Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 2, 1843, Page 2

March 2, 1843 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 2
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N K:-'? YOKK HERALD" w \ nrk, Thnrfrt*)'. March '1, 1MI. The Health or the City?Sahitaey Measures? Dr Grifcom's Report?We have seldom read any official document with ? much pleasure, aa that which we have derived from the peruaal of the rei?ort of Dr. friacom, the City Inspector. This gentleman's report is throughout characterized by eingulargood sense, sound judgment, and an earnest ion I fnr fkn urflla P<? Ski hla folllIM llilin llfn ?"i v. uw iwiiww WIlUCllB. ?? C would be altogether inexcusable were we to neglect directing the most carelul attention of the public to the important facts and suggestions presented so forcibly by Dr. Griscom, and we therefore intend to make his report the subject of one or two articles. The mortality of the last year, in the city, was less than the year preceding. Alter all due allowances, with reapect to the character of its population, have been made, the salubrity of our city, when compared with that of the other large cities of the Union, appears in a very favorable light. The deaths by consumption?that so fatallv prevalent disease?have been in proportion to those by all other causes, as 1 to8-136? a greater exemption than is given to 1'hiladelphia, which has been estimated as more exempt than Boston from this disease. It is gratifying to find that in the number of deaths by diseases of the digestive organs, a diminution of nearly two handred from the account of the previous year, is apparent. The arrangement of diseases adopted by Dr. Griscom, in his copious and valuable tables, is with a slight modification, that adopted by the RegisterGeneral of England, in his reports of the mortality of that kingdom, and was also employed by Mr. Shattuck in giving an interesting expos# of the vital statistics of the city of Boston. Ii appears to approach more nearly to a truly scientific classification than any other hitherto observed, and is well adapted for the exhibition or connection with each other, of the deaths by diseases of similar character. Another im|>ortant recommendation of this mode is, that it affords great facilities for the institution of comparisons of the relative salubrity of diflerent countries and sections, and their greater liability to, and exemption from, any particular class of disorders. One of the most prominent causes of disordered health and of death in this city, is the imperfect ventilation, or rather total want of ventilation, of a vast proportion of the dwellings. It is almost impossible to exaggerate the moral and physical evils wnicn nave tneir origin nere. ur. urtscom has made this the subject of attentive examination, and the suggestions which he offers on this point, are eminently forcible and just He reprobates, in strong and pointed terms, that most pernicious and prevalent practice of keeping schools for young children in under-ground basements of dwellings and churches. It is really most melancholy to reflect on the condition of the multitudes of children, who are thus, day after day, consigned to these damp, dark cellars, Bhut out almost altogether from thp liaht nnH urKnllu ^?nri\jpH n( th? nnso nir nf heaven, and exposed to the noxious exhalations of these vaults. It is entombing them in a living grave, (or we really know not in what respects these horrible basements of the churches differ from the adjacent charnel-houses. Most heartily do we re-echo the sentiments of Dr. Oriscom where he says, that "such seminaries should he avoid d by every parent, as they value the health and safety of their offspring." The remarks of Dr. Griscom on the squalid misery and fatal disease, which prevail to such alarming extent amongst the wretched cellar population, and the remedial and preventive measures which he suggests,will form the subject of another article. More of thk Somers Tragkdt?Every day, it appears, furnishes us with fresh developments, by way of adding to the melo-dramatic effect of this sad tragedy of the seas. We have had the ct Its and the cats?and the cheers for the Supreme Being, and the highly original episode of the " bags"?and now we have additional evidence of the character of the chief actor in this affair, in the testimony respecting his reading the letters of Mrs. Spencer to the crew of the brig. This is positively sickening. But it is true that on the Sunday following the execution of the unfortunate Spencer, and when the unfathomable waters, like a broad, unsculp tured tomb, had closed for ever over his boyish follies and lamentable fate, we find this Commander McKenzie assembling his crew, and reading aloud to them, wiih a running commentary?whose lone and character no one can surely be at any loss to imagine?the letters of a mother to that ill-starred son! Such a sacrilegious invasion of universally venerated right?of Pithless trampling under foot of the most hallowed feelings of humanity?of wanton disregard of sentiments which are cherished in barbarian breasts, and mollify the rude natures of even the most savage tribes?is almost incredible. We have heard of gross indignities perpetrated on the mangled corses of murdered men?we have read of envenomed hate which has exhumed the bones and ashes of the dead, in order to wreak on them its insensate contumely?but never have we heard of a man, who, after executing another, whether righteously or no, we now care not, could invade the sanctity of a mother's letter, and read it to a crowd, exposing to vulgar years that mother's words of yearning love; and, infamy on infamy! seeking to make them cover with disgrace the memory of her son. But it is unnecessary, and, indeed, we have not the heart, to add another word on this outrage. It l<resents an exhibition of character and feeling which can excite but one universal sentiment, and will never be forgotten. Small Pox ?This malignant and fearful disease is alarmingly prevalent in many partB of the Union. Vaccination has been of late years performed in an exceedingly careless manner, in many instances, and much spurious matter has been employed.? Some physicians think that the introduction from England some time since, of a quantity of matter taken directly from the cow, and which was comparatively inert, has had a very injurious tendency. Put we believe that the carelessness of the innoculator has been the chief cause of the failure of vaccination as a preventive of the small pox. We know of one remarkable instance of gross deception perj>etrated by a druggist in this city, who offered his services to all who desired to be vaccinated. His supply of vaccine matte' becoming exhausted. the scoundrel actually innoculated a sailor with soft soap, and received his customary fee of one dollar for the disgraceful operation. Such extreme cas*s as this we must hope, fortbe honor of the profession, are rare; but there can be no question thai greater care is reqmred on the part of medii ?1 practitioners, in the performance of this very important operation, than has heretofore been observed. [NTKRKrrtao Work?The respectable firm of A|?pleton& Go. have nearly ready for publication, that extremely interesting work entitled " Missionary Enterprise in the South Sea Islands," with upwards of twenty elegant plates and maps John wiiiiams, me aumor, wno wm. marderrd by the South Sea Islanders, was a man ol remarkable talent, and the value and interest of his * ork may be estimated by the tact lhat thirty-seven thousand copies were sold in Kngland. The work will be laaued m two octavo volumes of nearly six hundred page* each, at 371 cents per volume. It'will be tound for sale at the Herald Literary l>|K>t. The J4iu.ee Cask.?Some interesting testimony w;t? elicited yesterday relative to tli #20,000 note, that ha? probably been the foundation of all the difficulty between the parties. A lull report will be found in to-day's paper. Member or Co*<ief>s ?It m thought from the retiros, that the Hon K Barnwell Khett has been elected Irom the eeventh district ot 3Carolina * Hue no* Ajrres (Correspondence of thr Herald.] Birrvns Ayres, Dee. 24,1842. Highly Important IntrUigtme?Battle* and Blockade*, ' Commerce and Navigation. Dear Bennett? As your paper is no"' generally considered abroad a as the Great Western Fountain of the World's t news, 1 transmit to you the most recent political in t formation in this quarter. Gen Oribe defeated the President of the Banda Oriental Fructuoeo Rivera on the 6th inst in a pitched battle, at the Anoyo Grande, a tributary of the Gualoquay, in Eutrerios, after one of the hardest fought battles in this country since the days of the renowned San Martin. About 17,000 men were engaged, nearly equally divided. Oribe. however, had a corps d'reserve of 3000 men that did not enter into the astion. Rivera, after choosing his position, ihrew up breast works, planted his artillery and infantry, and awaited the attack with full confidence of victory. The infantry of Oribe were the first to engage?they marched up with the coolness of European veterans, within half musket shot of the enemv'? breast-works, in the face of a tremendous fire of grape and cannister. and carried them by Btorm, taking all the ammunition, baggage, and 1000 prisoners. The slaughter was dreadful. Oribe lost about 1500 men, and several valuable officers, principally in this assault. Gen. Pacheco, commanding the right wing of Oribe'sarmy, by a masterly movement with his cavalry, engagecf the enemy at diaadvantage, and routed them with great slaughter, taking 10,000 horses. About 3000 men were killed on both sides, besides many officers of rank. Of the prisoners taken 99 were baraues, who were immediately put to death?it is said by separating the head from the body with knives hacked into a species of saw, the ordinary way of cutting the throat not exciting sufficient terror. Oribe's orders art to put to death all foreigners, without distinction, taken in arms against this Republic, This news on reaching Montevideo caused a gene- { ral cessation of all business, and many failures nave already been reported, and many more will, no ' doubt, follow soon. It was immediately declared under martial law and entrenchments are now being ' thrown up round the city. Gen. Par (formerly at the head of the army of Corrientee) is there and organising an army of 6000 men for its defence, but it will all do no good?Montevideo must fall. That city, with scarce a rival in commercial pros, perty?unparallelled in modern times for its rapid Srowth, having increased from 26,000 to 50,000 inabitants within the last five years, and possessing nearly half as much specie capital as the city of New 1 York?that city, in all its glory, must fall?together with numbers of its principal merchants and residents?a prey to political opinion or, rather to grati- i fyourworthy Governor's opinion, Don Juaa Manual i de Rosas, that his friend Oribe can rule the Orien- t tales more to his mind than the man of their choice < ?Rivera. t Admiral Brown is preparing to leave this with the j Government squadron, consisting of eleven vessels, i with the view of blockading Montevideo, and it is j said he is taking on board mortars and shells to I bombard. _ i Gen. Oribe is supposed to have entered the Orien i tal State in full march tor the capital, at the head of I the grand army of the Republic, while Pacheco, I with a division, is supposed to have fallen upon Corientes. Some 12 or 15 American vessels have recently arrived at Montevideo. Flour is selling there at $5 per bbl. onboard, and dull at that. Great losses must ensue to traders to the River Platte this year. Here 1 we have to pay 30 to 35 Spanish dollars per bbl. at i retail. Our Government is bent on protecting the ( home wheat-raisers and the general introduction of carniverous instead of gramnivorous diet (and it perhaps makes bettsr soldierst that we foreigners have to pay dearly for the luxury of bread. Our crop of wheat, however, promises very fair. As I am pressed for time I must leave for another oppor- 1 tun:ty. Your friend, H. U. M. 1 Still Later from Guatamala.?We are indebted to the " Gaceta Oficial" to the 20th ult. for the following shipping and commercial information :? Besides the entries and clearances to and from c Belize at the port of Ysabal, Omoa, and Truxillo, j there are vessels trading between Ysabal and the j Havana, Jamaica, the United Slates, and different parts of Europe, and also between San Juan de Nicaragua and those places, and in the South Sea be- ' tween Punta Arenas, Realejo, La Union, Concha- i gua, Acajutla, Liberlad, and Tz'apa, and Europe; ] Valparaiso, Callao, Guayaquil and Mazailan. The Fairs held in Chalatenango, San Vicente, and San Miguel, in the State of San Salvador, in November and December last, were well attended, and it istsaid that the business done there was good and considerable, although the South Sjr vessels that used to go to the Union had not arrived last year. # 1 Merchants from Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Hondu- i ras and Guatemala, sold a quantity of gsods at fair ] prices, which till then, had little or no demand, and had been much reduced. The Fairs of Esquipulas, which commenced on the 6th, and was to close on ] the 15th ult, was supposed to have been well attended, there having been introduced large quantities of goods from Belize. ' From all the data that could be acquired, the har- i vest of Indigo in San Salvador has been 5,000 se- , n?on?ot i.ai :t?s each, at six and a halt reals per pound. This produce is much cultivated in Nicara ' gua, and the crop there is calculated to be about 2500 seroons. Cotton is also fast progressing, from the facility there now is of detaching the seeds by machinery, established in Cliinandega. The Coffee of Costa Rica, whose good quality is acknowledged in the markets |o< Europe, intolerably cultivated, and considerable exportation are made of it. The Cochineal 'of Gaatemala tor the last year, of which there was a very bad harvest, is calculated to be 4500 seroons ot 150 lbs. each. There are several other articles exported from the ports of the North as well as South Sea, which, although taken singly, are of .small importance ; in the aggregate form, no mean branch of commerce. With respect to internal commerce the most important branch is cattle. There are annually exerted from Nicaragua from ten to fourteen thousand head, and from Honduras about fifteen thousand?the greater part of which goes to Guatemala, and the rest remains in the State of San Salvador, principally in the departments of Santa Anna and Sonsonate. A large quantity of woollen stuffs is manufactured and consumed in the country. Males and horses < also form an important branch of internal com- i merce. In conclusion, it gives us pleasure to notice that i the insolvencies which were so frequent and ruin- ( ous last year, have ceased; that confidence is being , restored; and the movements of business and activi- \ ty are manifest throughout all sections of the Republic. All that are required are peace, good order, economy in expenses, and in a few years Central America will recover what she lost in the unfortunate disturbances, which are the cause of her misfortunes. Late from Port au Platte.?Captain Matthews, of the schooner Erie, arrived yesterday morning in thirteen days from Port au Platte, reports that up to the time of his sailing, nothing was known thereof the insurrection at Aux Cayes. Tux Streets.?Our attention has been called to the almost impassable state of many of the streets in the Fifteenth Ward, inconsequence of the great accumulation of ice and snow in the gutters. Eighth street is in a (most shocking condition, and it is really a serious enterprise to attempt to pass through it in any vehicle. Are the street contractors bound, or are they not, to remedy this state of things'! If they are not, some means should be 1 taken to render the streets in this quarter passable ' without the risk of serious accidents. Qt>- We have for sale at this office, "The For- | tunes of Nigel," being No. 14 of the Waverly Novels, by Walter Scott, and No. 12 of Thiers* French Revolution. Also, Sargent's Magazine, and the Ladies' Companion, for March. Part 4 of Ure's Dictionary of Arts, dec. A few copies of the Life and Exploits of the Duke of Wellington. Adam Brown, the Merchant, by H. Smith. Foiest Days, by James. The Last of the Barons, by Bulwer, together with all the cheap periodicals of the day. Nearly ready, the fifth number of Allison's History of Europe, and the fifth part of Brande's Encyclopedia. Part 2 of the Book of the Navy is now pub nsnen aunts olttce, price 25 nts. srkam ^hir Grkat Western ? This steam ship ( IB now fully due She has been out nearly nineteen , days, which, including her slop at Madeira, is a fair | passage for the season. The packet ship Independence, however, came over in twenty one days. Women in Bankruptcy.?A female trader has ' applied for the benefit of the bankrupt law in Wor- J center, Mass. I Naval ?The U. rt ship of wur F.ilinonih wasat ' do N. 1J. l'ass, below New Orleans, on the morning of the 16th ult., bound to Vera Crux. Alknjr. (Correspondence of the Herald.] Albany, Tuesday, Feb. 28. Iffirt Seeker* and their Reward*? F*gi*lativ* Proceeding*?Ball*?and tin Weather No more New York appointments since the last I ent you. There is quite a stir in this city, owing o the delay in regard to the city appointments; but he fact is, there are so many candidates, and so nuch competition, that the Governor is sadly puzded whom to select, partieularly as the candidates it this city have more opportunity to bore him than hose from other portions of the Stale There are 10 less than some half dozen men, who are each luite certain that he is to be flour inspector. The prospect continues quite slim for an early adournment. Talking and not working, continues to Je the order of the day. In the Senate near a week ias been consumed in the discussion of the bill intraduced by Mr. Faulkner, to aid in the construction of the New York and Erie Railroad. Enoch Strong, the chairman of the select committee, comp?sed of the New York delegation, to whom had been referred the petition praying for the abrogation of all laws for the collection of debts, reported adversely. The best of the joke was, that old Enoch,not choosing to wait for the committee to get together, had drawn up a report himself, got three members to sign it, and then reported it to the house as the result of the deliberations of a committee of 14. The house refused to print it. To-morrow evening will be given the second of the quadrille parties at Congress Hall. These are the most exclusive and select affairs you can imagine, and there are great exertions made among the imall fry to obtain invitations. It quite equals in its exclusiveness the far famed Almacks. Regency Hall is certainly one of the prettiest saloons in the country. Congress Iiall is again the head quarters of the regency, and the old Eagle Tavern is quite ihorn ofitsglory. The religious excitement is still in full blast, and the number of converts, so far irom diminishing, is daily on the increase. You can have no idea to what an extent it pervades among us, reaching all grades and classes of society. The weather has grown milder, and there is now every prospect of a thaw. Simon. From Albany.?From Pullen and Copp, and Pomeroy and Co., we have received Albany papers of yesterday morning. From the latter also we have Rochester and Utica papers thirty-six hours in adtrance of the mail. [From Albany Evening Journal, Feb. 38 ] The Assembly were .engaged during the whole o( lo-day's session in an earnest and excited debate i;?on the bill altering the tenure and diminishing he number of the Bank Commissioners. The dis:uasion was continued, without any question being :aken, up to the hour of adjournment.?The chief Kiint in issue is the proposed change in the mode of tppointing these officers. One division of the maority insist upon taking away this power from the jovernor ana Senate. The other is equally strenuous for keeping the power where it now is. Mr. Speaker Davis heads the latter faction, and Mr. L. Sherwood of Madison, is among the most prominent eaders of the former. No other news. City Intelligence. Fire Companies Disbanded ?By the proceedings of the Common Council last evening, it will be perceived that Engine Companies No. 12 and 7, in the Fourth ward, were disbanded on account of differences among the members of each company ; also, Engine Company No. 29, for improper conduct of members about the engine-house. The membersof Engine Companies No. 27 and 34 were struck from the roll ot the department: and Knvine Companies No. 10 and 37, were also disbanded, for fighting and rioting. Charge of Constructive Larceny.?Isaac II. Mead, of 96 Eldridge street, tallow chandler, comnission merchant. See., was arrested yesterday ifternoon, and held to bail in the sum of $500, on a iharge of constructive larceny. Mr. Robert C. Jurdell entered the complaint against him, to the bllowing effect1That a few days since, Mead railed upon him to borrow $75, when he drew his check for that purpose, but recollecting that he had some uncurrent money, asked Mead if that would not suit him as well. He assented, and the money was paid. Yesterday, he ascertained from his brother that the check for $75 that he had drawn to give to Mead, had been presented to him by a person who had received it from Mead, and that he had cashed it. Mead was therefore arrested, and disposed of, as above mentioned, on the charge of taking the check in an improper manner, which is legally set down as constructive larceny. The County Court assembles this afternoon to hear and pass upon the charge alleged against Dr. Tackson, by the Medical Society of this city, for creating an abortion, tor which he was punished by imprisonment 'in the City Prison. It requires the .: .i .u. n /-? . i?<? i - i xiiibiivii ui me vvuinjr Muri uciore ae can DC ex>clled (roni the society. otj-A Firk occurred at ose o'clock this morning, vhich entirely consumed store No. 112 3outh street, >ccupied by Mr. Armstrong as a grocery. We were inable to learn further particulars. Baggage Smasher.?A black fellow named John Junt, who says he is a body servant to some Lieuenant in the Army or the Navv, was arrested yeserday morning, about one o'clock, by officer Bliss, in a charge of stealing a valise containing clothing, icc. valued at ?47, being the property of Horace A. Manchester, of Providence, R. I, who came paslenger in tne railroad line from Philadelphia the iame evening. The valise and contents were re:overed through (he exertions of officer Bliss, and he black thief was sent to prison. A Man Robbed in a Strange Bed.?Vemon Barow, of No 9 Washington street, was coaxed out >f his path of duty on Monday night, by one of the rail natives of the vicinity of Anthony and Orange treet, and falling asleep in her arms, some rascal tepped in and picked hia pockets of four eagles ralued at ?40. A Five Point loafer, named Samuel Jewint, having endeavored to change an eagle at "'nruiin'n nnrf#r hniiam lKrt A nthnnv otvianf ho irrestei and committee! on the charge. A Coiner's Tools.?Officer J. S, Smith, of the upper police, while searching the house formerly occupied by James Shepherd, the counterfeiter, a few days since, found a number of moulds for coining twenty-five and ten and five cent pieces. Shepherd will be tried to-day in the United States Court, and this additional evidence will help him towards the State prison. Elegant Phraseology.?The editor of the Boston Pott calls the Ijondon Standard. " a blackguard English newspaper."? Mutatonomine, dt te /abula narrator. Great Attraction?The performances at the Olympic Circus to-night, will be for the benefit of officers B. F. Tompkins and H. Getchell, and will be of the most attractive character. An overflowing house may be anticipated. Chatham Theatre.?The deeply interesting play of the " Forged Will," is announced for this evening, with other pieces of a like excellent character. The success of this theatre over every other establishment of the kind in this citv, must be truly gratifying to the lovers of genuine dramatic performances. The efforts of the mansger meet a becoming response from the public, who nightly crowd the house to excess, and manifest their approbation by repeated outbursts of applause. In Bmnlcrnptcjr. U. S. Diitbict Clkae'i (Srrica, ) Southern District of N. Y. \ Petitioners in Bankruptcy during the present week are r?quested to call at the Clerk's Office the second day Hfter their petitions are filed, and in case no information is received by that time of the approval of the repeal bill by the President, they can have the necessary orders entered if they desire. CHA8. D. BETT8, CWk. tflf nmcc me i><-opii' 01 mew vora nave ascertained that the Indian Chiefs at the American Mu?eum are what I hey were represent*!, and that in their costumes, their ilancca, and their warlike exercisvs, they were never equalled, the performances are nightly crowded. The Kentucky Minstrel* are making a very singular aensa* Lion. Their performances are as indesciibable as they ire unapproachable. The saloon will be open to-nigat at half past seven. CROTON WREATH?This is the appropriate itle of the sometime promised Washingtonian Song Book, rom the establishment of C. H. Brainard, No. ? Court ifeet. It is edited by William Wallace, well known as a tilted poet and an eloquent lecturer on the snbject ol ternjieram-e. It contains some of his very best melodies, together with the choice eflasions of Shea, Pierpont, Willis, Mrtlht, Field, Snow, Almi'S, and Denison It will have uu extensive sale, and a second edition will loon be demand) d. Ksr sale, wholesale and retail by E. B Tuttle, No. 4 Ann St. amU U.** Trial of Commander McKenilt. Twjt.MTy-FouK.TH DAY. The Court convened pursuant to adjournment, and the journal was rrad. The Judge Advocate then went into a cion examination of the witneii Joseph Heart, ai to the occurrence! on board the Somen at the time of the swaytag of the meat, the threatening to lireapiatol attheciew, the explanation! of the otticer of the deck, and the arreat of Cromwell. On the latter point the following queationa and anawera appear to be important :? q?Did you hear any thing said about reacuing Mr. gpencer? A?Well air, I think I heard aoree of the boya aay that Cromwell and Small woul I be arretted m won a? they came down lrom aloft. q by Judge Advocate?You don't seem to understand my question young man. rut that dow n. Now my question was, did you bear the crew talk of rescuing Mr. Spencer/ Witness ? Well, sir, I heard no inch talk In reply to other Questions, w itness said that Spencer never s;>oke to him about any arresting. That Willsongot the dirk from McKiniey, who got it on the Coast of Alrlca. Ilenever saw Mr. Spencer drunk at breakfast time on board the brig, or staggering about. Br the Accused?Did the Commander when he read the letters found in Mr. S's locker, also read a letter from Small's mother7 A?Yes, sir. Q?Do you recollect if the Commander then said any thing to the crew as to his object in reading those letters of which you have spoken 1 A?He said he would read those letters to shew the character of thej young man who had either led them aetrny or tried to lead tnem astray. Q?Did he say any thing further 1 JurasAdvocate?Well, I should like to know if you propose to read the contents ol those letters 7 Mr. Sedgwick?No: weonly propose to show his object in reading them. Q, by the Accuser? Do you recollect any comments made by the Commander 7 A?I think he said, you see the consequences of? Judge Advocate?We now come to tne contents?and ?I objectCommander McKerxie said he would withdraw the question. The President thought the Judge Advocate was somewhat too summary. Q by the Accused?The Judge Advocate has asked you if you and Cromwell were good friends. State why you were not so. Witness?One day Mr. Oansevoort ordered the carpenter t> come to me ana go below and break out some wood. He then went into a story of a quarrel between himself and Cromwell which has been before reported. Q?Do you know it the object of the Commander in reading thoae letters was to restore the crew to their duty t

A?It wot hie object. Sergeant Gartv, the Master at Arms, was next called, and went over again with great minuteness the same testimony as is printed in the Herald in the report of tne 8th and Oth days of the sittings of the Court of Enquiry. On his cross-exnmination he gave the following, among much that is unimportant?Never heard Cromwell tell Mr. Spencer that a aeisel would cost $6,000; don't know who was by when Spencer was told he had better go in the army; first told of the conversations I had with Spencer to the first Lieutenant, tho night of the arrest oi Spencer; Wales never told me at any time of hie etatement, but I heard him read it from a book on the quarter deck; first told of the conversation I had with Spencer to Mr Gansevoort, in the ward room, about twenty minutes after Mr. Spencer was ironed; heard what he wai ironed for, but sanuot tell from whom. I first stood guard over Spencer en the night of the 27th; only saw one man with h s head and all in the bag,and that was McKee It was after we left St. Thomas. Adjourned to Thursday. Half a Minute.?We are indebted to Harnden 6c Co. and Adams & Co. (or Boston papers in advance of the mail. Adams was beaten about half a minute. (ft?- AT A NUMEROUS MEETING OF THE PERsotial friends of Mr. Ckai. F. Miller, and the citizens of all denominations,convened at the School.hou*e at Little Falls, New Jersey, on TuesJay evening, of the 15th March, 1843, to express their opinions of the extraordinary circumstances attending the separation of his wife from him?John R. Nafie, Esq., was chosen President, and Jno. J. Stagg appointed Secretary : when the following persons (viz) : R. T. Wyckofl, Peter G. Speer, aud Dr. Charles T. Van Winkle, were selected to draft resolutions expressive of the sentiments of this meeting, who, after retiring a short time, returned and submitted the following resolutions, which were unanimously adopted, viz Resolved, 1st, That in all the relations of an intimste and business intercourse with us, we have ever esteemed Mr. Charles F. Miller worthy in every way our confidence and friendship. Resolved, 3nd, That during a residence among us of six or seven years, he has distinguished himself by those traits that recommend him to our regard as a good neighbor, a generous and disinterested companion, and the earnest and able advocate of every social and moral virtue Resolved. 3rd. That as he lived in the midst, and was in daily intercourse with n?. wc deem it not only becoming, bnt imperative on u?, as his fellow-citizens, to express in terms, not to be controverted, our hearty approbation of his general conduct in all the relations of life; and that the uniform demeanor of Mrs. .Miller has been such at all times as to induce universal respoct and esteem for her. Resolved, 4th, That we view with utter surprise and regret, the apparently unjust and unprecedented course teken by the triends of Mrs. Miller to prejudice her mind, and sever her from the society and protection of her husband. Resolved, 5th, That we consider the charges and imputations against Mr. Miller entirely unfounded and untrue; and, while we refuse to entertain them to his injury, we consider that they indicate on the part of those who assert and maintain them, the absence of that careful regard for another's reputation, which leaves their own motives liable to a just suspicion. Resolved, 6th, Tbas as citizens and freemen, we are determined by nil honorable, fair, and manly efforts to preserve, protect, and perpetuate our civil and domestic relations against the combined influence of wealth and family distinctions. Resolved, 7th, That the magnanimous and ingenuous conduct of the citizens of Sing Sing, N. P., manifested by the resolutions adopted at a public meeting on the 3d inst., in behalf of oar fellow-citizen, Mr. ChsrleJ F. Miller, merits our sincere thanks, and deserves our warmest gratitude. Resolved, 8th, That copies of the foregoing resolutions be signed by the President and Secretary, and forwarded to Mrs. Miller and Mr. Miller, and published in all the newspapers friendly to the sentiments expressed. JNO. R, NAFIE, President. J no J. Stags, Secretary. ft*- ANOTHER DOUBLE EXTRA NEW WORLD. ?This morning will be issued from the office, 90 Ann at., new republication ol the EDINBURGH REVIEW, or Critical Journal. Only $1 a year?M centasingle. With the January number, the regular republication of the Edinburgh Review haabeen commenced, and It will henceforth appear, directly alter ita receipt in thia country, in handsome daubla extra numbera of the New World new-sparer. Of the hiatorv and high repute of thia great periodical, little need be related to the reader, who possesses the alighteat familiarity with the late author of the nineteenth century. Ithaa of late years owed ita chief al'i -rtions to the brilliant and powerful articlea ol Lord Brougham and Thomaa Babnington Macauly. The number publiahed to day la a very brilliant one,and among many articlea of varioua intereat, containa an excoriating review ol Dickena'a American Notea?an admirable hiatory of the Daguerreotype?and a profound article on that admirable work, Dr. Arnold'a Lectureaon Modern Hiatorv. The other articlea are very intereating. Terma?One dollar a year?tingle copies twenty-five centa. Office 30 Ann atreet. J: WINCHESTER, Publisher. 09- BRISTOL'S SAR8APARILLA?Manufactured by C. C. Briatol, Buffalo, New York.?This extract of Saraaparilla ia a rare and valuable compound of vegetable qualitiea, known only to the inventor, and which cannot be analyzed, hence the imitationa got up to perform aimilar enrea performed by Briatol'a, fall ahort of their intend, ed effect, and the invalid looaea hia money, and, what ia of more value, hia reatoration to health ia retarded, if not entirely loat, in uaing bate and apurioua imitationa. Thoae who have experienced the happy effecta of the genuine cannot be humbugged; Indeed, ao tenacious are they aa to reluae an imitation at any price. Theteatimonv of Wm. C. Carl, Eaq., 314 Broadway, and othera, (whose rctidencea can tie given,) who have heretofore deapaired of relief, goea to prove ita efficient reatorative powers?healing all diseases arising from im nurit v of the blood or nerves. For a remarkable euro and list of agents aeo advertisement in another column, headed "Aggravated Case of Scrofula." Wm. Burger, AO Cortlandt ct, wholesale agent. 09-PANDORA'S BOX?A gentleman who said he was troubled apparently with all the diseases that flesh ia heir to, asked another yesterday what would be the beat remedy ; and the reply was, Dr. Sherman's Modseated Lor.rngea. Thia ia very near the truth, for these Lozenges not only cure Worms, Cough, Dysentery, Headache, but almost) very other complaint. The genuine do thia, but tho ipuriou* and good for nothing. The real article can he obtained at the Doctor'a warehouse, 10B Naaaau atreet ; oral hi* agents, HA William atreet, 110,-278, and 4fl0 Broadway -, 77 Rait Broadway ; 18H Bowery ; 3-27 Hudaan at.: 1.19 Fulton atreet, Brooklyn : 4 Htanwix Hall, Albany,and 8 Ledger Building*, Philadelphia. (W- PRIVATE MEDICAL CAUTION?Since the introduction of Profeaaor Velpeuu'a celebrated Tilla into thia country by the College ol Medicine and Pharmacy ol the city ot New York, between four ami Bye hundred caaea ol Gonorrhoea and Gleet hare been effectually cured by them without a single failure. So powerful ha* been their effect in England and Fiance that they are now coniidered the only apeciflc known forthoae diieaae*; and ro great ha* the demand been for them in thia country that aomeof tha iell-*tyled Doctor* of the city of New York aro at preaent rending Pill* of their own compoaiton, under the nameofthnjuatly celebrated Profeaaor Velpeau. The public are therefore reapeetfully informed that the genuine Velpeau * Pill* are to oe had only at the principal office of the College of Medicine and Pharmacy,07 Naa*au ?t. New York?Price $1 per box. N. B. To patient* placing themaeire* under the treatment ol the College, a aafe and permanent cure will be guaranteed without the uae of mercury or any medicine lujurioua to the conatitution. Patient* liring at adiatance, by addressing a letter to the agent of the College, with a full deacription of their diaeaae, can obtain from him a i heat containing Me licinea prepared under the auperintendance of the Medical Faculty of the College, guaranteed to cure. By order of theCollege of Medicine and fharmacy, Principal Office 07 Naaaau at. 1WA|. H. ItlCHARDHON, Agent. I A liheial diaroiint will be allowed to country Prar.tition- I era and Dmggiata on all tho preparation* of the College, I or ca*b. | BY THE SOUTHERN MAIL. Abstract of congressional Proceedings. Tuesday, Feb. 28. In the Senate, Mr Evans, from ihe committee on finance, reported, with an amendment, the House bill authorising a re-iseue of Treasury noteB. The bill to reduce the rates of postage was taken up. when Mr. Merrick proposed to amend it by reducing the rates of postage as follows:?on letters not exceeding thirty miles, five cents; over thirty and not exceeding one hundred miles, ten cents; over one hundred and not exceeding two hundred and twenty miles, fifteen cents ; over two hundred and twenty miles and not exceeding four hundred miles, twenty cents: for all distances over four hundred miles, twenty-five cents. The amendment of Mr. Merrick was agreed to, and the bill was engrossed for a third reading. 1 he bill for defraying the expenses of the treaty stipulations with various Indian tribes, was called up by Mr. Evans, the appropriation reduced, and the bill amended, passed and sent to the House for concurrence in the amendments. Mr. Archer, from the Committee on Foreign Affairs, reported the bill regulating the intercourse with China ; and the bill was placed upos the calendar. The Naval Pension Bill was passed. A bill to extend the charters of the District banks from 1844 to 1854, was the next business in order. I On motion of Mr. Buchanan, an amendment was adopted to the effect that the banks shall forfeit their charters when they shall refuse to redeem their notes in specie, and making provision for liquidation. The bill was ordered to be engrossed for a third reading. A message was received from the House of Representatives, stating that they had pissed a bill to provide for carrying into effect the late treaty between the United States and Great Britain. On motion of Mr. Archer, the bill was referred to the Committee on Foreign Relations. The Senate, at seven o'clock, went into an Executive session. House of Representatives?After a variety of reports, the bill making anoronriations for the rivil and diplomatic expenses of the government for the year beginning on the first of July, 1843, and ending on 30th June, 1844, was taken up. The amendment agreed to in Committee of the Whole, appropriating $3000 for a commissioner to the Sandwich Islands, was concurred in by a vote of 83 to 48. The quea' ion was then taken on the proviso that no part of the appropriation for diplomatic expenses shall be applied to the payment of any salary, or outfit of any minister, charge d'affaires, oi other foreign representative, who may be appointed to any post now vacant, or in which a vacancy may exist during the session of Congress, unless the appointment be made by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. The amendment was not concurred in?yeas 60, navslOl. The other amendments of the committee having been concurred in, the bill was read a third time and passed. The House resolved itself into a Committee of the Whole on the state of the Union, Mr. Summers in the Chair, and took up the bill making appropriation for carrying into effect the late treaty between the United States and Great Britain. Mr. McKkon expressed his views in opposition to iiiv- ucaiy. Mr. Cushino entered into its defence. At the conclusion of his remarks, on his motion the committee rose, when Mr. Yokkk submitted a resolution, which was adopted, that the debate shall cease in half an hour. Tne House again went into committee. Mr. Evbhktt submitted an amendment, ito the effect that it shall be the duty of the commander of each of the vessels to be stationed on the African coast, to visit all vess-ls on the coast, or within one hundred leagues thereof, which he may have good reason to believe are American, and engaged in the slave trade, for the sole purpose of ascertaining whether they be American. It they be American, the commander shall take note of their names, the date at which they were visited, and the reasons therefore, and report the same to the Navy Department He asserted, in the course of his remarks, that the part of th? trea'y relating to the African coast, would be inefficient without this amendment. Mr. Allkn gave a brief history of the Boundary Question, and replied to the remarks of the gentleman from Vermont. Tne time to which the debate was limited having expired, Mr. Mrhiwrthkr moved to strike out the appropriation for the preparation and equipment of the naval force to be employed on the coast of Africa by the United States, according to the eighth article of the treaty; but the motion did not prevail. The question was taken on the amendment ol Mr. Everett, and it was rejected?ayes 22, noes 105. Mr. Johnson, ol Tennessee, moved to strike out the '#300,0<X) to be divided in equal moieties to Maine and Massachusetts ; but the motion did not prevail. The committee then rose and reported the bill. The previouaqneetion was moved and seconded; and the bill was passed?yeas 137, nays 37 as follows:? Ykas?Messrs. Adams, Allen. 8. J. Andrews, Arnold, Aycrigg, Raker, Barnard, Bidlack, Birdseye, Blair, Boardman, Borden, Botts, Bowtie, Briggs, Bronson, William Butler, William O. Butler, Patrick C Caldwell, Calhoun, John Campbell, Wm. B. Campbell, Thoraaa J. Campbell, Caruthers.Cary,Chapman, Childs,Chittenden, Clinton, Coles, Mark A. Cooper. Cowen.Crai.aten,Crawford, Cross, Cushing. Daniel, Garrett Davis. Richard D. Davis, Deberry, Doig, Everett, F.-saendtn, Fillmore, J G. Floyd, Fornance. Foster, Oamble, Gates, Gentry, aiddings, Patrick G Go ode, Wm.O. Goode, Gordon, Graham, Granger, Hall, Harris, Henry, Holmes, llauck, Howard, Huburd, Hudson, Hunter, Joseph R. Ingersoll, Irvin, lr win, John P. Kennedy, Lewis, Linn, Littlefleld.RMcClellan Tkos. M. T. McKennan, Mallory, Alfred Marshall, T. F. Marshall, Mathiot, Mattocks, Maxwell, Maynard, Mitchell, Moore, Morgan, Morrow, Oliver, Osborne, Owsley, Parmenter.Pearce,Pendleton,Pickens,Powell.Proffit, Ramsey, Bety Randall, Randolph, Rencher, Ridgway, Riggs, Rodney, Roosevelt, Wm. Russell, J. M- Russell, Balton stall, Saunders; Sewell, Shepperd, Blade, Stanley, Stokely, Stratum, A. H. H Btuart, John T. Btuort, Bummers, Sumter, Taliaferro, R. W. Thompson, Tillinghast, Toland, Triplett, Trotli, Trumbull, Underwood, Van Buren, Ward, Watterson, Westbrook, E. D. White, Joseph L. White, T- W. Williams, C. H. Williams, Joseph L. Williams, Winthrop, Wise, Yorke?137. Nats?Messrs. L. W Andrews, Atherton, Beeton.Boyd, A. V. Brown, C. Brown, Burke, Casey, Cravens, Dean, C. A Floyd, Gerry, Gilmer, Hopkins, Houston, C. J- Inger on, jack, oxe jonnwin, nrim, jinurew ivenneoy, Aiiraham McClellan, McKay, McKmii, Marchand, Mathews, Mudiil, Meriwether, Miller, Nowhard, Pavne, Rayner, Reding, Reynold*, Shaw, Steenrod, Jacob Thompson, Turnev?37. And the House adjourned. At the election held last week in South Carolina for representatives to the next Congress, John Campbell was re-elected without opposition. Robert Barnwell Rhett was re-elected by a considerable majority over Mr. Trotti, also now a member, whom the late new apportionment had thrown into the same district with Mr. Rhett. Appointment by the President.?David McGahey, receiver of public moneys for the district of lands subject to sale at Palestine, in the State of Illinois, vice Augustus C. French, whose commission has expired. Sales of Stocks at Philadelphia Yesterday. $1009 State 5'i, 1864, 39j; $3000 da I860, 391. APer Board?$1000 Tennessee 6'(, <B, $6900 United States O'a, 1961,104; 1 share North American Bans, 17ft; $1000 Ken lucky 6'*, S3];41sharra Karmera and Mechanic.*'Bank, IS}; 16 do Commercial Bank, 38; 60do Western Bank, 36f; 10 do Kentucky Bank, 49; 30 do Northern Bank, Kentucky, 63. LATEST SOUTHERN SHIP NEWS. Pmi.aSKl.PHta. March 1?Arr Joal.ua Emlen, Wilcoi, New Orleans; Wellington. (Br) Scott, Nassau, NP; Sylph, Nickarnn, Boston; Magnolia, Simmons, Calais. Cla Watchman, Winslnw. St Johns. Pit. Norfolk. Feb 27?Arr Thaddens. Drucoll, NYork; Caribbean, Allen, tit Marva; Grand Island, Hall, Bostou; Sarah I avinia, Hiitsey, fm Alexandria for Maraiiham, in diatresa; 25th, Tiooet, Sun*, Washington, NC. for Boston. Tha Caroline, (Birm) Volkmann. front City Point for Brunen, went to aea to-day. Arr2?th, Steeling, Richmond for Jimsica; Republic, Lincoln, Wiacaiaer; Sumii Lndwig, Curling, NOrleana. t.'naRi.KiTort, Feb 25?Cld Arethiisa, Baxter, London; Moon, Haves, New York; Waccatnav, , Vincent, West Indiea; Ceylon, Gratfan, NOrleana. Savannah. Feb 24?C'd Tellna, Brown, Mobile. Bid Agenoria, Andrea, do; Clin on, Lyon. NYork. Morilr. FrbJO? Arr Elizs Keith, (Br) Scott, Hull: Bcolia, Welch, Ro terdam; E'izsbetn, Nelson, London. Cld Acadia, (Br) McK*nzie, Liverpool; Franconia, J. nee, do; American, VVenbn g, Havre; Gazelle, Allen, NYork; John Brower, Button. Boston; Draco, Seara, do. Also arr, Alabami in, Lane, N York. . . Nrw Orleans. Feb ID? Arr Ontario, Jonea, Havre; Hope, Soule, Liverpool; Dulled States, IJecan, Co; Drncalion, Allen, do; Pandora, <B ) Biaann, do; Convoy, Carney, Kingston Jam; Averon, Jordan, Boaton; Crrvantra, TulU, do; Brazilian,Hickborn, do; Howeni. Williami, do; Robt Morria, Dea iche, Monde; Harriet Thompson. Harris, Rio de Janeiro; Lisbon, Nikola, Ml Thomas;Standard, tin; Kmprraatio, Collins, Havana; Hirriet, Hooper, do; Ohio, Frazier, Hi Pierre, Mart; Lancet, Moffses, Ales.indria; Oil,ana, Smith, Norfolk; Carib, Pennell, ??; Crescent, Wes.-ott, Turks lala, d; Robert k Rowland, Oilchtiat. Charleaton; Vitginta Antoinette. Drlvaille, Tampico; Harah, Antt ouy, Cape Haytien; Paeiflc, Smith Lamina; fitiua, Matarnoraa. Cld Chaos, L irk in, Liverpool; Bt Clond. Kme eon, do: Ehro, Perry, do; Perdotinei, Foot, do; Lagrange, Winchell, <Jlaagow; Ionia. Wheeler, NYork; Virginia, Jordan, no; Echo, Robinson, do; Cornwall, (Br) Larrigan, Halifax; Gen Marion, Bliflln-, Bsrbidoea and a market; ILnette, (Col) lleluche, Curacoa; Bella del Msr, Randall, Philadelphia; John Spofford, Spofford, Havannah; Pilot, Willmns, Laguna Roaaio, J, fferso.,. Belize, Hriiid, Cld Ifith, Klartl, Weasels, Antwerp; Gilbert, Given. Boston; V?neznela, Randall, dn; Dirigo, Pucker, N York; Levant, Ales mder, do; Lime Rock, Auld, I t; Angora, avails, do; Ri.bcrt Mills, Darling, do; Zealand, Coombs. Richmond. I AKISIA.I ALIKKAI'IVK MIXTURE. n guaranteed to cure all forma of aeeonilary aypmiw. ?, lento effected wilh paiua in the bonea, cutrneona artip tlona, anre throat, anil every o'her aymptotn Indicative ol he enatrnee n t >1 taint, ahetild uae thia apecine . . . I ,. : Ml I a at >1 each, in caaea of hall Iim.i'i, i'<>ii!t a. ? {.or?ariii*l W atijr addraaa.) W. S. 11ICHAKD90N, Agent, :?? Principal Office ol the College 91 Naaaau afreet* <W- PICTORIAL LIKE OF WELLINOTON.-Se cond edition?Now reaches the second edition of the tectorial lire and explsits of the Duke of Wellington, illustrated with a portrai and fortv three beautiful engravings, rhis k the beat popular life of the Duke ever published.? Single copies ib cents? $ IS a hundred Agenta can now havetheiroidara supplied. Office30 Ann at. J. WINCHESTER, Publiaher. [From the Democratic Banner of Morristown, N. J , 22d Feb. I QtJ- FIELD'S ANODYNE SOAP.?Some four or five months ago we purchased a bo* of this soap for shaving purposes, and in justice to Mr. Field, the manufacturer, and for the benefit of the public at large, we take more tha?.?ri'"t^L,l----rA-"!t#tin* th,t 'n0UI whole expe. wc ??ic uoim uitq h aoap stlording half the comfort and luxury of thia?in fact for family purposes, it it the moat delightful, aoothing, refreshing and healing article ever oltered to the public, and our opportunity of knowing ia extensive. To those who wish to enjoy a real luxury in shaving or washing, we recommend a purchase of thia delicious article at 71 Maiden lane. fty THE GENUINE EXTRACT OF SARSAPA rilla, prepared by the New York College of Medicine and Pharmacy,ia now almost universally prescribed by the respectable portion of the New York medical faculty .which tact alone establishes its character more than columns of nswspaper certificates made expressly lor the purpose. The lollowing are amongst some of the most remarkable cures effected by this colebrated preparation within the last six months: secondary syphilis, chronic rheuma tism, nodes, debility from secret indulgence and other causes, salt rheum, enlargements of the joints, cutaneous ulcerations, scrofula and erysipelas. Tnis preparation is guaranteed not to contain a particle of mercury or anv mineral, being composed of nothing but the best South American Sarsaparilla, Gentian and Sassafras, extracted by a process unknown to the American chymist. Sold in bottles at Ik cents each. In cases of half doaen bottles, $3 60. I Do do ooo dotm ft oft Principal otlce and consulting room* of the College 0? lfa?M? atreet, New York. W. ?. RICHARDSON. [From the New York Spirit of the Time* ] to- SAUNDERS' METALLIC TABLET AND RAZOR STROP.?These strops hare probably done as mnch for the observance of the third commandment as half the preaching on the subject of profane swearing, for so kindly do they induce amiability in that class of bipeds doomed to use a razor, that he must be a sinner indeed who does not feci grateful to the inventor for putting in his hand an instrument wherewith he defies the torment of wiry edged razors, and the miseries of a scraped and half shaved face. We have just been presented with one of these strops, and we have hardly put it by since we surprised a pair of ruthless, rascally razors, into a state of entire obedience with a few touches over its metallic sur face. THE PRIVATE MKD1CINE CHE8TS PRERAred by the College of Medicine and Pharmacy, are guaranteed to cure the worst cases of Gonorrhoea, Gleet, or anjrtinpleasant discharge from the urethra,without taint-^ ing the breath, or disagreeing with the most delicate sto" mach. To purchasers of these chests, the College bind themselves to give medicine gratis, if not cured. Price $3 each. By authority of the College of Medicine ana Pharm cy 97 Nassau street, N. Y. W. 8. RICHARDSON, Agent. to" " THERE'S PLEASURE IN DANCING."? Even so, seys a philosopher of olden time In days that nvtv,>ii?l'; gllia uacu |U U?1IVD ITIVIV KIUK" HIIUIUICU, UUI1 why should not the pretty ones dance before ni, who are all kings? We commenced thispteaent writing with the idea of drawing attention to the tact that Mr. A. P. Lal urge, a perfect prince of floor managers, takes a Bent fit Ball at the Tivoli Saloon this evening. Its however, hardly worth our while to mention the matter, as from what we have seen and heard every body knows it already, and every body with bis wife and daughters, and his daughters' sweethearts'are going. If they dont, they orter. (O- THE HUMAN HAIR RESTORED, AND THE COMPLEXION AND SKIN MADE CLEAR AND HEALTHY The Italian Chemical Soap, invented by M. Vesprini, is a startling and brilliant offspring from the brains of medical science. Its effect is really supernatural. It quickly cures all eruptions or disfigurements of the flesh or skin, such as pimples, freckles, scurvy, blotches, fcc , and it changes the color of dark, sunburnt, or yellow skin to a natural healthy clearness, and cures and heals tender or chapped flesh. All should try it. It is as necessary as bread and cheese. There are few who have not used Jones's Coral Hair Restorative. We know from trial that it will force the hair to grow, stay its falling off, cure scurf or dandrufT, and make light, red, or gray hair grow naturally dark. These are their positive qualities. Sold by Jones, sign of the American Eagle, 63 Chatham street, New York?Richmond Enauirer. Agents- Zieber, Third and Dock street, Philadelphia; and next to the American Hotel, Washington, D. C.; 8 State street, Boston; Cleveland, King street, Charleston, S.C.; 87 State street, Albany; Mitchell, Norwich, Chenango county, N. Y-; Martin, barber,Catskitl, N. Y., and 118 Fulton street, Brooklyn. G(J- PROVIDENCE, R. I., Feb. 27,1843.?Gentlemen ; 1 am in immediate want of some more of Dr. Kolmstock's Vermifuge. Since Friday evening I have retailed one dozen or more, to four or five different persons, who gave it great praise. The greatest number of worms brought away from one child, that I have heard, are forty-one. I dont recollect in any initance of its failing. EDWARD T. CLARK, Sold only in New York at 71 Maiden Lane, at ?S rents per bottle. 0(7- " THE TO NIC MIXTITRE."?Thin celebrated remedy is composed of five ingredients, the active principles of which are highly concentrated. It is now used very extensively and with great success by the medica faculty, for the cure of debility, (from -.whatever cause.) dyspepsia, nervous complaints. Sold by the authority of me oouege 01 .ueuicme an<i rnarmacy 01 (lie city ol .New York. Trice $1 per bottle. Half dozen (In case*) $5. W. S RICHARDSON, Agent. Principal office of the College 07 Nassau at MONKY MARKET. Wednesday, Dlareh 1?6 P. OT. The sales at the Stock Exchange were moderate, and rates showed a little reaction from the fall of the last few days. New York 6's rose 1 percent) Ohio rose 1J per cent. Nearly all the purchases of this stock were made by the State's broker. There is a general desire to sell. The National Bank, it is said, loans upon it at 60. Kentucky rose 1 per cent; Mohawk Harlem The transactions at the New Board were as usual, and prices similar to those of the other board. At New Orleans, on the 18th, the fallowing sums of specie arrived;? Ship Rubicon, from Havre, . $49,000 Ship George Stevens, from London, 13,MO Ship Two Sons, from Sisal, 900 $98,000 The Stay Law of Florida has passed both Houses by a large majority. It is the same as was recommended by the sagacious Governor. The Indiana Legislaturo at its lata session enacted that the State tax should be 30 cents on the $100. Also that L.oumy omoer* sniuia extend tke time lor the payment or taxes?alio, that debts contracted with the Bank alter January lat ahoald be collected without regard to the stay law. Thia ia a specimen of exclusive privileges for banka. t Mobile on the 13th the banka checked on New Yotk at 36 per cent. The State of Ohio spent last year $1,500,000 which cost thcnv $600,000 to obtain, and increased the interest payable $00,000. They fhare now authorised the issue of 1,000,000 shin plasters, which will imeet the same fate of those of Indiana,Michigan,and Illinois. Theannual.charge on the State debt has thus been Increased $3-10,000 since last year, when tke deficit was 117,000. The dependence for all this are the caral tolls, which have been as followa since 1338 Ohio Caral Tolls, Tines, fc?. Ohio Miami. Ohio. Miami. 1839, 181,499 78.801 1841, 4 6,108 70,718 1840, 442,123 73,612 1842, 387 443 48,460 Here is a gradual falling off of near $60,000 in four years, making a difference of $180,000 deficit between decreasing means and Increasing debt of the State. Pennsylvania is an instance of the result. The recent attempts in this country to make the public land* available, either to raise money, by borrowing on them, or directly, ai the security for a paper money, bear a very strong affinity to the causes of the creation of the French assignaU ol the revolution. It may be useful to recount the progress of that bubble. The enormous speculations in the United States, prompted by the banks, prior to IBM, produced all the consequences of a disastrous war upon the prosperity of the country. The armies of speculators and laborers upon the public works devoured the substance and deranged the trade of the country. Besides the immense private loans, they involved government expenses?city, State and federal?of near $280,000,000. The amount of loans during the five years embracing the lato war was $107,180,002, sbowingthat the expenses of hank-born speculation was 180 per cent ? more thaw the expenses of a three years' war with the most powerful nation of modern times. The national exhaustion and debt consequent upon this has caused greedy speculators and desperate politicians to turn their attention to the public lands as a resource. They are now arrived at the same point attained l y the National Aaaenbly of France, in March, 1790, scarcely ten months from the first resistance to the royal authority. At that time the finance# of the government had fallen into a confusion similar to that which ia now overtaking the federal government here. According to Calonne, the extravagant minister who succeeded Nockar, the national debt of France was ns follows April, 1787, fs.nn2nnn.nnn or $4M,r.\no? ' 1790, 4,811,000,000 7tJ,irr,iOO Increase. l,2:m.nnnooo , 3H2W.10S At this point the national credit and revenue were nearly exhauated. In thia atate of affairs, Talleyrand proposed the application of the church property and public domain to the Stale necessities, in the same manner that the public lands arc now sought to be diverted to theuseofthe Stale creditors, and for the same reasons, v\i thnt the "(thurcli (federal ffovernmentl was not Iffirftn, MlfMiRy tfIkt Mill 111 ihillbiii lands was finally decreed to the extent of MO,OOO^NO. It % %

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