of War will lake the place vacated, and a more competent and industrious man could not assume the important duties of the Treasury. These duties, during the next year, will require great talent and great'&ttention, for the financial affairs of the Government were never in a greater state of confusion and embarrassment. If any man can bring order out oi chaos, John C. Spencer is the man. It is said, further, that some person by the name of Porter, or Ale, or Peer, we hardly know which, will be made Secretury at War?and according to all accounts, will be a small-beer appointment at best. This is a very important movement?it is the first movement of Captain Tyler towards the next presidency?the disorganization of both the other great parties, and the re-construction of one entirely founded on the principles of the administration. These personages are of the^'usfe millieu school? of neutral tint character?a lot of white and a lot of black?a hand-to-mouth concern?a sort of streak of fat and streak of lean?a now-you-seeit, nowyou-don't, school of parties, poetry, and pudding. We should not, therefore, be surprised to see many and numerous changes made in the Custom House?but we doubt very much if Major Noah's chances for the Surveyorship are improved much by the accession of John C. Spencer. No other changes in the cabinet will take place till Mr. Webster chooees to retire ; but he will not choose to do so till he can find an exact answer to the question he put in Faneuil Hall last summer?" Where am I to go r? In the mean time, while Captain Tyler and the Guard are preparing to begin the great campaign at Washington, we are getting ready to strike a terrible blow here. The great mass meeting, to be held at the Military Hall, in the Bowery, on the 15th day of March, will be one of the mightiest philosophical experiments ever made in this country since the age of Jefferson. We are collecting an army of odds and ends?of fish and flesh?of all sorts of peo pie, out of which to organize a tiers parti?a Tyler party?that will swallow up and scatter to the winds both whigs and democrats. On this grand mass meeting hangBalso Daniel Webster's fate in the Cabinet. Prepare. We shall then tell him " where he is to go." Packet Sinr Hottinouee Ashore.?We learn, with regret, that the fine new packet ship Hottingner is ashore about a quarter of a mile south east of of Fire Inlet Light House. She struck at 4 o'clock yesterday morning, and was thumping very badly at six o'clock. Up to that hour, however, sbe had made no water. She went ashore with a pilot on board, and lies with her head south west, a little of! the shore.? The wind at the last accounts was west, and the ship sails all aback. Her passengers and crew were engaged in throwing overboard the salt and tin composing part of her cargo. It is thought that she will easily be got off. The Jacob Bell has gone to her, and assistance has been sent overland. Another steam tug boat will also be despatched immediately. She has two cabin passengers, and about half a hundred in the steerage. The Hottinguer left Liverpool on the 12th ult., and mot the terrible gale of the 13th, which forced her vaviv II1U) yun IMI inc IIIII. k?n uie IVin, MIC tlgaiJl sailed, but in consequence of the injuries her chief mate received in the gale. Captain Bursley was compelled to be both captain and mate, the entire passage over the Atlantic. This nearly wore him out, and about two hours before the ship struck he placed her in charge of a pilot and went to bed quite unwell. It is said that the pilot mistook the lights, and hence the disaster. Further particulars will be given as soon as received, in this evening's edition. Political Movement in Michigan.?A mighty mass meeting is called in Detroit, by a hundred signers, to support Mr. Calhoun's nomination to the Presidency. General Cass has also arrived in Detroit, and been received with general applause. Something will grow out of something. Edkn in Candle-light ?The everlasting " democracie" of the 11th Ward, give a grand ball to the fair ladies of that wardlto-morrow evening, at Tammany Hall. All the big and small lights of the "democracie" will be there. On that evening, we may wrur over me uoor 01 i ammany, in ieuers oi golden light, " Paradise to be seen for one night, including all its beauteous angels?admission only $1." lisrknakd Cas*.?We published yesterday the result ot this case?verdict1 for tht plaintiff*?by which Robert Stewart has lost his case, and Colonel Webb may, if he please, get an inheritance of $30,000, or $40,000. Late ebom Gautkmala.?We have received the " Gaceta Oficial" ol Guatemala to the 5th instant. The President oi the State of Guatemala has decreed an issue of paper money of the value of five, ten, twenty, and one hundred and fifty dollars each. These will be taken up by paying one-third in maritime duties of the custom house at Guatemala on entries of spirits?duty on the sales of real property? sales of lands, and any other public Bales which may be made on account of the public revenue, the other two-thirds to be paid in current money, and that part in gold will be given and taken at the rate of seventeen dollars the doubloon. Entries that may not amount to the value of fifteen dollars, shall be paid in cash; il not the payer shall give up the difference for the public benefit. The President of the State of Salvador has issued the following decree The President of the State of San Salvador considering that, although the causes on account of which the compacts of the 19th October last were entered into, have disappeared, with respect to the faction of General Morazan, there subsist othermotives for alarms; and it ia for that reason expedient, that whilst the compact of a meeting that shall represent the whole of the States is being dictated, and the authorities who ought to direct the general interests, and take care of them,are being organized ?that there shonld be a positive rule exactly followed for the common defence and security; and bearing in mind that the States of Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua have ratified the said compact, in use of the extraordinary faculties with which the executive power is vested, he has thought fit to decree the follow:ng i? ? Ast. 1 ?The treat iea entered into on the 19th October last, in the Capital of Guatemala, by Commiaaioneraoftbs .n.,l Ul.l.. .r j ?J ?im v? i*?* ?? ?kiin, aim litis omic, hiiu what relate ta tha duly incumbent on the contracting States of mutually assisting each other for their interior and exterior security against whatever attempts or aggressions that may be committed to disturb or offend their or the general independence of Central America. Abt. 'X?The compacts shall subsist in tha foregoing ateaning until the States of Cer.tral America may adopt a form of union, and establish a representative authority that may tie deemed most convenient. The Chiefof Section in charge of the Ministry of relations and government will order the compact lor the general defence to be printed, published and circulated, hut reserving the confidential document of the same State. Given in San Salvador, Ti I December, IR4J. JUAN JOSK OUZMAN. To Hmnoa Tnomii Munox. Steam Ship Great Western in out sixteen daye thi* noon. Ah she was to touch at Madeira, we do not believe she will be here before Wednesday or Thursday next. Stea* Shit Acadia will leave Boston next Wed. nesday for Halifax and Liverpool. Her letter baf? | wiUcloee in this city to-morrow afternoon. The Cross Examination or Mm. Charles F Miller, on Satirdav, at the Police Court.? About 3 o'clock P.M., Mr. Charles F. Miller, attended by Ins father, brother, and brother-in-law, and his sisters, and several other persons, male and female, Iriends and relatives of the family, entered the court, followed soon alter by Mrs. Miller on

the arm of her uncle, Mr. Blackwell, accompanied by Mr. Jordan,her counsel, and two female friends. Mrs. Miller was dressed in black, with black bonnet and veil, and] from her pallid cheeks, and depressed looks, appeared more like one just returned from a funeral, than a woman seeking the protection of her rights at the bar of her country. Mr. Miller looked gay, bold, and fopish, display, ing a large open white shirt bosom, the collar of which was bound by a long black satin ribbon, its loose ends hanging down in front oi his breast. He wore a striped vest, of a French cut, and a black frock coat and trowsers Near him sat his lawyers, Preecott Hall and Mr. Evarts. Before the entry of Mrs. Miller, he was observed laughing and talking with his counsel in a fine flow of good spiritsAmong (the spectators, there were some rude and ill-behaved friends of Miller, who expressed their approbation by nods, winks, and applause, whenever Miller's counsel uttered anything disrespectful of Mrs. Miller, throwing doubts on the veracity of her testimony. This conduct was so low and brutal, that the Judge rose from his seat, and said he would send the first man who again manifested applause, to prison.. The first question asked Mrs. Miller was the following :? Q.?When were vou married 1 A.?On the 25th September, 1884. a.?Where did you live after marriage 1 ere Mrs. Miller went on to state her residence part of the time at Yonkers? part of the time in New Jersey?and part of the time in New York, at Miller's fathers ; and so on, up to the period of ner late seizure at Stamford. The next question waB? Q?Mrs. Miller, did your friends consent to your marriage with Mr. Miller! To this question Mr. Jordan objected, as wholly irrelevant to the case, and would lead into a wide and useless digression. Mr. Hall, in reply, stated, they wished to have the privilege of going minutely into Mrs. Miller's matrimonial engagements and history, as they expect ed to be able to show that she was not the persecuted victim and injured woman that the repreunted hersel/ to be. (Applause by Miller's friends, and hisses from a Ifew persons, friends of Mrs. Miller, which was here put down by the Judge as stated.) Mr. Hall proceeded to make some other remarks, and sat down. Mr. Jordan rose much excited, and complained in the severest manner of the course pursued by Mr. Miller and his friends towards this injured and suffering woman. Not satisfied with all that had been done, tbev were now using every means in their power to blast her rejrutationfor truth, and to annoy ner with tedious and unnecessary questions, put for thepHrpose of extorting statements which might be twisted into apparent contradictions in her testimony. What do we see before us here! There sits the unfeeling husband, with fa powerful array of counsel?with his father at his,back, and his brother and brother in-law to his right and left, accompanied by other relations and friends; while in the crowd of spectators, are found those who have acted in the most ungentlemanly manner, in expressing their ap piause in his tavor; and he hoped the court would imprison them in case of further demonstration of such coarse and brutal feelings. While all this was going on with the husband and friends, here was his helpless and feeble client, dragged here, under a subpoena, without her seeking,to give testimony against Ctiarles F. Miller. And was, yesterday, so long confined here, from about 3 P. M. till 9 at night, that nature gave way, and she sunk to the floor more like a corpse than a living being, .while her husband and friends looked on the scene with unmoved indifference. And it was alone owing to the mercies and providence of God that she was here in this court alive After some other remarks from Mr. Jordan, the Judge decided she shonld answer the question, when she said, " her relations gave their reluctant consent ,to llier marriage with Miller." Several other questions were then put and answered, corroborating all her previous statements. Such as his ill-treatment and unkindness, and reiterating that, on a certain occasion, he knocked her down.? The most important questions put and answered, however, were in relation to the forged note, and elicited a serious and new point in her testimony? and were as follows:? By Mr. Evarts.?Mrs. Miller,' when and how did you first find out the existence of that note ? A.?It was in March or April of 1840, and during the time that the Kev'd. Mr Knajyp was vreachintr in this city, and much religious excitement teas jrrevaUing?to the influence of which her husband became subject. That on returning home one night, from one of these meetings, he entered her apartment, and said he had been confessing his sins, and that those he had confessed irere not all, but, says he, I have committed forgery, whereupon, iis exhibited to her a notk in his own handwriting, to which U>aS signed the name of Mr. Weuls. Q?Where were you and him then staying 1 A.?At his father's in this city. Q.?Did you ever mention that note to any one 1 A.?Yes, to my uncle, Sidney Blackwell, on our way to Yonkers, and begged him not to mention it to the family. Q.?When Mr. Miller showed the note in your room, what did you say, or do 1 A.?I told him 1 was struck with horTor to hear him say so. and hoped he would at once destroy it, and I would say no more about it. Q.?Where aid you last see that note 1 A.?In Mr. Miller's hand, rolled up. Q.?Did you ever hear any one say any thing after that, about that note 1 A.?Yes, I heard my uncle, Sidney Blackwell, ask Mr. Miller in New Jersey, about the ffote, and Mr. Miller denied it, and my uncle appealed to me, bat I declined to make any reply. This was all substantially elicited about the forg ed note, during which development, Miller and friends looked subdued and crest (alien. She was afterwards asked if she expected to inherit any thing from her uncle's estate. She replied as follows i?* I hoped for something, but had no reason to expect it, as I heard my uncle say, he never intended ts make a will, as the law made a will plenty good enough for him." After some other general questions, all agreeing with her former statements, and Mrs Miller complaining of fatigue, the Court adjdbrned till Monday, the 27tn inst. at 10& o'clock, A. M. City I ntelllgeneei Thk Board of Aldehmkn meet this afternoon at 5 o'clock. We understand that a project will be submitted to remove the inmates of Bellevue Hospital to Blackwell's Island, and erect buildings there suitable for their reception. This is a wise measure. as there is plenty of room to spare on the Island lor the purposes intended, and the scale of the lots that form the Bellevue Hospital would yield a large sum to assist in paying the city expenses, or interest for borrowed money. We also understand that the Committee of Finance have undertaken, with an intention to accomplish forthwith, the purchase, by exchange ol property at the foot of Sixty First street, on which to erect suitable buildings to accommodate the sick and others, who cross the East liver at that point, to Blackwell's Island. This measure has been aaked for by all the Magistrates and other persons connected with the administration of justice in our city, and the evils arising from the daily communication between the prisoners on the Island, and their associates in the city, through those selected to row the ferry boat, have been so often pointed out in this sheet, as to render a repetition useless. It is sufficient to say,that the ends of public justice have long since demanded the purchase of thin property. The Mii.t.er Cask.?The cross-examination of Mrs. Miller by Mr. Evarts. will be continued before Justice Stevens, this morning, in the Grand Jury room, at 10 o'clock. The Rape Case.?David Graham, Esq., commences summing up tor Underbill, his client, this morning, in the Court of Sessions, at 11 o'clock. District Attorney Whiting follows, and closes for delence. The case will be submitted to the jury this evening, under the charge of the Recorder, and the verdict will be tound in the columns of the Herald to morrow morning. Scalded to Death.?A child named Amelia Goodrich, aged only one year, residing with her parents in the rear of 97 Mott street, was accidentally scalded by the upsetting of n pitcher ol hot water, on Tuesday, and died on Saturday morning from its effects. Her mother had placed ilie pitcher upon a table, and the child reached it, and overturned its contents on Iter face and breast. The coroner held an inquest on the body yesterday. Bankrupt List. SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF NEW YORK. Franrii Goodrieh, liverystable keeper, New York ; Henry H. Hyde, late dry good* and crockery merchant, Catakill. Ore?n? fiAHItl* InKn II Tai/I?r irrndOF I York ; Samuel Mathcwa, pleiaterer, New York ; Myron N. Stanley, atove and Iron dealer, New York ; Abner W. Hitchcock, farmer, Auiterlitz, Columbia county ; Henry Fiaher, manufacturer, New York ; Chrlatian Mead, maion. New York; Oliver Mallahy, New York : Jamea Tammany, Kinjfaton, Ulatercounty ; Goodrich Baldwin, farmar, flaagartln. Ulatar county, Corneliua W. Van Vaorkiaa, lawyer, New York. BY THE SOUTHERN MAIL. Wwhlnfton. rCorrf epoudruce of the Herald ] Washington, Saturday night,) Feb. 25. 1813. $ Pauage of the Bankrupt Bill In the Senate^ Electro Magnetic Tel?gr?ph~Changei In the Cabinet?Redaction of the Expenses In the Judiciary?The Coast Survey again, Ac. One week more, and the 27th Congress will be defunct. But it will long be remembered in the annals of this country. It has both |>assed a Bankrupt Law,and it has repealed the same law, unconditionally, as I may say. The latter step was taken today in the Senate. This is probably the only important measure that will be consummated by Congress, besides the passage of the Appropriation Bills- No one anticipates that the Senate intends to pass Bill No. 648, unless, as is talked off, with an amendment cutting down the salaries of members to $4 a day, which the House will reject. However, the matter now most talked of here is the contemplated changes in the cabinet; and this is considered much more important than any thing that Congress may do or undo. Therefore I send yoH the two lists that are most commonly reported to be accurate: No. 1. Sec. of State?Upshkr. Sec. ofTreasury?Coshihg. Sec. of Navy?Wickuffe. Sec. of Army?Spencer. Postmaster General?Judge Porter. Minister to China?Webster. Minister to France?Wise. Consul to Rio?Propfitt. Consul to Denmark?Irwin. Governor of Wisconsin?Bowne. Collector of Philadelphia?Kkim. No. 2 Secretary of State?Cusiiinq. Secretary of Treasury?Spencer. Secretary ol Navy?UrsHUR. Secretary of War?Porter. Poet Master General?Wickliffe. Minister to France?Whkaton. Minister to Berlin?Wise. Minister to Copenhagen or China?Col. W. W. Chew. Special Minister to England, or Leader of the As sumption Armv?Wkbstkr. Minister to China?Noah. There they are ; take your choice. But to tell you the truth, the quid, nunrs are at fault all round, and even at the White House, they are in so much confusion about nominations, that up to this noth ing beyond the exit of Forward, and the entree of Porter is definitely decided upon. However,Capt. Tyler, under any circumstances, will take care to have a good cabinet, at home, even if Judge Noah does go to China, or to Oregon. Now for Congressional doings to-day. They may be briefly stated. Both Houses were calm ana quiet all day as a Summer's morning. No excitement, no debate of any importance ; and little else besides plain,'honest, downright sober voting. The Senate passed a resolution to meet next week at 10 each morning. The Committee on Commerce reported the bill from the House for trying the electro magnetic tele graph between Washington and New York (to cost $30,000) and recommended that it pass. Mr Benton's resolution, which I sent yesterday, calling on the President for Mr. Everett's last letter and Lord Aberdeen's despatch of Dec. 1841, was adopted. The Bankrupt Repeal Bill next came up. Mr. Walker offered the following amendment:? And be it further enacted, That when any private incorporated banking company *11811 fail, upon presentment to said bank ofany of its notes, checks,or bills, to pay and redeem the same in specie, said failure shall be regarded as an act of bankruptcy; and the holder of said note, check, or bill, se neglected to be paid as aforesaid, may, upon affidavit of the (act* sworn to by said individuals, and at least two disinterested witnesses, proceed against said company as bankrupts, as in other cases specified in this act; and the same proceedings shall be had a* in other cases; except that no certificate of discharge shall be deemed necessary or proper to be given to any stocxnoiner ot said company, except in cases where auch stockholder! may be personally responsible lor the debts of such company: and in such case, said stockholders shall be discharged, upon the same terms and restrictions as in the other cases of final discharge authorized by this act This was voted down, 24 to 18; and as the votes are very important as showing the feelings and views of various parties, I give you the ayes and noes? Yeas?Messrs. Allen, Bagby, Bates, Benton, Buchanan Choate, Crafts, Evans, King, Linu, McRoberts, Sturgeon, Tallmadge, Tappan, Walker, Williams, Woodbury, Wright?18. Nats?Messrs. Archer, Barrow, Calhoun, Conrad, Clayton, Crittenden, Cuthbert, Dayton, Fulton, Graham, Henderson, Huntington, Kerr, McDutfle, Mangum, Merrick, Miller, Phelpe, Rives, Sevier, Smith, of la., Sprague, White, Wilcox?24. Mr. Crittenden begged the Senate to pass the bill at once. Mr. Perry Smith said the law was unconstitutional. Mr. Allen said any amendment would cause the bill to be lost in the House. Mr. Ciioate said the repeal of the bill would lead to disastrous consequences and endless litigation. He was willing to include insolvent corporations in the bill. Mr. Walker then modified his proposition so as to except all banks that were wholly and partly owned by the States. But it was lost by the vote above named. The amendments reported by Mr. Berrien from the Judiciary Committee, which you have already published, were then put and negatived, 30 to 16. Thus Yeas?Messrs. Barrow .'Bates, Berrien, Choate, Clayton, Cratts, Dayton, Evans, Henderson, Kerr, Miller, Phelps, Porter, Tallmadge, White, Woedbridre?18. Nat!?Messrs. Allen, Archer, Bagby, Benton, Buchanan, Calhoun, Crittenden, Cuthbert, Fulton, Oraham, Huntington, King, Linn, McDuttie, McRoberts, Mangum, Morehead, Rives, Seviei, Smith, of Connecticut, Smith, of Indiana, Sprague, Sturgeon, Tappan, Walker, Wilcox, Williams, Woodbury, Wright, Young?30. Mr. Benton moved to strike out that part of the bill, which allows all who have filed their petition to pass through the Banknipt Court. It wat lott. Mr. RkRRICN moved to allow creditor* the nri vilege of electing the assignees to an estate.? Lost, 35 to 14. Mr. Conrad moved that the repeal take place after the 4th ot April. Lost, 32 to 13. Mr. Tallmadqk spok eliard against the repeal, but all was in vain. The Senate had determined to pass it, just as it came from the House, and steadily to vote down all amendments. Mr. Tallmadge moved to allow each Judge $1 on the final decision of every bankruptcy case. Lost, 34 to 14He then moved to postpone the bill to next December. Lost, 34 to 14. The vote was then taken on the bill prerittly at it came from the Houee, and it was finally tasskd ! 32 to 13, as follows :? Yica?? Messrs. Allen, Archer, Bagby, Bayard, Buchanan, Calhoun, Crafts, Crittenden, Cuthbert, Dayton, Fulton, Graham, Huntington, King, Linn, McDuttie, Mc1UbuU, Mangum, Merrick. Morrhead. Phelna. Hives. Be Tier, Spragne, Sturgeon, Tappan, Walker, Wilcox, William*, Woodbury, Wright, and Toung?82. Nat*?Meaara. Barrow, Bate*, Berrien, Choate, Clayton, Evan*, Kerr, Miller, Porter, Smith, of Indiana, Tallmadge, White, and Woodbridge?13. After this the Senate adjourned. In ikk HntiftK, three hours was consumed in discussing and calling the ayes and noes on a resolution to authorize tne Secretary of Treasury to pay #100,000 to the proper claimants under the Cherokee Treaty of 1836-6. The resolution was first passed by 7 votes, then re-considered by 9 votes, then a motion to lay it on the table was lost by 7 votes, then it was passed a second time by 4 votes. Mr. Underwood begged the House to act on the District Bills, but they wouldn't do so. The House then went into Committee ol the whole, and took up the General Appropriation Bill again, ending June 1844. The bill was read through without interruption, till'ths clause came up for tne expenses of the U. S. Courts, #473,000. Mr. C. J. Inqeksoll moved to reduce it to #370,000. Moaars Antuo Rinuinn Ttt t fm/ibafit an/1 Sit tonstam. opposed this amendment; although they | admnted there were abuses in these Courts. Mr. Bernard said it was as bad as bill 548,(laughter) and it was telling these Courts that hereafter they should only burn 4 candles instead of 5 (Laughter.) Mr. M'Cmcixan said that there was more corruption in these Couits than in any other branch of the government. Mr. 1 noehsoll's amendment tint carried. The bill ws? then read through down to the item allowing $100,000 for the coast survey. Mr Mai.i.orv offered an amendment to reorganize the work and put it under the difctron of the officers of the IT. S Topographical corps. lie said this would save $30.0110 u year. Mr. Charles Brown moved to reduce the appropriation to $40,000. That was<|uite enough. Mr. Maixory said this $100,000 was for eighteen | months, instead of a year, as before. I Mr. riLLMORR?Let ihr Amendment imm. It will t bo voted upon by nyea and noen in the HouseMr. Brown.?I want to diaconnect Mr. Haaeler " Irom the survey, and to have it done by our own J army and navy ollicern Jlawder ia like a hen with young chickens around her. (Laughter.) A (owl in that interesting situation will not allow any one to be touehed ; and neither will Haealer allow hta fl const purvey to be touched. * Tin Connnittec then rose and reported profreaa. The report ol the Committee on Oammaroe and Navigation was presented by the Speaker,with other *?,mfirt8' an^ t'ie House adjourned. Mr. Webster made a short urgument in the Supreme Court to-day, twenty minutes lone. Many members are gone home. W. H. A. From Mexico?The arrival from Vera Cruz of the revenue cutter Woodbury, at our wharf yesterday merning, dissipated the little "speck of war" which some of our contemporaries had discovered in the horizon. General Thompson was not on board, norhas he left Mexico in high dudgeon; on the contrary, he is still in the city, in his official capacity, and there is not the slightest reason to anticipate difficulties between the two countries. Explanations have been made and accepted regarding the occurrence at Monterey. The cession of the California* to Eugland, was universally considered an unfounded resort. A reinforcement of HtMl m?n has been dispatched irom Vera Cruz to join the troops before Campeachy.?N. O. Bulletin, Feb. 16. Campeachy.?The Rosario, that arrived yesterday, brings accounts from Campeachy to the 4th inst. Up to that time the seige was continued by the Mexicans?the firing from either side occurring nightly, with more or less destruction of persons ana property. The people and authorities of Yucatan still seem to feel the greatest confidence of their ability to repel the invaders. Rumors were rife, however, that Gen. Anaya had Hppeared in the interipr, flush of Mexican money, and true to the traitor principles of Canalas, himself and Lemas, was otlering bribes to the natives to raise in favor of the Mexicans. But we trust this stratagem will not succeed, and that the vjrtuous Yucaticos will purge their soil of the base minions of despotism who have had the temerity to place their feet upon it.?N. O. Com. Bui., Feb. 16. LATEST SOUTHERN SHIP NEWS. Charleston, Feb 22? Arr Lata, Adams, Savannah. In ilia offing. Lord Palmrrstou, (Br) Rattray, Liverpool; also, a Danish srhr. Cld Marion, 1 Br) Mills, Liverpool; Oberlin, Kaapp, Hamburg; Kolas, Bonnev. West ladies; Riclinrd, Howes, M1tanzss. Arr 2lst, Andrew Scott, Emery. Liveniool: Martha, (Dsn) Anderson, Guernsey, Eng. Sid George, Hull, NYoik; Danl Webster, Parker, Havaua. Savannah, Feb 21?Sid Lancashire, Lyon, Mobile; Caroline, Swasey, Matanzas. Apalachicola, Feb II?Arr Mariauna, Phillips, NewYerk; Timoleon, Bliven, do: Iwanowna, Rhino, do; Cyrus, Currier, do; Mazcppa. Smith do; Peconic, Wilbur, do; Tasso. Almy, do; Pheuix, Rogers, Boston; D C Wilson,Benjamin, Baltimore; Olive Ik Eliza, Mirshall, Portsir oath. Old B Avmar, Carver. Liverpool: North Pole, (Br) Wilson, do: C E Piatt, Kice, N York; Alabama^ Williams, do; Meridn, Matthews, do; Tioga, Tvler, do; Patriot, Rich, Bostou; Hokomok, Johnson, do. New Orleans, Feb 15?Arr Francis Drpau. Forbes, Liverpool: St Patrick, Bryan, Ouadaloupe; Rocket, Thompson. Boston; Rosario, Jefferson. Campeachy; U 8 revenue cutter Woodbury, Rudolph. Vera Crux. Below, coming up, Susan Drew, Ranlett, Liverpool. Old Ondiaka, Olid den, Liverimol; Louis XIV, Juge, Ha?re; Carmen, (8p) Larrinaga, Gibraltar; Kmnreaa, Church, Bristol. RI; Fairy, Snares, Lag una; Abo.Fooks, NYork; Waldo, Bowden, do; Dream, Sullivan, Lsguna and a rnkt; Chattahoochee, Doane.do and Vera Crux; Pilot, Poland, Boston. Naval.?The U. States schooner Enterprise, Lieut. James P. Wilson, commander, bearing the broad pennant of Commodore Charles Morris, was at Buenos Ayres, Dec. 17. It is rumored that Commodore Jesse D. Elliott will soon alter the adjournment of Congress be restored to his rank, and appointed to the command o( the ship Pennsylvania, which ship will be put in commission, and sent on a long cruise, visiting all the important sea ports of Europe and the known world. [Correspondence of the Herald.] Tampa Bay, Feb. 11.1843. The United States steamer Poinsett arrived at this place this morning in 28 hours from Key West, and 48 hours from Havana?her officers and crew all well. The officers speak of her as a mast astonishing sea boat for a vessel ol her build, and as strong as a stone fence. Her officers are as follows :? Charles H. McBlair, Esq, Lieut., Commanding; Washington A. B&rtlett, Acting Lieutenant; J. N. Morris, J. K. Duer, Passed Midshipmen; O. W. (Harrison, Midshipman: A. Fuller, Master's Mate; T. A. Conrad, Captain's Clerk; James Atkinson, Engineer. Passenger in the Poinsett?Lieut. W. R. Taylor, assistant surveying officer. Lieut. Commanding L. M. Powell, of the Oregon, will now be able to progress mpidly with the survey, assisted by the steamer. This I learned bv the boat that came'up for letters. The United States Mail brig Hayne, went into Havana on the morning of the 9th, at the time the Poinsett left. Unitkd States Marine Corps.?The bill to augment the marine corps provides for an increase of but 500 men. without any officers, whifch number will hardly fill up the guards on board of the vessels of war, there being at this moment 927 men on board of vessels of war at home and abroad, and wilfttill leave the navy yards and docks without marine guards ; and require the continuance of ths irresponsible guards composed of civic watchmen, to guard twenty three millions of public property at an expense at some of the yards of more than three times the amount paid to a marine. Th? lowest pay of a watchman is ($90) thirty dollars per month, or (8360) or three hundred and sixty dollars per annum; the highest pay ($60) fifty dollars per month, or ($600) six hundred dollars per annum; while the whole cost of a private marine to the government each year, in pay, clothing and subsistence is but the small sum of ($196) one hundred and eighty-six dollars, and that sum is paid to the responsible sentinel, ever faithful to his trust and never known to fail in the prompt execution of his duty. In consequence of the very limited number of the marine corps, neither officer nor private soldier has scarcely ever a relief from guard duties, and upon some stations one subaltern is obliged to perform the duties of a higher grade in connection with his own ; and but few of the guard at sea, with the exception of those on board of vessels of the larger class, have officers with them. Of the thirteen captains there is but one of} duty, (he being an invalid;) the senior of this grade has been in active service for twenty-eight years,and the junior has served twsnty-one years. Of the seven subalterns whom the increase of seven captains would promote, six have bsen upon active dutv eighteen and twenty years, and the only reward for such long service beyond the promotion ol one grade, is the small increase of pay of (#10) ten dollars per month, adding the small sum ol (#7?) seventy dollars per month to the general expenditure. The difference of pay between a first and second Lieutenant is but (#6) five dollars in favor of the former. On board ship the marines are always the first called upon to |<erform any responsible duty. Officers of the navy unite in opinion that the ma rines are as necessary upon the quarter deck in the afterguard of a ship at sea, as upon the sentinel's post when in port; and in proportion to the number of marines which the department may have in its power to send on board vessels of war, just in such proportion will the quota of landsmen on board of those vessels be reduced, and their places supplied with marines: thas giving strength and efficiency to our vessels of war; at the same time that the private marine is allowed such relief from the sentinel's post as is necessary to secure his vigilance, and the prompt execution ot the soldier's duty. A Philadelphia paper remarks, on the occasion of the funeral of Commodore Hull, " a guard of honor of twenty-seven marines, under command of Lieutenant Hall:" and to obtain even this number, (only one-third of the guard of the Constitution under the oommand of Commodore Hull, when he captured the Guerriere,) it is saidCsl. Miller was compelled to close the gates of the navy yard, and leave property to the amount of more than seven millions ot dollars in charge of the cook. Pakk Theatre Circus.?Mr. J. Blake's Benefit. ?An unprecedented array of attractions is presented this evening, for the benefit of Mr. J. Blake, so long and favorably known as the efficient financier of the Park Theatre. On this occasion all should unite to fill the house to overflowing, and to judge, from the character and amount of the novelties offered, this will dnuntlessbethecase. There is but a short time left for the public to indulge in the elegant performances at this grand establishment; therefore, let all profit by the first opportunity to pass an evening here. Chatham Theatre.?A great bill is offered for this evening, comnrisin? several new nieces of acknowledged excellence, and B. Blaike ia his extravaganza of Billy Barlow, which was eo well received on the night of his benefit. The wonderful amount of novelty constantly presented at thia popular theatre, and the exceedingly low prices of admission, have served to place the Chatham in its prerent prominent position in public estimation, and it is onlv necessary for Mr. Thorne to continue hia present course, to reap an abundant harvest, so richly deserved for his untiring endeavors to gratify nis numerous patrons. fty-YOU WHO WILL NOT BKLIKVE IN KAOTs iruvsl to bo positive and invariable, need blame yourielve? only for the bad consequences of your unbeliel. rhat leather made into hoot* and shoe* can be made jmterviou* to water bv the Oil of Tannin, sold at 71 Maidnn ane, is now proved beyond doubt. Those who prefer to umber their leet with India rubber shoe*, or to go with heir foet wet and rold, till they get the consumption, are lOTiini inn I" 'i"" n, imi nu rniime people Will nare II Ml inr rite, for it mMy lie had in any eiied bottle, or hy the ration- All who nae hnrneaa or cnrrinaea should u?a it or the leather. It aoftpna and renhwa It in the moit ?nr iriaingand incredible manner. (Hy-THB FRENCH ANTIPHLOGISTIC MIXTURE >r the cure of all ditch argea from the urethra?Mold in wttlea, at $1, and at AOcrntaaach. W. 8. RICHARDSON^ Afam,

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